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Underlying artifacts of the testing process describe the found evidence of inconsistencies of system to requirements. It is one of the subtypes of requests for change, describing a software bug or inconsistency in all phases of software testing.
Although a database of defects can lead in a text file or Excel table, it is preferable to use a specialized tool, which allows you to send information about the defects found by testers to developers, and in the opposite direction – information about removal of a defect. And also it is necessary to create the reports about changes in the number of found detects and removes defects.
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