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Wrestling with Communities


Zoning Law 1916

Zoning Law 1961

Zoning Law 2011

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

zoning in new york city


Robert Moses, New York’s Master Builder

Jane Jacobs, Godmother of American urban design

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

moses VS JACOBS


Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody.

Robert Moses, New York’s Master Builder

Jane Jacobs in Death and Life of Great American Cities

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

MOSES VS JACOBS


There is nobody against this. Nobody, nobody, nobody but a bunch of, a bunch of mothers.

Robert Moses after its first defeat of the Washington Square Park Highway

Jane Jacobs in Death and Life of Great American Cities

Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody.

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

MOSES VS JACOBS


Top - down

Bottom - up

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

moses vs jacobs today

Top-down / Bottom-up


Manhattan Railyards Brookfield Properties Proposal

Holding Pattern MoMA, Queens Interboro Partners

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

Moses vs jacobs today

Big projects / Human scale


Amanda Burden director of the NYC Department of City Planning

Stacey Sheffey, Manuel Avila Crown Heights Community garden

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

moses vs jacobs today

Government / Communities


1

7 3

1

8

16

9 7

5

9 10 9

13

12

2

4

11

5

4 6 1

2

15 14

13

Queens

1

11

6

5

8

18

Brooklyn

12 7

7

14

10

8

11

10

17 12

1

8

5

3

6

12 6

4

2

11

4

2

3 9

10

3

2

3

Manhattan

The Bronx

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

Staten Island

city planning in public review

NYC Community Districts


Department of City Planing (DCP) application and Pre-Certification 0

Community Board (CB)

public hearing recommendation to CPC

30

60

Borough President (BP)

recommendation to CPC

Borough Board (BB)

public hearing recommendation to CPC

90

City Planning Commission (CPC)

public hearing approves, modifies or disapproves application

120

150

City Council (CC)

reviews application public hearing vote to approve, approve with modifications or disapprove proposed modifications to CPC

180

230 235

Mayor (City Council)

reviews application, may veto council action possibility to override Mayor’s veto by 2/3 vote

(245) days

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

city planning in public review

ULURP Timeline


ULURP was set up for failure as community boards’ work has pushed aside by CPC and DCP.

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

city planning in public review

Eve Baron, Pratt Center


“

There really is not much community planning going on in New York City by City Government. The Department of City Planning just basically goes in and changes zoning. It is a zoning agency.

�

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

city planning in public review

Tom Angotti


planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

city planning in public review

What’s the balance?


planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

case study

Atlantic Yards, Brooklyn


Developdon’t destoy. BROOKLYN

Atlantic Yard Development & Design

Community Respones

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

Case study

Development vs Community


Why should people get to see [Atlantic Yards] plans? This isn’t a public project.

Developdon’t destoy. BROOKLYN

Bruce Ratner in Crain’s New York article November 8, 2009

Community Respones

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

case study

Development vs Community


“

The only weapon we have at this point in time is the weapon of protest. So if you want to develop and not destory, make some noise!

�

Bruce Ratner, Real Estate Developer

Letitia James, City Council Member Brooklyn May 3, 2008

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

case study

Development vs Community


It [Atlantc Yards] has been, and still is, about one of the biggest failures of government and democracy in the city’s history.

Bruce Ratner, Real Estate Developer

Daniel Goldstein, April 22, 2010

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

case study

Development vs Community


FCRC model, design by Frank Gehry

Unity Community Development model

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

case study

Unity alternative plan


SENATOR VELMANETTE MONTGOMERY

NYCC LETITIA JAMES

CITIZENS

COMMUNITY BOARDS

ATLANTIC YARDS DEVELOPMENT

WORKSHOP DESIGNERS LOCAL BUSINESSES

DEVELOPERS

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

case study

Unity: Planners + Community source: Unity Report 2007


planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

what's next?

Urban Design as intermediary resource


“

In the dialogue [...] the designer has a valuable and needed skill [...]. During debates, the designer participates by illustrating alternatives that incorporate many voices, dreams, and desires of existing situations.

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

�

what's next?

J. Kaliski, Everyday Urbanism, p 107


planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

what's next?

Internet as new recource to put proposals


“

How the future of city development will look by means of giving more power to the people? Will we go to a more comprehensive way of planning with both government and residents together, coordinated by urban design and architecture? Or will we get stuck in a system of topdown planning where residents can do nothing more than protest government’s plans?

�

planning the city

An amalgam of authorities

what's next?


wrestling with communities