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VDNH

INNOVATION DISTRICT KYIV


VDNH

INNOVATION DISTRICT KYIV URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT OF THE NATIONAL COMPLEX “EXPOCENTER OF UKRAINE” - VDNH English version booklet

2016


VDNH innovation district is a vibrant area for leisure, working, creating and interacting, where entrepreneurial culture is cherished and Kyiv city attractiveness and global competitiveness is increased


STRATEGIC POSITION IN THE CITY

VDNH, so called National Complex “Expocenter of Ukraine” - is 286 ha territory located in the southern part of the Kyiv city. VDNH is a strategic and interesting destination to reinvent, invest, develop and visit, as it has very good accessibility by car and public transport, is located next to very high ecological and landscape value Holosiivskyi forest, historical architectural monuments create unique character of the place, and there is plenty of space for new development.

INNOVATION DISTRICT

We propose to develop VDNH into an innovation district – a place where knowledge economy is cherished, innovation ecosystem is created, global trends are represented and modern Ukraine character is built. VDNH could become a lively urban area, where leading-edge anchor business, innovation, educational institutions and companies cluster and connect with start-ups, business incubators and accelerators. Exhibitions and events in historical building provide a bounding program for the VDNH community and visitors.

WORK + LEISURE

To create vibrant mix use environment we propose do develop VDNH program in two directions: work and leisure. On one hand VDNH is a place to exhibit, work and study, and our goal is to provide spaces and program that stimulate entrepreneurial ecosystem, spaces were innovative ideas and progresive businesses are exhibited. Such program is: hubs, business incubators, start-up clusters, business district for larger companies, educational district with universities, convention and congress centres for networking events, knowledge exchange.

ENTREPRENEURIAL ECOSYSTEM

URBAN PARK

PRESERVED HISTORICAL PART

THREE NEW DEVELOPMENT CLUSTERS

On the other hand, VDNH is a place for leisure. Therefore, cultural and entertainment program is proposed: museums, art, cafes and restaurants, commerce, indoor and outdoor events, sport facilities, public space and park infrastructure. New development zones in VDNH are planned in three limited areas with aim to protect high value landscape, architecture and public space. The central historic part is preserved, re-adapted to the new program and enriched with qualitative public spaces. Historic pavilions are reused. Innovation cluster is developed in the north. In the later phase business cluster with convention centre is developed behind the pavilion no.10, near the historical linden alley - pedestrian boulevard of VDNH. Expo cluster is developed at the southern entrance of the territory. Land in between business and expo clusters is preserved for future growth.

PLAN FOR 2030

Plan for VDNH 2030 presented in this booklet defines framework for new construction in VDNH: character of new development and protected areas; volumes, key program and design guidelines for new architecture; car traffic, pedestrian and cycling organization; new streets and their profiles; public space, forest and green structure program.

PLACEMAKING STRATEGY

Development of VDNH innovation district is planned in few phases. Goal of the initial phase is to put VDNH on the Kyiv residents mind map as a reinvented place, activate buildings and public space, encourage human interactions and create instant effect.

COMMUNITY

VDNH innovation district will be a global hub for innovation, and this hub needs its community, which can be brought already now by attracting variuos clubs/hubs/maker-labs and initiatives, bright minds and futurists to establish themselves here and create future of VDNH.


ANALYTICAL PART

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Dnieper river waterfronts in Kyiv

Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dniepr_river_in_Kyiv.jpg

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KYIV - A MODERN CITY WITH A RICH HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE

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www.thousandwonders.net

http://kyivcity.travel

www.thousandwonders.net

www.thousandwonders.net

https://commons.wikimedia.org

www.thousandwonders.net

www.slavorum.org

www.slavorum.org


http://ukrainetrek.com

http://ukrainetrek.com

http://kyivcity.travel

http://112.international

www.thousandwonders.net

http://kyivcity.travel

http://ukrainetrek.com

www.theguardian.com

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VDNH IN KYIV Project territory, the National Complex “Expocenter of Ukraine� now called VDNH - is located in the southern part of the Kyiv city. The territory has a very good accessibility by car and public transport. VDNH is next to the city ring road and an important street - Holosiivskyi prospekt. Furthermore, the territory is well connected by metro line, linking VDNH with the historical Kyiv centre and all the most important city objects. VDNH is located next to very high ecological and landscape value green structure of Kyiv - Holosiivskyi forest and national park. This creates a potential to develop VDNH as the biggest city park. High quality environment, good accessibility, unique character and space for development - all these qualities make VDNH a strategic and interesting destination to reinvent, invest, develop and visit.

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HOLOSIIVS’KYI DISTRICT VDNH is located in the Holosiivs’kyi district and should become a civic centre of it. The project site is surrounded by mix of residential, cultural, educational and recreational functions, such as universities, institutes, lyceum, racetrack, several high rise housing neighbourhoods and future development sites. Students and residents from the neighbourhood can be attracted to VDNH and bring the daily vitality to the site. However, connectivity with the surroundings and diversity of functions has to be improved. There should be more and clearer entrances to VDNH, better links with metro stations, higher intensity and diversity of functions and program. Furthermore, VDNH is located next to Holosiivskyi forest, with many places of interest, such as observatory, museum of folk, Holy Virgin Monastery, botanic garden and hospital. VDNH can become the gate-the main entrance to the green heart-the forest, if routes linking places of interest and recreation are proposed.

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VDNH TERRITORY VDNH territory was built in 1958 as the national exhibition complex presenting economic, scientific, industrial and agricultural achievements of Ukraine. Total area of the territory is 286 hectares. Almost two thirds of it are occupied by forest. 48 hectares is built land, the rest of territory is open fields, gardens, parks and ponds. There are around 200 buildings and built structures in the territory. 20 of them are protected architectural and urban design monuments. The most noticeable protected monuments are impressive pavilions around the main VDNH entrance and square. The pavilions are build in re-interpreted traditional architectural styles. There is diversity of shapes, many columns, beautiful details and symmetry. All that creates very unique VDNH atmosphere. The spirit of the place is enriched by very high quality landscape design elements. There are many diverse plant species, different shape and form trees, various gardens, parks and alleys. Furthermore, the site has a lot of potential for new development and investment: there are many low value building, which could be reconstructed and reused and there are empty spaces suitable for new construction and temporary program.

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Expocenter of Ukraine, formerly known as Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy of Ukrainian SSR, was opened on July 6, 1958. Innovation and progress of economy, science, industry and agriculture were demonstrated at VDNH.

GREAT HISTORY OF VDNH

VDNH represented Ukraine for foreigners and was attended by worldfamous figures such as Fidel Castro, Margaret Thatcher, Charles de Gaulle

Expocentre was designed by architects Boris Zhezherin, Vitaly Smith, I.Mezentsev, Anatoly Stanislavsky, D. Batalov and engineer S. Malkin

It was also a place for walking and recreation with several restaurants, summer theatre, library, lakes and large park

The 286,3 ha complex was a combination of pavilions, open areas to display exhibits, cultural and community buildings, places of recreation

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Image: Kyiv Food and Wine Festival, www.facebook.com/vdngkyiv

Summer festivals in VDNH, 2016

HISTORICAL BUILDINGS, MODERN ATMOSPHERE

Leisure activities during summer weekends

Creators Ra Production www.facebook.com/vdngkyiv

Place to meet and recreate

Independence Day of Ukraine in 2016

Creators Ra Production www.facebook.com/vdngkyiv

Summer events

Creators Ra Production www.facebook.com/vdngkyiv

Basil Churikova, www.facebook.com/vdngkyiv

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Open and light interior spaces of the pavilion no.7 built in the ancient Egyptian style

INTERIORS AND BEAUTY IN DETAILS

Entrance columns of pavilion no.5

Pavilion no.8 built in the ancient Roman style, themed “Vegetable and Horticulture�

Dome of the main pavilion no. 1

Impressive interior of the pavilion no.8

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Pavilion no.7 showed “Mechanical Engineering” achievements (left) and pavilion no.3 represented “Metallurgy” (right)

ICONIC ARCHITECTURE

Pavilion no. 4 built in the ancient Greek style was dedicated to agriculture

Pavilion no.8 built in the ancient Roman style, themed “Vegetable and Horticulture”

Pavilion no.10. dedicated to “Cereals and oilseeds”

Central alley with pavilions no.3 and no.1 in the back

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Greenhouse pavilion with tropical garden

LANDSCAPE MERGES WITH ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN

Alley with pine trees and bushes lead to the entrance of pavilion no.17 , which was dedicated to “Construction”.

Hanging the air pavilion no.19. Light modernism architecture building was presenting consumer goods.

Pavilion no.21 was dedicated for “Chemical industry”.

Pavilion no. 13, dedicated for “Coal industry”, is exceptional for wooden facade and big ground floor windows looking to the outdoor spaces.

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Linden alley leads from the southern entrance to the main VDNH square

GREEN ATMOSPHERE AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Park is popular for jogging, cycling and horse riding

Alley leading to the Holoseevskiy forest. More than 200 hectares of the VDNH territory are occupied by forest, parks, orchards and grass fields.

Picnic in the orchard, under apple trees

Games next to greenhouse pavilion

Alina Kotenko www.facebook.com/vdngkyiv

Alina Kotenko www.facebook.com/vdngkyiv

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URBAN DEVELOPMENT VISION

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WORK+LEISURE

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PROGRAMMATIC CONCEPT

60 years ago, VDNH was built as a symbol of a strong Ukrainian economy, a place to represent achievements of science, engineering and agricultural industries, showcase most innovative products. Nowadays industries have shifted from production to services, and knowledge economy is the driving force of the 21st century cities. Kyiv being one of largest cities in Europe, an important education, science and culture center can offer a place to cherish knowledge economy, create innovation ecosystem, represent global trends and build modern Ukraine character. VDNH can become this place. Strategic position in the city, good connectivity, spirit of the place, high quality green environment and potential for development makes VDNH an attractive location do build an innovation district. The creation of innovation districts is a recent trend in urban planning that has emerged as a new model to stimulate economic growth in cities across the globe. VDNH could become a lively urban area, where leading-edge anchor business, innovation, educational institutions and companies cluster and connect with start-ups, business incubators and accelerators. Exhibitions and events in historical building would provide a bounding program for the VDNH community and visitors. To create vibrant mix use environment, we propose do develop VDNH program in two directions: work and leisure. On one hand VDNH is a place to work and study, and our goal is to provide spaces and program that stimulate entrepreneurial ecosystem. Such program is: hubs, business incubators, start-up clusters, business district for larger companies, educational district with universities, convention and congress centers for networking events, knowledge exchange. On the other hand, VDNH is a place for leisure. Therefore, cultural and entertainment program is proposed: museums, art, cafes and restaurants, commerce, indoor and outdoor events, sport facilities, public space and park infrastructure.

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URBAN DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES

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Landscape + heritage + new program protect valuable architecture and landscape, combine it with modern atmosphere, contemporary design to create innovative VDNH character

Mix functions combine education, congress, business, commerce, cultural program to create district attractive to all age, gender, profession Kyiv residents and visitors

Concentrate program in the central VDNH area to create lively 24/7 space, ensure synergy between old and new, indoor and outdoor, green and built

Create pedestrian friendly environment Provide cycling infrastructure and pedestrian paths within VDNH, make links with public transport, provide access new development areas


Design new architecture within the framework of architectural guidelines to ensure quality of public space

Reuse, reimagine, reinvent, readapt historic VDNH pavilions to new program and function

Keep human scale create inviting ground floors functions, ensure sunlight, seating, greenery in public space

Provide diversity of open spaces plaza, park, forest, urban square, street, passage

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VDNH 2030

Plan for VDNH 2030 defines areas with historic value to keep untouched and areas for new construction for new building volumes, new streets and connections, public space and green structure improvements, zones for future development. Central area with the historic pavilions is very valuable therefore has minimum interventions. Pavilion no.1 becomes science museum, and extension is proposed in the back of the building. Other valuable pavilions are renovated. Central square and other public spaces are upgraded and renovated. New program in the VDNH territory is concentrated in several areas: innovation cluster is in the northern part of the site with new buildings in between pavilions no.11, no.13, no.17, no.19, no.23. Business innovation cluster with convention centre in between linden alley and new street in the east of VDNH. New entrance to the territory is planned near the metro Ipodrom. New exhibition events cluster is planned in the south of the territory. New street network and parking areas ensure accessibility of the whole VDNH territory. New park is planned and area for future development is reserved in the area in between business and expo clusters. This zone in the future could become a business district, sports arena, urban park, or any other function. Now it will be used for temporary events, such as Atlas Weekend festival. Linden alley is renovated and upgraded with new benches, lighting, cycling paths and becomes the major boulevard of VDNH. Line of cultural / public buildings is planned along the alley. Cluster with sports facilities and infrastructure is planned in the reconstructed buildings near the forest. Existing VDNH buildings New buildings Buildings outside VDNH

Holoseevskiy forest is upgraded with new signs, cycling and pedestrian paths, benches, lighting. Thematic routes connect art and nature recreation islands in the forest with the rest of VDNH.

Buildings to demolish Green public spaces / park Forest Pedestrian area, sidewalks Car lanes in new streets Bicycle paths Water Benches Trees VDNH area

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VDNH library and community centre merges with the outdoor environment - innovation plaza public spaces


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NEW URBAN DEVELOPMENT ZONES It is important to allow new development in VDNH territory to ensure its vitality, density and diversity. However, the site has high value landscape, architecture and public space, therefore new development zones are planned in three limited areas. The central historic part is preserved, re-adapted to the new program and enriched with qualitative public spaces. Innovation cluster is developed in the north. In the later phase business cluster is developed together with land preserved for future growth. Expo cluster is developed in the south.

Institutional and office buildings with hight quality public space. Atmosphere of the innovation and education cluster. FSI=1.2

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Business cluster atmosphere. High densities create vibrant and mix environments. FSI=2.0

Expo cluster atmosphere: long and big hangar buildings, inviting entrance, outdoor spaces. FSI=1.0


DIFFERENT CHARACTER AND IDENTITY AREAS Variety of program is attracted to the VDNH territory to create mix use environment and to ensure liveability of the area 24/7 all year long. The program is concentrated in thematic clusters to create different identity and atmosphere areas.

Inspiring atmosphere, where students and creative minds meet in education and innovation cluster

Work day in a busy business cluster

Relaxed and active atmosphere in the sports cluster

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FRAMEWORK FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION Construction framework marks areas for buildings and areas for streets and passages. This framework ensures that new development is well incorporated with the existing VDNH structure: links are provided in between various areas, there are no dead-end streets, new streets follow existing paths, new buildings do not intervene with valuable historic layout and valuable plantation.

Passages in between the buildings ensure connectivity and avoid deadends

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Within the development framework architecture may vary and change

New buildings aligned with reconstructed old buildings


Totalitarian museum

Reconstructed old buildings

Education cluster Education central building

Expo buildings - hangars

Office cluster Science museum

Iconic, special buildings along the linden alley

Cultural buildings

Office and administration buildings up to 9 floors Library + community centre

Convention centre Startup cluster, 4 floors

NEW BUILDINGS AND KEY PROGRAM New program will be added at VDNH in reused old and constructed new buildings. To avoid domination, new buildings around the historic pavilions will be lower, 4-5 floors height. Further from the main square, buildings get higher. Key program building have to become landmarks and create visual destination: central education building in the innovation cluster is up to 12 floors, convention centre and hotel - 15-20 floors. Innovation cluster has average of 6 floors height. Business cluster is dominated by 6-7 floors, with several landmarks of 9 floors.

Library - space for studying, meeting, community events

Modern architecture is combined with old, existing buildings

Contemporary architecture: convention centre and cultural buildings along the linden alley

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Forest paths

Linden alley

Innovation plaza

Park path

Linden alley Route to metro Main square

Main entrance

PUBLIC SPACES AND MAIN PEDESTRIAN AREAS High quality and diversity of public spaces together with key program ensures vitality of the VDNH. Historical main square and Linden alley is renovated and upgraded; new plaza is created in the innovation district; existing and new pedestrian pathways link parks, forest, new development areas and old historic buildings. It is important to create network of public spaces, in order to attract VDNH visitors to stroll around, stay longer in public spaces, meet, rest and actively recreate.

Main square atmosphere: modern public space with historic heritage buildings in the background

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Innovation plaza atmosphere: new design, plantation, spaces to meet

Modern public spaces designed for people in the new development areas


Holosiivskyi forest

New future park

Linden alley Open meadows, grass fields, orchards

VDNH park

GREEN STRUCTURE: NATURE AND PARKS Natural environment is the highest quality of VDNG. Park infrastructure is provided so that visitors can enjoy nature: pedestrian and cycling paths, sufficient amount of benches, lighting, route marking, signs of places of interest (historical places, art objects) and nature landmarks (special trees, habitats), facilities for sports, events and active leisure.

Urban park atmosphere at VDNH park

Major pedestrian promenade atmosphere - Linden alley

High recreational and ecological value forest

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On ground car parking

Car parking

Car parking

New street

On ground car parking

Transfer hub: bus station, bicycle, car parking

CAR TRAFFIC AND CAR PARKING New streets are provided to ensure clear and organized access to the new developments areas. In the central VDNH area and main public spaces car traffic and parking is limited. VDNH has a very good public transport accessibility therefore car usage is not encouraged. However, sufficient car parking is provided for the drivers: multi-storey garage in the northern innovation cluster, on ground parking at the main entrance and southern expo cluster and underground parking in the business district. We propose to develop transfer hub with bus station, car parking and commerce in the neighbouring plot in Akademika Hlushkova Avenue, next to metro Ipodrom.

Multiple use: car parking + colourful playground

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Well designed on ground car parking with plantation and permeable, gravel paving

Well designed multi-storey car parking building


Main bicycle routes

Underground passage to metro station

Transfer hub: bus station, bicycle, car parking

PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND BICYCLES Sustainable transport is a very important part of innovation district’s development, therefore public transport, cycling and walking are highly encouraged at VDNH. The territory is a pedestrian priority area, there is dense network of pedestrian paths. Bicycle may become main mode of transportation within VDNH. Dedicated bike lanes are planned in the territory. The connect main entrances and metro stations with central area, new development zones, parks.

Shared space concept: cars are allowed, but pedestrians have the priority

Slow traffic friendly environment: paths dedicated for walking and active sports (cycling, jogging, roller skating)

Dedicated, special design, bicycle paths are well visible and recognized

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PUBLIC SPACE LIVELINESS Human scale, liveability and comfort in public space is created by active ground floor program, outdoor functions (cafe, terraces), balance between sunny and shady spaces, diversity of spaces (open plaza versus narrow street), safe pedestrian spaces (wide sidewalks, separate cycling lanes, slow speed car lanes). Furthermore public space itself has to be attractive: comfortable benches, lighting, greenery.

Pavilion no. 8: congress centre, outdoor terrace

Historic pavillions

Outdoor terraces facing green

Public space: new benches, plantation, lighting

Renovated main square

Roof terraces

Entrance outdoor plaza

Orchard

Cultural building

Street with sidewalk along the forest

Reconstructed old buildings

Forest

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Pavilion no. 6

Indoor sports hall

Pavilion no. 2

Pedestrian area

Pavilion no. 4: congress centre, outdoor terrace

Historic pavillions

Cycling path W i d Entrances e and ground sidewalk floor terraces

Linden alley

Sports playgrounds

Sports cluster

New business district

Reused old buildings


New buildings

Innovation plaza New public space design

Existing pedestrain paths

Pavilion no.7

Pavilion no.9 Multifunctional hall

New building Start-up hubs

New innovation plaza in the innovation cluster

New building Existing trees Pavilion no.19 Street with car and cycle lanes, wide sidewalks

Pedestrian street

Pavilion no.17

Street with car, cycle New building and pedestrian lanes

New development zone - innovation cluster

Existing trees

Street Buildings with view to historic VDNH

Neighbourhood public space

Street with car and cycle Pedestrian street Terraces lanes, wide sidewalks

Urban blocks with closed courtyards

New development zone - business cluster

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PROGRAM Expo / congress

66 700 M2

Culture

73 900 M2

Education

64 200 M2

Sports

17 000 M2

Social

7 000 M2

Offices

213 000 M2

Hotel / convention

50 000 M2

Media

20 000 M2

Parking

45 000 M2

TOTAL

556 800 M2

Totalitarian museum 6 000 M2

Viewing tower 200 M2

Car parking 45 000 M2 1800 cars

Education 64 000 M2

Innovation cluster, offices 50 000 M2

Culture 1 000 M2

Art cluster 4 000 M2

Library 6 000 M2

Congress centre 200 M2

Multifunctional hall 10 000 M2

Sports cluster 17 000 M2

Science museum 10 000 M2

Food court 1 200 M2 Congress centre in historic pavilions 6 500 M2

Start-up hubs 13 000 M2

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Innovation hub 1 000 M2

Film pavilion 1 000 M2

Convention centre and hotel 50 000 M2


Media hub 20 000 M2

Restaurant 700 M2

Expo cluster, exhibition halls 60 000 M2

Cultural buildings along linden alley 40 000 M2

Business district, mix use 150 000 M2

Interchange hub: bus station, car parking, commerce 54 000 M2

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ARCHITECTURE GUIDELINES Scale of the building, facade, ground floor function, number of entrances, these and many other architectural decisions make huge impact on attractiveness of the surrounding neighbourhood. Therefore common architectural guidelines for new buildings in VDNH are proposed to ensure public interest, density and diversity in the new development areas.

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Ground floor entrances

Ground floor program

Many entrances on the ground floor increases safety and creates liveliness in public space. All main entrances to the buildings should be planned always from the main public spaces and streets. The distance between the entrances should not be greater then 30m.

Mix of functions is essential to ensure liveliness of public space, therefore there should be diverse program in the buildings on the ground floor. For this reason, it is recommended ground floors to have at least 5m height in order to create flexibility for the future change of function.

Front gardens and terraces

Architectural expression

There should be at least 2 meters front space near the building in order to activate public space with small frontgardens, terraces, commercial functions, outdoor cafes, pergolas etc.

Architectural expression of all buildings should be diverse, but overall atmosphere of a cluster should be homogeneous. Major landmark building should be identifiable (library, central education building, convention centre, cultural pavilions along linden alley).


Building length

Roof - the fifth facade

There should be enough gaps, passages and streets in between the building to ensure accessibility, transparency, and visibility of the newly developed clusters. Length of new building should not be greater then 100meters, and if it is, then there should be opportunity to cross the building on the ground floor.

Roofs should not be left empty. They should be used for peoples needs (outdoor terrace, roof top courtyard), for environmental purposes (greenery, water storage) or for energy production (covered by solar panels).

Car parking

Sustainability

VDNH is a pedestrian priority area and should not be dominated by cars, therefore, every building has to ensure its car parking needs within its own plot: in the underground garages or on the top floors, but never on the ground floor.

Environmental awareness is a necessity in an innovation district. Every new building in VDNH should contribute to that: retain and recycle rain water, provide itself with energy from renewable resources (solar panels, wind turbines), provide electric car charging stations, car pooling, bike pooling, use smart technologies to manage ventilation, heating, etc.

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Pedestrian street next to the start-ups hub: lively public space linking the main square of VDNH and the innovation plaza in the innovation cluster


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CENTRAL AREA OF VDNH

Symmetrical layout central square surrounded by socialist classicism architecture style pavilions is the most recognizable image of VDNH. Character of this valuable space is kept, although new innovative program is added. Public space is renovated by adding new urban furniture, lighting, plantation and a new attraction point - fountain terrace. Historic pavilions are renovated. Some interventions are done to host new functions: extension of pavilion no.1 for science museum; added new light volumes in the back of pavilions to join them and use for congress events (pavilion no.8 with no.6 and pavilion no.4 with no.2); new design of pavilion no.9 - a multifunctional hall; new start-ups cluster combined with pavilion no.11. Innovation cluster is developed to the north-west of the central part. New buildings in the innovation cluster are constructed in lines, in between existing, reconstructed pavilions no.13, no.19, no.17 and no.23. Major public space of the cluster is newly designed innovation plaza, which surrounds the new library. From now on this space is used for temporary events, art, experiments and all VDNH festivals. Central part of VDNH is extended to the important axis - the linden alley. On the western side of this pedestrian avenue, new cultural and public buildingspavilions are developed. On the eastern side, in later phase, new business district will be developed with connection to metro station Ipodrom. Sport cluster is developed new the forest, around reconstructed pavilions no.14, no.16, no.18, no.20 and no.32. All active leisure, indoor and outdoor facilities and program are concentrated in this area.

Existing VDNH buildings New buildings Buildings outside VDNH Buildings to demolish Green public spaces / park Forest Pedestrian area, sidewalks Car lanes in new streets Bicycle paths Water Benches Trees VDNH area

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Makers HUBs

Art HUBs

Science museum

Sports cluster

Space for temporary events

Food court

Innovation HUBs

Convention centre

INITIAL PHASE Goal of the initial development phase is to put VDNH on the Kyiv residents mind map, activate buildings and public space to create instant effect. Central square and the main entrance is upgraded with placemaking strategies. Existing pavilions are re-used for convention center, events and community clubs/ hubs/maker-labs, initiatives. Citizens are attracted by various events and festivals for leisure, to recreate, and to work and establish themselves in VDNH.

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Totalitarian museum Expo cluster

Sports cluster Education

Innovation cluster offices

Science museum Space for temporary events

Start-up hubs

PHASE 1: 2017 – 2021 During the 2017-2021 phase construction starts to host new functions. New innovation hubs, university and innovative business buildings are constructed as a continuation of the central space in the innovation cluster. Central square is reconstructed and renovated. Science museum is opened in the first pavilion, extension building is added. Buildings are reconstructed in the sports cluster, exhibition pavilions are built in the south of VDNH (expo cluster). Activation of the landscape and public space attracts more people in the territory.

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Car parking

Education

Innovation cluster offices

Convention centre and hotel Library

Multifunctional hall

PHASE 2: 2022 – 2026 During the second phase innovation cluster is developed to the full potential: innovation cluster buildings are completed, street infrastructure and new parking facilities are added to meet the new connectivity demands, multifunctional social building is added (library, kindergarten, meeting space). New convention center with hotel is built as a new landmark for VDNH. Second entrance to VDNH from metro Ipodrom is added.

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Cultural buildings along linden alley Space for temporary events Business district, mix use

New entrance to VDNH

Metro station Ipodrom

PHASE 3: 2026 – 2036 During the later development phase ,new innovative and self sustaining office district is built next to the new VDNH entrance. This is mixed use area with office administration, commercial, cultural buildings. Exceptional, modern architecture cultural / public building are built along the linden alley.

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Elevated park with underground car parking Multifunctional arena hosting 30 000 visitors

FUTURE OPTIONS 2036 – 2056: ARENA Territory in between the innovative business cluster and expo cluster is reserved for future developments. Depending on the demand the area can be occupied for various functions. Multifunctional arena hosting 20.000 – 30.000 visitors can be built here.

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Urban park - public space for the CBD New Kyiv Central Business District

FUTURE OPTIONS 2036 – 2056: BUSINESS DISTRICT Business cluster can be expanded and can grow in to the major Kyiv Central Business District (CBD). The territory is further form the central historical VDNH area, therefore buildings in the CBD can be higher and denser. Territory near the lakes should be developed into an urban park.

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INITIAL PHASE

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Fountain terrace - public space activator in the main square of VDNH


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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DIFFERENT AREAS

Forest

Sports cluster Innovation cluster

Cultural buildings

Linden alley

Events zone

Experiments and events area Future development area Main square

Historic pavilions

Business cluster

VDNH park

Experiment and events area 1. Use the space for all VDNH events, activities, experiments, arts, culture, entertainment 2. Use modular furniture for sitting and playing 3. Add attractions (open air cinema, stairs, temporary pavilions, interactive furniture) 4. Experiment with paintings on asphalt 5. Attract communities to contribute and settle in the area 6. Use the same design VDNH kiosk and VDNH bench 7. In the later phase, make public space design competition for the new innovation square design Innovation cluster 1. Construct new building in lines in between existing pavilions and valuable trees 2. Create diverse architecture 3. Ensure active ground floor to create safe and lively public spaces 4. Design pedestrian and cyclist friendly streets 5. Park cars in the garages, not in the streets

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VDNH park 1. Improve visibility and safety by removing useless bushes and tree branches 2. Add various sitting places 3. Add lighting to improve safety and create new identity 4. Make softer surfaces 5. Renew plantation

Historic pavilions 1. Reuse existing buildings 2. Renovate pavilions, create balance between modern and classical atmospheres 3. Make extra space by dividing floors (not in the main spaces) Main square 1. Renovate square - keep original layout, but provide modern and comfortable facilities 2. Add major activator - fountain terrace 3. Add many benches and seating places 4. Add lighting, buildings and public spaces 5. Renovate paving 6. Renew plantation, add more greenery 7. Create new temporary identity: original lighting, painted asphalt, shaded pergola Sports cluster 1. Move all active leisure facilities to one area 2. Provide various sport equipment 3. Add benches, lighting 4. Invite various clubs and sport communities 5. Reuse existing buildings for community needs 6. Add interactive structures (stairs, tribune, playgrounds) 7. Repaint old walls to create new identity 8. Reconstruct buildings in later phases

Linden alley 1. Convert the alley into a main pedestrian boulevard 2. Upgrade paving 3. Make cycling and pedestrian paths 4. Add benches, lighting 5. Forbid cars Future development area 1. Reserved space for future needs, now use for temporary events and festivals 2. Develop mix use high density business cluster in a grid structure, along the existing plots, paths, tree lines 3. Make new entrance to VDNH 4. Built diverse, human scale architecture, make inviting, active ground floors 5. Design pedestrian and cyclist friendly streets, park cars in the underground garages 6. Built contemporary architecture convention centre as a new VDNH landmark 7. Provide program along the linden alley: line of cultural/public buildings-pavilions Forest 1. Make network of recreational, thematic routes 2. Add attractions in the forest 3. Make recreational rest islands with benches, lighting, playgrounds 4. Make info stands for natural/historical interest and importance places 5. Provide signs for routes, attractions, destinations 6. Make safe cycling and pedestrian paths


INITIAL PHASE - PLACEMAKING Goal of the initial VDNH development phase is to make the area an attractive destination for Kiev citizens. It is done by activating the spaces, attracting various communities, creating new VDNH traditions and festivals, providing opportunities for citizens to engage, interact, meet, recreate, relax. Centre of all planning, design and management of public spaces is people. Such approach is called - placemaking. Placemaking is described as: communitydriven, visionary, function before form, adaptable, inclusive, focused on creating destinations, context-specific, dynamic, trans-disciplinary, transformative, flexible, collaborative and sociable (source: Project for Public Spaces). Placemaking has already started in VDNH and we recommend to continue doing it with different goals in different VDNH areas. Aim of initial VDNH phase is to make ground for future developments, which means to attract target groups and target activities in specific areas. Innovation plaza, in the northern part of VDNH will be the main public space of the innovation district, therefore already now innovative experimental activities can start here. Linden alley will be main axis with cultural buildings connecting old VDNH with new business district, therefore the linden alley already now should become a major pedestrian boulevard. Active leisure program can be concentrated in the future sports cluster; main square as the central public space needs activators; forest needs routes and park should be more attractive. Various temporary activating strategies, suggested in the coming pages, can help to create new identity of public spaces and bring instant effect.

Project for Public Space tool - The Place Diagram. The inner ring represents a place’s key attributes, the middle ring its intangible qualities, and the outer ring its measurable data.

Source: Project for Public Spaces www.pps.org

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Adding new structures inside the existing spaces

Dividing space with curtains, glass panels, light walls

Adding new identity to the old space

Dividing space with new floor slabs

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HISTORICAL PAVILIONS Historic VDNH pavilions have very unique architecture, which has to be kept, but at the same time adapted to meet new function. The buildings were built more than 60years ago, therefore, firstly, they have to be renovated. Later-on, the pavilions can be expanded by adding new objects, extra floors or dividing walls to make more space for new functions. The challenge is to keep space quality, heritage specifications but adapt to the new program. Combination of classical buildings with modern touch will represent the innovative VDNH character.

Create special objects with new functions inside existing pavilion space

Add extra floors to create more space for services and utilities (not in the main halls)

Divide spaces with glass walls and curtains

Add extra floors (not in the main spaces) to create more usable space

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Seating places and meeting point Wooden terrace around the fountain is bench, sun bed, table, bar, playground, terrace – all in one

Lighting makes space safer and more attractive for visitors. Special lighting can bring completely new character to the space.

Temporary pergola: creates shade, makes space underneath cosier, light structure do not cover surrounding buildings, reduces scale of the open space, can be combined with lighting

Painted asphalt brings new identity to the place

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MAIN VDNH SQUARE Major entrance and central square surrounded by impressive pavilions is part of the protected VDNH monuments complex. The square has to be renovated, but historical, classical layout is a unique quality, therefore should remain. Furthermore, the space need some basic improvements, like lighting to make it safe during the night, enough seating places, new attraction points, refurbishment of paving, more plantation and greenery. Modern character of the square can be created by new innovative, temporary added elements (see references on the left), such as impressive lighting, shaded pergola, interactive benches or urban furniture, painted asphalt to create new identity or mark entrances to the pavilions, new playful and functional object in public space. We suggest to use the central fountain as a major meeting place, by creating multifunctional wooden terrace around it. The terrace would make possibility to come closer to water, be refreshed and play with it. The wooden terrace could become a seating place, meeting point, table, lounge, playground - all in one. It could become a major attraction point in public space and mark the new era of VDNH.

Renovate the fountains as new attraction point

Create shade during the day and lighting for the nights

Add new design to the asphalt

Provide enough seating places

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Seating places and attraction points. Modular furniture or playful benches provide enough seating, attracts to play and interact, can be relocated, grouped and used for various events

Outdoor cinema equipped with big stairs for sitting and watching could become is an important attraction point

Special lighting

Temporary pavilion can be changed every season/year/two years and can be designed by different artists

Art objects

New innovation square design has to be attractive keep the green VDNH atmosphere, innovative and modern to support innovation cluster character and functional to attract users and visitors to rest, meet and relax (enough seating places, functional paths, lighting).

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SPACE FOR EVENTS AND EXPERIMENTS First phase - placemaking. Space in the northern part of VDNH - the innovation cluster is less formal and big enough to be used events and experiments. This space, future innovation square, from now on can be used for various temporary activities. It can be used for arts and culture, new temporary buildings - pavilions, festivities to become new tradition (food/ music/light festival, design/flea markets, performances), modular furniture, installations, community initiatives. The interventions should be of a high art, design or social value. They should bring the community and should be bottom-up born, can be designed by different artist/architect/community every year. Second phase - new public space design - competition and impementation. In the later phases when development in the innovation cluster starts, the square has to be redesigned to meet new innovation-education cluster needs. It is recommended to arrange a public space design competition to choose the best, most innovative, practical and comfortable public space and ladscape design proposal. The space of the new innovation square has to be reduced, there should be more soft surfaces (gravel, sand, grass), water features (existing fountain), smaller cosy areas to stay, meet, hang out, green atmosphere, shaded and sunny areas, many seating places, lighting and functional paths to reach all VDNH corners.

VDNH kiosks - one unified design - used for all VDNH events

Open air art

Outdoor cinema and giant staircase could become a major activator

Painting ground to bring new identity

Experimental design of outdoor elements, playful modules, enough seating places

Lighting to make safe public space and bring new character

Outdoor exhibition area

Temporary library or community pavilion changed every year

Events space

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Architectural atmosphere - combination of old and new; commercial function on the ground floor

Ground floor function actives street spaces

Higher ground floor spaces to fit multiple functions

Big building divided in few volumes to keep human scale

Ground floor spaces merges with outdoor spaces

Library is a community centre, meeting, studying and playing place for young, old, kids, students. Library spaces, especially on the ground floor, are visible from the street, publicly accessible and inviting

Pedestrian friendly streets Street profiles creates environment safe for pedestrian and cyclist: wide sidewalks, narrow car lanes to reduce speed, plantation and urban furniture

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Street as a major public space with outdoor activities


INNOVATION CLUSTER New buildings in the innovation cluster are constructed in lines in between existing pavilions and valuable trees. Architecture of the buildings is diverse, with divided facades and different heights to create humans scale in public space. Library and education central building should be iconic architecture - to create symbols of the innovation cluster. Major public spaces of the cluster are innovation plaza (innovation and experiments area) and little square in front of the pavilion no.17. Other public spaces are the streets. Ground floor program of the buildings should contribute to the liveability of the streets. There should be public functions on the ground floor at the street level, such as cafe, shop, entrance hall, reception, gallery, canteen etc. All the main entrances to the buildings should face major public spaces, and there should be many windows facing the streets on the ground floor as it creates safety and comfort for passersby. New streets in the innovation cluster should be pedestrian and cyclist friendly, with dedicated lanes for bicycles, bike parking places and wide sidewalks. Car parking in the street should be minimized as all the cars will be parked in two big garages. Start-up cluster combined with reconstructed pavilion no.11 can be one building, however it should be divided in few volumes and there should be left and opportunity to cross the building and enter the park. Pavilion no.9 is reconstructed into a multifunctional hall with entrance from pavilion no.7.

New buildings are constructed in between existing pavilions

Car parking

Ground floor program activates public space

Streets are safe for pedestrians and cyclists

Human scale of the buildings: divided facade, diverse heights

Education cluster 17 Office cluster

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Car parking

Education central building

Multifunctional hall

13

9 Library + c o m m u n i t y 11 centre

7

Startup cluster

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Visibility creates save environment and attracts visitors to move around

Many sitting places, lighting, various facilities (bike parking, rubbish bins) are necessary for park to function

Shaded spaces and sunny areas make park attractive for various seasons and various uses

Soft surfaces, diverse plantation Reduced amount of asphalt and more softer surfaces (sand, gravel, stones, grass) make park more attractive. Quality of plantation - diversity of forms, shapes, colours, smells - make experiences in the park unforgettable.

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ATTRACTIVE VDNH PARK VDNH territory is as a big park, however it needs some improvements. The park has to be attractive, comfortable and safe. Firstly, visibility and transparency of the park has to be improved by removing worthless bushes and trees, branches, shrubs. It creates organized, safe and clean park atmosphere. Secondly, the park needs many sitting places. Benches should be located so as to give people a choice to sit in the sun or shade, with views to busy public space or in more intimate park areas. A well-designed bench in the right location can be a real hub of activity along a sidewalk. Thirdly, there is a lot of asphalt in VDNH and in some areas, it can be removed and replaced by more softer surfaces (gravel, grass, stones), or replaced to tiles. It would enhance human scale and green character of the area. Lastly, the park has to be lit. Lighting should appear at least in the major public spaces and on the major routes. Linden alley is a very important axis, a key public space of the VDNH park. The alley should be upgraded with benches, lighting, new paving and it will become a beautiful VDNH boulevard.

Increasing visibility removing worthless bushes Enriching vegetation diversity and quality

Creating places to sit, stay and relax

Providing lighting

Making routes and links to all parts of VDNH

De-paving and creating “soft� ground

Linden alley - major boulevard of VDNH

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High density business district built in human scale: pedestrian friendly environment, active ground floors, outdoor public spaces

Homogeneous but diverse architecture urban block built in a grid

Cultural buildings - pavilions along pedestrian boulevard

Pedestrian friendly streets with wide sidewalks and cycle lanes

Green district’s public spaces

Roof is the fifth fasace for terraces, energy production, greenery

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Long pedestrian boulevard is an attraction by itself

Combination of old and new


FUTURE DEVELOPMENT AREA In the future, innovative business cluster will be built to the south of central VDNH part. Until then the area is used for temporary events and festivals. The business cluster structure is a grid, aligned with existing paths, plots, and tree lines. New entrance to the VDNH is planned at the business cluster. Main streets lead from Ipodrom metro station to the Linden alley. The cluster is high density, mixed program. The architecture is varied, however it is important that it is diverse, human scale, ground floor program activates public spaces, ground floors have many entrances, windows. Streets are safe for pedestrians and cyclists, cars are parked in the underground garages. Convention centre with hotel is an iconic, new architecture building in between historic VDNH part and the new business cluster. The convention centre design should be chosen after architectural competition and it should become a new landmark of the modern VDNH. Line of cultural, entertainment or public buildings - pavilions are planned along the linden alley. The buildings are diverse, modern and exceptional architecture, with main entrances from public spaces - plazas along the linden alley. These cultural pavilions will enrich the main VDNH pedestrian boulevard with program and create attractions along the route.

Compact dense business district in a grid structure

Human scale of the buildings, active ground floor program

Convention centre - new architecture landmark

Program along the linden alley - line of cultural/public buildings-pavilions

Linden alley Cultural and public buildings Reserved space for future needs Festivals and temporary events

Business cluster Convention centre and hotel

Connections to metro

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Active program for all age groups

Various sport fields and sport equipment

Giant tribune over the buildings to watch sports and to create interactive attraction point

Paint walls to give new identity to the low value old buildings

Reconstruct existing buildings Add extra floors, new volumes, covered spaces in between buildings to make new space for sports and create old+new character

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SPORTS CLUSTER First phase - placemaking. Concentrate sport fields and outdoor equipment for active leisure in one area, close to the forest. Attract to sports related communities and clubs to existing buildings. To make space more attractive various low cost activating strategies can be used, such as adding interactive furniture, repaint building walls, add wooden interactive structures (big tribune, climbing walls, skate park). Various to active leisure related activities of VDNH can be relocated here (such as swings park). Second phase - reconstruction of the buildings. Indoor sport spaces can be created inside existing buildings by expanding them, adding extra volume, adapting to new function. Space in-between the buildings can be covered, flat roof tops used for outdoor sports.

Add active program

Create outdoor tribune to watch games

Concentrate all sports activities in one area

Re-use existing buildings Colour the walls to bring new identity

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Paths and routes Network of variuos paths in the forest create many possibilities to stay in nature londer

Rest island in the forest ecquiped with benches, lighting, playgrounds, information stands

Tree walk is an exciting attraction in the forest

Art and land art in the forest Art in the forest can be very subtile, not intervening with natural environemnt and at the same time very attractive and interesting

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FOREST Holosiivskyi forest occupies very big part of VDNH and is very important leisure destination. The forest has good infrastructure, wide paths’ network, however it lacks some attractions and signs. There could appear some bigger attraction in the forest (viewing towers, art sculptures) and some smaller ones, such as recreational stops with playgrounds and benches, info stops with information about fauna and flora, thematic stops explaining special plant species, history of the forest, scientists, fairy tales. Recreational stops need benches and lighting. The paths should be diversified: main routes with cycling paths, themed walks, small offroad/wooden paths to come closer and see/touch/smell plants and nature. Forest paths and attraction points should be connected by network of routes: active sports routes, fitness trail, nature lovers path, art route and various other. Signs and maps should show distances and directions to other routes, other VDNH objects and interesting locations in the Holosiivskyi national park.

Seating and lightings

Attractions in the forest: art, rest/info islands, viewing towers

Hiking Cycling Grace Wooden Paths

Signs about places of interest and routes to other destinations in the forest

New thematic routes

Art objects Rest islands

Tree top view point Signs and marks Forest entrance

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VDNH KIOSK - UNIFIED DESIGN

Kiosk is a very simple, mobile and light pavilion with a big effect: it attracts visitors, provide services, generates income.

The smallest version of VDNH kiosk: XS size semi open kiosk

VDNH kiosks have to be durable, easy to make, but well designed.

We suggest VDNH kiosk to be transformable, black wooden box module, which can vary is size and can be combined in groups.

Most popular, medium size VDNH kiosk closes into a black cube

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Kiosk can open to all sides

Two kiosks transformed into a cafe with a double terrace


XS kiosk transforms into an open, double kiosk acts as vending stall or seating

The kiosk can be transformed into a bar with an arbour

Compact kiosk

Kiosk can be transformed into a small cafe with terraces under a roof

Group of closed kiosks

Group of kiosks can be combined into a pavilion with vendor stall, bar, terraces, roof

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VDNH BENCH - INTERACTIVE AND PLAYFUL

A well designed bench positioned in a right location attracts many people to sit, relax, chat, play, interact. VDNH is a very big territory with different character public spaces, therefore it is important to have benches that can be adapted to different needs and uses.

We propose a modular element bench, which can be combined to various forms and used for various situations: simple bench for a short stopover, comfortable park bench with a back for long sitting, combination of benches for playing, bench for groups of people and various other options.

Benches should be placed within view of the action, and they should be located so as to give people a choice to sit in the sun or shade, and where there is protection from strong winds. Benches are used more often if they are combined with other street or park amenities such as kiosks, shelters, playgrounds.

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VDNH bench is made from a wood log - a natural, long lasting and durable material shaped in a modern form.

Sitting and back pieces of the VDNH bench can be arranged to various forms and shapes to crate interactive elements of public space or playgrounds in a park.

Form and proportion of the bench is similar to VDNH brand symbol - a column. Various arrangements of columns and benches can be used to create other park elements: playgrounds, park rest islands, signs and marks, tribunes, sport equipment.

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TEAM AND CONTACTS

A.GoĹĄtauto g. 8-106, Vilnius, Lithuania www.pu-pa.eu info@pu-pa.eu +370 688 18329

VDNH development vision and concept was prepared by a joint team of CIVITTA and PUPA. This booklet was done by PUPA. PUPA – Public Urbanism Personal Architectureis an innovative team of urbanists found in Rotterdam in 2009, since 2013 based in Vilnius, Lithuania. PUPA focus is in field of strategic planning, urban research and public space design. Our fascination is formation of the city, its driving forces of growth and active life that are expressed in various processes that rigidly shape the city. We believe that every space and place in the city is true representative of various urban systems, actions and habits of citizens. We study what social, cultural, economical processes define urban growth, what improves living environment, how to describe healthy, comfortable, accessible and sustainable city. Knowledge about urban issues, innovative approach and creativity is represented in all our projects. PUPA team works with Lithuanian and international projects, collaborates with interdisciplinary partners, participates in conferences, workshops and exhibitions. Our projects are awarded in various local and international competitions, presented in international architecture and art events, published in books and media.

Kozhum’yatska st. 20a, 04071, Kyiv, Ukraine www.civitta.com info@civitta.com.ua +38 044 227 61 08

Civitta is a leading independent management consultancy in the Baltics and the Western CIS with offices in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and sales office in the United Kingdom. We aim to bring the right minds together to challenge the boundaries and make meaningful changes for our clients. Civitta is a partnership established by a team of professionals with diverse experience in international consulting companies, entrepreneurial initiatives, leading private sector companies, and government organizations. We cover a wide range of services, including management consulting, grants and project management, market research and customer data analytics, entrepreneurship support and startups, public policy and development.


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INNOVATION DISTRICT KYIV

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VDNH innovation district Kyiv  

Urban development concept of The National Complex “Expocenter of Ukraine” - VDNH is presented in the booklet. VDNH innovation district is a...

VDNH innovation district Kyiv  

Urban development concept of The National Complex “Expocenter of Ukraine” - VDNH is presented in the booklet. VDNH innovation district is a...

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