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Punjabi Patrika

Friday, January 31st, 2014

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Ă—Ă‹ĂƒĂ…Âş

DrqI AuWprly vfXUmMzl ivwc keI qrHF dIaF gYsF mOjUd hn. awj sfnUM ies gwl bfry vI pqf hY ik vfXUmMzl ivwc ikhVIaF-ikhVIaF gYsF ikMnI-ikMnI mfqrf aqy anupfq ivwc mOjUd hn. ienHF gYsF dy BOiqkI aqy rsfiexI suBfa bfry vI jfixaf jf cuwkf hY.

dI Koj kIqI. ikAuNik ieh gYs amonIam klo r feIz dI cU n y nfl ikiraf Au p rM q iqafr hoeI sI ies leI ies df nF amonIaf rwiKaf igaf. ies gYs dy ivGtx AuprMq ies dy hfeIzrojn aqy nfeItrojn ivwc tuwt jfx bfry brbolyt ny 1785 eI: ivwc vI dwisaf. 1766 eI: ivwc hYnrI kvYnizsL nF dy ivigafnI ny gMDk dy qyjLfb aqy ijLMk jF lohy dI ikiraf AuprMq hfeIzrojLn gYs iqafr kIqI. Aus ny dwisaf ik ieh gYs pfxI df aMsL hY aqy jldI nfl jlxsLIl hY.

sB qoN pihlF, 1630 eI: ivwc von hYlmONnt nF dy ivigafnI ny gYs sLbd dI vrqoN kIqI. Aus ny do gYsF dy bfry ivsQfr sihq vrnx krdy hoey keI gYsF dI hoNd bfry jfxU krvfieaf| ies qoN pihlF iewk hor rsfiex ivigafnI pyrfslIss ny dyiKaf sI ik jdoN lohy aqy afksIjn gY s dI Ko j df ishrf jo s P gMDk dy qyjLfb nUM imlfieaf jFdf hY qF iewk ipstly nUM jFdf hY. ieh gYs Aus ny 1771 eI: ivwc sUrjI ikrnF dI mOjUdgI ivwc lfl bVI qyjLI nfl jlxsLIl gYs inkldI hY. mrikAUirk afksfeIz qoN iqafr kIqI. ies rfbrt buafiel nF df ivigafnI pihlI vfr qoN iewk sfl bfad, zynIal rdrPorz ny iksy gYs nUM brqn ivwc iekwTf krn ivwc nfeItrojn gYs dI Koj kr idwqI. 1777 eI: sPlqf hfsl kr sikaf. Aus ny hfeIzrojn ivwc lyvosfeIar ny slPr zfieafksfeIz gYs dI jlxsILqf bfry jfnx leI vI pRXog dI Koj kr idKfeI. kuJ ku hor gYsF dI Koj kIqy. gYsF sbMDI KojF dy ieiqhfs ivwc iewk awgy idwqy ivigafnIaF ny kIqI: bromine aihm kRFqI AudoN afeI jdoN 1727 eI: ivwc (bylfrz, 1826 eI:) hIlIam (rfmsy, 1894 stIPn hyljL nF dy aMgryjL ivakqI ny gYsF eI[) PlorIn (moiessYnt, 1896 eI[) inAUn, nUM pfxI AuWpr iekwTf krn df ZMg lwiBaf. kirpton aqy jInfn (rfmsy aqy tRyvrjL, gYsF nUM iekwTf krky islMzrF ivwc stor krn 1898 eI[). qoN bfad hI ienHF dIaF ivsLysqfvF bfry KojxF sMBv ho sikaf. ‘nUmYitk bfQ’ dI kfZ ny ies afm qfpmfn AuWpr sfnUM 11 aijhy qwq imldy hn jo gYsF dy rUp ivwc ivcrdy hn. gYsF mMqv ivwc bhuq mdd kIqI. ivcfly axU iewk dUjy qoN dUr-dUr mOjUd huMdy 1774 eI: ivwc iewk aMgryjL rsfiex hn aqy iesy kfrn gYsF suKfilaF hI qrl jF ivigafnI josP ipRstly ny amonIaf gYs Tos pdfrQ hflq ivwc bdilaf jf skdf hY.

pMjwbI lyKk mMc vYnkUvr dI nvIN kwrjkwrnI dI cox srvsmqI nwl hoeI srI: pMjwbI lyKk mMc vYnkUvr dI nvyN swl ivc pihlI iek`qRqw inaUtn lwiebRyrI srI ivKy 26 jnvrI nUM hoeI[ sB qoN pihlW mMc kuAwrfInytr jrnYl isMG Awritst dy mwqw jI, srdwrnI kuldIp kOr, mMc mYNbr s. Drmpwl isMG iQMd, khwxIkwr pRIqm Aqy imMnI khwxI lyKk suKvMq isMG mrvwhw dy Akwl clwxy ‘qy APsos dw mqw pws kIqw igAw iPr iek imMt dw mon Dwrn krky ivCVIAW SKsIAqW nUM SrDWjlI Byt kIqI[

rUp ivc vrq ky AOrq mrd dy irSqy dI mwniskqw nUM bVI brIkbInI nwl pyS kIqw igAw sI[ khwxI aupr cMgI ivcwr crcw hoeI[ kuJ iek ny khwxI dy lMmI hox ‘qy ikMqU kIqw pr swry mYNbrW ny khwxI nUM slwihAw[ iPr AmrjIq kOr SWq ny AwpxI Zzl khI Aqy ruipMdr kOr rUpI ny 26 jnvrI nwl sbMDq gIq gwieAw[ inrml kOr ig`l ny 26 jnvrI nwl sbMDq AwpxI kivqw ivc dys dI inGrdI jw rhI hwlq nUM ibAwn kIqw[ A`j dy idn hI kuAwrfInytr jrnYl isMG iek kivqw KuShwl isMG glotI ny vI suxweI[ Awritst v`loN AYbtsPorf ivc isK hYrItyj imaUzIAm ivKy kwmwgwtwmwrU SqwbdI sbMDI iPr 2014 dy swl leI kwrjkwrnI dI cox lweI geI icqr prdRSnI dw audGwtn hox hoeI[ kwrjkwrnI dy hyT ilKy 11 mYNbr kwrn kuJ mMc mYNbrW ny dyrI nwl Awauxw sI srvsM m qI nwl cu x y gey [ Ajmy r ro f y , ies leI cox prikRAw qoN pihlW rcnwvW dw AmRIk plwhI, suirMdr kOr shoqw, gurcrn dOr SurU hoieAw[ SurUAwq kulvMq isMG is`DU t`lyvwlIAw, jrnYl isMG Awritst, jgdyv dI kivqw ‘myry iKAwl qyry nwl’ qoN hoeI[ isMG iF`loN, jsbIr kOr mwn, drSn mwn, iPr rwjvMq isMG bwgVI ny Zzl suxweI[ ndIm prmwr, nvdIp is`DU Aqy inrml mqlw sI; kOr ig`l[ kwrjkwrnI ivcoN AmRIk plwhI smuMdr ieSk dy ivc BtkdI lwcwr iPrdI hY Aqy Ajmyr rofy nUM kuAwrfInytr cux ilAw myry ivSvws dI byVI ibnW pqvwr iPrdI hY igAw[ KzwncI Aqy shwiek KzwncI ipCly swl vwly, ndIm prmwr Aqy drSn mwn hI juigMdr SmSyr ny izMdgI dIAW aulJxW nUM cuxy gey[ cuxI geI kwrjkwrnI nUM smUh mMc sulJwauNdI iek AwSwvwdI kivqw suxweI[ mYNbrW v`loN vDweI id`qI geI[ kwrjkwrnI ikRSn Bnot dy doihAW ivc ivAMg dI cwSnI ny vI mMc dI ibhqrI leI qn dyhI nwl kMm sI[ ieMdrjIq isMG DwmI dI Zzl dw mqlw krn dw XkIn duAwieAw[ sI; AMq ivc mMc mYNbrW ny A`j dy idn dw jSn ivCVn dw hukm qyrw, gIqW ‘c bMnH lvW! AimRq kOr mwn Aqy inrml kOr ig`l v`loN kIkx krW mYN jyrw, gIqW ‘c bMnH lvW! ilAWdy KIr kVwh nUM Ck ky mnwieAw[ 16 hrpRIq syKw ny iek khwxI ‘pYNgUien’ suxweI[ PrvrI nUM muV iesy QW juVn dy iekrwr nwl khwxI ivc pYNgUien dy suBwA nUM pRqIkwqimk mYNbr pRsQwn kr gey[

çÆòÅÊ Ă‡ĂƒÂ§Ă˜ ÕÅùœêÅäÆ zf: dIvfn isMG kflypfxI df jwdI ipMz gurU dIafˆ glotIafˆ iĂ‹lHf, gujrfˆvflf (pfiksqfn) sI. AunHfˆ df jnm 1897 eI: nUM iek sDfrx jwt s: suMdr isMG dy Gr hoieaf. iek POjI zfktr dI nOkrI kfrn, Auh rfvlipMzI, lfhOr, zgĂˆeI, rMgUn, port blyar, ijwQy vI rhy, afm lokfˆ ivc byhwd hrmn ipafry rhy. Auh ijwQy vI rhy, AunHfˆ ny gurduafirafˆ ivc qy hor iekwTfˆ ivc kQf, kIrqn qy lYkcrfˆ duafrf afpxy dyĂˆvfsIafˆ nUM gulfmI qoN nPrq, afĂ‹fdI nfl moh qy afpxy swiBafcfr dI cyqnf dI jfg pRjvwlq kIqI. zf: dIvfn isMG kflypfxI dI plyTI kfiv-pusqk AunHfˆ dy jIvn-kfl ivc ‘vgdy pfxI` (1938) ivc CpI ijs dy nfl afDuink pMjfbI kivqf df iek cfnxmuKI nvfˆ aiDafie sLurU hoieaf. ies sMsfr qoN cly jfx qoN bfad AunHfˆ dIafˆ pusqkfˆ ‘aMiqm lihrfˆ` (kfiv-sMgRih), ‘milHafˆ dy byr` (kfivsMgRih 1986), sihj sMcfr (vfrqk-pusqk) qy ‘myrf jIvn myrf gIq` (srodI gd pusqk) CpIafˆ. zf: dIvfn isMG df ipCokV iZwloN pirvfr nfl sI. AunHfˆ dy vwzy spuwqr pRbuwD-ivvyk zf: mihMdr isMG iZwloN qy dUjy mYˆbrfˆ ny ijs isdkidlI qy idRVHqf nfl zf: dIvfn isMG dy axCpy sfihq nUM sfˆiBaf qy pRkfiĂˆq krvfieaf, Aus dI pRsMsf krnI bxdI hY. Aus dI pRmfixkqf ‘dIvfn isMG kflypfxI-ismrqI gRMQ` nUM piVHafˆ pqf lgdf hY

JKA

mnmohn isMG dfAUN

ijs nUM ‘sUcnf qy lok-sMprk ivBfg pMjfb` ny bVI iĂ‹MmyvfrI nfl pRkfiĂˆq kIqf. AunHfˆ dI pRgqIvfdI ivcfrDfrf brqfnvI sfmrfjI Ăˆfskfˆ nUM rfs nf afeI, ijs dy iswty vjoN afp dI bdlI rMgUn (kflypfxI) kr idwqI geI qy afp 1927 eI: qoN bfad pwky qOr `qy aMzymfn tfpU dy ho ky rih gey. AunHfˆ ny iewQy kflypfxI dI sĂ‹f kwt rhy kYdIafˆ dy jIvn pwDr nUM suDfrn df bIVf cuwk ilaf. ieh smfˆ dUjI sMsfr jMg df sI qy jfpfnI POjfˆ df aMzymfn tfpU `qy kbĂ‹f ho igaf. jfpfnI Ăˆfsk AunHfˆ nUM Ăˆwk dI nĂ‹r nfl vyKx lwgy. AunHfˆ nUM vrglfAux dI koiĂˆĂˆ kIqI pr sPl nf hoey. afiKr AunHfˆ nUM tfpU aMdr kYd kr ilaf qy AunHfˆ dy iKlfP kfrvfeIafˆ afrMB krky brqfnvI sfmrfjIafˆ dy ipwTU hox df doĂˆ lgf idwqf. kflkoTVI `c bMd krky axmnuwKI qsIhy idwqy gey. afiKr zf: dIvfn isMG 14 jnvrI, 1944 nUM aMzymfn dI jylH ivc ĂˆhIdI pf gey. zf: dIvfn isMG kflypfxI dy puwqrfˆ qy pirvfrk mYˆbrfˆ vwloN â€˜ĂˆhId zf: dIvfn isMG kflypfxI imAUĂ‹Iam sIsvfˆ` cMgIgVH qoN mulfˆpur-sIsvfˆ nUM jfx vflI sVk `qy Ausfr ky iek vyKxXog ajUbf bxf idwqf igaf hY. ies vyKxXog Xfdgfr df AudGftn pMjfb dy muwK mMqrI s: pRkfĂˆ isMG bfdl ny 23 dsMbr, 2013 nUM kIqf. asl ivc ieh ‘Xfdgfr-zf: dIvfn isMG kflypfxI` horfˆ nUM pMD-ivKfAU akIdq dI swcI-suwcI imsfl hY.

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January 31st, 2014  

Bilingual English and Punjabi Newspaper for Abbotsford and the Fraser Valley

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