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Outdoor Education Curriculum (Have staff build fire at Indian Burial Mounds) Session 1.1: Outdoor Classroom (hike to rocks on the Aunt Anne’s Cabin) Essence of who God is (spirit, non-material, miraculous) Two ways that God reveals himself: SPECIAL revelation and NATURAL revelation. Special revelation is knowledge that God has revealed to man through His scripture. Natural revelation is knowledge that God has revealed to man through the natural world around us. • Both are forms of revelation from God about His nature and His creation Let’s see if you can tell the difference: 1. Genesis 1 says that God created the universe and created man in his own image. Special or natural revelation? 2. Through observation, we know that something can never be created out of nothing. Matter, or materials can neither be created nor destroyed, it just changes forms (Law of Conservation of Mass) Example is water: H2+O. Special or natural revelation? Both lead us to the same conclusion: In the very beginning, the universe just didn’t pop into existence out of nothing. Special revelation tells us that God created the universe, and natural revelation tells us that something, or someone, outside of the natural world created matter. Read Creation Story (Genesis 1:1-31) Day One: ! Day Two: ! Day Three: ! Day Four: ! Day Five: ! Day Six: ! Day Seven: !

God created light and then separated light and darkness God separated the heavens (sky) from the Earth God created dry ground, plants and trees God created the sun, moon and stars God created birds and sea creatures God created animals and mankind God rested

Session 1.2: Agent v. Event Causation Have the group investigate how Aunt Anne’s chimney got there and answer the following questions: 1. What is it? 2. Why is it here? 3. When do you think it got there? 4. How did rock formations get here?

Define agent causation and event causation: something is caused by random sequence of EVENTS or by the willful act of an intelligent AGENT. What can we tell about nature? We can observe the scene, which is nature, full of detail and DESIGN and conclude as detectives that someone caused it, not some random sequential events. Note that both SPECIAL and NATURAL revelation lead us to this same point. This is also the difference between CREATIONISM and EVOLUTION. Creationism holds that an an intelligent AGENT acted in creating life, evolution holds that time + EVENTS created life. When we see a machine, an iPad for instance, we see design. It is the same in nature. When we see trees, animals and people, we see highly complex machines. Does it make sense to conclude that they just formed through time and chance? No, because design implies an intelligent designer. It was caused by an agent. Remember the scripture we read in Genesis? God is the agent who acted in creating this world. This is revealed through SPECIAL revelation; this is also revealed through NATURAL revelation. • We can rule out that the universe just exploded into existence because of the Law of the Conservation of Mass. Something or someone that is not material had to be the cause. • And, we can see the design in nature and imply that it was created with intelligence which infers and AGENT causation, meaning that it was SOMEONE, not something. Session 1.3: Practical Skills (Hike to back to Indian Burial Mounds) So how do we care for ourselves in a wild environment? DEMONSTRATION - Cotton vs. Wicking fabrics (water test) Top 5 Rules: 1. Bring a buddy and tell someone where you are going and when to expect you back 2. Prepare for your conditions: keep warm and dry 3. Bring water and know where to find it 4. Map or direction orienting device like a compass or GPS 5. Keep a positive attitude Survival Skills: keeping warm and dry Clothing: Base layer, insulating layer, dry shell. Avoid cotton layers.

CHECK ON DEMONSTRATION Shelter building - divide into groups to see who can build the best shelter. Only rule is that it must fit everyone in your group. (Bring twine, knife and bucket of water.) Discuss what made the best shelter - what makes the best ground for a shelter? - what makes the best support structures? - what makes the best insulator? - what makes the best wind and rain protection? Fire building - fire techniques, log cabin, teepee, lean-to (Have adult chaperones help); discuss backstops to reflect heat Discuss what makes the best fire - what burns and what doesn't? - what is the best type of wood to burn? What if wood is wet? - what are the dangers of fires and fire building? - if wood is wet, look for wood up off of the ground Fuel, kindling and tender. Make a fuzz stick for burning. LUNCH 1:30 Session 2.1 - (2:30 PM in the Camper Lounge/Deck) Man created in God's image; Dominion Mandate Genesis 1:26-29 26And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 27So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. 28And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. 29And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.

30And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so. 31And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day. All people are bearers of the image of God. This implies that everyone deserves a level of respect and value that is intrinsic, meaning it is within them in a way that cannot be separated from them. We are God's image bearers and we need to take precautions to protect that image morally, the things we do and say, and physically in our environment. How can we tell this fact from SPECIAL and NATURAL revelation? Natural: we observe that man has intelligence and a sense of right and wrong. This separates us from the animal kingdom. Mankind being made in God's image goes hand in hand with the responsibility we have to use and be caretakers of our world. This is called the Dominion Mandate: Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. This doesn't mean to worship the Earth, but it means to care for it as part of God's creation. He created and has ownership over it, but we have the responsibility to care for it. We have stewardship over it. People have priority because they are created in God's image, but we have a responsibility to be good stewards over our environment. PRACTICAL EXERCISE - Trust walk to high ropes course Session 2.2 - Sin nature of man Genesis 2 7And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. 8And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. 9And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

15And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. 16And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 17But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Genesis 3 1Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? 2And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: 3But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. 4And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: 5For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. 6And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. 7And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. Up to this point everything God made was good. Now evil entered the world through adam's disobedience to God. From this point forward no one is without sin. QUESTION: Did some of you find it hard to trust your partners? It is because one thing you have learned in your life is that people can be untrustworthy and accidents happen. These qualities are the result of sin, or evil, entering the world. So what exactly is evil? St. Augustine, an early Christian philosopher, described evil, not as a thing in itself, but as the place where goodness, or God, doesn't occupy. For example darkness/shadow only exists in the absence of light.

DEMONSTRATION - Have everyone cup their hands so that no light can get in, with only one small hole near the thumbs to see in. Ask them what is inside of their hands. Answer is darkness. Now have them open their hands. Where did the darkness go? Answer, darkness doesn’t exist as a thing itself, but because light was blocked. In the same way, evil doesn’t exist as a thing itself, but only when goodness is blocked. Now there is something that we call morality. Its the ability for people to tell good from evil and right from wrong, and the rules that go with it. Animals don't have a sense of morality but people do. When top consumers kill organisms lower on the food chain there is no bad or good because they are not moral actors. But when one person murders another that is morally wrong because we understand right from wrong. So how do people learn about morality? Do they discover it using the five senses like we did the rocks? No, because moral laws are immaterial. The Bible says that Gods law is written on our hearts. That people intrinsically know right from wrong. But if you think back to Agent causation versus Event causation, if you have no agent, i.e., God, then you can have no morality. This is why the theory of evolution can be so destructive, because it denies that there are moral laws that govern how people treat each other. From an evolutionary perspective, killing another person has the same moral consequences as killing a cockroach. PRACTICAL EXERCISE - High Ropes Begin with the folks who were the leaders in the trust walk. Ask them to exercise the same trust in our staff/equipment that they asked of their followers. 6:00 - Dinner 7:00 - Battle Ball 8:30 - Hayride 9:15 - Bonfire Session 3 (at the Xi-Rho site) Brief review: God is a spirit, special revelation, natural revelation, agent causation, event causation, man created in God’s image, nature of evil, concept of morality So given that mankind is a moral creature, knowing the difference between right and wrong, and chooses to do wrong, what are the consequences for man's evil?

In our criminal justice system, we send people to prison and sometimes to death for doing evil acts. God has the same penalties for evil. Anyone who does evil cannot live with Him for eternity, but must live separately in Hell. They earn the spiritual death penalty. So we have all earned the death penalty and are set to die spiritually in Hell which is eternal separation from God. And just like the President and the Governor can grant pardons for crimes, God has granted us a pardon through His Son. Jesus lived a perfect life on this earth two-thousand years ago and was was given the death penalty so that we could have God’s pardon. To be clear: we have earned the death penalty and God has given us a pardon, if we choose to accept it.That's what He did on the cross. He lived out what we deserved: death. Who was the historical Jesus? We know from historical texts that he lived in the first century A.D. First, there are many non-Christian texts that refer to Jesus. One in particular was a Jewish historian by the name of Josephus that recorded Jesus as “the one who was called the Christo.” But the Gospels, Matthew Mark Luke and John provide the most detailed account of Jesus and should be viewed as historical books. By historical standards the gospels are excellent evidence of Jesus’ life. You have direct evidence in eye witness accounts of Jesus’ life, death and resurrection. These events were recorded during the lives of those witnesses so that they would have had the time to contradict them. Session 4.1 - Orienteering • 30 minute presentation on using the compass PRACTICAL EXERCISE - !Four groups of four. Each start at a single location and attempt to reach a four distinct points in the most direct way. Session 4.2 - Water Ecosystem What are the main differences between the forest hike and today’s hike? • Water source • Water habitat • Water as a directional indicator Dangers?

• Getting wet and cold produces hypothermia • Water snakes, insects • Predators may use stream as a water source A food chain is a series of organisms linked according to order in which they feed on one another. You have producers (plants), first-order consumers are animals that eat plants or herbivores, second-order consumers are animals (carnivores) that eat herbivores, thirdorder consumers are larger carnivores that eat other carnivores, and the animal at the top of the food chain is the top consumer. When the top consumer dies, it decomposes by having decomposers (bacteria and fungi) feed on it. Have volunteers act out animals from each level on the food chain Where do humans fall on the food chain? But are humans simply animals? Lets review special revelation and natural revelation. Earlier we learned that man was created in the image of God and posses a spirit that out lives this physical body. Is that special or natural revelation? How can we use NATURAL REVELATION, our reason and logic, to know that mankind has a spirit. Can you use our five senses to discover that each person has a spirit? Is there anything that you can think of that we know are real yet are also immaterial? How about emotions and feelings? How about thoughts? These are examples of being able to use NATURAL revelation to discover that mankind is more than just our flesh and blood bodies. So if the purpose of each level of the food chain simply supports the higher level, and mankind sits on top of the food chain, what’s our purpose? We know that mankind is unique in the animal kingdom (special and natural revelation tells us this), for what purpose are we here? (insert scripture) I believe that we are here for two purposes: 1. to bring glory to the Lord by revealing his full character, in particular the fullness of his grace; 2. to refine our character to be ready to live with Him for eternity Evil, suffering, hardship all produce higher virtues in our lives...

The hardships of WAR produce the greater virtues of COURAGE GRACE and FORGIVENESS can only occur when someone has been harmed PATIENCE can only be produced during trying times we hike back up, think about how encompassing this natural world is. He has made it for us to use and enjoy responsibly. However, we have a greater responsibility to love each other and prepare ourselves for life with God. Then think about how special we are in this world and why we were created. That it is only through Christ’s death and resurrection, that we have the hope of eternal life. But that life starts today with our preparation.

Vineyard Outdoor Ed Curriculum  

Outdoor education

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