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Journal of the Engineering Integrity Society

ENGINEERING INTEGRITY

September 2019 | Issue No. 47

TECHNICAL PAPER: Using Recorded Data to Improve SRS Test Development

ALSO INSIDE: PETER WATSON PRIZE EFFECTIVE ROAD LOAD DATA ACQUISITION INSTRUMENTATION, ANALYSIS & TESTING EXHIBITION FATIGUE 2020, DOWNING COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE

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Effective Road Load Data Acquisition

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Contents:

INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS

Index to Advertisements............................................................. 7

Advanced Engineering 2020.......................... 38

September 2019

New Personal Members.............................................................. 8

CaTs3 / Zwick................ 4

Editorial....................................................................................... 9

Data Physics................ 2

Diary of Events............................................................................ 9

Dewesoft................... 39

Technical Paper: Using Recorded Data to Improve SRS Test Development ..................................................................... 10

DJB Instruments........ 39

Day at the British Grand Prix..................................................... 14

EIS......................... 3 & 5

Young Engineers........................................................................ 15

Head Acoustics............ 6

Industry News........................................................................... 16

M+P International..... 40

Fatigue 2020.............................................................................. 19

Sensors UK................ 28

Product News............................................................................ 24

Team Corporation........ 5

News from the Tipper Group.................................................... 26 News from the Women’s Engineering Society.......................... 27 News from Institution of Mechanical Engineers....................... 28 British Standards....................................................................... 29 University of Wolverhampton Racing........................................ 30 Inspiring the Next Generation................................................... 31 Group News............................................................................... 32 Committee Members................................................................ 34 Corporate Members Profiles..................................................... 36 Corporate Members.................................................................. 38 Thank you to GOM UK, Coventry for hosting the June 2019 committee meetings and AGM.

If you would like to receive this journal electronically, please contact the Secretariat: info@e-i-s.org.uk

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HONORARY EDITOR Farnoosh Farhad

MANAGING EDITOR Catherine Pinder

Anchor House, Mill Road, Stokesby, Norfolk, NR29 3EY Tel. 07979 270998 E-mail: catherine@cpinder.com

EIS SECRETARIAT Sara Atkin

Engineering Integrity Society 6 Brickyard Lane, Farnsfield, Notts., NG22 8JS Tel: +44 (0)1623 884225 E-mail: info@e-i-s.org.uk WWW: www.e-i-s.org.uk

EDITORIAL POLICY

Engineering Integrity contains various items of information of interest to, or directly generated by, the Engineering Integrity Society. The items of information can be approximately subdivided into three general categories: technical papers, topical discussion pieces and news items. The items labelled in the journal as technical papers are peer reviewed by a minimum of two reviewers in the normal manner of academic journals, following a standard protocol. The items of information labelled as topical discussions and the news items have been reviewed by the journal editorial staff and found to conform to the legal and professional standards of the Engineering Integrity Society.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright of the technical papers included in this issue is held by the Engineering Integrity Society unless otherwise stated. Photographic contributions for the front cover are welcomed. ISSN 1365-4101/2019

The Engineering Integrity Society (EIS) Incorporated under the Companies Act 1985. Registered No. 1959979 Registered Office: c/o Hollis & Co., 35 Wilkinson Street, Sheffield S10 2GB Charity No: 327121

New Members Adam Cieka - Terex Tom Pearce - BAE Systems Elliott Proffitt - Ikonic Design Giribaskar Sivaswamy - Cov University Nick Butler - Polaris Ross Minty - FAR-UK Chris Johnson - Wacker Nesuon UK Ltd 8

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PRINCIPAL ACTIVITY OF THE ENGINEERING INTEGRITY SOCIETY The principal activity of the Engineering Integrity Society is the arrangement of conferences, seminars, exhibitions and workshops to advance the education of persons working in the field of engineering. This is achieved by providing a forum for the interchange of ideas and information on engineering practice. The Society is particularly committed to promoting projects which support professional development and attract young people into the profession. ‘Engineering Integrity’, the Journal of the Engineering Integrity Society is published twice a year. ‘Engineering Integrity’ is lodged with the Agency for the Legal Deposit Libraries on behalf of the Bodleian Library Oxford University, the Cambridge University Library, National Library of Scotland, National Library of Wales and Trinity College Dublin.


Editorial

Dr Farnoosh Farhad, Honorary Editor

Today, universities and industries are actively promoting both inschool and out-of-school activities with the objective to inform and motivate young students to choose a career in STEM. A RollsRoyce engineer shares his experience in STEM activities in this issue. The success of outreach activities can be demonstrated by an overall 7.4% increase in those choosing science subjects at A level. However, the work-readiness is still a challenge.

A report from IET - Institution of Engineering and Technology has revealed that 73% of engineering employers have difficulty with job candidates who have academic knowledge but lack of practical skills. Engineering courses need to be better aligned with industry needs and technology; there must be a closer collaboration between schools, universities and industries. One feature of engineering degree programmes that helps to improve the key skills which employers need in graduates are the modules that assist students to develop skills such as communication, leadership, teamwork, problem-solving and confidence. I think the most significant skill is confidence. When students have the confidence to choose STEM subjects, they can perform better during the course and at the workplaces. This confidence can be gained through STEM activities. I also hope outreach activities motivate a diverse range of the younger generation; in a few years this diversity will be reflected in the workplace. The more we have diversity and inclusion in our workplaces, the more creative and innovative will be the ideas and problem solving.

engine model that was 3-D printed at the University of Glasgow, a new course on Heritage Engineering Technician apprenticeships by the Marches Centre of Manufacturing & Technology and news about the New Solutions Centre on the campus of the University of Warwick. Women's Engineering Society announces a collaboration with the Royal Academy of Engineering to undertake the largest ever online census of the engineering workforce aiming to gather information about how engineers across different industries are progressing in their careers in the UK. The article from Institution of Mechanical Engineers is presenting a new device to constantly monitor the foetus heartbeat hoping to reduce the rate of stillbirths. The University of Wolverhampton Racing new series continues with a report on presenting their petrol engine cars at Silverstone, Oulton Park and Donnington Park. Examples of the latest releases to industry such as new additions to the smallest portable scanner and a new generation of technology for field data acquisition and dynamic signal analysis are featured in the Product News. Finally, we have an update from EIS groups reviewing this year’s events and introducing forthcoming seminars.

Elsewhere in this issue is a technical paper introducing a more realistic way to use recorded data to improve I hope you enjoy the issue. Shock Response Spectra test development. We also present an exciting article about a James Watt steam

Dr Farnoosh Farhad

Diary of Events Peter Watson Prize 2019 | Derby County Football Club | 1 October 2019 Effective Road Load Data Acquisition | MIRA Technology Institute | 13 November 2019 Instrumentation, Analysis and Testing Exhibition | Silverstone | 31 March 2020 Fatigue 2020 | Downing College, Cambridge | 29 June - 1 July 2020

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ENGINEERING INTEGRITY, VOLUME 47, SEPTEMBER 2019, pp.10-13. ISSN 1365-4101/2019

Technical Paper:

Using Recorded Data to Improve SRS Test Development Joel Minderhoud, Vibration Research

I. Abstract Shock Response Spectra (SRS) testing uses a synthesized pulse to drive a shaker, simulating a transient event. Originally developed to replicate Seismic shocks, the SRS approach is also widely used for defense and aerospace applications. Test engineers can select from a variety of synthetic waveform methods to create an SRS pulse, with the best choice depending on the application. For example, the Burst Random and Enveloped Burst Random methods produce long duration stationary random waveforms that work well in earthquake simulation tests. However, often there is no synthetic waveform that closely matches a real-world transient event; engineers need a better, more realistic way to create an SRS test. This paper focuses on a unique approach, where the actual recorded field environment can be modified to meet or exceed a specified SRS. This provides a time waveform similar to the original field environment and, more importantly, it has the same frequency response function as the original field environment.

an average acceleration for each frequency bin in the waveform. However, an FFT is not very useful in mechanical shock studies. Test engineers are interested in the maximum shock acceleration at each frequency bin rather than the average, because the large shock accelerations are what cause damage. This discrepancy leads test engineers to study mechanical shock using a Shock Response Spectra (SRS) approach. An SRS models response channels using a theoretical series of single degree of freedom (SDOF) massdamper-spring oscillators. The natural frequency of each SDOF oscillator defines the horizontal axis of a plot and a computed response for each oscillator is plotted on the vertical axis. This computed response is the absolute maximum acceleration of the SDOF oscillator to the pulse, referred to as the maximax, not the average acceleration.

The SRS calculation does not provide phase data, so it cannot be used to replicate the original shock pulse. Nor is the maximum acceleration value of the SRS the actual maximum acceleration of the original shock pulse. But despite not providing a replica of the original shock data, an SRS does provide highly valuable information to the test engineer about the The paper will first introduce the basic concepts maximum dynamic load as a function of frequency of SRS, then step thru the details involved in using for a particular test. the new method with currently available software tools. Topics include creating enveloped data from data recordings and then generating an SRS test based on the enveloped data. The final section of the paper will evaluate an enveloped environment SRS waveform by comparing it with various standard synthetic waveforms. The visual evidence makes a compelling case for the new approach.

II. Introduction Background Figure 1: A simple SRS model, plotting Frequency vs.

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Analyzing a shock pulse in the frequency domain Computed Maximax Acceleration provides much more insight than simply looking at the same pulse in the time domain. A Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) can make the conversion from time to frequency domain data, providing both the Examples of Standard Synthetic SRS magnitude of the shock pulse accelerations and the phase information about the shock pulses at each Waveforms frequency; from an FFT it is possible to recreate the When producing an SRS waveform for a test to original shock pulse. study mechanical shock, various parameters are The FFT calculation is an excellent tool for analyzing used to synthesize a pulse that matches a specified a continuous, repetitive waveform; it produces SRS. While a range of waveforms can be created to a Power Spectral Density (PSD) graph, displaying achieve a required SRS, the testing industry usually


relies on a set of standard synthetic waveforms; each of these waveforms is based on a specific set of equations and uses a unique set of calculations to produce an SRS.

up to level, then constant level, and ending with a smooth ramp back to zero. This type of waveform is well suited for long duration (20 to 30 seconds) earthquake simulations.

Selecting the appropriate synthetic waveform type depends on the application. For example, the WavSyn method produces short duration, high frequency waveforms appropriate for pyroshock tests and the Burst Random or Enveloped Burst Random methods produce long duration stationary random waveforms appropriate for earthquake tests.

Linear Chirp on Burst Random The superposition of both the Linear Chirp waveform and the Burst Random waveform. The chirp (a fast sine sweep) is useful for achieving high peaks over a narrow frequency range, while the Burst Random is useful for covering a broad frequency range.

These waveforms have explicit mathematical Exponential Chirp on Burst Random definitions. For example, the WavSyn waveform is defined as: The superposition of both the Exponential Chirp waveform and the Burst Random waveform. a(t) = Acos(x)cos(nx) - π/2 ≤ x ≤ π/2 Enveloped Burst Random = 0 elsewhere A Gaussian Random waveform, enveloped using a ramp up, then an exponential decay in amplitude n = an odd integer levels. This generates a waveform that more Below are brief descriptions of the standard closely resembles a true earthquake event. synthetic waveforms supported by Vibration Damped Sine Waves Research’s VibrationVIEW software: The superposition of multiple sine waves with Linear Chirp an exponentially decaying amplitude (damped A frequency sweep with the frequency changing oscillation). at a fixed Hz/second rate; it is useful for testing Synthetic Waveform Limitations across small frequency ranges. x = wt/n

Exponential Chirp A frequency sweep with the frequency changing at a fixed octaves/second rate. This type of sweep is good for sweeps over a wide frequency range, where the start and end frequencies are a multiple of 10 or greater apart. WavSyn A superposition of multiple sine beat waveforms, with one sine beat for each frequency in the SRS spectrum. WavSyn synthesis can be Centered, Aligned Left, Sequential, or Alternating. Centered alignment builds the sine beat waveforms from the center time of the waveform. Aligned Left builds the waveform from the left. Sequential builds the waveform from the left with sine beats starting with the highest frequency, which optimizes for required peak acceleration. Alternating builds the waveform from the left starting with the highest frequency and alternates the polarity of the sine beats, which optimizes for required displacement. The WavSyn method produces appropriate short duration, high frequency waveforms that are wellsuited for pyroshock type tests.

Unfortunately, there is often no synthetic pulse with a frequency response that matches well to a specific real-world transient event. To approximate a real event, the synthetic waveform must test the DUT across the same range of frequencies found in the real-world waveform. A synthesized waveform test that misses either low frequency or high frequency vibrations will not result in a truly realistic test, while a waveform with excessive energy in a given frequency range will create an over-testing problem.

III. Using Field-recorded Data There is a unique approach, where the actual recorded field environment is modified to meet or exceed a specified SRS. This provides a time waveform similar to the original field environment and, more importantly, its frequency response function closely matches the original field environment. The following sections describe the field data approach in more detail. Generating an Enveloped Set of Real-world Recordings

A real-world data set is representative of only a single unique event; using this one event as the basis for creating a synthesized SRS waveform Burst Random gives an incomplete description of shock vibrations A Gaussian Random waveform with a smooth ramp that may occur in a particular setting. A different

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approach is to use multiple real-world data sets and incorporate them into one representative waveform. For transient events, the proper way to combine multiple real-world data sets is not to find their average accelerations, but to find the maximum value at each frequency. This ‘max enveloping’ technique produces an SRS curve using the maximum acceleration value from a group of realworld data sets for each frequency.

file for this synthesized waveform that can be compared to the real-world data. See Figure 5.

IV. Comparing Waveforms Both the modified user waveform, developed from the enveloped environment, and the standard synthesized waveforms can be evaluated by comparing them with a recorded waveform.

The standard synthesized waveforms shown below created with the maximax SRS breakpoint The following steps start the process of producing were table used by the enveloped environment an enveloped SRS using the VibrationVIEW and waveform. To implement this in VibrationVIEW, Excel software tools: with the breakpoint table loaded, choose a 1. Load recordings: Take several real- selection under ‘Synthesis Type’ on the SRS tab. world recordings of the same event and Test engineers should consider three factors when then individually load the recordings into they compare a synthetic waveform with a realVibrationVIEW. The data used later in this world recording. article was collected from many repetitions of a golf club hitting a ball. 2. Copy the data to Excel: For each recording Waveform shape loaded into VibrationVIEW, copy the data file The first factor to consider is waveform shape; it and paste it into an Excel worksheet. important because, to be realistic, a mechanical 3. Determine the maximum of each recording is shock test needs to test the DUT at the correct at each frequency (Envelope): With all the amplitudes the frequency domain. Figure data files of the real-world recordings pasted 2 comparesacross the Linear Chirp waveform with an into Excel, select the maximum acceleration original real-world recording overlaying their value for each frequency. This process is called Energy Spectral Density plots. by It clearly illustrates ‘creating an envelope’. how the Linear Chirp synthetic method did not follow the real-world data waveform’s shape. The Creating a Modified User Waveform real-world data waveform has a sharp drop from 1000 Hz to 4000 Hz, while the Linear Chirp SRS synthesis parameters are then used to create about synthetic a pulse matching a specified SRS curve. The that range.waveform has only a small deflection in following steps produce a user modified waveform that is based on enveloped recording data. 1. Import a real-world data file (as .txt) to begin building a user defined transient: Select one of the real-world recordings and import the recording’s data file as a VibrationVIEW ‘User Defined Transient’ test type. 2. Use the enveloped data to create a maximax breakpoint table: Select and copy the max envelope data file from the Excel worksheet and paste into the breakpoint table section of the User Defined Transient test profile.

Figure 2: A Linear Chirp waveform overlaid on the original recording green

3. Synthesize a modified user waveform: In the VibrationVIEW User Defined Transient test, under the SRS tab, select ‘From User Frequency content Waveform’ and click the ‘Synthesize’ button. The second factor to consider is frequency 4. Iterate as necessary: Clicking the “Iterate content; a useful synthetic waveform must test More” button adjusts the wavelets, modifying a DUT across the same range of frequencies the SRS to create a waveform that meets or found in the real-world waveform. A synthesized exceeds the SRS maximax breakpoint table values. waveform test that misses either low frequency or high frequency vibrations will not result in a truly 5. Run the test: Save the test profile and run the realistic test. Figure 3 shows that the WavSyn test. Running the test will generate a data Alternating synthesized waveform does not

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contain the low frequency content found in the synthesized modified user waveform with the original waveform. original real-world recordings is striking. As shown in Figure 5, they match very closely in Both the Linear Chirp and the WavSyn Alternating terms of frequency content, waveform shape, and waveforms have a great deal more high frequency amplitudes across the frequency range. content than the original waveform. This would result in over-testing at those frequencies, creating unnecessary failure risk for electronic products.

Figure 5: The modified user waveform overlaid on the original recording green Figure 3: A WavSyn Alternating waveform overlaid on the original recording green

V. Conclusions

This study’s data clearly shows that the modified user waveform generated with the max Energy/amplitude enveloping technique yields an SRS waveform Finally, test engineers should consider energy or closely matching the original real-world waveform amplitude of the waveforms. While it is important in terms of waveform shape, frequency content, for a test to have the correct waveform shape and and amplitude. the correct frequency content, a realistic test must also have the same amplitude as the real-world As demonstrated in this paper, standard synthetic waveform. In Figure 4, the Burst Random synthetic waveforms often do not closely match real-world waveform has amplitude vibrations across the transient events. They are generated from math frequency spectrum that are 10X greater than algorithms and cannot duplicate the realistic of a modified user waveform adjusted by those of the real-world waveform, indicating a qualities a series of iterations to match a maximax SRS. potential over-testing situation. The modified user waveform, based on an enveloped set of real-world recordings, maintains real-world characteristics and creates an SRS waveform that accurately reflects those recorded events. References

1. Biot, M. A., “Theory of Elastic Systems Vibrating Under Transient Impulse With an Application to Earthquake Proof Buildings”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1933, pp. 262-268. 2. Irvine, T. (2012, July 9). An Introduction to the Shock Response Spectrum. http://www. vibrationdata.com/tutorials2/srs_intr.pdf Figure 4: A Burst Random waveform overlaid on the 3. Ferebee, R., Clayton, J., Alldredge, D., & Irvine, original recording green T. (2008, April). An Alternative Method of Specifying Shock Test Criteria. Retrieved from Comparing the Modified User Waveform with an https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs. Original Real-world Recording nasa.gov/20080025729.pdf 4. Alexander, J. (2009). Shock Response Spectrum After seeing the limitations of the standard – A Primer. Sound and Vibration Magazine, pp6 synthetic waveforms, a comparison of the -14. 13


Day at the British Grand Prix Back in April Carl Shorthouse of Jaguar Landrover attended the society’s annual Instrumentation, Analysis and Testing Exhibition and won 2 tickets to this year’s Formula 1 British Grand Prix. Engineering Integrity caught up with him to find out about his weekend experience at Silverstone.

Is this the first time you have won a How did you feel when you heard you had won competition? the Silverstone tickets? It’s my first time winning anything like this certainly and I still can't quite believe I was so lucky, especially as I said to my colleague on the way that I'd never win in a million years! Have you been to an F1 race before? Yes, this is my 4th time attending over the last 10 years or so. Are you an F1 fan? If so do support a particular team or driver? Yes, I’ve been a fan of F1 since a very young age when I used to watch Alain Prost, Ayrton Senna, Riccardo Patrese and Nigel Mansell (who I actually met on holiday in Harlech, North Wales in 2005!). Regarding my support of a particular driver/team, it's hard not to be a fan of Lewis Hamilton at the moment, but I can see a lot to like in drivers such as Charles LeClerc and Max Verstappen. I think Fernando Alonso is a much better driver than the history books will suggest too; in the right car he would have posed a much bigger threat to Lewis and Sebastian Vettel. In terms of teams, I'd really love to see Williams back up at the top enjoying the glory days of the 80's and 90's (9 times 'constructors champions' over those 2 decades but nothing since - I think Frank and Claire deserve more).

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Buzzing! As my wife said, there's no better prize I could have won. Who did you choose to take with you to the weekend and why? I took my friend Matt - he's a top bloke, we have kids of the same age at the same school and we do a lot of road cycling and running training together. Did you enjoy the day? Yes! It was about the only thing I was going to get out of bed early for, having not got into bed until 2:30am the night before as I went to a Stereophonics concert in Swansea! What was most memorable? The roar from the crowd when Lewis was fighting for the lead in the first few laps and the celebration when he won the race. The atmosphere was electric! Everyone knew Hamilton was capable, but he had not gained pole position on Saturday, and the fight between Red Bull and Ferrari added to the fun. Next year’s Instrumentation, Analysis and Testing Exhibition will take place on 31 March at Silverstone. Further information will be released in the coming months.


Young Engineers Latest News

We have continued to focus our efforts on providing opportunities for our Young Engineers Group which has resulted in two seminars. The first was the opportunity to join our Integrity of Structural Joints Subjected to Fatigue Loads seminar at AMRC, Sheffield in July. This was an EIS wide seminar but we extended a welcome to our young engineers as this was a subject that has repeatedly been requested by the group. A variety of topics were covered ranging from aerospace to automotive to heavy-weight structures and from traditional manufacturing to adhesives. The presentations were well-received and generated good discussion. It is our intention that one or more working groups will be formed in the coming months and we very much hope that some of our young engineers group will be part of this. The second seminar (also in July) was held at Morgan Motor Company in Malvern and focused on Specialist and Niche Vehicles. The opening presentation from Williams F1 entitled Road to Zero gave us an insight into the future of alternative propulsion systems and the challenges of designing for zero emissions, specifically for specialist vehicles whilst maintaining their brand DNA. Further presentations looked at novel inspection methods for body panels and durability testing of specialist vehicles as well

as a general overview of the fundamentals of testing and how material and manufacturing variables can affect the life of a component. A presentation on Homologation and Regulations for supplying vehicles to a world-wide market gave an appreciation of the difficulties faced by low volume vehicle producers in meeting a complex range requirements from emissions to safety. The highlight of the day was a factory tour where the delegates saw craftsmen hand making Morgan cars from traditional wood, aluminium and leather materials which have been used for decades. Our thanks go to Morgan Motor Company for hosting the event and facilitating the factory tour. The society is now looking to offer further seminars during 2019/20. If you are able to support by hosting an event or if you have engineers who have graduated within the last 4-5 years who would be interested in joining the group please contact Sara Atkin info@e-i-s.org.uk

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Industry News A-Levels: New stats reveal current curriculum change in aluminium forming across multiple limits the ‘work-readiness’ of future industries, including automotive and aerospace. engineers The white paper outlines how manufacturers can On A-Level results day, the Institution of Engineering and Technology called for a more balanced combination of education and work experience to give students the right skills and insight into modern engineering careers.

There are also growing concerns that the current curriculum limits the ‘work-readiness’ of future engineers. Latest IET research which surveyed engineering and technology employers across the UK found that 73% have difficulty with job candidates who have academic knowledge but lack workplace skills. In addition there needs to be more careers guidance for A-Level students, in order to enhance employability skills of school-leavers and help close the widening engineering skills gap. This also includes encouraging and recognising the importance of vocational routes into work, such as apprenticeships and T-Levels. Statistics published last month show entries to STEM subjects have increased for both boys and girls – overall a 26.2% rise since 2010; more girls now do science subjects – biology, chemistry and physics combined - than boys and overall science entries are up by 7.4%, despite the fall in the population; and Maths remains the most popular subject at A level. The IET champions the need for employers and the education sector to collaborate to offer a diverse range of quality work experience to engineering students. For more information about the range of support and options available to students through the IET, visit the Students section of the IET website www.theiet.org

Hot form quench sets lightweighting standard

The white paper also includes examples and case studies that illustrate how the technology can be applied and what can be achieved: a measurably stronger final component, alongside major savings in weight and cost when compared with other common alternative processes. To download the white paper, please visit http:// hfqtechnology.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/ HFQ-Whitepaper-V8.pdf. For more information on Impression Technologies, visit impression-technologies.com. More details on HFQ can be found at www.hfqtechnology.com.

Acoustics industry contributes £4.6 billion to UK economy, report finds • New report is the first to identify the size and importance of the UK’s acoustics industry • A study led by University of Sheffield and Imperial College London reveals acoustics industry contributes £4.6 billion to the UK’s economy • UK’s acoustics industry is driven by 750 companies, mostly SMEs in the North West, Scotland and South East, who play a vital role in enabling some of the most widely-used technologies in markets such as healthcare, aerospace, construction and defence

aluminium The UK’s acoustics industry could help solve the grand

Impression Technologies launches new white paper on its HFQ® Technology. Impression Technologies, the global leader in aluminium lightweighting, has released a new white paper, titled ‘Hot Form Quench (HFQ®) Technology: The new international standard for cost-effective automotive lightweighting using aluminium’ introducing the benefits of its ground-breaking new technology: hot form quench (HFQ). The innovative hot forming process was developed to offer a step

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easily and cost-effectively replace steel or low-gauge aluminium components using HFQ. The process cycle time for HFQ is at least as rapid as alternatives such as boron steel processing, enabling the low-cost, highvolume manufacturing demanded in automotive applications.

challenges set out by the government’s industrial strategy, according to academics. A new report is the first to identify the size and importance of the UK’s acoustics industry. The report highlights how the industry, seen by insiders as hidden in the shadows, employs more than 16,000 people, each of whom generates over £65,000 gross value added (GVA). This GVA rises to £73,000 for people working in larger companies. According to the report, the industry is also underpinned by a vibrant knowledge base with over


200 active research grants worth in total in excess of £150 million. To access the report, visit: https://acoustics. ac.uk/?resources=acoustics-sound-economy-thevalue-of-acoustics-report

UK’s largest diagnostic engineering research centre – based at Huddersfield – expands into China University of Huddersfield’s Centre for Efficiency and Performance Engineering will be a focal point of a network involving seven leading Chinese universities.

hours of printing in total, consuming more than 2.2km of printing filament in the process. While the original model was run on steam, the model uses an additional gear to move itself and demonstrate the engine’s range of motion at the touch of a button. The Jet-X team’s model will be on display in the University of Glasgow Library on Hillhead Street from Thursday 6 June until the end of the year. For more information on James Watt 2019 at the University of Glasgow, visit https://www.gla.ac.uk/events/ jameswatt/

HORIBA MIRA Expands Emissions Service with New £4m Propulsion Test and Universities in the UK and China have teamed up to Development Centre

create a research network which aims to ensure that machines ranging from aero engines to wind turbines As part of its commitment to helping vehicle operate as reliably and efficiently as possible, leading manufacturers produce cleaner vehicles, HORIBA to cost savings and environmental benefits. MIRA has opened a new Propulsion Test and Development Centre at its UK headquarters in The University of Huddersfield’s Professor Andrew Nuneaton. Ball and Professor Fengshou Gu, leading experts on diagnostic engineering, are at the heart of the The Centre is a state-of-the-art testing facility development. The pair helped to inaugurate the new for engine development, providing emissions, research hub on their latest visit to China. performance and validation testing with the latest simulation hardware, which effectively replicates Professor Ball is the founder of the University of environmental conditions such as temperature, Huddersfield’s Centre for Efficiency and Performance pressure and humidity. Engineering (CEPE) and Professor Gu is the Deputy Director. The Centre is the world’s largest research The centre has been specifically developed in centre in the field of diagnostic engineering, with 15 response to the need for OEMs to meet everacademic staff, more than 30 doctoral researchers and stringent emissions standards since the introduction more than 30 visiting academics working to improve of the Real Driving Emissions (RDE) test in 2017. machinery reliability and safety and to boost plant performance whilst reducing harmful emissions. Where traditionally customers have relied on onroad testing to develop RDE compliant propulsion The Centre has developed highly-productive systems, the Propulsion Test and Development collaborations with teams of researchers at several Centre capabilities will essentially enable RDE other UK universities, so that it is now at the centre testing with “Engine in the Loop” (EiL) to be carried of a network, sharing expertise, facilities and data. out in a simulated environment across all the RDE boundary conditions without the need for a vehicle. James Watt engine steams back to life with Designed to complement HORIBA MIRA’s Advanced Emissions Test Centre RDE capability, it will allow 3D-printed model OEMs to engineer a vehicle for emissions compliance A team of University of Glasgow students have much earlier in the development cycle, resulting in used cutting-edge construction technology to build significiant time and cost-savings. a model of one of James Watt’s pioneering steam MCMT delivers automotive heritage skills engines, two centuries after his death.

boost with launch of new Apprenticeship

Members of the School of Engineering’s JetX course student society spent five months putting together a 3D-printed scale model of a Boulton-Watt steam A new course is being launched to help prevent engine. traditional automotive craft skills being lost forever. The Marches Centre of Manufacturing & Technology Their model, which is about a metre in length, uses (MCMT), which operates two state-of-the-art training more than 800 parts. The design builds upon the centres in Bridgnorth and Shrewsbury, will initially earlier adaptation of Oliver Smith’s drawing for a be offering 15 people the opportunity to study a model-sized beam engine by John Fall. Heritage Engineering Technician apprenticeship. The result is the largest additively manufactured The 3-year course will equip individuals with a host of working model of this design which features over skills and knowledge used in the restoration of classic 150 3D-printed parts - a process which took 845 cars, vintage racing and commercial vehicles by 17


combining classroom teaching with the opportunity to apply their learning on real-life tasks, including rebuilding a classic car from scratch. Seven people have already signed-up to take part in the national course, with four companies also showing their backing by offering full-time positions, including Classic Motor Cars and Valley Motorsport.

and analyses the slightest movements from rockfalls, avalanches, and other fast-moving landslide debris flow. RockSpot creates real-time alerts that can be connected to on-site alarms (e.g., sirens, automatic road closures or other alert devices). Georeferenced, recorded event data provides advanced statistics and analytics for risk assessment and vulnerability zone mapping.

MCMT is an employer-led consortium of Classic Motor Cars, Grainger & Worrall, In-Comm Training and Salop Design & Engineering.

RockSpot can identify rockfalls up to 2 kilometres from the slope, as well as avalanches and other fastmoving events, like mudflow and debris flow, up to 4 kilometres from the slope. With a coverage field The Heritage Engineering Technician apprenticeship of 40 degrees vertical and 80 degrees horizontal, the is free for companies who have less than 50 system can consistently monitor an entire mine wall employees who recruit a 16 to 18-year-old and, for or natural slope at high resolution with a single radar those recruiting individuals aged 19 years +, there is a unit. RockSpot’s alerts can be customised sector by 5% contribution to the overall £26,000 course costs. sector using advanced algorithms that distinguish For firms who have more than 50 staff, the cost of the rock movements from other moving objects, such as training will be a flat 5%. haul trucks, animals and people.

New Buehler Metallographic Laboratory on For further information, please contact: Daniel Johansson, Investor Relations, Hexagon AB, the campus of the University of Warwick +46 8 601 26 27, ir@hexagon.com

The recently opened Solutions Centre on the campus of the University of Warwick/UK is equipped with the Women in Engineering: Two-thirds of women latest systems for sample preparation and material considering engineering careers despite only characterisation. © Buehler 12% take up Esslingen/Germany, June 2019 – Buehler ITW Test & Measurement has opened a new European Solutions Centre in a collaborative venture with Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG) with over 600 staff and a strong relation with over 1000 global companies, offering support to over 1800 SMEs through dedicated programmes. Part of WMG's Materials Engineering Centre at the University of Warwick campus, Buehler’s new Solutions Centre aims to support academic and industrial research on various technologies ranging from additive manufacturing, energy storage, machining and processing of metallic and composite materials to joining technologies. The new laboratory is equipped with latest metallographic sample preparation equipment, including several abrasive and precision sectioning machines, high-end grinder-polishers and a spectral analysis system for chemical characterisation of materials. Available equipment also includes Buehler's latest hardness testers in varying degrees of automation and testing capabilities, and Nikon optical microscopes interfaced with Buehler's own image analysis software for ideal metallographic analysis.

• One in two people think the STEM industry is outwardly sexist, which could be deterring women from pursuing careers in the field. • 91% of Britons think that it’s not important to address the gender imbalance in engineering, despite it being a heavily male-dominated industry New research by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), finds that nearly two-thirds (64%) of British women are considering taking on careers in engineering despite there only being 12% currently in industry. When exploring the reasons why, the IET led research found that nearly a fifth of women (17%) suggest the disparity in those thinking about pursuing engineering and those who follow through could be down to a lack of visible role models. This becomes most evident when considering the 28% of women who don’t think they’re clever enough to consider pursuing a career in engineering.

Worryingly, outdated visions of the industry could also be contributing, with 18% feeling it’s not suited to their gender, whilst a further 13% are put off by the fear of being discriminated against. This can be Hexagon announces new early warning seen most prominently with nearly half (49%) of the radar system for rockfalls and other fast- population feeling STEM industries are outwardly moving events sexist. Hexagon AB, a global leader in digital solutions, has announced IDS GeoRadar RockSpot, a radar system that fills a critical gap in the monitoring of natural and engineered slopes. The system detects, tracks,

Jo Foster, IET Diversity and Inclusion Manager, said: “The good news is, we are moving in the right direction. Although small progress has been made, the fact that nearly two-thirds of women are

18

Continued on page 23.


Engineering Integrity Society

Fatigue 2020

Downing College, Cambridge, UK 29 June - 1 July 2020

Sponsored by:

Rolls Royce PLC is pleased to support the Fatigue 2020 conference

info@e-i-s.org.uk | www.fatigue2020.com


Scientific Topics Topics covered during the conference will include: basic science of fatigue, advanced manufacturing, high performance materials, multiaxiality, thermomechanical response, corrosive environments, notches, welds and joints, designing against failure and tools for structural integrity assessment. Presentations will include innovative modelling and simulation, new experimental techniques and novel assessment methods. Programme The full programme will be published on www.fatigue2020.com as soon as it becomes available. Venue The conference will take place at Downing College, University of Cambridge. Cambridge is one of the most important and picturesque cities in East Anglia. It is the county town of Cambridgeshire and the seat of one of the oldest universities in the British Isles. Downing College was founded in 1800 through a bequest made by Sir George Downing. The College’s beautiful neo-classical buildings are set in spacious and peaceful gardens in the centre of Cambridge.

Fatigue 2020 As engineering modelling and simulation tools become ever more powerful and sophisticated there still remains the challenge of correlating the virtual world with both idealised laboratory testing and the wide, and potentially unexpected, range of service conditions experienced by machines and structures. These challenges are compounded by the advent of new materials, new ways of manufacturing components, new applications and new test and measurement techniques. At Fatigue 2020 we will seek to explore not only the latest developments in engineering modelling and simulation, advances in test and measurement techniques, innovations in manufacturing, and developments in materials science, but also the complex interrelations between all these topics that give rise to improvements in fatigue performance, durability and structural integrity.

Exhibition There will be an accompanying exhibition of material testing systems, durability software tools and engineering services where delegates will have the opportunity to discuss the latest developments in the field of fatigue and durability. Timelines 11 October 2019 Submission of full papers and registration including payment (conditional for publication of paper) January 2020 Publication of final programme 1 June 2020 Submission of PowerPoint presentations 29 June - 1 July 2020, Fatigue 2020, Cambridge, UK


Special Issues A Special Issue of extended papers selected from the conference will be published in the international peer reviewed journal Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures. A further collection of extended papers will be published in Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale (Fracture and Structural Integrity). A selection of conference papers, including those of the Peter Watson Prize winners, will be published in Engineering Integrity, the Journal of the EIS. Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures, Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale and Engineering Integrity are all fully abstracted and indexed journals. Proceedings The proceedings will be published in CD-ROM format and will be available at the conference. Accommodation En-suite accommodation is available at Downing College subject to availability. Please select the accommodation option on the booking form. Prices include bed and breakfast. Travelling Information The nearest airports are Stansted and Luton. Cambridge is easily reached by train. Downing College is located about ¾ mile from the railway station and is served by regular buses and taxis. Liability EIS as organiser is not liable for any changes in the programme due to circumstances beyond their control. The organisers are not liable for any losses, accidents or injuries to persons or damage to property of any kind. Participants must arrange their own insurance if considered necessary. Visa Visa applications must be applied for in your country of origin. Registration The booking form should be completed and emailed to the conference secretariat, Sara Atkin: info@e-i-s.org.uk Registration for the conference is mandatory for the presentation of a lecture and the publication of the manuscript in the proceedings. All payments must be made in Sterling by bank transfer or a cheque drawn on a UK bank account.

Convenor John Yates (UK) International Scientific Committee André Galtier (France) Andrea Carpinteri (Italy) Martin Bache (UK) Christophe Pinna (UK) Filippo Berto (Norway) Francesco Iacoviello (Italy) Hossein Farrahi (Iran) Youshi Hong (China) Jie Tong (UK) Johan Moverare (Sweden) Luca Susmel (UK) Liviu Marsavina - (Romania) Marc Geers (The Netherlands) Matteo Luca Facchinetti (France) Muhsin J Jweeg (Iraq) Alfredo Navarro (Spain) Phil Irving (UK) Robert Akid (UK) Michael Sangid (USA) Shahrum Abdullah (Malaysia) Thierry Palin-Luc (France) Yee Han Tai (UK) Keynote Lectures Professor Roderick Smith - Imperial College, London Professor Robert Ritchie - University of California Dr. Tommaso Ghidini - European Space Agency Professor Youshi Hong - Chinese Academy of Sciences Conference Dinner Address Dame Julia King, The Baroness Brown of Cambridge DBE FREng FRS


Registration Fees

The Engineering Integrity Society recognises the support of our corporate members:

Presenting Authors (Registration and payment by 11 October 2019) EIS Members (Registration and payment by 20 December 2019) Non-Members and Registrations and payments after 20 December 2019 Students and Retired Members (limited places available)

3 Day £465 +VAT

2 Day -

1 Day -

£515 + VAT

£390 +VAT

£215 +VAT

£620 +VAT

£500 +VAT

£260 +VAT

£330 +VAT

-

-

Please find all the latest information relating to the conference and details of how to book your place on the Fatigue 2020 website. www.fatigue2020.com We look forward to welcoming you to Cambridge.

AcSoft Airbus Defence & Space ANV Measurement Systems Bruel & Kjaer CaTs3 CentraTEQ Correlated Solutions Dassault Systemes Data Acquisition & Testing Services Ltd Data Physics UK Datron Technology Dewesoft Flintec Gantner Instruments GOM HBM Prenscia Head Acoustics HORIBA MIRA Instron Interface Force Measurements Ipetronik Kistler M&P International Mecmesin Meggitt Micro-Epsilon Micro Measurements Millbrook Moog MTS Systems Mueller-BBM Nprime PCB PIezotronics PDS Hitech Phoenix Materials Testing Polytec Ltd Prosig RAL Space Sensors UK Servotest Severn Thermal Solutions Siemens Star Hydraulics Strainsense Systems Services Techni Measure THP Systems Tiab Ltd Tranmission Dynamics Variohm Vibration Research Zwick / Roell

Registered Address: Engineering Integrity Society, c/o HollisSociety, & Co., c/o Hollis & Co., 35 Wilkinson Street, Sheffield S10 2GB Registered Address: Engineering Integrity 35 Wilkinson Street, Sheffield, S10 2GB Business Registration No. 1959979. VAT Registration No. GB 443 7696 18. Registered Charity No. 327121 Business Registration No. 1959979. VAT Registration No. GB 443 7696 18. Registered Charity No. 327121


interested in engineering careers is something to be of Engineering, was one of only 30 people in the celebrated and we will work hard to support as many UK to be accepted on to the Santander Universities STEMships initiative. as we can in the early stages of their careers.” Santander Universities’ inaugural STEMships programme aims to break down the barriers for women entering the engineering industry by providing aspiring female engineer students with the dedicated tools, resources and opportunities needed To mark this year’s INWED, and to highlight diversity to succeed in the industry post university. across engineering and technology – not just gender – the IET has launched its new social media campaign As part of the initiative, Eva will embark on a two#IAmAnEngineer, which features a variety of real-life year support programme which offers: a £1,500 engineers. To view the video, visit the IET’s social scholarship; an overseas experience at a leading engineering institution; unique networking events media channels. with prominent female leaders in the industry; TfL - World-first hydrogen double decker membership to the Women’s Engineering Society; and mentorship and internship schemes through buses to help tackle London’s toxic air Santander’s wider networks. • Twenty British-built zero-emission hydrogen Eva received the news during a special event at buses will arrive next year • Buses improve customer experience with USB Silverstone this weekend, where former F1 World charging points and smoother, quieter rides, Champion Jenson Button took part in a panel discussion alongside Deputy Vice-Chancellor while cleaning up London’s air Professor Karen Holford on the topic of women in Transport for London (TfL) has today ordered 20 of engineering and how to cultivate the next generation these green buses – which produce no pollution from of female engineering talent. their exhausts - as part of its drive to make London’s transport zero-emission. It follows the introduction of CFMS to support new aerospace project the world’s first Ultra Low Emission Zone last month. The environment-friendly vehicles will be introduced The Centre for Modelling & Simulation (CFMS) has on routes travelling to Wembley Stadium, or from announced a new £1.55 million Aero Flux project, west London to the West End and will help tackle the teaming up with Zenotech, Aircraft Research capital’s air quality crisis. Association (ARA) and Bombardier to lead the development of a high-order computational fluid TfL is investing £12m in the new buses and the fuelling dynamics (CFD) technology for the aerospace industry. infrastructure. Wrightbus in Northern Ireland will manufacture them, creating new jobs in the region. The £1.55 million Aero Flux project, which is part More than £5 million of funding is being provided by funded by the Department for Business, Energy and European bodies and £1 million from the Office of Industrial Strategy (BEIS), the Aerospace Technology Low Emission Vehicles. Institute (ATI) and Innovate UK, is a continuation of the successful Hyperflux++ project. It will enable To encourage the take-up of this trailblazing the research and development of advanced hightechnology in other cities in the UK and Europe, TfL order CFD methods, beyond baseline technologies is leading procurement within the ‘Joint Initiative for currently used by the aerospace industry. hydrogen Vehicles across Europe’ (JIVE) project. JIVE aims to bring down the cost of the vehicles by buying The three-year project, which is being led by CFMS, in bulk with other authorities - helping put the price will develop the capability for fluid-structure per bus on a par with the other cleanest fuels. interaction, broadband acoustics, accelerated timestepping, advanced high-order mesh generation and Silverstone win for Cardiff engineering multi-disciplinary coupling which will address the latest aerospace requirements with greater accuracy. student STEM careers however are valued significantly, with almost a fifth (19%) of the public understanding both the wide range of job opportunities available and the earning potential of an engineering career.

Santander UK ambassador Jenson Button presents Eva Roke with a place on prestigious engineering programme

Combining its state-of-the-art computational infrastructure and advanced simulation knowledge and expertise, CFMS will independently evaluate, test and benchmark the methods as they are developed. A Cardiff University student has been accepted Using its access to cross-sector industrial and onto a prestigious national engineering programme academic partnerships and regular programme of aimed at furthering the careers and opportunities for events, CFMS will maximise the impact of the project female engineers. by disseminating its outcomes, in turn promoting the UK’s ‘technology for aerospace’ engineering Eva Roke, a fourth year student studying at the School capabilities. 23


Product News Brüel & Kjær’s new sound level meter technologies to scan in 3D while in motion, allowing users to be much more agile and efficient in capturing available on web shop objects and spaces.

July 2019 - Sound and vibration specialist Brüel & Kjær’s latest sound level meter - B&K 2245 - can now The Leica BLK247 is designed for continuous 3D be purchased via its sister company’s virtual store, reality capture, extending capabilities for safety and security applications. The sensor provides realHBMshop. time situational awareness through edge computing The HBM online store offers a smooth, intuitive and LiDAR-enabled change-detection technology. buying process, making the order process simple for Using artificial intelligence, the BLK247 can tell the difference between still and moving objects — such first-time buyers and repeat customers. as a person walking who leaves a suitcase behind Ideal for local authorities, noise making industries and — and identify security threats to provide real-time consultants looking to upgrade their measurement alerts for both expected and unexpected changes. tools, the B&K 2245 class 1 sound level meter provides owners with easy-to-use applications and For further information, please contact: functionality, giving them absolute confidence and Daniel Johansson, Investor Relations, Hexagon AB, control over their noise measurement tasks. The +46 8 601 26 27, ir@hexagon.com meter can be tailored for specific jobs across a wide range of industries and users, from simple noise complaint investigations by local authorities to more Field Data Acquisition and Dynamic Signal Analysis specialised tasks, such as exhaust noise testing. The B&K 2245 sound level meter is available for delivery in Germany, France, Sweden, Italy, Austria, Great Britain and Denmark - with additional countries to be added throughout the year. The HBMshop is available at: www.hbm.com/ hbmshop

The ObserVR1000 represents a new generation of technology for field data acquisition and dynamic signal analysis. Designed for mobile use, it is compact and battery powered, with an integrated SD card for data storage. Test configurations are setup using a smartphone or tablet via a wireless connection; after setup, users can choose to monitor and control tests wirelessly or just let them run autonomously.

For more detailed information on the B&K 2245 Sound Level Meter solution and the individual apps, Testing and reporting efficiency is supported by enhancing features, including a microphone for go to www.bksv.com/2245 adding spoken notes to a test record and a GPS interface for adding location information.

Hexagon expands Leica BLK series, revolutionising reality capture for infrastructure, safety, and mobility applications

After data collection, files can be transferred to any Windows PC for post-processing and analysis by the ObserVIEW software tool. Developed in conjunction with the ObserVR1000, ObserVIEW can post-process time waveforms, producing FFT, PSD, and other Hexagon AB, a global leader in sensor, software and graphs, then edit the content of those graphs. It can autonomous solutions, has introduced two new then export data in a variety of formats and generate additions to the Leica BLK series. The Leica BLK2GO customized reports. is the smallest portable, completely integrated handheld-imaging scanner in the industry, and the The ObserVR1000 and the tightly integrated Leica BLK247 is the first 3D laser-scanning sensor ObserVIEW software bring a new level of sophisticated for security surveillance providing continuous, 24/7 technology to collecting and analyzing field vibration situational awareness. data. Designed to be user-friendly, highly accurate and extremely reliable, they will work together to The Leica BLK2GO introduces never-before-seen streamline your product testing. mobility for scanning complex indoor environments. The handheld-imaging laser scanner combines Learn more at www.vibrationresearch.com. visualisation, LiDAR, and edge-computing 24


SQobold: Smallest recording and playback unmatched realism when designing multi-physical systems, whilst dramatically speeding up performance device now with CAN FD adapter Performing a quick road test, carrying out an instant noise analysis at the work site or quickly conduct a psychoacoustic analysis: All this is possible with SQobold – and even more! The smallest measurement front end for NVH tasks from HEAD acoustics now supports CAN FD. The established fieldbus system CAN is the dominant communication system in cars. It is proven, reliable and robust. For more complex electronic control units, however, a larger bandwidth is required, especially for downloading software. Compared to the widely used CAN bus, the CAN FD bus offers higher transmission rates. In addition, CAN FD allows the transmission of more user data per message and longer checksums ensure increased reliability. With the new SQobold package CAN Bus Support, the handy system supports CAN and CAN FD with the PEAK System CAN FD adapter.

prediction and optimization. Moreover, as part of this portfolio, Simcenter testing solutions continues to seek to improve productivity and accuracy during certification and validation, providing more insight in less time. As such, Simcenter testing solutions will help companies bring innovations to market faster and make the digital era real. Email: gary.rands@siemens.com

Latest Release of m+p Analyzer 5.2.1 m+p international is proud to announce the release of Analyzer software V5.2.1 as part of our commitment to ongoing product development. New features include: Our new “m+p Analyzer Viewer” which is a free stand-alone tool used to view the content of SOP5 and SOT files. Measurement results and analysis can now be shared seamlessly with colleagues and partners without the need to install or license m+p Analyzer, thereby simplifying the overall process of sharing critical measurement data.

SQobold, the trend-setting 4-channel measurement system includes sound level meter functions and psychoacoustic analyses. The large, brilliant touchscreen provides the ultimate in ease of use – either as stand-alone or front-end device. With up to six hours of stand-alone operation, its compact The ODS wizard has been replaced by a new ODS size and low weight, SQobold can go wherever your tool that simplifies ODS generation and display. New features include: measurements take you. SQobold – smallest recording and playback system • ODS from Time Domain Data, Spectra and FRF • New ODS extraction methods, line, peak, band with CAN FD adapter The impact wizard in modal analysis now announces the next nodes that should be measured. The audible guide feature, together with automatic double impact Performance testing of next-generation detection and measurement rejections, enables a single user to work through the entire modal analysis products process quickly and easily, without the need to look Consumers today aspire to have increasingly smart at the PC screen. and customized products. New players seize this opportunity to enter the market, applying pioneering Further hardware support to now include the TMS practices, and causing a business disruption on a 485B39 and PCB 633A01 USB digital ICP USB signal conditioners. scale we haven’t witnessed in decades. Web: www.head-acoustics.com

Established manufacturers need to rethink processes and reassess development activities, including testing, to keep up. Their classic verification-centric engineering approaches with separate workflows for test and simulation, require many iterations, and lack the necessary efficiency and flexibility to successfully handle the current product complexity. Instead, predictive methods, that effectively achieve ultrarealistic, multi-physics models and data by digitally integrating technologies, are rapidly gaining ground. This emerging industry paradigm is widely known as the Digital Twin.

The new features listed above are only some of a long list of general interface and data handling improvements implemented to make the m+p Analyzer software one of the most capable and intuitive measurement and analysis systems on the market “ www.mpihome.com

This is the core of Simcenter™ solutions. Simcenter uniquely integrates testing with scalable simulation technologies, allowing engineers to rapidly achieve 25


News from the Tipper Group The Tipper Group evolves to embrace a full diversity agenda The Tipper Group was founded in 2016 to represent women working in industries involved in welding and associated technologies.

Addressing the under-representation of women in engineering disciplines related to welding was one of the objectives of the group, along with supporting the women in those fields, and to raise awareness to others considering engineering as a career, through networking events and talks by inspirational speakers. However, the implementation of the Government’s requirement for companies to publish their gender pay statistics in 2018, and organisations such as The Welding Institute signing up to more explicit diversity commitments, soon found The Tipper Group being sought on more strategic issues related to diversity within its partner organisation of TWI Ltd, NSIRC and The Welding Institute. This recognition of the significance of groups such as The Tipper Group is welcome, but has also led to a re-think of the objectives of the Group to incorporate issues relating to diversity and inclusion in a wider sense.

making presentations on diversity and inclusion issues. We are continuing to host speakers on topics related to gender equality, and inspirational engineers, including recent talks by TWI Technology Fellow Dr Bernadette Craster, and by Ruth Boumphrey, the Director of Research at Lloyds Register. This year, we also invited the Dyslexia Association to present to TWI about the ‘hidden talents’ of those who think in different ways, with TWI’s Melissa Riley telling us of her own experiences, which was a real eye opener.

The Tipper Group is keeping busy, with representation now within the Professional Board of the Welding Institute, and at The Royal Academy of Engineering’s Diversity & Inclusion Steering Group. The Tipper Group continues to support a range of outreach activities this year both in schools (where we have run welding with chocolate workshops), and hosted a Cambridge Launchpad It is becoming clearer that the event at TWI in Great Abington, challenges that can hold women building robots with seam tracking back from achieving the highest sensors. As ever, we need the levels of their careers share some Tipper Group discussions after the talk by Ruth support of more volunteers to really commonality with those facing Boumphrey support the wider remit of The people of different race, ethnic origin, Tipper Group. It is very encouraging gender identity or sexual orientation, plus people with that we are already seeing some changes within our visible and non-visible disabilities. Fair and transparent industry as a consequence of efforts and discussions systems to reward individuals for their achievements, through The Tipper Group. TWI’s Council in 2019 now would benefit not just women but other minority groups, has its first two female representatives from industry based on a diverse range of attributes. The Tipper Group to oversee its governance. TWI Ltd has implemented a was ready to evolve to meet these needs! Our mission is policy of gender diverse interview panels and has made to create and promote an inclusive culture that inspires, a commitment to have a third of women as part of the attracts, recruits and supports career development of senior management team by 2024. However, with Aamir people irrespective of gender, ethnicity, age, sexuality, Khalid TWI’s new CEO in 2019, the first ethnic minority beliefs, (dis)abilities, and socio-economic background. head of TWI, the future for diversity and inclusion within This new mission includes improving employee the welding engineering industry is looking optimistic. experience and employer perception in an environment that understands and promotes diversity and inclusion Dr Philippa Moore at all levels. The Tipper Group, the National Structural Integrity Research Centre, The Welding Institute and TWI Contact Us: Ltd are all working towards achieving these goals. Address: The Tipper Group, TWI Ltd, Granta Park, Great Abington, Cambridge CB21 6AL Tipper Group chair Kamer Tuncbilek has been taking this Email: tippergroupevents@twi.co.uk message to the The Welding Institute branches in 2019 Twitter: @TheTipperGroup 26


News from the Women's Engineering Society

As I write this, the residents of Whaley Bridge are finally going home after a week’s huge effort by structural engineers to repair the Toddbrook Reservoir Dam. They prevented a huge loss of life that was threatened if the dam had burst and engulfed the town.

Among the messages of thanks from the residents came the phrase “not all superheroes wear capes”. It reminded me that it is the brilliant women and men in engineering who will play a big part in solving major crises such as climate change. The trouble is that engineers are not usually very visible, and even during the dam repairs, engineers were viewed as “construction workers”. It’s no wonder that engineering has a huge skills shortage, when engineering rarely makes the headlines.

that qualified and capable engineers are supported sufficiently to allow them to reach their true potential. The world and nature of work is changing, with over 80% of engineers working in businesses with fewer than ten employees. This has increased by a quarter in the last eight years. Engineers completing this census will help WES and the Royal Academy of Engineering gather information about how engineers across different industries are progressing in their careers in the UK.

That’s why we need more people to be engineers, and some of those people will need to be women. In the hundred years since the Women’s Engineering Society was founded, women are still woefully underrepresented in engineering. Despite the best efforts of the many dedicated women who have been part of the Society since it was founded, progress has been slow. By 1969, after the first 50 years, women made up just ½% of engineers in the UK and by the early 90s women still only accounted for 7% of engineers. There was little movement in this statistic until 2014 when some accelerated progress led to an increase to 9% by 2015 to 12% in 2019.

Are engineers reaching their career goals or are they encountering barriers and challenges? What do they need to enable them to succeed in their career? Are they making exactly the progress they want? Importantly how do their experiences differ? Do male and female engineers have different experiences? What support can we provide to enable more engineers to reach their career goals?

Some of that increase has been due to the activities of the Royal Academy of Engineering who have been delivering a programme since 2011 to increase diversity and inclusion across engineering. The Academy’s vision is an inclusive engineering profession that “inspires, attracts and retains people from diverse backgrounds and reflects UK society”.

Following the census results it is expected that the Academy’s action plan to close the gender pay gap will be informed by the views of engineers themselves and that employers take these views into account when considering action to increase women in their organisations. WES’ work with its corporate partners will also be informed by the census results. For a hundred years, WES has been a touch point for women in engineering to inspire, support and develop current and future engineers throughout their careers. This census builds on our existing work and is a terrific launch into our second century. Together we hope to transform the future.

There is still much more to do, and together WES and the Academy want to understand how engineering careers progress. WES is therefore collaborating with the Academy to undertake the largest ever online census of the engineering workforce at www.engineering-census. com. We hope that the census will help us to remove the barriers that stop women entering engineering or leaving the profession at various points during their careers. Moreover, we hope to gain an understanding of the factors that men face in engineering as well. We know that the increase of women in other industries leads to better conditions for men, too, and so this census is open to all engineers. With a significant skills gap in engineering, it is imperative

The intended output is a rich understanding of the makeup and status of the engineering profession in 2019, an insight into barriers to progression, and action employers can take to increase retention and progression.

We aim to reach as many engineers in the UK as possible. If you’re an engineer and want to take part in the largest ever census of the UK engineering workplace, you can take the census at www.engineering-census.com. It takes no more than 20 minutes to complete and the results will be reported before the end of 2019. Elizabeth Donnelly Chief Executive Officer www.wes.org.uk 27


News from the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Engineers have built a wearable sensor that can monitor the heartbeat of an unborn child in the womb. It’s hoped it could reduce the estimated 2.6 million stillbirths per year worldwide. A team at Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey used commercial sensors available in smartphones to orient the device, which can record vibrations sent through a mother’s abdomen when her baby’s heart beats, or when the foetus kicks, and which is potentially more accurate than currently available foetal heart-rate monitors.

“Almost a third of stillbirths occur in the absence of complicating factors," says Negar Tavassolian, an associate professor who led the work at Stevens. "Our device could let a pregnant woman know if her foetus is compromised and she needs to go to the doctor."

Vibration monitors can also offer an objective measure of foetal movement, which is currently assessed simply by asking mothers to count the times their baby kicks. Combining heart-rate and movement data could provide vital insights into foetal health, surpassing anything that's currently available, Yang explains. "That's the big plan -- to fuse these different Many stillbirths are preceded by variations in foetal modalities into a single device," he says. movement and heart-rate, and the researchers suggest that their device could be worn continuously Reprinted with kind permission from Professional during the final few weeks of pregnancy. Engineering. In a paper published in the IEEE Sensors Journal, the team report a study run in conjunction with two obstetricians from New York University’s Langone Medical Centre. In experiments on ten pregnant women, they found the device could detect foetal heart-rate with the same accuracy as foetal cardiotocograms, which are the current standard. But while existing systems are bulky and expensive, and based on electrocardiogram and ultrasound technology, the team’s sensors are light and more efficient. One leading monitor system currently on the market weighs more than eleven pounds and has a battery life of four hours. The Stevens team’s device can run on a three-volt battery for more than a day. The new monitor also poses no risk to the foetus -- a concern with ultrasound monitors, which can heat tissue if used continuously for long periods. The Stevens team's monitor simply detects existing vibrations, like a doctor listening with a stethoscope. "Our monitors are completely passive, so there's no health concern," Tavassolian says. Previous work by Chenxi Yang, a graduate student at Stevens and first author on the paper, had shown that chest vibrations could be used to track an adult’s heartbeat, but it was thought that the movements of the mother’s own body would make it hard to use the same technology for unborn babies. The team combined signals from three different sensors and used algorithms to isolate the foetal heartbeat. 28

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News from British Standards Committee activity in 2019 BSI’s standards committee area for design, specification and verification – including the subcommittee on Design for Manufacture, Assembly, Disassembly and End-of-life processing (MADE) – has been as busy as ever over the last 12 months.

The first important piece of news is that there has been a change in the committee designation. The Technical Committee was formally known as “TDW/4” (and the Design for MADE subcommittee as “TDW/4/7”). The committee has now been re-designated as “TPR/1” (and the subcommittee as "TPR/1/7"). The old designation harked back to the committee’s origins with “TD” standing for “Technical Drawings” and the “W” referring to a former internal sector structure within BSI. The new designation better reflects the actual name of the committee “Technical Product Realization”. In addition, the committee now covers much more than just technical drawings with verification (metrology, measurement, and quality control) coming under the TPR banner. As the world of mechanical engineering is also increasingly moving away from just 2D drawings to 3D modelling, the change is small but timely and appropriate.

for specification and the ISO/TC 10 international standards for technical product documentation. The national subcommittee responsible, TPR/1/8, has been making changes to the content and structure of the standard in order to make it as user friendly as possible. The overall intention is that today’s engineering designers in the UK will be able to use it as their “one-stop shop” for design and specification, much as their predecessors did with BS 308.

The Design for MADE subcommittee TPR/1/7 has also been busy with various initiatives as well as building on its national and international portfolio of standards. Engagement with a group of UK remanufacturers has seen a new group of experts come together to discuss the best way forward for future standards in the remanufacturing space. TPR/1/7 has previously produced a standard on “the process of remanufacture”, BS 8887-220:2010. In The change in designation is also important in the addition, TPR/1/7 experts are taking the second part international context. The UK now holds and runs the of the BS 8887 series into the international standards secretariats of the main international committee for arena, ISO/TC 10. The terminology standard, specification and verification, ISO/TC 213, and one BS 8887-2, is now in the very early stages – of the main subcommittees in the technical product preliminary work item – of being developed as a documentation area, ISO/TC 10 SC1. The UK national future international standard, ISO 8887-2. committee’s designation is now much clearer for our international colleagues and brings together the With all of this work and activity, TPR/1/7 – and the work of both committees under one banner. Holding broader TPR/1 committee area – is always looking the international secretariats has provided the UK for new committee members and experts to join its with a leadership role in engineering design and standards drafting groups, national committees and verification standards. Whilst it is still early days for international working groups. the UK leadership teams – in place since 2017 – the work is going very well. Further general information on taking part in standards work can be found at : http://www.bsigroup.com/ One area of high activity this year in the national en/Standards-and-Publications/About-standards/ committee has been the drafting work on the What-are-the-benefits-of-standards/ next new edition of the flagship national technical product documentation and specification standard If you would like more information on any of the TPR/1 BS 8888. The standard, which is the successor to the area projects or work programme or if you would like to much-loved BS 308, is due for publication at the very get involved in any way in the committee, please contact end of the year (taking a January 2020 publication Sarah Kelly, Lead Standards Development Manager – date). Recent editions of BS 8888 have introduced Committee Secretary to TPR/1, at BSI on sarah.kelly@ a number of important changes all of which are bsigroup.com. aimed at helping UK industry move over more fully to the ISO GPS system of international standards Sarah Kelly 29


University of Wolverhampton Racing Sponsored by the EIS

UWR / University of Wolverhampton at Formula Student 2019 – Silverstone 18th-21st July 2019 Each year, more than 130 Universities from around the world descend on Silverstone to compete in the UK leg of the Formula Student competition.

Divided into 4 classes to include petrol and electric vehicles, Formula Student is a design and build competition to take a blank sheet of paper and build a functioning car from scratch. You even have to present a business plan as part of the competition.

the sad decision to withdraw from further tests. The University of Wolverhampton team had done enough to finish a respectable 54th of 81 teams, with the eventual title going to University di Modena and Oxford Brookes as runners up.

UWR took part in Class 1 this year, with a petrolengined car (powered by a motorbike engine as per competition regulations) that included a majority of fresh design work. We’d like to thank all of the UWR sponsors who directly contributed to the build process of Formula Student including the Engineering Integrity Society.

F3 Cup While the F3 Cup team remain on hiatus after the rescheduling of a race, we’re delighted to confirm that UWR have re-taken 2nd position in the championship after a strong showing at Oulton Park.

AR Morgan Challenge at Donington Park – Sunday Over 80 teams and the Racing Wolves arrived at 21st July Silverstone determined to do better than 2018, when mechanical issues meant Wolf 4 didn’t pass UWR’s team travelled to Donington for two more scrutineering. rounds of Plus 4 Club Sport action. With qualifying and 2 races all to be done in a single day, the Over the course of five days at Silverstone, Wolf motorsport and automotive engineering students 5 would be evaluated and awarded points by a would have to work quickly and efficiently to get all panel of judges on: Design, Cost & Sustainability 3 cars on the starting line. and a Business Presentation, Technical and Safety Scrutineering, Tilt Test, Brake and Noise Test. If the In Race 1 Tony Hirst finished 8th overall scoring the car passes all of these tests, the team is then able fastest lap in class while Hamilton Smith showed to compete in: Skid Pad, Sprinting, Acceleration, patience to steal a place and finish 10th. Endurance, Fuel Economy. Part of the Racing Wolves team gave the Business Presentation with UWR In Race 2 Hamilton Smith pushed hard from 10th on placed joint 50th. the grid to catch Hirst, who began from 8th, but the ARV6 of Simon Orebi Gann overpowered the Plus 4 Test by test, Wolf 5 was getting closer to actual Club Sports with the larger engine, climbing from 9th competition passing the slightly nerve-wracking Tilt to 6th, leaving Hirst maintaining 7th place and P1 in Test with flying colours. The first test on the track class and Craig Hamilton Smith finishing in 8th place. was the acceleration. Racing Wolf Aidan Riley posted a very creditable time of 4.89 seconds but sadly Wolf Other UWR news 5 suffered some mechanical failures they weren’t able to fix in time to make runs 2, 3 and 4. But 4.89 Away from racing circuits, UWR has continued its seconds in one run was good enough to place Wolf involvement in community outreach programmes, 5 in joint 18th position, a strong showing from the inspiring primary school aged children to get involved team and enough to inspire them into one last with engineering, motorsport and STEM. long night of working ahead of the remaining tests. Sunday came, and with it a running Wolf 5 ready to The UWR team also took part in the University’s take to the Endurance circuit but a driver error saw STEM weekend event, which saw over 1,500 primary Wolf 5 hit the tyre wall and the UWR car was too school children visit the campus and take part in a damaged to be fixable in time, so the team made variety of science and technology oriented activities. 30


Inspiring the Next Generation Since the start of 2019 most of my time as been spent focussing on STEM outreach activities linked to 3D printing and additive manufacturing. Earlier in the year I led an after school STEM club at a primary school in Burton-UponTrent utilising 3D printing pens. The pens are a cheaper, more instantaneous way of introducing 3D printing to multiple children given the time constraints that printing usually creates.

The school resides in an area which has a high level of pupil premium students (those who require financial assistance from local government) and a general lack of parental engagement in education, either through choice or circumstances. I met with a teacher from the school at the Royal International Air Tattoo in July 2018, where I had an in depth conversation about the potential opportunities available to the school from Rolls-Royce or the wider STEM ambassador network. In October I decided to take the initiative and liaise with the school about what could be done for the children, given that the school had never considered a STEM club before. Due to the lack of experience of the staff I was keen to not push them too far beyond their capability. The children were also starting from a relatively low level of expectation, all of which made me decide to choose a more art focussed club. Just before the Christmas break I gave them a presentation explaining the links between Art and particularly Maths including principles such as the golden ratio. At the start of the project I had hoped to be able to do more coding based exercises with them, however I realised early on that this was not going to be possible. The variation in academic ability from two geographical areas a few miles apart can be truly astounding. The children were set a task of creating a collaborative 3D collage using the pens and I decided to get them to concentrate much more on soft skills such as teamwork, communication and collaboration than technical or academic content. This is an important skill of a STEM ambassador, knowing what works with your audience and what doesn’t. It isn’t something that can be easily taught and develops with experience, but it can be the difference between a good and an excellent STEM event.

and seeing who can complete the maze. The activity can be adapted for a wide range of audiences and could even be extended to adults by increasing the difficult of the course and reducing the time available to construct the instruction set. The pupils produced two collages using the pens, a magical woodland scene and a beach/football scene both of which were an excellent demonstration of what can be achieved using the pens. Following these initial sessions I am in discussions with the school about a potential future STEM club with more academic content. In May I spent two days at the Rolls-Royce Strategic Partnership Conference in Cardiff. The Strategic Partnership is a collective group of universities that Rolls-Royce Materials Engineering work closely with to investigate key research areas. It is comprised of around 300 academics, post-doctoral researchers and PhD students all working on aerospace and nuclear themed research for Rolls-Royce. At the conference I gave a presentation to the students and academics about the opportunities available to promote STEM, my lessons learnt and tips and advice for prospective STEM ambassadors. This included demonstrating my jet engine from junk assembly which proves even professional engineers, academics and PhD students can be made to behave like children when giant smoke rings are involved. I was working alongside Chris Smith of The Naked Scientists who provided excellent light relief using a broadcast microphone and a timer. PhD students were interviewed by Chris as if they were on a live radio show, with the stipulation that the use of technical language was banned. In the interview the students had a maximum of two minutes to answer questions posed by Chris who used his experience on the BBC Radio 5 show he presents to demonstrate how challenging a radio interview can be. The event was a great team effort and I personally learnt a lot from the radio interviewing technique, most notably how difficult it can be but also to ensure that as the speaker, you must take control of the interview.

The sessions ran over an 18 week duration and I was able to squeeze some coding sessions in by getting the pupils to construct a set of instructions for a blindfolded partner who would navigate a “space maze” complete with fake asteroids and planets. I Over the coming months I am hoping to support have used this activity before and it is well received by some internal family fun days and also develop the the pupils who enjoy reading each other’s instructions STEM club at Horninglow Primary School in BurtonContinued on page 33

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tour also took place. We hope to continue this into the year, with other grouan

Group News

Durability & Fatigue Group We have held two seminars. Durability & Integrity of Additive Manufactured Products was held at MTC Coventry on 18 June 2019.

Sound & Vibration Perception Group

Product

Electrifying Challenges for Road and Tyre Noise – at the time of writing we are in the throes of preparing for, and anticipating, this seminar at MIRA Technology Institute on 18th September 2019. With the rapid electrification of road vehicles there are significant challenges for the NVH engineering world in managing road and tyre noise. ‘Lightweighting’ of vehicles (chassis and sound pack) and increased tyre pressures to accommodate additional mass from motors and ancillaries make the engineering challenge of controlling structure and airborne noise from the road greater. We are very pleased to be able to assemble a number of relevant and technically interesting presentations that cover new research material and recent developments in the methods for understanding and improving structure-borne noise transmission from complex sources such as the road and tyre contact patch. We hope that you will be able to join us for the day as we share our knowledge, ideas and thoughts on how to tackle and address the road noise challenges for the automotive industry as it pushes ahead with the necessary electrification of vehicles.

The day focussed mainly on metallics with academia showing developments in predicting what can be achieved and industry showing what they need. As AM is a manufacturing process the formation of flaws is inherent and is therefore something which can be taken into account in both the design, material selection and process selection. Our thanks to MTC for a tour of their labs.

Integrity of Structural Joints Subjected to Fatigue Loads, was held on 4th July 2019 at AMRC, Sheffield

This was a combined event inspired by questions from the Young Engineers’ group and this group, organised by Andrew Blows (JLR). Topics ranged from aerospace to automotive to heavy-weight structures and from traditional manufacturing to adhesives. The audience reflected this diverse range and much discussion ensued along the lines of shared interests and joining technologies. Three key “strength of” themes were identified: threaded fasteners, Dave Fish, Chairman fixed continuous such as welds

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and fixed discrete such as selfpierced rivets. These themes will form the basis of working groups to share knowledge and even new R&D, building on our membership in universities and manufacturing industry. Over half the audience wanted to contribute to these groups, so we will be organising some technical meetings to discuss details. Details will be on the website and open to our wider membership. Programmes and associated abstracts for both events are on our website. Simulation, Test Measurement Group

&

This year has been running successfully to the plan I spoke of in the last journal. In April we held a very successful exhibition & seminars at Silverstone. Feedback shows everyone there found it interesting and stimulating from exhibitors, presenters and visitors. The mini seminar sessions worked well, with good sized audiences and helped attract more visitors. What was good to see was the increased attendance by younger engineers. The seminar topics, 8 in all, were based on a general theme covering “Bridging the Gap between the Virtual & Physical Worlds”. These were excellent presentations prompting lengthy discussions. I am sure the prize draw for Silverstone Grand Prix tickets helped the younger interest, and hopefully was not the main reason to come. The STMG have continued to cover other smaller events and training courses. In July there was a seminar on Specialist & Niche vehicles hosted by Morgan Cars. This seminar had a number of topics, covering homologation, durability testing, advanced


topics such as the collection of data for Autonomous vehicles, Optimised Maintenance, how to test in order to validate simulations, scaling up test results from smaller model tests.

engineering, inspection and review of the fundamentals of test work – this all focussed on the application to specialist and niche vehicles. A very interesting factory tour also took place. We hope to continue this into the year, with other group meetings covering data collection and analysis and dates are being organised. In addition, we are reviewing the advantages of running training sessions or seminars on a number of other

Continued from page 31.

another keynote speaker at the exhibition. Any suggestions would be welcomed.

The EIS, usually supported by the STMG will be at the Advanced Engineering Show at the NEC in Other topics being considered November with a stand and will for future events include “The give a forum presentation on use of Statistics in Testing” and both days. We are looking for “Environmental Testing”. We are volunteers to help man the stand looking for further suggestions nearer the time of the event. and some active discussions. One important aim for the STMG We are now looking at the 2020 is to continue the development exhibition, again aiming to be at of the Young Engineers Seminars. Silverstone, and to stick to the It is our opportunity to pass on same format as 2019 with the knowledge and skills and a way to exhibition organisation and split invite the participation of young mini seminar sessions. engineers into the STMG and our society. Sessions have been proposed to include – Environmental David Ensor Considerations, Alternative Chairman Power, Autonomous Vehicles, Implications of the Electric Future. The STMG are seeking

Institute of Materials afternoon discussion meeting

Inspiring the Next Generation

An afternoon discussion meeting for the Rubber in Engineering

Upon-Trent. As ever if anyone is interested in knowing more about how they can get involved in STEM please do not hesitate to contact me or your local STEMnet contract holder.

group of the IOM is to be held in June 2020 on: “Elastomers in

Grant Gibson EngD BEng (Hons) – Materials Technologist, Surface Engineering, Rolls-Royce Plc. grant.gibson@rolls-royce.com Tel: 07469375700

electric vehicles”. These Afternoon meetings are free of charge and informal. A few papers are chosen and then we try to encourage discussion amongst the audience. Many of these speakers are very knowledgeable so that people of different levels off knowledge can gain benefit from the meeting and also gain some idea of who they could talk to about any specific problems they have. If anyone would like to contribute a paper please contact Dave Boast at: daveboast@dbesol.co.uk

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Committee Members

President: Professor Roderick A Smith, FREng. ScD Directors

Peter Bailey, Instron Robert Cawte, HBM United Kingdom Graham Hemmings, Engineering Consultant Richard Hobson, Serco Rail Technical Services Nick Richardson, Servotest Norman Thornton, Engineering Consultant John Yates, Engineering Consultant

Chairman

John Yates, Engineering Consultant

Vice Chairman

Richard Hobson, Serco Rail Technical Services

Treasurer

Graham Hemmings, Engineering Consultant

Company Secretary

Nick Richardson, Servotest

EIS Secretariat Sara Atkin

Communications Sub Committee – ‘Engineering Integrity’ Journal of the EIS Honorary Editor Farnoosh Farhad

Managing Editor Catherine Pinder

Sound & Vibration Product Perception Group Chairman

David Fish, JoTech

Deputy Chairman

Keith Vickers, Bruel & Kjaer UK

Members

Emiel Barten, Muller BBM VAS Dave Boast, DB Engineering Solutions Mark Burnett, HORIBA MIRA Martin Cockrill, Polytec Paul Francis, JCB James Herbert, Bruel & Kjaer UK Peter Jackson, European Acoustical Products Paul Jennings, Warwick University Chris Knowles, Consultant Andrew McQueen, Siemens Jon Richards, Honda UK

Simulation, Test & Measurement Group Chairman

David Ensor, Engineering Consultant

Members

Jack Allcock, Tata Steel Carl Babcock, Data Acquisition & Testing Services Ltd Marc Brown, Vibration Research Lloyd Butler, DTR VMS Steve Coe, Data Physics (UK)

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Dave Copley, Consultant Robin Garvie, Airbus Steve Heath, Serco Rail Technical Services Graham Hemmings, Engineering Consultant Richard Hobson, Serco Rail Technical Services Jerry Hughes, Moog Ben Huxham, Prosig Jonathan Joy, Millbrook Proving Ground Virrinder Kumar, HBM United Kingdom Trevor Margereson, Engineering Consultant Alex O'Neill, Jaguar Land Rover/University of Surrey Steve Payne, HORIBA MIRA Tim Powell, MTS Systems Anton Raath, CaTs3 Gary Rands, Siemens Nick Richardson, Servotest Paul Roberts, HBM Prenscia Raul Rodriguez, Hyster Yale Jarek Rosinski, Transmission Dynamics Norman Thornton, Engineering Consultant John Wilkinson, Engineering Consultant Darren Williams, Millbrook Proving Ground Scott Williams, Williams F1 Rob Wood, GOM Jeremy Yarnall, Data Acquisition and Testing Services Ltd

Durability & Fatigue Group Chairman

Peter Bailey, Instron

Deputy Chairman Jamie Shenton, JCB

Members

Hayder Ahmad, Safran John Atkinson, Consultant Martin Bache, Swansea University Andrew Blows, Jaguar Land Rover Robert Cawte, HBM United Kingdom Amir Chahardehi, Atkins Energy Richard Cornish, Birmingham City University Farnoosh Farhad Hassan Ghadbeigi, Sheffield University Lee Gilbert, Element Oliver Greenwood, Rolls Royce Phil Irving, Engineering Consultant Karl Johnson, Zwick Roell Group Chris Magazzeni, Oxford University Angelo Maligno, IISE, University of Derby Ali Mehmanparast, Cranfield University Andrew Mills, Siemens Giovanni De Morais, Dassault Systèmes Simulia Karen Perkins, Swansea University Davood Sarchamy, Airbus Giora Shatil, Darwind Andy Stiles, Aero Engine Controls James Trainor Vicki Wilkes, Phoenix Materials Testing John Yates, Engineering Consultant Committee members can be contacted via the EIS Secretariat, Tel: 01623 884225

35


Corporate Member Profiles Bruel & Kjaer UK

CaTs3

Tel: 01223 389 800 Email: ukinfo@bksv.com Website: www.bksv.co.uk Contact: Heather Wilkins

Tel: 02476 546159 Email: anton.raath@cats3.com Website: www.cats3.com Contact: Anton Raath

Brüel & Kjær is a world-leading manufacturer of sound and vibration solutions for use in a wide range of applications including: environmental noise measurements, building acoustics, vibration measurements and quality control, for use in automotive, aerospace and consumer industries.

CaTs3 (pronounced “Cats cubed”) is a leading specialist in design, development and supply of Digital Controllers and Software for Materials, Components and Structural integrity testing. Used in many test laboratories around the world, our products are applied in simple single axis to high channel count multi-axis simulation test rigs.

We design and manufacturer sound level meters, microphones, accelerometers, conditioning amplifiers, calibrators, noise and vibration analysers and software.

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We run a variety of training courses, from basic introductions on noise to specialised training helping customers get the most from their equipment.

Working in close co-operation with the leading, global supplier Zwick Roell, we offer the perfect solution to new systems as well as controller/software modernisations to give older generation systems a new lease of life. Despite the wealth of advanced functionality, extreme simplicity and ease of use are a key to our Control Cube servo-controller and Cubus software.

Dassault Systèmes SIMULIA

Data Physics (UK) Ltd

Tel: (44) 1 925 830900 Email: Simulia.uk.info@3ds.com Website: http://www.3ds.com/ products-services/simulia/

Tel: 01323 846464 Email: stephen.coe@dataphysics.com Website: www.dataphysics.com Contact: Steve Coe

As an integral part of the Dassault Systèmes 3DEXPERIENCE platform, SIMULIA applications — including Abaqus, fe-safe, Isight, Tosca, Simpoe-Mold and Simpack — enable users to leverage physics-based simulation and high-performance computing to accelerate the evaluation and optimization of product performance, reliability and safety — before committing to costly and time-consuming physical prototypes. fe-safe is at the forefront of durability analysis for FEA technology, interfacing with all major FEA software. With a focus on the accuracy of fatigue life predictions, regardless of the complexity of your analysis, fe-safe fits smoothly into your design process, enabling you to develop products that are designed for durability. www.3ds.com/simulia

Data Physics is a total solution supplier of Dynamic Test equipment for Noise, Vibration and Structural Dynamics. With a wide range of Analysers, Vibration Controllers, Electrodynamic shakers and High Energy Acoustic Noise Generators, Data Physics has a solution for virtually every form of dynamic testing requirement.


Datron Technology Limited

HEAD acoustics UK Limited

Tel: 01908 261655 Email: info@datrontechnology.co.uk Website: www.datrontechnology.co.uk Contact: John Grist

Tel: 01788 568714

Datron Technology was formed in 1990 and has been supplying specialised vehicle test systems and sensors to all forms of automotive, rail and motorsport engineers. Our main area of expertise is non-contact sensors, offering accurate vehicle speed, slip-angle, pitch, roll etc. We also offer a wide range of sensors, data acquisition systems and analysis software that covers applications from motorcycles to F1 or HGV to railways. GPS has become a large part of vehicular testing and we have products that overcome GPS limitations with inertial solutions.

Email: tony.shepperson@head-acoustics.com and Gillian.Phillips@head-acoustics.com Website: https://www.head-acoustics.de/ eng/index.htm Contact: Tony Shepperson & Gillian Phillips HEAD acoustics has developed hardware and software solutions for measuring and analysing sound events on the basis of aurally-accurate recording and playback systems, which have become today’s industry standard. In addition, HEAD acoustics researched and developed numerous internationally-approved measurement tools in other fields of noise and vibration and telecommunication technology. HEAD acoustics has subsidiaries in the USA, Japan, France and more recently the UK. As part of its worldwide representation, HEAD acoustics closely cooperates with numerous international sales partners.

PCB Piezotronics Ltd

Variohm Eurosensor Ltd

Tel: 01438 908908 Email: ukinfo@pcb.com Website: www.pcb.com Contact: Bob Barrett

Tel: 01327 351004 Email: sales@variohm@com Website: www.variohm.com Contact: Pat Goodridge

PCB make Piezoelectric sensors and accessories for measuring acceleration, and dynamic pressure and force. PCB introduced IPC technology, now commonly called IEPE, to the market with more recent innovations such as the UHT12 material allowing measurements to 650˚C. We serve both the Test and Measurement as well as the industrial Condition Monitoring marketplace.

Variohm Eurosensor is a leading single source supplier of sensors and associated electronic systems and has provided this service since 1974. Our aim is to provide an efficient, cost-effective and totally flexible service to customers, irrespective of their size, business or geographical location. Our goal is to ensure the correct sensor(s) are supplied for our customers application. This can either be from our extensive range of stock products, inhouse production facility, or globally sourced from the world’s leading sensor manufacturers.

PCB prides itself on our Total Customer Satisfaction (TCS) approach to our customers and retain many products designated as Platinum in stock, ensuring fast delivery.

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Corporate Members The following companies are corporate members of the Engineering Integrity Society. We thank them for their continued support which helps the Society to run its wide-ranging events throughout the year. AcSoft Airbus ANV Measurement Systems Bruel and Kjaer CaTs3 CentraTEQ Correlated Solutions Dassault Systemes Data Acquisition and Testing Services Ltd Data Physics Datron Technology Dewesoft Flintec Gantner Instruments GOM HBM Head Acoustics

HORIBA MIRA Instron Interface Force Measurements iPetronik Kistler M&P International Mecmesin Meggit Sensing Systems Micro Measurements Micro-Epsilon Millbrook MOOG MTS Systems Muller BBM Nprime PCB Piezotronics PDS Hitech Phoenix Materials Testing Ltd

Polytec Prosig Rutherford Appleton Lab Sensors UK Servotest Severn Thermal Solutions Siemens Star Hydraulics Strainsense Systems Services Techni Measure THP Systems Tiab Transmission Dynamics Variohm Vibration Research Zwick

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Engineering Integrity Issue 47  

Journal of the Engineering Integrity Society

Engineering Integrity Issue 47  

Journal of the Engineering Integrity Society