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Fatigue 2017 Proceedings of the 7th Engineering Integrity Society International Conference on Durability & Fatigue Downing College, Cambridge, UK 3-5 July 2017 Editors: P. Bailey, F. Berto, E. R. Cawte, P. Roberts, M. T. Whittaker, J. R. Yates

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PUBLISHED BY ENGINEERING INTEGRITY SOCIETY 17 Harrier Close, Cottesmore, Rutland, LE15 7BT Tel: +44 (0)1572 811315 Email: info@e-i-s.org.uk Website: www.e-i-s.org.uk © 2017 Engineering Integrity Society All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanicak, photo-sopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Engineering Integrity Society, UK. The chapters are reproduced by permission of the individual authors.

ISBN 978-0-9544368-3-4 RELATED PUBLICATIONS FATIGUE 2007 - FATIGUE & DURABILITY ASSESSMENT OF MATERIALS, COMPONENTS & STRUCTURES - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference of the Engineering Integrity Society, Queens’ College, Cambridge, UK., March 26-28, 2007, - Editors: M. R. Bache, P. A. Blackmore, E. R. Cawte, P. Roberts and J. R. Yates, ISBN 978-0-9544368-1-0 (2007) 257 pages. FATIGUE 2003 - FATIGUE & DURABILITY ASSESSMENT OF MATERIALS, COMPONENTS & STRUCTURES - Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the Engineering Integrity Society, Queens’ College, Cambridge, UK., April 7-9, 2003, - Editors: M. R. Bache, P. A. Blackmore, J. Draper, J. H. Edwards, P. Roberts and J. R. Yates, ISBN 0 9544368 0 6 (2003) 566 pages. FATIGUE 2000 - FATIGUE & DURABILITY ASSESSMENT OF MATERIALS, COMPONENTS & STRUCTURES - Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference of the Engineering Integrity Society, Robinson College, Cambridge, UK., April 10-12, 2000 - Editors: M. R. Bache, P. A. Blackmore, J. Draper, J. H. Edwards, P. Roberts and J. R. Yates, ISBN 1 901537 16 1, 600 pages. PRODUCT OPTIMISATION FOR INTEGRITY – COMPUTERS: A BOON OR A BURDEN? – Proceedings of the Third International Conference of the Engineering Integrity Society, Sheffield, U.K., April 3-5, 1995 – Editors: E. R. Cawte, J. M. Draper and N. Trigwell, ISBN 0 947817 76 X, 315 pages. ENGINEERING INTEGRITY THROUGH TESTING – Proceedings of the Second International Conference of the Engineering Integrity Society, Birmingham, U.K., March 20-22, 1990 – Editor: H. G. Morgan, ISBN 0 947817 39 5 (1990), 537 pages. MEASUREMENT AND FATIGUE – Proceedings of the First International Conference of the Engineering Integrity Society, Bournemouth, U.K., March 17-20, 1986 – Editor: J. M. Tunna, ISBN 0 947817 11 5 (1986), 565 pages.

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FATIGUE 2017

PREFACE

The Engineering Integrity Society has been organising international conferences for more than 30 years. In that time the Society has established its distinctive approach of bringing practising engineers and researchers from both industry and academia together at its workshops, seminars, exhibitions and conferences. Fatigue 2017 is the seventh in our series of major conferences and brings the international fatigue and durability community together to share knowledge, and understand the challenges, in using high performance materials for reliable and cost effective products. Fatigue 2017 builds on our previous fatigue conferences by exploring the emergence of modern manufacturing processes and the impact these have on the mechanical properties of the materials themselves right through to the performance of the final components. This complex interplay between materials and their processing, advanced manufacturing methods, and the subsequent durability and reliability of the products forms a dominant theme throughout the conference. The EIS is a registered charity and one of our aims is to encourage young people to enter and stay in the engineering professions. We are pleased that one fifth of the papers at Fatigue 2017 have been written and presented by early career engineers and all are eligible for the Peter Watson Prize, awarded in memory of our Founding President who was a great supporter of our fatigue conferences. Dr John Yates Conference Convenor

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FATIGUE 2017

The success of any conference depends on many factors, not least an enthusiastic and efficient team of organisers in the background. To this end, I must pay tribute to the following for their commitment, support and in the case of the International Scientific Committee, valuable time and effort spent reviewing the papers submitted for the proceedings: Conference Secretariat: Mrs Sara Atkin Conference Organising Committee: Dr John Yates Robert Cawte Paul Roberts Trevor Margereson Sara Atkin Local Technical Committee: Dr John Yates Robert Cawte Paul Roberts Dr Mark Whittaker Professor Filippo Berto Professor Angelo Maligno Dr Ali Mehmanparast Dr Peter Bailey Dr Nicolas Larrosa Dr Hassan Ghadbeigi Dr Hayder Ahmad International Scientific Committee: Professor Hong Youshi (China) Professor Filippo Berto (Italy) Dr Yee Han Tai (UK) Professor Martin Bache (UK) Professor Jie Tong (UK) Professor Luca Susmel (UK) Professor Ir. Dr. Shahrum Abdullah (Malaysia)

Thank you to our Sponsors: Leading Sponsor: HBM Prenscia Sponsors: ADwin Dassault Systèmes SIMULIA GOM UK Instron Matelect Phoenix Materials Testing Ltd. Severn Thermal Solutions Siemens Zwick

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FATIGUE 2017

CONTENTS 1: FATIGUE OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURED MATERIALS The fatigue and crack growth characteristics of additive-manufactured alloys for cost efficient high integrity aeroengine components N. C. Barnard, R. J. Lancaster, M. Jones, I. Mitchell & M. R. Bache .............................................................................9 Fatigue behaviour of Ti64 parts made by selective laser melting process subjected to different post treatment conditions M. Benedetti, M. Cazzolli, M. Leoni, V. Fontanari & M. Bandini.....................................................................................21 Linking processing defects and fatigue behaviour of additive manufactured AlSi10Mg N. O. Larrosa, C. Evans, J. Carr, U. Tradowsky, N. Read, M. M. Attallah & P. J. Withers .............................................40 Test development to support fatigue crack growth measurements in flow formed inconel 718 C. Coleman, M. R. Bache & C. Boettcher ........................................................................................................................52

2: MATHEMATICAL AND NUMERICAL MODELLING A simplification of a microstructural model to predict fatigue limits in notches using FEA V. Chaves, C. Madrigal & A. Navarro ..............................................................................................................................62 Implementation of plasticity model for a steel with mixed cyclic softening and hardening and its application to fatigue assessments V. Okorokov, T. Comlekci, D. MacKenzie, R. van Rijswick & Y. Gorash ........................................................................72 Effect of the material modelling and the experimental material characterisation on Fatigue Life Estimation within Strain-Based Fatigue Assessment Approaches M. Hell, R. Wagener, H. Kaufmann & T. Melz ..................................................................................................................82

3: VARIABLE AMPLITUDE FATIGUE A revised understanding of major load interaction mechanisms in variable-amplitude fatigue R. Sunder .........................................................................................................................................................................92 Efficient frequency domain fatigue approaches for automotive components G. Teixeira, M. Roberts, V. Nascimento, D. Novello & T. Clarke ....................................................................................110 Fatigue life assessment method based on load spectra considering nonlinear stress behavior and its validation with testing results C. Donertas, M. Zacharzuck, M. Siktas & B. Ozmen ......................................................................................................128 The needs to integrate durability assessment using stochastic process for an automobile crankshaft S. S. K. Singh, S. Abdullah, M. F. M. Yunoh & N. M. N. Abdullah ...................................................................................138 Determining probabilistic-based failure of damaging features for fatigue strain loadings M. F. M. Yunoh, S. Abdullah, M. H. M. Saad, Z. M. Nopiah, M. Z. Nuawi & S. S. K. Singh............................................148

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FATIGUE 2017

4: HIGH TEMPERATURE AND THERMOMECHANICAL FATIGUE Effect of voids and inclusions on the high temperature localised cyclic behaviour of a next generation power plant material E. M. O’Hara, N. M. Harrison, B. K. Polomski, R. A. Barrett & S. B. Leen ...................................................................158 Assessment of optical based control methods for thermo-mechanical fatigue J. P. Jones, S. P. Brookes, M. T. Whittaker, R. J. Lancaster, A. Dyer & S. J. Williams .....................................................171 Development and validation of a facility to test the thermo-mechanical fatigue behaviour of TiMMCs A. L. Dyer, J. P. Jones, M. T. Whittaker & R. D. Cutts ....................................................................................................181 The fatigue behaviour of carburised 316H stainless steel and the application to nuclear plant assessment A. Wisbey, M. Chevalier, D. Dean, P. Deem, M. Lynch, J. Eaton-McKay & M. Turnock....................................................191

5: CORROSION FATIGUE Corrosion fatigue assessment of brazed AISI 304/BNi-2 joints in synthetic exhaust gas condensate A. Schmiedt, D. Nowak, M. Manka, L. Wojarski, W. Tillmann & F. Walther ...................................................................201

6: FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH AND CLOSURE Assessment of the effect of overloads on growing fatigue cracks using full-field optical techniques J. M. Vasco-Olmo & F.A. Diaz ......................................................................................................................................211 Study of the stress intensity factor in the bulk of the material with synchrotron diffraction P. Lopez-Crespo, J. Vazquez-Peralta, C. Simpson, B. Moreno, T. Buslaps & P. J. Withers .............................................224

7: FATIGUE AT WELDS AND NOTCHES I Different approaches for fatigue assessment of butt-welded joints C. M. Rizzo, F. Berto & T. Welo ......................................................................................................................................234 Fatigue assessment of welded joints in large steel structures: a modified nominal stress definition M. Colussi, F. Berto & G. Meneghetti ............................................................................................................................247 Crack initiation life of notched titanium and steel bars under uniaxial and multiaxial fatigue: calibration analysis of the potential drop method A. Campagnolo, G. Meneghetti, F. Berto & K. Tanaka ...................................................................................................259

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8: MULTIAXIAL FATIGUE I Recent developments on multiaxial fatigue strength of titanium alloys F. Berto, A. Campagnolo & S. Vantadori .......................................................................................................................270 Accuracy of software Multi_FEASTŠ in estimating multiaxial fatigue damage in metallic materials L. Susmel ........................................................................................................................................................................284 Multiaxial low cycle fatigue analysis of notched specimen for type 316L stainless steel under non-proportional loading T. Morishita, S. Bressan, T. Itoh, P. Gallo & F. Berto .....................................................................................................302 Effect of interchange in principal stress and strain directions on multiaxial fatigue strength of type 316 stainless steel Y. Takada, T. Morishita & T. Itoh ....................................................................................................................................312

9: FATIGUE OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS Fatigue properties of solution strengthened ferritic ductile cast irons in heavy section castings T. Borsato, F. Berto, P. Ferro & C. Carollo ....................................................................................................................322 Contact fatigue characterization of 17NiCrMo6-4 specimens using a twin-disc test bench A. Terrin & G. Meneghetti ..............................................................................................................................................332 Overview of copper wire failure mechanisms in rotating machinery H. Y. Ahmad, D. Bonnieman & D. C. Howard ................................................................................................................345

10: FATIGUE AT WELDS AND NOTCHES II Significance of undercuts on fatigue strength of butt-welded joints C. Steimbreger & M. D. Chapetti ...................................................................................................................................354 Consideration of weld distortion throughout the identification of fatigue curve parameters using mean stress correction Y. Gorash, X. Zhou, T. Comlekci, D. MacKenzie & J. Bayyouk ......................................................................................366 Calculation of stress concentration factors in offshore welded structures using 3d laser scanning technology and finite element analysis L. Wang, W. Vesga Rivera, A. Mehmanparast, F. Brennan & A. Kolios ..........................................................................378

11: MULTIAXIAL FATIGUE II Multiaxial fatigue test and strength using cyclic bending and torsion testing machine H. Sato, T. Morishita, T. Itoh & M. Sakane .....................................................................................................................389 Numerical study on influence of non-proportional stressing on fretting fatigue life assessment R. H. Talemi ...................................................................................................................................................................399 The heat energy dissipated in a control volume to correlate the fatigue strength of severely notched and cracked stainless steel specimens G. Meneghetti & M. Ricotta ...........................................................................................................................................414

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FATIGUE 2017

12: INFLUENCE OF MANUFACTURING PROCESSES ON FATIGUE High cycle fatigue behaviour in ultrasonic-shot-peened β-type Ti alloy and EBSD-assisted fractography of sub-surface fatigue crack initiation Y. Uematsu, T. Kakiuchi & K. Hattori .............................................................................................................................425 Effect of additive elements on crack initiation and propagation behaviour for low-Ag solders N. Hiyoshi, M. Yamashita & H. Hokazono .....................................................................................................................436 Fatigue assessment of adhesive wood joints through physical measuring techniques S. Myslicki, C. Winkler, N. Gelinski, U. Schwarz & F. Walther .......................................................................................446

13: FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH AND CLOSURE II Experimental investigation of thickness effects on fatigue crack closure behaviour in Al7075-T6 alloy K. Masuda, S. Ishihara & M. Okane ..............................................................................................................................456 Through thickness evolution of crack tip plasticity D. Camas, P. Lopez-Crespo, F. V. Antunes & J. R. Yates ................................................................................................466

14: FATIGUE OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES Fatigue behaviour and mean stress effect of thermoplastic polymers and composites Z. Lu, B. Feng & C. Loh ................................................................................................................................................475 How simple is as simple as possible? P. Heyes .........................................................................................................................................................................481 A progressive damage fatigue model for unidirectional laminated composites based on finite element analysis: theory and practice M. Hack, D. Carrella-Payan, B. Magneville, T. Naito, Y. Urushiyama, T. Yokozeki, W. Yamazaki, & W. Van Paepege ...........................................................................................................................................................493 Fatigue behaviour of nylon-clay hybrid nanocomposites S. J. Zhu, A. Usuki & M. Kato .........................................................................................................................................502 Fatigue limits of natural rubber using the carbon black filler materials M. J. Jweeg, M. Al-Waily, D. C. Howard & H. Y. Ahmad ...............................................................................................508

15: DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT Target reliability as an acceptance criterion for fatigue K. Wright ........................................................................................................................................................................519 Multiaxial fatigue strength prediction criteria – development of validation data sets J. Papuga, M. Lutovinov & M. Růžička .........................................................................................................................532 Approach to a general bending fatigue strength design method G. Deng & T. Nakanishi .................................................................................................................................................542

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Profile for sara atkin

Proceedings of 7th Engineering Integrity Society International Conference on Durability & Fatigue  

Downing College, Cambridge, UK 3-5 July 2017

Proceedings of 7th Engineering Integrity Society International Conference on Durability & Fatigue  

Downing College, Cambridge, UK 3-5 July 2017