Page 24

24

AN ENDS TO A MEANS

It would seem contradictory for Pope Urban II, who controlled and reigned over the Roman Catholic Church, to call for the First Crusade in 1095. How could an entity such as the Roman Catholic Church, which claimed itself to be an advocate for peace, officially sanction war? Although the intentions of Pope Urban II are unclear, It seems the Catholic Church believed that the ends justified the means; historians believe these means that the Pope employed was in hope for: a check on the spread of Islam which was seen as a threat to Catholicism, provide aid to fellow Christians in the east, deploy Christian mercenaries to protect Christendom, conquer pagan areas, recapture formerly Christian territories and spread catholic dominance over the world; and for the crusaders themselves, the aims were to please God and gain redemption and expiation for sins. Scholars have also suggested that this period was a time when people expected the apocalypse, particularly after the coming of Jesus of Nazareth, and suggest that society at that time considered that the world as a whole would have a definitive end. The first Crusade was declared following the Sermon of Pope Urban II at Cleremont, France. It was a time when two-thirds of the ancient Christian world had been conquered by Islam; such as, Palestine, Syria, Egypt and Anatolia; but most significant of all, Jerusalem- Holy city to Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Christianity was beginning to lose power and strength in Europe prior to the First Crusades. The Sermon received overwhelming support from Christians, and the haunting cries at the Sermon of “Deus le volt”- “God Wills It”, would be something OCT 2015

that has Christians and others alike today shudder when heard. “Deus le volt”- the tragic rationale that led approximated 4,000 mounted Knights and 25,000 infantry including peasants and mercenaries alike to march through horror and peril, death and disease, famine and pain, to the gates of Jerusalem.

Pope Urban II Preaching the First Crusade

Profile for Positively Transforming World

PTW: October 2015  

Terrorism, Extremism and Violence. We end our focus on world issues talking to ex-Jihadist Usama Hassan and 'Escape From ISIS' documentary d...

PTW: October 2015  

Terrorism, Extremism and Violence. We end our focus on world issues talking to ex-Jihadist Usama Hassan and 'Escape From ISIS' documentary d...

Profile for ptwmag
Advertisement