Biological Approach The biological approach means that our behaviour is the cause of biological factors - this can mean chemical reactions in the brain. For instance, in studies on stress it has been found that, in exams, boys get more stressed than girls - it was discovered that boys produced more of the stress hormone cortisol than girls. This is an example of a biological explanation. Another example is in eating disorders - twin studies were carried out and it was shown that if one identical twin suffered from an eating disorder then the other twin would also be more likely to suffer from a disorder as well. This did not happen with non-identical twins, suggesting that the cause is biological as there was a clear difference between non-identical and identical twins, yet all twins share the same upbringing etc.
I’m Organize I’m a very hard worker girl I fight for what I want I’m Honest Sometimes I get upset and I act a little rude. I´m not “thaaaat” patient I love my family
Psychoanalitic approach Based on the belief that childhood experiences greatly influence the development of later personality traits and psychological problems
Behavioral Approach Human behavior is learned, thus all behavior can be unlearned and newbehaviors learned in its place. Behaviorism is concerned primarily with theobservable and measurable aspects of human behavior. Cross-Cultural approach Cross-cultural psychology is the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes, including both their variability and invariance, under diverse cultural conditions.Through expanding research methodologies to recognize cultural variance in behavior, language, and meaning it seeks to extend and develop psychology.
Cognitive Approach Cognition refers to mental activity including thinking, remembering, learning and using language. When we apply a cognitive approach to learning and teaching, we focus on the understaning of information and concepts. If we are able to understand the connections between concepts, break down information and rebuild with logical connections, then our rention of material and understanding will increase. When we are aware of these mental actions, monitor them and control ourlearning processes it is called metacognition Other psychological approaches focus on different components of humanactivity. Behaviorists focuson the examination and analysis of objectively observable and quantifiablebehaviorial events.
Application of humanistic approach: Applications within the humanistic approach: 1. Cooperative learning: Balancing teaching and achievement academic skills with the need to acquire personal and life skills. 2. Emotional literacy class: Aims teaching emotional skills, no acknowledging the role of feelings and emotions in learning. 3. Humanistic strategies in the classroom: Student-Centered learning Emotional support Open Seminars Cooperative learning
Evolutionary psychology Is an approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological traits such as memory,perception, and language from a modern evolutionary perspective. It seeks to identify which human psychological traits are evolvedadaptations â€“ that is, the functional products of natural selection or sexual selection.
Humanistic Approach It typically holds that people are inherently good. It adopts a holistic approach to human existence and pays special attention to such phenomena as creativity, free will, and human potential. It encourages viewing ourselves as a "whole person" greater than the sum of our parts and encourages self exploration rather than the study of behavior in other people.
Published on Apr 22, 2014