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Urban Regeneration in Shenzhen WEI, Chen, UPDIS Oct, 31st, 2013


Relating Facts about Shenzhen’ Development Place, People, Past

Total land area Population Density by POPULATION Floor space under construction Per-capita urban public green areas

2,000 sq. km 1.3 billion(2009) 6800 47 mil sq. m 16 sq.m


Relating Facts about Shenzhen’ Development Place, People, Past

1980


Click to edit Master text styles Relating Facts about Shenzhen’ Development Second level Place, People, Past ● Third level

● Fourth level ● Fifth level

1980


Relating Facts about Shenzhen’ Development Place, People, Past

1983


Relating Facts about Shenzhen’ Development Place, People, Past

1985


Relating Facts about Shenzhen’ Development Place, People, Past

1991


Challenges SZ Is Encountering after “Rapid Growth”

Lack of Land & Fast Growing Population

1980年土地利用 1988年土地利用 1994年土地利用 2000年土地利用 2005年土地利用类型 0

12.5 Kilometers

25

高密度城镇用地 低密度城镇用地 耕地

园地 林地 灌草地

水域 湿地 未利用地

±


Challenges SZ Is Encountering after “Rapid Growth”

Lack of Land & Fast Growing Population CITY

POPULATION

LAND AREA (SQKM)

DENSITY PER SQKM

SHENZHEN

8,000,000

466

17,150

BEIJING

8,614,000

748

11,500

SHANGHAI

10,000,000

746

13,400

SAN FRANSCICO

3,229,000

1,365

2,530

NEW YORK

17,800,000

8,683

2,050

Largest cities in the world ranked by population density (2007)

http://www.citymayors.com/statistics/largest-cities-density-125.html


Challenges SZ Is Encountering after “Rapid Growth”

Lack of Land & Fast Growing Population To Protect City From Urban Sprawl, 1215 sqkm land (60%) is Put inside the Green Line


Challenges SZ Is Encountering after “Rapid Growth”

Lack of Land & Fast Growing Population Including Wild Land, Urban Parks, Golf, River Corridor, Forestry …


Challenges SZ Is Encountering after “Rapid Growth”

Inside Development, and Outside ofMerits the Green Line Informal Vs. Pitfalls Informal (illegal) Development …


Challenges SZ Is Encountering after “Rapid Growth”

Inside and Outside of the Green Line Informal (illegal) Development …


Relating Facts about Shenzhen’ Development To Balance the Public and Private Interests:

Free up land for more productive uses, thereby reducing pressure for sprawl

Formalization the Informal Land •

Buildings on formal land price doubled!

Increase the City Qualities •

Public Space, More Branch Streets, High Performance Buildings


Regeneration Concentrations

Urban Villages (mostly illegal), Merits Vs. Pitfalls


Regeneration Concentrations

Vacant Industrial Buildings and Warehouses after the Manufacture moving away


Implementation of Urban Regeneration

Private Development Under Government’s Regulation Urban Development Strategy

Entire city / Strategic

District

Regional Comprehensive Plan

Comprehensive Plan

Urban Planning Standard and Guidelines

Sub-City Level Plan (3)

District & Sub-district Plans (12)

Local

Statutory Planning (Ordinances & Projections)

Specific Detailed Plan

Urban Design


Encourage of Market Involvement :

Public Interest Development Profit


Encourage of Market Involvement : 担任项目的组织者,总体承担项 目的技术统筹工作,并承担可行 性研究、空间规划等技术工作

Government

Planers

Developer

Urban Regeneration Marketing

others

Assessment 承担项目的职能定位、业 态选择、经营模式、经济 效益评估等技术工作

Engineering 承担项目的交通评估、区 域交通协调、交通改造方 案设计等技术工作

需要时引入其他专业机构 或人才进入项目组,承担 项目相应技术工作


Implementation By the Developers Redevelopment Detailed Plans (Developer created)

Creation of All Levels of Plans

Planning Bureau

Does content of appeal or plan conform to city plans?

District Board NO

YES

Municipal Planning Bureau

Public Review

Architecture and Environmental Board

Appeal Approved


Key Actions During the Project Process To Balance the Public and Private Interests:

Official Proclaim the Land •

IF INFROMAL BEFORE, 30% OF THE LAND TO BE CONTRIBUTED TO PUBLIC.

AT LEAST 15% OF THE LAND MUST BE CONTRIBUTEDTO PUBLIC USE


Key Actions During the Project Process To Balance the Public and Private Interests:

Place of Assigned Public Facilities •

EDUCAITONAL, UTILITES, SANITATION …

SOCIAL HOUSES ARE REQIUED IF YOU PROPOSE NEW RESIDENTIALS OPTION 01: 30% TO NON-FROFIT SOCIAL HOUSING OPTION 02: 70% TO LOWER PRICE


Key Actions During the Project Process To Balance the Public and Private Interests:

Bargains of Gross Building Areas •

THE DEVELOPER WANTS MORE

THE CONSTRAINT OF INFRASTRUCTRE

THE SPACIAL QUALITIES

+ Developer

Government Basic Gross Building Area -


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Existing Interpretations


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Existing Interpretations

SITE


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Ownership Development Cooperation by the residents Land Ownership Transfer.


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Goals

更新单元


Practical Cases: Working Base:

Statuary Plan


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Public Shared Land and Facilities


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Enough Gross Building Area to Get Interest


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Enough Gross Building Area to Get Interest 居住用地( R )地块规模修正系数 用地规模 ha

≤0.7

0.7-1

1-3

≥3 每增加 1ha

修正系数

-6%

-3%

0

-5%

商业用地( C )地块规模修正系数 用地规模 ha

≤0.3

0.3-0.5

0.5-0.7

0.7-1.5

≥1.5 每增加 1ha

修正系数

-12%

-6%

-3%

0

-5%

地铁站点修正系数 车站综合定位 区位情 况

修正系 数

距离站点 (m)

综合枢纽站

交通接驳站

片区中心站

一般站

200

+80%

0

+60%

+40%

500

+60%

0

+40%

+20%

周边道路修正系数 地块类别

一边临路

两边临路

三边临路

周边临路

修正系数

0

+10%

+20%

+30%


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Enough Gross Building Area to Get Interest

258,000 sq m. 245,000 sq m. 223,000 sq m.

Senior’s Home

Land For Pr. School

Public Space

Basic Volume

183,000 sq m.


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Enough Gross Building Area to Get Interest 控制指标

Sqm

序号

控制要素

1

Land for Remove (㎡)

63449.3

2

Land for Construction (㎡)

40918.2

Gross Building Area (㎡)

243450

3

其中

Residential

108050 ( Social Housing7570 , others490 )

Commercial

45000

Office

50000

Condo

38000

Public Facilities

2400

Kindergarten

其中

2400

4

Height ( m)

150

5

Green Land Ratio(%)

25

6

Residents (人)

3460

Parking Position (个)

1740

For the Residents or Useer (个)

1570

Public (个)

170

7

其中


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Layout


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Layout


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:


Practical Cases: Qinghu Regeneration Plan:

Layout


Thank You !


Shenzhen chenwei