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Reflections on China JP McNeil PSU-China Innovations in Urbanization


Overview •

CAUPD Project: QOL and Urban Villages

Bicycles in Shenzen

Biking in the city

Thoughts on shared space(?)

Closing thoughts and questions


Acknowledgements •

CAUPD - Shenzhen Branch + Staff

Institute for Sustainable Solutions

Connie Ozawa and Yiping Fang

Our wonderful visting Chinese scholars


QOL in Urban Villages •

My primary project at CAUPD

Focus is a study of quality of life for urban villagers living in Shenzhen (components in other cities as well)

Case studies of US examples of QOL studies used to inform housing policy (among other things)

Chicago Housing Authority and the Plan for Transformation


What is an Urban Village?


What is an Urban Village? •

Product of China’s rapid urbanization as urban areas expanded into rural areas.

As land was developed around formerly agricultural villages, farmers were given urban “hukou” but few opportunities for employment

Began to develop their homes and properties into housing, which was then rented to migrants coming to work in city.

Housing was generally developed outside the authority of the local planning and building officials and is characterized by very high density often with poor living conditions.

Urban villages have served as the primary pool of affordable housing for migrants in Shenzhen.


展生活质量研究之缘起 Origin of QOL research initiative 高速城镇化

中规院国际顾问

Rapid urbanization

约翰.弗里德曼建议 CAUPD Advisor Prof. John Friedmann

结构性问题 Structural issues

揭示快速城市发展过程中的 社会不平等 To reveal Social disparity in rapid urban development

中国城市生活质量 China Urban QOL 通过规 中规院近年来的

经济社会发展不平衡 Economic & social disparities`

注点与实

践探索 Recent-year Empirical Studies by CAUPD

手段,提供评估工

具,为公共政策和政府干预 提供依据 To use planning instruments to inform public policy and govt. intervention


Methods:Questionnaire+Observation+Investigation+Inteview

宝安区

⻰龙 岗 区

特区 下沙村

下沙村距离深圳福田中心区1 公里左右,

邻深圳唯一的国

家级自然保护区——红树林湿 地保护区。北侧为⻋车公庙⼯工贸 区,南侧为另⼀一城中村上沙村。

First survey site

Xiasha Village


QOL Project •

Developed in partnership with John Friedmann of UBC

Represents a shift on the part of CAUPD to delve into Social Planning

Remains to be seen what will become of urban villages


Bikes & Shenzhen


What I Found •

Many people on bikes (though many, if not most, were e-bikes)

Good infrastructure •

City Greenway

Cycle tracks

Well-marked shared-use and separated paths

Bike shares


Drawbacks •

No cohesive network, just scattered facilities

Problems at the level of implementation and enforcement

Little bike parking

No integration with transit

Safety concerns


Shared Space for Pedestrians and Cyclists •

Observations in China piqued curiosity about shared active transportation facilities

•

Sought to explore question of whether US planners and engineers overly rigid in separation of uses?


Shared Bike/Ped Space •

Careful not to glorify the chaotic street environment of Shenzhen

Reverse “mode hierarchy?”

High per capita traffic rate death: •

China 36 traffic-related deaths per 100,000 MV’s

US is 15 and Netherlands is 7


Research •

• •

Safety concerns for pedestrians floated to the top Kinetic energy of cyclist relative to pedestrian similar to car and bike Shifting of the burden of risk to pedestrians Mixing is appropriate in some cases, but not where mobility is primary goal


Concluding Thoughts


Questions?

Jp china presentation 2 final  
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