2013 China Internship Presentation Portland State University Anna Wendt January 9, 2014
Outline ● Beijing ○ China Academy of Urban Planning and Design (CAUPD)
● The internship ● Dalian Project ○ Purpose ○ Research
● Fun Stuff! ● Q&A
Beijing ● Home to over 20 million people (2013 estimate) ● Capital of China ● Political, historical and cultural center of country
CAUPD ● 4 branches: ○ ○ ○ ○
Beijing Shanghai Shenzhen Chongqing
● Government sponsored group, but also does private sector work
CAUPD ● Worked typical 9 - 5 schedule ○ This schedule was not typical of Chinese planners
● Activities during working hours were similar ○ However, a number of key differences ■ 2 hour lunch break ■ 4pm fruit time ■ Musical interludes throughout the day ●
Exercise time, lunch time, back to work, time to g
The Internship ● 8 week internship at CAUPD, Beijing ● Environment and Landscape Design Department ● Worked primarily on the Dalian development project ○ Bike infrastructure and underground/skyway system development to further international investment and tourism
Dalian ● 6.2 million people (est. 2009, but probably much larger by now) ● A financial and shipping hub of NE China ○ Important port city
● A “second-tier” city in China ○ No real definition between tiers, but second tiers are generally have more than 3 million people, but smaller than the likes of Beijing, Shanghai, etc.
Dalian ● What’s going on in Dalian? ○ Special Economic Zone ■ South Korean, Russian, Japanese, European and American businesses have opened manufacturing plants since early 2000s ○ Tourism (both domestic and international) has also increased ■ Beaches are especially popular
from: telegraph. co.uk
Dalian ● What’s especially important is… ○ Dalian’s air is considered to be some of the freshest in the country ○ Coupled with its proximity to smoggy cities like Beijing and Tianjin, it is a prime spot for vacation homes ■ And of course, it attracts tourism from neighboring countries, too
Dalian ● What was CAUPD doing in Dalian? ○ A 25 sq km site was recently chosen for development to accommodate huge population gains ■ A tabula rasa for the firm to create eco-friendly manufacturing parks, vacation homes and parks ●
Great deal of European architecture
■ Site currently home to melon farms and small villages
Dalian ● Trying to capitalize on the area’s natural offerings ○ Draw wealthy Beijingers to invest in real estate ○ As global firms become more “eco-aware,” trying to bring more international investment in green infrastructure
Dalian ● So, what did you do with the Dalian project? ○ I’m so glad you asked! ○ Bicycle infrastructure ■ Create a world-class cycling infrastructure ● ●
Active transportation Tourism--international bike racing
○ Underground/skyway systems ■ Economic development ●
How to attract businesses to a place with a cool winter climate
Dalian ● Bicycling infrastructure ○ What cities are doing it “right”? ■ Europe: Amsterdam, Copenhagen ■ North America: Minneapolis/St. Paul, Portland ■ Greater interest (in my experience) with North American cities vs. European ●
American cities are much newer than European, thus they have more in common
Dalian ● Bicycling infrastructure ○ How to encourage people to bike more ○ Explored many forms of cyclist infrastructure
● Very interested in what sets cities apart from one another ○ Desire for Dalian to be different than other Chinese mega-cities
Dalian ● Attempt to create a world class parks system to encourage active forms of transportation ○ This may serve as a tourism draw ○ Drew inspiration from the Minneapolis parks system
Dalian ● Challenges with this approach? ○ How do you convince people to use active transportation when there is a strong desire for car culture? ○ Cars currently dominate the roadways making active
Dalian ● But an even bigger challenge was... ● How do you draw tourists in the wintertime? ○ Winter temps average 25 degrees Fahrenheit
Dalian ● ANSWER: ● Create skyways and underground cities!
Dalian ● Looked at cities with established under/above ground systems ○ ○ ○ ○
Montreal Minneapolis/St. Paul Atlanta Hong Kong
Dalian â—? With the good, inevitably comes the badâ€Ś
Dalian â€œI feel sorry for Minneapolis... [their] skyway system sucks the life out of the streets.â€? -Jan Gehl, noted Danish urban designer
Dalian ● Surprisingly, this was the first time my boss had heard anything negative about Minneapolis ○ What value is there from these exchanges?
○ A chance to see each other’s blunders and learn from them, or a chance to see each other’s excellence and duplicate it?
You canâ€™t expect to be on business all the time...
Any questions for me?
Many thanks! Especially to ISS, Connie, Yiping and Derek for all their help!