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music. While the movement retains a calm atmosphere, it is shattered by a loud reappearance of the “Fate” theme midway through before settling down again. Tchaikovsky breaks from symphonic tradition by not having a scherzo as the third movement. Instead he composes a waltz, a dance form that does not often appear in symphonies. Similar to the second movement, this movement also has an idyllic feel to it. Again, the “Fate” theme reappears but this time quietly towards the end as a reminder of its previous importance and foreshadowing the last movement. The conflict with the “Fate” theme must resolve and it happens in the final movement. Its significance in the finale is immediately apparent as it appears in the opening measures. In a surprising harmonic turn, the music moves from E major to E minor for the main fast section. However, after a grand pause, the “Fate” theme returns in major and the “Providence” to which Tchaikovsky alludes comes to full force in the jubilant closing moments. rOtterdam PHilHarmOniC Music Director yannick Nézet-séguin honorary Conductor valery Gergiev Principal Guest Conductor Designate Jiří Bělohlávek

The Rotterdam Philharmonic ranks among Europe’s foremost orchestras, being internationally known for the intense energy of its performances, its acclaimed recordings and its innovative audience approach. With performances from the local venues to concert halls worldwide, the orchestra reaches an annual audience of 150,000 to 200,000. Since 2010, the Rotterdam Philharmonic has been a resident orchestra of the Paris Théâtre des Champs-Elysées; this season’s schedule also includes a tour to the u.S. (west and east coasts) in February 2015. Music Directors The Rotterdam Philharmonic was founded in 1918. From 1930, under chief conductor 4

Eduard Flipse, it developed into one of the foremost orchestras of the Netherlands. In the 1970s, with Jean Fournet and Edo de Waart, the orchestra gained international recognition. In 1995, Valery Gergiev’s appointment as Music Director heralded a new period of bloom. He was succeeded by Yannick Nézet-Séguin, with whom the orchestra has made numerous successful tours and recordings. In September 2013, Jiří Bělohlávek joined the Rotterdam Philharmonic as its Principal Guest Conductor. Concerts Home of the Rotterdam Philharmonic is De Doelen Concert Hall, but the orchestra can frequently be heard in other locations—from the local venues to the most prestigious halls at home and abroad. Since 2010, the Rotterdam Philharmonic has been a resident orchestra of the Paris Théâtre des Champs-Elysées. With all of its concerts, educational performances and community projects the Rotterdam Philharmonic reaches an annual audience of 150,000 to 200,000. recordings Since the ground-breaking Mahler recordings with Eduard Flipse in the 1950s, the Rotterdam Philharmonic has made a large number of critically lauded recordings. At present, the orchestra has contracts with Deutsche Grammophon and BIS Records; in recent years it also recorded for EMI and Virgin Classics. For the rereleasing of historical recordings, the orchestra formed its own label Rotterdam Philharmonic Vintage Recordings. YanniCk nézet-SéGuin muSiC direCtOr Yannick Nézet-Séguin (Montreal, 1975) has been music director of the Rotterdam Philharmonic since 2008. He received his first piano lessons at the age of five. At the Montreal conservatory, he studied piano, composition, chamber music and orchestral conducting. At

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