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and slow music. It begins with a dark-colored slow introduction, a late addition to the score which anticipates the striving first subject of the main Allegro. Then the second subject consists of a whole extended paragraph of slower music: a consoling D major string melody, a contrasting “middle section,” and an impassioned return to the string melody, echoed by a clarinet solo dying away to nothing. The fastest section of the movement is the development, which begins with a furious fugato, later overlaid by striding descending scales in the trumpets, and falls away to a solemn brass chorale which is in fact a chant from the Russian Orthodox funeral service, “With thy saints, O Christ, give peace to the soul of thy servant.” The recapitulation, launched at the peak of a new build-up of excitement, is a much altered and truncated version of the exposition, with a huge descending scale leading to a shortened version of the second subject (without its middle section), and a subdued coda. The two middle movements are both character-pieces of an unusual nature. The D major Allegro con grazia (“with grace”) is waltz-like, but in a consistent 5/4 time. The standard pattern of a trio section and a reprise of the opening is expanded by a transition from the trio which juxtaposes phrases from both sections, and a coda beginning with scale patterns, rising quickly and falling slowly. The Allegro molto vivace, in G major, is a brilliant march, largely concerned with building up anticipation, so that the final return of the main theme takes on a triumphant quality. But then the slow finale begins with a despairing melody, its scalewise descents initially shared note by note between first and second violins; and a descending scale in the bassoons leads to a major-key second theme which also begins with fragments of downward scales. This is driven to a climax, but then makes way for the extended return of the first theme in mounting waves of passion. Finally the downward scales that have increasingly dominated the whole work take over again, in a kind of vestigial minor-key return of the second subject, descending to the lowest depths of the orchestra before falling silent. © Anthony Burton LoNDoN pHILHARMoNIC oRCHeSTRA Recognized today as one of the finest orchestras on the international stage, the London Philharmonic Orchestra balances a long and distinguished history with a reputation as one of the UK’s most forward-looking ensembles.


As well as its concert performances, the Orchestra also records film soundtracks, releases CDs on its own record label, and reaches thousands of people every year through activities for families, schools and community groups. The Orchestra was founded by Sir Thomas Beecham in 1932, and has since been headed by many great conductors including Sir Adrian Boult, Bernard Haitink, Sir Georg Solti, Klaus Tennstedt and Kurt Masur. The Orchestra’s current Principal Conductor is Vladimir Jurowski, appointed in 2007. From September 2015 Andrés Orozco-Estrada will take up the position of Principal Guest Conductor. The London Philharmonic Orchestra has been performing at Southbank Centre’s Royal Festival Hall since it opened in 1951, becoming Resident Orchestra in 1992. It also has flourishing residencies in Brighton and Eastbourne, and in summer plays for Glyndebourne Festival Opera where it has been Resident Symphony Orchestra for more than 50 years. Touring abroad forms a significant part of the Orchestra’s schedule: highlights of the 2014-15 season include appearances across Europe (including Iceland) and tours to the United States (West and East Coasts), Canada and China. The London Philharmonic Orchestra broadcasts regularly on television and radio. It also works with the Hollywood and UK film industries, recording soundtracks for blockbusters including the Oscar-winning score for The Lord of the Rings trilogy. In 2005 it established its own record label. In summer 2012 the London Philharmonic Orchestra performed as part of The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Pageant on the River Thames, and was also chosen to record all the world’s national anthems for the London 2012 Olympics. In 2013 it was the winner of the RPS Music Award for Ensemble. The London Philharmonic Orchestra maintains an energetic program of activities for young people including the BrightSparks schools’ concerts and FUNharmonics family concerts. Its work at the forefront of digital engagement and social media has enabled the Orchestra to reach even more people worldwide: all its recordings are available to download from iTunes and, as well as a

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