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THE OFFICIAL NEWSLETTER OF

PHILIPPINE SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS WESTERN REGION - SAUDI ARABIA JEDDAH CHAPTER Chartered 1995 Registered Community Organization at the Philippine Consulate General in Jeddah, K.S.A.

PSME - WRSA JEDDAH CHAPTER BOARD OF DIRECTORS

Jeddah PriME MovErs V O L U M E

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I S S U E

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A P R I L — J U N E

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NAPOLEON M. CEPRIASO, PME President MAURICIO T. VIADO, M.E. Vice President LEE I. BONIFACIO, M.E. Secretary JAIME L. LEVISTE, M.E. Treasurer RUFINO I. SIENES, M.E. Auditor JOSEPH MAR D. ADRIAS, M.E. Press Relation Officer RODRIGO C. LOFAMIA Membership Director DANIEL A. MAGAYANO, PME Technical Affairs Director ROEL ALFON G. BANAWIS Plant Tours Director ACE GLEN B. GARCIA, M.E. External Affairs Director JEFFREY C. ESPERANZA, M.E. Internal Affairs Director JULIUS Q. GARCIA, M.E Prof. Enhancement Director CRISOSTOMO C. ORTIZ Sports Director Vacant Code of Ethics Director

District Excellence Club Award - Bronze Was Awarded to PSME - WRSA TC By: TM Joel A. Santos - CC The PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club # 6899 of Jeddah received a District Excellence Club Award - Bronze from District 79 for its excellent performance in achieving the Clubs DCP goals. Also, two (2) of its senior members shown in the picture, on left DTM Glenn Orlina, Jr. and on the right TM Dennis I. Oppus, ACS - ALB received their respective awards for their active participation and support during the contest planning stage and on the day of the said event. The district award for the club was made possible by the Team efforts headed by its president, TM Cris C. Ortiz, TM Edgar D. Hernandez, VP Education, TM Greg Gulmatico, TM Edwin Advincula, TM Joel A. Santos

(center) - VP Public Relation, holding the Award, TM Yosuf Zeni, VP Membership, TM Adodou , TM Zeni - Secretary, TM Sultan Salem - Sgt. At Arms, and all the members of the club. Congratulations!!!!!!

PAST PRESIDENTS

INSIDE THIS ISSUE

Editors Note

2

President’s Message

3

2nd Quarter Highlights

4

Technical Corner

5-6

Website Launching

7

Power Cable Mfg.

8-10

JOEL A. SANTOS, M.E. Information Technology Director

2010 - Joselito L. Bentulan, PME

2002 - Juan U. Berbie, PME

ENRICO I. DELGADO, M.E.

2009 - Julio D. Caringal, PME

2001 - Dionesio A. Lora, Jr., PME

Yanbu/ Rabigh APU Coordinator

2008 - Froilan G. Miro, PME

2000 - Wilfredo R. Ruiz, PME

RAINIER P. PATAWI, M.E.

2007 - Joselito A. Arellano, PME

1999 - Filemon E. Agulo, PME

Immediate Past President

2006 - Willie C. Leoncio, PME

1998 - Danilo V.Gercio, PME

2005 - Ernesto C. Cala, PME

1997 - Rene C. Bernales, PM.E.

2004 - Wilfredo R. Ruiz, PME

1996 - Rene Y. Logarta, M.E.

2003 - Orlando L. Digma, PME

1995 - Ruben N. Parpan, M.E.

NILDO K. TAN, JR., FPME—Charter President

Investment Corner 11 Toastmasters Page 13 - 15 Sports page/ Jokes 16-17


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Editor’s Note Our theme for the year 2012,

JOEL AZUELO SANTOS, M.E. EDITOR - IN - CHIEF

“Let us all rekindle from ourselves the many beautiful memories that we shared as a united PSME! Let us forget the past, embrace the present and together dream for the future!”

“Mechanical Engineers Towards Economic Priorities in Renewable and Sustainable Energy” encourages all mechanical engineers to focus on the study and development of environment friendly, renewable and sustainable energy sources. Sustainable energy is the provision that meets the needs of the present with out compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Sustainable energy

The PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club of Jeddah has actively participated in almost all the toastmasters activities from club, area, division to the culminating activity, the first ever District Toastmasters Annual Conference (DTAC) which was held at Batterjee Medical College, North Obhur, Jeddah, K.S.A. on 17th & 18th of May, 2012. One of the highlights of the DTAC was the presence of the 1994 World Champion in Public Speaking, Dr. Morgan MacArthur who flew his way from the United States of America (U.S.A.) to grace the occasion .

Share your resources & article contribution to fulfill our theme. For any comment or suggestion, & contribution for our Newsletter contact the Editor - in - Chief or send e-mail at Joelsatos70@yahoo.com

(Cont. on Page 5)

sources are most often regarded as including all energy sources, such as hydroelectricity , solar energy, wind energy, wave power, geothermal energy, bioenergy and tidal power. It usually also includes technologies that improve energy efficiency. Energy efficiency and renewable energy are said to be the twin pillars of sustainable energy. ****************************** While our theme is focused on Renewable and Sustainable energy, let us not forget or

Common vision, shared dreams. This should be our main focus in order to sustain our society. We could never progress if we are not united. Let us all rekindle from ourselves the many beautiful memories that we have shared as a united PSME! Let us forget the past, embrace the present and together dream for the future!

A Glimpse of DTAC Jeddah 2012 By: TM Joel A. Santos, CC

Members of PSME - WRSAToastmasters Club # 6899 with 1994 World Champion in Public Speaking Dr. Morgan MacArthur with International Speech Contest 2nd Place winner, TM Daniah Adam (4th from left)

The Newsletter Team CONTRIBUTORS FOR 2ND QUARTER ISSUE

Engr. Rod C. Lofamia

EDITOR - IN - CHIEF EDITORIAL STAFF

Tm Crisostomo C. Ortiz, CC

GUEST CONTIBUTORS *************************

ENGR. ACE GLEN B. GARCIA

TM Dennis I. Oppus, ACS - ALB

ENGR. RAUL I. SIENES

Napoleon M. Cepriaso, PME

ENGR. JOEL A. SANTOS

Engr. Lee I. Bonifacio

JEDDAH

set aside the energy required to sustain our beloved society, the Philippine Society of Mechanical Engineers (PSME).

PRIME

SPECIAL THANKS TO ARAB NEWS FOR POSTING THE PSME - WRSA SEMINARS AND OTHER ACTIVITIES.

MOVERS

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President’s Message Greetings to all! With the successful re-launching of Jeddah PriME MovErs’ first issue for this year (thanks to the untiring efforts of IT Director Engr. Joel A. Santos), again I welcome everyone to this years’s second issue.

NAPOLEON M. CEPRIASO, PME Chapter President - 2012

I am proud to announce the achievement done by the 2012 B.O.Ds for conducting seven (7) technical seminars during the first four (4) months this year. Let us congratulate everyone who made this great achievement and I personally convey my sincere appreciation

Cont…….

ity.

I look forward to being able to assist them again in the future.” This was the message from Mr. Wingle after the seminar.

I, myself, after being out of TM for quiet sometime, has felt the need for our members to continue supporting our Toastmasters Club. The club itself has given respect and honor to PSME WRSA through its community service activities.

We conducted the first sports activity for this year at Sarawat International through the efforts of Engr. Cris C. Ortiz (Sports Director) and initiated by Engr. Joseph Mar D. Adrias (newly appointed PRO). The games played were Billiard and Table Tennis. Every one had a chance to physically unwind and relax after the hectic schedules brought about by the previous activities. Let us congratulate all the winners among the participants in each game. As we continue our dedication to serve the members, programs on professional education, skills enhancement and livelihood will be announced as soon as something is finalized. Our leadership and personality development program (through the PSME WRSA Toastmasters Club) is continuously encouraging members to experience the big change in their personal-

The PSME - WRSA website was created (thanks to Engr. Ace Glen Garcia) to interact with the members locally and remotely located. The site contains useful information and announcements to everyone. Members are encouraged to visit the site and post their messages. . Articles on technical issues are welcome to be published on the website and on this newsletter, Jeddah PriME MovErs. You may send your contribution by e-mail.

to their efforts and cooperation. The technical seminar on Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) and Welding Applications, handled by Mr. Wayne Wingle (thanks to his unselfish support) has gained so much appreciation from the resource speaker himself and from the general membership who has requested an advanced session on the NDT. We may do this when time and circumstance allow. “ Great to see such an impressive turn-out, given it is most hard for working engineers on day-off. I thoroughly enjoyed conducting this lecture and being able to assist the PSME - WRSA, Jeddah Chapter gives me great satisfaction and

ZÉw UÄxáá cf`X @ jefTA `tuâ{tç àtçÉÇz Ät{tàA Yours Truly,

Napoleon M. Cepriaso, PME 2012 Chapter President PSME-WRSA Jeddah Chapter ,

Finally, I am soliciting the support of everyone for the upcoming Mid-Year Convention planned on the last week of June or second week of July. Let us help each other to make this event a success.

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MISSION STATEMENT

OATH OF MEMBERSHIP

1. Maintain integrity of the Mechanical

I, _____________________________________

Engineering Profession

After having been accepted as a member of the Philippine Society of Mechanical Engineers (PSME), Western Region, Saudi Arabia, Jeddah Chapter, do hereby solemnly swear, that I will defend the constitution and By-Laws of the Society, that I impose upon myself the aforementioned duties and obligations voluntarily and with out reservations and purpose of evasion.

2. Promote excellence in the practice of the Profession 3. Develop among members high ideals of competence, ethical conduct, integrity and civic consciousness 4. Contribute to the enhancement of Science and Technology 5. Foster cordial, harmonious and promote fellowship and cooperation among Mechanical Engineers globally.

fÉ {xÄÑ Åx ZÉwA

2nd Quarter Highlights

NDT & WELDING APPLICATIONS SEMINAR - 20/ 4/ 2012

DISTRICT EXCELLENCE AWARD - BRONZE TO PSME - WRSA TC

NDT & WELDING APPLICATIONS - 20/ 4/ 2012

1st PLANT TOUR @ Alamoudi Beverage Company

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TECHNICAL CORNER

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“Green Material Construction Concerning EPS” By: Engr. Ace Glen B. Garcia, LEED Green Assoc., AMIMechE, RME, PCO

Is Expanded Polystyrene a Green Product? Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) is typically used in buildings as insulation, or as insulating concrete forms (ICF). It is a closed - cell, tough foam made from polystyrene beads. EPS is a green building product because it offers energy efficiency, recycled content, mold resistance and indoor environmental quality. What are Green characteristics of EPS? First, EPS is a Green building product because it is used as insulation which improves a buildings energy efficiency. EPS is shown to have a long term, stable R-value. A 2009 national study found that EPS provides a substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions when used to insulate homes in North America. EPS is made from mostly recycled materials and is 100% recyclable. One study found that when compared to fibreglass insulation, it requires 24% less energy to produce EPS insulation with an equivalent R-value at a representative volume.

Green Building Design and Construction 2009 LEED Materials: A Resource Guide to Green Building

Additionally, EPS resists mold growth, which improved indoor environmentally quality. It is also flame - retardant with no CFCs or HCFCs. EPS can be manufactured locally which reduces the energy use and cost of transportation. Also, some EPS applications can reduce on - site construction waste and labor costs. EPS/ Insulating Concrete Forms and LEED Certification Leadership in Energy and Environmental design (LEED) is an internationally recognized green building certification system. The LEED rating systems measure performance in many areas of sustainability, such as energy efficiency, water efficiency, indoor environmental quality and use of environmentally friendly materials and resources. Several EPS structural system applications like insulating concrete forms (ICFS) and structural insulation panels (SIPS) are commonly recognized by LEED as providing key environmental advantages. EPS and its derivative products may contribute to the following credits in the LEED for New Construction 2009 rating system. 1.

Materials and Resources (MR) Credit 2: Construction Management 2. MR Credit 4: Recycled Content 3. EA Pre-requisites 2: Minimum Energy Performance 4. EA Credit 1: Optimize Energy Performance 5. Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Credit 7: Thermal Comfort References:

************************************************** (From page 2: A Glimpse of DTAC 2012) This was through the efforts of the outgoing District 79 Governor Khalid Matlagaitu and his team. In his presentation, Dr. Morgan MacArthur cheerfully shared his first experience with toastmasters. He said that the best learning experience happened to him when he pushed himself towards his limits and staying away from his comfort zone. To become an effective and successful public speaker, his advise is to take note of the following in preparing and delivering a speech: purpose, personal, powerful, passion and practice. He said, "It made me realized that the only thing that can kill our purpose is us!” Be persistent! Harness your power in persistence because that is our Horsepower!

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TECHNICAL CORNER

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PSME-WRSA Technical Seminar in NDT & Welding Application and Website Launching Jeddah Saudi Arabia

By: Engr. Ace Glen B. Garcia, LEED Green Assoc., AMIMechE, RME, PCO Photo 1: Mr. Wingle explaining the welding concepts and measurements; Photo 2: Discussing the types of Inspection during the afternoon session; Photo 3: PSME-WRSA Group picture with Mr. Wayne Wingle for the conclusion of the NDT and Welding Application Seminar

PSME-WRSA's New Web Look

Non Destructive Testing and Welding Applications April 20, 2012 (Friday): The Philippine Society of Mechanical Engineers Western Region Saudi Arabia, Jeddah Chapter conducted a technical seminar on Non Destructive Testing and Welding Applications at the New Al Jedaani Hospital Lecture Room in Ghulail District, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The resource speaker, Mr.Wayne Wingle, is from Liverpool, England. He manages a welding training department at a technical institute in Jeddah, worked internationally on all manors of welding projects. During the morning session, Mr. Wingle introduced the welding codes, design and process including the types of weld imperfections and their causes. Later in the afternoon session, he exposed the members of the PSME-WRSA to the types of inspection such as Visual, Dye Penetrant, Radiographic, Magnetic Particle and Ultrasonic Inspection. "Great to see such an impressive turnout, given it is most hard working engineers on day off. I thoroughly enjoyed conducting this lecture and being able to assist the PSME gives me great satisfaction and I look forward to being able to assist them again in the future." This is the testimonial given by Mr. Wingle as he finishes the technical seminar for PSME-WRSA. Such Technical seminar like this is in line with PSME-WRSA's Mission Statement which maintains the integrity and promotes excellence of mechanical engineering profession by constantly updating their knowledge and skills through seminars and workshops. It also contributes to the enhancement of science and technology and most of all foster cordial, harmonious fellowship and cooperation among mechanical engineers globally. The seminar was headed by the current president of PSME-WRSA Jeddah Chapter, Engr. Napoleon M. Cepriaso, who is very energetic and active. In his welcome address he said: “For some of you, this may be of good start in pursuing a new career or profession in the field of welding inspection. The demand for this trade is high especially with the current trend in construction here in the Middle East. While this short seminar will not make you an expert, at least you will be guided on how to start or where to start should you choose to pursue in this field. “ The event was coordinated by Engr. Daniel A. Magayano, PME, Technical Affairs Director with Engr. Carmelo L. Nerie of the National Institute for Training. The other officers of the society are: Engr. Mauricio T. Viado, Jr. , Vice President, Engr. Lee I. Bonifacio - Secretary, Engr. Jaime L. Leviste - Treasurer, Engr. Raul I. Sienes - Auditor, Engr. Joseph Mar D. Adrias - P.R.O., Engr. Jeffrey C. Esperanza Internal Affairs Ace Glen B. Garcia - to External Affairs Director, Engr. Roel Alfon G. Banawis - Plant Tours Director, Engr. refer your readers to any other This Director, story can Engr. fit 175-225 words. Rodrigo C. Lofamia - Membership Director, Engr. Joel A. Santos - IT Director,that Code of Ethics Director (currently vacant), Engr. Julius Q. forms of communication you’ve If your newsletter is folded and and Engr. Crisostomo C. Ortiz - Sports Director. Garcia - Professional Enhancement Director created for your organization. mailed, this story will appear on the PSME - WRSA, Jeddah is ato registered organization at the Philippine Consulate General in Jeddah and also committed You can also use this space to remind back. So, it’s aChapter good idea make it community in helping the with theto 2012 Earth together mark theirHour, calendars for with a Mr. Abdullah Bin Sabbar of Saudi Wildlife easyFilipino to readCommunity. at a glance. It has cooperated readers and pledged its full support for the SENS (Saudi Environmental Society APO - Center for Environmental Advocacy & Project regular event, such and as athe breakfast A question andthe answer session is a Aware Foundation during “Jeddah Underwater & Coastal Clean - Up 2010.” meeting for vendors every third good way to quickly capture the atTuesday of the month, or a biannual tention of readers. You can either charity auction. compile questions that you’ve reIf space is available, this is a good ceived since the last edition or you place to insert a clip art image or can summarize some generic quessome other graphic. tions that are frequently asked about your organization. A listing of names and titles of managers in your organization is a good way to give your newsletter a personal touch. If your organization is small, you may want to list the names of all employees. If you have any prices of standard products or services, you can include a listing of those here. You may want

“Mechanical Engineering Towards Economic Priorities in Renewable and Sustainable Energy”


VOLUME 12, ISSUE 2

WEBSITE LAUNCHING

PAGE 7

Website Launching Also, the Philippine Society of Mechanical Engineers - Western Region Saudi Arabia (PSME -WRSA) Jeddah Chapter launched their website www.psme-wrsa.org last month March 2012. More over 30 different countries including USA, Canada, France, UK, Australia, MENA Region, India, Pakistan, Japan, Brazil, Argentina, China, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines visited the site. The site had forums, seminar and workshop announcements, a lot of mechanical and green building information for this year's theme "Mechanical Engineering Towards Economic Priorities in Renewable and Sustainable Energy", OFW guides, and making ongoing development for further technological enhancement. In this way Filipino Mechanical Engineers not only in Jeddah Saudi Arabia but also around the world will be recognized by their professional skills, talents and abilities. The PSME -WRSA initiation and drive is to make ways by building bridges in “Uniting Filipino Mechanical Engineers” throughout the world. The website was designed by Engr. Mark Anthony B. Garcia in Singapore and administered by Engr. Ace Glen B. Garcia a director of PSME-WRSA Jeddah

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VOLUME 12, ISSSUE 2

TECHNICAL CORNER

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POWER CABLE MANUFACTURING BASIC, HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT By: Engr. Lee I. Bonifacio Code of Ethics Director Introduction: Electrical power is a necessity in human’s daily activities and a basic need for human comfort. Power cable plays the major role in electric power distribution. A power Cable is a set of two (2) or more insulated conductor assembled together to transmit electric power.

POWER CABLE CLASSIFICATION (According to Voltage) A.) Low Voltage ( 0.6 to 1 KV ) B.) Medium Voltage ( 6 to 36 KV ) C.) High Voltage ( 66 to 132 KV ) D.) Extra High Voltage ( 132 KV and above )

BRIEF HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT Below table shows the most important events in the evolution of power cables from the last two centuries:

APPROXIMATE DATE 1880’s

DEVELOPMENT First gutta percha electric cables, followed by rubber and vulcanized bitumen insulation.

1890

Ferranti 10KV tubular cable and the introduction of paper insulation.

1914

HOCHSTADTER development of screening which permitted distribution voltages increase up to 33KV. EMANUELI applied at first the principle of pressurization with oil-filled paper insulated cables for voltages of 66KV. PVC insulation first trial by Siemens AG named PROTODUR.

1926 1930’s 1949 1950’s

1960’s

1970 1970’s

Introduction of the mass impregnated non-draining cables installed on slopes. A. Full commercial introduction of PVC insulated cables and wires. B. Successful development of aluminum sheaths, initially for pressure assisted cables and gradual adoption of aluminum conductors for power cables. C. First 275 KV cable was manufactured in 1954 and operational use in 1959. A. Significant distribution economies obtained by the use of combined neutral and earth cables. B. Submarine d.c. +/- 100KV cable link England / France in 1961. C. First 400KV oil-filled cable, operational in 1969. Application of Metric Units by British Standards in IEC meeting. Rapid extension of the use of thermoset insulation as an alternative to paper insulation at steadily increasing voltages. Polyethylene (PE), XLPE and synthetic rubber (Butyl, EPR, EPDM) in experimental use as a possible alternative to paper insulated cables.

Jeddah Saudi Arabia

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TECHNICAL CORNER

Full application of thermoset insulation (XLPE, EPR, etc) in low and medium voltage cables up to 66 KV. For higher voltages, paper is still being used as the king of insulating materials inspite of experimental trials of XLPE in vertical towers.

THE MOST COMMON COMPOSITION OF POWER CABLE 1. 2. 3. 4.

Conductor (usually copper or aluminium) Insulation (paper, PVC, PE, XLPE, rubber) Sheath (usually metal, thermoplastic, thermosetting, oil – heat resistant) Armour (usually steel tapes, steel round or flat wires, aluminium tapes and wires

FIGURE: 2

POWER CABLE MANUFACTURING PROCESSES DRAWING: For copper, 8mm diameter conductor will pass through a set of dies while being cooled by a lubricant to get the required smaller diameter. For a soft drawn requirement, the copper rod will pass through the annealer. It will be collected in a spool or a basket depending on the cable that will be produced.

Rigid Strander EXTRUSION: The extrusion process is referring to insulation, bedding and sheathing. The stranded conductor will be insulated using various plastic compounds like PVC, XLPE, etch. based on their application. Bedding is made to protect the insulated conductor from armouring materials. Sheathing usually refers as the protective outside layer coasting cables. Drawing Unit of Drawing Machine

STRANDING: Stranding is a process of grouping together the drawn conductor. The cross-sectional area should be circular in shape for round compacted conductor following a desired lay direction and lay length. For example, if we will strand 7 wires, 1 wire will be the center wire and the other 6 wires will surround the center wire forming a circular shape. See figure1. In some cable design, sectoral shape was desired was desired to be used in another application. See figure 2.

Extruder of the Extrusion Machine

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TECHNICAL CORNER

ASSEMBLY:

ARMOURING:

Based on the type of cable to be produced, set of insulated conductors were assembled. For round shaped insulated conductors, polypropylene (PP) filler is used to form a circular shape cable.

All underground cables especially those laid direct to the ground are armoured with steel tapes or wires in order to protect them from mechanical stress and damages.

BIRTHDAY BABES Apr-12 2 3 3 4 6 6 7 11 12 13 16 17 18 18 20 23 24 25 27

CASTOR, FRANCISCO F. FLORECE, RICARDO R. MUNIO, ALFREDO R. CAMINGAWAN, MYRWYN T. ROSARIO, RUSTOM M. CONGRESO, JOSE R. TRIBUJENA, RAFAEL JR. J. LABIO, ALVIN C. CARINGAL, JULIO D. BATUTAY, VICTOR S. ESPANAR, ARNEL A. BUGAYONG, REYNALDO D. AGUIRRE, PERFECTO D. CINENSE, ARCADIO E. DEL VALE, OLIVER D. MADRIAGA, EDGAR B. WONG, JERIC V. ALFONSO, PABLITO JR. LYON, EDWARD M.

May-12 1 2 3 5 5 7 10 13 13 14 14 15 15 18 18 20 21 21 22 23 25 25 27 28 28

ABIAN, LEONARDO C. TAMASHIRO, EDUARDO F. VILLARAO, ROWEL JOY F. AUSTRIA, ROWEL A. GOMEZ, RODRIGO A. HUETE, DINDO R. ADRIAS, JOSEPH MAR D. ACOSTA, AMOS JOEL BITUIN, ROBERTO R.

Jun-12 1 2 3 6 6 7 8 10 11

BALINDONG, BADRUDIN A. ANGELES, ALBERT M. ALAY-AY, RANDY D. ROMERO, RICARDO V. OBLIFIAS, DAN JILL M. JARAMEL, IAN JOMER B. CADIZ, BERNARO G. LANGO, ALDRIN ALISON D. CABANSAG, HENRY M. AMOSCO, ANTONIO JR. H. LIAO, FERNANDO C. LARCENA, RICARDO JR. VAFLOR, JEFFREY F. TONGCO, LEONCIO D. CLARIS, EMMANUEL U.

TAPALES, ROBERT B. DE LEON, SEAN S. IBO, BASILIO R. VICEDO, JUN N. VINLUAN, ARMANDO C. DIEL, ALEX B. REYES, JOSEPH RYAN L. SIENES, RUFINO I. ESPERITU, ERWIN L. FRANCISCO, JONATHAN JR. B.

11 12 14 15 16 16 16 20 21 21 22 23 23 26

MANILA, JONAFAR C. TUNOGBANUA, DANILO B. MONTALBO, FRANCISCO G. REPARADO, JOSELEO L. POSAS, BOMBI E. GLORIA, DOMINADOR D. MERCADO, QUIRICO A. SAAVEDRA, RAUL Q. GRANUELAS, FEDERICO JR. M. SIGAMATA, HERMAN L. ROBINO, NILO E. TARUC, PAULO T. CABUDIL, EDILBERTO N. CONCORDIA, ARTHUR D.

DE VERA, BERNARDO N.

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VOLUME 12, ISSUE 2

INVESTMENT CORNER

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Invest Hard-Earned Money in Hard Money By: Engr. Napoleon M. Cepriaso, PME

In times of financial crisis, traditional investments are always vulnerable to bankruptcy or loss of its value in various degrees. This is mainly because these investments are in fiat money. Fiat money is a currency declared by a government to be legal tender. It is not backed by a physical commodity and has its value solely because a government accepts it for payments of taxes and debts. Money is product of markets. Currency is created by governments. Currency is NOT money, but merely represents money. Money is gold and silver, currency is just a paper that represents value stored somewhere else. Virtually, almost all of the world’s currency today is fiat money (no longer backed by gold or silver). Where do you invest then? Investing in hard money is one. What is hard money? The most common hard money is platinum, palladium, gold, and silver. Platinum and palladium were as old as the earth, but they are as new as the iPhone in the investment world. Platinum and palladium are two of the six platinum group metals (PGMs). The four other PGMs; osmium, iridium, ruthenium and rhodium have far smaller markets and not practical vehicles for investment at this time. These six metals share important chemical and physical properties useful in industrial applications. Ruthenium and rhodium are popular in jewelry. Platinum and palladium have catalytic properties which can accelerate certain chemical reactions, are good electrical conductors, and performs well in high-temperature applications. These two PGMs are vital input in antipollutant catalytic converters in automobiles, which can convert up to 90% of the exhaust gases into less harmful emissions. They are also used in dentistry, medicine, computer, in some electronics, ground water treatment and many other chemical applications. Gold, as everyone know, is a major and most popular precious metal currently traded in the world, physically and in the futures market. It can be recycled and reused. It has been known to be a good hedge against inflation. Evidently, gold has been a store of financial value and means of exchange since such a concept came into human consciousness at least 6000 years ago. Due to its vast use in jewelry and industrial applications, the demand is consistently high for this precious metal. Gold has backed some major currencies in the world. It is, and always has been money. Today’s troubled monetary system which no longer has gold as a foundation, has turned this precious metal into an investment. Gold has increased in value over long periods of time against all currencies. Today, gold prices are going up and expected to break the $2000 ceiling mark as the demand is getting higher and the world supply is depleting. Although there are speculations of hitting the $10000-mark, most traders and speculators are still skeptical on this. Silver is a poor man’s gold yet may offer the richest return. As precious metals (hard money) continue to recover its position as core assets in the investment world, silver has a greater potential for appreciation than gold. Its cost per ounce is a small fraction of the price of gold, and yet it is more scarce than gold. Investment demand for silver is a small fraction of that of gold, and yet no central bank has notable reserves that could be dumped on the market to suppress its price, which is in the case with gold. Having lower price than any other precious metals, silver can be an attractive option for investors. An article below provided some tips on investing in silver. The following is an excerpt from Commodity Online.com Silver remains very undervalued on a historical basis and is undervalued even against gold. While gold has begun to receive some interest from a small minority of investors, silver remains the preserve of relatively few investors.

“Mechanical Engineering Towards Economic Priorities in Renewable and Sustainable Energy”


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INVESTMENT CORNER

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The media and financial press rarely, if ever, covers silver, and yet silver is quite likely in the intermediate stage of a bull market that will rival or surpass that of the 1970s. A year ago, silver price soared as high as $50/oz. before experiencing a brief correction that took it back down to $30/oz. Still silver is looking extremely bullish than gold for a number of reasons and many traders are expecting prices to double or even tripe in 2012. Why Silver looks Bullish? The lead and zinc mines contribute to silver supply since the white metal is often a by-product of these mines. And with investment in lead and zinc mines diminishing, supplies will also dwindle. Add in the increasing demand from industry and investment sectors, one can see a clear supply issue developing in the coming future. Firstly, the gold/silver ratio. This is one of the best indicators of how far silver prices can move. If you average out the price ratio between gold and silver throughout history, you land on a single magical proportion: 16 to 1. That implies that at $1600 per ounce gold, silver should be $100 per ounce. Gold is currently trading at $1640 an ounce and silver is at $30, which projects that the ratio is now 54. Silver is massively undervalued right now and that gives it much more upside potential than gold. A large portion of silver demand (80%) comes from fabrication, which is expected to rise about 3% to 5% this year to roughly 900 million ounces. China's manufacturing expansion and an increased electronics industry demand. Current monetary policy increasing investors' appetite for silver and triggering a subsequent price rise. Emergence of Shanghai Futures Exchange. Chinese investors now have an opportunity to trade silver from home, which will spur rising prices. Investors have shown great interest since trading began. Trading silver futures was previously less convenient for investors in China. Their only options were using international markets or trading indirectly via local Chinese markets. There has been an absence of a means of trading in silver in China. The market will be bigger and more liquid with the advent of these futures contracts. Manipulation in the silver market is currently depressing prices - but it won't be for long. The manipulators will stop and silver prices will then increase in an open market. The silver manipulation has created cheaper prices than usual, making silver a good buy. Future mining of this metal is limited, because there are fewer chances of the metal being found deep underground and also because it is uneconomical to mine it. Because of this more silver is used annually than is mined. Demand for silver in technology and industries is only going to increase and this will cause an increase in price. There is no substitute for silver in almost all products that it is used in. Silver cannot be confiscated by the US government as gold bullion can. What kind of silver should you buy? If you are buying silver for investment purposes, you should avoid silver jewelry because you will lose money due to fabrication charges. Instead, you will find better value for the money that you invest if you purchase in any of the following: Government minted bullion coins. Junk silver coins, so called because they have no collectible value, are usually 90% silver and less liable to be damaged. Bullion bars, which are 99% pure silver. Silver rounds, which are also 99% pure silver. So, you can safely invest and buy silver, but from a reputable source or silver dealer.

Good luck and keep your investment safe. References: Hard Money - Taking Gold to Higher Investment Level by Shane McGuire; Commodity Online.com; goldsilver.com About the contributor: The contributor has been once a part-time futures trader in commodities and prefers to deal in hard money and precious metals. “Mechanical Engineering Towards Economic Priorities in Renewable and Sustainable Energy�


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President’s Message CRISOSTOMO C. ORTIZ, M.E. President - 2012 PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club 6899

“STATUS REPORT” PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club # 6899 BY: TM CRISOSTOMO C. ORTIZ, CC

The PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club conducted a Community Base Project whereas a group of 25 students from the International Philippine School of Jeddah (IPSJ) undergone an eight (8) weeks session training on developing Communication and leadership skils under the Toastmasters International - Youth Leadership Training Program.

The PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club completed its third Youth Leadership Program (YLP) at International Philippine School of Jeddah (IPSJ). The Program aimed to instill in the students the importance of public speaking and leadership skills. The program consisted of eight workshop - style sessions that let the participants develop their potential through practical experience. They will use the speaking and leadership skills for the rest of their lives. The program was partially sponsored by Groupe Genoyer, a French company in piping project management. The officers and members of the Toastmasters Club started the program this year with the support and assistance of IPSJ school principal Dr. Reinita Respicio and High School coordinator Rosgen Gumban.

Participants of the Youth Leadership Program pose for a group photo (AN Photo) By: JEDDAH ARAB NEWS Published: Mar8, 2012 02:41 Updated: Mar 8, 2012 02:41

TM Dennis I. Oppus, YLP Coordinator shared some of his experiences during his first encounter with the Toastmasters Club. When the Toastmaster of the day asked him to speak in front of an audience for the first time. He said, “He felt a crocodile in his chest. Since then, he developed his confidence in Public Speaking. The students were treated to witness a speech demo, showing one of the Toastmasters deliver a speech. After that, TM Edwin Advincula gave a clear demonstaration on how to become a speech evaluator.

“Creative Communication is Our Objective”

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Cont. from page 6 The students were given a lecture on how to answer questions on the spot and about chairmanship. TM Sultan Salem described the proper use of timing devices and monitoring of the time allotted for each speaker. In other sessions, the students delivered their own speeches and participated in evaluating the prepared speakers. TM Cris C. Ortiz, president of the club, lectured on “ Elements of Good Speech”. The students were not only

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TM Danilo Abenes, DTM Rashid Ali, DTM Joey Villanueva, current Division G Governor TM Madam Maria Teresa Villanueva, Past President TM Milagros Abenes (Tanglaw), TM Jaime L. Leviste (PSME & Area C Governor), TM Greg Gulmatico (PSME), Officers and Members of PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club. All the Youth Leadership Trainees were sponsored to a free culminating activities in Al Waha Hotel. The first ever free activity undertaken by the PSME - WRSA TMC # 6899. We are very thankful for all the sponsors for the Youth leadership Training Program for having faith and trust that the club could develop and sustain community development.

trained to speak effectively but were also taught the skill of listening. As one of the Toastmasters said,” We have

two ears and only one tongue. This is a gentle reminder that we should listen twice as much as we talk. The Graduation of the Youth Leadership Training Program was culminated last March 3, 2012 in Al Waha Hotel, Jeddah. It was graced by the YLTP graduates, their parents, Dr. Reinita Respicio, Faculty and Staff of IPSJ, Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Mr. Alex Macabanding, Senior Toastmaster, Past Division Governor DTM Ben Guerra,

The event was also aired in the Philippines thru the Filipino Channel, “ Balitang Middle East” under the News and Current Affairs of ABS - CBN by TM Daniah Adam. The winners of the Youth Leadership Training Program (YLTP) were invited to witness the 8th Division G Annual Conference last March 17 & 18, 2012 at the Elite Hall of Al Waha Hotel, Jeddah, K.S.A..

“Creative Communication is our Objective”


TOASTMASTERS PAGE

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The PSME - WRSA TMC in this term, not only made it on print media and aired on T.V. but also established feats well beyond history. It got the fourth consecutive President Distinguish Award (TM Greg Gulmatico 2008 - 2009, TM Jaime L. Leviste (2009 - 2010), TM Dennis I. Oppus (2010 - 2011) and TM Cris C. Ortiz (2011 - 2012) and the third consecutive “Perfect 10 DCP Goals”. During the Presidency of  TM Joey Arellano (2005 - 2006), PSME - WRSA TMC also bagged the President Distinguish Award. This term is special and memorable in terms of achieving success. We have TM Glenn O. Orlina, Jr. confirmed and awarded his DTM status, and a number of Educational and Leadership milestones such as TM Jonathan Radan (ACB ALB), TM Mahamat Yosuf Zeni (ACB - CL) and TM Abdarahman Adodou (ACB - CL). We were able to add four new Competent Communicators, with TM Joel A. Santos heading the group of recipients. Joint ventures with the PSME - WRSA for sports and physical development was carried out for two occasions.

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have been forecasted to complete 10 DCP goals before the year 2012 ends. Possible? Yes, as long as the mother chapter throws its support in every undertakings, it would be a reality. A propose Fourth Youth Leadership Training Program (YLTP) is expected to kick-off early for the school year 2012 - 2013 for the Filipino Community here in Jeddah, as we are receiving positive feedbacks and reaction from the community as a whole. We are looking forward for two groups of high school students who would be target beneficiaries.

j|á{ çÉâ tÄÄ à{x uxáà4 TM Crisostomo C. Ortiz Immediate Past President PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club # 6899

New Sets of Officers were elected last April 27, 2012. President: TM Edgar D. Hernandez, CC VP Education: TM Joel A. Santos, CC VP Membership: TM Mahamat Yousuf Zeni, ACB - CL VP PR: TM Sultan Salem Sulaiman, CC Secretary: TM Abdarahman Adodou - ACB - CL Treasurer: TM Greg Gulmatico, ACB - ALB Sgt. At Arms: TM Edwin Advincula, CC

The new sets of officers are geared for better and stronger PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club. They are the first set of club officers with educational/ leadership achievements and are eyeing to have higher educational/ leadership achievements for the early part of the term 2012 - 2013. A group of highly dedicated individuals

Club Officers for 2012 - 2013 PSME - WRSA Toastmasters Club # 6899 From Left to Right: TM Adodou - VP Membership, TM Joel A. Santos - VP ED, TM Edgar D. Hernandez President, TM Cris C. Ortiz - Immediate Past President, TM Edwin Advincula - Sgt. At Arms, TM Mahamat Zeni - Secretary, TM Sultan Salem - VP PR

“Creative Communication is Our Objective”


SPORTS PAGE

VOLUME 12, ISSSUE 2 .The Philippine Society of Mechanical Engineers (PSME - WRSA), Saudi Arabia, Jeddah Chapter conducted its first sports activity of the year held at Sarawat International (Near Thalia st.), Jeddah, K.S.A. on the 4th of May, 2012 through the efforts of Engr. Cris C. Ortiz and coordinated by Engr. Joseph Mar D. Adrias (PRO) . The sports events played are billiard and Table Tennis. The PSME - WRSA Jeddah Chapter conducted this sports activity to develop friendship and camaraderie among the officers and the members of the society. This is the time when we have to call time - out from our other activities especially from our

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SPORTS NEWS BY: ENGR. CRISOSTOMO C. ORTIZ

work to relax, enjoy and have fun with our colleagues in the profession. “Health is Wealth” and so the famous saying goes. Having a sports activity in our calendar of activities is paying worthwhile result as this is a good form of releasing the stress that we regularly encounter in our work and being away from our family. For sure, we will have another sports activities in the future. We are expecting 100% full support from all the officers and the General Membership as we are trying our best to serve you.

6th KAMC BOWLING FRIENDSHIP GAME By: Engr. Rodrigo C. Lofamia PSME - WRSA PriME MovErs - Team Captain

The PSME – WRSA PriME MovErs bowling team, spearheaded by our president, Engr. Nap M. Cepriaso, is again looking forward to join the 6th KAMC Bowling Friendship game. As usual, it will be held at the ICELAND BOWLING CENTER - Jeddah, K.S.A. scheduled on 6th of July, 2012 (Friday). Fellow Engineers, members of the PSME - WRSA Jeddah Chapter (1994), you are all invited to come and witness this prestigious one (1) day event organized by the King AbdulAziz Medical City - Jeddah Employee Social Club. Come and get to know our team members, although three of them have left for good. We will witness our new team members show their skills not only in the technical profession but also in TIN - PIN Bowling. To those who are interested to join the team, come out and we’ll see who knows maybe you are also one of the ME’s whom the society will be proud of. Remember guys, “All Work and NO Play……….):):)

So, we’ll be seeing you there comrades!!! Come, Enjoy & Have Fun!

.

“Mechanical Engineering Towards Economic Priorities in Renewable and Sustainable Energy”


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Jokes ……. Some New & Some Old 1. Inside the mall B.F: Love, that’s my former girlfriend. G.F: She’s so ugly! B.F: What can I do? That’s my weakness ever since! 2.

Husband & Wife Wife: Am I pretty or ugly? Husband: Uhm… both….. Wife: What do you mean? I can be pretty and ugly? Husband: What I mean…..You are pretty ugly!

3.

Something Wrong A Chinese couple got married. When their baby was born, she had big, blue eyes, curly, blonde hair and brown skin. They named her…. SAM TING LONG!

LAUGH WITH ME!!! Straight from my Mailbox (Adopted) By: Engr. Joel A. Santos

SHARE YOUR JOKES. LAUGHTER IS THE BEST MEDICINE!

4.Expiry Date Wife: Honey, What are you looking for? Husband: Nothing. Wife: Nothing? You have been reading our marriage certificate for an hour??? Husband: I was looking for the expiry date!!!

Jeddah Review Center (JRC) LIST OF REVIEWEES (As of 25 May, 2012) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Erickson T. Baracael - 0543558748 Glenn E. Galicia - 0567289477 Joseph Ryan L. Reyes - 0502278936 Mark B. Pajarillo - 0568347113 Roberto Bituin - 0563854132 Boy Arcilla Aristotle A. Rivera - 0507290802 Christian Racell Bucayon - 0541173850 Shiela F. Ricafrente Luell J. Bontilao Welfred G. Espedillion - 0503047240 Edgar B. Madriaga - 0507727802 Melchor Z. Azul IV - 0508504183

The Philippine Society of Mechanical Engineers (PSME - WRSA), Western Region, Saudi Arabia, Jeddah Chapter in cooperation with Jeddah Review Center (JRC) invites all Mechanical Engineering graduates in the western region who are planning to take the Mechanical Engineering Board Examination this coming October 2012 (to coincide with Hajj Holidays) to register with us. It is always advised to prospective examinees to have a formal review to improve their chances of passing the Board

Examination compared to doing self – review. It is advantageous on their part to have some of the most qualified instructors to guide them .

be announced later. Anyone who is interested to join the review, feel free to contact the following: 1.

Shown on the above photo taken in one of the lecture sessions at JRC, is Engr. Willy Ruiz, PME who is one of the most senior instructors of JRC. Joining him is Engr. Julius Q. Garcia, the 2012 Professional Enhancement Director and others whose names will

2. 3.

The Chapter President @: 0504656049 The Prof. Enhancement Director @ 0502835729 The Membership Director @ 0502443850.

E-mail: psmewrsainbox@gmail.com, or Visit our website: www.psme-wrsa.org

“Mechanical Engineering Towards Economic Priorities in Renewable and Sustainable Energy”


PSME-WRSA Prime Mover Apr- Jun 2012