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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Dampak Resesi Ekonomi Pada Penurunan Kematian dan Peningkatan Angka Harapan Hidup di Indonesia Siswanto Agus Wilopo Since July 1997, Indonesia has suffered a monetary crisis that has led to a high rate of inflation and economic recession. This situation has inflicted an impact on the individual at two levels that is through the family and then the government role. Economic recession can also have a direct and indirect influence on the degree of public health. There is a phenomenon of epidemiological polarization, which has a bigger impact on handling public health issues during recession. Without a program and more effective and efficient activities compared with the previous years, the current economic crisis will endanger the pattern of the declining death rate and increasing life expectancy at birth. Although various studies indicate that recession and economic fluctuation does not always lead to a stagnation and decline in public health, the economic conditions in Indonesia are fundamentally different from those in other countries going through a similar experience. Efforts to maintain a momentum in reducing death rate and increasing life expectancy require reinventing public health policy.


Program Aksi Penanggulangan Pengangguran di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Tukiran; Endang Ediastuti Action programs dealing with unemployment problems, both by sector and inter sector, which were done in the past and those will be done in the future seems are unable to overcome the problems. This is because most of the programs were less attracted to the excepted participants (the unemployed). Almost all of the education and training programs offered materials only at introduction level, while in the job seeking competition the preference is a person with a master qualification or an expert in a certain job. The shift of the unemployed characteristics, from the less educated to be an educated one will also imply the action programs' type and level of education and training. It means that the programs should be designed to produce a skilled person or a master on their jobs.

Validitas dan Reliabilitas Pengukuran Keluarga Sejahtera Faturochman; Agus Dwiyanto This article examines critically family welfare data collected by the National Family Planning Board (BKKBN). Comparing the BKKBN’s data with the UGM’s data, the article demonstrates significant differences of family distribution in most of family welfare indicators. As a result, the categorization of families into family welfare stages between BKKBN’s data and UGM’s data differs considerably. This raises some issues on the reliability and validity of BKKBN’s


family welfare registration data. The article also discloses weaknesses embedded in the instrument and data collection processes which may hurt the reliability and validity of the BKKBN’s data. Thus, the improvement of the instrument as well as the process of collecting data is absolutely necessary if the BKKBN would more effectively implement its family welfare programs.

Pemakaian Norplant Secara Salah: Antara Kualitas Pelayanan dan Kepatuhan Akseptor Susi Eja Yuarsi The number of norplant users has increased over time. The problem is that many women use norplant incorrectly. Some of them use it longer than 5 years without removal, some women use double norplant and some others use one set of norplant, but it consists of less or more than 6 norplant matchsticks. These problems will certainly bring negative effects both at the national level and individual level. At national level, the large number of misuses will cause the failure of the family planning program, and at the individual level, it will bring negative effects for women for both their health and economic situation. Non-compliance behavior among norplant users is caused by many factors. Poor quality of care, especially providers' incompetence, inadequate information, and inadequate mechanisms to encourage continuity are found as major causes. The clients themselves had a contribution in the misuse of norplant. The clients had their own beliefs about health and sickness and they also tended to refer to the


behavior of their neighbors who were misusing norplant. The clients' awareness about the importance of information was also very low and it caused the lack of knowledge about the regulation of using norplant.

A Fresh Look at Sexuality and HIV/AIDS: The Indonesian Experience Anna Marie Wattie HIV/AIDS has been in Indonesia for 10 years. The first case was discovered when there was a foreign tourist in the area of Bali in 1987. Since that time, this epidemic has received much attention from various sectors such as government, practitioners, researchers, and even from the lay people. The number of AIDS cases is increasing and has been spreading to some provinces in Indonesia since the beginning of the 1990s. The anxiety stemming from this epidemic has gradually invited various responses, but political commitment did not officially appear until 1994 with the passing of Presidential Decision No. 36/1994 which led to the formation of an AIDSOvercoming Commission from the central government level up to the regency level. In line with the Presidential Decision, a national strategy was launched by issuing the PeopleWelfare Coordinator Minister's Decision No. 9/1994.


Jurnal Populasi Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan Universitas Gadjah Mada Bulaksumur G-7 Yogyakarta 55281 populasi@cpps.or.id; populasi_cpps@yahoo.com


Populasi Volume 9, Number 1, Year 1998