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Field Guide to Amazonian Bats

Echolocation keys Main phonic-group selection (if you DO NOT have harmonics recorded) 1a. Pulses with at least one CF section.

Mormoopidae - Noctilionidae 1b. Mostly QCF (at least in one of the pulse type, when call sequences include alternating pulse types); sometimes with small FM cues. 2a. QCF/ FMd. 2b. Convex QCFu with two FMd.

Emballonuridae A

Emballonuridae B 2c. Convex QCFd with at least one FMd (one or two types of pulses). * Emballonuridae C 2d. Sinuous QCFd (two types of pulses). Molossidae A 2e. Convex QCFd with two FMu (three types of pulses). * Molossidae B 2f. Convex QCFu and concave QCFd. Molossidae C 2g. Convex QCFd and concave QCFd. Molossidae D 2h. Concave QCF (FME < 30kHz). Molossidae E

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* Be careful with the third upper pulses, as they sometimes cannot be properly recorded due to their low intensity, which can lead to misidentification.

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Field Guide to Amazonian Bats  

Do you think identifying bats in Europe or in North America is difficult? Well, try it in the Amazon The planet’s green lung is home to the...

Field Guide to Amazonian Bats  

Do you think identifying bats in Europe or in North America is difficult? Well, try it in the Amazon The planet’s green lung is home to the...

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