Page 1

F. S T ,-1/lLISHED I SO:! B >' THE

3

1E NOR

R.

Suggestive Corner

at the top of th e pag py is used .

BUSY WORK .

In the earli est wo rk in read in g the chi!J reaches out first towards th e fo rm. His seat work shou ld therefore bt.: such as will lead him to obse rve quickly differe nces in form. The teac her may prepare for each child a set of two or more of a va ri ety of forms as circles, sq uares a nJ tri a ng les. These form s may be placed in an enve lop" and th e chi ld match like form s. A set of sentences two or mo re of eac h ne may be written on slips. These may be placed in en ve lopes, a nd th e chil d match like with like. Words and lette rs may b prepared si'mil arl y a nd us ed in ma tchin g, a littl e later. CA .\ 1E S .

\\Titin cr a slidin_

111

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'1

Th e beginning class r<'ritl's 111 thl' mus r ro om . ·r n scrc . nce \\'Ork the c I11·1-1 urcn 11a\.t., beer . - rtiH IJsc:rvmg th e go ld e nrod . th e s un!-1m1C • app le, th e pear, and tht' pt·ac h.

The chi ldren sta ndin g in th e a is les may be co rn stalks whil e one chi ld whr sthng IS the wind. The wind passes amongst th e cor n ma king it sway from side to sid e.

children hall. have the ir morning exe rc ises in The th e primary There are three beg inning class. regular g rades and one The beginning class garnes.

11·i II I child 's 0\\' 11 ac u,·rty . . rh·tt tI s t1c ' . . rhc ·tSC g rvc s tre ng th to its pow e rs a nd .rn cr·c '~ capacity of the mind . "-/;,{lz~.,a rd Jlroo s. . . . Jrrcs '' ]~o ~ r a IKa lthy c u I tl\·au . .o n o l. t ill'· J;;tc tl. <tl'l• req uires that t he mea ns by ·w hi ch th e ~ 110 5t lc:vc lolJc d s hou ld b~ IJroucr h t to the _111 1 3 ch . · · · ,..., ·rl 1 "' srmp lrcrty a nd to pc rl cc t harmon)' " I

Instead of having th e usual form of copy

-

PERU.

:.JEBR~SK

Hl.Y BY CLASS OF 'QS .

thn. ''- Pestzlo:::::i. tel' ,,-1'1lC l a ntr uag·c oJ. a ch 1'11<. _ rs . -_ fa r . .!Jet .. p ct5~

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RE\' . <.;EORGE ?IL GATES .

J. J.

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Te rm s o f S u bscription:

One copy, pe r sc h o o l y e ;tr .. ....... . .... .... . . . . . . . . Sl.OO Sin gle copies, eac h . .. .... . ... .. .. . . . ... .. ..... .' . . . . 15 All subscripti on s arc co n ~ id crcJ p c r m ~n~ nt unti l orJ ercd d isco~t i nu~ d and arrear ages paiJ. AdJrcs s all c o mmun ic:H ions to Til E 1\ o~ II.~L COUR IER. ~

Ent ere d at th e Po s t oflice at Pe ru, Neb r., a s Se cond Cla ss Mall

atter.

SCHOOL DIRECTORY.

P HIL OMATHEAN. Soc ie ty every Fri day eve ning durin g th e sc h oo l ter ms at ' o' cloc k . . All Stude nts arc cordia ll y in v it e,\ to joi n us in our l iterary worl, , espec~ttlly tho~e of th e hi $! hcr cours e 0 . P. P .o\L~TINO:. l're~ide nt. EVERETT SOC I ETY . . hery Friday even in g durin g th e sc h oo l term~ . N ew st udents are es · Pec ta ll y tn vit~d to join \I S in ou r li terary wo rk . I~OlltRT G t F FI~. Pres. WELLINGTONJAN SOC I ET Y . ,.s?ciety every Frid ay evc nin !< duri n g th e sc h oo l yc:t r . All students who di' 5111 th e deve lop ment w hi ch .:"rn cs t lit cr:uv "ork a lone c:t n g i ve are cor a Y tn vl ted to v i sit us. , " ELI Z ABET H 81lATT . Pres.

J

.JUN IOR SOC I ETY. Fri d ay Pve ni ng- du r in g- sc h oo l y ear. StuJe nts :lllcl are Cordtall y lllVtt ed t o v i si t us. F R ASK •\ I AtlT IN. Pres.

.

fric~~~or society. eve r y

l>re ·

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.

Now clin~tn e r gTows th e m eado w ' Vinecl wall a ncl z igzag t·ai l, :1 W htl . e frith -a-froth a nd h ome \,,a t c __ (111/f!'· 11 Goes th e milkin g· p a il. _ £ :1C

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Or"a . L ECTURE B U REA ~ . . . . . tl sPi ' ntzed as n p b ces ofth PI. erma nent tn s tll ut1on of th e sc h oo l. It 1s under 1c ~ u ~~~~ lectur~rs ~~o;~athean, E\'crett , Wellin g-to n ian and Juni or soc i.ctic s. fl.tc etary: A. J N dny Will be sec ur ed. J . .1 . King-, ch airma n ; l.cttt e M. Lutt , · Ca l , treas ur er. ·

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No. 3·

What i s t he Hope of Our Country?

CARRIE D u:-:cA:-; so :-.- .... . . . . ........... . . . . ... Tre a s ure r Er,JZAB E'rfl BtL\1"1' , ... .. . .· , .... Prcs i d~ nt C O t ' Nt c R Staff

11 -orcl~

No w k atvd id,; wax t est y , And c t·i... c k e t s whi s p e t·:; "s lee p. And s udde n sparks of fir e !-li es P ulse throuu·h th e s hac1o""' ,. cJ eeP· ~

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NOVEiV\BER, 1894.

fH ' S I :-.'ESS :\1.\ :-.' ,\ CJ-:NS :

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has kindergarten

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- Locke.

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Clippings.

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The primary classes a re \veil fill ed

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H. nEt~ l)LE . . .. . ...... , . ....... . . l:: lllTO N BERTHA J OIIN~T O l"' . . . . . . . . . . . . \ SSIST.\~ T F. ntTO N

befo re him . than by i so l ate~, r•:;i. ·t f r-agme nta ry se nte nces. ··- rn estNtJ.J tion. -uc ot '''l'h · <.r lriw· · · p1ay " ·rt ·1 1 in St 1ents The childre n may rev rese nt th e Autte rinR . at a Inrn of ., . I - . . ;:;, o . . n n, . 1d leaves with th eir ha nd s. As th e leaves Rut- Is a l ealthtul Ince nti ve to t he attc.ll II !Jcll o tering to the g round th e eh ild re n rna y slo II". kn o\\' led o-(; a nd co ndu ces to th e ,,·c. :-;, ' I 'I ly drop on one knee, close to th e floor. f o bot h m ind and body. ' ·- Pesti~,o. r;::- · . dl'er1 ,, . . . f chd .fLd· The birds fly in g to the so uth la nd and the A I I the pia vs a nd d1 vc rsw ns 0 1 usc ·· butterfl ies ft ying in the garde n rn a y be sho~d cl be clirec.ted to ~'arc! good _a,nj~ l oneS· · for resented 'v\' Ing-s.by the chi ldre n, usin g th e ir arn, habrts, o r e lse they wrll mtrocl ucc

Primary N otes

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The rests which close th e rec itat ion may be app rop riate to th e co untry li ft.: o uts id t.:.

Cl.~S~ OF 'QJ.

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.vere d ~ ~ c~' Prof. and Mrs. D unca ns o.n th ' e b ~1 sP e · . J mg geo Ioo- .tca I spec .tm e n s tn Jo O'l·c~" reo· . b . f zoo i:::J t 9th is summer, Instead o · · Jl'' R s me ns as th e September C 0 UR "

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Tu ck er. tS I

C OMPANY H

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ea l W yne , 1s t Li L•nt .. J r. L. A. g 2 11 d Li eu t. Sam J . Storm . t st Serg.

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\~HE~E. lies th~ hope of our countr ? Is It.·111 our nch lands our aaold mmes .Y - .. . ' 1 ou 1 g 1 eat II\'Crs and m o·h tu seas f ? D . 1. . a ; o com- , m~rce . ~es It te . Ill the thousands of miles of nuhray, w1th .. . . the hosts of non stee d sl puff 111g. pantmg and makina the arth t~·cm?le_ beneath their mighty m~rch? Docs 1t lie 111 bank stoc ks. bo nds and ~ig·ht!· yaults of minted gold? Does it lie rn legislatures and the congress of these nited States? Does th e hope of our country rest in the g reat armies of our com.monwealth, or in oui· boasted 2, soo. ooo square mil es of -\m eri ca n soil ? \ Ve ll \\' € are proud of all th ese and we g lory in th e ~ag that fioats in triumph over this Uni ted Kingdom. one of th e g reatest a nd most po,rer:Jul of all the nations of the

ea rth. \Ve haYe inherited grea t in stitutions from our forefath ers and our national resources are such as "·ill ;:,O' reatl y aiel in perpetuating . th e \m eri ca n home. but o'trr hope is not tn any of R thehoboa ese. m reig ned over a kingdom that

st retch ed from sea to sea, but for the wa nt of loyalty, ,rhi ch rnal~es men gre~t a~d a defe nse of co mm on mtercsts, h1s kmgdorn fe ll (;eat Britain ow ned th e wealth of the ·1d t t that ,ras not jJO vv erful enough to wor . Jll 1\ 'fa),. flo wer fr· orn landtn · g· at PI yk ee p t1I e l' c ~ mouth R?~lkt. . hosts fell before Napo leon's Th e mi . there .ts no hope .In num. bold1. ,y. so 5 o·allan t so rtl ' ;:,c . bers. . ·llt s-a)' "ith out fu rther IIl,..I~ h en.

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-15

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trad uction, that the hope of ou r J\ mc·J:ic:~ . . {" \\'h 1t IS rests with th e yo uth of our la nd, who a r.c . ·h ·n/lluJ/1. . t I1<· '~'Jior a111:111( I I IH· ·1-"r' ·. cr" ·. . . I I ' lri\T. . torntf)· ducated in the commi>n sc hools and . Llill - I)I'C0/l1(• \ .IC'IOliS CrJlll/11;1 S :til< :-; versities and inspirr·d \1' ith tlw S jJJ nt . of ct lc · dJS('('flSIOil . . l c.;O l :til< I,. (IS I0) a I I) ' I 1.)()Il . . f··dl tht loy all), and true dev~tz'o~ t~ our ma nrfolcl rn \ I. · · 1 · trtths o < ou . rcor< Ill•' to stallS!!('-., otll · ·ts terests and mig hty JnstJtut JCms. . . ·ri minals ;11:?. unc·duc:tll'd. and it c~·~r~' fo What was it that g-;:H·c us ~he vr.c to ry Ill Sla t<· nwrc· t I1an a .., 1oo .1. ) .<...t ,. . t O. . Cc t t 11 0 '76 and '6 1 ? It was that spirr t \\' h1 c h lllll s l ·ar h of lh(·/ll in our JW IH'I<·nLJ: ll ) ' there. protect our fut ure as it has Ll w .!Jast lhc lllc ·n tion lh(' rost of s< ·11< I .I ll,!.!' l h<' ill ·ca r to spirit of lo)•olty. · This spirit 'pre· va il s today, \Vhil <· i L on l v costs a hotr l s:;o p('r ~c h ooJs. an d when we spea k of the flo,[[. t he sd wol <' ( Iucat<· 011r /chdd · r<'n 11· 1 L1H' <·01 11111 0 11 . · r th ere and the home, our hea rts a rc f1n ·cl \\' rth < ·n, . thusias m. . \ <' t, \\' Jl h all th1. s s l l0\\' ·1 11.~· ·rn ou r (a' I 0lo\'C .ro . 1 \ nH·n.ca. ,,. I1P \\' Olllt ols cIrsan • so rn( · 111 · 1 What was it that caused the boys CJf 'u 1 I . I I' . sc 1 o . ' [ n J11 to face the deadly fire of the l' nc·m y ? Was c OS<' th e d o ors o l ot11· JH ' ' r< · 1· t1ag r :a rd t he IJiblv a nd lea r th C' o lt b it th e hope of better food, better raiment, better pay, honor and a pension afte r the hc; r staff. 11 )' the PLI eB ut no m a tte r . \\ ' t' s ha ll s ta nc )I conti 11 ~ , war closed? Ah, no. Bu t somebody fired 1. I fl·ln· ·tn c'food. cfttt1 rc sc I100 I ; Hr. b lc a n cI l 1H' < ...... ' . ,c upon the stars and stripes at Ft. Sumptre, · til 111a 1t" tiJ1 L]1 to teac h Lh,c 1\ m c rr ca n yo u ll co n and tore it from its"staff ; and then I ikc as if sha d te(:! C . acte?' anrl se(J ?'esjJccf,. \ \! < · . an e5 a baptism of fire ·had fallen upo n all th to exa lt th e dc c.c.ls o f o ur an ccs l~ ~, of h : r~he northern homes and hearts, men Aew to arms and went forth as patri ots. o ur boys a nd g-1r ls t hat the b lo _1 cy •'a 1 e ),'s f) ' · v( ·1n · s ; t inc t tl ·f ' ]'1bertthe Well, we have a g lori ous coun try 1 \\. c 1O \vs th ro ug h · thc 1r , are the proud possessors of a sacred land, cl ccc nd a n ts of t he g- ra ncIcs t 1·ace o.1. In be' d \\' e ter fo r it has bee n wa tered with tears and c cfc n cl c rs" t he " ·o r· lc.J ha s C \ ·e·r ha<: . . Ja n ' s bathed with blood from patriotic hearts. :du ca tio n o \ the yo uth ~f OLII f the J11 ° 0,,v b)' tl y noc1 ret~t Now then to kee p this heri tage of our I.hevc the re lt cs t he so.lu tw n 111 os 1 fathers-:-perpetuate its memories and g row .1q u? r p rob lcm - c.a r n c.c o n , of the o f the great ith th e coming yea rs- we have a fo re1g ne rs 'a nd wh1 ch JS o ne pan toW perform. foes of o ur g o ve r nm e nt. . tioil ?. 1 0 11 r 1 \ XT ' f The public school must be main ta ined, 'v e bc lr• cve tha t t 1JC c·d· UCcl.·11 un· 1 :) ctt f1 ' . t he p ro pe r c ha nn e·ls· "' j\ 111 etl (:lfl dJ Jt IS athed cfiJef corn lior berty · h'er stone · of American yo uth In I erect Its . s h01-es, sJ1t~l . , .• W nalls. upon 1t t 1s oo-overnment must p co p e, ut1'I·1ze a !I o ur res·o urccs. · Lll .wh1' c.)1 e t j1t; 0 1ze the h os ts who co me to The b d ·1 k A . . f r o m . .., 1z 8 , oys an g Jr s must be kept in school flma c mc n ca the ce nte r 1111.· 5 rra" ti or 2o . c th ey not onl y nePcl o study a th where · ow a ho ly in fl ue nce to t ]1tl ve, e J11 Ll 5 fJ1 t1 50 art, but th' met,c, g eogr aphy, scien>e ancJ Wo rJ cJ . N r · · 1 u t w 0 ow to bnng· a ll th1s a J -ho a re 5o to rn usti·rnb·be hPnn~Iples of our constitution . 1 e t e hist f' ' , 11 un til their h · .ory 0 our ow n co untry tea che rs- m e n a nd \vom e n- wcr net 5:, , "~dll ·h f earts wJ!J b t . p rofe . ss JO . n ~teiied1t mao alt/19-' ]11 17 nati ve land d urn WJt 1ove or our e rs o f t hCir ' an t,1eY be d fo r ou r corn 1110 . rea y to fi D"ht speak, bo th morally and 11z uth to n· tnterests and our flag. ~ Our co untry hav e th e powe r to lead t he yo tt/t 1~ c, b IS 11ot SG , h j y the b - rnu c enc a ng-ered a nd ho ly sta nd a rd . trio!iC, hotlg of ers," or the arrn · s, oodle1's a 12 d bom b throzv _ \A.Te sho uld have p ure, 1re in 111° " I y lllarched _as fie and G'odt.J, teaclzcrs. L ,,,]l o c sl1 0 across ou r cnuntrIes' who . recent 1 cl< number of as We are by t he g reat act a nd teac h in a a n d n o ne dri ll < b ' ·o n cr · more oi th e "almio-ht Wdh ose 'parents think s moke tobacco or u sc s t l ;:, tr~l 11 gl1,' the chJicJ can do ol!ar and th e Wo rk be a ll owed to teac h. a nd d . 1fl l-<,. nt 11LI SiaSt1 tha n they do of l . e faynl or in th e sl · ·c to s uccc' c c1 cc ee el1 e'' 5 11 1op 11s educa tio n. Yo uth a ri g ht as m e n a r e to 1:jng· . or Ot h e r pro f e ss1? · n o r un c1c, rtabclJ " .eV eJ Go el l Y- no 1nficl e l o r Ll 11

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~~r n;~/tonception. Da~,;~. ~r th~rteen

Jo'(l l ' l{ PAWI'S-

PART Ill.

\\'h Jchl HSTA \ ' iro-il N caDING rri .th e extent to tilt en· \\'as sti ';,ha nee c lane<' I or the i11uWinati .' Jons.. stJII ccl1 tn ri cs passed a ;d 0< l llg these thirtee n ce l1 t . appeatecl. Dur1 1. un es O"reat 1 1<l t ra kcn jJhcc 1.1 1 ti·l e . b c 1anges . ' " 'e"·s of T com1 ntr I ;:-, of Christ . tl1e . sp t.ea d of men. the . lw1 t ll' persecution of Christ's f II g ospe , tn rned the thouO'hts f , o o\\'ers. all the fu tu rc I ifc . o In. tf , men. sharp/)" toward \ .. . . · · . le tJm tS of Hamer and "g d the ,Jcas of men co ncern in0' f . state "·ere ,·ao·ue. H ome- d \ /? a. utut e Il e.lr . deltn . cattons \\·e r e bu ' tan,,·ork'""" :::- fk ne,"' he best c lass of !111. · · s t 1e1 1 · C' . ·· s must 1 ndo Ja ve ('Stc c 1nct1 .thclll as· ·such· T J e gaspe ol hnst tcachulg' that th ere is a jud';;·ment to CO Jill' . that n>the lutu rei ife \\'e art to be rc \\·a rdcd 101· our g·ood d ceds.and punished i o r o ur c,·rl ()Jl t'S done 111 thi s. caused men to g i<T dose to this subj ect of futu rc p' nllslll nL'nt. l here was co nsta nt/ y a demand for dcfi nite inf?.rma tion. It may be t hat fro 1n II omcr and \n rg d men had caLwht the idea that th oS<' in this worl d mio·ht ;,ill render sc n·icc to th_ose .o f the othc;" wo rld that there \\·as a state in termediate betwee,; H ca <'C n and HeII inI "·hich those sufferino coul d be sa vcd by t ll' pra ye rs and penance of those on earth. Ccrta in I)' both pri ests and people had ,,;ood reaso n for desiring to belie,·e thU' · s uch belie! was a consolation to those whose fri ends died impenitent. It is not " matter o f wOnd er that the priests claimin" as rh e)' chcl the power to send the so ul to /-l eave n or Hell, should hesitate to co nsio·11 it to etern al punishment and shonld some alternati ve. W hatever may have bee n the orig in of the idea upo n which they foun ded their faith theY certain/ y be· lieved more Jull )' '" thJs ,ntermed,ate . state ca lled Puro·atofY in whi ch the soul by pun· i shment mig ht be pu rged from sin, and in which the pnest had power to shorten pun · ishment if the sufferers had friends on earth to do penance and offer prayers. T hus in

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Concept, Hell.

H\' A COl. LEG I~ STl' DE :'\T .

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their dail y thought a nd ex perience lh l' \·isi ble life. a nd that within th e \'ail \r('r( ' ])rought side by slue. Som e dc.To ut ont:s, O\'n whom the '' hand of s uff<Ti n.~· had lwc·n stretched out onl y to mak e.; lh(· sig n of tlw cross upon th eir so uls, '' had IJ C ( ' Il p<.: rmitt('d ve n to visit these plac es and rvturn . Everythin g rc: nd crcd th e un sc·c n more· r('al ·md ta ng iabl c. H eave n, J lc· ll , and pll t);a" tor v we re no longer day drea ms ; thc·y \\'c:rc : matters of fa ith governing thought and acJion in the di sc ha rge of da il y duty. Suc: h was th e co nditi on of thou g ht a nd fc~c· lin g­ which Da nte fou nd, s uch th (' ea rnes tn ess of th e age whi ch shaped hi s th ought. A man of ill ustri o us birth , of ra re.: nat11ra l endowments suppl e me nted by fa ir educatio n. with a broad ex pe ri e nce ('llll.Jracin g th " highest po litica l honors follo wc d by t h" most unrelenting persecution, a finn adh e rent to what he co nsidered th e truth t ho ug·h it cost him eve n life itse lf, w it h a n unfa lte ring christian faith and an ea rn estness born of the tim e and hi s lone ]y ex il e, D a nte seemed fitted to shape th e ste rn id ea l of hi s century. H e was not only a poe t but a christian, his creations the n mu st be mo ulded not only by his imag inat io n but by hi s faith. A tr ue poet him se lf he co uld not fa il to ad mire the creations. of ot he rs. Virgi l. he claimed as his teache r, V irg il is his g u1d e throug h hell ; therefo re we mio-ht expee~ to find mu ch of Vi rg il's co nce pt ~mbod ­

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111-11 . as I >ante · sa\\ . . . 'l s hap t·d hollcl\\ in thC' <'art h. lot ~JH. the pre· c1 ·ss in· r ircl <·s. c·arh s rn;tllvr ~h ,lll 1 c c;c n· • • • . :cvdtn.,· lh<' last Olll' ll·nntn,t llll ,1. . r_ at . tte1 d b) . ... ' I UT of tlw (·arth . T he th e me, tr<.:cl .. dc nct Qtl ll omcT in a f('\\' pag-('s, ha s 110 " ' . bl·hich 11r. ll"· .tnto tlnT I 1· . · c h o I " t IsLJnct pa rt~; . c·.I . ·fo re, toI 1 IC a vu lunw . I rannoL I10pc .· . t H .: <t rO''·n. d s ho w wlwrc·in tlw cotH'<·pl htts ·-: o- lean e. . . . to be ...,[01. 11,) mu st I"'1\'C' t IlC' l>'t rlt·c u 1.us . nt ld fr om tlw work itsel f. It 1s s uf l . t c~~hat cou pur pos<.: to say th at t:\·ery c lc-m e n ·ed in th t :xc ite horror lns l>c<' n c mpl o ) nce.P 0 .Im age ry. O ne 'l)ec uha . nt . y 0 [ th e1 th c e hv f~· ·c hcceffects ois shou' ld lw noted : D a nte sc,u. 1 man hea rt a nd fro m t he te rn b c. 11 5 fo r 11t0 · up o n Jt · he ga there d S tl ~o·ges tJJeOrhaP 5 • the s tn h (~ 11. It wou ld be too mu c h, . I rc of . }IS . n ts . ~·t IJ JCtu · 11 5 e If te-e l· say t I1at h 1.s d c: l.1n c at to . fu . I h LlJUan hea rt a nd yet I1 ~~ 1111 I Stn . f I1 e pd us that it had a t\\' o-fo lcl m ca nJJ1 g . whO \ e . c posttt . .o t: ~ occ up .t c~l IJY_ t hhosc attv ows t1I at 0 u( : omm tttcd dt ffe re nt c nm cs s ·es of I1ad stuclt.ed ca ref ull y t he te n d e nct 8-!1) fa ll e n natures. de rive efl t Da nte d oe s not attc m pt· to dcpO!-trfla.J1°.1 lll o ra1 sub limity fr o rn hi s ow·n ao·a 111 ideh .] . h tt·a r y, .'? o- Ll ., w 1 e 1n e ll. On th e co l: ' f ]li s o }1iiJ''. aga in h e swoo ns by th e ·stel e 0 J t for .5 b) 1.111s, . f'a r ±rom , ca us .tn g co n tem f 11Je ret-rot0 gtl1 . .to n o tI-{ is treJ<fl.o ,,, g 1. v.e s us a n exalte d op in 5 11 Wh tch he w·Ls s ur ro und ed . . ,, , ,e · tlo Jed "' that of Dante. We do find its chief . c.· • wet . ct8js pe~uhanttes, but th ese \Vc re meage r 111 a - of mtn d and te rrib le wtll P0 " apP~ e e 11 t fr o m hi s li fe . \ Ve o·a i n so~nehtS sttlc5 ,,reP tenals for Dante who gathe red from a ll . f t he h o rro rs of 0th ose 5 1~ . d II 'f ncto cr ra nt })'· tJOns an a men. he ao·es in wh ich ·1 d D 1· c • .. "' se nses and se lf- co ntro l ,ve t e J ns " ,, gl an ante tved we (e a lso c1 1·ff· . 11 \ xr re8-c 1 rv e h ave a 1rea d y see n t]1at· ' r· .·e t e nt · away b y th e m. 1 somewhat more definite· tJ1a 11 c }·l ov tro c l \V·c ts• _It s h o uld be no te d : . , ·t b efo re ot·. ell c there. was ve ry mu ch left by him me c uir '. , ·st'. 1ll fh at a ll a re jud<Yed 1n pa l . d ,-Jlle 0 t l; ,r defimte a nd shadowy. Th . _. £J te 111 - ing- hell. M inos .f~1rn i sh t h e JLl ;ares]1t t. 11(r . ow n expen.e nce 1e·spu 1t. o.. Da nt '·r·. hat t h e .tn sc n.pt1o . n ove 1. rh et ;:;,hOLioo tii1tl JJ1;1 age, h1s . e-,' s 1 l I . . .. , 1I s c lcl t acter t. , eagerness, anc 11s chnsti a n f . 1 IS 1c · va n·o us ±orm · r e peate d 111 s t hee ..--c·on tC..~ him to be defin ite and e:xplicita 1 t 1 I--~ 0 111pell ed ~h e p un is hm e nt was h ope i 55 . oa.Jl1~1 im agine- he saw '"hat he dcs~ ril e cl t~ not foreve r. s o± ]1t..I(JJ/ 5 wh ere he speaks with th e c · r.:. 1 )eel. 1:. \'e ry 'f. he .cl ea rn ess a n cl m 1nu · tc nef t ]1 C-J'lb . e0, c, 5 who has hacI an oppo rtu nit On , tfi C e. ncc _ . o f o ne clcsc n· pt to · n. th e rc fl. e ctJO · I1 ° cJeS · 0 c t e1,jt11 serving that of \\·hich he ~ .0 c ctr.e-tull y ob- I 1 . 1t, . th e: te rn. blc see .. . " 11 cs \ r 1 · 1ea rt tn -o rs, .p eel ~·.,1e . . th en, mc h.IS co nceptio 1s ta spmt, . . k i11 b<Y ' .-1~1 1C f. · asc .tnat Jng b y t h e ir \· e ry ]1 0 rto·e ]· 0 1!1 -dr O~' • differe nt from that of Viro- j1/: ts csse nttall y ness a nd v i o·u r o f h is Ja ng uabP.s ide . ;-:, S, .!:::Teat fln ishJ p la ce: Dantr• a nd Virg il. "'

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ol lt.111d 111 :\ o rth"· estc rn 1 · 1 ~~ Ull Lll\\'l.'Sll!rll l)ak O (Cl \V as fOrn 1e r <ts ' ,lJH ] . "t · · c t 1 1>\· a l.1r • •~;; body u f tl <tte r, an 1 ··.,. oc cupt . a1e 0 Ill ~ t·l J s n 0 " . 't\.11\.l\\'11 as a:--. 1H1!'l!O ll of 1 0 .tss th <= Bad t:c.n c· l·,t k c bt~ t l. or !.Jetter kno ,,·n 1 . .: 111 s ome re~11eC(S t 1liS · o-1 on...'- o[ tl ~ ·tnd ·'· tl Obe 1C 111 r Utar· · Th e \ \~) S.t w o.ndcrf u.l rq.!· iv ns. o n L.h e hav tes dra j rt\·cr and ns tn b1wh!l c:I Lanh e , n t I . Yon ~ Vor 11 tl _. tt l1L :tnd the ,ras htngs I . ca nC:ej ::s \vh ·1cl le surf· . .tee .ttHu I~t 1J \T .J11 l1Jilt: "ab! l WJ c.l . \Jt:d e lli . 11 arou nd 111 e ,·e ry co nt s r rec tt o n ]) . . . . l t=sq ~" lll ;t i . · Ort1 u n:-; ol th e o n cn na .. '-d Li· (; I Orp n. J n [> '~'[> ~ llllt. c u ·tr a nd <=>rr ro tL Ci t 1 . •l S l' {'J · . < <::> 11~;: . ) . A . .- ntn d tn ~· o n e ol su n1 e d cse rtt' o 1h<t pI)eara s , I ' Lr . <ls . . .th e c: \ T . ca n reac I1, 1 e·<ltht:, " 1·J~~ , .tn ll.ce o ( ct· 1)and o ncd• lniJilC\ 11 ha brta• • 1 tt11cl S\.lr·cl j ~. cL ·.St-ri • · · , - l:S Ot tO\\T I'S , sptr<.: S d i1 C] \\rI1 ~ • 0 111 Lur~ . 1h C g- r;u)( 1 o ld n 11· 11 5 , w e ·tt · l ] 1 e () lJ !:l' d J'e l , • • , •· t~ es ) lit <l .~· eu l ug t c ctl ce nl l" t<tt) 111 . c! ~ . '1ne l l 11c e tJita ~ ·f e· · !)tit t- he ,<L Y re·1 c l 1Jhs ot o rm 1 111 t i t ... . su rfa . _ , · . · Stir e Of • ce l u r th e: uTea te r pel! t ·ts· !?:t11n1 ' eo·e t· . n a nd til<=> e t h e nn o me tci , • ~ ees e,. 0 1·. o:::. at to '~ 11 cl ·. 1\1 te· 11 ta .. n ue lro . •n too to J20le1 \ v(). I11a 1 ~0t \V1 t h s . .. . . · · . . · tct nd1 nu- th e m te nse hea t 11 Y 1 . 1k )' t l] l a rcl J · ...... . . · . 111 \v he t v e r \' . s 1 1Ps t h <..: 11e l d 1s bc .'-! l<t~<l.s. ~ry"n- 1-eate- r ) Jea _r_. b Y n:.ttur;1 1I·s ts. . ._ '"h~ lt1 .1a nd ell ~ ~ tto n o l eastc: r n \ e bras ka b~ 1C:h . the n _\lttn g t h e tim e of th e g rea t . c\t·e . '] . . illS tl11'cl lt1 ·] · fo Oi l t h \V l:.'.st a n d t h e lo ss t re in ct · s c tc Ind ·111 . 1· ]· _, C)\1 ~ ~) .ate · t h e o ld l\ ]I oce ne a . . e 1 lll~~ t- theOc J1· Tl 11 s 0 111 1·f· of C m eas u re th e te \v\l ~ho .Pl ait s 1 ~ .a ni111 a ls whi c h roan 1 ~d ::~v cl~rfes oFt ] oJ \ e bras k a a n d {requentt cl ~ ~ ~~~~ :· b~fL! l O f a!]1e .1a 1.;.e a re a m o n .~· th e 11 1 0 ~_- t t \.\! so fO r-e~ or g~o l og i ca l ti111 es. Pe ~·l; ap~ h~ ~ cl <lvO t · b l s tn cc h a 'Je t h e co nd tu ons 't 11 () 1 c\ e f .. ~1 .lit lt1111,,. 10 t h·_. o r m am m a li a n ]Ji e. '~l <- 1.) '-' t o <l vc t' , . cuss "t::. t1t ll s . tm e o r S]MC e to c tS ~~ lJt"''' ~~ th e \v .sp e c 1· e s e 1· th e r e xti· nct o 1- e --.: r.: · r~ i '". J tte r I . . e ..8. ~ .~ { Cl ~s · lthou l as wa lk e d -- for q uit 1) ~Cl tl t s tc· · h · o· es· e~ 1ltt ~l ssi l ~'e rn . ·Pp tn g u p o n a n yt t l> ] · It~ l tl.r t-e tna· a tn s o f l\'I ioc e ne a nt111 ~ s~· '1 10 - e, f a u tns. of o n e v e r y 111 . t e t·esun,.., . ... 1 ~~ n ci 11 1 · JVl to 1 ' \' itl l t 11S fo r matio n . t 1e l. h 1 t h rec t oes a ll of "" 11c I

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L CO URIER . touched the g roun d. The mastodon and many of its relati ,·es . are fo und in a rrood state of prese rvati on, some of th e fee th g·athered last su mm er measured more tha n four inches in d iameter. From the measure ment of certai n fo ssils it has bee n found th at some of th ese animals wei<Yhed from se n ' n to ten times that of th e larg"est species of ekphant e:-:La nt. Th e num erous species of ca mel. rhi nocero us and other anim als of ,rarm cl inwte ans ,r er ma ny questions pertainin~r to th e climatic conditions of the :\ol io~

cent' Th eepoch rcrna. in s of the f1ora would indicate Lhat the climate was somewhat warmer tha n at prese nt, '~·bi le many .of the species are closely relatea to th ose of _rhe. pres.en t. -\tn ont" the more co lllm on spectes tdenttf1 ed ~u-c n;~·notias. cypress palms,- ~)aks, willows maples·, birches. lindens and. ptnes. ' [I , \ I inccnr lct ke "·as dr<un ed to the eas t 1l . . f. 'I h,· a tr radu al ckn1tinn ot the su r ace unt1 , l . 1('tl IJ''C'tl ll c cl n · la ne!. ...\s a resu It t l1~ c I ~tt..: < •. . (' l ) .. 1t1·011' st··uns o!Llll artz "·ere fo rm e d O < · ' . . t t I11Sic. ..c \·LLJ I·cs of the su rtace. .At present l 11 t 1t' I etC . . c \1es . ·t l'o rnnti ons stand sevc ra J tn t I1t'SC Cl tl cll /. < .. ] • d . . l ( ·tl" t··tl surface anc remtn one l l ...n ' down · nces: · ~a IJo . ,·c t H' ·;-.)!·e boa rd ±e 111 () t 0 1l 1 1) I l ." . ' ·]1t 1·111es . f· ] . ost straio or 011 11 1 111 I . , . sc;t!11 s I u , . <=>. • I I' acts I. . . nf rods -vhik others JOl ll at ng lt • • • , ·losurcs a tH1111 )t. 1 T hese scams . . . ang·I ~s- jonntJl ~(' _,c nc . }css than one .tnch 111 . . nost c.tscs. . I · -. cl.l C , Ill 1 . . . . . t h t' Jo ost: matcrt a IS · j S . ]l e ilL l ,1S . . . t I11C. : ncs. . I the sicks this for matiOil ·l lc , I down .ct on;-. ,,..,ts1 . I sca ttc rcd· o,·e r t Ile sw-. .JS b IO"l· _ J· ., ll do'' 11.t~.n L .course ' . e, t 11ese ot. tun . .. P c·rh·tps tn .±ace ~ '. ·t;. . ,· be iYrou nd to fi ne . . cf q u ctl . 111 c1.. /::' . 1 frag·rn c nts ' _ 1 1cin o· a sandy oam ~ . C]e::.. ·· thtt l ]Jctrti . St pi _ O lctu sc~;-:, thts. barren. waste . I . , . til utn . ' . w I1I C .1 n1<~) '· ·I a ]u:-:uri ant grow th o± vege- . to bnn g i 01 l. 1 tati on. ~~

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arc h ang-el is born upo n eo.rth ; we may J<n o"· him by the many diffic ul ties that and h1s co n· he h aS fou nd aud seq uent po"·cr to ed ucate; Ior ed ucatio il is the hi" hcst fun ctJon of hcun an Jty 10 earth and h:;;, ven cementi ng the lin ks of the chain o f Jove which binds us all to one another

sc~rmountcd.

and to Goc.l ..,


48

/ IE NOR Woman' s Outlook. E I.S I E 13 I X \' .

th ;;n rnan should ha\ c· a lo\\ cr sw nd a rd 0

mora ls ~han wom<·n . · a 15 · that '' ornan ·s. Place ,.ces· · f t has l)(•t·n sard . . ·I ' I n .... IHmw . II thc·n the· horJH ' rs su< 1 ·, . much

\~OM AN'S outloo k is changed, a nd slw sary i nsti~ution, is it not c·ntit l1·d to .'~~ othCI' W has adapted herse lf to hn changed r an · and rnt<'lk:ct_u_al ~ll'v<"lo_p rn l: nt ~~~nts and nvironm ent.

form erl y her sphere was circum scr ibed to that of dom estic duties, her hi g hest pra ise that she neve r be mentioned and hL:r libra ry limited to a Bible and a cook-book . I t has bee n said th at chemistry e noug h to kee p a pot boi ling, geo~-raph y e noug- h to kno '~ i he different rooms rn her house· was sc1e nc'· nough for any wo man. Th is view was ve ry na rrow a nd uni ntellige nt, fo r if sh' · we re to attend onl y to dom estic duti es sJy. ought to be fami liar with the natura l laws.

fa cto rs ol ()Ur C'l\'1hzat1on ~ ~IH ' llllP 11 era· . cf mould s charac.:tc-r for the ro n1111 ~ ~(J' C.·11 br . s, a nd her 1nlluc:nn· . f 1on an< I P 0 " ·t·r''l . . 1 cr"' o ' I \ ' I Cl:> strong<' r whc·n she has t IH ' P1 votin g . .1' 1cr her \\r·It h \ Vyum .rng- a nd Co . lnral Io Jcau l:> 1-: . llutioO futun: Sc<' ms scc;1rv a nd w ith ~hi S - ~us and rnay woma n show lwrsc.: lf co nsc lcnct "' ffici e nt.

Dick ens and His Wor kS ·

She was deni ed educational privi leges of all kinds. It was not thoug ht necessary that she be educated.

!1

• J11 e But her present outlook is e nla rged, he r -~ f O" reat t,· srs, aspirations_c hanged, her fi e ld is becomin~"> @fl-I·rs h as bee; n a cc n tUJ -) r 0 £:::> 5 cr·en J11es·. co-equal w1th that of man. Th e a vocations of so ld ie rs . of s tates m e n, ~ se 11 ~1 otJ~ pursued by man are equall y ope n to wo ma n. of inve nto rs, and o f a utho rs w 10 throLI~t at Recently new ave nues have bee n opened to ancl { a me \\' I'IJ (· c I10 a n ( I rc.- c c ho_ t h e lls(11o1d-e her: Many of the col~eges have ope ned s uccecd irw· ages . Bu t a mong ne ~Jl . ,.. , . . fin e1 0 ·o n s the1r doors for the h1 g he r education of wrrters, we.: loo k rn va1n to ira ti ye,' women. 1 I I aCL n1 . a J e, more.: \VOrt l: y o f· . O UI, D ic ke n 5 · • of 11t5 c With th e_se greater facil ities their ambi - study than our lllu st n o us 1t " . ]1o l1° th 1 1 tions are ra1sed a:1d_are ?~ing eage'r] y Ali ed. our D 1-c k c: n s; lor J l -1 1 t1 e I )'e , J a t 1o ug . 1 c, ~ , L ' h _ · E n txhtl . r5 We find th~~ fi lling pos1t1ons as phys icia ns uu: t p lace 1s co nfl n ee1 to ~ <::> • fot 1 tO oLl( lawye rs, d1vme:, ste nograph ers, typewrit~ p n.ce l ess legacy of h1.s wor-1.. . .S .I S ne'x.t · 1 ers and clerks, 111 fac t all th e professions . l a nc we, as A m e n·cans , ] 0\re· hii1 y p ?t)c' But still 1vo man 's interes ts a re not o· . . I own A mer ica n a ut ho rs. . a. net'' 11 prft, ed w1' t-h t he sa me care .as ma 11 ·s ·ts 1·s ;::,slUcliC1n_ . b ut 0 efl t r Hi s fat her was a c le rk 1 . h . c. • ' c 1ow n -.., q tl m the fact t at she IS denied the ri o·ht t Office.:, CO ns cie nt io us in hi· S \\r O ICo nse.efl t fOdtJ help choose the law 111 akers bLJt . o _ 0 t ica l in hi s c.:x pc nd itu rcs. . s uf[iC! Jttr~. on al I propertyo,vned by h,_,· '1_ ·h' pctys . ta 'x('s ... I - . b ec~L ~1 c. I n t. ]1 rdstJC~- rei.lf: 0 . . '--R' \\ IC11 IS . Vrt-- 1rs rn co me soon tuall v ' 'T axatton WJtholrt the a bsol ut<:: nece ss ru e s an e rles 0 t .1 JUStice • • wh1• ch wrj• J neve r be ep rese cJ ntat c. !On , ·· H is mot he r \A·as . 1 t Cl:~ ·oa-111' -5· ure to Wo rn · fa m il y. en as a class lrnti!· th e)i th e _sec. 1 1\fJ c ne ro-e tJc woma n a n cI t a LI <::>" 1 o 1·JO " 0 f · vo1ce · wrt· h men 111 . 111 .rn se equal h hav c e- a n . ves b t hC I 0 I 1 hom e. f hc o ne pare nt rs -·O" jn <.t ~c . . cl <: rng t e la\\'s. ]\'I rcaw It IS not edu ca tr on th;tt . . ' b e r, th e oth e r t I1e Ol lb . so .SJC' t ' N qual ifY: them for thi s r ig ht'. f~~- ':·a:nrn_g to .1cklcby. JJ1 ]I t ,~ . ,,,e re . e ds' educatiOn of \\'On1en pla . th e _hr g-her T he fina nces of the farn rl Y f n t11 .{Jii1oJt.l e abov~ th~ _l eve l of the o r~~~a~~an y o~ the rn a sta te: that at the p .rtlfu 0 · 1 ct.? . eYe. . si:<: ·sh-111 g b 11r her mabd1 ty to vote [)la . 1Y Vote r· But Cl 1 1ar es wa s se nt t o wor"l r t o t 5. e, t)' 1I--f ~ red ?~ d·, l c r o n a Iowe r level than man Whic h lec. ces .] 111 . a 1J Ja c k1n . (T wa r·e· h OLI. ··ng'· l ,. r {JJ1 o wee<, 1 1 ' ec1 a s to. ~he he]ipf COve rs o n j.>O ts of. j_;):-,.aste-) 1 h" e.,_ ., 1-s . rema .llle cl f.o r tw o wea ry )·e""

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not been so blessed as to meet a ~ I r. PeO'a 11lI un ca r. I ,. I' . . dtsta~td . .ul poty. "·ith his unSpea kablr grand and nobl e Fo 1 < t or tic- ,ll tlus t 1111e ch . _. .r l H · Ii ttk ft. II o w h;.ld for some ~oul: or t\11 Ag·ncs \Vichficl d. an c,·er-l i,·in CY fortitude and 0 • l·· a 1earn(Jtslwd ed . . .t . s~·nvL .unbitiun to h<'~t) Jn l' e:-;aJTI})k of r'ad alrca 1 :tn_d d1stinguishnl man." li e ness. Dickens c,·er sympathized with all that ather's sn~~ll 1 <_·a~l- _all t~H' hook~ "hich his ,ras "-holcsome and pure in hurnan nature, lr1 after ... h b t._u Y aftonkd hun . arned f·t ) c clrs . 111 Llw midst t)l. J1 i~ \\'l' JI - ho,revcr simple ; but hi s disgust for all that ~a Ill c 11 - t hose was fa lse and vain stands out unmistakably "r· r 1Y tr ia• l.., · . 1c could bardh-• S)H'<t k oi ·" rc Umsta ncr..:s ., Wit H_)lt t tears . . . ·\ nd ~ l..' l th e _,-~ ry in the pages of his ,,-orks. for coufhc '''Or k ~~- th os.._. Lnals wl·n· a tratntng WC'fJ:ai fi e ! ~ not 1. _ \' 11 ~h lw aftcr\\'ard did . lie 1 c1 \ l' _ _ 1, ., tie d ·r The Pumpkin. 1 he h· 1 ~ t n u s · ·Dan d L oppcr'vith'vareh0 ell nc n : r bt'c n th e wrdc hcd lit. . r da) hav olit 'l usc b O) -• S·I·cl \'!Ill'' d a )· afte JOU;-; G. WHTfT[ ER. . e"n usy. n1 pat . IWll.c w ~ the e ~IV o rd . lie could and Pfaln fu l . ~ 11 ~ ' ·Li ttl e 1) o rr in " but fo r · · · f at I1e r O n the b a.u ks of t he Xenil t he dark Spanish ' u 1 aide n A_ an1t·1 y icx pe n""' ll Cl' o l· \' ·tStlliH~h1s 1 on•<' up wlth tl>< fr o it of the tangle> v; o e laden. ' "f hs a true 111't, e . 'l\ I ars I1alsca Pnson . . . And the cc,ole of Cuba Iaog h> out to behold ' fe,v urnan na~ Jsce rn c r a nd fa ithfu l portr<l ,-e r orange ' ' "'"" g the b road of gold ; 'P;n Dic k e ns is equa ll ed 'by Yet w1th deare r deitglt t , fro lll Iu s home in t h e north t he fie ld> of h;, ha>"V"t, thO Ya uko< looks furlh ' ~ gre 11 this l' ~d by no ne . And loo ked On Wher< ccook·o"k' are eoH;,.g, and yellow fro;t 1S ge at he][) t tg lt a lo ne , h e is necessa ri l)' 0 ,,.d the oun of s ept<"' ""' " " " ' dowu on h;, ,; , . ' ttl'\t'f.l t r..ller II o g-ro h . . f .. t • a y . '' t rn ht s read e rs · 0 1 1 . c.tcl1 , h Old on Th'-"k'g.v•n< day, whO" t•·o•u eaot and "'"t ~~> te--, t'-=t Jatto a thoroug 11 o·f '-h11 0 W e cl ~o·e d that s . " F'rom u orth and frorU oout h eou" thO p;Igr_;,o a nd go<ot; lj Wh ecre ts O . u m a n na ture IS o ne of the W hen the g<>Y bair<d New England« " " aro und h;, ' fj e· l)'' (0 do es f succ ess · ,· n. 1'1re. · 'ttin Perh a ~1 ~t kn ow a little ' 'Dame Dur- T h e old b oard broke n !i ntk,; of affecti on restored, In he. g ab Outpsf .1n 111·s o w n h o m e) chce n·1Y Wh<O t he ,aCe woaded mart ""'' h;, ,uoth<' on" "'""' Cltg, ~ets 1 g- reat 10 111 m o rn in o· t ill nio·ht, fr nd- And t he worn ,,..tron ' "''"' wi.o•·e " " g;rl omHed b<· "11 , es t · - ;:, <::> • _ • in talcl eve n th JOy In t he h app iness of What f,.,ore,; to n> ""liP' · and what b ,·;ght ert> the eye, 0 0 ba<k " " paot like the rieh pumpkio-p;e? \vhllla ktfferin o~.u gl~ t hat happin ess cost, he~: Wh a t oail' s, ~11 11d b <:::> I fas no t )·o ur cn nfrde nce f ru it Iov<d bY b oyhoOd' t h e old daY' rooaUiug. ee n _at so ~ m e t 11ne . . g aud .,. ..,,. outo woce · ~'~<l~l <ttll <tsYo u have st reng thene d ' W'h r U wood gn•Pe' n·oc< p,u·phn 1 }vl rl..lt·e·sJ 0 hn Ja _" 11 0 ' \·n a 1a rg-e r so ul e d ,man: ll ing-, R't.: h lloble 1 nclycc , a t ru e Jn a n · •o ne ol W hat fa wHd. ; ,g lY f"" " ' " '·"d ;u it> , ;;u , 'G.' "<t Go n1 c n ?' ' . ,, , G laring ut th,. 0 ug h tl>< dack. w;th a euodl< w;th;" ' CI•c) t , a Yth or · H av e n t you se c " ~ 0 thr l()~~ ~g-ry 11 th u ncl e r in o· <l\ra)' like a When " ' l• " g '"" ,.o.,n d tho e0r" ,,.p, ,,.;tl• heart. all 1~<t ~ ctte · l'\-' '"~h ost ol r n1 c lo ud at;: :-. rt S ir L c .rces t e 1itt t,·.uttae.b,·oad P" " '"'" " - o" ' ia" t"" th• rnoon , o "r , ha; v· ~tSt' i1l ll) g- to ) 11C tl1 .111ks ' ILtS( \no no·ccl I11111 . ' •r e ll;n o· t al<' of t he fa; ry who tcaveled t;ke '"""'" 1 ~ · 11fl· c e ·· ' c · <::> t " a eoa ch , " ·ith two ,·at> for he' tea•"' tltcl, <l.t1llct so Cc.tplt.ate th e.: cul prit, or a \l, --=~ c. ~· n1 e ) · 1 11 · sc- 1 ~" i:l el.i b. '-l t th e .. 1 LIJ~IS 1me nt eq ua ) ·. 'fi"" t h a "k' fo•· t hY P,..,,.,t, " "'" """' ' or betW i v~l Sh ocl.b) ~._~ o· Scltn e tim e . h av ing s uch a. n .:·or , .,,ok<d f ro•" " " 0 ,•en o•· ,;cciod a platW' . . d - - e ve r " -rou•r lt t at <t pastry ut ore fi tt e. 1 t~q tllle1 th;~~ r c_ntk nes s in hi s nat ure a.s t~ 1_ e' 'e' 1neV''. . t watd"d o' ". .' " u ak•" r t<tl'l "' "' . " th• " th '" . e' --= IJ 0 1 t l 1 1 Jess 1 C w e a k and ,.1 <lt Ve _ lrds 1 1e P · · ·1 B 1tl ,: .. ,,er wh ich t1 J Y ttto nt h is too fu\1 to express, n .,. , er · '~\l t ti) <l. t 1y f ac e O\·_r c.·· 111· Ill . p e rch on 111·s ]1anc ~ _ J'~!I C1 1 C p, , ••-J1e·tt·t' t h at t h v -s lt <tdOW t~t<t v n e ver be 1e~s. (tLe ~~ a o l th , 1 1 k nO'\ 11 • 1 . t ~t h'tJ1 J""' 'of tOY tot· .,,.y br ,, ngth""d below. II) ey ~"'-d 11 &"r y t , _c t Hlll dl' r, anc · _ 0 _ S'we 1<l '1 of t hY wortl• Iii" a P" '"pk'" " " 'grow . tL~I'l. t \v<J t o 1- one Is o n! )· fo r the WI onc- A n d tl.O fa·fe" "be.,._ , 11-eet a nd it,; Jas t stttt set sl<Y 'lt 1t~:~-~.. <Jf llll\it'd n eve la t c yo u h ave jJ8-sse d by . j\ tl C1 t 1'I)' l I · ~ · ' ~ w1.· er - o· JGold " " " fai•· "' thd" " " " P'" " plr> " P"· th::. lcawb pass yo u b)') whole I eo c~ r "' -vvattm · - o· :fo 1• the · ·so rn eqt 11ev _· e t ''t urns c.up . -" Have )'o u•

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50

THE NOR.71.. L CO "RIER.

Till:.

Our Senior Class. An Autumn Vi ew.

The Auto

W L N~ IE E . HA RTLE Y I n P e ru, g a rden villag e of the We~:~t, Exis ts an inst ituti on; L e t i t~o; work be ble~:~sed ; For who can de ny th e hono r its holds , Or the s tre ng t h of characte r it needs mu s t III OHl d?

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- I y th • Iiss un n,· 1 • • • , a d eco Ji ht U auLum n m rn1n ~ (ac t1J e 111 ts th e ) ·. I hind u s, ; ~ff w "i th here ri v r, a rc Lh st p b r \\' 11 umaC• 1- 5• a nd the r .. a bit I ri m fn us i tt One attractive f:::atu re in t he afore s aid Ill ill Belasrt sp rt·ng· or a bun ch f Jllf! I .as t r · eJ au· I s our S eni or cia ·s , wh ose memb e rs d is til I w fi a t, wh e re th · n v r A \ . \V a be. Cf Those whole .·o ut ed .truth s a nd mu ch n eed ed lesson Dropped down by tutors of high professio n s. A s th ri v r is I w , • th is fl at 1 nf the spr'~~ tiful g ree n, wh ich r mind s _ n I ?n ing on t Its many young men so eaenes t and true, . e. 1"he mo rn1n . g s un I S 11 Its fair youn g ladi es a ll pleas ingly n e w; tim 1\Jf ·s• But ah! how th e latter to ins ignificance s ink n ve r. uddY JV~1fld When of the f orm er we happen the think ! It mak es it g li st 11 unti l tl~ef ~ lJr eY 0 e 1 With their W.! il fill ed mi nds and m a nly aies sou n. I oo k s pos .tt1. ve I Y b autl uees. . 1u1P' Their di g nifi ed 111e in a nd scholarly ·tares , ' th e riv e r we se nothin g b tt t cr as 111 5 L1ci · What wonde r we with t e rro r at·e .· e ized . n bea, vtl nea r the wat ·r a r still as gr r ee ·ho\V 01 When frown-da rketled f a ces s how rni lords di spleased ? me r wh il e t hose farth r awa)'r; ddis h ·bl fa/ fu I shad s of ye ll ow, . re d , >e r fec tl Y· I hili' T he married, too we ·would not s l igh t; and brown a ll harm01117.111g J ,1ncre O \'V~ They form, a:s it we re, a s trong h ead-light; A learned ce nte r from Whic h com es re ! ief, beyond th~se th e re· is a noth e r ~" 111 ist. ·11{eJ' h When unprepa red lesso ns briug us to grie f. I w .tc h ·ts e nvelop<.:d ·tn a IJJ uebut "'1e-'ftd ~5 know nothin r of what: is tru <.: . beaut! iJ11" Of the th~rty~e igh~ m embe rs in the c lass , Many reside 1n thts favored place ; . st daswe ~fan1. t Ilat th ere a re m ore tre<.:s JU The others, n ot co nte nt at th e f oot of life's hill t·h ose we see neare r to us, "·tn beau tl u rbl~.. Come here to ga n1 s tre ng t h of IJti nd and wi tt. ' agin e th at th e y are e ve n m ore po ll btl ' 1 There are Ag new and Antwate r Bixb t ofbr1J. 1I~ Cl . . , Go ld e r' · nd \V Y an(] It see med to me as I 10 o kedtyPe 1ase, CoII Ins an d D av1s 1 . View th at we mi.crht ta k e, 1. t cas ad at t )1 e cr 0 ss e ' <ttt. Bratt, Duncanson, G a rre tt, Good and Goozee 1 Graham a nd Gri tlith , B a rt a nd Hartt ' .£ S ' f s stan t O "'fll man 1 e. o ma n y o u ··rating e ey . of th e riv e r anxious yet h es l hood· d t1 1 With Palstin e ~Ln d J ohn s to n Mail< ·· d """ , nh ood a, nd ~vo J1l a nJife, an · e 1n . th e' co 111 · ~ an '-'l e ar s,· We ll!ay yet find pnd to ma ture ma ld ~.,de·o 1 111g Ye a rs. . Ord and McM a1che l, Quante and Ra g ree n trees symbo li ze mtdd e of 0 ti s ~1 1 0 Earne ·t and f aithf ul , inlprovin g . yl' ;~c! and brown o nes th e dec~~a t1 t Y ~ 5 ee ~I' eac 1 day. We have Wi sha rd , St nith 'rv 1 hese se e m perfect in th e II do no ee~ o , ' a- no n,, and Sto r n1 , Stanford a nd 8auts, Srnith tl . .d f' 1 . b t w e " err '',ne,, 1 11s s r e o t 1e' ,-I\'e r u clt.S<>;::\Viuch Wtth th ose of Va 11 nc Vl van Nos te·u. n .• · ' he r th e rocks, bare trees and o t a ple 0 tf ~ c• J'r:;~~ Jam es, ee t , Rockw oud thtn F orm , in so u1 ~ pa rt , our Worth-b _ .· . .Q"s , of whi ch we shal l find 'f we ]o 0 1 1·ust 0 J we re ach that point. But I hail fin' oit5 rP' Should you a;; k us w h y it;,; pr· . C<t.ttng llatn e:s. anu fu ll)' e nouo-h we kn ow we s ·tlld \fl d ,,fl Our class a lo ne ca n fu r · . l.l. I s'~:s -, '"e Stu,r . :-, , rs < r~ .,.v • , too,• with l\1alllsh "" In this fa ct rtin a. R·tng; ma ny bright clusters of aste ·c1 e. J<0° tO E ducabon . a 1 prog- ress Is . fu r f u.s head • sun1ac as t h e re are o n t I11.s Sdl rna ke Jl be)'J eJ1 rotn de act Our Nebras ka S ta te N ort 11 u.p L · more of th ese we ci iscove r a~ we ~h~s ~ td Diffu ·in g th e lig·ht it a t Preose t 0 ~1 15 lll a y it li ve to th e world, th e be tte r fi tt.e h awa it coLIe ofl And let us hope in a II future dn· !:;tv , e s .' ' apprecia te th e bea uti es whtc e red oJI Its ..:eniors wiliH ter it a ll hi g·h <t.~~· \Ve have e nte red that undt·sc ov eve r" J 1 · · 1' <lise. wl?ich is e nveloped 111 haze to thts ea rth.

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Our Nebras ka Sta te N orm a l, t ha t me nt a l 111 ill Progresses s moo th ly unde r Pres. N orto n'. :ski;!, Whose c hris tian charity and be auty of s o ul Shin e clearly out towa rd one a nd a ll.

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e n ver u~e~ to r ar deptctmg n ptl\ ~ than wh en_ f men -r at r ad\ anta 1 commo n" traitS. o mn1 n · pi m nner. · es I . ·un hf t 1 I tm g bltrne. s omettm . lli tru t u ' . . -tim e d -u d of po tr)' 111 _, n. · l esten H.1 ti . the hi . l beautt·£ u1 · th•e mo moret tru 1) his h um r u ' attat fntrut h 111_ t t ment d e en It 1 h man nature. t 11 • · an f u d ' bl \\ a ' · trun1 o 1 i her an I . 1 .t ortra) s a or is of that ? ~led out wh plmes ha\ ing laughs J.. • t at us 1·t .• th at 1 1 no kin d J. t 1 Jau ·ls our abil· · beyond . ks ur f tb .hu s a tt 1 ' of hrs ''or . ' ttI . . n edles . ·que of an) d h·Is poems, t 1· a cnCI · an d t rnpt a sen es . His me it . to ~takh t Tabl and popu_lat.l few, have H 1 Br11 . 1 health Y 1 paratl\ e Y . h favo r. , ,a , ·h con ll y wtt a r gb thou g d o·enera . literary 1 o ks, d an b encan ic-t . 1 rea of Am Emerson , b ee n wtde ; reat grou~awthorne, d Holmes, Of th at /:)B ryant, ' ~l hittier an urvi vo r I . e n: ) o , Lowe~ 11 ' v' . the 1a test sbrilliant m o·fcJioW, leave us' he most . Lono last to e of t he is the a6st and oJ:iting authors~overed by of th e la;o_c na lish ." of tim e wa_s deeds as -ircl es o o· oa peno he Ji ved 1nasured not How }ol~ow long " li fe is me " how long his lif~f:? as he sa);)' heart ?e~~~·t longer~ \~., ' as . 1t _ftve yeats.we 11 1 - ti c1(5 but . ;> b)' clo.ck _ then. 1 ·ts etghtyl d revolu 1 · 0 1a 1 n 1. 1entl0 c1 ·d he 1 ve . na 111 anu l ch .}onget,'1od ern. JJ1~ comme rdce, ut amid mu f re 1 tron ·e o Born be o -ansporta a'nd ushet 1e century. " scien · ce · e tionize d , trnd f ~he end of t1 to th e ttm fa ctorie_s ~ements o busy onel. L~~~r after hl~ achl e been a . ot JO b he a th~ J' fe haS . u e c\1d n th ing that . losed u tS I 1 rl s a ·ee t c ll_ . clea t l. , fuln es. ' His can . works of hiS d to use decl. h in hiS s dea h drea . but e 111uc wa e' Jltut) · on so · "c ·e c wa ys closing . L.tno· uarg th . with tl:lelli''e on. l: n(l·\lsh cl co ()'rand, 0 ·wtl· 1 stl1 ntY as t he d }ov ers of t1 ° As · o "be rea , ti nu es tO .

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-52

Tl!E .A

beautiful and th e natural will reacl his poe ms; th e student of humanity wi H perus his Breakfast Tab le discourses and h1 s wn tings, his bes t trea tm ent fo r broad e ni ng men's views aud ban1sh1ng despond e ncy, will be prescribed long after his ph ys ic has bee n forgottt en, and medi cin e has heco m a defin ite scien ce. His exa mpl e may well. be emu lated. He li ved and di ed in th a t simple fa ith so ·characteristic of hi s benevolent nature, a g rand and sim ple faith in God and Christ, br0ad and li beral, to s uit a br.oad and li beral ma n. How mu ch th e r is of his to commend it; a nd what is there to life shun? He was a successful ma n in co mmon af. fairs, and crowded every day with hearty, generous deeds fur others. . H e Was a li te rary ma n with out Bohe mian. Ism and a scientist with out agnosti cism. He but Was ina deed philanthropist not in th eo ry alone as well.

.g,t . I~e ltthroug:h ::: l ve eq ual areas ro rm1n . Thl l ut the who le exte nl of th e . l ~ cl 1pnc. hich i

is the ~ od iac . 'J.'he . ~ ' g.1_1 ~~~ \Sau rus. the co nstt: ll a tl o n o f An ~s 1s c;a ll h t curves T race a lin e of sta rs in Pe rse us t. a de star. to wa rd hi s ri a ht to a fir s t m ag n, ~u No te . ;.uri g-a. Use (C.apdta) in thh e Co n s te llauo~~ r ·· ·Cis). th e r.a rr o w tri a ng- le ncar ic, ( 1 he h.Ire llatioi1· th e la nte rn to d efin e th e whole co ns left find Trac in CY a limb o f P e rse us to th e fa little! t-. . o o a s mall clus te r of s ta rs 111 t l1c ·r 0 rm llation .1 · . ulp pe r,- th e Pllad es •Ill t Ile Co . nste . th p Sic1Jl Sauru s. Thi s Co ns te ll a ti o n 15 111 t [ . . firs G o e mini . e ns a 11 F in d low in th e so u th e rn heal v southe1re ~ ' ~t t) o f t , edefi ne t, ~.ag n .Lt ude sta r (/'oJnata 5 l"' Ish. W ith la nte r n a na ma p positio ns r)f: %OIJ c

(a) Sag ittar iu s, ·

,· o-k, VaY· w!th its d i pp ~ r a nd ti :~1 ilk Y \r With 1ts re lat1o n to th He a teacher and preacher, not by b) Cap ri cornu s, professrons an d pretentions but by exa mple. with its b ig V . He wasa genial, jovial and thoroughly (c) Aq u ~ ri~s, dit!C· human be wh · rng. and as such wi ll be knowr1 • Wtth Its Y fo rn.l. . 11 th e zoJ'}Oce h en tim e and prog ress have le ft us but These a re Co nste llatJOns 1 ach· . t! J'l 0 tInstitutions. e best thoug ht from the ruins of present R ecall th e area occupi e d by ;q ual'lus the ~thu th e amount of space be twe~ n Qbse r~eude· A n·es a nd ·Infe r conce rnin · g 1t • • mag.nJt o( Astronomy Notes. 11 St . r eo·10n . 0HSERV ATI()\' WO Jo.:_ . a rs o f t I11s as to their ·te 11 a tJO J'·es '. 'fl o ons e ll use of the la nte rn a nd of P· 1ey a re inclu de d in th e c . es oc f tbc . . ll PI S C es 0 ti0 .c; l'f'(a)I Andron star maps, Isce s. Th e Co ns tc llatJO 111 ieda,defin e th eposition of: 1a 11 t t , s· . I na 1 ~~ e 1g n A n es. Tnfe r t 1 e co nste . With its g reat nebula (b) Perseus. S1g ns in ·w hich a re th e. -·us· f th " A <1Li a nu . s, Ca r) n.co rnu s S a~tx ltta ti·a·n S o,~, I1(1&tt 51 With th e ,.ariabJ e star Al gol L ea rn th e na me s of a ll nI e-· t:>In f_e l •0.o'. 1' () ~tth Its star cl uste r. 7-O l r·lac, a nd th e sy mb ol ot· ~a . c h. . the slo e c T nangul un 1. (d) Aries. C Onste ll at io n is in each. ,,I1fe 1 1 . co1LII( e' 1 (e) Cep hus. ca nce of th e te rm ' 'loci iac. . ctlal e t r ·1'' ro m Po hris t i-rtcr-· th e 1.:; 1;1 cCJ.ou1n° 1oc.ato \\111 e· c · c '-· to th e men1bers of tl ' ·R . l l" 1 1. Nan1e 11 0 thro ug·h ''Th e G uid es " 9° b -e r''e tl,e·~"t 1" . · 1e oya y, te ther.r relative .· · . . . . 0 ,s t S 1.g·Jl •'JD )I;> theBir rei t d l\I . POs ttt ons, cl nd o· ve e rna I F':..quinocti a l P o111t. 1 1 C . ' Ytho logr cal histo ry. " a e o nste ll a ti·o n ·It is. R cca j]Wl '-1 te rn1 ,1 ear 111 111In d that t/, · · 1 r f' ' . . . th e st 1 1 latiolZ It · 1 d tzs A.rles i s a Constef_ ~ e t tl: e Slg nll1cance o± . t11 e ·a-C· · nc: u es al l tl " f . space .:>"'o o Iono- (c. L' ounc[ In a l>I o nt o t A rie s . ., . )1 5 or . .;- od 1 ~t a l leWstars ) I'-eca ) ll w l1a't 1s · tru e ot. t I1e"' IJ"1 t t 11 e . v·ella . 0 ·s· (N. and S ) - -. I nc. . a nd 8 o Wid e T 1 .. un ectc 1 Std f I E . · . . to rt his tent of SL!rfa (. o t 1e ., chpti c. n1 00~1 _ and pi ;:u : e ts re lati Ve o llf 111: stJj1 o !J' I e:x ce , o o S.by I 6 o ) Qn th e Obse , ve what s1g· com es to. _ th e. . Sphere. is Called Ce estraj 11 . . JO I1 jS• 1- . I . n I c n 1g h t. I n f e r In what 5 Nr 0 on e t. a 'g n, a nd 1s one Obse r.ve in what sjg 11 rh e. ibl e pJ afl se rve 111 what s ig n is a ny " 15

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TilE J\ TOR J!AI.. CO CRIER.

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,:; ~E ETE I). var h mh e r. by singing

Th ese arc b lackbirds. ' They arc as l<lrgc as thr blue-jay. The\· haY<' a coat of feath ers. Thl~· fcathcrs are black and red. The rrd on the male is bri t,·hter than on th e fcma lc. , Th e parts of the blackbird are t he head.

~

nec k. trunk and tail. The blackbird has t \Y O \r ings

~nd two

on the g round or in Je o· 1-l c builds his nest the crochet c1f a tree . H? ~~~cs to Ji,·e near a S\Y amp. H1s lne nd s are th e reeds, tall o-rasses d the trees. b an He buildS his nest with an outer wall of t~ngs ~Jastered 1nth mud. The inside he ltn es \\·tth hau·s and soft roots. The backbird's eggs are pale blue spotted :-., ~ ·

(,ood ~ l o rn1n g· . c!,car _c_h,.ldrcn- . ood mo rnm g· to all . l hts morntng sorne ~ h me. c c·1 rh· b\· ratt1.mn· t c bl.tnd one wak e ned . .~ and sha km o· the wmd o \\' s. 1t was \vas s ld ~ l-t'eo _Mr. \\li nd . . als not on I y " ·a kc nc d us, but he '"as ta lk111g ' "'th . three Thebrown. y are about an inch long and ··co0 to th e t rees. \ V c sa no- 111s. so ng. quarters ol an an 10ch a round. ~ \\lind111 e _ 1·ltt 1e leaves . .. 1\ fr ie nd of l\l I r. The 'blackbirds li,·t' in Hocks of from fifty Nr r Jtt ave led w ith him last ni o-ht. It \\' as F'r~st.'~ck F ros~. vV e sa ng ·~Li ttl ~ J~ck to Ta hehundred. blackbird ca n run swiftly. to the r Last n1 g h t J ac k F rost \\-h1 spe red H e ca n Ay rn ore rapidl y. ha.c1 a. · lttl e Row e rs to o·o to sl ee p, a nd he Wh en the cold "'eathe r comes, he flies to ''Wh~~:essage fo r th e b~-ds a lso. \Ve sa ng 0 1tc.l v e do all th e d a is ie s o·o ?" a nd th e sec.-. th eHso e uth. kn O"·s it \\'iII be "·armin the south. H e ca n tc II "·hen th e cold weath er will be b 1'he ~-se, ''vVh e re do a ll th e b irdi es go? tit \v e lowe rs slee p a nd th e b ird s Ay a \Y ay, i.l.ncl k"'"' 1av e our 11o me s h e re to s 11e Ite r us· he H re.e stops in his so uth ward journey if some 0f ""P l · c· 0 tl l11· h IS warm. \ l>. ,Te th a nk ed th e n·e ~ \Yann er wea th er is coming. •tt:,.'-· ·· Ornes b Y Sln · o· m · o· " 1"a ~ t 11c r \~ .c. H e li ves in the '"·amps of the sunn y .-. ti1a n "IA,r o ;--. so uthl and all through our long winter. ~~~cl 0e talked f h -, o·o nc In the spring tim e he returns to his old It · f tl1 t e ·w a rm da)'S that aJ e C> I 1 r-thS '"ar e coli l sc o min g . Int1e 1 _so ut _1 nesting home in our " oods and riversides. c cay 111 RE AD T:\ (~ . fort: biac]-b~ll thr o uo·h o ur lo ner cold w!l1tet. L tl \. lrd f:t b o ntr)' l.ly ~~ ~ v_,· s ' Y to thi s warme r co L: 1nte r t' 1 am Mr. Blac kbird . ••'tqt: t 0 Sun un e. Vv e sano- next. . 'Good I am go ing t o the southl and. "' ~ bt 1tne r " ·'=' 't' -l.'q o,\' t . . It is warm rn th e southl and. It~ ~ flo, ,1 btrcl:,; <tr ft ·. cd1 the s l' Y A bit " l'et <· e Ym g· like l e av e~ throu, ., 1 '\ Q "'ar e 1 . odbY· It will be cold h ere. t~\1. "oice<· ca hu g , "Dear birdlin g-s go " · 1 shall be in th e so uthland. 'vv 11 ~, "' calr ~q ~ "~titlg- tl tn g so ~;oft hom th e s ky . odb Y· ·• I shall fly to· th e soudrl a nd. k. tl ~ h S~~ h 1e ft ow' r ets "Dea r play m a t es go ll clct. . t e 1 1 . . . Hoc s Do yo u see my w1n gs? ~:. ~ C\ 111< Y. S ) ackbu-cls o·o111 g lll . 11 be o . 1 WI My ,vings are stron g. : tJ'\!) ~ I/' .'., , f~ Oon h t j1e 1'Jttl e SI10V\ bJrC s vVe \i\Tatch me fty. · t: ~'t:lt 1~.~\r~ a \ · e re d fri e nds left he re. lit(_~ood bye, child ren. 1a1JfIn g- Ittle chic! 1, .. for th ese . f . zac ee s \VR [Tl?\ t; . \ \v~ \t ~ l:t n e nd s. The children write at the board for free hct.v~ct.~~ Stu \!BSERVATI~.:\ . . TodaY ct Pair died othe r hve b1 rd~of m o unte d bl ackbirds.

G

°


55

•J

J'f! E NOR ;J;f./ l l arm movement the 1e ltC' r IJ. /\ s· tl· 1 ~ ' )' \\Tile· . the teacher sing s th at th ('y may \\T it(' \\' l_th rythm etic moveme nt. Th e S<'at copy Is, The blackb ird s fl y to th e so uth . :\ G.\ I BER .

T he chil dren play th eir splints a rc bi rd s. Perception work n: ay be car_riecl o~ by stud y of feath ers, pictures of _b~r·d s. ?h ow as many splin ts as th e b l ac kb~r·d has Win gs, legs, eyes. T w_o blackb irds arc on thr· ginrou all.nd and four 1n th e tree ; how ma ny

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I·dl l<rlwd at..1 Otlt :--. ... . _....., · \ \ ' . usru ha!J\· f(·ars Cl f Llw lon<,. tnp . <.: 1 " 11 . h laneI "'tl !>Ia\·" \\ 1· '' <'J't · ,ro ll. h •· t o:--. l h t · sour , ...... .--. . . • ) ~ \ ·cc \\ race· to a n o ld oa k l re ·e· \\·h1 ch "< P · •rr{' \\'

to lw I<.tr' r t'r IJl.r< I'It 'S ,

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. \ Vlwn the- coo ln days ca n~<' <General bm ls \\' c·n · r ail ed tog-e tiH' r r 111 ~ He . I ,·lth us. Bl ac k, a s ht· \\·as ca llc·d , ta l kcc. ' ·c:s t birds was on e of th <.: old es t a nd st ro ng . nil the not o nl y in o ur li ttle flo c k, but 1111 been Aocks ncar and fa r. 1ncI cc <. l he l fl ust b"· sou th ma ny t1. mc s. l ie to ]<.l us. \\'. C Jn · 0 urn ~ ) ·. Five fl oc ks fl ew south, but two A ~in tra inino· o ur winus fo r Lh c lo ng_J xerclse back. H ow many we nt on sout h. J, ... ,..., t fo 1 e. d us ~ac h day he wou ld ta ke us ou ·a ine to rh e wind ow three tim es, eac h tim JJ c tl · dco . . )l£ jo·h 111 saw three fl oc ks of blac kbi rds. H ow ma ny and to show us ho\\' to y. did I see in all ? ve ry ca refu l] y. \ Vc co uld a ll n slc 0~o tJ ~d~ . a t o nce. o r s .1n I( nc::tr l Y to n· lc e ~b)' st · I see eii ht blackbirds' wing s. H ow ma ny t I1e a1r birds? W 0 ' 1' . c lear ned to ny s ix o r scvc ~eSthICe r. rfAY! c us of I see fou r birds, how ma ny fee t do I sec ? 111 a long· lin e o r a ll eve nl y to~ f ast th e o ld ge ne ra ] usee1 t. 0 ]1 a.Vncl out en MUS IC. 1 Cd. sing th e scale, playing th ey a re birds. So me cl ays we wo u l c~ be d lzz1d ~ch e ''' ~ c brea tha nd how o ur w1ng s wo u_. J3ut the Wh o- th e ow 1. · ] t r 1 P· f ot· ] \ Ve re tur ned fr o m o u r 1tt c s Chirp- robin. f5e ne ra l sa id it wo uld to ug he n u \Afe Wee-blackb ird . Coo- dove. JOurn e y. sta rt- .,.,e. 1~ . ll . f OJ. u· ·.d s to ~" "' ma y th e t1mc ca me th e tl jo11 · Children sing do, me, sol, do, di fferent yo unge r b ird s did no t cl ecJ e u] ta.t ne chrl dren taking different ton es a nd pIayin R 0 1'11e olde r o nes h ad a . Io nbo· d c 0 11£5 ve r'" they are different bird s. ' ~oi ~e W e sat in th e tree s a nd ]I st~ n e such a e h15 FO Ri'd . had his op inio n a nd g av e lt. 1-a. l ga-"1 rol0 The c hil dren review th e cylinde r, com. . ·e ne ll d pan ng rts form to that of the t ree t run k. as t he re was ! F in a l] y t he g ·t P 5 f be · ~ ~ 0 ut ~. ,.,,it11 They find the pa rts of the blackbird whi ch opi ni o n a nd th at rea II y se ttled 1 \-V eL a.JI d l are cylr nd n cal. T he circul a r face is the yo1u~ -vve sta rted befo re t 1e s uifi lll.n u 'the. st ro11c he ge ne ra l led a nd we , 1 b out · 1 ot )1' the top Jrd. of the nes t, as also of pa rts oshfaphe t e of blackb h 1 1·1 c ee rs, fo ll owed as rap 1'd lY· a.sped f 0 ]1!' ted J1 . tO !J . · 1 :vll1 g s coul d b ea r us. W e 5 a.Jl a. hg od ~\11 ST ORV Such a discussion as th ere· was in our Ing, bu t OUr mea ]s, ·wh e n we o ur fov soLI! flock! 'We had bee n flying e ve r since day. th e gre~t fi elds a nd hun ted uev e Ae~ ed: est break. I must confEss nr y Wing s were tired to rest 111 so me wood la nd. 5 toP.P ""1s (· wa rd fo r t \vo da ys. T h e n ·wet 8-nd . ethe 11 too. I had never taken the t rip to the southland, but mother had. noticed Se ve ra} of th e o}deS jot tOg S 0 ~, b . ·d . f t he I .( 'When we Were Wee rn our T1! s we re 1n o ne co rn e r o rn est .Y' bef 0 afi nest and Were afraid to try to fly , moth er he y we re ta lkin o- ve r y ea ]1e tri P ti O(l t used to enco urage us by. tellin g us of the all of th ose ·w ho h~cl tak e n tco rl1J11° , (J)' beautrful south land. It Was not long too k up the ta lk. S uch a . ·e o ejt1~ she had told us of the daYs a nd days We the re was . , ,i t, l do r 0 17 , 1 ,rh ere 11 each time in new woods. f he <-'c ne r·tl • • /:::> ~ a nd 'se' ve ra t \ V e' '" d"Y'5'j;~ cr' I e the thought of havin e rto not fe"" d o (I Y • nests he rn during the . ht A g no as Wtse as he ' \Ve re s ure tha. ±.0 ·1 a.J ou l 17Jf 5 o to have · w a rm e r wea th e r 1 . nrg . s '.ve ] 1. Ste necl a nd wo nde re d if we 5 ,.,s ]1tlto ou r old h om es a o-a in . I ,, ""

J

n

1

bla~kbirds

\tou~dly, r~sktrng

befor~

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b

I

to go r . <:OI.Jn t o r I had c· njn \·cd St'l' ill ._, dw n e w ry. . ~ . I \\ ho had h l·l' l1 \\' .ItI1 n I. How<' ,·n .lfferE' A · o ne IHrt.

fe\\' mi~~~s ~-c k las t ~Ta r . wld us of a l~ kr a to lead . 1 um \\'h l'n · we \\T IT . lie offe red plac'· l\l~\1th e n · S o IH· ro o k th e .-..crc ne ral's '- · settled . c ~oo n t:<U lH' to tlw la kC' a nd we re In th e ,,.o Ot I S S\lri'<..Hi ll l ,.\J1 (Y .Jt. . SUrn · con1l' )Ust as'- tlcno ~t g'~' l 1 tlw " ·a rm days:-- cltd clays 1 I C ) had thmwht. T hC'Sl' \\' arm e r \\·e \\·e rastt..: d f o r ll t';ll· h ..·. . t wo "·ee ks. T he n <lncJ Ot' c ca llv c.l t o n·c' t 1. . I ll ...., . . ler '. .l .l''l .... . . lll •' I ll < ••l''" on ' to t h P 1 a 111 b <' autl tu l so ut h land. south b thsure I s 1l et II he ha p j) )' here .tll t 11C Yth ~ . J\t1?u g-h I o ft C' n th in k. of my old hom e tssour i. ')'h I'll A" · . ll t er :' r n.. SC. l\' 1::\ G GRC:ET I:\ G . llaJJ c a rc n o e m p t y sca ts 111 · Pnma · t) -

lh

th an ever e PrabCttce · sc h oo l re cris tratio n is la rge r 0 th efo re 11 ets e .ch'tl dr · . nce ca b't\Vtth _e n a re fi ll .mo· th e scte spec· o cliffl he ch'ld Ime ns fo r " ·inte r use . <lb erent 1k· re n a re ma k ino- a co ll ec tion of Clttt twe Ind s o f oa k lea0ves there b elllo · r:r ')' . ds o n the' campus. tabth e sub·nty-t wo km te1 Rr are t~ects fo r obse rvatio n d uring Oclila~h' the ~~t G rassh oppe r, th e fly , th e but!Jl~ a~ Oak a~ th e cl og, th e aste r, the su. A cl the d maple leaves, nuts, the ap ' 11 se · potatoe . th ~ r~ es of l . . . . n ~ 1 ltt1 j Prtrna. P a n o utlin es vvlll be g tve ng- "W i-t}~~ ~vork of T HE CouRIER, beA hts m o nth.' by l ""f?:oOcl St GAl\1ES t t - = tr .' : . · d t~~es. 111? thand· e In~- p os iti o n may be gatn e 11 ~ e St 1 he· childre n play they a re ta ~ttaiD-hrano- 1 ~ fe e t w ith h eels touching a,.re s ~ t ~ t oot the ~e' th . tr\.tnk s. Th e ir b odi es a re h ~' tt·<l. cls I.: Ir han sl. Th eir a rms are the branc. t lsjl ' the c s are tl l a nd their "1 ~ . crow 1e ea ves . rer e t h Itself t ·11 of th e tree whi ch IS e' . o th e sunh. o·ht. lf(ts• ~ c11Ilcl a" ast re n 1:::> f] owtJ,"'.r b., ers lllay play th e v a re sun 'ld - = r... " J a nd golde nro d - Some cht l'tb ' 'l a ac k 1...., .<l ~Y l1cl. . . ro ' t . ng·st ' \h ..1 as 1 s · H e ma)i pass a m0 tl. ' ' (JtL ~ra 1e o1 • th eY l'tcJ. ·~~ P tl .~ e nt y tou ch es th ef!l• <l.\v~ _ehilcl. 1 e 11· h e ads a nd fa ll aslee p~ 11bea.n q~., rnay b . " l1. the e a spnng sui fl owe rs.

1

An Autumn Flitt ing .

My roof if' h a rdly pict ure>:q ue-' n t r "~dd.t:,-J·1 b rown lt lu c k ~ t he pleusa Of t he tiled house-tops out o f town "' h ope to ·llht .\, nd c:utnot even . t C1I 'I he utocle.st b eauty of t he t ha tch· N or i.s it go th ic or -.. "~ t·nt d esto-n No ga ble brea ks with nu . Its ha-rd tuo notony of line, "' ' c.\ n_cl not a gargoyle on the spout B rut g'S any la ten t beautY out . It onl y ch a r ms--! hole\ it h i,.·h- Is j ust its nearn ess to the s:y.

grotesqn~

B ut yet it look.s o'e r fi eld a nd tree And in t he a ir ' Que brea t hes u p t here A f a int , f r esh wh iff sug g ests t he sea . !\ncl t hat is wh y, this aftern oon. 'J'he t opmost s lates a bove the leads ~Vere thick with little bobbin g heads 1 A nd fri sk ing t a ils, a n d wi ug s that soon S h a ll spread , a h , roe, F or lands where sun1111er lin ger s fai r , Far otherwi se. I hea rd a nt utteri ng , S a W a flutter in g . poin ted win gs went s ldnuning pa st , Wh it e b reasts shi nlfnered by as f ast , W heel and bound , and spurt a n d spring A ll t he a ir scented a ll on wil'lg . 'l'hen like drop ping' ' cloud s of leaves I Dow n t he)' settled on t he eavesA ll t he swallows of t he region , In a n url'lbe r a lntost leg ionF risked a bout , but did not stop 'fi ll t heY reached the rid g e a top . 'fhen wh a t chi rp ing , wh at conunot ion , W h a t theY s aid I h a ve no n otion , But 0 11 e cann ot er r in st a t in g 'l'here " 'as verY ntuch debat ing-First a su1a ll toq ua c io u,; sw a lloW see n1ed to 111ove a resolu t ion : j\.nd a n ot her seetn ed to fo lloW. s econding the subj ect ~natter Wit h a tric \{ of elocution, .Aft er th at the ch irp a n d ch a tte r }3oded sotne m ore scrions end , m ean t For a q ua r relso tne a u1e11 c\tn ent. }3obb; g h eads and fl a p p in g wing·s, 11

E loqneut of !n an)' t h in g s, Gat he r ed int o lively row s,

.. p.-o>" and "cOn >" and "ay"" a nd " nO-'•" A s the cl at ter reach ed rnY e a i·s, !'fo' " it s ounclecl l ike " hear, he ars; " }3 ut again a n ote of fa ction , Gave a n a speyt to t h e sce n e :Not eJCact lY q uite se re ne -

.


5

r7-JE N OR J7l /I L Fretful cluste rs fl ew a.way , A ll too 111 uch in ce nsed to s tay ; W hee led a. bou t , t he n took <l t<tc k, H a lted , a nd ca 111 e d a r tin g- bac k. t hers eage r to be hea rd , P erched upon t he c h i111n ey top, hi rped as if t hey wo uld n ev e r ~iO J. , L oud a nd fl uen t ev er y bi 1·d . But t he t urlll oil pa ssed a way ; How it hap pened I ca n 't s ay, All I know is , t he re was peace. Whether sorn e m o r e t houg h tf ul bird S a id t he qu a rrel in g _was a bsu rd , A nd implored t hat it should cease ; Wh et her wha t appea red co nte n ti o n W as a diffe rence n ot wor t h 111 e n t io n , Just some mere exc han ge of words N ot uncommoll arn ong b irds , I have on ly m y ow n notion , Yo u rn ay ma ke a n earer g uess ; AU a t once th e noise was over , Not a bird was now a rove r , Sorn e one seem.ed to put t he m oti on , And th e little h ea ds bobbed " Y es ." , th at sudd en resolut ion, So un a ni mously ca rri ed. Wo uld tb ey' d long er t a lked an d t a rri ed , With their fi er y eloc ution. Wh a t it bodes I ca nn ot do ubt: Th ey wer e pl a nn ing wher e t o go, Some chill mor nin g, wh en t he s u n Does not ve nture to s h in e o ut. I s ha ll lni ss t hem ,--over ~ight They wi ll a li_have t a ke n flig ht , And t he surnm er will be go ne. - 1-i LLc!/' s L i ving ,/J,rre.

~ Method f or a Lesson on Sphere.

-

AS lJSE D l N BEG I NN INc; CLAS S.

Begin lesso a Ball forthe Baby. " n with the so ng, " H e re's

-N/J;..R. lfl'J'l''-. a big" nu liJrcllal{cc p the hahy dry! Il l'rc ·-. tla· hahy ·-. (' r adk I~ IJI'k a llahy hy·· ·

plact·cl bdorc- eac h chil d. r\ t th t· teac he r's dirc·c t ion c·ac h ·hild ta kes his spc n ·. _ 11and? 7'eac!ler I . \ \ 'I1at han· you .II~ ) 'O LI I. hand)· ,~ild. 1 have· :\ Tr. S ph e re 111 1~1 ) Sph, r •\ sp<T<" is

\' ou may te ll

Here is baby' s lllttsicCiappin g , cla ppin g , so! B ere a re ba by's soldien,;, Standing in a row. B ere's the baby• s trurn ph et 'I' oot too toot! too too ! ' B ere's the ·w ay that baby Plays at Peep aboo.

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G ho gav e t h e tree li fe? 7": \,Od g a ve t h e t r e e li fe . . f 0 01 th e it b<t)'es:1 G 1ael "'g-a \·e t h e tre eH1Ife1erl ped · it " \\r 1 C' · \JI.r n _t 1e baby s ee d. e ? 1 'W ha t s h o ul d w e s ay t o Goc ~ Clse e. s ho ul d s ay t h a nk G od . '"iq IJ\v J'".1th a g·a m e of ca tch : li ttl e a n d let u s p lay I n th e ri n ,g sh all e .s ha nd · t <:: t-, ct t1c.t ta ~tlr-1 j li tt} ~s t h e ba ll t o so m e 0 !1 '1, \.( y e 1· .1 1 t Ll Jl d b e t Cite l1 e>z t c l t d mu s t watc 1 1 . o·rows SlC)\'-ta Ca tch it vV hil e th P. m u si C<::> maY \> v • TQLI · ' n a w th e n C h ar ley )

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I think it was a good l r

P 1ercs. r \'•vhat 1 ('. sh o uld

My ba ll is lik e lVIr. T W h a t s hape is yo ur b a · <?· My b a ll is ro~n d. h e re ? T vV hat sh ape IS M r. Sp ,, C M r. Sp h e r e is r o und. Roun d · So ng - • 'So B ri g ht a nd so

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Mr. S p h e r e is st~n d mg a ll tha t T .. N ow y ou may t e ll m e . S ph e r e ca n do ? , d strll· C. M r. Sp h e r·e ca n ro ll a n d :sta·bi a t 1·5 T · W h at ca n yo u thm . . 1< 0 ± t c M r. Sp h e r e ?

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1

S Ph e re

-e s 'l'l I. I)OilS .1t and li\'cd in a little'' .lflg'('<.I .t thl' . r~un 1 \\'as s Iel! ]Jrn<•· . \IIlli , (•n· '-'<Ill Ilt II\' . ·tIt· f r .tts. .... . . I tlwn I and sun shi ne• "ok t· ll up :tiH l in to I'IttIe wrn . o·cd s1·cd h11uo.;~· arH I (';)lllC O.ll . • lc' bn Ys tl1e sun~hi;-., nt· to sta\·. .I ust ' 1" 1I tlof-doo . . rs, and g ·1 -, l·t \ nut·h t H'\ the lrttle '- lr s trdoee wht'n - P •. . I ta II · cc' l a endn <Y r t'\\ !->trong .tn< II so llle 111 e n cu t....:1nd ~a,r<·t I t IH . ta tr • mor hau letI.11 t o tlw m1'II . II t ·T sornc 1 · · · ·k th e y n-,e11 · · 1· - 1d ,,.111 Put Il In the lllat· llllt' •11 . ,d out . s t ur ne '''at"h · "' cc1 tlw lll <l J>Il· \\'oo t 1 lt t' S h e res.

way M r. S ph c.: re fee ls . J\T r, Sp he re f ee ls h a rd . W ha t can :\ Ir. S p h e r e d M r. Sp h e re ca n ro ll. h e res. Yo u m a y a ll r o ll yo u r S pH e re. S o ng - Go Ove r, Co m e Bac k

Here's a ba ll f or baby , Bi g and soft a nd roun d! Here i~; baby•s ha mm e r , 0 , how he can POund .

s-

iff£ !\ .ORJI.-Jl COCRI J::R.

}e paoY·

~j

(~•~cltl,• ~n ha~ds

~v

an.

~harley r

~1'\)\

1 he H one y Bee. :\ ~ L'~i':D 1'\ Till! · ·' ' I . { })L J.A S-; f'\ ·' ·t!'OIIl · "<" to t t ·II ) ·ou son 1· one of the busiest !itt! u' et ll ng a bout sa \\' . S hr :-.tl' Ol'S· H).·! 11 ° . t 11rmwl e r 0 '"s you · e,·e r 1 tl 1e a1r here an< I the re as soo -'=' • < • • n as t 11e A . 1. the · c<lrl\'- sprin t>0 ·' c.~J h,c ne,·er0 se " e s come in " .I11k •,·ou think sil t' .1s 1. estuw -0 t> mSAto rest ·' . n a O\Ye r or l' ush . she is n·,Jh· \\' O 1y she ca n. ' · . mg JUSt as hard as

i ~· .

1

~

~

nlon~

. _. hl' li\'CS ,ri th he- r siste rs i . ~ na ble. t 1s ofofthe s\reetcst houses imao:i I :-..o ld 1 e n· co· or. a nd fi lied ,,.1· th h un d rec1s af " I1tt e rooms. You '".. 11 t 111nk . th 1 see d a won cn tdly Iaro-e house butth Is . '1 ~ . ' uere 1 e)res. 0 yolll sm 1 cs a ndda twmkle in ). _ h . you ave guessc . Y es ' .it is a ho ney b ee. H _ O\\ . ma ny of yo u have . . h eard h er an d 1 y go fl 1wn g he re and theie I1e 1 siste rs as t1e so me tun es. a,ra. y ubp 111 the tree tops ). 1ey' a re searc Iu ng fo r read as in th e ea rl)' sp rinothe y a re more eage r to secure tha t

st~-s1ded

~

'I~ l tha~

hone)': H a ve you see n the m swa rmino- arou nd th e catkin s of the ''" ill ows on a rciid April d ay? D 1d you kn ow they we re packin 0a th eir littl e baskets to the b ri m' Y ou a re curious, pe rh aps. to kn ow what kind of baskets the hone y-bee has. T he b ee carri es a littl e too l chest ri ght in the bottom of he r feet. In th e re are a bask et or p ouch, a brush, a nd a pair of pincers. S he stores the bee-bread in he r baske t, a nd r e m ov?s the poll e n dust from he r b row n ,-elvet rob e with the littl e brush. T ho fa r mers, you k now, go to mill with well fi ll ed sacks of g old en g rain, re turnin oh ome ,yi th their g rist. their coats show ing t ra ces of the d usty povrd er. S o we mig ht say of th ese little wing ed fa rme rs. that they, too. will ha ve bread ; th e y have bee n to mill iJ1 good earnest. T he r e the)' a re 10 th e rr d ust)' coats, a nd th eir g·olde n g ri st the )' bri ng home with

folio~·

e t us Mrs. Bee b ack to her hi ve theLm. or h o me, a nd see wh a t she is going to do with he r basket of go ld dust, or polle n we so me tim es ca II it. She ad vances to the cell in''" hich it' is to b e de pos ited, and kicks


58

T !/1:: N ON/I f/ / I

N !!:'N.

their ove ra ll s, or rubber IJOo ls ; ma king on( · foot hc;J p th v oth e r. Th c·n she· wa lks off, ne> n .: r loo kin g- behind he r. 1\ notlw r lw(', one of the llli i'scs, so-ca ll<' d b(·cau se sh' · tak es ca re of the baby hc·<·s, ro mc·s a long a11d ra ms it dow n in tlw C(·ll with lw r !w ad. jw:; t as yo u have sc:c: n your mamm a lift lJuttc: r from th e mouldin g bowl to thf· butt<' r ja r and p ress it clo wn with hc.r ha nds. Th (' n a seco nd bee co mes, a nd a th ird , a nd so on. _ach <: nlarg in g the holl ow , nippin .£;· a nd moulding it with th<:ir pinc(' rs, till soon a number of six-sid ed tubes or r a re mad e ready to receive the h ggs. r bee j ust think how ha rd the li ttle bees mu st work to bui ld up so large a city, .or h i v~, and every ro om is made for one pa rticula r bee ; and qu ite often the re a re 20, ooo bees in one city. T hen th ere is a roya l ce ll fo r the Q uee n bee. W ithout her th ey wo uld be lost. They prepare for he r a cell se ve ra l tim es. as larg e as one of th e oth e r cell s. Sh e rul es th e whole city, a nd is trea ted with th e g reatest honor.

D oing i ts Best.

N ormal Prog ress.

TH E NOR.ft1 B U S IN E.SS

T ana hut a tiny cric k e t. L i·,·i n g- in a -.nlllllll'r thit' k<· l . Th e r e I take"'-" n·,.t. T\ fa n y ,.o n g-,., a rc g-a_\'t' r. pro 11<kr. M a ny a \'Oi cc i,., ..,Wl'ck r . ]() 11(1 ·r ll ut 1 clo 111y b<· ... t.

Ra t es .

Specl nl rnt e ... furni ... IP•J t ill ._t prlu.: .tt loll tn

.;oc.

nu,ine ... ,

STATE

NO R.

AL

FA

' LTY .

a~d

S C HOOL . .

A. W . N <>I~ T ON . A . .:O.L. P~l:-.'t:tl ' .\ 1 .. Teaohor of Psyc ftolo g'l , Eth ics. Logic nnd tho Sc1ence und Art of Teaching. M I S ~ E LI ZA

c.

i\ IOR<.~AN . P~ E t:EI'TRESS,

Toaclt or of Lit era t 11re , flh c toric. General History and Physiology .

H . 13. D U0:l'ANSON. H. S . . A. hl .. Tu ~ olt a r of Botan y , Gr:ology and Zoology.

Hg l{13 E RT HRO \\' N E LL. Teache r of Clt e mis t rt1, PltlfSics and Astroromf/.

: lad in g-a r 1n e n t s dark a nd ;-;o ile r. H e r e I lin g-e r· t ill O c to b e r ;

<:. \\' .

l ~ L L I S.

ll. r\ . . r\. :'1 [. .

Tea cha r of Mathematics and Lntin.

S un s hin e w a r n a;-; n1y hrea:-. t , Jttl li JIJ e r . \ Vhil e t h e wi n b ·y cl ays Sw ee t a n d q u iet is n ay s lu1n b e J·, l"o 1· I ' v e d o n e na y b est .

;'O il

M I S ~ F L O R E N\'l~ ) 1. \\' J~IGHT .

n. ~ ..

Teach P.r of Unite d S tate s His 10r11 n:rd Geo gra phy.

MI S S M ARTH A WI N N E . Tecwlt er of La 11 g 11 ag 6

re-

c,.u,

. to -bcg rn . Wit . l1 .w_ Il atot hbe., C" a Jn 't" - I~ he chrl. d rs eas il y g rasp. Th e be s t of a ll 1.: s y a nd Gum trag ica nth dissolved in wa te r ma kes with t ha t ac tivitl: whi ch, rr a ll [." th e neatest and cheap est school paste. t rac tive , leads h 1m lor wa rd, d~ r oi hi mse 1 The chil dren in seat wo rk, may be p ro- J)Owe rs a nd ma ke s h1 m mas tc. I vided with in ch wid e strips o f pap e r. T he y - Froebe!. ' ·e sc n t'l' _' may fold a nd tea r from th e pa pe r, In ch 1 . n a nd c I ca, 1-dr ccPlea ·r con " C lea 1· o bsc r va tw . .·' . h oblongs a s d Irecte ' d. squares or :.;;:_: t\vo Inc t io n Iead to clea r co rn pa ri so n a 11 t h; n kln'0 r Kindero-arten weav in o- ma ts ma ke a n exel uSio ns a nd t hu s t o cle a r log lca 1 . tO 'c~~~ e.\lent o.f seat wo rk for t he li tt le ne\v - l,.r oebel ·1 d I

1

~'owea,·u,, t h e o e.,ti ny

oJ - OlaS sch o .g ]1 t O tll 1 0

nv'rh e 1-e f.o r e t 11u la w wa s to b ri ng us un to Ch r ist t ha t we 111 ju st i fl eJ by fa ith·- Cal .1.1.1:2-f-

pe

.

of Prine 1· 1 . t d t of Prnc tl ce. /J es of Ins t ru c tion n nd S~t p e rllr e n e n

MI SS F L O R E N CE (~ . BEN N E TT . Primary nnd Kitrde rga rt e n.

MISS ~dAT'l'I E ELLI S , Pre para t ory De pa rtm e nt .

FR A N C OI S DOUGH E R . 'renclt e r of Voca l a 11d In s t rum e nta l

M il S / C.

JE F F EI~ Y. Libraria11.

! D ILL..-\

therel~de'

·~

Grnmm nr.

M I SS 1\ N N r\ H. H E RRI G .

reache r

5

" Th e k now le dg e to w hi c h t l1e c 11 . i'e' be lee] by In stn Jct io n, mu st t'ti n Ol c;t 1 nccessa rtl:; · be s ubj ected t o a c ('·whi J' c ch 111 hiS L· oi su ccess io n, the be <YJnni ng oi . , (,. of -tt ' 1 l l ) C ac apte<. I t o t he first un . f'o lc 11 ."?tl)r 1Jtt,..r>t· l . po we rs, a nd the proo-ress ke pt,. · ;>esta c '.:ac l ti-"'" ll 1 e to t I1at oi. 111.s clevoel o 1) nl c n t · _ wl te• , 10 5 " 'fh ' oh itO • ho n I0 in t o a " 'II h " '"' 0 fnihOLI ' ' ' 0 ' .tl· ' tel,

H.

CANHE L D .

H e rea fter graduates of the State Normal in its strongest and professio nal course will be recei1·ed in th e li terary, phyl osophical a nd En o·\i sh o-roups of th e Academic Colleae of ~ .~ 0 th e U nin~ r => i ry on presentation of th eir di plomas. a nd wil l be a ll owed to graduates u po n comp le tin g tw enty courses. Of t hese, four co urses shall be la ng uag e, two l\·l a th eJnatics. r 3-5 Eu ro pea n H istory, r r - ) En o· lish Lite ratur e, 1 3- 5 E ng li sh and mu~l En ~·lish th emes. the rema in der to be free c lecti\·es- pro vided that all wor k do ne at the u ni ve rsity for c redits shall be wo rk in ad va nce of th at ca rried a t th e S tate N or·

- c e r Of Re n d i ng, Dra w in g, Ci uil Go ue rn men l nnd Book Kee pin g.

t;s

hrl~ ,~-f~ps

(11/1/

M I SS L I L LI AN H. I<E LLOl~ G .

h

]A:U ES

th~

Teache r of Ornl nod Writt e n Aritltm e l ir.

MIS S J ENNIE M eL A l N .

a.:sD E .\ ~ P ~ J::stntJ: :s- T No ~To~ : -It ,.,-'i ves ut e <>{'l'r ea' t p 1e ·urc to e n clo,;e he r e w1 t h a recog n it io n of yo u r o wn good w o rk a n d t ha t of th e i n sti tu ti o n n o w u nd e r y o u r d irectio n. u n aui niOII Sly p a :;sed la s t e ,·e niu g b y o ur Facnltv. I b e{:· lea.,·e t o e x t e n d to y o u a n d t o y o u r f a c u ltv t o y o ur s t ud e u ts 111_\' s iu ce r e co n g rat u la tio n s . I a ;n s ure' t h at t h is ui o ve n1e n t in t h e l'in e of a ffi l ia tio n will b e he l p · f 1tl to both in s ti t u t io n s a n d t o th e s t a t e a t la r ge! ( ~i g- u ed) Ve ry Co r d ia lly y o u rs, •

B u ~in e ~:-- l\ [ a ua g-er ~ .

\ \.'h e n t h e leave-. are · r o un d n ;-; fl yi n g- . W h e n t h e bi a·ci s a n d bees a r c IJ y in gJ n t h ei r a u t tt1nn qtt es t , Y o tt will fin d 111 e i n tlt c ;,t n b b lc , T IJo ug- h t h e cl o u d ;, loo k f u l l of tnJ u l> lc, Si ng- in g- .-. till na y b e.-. t !

fo~m

lo,nng lette r and ackno wlea ment befo re our readers. It is evidenc~ of th e ma ny fo r ward ste psour Normal is ta ki two · _ L l:s- COL:\' . Octo b e t· 16, 1894.

,\\ an.l ~~ r ... .

.J. J . Kl :\' C. I. E. ::;T A l'\ FOR () .

l 11 an y ... rm ,; th e r e i,., no n> 111pl ai 11in g- . E ve n wh e n t h e ;.. ky i,., r ai 11 i 11 g- : H inJ ., fly ca;..t and wc.-.t Hi h:: n t lJi d(• i n lc<t fy c-u ,·c rt: H u t l e ll ir p t i II a II i..., u \· c r: D o i n l)' sti ll 111 y b c;,t!

1'hi, i>, whi le Yet on

D E.Pf\R T M EN T .

Ad1 e rrt sl u f!

Suggestion Corner

~ood

\~ ETA. ~( E pleasure in placi ng th e fo l-

Pe r inc h , ,.,i n g-le Cl)llllllll . -. i u g-1<' in,.,cJ·ti o n .. . ....... .

~ Clippings .

Th e sentence- bui lde r is sca t work 0 as an a id fo r reading-. Th e teac he r ma y prepare th e mater1al by writin g th e words to be used in her sente nces o n 'sma ll sli ps of cardboard . A set of th e wo rd s placed loose ly in a n e n r·eJope may br" g ive n to eac h chrl d. H e th e n arranges th e se wo rd s to ag ree with th e se ntences th e teac he r has placed the boa rd, or he may ma ke u p h1 s ow nou se ntences.

L C OU RIER .

II\ l , f .ltfH,J •: (I Hif'l •, l{,

~

59

TJIH _ \ ~ORJf•.JJ. COCRJEN.

it off just as your pa pa or brothns_ wo uld

J OHN B LAN KE NS H I P , J '" ·t or.

~

B

----- -

1 · A . ~O ARo OF ED UCA TI ON. ~~' ~ 11 . .:r h . Go . . . L in co ln .

~\) 11 . 11°!s. S-> . B~l ~lv · .. S upt. P ttb. I u s . , ex-V.Il1_uo, L in co ln. ~\) I1 , ,J. ,!!:. n ·~I t le y . . . . St ate Tre a.s. , C.t'-i~/l1(/0 , ' r es 1897. 1iCl 11. c:· .l'. S; h .e JJn e tly . . . . . O n ~<d tLt ; t e n 11 e ~ P ~re~ 1894 .

c·,t,·· t e n JJ

,,h itr" l l ~' n cc J· D · t l< o t ~ 'l.o · '"' ~ 1 I-I · ···· • 11 . .:r . . ~ - M: ?W e . .... . . . . . A it b u r;I ; ).~. ' S. ,~ , a) o 1· s . . . .. . . . . . . .. P » r u ·' I' V e~ t ~ <\., li:. )j · ·. · · ... . .. H e n k e lJII a ll ,

e x pl 189'i. ·re s · t e n n e ~ P: re ~ 1896 . t c r. u i e xt> . . . 18')8. X ) I I e» t e i ill e. 1 1' F IC I!: H s OF '1' 1·!1-: FIO AI'l.J) , J CI:,;l{· e;_· l~e 11 1 p -es ide n t . 1e d v ~: 1)\ C'l ti l . s e1 c r et a!). _ • • 1 ~ cy . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. ~l-I t . ll<l r t J. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. .. . . . . . .. · "'~-eas nre r. It , e y. I: ]\ li" . . . .. . . .... ... . .... . . . . . .~.

).; \) II

• L

'

°

0 1\' e

\ V :r-Jo r tOH·

l ·.:X l·:t: t " I' I \ ' E CO!I LVH 'l''l'E J·: .

'

\ V. B . M a j o r s,

A-

·

mal. T hi s reco 1:>v ni tion is to be in force so lono· ~ as least as the prese nt amoun t of wo rk a nd the present co~u rses are de manded fo r gr~d ­ uation a t the ::;rate Non nal a nd a re earn ed as satis factori ly as at present. · G rad uates of the No rm al desirin g to e nte r a ny other g roups in th: U ni ver~ity will be g ra nted the larges t;. poss 1 b~e cred its upo n exa min at ion by th ~ h ~acl of each depa rtme nt in whi ch uc d it ts ask ed ; b ut mu st complete in detail all th e rectui re ments of the U ni versity in th e _g- roups so ug ht to be e nte red. T hi :; d istin ction betwe en g roups in th e 111 a tte r of recog nition is re ndered neces · sary beca use of the_ tech n~cal cha racte r of a ll g'~'o u ps (a n_d their requ ire me nts) exce pt th ose na 111 ed 111 th e fi rst parag raph. 14'~

H a nd in yo ur s ubscr ip ti on s to th e NoR MAL C ou RT ER .


'f /:

TilE _\ -ORJf.4L COURIER. The Normal Cadets .

ton th<:n rcturnc·d tCJ h1.s. <..,unp \\'(·st o f. th" .\' EA J. \ \ ' \' .\' E. D<· la\\an·. . . . . 1 to har<' T h<· rc·,·t>lutJonlsts d<·tcTJI1 .111 t.. t. ·c.: mcd as · rh c liiJ''rt)' ·tnd althou"h <·\·<·n·thli\L!. sc < ,...., • J • I (l('(' 0 1 . l'(;t"HERE is noth ing more p l c~s ing, 1f It \\' 0 uld he: S\\'c• Jll fro 111. t H dctc r111111a more inte res ting to tru e Am e n ca n boysr co nt1nc:nt, thl'y. \\'Jth pl11ck. ctnd : ,,crland 1 th a n to read, or listen to so me ve te ra n as ti o n surcc vdecl . It was t Il!'l1 t int ' . • Je ;:, r t he relates a thril ling ta lc of what was d o.ne who nc,·t·r surrc·ndc.,.s, had to SL ' jJ'I(' i1 l • . Jc roliS in tim e of wa r. H ow his eyes bea m. \\'ith he r ch ll. dn·n th1s . bcautilll . . I an< I jJI _OS ( pleasure, his hea rt Huttc rs with e nth uSiasm, ·oun try w I11c . I1 "< ' n<>w I10 I<I s·c> d ea l. c n.ca 115 and his who le be1ng 1s rou sP d With p~ti J Ot­ . · 'f hrough t hc vast \\'1·1t l <.>rJ Jl ·ss AmTrOLl bl is m, as he foll ows eac h min ute de ta il , a l- ·tncl patri ut ism push<'d \\·c·s t \\·ard . ·d most ways watching a nd foll ow ing ~~ o re c l os~· l y 1ftc r trnub I<' an,sc· ane I was. ·set . tl eNoW 11 _ ne side than t h <.: oth e r-, a nd 1f t hat s1dc {rc ncra llv jJC'ac:dulh· and qlllct l) ·. prac .• . . u o ns, ,, seem to be.: ge tting- a ll o r man y of t.h <.: un - ...., sta nd h <gh c·st among all th e n.t. lo,·c peac fortun ate successes, his nc.: r v(' is e xclt<.: u t tiCJng what\\'<· pr<·ach tha i " < . the hig hes t pitch, a nd with a ll of his fc. e bl<· bette r t han war. . rld ~ 0 strength he thi nks tha t he c: ou ld ha v<:: t ur ned T he dcvc·lopm('nt o f th<' m oeJ<..:r n . "1 one· the tab le if he had on ly bee n t h<.: rc· . . to\\·a rcl a ll lll <: n and not w wa 1cinc.I J\ ·. · ridCan anyon e reacJ wit h t hc; sa nw inte rest -r l1ro uc)' I1 Lhc Lurbu ' c nt CC ' JltLJJ ·~·'-'· , .s t 1, c I I c ~~d of th e ma rches of A lexa ncl c r and X<..: rxc s, o r ua l man h has forgt·d to t 11c f1·o nt. tas teh' the campaigns a nd ba ttlc..:s o f Ca:: sa r a nd stil l il l th e.: heat o l stn ro·!l·lc . he ·~ nd 11 c• Napo1ian, as we ca n of the re tn ·at of Was h- pown, h t' h;~s tc ·s tcd ....... . ' . . o· t h 1s s t< .' n·' ington ac ross New Je rsc; y. 111 kn u ws th at t h<· \\'Or iel is lor hi m . ·J ts {rO . T hi s retreat of \Va shing to n a nd thc; ba tL<· t us pa uS<· a nd t urn o ur t·I1.() lJ•;:V 1;~s IJ0 )6 tle of Trenton is p laced hig he r in the mind s t h. is wo r ld or IJtJ s invss a nd S <' C' ;,.. >jl . ru·<· t·tJIW" . a n ) ··t Jil. L,' ·s 111 <:; of the A merica n boys, tha n t he ba ttle of CJ t·. h, .l11 <.: rJ.<"t ·tre lo . .-. , rs a. . . nd I11:,s,. ne, 1s. Waterl oo. Was hi ngto n I<'a 1·in g Fcm O rato rs,<. J>' I'O il'sso acC,5·on 1 Washingto n retreated 'across th e sma ll state ri se from an1 o ng- us a n d ta k<' tl1lr' 1•1 ·trc not ;50 .]! of I\e w J e rse y toward the Dcl<ma re, be·ing t I1<.: rc1·o l Vinu· wh<' c; l o l. 1.1 1.l'. \ \ c ,1 <..: 11 ou': ~ . . ·'"> • I J' C' ( \I ( pursued a ll th e whi k by L o rd Co rn wallis la r atha 11 ccd, \\T a rc no t nM t l ·" n sh 0 \re with an a rmy of roug h llll weil cl ing H essia ns to ta I' c a bus < .ness sta nt l : IJu t ' \" C· cc.' . th e Jo. cWashing ton safely la nded his a rm y on t he spa rk of pa t riotism, ll'e ca n sho \\ P1 11 t \Vest side of t he D elawa re, ,,·hilc L o rd o . c:o un t ry. tw 1 1o ,·<. : o{. a pp1 .cc , -nt iOth ose: th ce c. Co rnwa llis stationed his a t Tre nton. 1n . g· o ursc Ives a nd Iea rn 1ng . ·lnt f ' ' ~ se o jo)r· mas was nea r a t ha nd a nd W ashin o-_ ~ ~ · h tCh rist YJl a t o nce ±o ug h t fo r t c c1e,fe.n. . m or~ t O k . b on, ·no1v1ng the hab its of t he H essia ns co unt ry. T he re is no o ne th a t JS • 1t........pla nned a nd waited. • ' 5 5 _ of a !, mo re pa tn.otlc. a nd t ha t 5·bo" · 0 Ll 1r 1.5' 1 - '·uan<1e1all o f ar" Christmas night ca me ; snow cove red the th a t red , whc.tc a nd b lue 1 g round. a nd · ice fi lled t he D elawar e. A t th a n he "' ho ca n fi nd t im c, -"' 1t 1 and I ;d· n<g ht, <n open boats, afte r st ruo-o-lino· for oth e r wo rk , to ta ke li[J a g un , _ nce c~' 0 hou rs in the fl oating icc, \u n- lea rn to ha ndl e it as hi s fo rcla . . t1 I C l t he 0 c·(11 ' dred stro ng men, led by Was h;;, gto n, s uc- No matte r if he ne ve r ll'i ll have ·e in 5 l'ae. . n to usc: 1t . ; he wt!J . b ec o me [11 01 the (J. JJd . ceeded <n cros'<ng the ri <w . T hey the n SJo 11 ncne mdes "B"ainst a storm of slee t pa.th y with th ose who had to -ry dO'J!lan'vl, ana- la<. JUst as the lcg ht of new day 1 he re <s not mu ch to lea <n r"'otten, , o>. beoan to a ppeac they reached l're nto n a nd a ncl wha t th e re ts, 1s not ea s il y l o .t:- co J11 PJe9-s With rapid rn ov"' 111e t 1 . ' . I d e ill IJ 11 sed I .a nd <s a ways a n a va nt<w e to o n . g ~ ~y'· o ver powe red the" hosti le't 1efoy s urp n\\r bcsid es, · rcc. ·, as 11ng - at ho lll e a nd 0 o 1. a nt ct nd JOyiul cxc r. · 1sc' 111 o ne s ·· es h 1 ~fh. e e rect ness WJth . "w.hi-c h o ne ca . nI

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61

pl'rted of C\Try me mbe r in prod uctio n. criticislll and parl ia men ta ry pract ice. ·un ,·inccd of th e \·ast im po rtance of the \\·or k in debate. fo r the Je ,·..: lopme nt of read y. co ncise , log·ical a nd con,·incing thought. t h e \ \ "clli ngto nia n isma king a special featu re of that line of "·ork this yea r. Tht' \\'el lin gto ni a n is no"· fur nishing cn~ry line of \\·ork furn ished by any other society, a nd th e prese nt facilities for the acco mm odatoin of its \Yorke r:; a re main tain ed.

· 1·lllg' th e I ulct l on 1r jJI·CllllT to \ ' Oll thl' lt'l' Ove tl · · · should ' 1 e . rt'\TITnn· . rlw p.ttnousm \\T and f han· lo r our S tar s ,),\ll lrkd HantH'l' · rank"Ort.: hc tlwrs, I bcl!c\T th,tt . . .the 1111·1·Il<.tr\· · 1'!" Wo t1I cI I)t ' Idled tn the utnwsl. le la b o r t' • I s n ot 1an I .11 .IS nn I ,. qu ·, t" 10no<>:> and t, I. . : • . a11c1 a cc 1ous : rcqu1nng some pattcnct' Tl1 ov" goo d d e a I of j) rar t i cl' to 1 •-c t cn.: r Y '- l11 e nt . .. ;:. Th ose wh o arc~ in tcrestcd in soc iety work O ur . N .< x ,t ct~ a nd accurate. lono- i 0 ~ ma l Caclt· t Cnm 1 )~tn\· has not been are cord ially in ,·itc d to ,-isit us. f.eebJe ~ 11 e ·x ts·t c nce and 1s · sull · quite · · sma II :tnt l ~~ It sh o ~ J ~ o t h ~1. v in g- a ll th e <t<.h ·nntagt'S .that <:lass o f ,· Capt . .D e x ter ] ) . . \ shky. ot the Junior Society. about tl9,0 o rga n1zc J th e cadet c0111pany ~1an y d .1 e yea r toBo. 1t " ·nrkcd under t.L'\DELL t.E:\ RS. ttted a n 1 ~a_d,·a n ta .~· t·s fo r th e boys \\ ou k~ g-ct ~shk y ·~ f~ll. o u t. Ca pl. Ch ~s. :\ c~~l .. Ccq.)t.. Th e Juni or society ,r as Mganized :\Ia y 1 r. \Vo" . s ucce sso r he ld th1s J10S iti011 lo 1 1X9 -1- "·ith less tha n t\\-cnty me mbers. T he s0 n too ) t!ctrs · r w hi• ch P ro l. I J. 1 ~ . Oun ca nk . ·' alte oAi ce rs for the first ter m " ·e re : P res ide nt, N0 , the co m pa n y into hi s cha r,!_!T. \ ·nn a Snyde r: ,·icc preside nt, L in de ll Sears ; th·1 ~ Ye\ V~... b oys , w e \\'a nt to ma ke· a : co m pa ny rcc ord itJO" scc n:ta n ·. H attie \.Vilk inso n · co r1 rcspondi7, g sccret<;ry. :VIa mi c Spice r : ; reas11ay t·e 1,' . t ha.t is a co m pa n y. so that \ \ T ask' ,,.h. ce1ve t av o rs £ro m t 11c state \\· I1 c, 11 , , . , ureTh r. eLeslie subj ectScott. for stud y during the spr in o· ad fu1J a 11ch. we ca nn o t han· unk ss \\T h an~ . '] " b t:<• lei t:: l1 C. I . ) ·]t<) 1 3 ·> erve tl Jg-c t tc co m pa n y a Ill " l t ' te r m \\·as • · t rL s. 1e 111 • T he society now has th i rty- ~ey e n me mb e rs ,r ith the fo llo,\·in g offi ce rs : F ra nk ~.<'~ l\ la rti n Pres. : O lna S ea rs. Yicc pres. : Cha rles l\ Ia'rrs, R ec, Sec. : Or va S ea rs. Co r. We l/ingtonian S ociety. S ec.;. Lin dell Sca rs. Treasurer. ..... The s ubject fo t: thi ;, te rm 's work JS , B Y A ?I [El\ I BE R .

ty NOt

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. ze· Consist d . On!zrtu . . ,s i n 0 ctwm 11r..'=C~Pr 0. nta c:. Y · blts th e· , ' .o r 1'- o f. t 11e li.te ra ry soCie~""e~Sity to ~ a nd desira ble, but it is a

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t 1 a t broade r a nd 111 ore IJractica l l:l '- ll 1. S th '- n t 0 f. th e p ow e rs of th e stu de nt. 11 "'•1 st 'liefe saf < c f ou nd ati on 111, 0 n w h ·1c h t h e ev to n s · 1' -'Pe ri ' · ucccss, IS reare<1; a t·cs t oi·

t {1 1J~ .

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· ·S ce nes from all cl1 mes. T he soc iety holds its reg ular meetin gs in t he recep ti on roo m. The society expects to h old a n ope n ses sion th e r6th of Nove mbe r whe n all a re m os t co rd iall y invited to be prese nt. T he soc ie ty has fo r its memb e rs stud e nts fr o m the seco nd ele me nta ry, first a nd sec-

e n ces. o nd prepctrator y. l1c·lpJ vi/ ell'In o-t . tL t;r " " e th o oma n 1.s o ro-a ni zed up on uI c. T he society is doing good wo r k un der t he CJ hte raat th e first e nd a ll of the wo rk g ui da nce of Miss W inne, Miss Jeffrey and · t y IS · tra w · m · g; th e e ntei.·11cJ. tl. t·<:: nt . Of~ rvy· s. Ocie Y. 1'h~Sltors a nd memb~l-s is buts ec- P rof D uucanson. · hi g h es t a nd b es t eff ort 1 ~ e;.;.lt-. ·t

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TJ!H JY OR.1J...JI. CO CR!ER . . 'f !H 1\

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Mr. a nd Mrs. A . 'vV. U stc rh o ul we re \' ISito rs in to wn Oc:Lo be r 14.

>f lh c· co nstella ti o ns th us u bsc n ·cd . . \· I )" l I10 Iogy o f lh e co n s lc lla u.o ns .IS ' .e r) · . .•111 1 te.rcs tll. Jir ..... to lh osc wh o a re..: no l [a' mi It!

With it . R ev. Th eodo re Legc r lec ture J stud ents i\ove m bc r 1, in chape l.

to l h

M iss A nn rl. Bo rs t ha s .<= ntl! re d th e A s lro n omy cl ass, ma king t he nin ths me m be r. E d win a nd 'vVillis R ogge ha ve e ntc re J school as me mb e rs o f t he fi rs t y ea r c la ss.

1'rof. and Mrs. Norton attended Cha ncel. lor Canfi eld's rece ption a t Lin coln O ct. 20. Report says that Jesse G. Yo n t, a fa rrn er student year. here, is attendi ng A nn A rb or thiS "The Unive rsity of Michi gan is the fi rst to e nroll Chin ese wo me n as s t ud e n ts. ··Volante.

. th" '1"1lc sc n1·u rs arc \\"<J r k 1n · g- zc a I ou.s ly 111 th . I1 .IS to beouCJ'h mo th oJ s c la ss o n a pl a n . ""h 1c .ll I<.:a I pan I IJ \' L1e I . e l1I <.: )' ·cL re 111 r trm with it. ~ . ortu nJ· T h c s c h oo l no t o nl )' fur ni s h es op p ·e but Li.es (o r th e Slud y o f t h e I .a ll.n. Ia n.(r '"'.ua -P~u k' a ll d a lso fo r lh e s tud y o f th e F re n c h. (.~I ( ;,.rm a n. pres l"d ent. Th e Y . W . C. A . se nt then. . to the '/n;

N o s tra n as a d e l ega~e lin c:rs fro W. C. A . co n ve n t io n h e ld a t I as 0

M iss V a n

N o v. 2nd to 4t h.

. fall

a n t thi S· nd T he woo ds are unu s ua ll y b. rt"llirevived ""'c

p ro ba b ly b e caus e t h e late ra in s f s t ca n o uri s h e d th e fo li a ge un t il t h e r o

The Astronomy wo rk is cond ucted a c. cording poss ibl e.to th e lab oratory method as fa r as

a nd pain ted the leaves.

Prof. Norton spoke before th e North Wes tern vemb er Is t.Association, at Colerid ge, No.

] ud ge Strod e . Lawye r H ayw a rd maan l T11~..urs·e 11 H owa r d we re v is ito rs a t th e N °Jdressed t d a y the r 8 th ult. Th e Ju dge s a f r us· stud e nts a nd M r. Ho ward s a n g 0 suJ11'

The prese nt C<esar class is two wee k's in ad vance las time la s t of yea r. t year's C<esa r class a t this The foot ball La ys are rath er late in be. ginn ing th eir work th is fa ll but hope to do some g oo d pla ) in g ye t.

a~d

Mr. Mrs. Jessie Hesse ltine, of Sa. betha, hansas, have bee n visiting in town and tn the school for some days.

The second yea r's Will 50 I , . t h · %ooJ<tgica/ co!J• ,.Of1.. Jc o·111 ,c/·'1.sc·: . t"f Ytng mens ha,·e I , , . ct tons, Spec,. 11 • " ' '!<li lt: 5tarce th is fall. tl fi . I. Philo conl]Ji l'·I '-'Ll '-· 1c lrst ] · · tterary Wo rk Oct •a. l t IV t ston . of Jts natut al, nteres t 1. he fi tst place of

e~r

th el\'Ir. s 1 I l u ::-.o-h . l) 0 I>I)S . c Ias~ ol. , -1 :; . ra il ed a l c1oo l w\ ·1 · . ~ • njo 1·ctl 1 . 11 e 11 1. to wn O c tobe r 1,)· \ \ c ; l ls t·li 1· s a b. ' k " Il l 1 t rr·ed to rea li.ze that he 11c·r of IOt t1r our fell o w st ude nt of th e last I 0c . ) cars .

'~

>

· Liscu sse d is Ca li fo rni a .

. A number of th e stude, . . . , . tr onomy tn " " aft " lts a te c<tk tn o- as.

s erve on e n in· ht " t il. noc; n .cia ss. '1'11e v::, 0 1)::, eac 1 \Ve"' ]d 1 '-' an d raw Ina

d

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M rs. No rton ca m e hom e f-10 m hJ--{eer rs vvas her' m e r v isit t o N e w Y o r_k , oc t. r 2 · H e r mo t . d )l er· a mo st we lcom e fac e 111 P e ru . M rs . A . W. S amps o n a c c ompa nJ e ot1 1 1 r 1 1 ~ h e m o nth! y r e cita l h e ld O ctob a Olee fr oJ' CJ.YI 5 w~s w e ll attended. V is it? r s cManY ·re' Aub ut ni Julian and the C it )'· 1 11 anYp Ll ' . . . ·e t 1a ~ c y e nJ. oye d this re c1ta l mot ~t Vto us o n e . us e 1 farTl o t1 I · setac lf kl e eP jn re(o5s . e ss e Y o nti s makin g hlm

A nn A rbo r. He playe d _, and th JaYe g-a1ne agaln ~ t Orchard Gro ve. -i!liant P l1.spatc 11es me nt1·o n 111m · as a bl · ·,,ecl \r • Jl 1 cbraskan . o i'v a 1 0P-j1 1' r e aDbec sS· ~l' \\ ' O c Ia_sse~ 1.n G e rm a, I1 _ "", e one d c ]a,e'". 11

a t the heg rnnrh g of th e

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n e rs cl ass . th e o th e r a n a 1p th e , sl1 Lr' 1 J'l1 T h~ b egin~1 e rs h ave .. ta l<~ nten L W 0 r" ,,CtJ satiO n r e cturl y a nd th e ir w:Jte js th e g re a t ca r e . Th P ,.]" "' "' crr 11d

-

Th e· se ni.o 1 · C r ~aLi n c la ss c ompl e te d th e ir Werk in al day s . _lcc ro O c to b e r 2:::! . and spe n t se ,·c rand \V . '. e r y p lea sa n t! y in L at in co m ·c rsario n \ fo urth o ra ll. Oil befo re be · . ng- tin R"lnnln v~o- o_n lH' . 1rg 1l. ., I ··pTh" ., a n11.s sor .s ctc\.. r<l(.S \ "I(1 nee' d c b ss .IS re ad .111 o· Ch 1 into ~hc,1 1 e n: i ~1 l " a_nd h a vc e~ u-rc d h ea_r ti(;reat en · c sp 1n t oi th e ta le . Th ey ll nJ .l""rn'a )Oy m c nt in r c a clin CY as " ·ell as in th l c n rc ;:, . tl p r o d u c t io n . . tl.. e s h av e d e c id e d th a t each s ha ll la-: > ·IVe 1e onso Cie

!

Pra · e op e. n s e ss ·to n t hi· s te r m . A s f a r ~s ti( cticab]e 1· e fo ]] 0 . t h e op e n sessio ns w ill occur rn

i)1gtonj~~11 n g-J ordcr : Juni c• r , Nov. 16 ; \iV:-1~c. 1 4 . ' N ov. 2 3 ; Eve re t t, D e c. 7; P htl o

; h_e y. 111 c) et tn o-s

.. '!'J. C . A . , in its S un d a y afte rn oo n ~~ · · ·

1a ~"aq.::,,., ' · ' 'l1 '- r ya s 1\'I.e! cl to

s tu dy 1n o· s te ps to a c hn s t1 a n g ·ive n b yc P e te r w h e re h e "~ro te, i11 110 wl"'d our Faith V irtu e · a nd to V Irtu e , g '- g e ,, , , . a nd 1 · Th e s tud y is a ve r y !11 te res t 1\J 1e ]pful o n e .

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~ ~ ()~ ~' l c~::: :-

. A n y nunb e r of cop .tes of Til E t 0 111 be r . 0 0 RIE R, in c\uclin o- th e Chri stmas th Ose' ca,1 b e furnish e d abt 10 ce nts eac I1 0 7l f t1°7- be./ P pl y in 0o- t o th e Bus in es s m a na g e rs 1::. Cou :; 0 1' e t!.le s tlt of tlt c montlt. fo r \V Ili· CI1 nl 1

C

our ninetee nth CC !1 tury ci ,·ili za tio n is sup erto th at o f th o se ea rli e r times. A solo by :\[ iss S te ll a ( ;rah a m ··of our O\\·n n umber. " ·as o ne of th e pleasa nt features of the p rogra 111. P ro f. Bouche r h as ·a ne \r ,·iolfn. A s are..ult of thi s ~h e s tu d~ nts e njoyed t he Capila ua. the J:.l.c,!;J' a nd a no th e r selectio n 'in cha pe l no t long ago. \Ve \\·ill ag ree with P rof. i'\ orto n tha t th ese se lec tio ns ne ve r so unded so w(' ll to us before this. Prof. \ \ ' . H. Sparli ng of th e Ep iscopal di oscsc of !\ e bras ka . is e xp ected in P eru in th e nea r f utu re to a dd res s th e stude n ts of t he Sta te N o r mal. H e is c•n e of Omaha's m os t fa ithful \\·orke rs a nd hi s Yisit wil l b e g rea tly a pp re cia ted by o.ur s tu de nts.

T he s t ude nts e njo yed a call fro m \ V. N . D e lze ll S a t urday e ve nin g a nd Su nday fore n oo n a ft e r th e assoc ia ti on. Mr. D e lze ll lo ok s we ll a nd h ap py a nd h as pr o mised s o me \·e ry rare e nL: rta~ n.m e ~ ts to some of hi s f rie nd s if th e y wdl VI:1 It h is sch ool.

l3y th e co i21bin ed effor ts o f th e d iffe re n t soc ie t ies t he stud e nts are so o n to h ave a n e w e d uca ti o na l o pp ort unit y. A jo int a sso c iat io n has bee n for med , co nsistin a of co mmitte es fro m the fo ur so cie ti es whose w o r k will be to pro cure for th e be ne fi t of t h e s ch oo l le ctu re s fr o m t he lead in a me n n o w be fore th e publ ic. vV c h o pe h ear f ro m Ch a nce ll o r Ca n fi eld befo re long .

t~

T h e C re ek class has beg un its afternoo n sess io ns with Prof. E lli s. S ince nea rl y a ll in th e class a re a dva nce d La tin stu d e nt~, the ir (\ R.l£p . . p rog re ss is cx t rao_rd in ;: ry fo·· w ith out d oub t " v r, ' IS p nnte cl. th e ir kn ow le d g·e o f L a tin re moves much of q co.c y0unt c1Jrq_~ent] o f failure of w a te r a nd co nd iff iculty. inv o h ·cc! in m aste r~n-g t h e !Ja~t er n, e of_ li g hts , th e Tu esd ay e_ve nin g Gth ree e k. By the e nd ot th e ye ar th e dass Clf IJ t\vo , etin g h as b e e n o mitte d d unn g th e w ill be o·in A nabasis a nd " ·ill be a l<tb abJc to <l. Ff<l. il.l t· Stu "'1ee k s , mu ch to th e reo- re t of ma n Y rea d thI:>e G ree k T es ta me nt. (; reek is an ce n t Bu t we ho p e ;:,thi·S s ta te of rs , '" iii 5 5 · ex tra s tu d y a nd m os t o f th e c la•;s a re ta kin g C>~ e y oo n b e a t e nd. it in addi ti o n to t h e re "o·ula . r co u rse. ~ tty e ra ] we-~ l'elc:J· Ot1 0 No rm a l it e s w e nt t o N e bras ka thl:' <tcl l ec~t · 1 2 to h e ar C h a ncell o r Ca nS a m ple cop ies of th e C hri : tm as nu m b e r ~ <l. t f1e 1-s' ;\Ire b efo r e th e O to e C o untY of T I-TE Cou RI EI{ ca n be h a d for te n ce n ts a ssociati o n.' The lecturer showed copY· S e nd in yo ur na me befo re D e ce m bCl lin e a ge s ex ce ll e d o ur ow n alo ng <l.st , b s _a bo ut w h"tch we a re a ccus to me . d b e r s th. ltt h · hi Ch e s e t forth the points tn w ') ~\

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~ FOR TliG fiNEST

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fliOTOGJH\rliS R/.,h SIZES RND STYLES _...,

We take Special Pains to Please our Customers, and allow none to go away Dissatisfied. 810 Central A venu e,

NEBR'ASI<A

OITY,

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Branch Galleries at _ _ _

NEBR'AS I~:A. 5 .....

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'::RU, NEBRASKA , TAB OR, I OWA, k/ ACEI JON! rl, 10/f/, . .

Successor to .T. W. TOLMAN.

l.

rULRICH FREDRICKSEN o·. • • . DEf\~R5Lif\BL5 FOOTW.Ef\R $ Ladies' ana Gents' Furnishina Goods, Knit Und6rw6ar and ftosi6ru.

!

$Our Prices are Guaranteed ~'!~,: 8' ) Central Ave. almost opposite Goldberg's. t._

THE LOWEST.

"''"

H. M. MEARS,

.... .. ...... NEBRASKA CITY.

~

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ti. M.

Lumber, Coal and Wood, Brick, Lime, Cement, Hardware. TilE LARGEST AND BEST STOCK OF General Merchandise. · ~EftR S . . . . . PERU,

Talmage nouse Auburn, Nebr .

R. R. DUTTER & SON, rroorietors.

_7i"··no not fa il t o get yo ur llJ.eal ;; at t hi s ho use.

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NEB.

D. HOUSTON! D. D. S.J .

· s , . NT I . Nf6~· OHice over Citizens Bank ... .. PERU, .

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RESIDENT

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ESTABLISHE D 1892 BY THE CLAS~ OF '93 .

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NEBRf\SKf\

STf\TE, NORMf\L SOtiOOL.

PER U . N EBRASKA. 1WVb\\ BER. 18oL1.

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FRANK H . I li':I·: I>LE . .. .. ... . .. . . .... . . . . . . .. . En!TOJX DERTHA JOHl'\ST< )I'\ .. . . . . . ... .... :\ SS ISTA :\1' E lliTOIX .\ SS!ll'I.\ T I·: I·: I>I TUIXS:

L. M A E

VA :\ \'I.l·:I-:T , LillA r-I A I KA,

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C'.ARHI E Dl ' l' C Ar-;so:-; .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. .... . ... Trca,.;ut·e r l::I,IZ ABE1' 11 lhiATT .. .. . . . . . . ... P r e,.;ide nt CO L' I\I ER St a ff Terms o f Subscription:

On e co p y, p e t· sc h oo l y e ar. ... . ..... . . . . .. . ... .. . . .. :31. 00 Sing-l e co pi es, e a c h. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

- Tenny son's " In 11/emcr iam ."

our Christmas Customs. ;I!I\":\IIE D. CH AS E .

DIRECTORY.

P HIL OJVI ATHEAN . Soc i ety eve r y Fri dav eve nin }:!' Jurin }.!' th c sc l wn l t erm s a t 7 o' cl oc k . Al l Stud ents arc co rd ia ll y i n v it ed t o j o in u s in o ur lit er a r y w o rk, es pec i all y th ose o f th e high er co u"e 0 . P. P.·\ LSTII'ie , Presid ent .

Pec iall y invit ed to j oi n u ~ in o ur lit t• r a.ry wo rk .

N ew s tud ent s are es ·

R OLU: ~l G l t-= Fi i'i, P r e~.

W E LLINGTONIAN SOC I ETY. S oc i ety ev er y Frid a \' eve nin ):: Juri ng th e sc h ool ve ar. A ll stude nt s wh o "-:tsh the d eve lop m e nt w hi c h earn es t litera r y wor k al o ne ca n g- i ve a r e cor 41 all y in v it ed to v i s il us . ELI ZA I.!ETH B t< ATT , Pres . J LI NI O R SOC IETY. 1 Jun io r socie ty eve r y F r i d av eve ni ng du r i ng sc h oo l yea r. Stude nt s and tl ends are co rd i a ll y i n vited to v i si t us. F RAN K MAIIT I N, Pre s. L EC T U R E B UREAU. l>iOrga niz ed as a p e rm a n e ~ t in s titut io n _o f lh <· sc h no l. 11 i s und er !h e a ~ s­ bec.es o f th e Phd n ma th ean . Eve r etl, . W e llllt g to111 an a nd Jun1 or snCte ll es. 1 he se~;~ect ure rs o f toda y w1ll be sec ured. J . J. K i ng . c hairman; Letti e M . Loti, tary: A. J. N ea l, trea>u r e r .

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Y . M . C. A.

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res id ent , P. M . Whil eh ea d.

C o rr espo nd i ng Sec ret ary. R.

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THE N O RM A L MILIT I A.

· B. DUN C AN SO N 2d Li eut enant Co mm and er of Ca del s. ' '

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eact. Fir s t Li eut ena n t a nd Ac t i n g Adjut ant.

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Like s tran ge r s· YOices h e r e th ey so uud. In lan ds wh e re uot a m e m ot·y s trays , N o lan d mark bre ath es of o th e r day s , But all is u ew unhal ow e d g r ound.

Entere d at th e Po s t offi ce at Pe ru, Ne br., as S econd Class Ma il Ma t t e r.

E V ERETT SOC IET Y . Eve ry Frid ay eve nin g Junng th e sc hoo l term s.

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IN FANTRY - CO M PANY A . T cker ' H u <> h Jn,· 2d Li eut. ( has. u

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COMPANY B.

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A s in g le p e al of bells b e lo" · Th a t aw a k e n s at this h o ut· o f t·es t A sing-le murmur in th e bre a s t , That t hese are n o t th e b e lls I kn o w.

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CJIOOL

No.

T h e tin1 e dt-aws n e ar t he birth of Chris t; Th e 111 00 n is hid , th e ni g- ht is s till; A s ing-l e c hnrc h b e lo w th e hill I s peali n g : f o ld e d in th e mis t .

nnd arr ea ra~ es p n id . A d dr c ~s nil cnmrnu n ic :ui o n s to THE N O R." AL COU RI ER.

Al l subsc ript io n s n r e (n n si J pn.•d r e rn w n ent until o rJer eJ Ji s('rll1tinu ed

L .\ I l l I ~s · lH !h' ,\1 l'l'O lxY.

-

The Approach of Christmas.

f\ IO NT HLY BY CLASS OF '95.

PUBLISHED

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a,'ld""'· Sr. N eal W v ne . . " t l.1 e.nt · Jr , t Se rl!'· Ac t1n o: 2nd Li eu t. ~a m J . Stor m. '

15

tr.t"H E year I 894 A . D. is approach in o- th e ~ myste ries of death. Ere sh e ! ~aves this li fe, to he r so full of that wh ich make s it bea utiful or uncouth, sh e wishes to bcrive an e xa mpl e ?f th e untold. valu e of ex p e ri e nc e, and w1th he r -vvanm ng stre ng th , wi ll prov id e such a seaso n of feasts a nd rejoicin g as in he r youth and middle life, s he has n e ve r g· ive n us. vVhat! Have we for crotte n E;ste r, Fou rth of Jul y a nd Thanks~iv­ 0 in g s? Ce rta!nly not. Holding th e m in mind, we be li eve that, b ecause of th e b e au tiful se ntim e nt for vvhich it is comm e morate d Christmas must tak e the lead . How do_we co:nm e m orate th.e birthday of th e Divin e Son of G od? Chn stma s t id e s of our childh oo d da ys are much mo re di s tinctly re m t' mb e i~e cl by u s th a n th ose sa m e happy seasons of _late r y ears . Pub lic se nti me nt has appropnatecl th e H o ly Chi ld's b irth da y fo r th e sp e ci~l use of . childre n. She s t~e ms to ha Vt' an Il't11ate fee lin g of th e work -


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T!fE fl0R J11.4L COURIER.

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ro und in g·s and d l' 1\ o mnt pntl' l1 Cl' . Th c , . still pn ssl'SS ;tn uncnnqunahlt· " ·ill. lm·;;\ nnJ )· W S(' lf. a JlOS Sl'SSi o n \\ hi L· h lTnd~·rs e ' Tr y in t t·11 igT liLT ; 1 d l' ' · i1. l t is tn h l· nor n l: Th a t tlll'rt' ,,-;ts a judg·m c nt in th e \'l'l'\. act of st· ndin.~· thl' n·1 w ll iuus t o I !ell. _-\ 1{_ \lt h l'r judgm e nt a ,,·aitl·d th e m . Th ;{ t thl' m ust crushing· t hou ~·hr t o th e fa lkn ,,·;ts th e l'tnnity of the 1;unishnwnt. ..-\ t ti rst ~··LulCl' it sl'ems s t ran<"L' th at m o re p oe ts han:.... t:t k en this t h cm t' th;7n t h e m ore ·1trr:tc rin· tli H' . I k :t \T I1 . :tnd that \ 'ir"·i1 '1hntT a nd \I ilt on. kt ,·ing \\T it t< ·n o n tlwnws, s hou ld he m on· IT IW\\·m·d for tht· ir tlelin cat inns nt' 1 !t-11 than nt' 1 kaH'n . On in,·e st in·ati on . h o\\T \Tr. t iH· stq){' ri orit \· o f th e for.~~t· r thcmt · is e,·idcnt. 1-' e:tr.- the out~·ro\\·th ot' s in. is th.c inh e ritan ce of a ll. Th t'·rc is no ot h e r passwn . 1Jl' rh aps so ,,.l' l1· cra11)· ptl\\·c rt.ul. 1. is a h,·ay s :tn ant o f suhliinlt)·· 1 hnc m:t)· I){' lt':tr "ith nut suhli 1nin· hut nn s 11 blim it)· ,,·ithout ft ·ar. P n ,,T r in a cii,·it)· lor th t· l'.\jl!'l 's s purpus t· o f pttni shnll'llt is the t·ha ract t·ri st ic _uf } kl l. Pu\\Tr is ;1t res t and I ne n d I y. th a t ol 1-lt·a n ·n. Tl wn· is Jess rou m. ~h c rl'for c .. for s ublimitr in the latte r co nn· pt1 Ul1 than 111 th l· form t•t:. Beauty 11111 st .be th e c har<l \ tcristic of e\Try cnnccptio n o t l! ca' e n .. \\ IH'n th e sub lim e ;tnd the 1)('<t Uttlu1 st ri \T .l u r th e m ;tst c ry o\Tr our 111 inds the s uhill lll' ;tl\\' ays con-

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Ti lE N{) JI'Jif/1 !.. C{) { 'NI/:."N. ly a unit,' a nd :a g row th , not th e pro lu ct o f th e poets bra1n a lo ne. Thi s in now ise d (' tr~c ts fr om th e.: g lo ry du e.: th ese poets. In sc 1_e n ~e we may trace th e· J iscon.: ry o f a pnn c1pa l to some.: o ne ag<.; a nd ma n a nd t he w~ r! d c~ ll s s uch me n g-e niu ses. I t was t he sp mt of th e age a nd ma n a nd the lalJors of other men as well as th<.; ma n's O\\·n t!1o ug:ht that mad e th e dis co ve ry. Th e hg ht 1n : reases age by ag-<.; a nd th a t ma n is th e ge lllu s . who ca n co nce ntra t<.; th is li g ht upo n th <.; g 1ven q uesti on until its m yste ry d1sapp<.; a rs. In a simil a r ma nn e r these me n have gatl: cr ·d into a li vin g co ncc ]J t t he ir ow n fa nc1cs a nd th e res ults of c<.; nturi es of d reaming a nd have thu s show n th c mse lv<.; th e poeti c ge niu ses of th e ir t im e . or mu st Virg il's na m<.; be o mitted fro m th<.; li st V irg il gave as so me see m in clin ed to do. to both D~nte and Milton th <.; g-er ms o f L d th e some of th e1r fi ner de lin <.;ati o ns. fou : ge ni uses sta nd thro ug h a ll tim e , as th e1r wo rk and tast<.; s hav e pl ac<.; cl th e m, side by sid e. Mysterious Animals. BY V INA .\1. C A N~ () :\ .

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head whe re v<.; r it may be fo un d, a nd he move s o n to avo id furth e r a nn oya nce. H a lve him, c ut him in t wain a nd a noth e r indi vidu a l is o nl y a dd ed to th e Zoa nthi ds. O ua rtc r him a nd we b ut q uad ru ple th e a nim J kin (J'cl o m in res pect to tl: e indi vidu a l in qu esti on.'-., H e ha s not bee n kdl ed, nor a nnihil ated, no r injure d- no t even ma rred by a ny of th e sa ng uin a ry processes; on th e co ntra ry, we have made fo ur or more d istin ct in d ivid ua ls o ut of him. " T hu s so me o ne has describe d th e po lyp th e co ral ma ke r; tha t in s ig- nifi ca nt little a ni ma l, who, with hi s a ncie nt re la ti ve s co nst ru cted isla nd s a nd coas t lin es. whi ch now rea r th eir heads a bove sea- leve l, a nd fra me go rg eous wo rl ds of bea uty be nea th th e brin y deep. U nlik e hi s old ti me fri e nds of th e ocea n de pths a nd also as rega rds a ll oth e rs of th e a n1 ma l kin gdo m abov<:> , he is a!z'?;c ali over.

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s (' \'( ·r ann . foot or lo t· ;tn y of tiH" h i g h ~ c r o rd n ()f a nim ;tl s IH>ss t·ss in g t lw st· app nd ag~ ·s and _tht · di sc (.>Jlnt ·t·tt-d p;trl ~l oe_s . 11 : lll O\< ' off mth th (' fr< ·<·d o m ;tnd ,·Jta iit)_ . I . . al ; ~n In <. <")H'IHI<"nt fact or. On ly t iH· o rJ ifl il < 11\'t•s \\' hi lt- tlw st·\·nt-d part s oo n di es and d (' cay s. J\ 'ot so ~,· ith our litl lt· po l}·)>. L t c ~1 t rL~~ cat<" cl p o rt ion o f th is ;111 im ;tl is ea rn ed 11 th e \\' a n~s a s th t·y il1 0 \T 0 11 ;tnd o n a nd 0 to- \\' ho kn o\\' s \\' ht-rt · ; \\ ' lw ca n te ll ?11 '.' ·.h a~ rock O J~ (' of t ht·s <·. parts \\·ill _faste·n c:::~~ ~~ l_f .<~ n t.l I H}·~· In t ht· <Tt·< ·ti o n <.>f a 1111 .~ h ~\ th e C, ll (O ti S St ill cl ti r< ·, l>y t iH' Sit /t- of \\ ]JI C d \rVa II s u f I h I>y I0 n. t lw C hi 11 <.st . \ \·a II, <ti1 tl lC· I) ) , 1..,tJl1I·l 1s of I·.·gy p t a IT bu t c·I11']drcil 5 • toys ? Tl 1.C I)<"<.lll ty ;tnd d <" II.ca c y o f. th e COl..,t J .even ]1 e o ut -nv a ls t h<· ma u nitti tlt- o f t iH" ,,·o rk of . t ]e . . · ·I · · ]I tt ,.. , I· !J0 ) l~· . As .\\' <" st tid y t lw ha i>Jts o f t 1 :~ fi nd cll11111.<tl cll1d ItS pro du <..· t, th e co ra /, .·\\ C thCl fl no t h1n g lv ss ,,-0 1Hit: rf tl J 'tJHI IJc at itlful ·re .. . , . ]csp l :\ <.; lln.<.~ 1~ 1 t.l H' s c a <u H' _111 0 1w . , , ·h 1c h , . ~ 11 0 t a. 1ts 10\ c l) p111k o r whi te bl oss o m, _ 15 th Clt f~ o w c r a t all ,_ but a q uee r little ; uHi11 <~/ 'chit l1 ves o n sva 1n s(·ts and small fishe s ~ 11 erS· ;=~t tc h <.; s with t ho se l)('a ut iful rosy hn gredI_h e b ody o f tiH' s(' a an <·m o iH' is o f 1~]e th.e d1sh co lo r a nd res e mbl e s a s tump . \V 11 vn 1t . I<, w I11tc . o r br o wn flCJ\nT s th a t cro'_ ~ n d p1n . . I f'u , 1s_a c1rc < ~ o f arms t hat s prea d ? u~ "rca.c b, w1d <.; to ca tch a n) · s t ra <n d c r w1 t h 111 ceW .· . :--.:--. . th C a n<. l IK in g- It t o th e o p e n m o uth 111 tc r, wlw rc it is ra pidl y S\\·a llmvc d li_P· 111 a."e ~~e :.t rc t_o ld th a t t l:·<· ani~n a l s .. w l~t c}~ 0 ~1 til1g th e co 1,tl a 1v at fir s t j(' lly - IJI..:c s,tcs. \V ~1 re r· lik e th e s ca -ant·m o n c about in rh c1 5 tO . ·c vc r But a f tn a while th ey fas t e n th c rns 1 11 eve the roc ks lliH.lcJ:n c a t~1 - th e :va_tc r. a nt(he sa.cd leave th e m a g<un. 1 he n 1t IS th a t 11a.pe · . ·t;:t r- s e I o pe n a~ .t ~ <..: t~ )p a nd th e l1ttlc .5 : 11 5 coi11 m o uths cli C lo rnwd. Ne w anll1~ ) ] a nt·~ from th v o ld o ne s lik e bud s tlp o n "~ ~ br~Cle Th e _ wav c_s d a shin g ag a in st th c ~ e li Y- 1 1 ~ 5 th e ~ll11_mal s In to t\-\'O, and .t h e n c v\ ~ 111 5 el'~~. sacs w Jil Hoa t a way and Jas t('i1 t 1 e wo ' e - ·I a nd thu s co ntJnLI . c t 1 f t1I es " toot h u. - 1oc..:s . ']]' ']]' In t h IS v\·a )' m1 1o ns a nd 1111 JO I15 _ jog .d~l 1e ]' . l (n ovV ]Ji1 t 111 y c re·,tttJre. -s a re 1v1n <r a n<. n 1 - 1 o (' I I h t ' 1 {II /':I f ) ~l a n d n1 g- 1t J t ~ n ea th th e wa vc s. c. ;tnd r from tht' watt-r a nd fo rmin .L!· \rall s

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titi ons in t iH"i r IHH!it ·s . T ht ·sl· Jl;t rt itiLH1 s a rl' left bt· h ind ,,·hi!<- th t· ;tni m;tb nw \·l· sln ,,·Jy hut sun·h · on ;tnt! ll l1 m akin~· ;ti l th e . C 111 0 J'l'- () f tiH 'Sl ' IL!I' l I \\'; t II s \\' \)I. L'I1 furm ti111 · c(l r;tl I ~ 1c co r;tl , th t· pn ·t 1 ~ · rl'tl :tJH I ,,.I11 \t' IS used fu r m : tk in ~· \wa ds :t lhl (l th l' r llriWnw n ts. 'l'lHI S t 1)( ' tin\· · c n ·; t t ll l't''>· 111 .1· \·' l · tiH' ct lral :ts . they g- ro \\·, IJUL-Id ing- :tnd sj i iT < tdin ~· .in :t il d~ -. · t ·JnH·. t 1H ' \ . 1·orm ,,.tth th t· Jt rcc tt·on t -t11 . 1n roc ky wa ll s, str : tn~· t· ;tnd . \w;t ut ifu_l sha pe s : SOi11t'tinws l<tr ~T clu s t< ·rs o f u ·lls ltk<· ;t hn i.l(.· ) · CO I11 1) ; SO nH'll111 . · l'S· I·,tlgt · · · llJ"< tl1 t· l1t ·'•-' ·• a ;-..o:\ln . . I t 1cy \\'tll s p rt ·:td o ut 111. : t· 1·a ns. u 1. t·o I· 111 ltll1 ::c-' '. round stt· ms. . · . !· Such. ind l'nl, is :t m y stl'n o u~ a n 1111 '1 . · t IOtls . · j'1t.t· ,,·h1 ch Cj ll:t h ancI ·It mu st 1)l' a 111 \'ST fi cs the c;T a t u rC' f;>r h is h a z ~trd t~ ll\ l'IH L'rpri se. Bu t \\·h o c; tn Lklln l' th1s ld t· · Th l' po<.:t, tht· !Ta l in tlT Jl l't' ttT o l natuiT .. m;t\·. I.Ittlc b ,· li tt k. m on · c 1l'<tr 1:.· ll. ' \T ··tl . · .1t · hu t J 1 th ))hi losu 1>IH·r ca n nt · \T r l tscu\T.1 1t · II is dreams a r<' . t h at c<JLI I L\ Iw 1>ll t st · ·Jzl' · lw ld o1 n, the thiiW \\'l' ca ll Jif<- . lw \\"l~ u\d J ll~SSlj':'~ t.H. sec ret a ll sl' c n ·ts. l f lw Is su h H) Is 1. ,t s P to think lw is ca p:thk n l. L I0 111 .!.c... s tJCh <'l thJn _. ~ . . l · . . th e J11 ystt' II OUS Ict hm1 f1 rst t·x p a 1n t o us . of o ur ltttk . 1 \· , > r sl''l '\11l' I1fc c o ra ma , t t t · ' ' 1.l11 ll .nt•.. •!hen • · ··tr ch h -\· Ic tpj let him co nt ·tm w 111· s. st. . Ji n"::c. y pu o.I cl n ·.1 s·umm .l' r L .<t ) . .1Jut f rom th e s!Jm 1 a pin t of th e o-rcc n m o u Il \ u. )\"lTIJ1 ::c-0' It • ,ll1 lt' ,-,l . 1 • . t h e mt croscope o . . . .· . l-I e place o nl y a l ru p unL l l t Il ls.. . . h .Ig 11)JO\\T L I 1J <..• l1 •·ts· nn' d e di scO\ . has fo und \\' h u k c o ltl l1i t·s o t. ~> r ~· a nJ s n: ~ · c I·tl1t · I- '·tiT m t1 li o n .s moi Whi le d t.:C ))e r a n <.1 Ill j- _L. , · -1 1 · ·hl' \·o nd th e '- t n 0 1 surg-in g- in t h t' tr ''. t · . _ o r . hum ,tn a l t j' to .· ·I tt) stT 0 f I1 LI 111' l n S I " 1 · • . d' . . .' . .. N0 k ss ,,·o nd t' rl ul <liT thcs<.: 1' . IS CO\ t I. , -· l . \· , . . 1 ne ithe r In g for ms th a n o ur ~ o l d -m,t '- t I, ,tn ~ -·, 1 is the li fe t h at susta in s tiH· m k ss LIIHl cul t tc

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ex plain. . .. . sibk Th e J>hil oso ph c r mt g·h t , _II tt \\T IT pos . _ . . . <>'I ,,..' 1tl' r f1 ' o mI (Iash th e co n tl' n ts () f .cl 1),\Sill the road si ck a c r ~>~s t h e h t'ct \T ns a htw e., '\~:,l_ if Jro )(' rl y m ag nil lt' d , th t' IT ,,.<.lll ld _b< _ \·c~tl < · c\ to him . ·a m a ss o t <~ r~·a nt_s m . 1~111-t .Jn: nahlc in qu a n t ity_ a nd tt' rnh lc 11_1 ft'l ocJ I). ;_ rIIg \l t'111 <•. f< ·)l- s. t·tndJn ( .<r. . n. ><> m a' nd Jn num .. b<.. I · , . . , 1 . t· · o t th t' ltnn a nH·nt. 11 more th a n t l l s ' s . . a iH I . yet he wou lcl \)(' un a b le to l' -" p_Lun . to u ~ t H my stc·r y o f li ft- in a ll t lw s<' \·a rwd tur ms.

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\@ I-1.-\ TE \ .E R o ur callin g ma y b e. ,,.e \'\"I sho ul d adopt a syste matic c o ur~ e a nd foil ,,. it. By so me thi s may be co ns1d e recl . ·old fas hi on d ,' · but e xperience has 9emo nstrat ed that mod ern \\·i sd om ca n t111 d no ubstitu te . a nd it is ,,·ell , the refore to la y do ,,·n thi s first g rea t p rin cipal-Order. Order is also ea rth 's fi rst law, H ow o fte n a n orga ni zati o n, a compa ny, a fi rm , a n in di,·id ual has co me to na ug ht by o \·erloo ki1w thi s im po rta nt feature-d welt upo n in th eory. but sli g·hted in practice. . H a ppy the ~11 a n o r w o m a ~1 " ·h o acq u1r ~ d th e hab it in chd dhood of bein g sys t ~ m a tl c . a nd ,,·h o learn ed to base all u a nsac tw _n s o n b usin ss p rin c i pa l ~ . T l: e g eneral pub !I ~ has sur ro un ded ba nk1 n.~· wnh myst ry. e tther b eca use o f a limited e xpe ri e nce with ba nk s, o r a n im ag ined in t ri cac y in s uch t ra nsac ti o ns. . C hil d ren may beco me .acquain ted w1 th th e custo ms of the b usin ess wo rld. L et th e m learn whil e yo un g ho w to tra nsac t b us in ess. G i,·e th m littl e oppo rtuniti es fo r ear nin o· money and teac h th e m th e valu e a nd ~se of money. all ow in g th e m t o d o bu sin ess a t th e bank. E nco urage chil dre n t o kee p a book of ac counts , whe rein t he ir s mall earnin g s a nd exp e nd itu res ma y b e reco rded. In sist on ac curacy of wo rk e1 nd co rrectn ess of busin ess form s. T hu s th e children may mcty rece i,·e a libe ral bus iness ed ucati on whi ch sha ll sta nd fo r cap ita l in future years . \1\To me n are oft e n ri dicul ed b eca use of th e ir awkw a rd ness in b usin ess afia irs. A nd wh y a wk wa rd? S im ply b eca use of th e ir lac k of oppo rtuni ties to lea rn a nd tra nsa t bu s in ess. R everse th e o rd er of thin g s, p ut me n in cha rg e of the d o mest ic afb irs a nd wa tch th l' resu lts . Th e ordin a ry ma n o n cl ut \· a bo ut the ho me is a n obj ect of jJity. to say ~h e least , (n: a ny ;:~ wif e has d ecid ed ly be tte r Id eas of b ustn ess th a n th e hu sha nd. ) L e t _th e hu sba nd introd uce th e wife to th e mo re Im po rta nt ways of bu sin ess a nd let


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t 1 a y it \l·ith a ch eck o n y< ur bank, as th e kt·c·1 · 1 • <11' tl<ll -,t· ..·n 1111\<'~ ant I I)CJ t1l I.- ch c k itsel f i: a a n e \·id e ncc th a t t he d ebt . 1 tltt·111 '->• 1\'lllt 1 '\'l' ry T (llll . l ) j,·k .1nd ll at-r \· rh ;tt \\' <t . pa id. sh w in .~· ,,·he n a nd the amo unt ' ir, ·tJ ilhLIJH.,·~ \\il l ;t r i~t· ·;un l's ;ti< ll l ~ . paid. ln di,·idua l checks d ra \\·n upo n ba nk s "'hl'n ,. ·11 I ><· ·111 -, t ·111· <·t I ·111 ;1n·< >111111' H Ia u. n ~- ar not d e ~ig n -·d to be h eld a n ind e fi ni te . . • 0 u " 1 a lr H·ntl. · tim e. l he ks sh o uld be prese nted pro mpt\: utt ·s S<Ttlr•·tl l 1\ 111 , 1 r l<•·,1, .-.· sh<Hd d he ly fo r 1 a ym e nt a t Llw bank. It th e m o ne ) Ctll cl' !lc- 1 I ' 11 · IILtr I, <·•· I jl,ll\· l ;1s ... . .~-. ~Hl n a ~ ra 1, c n is nn t nee ded it \l·o uld be \\·ell to h;:; ,-e t h e up. . I) () 111ll ,lt- ~ t r1l\ t h , · 111 : k, .,. 1) ,.\·,·n· nll tl' ba nk tctk e u p the ch eck a nd gi n~ yo u a ce runt.1I lH 1 . 1·.t ~.l •>n< · ·~ ~ ·]>; lid · ;tnd t11l' nHwtg;tg·l' · h· ti fica te of de pos it. \\'h e n ind o rsin g a d raft clS ht·< ·n dJ s t · h ; lr ~· t · \ J. \\ ' h, ·tH' \'l' r a 111tlrl- o r h ec k· \l'l'it e yo ur na m upo n t he b ac k . t'11ar~t ' t \ ju~ t as it appea rs o n t he face . If y our :-~';[ :-.\ >'(, · l1·,I S· 1ll'l'l 1 11;.11.1I ;\ 11 \ 1 jll'll jll'r J\· dtS ll .sl 1 0 ll I t I I )(. t; I k l. 11 ;lL ()Il l '(' L l) l ·h l' 0 I--tlLT' 0 I· nam e is mi ss pe lled. \Hi te it as it appea rs o n r c ~o rd s ;111t l dt1h· c n llT< 'tl. Cnunt!t · ~~ ]ai\·- t he ra e .. th e n imm ed iately b elow thi s s ig n Sll lts kt \'l' JT "-.tt! Lt·d fr 11111 ~~1ch IH'···kcL. .-\ 1- yo ur name co rrec tl y. \\rite \·o ur na me \\"' t ) · s· I.1.t\t: · · t I <T <I s an_d 111 1-' l'lg·;tg·t·s-. J-cc ~•rded . S cross wise a nd nea r th e top . O ne of the u ~ h tt.l st Jllllll'llts Lt td ;tstd c Lt'lllj> o ra rt!y a re sakst way s of se ncl in o· mo ney is by b a nk eas il y lo rg e tt< ·n . o!'tt ·n c;tu~in o· a !..:·rea t d ea l dra ft . i\{ore ca re in se nd in g a nd less careof trnublc ;1nd t · xp e n~<'.-. · less ness in rece ivin g letters wo ul d obYiate P<-rso ns doin ~ l>u s i tH.: '-'~ \\' ith a hank ha \·e m uch loss throug h 'th e ma il s. Peo ple ofte n a ri g h t t u t·xp<·t··t t h at th e ir affai rs ~h a l l b e o pe n the ir letters a nd d rop th e e m ·elo p e kept s tr ictl y p r i\·;11t' . This being· t h e rul e u po n th e stree t. whil e o th ers throw the m th e y s h o u ld n ot a s k th e b ;t n k r co ncerni n g· in to the fi re witho ut e :-.:a minin g t o see if the d e pos its of t hi s m ;1 n. n o r the loa ns ~f e \· e rnhitw has be e n ta k e n o ut. ' ,..., anoth e r. ~ h ,H d d an y bus ines s t ra nsact io ns \ A. h e n in closi ng sta mp s fo r a rep ly do no t c1·e r co rT c b e l\\T e n y o u and yo ur ba nk <· r, \\T t th e corn e rs but cut a ··v·· in th e pap e r or o th e rs whi ch yo u d o n o t afte rw a rds cle a r a nd sli p th e edg·e of the stamp un de r the ly ll l1d e rsta n d, "o ;1t o nce a nd as k fo r a n ex planatio n. IS.T r y o ne is e n t itl e d to t h is lo \\' Cr pa rt. :\ eve r tak e mo ney fro m a ny on e with o ut and a n v fa ir -min d e d \ e rso n \Yill ~bd ] y ass i s t ) o-u i n :-.<'T l1 i n .-.' ·· ;1 • c n r r l' c t u n d ~ r s t a n'cl i n ~o- . co un t in g it in th e ir p r:'ese nce. T he n, t oo Ofte n \ \ 'l' nH·ct w it h bu s int· ss m e n wh o a rc \Yh e neve r yo u pay mo ne y to o th e rs. in sis~ arc c ra b b e d <>r c ra nk )·. im a<T inin bo· th e m - o n th e m co untin ~· it in yo ur prese nce . H o nselve s co n s e n ·a ti \·e . S u ch m e n o u :-:.u·ht n o t es t p eop le so me tim es ma ke mi s ta k es. D o to occupy pla c t·s o f im purta n ce in t h e bu s i- n o t b e a fra id of g ivi ng offe nce. B u s in ~s~ a nd po liti cs have a lways proved lll' ss wor ld. :\o doubt . \\' e h a\·e o fte n a nt a~o nt s tt c . As a t.r ue ci ti ze n, e ve r y m a n wi sh ed tl-1( '111 sollll'\Y h e r e e lse. 1\Lt n y p e r s o n s h a\-c t h e mi sta k e n id ea s.h o ut d _ca refdull y co ns1cle r th e po li t ica l q u e sth a t it is n ece ssary to n-'g·is te r a Je tte r co :1- t io ns of the ay . a nd do hi s full sh a r·e · . d 111 . taini n <r a dr <tft o r c h ec k . If t h e d raft o r sec un ng goo a nd wh ole so me gover nm e nt. :--. chec k is m ad e payable to ord e r it i ~ a useH o nes o· pe t. seve . rd ty a. nd sq ua re d e·tlin c ;::, less e xp e n s e· t o r cg istt -r t h e lette r. e nd o rs- a nc_e a n p a tJ e n ~e a re th e es se nti a l qu a lifi ing- it as t lH· d 1·aft o r c h (' ck ca nn o t be pr o p- cat io ns of a b u ~ 1n ess li fe. Th e s ub' ec . erly ca s h e d un le ss indo r s e d by th e pa rt y to wo rth. y of a . ra ti o na l cl eo·,'e t IS ;::, c 0 [: .c1 t t e nt.l :lO!l. who m it is mad e payau lc . Alte r all tf we are t o b e m easur e d a t las t In 1\riting· th e a m o unt in th e b ody o f a b y o ur b a nk a cco u nt . 1 b c 1 c o ne . o ur us Jn t ss caprin ted ch eck. Jwtt· . rece ipt a nd ~o fo rt h ree r may b e acco un te J a wo f 1 f .1 always co m1 n <·n c<· at t h e e :-.:t rc m e left o f t h e th e ba la nce sh ee t of l' f 1 . _e u a l ure_. On blank. d rall'ill< a h l'; t\' )' scrc>l l thr o ug h th e q ues t io n ta l·es . 1 e t lJ s o ne p rofou nd P1 ece cl e nce o f . 11 1 untJ s t· tl SJ>acc IJC't\\'l't' ll t h e a m o un t \,-rit te n vV h a t do es "it p roli t . . c~ o t 1e rs . an d th e 1\·ll rd '· ] ) u llars . .. w o rl d a nd lose 1 . a ma n to ga tn th e wh ok 1l s ow n s o ul ? If yo u o\\'l~ a i>ill , it is eas ie r a nd b e tte r ~


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poe t m a y fm d him\Yhi ·h th l' tru e him not h in · ca n b e ·use. se lf at h o m ' . T o kss . "· h a t c n~ r is b e autifu l, \\·h ate ,·e r IS dr eadfu l furni:h c s foo d fo r hi s imagination. 1 k s n· s so mething· in the nature r o und a b o ut him. th ' p l ~ nts in th e ga r d e n. th e a nimal. in th e \Y O d s. t h e mine ra ls of the ea r t h :-tml th . m e teo rs of t h e skp mu st a ll cu nc ur to sto r ~ hi s mind \Yi t h in e x h austible ,-ari c t y : n o t o nly thi s . but in m e n's ~h~rac­ t e r a nd f rtu n ·s. in th e ir acti o ns. th e tr JOys, and so rrO\Y S. th e ir pas t histo ry; their p r e sent c xpc ri e nc' a nd th ir future d esti ny , a ll t h es · li e o pe n to him \\·h o h as th e p o \Y e r to ente r in. a ncl. by mi Q·ht of im agina ti,- e insi~·h t t o p osse ss t h e m. ' \ \ h ne ,·e r t hi s r e latio n ; is so cl os e th e ir a ri se s a thrill of jo y, a g lo\\- of e m o ti o n. th e e xpressi o n of t h at g ]o,,· , that t hrill is poetry, But as ea ch ao-e m od ifi e s in s o m e m easure, m e n 's co nce pti o ns of e xiste nce . a n d brings to li g ht new aspects of life , b e fo re un d re am t o f. so poe/1~)', ,,·hi ch is th e e xpre ss io n of th ese aspe cts, is e \· ·r ch a ng ing in sympath y \\"i t h t h e ch a no·ing· of th e race . P o e t ry we ~- e o ft e n t o ld. has t,,·o gre at o bj ec t s with \Yhich a lo ne it d e a ls, t\YO s ubs t a n ces o ut whi ch a lo ne it \\·c av e s its many c o lo r e d fab ri cs- ma n and nat ure . Such a state m e nt se e ms ha rdl y ad e q uate . I s the re n ot in a ll hi g h poe try, whe th e r it d e a ls with Ma n o r Nature . a co ntinu a l refe r e nce made t o so m ethin g which is abov e a nd b e yo nd b o th? Thi s refe re nce h as tak e n m a n y s hap.e s a nd a lte re d itse lf in m a n y ways acco rdin g to th e be lief a nd c ivi lizatio n of th e a ge a nd th e co un t r y. H o we ve r hidd e n it h as b ee n , it is neve r abse nt from tru e po e t ry. but h a s b ee n wo rkin o· itse lf cle a r e r a nd m ak in g itse lf m o re pov\~e rfull y felt a~ th e world g r ows old e r. Thi ~ hi g he r ~if~ e mbra ces t h e life of m a n a n c~ of na ture , Jt 1s t h e d ee p foundation o n whi ch th ey. bo~h u.ltim a te l y r e po se . The pre s e n ce. of th1s . h1;o·h :-. e r life }Je r v...," d e_s a11 11e r chre poe try e 1t ctl)· o r in di re.ct! ), ' .cl S t 11e . I. cc nte 1 to w 11ch a ll d ee p thOtwhts of a nd nat ure finally te nd . ::-. · man ~

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a ncl mate ria l . u 11A L COURI FR In tc· rc:sts to . . - · TilE _\ .OR.1l _tru t hs su fo rth in t l ·.· s upport It IJy ~Te· · tt T hi. s datt- ( l) '<.. . :?- Ill ) s tJJll'd . fhi s it d oe·s 1 . . l< n: ost att ra c tivv fc . ' 1~ both t . - JIIIl . t' C> Jilctn s and m ·I cl ' .. J) cx prc ss llw i 1 th '·tt fl I l Ill' L'l HISllll;t . tl . · · 1· lar , •to S trt'l'. () 11 . ]( ( I(' J ' Jil ' lJJS ;tS ;t/JOLJ[ tl 11 o IOtJ s l a n ~ u a~v t l . Jcaut ifu l a nd C hnstJll't'· · 1 lin<. t h<. I or Ill . . I I l , . . . . . . '' . . ''' t'\'l' , l ll ' j>rt 'St'lllS ;t!'l' (1·J:'itri·1 )Utl'( I nob l s t fc<'! in.u ti .., . l C ;>c·s t t hough ts a n ti th 1· ]· . . . . 11 11 ' < th <·Jr S ;tltJriJ ;tllit ell c~ndth < ·rc·t · · I . .tsspcnt . . ll.tltHl'r 11!. t Ill'l'\t" ntn!_!· fl Jl c.st ' so u 1. .. . . ld t dr( ·• c' [ \ \ "ct J-\t·n vd i 11 tl w I n dttt . l 1 thi'Jr ··1: c·;tst ell. .I .11·<·ln · \··1~·I1 r·· 111 tc ·II In p· ·t . . . . . .--. S <>l l< • S. SIll !_!'Ill!.,!' ; tn d d; lll .C .II H~· . I)HIt 01 < <T ton·. ·1 · .• r. to tl . _<ont'I <· tlw ht ·;ttiH·tJ ·onl<r · a Ill(((' h (r ,.. . . \Vho has rt:·tcl cl k . .-.. . <1 \ l'l Sl' l'lll' . !. <l 1.1 0\\ S tht'Sl' tr;\. \Ttll'S; f "ll c . , la c·sr .. l\ . 1< Ill'\\' {; ll tJ1, nJ;tJl \' r<. Jll'S . . p;tgctJliS . . II I. \\'('r . . o/ or ll O\\' tl lt . !11 ()\ Il\'r Ll I\:t'S Ol'l':l SJ. (l ll.. . . tO , .·ay ae low,_ Brya n t, vVhi ttic ;. )~·t '. <:, Illto n L on gc ln ·e· l 1. thC .· · · _ncl m ~ n y o the rs a nd 11 0 ~ f ei'lll ys() n, L o wt· ll c hri s t 1·. lll t'lli' J!OI":ttl'd JJHO jiii\'ctt<·h·t I . I I , tl t·;l\· 1 ()J WI" t :tll!_!·h tt'rs. \\' 1.1 11C 1 · · I1·qY I . . · .tn e<.,-t · c nt l USias m, o f ·o . c t th at ~ l ow o f JH'JH·d 111 1 lcLS b('l' ll tl H' Ill o sl pr;t!Sl'. . l\·. anl ] \\' 11ll' . ]1 th· I ~11 H ·s. :\ nd t h tiS Jt 11 I \\·onl ,tt lJ (• J .· I ,. J thOtlfl' a ncl so rrow? lct nd plc-a su sc:, ·o r .· _11 JStin as 10 I< ays 11-~ , t \<.: lllost l>i;ttllt'- \\ <lrtll\· : ,,·hi!;· th e btlwr sy · . o 1a s f Jh lln not of h .. l . . .l I;tr Ill ;tniH 'r . to l';\c I1 ol. 111s . sons. of ·I .· . e_ .tt .1c 11 {)I'Jgin ;tn· ;t ctJrint JS ,n c< <) ta I k·s i n ··t Sllll · , m pat 1l JZing heart ·. not . o ll cJ\\·cd wi t! 1 C lJ ISt Janlt . . . . ·. jj ·I t l Ouu ht . 1 • d ll d lll 1 · ) ctnd I >;w;tn ISill. L spcCJcl ) . . It \\'as f<>rtJH ·rl,· th1 · t'lJSl<>tn. ;1nd is s till incr j.-... s Xe n up li fted b . I .· t l l: Jr a fte r this• t.1 tic· amo ,. ....... . l 11·c1e s ~h- I t I ·avcs a n illlJJ. ~ -~l u r m o ra l teac h - s t rr >11 ( .. ]I . . t . l 11 .1-. . . t 1l< · ( I( .,. 1n; 111 s \r JO ·<" Ill S(JJl](· parls t>f .( ; t.l"Jll;lll\', l<> Sl'lllj th l' jl!TS. uc as we . . ' <..: s s Jo n o n t l . (p·nts· t u on<· 1wrst >ll " ·hl> -.IS c tlkd S. e n ·ant .-. . . ; d Lt c H·d 1 I . I J J. . IS cC' l11 on i1·s r> l 1<· 1r o < IT '.~· , en· th t: . . . ex p <: n t: ncc aft , - I . 1C lllin d \ llj><" ns. ll c. \\·ith a t>'IT;lt lo nt,. heard . a 'thr· _soc ie ty o f a cu lti v· tt . le i l av ing t: njuq·d 1 '- Inte rco . c l: l co m . -~·ra \· \\'i _!.,!·. and hi.!..!·h h t1~k in s. c o;~1 L'S to thC' _\ \ 'e arc · in dc· l . . . f r thC ·fi Ui sc wasm ·-k I IMil y wlH:rc 1 e ln c me nt ,u cc b J1 · cl C.1ICdC . .. I' <1 Jl j ongi n o f ·J . . lt<_d to 1h l' ( d'l"lll;!ll !"> o _. -nt t· ~·< Ta l h e~ tJ s< · s. ;t nt! ,,·ith m uch ;1dn inquire s • "( J l ( .~ <-rn nn . t le C h. r Is·t lll ;ts tnT . ·r·tlt' '.,ncit I c ;1 01 th<" child n ·n. ,,·lw arc n-r 1· m uc h frig·htJ ye dead p I oet s , w h o. . < S C0 11 Ct· l 1. j J ] J tO ,-n .. ttt. < ·< t l<' \\·h oi<· \\·o r t l jed l'J~<xl. 1 mrn o rtal in a r e Irv in g- sti l l l it- th<'n g·i n ·s tiH'm · t h e presents. ,.. , ' ' <'t: , w h os 1·. , l . beet J A d y o ur verse tl Ull d( T t ) . IOO tS \\'(' J"('(J('l'll \· ( !11 ·· J C<' t'th t ill' ~~· onls o f p raist· or cc nsun·. as h e T in ye, 0 liv in g- poet . ' 1o ug- h life b e fl ed · H' <'; tr t l1 . l ' tl . 1rJS 1 10 LJ g h ye a re 1' . s , w ho a r e d ead ' ~cLs lwc n llls truct<·d b,- t he l)~l!Tnt s . S omc 111 the 11 · l . ot 'J'/Il: • d ll < \\·h o.'w tops Tel l · rvr ng-, if tt 1_1Ws II. . a c hild . l l<Stoft J (' j '· • . w · m e rf in th e cla r·k n eg-l ec t can ki ll ha s lwt·n partic u la r ly s clf11H·mo n · 1. J . 1<' I('f"Jll ;tJ l p;ti·;t< 1s<: thC'( rth d r·ops of. . es t ho u rs of ill ' J () t 1 IS t · · j ] Jil I' a ng- ur s h f II ' . 1l <:ctrts j . I ('e· \\';tS c Jwns l('C. · trO' \\'tli cd or disol wd it·n t he \\·ill g·in · till' par' rom th e ·s h ,·LJ. P c row. n a rn g- f ast . ci r·e cl · .ur 0 n 1 ,. a f tl' · 1 · · · . J 1 •11 1n 1 d ucv- d I· 11 to . ........ ~~-- ents a rod \\·ith t ill' instr uctio ns tu usc it Y e we r e no t g- lad . of t h o rn s o n yo ur· I . ( (. .. c Jn st J:t n Jt\· - ha< JCLl ·1 . cJJ< Y es; f o r t he Lr ift _You r e rra n d t o f uHi J? 1e ,td, frec.: ly. act('-I !S · .l itS · . \V( T .I1J; ..tl1y, .;tnd it s s\·Jnbo ~ . ''' • r ., ,- 1stJI1 H ave so nJ et J '": d ncl uri ni s try o f'-' . I n l: ran c<' , tlw u.!. !·h ~ t' \1. Y ea rs is generI rJJ ror rn t l •oOn gtr('(' ·r·l < lJ d 11slt-rrC'd to tiJ<' L 1 . ;111 . ](• e' \ '( •. . . . l . ·] \1'(15 { ~o~a_n ass uag-e ; h e bi;~~rr~ so divin e ly s wee t all y r<'Sl'r \Td for tlw d istribut io n of pres 1 e· ,n iJll' 1. s Jn i 1 .'~,.Ic ·cl·11 ltr tnT; \\' l ll bIt' J11 a C!l ts, the /t 'Sits (,rrmlu'Jt , " ·ho is t h e S anta rn t h e c ia n ess o f \l· r·o ' 'n o N · ur o r· o f t h ng-; l't< -rn· J . . 11 _....,. w c; tn w an <·Ill .. tO ot rn t h e s ho ut . . e c r·ow dccl s tr·c t ,t s pnl1 p· ' I'l . . I . ,,·cJL , Claus of }:ranct·. co nws \\'it h a gTeat co l1\·oy B u t 111 · s ,t n cl Jll . e ' o u fse l . a tr cl rts of t h l"('fJrn. ....... lC 1Jt ii"11JllP' ]J l>' Jl ~ I' rl'" ves, are t r·itrr . I e t h r·o ng' se· l1 t ··I I' _ . . , . ; . o . of_ a ng-l' ls bearing· h ooks. toys ca nd iL'S, etc. npl a n d clef eat.'' ' 1111 w h o is thl' l1g h t \Vo r l j •· . , . L-]Ji11 \\'Ith \l·hi c h tn !111 th e e x pectant littl e sh oes < · ct 11cl t l . . · · . . { J. ~~ who ua \ · . . H gilts to JT!llllld LJ!"> n 1 <,·iJtS~ t~a t han: lwt·n so cardully arranged by I j is .-. . . ] < li s t h e· lllost J>I·icl'lcss ol ;tl 1:-- tltL Christmas in M . · o 11 r s o ,1 r · o. Jlc'-r tin y hands. any L ands \\·o r) 1 " · . or t h <' r ('(I<·Jlllltin ll . <· rt , s .. · 1 c; n1,, .• 1 . In Ita l)· and S[>ai n, t h e ~p·i , ·in ~u· of presents t r lllllll i l1 S d Il t lJ d t l · \ '(' 11 l ]J t ' . (' Jl t•1 1 ~ not so mu ch a n e x p re ss io n o f apprec ia C 1.. \ I<A ....,s wh, c h . -11·tJ11 fJ l t\ .\ TJ·: o r i(l·i 11 -1]1. , l \\'(' ccJ n s id<· I· as o t ' tiO~l as it is th<' pa y ing· off of a n o ld fa ,·or. . . d .. . . ( ) l ctll t Jl t:.• JJ. . sy mi >Cdic 111 <'; 111 111 ·~ · t1 1C 10lE L EBR A TI:\ (.It Is c usto mar y for those , \\·ho h a Ye favored ~ · ur 's IJi' - ' tlw d· ll ni· vc rsar. At t h e· . · . ,S a \·Jo t . . , ·til ) . I)' their fri e nds or <' m p loy<'s, to ca ll on t h em a pa rt of t ll t f.o unh ' t,h date' .s b lc·k- t o th } . of1 o ur C h n.stIll ·ts I ]>Il'e·s(• . 11 t " llC' i n ( I<. n J ' I ]1 '' r . :hort time before Christmas a nd polite ly '. 1 () 1<1 ·t ·tJl l "' . .. . . <l) s a n· t h l' ~·;t \'('!"> ' . tll"'. ]Hoc la im <·d t l . l c~ 11tu r y , ~,1 - h e n C c <Htc r pi <"st sea Inform t he m that t h ey expect to be r e m ems o n In t l . 1.' -]J · tj l~ ., ~ cl0 lllin · ati o- 1< c 1n ·r· o n sta · S ' . s 1 ~lll n ·li u·ic · l1t111 e . Ill nd lll '' JI·e· t ' 1C' 1\ '('([J". (' I r : )1 I.'I!->·tlfl' 11 bered o n that day . T h e m o re a r istoc ratic ·(·(' e nl pi rt- . l'h c· n ·_J ,_~·!cl!~ of .-. . . t~~~ as th e: )Jrc- t han an }· .1· 111 w prv parin "· tor L L)c' 1 us ua lly send thei r ca ni s w ith co m plim ents o t 1e ,. l . J . ,.., -I l . . oJl st·a rch for . I c hn stlc.t l1 s . t.t R c> nl a n a J m o 11 t h s 1 f Jr 0 ]J c· 111 t h l' \\ t" e · <' fJ' I' of the s<.:ason, !Ju t s h ould they r t:cc i\T only ·. d e r j'j · 1c C)l l.·iSt .s I . .a Iut w 11 t'. · -1· on IC l>rocJt s. () f' th ' (. I )\J'(' Jlt t IH· IJ. ttlt- · si.\)C- o. ,.r <·. l'J lrJst . Jlt t 1 . , .., m as c \·< '1 ~ . l . ! .!.·!'~' ' '· a card in return . it ,,·oulcl b e co nside red a ) )ly a ho ttt t l, co 11 c lttd< ·d t iJ·tt . c t in1 c o f fa th er is J>_ ) t :, lJ -o ld t o t h e ;t.~( < j 1 ;t17/J~,. grc.:at breach of c t iqu<'tte . p · 1<' t c It \\" . · l l']n. nc· ,0 v n·n o us to th i ."'<'_11ty-lifth o f i/.s ]Jro ba- '\ f e \\' ch . . I c ' _I 11 g t () Ill a k c • s n 111<' o_ I I<' t' 1,· Thro ughout tl11 · S can di n;:l\·ia n countri es. · ' ) s >t· to·1 c· · .,t ,w) ;-.,! 0 !1o no n ·d th . .. s t inw, t h. ·h .· ~- C< ' I11 b c r tlw Christmas ho lida1·s. \\'h ic h co m men ce on Is cut an d . · <' h ns t :nas a s _ J, • e 11 1 e ( \ (' ll t I . ~ c I 1St . . Io. us . C<T<' Ill 0 11!<·s · )y k asts · 1 · Icln s h·tcl Ch ristmas C' \ '1' an cl l ~st until E phany. are conJ lll<'l1cv .) ' o ught i 11to t h l' 1 jS 1 . . . Cl 11 t th c 11 1 11 \ • a ry i11 .......u· ot· <'til .t ,· .)l!tI It . h·tll I o c·r re lic,-_ call<·d t he Yule t iml' . This is th e joll iest c hil dn- 11 ·t ~s t h e \\' ork o f triJ11!11 ·~( · elf t 1)·. , )t' <'l1 I .-. , 1 1 e· a ll . ' . c • and nwrri< ·st st·ason of the year. in the ti nw lwt \1'<·<· 11 t l .1 <. lo ltda \·s . t _l c rnos t as pos si l> l . . 01 \ <'d to do ;ts ,n_u ,c ·Jl :o< 11• or \.h . l< · ltrst of - · • occ u n n u· . < <~ 11 d J . · ,,n n IJo rura l districts t h e tahk s arc e laborately I Ja n ua r . . ,-.., ct ny . ,). n som, , 11 . . t lC')' c·nJ o \· 1t · ·<·;tt j11 ' J ,tcvs 1 =·t l'' d sprl'a<l a tHI ldt sLuHling. \ 'i s itors ca llin.!..!· ) ct nd Apri l t 11e Y u l< · l . · _ 11 Skad o f a tn·<' , -:~ - u- n <' . 1i' a coz 1· c . )O \ \ ' IS bJ-otw ht in and tcts _) . ~ 1 11 ·; Orn e r J ,-, . . . \·t'l ts <IC'c o r;tt J<>Il IS ·

·1

Why

1

-

.

(J" •

· '

par!o',: 1

L CO 'AIER.

77

at a ny hour o f th da1· are e xpected to partak e somethi ng· Or ' else they take a\Ya)'

of

t h · Yul ·jo y. !Juring the Yule -time all the m e m be rs of th fami ly o·o to and fr om the tabk sin.~·i ng-. A. lam p;:- is left burning al l night and if it sho uld a ·cidentl y go out. on' of the famih· \\·ill surc h· di within the ,. ar. At Christmas time g~od o ld Englat;d is s arcch· a shadow of her fo rme r self. \Yhe n at h n banque ts sh e ind ulged in unrestrained jo ,·ialt\· and merriment. The ,,·assail bo,d h as lJ :come obsolete. and the old time toasts of "Drine hcil" or " \ \ as-hail' ' ha s g·in·n pia t' t o the more mode rn expres ions ; ~u ch as · ·Come, H ere's to \ ou. ,. The tradi t io nal m istletoe, around \Yhich cling so man \· romances and coquetry. an d th e Yule log·, 'have bee n supplemented by the Christm ~\s tree \\·h ose introduction into England is comparatin~ l y recent. T he singing of Ch ris tmas carols. \\'hich was o nce so pre\·alcnt. is not practiced exce pt among the lo \\' c r classes. Th e _g·ood '"i ll. which once e xisted bet \\-een all classes at th is time. is be::tutifullr expressed in the foll o\\·ing lines of poetr)~ ­ ··on Chrisbn as eve the bells we r e rung· O n Christmas eYe the Mass was sun g-: Th at only n ig-h t in all the year. S a w the stolid priests in chalice rear. Then o'pened w ide the baro n 's hall, T o y assel, te n ant, serf and a ll: P ow er laid h is r·od of nile asicte . A n d ceremon y doffed his pride , T he hei r. w it h r oses in his shoes, That n igh t . m ight a vill ag-e p<tr t n er choose. All hail wt th u n controlled de lig-h t A nd g-ene r·al voice, the h a ppy n ig-ht That to the cott age. as t he crow n Brought ti di n gs of salvation clown. En gland was rneny England wh e n Old Christnt as broug-ht his s po r·t:--; again 'Twas Christmas br·oach'cl the mig-htiest ale, ' Twas Ch ristmas told the me tTi est tale : A Christmas g-a nt bo l oft ' w o uld c h eer·. A p oor man 's h e art tht·oug·h half the ye<Lr.

At th ese times all f->0\\·cr was \Yithclra\\'!1 an_d a ciO\\' ~lish pe rson appoin ted L ord of l\lJ srulc. J.._, \-~ ry lud_i c rous pra nk imag·in able :~: a_s played \Y~ th o ut tear of restraint. But If 111 ab~tnd_oni n g this hidl' ou s practice. thC' ~ord ot l'vlisru k has hv t·n tlH· losl'r, ci \·iliz;\tion . has . . . been . .t he . :--.t>"tiill'J' ' . "1\. 0I. arc tl H' p cu pkl tssh,lp p) In th L· more quil't \\ ay; fn r


79

TilE _\ .OR.1f.,..J~ COCRJER.

IS to ·" !f(·t tile · tl llllig· I1 I \\' I11.(' I1 .IS ( ' ;< P'.(·s. . ·d tlw I) ,·i I 1 t ()I - S(' . . . . . . d r I fJ I ( s II ('Il l r<.; I tlrn g ) ' rtl . . c> f co n\·<·y that t h otr 1rh1 tiJ o lh !'rs (read!(. · · I1· 1v o 1 o r do we fin d wa nt111_g- a . spiI'C)'. r ' \ \ ·IJ( .11 a Io u tl ) .. , . I I . _.. ., 1 . I Il ·S-t <.' t oo . · 0\\' IS t li S I'!' Sl l I t th e old tim t.: feas tin g- <liHJ fro rcrll.L.· .. • J · -1 ·os(' -111;t l ) p ii s hc·d? <-rLtinlr Jl<ll ll\· s t:trting \rr th t , th e boar's . head crcst_t.:c Wit 1 ~ _·.. hc·;td sou nd, th t· lc ·ttn <>;. tlw \~· c>n l. for th at was se rved 111 g lo ry. l· ? r tlw ho, LJ !'->. lw s un ·ly illogic;t/ ;t 11<l ddc·;1t s th!' \Tr)' purpO· 'J I . . . t l· t < ·c. ,tl l st1 m<unta rn s rts pro mJJH'n · I' ' . 1 ·l is of t he· \\'cJrk. [ nv lish Christ mas dinn c 1·. 1\t O.x fo i t '1 "'·ed 111 . by the strongest guar< IS.111 '' Ill \VI 1I()'. \ c h ild lll;ty I)(' Ltlwht t h< · ;t/phal c~ ~ earn h!' k no\\' s 1., . .• I ,. . , . Ill ; 11 ( . m<t)·1 /t · · Cl1nstmas · 1s, arc P'·c· cc·c k <.. >) smg-1ng ca ro . 1 d n. ll<-d i . . 11 (I IS (· (( t· r ;tl ·SJ!>" .. . Is tilj· h · j ·c·ss< < ~ 1 cl t ](· <" il'lll <'IlLll')' SOllllt . a fo reste r, a hun te r and so me J>agc ·s t 1 · · ·n - . . . . rs_<Lu jtlit llltc ·d wit h <·; u·h :tnd it s syrnb~.:o!£ in th e fin est s ilk. a nd hea rin g the· inc/c- SJI< n: ,ty /)(' t<lllght s in "-1<· \\"<> rcls till he , cl t s iblc m usta rd . s 111 · . ( .-. , 1 · 'lb .cd out. l11%c· ll I I • · . ·_1n) <> th< ·m . and yct n<> t J< .11 ce· or has the Yulc -lo rr a toud WI. t "' ,. . , ( I11. rc I1 1c.:ad 111 1ts· t ill(' . · · 1 sent llJ C·;t niJ1P" ;t Sin g· C' . c1/Jt• This log-, which is a hu g-e sl' ction 11 - .• I)(' ·tl 1 l . ,. . , . . . l , thotl;, I · · · · · -1s ho 1l· not I < <· Lo 1 n l<' r p rt't a s in g c fll 1r5 . 1 IS cu t on the last clay o f the C h nst lll·<· w1t 1 f t hou < rh t i . t I . 1 \\' C ·" s o w rnt t· rJnTtt'l . nce· days, Ca nd lcsmas, a nd IJrought 111 . st-tn · 1 1 cnt .J· 1/ oW IIl R it o f t h Olwht, t h(' ; ro( 11: m uc h pomp a nd ct.:re mo ny o n t Iw f 0 .. 1 Th< e c\\'l ~ t) 1l ' t l(• un · , . . , · th \\ e Christmas. It is k incll ccl \\·ith a !JI ,u1,< •• I1e m 11- l s1 set: In _.u. ., mt ist not sto p \\ 11 s .. e t11 filiT , w I1r' lc ma. n)' I. ust o o k t hro uu·h tht'rn a nc !Jol 5· S ·cl ve d f rom I ast yea r 's ·f d . f wh rch b eau ti u1 ca ro 1san l)U a rnt r11 y mcs o . tVl ln_g·s fo r \\' hi c h t h ~~)' a rc t he s)_f11]1 ,,-e Vo rd s f-1 · rhi C ·011 · g" IS · qur·t c a f·avont · ..:, ell . .,.' · ·s un ·g. tl1e f0 IJ0\V Ill om a \\'lnd m \· t hrou g· 1\ ' entl , . · 1 oo k at t hou o·ht · so th e c h ild s ett~ 11 r/Jt "Com e bring- w it h a n o ise must 11 0 t .-:, ' c · hJC 1e My m erry, m e rry h oys, . · stop \\' it h t h<' nntc ria l O J \\ 0 { tl wrn clow 1· ·s com · T he C hrisbnas Jog- t o t h e li ri Ill{-" pos t' d to th' <: l' :< c J u.siotl . ent'·re'1 tho tr<rh t t -,.. . I I A. ' t 15 1 \ d s lll'(' s )(' y () Ill . "'C'~ ,...., . s 1 ' cl tllii 1( p osslb l<· to ma k e t he c hild u nd c rt~tnnified; First Steps in R eading . t 1.c wo rd s sta nds fo r t h e t h e th in g· 511g ne"~ Wit ho ut 11ctv • ·rn_g- t hat wo rd ca 11 up ,r ·1enl·fie0 '. E . (1 . c: . scv n a m e n tal imag-e of t he th ing· slgbe e~\ 1 · HE seni ors have devote d a great d ea l of at t he b e gr· nn 1ng·, eve n : means 111 ust · t'~' ee , 1 · · ·o n be e~ tim e of la te cle term inin bo- what thes e p lo: ve c! to stre ngth e n t he assoc1 atl . en 5 .1~ h fi rst ste ps sho ul d be. t <- th o uo·h ,. . , t a n cI 1. ts s y m ho I, t l1 c v\' rt.tt1 ,vo(u·11 The s eVf~ ra l me thods have eac h bee n ca re- tc n ce · _ J r·Is m 1·nd mu st ck<:tl. no t \r' 1t 1see Ij1I full y we io-hed in t he lio-ht of t ht: o-rt:at JT· als wo r_cl s but \\'ith tlt.inos. He mu st orcl5jJe c'> y \V t spon si bi l~y that rt:sts"' upo n th e,..., prim a ry t 1e]' V-'1'1 tt e·n s e n te n et', not so !11 <111 ·t js f11' teache r, beca use of the fact th a t mu ch of ~ . lnle , bu t th e tho ug h t for wh ich I roblejJjS . · .IS the \\' 11° le PJj S11 t tO S\·rn Jo / the c?ild 's a fter caree r d epe nds up o n th e 'fh . . J\ llu. J t 1l iS way 1n which he is introclu ct:cl into t he c s o lutlu n of how ])<·st t o acco n1 P,.,a.'f ·'' world of learnin g . U nd e rn eath al l mea1_1s res. uhIt m ea ns find in <r o u.. t the beS It •v]<fl ov• tile .., wJ 10 a n_d ~ e th od s to be e mp loye d lie c e rt~un tcac re·e1cJ• 1· ng; f. o r ,th e teac h e r t intO t.lC' h ow to b nn o . h o ug- 1 I t5 e p nn ciples, laws of th e hum a n mind, vr h1ch 1 ·I I' . -~ any ce rta in t , u d 1 ~( t he teac her who wo ul d no t work bli nd ly c 11 c s min d and to 'tssoci ·ttc th e ir t 11o hjcl1 tt'fl' ' "rsW dr m ust un~l e rsta n d and be ab le to a p p ly. .ccssfull )· v\.·rt 11 the w<._. n t tcn characte I e bevbt.l C lear th rnk ing- a nd defi nite k no \\' lc dg-e is Its sy mbo l, knows h ow to teac h tl a.nd jle necessa r 1\! to th t.~ co mp re he ncl 1n . g- o f t Iwst. . nc r t o rc a l J:-Xp r( 'SSI.0 11 IH. t~ (l1 de111 ,5t , . . · l · ·jJ )1 ~L til(! nn clj)lt·s a ] • h P · · ~ 11 c a ny tcac <T may come to a n lrttlc or n o attc nti a n. I f th e chl ·s it . elf· un dtTst·t 1l . 1 . . t h.() lJ _.(. r., h t a 11 ( l t ll (. t I<J~ II'C . t () t .' .X I) res. f It5( fl'lf . . c I l Ing cl! H ctpp rcCict tiOil of thc ·Jll !J y ·C 0 ca refu l] )· "'·ate·h 1ng · the results of. h1.s 0\\'11 man ne r of <· :-.: 1 . . . ' I] ta ke c<li d~' 'ic;tJl/f' · JJ( ·ss ro n wi c ·1 1rea · .r~P ' work · re. If tl . ·I· .a nd as .· /·· "'n g t Ilt' reason s th e re fo , .· , H c li] d tltuzks 'it'ords. he \\ ' I r1 t/t011.b 1 he IlllnH'dntc· · tl:ac 11 .111 _~- n·ac 1rn . g lmt ifltc th · l 'II rea o 1>J<· ..ct tn ' l JZr,' s tit o If o/tts h c \\ 1

the Chrl.st . mas.· ancc on all.

t 1·t: <~ .sll <.'l.Is 1 't's

m< ·llrJ\r r;tdi -

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~

UN I FIED P R OG R A '1. Th e Pin e Tr ee .

c; ood Il1o ntin g· t o the stttt,..hitl\' fait·. That lig-hts this w o rld f o nt·s. G ood M o rtt ittg- t o th e s in;..:- bird,.;. G ood Mo nt i tt g- t o the ll o w e t·,.; ~ G ood Mor tt i ng- t o t h e g-lad n e w day. 'Vhat-e ' er t h e skies let fa l l. I f sto rm o r sun shin e it is ,.;ent. A lo ving- gift t o all.

T his morn in g- as I cam e t o sch ool, I hea rd a queer twitte ring in s ome of th e trees I passed. V,Tho do . yo u s u pp o s~· made the . twittering? Yes, It .'"as s o me b11·ds. I wonder w h at b trcls these \\·e re wh1ch I heard chatt e ri ng: togeth e r. . Th ey \\' ere not the robins no r the blac kb trcls for the y have flow n a \Y ay to the sout_h lancl . \V h o do you suppo se I h e a rd? I th m k th ey \\' e re the snow birds.

..

C hill y little c h icadees, Sitt ing- in a. row, Chilly little c h ickad ees, Buried in t he sn o w, D on't y ou find it v e t·y cold F o r y o ur li t tl e feet? D o n't you fi n d it har d t o g-e t Anyth ing t o eat?

I thin k the b irds w e re the s no wbi rd s but I cou ld n ot see th e m .

Th e y w e re in a tree nea r the wal k b ut w e re h idd e n. \tVh y d o yo u suppose I c~u ld n ot see them? You thi nk the leaves h 1d th e m bu t I th ought that Mr. Wind call ed th e leaves a\Yay to play with him in the m caclcnv. Y es, yo u are right, the bi rds \\'l'~-c in a n e \'e rgree n tree. They ,..,·e re hidde n 111 a large pi ne tree. . Who can t e ll m e for what \\· e ust· the p 1nc trees? Th e ch ildre n tell that th e wood is made int o f ur n it u re that so me \Try tal l trl'l'S

arc made into ship masts. One child sugg ·sts the pi ne tree is used for a Christmas tree. I ,,·onder wh y '" · like th 1 ine tree f lr a Christmas tree? Ye . I think becaus it has gree n lean·s c \· n in the \\'inter ti me. \\ h) did yo u think of a Chriatmas tree just 110 \\-? . I sup] ose it was because Christmas . 1s coming soo n. "IIlerry . m e rry. m erry. m e rry C hri tm a s bells, Oh . s weetly, ·w eetl_r ch im e . LE't the happy voices o n t he bt·eezes swell. Th i,.; m e ny . tttet't'y Ch t·ist m a · time P eace o n earth, g-ood w ill t o m e11. Oh . a nge l ~ing·e n:;. ~i11g- ag·aiu . Wh ile h eart and voices hc t·e beiO\Y, J o in in th e sweet t·eft-a in . l\Ierr_r . m e ny, m e n_r . meny Cht·istmrs bells, Oh sweetly. s weetly chim e ."

\ i\Tho knows \\·hy \\'e ha,·e a Christmas day ? You are right it is because that is Christ's birthday. ' ·O nce a little baby lay C radl ed on t h e frag r ant hay, L ong- ag·o on C h t·istm as. Stt'ang-e r bed a babe n e'et· found \'i'andering- cattle s tood aro und L o ng- ago o n Ch rist mas. By th e shinning v isio n taugh t . Shepherds fo r the Christ-child s ought, L o ng ago o n Christm as. Guided by a stariight w a y, Wise m en came the ir gifts t o p ay L ong- ago o n C h r istmas. A n d today the w hole glad ear th Praises God fo r that Chiid's bir th L ong ago o n Christm as ; F or the Life . the Tru th, th e way Came t o bless the earth th at clay, L ong ago on Christm as.

OBSER\'AT!O:\.

This is a pi ne t wig . The t . .~ ig came from a large pine tree. The pme trees are-tall and straig-ht. These t rees have many bran che~ . The parts of this twig- are the ste m and leaves. Th e ste m is gra yish b ro wn. Th e ste m is cove red \Y ith scales. These scales ma ke th e stem rOtwh . Th e kavcs a rc long a nd slc·nt! C' r·~ Th e ka Yes are Hat 'on o ne sid l· a nd c u r n~ d o n the tlthcr side.


Jo Th e k avcs a rc s ha rp a t t lw a pc·x . Th e leaves a rc s ha p ·d li ke nc· c·dlc- s and a re ca lled nec d lc·s. T he n ·cd le s g ro w in pai rs. Th es · pa irs a rc cov ·re d IJy a lm J\\'11 sc;tlc· a t th e bas('. W hen t he \\·ind b lo \\'S t hro u.~-h t hl' nc ·e· dle· s th ey ma ke; a so ft llltJrmurin g mu s ic.

\\'h •T •· t il<' '-l''"''t t..:"iit lttllt·r , :11 rJ,.,, . .,f day.

An d tlt t· ,Jr· trr rrH·r JJJJ,!" · rrH••ltl 111·;tr 1r.... ..... , ft I.r J'l a ·\' : \\'h v r .. t hv hrt ·•·z,., g-:tl lli o"l liL.:ht .tllrl fr•·•·

~ latH] , i 11 ih gr:tlld .. ur. "th · .. 1.: p ill<' T il t·

..

II'<'<'.

r :tili l l'~ :trlotttt·-. :trill h:t r •· l wll lolt l<'

\\' it h ·· h:Lli<'t ·-. l :tid,·ll witll l "".trl .\· rl•·"· : 'l' h t· \' :tr-ll i-. h t·d lt •:t \·,., .,f tilt· willl\'1' ;..:rt•t'l l . \\'i l h

<':t rl•·t lwn·;,., t h:t t l" ''' i' lwt \\.,.,. 11 :

.\ II c lt t-.t · r i11 lw :t tl y :ttl![ ,ft f,r tt tt' · , tr<''" Jl a v l' ld (,...,:o-.tH rJt •d :tnt;- ;. .:- r~•\\' Jl ·, , ,·:t tll · ·tllt · "'" p illl

I\ 1-:J\ l li .\ 'C.

T he.: Pin e.: Tn 'l' . I.

8I

Tl f 1:- . \ -0 N .1!.. -I I ~ Cc J[ RlER.

I han: a pin e t wig.

rn~ ......... i . . g- r .. ·.,· rt ("l it . . lt• •rt !r .·r rr .... il lt ·. \\ ' h •· rt· th .. <TY .-. t:LI <1 1·\, . d r"l' " r1 · f t h · hi< k : . . . . ,. ,. rl· .. ·n A 11 d th .. whit t· ,.: " ·,. ,, , . ., f t il •· ' " " " '" ' ;..:" . I ,< Ji ok .-. tid w it h ;, 'l tt i ll' t hr " tl g- h i t -. ka ( I " · n- · ·' 1

' r li t·

Ca n yo u scc t he pin v tn ·c·? 3· l\ o, th c pin e t rt'c is ou t o f d Clors. 4· Th c pin e twi,~;· is o n t he ta bl e·. J · Th e pin e tiT I: has nee d k s. 6. Th e ncu.lles a rc th e lt'an·s () f t ill' ]Jilll' tree. 2.

7· T h c k a v c s of tIll' pin c t rc T a r v IeJ n .~- a nd

fl at.

8. H as thl: pine t\\'i g a stc· m ? 9. _\'cs , a nd th e ste m is g ra y and IO. I hl' p ine tree is a n c·vc ·,-g ,-c- e·JL

·,·c•'·

CJh ! l "y , . " l" •r l\·d ••f t i tt <': t r t•Jt.,, ~-:· ] , . , . . . ere<' · ' .:'\ l' :tlh lh v rlr<• ppiu g- J11111 g i t-. ,f " t l~t · ,,Jd I ' ' ' ' ' r ·\' l '

g- li<i l' rl (J \'l' r lil t' l :t kt•]t'( loltt t'

Ill l h .- rt l" i(' , '" •liiH li tJ ;..:· i> i t-.-11 ··:t tliH' " tlld . ,\li d " " ' "I- t' d t t1y i> :t l' k . <•II t h , · Jwl>i> IY " t 1' . \\ · IH .: r ,. " '" 11Id, · ,- i 11 g i t 1i , . ,.. " 11 t h , · ,.. [1111 " ' .\ . ·, ;[lid· Lll\' l•r n l wi th tl ""''' ''" tl t:tt " " ' i k l<> ,..,.,. . . i' t ' <' · '1' Itl' " llll I ' '' :llt t-. Jl t' t·p t It rto tl g h " t h•· " I ' I J"'" t

\T .\J I{ J·: Jc

G ii i/I C S . Th e s plin ts may be: c tl lc d IJin c· ne ·c·dk s. Proble ms base d o n t lw p ine t rc ·~· sh o uld I><· used . I have thre e pin e: t \\·igs 111 <Jill ' ha nd T lw c·h il d liSI!l.~ a nd five t\\' ig-s in th e oth e· r ha nd , < JCJ ~\· m.a n y I Ja.~· C lil pl; cy . have I ? If th e re a rc t\\'O nl' c·dlc-s 111 l' ac h fre e· "( ' <<! () \' l T . t'"ttl ' ' i >:u ·k il l' r l' . " 11 ll l.'l T ·\' ; I li d· ]t'L'· •' Q ~~ bun ch o f jJin c nee d le·s ho,,· m a n \· nc ·c·d lc- s :\1y pl ;t y fe JJ, , " . <i•·: tr "' " " ,., J, :u ·,.,.. i ll I ll.\' ~ jo ., , I ) w ill I ha ve if I tak e fi ve IJtlllc h e·s of n cTd c·s . .,.1. . . ·hi ld t n tl, c'' )(• t< " tl' ll ('i' lll 'l \' ' ( <.: I · S<>il l< ( ll J]1( Jl H o \\' ma n y bun c hes o f ll l'c dlt' s ,,·ill t hc ·rc · at a ll o f t h e· l' hi l dr~· n i11 till' roc>Jl1 ' lh ~ 0 .,, be in te n nn· dk s? I 'I I · ·I c · L':· 1J · t'-i. ~ t 11l If there a re te n pine trt'cs in a fic ·ld and \\' ll (' S ]( · ('(J\'( T S hi S e· \·r·s, S l c hi ld t o s t:t nd l)(' hi 1J<] h ;·r. Til(' < '. s ix: a re c ut cJ 0 ,,. n h ow ma ny tre c·s '' ill IJc rc ·1J('at or si n u ... . left in th e fi e ld ? ' l

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.\!l 'SIC. Th c SO JWs of th c bird s ,,·ho ]i ,·c· ;tl )() ut t he pin~ t rce· _n;ay bt· a pp lic·d t o th l' sc a le· . .. ~ h e childre n may a lso imita te · t he mcJ s Jc w h ich wind ma kes h y b lo ,,·in g thro u.L:· h th l' trees.

•\

. <r :t sc lll:tr •· tll . t'tll 1111 :-.1''' . _. 11 klnl ,,·ith ti!J . I ,.., ·t l't l\\tlt ·r .11 1 til• · t't'lllll' - '' I th•· m:tl .uH s:trht . ·c . s<. ' t hl'\. I.o Id .111 ' ,. t h 1· c 11r t1tl 1.:-.. 'd. t I1t . 111.1l . m•. ' . ._ .I.h(' C()ri .--. Jt-r s 111 , . Ill' c:tt t ~ I1l lt '.~ 1 .1 11c r I,\. - I,,t_.:-. t 1 .lll tr :t s m:tll 1·1rc . - l•· 11\'t·r lht . ·t11. 1)''- ..t t .\. l't I1.l l..I t t__ !J;,lj.. , ll' r 111; t y Ill' 1;:-.1 ·tl .111 l I11 · 1•I.tt .t . "' clw '' t ,t ' Ill _~· lll :tt. I :\ no ti H· r I· .I11tl 11f ~;1,· 1H'l llL.l:'- . 1)(' Ill;tdt • 1 Y . , ,. ;1 Lt \' ·, ·r 1d. 1,1 · r I. 11 1111 ·t 1 t., plllttn 1 t l tlll lll' l .\\'t'l'. _ll . -. 1 · · lii'<J lll:t ls tlr ~h• Tt ~ ,, t l ' ll ,rt·d ]l·lj 1.11.ll l.f . 1c•t 1 ·' 1 rt i 1 1 ' :\ roc111d tl w '·tl .,-...t. 111:1 -\' 1H' I'"" cr inkl \· ti SS tl l' l ';lj Jl' L . . Ill. :tdt·11 \ thi rd ki 111 1 ol ~:11· Ill'l I l;t g· 11Ll_\ · lw I>\' lht·lh . .tl tl l ,;t s l .t11g· ll,lltjtlt . _ .1n-· tlt · ~I .--.• ' .11:-. . tl 1w ' . . ,. I . ) tt t ) 11 I 1" l l'll\'( · l o p t·~ . l lll' IH' r llllll't t' . . -\ jllll ·ill Sit· it- l'll \'l' 1II IW :ttll I s· ~· '· tlnl Ill It. . Hl otlt'r~ m ;t_ \ · IH· tll:tL It· 1J) . tht · chtldn·n 1 . -I · . 11 I ll 1 '· 1 ctrd ' I lrtSl .illl'' 'l III (' ' l~ -ln < •. tlt ''.-' 1" .-.. 1Hl,\It 1 tl 1-.. . . . . t I t ' l'll \ ' ( ' 1', l ]( ' ) [I obl o tJ•r. l ~ In g t 1ls ,\:-. 1 1 . ··th ., h t~\\· in ......u I J;·~I H' r 11 1:1\. . I Jl' ti n I IJl' nt ·:t t 1 II \\I , Uf h;tb y r ii J! Hil1. ·1·1lr <'{' or ,.t HII - s· -~ t It ·d I )( , ' t ·s Ill ;t \' I)(' Sl' \\Tll' I.ro lll s trq- Jl' ~ 11 1· 1"• trtl l11 1:trd . Sa t,i n t 'r Sl ltl1 l' prc ·tt\· ce ,J tJ rn I 1· I t1 l I1 n,1'1 _\ ' ] 1(' li Sl'l l ;\S ;t lin itw r:J r ti ll' lHittll lll o l till' b tl .:\, .--..,.1 111 . ·t c hiltln ·IJ ma y p:ts t t'. S(rl lll 'S ll' s1 n :t s .-.· It- s :till I Jll ,·t h' · c h ;uns !ru m . f o p;q w r 1n t <1 l ll l . · _ l1'l \' lw -; trllll "thvlll. C< Jr nt ·ls <II IH.IIll l' <tJIII~ c'·l;-{in s ust· d t·~ ,.. \ \ ' 1( 1 H ' ' a nd tht·s<· st t_·t n ~s. dc ·co r;tt l: t h e tnT. . . II . i ll ; l \ . 1Jl' ill ; \ l k h_y c II t t i 11 .~· C() lo rc ·d IJ,t s I · · thcs< · . . .tl .< I J:t · Ci rclc·s fro m lt. ss ' IH T an t ·lll lllillg· _ circ lc·s a t t l1C' cc nll'r . 1- . I-1 -s ; u T m ;t d t· ll\- past tn g p:tnp w I) . f .. rd llll:1rd JOo, m .t ,,. () I ,Jll l l .~- j>l l'l' l' S el lc \ I try r <·s i.~·n . o 11 111<. I)Il ' : l S -lll .~' lit ·s i.~· .. ll u n t Ill' or IJ)' se·\1.111 g· so ca rd I)(J; trd . '

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. t. s unk in -tg·n o ra n cc , a nt ] rul ed 1\ soc 1e \ · . · _, ·o n to 1 ( .. · . 1 i o rcc h ;ts "T t'ctt Has

F AR .\ !.

Th e chi ld re n may ma ke a dra \\·ing of th l' p rn e tw i .~· .

)y ~l e rc JIJ 1) s·Itc:tc l·tss of '' hi ~h t h e in 11 ur ncc rl'JO lcc· w 1e n c ' · · • . 1 · -IS· Irtt<· . -11 cc t ucl. I :t nd m o ra l rt scs t o asc- e.nt c wc nC)r ·· 10 L' I . I· ss w il l d o 11 htl css a11) U SC Its _: ."1 LI C 1 cl C A.· 1 1-cd IS . . • - c v e n \\' 1 <, n a HIs . . 1 ln tt m e nt a ]J O \\ Cl · 1 tln n th a t still a n oh le·r a llli H' t_tc r . p :·,\ll~r . '_ ' IWt h . which co n s is ts 11H-rc ly Ill LO t JI OI,tl s tt c "' - ,1ft Cw Icy . L

STrJ !\ \'.

Th e fo ll o\\' in .!. ;- ]J CJl' m may

lx~

T I I 1-: ( J 1.1 J I' 1\' J-: '[' I\ J-: 1·: . H\'

J.

pa ra phrase< ·

S. ~ 1.

vVh e t·e t h e :-;t ee p h iiJ,;id e s t h e i1· s h ado \\·s t h1·ow. U'er t h e de e p d;t r k 1\'J.\' e " t h at r u l l b e l u w;

~?

Chris t mas S ug g estions

OUTLI N E Ill. Second Yea r Wo rk.

1'.\I.:T

I. -

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:\ :tillt' 1]_ I I (l\ISl '. 1 • l' bn·. (<t) l ;;trd l' n ~ h ) \ \" o od . ~c) R oa d s id e ~d) h e ld , ::! . K ind as to II o m c. ]_

{a) \Yik~ (h) Cu ltn·atc·d.

11]_ Si z<· I k i···h t ~- 1-.:inJ as to s1zc (:t) lkrb (h) Sh rub {c) Tree 1) urat ion 1 _ 0 11 c seaso n :2. T\l'l) years ). :\! a ny · · . Co ndi tio ns to r .~T m\'th 1. S o il 2 . .- \ ir 3· \\' atl' r -~ · \ V;mn t h _.. , . ]I eight 1' :\ RT 11. -

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J. ;'\ ;tlll t'S , r _ R oot

St<·m ,)· l ,c a\Ts- k a r bud s --1- · I nll o tTSl'll Ct' (a) Hud {h) H losso m (c) Fru it 11. Stud y o f Par ts 1 . R oot 1\ . Qua litivs (; l\ Plau=:2.

1.

l ' ndngTo und

(h) :\ um lw r 1. Simpk :2.

l\ Iul tip le

l 'r\R T ~ .


Til!'-' NOR /1 / /J f__ CO { NIF!( TilE .\ .ORJI-"-JL CO 'RI£:. R.

(c) Size Comp;u·aiti vc· a. 1\ s IJart of wh() lc· pl:tnt b. 1\ s tCJ othe-r roo ts 2. J·:xact d. Form I. hbrou s 2 . 1-" k shy I.

1k s ·rii JC: IJy sed iu s. c. Colo r B. Parts a. Main roots 1. Qu a I i ti e;~; b. Branch<" s C. Usl:s a. T o pla nt 1

l·: re 'C I ~ Crc ·e·l, j11•,. ...... . , .,. \\' i11 i11 J. Clilll l,i11g H. l 'i11d ;1 S imp le· IJ Br:t 11 c hi11 .:.:· C . J':t rt s a . lhr l· I.

4· I )y in gFul:J ·

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Stem A. Q ua li tic ·s a. Positi on

~ ~!th r~gard

· to StJJ·roundin gs -· lth_ 1 <"g an l to oth e r jJ:trts of plant b. Sizl: Comparative · a. 1I i.~ · h - l ow b. Thick - thin 2 · I::.\ act c. F o rm Cy li ndri ca l 2 · Squ a rl: 3- Tri a ng ula r d. Surface 1 · Sm oo th 2 · Roug h J. Dull 4- G loss y -=' · H a iry

6. D ow ny ('. Co lo r f. .-\ ttit ude

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plant in pl ;tc"c· 2 · I o a bsorb nouri s hmc ·11 t 3- Store: up nouri s hm e nt 4· Ccm vc· y nouri s hn1 e·nt ~ - T CJ produ cl: ne ·,,· pLtllts b. ro lllan 1. Fo od 2 . Ml: di cinc · •

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A s to pos iti o n a. T e rminal b. L a t e ra l As to co \'<'rin g a . S ca ly b. I\ a kcd

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1·: \'r·n · JJJ ;tll \\he 1 ri s e -~

:1 I 1r 1\'t · IIH · c·n111~11 0 il lr·\·r·l rr ·~ · c·i\· r·s l \1 <1 r · rltw ; Jtirlll ~ : Il w lirst lrotll tlw l ll s trtwlr>rs : l h c· ~<Trlll<l . Il w lll<lSI pl' r. lljHir! ;t lll . lrc11JJ . I11111 . ~c· II'( ' '//!bOll. Sllll;t 1 :til< I ll

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si <JilS :u1ll orhn :\\'llCitinn s in this coun try.

SCtJOOL.

1:. \ C l - l .T\'. .\ . \\'. :\'t 11\Tt 1:\' . .\. :'oil~~

If : ;: I l rr r r /s _

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thing hig her or m o r e p r o lltablc.

rhe t eachi ng of th e people bee n thrr>\\·n in to the hand s of th e ,,-o m en as 111 : \ mni c:1 an d no 11·1ll'rc is th e a \T r ag e term

\\'1\ Tl;II'l'.

of sn ,- i LT so sh o rt.

Tc nl'ltt•r oj Vrt~ l fl n rl Wr i tt ~n Ari thmet ir.

:'I ll ~~

J I·: :\':\'11·: :'lfcl. :\ 1:\'.

Tlw fa ct that so m any p eopl e t each sch o ol

II.~ ..

,,·hik \\ ;liting f <)r somni ng- mor~ attr acti,-e

1 eal'l11 ~ r of Unil e rl Sfcl lt:!S His t unt nod Geogra phy.

:'1 r I ~~ :'1 L \ l\ T I I:\ Te n cJ1e r uf

\\- f 1\ 1\ G ·

to turn

Lfln(j llll (Jd a nd Grnm mnr.

r

~c.:he r u[ fl e udimJ.

Ora winy. Ciuil Gouc rn me ot nnd Book Ke e p ing.

:'1 I I ~ ~ :\ 1\ :\' -\

1\. II E !XI\ I< ; .

.

eachc r uj Princip le s uf ln s trut:l i u n a nd Su pen ntende nt uf Prn ct tcc.

.:\ II~~ J.'f ,< li\!•; 1\L'F: l;. Hl~ l\:\ETT. P r imary n nd K i nde r gart e n.

.:\•If~ ~ i\L\ TTfE l~LLI ~. P re }H irnturlj De p n.rt m en t.

J.' I~ ,\ NL'< li~ II< ll JCH 1;: I~· Te u r: h er uj

Vucn l nnd lns lrum eutn l Must c.

fll lf , LA JEFFI•:I~Y.

U j) .

and atT successf ul i n us i n bo· th is

;\s a prl'l im i nary to so me o ther occu pati o n

.:\II~~ I , II,i,I:\ i'\ 1\ . Kl~L LUG G .

Te

A cc o r d -

ing to thi s lady. llO\rh c re in the ,,- o rJ d has

M ,zt hem.ztirs and La t i n.

11\I ·::\' ~'I ·: :'1 1.

~

tT:l L·hns, nut as ;1 stepp i ng sto ne t o so me -

>:\' .II. :-; ... \ . :'o f. .

8 J tcl n:.J, G' eolo:;q n o d Z oo l oy:j.

Te rlt'Ju~ r of

-

fcssinn . t hr o t1gh t he :1pp r c nti ccshi p of pup il

l 'ii l-:l' I ·: I' T iii ·: ~~­

Tc or·hc r OJ L i t rrcr t u r ,_•, HJwtonr . Gr nr> r .zf U f ., ton l n nd P hys i o l ogq .

! Jl':\'~·-\:\' :-; r

Tlll're till· n1un cY m en and

m:1idl · n~; -~·l ) into th e public sch ool s as a p ro -

l' tii:-.' L'Il'.\ 1,.

:'11..

Teacher of P.... ,1,·h ulo :; ·1 , f. t hw .., , Lo!JII' a n d t ht' Sc tt'til't' cwtl Art uj h •nt"ln n g.

(2 u a Ii Li < · s

i s a m;\ttcr of co mm o n obsc n ·ati o n t o a ll\onl', \rh o is interested in A merican sy ste m s an d institutio ns.

I t i s a l so n o tic ea ble t h at

:\nw ri ca g ai ns I

y the ad m i ss i on o f so much

n l'\\. blood of the best k in d into h er ti o n al body, but

\\T

ed uca -

m ust al so con cede th at

she losL's a g reat dl'a l o f th l' 1\·isdo m, l' lll anates f r o m e"lw ri l'n cc .

The

new

th at r e-

cruit in sch ool tc ac h in ~·. b r i n .~·s ,,·i th him o r

J(Jili'\ 1\L ,\.:\K EN~!II P ,

h er. much y outhf<tl e!HTg y and e n thu si a sm .

Jnn i l ur .

1\ t th e saml' time Ill' \·il'\l·s h is labo rs mer~l y

dol'S nut c o n e uct• t o t h e most Clrdul \\·or k. (ro od 1\ as tl'm po rary- ;\ \·ic·,,· t hat

A

child ca nn ot s' t . .11 . r c ( /lf i rr .d t . . . I_ s tJ , .t n rl r >t I-~· ht ll o t t () _ Os l tst dl I t· · I · t o rr J\T th e· ·I 'II ._ - Js r>n) 11r ·cr ·ssar ) :--. . Cll r hc· sh . - . I . a nd Jt 11i ll l ·e -11· <L JI <l iH <wcti]Jdl i () Jl " <' ]> St l .- / )r_ Jlayard I lo!111 n - C i n· th<' chi ld tlw h()()k '' hi c h he · I <'ad and , .r>t l In ,·r· c l·r .. t I I 1\'C:t Jlts to . . ' ·l 1 '< i lr · lJ 1 ·1 Con dltl<> n s fr >J· h is lr" trll. r· s · jJ()ss l J]c IF . - . c Ill .~ tr > rr·;lt l . - ! Jr. of. I

T his sh l' s;\ -\·s is ;dnw st unk n01n1 in En bo·la nd and :\ ustral i:L

Librnr ia JI.

· ~learns, ( Jtt <•o-si(J·

\r hi ch sclwol-tl';lching leads t o t h e p r ofcs-

L. \\'. I·: !,!,[:-;, I I. .\ .. :\ . ;\[.,

Gleanings .

hy cit ing th e m a nner in

:\ mnic:tn 1wnpk.

T, •tlf' lwr u f Ch tJ OII $ l rl/. P hiJSI C., a n d As trot:Om lJ.

Pro du ce· fr ui t 2 ~fake: th e II'<J I·Irl Lr ·;t tll i ftd 3 StiJJI Ji y ]J('i;S \1 i t h I()()( I --1- ~ U!Jj ! l y j >n ftllllr ' ' .5 Su jJpl y me di cine · 1· rt llts

ill us-

tr;\ll'S t ill' l':\tr;\(lrd in:lr)- \T rsatility of t he

t:\' (; .

I II·:I\1 \l·:Wl' 1\l\t 1\\' :\'I·:Lf ,.

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c· :. · r, 1· <"Ill 1wr ; :r·; lt r'rt!ion . J> r('S it · 1<.' il t ).' .\ lh 1.-.. l ,>J.tdlc ·,· • '·/ . . 11 1· I11 • ._, :t \'c·n· !!l SI J'l ll'li• \T''l i·tJ· ( ( II J )( ) ll \\' h. I I ) I I . C){ I . .t ..., ]Cl ll ( )( ' II H· :J illl ;t !HI (II It)' I 1< lc ·;)(' hc'l' · 1 I )]I ' lil · Sj!ll':t · iiC · >Il t 1};I1 c·dll· .. . ,()]( l ' l·c·s iclc·Jll Br;td le)' : .'ll i.Jo.n s h ~ ,_tdd cl c·,·c·)Cijl. ·I '. ). s · · · I l1.c· r (..' I1 ( /1 I<' SI)I· I)] IS · I]( II I]() \\. I11 11ch . l Js ton· or (If ·. . 1J 1ir ·I . ~ li ll :tn <1c)(' s 1lw I>LIJ >il knoll . . \\ l.t l liltll!c·n c·c · I .. I . .. 1 )Ji5 I. I. . . LI S I }( ' ;)('(IIII SilJ()Jl tij JO I . . l. l JI[ S cJ] th ) )· )111<' . . .. cIll .l; ll . 11 S I; Is Ic·s 'IIlli )J iS J'.ll :-> jil l! I)( >s c·s. ., , l-:cl t/ ('dli () Jl ·) II ) ·i·tSJll :JJ Jc/ t he· 'l . ~ lr>_ll c cl c·,·c· lc> j' <· n l_ l il ~ '.,.nd C> . . ' )' l>l c·c·l :tl li>ll c> ( \\ C>I·IIn· m nli\·c·s ' nc c>l t h e· cit1,. · , t,·,n w J· 1 t c. l 11 . .1< · s 1 d I I}(' 1<-; 1c Iw r is I n s 1• 1• ' - (. 'liJ I . 'I " h iIll lc.<. I , . J 'ill< , 11 o I h is I n' I' i Is ;t n d_ nt'rh c I! I.( 'S(. ' I] t . .t . \ \. h o lc·sc ,m c· di .s c·c>Jl i<'JJl \\'II·h. (I II I. J .t i Ltlilill <· Jll s . " ·\)) u cHHI '" o rk . ll g l c. n cl c.; t ' .<. ~- s . . I . . ,... . . . Jl .. · d I<. !Orll ol IllS ] J1 i':ttJO '

. e nts of . ,\.Ill .(. 11_ . dS ('\: IJ)"( ·Ss J ) lcn <·t h c· ·\ · . · r1 st11 se ntim · [of 11< s,utl:· ''· lndu· ·s tJ·ng. )t 1< : t I.o n I·s. I·() ll I . ' 1.ll<Ti c;. tn I n stitt Jtc ol 1. ·"t' . m< tll), b cen p ract 1c 11 . · ) J;ts O c tob<T ll c 111 the: l~durational /(e7' 1tt little c ~ y stop pc·d. I -~LI)(Jr has fotJnd 1')](• c hid .· · n:pl o} lll c nt an d ll'hC'n it Ins l)c ·c· . · f.cltl -c'~~I 1 1 JJ oycd ' t_ I1J.s· bcc n at on··tt l . ..'·I . I n c· ,n tiona ) rdor 1'' : _c q~; t/ ;llld_<_>hJ<·c ts ol " cs 11S CS " Tl • . - . , . :-. , . ' ) I ( ( lit ('( \\ ' ;[(r _ lcdlr>l . .. Ill , l Jc·s ld <· nt /·_ )J ot C'JllillH' 1' 1t .1,C' . . . lc ~ll t Jclc g J\·c·s IJ g tJJ·c·s s holl'in u ti"' I S. '• j> . . . . . · 1stl .-.., lc~ t ion d' .. · . I o motlon o J Jll d i ,-ldll <tl II . ttld· co nclJtJ o n of th e· w·wc .. . . _ . 1 f _. <0 · C <ll Il l: I Ill t H: Ill'[ 5 . ' . Is·c 11JJ lll'll' . t . . <,. c·lc· ction . o f r1'o'1 1t ll" lt' ' ) · raJnJn acto Ji cs of :V1assac husctts, whi c h is t-' 1~1~ 1 - 1c·s· • Cll . ·"" ' · j' t <l 1 of t <" tc l · <<r 1011 as th e n:prc:sc ntatin: st·ttc· . oJ l .SC' ]/ co n t r o l. spc c i:t . cc.• 111 cil'. ' · '1'1 l C. r·I o-dl 11\•( ll t ic ·_,1 lifl ·""' t II 1 ci l>lcs JILt o r <ra ndllt ··. . I' J<rht ,-.., . IJI·in . . ot . I ·s •' lt Be a sad sto . J"~"; , both 1·OJ- I·,t1Jo J. ,.lJH 1 ca·"" . t· c·s I s·t .. . ·J . . , Jz.ttJO Jl. J IH· sc jJJ' Jil CIJ> ( .' ell J;t ,.<. . . . I J rcJ .t .ut -th e a rti cle ]Jrol·c·s .. tll ,·tt t il <· jll.<'s<·nt jJIr d.. .I . , ) s, d Jstt css of th·. 11..1c L,t <Ts ·) . 1 d co mmon lllt<'JTSt lor a . cau' . _ _ _ '.~c: ca rnC'r, "T('at as ·t . , \I l < t l c. r . . . - ,I . .. bt IS t · :"" · I lll .t)' ' . · COilJl( 'CtC'c/ \\'It!J co /Jc <,·c s. or ·I . . UllJ<·s io n to th ·tt f. tl' ~ no . o ut ot a ll proport · < <·n, <·n t; ll. r s c h o o 1s. · · 0 l t ! IJC'no I . I and lahor 'trc · 1'!' I' () . ( s. cljJILl t orre t )w I , · < 1n u o . . r upon t Jt· IT s ,,·hi c h <'. <> . .-.., ~p d ow n In ·111 . . . . · " " liiJ .tnd 1 Th - I c cl]J jJcli('nt r rh y thmi c Sl/CC<·ss io (r;rJ I 1·: O c t I . . . , ' _,. ;;;lcr,: e P un.~·c: foll o\\'s tlw asc(' n t. n. 0 ) c ' n um I)(' r o J t h <' Nm 111 . If JO \'=f · It fa rth tT st' tt . . t l . ) t ra;z /( c~ • i ·~ . . , . ·stJil,. . J. · c <S lclt \l' latC'\'('1' t)w .. t )l t' \\' riO'(' l:' - • I C. lli S(• ; 1n ic lc· t l . . ' ( IL' c o n ta lll s an Intu <· title . . ·"" ,un u- a nt c·,·nybc)( /1- <·I . . ·) , 1 < st u 1 · · · c il · 11 ~ •·The· p .· ·.. < c·n ts oJ I bnl' l!llS Jll , ]<t'' 1 learn to sec· hi s )' ·t . ... . ; S< s 1ou ld · . , . . . tiS JCSS Ill SOill<: S()· . ''lll rti,·c· Cl ' II " 'I'J . . t h or c ll ( . ]( ell! ·t /1·-a'1. P'. O JX I n· la tion to t l]( . I·ell.(f (• OJ()\ · • I t ol to Jntc-rl . . a n r r<' co rd s of the !_Jet S· b'I!JV ll'lth 11 hi ch 't · . · . ·"" c lll<'Jlts tl l ( . s t II ( Ill)' (()t f m_ t) . . . I' ' I ' . tS P . b· bl . I ': lll s<· IJar; tbl y con nc ·c t. I Tl ~ .. · l<· c harctctC'nstJ cs o ' t1';~ 1 • . c.u ln Ill . <c. . I· ro· ,t ) no l>r<· s Jclt-nt ·s·!Il l(. . I . Jn l e d I t 1< · ) <• S ) . ) . · l <'. •I' ) at t ril . 1 I · 10 11 ·s tiLtt th C' Jnl c>\\ 11 .~. ci1 1 . c JlilCt il t a nd co 111 1Jii n tc· 1 . . bl < t so >li Lt J c· . . · o l · ·fi · 11 ()t to Sti c h conditJO il S ·) . . ' ( ,[ jJI O ('lJl ' l S I · . tJ'l 1 \1 ll ch co nJrcmt<-d :VIr l l . ·!· i . , . t l.tt 10 1ll1l<·ilt,\\·) ' . ) . .... j ·(Jtir1. J:i' · · <\ c:a nc 111 1(S u, 11 < 1 c·x 1s t 111 Cl\·dJ Z<'( c 1 t 1 tlo' :;; ,) . ; tl o n )' a ' n . 11 <l . ()n g t lw mo st s;t ,·;tgc 0

Brouks. 1 knry \ \ 'ard lk cc hn

In spirill .'on in E duciltion .

<<~HE - . -·. I . ~ l) Wao-c .-.,. F· J.unc 1 s A>ss I )unn u t) 1 . The Unity of EducatiotuJI Retor/11· eprc ssJc " · . . · . ·"" < in th e N .. .b J~l, Is <lll Jntnc·stJn.~· ;trti c lc· r;)\ jl j' S -IJC' . ovc m CJ llllm lw r of th<· F I t quotes Gov. M el ' ' I . . . . . . 0 7 7t m . ~~~' _·.. _IJ )J-:\·T LLJOT 'S addr<'ss . 1c·

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i\l 1:. L ml ln11· conclude. : · ·In the mea ntime ,,·h ilc hl1Lh cnuntr ics han' mu ch t o d o, l ·:n~-l:1n d ;Js \\' t' ll as .- \ mcricl. is raising the s l·a;Hlard of polit i ·a l lik. of co m me rcia l nwr;tlit \·. :\ mni ca mo re th a n Eng· la nd Ill makin ,-<'... ciH' la11· s tron n· a nd rCS jJCCt~·d . ., ~

Tim ' s Christmas.

Z<H: STO IDl. ~

American Influ ence Over England.

J. 1\ T. L l ' l) 1.0 \ \ '. an Englishnnn , ~ l h ;ts \\'l'i ttl ·n in t h t· .·11/an!t'r 1/on!ltl)' a sc·ns il >it- a nd striking artick l)il the h roct~l subj<· ct o f · ·Tiw ( ; nl\\·th o f 1\ m l' ri can l nllu t·ncc · 0\'C ·r Engbn cl." .-\m o ng th e ma ny wri tc· rs ,,.hose· i nllu t·n ct· h as lw c·n felt o \·c r En g·Ltn d ar v T o m P a ine , Fran klin. Jcffn SOJ~, l n ·i ng·, C<lopc· r and C h an n_in.~·. It \Yas thrOtwh Lnwrson th at 1\m e n ca rc \·eakd hcrsc:'if in l'thi c s a nd p hil o sop hy to th e lllothcT cou nt ry. "i.mn· ll and i\1 rs. Sto \\T both rc prvsc·n t t lw IT \Tia tion of /\ m erica in the licld of p o li t ica l ethi c s; th e one thro ug:h hum o rous sa tirv, tht· othl' r thr()ugh drama tiC pres<·n t m c·n t . l,o n(l'fc ·l lo \\. 's in llu cncc · ,,·;ts \T ry great. lli s m~sti m j >Ortantp iccc·s , ··Psalm o f Li fe,' ' "Exce lsi or," and " lli ; l \\· <~th a" ha,·c co nvinced th e wor ld th~lt he h as reall y a dd ed so nwthin u t o t lw p<Tm a nc n t li teratu re of th e 11·o r i(C Of t h e 1oo, ooo copie s of '· U nclc T o m 's C a l ,in, .. t ha t \\T rc so ld in England, Mr. Lu d lm\· s ;tys : ' 'I t 11·as t' \Try \\·he rc. 1\o si n<r k n<J \'C I h <IS t'\Tr ha d su c h su ccess... ........ lt n·achc d (' \TI' )' un oss ili ed hum an heart. Th e ll< '\\·spa p <'r h as a grvat in ll ucn cc o ver all co u ntriC' s a nd it is su rp ri s in ~· to hear Mr. Lu d lm,·'s tc·s timon y of tlw hr. reach in g in lluc·n cc· c· .-...:C'r tt·d J, y 1\ nw r ic<tn nC\\·spapc rs. Many fame Ill S J\ mc r icl ns h a \ T c xcrcisccl ;t g rc·at in ll u<'IH'<' , ;tm ong· w h o m shall evt' r a pp<·ar tlw ILlllH' S ( lf l .o \\T II. Frank lin ,

'

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FE \\ y ea rs ago o n D ec. 2..J.. from e \·eq

'P \ " ·in d o,,· in t he g rea t fa rm house , that stood bac k of a ro,,. of e \·e rg ree ns, lig hts \\'e re blazin g o n th e g liste ning sn ow outside . Fire roared and crac kled in the g rea t stoves a nd "·a n n th a nd comfo rt seem ed to pe rvade th e w hole house, as well as good \r ill a nd hap pi n ·ss. Ou tside th e ai r was bitin o· cold , a nd th e now sq ueaked be neath th e l1 u rs e's fe et, as th e y we nt das hi ng alo ng wi th the ir loads of m e rry hearts and face s. whi le the jin cde of th e b~l ls fi ll ed th_e air w ith mu s ic. D ic~ft s~y that IJ,g·h t sho ne I rom eve ry window? \ lll e ll n o t . all, fo r in the parl o r ~ to od a m ighty Chnst mas tree , a nd the cu r tains we re d rawn t~1 at no o ne might see it un til the appo inte d tim e . Th e g uests cam e in, a fe w at a tim e, until all we re the re. _Th e n th e pa_rl o r wCJ.s o pe ne d, a nd the curta_Jns \Ve re_ rCJ.Jst·d. The tree wa s loaded wi_th bea utiful prese nts. ;1 ncl th e re was som ethtn_g fo r_ eve r~o n e . an d a ll seemed to b e hav in_g· a Jo ll y t1 me wi th in. l~u t the re was o ne, who, n·azin o· in thr I tl . i . :-. .-. ou o- 1 Wine o w see tn _g· all . bu t n ot e nj oyin ; ""it hJ mse_lf, wa_s vny s:tcl at t ha t m o ment. D a n wh ho us"' I o .lt..ved 111 th e ,-n·,Tat .., . '-• IJ. ttl e t l10 U0' l1t t 1at I 1m , the poo rhov W rl.c; ·t· 1. . _...., · . ·I I I·· . . , c s .lnc tng JUSt outst ~· 'fl c1e.c1 oo ,tn .u· -. 111 nn til". __ p I e,tsCJ.nt s 1.cr Ilt 1 1e 1a . no clot 1ht· h j" w · . I . . 111 l CdJ t wo~ul d· I1a ve b ce n t OtiCh<·d . c1 ,tJ . . · ,111 .1..1111 wotJ It:l I1 a ve b ec n 111 , 111 a V<'·r\'. ~.1101· t t1m . · fo r l)c th ou~·h t m uch of this ) b · an r[ : I · I oo r oy. Im, w 10 W ;l.S he lro 'II ) I \VII· I tell you 1•1; ll \V I ·S<l)' · · c· \\'as a f oo r boy w h o

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88

li v ·J in a littk unpa inted h o !l s(', j 11 st o\·n th e hill. Uarc and small it scc m< ·d it l <k q j to Tim as h e l oo k ed into th e \\'.tr 11 1 ln·i_:_: hl parl o r o f th · farm hou se . T o I)(' s1m ·. eve r y thing was c lean and n ea t at IH>Ill<·. I JI I L th c r c w er c n o lu x uri es. Onl y lh <· I J;m · tw <· <· s sities o f li fe w e n : in that lit tle h cJit sr·. His m o ther, a widuw of sc\·<·n (' hildrc ·n . wor ked f rom ca rl_'r' mo rn tiiiLt t<: :tt n i_ :_:·IJ 1 l tl provid c food a nd cloth es fcJI· he-r chi ld rr ·n. Tim, t h e old est, was her g r ca t< :sl IJ< ·]I,· In th e winte r h e sa wed wo o d. an d in 1he : summ er lw pl o\\"UI co m. and did s11 ,· h 1hi11 _ :_:s a~ h e co uld li n d to d c'. I lc I L 1d ~ r >1H · l r > school in th e winter u ntil thi s y ea r . . li e· \\ ;Is ve r y brig ht in hi s class, and scc rc·tl y \\ ish l' d to b e abl e t o go to sch oo l in t h <· tc>\\ n th e n ex t \\' inter. B y \\·o rkin g h :trd ;1nd s; t v i11 _:_:· h e had m anag-e d to get fu n y doll a r s. I t h :td b ee n d:-oppcd in to t h e o l d p od.:u - bor l/.;: IJy nick el s and dim es and at one tin w one \\'h(J ic fi ve d o llar b ill h ad go n e in. H e was cl o \\'n t 0 \\'11 o ne: d ay, \\ h en. ;ts h e was \\·alkin g a l o n g, h e spt cd !-.o m cthitl .L; l y in g un d er th e S il O \\" and h e pi c k ed it tl jJ. · ·J\ pock e t-boo k~ " A n d irs go t S< JnH:th in .:..:· i11 I do b eli eve 1" "W ith m o ttth a nd cy<· s \\ide open h e counted out th< · IJills ;t iHI sih·er co in s. ' ·I d eclar e, o n e hun d r ed do ll a r s'" Who se could it be? His first th o ught \\·as, after thi s. as h e n ·p eat ed <'.gain "One hundred dol lars one hun dred d o ll a r s \\·ou l d put m e t hroti g h sch oo l f o r a yea r. Gut th e n c; un c: tl~t: thou ·'crht •·I t is n ot min e. " :::> H e h ad a short tim e lJC fo r e s<:: <·n ail o ld man \\·i t h \\·hi tc h air a nd a Ill l Try fa c <~ go IJ y and h e mad e up hi s mind it llltt st he h is. I Ie hurri ed d O\\·n tht' stree t tJntil h e ca me t o a cr oss r oad. H e hardl y kn c'' \\ hi ch \\'a y to g o, but fo r tun at el y fo r th e man h e ch os( · th e ri g ht \\·ay. He savv the o ld man .~·oi n.< tip th e str ee t ; h e ru sh ed aft(' r him ;tnd Ct t t .~ h t him ju st as h e h ad rea ch(· d hi s .~·;t t(·. " D id yo u lose anythin g?" '·W hy no. l h ;t \'('11 't lost a n ythi ng . " " \ V elll uok into y()ttr po c k us. you may have, a nd not kn o\\ i t . .. Th e ole! m a n l oo k ed in all hi s jJo c k<·ts ;tn d s:~id . ·· \V t·ll it is stran g <· l lttt it is ll <>t hn< ·. Yc ·s. 1 h a\T lo st my poc k<· t -lHH>k . .. " \\' l· ll

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Consolation . . j} IY "Teat. . ." . "'COr d ",;,;llll I· •. lo y eh g·;u t . . . , pkn <1'11 1 r1·ll<l\Y. an d .!11 ~ 1I Ic ,;\ rn..:' • 1 1 ·'"' .t . - . . ,·ani n•lll'g·,' . ,I!H I the' ere \\· . l \\·,•n\ I<' \ l'lc' \' c'!l . and I l'•'"·.c•d qnile p n11 1 play e d '' 11 .. · l!t1laro- lllp. ~ it \':t l llt' l\.) . L 1\ n t wll c t1 1 . td I ,;t<tid tllr•' ng· t. , .: ·1\ · ]10\\"C \ 'l' L ' 11 . . . , .. ·c w :t,;tll ,\"'l"l ' ·' ~ · . re!,; clidutfacle . l·.< H.tll.ttlc . . . .,,l lt' !.:·c and ut y l.llt . 11 r •co r d ,; u p . It ·r \"l'·'' tll c . . ·t hn,ke .t c .\ ll" 1 ' · . .. . f the cu p. . · ,.. ·tthk t ic,; l .1 11 "" 1·\,r ill th e "!'" "" . . .. ntiu,.·ly th <' \Y tnn ct 0 .. l •.. , nl \Y :t :-:. . tt. l ,, :"' . .\ u.t \ :t.< ' · ' t ·o u ld u ot be. I . I , hu t u n . ' L . . I l tr ic•d It' !-!·r:t r u.t c . . I . t l t h e fa o.:ul t ~·· ' " .111 · ·~ ·, \'l f(, Hl !H'JlU 1.·Il· \\' tl 1 ..t . ·thk\ io.::;. tt \\. 0 11 t do I f,•un d "'~ . '1'1 . . tt l"t ll·,. ;t <lan<I ,Y Ill .t . ·~t1 ·llld the · t ·. · · \1!-> • . , . I· '" th u ,; t 1' '... cr tnt:--..... • T h,.,. . . - ~ · c nd\\ c .t ' c · o-:tH ' I' 1 ·I h11 tt 1'·1""· '

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three

1:1(11- Jl utchin snn ·ts ·tn to 1Yn ]-"ce 1Jitw ::-- ho use for 1-:t-lith ~\nd \ mos. Charl ie :lnd F rank !\cal a tte nd ,d the re pu bl ican rally in Pe ru . :\f. C. Shelknbergc r has ,-isi ted our tOI\" 11 Sl'ITra l ti mes this month. Skating· ''" as g-ood a 1\"Cck bdo rc Thanksg·i,·ing·. b'ut did not last lo ng.

0 . f. Stanle y left P eru. N o ,-. 9· to occ upy the pt~i nc ipalship a t La11-rc ncc.

1) elbert T oll·nsc nd ,-isited fri e_nd s and the s c h ool d uring the early pa rt ot the mo nth.

Questions and Answers .

1. 1';dll c;utx - "Dc at h nf ~ t . Ceci l ia ."

_-/dam

T ·io - · ·~i J ' dai ;; 1x ui " - - · · · · - · · · · · · Hy t.ltH) I . 'l '. . H' ) la t'tt C:-;. l\'li;;,; c ;; L a pt e tTc. ) 11 0 11 .u ·

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W h o us,· d t h is <·x pri'SS!IIll: ·· TIJ< · .- \ <! mini stration slliJ uld lw e<J Jl duct< ·<i l whind g l ass doo r s." 1.

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What is Hi - .\-f <·Ldis m )

a r e rdl'rrr ·d to. ( ) ur l"<J t ntn· is mo JJII - 1111' t a lli c : i. c .. hut Oil<' IIi<' tal i s ~Js< ., I :h :1 sL tJl clard of \·a I LJ<·, ,-iz : ~-() !d.

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;tl l ·.x j J<> s iti<nl s!

Prl'sid r·nt CI('\T LLnd ti SI'd th is <'.'\press i o n to sttte· hi s , i< ·\\ s o f tlw pt lh l i c ily of the acts of p u lJl i c ofli c ia l s.

A.\s. Th c th('or y th a t t l11 · stctndard , -; tltl< ' 111 thc sa m <' U >tllltry s hcndd l w r<'j Jr<·s< ·Jli< ·d by t-v\·o m eta l s br·arin u to e·; tch othn ;1 1·at i o c ~ n xc d by t h l · gr>\·n 11 m 1· 11 t. (;, ,Jd ;tnd si / , n

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Everett Open Session.

I 0, - -a II

h:IIT \I r. ikcdk 11·i th them

Resolution.

1

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Sl ' lll tl rS

R ncklnH1d ts l'njoy ing-

(.. . t r ; 111 s; II" I <· x <T 111i \ , · I Il l s i 1w s s : I · · · ri o ll 5· lrc ·; t t ic ·s.c> r c·c> Jllir m J>r< ·s i d c·nti;tl JJOJlliJI•l

gwcs the·_m in the· tow 11 sh i 11S. \ \'lw n com pleted th 1s map w ill C O\'<T ;tlm ost a n ac JT in supe rfi c ia l a r ea. Thi s b< ·in ,· tl w c; ts< · i t can n ot b ·e i t h e r hung up o r s ·~-< - : td otJ l, a nd i n order to m adr~ t h <· info rm a l ir111 it· c eiil t tin s availab l<: it \\ ill /)(' i ss u<: d I JII t l w st ·f"Li< Jll :tl p la n.

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lkll Ra lstt·n ,-isi tl'd to 11·n durin .~,· clc tion

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2.

Locals.

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C (>:.....·t ttu te - " ,\ n :\ nL· ic n. t h' n u t all " . l\'I L Ft·ank Majo t·,.; .

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t

Th e societies arc hold ing· their reg-u lar sessi on s o n Saturday e1·e ni;1g_-S during time of opl'n sessi o ns.

c - '·A l\'Ioclc nt Itali;lll" · - · · M i;;;; N . 1\uq.~·c ;;,.;. .

T. S. V a n V leet repo rts fr om Condon,

. . . . ...

i . IX cc itlttiotl - ·· ])t· iftittg-'' . . ........ ... . . . . . l\1i;;;; <>'Tool e. ~ ,'II l>Y ·1

Tt·ayelc r of T od .ty 8. Papc r - •· [ t; dy ·1 " ' cc · ' Mi;;;; C;Lru c y . .

'J. Voc;tl S o lo - " Co u ld I" · · Mr;; . 8 . t;;LtTctt . 10. "Mu c h A do :\hn u t N nt h i ~tg" .. .. ,\ c t I.

n and.

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TIT .

cal Yisitc d C linton N.lo rto n an d D'Jc I.;: c · · I f. I 1<1.\·s h o mc and ine n( s ·or sc ve ra c' , cl urino~ L·k ction t ime .

Orl' . \\ e ho pe to hear fr om him thro ug-h th e co lum ns of T111·: C o L- RlJ-:R soon . . M aud Philli ps \\·as at home a \\T l'k In th e l'arly !)art of the month , hn school haY inn· !we n closeLI o n account of si c k nl'ss. · ~

__/ ,'y /'aoln 'li>slc

•••

0

••

lh tT (jlll'St of t lw \' . M. C. /\. . , R t'v . ( ; at~·s spo ke t o th e you ng· men at the l\L E. church Ill t he morning· and Prof. 1\ orton at the Bapti st ch urc h i 1~ tlw ('\Tnin .u---. of 0 1·. I ~-

R l' \". lk(kll Yi sitcd a tmm ll"h nc lw 1qs p:tstur for a numl w r of years and during his


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ai SC nCC J' r()f \ o rl:tlll CJCTLI)Ji c· d lilt' jiiJ!j , jl morn ing and (' \Til il l .L:·. N r, ,·. . J. ;u1cl lll ril'l l in .~ and · v e nin .~·. \() 1·. 1 1.

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T il<' a ud ic·iJCC ' \\-;t s l:tr.L:·r·1· IIJ:tl l t l ~ li; Ji. Sc 1·cra l pc ·r s()Jl S ;t l 'lw;tn ·d rill 1iw l'rri_ :_:: r: tlll "· hum " ·c· had nr 1t hc ·a rr I thi s f:,ll . \\ ,111 r· N ortnn 's frir·nd s \\·i ll lw l ,lr ·;t sr·d ' ' ' lw: tr that he: <: fl t('rt;til l!' d li S wi t h :t ,·ir>ii11 sr ,lr1 .

NO R Mf\ L

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8th .

PE

VO L. Ill.

I 0. ) Wint er.

Tlw 'o rma l Lflll r ic ·r C r ''ll l ';tll y i s _in d eiJtvd t() 1/ ()ra u · / .;tpinrr· fc11· tlw ! JI' :IIIIil l_ll d es ign appc · arin .~ <Jll t lw c·c, ,· c·r l ';t:_:·r· rli th i s i ss ue. . Jr . l .apicrrc · is l 'l·c ·l ,;ll·r· d tc1 de' " flrk in archit<" ct u r !' and dc· s i.L:·nin~· . ;tnrl c· s r·c ·lltc ·s hi s \\'Ork \\·ith al·ti sti c ski ll , ('IIJTI 'I' I lli' SS , ;t ill I di spa tch.

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LIOA ~.1.\ 1

Lu: V A:-< V LE I·: T

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J. J .

The wint r time 'rh e a ut umn ' ' The:: joyou day Have faded a

1.\TI': EDI'l' R :

1A)I £

T he Y. P. S. C. E. lw l d ;t sc)('ia l ;t l tlw h o m e o f \ 1i ss C hase· Sal tm la\ · r·\ l llltl .~ - . • r 01·. 1o, t hat tlw stran g·c-r s :t ,; rl o l d sill d ents mig ht l w co nw IJI' I tr-r ;w rj tt;Jillt r·rl . Bdorc t he c· ,·c ·IJin g· c lc ,sc·d thr · y< l ll ll.~- JW 1 ' /,Jc· 1-vc r c Icc! into ; ul ;~dJ' oi nin ,-• ,• I'I H>lll \\ -hc ·rc · tlw "Three F a t c· s" \l!' r e sr ·c· n. /\ftc·nl·;trrl s c·;t c·h jJ ·r son n :cc·i 1·c·d a sm ;tl l i':lJJ('i' ll<';tl·t r>ll whi ch 11·as 11riLtc·n a cotljJ I<"l l()rt c·ll i n"· ,- , h is m h c r fa te .

A.

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'l'R A I\

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SI:-.:to: •

T erm

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I. E .

Kr:-~ G,

: TA :-<J'

~nd

Ch ri. t mas, with it s plea ures, I back to u once mo r e, A lt houg h it eern but y esterday ince it was he re before.

o f S ub crlp ci on:

One copy, p er sc h oo l y ear . . . . ..... . . .... . . .. ... ... 1.00 Single co pi e , eac h . ..... _. . . . . . . .. . .. . . ... ... . . . ... .15 All sub sc riptio ns arc co n · i der ed perma nen t until ordered disco ntinued and nrrcara ges paid. Ad dre ss a ll co mmuni cation to TH E NORMAL COUR IER

A nd thu .t he t ime is fleeting, lthoug h we note it not. And a yeax as we recall it, Seems a n othmg b u t J. j ot.

Entere d at til e Po s toffice at Peru, Ne br. , as S econd Cla ss Mai l Matt e r.

S CHOO L

D I RECTORY.

A nd life it elf, wh at is it ? But a day of tria ls sore. Then n igh t comes on, we leav e our car es, T o j oin those go ne b efor e.

P H I L OMA T HEAN . Soc iety ev er y Frictay.eve nin g duri n g th e sc hoo l term s at 1 o' clock . . A ll students ar c cord ia l ly l ll VIted t o JOin us 111 our literar y wor k , espec 1a lly those of th e hi g h er co ur se • • 0. P. PA LSTI NE, Pr eside nt.

And life's winter ti me is comin g, A lthough d istant it may seem. And t he joyo us days of s u m me r W ill have faded as a dream.

W E LLI NGTO NI AN SOC I ET Y . Soc iety eve ry Friday eyen i n g dur i n.g the school year . All s~udents who wish th e developm ent wh tc h earn est literary work al one can g tv e are corELIZABETH BRATT , Pres . dia ll y in v i te d to visi t u s.

--

-- -

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f,H]i~ ~~~k ____,_;(! ~$h .... ~~~

Merry Christmas and Happy N ~~ w Year.

A:nd in these our h appy sch ool d ays, L et us not forget the t ime, Tha t we may pa ss ou r tri a ls o'er, T o that promised l a nd s ubli me .

J UN I OR SOCI ET Y. Juni or societ y every Friday e ~en i tl g du r ing school y ear. Stude nt s and FRANK M ARTI N, Pres. fr iends are cord i all y in vi l ed to v 1s 1t !ts.

- S elected.

L EC T URE BUREAU. Or ani zed as a per man en t in sti t uti on o f th e sc h ool. It I s un de~ ~he auspiccsgo ft hc. Ph ll oma th ea n , Everett. W e l l in g toni an a nd J un ior soc!et 1es.LT he best lec tu rers o f today w i ll b e se cu red . J . J . Kin g, ch airman ; Lettt e M . ott, secr etary: A. J . Nea l , treas ur er .

I

Knocked Out Idols .

Y. M. C . A. Pres ident, P . M . W hi tehead .

C orr espo ndi ng Secretary , R. C. O rd.

Y. W . C. A. President, M i nni e Va nNostr a n .

BY SUPT.

Corr espondi n g Secre tary , Oli ve Criffi th.

ST AF F. P. M . W hite h ead, Fi rs t L ie utenant and Ac tin g Adjutan t. I NFANTR Y-COMPANY A. Hu gh Joy , 2d Li eu t. C h as. T ucke r , tst Serge nt.

COMP ANY B. 0 M Good 1 st· Li eut. Sr. N ea l W y ne. t st Li ent., J r . L . A . C hase, t St · · S~r g . and Ac t i n g •nd L ie ut . Sa m J . Stor m. t St Serg .

J.

M. GREEN WOOD,

Kansas City .

TH E NORM A L M ILITI A. PROF. H . B. DUNCANSON, 2d L ie ut en ant , Comma nder of C adets.

J. J. K ing . Cap t.

i com ing; pas d away; of umm r a day.

T he winte r ld a nd drear y I oming e'en at hand, And th li tt le parkl ing snowflakes E'er lo ng wi ll crown the land.

RD.

EVERET T SOCJE TY.. Every Friday eveni n g ~uring _the sc h oo l term ~ . N ew students are es ROBeRT G IFF I '<, Pres. pec ial ly invited to jo i n u s tn ou r li ter ary work.

~-

80tiOOL.

-

~LUTARCH , in hi s work on morals, d iscu s~es wh y the Gods quit speakin o-, but he fails to say they beca me tongue-tied. H oweve r, no such plea can be set up at thi s

Profile for Peru State College Library

1894-1895 Normal Courier issues 3 & 4  

1894-1895 newspaper issues 3 and 4 for now Peru State College, Peru, Nebraska

1894-1895 Normal Courier issues 3 & 4  

1894-1895 newspaper issues 3 and 4 for now Peru State College, Peru, Nebraska

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