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3 | Legislative or administrative measures to facilitate women’s participation

Table 34: Success rates of women and men in elections for legislative bodies Country

Candidates

Elected

Success rate

Men

Women

Men

Women

Men

Women

Armenia

950

214

117

14

12%

7%

Azerbaijan

626

141

104

21

17%

14%

Belarus

-

-

80

30

-

-

Georgia

1 954

788

132

18

7%

2%

Moldova

1 310

575

80

21

6%

4%

Ukraine

5 099

1 240

371

51

7%

4%

No country had any special arrangements such as ensuring that timetables and working methods facilitated women’s participation, for example by not meeting in the school holidays or avoiding late night sessions where possible. Indeed some parliaments and national assemblies have rules that make it more difficult for women to participate. For example, children under 16 cannot enter the Ukrainian Parliament and there is no room set aside for feeding babies.

Administrative local and regional governments

This is the measure that has to be reported to the Council of Europe for the monitoring of the Recommendation Rec(2003)3 on balanced participation of women and men in political and public decision making52 and is measured by dividing the number of elected people by the number of candidates and multiplying by 100. The success rates for women candidates are consistently behind that of men but not by a great amount. The greatest difference is in Armenia, the only country to have adopted a quota but we have no information on the impact of the number of women withdrawing after being elected in favour of men. The study also looked at the success rates for women and men in the different electoral systems where we have information.

The method of election varies depending on the size of the mandate; often cities elect on a different basis from small villages. The information used for the study is based on the most recent elections, shown in the following table. Table 36: Date of latest local (administrative level) elections Country

Armenia

Date of last elections

-

Table 35: Success rate by electoral system Country Armenia Georgia

Electoral system

Candidates

Elected

Success rate

Men

Women Men

Women Men

Women

PR

824

202

90

12

11%

6%

Majoritarian

125

12

41

2

33%

17%

PR

1 584

729

61

16

4%

2%

Majoritarian

370

59

66

7

18%

11%

Comments There is no fixed cycle for local elections in Armenia and the elections do not all take place at the same time. This research covers the period 2010-2015. Regulated by Article 145 Time Periods of Calling and Conducting Regular Elections and Nominating and Registering Candidates

Azerbaijan 23 December 2014

-

Belarus

23 March 2014

-

Georgia

15 June 2014

-

Moldova

14 June 2015

-

Ukraine

25 October 2015

-

The available information from Armenia and Georgia suggests that if women are selected in majoritarian seats where the party they represent is likely to win they have a better chance of being elected. The same applies to seats elected by proportional representation/party list system. If there is no requirement to put women in the winnable positions on lists then the major determining factor for success is the likelihood or otherwise for their party to gain votes. However, it is clear that more women get elected through the PR system than through the majoritarian one. In Georgia, 61% of women gained their seats through the proportional party list system compared to 39% of women who gained seats through the majoritarian system.

52 - Available at: https://search.coe.int/cm/Pages/result_details.aspx?ObjectID=09000016805e0848.

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Women’s political representation in the Eastern Partnership countries

Findings of the study

63

Women's Political Representation in the Eastern Partnership Countries  

Council of Europe regional study. Published 15 December 2016.

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