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The opinions expressed in this work are the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy of the Council of Europe. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated, reproduced or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic (CD-Rom, Internet, etc.) or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the Directorate of Communication (F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex or publishing@coe.int). Photos Mila Teshaieva, „Beyond the Frame” (2014) Photographs on the cover, page 40 and from page 84 to 95 are used with the permission of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. „Beyond the Frame” was commissioned by the GIZ Local Governance Programme South Caucasus. Page 8 + 9, 12, 57: Sandro Weltin © Council of Europe Page 33: © Kevin Dooley, A sea of maroon and gold ASU graduation 2010, Flickr Page 45: © Dying Regime Insaaf ge Parade, Flickr Page 52: © Fibonacci Blue, Same sex marriage vote in the Minnesota Senate, Flickr Page 39: © Council of Europe Illustrations Amina Bouajila Artistic Direction + Layout chicmedias, Strasbourg (FR) Council of Europe Publishing F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex http://book.coe.int ISBN 978-92-871-8306-4 © Council of Europe, November 2016 Printed at the Council of Europe

Contents ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

6

SUMMARY

10

INTRODUCTION

13

Reasons for the project

13

Aim of the study

13

Areas for the study

14

Reasons for focusing on these selected factors

14

METHODOLOGY

18

19

Choice of the methodology

CURRENT SITUATION OF WOMEN’S REPRESENTATION IN POLITICAL LIFE IN THE EAP REGION

22

Comments from election observations

25

Gender policies and action plans

26

FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

28

A. Economic, social and cultural factors

29

B. Political factors

42

C. Legal framework

53

D. Supportive measures

71

E. Summary of findings

75

CONCLUSIONS

76

RECOMMENDATIONS

80

Country specific

81

All countries

82

PHOTO EXHIBITION BEYOND THE FRAME, MILA TESHAIEVA

84

QUESTIONNAIRE ON THE CONTEXTUAL NARRATIVE OVERVIEW PER EAP COUNTRY

97

TEMPLATE FOR INTERVIEWS

115

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Women's Political Representation in the Eastern Partnership Countries  

Council of Europe regional study. Published 15 December 2016.

Women's Political Representation in the Eastern Partnership Countries  

Council of Europe regional study. Published 15 December 2016.

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