Observation Mission for the Presidential Election in the Republic of Moldova on 30 October 2016
Official and public information served as a source for the public reports of the Observation Mission, as well as observers’ standardized reports, which were produced following random visits2 to each community in an observer’s area of responsibility and weekly visits to electoral constituency councils, and additional reports on events completed whenever observers noticed events that could be qualified as electoral. During the planned visits, observers collected information from discussions and meetings and by reviewing official documents. Information on the financing of election campaigns, signature collection and political activity by political parties is reported in their standardized financial statements, which were used to analyze both revenues earned and expenses incurred by participants in the electoral process and political parties. Promo-LEX EOM is neither a partisan opponent to the electoral candidates running for President of the Republic of Moldova on 30 October 2016 nor an investigative body and does not assume the express obligation to support its findings by evidence. However, to the extent possible, observers’ reports were accompanied by photo and video evidence that can be made available on request to law enforcement bodies only and never to election candidates. The Promo-LEX Election Observation Mission also manages the web platform www.electorala.monitor.md, where any citizen can report on activities that could be qualified as electoral. These are verified by mission observers during the next planned visit to the community where such activities were reported. This report makes reference to the international standards developed by the UN, the OSCE, the European Commission for Democracy through Law, the European Union and the Council of Europe. Recommendations for public and electoral authorities, potential election candidates and other stakeholders are made at the end of this report in order to improve the electoral process. The activity of Promo-LEX EOM is funded by USAID, the British Embassy in Chisinau, the National Endowment for Democracy, and the Council of Europe. The opinions presented in the public reports of Promo-LEX belong to the authors and do not necessarily reflect donors’ views. Promo-LEX’s previous experience in observing electoral processes. The Promo-LEX Association began monitoring elections in the Republic of Moldova with the parliamentary election of April 2009, when it had 7 observers in the Transnistrian region. Later, Promo-LEX monitored the early parliamentary election on 29 July 2009, sending LTOs to 6 ATUs (the Transnistrian region and its neghbouring districts), and STOs to 249 PSs on the day of the election. On 5 September 2010, Promo-LEX monitored the Republican Constitutional Referendum, involving for the first time a nationwide network of 42 LTOs in all second-level ATUs. STOs were also sent to 300 PSs across the country, designed to be a representative sample, and to 40 PSs abroad. From then on, Promo-LEX became the most important NGO monitoring electoral processes in the Republic of Moldova. Promo-LEX monitored the early parliamentary election of 28 November 2010 in all the electoral constituencies of the Republic of Moldova, sending observers to every PS in the country on the day of the election. Promo-LEX accredited and worked with more than 2,500 national observers in all. As part of the same monitoring effort, it also performed a parallel vote tabulation (PVT), and a qualitative and quantitative quick count. The general local election of 5 June 2011, the parliamentary election in 2014 and the general local election of 14 June 2015 were monitored using the same methodology as the parliamentary election on 28 November 2010. The Promo-LEX Association also monitored local elections on 15 November 2009, 16 May 2010, 19 May 2013, 10 November 2013 and 11 May 2014.
2 The visits were planned in such a way that the LTO visits every settlement in the area of responsibility once during the period of signature collection, twice during the election campaign and once during the campaign for the second round of election.