Observation Mission for the Presidential Election in the Republic of Moldova on 30 October 2016
We note that Article 15(2) of Law No 125 of 11 May 2007 on the Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion states that the religious organizations and their component parts shall refrain from expressing or publicly showing their political preferences, or favouring one political party or socio-political organisation. Ilicit activity by election candidates. Promo-LEX EOM registered a series of activities carried out by election candidates in violation of legal provisions, including denigrative campaigns (29 cases), vandalism (10 cases), the intimidation of competitor (10 cases), the use of national and international symbols (5 cases), and the involvement of minors in the election campaign (1 case).
V. FINANCING OF THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN V.1. E lection-Related Financial Aspects during Signature Collection On 15 July 2016, the Electoral Code was amended with new legal provisions regulating the conduct of election campaigns for presidential elections in the Republic of Republic of Moldova. The amendment stated that the provisions on conditions, methods, limits and responsibility in the funding of election campaigns applied to initiative groups (IGs) as well. On 18 August 2016, the CEC approved the Regulation on the Funding of Initiative Groups for the Collection of Signatures in Support of a Candidate to an Elective Position or to Initiate a Referendum.
V.1.1. Activities to Organise Initiative Group (IG) functions a. The establishment of a general ceiling on the amount of funds that can be transferred into Initiative Group Funds” accounts in support of nominated candidates On 26 August 2016, in accordance with legal provisions18 and the timetable, the CEC established the maximum amount of funds that can be transferred to the “Initiative Group Funds” account as MDL 576,250. This threshold was calculated by multiplying the coefficient of MDL 23.05 by the maximum number of signatures that are required for an IG (25,000). The coefficient of MDL 23.05 was established according to updated legislation and constitutes 0.5% of the average salary according to economic statistics for the year preceding the election, which amounted to MDL 4,610.9. After monitoring IG funding and the signature collection period, Promo-LEX EOM found (based on negative feedback from those concerned) that the established ceiling was insufficient, jeopardizing the transparency of revenues and expenses related to signature collection activities. b. The opening the “Initiative Group Funds” accounts and introduction of treasurers According to the CEC, 22 of the 24 registered IGs nominated their treasurers by 29 September 2016. Although they registered treasurers, 2 IGs (supporting Mihai Ghimpu (PL) and I.C. Ion Dron) 18 Article 38(10) of the Electoral Code and paragraph 6 of Regulation on the Funding of Initiative Groups, approved by CEC Decision No 114 of 18 August 2016, CEC shall establish the general threshold for funds that can be transferred on the “Funds for initiative group” account, on the basis of a coefficient multiplied by the maximum number of signatures to be collected by the initiative group supporting an elective candidate.
Published on 26 January 2017.