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DDoS Cyber Attacks Against Global Markets Highlights from a Prolexic White Paper by PLXsert

What is a DDoS cyber attack? • DDoS: Distributed denial of service • These cyber attacks can: – Degrade an organizations’ online presence – Restrict availability of its online services

• Attacks against the financial industry are growing • Cyber attackers are interfering with – Stock values – Financial markets – Commodity markets

What is market manipulation? • Deliberate and malicious interference with market values • Attempts to create an artificial price for a tradable security • DDoS cyber attacks have sought to: – Reduce the availability of products and services from publicly traded companies – Shut down financial exchange platforms – Harm consumer and investor confidence

Malicious actor: L0ngWave99 • • • • • •

Responsible for Operation Digital Tornado Attack campaign ran for 3 months in early 2012 Hit US securities and commodity exchanges Claimed to be motivated by political ideals Supported the Occupy Wall Street movement Harshly criticized policies of the U.S. government and international finance institutions

Malicious actor: Al-Qassam Cyber Fighters (QCF)

• Responsible for Operation Abibil • Attack campaign ran for a year and a half – from January 2012 through August 2013 • Hit American financial firms, U.S. securities and commodities exchanges • Used the itsoknoproblembro DDoS toolkit • Believed to be located in the Middle East • Promotes pro-Palestine and anti-Western rhetoric

Examples of DDoS cyber targets • Country of Estonia • Individual firms – Global media and entertainment company – Large national oil and natural gas company

• Exchanges – – – –

Hong Kong Stock Exchange news site Online finance and trading platform U.S. securities and commodities exchanges Bitcoin exchange

Details are available in the complimentary white paper, DDoS Attacks Against Global Markets

Underground market services malicious clients • Robust DDoS-as-a-Service marketplace • DDoS tools available: – Vary from simple to complex – Permit the orchestration and management of large numbers of zombie bots

• Clients rent ready-to-use botnets • New! Flexible usage-based botnet pricing – Adjusts the rental fee based on the size of the botnet desired by a customer

What’s next? • Insurgency groups migrate their tactics online – They adopt hacktivist iconography – They target American and Western organizations

• Financial industry works to be better prepared for future DDoS cyber attacks • Attacks spread to other industry verticals, wherever the most damage can be inflicted • Organizations that are hit while unprepared will suffer losses of public and investor confidence

White paper: DDoS Attacks Against Global Markets • Download the white paper, DDoS Attacks Against Global Markets in which PLXsert shares its insight into the use of DDoS cyber-attacks to influence stock prices and limit trading, including: – – – – – –

Market manipulation 10 DDoS attack campaigns and their market effects Perpetrators, their attack methods and public statements Types of malicious actors and their motives Three groups responsible for most attacks Underground ecosystem that supports DDoS cyber attackers

About Prolexic • Prolexic Technologies is the world’s largest and most trusted provider of DDoS protection and mitigation services • Prolexic has successfully stopped DDoS attacks for more than a decade • Our global DDoS mitigation network and 24/7 security operations center (SOC) can stop even the largest attacks that exceed the capabilities of other DDoS mitigation service providers

Ddos attacks against global markets ddos cyber attack prolexic ppt pdf

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