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TIFFANY JIMENEZ + SARA RUZOMBERKA REBUILD | ARCHITECTURE FOR HUMANITY 2009 PROJECT FIND COMPTETITION

reclaiming under-used parking lots


QUANTITY VERSUS QUALITY

MICRO-LOT PARK RECLAIMATION

PROJECT SUPPORT AND FUNDING

“Nothing over the past century has proven as disruptive of traditional urban landscape as parking. Perhaps nothing has made American cities less memorable” Jakle and Sculle, 2004(p. 8). Off-street public parking lots are a vast, abandoned, untapped expanse of a previous generation of architects and planners fallacy in environmentally damaging development practices. Many parking lots are the cause of problems to the environment such as the urban heat island effect, increased stormwater runoff and light pollution. They interrupt streetscape and increase walking distances between destinations. Parking facilities claim land that would often be able to serve other functions if environmentally friendly planning had been there in the first place.

The intent of MICROLOT-PARK is to realize and distill the impact a designer can have upon the health of people in the environments they work, play, and live in. By reclaiming small sections of parking lots to allow for green space, the network of prototypical eco friendly structures called MICRO-LOT PARK’s allow for meaningful space creation in our city. MICRO-LOT PARK helps mitigate the current heat island effect and light pollution caused by sprawling asphalt parking lots via green relaxation infill spaces on under-used lots.

The Balboa Park parking lots are some of the largest in San Diego, maintained under San Diego’s jurisdiction rather than by an outside company’s, The city is able to make decisions regarding the temporary removal of parking spaces according to San Diego’s municipal code. According to San Diego’s city planning and Balboa Parks urban plan proposals, converting several off-street Balboa Park parking lots back to their original state is a long-term goal for the community. This adaptation of land back to a natural state includes the Organ Pavilion Parking lot, the proposed location for the MICRO-LOT PARK prototype.

Informed by a program that responds to the collision occurring between urban congestion, energy conservation and the physiological stresses of urban living, MICROLOT PARK responds to the changing demands of an urban lifestyle. Demonstrating and suggesting alternative uses for parking spaces such as vegetated, eco friendly parks that provide community space for small farmers markets we are promoting eco conscious dialogue in our community. MICRO-LOT PARK promotes reducing our carbon foot print by providing bike racks and public transit maps for assistance and using design to suggest that driving is not the only transportation option available in our city. It is vital to raise awareness about the disadvantages of parking lots that do not incorporate eco-friendly practices, and educate the community on parking and transportation alternatives; community awareness drives sustainable environments.

MICRO-LOT PARK is to be built through grants and product donations by proposed project vendors. The adaptability of all components in the design allows for flexibility in material choice, allowing for greater acceptance of donations while maintaining the innate eco conscious goals of the project.

Project

Description

Site

Concept

Micro-lot Park

Construction and Materials

Project Rendering


san diEgo sitE map

micro-lot proposEd location

Zoo Stop

Zoo Stop West Prado Stop

Balboa Park

West Prado Stop

Organ Pavilion Stop

Park Boulevard Stop

ORGAN PAVILION PARKING Site for Proposed Micro-Lot Palisades Stop

Organ Pavilion Stop

Downtown

Park Boulevard Stop

Inspiration Point Stop

ORGAN PAVILION PARKING Site for Proposed Micro-Lot Palisades Stop

Coronado

Inspiration Point Stop

CURRENT PARKING LOTS - Future Uses Mixed Use

Parkland and Recreation

Parks and Gardens

Joint Use

TRANSPORTATION PATHS Pedestrian Paths

San Diego Transportation

In-Park Shuttle

CURRENT PARKING LOTS - Future Uses Mixed Use

FOOD AND VENDING

Parkland and Recreation

Mobile Services

Parks and Gardens

Permanent Services

Joint Use

TRANSPORTATION PATHS

Project Description

Site

Pedestrian Paths

Concept

Micro-lot Park

San Diego Transportation

Construction In-Park Shuttle and Materials FOOD AND VENDING

Project Rendering


variable seating and recycling

modular grid

Micro-lot Park is a versatile, temporary structure. The goal of the structure is maximum flexability while able to maintain the overall project objectives and functiuons. It is made up of three main constituants; a modular grid system, an eco-friendly vaulted canopy, and interchangable seating and recycling. The forms vary from systematic and rigid to organic.

adaptable grid

planters switch in

components can be interchanged

VAULTED canopy

AERIAL VIEW

SECTION VIEW

green vaulted roof

breathable structure

open space

solid to open

integrated bike racks

arrangements for open space and intimate space

The grid system systematically begins to help define the different spacial arrangments. Each durable pad has the potential to be open space or defined by a planter. These will also maintain an option to attach the bike racks which mimic the curve of the canopy in addition to offering additional structural support.

MODULE PERSPECTIVE

micro-lot park

flaxability for spaces organic wire

clips onto planters

The link between the organic canopy and rigid grid lies in the seating and recycle bins. Using a similar material to the canopy and integrating a flexability familiar to the grid, the items will serve as the element that begins to tie these two components together. The idea is an element that is able to clip onto the planters to allow for maximum flexability for different space arrangments.

micro-lot park diagram

Project Description

Site

Concept

Micro-lot Park

Construction and Materials

Project Rendering


modUlar Variations Variation 5 | VErsitility Variations in this modular system gives flexibility to users by allowing for site specific space.

plan ViEW

Variation 4 | rEcyclE bins Tongue and groove constituants provide the base for this clip-on recycle bin system

Variation 3 | cHair Concentric

Tongue and groove constituants provide the base for this clip-on chair system

Concentric

Variation 2 | plantEr Modular planter showing an example of how the planters with integrated tongue and groves can be placed in various arrangements with the mat.

Variation 1| mat Modular floor mat is assemled with an easyassembly tongue and grove connection. Perimeter

Perimeter

Micro-lot Project Description

Site

Concept

Park

Construction and Materials

Project Rendering


matErials

plantEr constrUction aXonomEtric trEllis http://greenscreen.com/home.html description: Greenscreen is a landscape trellis system for fencing, wall-mounted applications, or freestanding enclosures. When combined with a variety of climbing vines, Greenscreen becomes a :living wall� that can provide privacy, shading and cooling, security and spatial definition, and acts as an effective antigraffiti treatment. The main component of this modular system is a 3D welded wire trellis panel, which is manufactured in Southern California from recycled-content galvanized steel wire. application: vaulted trellis content: recycled galvanized steel wire environmental: recycled content, landscaped walls increase energy efficiency

modUlar rUbbEr groUnd sUrFacE and plantErs http://rubbersidewalks.com/

description: We propose to team up with Rubbersidewalks to create a costum modular system for microlot park. Rubbersidewalks are high-density paving tiles made with recycled California tire crumb rubber combined with polyurethane binder and colorant, then molded with heat under compression. This process produces a strong and durable product that meets all requirements for sidewalk construction, including stable grade, non vibration, and high coefficient of friction for nonskid surfaces, both dry and wet. Rubber sidewalks are firm enough for skateboards, roller blades, and spike heels yet resilient enough to provide a non injury surface for all pedestrian and wheeled traffic. application: modular tongue & grove rubber ground surface and planters contents: 100% recycled California tire crumb rubber with polyurethane resin environmental: recycled material, low-emodied energy (non-electrical sources)

sEating and rEcycling http://www.nec.com description: Unlike conventional petroleum-based plastics, polylactic acid (PLA) plastic is mass produced by chemical synthesis using raw materials derived from corn. The production of PLA contributes less CO2 to the atmosphere than that of conventional plastics and offers superior biodegradability after disposal. Intelligent Bioplastic deforms with heat and external pressure and remains in that altered shape when cooled. Once reheated, the plastic returns to its original shape. Shape memory conventionally requires plastics with a cross-linked structure, which prohibits melting and thus recycling. This recyclable, shape-memory bioplastic allows users to deform the material into any shape, making possible all kinds of new products and applications. application: seating and recycling content: Polylactic acid (PLA) environmental: recycled content

Project Description

Site

Concept

Micro-lot Part

Construction

Materials

Project Rendering


rEndEring

Project Project Description

Site

Concept

Micro-lot Part

Construction and Materials

Rendering


reclaiming under-used parking lots


Micro-Lot Park