leave home in school uniform and return home later without having been to school. Mr. Vice-Chancellor Sir, I had one such experience as Acting Head of Department about 10 years ago. A concerned guardian came to me to find out what had happened to his ward who should have graduated that year but whose name was absent from the list of graduands at convocation. When I sent for the student’s personal file, I found out that it contained only his registration form at 200 level and there was no evidence that he sat for any examination at that level, nor at subsequent levels. According to the guardian, the young man always reported to him at the beginning of every semester to collect the amount of money necessary for his upkeep. He also returned home during the holidays like other normal undergraduates. He was “schooling” so to speak. But he was not being educated. Another critical truth is that not all schools educate. The process of education is an attempt which may succeed or fail. Schooling is part of the process of education. Just as it is possible to succeed in schooling and fail in life, it is also possible to fail in schooling and succeed in life. Bill Gates and John Major are two world examples of people in this latter category. All this notwithstanding, the need for schooling remains mankind’s important index of cultural advancement since the popularization of education in the era of European Renaissance. In our days, we can submit that whereas it is impossible for everybody in the society to be either a banker, lawyer, engineer, or doctor, it is expedient that every child goes to school for purposes of cultural and intellectual growth. This is why any society that truly wants to develop will deliberately pay the price for and ensure quality education for children of school age. Succeeding in schooling also brings in the question of the emblem of school success which is popularly called a certificate.