week in 1967 because I spoke Yoruba while doing my laundry on Saturday afternoon. This meant that my language which is the social and psychological expression of culture was excluded from the process of education. Since attitudes and values are embedded in a people’s culture, western education cultivated cognitive development to the exclusion of a conscious attempt to positively transform attitudes and values as well. All these not withstanding, Mr. Vice-Chancellor, it is recited at every graduation ceremony in this university and others worldwide that graduands have been found worthy in character and in learning … and therefore qualify to graduate. It is also noteworthy that part of our mission in the University of Ibadan is “to produce graduates who are worthy in character and sound judgment”. Granted that we all have courses of study that we either teach as teachers or learn as learners, where and when do we offer any programme on character education? In our contemporary times, our National Policy on Education (2004) states seven goals of primary education, two of which are to: • •
give citizenship education as a basis for effective participation in and contribution to the life of the society. mould the character and develop sound attitude and morals in the child.44
Among the seven goals of tertiary education one is to “develop and inculcate proper values for the survival of the individual and society”.45 But at the senior secondary school level, there was no mention of values or moral behaviour among the two broad goals and the eight specific goals for 44
Federal Government of Nigeria, National Policy on Education, NERDC Press, p. 14. 45 Norman and Sheila Williams (1972) The moral development of children, p. 62-85.