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If this is all, then, all human beings develop in this physical sense. Midgets are exceptions, and just as the process of education cannot make a midget grow into a giant, the lack of it also cannot reduce a giant to a midget. Physical development may be affected by education, but we are not interpreting education here as physical development. In the second lecture, I have shown that mental or intellectual development though of biological origin, depends on conscious efforts made to actualize it in the environment. The concept of development connotes growth. In their ordinary interpretations however, growth and development can be either positive or negative. Just as we can talk of positive development in any situation we can also refer to an ugly or undesirable development. Similarly, growth connotes increase of any entity and such growth can be desirable like for example, growth in school attendance and success rate. Growth can also be undesirable, like growth in crime rate or failure rate. On the other hand, personality development here is meant to connote beneficial or desirable outcome, both in the context of an individual’s life and in social life. Growth is quantitative. Development is qualitative and value-laden. When we interpret education as personality development, we mean that education makes a person become better than she would be without it. Education is not an acquisition—either of a skill or a material possession. Education is personality transformation. It is not what we have, it is what we become. This value dimension of education serves as the basis of our discussion in this lecture. Education as development i.e. personality transformation leads us to examine society’s goals or objectives of education as the case may be. Development is not only qualitative, it is also a judgmental word. Before we can pronounce a person educated, the person must have attained some expected level of behaviour since we are focusing on personality development here. Our professional benchmark becomes the major educational objectives as given by B. S. Bloom and these are:

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Professor Oluremi Aina Bamisaiye University Lecture  

University LEcture

Professor Oluremi Aina Bamisaiye University Lecture  

University LEcture

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