what is knowledge. The individual makes knowledge for himself and the process is for him/her a process of growth. According to pragmatism, knowledge is growth, growth, growth and nothing but growth. For the existentialist, the process of learning is a process of ascertaining learner’s authentic self. One can see from the following table the relationship between these identified theories of knowledge and the psychological, philosophical, archetypes of intelligence.
Table 1: Knowledge and Multiple Intelligences Theories of Knowledge Idealism and Variants Idealism – focus on the human mind and intellectual development. Subject: History Geography Literature Religion Philosophy Art Pure Sciences Realism and Variants Realism – Focus on Reality independent of the mind – society’s culture Subjects Economics History Religion Geography Science Humanities
Psychological archetypes of Intelligence Linguistic Naturalistic Intrapersonal Interpersonal
Philosophical archetypes of Intelligence Qualitative Emotional Intuitional Quantitative–logical–mathematical
Linguistic Spatial Naturalistic Musical Bodily kinaesthetic Interpersonal Logical– mathematical
Quantitative–logical–mathematical Qualitative Emotional Intuitional