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in addition to an AHA or BHA serum a few evenings a week to improve the effectiveness of both ingredients. Retinol, also known as vitamin A, is a powerful multi tasker when it comes to skincare actives and can radically decrease the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, improve uneven skin tone and smooth and refine the surface of the skin.

When used in conjunction with AHAs and BHAs, it can help remove the surface of the epidermis and make the skin look younger and smoother to the touch. One can see a radical skin transformation and improvement in skin texture and quality.

Niacinamide + vitamin C This blend of active ingredients is particularly good for your skin’s natural protective barrier. Niacinamide (or vitamin B3) is a water soluble vitamin that strengthens the skin’s immunity, helps to protect the natural moisture balance, repairs the surface, refines the pores, diminishes fine lines and brightens the skin. Niacinamide also reduces environmental damage to

the skin and is therefore very powerful if coupled with vitamin C. A powerful antioxidant that is essential for the healthy formation of collagen production, vitamin C prevents the decline of healthy skin. Vitamin C comes in many different forms but ascorbic acid, also known as L-ascorbic acid, is the most effective form of

vitamin C for skincare application. When this ingredient is properly formulated, it can assist with a more youthful, firmer appearance of the epidermis, while also assisting to control an uneven skin tone. Applying the combination of niacinamide and vitamin C onto the skin twice daily is a powerful way to maintain healthy skin.

Hyaluronic acid + B5 Hyaluronic acid is a key ingredient in maintaining the moisture level in the epidermis. It occurs naturally in our skin’s dermis and slowly declines with age. When enhanced with B5 (panthenol), hyaluronic acid leads to unbeatable hydration. Panthenol is an incredible humectant which attracts moisture and assists the skin to absorb and maintain it. This ability strengthens the stratum corneum and the protective barrier. B5 reduces skins irritation, inflammation and promotes skin recovery. It is proven to speed up the healing of wounds and burns, so it is a very useful ingredient to be used in an aesthetic clinic post any wounding procedures or treatments. Appling this dynamic duo of actives daily to the skin is like giving the skin a double shot of intensive moisture. I never enjoyed doing mathematical equations at school but skincare equations are my absolute favourite as you get to see the results daily, in the form of an improvement on your client’s skin. Combine these equations in your treatment protocols post micro needling or peeling to intensify the results and definitely include them in as part of your client’s home care treatment. PB

A qualified aesthetician, Karen Ellithorne has been actively involved in the skincare industry since 1992, working as a lecturer and therapist, as well as successfully importing and distributing various products throughout South Africa.

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Aesthetic Medicine


Profile for Professional Beauty SA

Professional Beauty South Africa  

The leading trade magazine for all professionals working in the hair and beauty industry

Professional Beauty South Africa  

The leading trade magazine for all professionals working in the hair and beauty industry