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reb uil d the un Ie pI t' s core . ane Bubble Bus Starquake IS one of the biggest-selling games for home micros, due to its incredibly-addictive gameplay and cleverly-animated graphics. It has received

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Vol. 4 No.

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Gallup Chart

8030538 CLEVER!

An

s.

July

software relea

your Atari.

ses f 0 r

All the latest from the ever-changing world of the Atari

x

,

u p -to-date re p ort on new

g,” ,

bit.

8

Get more fun out of Conan the Barbarian with our readers’ help.

\

5

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ESP

1988

.

T ake the Zener card test With this clever and easy to use routine. .

.

_

_

MANAGWG EDITOR:

Derek Meakin

Reco ve_ry Lost file?

GROUP EDITOR:

your

Alan McLachlan

13 program that Will find it for you quickly. _

Here’s

a

FEATURES EDITOR:

17

Word Count

K9" Hughes

This

pnoouoT/ON 501703;

Peter Glover

type-in routine will tot

up all your WP text files and more.

19

Rouloc

EDITORIAL ASSISTANT:

Ne" Fawcett

More help in the dungeon from your favourite Atari adventurer.

NEWS EDITOR:

Mike Cowle y ,

.

COORD’NATOR'

REV/EWS

We talk to an expert and come up with some

Pam Turnbull

revealing facts.

-

EDITOR:

TECHNICAL

21

Discs

22

Cartr “993

Andre Willey

A

.,

.

look at some of Atari

3

latest re-releases on rom cartridge.

ADVERTISEMENT MA NA GER:

John Snowdon

~

_

ADVERT’S’NG SALES" Tel: 0625 878888 (All depts) 0625 879940 (Subscriptions) Telex: 26571 MONREF G Quoting Ref. 72:MAGOOl G Id: 721MAG001 T eecom I p Prestel Mailbox. 614568383

On test:

Map

EX pose

Published by: Database Publications Ltd. Europe House, Adlirigton Park, Adlington, Macchs?e'd' “104”,

12 issues,

Spooky Castle.

28 in t ma t e eve s o fth e super b .

d' All th e

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F

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32 .

Further help With BaSIC. Multi._ coloured displays made easy. .

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36

G”?!

An enhanced version of our checksum

mesh,»

generating program.

post free:

PrOfiIe

213:

~

'

25

Lode Runner, Cops ’n' Robbers,

Jinxter,

Easy Programming

33,573 January-June, 1986

subscription

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_

Fax: 0625 879966

”77

m'cros

f0r

Games Rewews

.

"

24

'

News

More about Britain’s nationwide online d a tab a se

Andrea Fawkes

'

_

MlcroLmk

gtlfro e (incl Eire) £33_Ove,§eas Minna“) lSSN 0266-545x “Atari User” welcomes program listings and articles for publication. Material should be typed or computepprimed' and pref_ erably double-spaced. Program listings should be accompanied by cassette tape or disc. Please enclose stamped, self‘ addressed envelope, otherwise the return of material cannot be guaranteed. Contributions accepted for publication by Database Publications Ltd will be on an all-rights

A

visit to Atari World, long time Mecca for northwest Atari users.

solutions

Software

.

programming

NYOUt Mind

41

, .

pro b| ems so ve d b y our t ec h nica Wizar d

.

Y our

|

|

.

43

boggling conquion ‘

_

'

in our

brain teasmg game of the month. _

.

49

_

Mailbag

baSis-

1988 Database Publications Ltd. No material may be reproduced in whole or in part without written permission. While every care is taken, the publishers cannot be held legally responsible for any errors in articles, listings, or advertisements. ”Atari User" is an independent publication and Atari Corp (UK) Ltd are not responsible foranyofthe articles they contain or forany Of ‘he ammo”? e’fp’EFSEdNews trade distribution: Europress Sales and Distribution Limited, Unit 1, Burgess Road, lvyhouse Lane, Hastings, East Sussex TN35 4NR. Tel: 0424 430422.

39

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Y ou r Cha n ce to

©

get yo ur new 3’ views '

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m

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ans and name in p rint.

A" major listings in this issue are accompanied by Checksums tO help YOU overcome typing mistakes. For full details of how t h ey WOl’ k r SGIGt.h 9 an": e on Page 36 Of thIS issue. -

-

.

i

A

July 1988 Atari User?

~


THIS

LAST

TITLE

MONTH MONTH

(Software

COMMENTS

House)

New software house has a success on its hands with Zybex. More new products are planned too.

ZYBEX

Zeppelin

Geff Minter’s long-awaited sequel to Revenge of the Mutant Camels — as strange as ever.

REVENGE 2

Mastertronic GRAND PRIX SlMULATOR Code Masters

This

RlVER RESCUE

has a prolific output and Budget house Alternative this release of an old title has proved to be popular.

in the Top but now Zeppelin's second title Five heading down. New one to look out for is Draconis.

SPEED ACE

Zeppelin

'

You can the review in this issue of Atari User. read It's even difficult to get off the battlements.

SPOOKY CASTLE

Atlantis

W

been ousted from its number simulatorhas — but it Will be around for a long while yet.

one spot

Alternative

7

PRICE

Another one which made a repackaged comeback. Good for its genre and deserved the number 3 position it achieved in May.

STEVE DAV'S SNOOKER

Blue R'bbon

but excellent value An unusual game from Atlantis, at the price for football enthusmsts.

LEAGUE CHALLENGE

Altantis '

Budget houses continue to dominate the charts, and this is the new one from the relaunched Telecom budget range.

MATTABLATTA

s”Ve’b”'d

59m;eREAT m’0 alue

Micro Value presents you here with four full-priced games — our favourites being Rebound and Phantom.

ATTACK OF THE MUTANTCAMELS

if you have never taken on these monsterous beings this is you chance. Worth buying at the

GAMES 3

Mastertromc

prim

An old but good scenario, and again at the price you cannot go wrong. A nice simulation.

SPACE SHUTTLE

Firebird

For motorbike specialists. Not too special, yet good introduction to this sort of game.

KIK START

Mastertronic Databyte

Split screen entry into the world of Spycatcher and espionage. Great game for two players.

BMX SIMULATOR Code Masters

Codemasters is renowned for its simulations with nice graphics, good sound and fun.

SPY VS SPY

Atlantis

Dubious content both as a game and_ as a concept. Read our reViewer's comments in this issue.

wINTER?OLYMplAD Yneso

Action-packed events for the sportsman, and if you can't face the snow there is Summer Olympiad to look fonivard to.

WARHAWK Firebird

Great music but let down by the graphics. Let’s hope that the Silverbird range improves.

COPS

.m

'N’ ROBBERS

a“

Ma"e”’°"'°

En

TRANSMUTER Code Masters

4 Atari User

a

A cave complex is at your disposal with good use

UNTVERSAL . HERO

of sprites throughout this addictive adventure.

multi-level

.

July

7988

A scramble-type game which plays well and scrolls . hI _ a non _ Simulator title from Code .

arraigétsy


'

ZWMQD »

NEWS

ween

p

a

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2.

,

.

ATARI Corporation’s results for the first quarter of 1988 show a" increase in net sales worldwide compared with the same period last year - bUt a $10 million drop in net income. The figures, however, are distorted bythe inclusion of results from the Federated _

Chaih Group'-the American Wh'Ch Ata" Of

retail outlets acquired in OCtObef 1987With the Group’s feSP'tS taken °U_t Of the equation, a 50 Atafi's figures Show

ATARI, capture

Federated Group is approaching a break

now

even

said.

quarter, the strongest, should

“The fourth

show

a

modest

profit”. The

of and price shortage dram chips has also hit -

results. ”The company has the opted to absorb costs dram additional increase than rather prices", he continued, “It is the company’s view that the dram shortage and related high cost will begin to ease later this year".

to determined much of the

0 ” I.lne

Christmas market sible, is to spend on TV advertising sales of the 130XE

::'

force it into also raising charges.

July

1

its

Micronet/

Up 21 per cent from £66 to £79.95 3 year for home users, With users business paying £119.95. Peak time charges are to rise from 6p a minute to 7p, SUbS 90

a “8

to boost

vcs

Plans to promote the before last machines December’s rush fahed when the IBA objected to the content of the proposed commercials.

a rl

as p05£400,000

and 2600 games consoles.

_

for the IBA told Atari Userthe objection to the earlier scripts had beenlthat the advert did not comply with its code of A spokesman

GAMES

STAND by for action on the VCS 2600 games machine, With no less than 18 new titles from Palan Electronics (01—368 5545).

The massive release of rom cartridges follows an

exclusive European deal with Activision. “We have already imported 200,000 units for the VCS”, said Graham Cook, Palan’s UK sales manager. ”Up to now the machine has not been well supported

c h arges

month’s DESPITE this surprise Micronet/Prestel price increases, MicroLink has denied reports BT is to From

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Ig fantasy will vary according to their age and individual personality”, he said. “With this in mind, no performance of toys and games must be simulated by the excess use of imaginary backgroundsor special effects”. A spokesman for Atari '

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and free off-peak usage has been scrapped — users will "OW have to pay 1p 3

minute. FU“ peak time rates W3” ”OW apply 0” Saturdays between 8am and 6pm. However, MicroLink says its annual subscription will remain at £36 for home and business users alike and it

will continue to operate Offpeak rates for the whole Of Saturday and Sunday.

said: “We were caught out last year by the IBA’s rules on advertising. “However, our proposed

meets all its the new are sure to a tremendous attract amount ofinterest from first time computer buyers”.

campaign

and commercials criteria

MACHINE R FLOODING IN in this country even though it is very popular in other

parts ofEurope. “We plan to make as many titles as possible available so the machine can get the recognition that it truly deserves”, he said. Palan

signed

has agreements to Electronics

import around

400,000

units, which it feels will be I

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in net per cent increase from $551 to 5977 practice. sales in “Children's ability to dismillion, In“ "we change net income. tinguish between fact and Despite the figures, Atari president Sam Tramiel

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required to

meet

the

demands of existing

users. ”The market for the VCS 2600, and for rom cartridges, is potentially massive”, said Cook. All of Palan’s games will

retail for £9.99. Tit/es include Moonsweeper, Fire Fighter, Laserblast, Demon Attack, Seahawk, Kung-Fu Master and Star Voyager.

I

Atari ploneer returns Atari wheel seems to have gone full circle: Nolan Bushnell is returning to the company he founded — to

THE

video games. After selling Atari in 1976, Bushnell setup his own toy company, Axlon, which has been less than successful of

design

late. Axlon will now assume the role of research

and

development facility, drawing royalties from the sale of technology, while Bushnell concentrates his activitie on

video game design. The move comes as Atari gears up foranew driveinto the home entertainment market, enrren?y worth an estimated $1 billion in the States — and still growing. The games _ an as yet unspecified number _ will be developedexclusively for Atari's 2600 and 7800 consoles and the first releases are expected to be on the market before the end of the year, July

1988 Atari User 5


Link

Atari

your

world

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Electronic mail - The cheapest and fastest form of communication possib'e- 't ms the same to send a message to one mailbox as to 500!

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to the

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Telemessages — Type in your message before 8pm and delivery is guaranteed by first post the next day (except Sunday), anywhere in the UK and USA.

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(£19.95).

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£‘ 736. 70.

don’t have an interface: Miracle wszooo v21, v23 modem + Datatari interface + cable + Datatari software. Total price: £749.95. W'th 'th b' t' a|SIO lzlg (fr: igngtlfgfdgsaggsegan and bu || etin boards all roundt h e world.

If you

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Whi?mevef eqUipment y_°u “?e: you Will be able to call MicroLink, open your mailbox, save to disc any messages waiting for you, and disconnect In as llt?e as tWO minutes.

Two recommended packages

Office

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games and utilities.

Translation — Access the biggest and most up-to-date , multi-Iingual dictionary in the world, with

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Company searches _.Obtain facts about any British limited company in seconds, and fully analysed financial information on over 100,000 major companies.

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All you need your Atari is a modem, whic apar|t1fri>m p ugs into your telephone wall socket, plus suitable communications software. We have provided two possible options on the left. —

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Telesoftware — Download directly into your Atari any program from

.

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Tele-booking — Reserve train and theatre tickets, check flight details worldWide, or order from a vast from flowers range of products to floppy discs.

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When you 10"! MicroLink _you ve got at the world of communications your ’ fingertips 24 hours a day. You II have Immedlate access to ALL the faCIIItles Offered by and a great deal Telecom Gold more beSIdeS. _

Telex — Link up telex witthsogo subscribers in the U an 1.5 million worldwide. You can even send and receive telexes after office hours or while travelling.

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r————————-——————————-——————— Please send me full about MicroLink, and

If you also have a Radiopaging pocket radiopager you’ll be alerted each time an urgent arrives mailbox. in your message 50 YOU re always m tOUCh'

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details information the followmg hardware and software options

TO FIND OUT MORE Fill in the coupon and send it to the

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and more!

Prepare budgets or tables, total columns or rows with ease, copy formulae absolutely or relatively, use a wide selection of mathematical and scientific functions, recalculate automatically and more!

Using modem you can access services such as MicroLink and order a wide range of goods from ?owers to software, send electronic mail, telex and teleand more! messages in a “3511

Enter data directly or load data from the spreadsheet, produce pie charts, display bar charts side by side or stacked, overlay line graphs and more!

Design the layout of a label with the easy-to-use editor, select label size and sheet format, read in database files, print out in any quantity and more!

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rectangles, circles, stars, waves and crosses. A pack of 25 contains five of each symbol. The object is to try and guess the symbols on the cards as they are dealt face down on a table. Probability dictates that 0“ Of 25 randomly dealt cards, five correct guesses COUId be put down to pure chance. Any more

than this may involve ESP' Of course, relatively low scores such as six or seven WOUId have to be repeated many times to be significant. BL“ very high scores, say between about 15 and 25, would be most unlikely to occur even once purely by chance — the odds are millions to one against. 80 the higher the score the more the likelihood that you possess a high Esp rating. You too may be able to bend Spoons like Yuri Geller and be a real nuisance to your mother. The original 25 cards were found to be unsuitable for the computer versions. Although it proved fairly easy to shuffle that number by computer, in practice this led to serious problems. By simply keeping a mental note of the symbols used it was possible to influence the end results quite significantly. For this reason the random number generator is used to select one Of the five symbols each time a new card is displayed. This way it iS impossible to cardcount and the chances Of guessing correctly are always ?ve to one. Therefore, 0Ver the 25 9035: pure Chance Should account for only fiVe correct guesses. The computer deals a randomlyselected card face down in the centre of the card table. You mustlthen

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two players. The two player option allows you to test your powers of Esp

against a friend Sound is used throughout so if you find it a distraction turn down the volume on the TV At the end of the test a score sheet is displayed on the screen to 9 ether with a percentageEsp rating Remember the higherthe score and Esp rating the less the likelihood of

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July

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1988 Atari User 9


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11


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M a ke

ISN’T it strange how something as cool and calculating as a computer

provoke so many human emotions? There’s the shoot-’em-up player's exhilaration in combat followed by his excitement of achieving a high score. Or the adventurer's concentration on a problem and his satisfaction in solving it. can

Then

there

Basic programmer’s determination to master the computer and his elation when his pmgmm works 0mm But there’s also the anger when his program subsequently fails to load, followed by abject despair when he remembers that he did not make a back-up copy. All manner of nasties seem to queue up to corrupt a program file saved on a magnetic medium. After calming himself down the programmer considers what can be done to save the situation. If it was stored on cassette there’s verylittle he can do except rewrite it from scratch. If it was stored on disc he could dig out a utility program in an effort to reconstruct the damaged file. Even then he has less than a 50-50 chance is

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specified number of characters. corruption causes the load process to cease, which results in too few characters being loaded. This confuses the computer which takes the easy way out and resets its pointers to their default values, ignoring the code that hasjustloaded. The end result is that you have absoIutely nothing to show for those long hours you spent programming. This utility will help to reduce the disaster to manageable proportions by reading a tokenised file into a memory buffer from disc or tape. It will stop reading at the damaged section and recreate the missing operating system pointers to account for the shorter file length. It will then write the modified file to disc or tape. This new file can then be loaded back into memory in the normal way by using CLOAD or LOAD “D:FILENAME". Unfortunately, it’s not possible to read past a corrupted section, but it is a darned sight better than having to re-write the whole program from scratch. Program I is the full utility listing and have avoided the use of awkward-to-type control characters, a

Data

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the computer’s operating system. These tell the computer to expect a file

_

MICK HANDLE

of success. _, That is where this utility Recovery allows him to salvage his Basic pro- / gram file by recovering all data up to the damaged section and writing it out

file. Atari Basic permits you to save your programs in either text format or tokenised format — see the articles in the March, April and May issues of Atari User, The text format, which is also known as the list format, is invoked by the LIST “C:" or LIST “D:.FlLENAME" command, while the tokenised format is invoked by the CSAVE or SAVE"D:FILENAME” command. Tokenised files are usually preferred since they are shorter and they load considerably faster than text files, but they do suffer from a disadvantage when it comes to data corruption. When loading a program file, the operating system will abort the load process if it encounters corrupted data. If it was saved in text format all data up to the damaged section will be retained in memory, making the best of a bad situation. However,if the file was tokenised all data will be lost. This has always struck me as being cruel, particularly when most cases of corruption occur at the very end of a five-minute cassette file. The reason is that the first few bytes of a tokenised file contain pointers for

eed

a s

.

f” J"—

Q

\ .

" ?lm-l 41.

except for the machine code string in line 180. Data statements are the alternative but they are exceedinglyboring to enter and they delay program

initialisation considerably, so for the string.

I

opted

Ifyou don’tfeelupto typingline180

you can enter Program II, which will create a disc or tape file in list format. After running the program, type NEW and read the line into memory by typing ENTER “C2" or ENTER”D: LINE180.LST". Now list the line to the screen, just to be sure, then enter the rest of Program I. Leave out the REMsifyou wish and, as always, use Get It Right! to check your work but remember that this will affect the cumulative checksum value. And don't forget to save a copy of the new program before running it. The program is designed to be easy to operate by the most inexperienced and will work on all 8 bit Atari computers, although 16k machines may not have sufficient memory to recover long files. On running the program, you are met with a message telling you how —

I

Turn to Page 14 P July

7988 Atari User

73


4 From Page 13

'

much buffer space is available. You are then asked to tell the program

whether your corrupted file is stored on cassette or disc. Enter C or D as appropriate without pressing the Return key. If you respond With a D for disc, you are asked to enter the filename of the corrupted program. Use the Delete key to edit the filename if you mistype letter and press Return when fin_

.

a

ushed.

0130 users should ensure the correct disc is in drive one, and cassette users should place the correct tape in their program recorder then press the Play key. Press Return when prompted and wait for the program to do its job. The program will read as much data as possible from the corrupted file and in a memory buffer. _On place. it reaching the damaged section, dlSC users will probably hear their drive grinding around as it tries to read the bad data — don’t worry this is perfectly

normal. Similarly, cassette users may hear weird popping and beeping sounds from their monitor speaker. Just

remember that patience is a virtue. will a few seconds the sounds stop and the program will display the number of bytes it has managed to read from the file, together with confirmation that the file is damaged. If the data corruption is marginal, it may be possible for the whole file to be read. In such cases, the number of bytes recovered will be displayed and the program Wi” report that the file is intact. Be careful ,'t the number Of bytes

After

_

'3 same _the_ as. the p033|ble the length __'t W'” probably mean that-the buffer '5 full to and YOU have 'hSUtt'_e'eht memory read the rest Of the the

recovered maxumum

The utility will then calculate how many bytes are missing from the original file and rebuild Basic's pointers to correspond to the new shorter

file.

Disc users are asked to enter a destination filename. You should not use the original disc, which must now be treated W'th SUSP'C'O” because 'f one pf°9ram was °°"Upted Others may suffered same fate,

the

have

°°“'d

mirehf‘iledsisc 2:32:32)?

and poss'bly

Cassette users should prepare their

program cassette

recorder by installing a and pressing Play and

Record.

After pressing Return, the file will

be can then be

re.saved to tape or disc. |t loaded in the normal way by CLOAD or LOAD"D:FILENAME". Now you have the task of rewriting the missing part of the program. 74 Atari User

July

H-m t S and t'ps

7988

D ata corru

tion them to when the datapstoredhoanst?ecfaugézci avoid the risk of gV/Zh dlSC is different to the data sent out contaminant”, Cir/(omeyour by the computer. There are read/[Write head clean many esp dOeSn t mean get the causes, such as a dirty or physically sciaulbbifyhat;7 g _rush 0“ YOU can buy damaged magnetic surface. h ea d -c/ean/ng Disc users can minimise tapes and discs from the risk dealer. by always writing with zolgcomputer verify ry to keep data Cab/es during which the computer checks, away fro My recorder the data by reading it back from cab/9's. raf?e-53W” 0 save Whtle a mans cab/e dis‘c Immediately after it has written we to to It. serial lead. . 338,112” [ts a new Cassette users _re {IS/ng tape, a/wa 8 to their fingers crosses,ns?nnclel turn it over the_end, $252 gaSJ-y/nd/t doesn’t possess a verify routine evens out aSt-W’”df"galn. This for t];7e cassette files helps the unless you have tens/on. Wit/Ch r tzoe er to a constant tYped in the cassette routine $600; pee and maintain a troublefrom the June issue ofverify Spmenmes Atari User tape WI// load afterwards, Have you noticed how some 207/78 Short C75 or C20 tapes and people are rarely troubled by data rec or3; only One pragram per side. corruption, whereas others seem to Sh after be plagued with it? taReS help to maintain By observin speed Stability. the following precautions the ri s % . Try to use QOOd of corruption can be quality tapes / minirhise d prefer TDK but less expensivetapes . WI” do the/0b so keep Your discs long as You avoid bA/ways clean. Never or tapes Cheap and nasty types touch the you iso/ute/y on the]Yget Human body oils what YOU pay for. 3" égynet/csurface, . If you St’” haVe problems with Parse/ration are guaranteed to attract d’” and dUSt, and dirty ”539mm recorder, have the 20“, ead a/Ignment checked cannot record data ggffaces local dealer, 7his is a bY Your rrect/y, COmmon 0 Always return discs and Cause Of cassette PfOb/ems but ta as t o their boxes when you have Spec’a/ eqUIpment is required to fir?Is h ed ad/USt them .

_

-

-

correctly,

Sometimes the data corruption occurs very near the beginning of a file, which does not give you much to work on. in such cases you may just as well re-write the program from scratch. If the file will not even begin to load then am afraid that it must be considered a write-off. In practice most I

1

“EH

2

REH By

PROS”! melt mu: 3 mt (cmau men 4 REH Recover a tokenised hsic file 5 m1 fro. a an,“ tape or disc 5 "E" me me 02,2:voxc sx,xs:caavurcs a no POKE 16,112:POKE sx774.uz:mt Dis able Break “y 120 posts 709,1awoxc 710.2:poxs 112.10 men 752,1:QEH Set colours and disabl RECOVERY

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Force

u

non-inverse keyboard input ”er-case 1“ 095“ u2,4,e,"x:" 15. DI" TYPES (4),Il$(12) .FILE5 (1‘) ,Ioc

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grammer’s toolbox. 178 POSITION0,1:?

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;" 210

130 route 702,64:POKE 594mm“

160 Posmou

seems to occur near the end of very long cassette files, so you should not have too much work to do. This utility is not a miracle cure, but it is certainly a powerful weapon against the load/save gremlins and a valuable addition to the Basic pro-

corruption

or

BYTES" ?

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cx";cun$(27);cnn5tu)

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we“

A July

1988 Atari User

15


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___—_____—U?lity then calls the USR statement machine code routine which handles all the analysis at about one thousand a

a

eve

e

words

I

I

.

,

-

-

LEN GOLDING '

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ut|I|ty

the chore

out

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word

up a" your

processor

healthy interest

the

in

have used.

figure

Moreover, if you’re setting type or planning page layouts without the aid of a desktop publishing system, you'll often need some indication of word lengths and total number of characters to be printed. In these circumstances a simple total words figure to take the

drudgery out of word counting and to 10

REl‘l

ATlALYSER FOR ATARIURITER TEXT mes.

TEXT

O

ASCTI-FORMAT

ti

REM

12 RBI. (c)ATARi ussn 20 NH A$(27),B$(14),CS(12),DS(1):X=O: RESTORE 250 33 FOR x=g to 216:READ

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ignored.

When it reaches the end-of—file, the hands control back to Basic which then closes the l/O channel,performs various calculations and prints the results on screen. There are a few points worth noting

routine

Turn to Page 18 >

?

6,96,165,2l6,24l§,47,2m,i1,14 4,2,‘169,11,1B,170,256,230,6,258,3,256t 33a DATA 231,6,173,236,6,26,151,206,14 1,230,6,173,231,6,105,0,141,23l,6,238 340 DATA 254,6,268,3,238,255,6,t69,?,1 33,205,133,206,96,206,88,3,258,8,l73 3” DATA 89,3,246,”,256,89,3,2.’>O,203, ”8,2,23&,20£,24,96,56,96 320 DATA

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290 DATA

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sea

6,12:?

carriage'return (Ascii155) oran

embedded printer code. None ofthese are counted as part of the word. If several end-of—word characters occur together — such as a string of spaces or carriage returns only the one immediately following a word will trigger the counter, the rest will be

,

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170

will work with most word processors such as Mini Office II. Also,text sent down telephonelines via a modem or other communications device is usually transmitted in Ascii format, so you can use this program to analyse the received data. It’s extremely easy to use. You simply Run the program, enter the name of the file you want to check, insert the disc containing that file, press Return and stand back. The chosen file is OPENed by Basic,

e

space,

Although it was designed particuIarly for Atariwriter, it can also analyse any text file saved in Asciiformat, so it

RCOUllT

GOLDI?G

LEN

BY

f||es

frequently words of a particular length occur and gives a total letter count, as well as the total number of words you

not.

R

'

o_f tottmg

processors. It analyses the text to show how

yourself. Most of the latest generation word processors contain a rudimentary word count facilty, but many of the earlier ones,including Atariwriter—do

isn’t much use. This program is designed

superb

give you facilities which are not available in most commercial word

COUNTING words in an article or short story is about as stimulating as counting sheep, and has been known to produce similar results. Unfortunately, most editors insist on at least an approximate word count and if you’re paid by the word, you'll have a

a

you

glves

per second.

This routine starts by loading the entire file into memory, at an address just above the Basic program. if any fault occurs during this process you will hear a beep from the TV speaker and the routine will hand control straight back to Basic. If all is well, the routine will begin to read the text — if an error occurs the routine will simply prompt you to reenterthe filenameagain. It skips over any initial formatting commands, end—of—line characters and blank spaces until it finds the start of the text itself. This is defined as the first character whose Ascii code is above 64 it is usually an upper-case letter. It then works its way through the text, incrementing the counter whenever it reaches the end of a word. Three things can mark a word end — a

DATA

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July

j

1988 Atari User

17


letter count, ignoring spaces between and a block character count which includes the spaces but assumes that the text is all one paragraph. This is no more than a rough guide to actual type-setting space, since allowance must obviously be made for the start and end of paragraphs, different space widths if your text is right-justified and different character widths if you're working with a proportional system. However, it does give a better approximation than a word count alone. The text analysis can also give you a very rough indication of the reading level required for the piece. Astory or article with few words above five letters is likely to suit non-fluent readers. Popular articles and fiction will normally be biased heavily towards words of eight letters or less. If you have a high preponderanceof 10-plus words - like preponderance the text will be difficult to read and even worse to understand. You might get away with it in a technical or professional journal, but there’s no way you'll sell it to an editor of a popular magazine.

are all counted as three-letter words as in:

4 From Page 17 about the program's operation. It starts counting from the first character whose Ascii code is over 64. This means that if, for any reason,yourtext starts with a character lower down in the Ascii table, that character will be

words,

C&A 10% $15 *X* @88

Punctuation letters.

In

marks

are treated as

the sentence:

ignored.

The routine will skip over embedded no matter how long or short and whether or not they are separated by spaces from the surrounding text. However, if one occurs in the middle of a word it will effectively split that word into two and

_

printer commands,

the isolated hyphen will count as a one-letter word, and easy! counts as five letters. On the other hand:

'

count them separately. This could happen if you need to say to change character sets produce an accented é in the middle of a word but you can avoid this probIem by inserting your printer codes just before and after the word. Subscript or superscript characters will always be counted separately from the word they are tagged on to. Once the routine has started counting, numbers and inverse characters— other than those used in embedded will be treated as printer codes normal text. Symbols also qualify and

counts

I

and

they are counted again for every pagé on which they occur. With long text files the word lengths will average out, so a total word count will give a fairly good indication of how many pages the printed text will take up. But with very short pieces—a character count is likely to prove more useful. This program gives the total

y

16-Ietter word.

footers are handled differently depending on the text file format. With AtariWriter files, any words contained in headers or footers are counted only once. In Asciiformat,

mm uses

as a single

Headers

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July

1988

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Adventurin 9

—————————

LOTS of letters to catch up with on account of the fact that I’ve been holidaying at the South Pole for the last four weeks. I just love getting a nice ice tan (pure white) — it doesn't half put the wind up Orcs when they see

my deathly pale mug looming towards them out of the mist. met a couple of explorers while was there —' you should have seen their faces when they saw my flag two brass lamps rampant on a field of oil fluttering from the top of my luxury, fur-lined Igloo. They were even more aghast when they heard: “Who’s a pretty boy, then?” emanating from the beak of a rather fat penguin that had befriended and taught to speak. Laugh thought I'd burst in a puff of purple I

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System (ETS) in Worm In Paradise to be mind-boggling. Even after studying the hint sheet, he is none the wiser. He thinks it a shame that the ETS is so unnecessarily complex, as the game itself is brilliant. Is there a simple way to go where you want, he asks. Can any of our readers help him? The opaque cases in Guild of Thieves are proving obstacles to

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Magik, Red Moon, Lords of Time, Golden Baton, Mystery Funhouse, Pyramid of Doom and Voodoo Castle. Don't forget an SAE when you write. Mark reckons the Eden Transport

Q4

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Lane, Lewes, East Sussex BN7 1LA kindly offers Atari User readers help with any of the following adventures: Hollywood Hijinx, HHGG, Price of

Adventl?es: Hitch Hiker's

”2‘ “of

Thieves are missing from his list because they are very difficult to obtain in Holland. Mark Powell of 21 Hillyfield, Bell

a],

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against it. Patrick explains that adventures such as Stationfall and Guild of

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purple worm in the portal. Whata life! A more modern {4 adventure is also giving Jeff some grief he wishes to know how to deal with the evil presence in the translucent rooms in Infocom’s superb Enchanter. The answers to these problems are at hand. Patrick Niemeijer from Holland has furnished his list of cherished adventures and role playing games. See how your own favourites match

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helpful information on Alternate Reality: The Dungeon. Well done, dynamic duo you are hereby Rouloc’s most admired personalities of the month. Grateful thanks also to Douglas Sharpe of Burgess Hill for his tips on Leather Goddesses of Phobos, and all other readers who have kindly taken the trouble to write in with tips for a variety of adventures. Space prevents my thanking you all individually and from publishing every tip received but keep up the good work. An old Scott Adams adventure, Pyramid of Doom, is causing Jeff Henson of Leicester a little difficulty. He keeps getting torn to bits by the iron statue of the Pharoah in the throne room, and eaten alive by the

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Calvin Leighton from Sherwood. For Calvin and other stumped would-be Guild members, see this month’s tips. Michael Snow of Bracknell is wres?ing with Quest for Eternity but doesn’t know how to fix the spaceship —can anyone help? suspect that this is Michael’s first adventure, if so, suggest you try something a little more friendly, Michael, like Lords of Time or Dun eon Adventure. Quest for Eternitygis rather hard and inflexible and I would not recommend it to a beginner. The same goes for Alex Yeo of Bude. He’s playing Cloak of Death, another tough and old fashioned breed of adventure. Alex is trying to get into the haunted bedroom, but without success. Does anyone know I

I

how? He has some help for Sam Ingram of Wolverton Atari User, April with Quest for Eternity: To get the computers to work, type ENTER ASP on —

the terminal. Thanks for that, Alex, perhaps you can now help Michael Snow with his problem. Ron Rainbird from Holmes Chapel, Cheshire, isn’t terribly impressed with the ending to The Pawn. Up until the rum to page 20> July

1988 Atari User

19


7

.

Ad ven 4 a...

l'lrlg

—-———————

11.1

HINTS AND

19

a...

mm the blue key he was business enjoylng the game, but when he C0“ among other things that you founlg only use the key once and that there were too many red herrings, he mentally placed it on his “forget it” Ilst. was the object of the whole “What Ron asks. Good

,

.,Need help in the translucent Use the penc1l and eraser to _

F. Connect M and P. Erase M V. Erase P and F. Now go to and room P and collect the powerful

P and

scroll.

The

Gu1|df successor o(1TThlevtfes, ows a ar more Plaw‘n oglca s; line and IS altogether a much, more

.

InCidentally, Ron has alrea_dv made it .t0 fin?” dU_n980“ "1 SS' 5

_

the s is toI salve tinzard e maze Crownhbut 0” t 9 390°"ungblle eve. "Y 0"

promafraid, have to wait a while rotten old Rouloc seems to |ove teaching his Pre§SUfe space meanslmy tips 0"_ Ultimaiw1ll, m —

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-

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. Want to open the opaque 0356-7 Roll 3 five on all the dice. Didn't you notice that the pattern of rooms resembles the ?ve spot side on a die? Shades of Tarzan and the frog answerin Mordon's Quest! Put the dicein the respectivecoloured slots and the case will open.

trap more

the evrl presence. Theref but the ois]ow1ng than one solution w1lI work: Start at room M. Connect

I

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Feature

__________-

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I What

the difference between a

is

single and double sided disc, and can I use a single sided one as double sided?

All manufacturers aim to produce double density discs

A double sided,

.

and the discs are then tested to see which category they should be sold

obvious/y, double sided single sided, but often a single sided disc will work in a double Sided drive. Busmess users who need reliability and use h’gh quality d9Ub/e srded sh discs, but home users W”! probably have no problems usmg single Sided discs in a double sided drive. discs can

be used as

,

_,

_

Wh at 's t h e d'ff erence between Single and double denSity and which should get forfor general use? .

'

.

I

A ain if all discs were of the 9 highest quality pOSSIb/e the density Would be 96tpi sometimes known as quad density. During certi?cation they are given the appropriate labels and as with the single/double sided question, using the cheaper discs (in this. case 48tpll usually works 0’7 ”705i drives. .

.

Q put

.

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as.

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sleeve, but this is only true of discs with cheap sleeves. —

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keep using mean?

Tpi stands for tracks per inch and is the number of tracks that were on and read from the disc as it was

'

_

,

there any advantagein havmg a disc that is welded all the way round rather thanjust sealed in spots?

Floppy discs are often bent slightly as they are put into the drive. Sort could be said that the spot welded ones are better because they allow more flexrbility. It all depends what paint the advertiser wants to put

.

.

A -

-

-

hub ring necessary or is iti'ust a gimmick that advertisers use to make us buy their diSCS?

They A makes

are

on

necessary

some

of drive but not those usually used on the Atari 8 bit. However,if you regularly use discs With hub rings -

-

-

in your drive you may find that ones without will slip

Are all discs made of the same

double srded double

material?

a

.

,,

,,

Formatting draws the tracks and sectors on to the magnetic surface of the disc and also puts other information that the disc 0 p erating

A

system needs on to it

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to

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t Th e / eve I th t can b e 100 per cen is called the c/rpping level. On bulk discs (used by software houses for disc duplication} this level is usuallyaround40percent, while for a qood quality disc the figure is 50 per '

.

read back

5.7

cent.

_

Some discs .are _thicker than .

others. Do thlck

.

dISCS

have any

advantage over thin ones? There {3 an IBM standard that determines everything about the disc, including thickness. Volume production houses and some companies attempt to save money by using thinner PVC for the sleeve. This accounts for the variation, but if ou bu a ood, branded disc y ou Zhou/d havegno problems. .

A

A

MOSt discs are made by sticking ferric oxide to the actual discs

using a

mylar base. High density discs

for the lBM PC/AT and clones use

large margin. _

cobalt and a slightly different mylar giving thema “cobbledcoating”.

—_

What is the difference between soft and hard sectored discs, and can either type be used 0" my Atari comPUtef? Both types are completely different and not interchangable. All modern discs are soft sectored which means that the sectors are recognised by software rather than by physical attributes of the disc.

A

0K to cm a note h an d s'anew; the ‘e "Fm”g hole onn overother m a Sing (I)e ?'p 'F

LTSeglzt?ivaegd

'

Discs designed to be flipped over are now available and there is' no harm in using these or normal discs with extra notches cut in the correct p/aces. There are stories that it is bad for the disc to rotate backwards in its

Disc drives respond to levels of 20 per cent and lower, so there is quite a

base

,

Q

_

Is a

.

s

does formatting do to

.

_

I

What Q disc?

over.

’ u e e ' (11,225,151 y dams/"12203220: p 1.3317ng

52233,jiica

.

'

'

sleeve. Do not put too many discs into a box or subject them to pressure in an V other form

Is

_

th t Wh aoeseermiaou t d

made

Peter Davudson asks the questlons. Steve Evans' tru3|ness development has the answers manager of Micro-stat,

Occasionally i have had discs that stick in their sleeves. What causes this and how do | avoid it?

A

Q

A

High pressure round the edge of a crimp the disc into the

disc can

to

.

.

Q

What adVice would someone purchasmg

A

high reliability 30d should therefore

.

Business

users

you_ give a disc? _

need

the use

fhtat em 0fit”; a $7503 en if?0cert?’edfo: ey ”7 P“

Home users are more concerned about the price, and providing backups are kept, reliability is not so

important. A reasonably priced sing/e density disc will probably work even as an 80 track double sided disc and even if you have to reject some, they will work out lot cheaper than double sided, double denSIty ones. The best way is to buy one of a par— ticu/ar make and see how well it performs for your applications.

a

July

7988 Atari User 21


®RN @G

Egll !.{-3§ I E I ?re I ,] l E3 5

I

I

»

”r'

I

5 53

E!

”5M

it?éiL?'x‘S’ér

NE'L FAWCEI I takes a IOOk at Atari's rearelease Of SOme CIaSS|c arcade games

H

Th e Light and the Dark

A TC h on

. n

_

Rescue on FractuluS!

~

You are about to enter the ultimate battle in the Universe-—the struggle between the powers of light and darkness. The fate of the world rests in your hands.

futuristic version of over two battlestrategy and combat grounds screens. The first is divided into squares like a chess board, with you and your opponent taking turns to move your pieces legions of mythical and legendary creaThis

.

chess

tures.

The combat screen is an enlargement ofa strategy square occupied by one of your pieces and one of the enemy’s. This is a one—on—one battle zone where opponents fight for their lives. The aim of each side is to control five power points or to annihilate the opposition. Pieces can move in one of three ways on the ground, in the air or by teleporting. A useful tip is to remember that your crea— ture will fight better on a square of its own colour however, some squares change colour throughout -

, a

,

the game. You have control of 18 pieces in your regiment, each having its own characteristics and fighting skills. This leaVes room for a lot of thought and timing to be employed during the game. To standachance of winning a conflict you will have to learn the individual abilities of

each piece. Each side is

controlled by

thegame—telepon,

I 22

heal,

desperate. The Jaggies have built defensive gun emplacements all over the craggy mountain tops and canyons and kamikaze saucers constantly buzz the whole area. If this isn't bad enough the atmosphere is pure cyanitric acid - and will burn through your spacesuit in minutes.

However, there’s always some good news. You have been given the newly modified Valkyrie Class Fighter equipped with a Dirac Mirror Shield, Etheric Navigation a computer-enhanced System viewscreenwhich allows you to see through the acid atmosphere and the AME torpedo which will destroy a target if it hits anywhere -—

near it.

This

is

the best sci-fi shoot-’em"E-

7

if.

'

a pow—

,

'

-

—~._

~ij~

a

‘Z

i'

.

4”

t; ~

a

.

'

real plane —forward on the joystick to descend and back to climb. Right and left bank you in the relevant direction. Pressing fire will launch one of your AMB torpedoes, of which you seem to have an ample supply. ln addition to the joystick controls you must learn some keyboard options. For those of you who have an XE Console without the keyboard you can use the function keys. If you are using a cornputer like the 130XE you have a choice of these or the actual keyboard. All the controls and much more are explained in the excellent manual that you receive with the game.

:3

shifttime

and many more. Archon is ideal for players of strategy games who want just a little bit more for their money. Just try it and see.

——

_—_

.

..

7

'

?r» ’“ 1:

erful magician —Wizard on one and Sorceress on the other - represen— ting good and evil respectively. Each can cast spells to affect

,

-

up crossed with a hint of flight simulator have played you can tell it’s of Lucasfilm Game design by its all-round brilliance. It's got everything: Wonderful graphics,»superb sound effects and even an alien nasty that hammers on your cockpit until it breaks and you burn to death. If you like a nice title screen on a game take a look at this one it's stunning. The game starts with you in your fighter looking forward at the launch tube of the Mothership, which is positioned above the planet. As you launch, the tunnel zooms towards you at high speed until you are ejected under computer control to descend through the yellow acid atmosphere and into battle. Now the fun begins. Manual control is returned to you and you must fly your V-wing fighter just like a I

The Earth forces are at war with the evil Jaggies who have seized control of Fractulus, the most inhospitable planet this side of the Kalamar system. Up in space the brave Ethercorp pilots have been holding their own, but down on the planet's surface things are looking a little

is a

fought

IN the January 1988 issue of Atari User I looked back at some golden oldies from years gone by. At the time of the article the new Atari XE Games System was already on sale and there was a distinct possibility that some of these old favourites would re-emerge on to the software market. However, Atari had different views on this subject and has re-released on rom cartridge five classic games formerly available on disc and

1

0 0

.

;*'_

if '

Fractulus is totally addictive and caters for the real games players among you. If you do get it have

fun, but above all: Get those spacers off the planet fast. —

,

'

'

'


D D D

cassette. They are Blue Max, Rescue on Fractulus, Ballblazer, Archon and Fight Night. In an attempt to support the 8 bit market, Atari has priced the roms at £14.99 - I remember when a Star Raiders cartridge cost £30 — which is affordable by the average man in the street. The packaging for each is beautifully presented with full colour artwork and also included is an easy-

rr.:4..ueer:w;;:*""

to-read Game Manual detailing the scenario in full. A point to bear in mind is that it is very difficult to damage a ram cartridge. Providing you don’t plug it in while the computer is still switched on, you will have a very happy medium for program storage that will last for a very long time.

,

_

?

R‘

4

Y

— 3

,,

boxing simulations. Written by Accolade last year, it offers you the chance to create a boxer and then enter into competition with other

~

pi,

1'

'

f

.

?

{gib-

7

7

shorts, that is. The game offers well animated graphics and adequate

simultaneous first-person per spec-

?ve for each player. Once the game gets gomg the sheer speed '5

,

'

sound effects.

'

awesome.

also has its

amusing moments, especially when your opponent throws one of his special punches which can be anything from spinning around to sock you one or bopping you one on the top of your It

The"? are three play m0des: ReQUIat'O” game, pfaCt'ce mode and spectator mode. A game lasts three .m|nutes and offers the f°r_ ultimate m player, head-to-

—-

head.

head

t,V_V°

competition. A very original game that offers a challenge to both your nerve and speed Of reactions. Yet another programming delight from Lucas-

'

Fight Night is an amusing and entertaining sports simulation that will give hours of fun.

film Games.

Blue

coupled with the shadow of your aircraft, gives an illusion of depth to the screen. Enemy planes con-

Max

Originally released by Broderbund softwarein 1983, the game is based around the flying exploits of Max Chatsworth, a World War fighter ace. You control Max using a joystick in his fighter-bomber biplane as he seeks revenge for the annihilation of his squadron. Your mission is to shoot down aircraft, bomb ground installations and penetratethe enemy city. Once there you must bomb the three red or blue ?ashing targets and land on the next runway to complete the game. Don’t worry if you miss a target you can land and prepare for another assault. l

-

The main play area scrolls dia-

gonally from right to left. This,

stantly buzz you and added to this hazard are anti-aircraft gun emplacements which fill the sky with a hail of flak — survival isn’t very easy. Your biplane is very manoeuvrable, allowing you to adjust your altitude at any time. This means, you can shoot enemy aircraft at any level or reduce your height to between 21 and 25 feet for air-toground strafing runs. Be very careful when doing this — if you '

.

drop below

19

feet it’s kabooml

Unlike most shoot-‘em-up games, you only have one life. However, your plane can survive hits by enemy fire or flak a number of times before it crashes. A status line at the bottom of the

an

lz'ge'olzia screen

:

moo

reports the plane’s

..

.

morb Sh°°t ‘t thrOUQh your and Opponent 5 goal. _The game “593 a split-screen S'm‘lar to the m Speed one “5?" Ace by Zeppelin thCh shows a

?

fighters. You have five different modes of construction, main event, play sparring, training and tournament. You control your boxer using the joystick and have the choice of eight different moves guard up or down, fake or throw a punch and more. In the construction mode you can create up to 24 boxers by selecting from a range of heads, bodies, feet and shorts — rather like Franken— stein did —with the exception of the

§§

a,

a.

It is the year 3097 and you are about to become a contestant in the newest and fastest cult sports game in the Universe. This is your chance to become the ultimate champion. Strapped into your Rotofoil, a hovercraft like vehicle capable of speeds °fUpF° 50 metres a second, you must gain control of the Plas-

This game helped to fill a gap that had for a long time been ignored —

v.32

efrj:“'-‘””’

i

§

-

amaze,

2 ,

.

e~.,;f

.

Flght nght

,

,

:

.

_

tzfv»

T?—lmv

con-

dition. For example, F indicates that you have a fuel leak and G means that your machine gun is damaged and will only fire intermittently. Blue Max is a fun game to play and is very addictive. i played it first time around and now it's available on rom I can recommend it to everyone. 23


mUG onl

Through the Gateway

Gateways are connections to other computers. MicroLink has a number of these, to British, European and American databases, and one which has come in fora bit of publicity recently is the USA-based Mnematics Videotex service. This offers similar features to MicroLink, but as it’s mostly used by American subscribers it is intriguingly different in style. But the number of MicroLink subscribers using the has

gateway

know

Miclil-oLinkei-s

made

an

impact. The UK SIG (Special Interest Group) has passed a message on to MUG commenting on this, and asking us for our ideas and reactions to the service. They also have online par-

their

lVlICI‘OLlnk

fellow

suggestions about the service, judging from the

enthusiastic discussions on features and performance that pepper the BB. So how about meetingS, where users can get together in convivial surroundings and perhaps get to buttonhole a MicroLink official specially imported for the occaSion? That’s the idea behind the Linkups.

So far, volunteers have said they’llorganise Linkups

in Manchester, Birmingham and London. As everything is beingsorted out on the BB, dates, times and venues

are

extremely ?exible; as things become more definite they’ll be published in Mugshot. And if the Linkups are as successful as they should be, ties;anumber ofsubscribers they could well turn into get on line at the same time regular events. and use the Mnematics For the latest details on CHAT facility to discuss Linkups, mail MAG95816 or anything that seems worth check on the board.

.

talking

about.

So if you've ever fostered secret ambition to invade America, this might be just the way to do it. a

Linkup Most MicroLink members — the active ones who regularly chat, mail and use the Bulletin Board (BB) even

'

...is one

of the

°

the

Cambridge Computer Z88 -

has

been

so

°

popular.

number of MicroLink

A

sub-

either have one or interested in the beast. And in the tradition started" Vallot-Lewis‘ by Brian scribers are

(MAG11357) Archimedes User Group, a 288 group has

started up on MicroLink. This one's organised by Vance Burton. Everybody in

the

in Sh the dark

-

Starting a small business is encouraged these days, but anyone going it alone for the soon

discovers

huge range of

a

problems bureaucratic, ?nancial and —

'

reasons

sap

O

organlsatlon

Gettlng carrled

the

QHICk!

Umbrella

first time

away

the group keeps a list of all the other members, and the Email system makes it easy for anyone to send a request for help or a new discovery to everyone else.

And if nobody in the group can solve a particular problem, then as soon as Cambridge Computer comes up with the answer it can be distributed to everyone. The Archimedes group

-

-

(MAG95816) it’s posted on the Bulletin Board (>BB) in

__

has been doing great things

since its inception. Discounts for members on a range of commercial software have been arranged, and contact made with several suppliers. It must also be the only nationwide discussion forum which is entirely free from commercial considerations; the only people making the news the users themselves.

are

the MUG category late on Sunday evening each week. It’s also sent via

MicroLink/Telecom

Gold

electronic mail to a list of people who would rather get a copy mailed to them than use the BB. This also means that Telecom Gold users who aren’t MicroLink subscribers can see what they’re missing. Again, contact MAG95816 if you fall into the latter category.

Suggestions of material for inclusion in the MUG Newsletter should sent to Rupert Goodwins on MAGSS816 24 Atari User July 1988

Group

Tortoise Trust (MAG36331) which has been offering advice and lea?ets on the ExpertLink is a new care ofthe beasts orthe Merservice aimed at both new seyside Fire Museum (MAGand established businesses. 100518), which consists of Run along the lines of the keen fire engine enthusrasts, bulletin board. it provides might sort things out. access to two teams of Other ideas currently experts, one based at the under discussion on the University College of Swan- board are chess games Via sea and the other based just Email, a poetry corner, and about everywhere. genealogy with computers. The first group consists of Someone‘s even trying to sell their latest music album; professors and lecturers with quali?cations in awide while MicroLink has made range of subjects from law to nobody a rock star “yet ergonomics. The second has there's always the first time. More mundane matters an even wider base of the MicroLink managed to get sorted out, experience like how to send mail to New subscribers themselves. Many of these run small Zealand or how to download (and not SO Small) busi- software to an IBM PC- It nesses, and have solved the just goes to show; all you have to do is ask. problems themselves. Subscribers can either [105t a question for PUbliC 0 ts dlSCUSSlOH or send it for confidential consideration by the UCS team. All" anyone can volunteer answers, or This page of news has to be pass 0" a USEfUl contact prepared weeks in advance name, or even offer a ”Nice of publication an inherent themselves. problem with such archaic technology as ink and paper. Things change fast on MicroLink. So a weekly MicroLink User Group newsletter is published on Kguyrot‘orézii’seTllsgnntl'g‘sillllvllllzst the system Th's can seen some more unusual itself. bulletin board entries, some reflect whats happening of which could conceivably faster, as well as dealing W'th solve your problem. indiwdualhproblems, For owners of incandiscussions provoking. descent reptiles, either the (hopefully.) and glvmg updates on new features. It's called Mugshot. Written by Rupert Goodwins — which can energy of even keenest start-up.

practical

and numbers, And most subscribers have questions and as names

User

be


ranging

I

to it. But be very careful, if you fall down your own hole they’ll get you or cover you with earth. Once you have collected

allowmg you

rying, collect

Broder—

bund's greatest games

and now it has been released on rom cartridge everybody can play it.

allthe gold fromaparticular level you will hear a short tune and a ladder will appear leading to the top of

The storyline involves your exploits as a highly trained Galactic Commando charged with returning a vast hoard of gold stolen by the power-hungryleaders of

the screen. Climb up it to the next level. The best part of the game is that you can create your own screens. This means the only restriction to the playability is your own imagination —the more you

the repressive Bungeling

Empire. You have just discovered the enemy’s secret subterranean catacombs and you must make your way into

MW”

"”

.

a:1 5

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”mm s;

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8938939

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keep designing the longer the game goes on. If you want to keep your newlycreated levels you must have a disc drive attached containing a blank, newly

formatted disc. Even if you don’t fancy designing your own screens the 150 levels which the game features will keep you occupied for a very long time. The packaging says there are only 75 but someone has miscounted. Your lode runner can be controlled by a joystick in port one or by the keyboard. lfound the Iatteroffers more

than enough. You can also alter the

»

of the game by pressspeed ' ' cursor left or ”gm

{233,5th

2

g.

?ght;

it’s easy to get entombed

trol+D will toggle which direction your drill works when you press fire and Control+R will endacurrent game.

If

you press Con-

troI+U it will advance you one game level.

The handiest feature can be accessed at the main title screen by pressing Select. This will move you into the Play Level select

where you

'

ControI+A will sacrifice a life if you are trapped, Con-

option

can move the joystick up or down to play any of the 150 screens. The graphics and sound effects are average and the game’s strength lies in its

playability. Never have

I

been as addicted to a game as l was with Lode Runner.

Addictiveness, playability

and the option to design your own screens make it a winner in my books. If you like a challenge buy Lode Runner, you won’t be disap-

pointed.

more

,

1?

q

=

5

5

.

n 7

’~

When you start the game you are given five lives but if you press Control+F it will increment this number to a maximum of 255 which is

a

an

a

a .

at any time.

a;

'E

n {gn’

”m

.

control when you’re in a tight situation. To change this option press Control+L

a!

”'

' ‘E

a: i

?g 2a

“ >

a}

,

.

f

?g ‘ 9a l

g‘'

a

n

I

a

M“

pock-

guards who chase you to lying on the floor or buried in the walls. You Will have to dig your way into the walls to get at it but be careful, it's very easy to entomb yourself. You have been equipped with a laser drill pistol that allows you to dig holes in the floor in which totrap the guards. When they fall in they drop any gold_they are car— ets of the

I

"

rgcover the 90k" '°°a‘

seve'a' “we? '" from tions the 'S

'?

MANY years ago whenlfirst got my Atari 800 and 810 disc drive bought a game from America called Lode Runner. At the time it was 3 disc-only game, and used to make my tape deckowning friends go green with envy every time played it. For me it is one of

and

them

Product" Lode Runner Price: £19.99 (Cartridge) Supplier: Software Express, 514-516 Alum Rock Road, Birmingham. Tel: 021-328 3585

Ray Sharp

gating

g rap lcs Playability.........................10

.

5321350me2 July 1988 Atari User 25


S

trivia

Tasteless

-

combing the

Product: Cops ’n’ Robbbers Price: £1.99 tape Supplier: Atlantis Software Limited, 28 Station Road, London SE25 5AG. Tel: 01-771 8642

‘n’ Robbers from Atlantis you play the part of the infamous jewel thief FinIN Cops

Lonegan who

gers

is

about

to break into the Acme

Diamond Company and steal all the uncut diamonds which are lying around. There is also an abundant supply in the mine, which is rumoured to be haunted by ghosts.

,

Your problems start when you set off a burglar alarm which brings the police on to the scene and they are

E

7:4?

l’lOVVf lng or you‘ You have a 45 Magnum and a “m'ted suPP'Y Of bullets with which to shoot the police as you make your way through the buildings.

Now shooting policemen is not my idea of a good thing to teach children to do. Aliens from a distant planet OK but not your neighbourhood bobby. However back to the game. After you have collec— ted the diamonds you have to take them back to your

getaway car. Your perspective of the game shows a plan view of the mine and burldlngs wrth a side view of your man which unfortunately makes -

Ghosts

45/333, j” 74/93; £3“)

area ‘OOk-

-

-

-

'

”1,715,

Q

.

2

$4134,

'

A,

'

the game look very childish. The graphics are pathetic

and the sound effects dismal. The game is playable but not for long. It appears to have been thrown together quickly to get it on tothe market. Sadly for the author and the company involved, lt s a dis-

i

-

aster. Ray Sharp

{?g/{?éig? ‘ $55?»

a!

.

$3

”§g% f (‘?i'fah A

5;

Supplier: Atlantis Software Limited, 28 Station Road, London SE25 5AG. Tel:01-7718642

if:

if’uy

.

,

_

ii

the years the heroes of many games have had stupid names. But in Spooky Castle from Atlantis feel they have gone too far. How do you fancy being called OVER

I

Gormless Gary? Now for the story. The

beautiful Princess Clare has been abducted and imprisoned by demonic ghosts deep within a castle. Rather unwisely King Michael has offered her hand, and only her hand, in marriage to the person who finds and brings her back. The local village idiot that's you decides to undertake this hazardous ”mission. So you journey through the castle trying to ——

.

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26 Atari User July 7988

, '

?iizf‘gt'ggiggg

,

,

,

,

2?

,

avoid rabid bats which drain your energy and the deadly ghosts. One thing not mentioned cassette inlay is that you can fall off the battle— on

the

ments if you get your jump wrong. There were times when I thought l had got it right, but still died. A bug in

the program? But

don'tworrytoo much,

there is always something to help you. Potions and which give you extra energy and lives are scattered around. The 17 rooms that you visit are locked and each contains the keys that will crosses

2,

4:43:

[gigging

Gages...

~

A7'l-ANTIS -—

'

Soundz 2

G’sph'f?"""""""""""""""

3 Playability........................... o Valueformone

Overallyz

eases

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start and you ll need every one. Even thoush this is a budget game I found myself wondering if it was really

worth the price. The graphics are below average and the sound effects are, to be honest, boring.

However, the main probthat it is so difficult to play. Instead of getting steadily harder as the game progresses this one starts by being dif?cult and rapidly becomes impossible. like a game that challenges my gamesmanship, but soon tired of this one. It is another platform I

game in the same mould as Ghost Chaser but not as

good. The ridiculous timing often required annoyed me, and I'm sure there could have been a better title design than just a Graphics 0 screen with writing on. it.

m,

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[£5sz ‘

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ATLANT};

irks-inst .

So,

the

mascocists

among

you may spend your £1.99 on it —but don't blame me if you end up in a padded cell through sheer frustration. Pete Wheeler

,

T ‘

50""d5

l

G’aph'f'?"---------------------"-----5

C’aly’bf'”ty4

07,53,“money""""""""'f


charms, and those are the

J’m‘te’ P"?Q’am~' _

Pnce’ £7395. Supplier; Hamblrd, 1st Floor, 74 New Oxford Street, London WC1A ”33. Tel: 01-379 5683

J

.

is all

a

2.

I

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J

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A

Atari adventures had all but dried up, along comes Rainbird with a magnificent offering. Jinxter sets you loose ina puzzle-filled universe where your luck

.

a)

54:7»...

THIS is your lucky day. Just when you might have bagun to think the supply of good

\

r

;

,

that stands

between your success and failure. The nasty green magicians have snaffled a magical charm bracelet, dismantled it and scattered the lucky pieces around the country. Your job is to them and save recover civilisation.

51

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The usual ability to save and load a game state are

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with an adventure reference card, a copy of the the

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cheese

character. As Jinxter has been written by Michael Bywater of

Punch and the Magnetic the latter Scroll's team responsible for the award winning Guild of Thieves and The Pawn you might expect it to be imaginative and funny. And it is very. The adventure comes on —

-—

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two discs and features

full—

size, attractive black and white graphics of several of the locations. These pictures can be scrolled up and down at will they simply overlay the text— by use of the Start and screen

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them to complete the epic with full marks. The program is handsomely boxed and comes

Every Silver Lining H:u;ACImid,.,

,

sandwiches on his mind, wears a herringbone overcoat, and uses such literary expressions as ”wossname", “narmean” and “doodah” and you’ll have some idea of this sullen but very funny

is a use and the seems huge -—

delight to

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words that you’ll have to use to work your magic Th e r e are lots of ima9'" atrve puzzles and stimu— Iating sequences in Jinxter. in particular, you'll enjoy solving the riddle of the bakery where you won’t be allowed to leaveuntil you’ve baked a decent loaf of

_

can’t get killed.Well, there is _

Select keys. The game is expansive — far too big to be crammed into the Atari’s memory all at once - and so makes frequent accesses to the disc. This naturally retards progress somewhat, but you can speed things up considerably by switching off the graphics. You begin on a bus and, depending on how you handle the ticket inspector and where you decide to get off, you should soon find yourself at Never Ending Lane.

At this point the Guardian should put in his first appearance. He will pop up from time to time, particularly when you are in difficulty. In fact, an unusual feature of this adventure is that you

just that

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Whenever

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danger of shuffling off this mortal coil, up pops the Guardian either with some timely advice_or to haul you out of your tribulation. BUt beware, every time he assists in this way or you put a foot wrong, you ll use and up a bit of your luck you'll need it all for the denouement. Magic, features prominently in Jinxter. Every —

_

charm you find has its own

magical ability, and the spell/charm names are like nothing you've seen before in an adventure. Vllatchercallit, Doofer, Oolimy,Th|ngy and Doodah of the are the names

which contains, among other things,ahost ofcoded clues, a staff memo and a beer mat advertising Old Moose Bolter ale.

Jinxter is beginning to

a

hoot from

end and is the

best adventure for the Atari since Guild of Thieves.

Rainbird and Magnetic Scrolls are clearly the tops when it comes to adventures for your 8 bit Atari, and Jinxter con?rms their deservedly high reputation.

This one has hit written all it. Buy it without a moment’s delay—this really is your lucky day! 305 Chappell

over

Presentation...................9 Atmosphere....................9 Puzzlement...................10 Value formoney.............9 Overall.............................9 July 1988 Atari User 27


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LEN GOLDING continues hls Basm serles by Iookmg through the graphlcs wmdow

THIS month we depart from familiar programming screen the and embark

ajourney into the world of multi-coloured graphics. We'll explain how to print coloured letters, numbers and symbols anywhere on screen, using COLOR and PLOT, and how to change their colours with the

the new screen format. examining Try running this program: 1“

.

GRNPHICS

.

blue

area at

a

GRAPHICS-1,8

?g Egigngél

upper-case, multi-coloured letters while the word READY appears

blue area. The black area

NOW the screen W'”

in the

. '

a

error

1

0

.

'

.

a

modes»

'

anew

. .

_

_

,

is a

17 and 18

graph'05 W'"d°W W'” normally be printed in upper case unless you swrtch to a_differentcharacter set as we’ll explain shortly. If you print lower case or inverse letterstry to

.

.

program.

four T9)“ '"

to:

program. The result

.

you to print letters and other keyboard characters on screen, bUt you can use only the upper case or the lower case set at any one However, the text is larger than time. in Graphics 0 and you have four colours to play With. Table I shows the screen characteristics for the new

window, so there's nowhere for graphics data to be displayed. You can remove the text window from Graphics and Graphics 2 screens by adding 16 to GRAPHICS command number. your This will give you a slightly bigger graphics-only window. Try changing line 10

and run the

.

command, or

‘hEETNvlhits?hiiv’fS'ys's£2§f§°é?m to Graphic Modes 1,2, the Graphics window.

You can’t use this command in Graphics 0, because its entire screen is one big text

.

ifa occurs. For this to reason, keep the best text W'”d°W always Wh'le you re developing reportable ”5

.

.

.

,

regain control. BaSic Will then back to Graphics 0. , Set a Similar result 'f 5 no text Window there open when BaSlC tries to execute an lNPUT

they will still come out in upper case, but the colour will change. Upper case letters will give you

. ' 0

32 Atari User July 7988

j

l

“553

'"

I

f

you transport You ”

-

_

.

,

3

Graphics but the computer stay is completely tied Up' You-have to press Break or Reset to 18,

is known as the graphics window—the small blue area is the text window. A normal PRINT command will always send its output to the text window, which is why the READY message appears down there. If you want to print in a graphics window, you anything must specifically instruct the computer to do so

.

.

in

area contains the word TEST in large,

l

large

top smaller the bottom. The black

! j

grams never come to an end — there’s always some kind of loop which keeps them running indefinitely. You can simulate this by inserting an infinite loop into our short test program:

2

The screen splits into two — black area at the and a

.

print the READY message somewhere. If there’s no text window open, it automatically jumps back into Graphics 0. This isn’t normally a probIem since games and other real pro-

SETCOLOR command. Let’s start by

.

'

bit odd: The screen goes briefly dark all over and, if you're quick, you might just see TEST printed as before, but then the screen returns to Graphics 0. It does this because Basic has to

on

.

.

we.

r

.

i


O

O

O

0 Colour Default Characters affected by register colour this colour register

'

Sample SETCOLOR command

the default colour values)

(using

Orange Upper case letters and numbers

. 1

Yellow

Lower case letters and brightness of text in the text window

2

Blue

Inverse numbers, inverse upper case letters, and text window background

. .

SETCOLOR 0,2,8

l

l

.

SETCOLOR 1,12,10

j

' .

SETCOLOR 2,9,4

.

r

'

lI-—— Table

.

I:

Colour in Graphic Modes

1

and 2

orange, lower case yellow, inverse upper case blue and inverse lower case violet. default colours can be changed These usmg ”if? SETCOLOR command Table ' gives all the relevant mef'

. .

"

matron.

Can YOU see "OW why the Word TEST came OUt as it did? Try changing the program so that the word is printed all in orange, or all in yellow‘

.

The POSlTION cornmand works Wlth WlTldOWS 30

.

very nicely graphics long as you stay within the screen

boundaries. FOF example:

.

19 GRAPHICS 20 POSITION 9,9 3G PRINT #6;"test" 1

.

will print TEST in yellow upper case letters in roughly the centre of the screen. But you can't use POSlTION to place characters in the small text

window. you standard have to to PRlNT Sh'? text |f

. .

and semicolons W'” con.to work as PRINT in both text andstatemhent grap ms

Commas .

tlnue

. .

.

wizcygfvgs '

10 GRAPHICS 2 20 PRINT ,.A,,,,B,,,.c,, 30 PRINT #6;”A"’,”B”;"C"

In each

.

want to produce any nonlayout down there you’ll build it from scratch, using start a newline and spaces to

horizontally:

case

the

comma

jump of ,

10 character

widths to the

right. The LOCATE command also works well, but it doesn’t behave in quite the same way as it did in Graphics 0. Instead of just returning an Ascii code LOCATE also tells us the letter's colour. This will be easier to understand if we first look at two new Basic

commands: COLOR and PLOT. It's unfortunate that COLOR note the spelling and SETCOLOR look so similar, since they really have very little in common. Unlike SETCOLOR, the COLOR command does not change a colour register: Instead, it specifies the parametersto be used in

.

.

l

r

5

l

.

l

i l

.

statement. Confused? Let’s look at it in more detail. COLOR and PLQT always 9° handin-hand. ln Graphics land 2, COLOR ls used to select a particular character/ colour C°ml?'_"at'°"- PLOT ls then used to pOSltlon that character on

.

.

a PLOT -

.

causes

a

.

_

screen and

print

it. For

example:

.

means something like this: Select the character whose character/ colour code is 65, then print it, in the speci?ed colour, at coordinates 9,4 of the graphics window. You can see that PLOT behaves rather like a combined POSITION and PRINT-#6; statement. It's more con-

venient because once you've specified the COLOR parameteryou can PLOT it as many times as you like, to different Turn to Page 34 P

. ,

. ’ .

Julv 1999 Amy; in.--

of;


“a“ 0

O

0

O

if you run this program:

4 pm," pays 33

positions on screen. But how do we know what COLOR code to choose for a particular character/colour combin-

.

Table ll. The only colours you can choose from are those currently held in colour registers 0 to 3. Let’s assume that they are holding their default colours, shown at the top of each column in

. -

ation? For the answer

Table

‘ . .

—-

you will get an orange letter A printed at centre screen. If you change the COLOR number to 225, the AwiII turn violet. Experiment with different values in the COLOR and PLOT commands until you feel comfortable with the upper case character set and can print any of the 64 characters, in any of the four colours, anywhere on screen.

look it up in

II.

We're

using the upper case charac— ter set, so ignore the lower case (LC) columns for now. Every one of the 64 upper case characters gives you a

CDLDLR

.

38 39 40

.

41

42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

. . ‘

51

52 53 54 55

.

56

57 58 59 60

. -

. . 0

34 Atari User July 7988

61

62 63

o 1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

' ‘

l

.

128 1 29 1 30

. .

nnn—--

64

32 1 33 134 135 136

1

131 1

65 166 167 168 1

169 170 171

72 173 1

175 176 177

20

178 179 180

21

181

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

182 183 1 84 185

31

191

A

71

72

100 10 1

102 103

.

a +

s

141

"

.

__

78

.

79

1

9

80

1

.-

El

73 74

-

.

/ 0

75 76

_

'

l

77

82

2 3

-

4

o

B3 84

5 6

-

85

151

7

1-

52 153 1 54

8 9

e

86 87 88

|

89

-

90 91

f

(

9B 99

138 139 l 40

1

189 190

/ \

66

67 68 69 70

1 1

'

a

96 97

104 105 106 107 1 08 109 1 10

147 148 149 150

B6 187 188

7.

64 65

)

146

1

"

0 s

lI J

156 157 158 159

=

3

< =

4-

l

g f 1

>

0-

?

4

92

121 1

22

123 124

93

t 126 127

=

»

192 1 93 1 94

224 225 226

e

0

A B

195 96 1 97 198

227

C

228 229

a b c d e

1

199 200 201

202 203 204

205 206 207 208 209 210 21 1 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223

D

E F

1

f q h i

234 235

J

j

K

k

236

L n

l

230 231 232

233

237

238 239 240 241 242

G

H

N

0 P Q

244 245 246

T

t

u v

u v u

248 249

w x v

250

z

251

t \

252 253

254 255

. .

. ‘ .

x

y z 9

.

'

|

A

n 4

_

p

J

.

p q r 5

247

n o

s

R

.

m

243

Upper-case set Lower-case set These codes are not used

LC = 1“

20

94 95 UC

Table II: Character codes used with the COLOR command

11

12 113 114 1 15 1 16 117 1 18 119 1

l ,

137

142 143 144 145

174

o !

|

.

mmmmm-

160 1 6 1 1 62 163

l

i

COLOUR REGISTER

REGISTER

mmmmmm 32 33 34 35 36 37

i

nn?—--

.

,

.

0 That's enough for now. Next month we’ll take another look at the LOCATE statementandgive youasimp/egame to demonstrate the techniques we’ve covered so far.

choice of four different code numbers, each corresponding to a different colour. The code for a yellow ! is ‘l, a blue ? is 191 and an orange A is 65.80

.

.

lit GRAPHICS 2 21 COLOR 65:PLOT 9,1.

. ' 0


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——_____—___—__

ht (9

l For

A

number

and old readers allke checksum program and

new

of readers have written

asking what the strange tables of figures alongside each listing in the magazine are used for. Well they're designed to show you where an error is in a line you have just typed in. They work in conjunction with a special program last printed in the November 1987 issue of Atari User.

Since probably quite a number of new readers won’t have seen the original article we have decided to reprint it for their benefit and for those of you who missed it the first time around. In fact, this version is slightly shorter, since it no longer stores the 255 byte bUffef area WhiCh was in any case overwritten by data as soon as the program was used. Get It Right ii is a checksum generator program written completely in machine code for high speed oper~ ation and ease of use. There is no need for YOU to constantly save and reload your program since it sits permanently in memory always ready for —

USS-

In addition it does not require the use of page six, or indeed any of the zero-page locations, making it com-

patible with almost any program you might tYDE! in. The ?fStthiNQ YOU need to do istype in the program listing. This is a fairly simple Basic pregram which will create a boot cassette or autorun disc containing the Get it Right routine itself. You should

be

especially careful

the DATA Since tyrping t ey contain mac titatemercijts ine CO e routines which must be entered accurately for the program to run atall. When you re sure you ve typed it in correctly, run the program and you will be asked if you want to make a in

when

cassette

-

-

or disc versron. accordingly and the

Press

C

computer

or D YVi“

prepare the appropriate machine code. This will take roughly 40 seconds. Cassette users should now 36 Atari User July 1988

.

,

explaln

To makea GIR ”d’sc ve’S’O” _

,

.

Format a new disc and write yourown choiceof Dos files to it _for example using the H option on the Dos 2.5 menu . Boot the system with this disc in place

. Type

in and run the program. Select option D for disc . The file AUTORUN.SYS will be written to the disc in drive one. This disc will now become your GIR

You

||

Master Disc.

create a different ?lename by altering line 3030—see your Dos manual for possibilities. could

placeafresh tape in the recorder and wind it to the beginning. When you hear the two beeps press the Record and Play buttons followed by the Return key. The computer will now create an autoboot tape version of GIR II for you. This will take another 45 seconds. Disc users should make sure there is a formatted Dos disc in drive one with at least 10 free sectors available for the AUTORUN.SYS file which will be created. This disc will become your new boot disc so you should have already written any Dos files you require to it— Option H on the Dos 2.5 menu. This checksum routine has been

designed to work with most types of Dos with a LOMEM value below $3000 —such as Dos XL or SpartaDos

|t |n detall

the full Basic program again. Instead you should use the master disc or boot tape which you havejust created each time you power the system up. The disc version is automatic simply turn the computer on with your newlycreated GIR Il master disc in drive one and the checksum program will load into memory. Cassette users should place their new GlR II boot tape in the recorder, rewind it to the beginning and press Play. Then turn the computer on while holding down the Start button and press Return after the beep. Loading will take about 45 seconds, after which the checksum program will initialise itself. You should not hold down the Option button when loading GIR ll. After loading is complete using either disc or tape you will see the —

message:

followed by the normal READY prompt. Obtaining a checksum from the new be $‘mp'er' After sysiem °°“'.d”t .

you ve typed m the BaSlC program you W'Sh to Chec" V0“ Shou'd enter the command: ,,

and the checksum screen“

W'” appear 0“ the .

_

.To momentarily stop S'mp'y use the C°”"°'+1

_

and

start lt keVS '” the

and it

will automaticall ad'ust itself to suit your particular milemolry configuration. if you don't wish to the final save program as an autorun file you could alter the filename on line 3030 to suit your own system. SpartaDos users could call the file D:GIR.COM and it when required by simply access typing GIR from the command processor, From this point on you won’t need .

superfast

our

reprint

we

To

makea GIR/[cassette versron -

. Type

in and run the program. C for cassette . Rewind a fresh tape then p ress Record and Pla y. H'It Return when asked Q The program will take about 45

Select option

-

-

22222: y‘gufz’?i Jug;sfill: T"a°"" pe


way as you would with any other listing or hit the Break key to abort it completely. Alternatively you can specify output to a printer by entering: same

System Reset will not harm them at all. In fact,apartfrom the fact that your free memory space has been reduced by 882 bytes, you will probably never even notice that the checksum routine is loaded. Dos 2.0 and 2.5 users should note that going to the Dos command menu will overwrite the memory space used by Get It Right n, In order to retain the routine when returning to Basic you should make sure you have enabled the MEMSAV facility on your boot disc. This is the default condition when using Dos 2.5 with a 130XE

load G’R ” from tape every time you turn the computer 0" —

7,0

Place! VOW GIR ll M3315“

Tape into the cassette recorder, rewind if and press Play . Turn 0" the computer Wh?e 110]de dOW“ 1“? Start button bUt NOT th? Option button . After the slngle beep press the _

You will notice that each line consists of three parts. The first is the line number in question followed by the actual three-digit checksum. This segment is the most important since it will always match the value printed in the magazine if you have typed the entire line correctly. The final digit on the line—enclosed in brackets is a special cumulative check digit. This gives a quick estimate of the running total of the checksums given so far in the listing. Any lines following one containing an error will also have the wrong cumulative digit. You can use this feature to help you find any errors by simply looking through this final column until you find a mismatch. You will notice that most checksum lines consist of both numbers and letthere won't be ters, but don’t worry any eights to confuse w'th zeros, or —

"

33‘th key

. Waltforthe Loaded 0K message and the READY prompt. completely because the program might need to branch to it using a

GOTO or GOSUB statement. You can even use GIR H to test individual lines _ such as a block of DATA statements you might have been having trouble with. To check a single line say 1000 type: _

_

and to check to 500) type:

a

blOCk

Of

lines (say 100

ramdisc.

More advancedprogrammers might

.

be interested in the assembler source code listing for Get It Right II which we printed in the December 1987 issue of Atari User. See Page 61 for the backissue order form. 0 So that’s it — a faster and much

improved checksum program. As you will have noticed, all program listings in Atari User are accompaniedby GIR l/ checksum tab/es, so hopefully even

of you will now easier to get it right.

find it even

more

.g To checksum

a

program to the

screen, use:

LlST"G:" ’. To checksum a program to the printer, use: LIST "G:P” 0 To checksum a single line to the ~

.

.

screen, use:

'LlST“G:", line-no

;

C To Checksum

printetlg§GQGPH. ”newt, . T0 checksum a range of lines to the 50,5385}: US? LlST G: . first-fine-no . laSt' line-no O To'checks‘tim a range of lines to the printer, use: LlST “G:P” , ?rst.[ine-no last. ,

t,

,

,,-,,e_,,o

-

-

-

~

mdeed any 0th” tr'Cky d'g'ts em” sufh one andthe “mar " zero and the 2' These are O or two the letter and always avonded by the programas

To make

typing easier for you,

anything coming after a ment will be ignored by

To load 61]? II from disc every time you turn the computer on

km“!

0

the values ”0m the Whaf‘ prevnous lines would have been. When CheCk'”9 thrOUQh selected "m,“ Of a program, ONLY |°°k at the main three-digit part of the checksum. 30th cassette and dISC are versnons completely protected from accudental erasure — typing NEW or pressing

>

.

Place your 613 ll Master Disc into drive one 0 Turn on the computer. Do not hold down either the Start or Option buttons 0 Wait for the Loaded 0K message and the READY prompt. ,

line to the

a single

.

However, don't forget that the cumulative check digit will be incorrect in such cases as it obviously can’t

REM stateGIR ll. Thus

the two ?nes;

— m and:

would produce the same checksum value — CP1. However, don't feel tempted to leave the line out

uuunuuu?uuuuuu?

1

REM

2

REIT

3

REN

4

RE!

COPYRIGHT:

ATARI

USER

5

REA

llRITl’EN BY:

ANDRE

mm

6

REM

VERSION DATE:

11/4/88

7

REA

8

REM

9

REM

GET-IT-RIGHT:VERSION 2.1

3“

REM

310

?

LEASE 1988

CASSETTE READING DATA

CHR$(156);"

"

P

llAIT";

328 REST=6MzGDSUB 488 338 REST=1888zeosus 488 348 REST=888:Gosua 488

35l SIZE=PEEK(ADR(A$1*1J*128

~

Hunt“uuuuunuuun

360 5010 “an 488 RH! READ DATA

58 MN ASMDDD):A$(1)=CHRS(D):AS(4IIB)

418

=CHR$(D):AS(2)=AS

,255

135 GRAPHICS N:POKE 752,1z? :? "GET-IT II CREATOR PROGRAH 112.1" ”A ? :? Copyright (8) Atari User, 3988” " 129 ‘2 :? :? llritten by Andre Hi

426

tley’

488 478

-RIGNT

mo

MEMORY

CHK=D:HULT=1:RESTORE

A:IF A=-1

READ

435 IF A=SDE

THEN

REST:POKE 764

THEN

ADD=ADDt 46356: 5010 420

~

:? :? ::1 came CASSETTE ( C) OR DISC (D)?"; 149 POKE 764,255:ADD=ADR(A$) 1“ IF PEEK(764)=58 THEN 2BD:REN DISC lé? IF PEEK(764)=18 THEN 3M:REH CASS

138?

175 SOTO 250

~

:?

REM

153 DISC

211? CHRS(156);"

READING

LEASE HAIT'; 228 REST=588z80588 488 238 REST=1DBD:GOSUB 4M 248 REST=7M=GOSUB 488

520 ggg-gggaADMAS)

DATA

--

P

448

POKE

ADD,A:ADD=ADD+1:CHK~=CHK+(A*HH rm HULT=1

LT):HULT=HULT+1:IF HULT>8 459 GOTO 628

A:IF

READ ?

:?

A=CHK

z? :1 "DATA

men

RETURN

ERROR

SOHEHHERE

A

LINE ";REST:? :? "*** PLEASE CHEC K EACH DATA LINE ***":? :END SW REM DISC HEADER 512 DATA 255,2’55,D,48,285,52,-1,229A*f 6” REM CASSETTE HEADER FTER

616

DATA

7”

REM

;

B,1D,25D,67,205,52,-1,2295 DISC FOOTER

DATA 76,52,59,255,255,224,2,225,2, 8,48,-1,5929 8M REN CASSETTE FOOTER

710

818

am 165,12,133,2,185,13,133,3,t88 Tum to page”, .

July

1988 Atari User 37


‘F’°’"

,2,169,234,145,2,136,16,251,2'4,96,-1,6 465 990

REM

MATN

PROGRAM

DATA

1000 DATA 76,61,52,27,48,75,48,81,48,8 4,48,75,48,75,48,76,76,48,0 1010

DATA

18,48,141,21,48,16I,2,177,36,201,58,20 1020 DATA 20I,177,36,201,155,240,20,20 ”1,83,240,16,201,69,240,12,201,80,208,5 ,141,25,48,240,8,160 1030 DATA 139,96,169,83,141,25,48,160, 1,96,160,137,96,160,146,96,172,21,l.8,1 92,255,240,243,153,116 1040 DATA 50,201,155,240,35,238,21,48, 208,228,168,162,0,‘l73,25,48,201,80,21.0 ,10,173,7,228,72,173 1050 DATA 6,228,72,152,96,173,55,228,7 2,173,54,228,72,152,96,160;0,140,21,48 ,140,19,48,140,20 1060 um 48,140,24,48,140,22,48,1A0,2 3,418,240,106,160,255,200,185,116,50,20 1,155,240,4,201,32,208 1070 DATA 244,192,5,176,14,14?,26,48,1 69,32,32,104,48,172,26,48,2M,208,238, 160,0,140,26,48,185 1080 om 116,50,201,32,240,l3,201,155 ,240,9,32,104,48,172,26,48,200,208,233 ,169,32,32,104,48,173 1090 DATA 20,48,“,124,74,74,168,185,1 7,50,32,104,48,173,20,48,41,3,10,1?,19 ,14‘|,26,48,173 110. DATA 19,48,“,224,\74,74,74,74,74, 13,26,48,168,185,17,50,208,9,185,116,5 0,201,155,240,143 1110 DATA 208,63,32,104,48,173,19,48,4 1,31,168,185,17,50,32,1I4,48,169,32,32 ,104,48,169,40,32 112I DATA 104,48,173,18,48,41,31,168,1 85,17,50,32,104,48,169,41,32,104,48,16 9,155,32,104,48,152 1130 DATA 72,169,0,168,153,116,511,200, 208,250,104,168,96,240,184,152,72,136, 136,136,185,116,50,201,58 1140 DATA 240,4,201,32,208,28,162,3,20 0,185,116,50,221,9,50,208,17,202,208,2 44,104,168,173,23,48

7168169170

45,208,200,208,24B,238,187 1490 DATA 52,230,209,202,208,238,230,2

185,26,3

02,-1,447146

240,40,201,71,240,7,200,200, 200,192,33,208,240,169,0,141,231,2,133 ,14,133,128,169,0,141 121.0 DATA 232,2,133,15,133,129,162,9,1 69,0,157,18,48,202,16,250,96,169,3,153 ,27,3,169,48,153 1250 DATA 28,3,169,71,153,26,3,208,210 ,500,16,48,93,48,160,48,194,48,84,49

3000 3010

1230

gzgster 5,035:

an _

DATA

1300

REM

1360

DATA

256-BYTE

K?ystone Caper: River Raid Boarding $kate enms .

33mm.

Fire?ghter Freeway Ghoubustevs

so-Hm

943110810111"!

.

N°?hw°°¢ D"W'-

38 Atari User July 7988

REM

3030

OPEN ’.’

HERE

764,255:?

R

PLAY

#

SAVE

CHR$(156);"PRESS HIT RETURN";:0PEN 301.0 DISC

AND

T0

#1,8,0,"D:AUT0RUN-SYS" SAVING DATA CHRS(156);"

49,180,48,2~05

3120

MN 48,216,48,230,48,16,49,28,49

“11299 Jungle Hunt G elaxier Spider Fighter Private Eye Riddle of the Spin:

xxx?"

Missile Command sou Solar FOLSMUH

THE TAPE CENTRE SA‘OPSMG: Louohborouah. LeicS- L512 9SL

-

P

853,B

BUFLO=ADR(A$)-(BUFHI*256):POKE 85

2,BUFL0 3130 LENHI=INT(SIZE/256):POKE

857,LENH

I

LENLO=SIZE-(LENHI*256):POKE 856,L

3140 ENLD

3160:FOR

3150

RESTORE

PDKE

1536+I,A:NEXT I

3160 3170

DATA

I=0

TO

5:READ A:

104,162,16,76,86,228

l=USR11536>

3200 CLOSE #1:POKE 752,0 FILE COMP 3210 ? CHRS1156);“ LETE”:? :? :? :? ”DON'T FORGET TO LOAD IT EACH SESSION”:?

DATA 48,254,48,206,49,214,49,229, 49,239,49,200,49,217,49,226,49,248,49,

Mam“ Skin

3020

CASSETTE

3040 LEASE HAIT"; 3100 POKE 850,11

191,48,208,48,241

at‘erp

T0

1,8,128,”c:”:60T0

1410

AND

,

SAVE

3110 BUFHI=INT(ADR(A$)/256):POKE UFHI

096991“! Please state 2nd dioicodposslble Please make Cheques/Postal Orders payable to The Tape Centre. Overseas add 2150. NOTE NEW Full price is! please send S.A.E.

29

AREA

POKE

ECORD

,38,49,50,A9,55,49,60,49,33,49,101,49, 172,49,31,48 1380 DATA 140,48,143,48,219,48,233,48, 244,48,19,49,41,49,223,49,232,49,235,4 9,242,49,245,49,251 1390 DATA 49,34,48,86,48,100,48,137,48 ,149,48,116,49,132,49,187,49,152,48,11 1,491137,49,144,49 1400 DATA 180,49,146,48,209,49,255,49, 6,5I,64,48,74,48,108,48,175,48,183,48,

Dive?

ET

Juwum

BUFFER

REM

98,49,125,49,155,49,169,49,2 03,49,7,49,68,49,227,48,2,49,25,49,47, 1370

ALL CaldornnGames Summer Gema WinterGames Pole Position Gaze .

Hero

23212321208/224116214/16E181185/3148/1

DATA

ATTENTION ALL ATARI zsoo OWNERS Grand

DATA 2I1,32,45,32,76,111,97,100,1 01,1I0,32,79,75,155,155,0,169,60,141,2 ,211,160,0,152,72 1440 DATA 185,30,52,240,8,32,104,48,10 4,168,200,2I8,241,104,165,12,141,50,50 ,165,13,141,51,50,173 1450 DATA 231,2,133,208,141,100,50,24, 105,114,141,71,50,173,232,2,133,209,14 1,105,50,105,3,141,80 1460 DATA 50,56,169,3,229,208,133,203, 169,48,229,209,133,204,56,169,49,229,2 03,133,12,169,S0,229,204 1470 DATA 133,13,162,0,160,0,189,116,5_ 1,133,205,189,117,51,240,20,133,206,56 ,177,205,229,203,145,205 1480 DATA 200,177,2I5,229,204,145,205,

71,72,74,75,76,77,78,80,81,8 2,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,32,52,18,160,0, 1220

THE TAPE CENTRE ALLA‘l’mje

199,200,21zf1731201 1430

.

OPENING OFFER AT

Penman Midnight Magic Boxing ChopporCommand

'

'

0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,169,0,141,

8,3

JR

93,50,3,48,5,48 1420 om 7,483,118,”,48,13,48,0,l,15 5,199,197,212,173,201,212,173,210,201,

DATA 208,82,173,22,48,208,77,240, 145,104,168,185,116,50,201,34,208,17,1 73,22,48,208,61,173,23 1160 DATA 48,73,1,41,1,141,23,48,208,4 9,152,72,136,136,136,136,185,116,50,20 1,58,240,4,201,32 1170 DATA 208,30,162,4,200,185,116,50, 221,12,50,208,19,202,208,244,173,23,48 ,208,1‘l,169,1,141,22 1180 DATA 48,208,4,169,0,240,137,104,1 68,169,0,141,27,48,185,116,50,141,26,4 8,174,24,48,240,9 1190 DATA 14,26,48,46,27,48,202,208,24 7,173,18,48,77,27,48,77,26,48,141,18,4 8,173,19,48,24 1200 DATA 109,26,48,141,19,48,173,20,4 8,109,27,48,141,20,48,200,206,24,48,16 ,188,169,7,141,24 1210 DATA 48,208,181,77,69,82,65,84,65 ,68,79,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,65,6

1150

P399 37

'

3220

END

W935?)

I:Emi????

Sole distrlbmonofthefollqwing Aiavixuxe militias:

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ming.andellertex1e1c.i1 mw?mm?wmmf ESSAM'W" mm‘m?ézlz?gx actual progremthatyouaro ou wTsh.Cany%‘iv20dventuarle on mse?ewithAullinstmctionslov

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ONLY $9.95

SOFTSCAN retai the (UN eoTAIariso?ware on ROM. CASSETTE andDISKA All titles are I! DISCOUNT price. Wrzl?so have a mptehensive Ibrary 01 PUBLIC DOMAIN so?ware for the XL/XE on low priced disks. Send large SAE lot further details FREE with ul orders worm-TEN GREAT GAMESONDISKoraQual'g!GAME TAPE!"


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NEIL FAWCEI'T

?

underground

~

wer Id team The Atari

famous

.

UMBRELLA at the ready, I journeyed to Manchester seeking Atari World. The long time Mecca for Atari users inthe North West, and still one of the biggest stockists of 8 bit products, it is also the home of Red Rat software. As a stranger to the city I had every excuse for getting lost — so promptly did, eventually discovering Atari World on Fennel Street near Victoria Station only after had walked past it twice. My excuse being that the prema subterises are below street level which provided location ranean inspiration for the name of the softI

I

ware house. Inside I met Charles Partington, Don Rigby and Karen Sutherland who run the shop and software scene. There also was Bryan King, the in-house artist, busy with various tasks. '

Unfortunately Harry Nadler, Atari

u

i,

£5,222

“a” "

Q

(£1122;

1

n

e w

.

cl f’

and one of the original partners in Atari World, was away ill. He and Charles Partington formed the company and opened ther shop in 1985. In those days Atari World was

becoming

trip a

house

actually draw in 256 colours. Panic was authored by Don Rigby— a freelance writer at the time — and it surprised everybody by being a huge. success. Sold as a back-to-back tape — it had a Commodore 64 version on the B side — Panic was number one in the French software charts for six weeks

purely 8 bit orientated, catering for what turned out to be a large market populated by devoted users. A profitable first year provided the for

a

to Visit

software

fanatic

impetus

takes

and eventually sold around 4,500

further

copies at £3.99.

involved in the Atari market. With all those customers walking through the door every day the situation was tailor-made for software marketing, and so Red Rat was born. The _first two titles released were

The back—to-back tape idea was subsequently copied by several companies and has proved an ingenious money spinner. This cleverinnovation caught the eye of P.S.L Marketing who approached Red Rat at a computer show in London and began distributing its games. In the summer of 1987 the market changed. P.S.L decided it didn’t want

Technicolour _Dream and Ranlc Dream is an Express. Technicolour artist program written by Keith Watterson and DaV'd Forward that puts to use the Atari’s tremendous graphics capabilities. With it you can

Tum to Page 40 >

+

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_

;=§T_—sé ;.:_

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.——_—-—'""‘

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7

Demonstration pictures created by Technicolour Dreams

e—

'

J

N

7

.

July

1988 Atari User 39


.

4 From Pa 98 39 any mOres b'It

in Prescot

x?'k ere '3Rd0ne edR

'

'

'

Mersevside r

and

teh

houses, This R at Other Companres as

r

proge??gtz?écst??ware "9 not Only Red

b Ut an awful IOt Of two 9 raphiact t the sasrlésrirsogtrarrm?rs 0' weIL moment I much of around the ST due igeavpzrlblrevowes em with B'gby sa'di "We intend to car OnDonthe' 8 for the 8 bit Ate?) d'Str'bUtiOHmi in tmgltcgig rSeea soféware Trig well despite e future W e 3'50 plan One big rf’aiiizisicdomlg to releas e s peed RUn Ve s°°n and as become very ap. t Kery TV d'lf‘flcult to 9 et h Old of enough 8 b-'t have several 0 th er “has '" mind h afdware to sell c assene dad‘s, 850 “0 “' malor Worry is dist rl'b utlon |f , we c interfaces '. A ta” SMM 801/804 p_ ri n t ers t° the pe°p'e and 1050 d 's° dr'VeS would 90 IIke hot who re s ”0 mm in w rl't'lng _

rod

got

Microdealer Intpernaltjicotzslctgid 3"R3:e its _

-

-

goods, further Upheavals it now 3 e l| S tAhfter I‘0u h SOftWare DiStfi'

,

ThéJCQtrfd and downs of lon companies Swapping distgiubsultlps didn’t Stem the flow of new tltles bUtion?

.

'

Many gam

as were

released

notable

among them Scr eam'"9 Wings ' Lazar Hawk S pace Lo AStfo one of the fgflfleléitgames nd was gm'd' pace Lobsters wh' '° h was °”9'"allv .

.

,

_

.

called Ooh eckl

_

.

.

_

-

-

'

.

.

Scream)” 9 ngS -

.

$0|d

well,

and a a'in offers excellent value f or mgOney, W8 now av allable o n a Compllatlon dlsc or c aSSette '

-

.

_

'

Toda y aIIth

e

-

.

Software development

.

_

if“?

'

.

-

'

~

-

-

_

'

-

illi?fiseplmm

.

"

'

cakes.

It.

UnfortUnatel y' th e |'k es of the

1050 are virt uaIl |m posSIbIe t° °bta'" and the late arrhl/ a of the new Ata h d ”V8 I8 Causmg a prob|em 8 bit Another big r bl '

-

'

.

'

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|

Astro Droid _ m Y f' lrst major gam es reV- lew ln Atari User — i s a SUP?fb shoot-’em-up with excel) Hawk didn’t sell sgtvgf?phlcg e as it 3L?zer ould' which is Surprlsrn 9 as -t-IS Well written and ve rY addlctlv 6" .

.

.

software. Eve?)othgzn9 ?on?erns t e games Atari w orld Stocks sen Very well, lt IS pract‘ IcaIIy Imposs b) e to get a dlstribut or t? take 0” any 8 bit Ata Ware. Th|s ls the main reas On t?e he“ ind the de 0 |‘ me In that are a. It’s not the qu3||tY ° f the games or the n coming OUt' it's g?es' lstrlbutors not taking simplirggvevrnzo .

.

.

.

_

'

'

_

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,

.

-

W'th DO“ Rigby and s Wlth 0th er cornpanles .ympathlse sharmg the .Sam§3 DFObIem. It’s a shame At b't maChineS have never hagn?? e recognition th eV d eserve — after all .t h ey are the b eSt 8 b'‘t mlCI’Os ev er prOdUCGd and the y l Ve YOU can

on-Iy ag-ree

.

-

earned

the" reputation over nearly 10 .

years, the 900d news rs th at the f rlendly bunch OfAtarlabltfanat' are determined to biasing zinizelvitregt at IS now a rather unfriendly market. H

°Wever

.

'

-

.

_

cost much does it go on Telex?way and buy a dedicated Telex

How

will machine. The cheapest also need a will You conventional Cheetah). You could go the dearest £2,892 (the That's a total outlay Whisper), the £404 a year rental. install, plus cost you £1,604 (the to costing £l01 VAT.) line, include to separate telephone a minimum of £2,109. (All prices of use your computer over the first year Atari users are doing

to

what more and more telephone! Or you could do use your ordinary machine. And just Telex double as a

_

tru

th

How into

Atari

my do I turn machine? a Telex communications software

(see

the

to MicroLink. modern and appropriate and a subscription All you need ls a in this issue), a telephone, Atari users on to advertisements of services available teleshopping, number of a growing as it happens, go round Telex is just one also read the news electronic mail right you can MicroLink and With MicroLink. send telemessages much more." user and group, closed micro create your own directly into your download free programs .

.

.

the world,

a

-

Ou

_

why

use

Telex?

Today between businesses. of instant communication more than 2 million means and Because it's a standard in use in Britain it's just as quick Telex machines business communications there are 150,000 of every up speeds hard copy a dramatically have because you worldwide. Telex far more efficient, but as using the phone records. Telex that the "conversation" for your use MicroLink for get when you bonus you a big But there's doesn't offer. receive Telex conventional way office to send or HAVE to be in your even a portable). don't home (or at you With MicroLink use your computer for you as easily waiting can just Telex messages messages. You there are any whether can check business efficiency? So now you How's that for your anywhere, anytime. Page 6

But

_ 40 Atari User July 1933


Programming

WELCOME to Software Solutions. Let’s kick off straight away with a

letter from Mr J.L. Magrath from Dewsbury in West Yorkshire who writes: Can

you please help me

by

6 explaining how to produce more

interesting sound effects on the Atari than the Basic SOUND statement

raised in your letter. Firstly, sound is created by our good friend the POKEY chip and controlled

points you’ve

internally via

series of special memory registers located between addresses $0200 and $D20F. When you issue a SOUND command Basic adjusts these locations accordingly in order to create the tone you require. However, the POKEY chip is far more versatile than a simple four parameter SOUND command could ever hope to be, so you’ll need to POKE some of these registers directly in order to give more flexibility to your a

allows? After all, four programmable voices immediately suggests harmonisation. The problem is that to harmonise tunes pitched at commonly used frequencies requires bass notes below the Atari’s normal range. / would also be interested to know how the sound is generated and so appreciate why there are a finite number of discrete notes rather than an in?nitely variable scale.

value between zero

Advanced sound production is something which we plan to do a feature on in a future issue of Atari User, but in the meantime let’s discuss the

the limit of 255 tonal steps with the SOUND command. Let’s do a quick translation of a normal SOUND command into internal register values. When you type

,

$D200 (53760)

AUDF1

$0201 (53761)

AUDC1

$0202 (53762)

AUDF2

$0203 (53763) $0204 (53764)

AUDC2 AUDF3

$0205 (53765) $0206 (53766)

AUDC3 AUDF4

$0207 (53767) $0208 (53768)

AUDC4 AUDCTL

$020F (53775)

SKCTL

Figure

I:

four registers is controlled by two locations in memory, one for the frequency and the other for the volume and distortion value see —

control registers are Figure one byte long, and can only accept a I.

These

and 255

Channel one audio frequency (as SOUND 0,freq,n,n) Channel one control (lowest four blts = Volume, highest four hits = Dlstortlon) audlo frequency (as SOUND ,

Clhlaerzlnfelntwo

Channel two control (as for channel one) Channel three audio frequency (as SOUND 2,freq,n,n) Channel three control (as for channel one) Channel four audio frequency (as SOUND

glflraerfnZinfL Ul’ control

attiio

Sound control registers

music. Each of the

(as for channel one) control register (filters, clock rates,

Serial port control (POKE with 3 to remove any |eft_°ver cassette |/O sounds)

hence

SOUND 0,75,10,8 you are accessing internal sound register number one. This

is because

internal numbering

starts at one whereas Basic, for some reason, starts at zero — thus SOUND 3,0,0,0 would affect internal register four, not three.

The frequency value 75 in our example is placed straight into the AUDF1 register $0200. The volume value (8) and the distortion control (10) must then be combined together before they can be placed into the AUDC1 register $D207. To do this, simply multiply the distortion value by 16 and add it to the volume level. This would would give 10 times 16 (or 160) a total value of 168. plus 8 Before setting these locations it’s always a good idea to POKE 53775,3. This is required because the POKEY chip is also responsible for handling the output frequencies for the cassette l/O, and a value of three stored in this register will reset POKEY ready for normal audio use. —

When you do a SOUND 0,0,0,0 Basic will initialise AUDCTL(location $D208) to zero. It is this action which limits your audio flexibility. Figure II shows the available functions of AUDCTL.

powerful of all the audio registers. |t wou|d take too |ong to explain it in full, but briefly it controls the clock frequency used to generate tones, plus the polynomial counters which divide those. tones into small packets to Q'Ve speC|a| sound effects or d's' _

tortlons. Basically at higher clock frequencies the notes you hear will also become higher. The normal c|ock frequency is 64 kHz' so if you alter this to 15 kHz by .

$21?gczg'fgbiggsggrnenai';thseormf 00mm?“ W'“ be?°m_eln a'°We'number Wlth .

Slmllarly, POKElng

Turn to Page 42 > July

1988 Atari User 41


o

Programmm

-

-

the SOUND command. Bits one, two and seven of this register control the filter system, and are only of use if you want to create distorted special effects

4 From Page 41 32 added to it will switch register one to 1.79 MHz, thus giving a much higher tone from that register only. Adding 64 can do the same for sound register three, although registers two and four will always remain at the default rate. Don’t forget that the SOUND command will always zero this control register. If you don't want to POKE aII of your values directly into the frequency registers you should place your POKE 53768,N somewhere after

will join channels one and two. You may then use the two jomed_ freto control a smgle quency registers the second one glvmg coarse pitch control while the first allows fine adjustment. The short program listing given Will demonstrate this effect. Note that have only set the volume on one of the sound registers and only selected the 1.79 MHz clock_rate. Hopefully, this WI“ have given you something to ponder over and you might find a bit of experimentation will give you some amazmg results. —

sounds.

The final two bits in the register, bits three and four, will probably be the most useful ones to you. They allow you to link up two of the sound registers to act as a single 16 bit sound generator with an available frequency range from 0 to 65535 — covering roughly nine octaves. Adding a value of 8 will join channels three and four while a value of 16

AND

1

2

3 5 6 7

+1 +2 +4

Switch main clock rate from 64 kHz to 15 kHz High pass filterfor channel two, clocked by channel four High pass filter for channel one, clocked by channel

+8

three Join channels three and four (use as one 16 bit register) Clock channel three with 1.79 MHz Clock channel one with 1.79 MHz Switch 17 bit poly counter to a 9 bit poly counter

+32 +64 +128

,

.

_

LINK

1.5

poxg

ET

vow“

752,’l

hammer new

20 sauna

0

.

I

13 GRAPHICS 0:POKE

3“

_

CHANNELS

resisreas

All!)

ONE

THO

53761,160:POKE 53765,168:REH on CHANNEL

no

PURE

AND

on 3073 annggLs 55 FOR COARSE=Q T0 255 68 mg m 255 gm:

S

WM

3

n 33

“up; ssuulfm?pwe sznzlcomse posnmn 3,15” mouse ’;COARSE; 1

POKE

=

',F1NE = ';FINE;' 9g "5x7 $qu 159 NEXI COARSE

"

,

Figure ll: Bit usage of AUDCTL register ($0208—53768)

C O M P UT E R

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NO SOFTWARE NEEDED

IN

TRANSPARENT & CONVERSION FULL YEARS WARRANTY FREE 40 PAGE CATALOGUE ON REQUEST OR WITH ORDER

42 Atari User July 1988

We are the largest (and oldest) Atari Computer Owners Club in the UK. Forjust £5.00 peryearyou get help, assistance, hints, tips, friends, pen pals, access to PD software, up to date information, games, utilities, hardware projects, software reviews, programming tutorials, and a glossy club magazine everyquarter.

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8L“


THIS is a computer version of a board game invented in Korea more than 3,000 years ago. The aim is to move four counters around a circular board and the winner is the first player to

complete

one

circuit with all

his

counters. The ori inal game is Ia ed on a wooden bftard onwhtchgg gotmsare arranged in a circular pattern with a cross shape in the middle. The distance that a counter or horse because it’s shaped like one can move is decided by throwing four sticks made of bone, charred and curved on one side and white and flat on the other. In this simulation four rectangles are displayed at the top of the screen representing the bone sticks and below is the board depicting the 29 points in a circular pattern. Five are larger than the rest and are known as cardinal points. They represent the four cardinal North, South, points of a compass West and East - with the central point linking them. Moves are decided by the position of the sticks that randomly fall on either the white or black side, and score as follows:

'

STEPHEN WILLIAMSON Korean board game

brings

old

an

to the Atari .

Board layout for NYOUt

1

White White White White

1

a

.

G

5 moves

Q O

.

r.

.

t t,

East cardinal

6

O G a

illl?llllm

if?

A,

Q

.

-”-

/

if i

l

We fe'

When you are awarded an extra throw the two scores are added together, but they can’t be treated as two separate moves. All four horses can be on the board at an time and you choose the one to move using the joystick(s) plugged into ports one and two. Select the horse you want to move by moving the arrow _ with the joystick _ on to it and pressing ?re. you

H

t.

l"

j]; ,~{

"n?"

"mil

"ll

~

r”

,

f

_

,

J

-.'

ii]

T

(l

"

.

)

j

\\ I,

V

.

.

/

/ ft

t

‘j

, -

*

'

IV

I

.

l”-«iiw~ "1/

-‘

v4, v-

(

.

ill],_\

.

I"

,

. ,.

;w'

.

5

.

tm‘

,

I

iv

"i‘

,

.

"I"

.

South cardinal

'

and an

K.“

‘7

:‘

‘ll

3

b

'

'

WW "llllllllllllllll" nIImm,,ilulllliiii?llmlllll",.r)llllll"m,Hmmmu”m "Nllliilllll|||||Illlll|m m “u""m"mmmmul f:

1x“;

l

l

i"

l'

'

-

1.1

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board. Similarly, a horse finishing on the south cardinal heads north along the vertical bar. _

can stack horses on top of each other, allowing you to move them with only one roll of the sticks. Horses enter the board from the start position on the immediate |eft of the north cardinal and move in an anticlockwise direction. You must leave the board by landing on the north cardinal point then moving off it to the

_

_

_

_

moving east which lands on the central cardinal point takes a further short cut and heads north along the top half of the vertical bar. .A

0

_

horse

_

its turn player’s horse finishes _

If a

_

by landing on own horse or horses, in subsequent turns they are moved together in a stack With the number in

finishing position atthetop right-hand side of the screen. If at the end of a go a horse lands on another horse or one of the west, south or central cardinals the following additional rules apply:

it shown below the relative counter.

0 Ifa

pattern in the middle of the

g

O @

__‘,—4§ .

extra throw

shaped

@

6

19;

. A horse finishing on the west cardinal takes a short cut and moves along the horizontal bar of the cross-

@

Centre cardinal

extra throw 4 Black

Q

@

@

and an

6

cardinal

WESI

move

2 moves 3 moves 4 moves

Q

@

O

III

1:1 I:

[2

6

@

2 3 4

.

Bone St'Cks

North cardinal

horse lands on a point occupied by one or more of an opponent’s horses, all are knocked off the board and to the starting position sent back to begin again.

The winner

is

move all four horses to the finishing posmon off the board. Although it should only take one game to understand how to play Nyout, like Backgammon and similar board games, strategic play is a strong

element. The computer is programmed to play an intelligent game and Sh°U|d an inexperienced player. It con— beat Sidel'S every move during its ‘possible turn and gives a score for each potential move. For example, a horse that can land on another counter or a cardinal point is given a better move value than one that will finish on an

unoccupied space. A random factor is bUiIt into its strategy so that the complay does not become too

puter’s

predictable.

the first person to

Tum to Page“

>

' '

July 1988 Atari User 43

'“


M

4 From Page“ 10 20 39

R511

********i*i*****t*ti***

REH

*

"your

500

?

IF

FKEY=5

640 580 RETURN 590 ? CHRS1125);"Your name

100 NAHE$=":P1NAHE$="HUHAW;PZNAHEs? “110 GRAPHICS 1:POKE 708,12:POKE 709,30

120 pom; 756,n;p01(5 7523 130 PLOFF(1)=SH+41:PLFINISH11)=SH+51 11.0 PLOFF(2)=SH+43:PLFINISH(Z)=SH+53

IF IF

630

RETURN

640

7

LENINAHES)>10 NAHES<>”" THEN

650

GOSUB

660 670 680

IF IF

+113

is

TO

7:P(I)=SH+143+C:C=C

I=8

TO

12:P(I)=SH+34S+C:C=

730 LEN(NAHE$)>10

-

2

1210

~If

750

?

"If

1260

1:30

TO

36:P(I)=P(5)+C:C=C

760

RETURN REH

1:37 70 43:P(I)=P(10)+C:C=

770 780

1

790 800

TOTAL=0:FLAG=0:POKE IF NAHES='COHPUTER”

1

4:PLAYER(1,I)=0:PLAYER( ,

11110

GOES

FIRSTRRR

"Throu to decide

who

330

? P1NAHE$;" ";P1SCORE;" ”,'P2NAHES; ";PZSCORE 340 IF P1SCORE=PZSCORE THEN ? "SCORES EQUAL, THROH AGAIN':GOTO 300 350 IF P1SCORE>PZSCORE THEN ’.’ P1HAHE8; " SCORES HIGHEST AND PLAYS FIRST”:T=2 360 IF P2SCORE>P1SCORE THEN '.' PZNAHES;

810 820

POKE

IF

AND

PLAYS FIRST”:T=1 500:NEXT DELAY

370 FOR DELAY=1 TO 380 GOTO 1110 390 REH ***DRAH BOARDHE 400 FOR I=1 TO 20:POKE P(I),75:NEXT I 410 FOR I=30 T0 36:POKE P11),75:NEXT I 420 FOR I=37 TO 43:POKE P(I),75:HEXT I 430 POKE P(20),32:POKE P15),32:POKE P1

10),32:POKE P(15),32 440 POKE P133),32:POKE P(20),32 450 POKE PLOFF(1),HORSE(1):POKE PLOFF( 1>+20,STNCK(1,4) 460 POKE PLOFF(Z),HORSE(2):POKE PLOFH 2)+20,158 470 FOR I=SH+6 TO SH+12 STEP 2:POKE I, I

44 Atari User July 1988

THEN

?

”COHPUT

840

NAHES;" PRESS

STRIG(1)=0

8

820

870

SOUND

1380

READ

L=0

13

0,INT(RND(1)*255),11.,|) D:IF STP1=0 THEN POKE STICK1,

IF IF

900 910 920 930 UB

IF

STP2=0 THEN STP3=0 THEN

POKE

STICK2,D

POKE

STICK3,D

IF

STP4=0 THEN

POKE

IF

STP4>0

POP

THEN

FLAG=FLAG+1:IF

D=1

STICK4,D 950 D=8

THEN

REH

1010 1020

R=INT(RHD(1)*2):STP=0

1030 1040 1050

IF IF IF

***RANDOH STOP*** FLAG<2 THEN RETURN R=1

AND AND

D=1

THEN

D=8

THEN

PIPLAYERTT D=1

POKE

B,STACK

THEN

POKE

B,STACK

THEN

POKE

8,8TACK

RETURN

1370

REM

1380 1390

B=PLOFF(T)+20:N=PEEK(B)

1460 1470

GOS

940 NEXT L:GOTO 850 950 SOUND 0,0,0,0:IF TOTAL=0 THEN TOTA L=5 960 ? NAHES;" SCORES ';TOTAL 970 IF TOTAL=4 OR TOTAL=5 THEN 7 ”THRO H AGAIN":GOTO 800 980 RETURN 990 DATA 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,7,6,5,4,3,2 1000

TN

THEN

1440 1450

:GOTO OR

1240

(T,2>=HETURN 1340 IF N=STACK(T,2)

***ADD

TO

STACK***

FLAG=0 IF N=STACK(T,N)

THEN

POKE

B,STACK

1480 POP

THEN

POKE

B,STACK E

RETURN REM

***PRINT ARROH

FOR

A=1

TO

IF ARR<44

RR)-1,10:POP

R=1

P1

(T,3):RETURN IF N=STACK(T,3)

IF N=STACK(T,3) (T,4):FLAG=1:RETURN

1010

IF

POKE

PLAYERIT,A)=PLAYER(T,LASTA)

1430

D

890

THEN

(T,1):POKE B-20,HORSE(T):RETURN 1410 IF N=STACK(T,1> THEN POKE B,STACK (T;2):RETURN 1420 IF N=STACK(T,2) THEN POKE B,STACK 11,3):RETURN

990 TO

FIRE1=0

1330

1400

0

FOR

OR

50:NEXT MOUNT 00,070

1360

FIRE"_ THEN

STP1=0:STP2=0:STP3=0:STP4=0:SCORE= RESTORE

LASTA=A IF FIRE=0

(T,1):RETURN 1350 IF N=STACK<T,1) (T,0):POKE MM

GOTO

860

HORSE"

15010 1190 1300 REH ***SUBTRACT FROM STACKf?r 1310 B=PLOFF(T)+20:N=PEEK(B) 1320 IF N=STACK(T,4) THEN POKE B,STACK

77,0

340

850

"MOVE

THE

1560:RETURN

1290

RETURN

40 830

"

HIGHEST

sncxsusom OR

P2NAHES="COHPUTER"

AND

1280 POKE P(PLAYER(T,A))-1,10:FOH T0

sncxsm

764,255:? STRIG(0)=0

T

[LASTA))'1,0

and

THRONS

ER

1

T=2

3110:GOSUB

1190 1270 SOUND 0,128,14,10:POKE

ES

TO

HOVES

EN

not then enter up to 10 char press RETURN ';:INPUT NAH

acters

***THROH 0111134125)

IF

1230 GOTO 1190 1240 A=A+1:IF A=5 THEN A=1 125! IF PLAYER(T,A)=44 THEN

your name

this is correct press

?

17:911)=sn+315+c:c

goes ?rst" 300 NAHES=P1NAHES:GOSUB 790:PTscoRE=To TAL 310 FOR DELAY=1 T0 200:NEXT DELAY 320 NAHES=P2NAHE$zGOSUB 790:PZSCORE=TO TAL

1:NEXT

your name

640 P1NAHE$=NAHES

CHRS(125);”PIayer

'

HORSE

IG(0):FIRE1=STRIG(1)

THEN

NAHE$<>"" THEN

?

HHICH

PLAYER(T,A)>-1,0:GOSUB 1560:RETURN 1220 IF ST<>1S OR ST1<>1S THEN 1240

TO

270 aosus 400 280 REN ***DECIDE 290 ? CHR$(125):?

SCORES

-

***CHOOSE

REH

GOSUB

1200

1:13

1

2,I)=0:NEXT

590

1

0,0,0,0

SOUND

IF

1180 GOSUB 1460:P(0)=PLOFF(T) 1190 ST=STICK(0):ST1=STICK(1):FIRE=STR

7132114115; 690 GOSUB 730 700 IF LEN(NAHE$)>10 THEN 680 710 IF NAHE$<>”" THEN P2NAHES=HAHE$ 720 RETURN 730 NAHES=" 740

=C-40:NEXT I

N

";P1NAHE$

T's

10;sncx4=sn+12

1:3

";P1NAHE

P1NAHE$=HAHE$

CHRS(125);”Player

160 HORSE“)=251:HORSE(2)=187 170 p11)=sn+107;p(2)=sn+105 130 p(za)=sm109;p(19)=sn+111;p(13)=sn

K(1,3)=221:STACK“,4)=222:STACK(1,0)=0

1160

THEN

STP4=1:T

Tum“

1170

610 620

150 STICK1=SH+6:STICK2=SN+8:STICK3=SH+

K(2,3)=157:STACK(2,4)=158:STACK(2,0)=0 200 STACK(1,1)=219:STACK(1,2)=254:STAC

1150

His

is

STP3=1:T

T=2 THEN T=1:NAHE$=P1NAHE$:GOS U8 780:GOSUB 1160 1130 IF T=1 THEN T=2:NAHES=P2NAHE$:GOS UB 780:GOSUB 11,60 1140 6010 1110

600 60800 730

”1102351501011 4,1

190 STACK(2,1)=155:STACK(2,2)=190:STAC

1110 1120

5

'g

250 C=0:FOR C-40:NEXT I 260 FOR I=1

T

1

1301110111511"

+2:NEXT

PZNAHES="COHPUTER'

P2NAHES='HUHAN':GOT0 490 540 IF FKEY=5 AND P2NAHES=’HUHAN' THEN P2NAHE$='COHPUTER':GOTO 490 550 IF FKEY<>6 THEN 490 560 IF P2NAHES='COHPUTER" THEN GOSUB 5 90 570 IF P2NAHE$<>’COHPUTER” THEN 60508

AHES(10),P2NAHES<10),SCORE(4),STACK(2, 5),PLOFF(2),HORSE(2)

C=0:FOR

AND

STP2=D:T

0TAL=TOTAL4SCORE:RETURN 1080 IF STP=1 AND STP4=0 THEN OTAL=TOTAL+SCORE:RETURN 1090 RETURN 1100 REM ***CHANGE PLAYERS***

? "Press START to start gale” FKEY=PEEK(53279):IF FKEY=7 THEN 52

530

,DANGER(4) 90 0111 N44),PLAYER(2,5),NANES(20),P1N

240

1060 IF STP=1 AND STP2=0 THEN OTAL=TOTAL+SCORE:RETURN 1070 IF STP=1 AND STP3=0 THEN

HEN

TAKE(4),VALUE(4),CARDIHAL(4),FINISH(4)

210 C=0:FOR +40:NEXT I 220 C=0:FOR C+2:NEXT I 230 C=0:FOR

0119011511751.“

CHRSI125);P1NAHES;' v ";P2NAHES ”Press SELECT to change oppone

0

79 SH=PEEK(88)+256*PEEK(89) 80 pm PLFINISH(2),COUNT(4),STACK1(4),

***SE|_ECT

HEN

510 520

0-

iBY STEPHEN unuusom * 40 RE! * (c)ATARI USER 50 RE! utunnutuuunni 60 505115 255mm“ 82,0

1

nts"

REH

:poxg 710,229ng

1.80 490

IF

ARR=0

ON

SCREENHH:

4:ARR=PLAYER(T,A) AND

ARR>0

THEN

POKE

P(A

:RETURN THEN

POKE

PLOFF(T)-1,10:

:RETURN

1490 1500

NEXT

1510

P10)=PLOFF(T):GOSUB 1310:PLAYER(T

REM

A:RETURN ***HOVE PLAYER ONTO BOARDHir

A)“ 1520

P(PLAYER(T,A)),HORSE(T)

POKE

1530 GOSUB 1540 1550

1380

RETURN REM

***HOVE

HORSES

AROUND

BOARD“

STP=1:SCORE=1

STP=1:SCORE=0 STP=1 AND STP1=0 THEN STP1=D:T OTAL=TOTAL+SCOREzRETURN

1560 IF PLAYER(T,A)=0 310:PC1=0:GOTO 1580 1570 1580

GOSUB FOR

1950:GOSUB X=TOTAL TO 1

THEN

S=1:GOSUB

1720 STEP

-1

1


1590

IF

1600

POKE

X=TOTAL

1610

THEN

P(PLAYER(T,A)),PC:POKE P(PLA 1ER(T,A))+20,pc1 1610 PLAYER(T,A)=PLAYER(T,A)+1 1620 IF PLAYER(T,A)=21 0R PLAYER(T,A)= 44 THEN

GOSUB

1650

SDUND

"m '

wk.4

P(PLAYER(T,A)),HORSE(T):POKE F1PLAXE11(T,A))+20,STA0X(T,8)

1 1

MM 0,0,0,0:SDUND 1,0,0,0:souND 1380 ,0,0,0:s00ND 3,0,0,0:RETURN 1690 EN

4:IF PLAYER(T,N)=36

To

N=1

FOR

%

TH

N:RETURN

NEXT

111H0VE

11E11

HORSE

ENT

STAcX IF

0F

REST

A=1

IF

'

I

‘1

I

i

THEN

IF

PLAYER(T,I

THEN

FLAYEH1T,I)=20

PLAYER(T,I

THEN

1:43 1790

NEXT

1800 1810

RETURN

L

***DOES

11E11

LAND

HoRSE

0N

DTHER

H

0RSE?*** 1820 s=0:F0R 1:1 10 4 1830 IF FLATER1T,A)=20 THEN FLAXE11(T,A 1:43 1840 IF A=I THEN s=s+1:0010 1900 1850 IF PLAYER(T,A)=33 AND PLAYER(T,I) =40 THEN PIAXER1T,1)=40:s=s+1:0010 190 1860 IF PLAYERTT,A)=40 AND PLAYER(T,I) =33 THEN FIAYE11(T,1)=40:s=s+1:0010 190 0

=20

PLAYER(T,1) 190 PLAYER<T,I)=43:s=s+1:0010

PLAYER(T,A)=113

THEN

AND

0

1880 =43

IF THEN

PLAYER1T,A)=20 AND PLAYER(T,I) PLAYER(T,A)=43:s=s+1:0010 190

0

1890 =s+1

IF

1900

IF

PLAYER(T,A)=PLAYER(T,I)

THEN

s

(2,1)

THEN

IF

THEN

PLAYER(1,A)=PLAYER PLAYER(2,1)=0:T=2:008UB 384

0:605UB 1380:T=1 1910

IF

(1,1)

T=2

THEN

IF

PLAYER(2,A)=PLAYER FLAXER41,1)=0:T=1:eosua 384

1930

NEXT

1

1940

POKE

F1PLA1ER(T,A))+20,STAcK(T,8)

:RETURN 11E11

1

***IS

H0RSE

0N

cARDINAL

POINT

1m 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050

2410 PL=5 THEN

IF IF IF

00500 2050

11:10

THEN

GOSUB

FL=33

THEN THEN

2090 GOSUB 2110

THEN

GOSUB

FI=36 11:40 11:20

THEN

FL=43

THEN

N=1

10

2070

GOSUB

2130 00sua 2150 GOSUB 2150

2440

PLAYER(T,N)=33

TH

N=1

T0

'

"|l1

l

~

.

4:IF PLAYER(T,N)=5

NEXT

2110

F011

2450

N:RETURN N=1

0

4:IF PLAXE11(T,N)=36 TH

T0

EN PLAYE1111,N)=15 2120 NEXT N:RETURN 2130 F0R N=1 To 4:IF PLAYER(T,N)=33 EN PLAYER(T,N)=110

2140

RETURN

2150

F011

2160

4:IF PLAYER<T,N)=20

10

N=1

4:IF FLAXER1T,N)=10

TH

2480 2490

TH

FINISHES*** mm 0,180,10,14:800ND 1,179,10, 12:50UND 2,178,10,10:80UHD 3,177,10,8 2190 I=0:10R N=1 10 4:IF PLAYER11,N)>4

THEN 1=1+1:RIAYER(T,N)=44:5010 2210 2200 IF PLAYER(T,N)>ZB AND PLAYER(T,N) <30 THEN 1=1+1:FLAXER(T,N)=44

2210

NEXT

2220 10

B=PLF1NISH1T>+20zPOXE

N

8,0:FOR

K=1

1

2230 N=PEEK(B) 2240 GOSUB 1390 IF

FLAG=1

POP

:0010 2300

2280

3,0,0,0

RETURN

2290 2300

REH

2310

IF IF

2320 2330

***PLAYER

T=1

THEN

HINS-GAHE

1

T=2 THEN "

1

1

F1NAHES; RzNAHES;

HINS"

MR

I=0

F011

F=160

NEXT 1

T0

128 STEP 2 T0 32 STEP -I:SOUND

IF

P:NEXT

"PRESS

RETUR

THEN

PL=33

FL=40

0R

0R

DR

11:15

FL=43

PL=2

0R

THEN

POKE

IF

FL=0

FOXE

THEN

RETURN

P(PL),75:POKE F1PL)+20,0

RETURN 11E11

mREDEFINE CHARACTER

SET***

2570

0,11

I:souND 0,0,0,0

FIRE 10 PLAY AGAIN”

s1R1010)=0

0R

511110111=0

THEN

0010 2380 AFTER

"INITIALISING ...Please wait...

?

"

2580 RESTORE 2630:F011 L=1 To 36:READ A 2590 HLS<L,L)=CHRS(A):NEXT L 2600 11E11 MACHINE coDE ROUTINE COPIES 2610 11E11 CHARACTER SET F11011 R011 10 11111 A=USR(ADR(HL$),H):POKE 756,11

2630

NEXT

:SOUND

PL=5 0R FL=10

Rc=H0RSE(1)

2530 CHBASE=256*(H) 2540 GRAPHICS 1:8ETCOLOR 4,1,0:POKE 75 2,1 2550 POKE 708,12:POKE 709,30zPOKE 710, 22:POKE 711,202 2560 ? "NYOUT by Stephen Hillianson"

2620 THEN

X:Pc=0:Pc1=0 FOR DELAY=1 T0 100:NEXT DELAY:SOU 0,0,0,0:souND 1,0,0,0:SDUND 2,0,0,0

2260 2270

IF

AND

010 111.8140) 251011=11EE1<1106>~4 2520 POKE 106,H-1

TH

***HORSE

REH

0R

2460 2470

RETURN

2170 2180

T=2

P(PL>,32:POKE P(PL>+ZB,B:RETURN

FLAXER1T,N)=43

EN

IF

2500

2400 REM 111119101 PoINT As 1101511111 THE

f

N

PLAXER1T,H)=40

EN

2100

110 2390

PLAYER1T,N)=30 2060 NEXT N:RETURN F0R

'

_

'

'

-

N

N:RETURN 2090 F0R N=1 To 4:IF

2360 2370 2380

N

2070

\\\\

-'.

,

,

NEXT

,14,10

RETURN FOR

.

'

,

PLAYER(T,N)=37

2080

2340 2350

GOSUB

IF IF IF IF

- .-~

'.-

DVERm SOUND 0,0,0,0:80UND 1,0,0,0:50UND 2,0,0,0:SDUND 3,0,0,0

0:008UH 1380:T=2 1920 FLA0=0

1950

J

.

ND

THEN

1

2250 T=1

1

1

3

IF

1870

\)\

1

1,

I,’f.wm

EN

PLAYER(T,I)=36

)=15 1780

.

. '

1

S

ER(T,I)+1 IF

~

,

/'

"1

.

=S+1:GOSUB 1760 1750 NEXT 1:11ETURN 1760 F0R L=1 T0 TOTAL:PLAYER(T,1)=PLAY 1770

I

.

1

_

-

I

’ W1/

/ ff:

I

'

I

THEN s=s+1:0010 1750 PLAYER(T,A)=PLAYER(T,I)

IF

11],

/'

I l 11111 ,.1...__.....111111 1..11|||||||I||||||||11 ||ll||111|1||||||11|11111111..1..-_.......111||

m1 1730 1740

I

K

'

cURR

STACKm

DN

'

f

\

\

PLAYER(T,N)=15

1700 1710

.

J

X:GOSUB 1820

NEXT

“ml,w! ”I“ l J, ‘

E

,

1660 EUR DEL=1 T0 50:NEXT DEL:SDUND 0, 0,0,0:SDUND 1,0,0,0 1670

,J

,

POKE

1,200,10,8

\

lb

:GOSUB 2180:11£TURN 2410

POP

1630 1640

,hullllllml

0

,

HORSE

H

DATA 104,104,1M,133,204,169,224, 133,206,162,0,160,0,1?7,205,145,203,20

0,208,249 264“ DATA

161,204,260J32,204,164,206, 200,132,206,232,224,5,208,232,96 2650

REH

***ARROH***

2660 2679 2680

FOR

I=0

POKE

2690

REH

2700 2710

POKE

CHBASE+(11*8)+I,D:NEXT

2720

DATA

126,126,126,126,126,126,126,

126

DATA

FOR

10

mm

0,0,4,2,63,2,4,0 mSHUAnEm I=0 10 mm

D

_

,

1

-

***HORSE***

2730 2740

REH

2750

POKE

2760

DATA

255 2770

REM

***STACK

FOR

I=0

2780 2790

D

CHBASE+(1E*8)+I,D:NEXT I

F0R

POKE

I=0 T0 7:READ CHBASE+(59*8)+I,D:NEXT I D

255,221,131,163,235,221,239,

TO

1m mm

D

CHBASE+(27*8)+I,D:NEXT I

2410 PL=PLAYER(T,A):PC=PEEK(P(PL)):PC1 =PEEK(P(PL)+ZD) 2420 IF PL=36 THEN sosua 2110 2430

IF

T=1

AND

Rc=H0RSE(2)

THEN

RETUR

Turn to Page 46> July

1988 Atari User 45


<From 0259945

3250

2800 2810

REM

28"

F017

2830

POKE

CHBASE+(62*8)+I,D:NEXT

281.0

DATA

1995247,199,223,199’255’9’5

DATA

”7123912391239,19935519,“

***STACK 20“ 1:9 T0 pkg“)

D 1

2850 RE" 4443106K 3444 2360 FOR 1:0 To 7;READ D 2870 POXE CHBASE+(29*8)+I,D:NEXT 1 2880 DATA 227,251,227,251,227,255,g,g 2890 REA STACX4 2900 FOR 1:0 TO 7:READ D 2910 POKE CHBASE+(30*8)+I,D:NEXT 1 A

2920

DATA

2930 2940 2950 2960

***CARDINAL*** FOR 1:0 T0 7:05“) A POKE CHBASE+(32*8)+I,D:NEXT

235,235,227,251,251,255,0,0

3260 REM ***IN STACK OR TAKETNH 3270 FOR A=1 T0 4 3280 FOR I=1 T0 4 3290 IF 1=A THEN 336“ 3300 IF PLAYER(2,A)+TOTAL=PLAYER(2,1) THEN STAcX1(A)=1 3310 IF PLAYER(2,A)+TOTAL=PLAYER(1,I) THE" TAKE(N)=1 3320 IF PLAYER(2,A)+TOTAL=5 AND PLAYER (1,I)=3N THEN TAKE(A)=1 3330 IF PLAYER(2,A)+TOTAL=10 AND PLAYE R<1,I>=37 THEN TAKETA)=1 3340 IF PLAYER12,A)TT0TAL=36 AND PLAYE

DATA

3350 IF PLAYER42,A)+TOIAL=33 RTT,I)=4N THEN TAKE(A)=T 3360 NEXT 1 NEXT A

1

60,126,255,255,255,255,126,6

3370

***STICKS***

2980

FOR

1:0 T0 71:READ

2990

POKE

CHBASEOIIDNEXT

3000 3010

DATA

0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0

DATA

255,255,255,255,255,255,255,

DATA

126,126,126,126,126,126,126,

D 1

255 126 3030

DATA

3040

DATA

3050 3060 3070 3080

DATA

60,60,60,60,60,60,60,60 24,24,24,24,24,24,24,24 28,20,20,20,20,20,20,28 60,36,36,36,36,36,36,60 126,66,66,66,66,66,66,126 255,129,129,129,129,129,129,

DATA DATA DATA

255 3090

RETURN

3100 REA ***CONPUTER THINKS!*** 3110 ?"THE COAPUTER IS THINKING...” 3120 REA ***RESET VARIABLES*** 3130 FOR I=1 To 4:cARDTNAL(1)=0:F1NTSH

(I)=0:TAKE(I)=0:STACK1(I)=0 3140 DANGER(I)=0:VALUE(1)=0:NEXT I 3150 FINISH=0:HIGH=0:CARDINAL=0:STACKF LAG=0

3160 F=0 3170

REA

IF

ALL HORSES

ON

SAAE

POINT

3180 REA OR NO HORSES HAVE STARTED 3190 REA THEN AOVE ONE HORSE 3200 FOR A=1 To 4 3210 COUNT=0:FOR I=1 TO 4 3220 IF PLAYER(2,A)=PLAYER(2,I) THEN

c

OUNT=cOUNT+1

3230 NEXT mm 3240 1; coum=4

A

THEN

A=1:RETURN

TAKE(A>=1

THEN

HE! ***CAN

HORSE

AND

PLAYE

FINISH***

'

3380 REM ***OR LAND ON CARDINAL?*** 3390 FOR I=1 T0 4 3400 IF PLAYER(2,1)<21 AND PLAYER(2,I) +T0TAL>21 THEN FINISH<1)=1 3410 IF PLAYER<2,I)<44 AND PLAYER(2,I> +TOTAL>43 THEN FTNTSH(1)=1 3420 IF PLAYER(2,I)+T0TAL=5 THEN CARDI NALTIT=2 3430 IF PLAYER(2,I)+T0TAL=10 THEN CARD INAL(1)=3 3440 IF FLAYERT2,I)+TOTAL=33 THEN CARD INAL11)=4 3450 NEXT 1 3469 RE" ***15 HORSE IN DANGER OF BEIN G

(A)=T 3570

R(1,I>=T4

0511

3020

EXIST**

POSSIBLE AOVE

REA

0

2920

***DOES

REA

*

TAKEN?

3470 FOR A=1 To 4 3480 FOR I=1 T0 4 3490 IF PLAYER<2,I)=44 THEN 3580 3500 F=PLAYER(2,A)-PLAYER(1,I) 3510 IF F>? AND F<4 THEN DANGER(A)=1 3520 IF PLAYER(2,A)=33 AND PLAYER(1,I) >36 AND PLAYER(1,I)<40 THEN DANGEN(A)= 1

3530 IF 1,A)>32 (A)=1 3540 IF TIA)>39 (A)=1 3550 IF 2,A)<=45 R(A)=1 3560 IF ,A)<=33

PLAYER(2,A)=14 THEN IF PLAYER( AND PLAYER(2,A)<37 THEN DANGER PLAYER(2,A)=ZN THEN IF PLATER< AND PLAYER(2,A)<44 THEN DANGER

IF

2,A)<=1111

PLAYER(1,A)=33 THEN IF PLAYER( AND PLAYER(2,A)>33 THEN DANGE

R(A)=1 3580 NEXT I 359“ NEXT A 3600 REM ***FIND MOVE 0RSE*** 3610 FOR 1:1 TO 4 3620

IF

DANGER(I)>0

VALUE

FOR

EACH

H

VALUE(I)=VALU

THEN

E(I)+2 3630 IF CARDINAL(I)>0 THEN VALUE(1)=VA LUE(1)+cARD1NAL(1) 3640 IF STACK1(I)>0 THEN VALUE(1)=VALU E11)+2 3650 IF TAKE(I)>0 THEN VALUE(I)=VALUE(

I)+INT(RND(1)*2)+2 3660 IF PLAYER(2,I)=0 THEN VALUE(I)=VA LUE(1)+1 3670 IF PLAYER(2,I)>29 THEN VALUE(I)=V ALUE(I)91 3680 IF FINISH(I)>0 THEN VALUE(I)=VALU

mm 3690

NEXT

3700 5444

REA

3710

H1GN=1

3720

FOR

3730

IF

1

**tFIND

1=1

T0

HIGHEST HOVE VALU

THE

4

VALUE(I)>VALUE(HIGH)

THEN

HIGH

=1

3740 3750

NEXT REA

IF

3760

REA

THEN

1

EQUAL AOVE VALUES ARE FIND HIGHEST POINT

ANY

3770 A=NIGH 3780 FOR I=1 TO 4:1F VALUE(NIGH)=VALUE (1) THEN GOSUB 3810 3790 NEXT I:A=HIGH:IF FLAVER(2,A)>43 HEN VALUE(A)=-1 GOTO 3710 3800 3810 0

T

RETURN

IF

PLAYER(2,I)>PLAYER(2,HIGH)

THE

“50:1

3820 3830

RETURN

3040

SOUND

REA

***CAPTURE

12:7 GHR3(125); 3850 IF T=2 THEN 3860

3870 3880

IF 9

T=1

“IS

FOR

SOUND

EFFECT***

0,199,10,14;soum) 1,200,10, 1

THEN

1

KNOCKED

DEL=1

TO

FZNAAES; PTNAAES; OFF

BOARD

THE

60:NEXT DEL:RETURN

PLAYER(1,A)=10 THEN IF PLAYER( AND PLAYERT2,A>>37 THEN DANGE PLAYER(1,A)=S THEN AND PLAYER(2,A)>29

TF

6’Q

PLAYER(2

THEN

DANGER

»

'

‘5!’

4‘23;, ‘ftf/ 10 CP1 20 CP2 30 CP3

(Y)

(3) (X) 40 cp4 (4) 50 cps (Y) 60 74G (N) 70 LXO (2)

(2) 90 E22 (6) 100 xcR (T) 80

USA

110 X53 (O) 120 AJ7 (U) 130 210 (O) 140 32E (9) 150 E4A (O) 160 R21 (U) 170 LAG (H) 180 DXV (A) 190 EFA (4) 200 DKK (7) 210 XKF (7)

220 RK8

(X)

230 240 250 260

438

(D)

2GV

(T)

UN6

(O)

(V) 270 PPK (F) 280 OUT (7) 290 EVA (5) 300 F30 (F) 310 0A3 (8) 320 FE5 (T) 330 SCU (6) 340 EN1 (8) 11c

350 3PM 360 3RP

(D) (H)

370 153 380 RR9 390 DYU 400 DOT 410 7HF 420 7GG

(N)

46 Atari User July 1988

(2) (A) (K) (6) (P)

430 80A (0) 440 012 (J) 450 6D4 (O) 460 THE (C) 470 YSD (H) 480 DUV 490 3JF

(Y)

(E) 500 F45 (A) 510 731 (0) 520 FHA (0) 530 U1N (4) 540 2T4 550 FFA 560 570 580 590 600 610 620 630

(U)

(3) (3) GEH (p) 569 (X) XL4 (E) 005

P3P (R) HP8 (NE RKA

(2) (6) (8)

640 650 660 670

(6) (J) N78 (9)

850 x40

POP

860 TSJ (O) 870 MP7 (A) 880 98T (T) 890 19x (7)

D9F

(G)

680 318 (A) 690 O7? (5) 700 AL9 (X) 710 720 730 740 750 760 770 780

(8)

336

(V) RFc (L) OF1 (X) KUH (J) 09V (T) 811

Rxc (R) DOV PN1

790 NNG 800 GGJ 810 AND 820 CBJ 830 R9F 840 K06

(V) (X) (X) (A) (G)

(A) (A) (1)

80N (G) 7LV (7) 7T5 (G)

1090 1100 1110

VVK

1120

0LT (Y)

1330

1130

ONA

1140 1150

P8D

(O) (Y)

1340 1350

DDN

(R)

1360

02K (2)

1160

7RS

(5)

1170 1180

A4E (G) A28 (N)

1370 1380 1390

RF6

PYS

(R)

1190 1200 1210 1220 1230 1240

(F) (1)

1250 1260

900

087

(O)

910

OFG

920 930

OAY

A1X

940

84E

950 960 970

531 004

(X) (2) (A) (3) (0) (1) (s) (0) (A)

D7Y

980 S6E 990 VYY 1000 CXN 1010 T66 1020 GHS 1030 ch 1040 FUO 1050 7TE

(c)

1060 1070 1080

(D)

(8) (5)

DzN

vss

TcG D5S 2HY

(8) (F) (7)

(4) (P) (P) (V)

PFD

(N)

EVD

(X)

H4N

(C)

RVX

(0)

1270

42D

1280 DKV 1290 PTD 1300 DAN 1310 806 1320 3N7

1400 1410 1420 1430 1440 1450 1460 1470

(U)

(J) (P) (S) (O)

317 (R) 3E7 (O) 5D1

DRN

OAT

cFA

(7) (4) (9) (Y) (Y)

3E7 (4) 307 (Y) AHR (U) 02X (0) DRN YSE

R48

(R)

(F) (F)

1480 1490 1500 1510

YF6 (V)

5VE

(X) (K)

DVN

(G)

HON

(U) (H)

D93

(A)

1690 1700 1710

P2T (G) 1520 02F (D) 1530 75H (6)

1720 1730 1740

OSU

1540 06K (0)

1750

SVE

DVN

(5)

6A9 (O)

LGD

(C)

1760 1770

REG

1780

H3T

1550 1560

58E (H) DKN

(7) 1580 156 (P) 1590 GT7 (9) 1600 7VY (9) 1610 046 (7) 1620 ALS (3) 1570

1630 1640

HOO

198 FOK

(H) (N)

1650 633 (A) 1660 VLL (F) 1670 405 (0) 1680 470 (G)

c4E (A)

1790

PCS

1800 1810

VAX EON

1820 H4N 1830 NUT 1840 018 1850 FSN 1860 1870 1880 1890

(6) (0) (5) (5) (4) (6) (E) (9) (O)

(F) FUF (5) FYJ (7) FYR (5) ecE (F)


TD1

1920

on

1930 1940 1950 1960 1970

P15 (Y)

1980 1990

,

2200 33) (E) (A) 2210 NCT (E) (u) 2220 PM (H)

TA4 (L)

1900 1910

SKT EDN TUB

(J) (K) (7)

(N) T36 (H) P8C

2000 2010

RHT

2020 2030

RH7

(4) (4) (4) (4)

050

(H)

2040

VKL (L)

2050 2060

DYR

2070 2080 2090

TAP

RK7

2230 2240

VG3

(1))

505

(G)

2250 740 (4) 2260

AHH

2270 2280 2290

HOH

(H) (N) (H)

m

(P) 2300 JSV (0) 2310 Hvs (6) 2320 2330

DRP

J19

(H)

SDF

(8) (5)

(T) 2340 H4L (T) 2350 NE (T) 2360 GAK (P)

Asv

(G)

2370

(1) (C8 (E) 2100 54T (1), 2110 (54 (K) 2120 SBF (X)

2380 2390 2400

SHF

2130 2140

VPL (e)

2150 2160

AHH (H) VTL (L)

2170 2180

DHP AHH

2190

oxc

C38

(H)

2410 2420 2430 2440

(G)

2450 2460 2470

(K) (X)

2480 2490

YRF

YXE

(H)

m

(6)

OW

(Y) (R)

DFP

61m (1)) 547 (F)

2560

m

(H)

(a) (P) 2820 EKE (3) 2830 V65 (6) 2840 T6V (5) 2850 E8P (5) 2860 ETE (J)

2570 2580 2590

270 PYT

(6) (0) (E).

2870 2880 2890

2600 2610

DPP

(t)

2620 2630

RJS

2500 2510

(C) 3AT (A)

(0) 2530 (SC (3) 2540 EGG (2) 2550 X4) (5) 2520

048

DH?

(E) (0) Y6D (X) (V) 2640 m 2650 EOP (u) 2660 EKE (8) 2670 UT5 (A) 2680 8YE (4) 2690 E8P (0) 2700 EAE (K) 2710 ULS (J)

NGS

TR3

V64 (N) VAL (L)

2760 2770 2780

E0P (P)

2790

vcs

MID

(r)

(0) (46 (X)

EKE

(X) (E)

vc5

(G)

EOP

W

(H)

DTG

3710

(THE

3720

HAL

(V) (F) (1)

3130

3430 3440 3450 3460 3470 3480 3490

RJ6 (H)

3730

GOD

(Y)

(3) (2) m (5) m (F) rm (2)

3740 3750 3760

NUU

(X)

3500 3510

P24 (L) 44H (R)

3520 3530

m

3540

we

(1)

3550

VGY

(Y)

3560 3570 3580

HH7

3590 3600

NEU

(H) (H)

DPQ

((1)

3610 3620 3630 3640

VXL (R) TAA (Y)

3660 3670

UZE

M

(J)

XT1

(H)

(V)

EHP

(Y)

3190

D149

(A) 0x5 (F) 2920 snv (E) 2930 ESP (0)

3200 3210

UDL

(H)

F7Y

(u)

3220 3230

NH (0)

ETE

(R)

3240

V85

(ii)

3250 3260

DHG

m

(L) (e)

UTL

(Y)

(N)

EKE

a?

KXT

(H)

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gradlmoe DC Sings; QTY dg?/llaYnugls We offerowide range of accessories for all computers, with the following discounts: 10% off hardware, 20% off Joysticks, discs etc .

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South Wales' Largest Atari Dealer Atari DTP, Full range of software Plus Laser Printing in Postscript and Hawk Scanning facilities

48 Charles Street, Cardiff CF1 4EF Telephone: 0222 390286

£15

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to have YOUR company included m thS section July

1988 Atari User 47


_—________—__—_—__________

O

O

elm- l?eda

—_—_—————

"War the

Has upgrading your computer given no longer need? Or you hardware you . . have changing interests left you with unwanted software? Then THIS is the place to advertise your surplus items. Atari User readers are always . . on the lookout for a bargain and the . is the first place they lookl

.

This sew

-

enthusms‘s

can 373)

W

-

lt). Q Th ere 9°pY . is no ma Words you in c

recorder, joysticks,

software

£160. Tel: 0602 725909.

'

Fl“

'

Ill

far the next now

-

lssue

-

.

Atari Use/P '

423069.

0 65XE outfit for

0 Wanted 1050 disc drive, reasonable price. Tel: 0602 399715.

0 Atari 800XL,

1010 recorder, joysticks, over 100 games £140. Tel: Cambridge (0223) 311329. 0 Atari 800XL, 1020 disc drive, 1010 data recorder, 1029 printer, c/w Font IV over 80 games, cassette and disc plus disc based

business software plus books and mags £450 o.n.o. Tel: 01 708 1945.

drive,

—-------------------

l:

0245 267015. sale, 24 games £150. Tel: Ray 01 299 2011. 0 Atari 400 48k F/S keyboard, 1050 disc drive, 1010 recorder, manuals £150. Tel: 05827 68754. 0800XL,1050 drive, 1027 printer, two joysticks, games + books, good condition £250. Tel: 08675 2914. 0 Wanted 1050 disc drive, also 1027 or 1029 printer. Tel: 0732 823608. O 800XL, 1050 disc drive, XCII recorder, disc software (approx value £250). Majority wargames,

[I]

E

E)

2:15

E II:

ESHM 2:30...

role playing including Kampf Gruppe, Wizards Crown, Ultima IV etc £185. Tel: Sheffield (0742) 302683 (evenings). 0 800XL, 1050 disc drive, 1010 recorder, joystick + 50 software disc and cassette + mags £179. Tel: Nottingham 383510. 0 Atari 1029 printer £80, Atari 1050 disc drive and software £90 both hardly used. Tel: Bridgwater 424090. Q 130XE,

1050, 1010 tape, 1029 printer, Touch tablet, Ioadsa software, disc, cassette, books etc. Paid £800+. Bargain at £300. Tel: 01 697 0576,

0

For Sale: Atari 800XL plus new tape deck, exc condition, 50 games. Tel: Horsham 50570. 0 800XL (two one with faulty Ram), 1050 drive, 1010 recorder, (broken key), joystick, disc, cassette, rom software, will split, no reasonable offer refused. Tel: 0507 604107.

(I:

|

Ezzzzwmw C:

l:

EZESEMW

I: (Z)

E E

I certify that any software offered for sale is originaland not a copy .

|

-

-

.

1010 tape deck mags, books many tapes and discs £180. Tel: 01 467 8513 evenings. 0 Atari 800XL 1050 disc drive with Doubler XCII cassette plus software £230. Tel: 0455 283641. 0800XL disc drive, data recorder, touch tablet + wide range of software both disc + cassette, worth over £600, sell for £280. Tel: Gary

S

-

,

a...“

was

mo

[50° moo Chm“ ”cm“

'°' r_*

Name“ Address—h“ _%

POST T0: Atari User Classifieds, Europa House, FREEPOST, Macclesfield, Cheshire SK10 4YB

h--------——-———-———? 48 Atari User July 1988

'

joystick, 50+ games, magazines and books £100. Tel: 0229 44958 evenings. Q Centronics printer cable and Atariwriter plus (disc) £60 including delivery. Tel: 0505 684181 after 5pm. 0 1027 printer, Atariwriter, home filing manager and Visicalc discs and manuals £70. Tel: 0778

| l I | | l

a

'

.

1050 disc

'

"1's form (or

’leum

-

0800XL,XC12recorder,

0 Atari 800XL

O"

to the numb er in Your lnSUfficient rOOrL'i-yde ad. If thereoif S separate sheet 0 for, the form, Contin ue Q The on a paper' COSt is 20 p per Word 10 Words With a mm'mUm of . We GUAlqA NTEE your Next av allablelss Ue Of ad Wlll ap ea r ln the

send

O 600XL with data recorder, 20 games, six books, numerous magazines, boxed with joystick v.g.c worth £250 sell for £85 o.n.o. Tel: 01 464 3206. 0 Wanted 1050 disc drive in London area. Tel: 01 883 8888 reasonable price or MAG40643 after 6pm. 0 Atari 1029 printer + 600 sheets listing paper, buyer collects. Tel: 0704 893465 price £70. 0 1029 printer as new, screendump and listing software on disc, coloured ribbons, dustcover £90. Also books and cassette software. Tel: 0933 624912. 0 Atari: Mac 65 £30, Ultima4 with helpbook £15, Flight Simulator2 £20, Atari books mach.code1 + 2, Map.Atari £6 each. Tel: Andrew 021 551 5797 also Atari touch tablet £20. 0 1050 disc drive, 800XI,

'

only/ be accepted phcftca" O Of

.

_

'

.

mal’ servlC Th'S ' the Link Telecom Gold. lcrO electron-Ki, You; w1t on 'ati0n of 0 amputef in asset” tho usands operated WI” seen by response: "15mm an means it -

ls

l

will b. , ceepted

conditigns.

'

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"i”"wna 572," wmg

private re ac;er EXCLUSIVELY fo'. th No 0 To avoid encozra trade ads will b: a“use°f Will be sc”Mare carefully £39 ed before piracy aiiwed' ads they are . zgcepted.

.

bonus ' A n added I obe ”(HometicallY displaYed e

-

.

I

I | | | |


Mailbag JUST a few words to whet the appetite of all Atari8bit users who would like to do something else than just play games on their micro. With the aid of a shah wave radio the Atari can listen to morse code and display the translation on the screen, decode radio teletype signals and listen to weather satellites. This information can be dis— played as a picture along with temperature and cloud information. Although it all sounds very expensiveitneedn’t be. I use my 800XL to decode morse, teletype and fax pictures on simple home made interfaces that plug into the joystick ports and they all cost me less than if 70 each to build.

lfpeople realised thief/7395 quality of the Atari and

spectrum of capabilities It might be M. better thought of. Wright, Chelmsford, Essex. 0 Thanks for the letter, its

broad . . .

.

.

Tune

was a sufficient user base of readers with these cartridges we could consider a section in the future.

there

I

to 4M068 tar, your In

l

on

S peCtraI answer

readers might be interested to see your interfaces and gadgets. 80,

other

write in and tell us more, we are always interested to see what Atari enthusiasts around the country are

doing.

the old8k Basic built into an XE/XL micro. So iftheyareso good why don ’t you publish listings in

the magazine for these

super languages? — James Bee, Jesmond, Newcastle upon Tyne. .

Basw c ' ges 222.3 er a éE/XLlaniuage .° er etter

'

B aSICa II y

programming enwronment due .t° the number °f extra

-

unfalr

the June one I finally completed the game. But now I have a little‘ question for you to answer' for me if you can.

What does the word Eidolon used in the title of the game mean? I know it doesn t have any Important relevance, but I was CUI‘IOUS to see if the people at Atari —

——

OVER the last six or seven . issues of Atari User I have seen fre uent mention of 'q Basra XE/XL p rogram.

the

3”

’a”9“ages' New” reports on them have stated that they are far superior to ”my

gs‘témrfzn;?geprosgguée;

with them. They are also a lot _faster than your old Basrc.

.

We would

.

pUbi'Sh but'tWW'd be s“°“."s“"95 unfair to readers who only have the standard Basic. If

"ke.t°

User are on the ball.

Sean

-

Canning, Manchester. 0 Right on the ball! Eidolon means ghost or spectre. .

.

N 0 match

th a k ey

are

CAN you please help me with a problem I have with my 130XE computer? My Option key has stopped working and I can’t figure

out what to do. Do you know of a quick cure to my predicament or will I have to send it to someone to repair it? —

Richard Head, Westminster, London. 0 Unfortunately the 130XE keyboard can suffer from two small problems that luckily, rarely raise their ugly heads. The first is that ‘the metal tracks that connect the keys to the main PCB tend to okidise. _Thi_s stops them making a ctrcurt when a key is pressed. The second glitch is the cause behind thlS OdeISation problem. The function .

WHAT a wonderful idea it of yours to run two maps showing the caves and monsters of the Eidolon. After following the routes plotted in the May issue and then the hints in was

.

.

.

keys are fed with their own 5v power supply and it’s this that causes the build up of oxide on the track. It may be possible for you to fix both of these yourself but the job of doing so is quite involved. However, for the stout of heart, here goes: Remove the lid from the micro — the four screws on the underside hold it in place — and then gently unplug the keyboard membrane from the connector on the main board. Unscrew the main PCB and twist open the metal tags so that you can remove the casmg. Now you Will have to locate resistor R95. You’ll find itin the bottom right corner of the board where the 7 and Shift keys .

g:I

oar

PLEASE can you tell me the

.

address

c

solved.

If this doesn't effecta cure immediately you may have

to take the keyboard to bits and clean the tracks — a can

(code 51will do the

trick. Be very careful not to take off the tracks altogether, as they are very easily

damaged.

This is not an easy task to

undertake a

ibly

and

quite

poss-

little too much for

a

novice. However, a service engineer familiar with Atari equrpmentwrllbe ableto do the job for you. .

.

Software? h

I’ve looked for it everywhere but l haven’t seen ’t advertised, 5° "OW/W6!" to write to the Robert company directly. Maddison, Dobwalls, Cornwall.

Matchday football.

If this is replaced by a 1k (0.25W) resistor the track oxidising problem will be

PCB Cleaner 11108) from Cirkit

Ocean .

would be, but don’t worry, it’s labelled underneath. Now carefully'unsolder it.

of

of

. The

address is: Ocean, 5 Central Street, Manchester, M2 SNS and the phone

number is 061-832 6633. However, Ocean hasn't brought Matchday out for the Atari and doesn’t plan to do so. _

Happy wrth _

cartrldges IN the January issue ofAtari User there was an article

about the re»release of several games b y A tart on rom cartrid es Bein g new 9 to the Atari range of com-

'

Turn to Page 50 > July

7988 Atari User 49


FMoilbog 4 From Page 49

puters

_

having just bought

.

.,,........,....._,

ousan

found it made for informa-

s

wait

or

f?

AFTER reading f 12,500. I may the letter by tivgaa:dyiorrlte;is;s/71nrg7 [33] not know in the June much about micro with 64k of memory $tephen Bwrton marketing, but issue there is still a pro?t will run the games ofAtari Userlfeltlhad surely margin there somewhere. mentioned? And if they to write to express my feel— A few years ago there was won’t, is there any way that I ings on what is nowa rather serious subject. supposed to have been can modify my computer so It appears the 8 bit range that they will work7—Martin more than 300,00q Atari '8 bit Austin-Price' Somerset een Atgr/ eeme cocrjnputersbhaye unsuita e or an dcoEmputersEsold i griltfaii; a a urope. ven I? 0 The rom cartridges the current market. This is these have sold their commentioned in the article will an appalling situation. puters and bought STs that plug into any Atari com— still leaves a substantial Judging by the letters you no matter what puter have published and the number ofloyal followers. amount of memory it poss— popularity of your magazine Even after 70 years the esses and work perfectly I find myself still confused Atari is a machine that is far well. This is because all the as to why software houses superior to any other 8 bit program for the game is say there is no market. on the market. [?nd it very held in a rom chip on the If a company produced a upsetting to think that my and cartridge board game and sold it at £5 and computer will soon become executes directly from it. then went on to sell only obsolete. However, this 2,500 copies that’s still won't make me buy a new

one, [still know which is the best. Andrew Reid, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne. 0 Writing and selling a_com— puter game isn t as Simple as you seem to think. Development and royalty costs soon cut down the profit margin. The main reason behind software houses not pro— ducing games is that distributors won't take the goods once they have been written. These are the culprits behind the decline of the 8 bit Atari. What’s the point of spending money developing a game if you can't get anyone to sell it for you? —

.

'

if

-

LETTER

no

mat.| '

lively _

IN the May 1988 issue of Atari User there was a lette’ from Mark Wilkie W170 wanted a Graphics 3 screen

dump routine that Will WOT/f with the 3D Plotter program in the March 7937 issue. This simple addition to it will allow screen dumps to be made to all E soncompatible printers. A2 you h to do ’5 "Md "7 the al"? .

and add

Mailbag Editor Atari Use"

sent to us.

Adlington

_

reason

ff“);

G4” _

T0

9]

STEP

IF

PEEK(764)=255 THEN D:PEEK(B+(G*4Q)+F) mm 4; 1;CHR$(D);:NEXT muosg #1 :NEXT

“330

F

RETURN

and then alter the main program. Here are the changes: 50 Atari User July 7988

.

there's more than ever to con-

is

that

“9m“ D'c' 0 With the catalogue being so bulky it needed to he attached at two corners. The only place with sufficient white space, to avoid destroying text, was the centre

Europa House Adlington Park 4NP Maccles?e'd SK10

now

My only complaint

it was sellotaped across the superb centre page spread of the Eidolon monsters. — lllicholas Latbowsky, Wash-

-

will EACH month we the for award £10 prizes “new interesting most 80

pany out of hundreds.

out Get you} m; an start writing P9“; f vth e be could l' onzdoeSS' a winners. The

I

pages. '

.

420

POKE

764,255:?”INPUT

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10W T=1:H=16?:B=PEEK(88)+P EEK(89)*256:M=B:LPRINT CHRS (27);CHRS<64);CHR$(27);CHR$ (65);CHR$(8);:POKE 764,255 101g FOR Fzg T0 39:0PEN #1, 8,0,”P:”:PRINT #1;CHR$(27); CHR$(42)'CHR$(M)'CHR$(H)'CH ' , ,

our

bag pages.

.

f;;§;”§;?,;;?°gfam

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tribute to

WIN A TENNER,

yet another dime“ S i 0 n

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”DUMPING”:GOSUB T0 541 543

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Lichfield

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diagonal movement when draWing the 3D shape. -

'

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gsug?ofifgii’sljJsrgi/Inggz .

pleasantly surpr’se‘j to see the software and hardware catalogues from Silica Shop. I didn’t know there were so many games avail570 x2=(s=7)+(s=6)+(s=5)-( able for myAtari micro. s=1ll>-(s=11)-(s=9):Y2=(s=1 After all the letters lately 3)*(3=9)*(5=5)“(5:14)'(3=1 complaining about com3245322;:”PX=”PX*X2*3’”PY= panies ignoring the Atari 8 bit range it’s nice to see Silica supporting it even This allows you to include though it is only one com-

Another useful change to the program is to change line 570 to read:

.

"7

the magazme, _

QUt

/

haven’tseenanymentionof

it since

'

When is it g oin g to _

?e on released? on.

Rolf

Heelas,

0 it appears that Red Rat is still doing some development work on the game and plansto release itverysoon. We took

a

look at the

release version very impressed

worth the wait.

pre—

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from the pages of Atari User. Whether you like games or prefer more serious pursuits there's something here for you and you can also learn a great deal from examining and modifylng t h e Bas l c r1st l ngs.

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Dam Trouble — Classic arcade fun puts you in command of a highly sophisticated militaryhelicopter. Your mission: To protect the town of Floodsville from ruin.

game?

Light Gun Blaster — The first ever XE games System. Blast the

listing for the coloured squares

Breakin - Fast and furious version of the classic arcade action in our bat and ball game Breakout. Try your skill against the different bumper patterns and fatal ghosts.

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enemy submarines. Tyrants of Torment — Can you save the world? Armed with your super hi-tech bouncing buggy you are the last hope against the evil dictators. Clay Pigeon Shooting - Test accuracy in our fast-action shooting game.yourHow many birds can you bag today.O Brag — Saloon gambling in the Wild West as you take on three of the meanest card players this side of Dodge City. There may be more at stake than just cards.

Colour Puzzle

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Starquake tape

———————

March 1987 April 1987 May 1987 June 1987 July 1987 August 1987 September 1987 October 1987

November December January February March

1987 1987 1988 1988 1988 April 1988 May 1988 June 1988

7411

7412 7413 7414

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EJTRANSD'SK Wm f Commercial tapes CAN be transferred to disk!*

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“mm"

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Requires:Atan' 800XL or 130XE Computer with disk drive andcassette

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MOUSE HANDLER CAPABLE OF SMOOTH PRECISON DRAWlNG ST MOUSE with no hardware modifications, for use on any 8 bit Atari, ST MOUSE, Handler Demo Programme .

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£1 4.95

Commodore Amiga

Macintosh Amstrad PC, IBM PC and

compatibles

£1 9.95

Europa House, Adlington Park, Adlington, Macclesfield SK10 4NP. ENQUIRIES: 0825 878888 ORDER HOTLINE: 0625 879920

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Amstrad PCW Apple II (disc)

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Available from all good stockists or order direct by sending a cheque or postal order made payable to Mandarin, together with your name and address. Price includes P&P. AccessNisa owners: Phone our hotline or send your card number with your order.

Profile for Paul Rixon

Atari User Magazine Vol 4 Issue 03  

Atari User Magazine Vol 4 Issue 03 - magazine for Atari home computer users, published by Database Publications.

Atari User Magazine Vol 4 Issue 03  

Atari User Magazine Vol 4 Issue 03 - magazine for Atari home computer users, published by Database Publications.

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