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look at the latest software releases.

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20

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When it comes to compatibility, how good is the KXP-1081?

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Hints and Tips

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Get more enjoyment out of your games With our readers help.

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An in-depth

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Rouloc More amazing exploits with our resident Atari adventurer.

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Still stuck with those Leather Goddesses? Here’s part

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of the map.

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Game of the Month

Published by: Database “Wham“ L‘dEuropa House, 68 Chester Road, Hazel Grove, Stockport SK7 5NY.

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Easy access to Dos from Basic with this Autoboot program.

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'

9 of cell life brought to your Atari.

The classic simulation

iiii‘i’?s?‘i’éi? a

Prestel Mailbox:

8

Life

A

October 1987 Managing Editor: Derek Meakin

Editorial:

Atari software.

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3 No 6

Administration: AdV€m§m91 Subscriptions: Telecom Gold: Telex:

Atari.

More about Britain’s nationwide online database for micros.

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Our resident expert helps to solve your programming problems.

UK

Europe (incl. Eire) Overseas lSSN 026654“ ,, ,. Atari User welcomes program listings and articles for publication. Material should be typed or computer-printed, and preferablv double-spaced~ Program listings should be accommpanied by cassette tape or disc. Please enclose stamped, selfaddressed envelope, otherwise the return of material cannot be guaranteed, Comm). utions accepted for publication by Database Publications Ltd will be on an all-rights bas‘s' © 1987 Database pubncauons Ltd. No material may be reproduced in whole or in part without writen permission. While every care is taken, the publishers cannot be held legally responsible for any errors in articles, listings, or advertisements. “Atari User" is an independent publication and Ara". Corp (UK) Ltd are not responsible foranyofthe articles they contain or forany of the opinions expressed News trade distribution: Europress Sales and Distribution Limited, Unit 1, Burgess Road, lvyhouse Lane, Hastings, East Sussex TN35 ANR. Tel: 0424 430422. .

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The chance to get your news, views and name in print.

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this issue All! C ec listintgs|in to e p overcome typing are‘accor'npaniedey or sums m'sFake? full details Of hOW they work, see the article in the August 1986 issue of Atari User.

“er

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October 1987 Atari User 3

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PRIZE NATIONWIDE electronic mail competition offering a magnum of champagne as the 5’6’ ”we “as““ed ’” a giant hangover when the winner unwitting/y caused the software in the central computer to crash. When ex San Francisco police officer Cameron (Cam) Lacey posted the 70,000th message on the MicroLink bu/letin board from his office in Grimsby, all that should have happened was that he receiveda three litre bottle of Moet & Chandon to mark the milestone achievement. A

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m

— MASSIVE sales of video games and consoles have been predicted by Atari for the Christmas market. The prediction has been made following a huge increasein sales ofvideo consoles and games in the American market last year. Figures just released show that the company’s turnover was up by 39 per cent with profits of $13.5 million on sales of $70 million in just three months. The American success is expected to be mir-

rored here this Christmas ‘now that Atari’s video games machines are to be sold in all the High Street multiples. ”For the past three years if parents with children aged 10 and under wanted a video games machine then they had to buy an expensivecomputer to do the job”, said an Atari spokesman. “With the 2600 video console retailing at £49.99 parents have an inexpensive way of buying a games machine and getting their

children used to the using a computer”.

idea of

The two other machines which will also be on sale in the multiples are the new

7—

65XE computer games console for £79.99, and the XE computer games system for £119.99, made up of the console and a keyboard. The list of games for the consoles grows almost daily. Atari’s own label software

catalogue for the machines is already speeding towards the 100 mark.

Cameron

Lacey.

Mind you according to MicroLink boss Derek Meakin —

been

a

—hlt sh’ould or 3 eepis one. hive ’.t seems that Cam cheated a little bit. ,, , Hed obVious/y written a program that started sending identical messages just as the number of messages on the board was approaching the .

.

.

.

.

70 000 mark”. 14” the messages

said was

”Is this the one?” '

_

—-__

LI ghter touChes

HUMOUR has been injected into the latest Magnetic Scrolls adventure game for the Atari 8 blt by aelfnatf?g a‘ ‘.

Jinxter is set in Aquatania neighbouring country to the setting of top-selling The .

.

Pawn.

.

.

Ra'nblfd (01-240 8838) say that the light hearted game is a quest for magic stolen by witches and hidden down seven mineshafts.

Playlng to ’

Tramiel.

”Atari is gains] to be an international electronics company”, he said. ”We want to expand into basic

production and diSt’ib' ation

and the vertical

market in computerS’i Speaking Of his admiration for American WW”

hero

General

George

.

a

-

.

ATARI’s $67 million takeover Of American retail chain The Federated GTOUPiS thestartofa new era, says chairman Jack

I Da

w.“

Patton, Tramiel said: ”In business, whatever we do we go out there to win, notplay the Sim””We have the best product, the best PEfSON' nel and the best store locations to make sure we Wih'lAS part ofhis

expansion

plans, _Tramiel is currently With several

"990flat'hg electromc?

cempan'ef

about movmg into semi-

conductor manufactur'"9-

a

ea

ase

3

f 0 r the states .

transatlantic deal will see a British software house reverse recent trends by establishing a major presence in the United States. D t b ase S o ft ware h as reac ahead on a agreement joint venture With ShareData, pioneers of budget packages in the States and a public company valued at $28 million. The end result is the formation of Database Software Inc. in Phoenix, Arizona. The new corporation aims to market the best British and A NEW

.

.

.

.

European titles through ShareData’s 22,000 outlets in North America. Database Software is part of the Database Group, the UK’s leading publisher of computer magazines including Atari User. As a software house, it first sprang to prominence in Britain in October, 1984, with the release of Mini Office an Atari 8 bit favourite. —

Database Software is today recognised as one of the fastest growing companies in its field in the UK. The last 12

its have seen months turnover increase more than five times. Similarly, ShareData in the States has a track record .

t

.

.

.

none.

d t

th t enpacese American industry, terforthe recording sales of more than 500,000 units in the last three months. Michael Meakin, joint managing director of Database, flew to Arizona to complete the British-American deal. “We have spent a long time looking fora suitable partner in the States to make us a 88:10: as 8

ecome

truly international company", “and in ShareData believe we have found the perfect answer. “Now the search is on to find the hottest software properties in Europe and Britain to sell in America. ”It is a huge market with an insatiable thirst for good software", said Michael Meakin. ”We intend to satisfy that demand with the help of the wealth of excellent software authors over here". he said,

we

October 1987 Atari User 5


The Controller Card

'

Desktop Management System For the Atari SOOXU13OXEComputers gastMgeDgasEt ma"?!isigjaéurgégktthgT?szl 3T l ys

,

a

allow s the user to have 8 range Of utilities in memory while running commercial software, when you access thedesktop system the commercial software will be bmporan' frozen. The Controller Card is an internal hardware modification thaltywhen installed into your Atari 800XU130XE will give you ttte most advanced Desktop Management System available today. .. ,

Announcing the all new ULTIMATEdrive enhancement This Drive enhancement consrsts of a plug-in PCB, which can easily by fitted with our simple to follow instructions. The 1050 IS PLATE DISk DriVe enhqncem'eniOffers .

' '

DESKTOP MASTER DISK -

Tgamgggagmemz?m

5

printers.)

.

.

'

-

-

'

223331” 9

'

'

'

The 0.8. Boot Menu

'

A Desktop resident multiboot menu, by simply pressing the HELP KEY V°U “WWW" Pf°9f8m ”the "m"-

Disk I/O Anal ser

A unique prints out all and very powerful disk the reieventiniormation concemmg the interaction bettitieenthe disk drive and computer as the disk software ts loading or reacting/wanting

debuggingytooiwhich

'

The

.

'

mammammmmmmm

“XL/13°“

“Diskn?iMON Ubrary Disk

“3 he

'

Additional Desktop lerary Disks

41 - 1029 Snapshot Printer Dumpera the SH0 Snapshot printer dumpers but not dedicated tor 1 ?ghilgrztéo printer. Library Dlait 42 -SHQ Professional Print Package the SH0 and Text

Comm!“ °" ”99

's

Ubrary Dlak 43 - The Superdump III Toolkit The ultimate backup system for standad and U.S. Doublerdives. This risk is crammed so full of unique features it would‘take up the whoieoithisad Spacetodesc?be them Please "09”me info. ~

mass

manual

is

supplied This includes ?tting Instructions All registered owners will be supplied with any sofware updates etc for the price of Disk and return postage. ”50 supplied With

III comprehenswehi-speed back-up utility disc, complete with manual .

please contact manufacturers for

-

(Existing owners

update) This

complete package N CW 0 N L Y guarantee

ADVERTISED PRICE)

mos are

92495

FOR FREE INSTALLAHON PLEASE ADD £5.50; FOR RETURN P&P+ INS. Formoreintormationpieaseringot-nt1276weekdaysbetttieen10am/7pm ”’ memmpmmm‘m"

6 Atari User October 7987

bound ?°§g§§i§?§§g§?dpoge

(A SAVING OF £24.95 ON PREVIOUS £79.95

Romlly Court, Landridga Road, Fulham, London swe 4LL

run all available disk operating systems (Dos) Including: Sportados. Happy warp speed Dos and other HIGH speed systems. With this system, up to sixteen drives can be

.

oonrnousn

14

_

£89 95

MAIL ORDER PRICE usr (add 1095 for export orders) mammwrmoesnopmteaotsxroamsnmrsoon

Computerhouse

be made

inc. Post/Packing and twelve months

-

CARD wm-i DESKTOP MASTER DISK FOR THE ATARI taoxis OPTIONAL SWITCH PACK new DISK at mass UBRARY onsx are areas LBRARY DISK

l

G R E M LIN G RAB B E R

desktop publishing packages i.e. TYPESETTER (Xient software) a a photocopy using Epson 8 pin dot mm of printout that mm compatible printers with reverse line feed. in tact theoniy competition wehave isa Lazerprinter Iii

-

I

fuupoten?otofmem.

The

enhlalncers momma5“ °°"V°“°'Wi 9“ YW’

°"° men“

_

.

.

customised roms such

”mum

,

VWII

"

“m °" “

-

invisible to software detection by either Slow down or 1050 emulation. Supplied with detailed Information regarding software drive control to allow you to access the

400!800 0 ml n 8 st em S aver will allow tou to 339 the 093. item the 400/800 Atari ”as“

The PLATE can

cof?n” Panel

computers tocreabtrueemulatorsorupgrade

,

1

cursor/keyboard debounce rate, primary system colours, the system baud rate and the system character set(14 altematlve charactersets to °h°°S° hm")-

This facility

_

'

Happy Compatibility. Improved Drive speeds up to TWICE normal loading speeds (Depending on disk format used). Reduction of Drive WEAR and TEAR: now whole tracks can be stored in the internal Iok RAM. The IS PLATE can READ/WRITE a whole track in the timeit takes a standard 1050 drive to READ/WRWE ° 5'09'9 39°” (Up "° ”W "mes standard speed). Supports double, Dual and Single Densities. Sector SKEW is now no longer required to obtain Hl-speed as with US Doublers. Other Special features are: Slow down, Fast write, Fast read, Drivewrite lock, Skew on/otf, Fast formatting. Fast write with verify. This system is faster than other systems which write without verify. A double sided operating system disk is supplied which offers the following: is Doubler, us Doubler, Standard 1050 and Archiver emulation. tester, 48k and 28k fU"_

I

’ ..

_

in one UNIT.

15988; Trakcer, 00 es. Up UDiagnostic

data .

_

NOW Wl'fh

,

'

»

The perfect ”?'ifY devebpmem- I“St dump ”19 °°m9ms of memory where the error occurs titan examine and rectify. pan also upgrade 7°” cassette ”mam 1° d's" °' make d's" t° d's"

.

-

»

Superdump II Memory Dumper f°f ”we

,

many features never before available

.

Printout “we“ pages"it: 322m application packages. Will hande any graphics mode inducing mixed graphics modes. Full A4 size printouts, built—in shade selector. Included is our unique SHQ system which is an ultra high definition bit image printout comparable to a photocopy (for Epson and compatible

_

,

53

Rugby Road, West Worthing, _

Sussex BN1 5NB (0903) 40509 (24hrs) (Bulletin Board 300/300 24hrs) 1

Tel: (0903) 503711


_ laws

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gs

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gnerds at Level 9 Computing have been taken over by a gnome, THE

to recent corresaccocrding ence discovered in a pon hollow oak.

Don’t tell the dozylooking lads in the picture that they’re posing with a cardboard cutout they believe it is Ingrid Bottomlow, their new managing directress and heroine of the latest Level 9 offering —

7

as

a

<1

.

major breakgroups

,

E

TITLE

(Software House)

MILK RACE Mastertronic

GUN LAW Mastertronic

.

HOVVER BOWER Mastertronic

v

Bulldog FRENES'S

,

Mastertronlc

(0344 487597}.

ec

M|CRO RHYTHM

Firebird JACKLE AND WIDE

NINJ A Mastertronic

t

380,000 words and phrases in

English, German, Danish,

Dutch, French, Italian, Portu-

m

v

SILENT SERVICE

.

§23L355262Hm

A

guese and Spanish. Such is the sophistication

ofthe computerisedlanguage facility that it offers transla-

tions from any one of these or diverse as businessmen faced languages into any other into more than one at the foreign colrlresilaohncllgnce ren same time. twith to so ooc roug Nor does the service construggling with homework. It is all part of a new service fine itself to straightforward being offered by MicroLink, translations. It also provides detailed explanations of the the UK’s fastest growing elecword or phrase, together with tronic mail network. relevant notes about how and Sitting at their keyboards, where it should be used all subscribers have to do is type in a word or a complete both in English and foreign languages. phrase and the Great “Such explanations in the European Dictionary does the rest. foreign language constitute Housed in an EEC spon- an invaluable source of material for translators , says sored mainframe computer in Luxembourg, the electronic Derek Meakin, head of dictionary is the result of a MicroLink. “As it is being continually massive collaboration between language experts throughout amended and updated it is far the community. more accurate and up-to-theminute than any convenThe Great European Dictionary consists of more than tionally printed dictionary”.

through for

EE'E.E'EE’.‘E E

AMAUROTE Mastertronic

_

Level 9

J

LIVING DAYLlGHTS Domark

for Atar/8b/t machines. Called Gnome Ranger, it isa three-part recreationof epic at o jourlney wgha Tulti; anayer puzz es an p calls Level 9 what ”amusing text”. Characters, who all have their own lives, can be organised and ordered about by the player 60d there's a 48-page Journal to help. Price £9.95 from

d pe rf

s wor

BRITISH computer users can now have access to what is claimed to be the biggest and most up-to-date multi-Iingual dictionary in the world. And it is already being

viewed

“i

.

.

«H

Firebird

the Range

on

3

55

.

Gnome

It

E

"

-.

¢

l-

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LEADERBOARD

Access/US Gold COLONY

Bulldog

as

UN|VERSAL HERO Mastertronic

l

.

v

m

. V

TABLE FOOTBALL

Rhino |NVAS|0N

Bulldog

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DEATH RACE

Atlantis

,LWA asStWrAtT e ronlc .

_

Compiledby Gallup/Microscope '

Decathlon from Firebird enters thechart this month at No 1, knocking Gauntlet from that'posmon. SE? the reView Of Decathlon in this issue ofAtar/ User. There is a great of deal movement With eight titles entering the Top 20 while the majority are budget titles, the full-priced LiVing Daylights from Domark enters at NO 4,

_

,

October 7987 Atari User 7


microlioli

7,

in assnt latiiiii

uith

TELECOM

cou?

V

i

5 5

fi-

if

business cards' to magazines is now available electronically on

,

MicroLink.

been formed in London, and MicroLinkis its chosen electronic route to the rest 0 f t h e wor ld , About, 52 million people worIdWide _ 8 million m

_

,

-

_

'

5

,

,

,

7

:

Europe

7 7

speak

_

amalgam .0

""

,

,

.

,

the

and Latinate tongues invented m 1887 by Po||sh doctor LudovicZamenhov. Sud-Londona The f 1? Esperanto-Grupohas been if, going for five months. Secretary Gregory Porilo 5: 5; said: "We believe the time if? is ripe fora revival ofinter-

costs.

AII subscribers need do key in the text on their micro and send it via MicroLink’s electronic mail system. It is switched elec-

;

_

,

"

but also because it hays, been accepted as a subject and is now the EEC’s offi-

,

cial language for ba5ic translation “The south London branch of Esperanto is usmg MicroLink to further spread the word about the benefits of Iearnin 9 the language"

f;

.

.

f

.

.

_

the line and initiates processing immediately. Within 30 minutes a bromide repro for platemaking or camera is produced for despatch to

tronically to Wordstream in Bournemouth who typeset the material and return the finished product by first class post or special delivery. Text for typesetting can an be prepared on ordinary word processor by inserting special codes

are correct,

The service offers 155 typef aces f r°m 4 -5 to 72 point The ran 9 9 includes expanded, condensed and ita I'ictype,variableletterfit, accents and fractions, and paper-savin9 multi column '

.

to speCify typefaces, Sizes and measures. Then it is the to transmitted Wordstream mailbox on MicroLink. .

.

-

.

text Payment

is by the foot length of repro and Wordstream registration is free on MicroLink.

codes

7

; 71 ff

,

,

i

,

NEARLY 30 of Scotland's largest local authorities and six local government

..'"MicroLink. .

Via

.

ures in easily digestible format to well over 1,000 key elected officials and m

helping Improve

Fairley. ..

.

-

Unit was set up two years . . ago as an information . . research and publicity . . serVice for the organisations. We feed facts and fig-

/-’” k 5 b etween

.

.

.

.

.

students, electronics engi— neer Jim Hatton often feels a sense of isolation. “I can’t get to evening I classes every week, have little or no contact With other OU students, and though the instructors are very helpful they are also very busy and I dislike bombarding them With let—

5,

j: 5:7:

Z? ; *

ters and phone calls”, —said.

»

,

Jim's solution

he,

for

-

.

'

,

Abidjan, capital of the Ivory Coast, a former French colony in West

UniverSity Club

courses.

“At a recent summer school I discovered that 3 lot of people like me can't get to the tutorials”, he “But lots of us have said. micros and modems, so the technology for exchan-

YOUR chance

“ Afr/3. y company imports

accessories computer from various suppliers in the UK, but existing communications are not satisfactory”, he said. “Letters can take up to three weeks to arrive and the telephone service is

ging ideas and opinions is there to be tapped.

”The Open University policy of encouraging self help groups where students can discuss problems and gain a greater understanding of

'

has a

their courses. “I’m hoping that OU instructors will also log on to the Open University Club on MicroLink so that students can benefit from their input too”.

to jOII‘I MicroLink

trade and

_

_

-

-

-

himself and other parttime students in the same Situation has been to form an Open University Club on MicroLink where people can communicate electronically about their

~

Latest overseas businessm a n t o t a k e a d van ta g eaff as,t e ff-Ic1ent te / ex " an d e / ectronlc mai/ facr/i ties is S.S.Wijayasinha. He is managing director of Bureau-Marie, based in

.

.

'

Bma'" the Third World.

-

addition we are a of local governmerit information. ,, MicroLink telex and electronic mail facilities Will help us move all this information a lot faster than before". In source

,

WW

.

.

The Scottish Local Government Information

New Open

_

,

Ald to trade

,

if?

g,

n

THE FACTS

SPEED’NG

'

if} 1

7

,

,

,

of the Open LIK.E many UniverSity's 70,000 plus

_

'

1.

;;

-

-

Special software automatically checks the text

that

-

.

.

ensure

,

the customer.

-

file'to

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,

'

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"

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,

.

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$222,355?ritgtzeytztnim

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prowdes a 24VlLordstream ours-a-day, sevendays a week serVice for companies and individuals who want to control their own printing and save on -

.

--

._-—'_

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everything from

i

,

'

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quality typesetting for

IN the centenary year of the international language Esperanto, a new branch — if or Grupo to be exact — has _

j

____£_

._-—-'

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LOW-COST, professional

,

: "

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5 5? _—-’ i :

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Spreading the word

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turn

to

,

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very erratic. “I plan to use MicroLink for all my international

,

communicationsfromnow on because I know I can depend on its speed and

reliability”.

Page 4

'


Play the game of H A

PROGRAMMING assignment often

set for would-be computer scientists is to write a program that simulates the evolution of life at cell level. The rules are simple: If an empty cell is surrounded by exactly three live cells a birth will occur in it, but if a live cell is surrounded by more than three or fewer than two live ones it dies Of overcrowding OF loneliness respect-

ively.

The amount Of calculation involved to determine the status of a cell makes Basic Life programs very SlOW: 50 here is a machine code version Wthh can analyse approximately 1000 cells in less than one second ' less time than it takes a Basic version to analyse one cell. TYPe 1” the program as 't stands and _

Figure

Life

(c) ATARI

by

40 GRAPHICS 0 50 ? CHR$<125> " 60 ?

80? 90?

Phil

llassam

7

THE

‘t0

All cells born in one generation will be coloured red and all cells surviving from one generation to another will be green. Ifthe single step mode is used each generation will be created when the fire button is

GAME

OF

...llait

"

LIFE"

a

Data

II...

DATA 198,136,202,208,231,96,24,165 ,191,101,209,133,191,165,192,144,2,230

77,205 380 DATA 208,15,165,204,201,3,208,23,1 98,186,169,224,145,207,76,227,781169,9

(“his

one

,192,96

0

i

DATA 165,185,240,6,32,203,79,76,16 9,79,32,180,79,169,52,141,48,2,169,82 500 om 141,49,2,96,169,51,133,205,14 1,56,82,169,88,133,206,141,57,82,169,8

490

of hundmd, o, .

gmogmms now “am“, ”REE fo, downwadingon ;

'

7

133,207,169,82,133,208,96,169 ,87,133,205,141,56,82,169,82,133,206,1

510

.

_

DATA

41,57 DATA 82,169,51,133,207,169,88,133, 208,96,32,156,79,162,4,160,0,169,0,145 530 DATA 205,145,207,200,208,249,230,2 06,230,208,202,208,242,96,160,2,32,236 ,80,96 540 DATA 32,156,79,160,39,169,0,145,20 5,136,208,251,96,32,156,79,165,205,133 ,191550 DATA 165,206,133,192,162,255,1 60,1,76,74,80,166,189,164,190,72,165,2

520

END

****

Figure ,/_. The seed

45 480

?

Call Machine Code 140 REM **** 150 A=USR(20000)

for Life

390

204,224,3,240,243,224,2,240,2 39,198,187,169,0,14S,207,166,134,232,2 DATA

24,38 400

DATA 208,65,230,203,165,203,201,23 ,208,71,32,156,79,165,185,73,255,133,1

169,25,133,198,169,82,133,199 ,169,0,133,185,133,188,133,193,133,194

85,32

,133,195

410

DATA

133,196,32,112,79,32,226,79,3 2,250,79,32,13,80,32,0,80,169,0,141 320 DATA 220,2,32,96,79,165,188,240,26 ,173,132,2,240,251,160,3,32,236,80,173 330 DATA 220,2,240,3,76,14,79,173,132, 2,208,243,32,0,80,162,0,160,l,132 340 om 203,132,204,32,156,79,132,186 ,132,18?,160,0,177,205,240,2,230,204,1 60,1350 DATA 177,205,240,2,230,204,160 ,2,177,205,240,2,230,204,160,40,177,20 DATA

n..."

DATA 177,205,240,2,230,204,160,82, 177,205,240,2,230,204,134,134,160,“,1

370

srrnr=smr+1=mc=mc+1;m'C‘oL'”k ".";:INC=0

310

I

60,81

6,166

:'.’

115 POKE START,DTA 120 125 IF INC=30 THEN 130 GOTO 110

REM

At any time the Life process can be by pressing Help. The number of generations that the life form has survived is shown at the bottom left Of the screen. As you experiment you’ll find many interesting patterns of cells, but to start you off the two figures show well known oneS. Figure gives a pattern that appears to walk across the screen and is known as the glider, Figure u is known as the seed and is best seen in single step mode.

stopped

pm 248,56,160,3,185,193,0,105,0, 153,193,0,136,208,245,216,162,3,160,6 470 DATA 181,193,41,15,24,105,16,145,1 98,181,193,74,74,74,74,24,105,16,136,1

DATA

mm Data Load Routine REM 100 START=200I0zINC=0 m=999 THEN 150 110 READ mm

160 290 300

pressed.

460

230,204,160,42,17?,205,240,2, 230,204,160,80,177,205,240,2,230,204,1

By Phil Massam" Data Loading.."

:’.’

:?

the required pOSlthh a cell press the fire button. When the cursor is on a cell, it will be red, otherwise all cells Will be green. If Option is pressed once you’ve set up the initial pattern the program will switch to single step mode instead of the default continuous generation CTOSS

5,240,2

M0--”1P0KE 75211 92 95

by the

and to create or erase

360

USER

:?

/:

The glider

REH

:?

save it to tape or disc so that you have backup copy. Then run the program, and ifall is well the display will change to two graphics 0 lines sandwiching 8” area Of graphics 12Now the program will allow you to set up the initial pattern of cells using the joystick. Move the CUFSOT" ShOWh a

Pressing Start will start the life

REM

?

.

eVOIUtlon

process.

... 70

program

-

mode.

..n.

10 20

MASSAM'S SlmUIateS ceIIUIar PHILIP

DATA 156,79,165,186,5,187,133,187, 240,8,173,220,2,208,3,76,74,78,32,156 420 DATA 79,165,187,240,11,160,1,32,23 6,80,32,22,81,76,32,78,160,0,32,236 430 DATA 80,32,22,81,76,32,78,169,0,13 3,204,169,1,133,209,32,73,79,76,122 440 DATA 78,169,0,133,204,169,3,133,20 9,162,0,32,73,79,?6,122,78,24,165,205 450 DATA 101,209,133,205,144,2,230,206 ,24,165,207,101,209,133,207,144,2 ' 230 '

208,96

03,145,191 560 DATA 104,201,14,208,21,224,0,240,5 7,56,165,191,233,40,133,191,165,192,23

3,0 570 DATA 133,192,202,76,106,80,201,13, 208,15,224,20,240,32,169,40,133,209,32

A

,142

T"’" t" Page 10 ’

October 7987 Atari User 9


690

‘ Fm" Page 1” DATA 79,232,76,106,85,201,7,208,8, 192,38,240,13,200,76,l06,80,201,11 ,208 590 DATA 5,192,1,240,1,136,134,189,132 ,19D,24,177,191,133,203,208,S,169,11,7

SSE

6

600

DATA 124,80,73,128,145,191,162,120 ,16D,E,200,208,253,202,208,248,173,120

,2,201 610

1s,208,144,173,31,208,201,3,2 l8,3,32,196,80,173,31,208,201,6,258,5 620 DATA 165,203,145,191,96,166,189,16 4,190,173,132,2,208,218,165,203,240,4, DATA

DATA 41,SG,37,B,34,53,52,52,47,46, 0,38,A7,50,0,50,37,51,52,33 700 DATA SG,52,0,B,0,53,51,37,50,B,34, 50,37,33,A3,26,0,38,11,50 710 DATA 37,5,34,53,52,52,47,46,l,38,4 7,50,0,50,37,51,52,33,50,52 720 DATA B,D,0,0,0,51,37,52,D,53,48,D, 41,16,41,52,41,33,44,0 730 DATA 48,33,52,52,37,50,46,26,D,48, 50,3751,51,0,51,52,33,50,52 740 DATA 0,0,G,?,0,48,50,37,51,51,0,38 ,41,50,37,D,34,53,52,52 7“ DATA 47,46,?,38,47,50,0,46,37,56,5

2,07397377467375013352741

“9,0

760

636

6,51,41746,39r44r3775751

DATA 240,2,169,96,133,203,145,191, 173,132,2,240,251,76,106,80,165,188,24 0,116“) DATA 169,51,133,188,160,5,32,23 6,8”,24?,9,169,1,133,188,16@,4,32,236,

770

78“

DATA

47,46,G,E,?,46,47,55,?,47,46,

“lg/?lgl?ll‘éll?l551?11‘711’6101

?,?,?,?,0,39,37,46,37,50,33,5

810

DATA 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,'0,0,168,165,172 ,176,0,52,47,0,33,34,47 820 DATA 59,52,14,9,112,112,1127667205

105,0,133,187,136,76,21.7,80,1 6Q,39,177,186,145,295,136,208,249,96,1 DATA

73,132

830

680

12182165152182/3

2,208,251,96,0,51,52,33,34,44 ,37,26,D,48,SD,37,51,51,0,38 DATA

930

A

DATA

DATA

22 22.95

2218 Baker Street Broadsides u.s.A,A.F. oompuaar Ambush Warship

11.95 22.95 25.95 25.95 25.95 25.95 22.95 16.95 25.99 25.99 95.00

Carrier Force Colonial Conquest Wizards Crown Bank of Antitam

Kamlgruppa Printshop

Road, Chadsmoor,

281222" cons

MASTERS

aux Simulation

“2.2

graphics giscl|| '

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953mm

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Bench

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1.99 1.99

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9.95 12.95

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ELECTRIC DREAMS Spindizzy DIGITAL INTEGRATION Fighter

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7.95 8.95

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8.95 Spy V Spyl Boulder Dash Construction 101 9.95 c-u. IMAGINE/OCEAN Head Over Heels' 8.95 Arkanoid 7495 Green Berel 7.95

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350 11293 380 11800

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799

160,250,162,255,202,234,234,2 08,251,136,208,246,32,250,79,96,32,156 ,79,169 660 DATA 28,133,186,169,81,133,187,192 ,0,240,17,24,165,186,105,40,133,186,16 DATA

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$32.59 LAST _


i

Utility

_________________——

you’ve had your disc drive for more than a few months, you will know all about the joys of weeding. You load up Dos, read the directory to see if there are any old files you can get rid lF

that thetnanges e w en so approprra ofkahnd discgver w 1c seeme you invented them have lost all semblance of meaning. What did WEENIES.BAS do? And do you still need it? To be on the safe side you return to Basic, try to Load the file and discover you’ve forgotten the exact spelling. So it's in and out of Dos again to get the correct file name, load the program, list or run it and make your decision. Then back to Dos to erase it if necessary, and refresh your memory about other files on the disc. This little autoboot program makes Iife much easier, whether you’re on a

weeding expedition orjust attempting

to find a file whose name you can’t quite remember. It lets you read the disc directory without leaving Basic, so you can do all the searching and checking in relative comfort. There are simpler ways of reading disc directories from Basic — OPEN, GET and PUT, or XlO, can be made to do the job. But these involve writing extra lines of Basic, which could get mixed up with the program you’re checking, and will in any case be lost when you load anything new.

Put th e boot

In

_

_

_

_

_

to disc dlrectorles Obtam dlrect access W|th thls program by LEN GOLD|NG .

.

This machine code routine loads

automatically at power-up time into

Program isthe listing to type in.As with all machine code programs, it’s essential to type in the DATA statements exactly as they appear, or the system will probably lock up. And be sure to save a copy before you try running it for the first time. Insert a disc that contains a copy of DOS.SYS, and make sure it doesn't also contain an AUTORUN.SYS file which you wantto keep. Then run Program l, and the new AUTORUN.SYS file will be created for you auto-

.

6“

“Tl

LINE

2913213612911691411“123112116

10

cnsun

LINE

1.0

5165 1007

2,229,29,l62,32,169,3,157,66,3,169,88

lllll

15241

,157,71,3,169,0,157,75,3,32,36 um zzs,16,5,76,201,29,00,58,162,1

160 111.63

9,30,11.1,232,z,96,101.,11.1,239,29,240

with the command:

— X—USR(7650)

can send it to a

Alternatively you ter by:

20

01151111

1.601

5010931

llll 105”

_

Ifanything goes wrong during execution of the routine — for example, if the printer is off-line or the disc drive not switched on —you will hear a beep from the speaker,andcontrolwill pass back to Basic. In this event, the error number can be found in address 7662. Program II is the source code, but this will be ofinterest only to machine code programmers who have a fair knowledge of CIO and are used to working with assembly language.

;

q Trap 3151511 053151

um 005101+1

2873

0210 0220 0230

6010746

02110

STA 0051111

9269

STA

LINE 30

cusun

120 10493

0280 529,

90

,' .

DOSIllI+1

011111151

150

10110115

3:

325033110255

. .

Res“ mm

6

9,3,169,6,l5i,76:3,169,6,i57,15,§ 110 um 32,116,228,16,8,76,201.,29,63,s

233:

8,42,46,1.2,16z,16,172,239,29,169,5 120 11010 157,66,3,169,9,153,66,3,169,2

10 c11=szrc 20 CIOV=55656

”1‘5"“6312231381312391591327133 13 DATA I I I I r I I I 29 I

fl ll‘s’iii‘iic

150

00711

210,13,110,238,29,169,150,11.1,

252,2,162,l6,32,229,29,l74,239,29,240, 3

32,229,29,96,76,37,29,169,12, l57,66,3,32,86,228,96,2210,Z,225,2,2,29 ,-1

160

011111

=

50 zoo=sss 60 emec=s05 70 1c00x1=3300 80 1c0ux2=5310

mag

gall-iii:

m #F1NISH/256 m 11511L0+1 0350 mmos “60 m

”336

mg

v

g?gg632“? 0390 m 01.00 5“ 11110

mm“

'

mm

“m" ~

01.10

are 5510111

Branch H M parameter

01.20

m

mm"

=

0110 tcco11=s312 $120 HEHLO=$2E7 0130 orm=s06

~

51.1 1100115112 101 mausmss

11121111101511060?111631315, '

169,20,157,72,3,153,7z,3,169,0,157 11.0 11010 73,3,153,73,3,32,86,228,48,8, l74,239,29,32,86,228,16,222,192,136

prin-

X_USR(765°'1)

0180 cowsr 0190 LDA DOSINI

flyét/

20

DATA

again. Once the machine code is installed you can list the directory on screen

mg “£251,338

Get-[t

165,12,11.1,21,29,165,13,1“125 ,29,169,23,l33,l2,169,29,133,13,76,26

50

It needs to be loaded into memory before you can use it,and this is done simply by turning power off then on

111111111110.

N

01,0:0010

matically.

I

10 OPEN #l,8,0,”D:AUTORUN.SYS" 20 1113110 0:11 0=-1 111511 END 0111

a

safe area of memory which cannot overlap into a Basic program, and is pretty well immune to anything Basic can do. Once installed, it stays in place until you turn power off or enter Dos, and you can forget it's there until you need it. Then a simple direct mode USR call will print the directory and return to Basic as though nothing had happened.

,

30

I

.

pm'em

Turn to page 12 p

.

.

October 1987 Atari User

11


_—————Utility ‘ PM” Page " 0430

PLA

0440

LDX

{$32

’32' is used

0450

STX

FLAG

select channel

to #2

0460

JSR LDX

CLOSEIT #32

Close #2

0470 0480

LDA

#0PEN

0490

STA

then Open it again for the printer

0500

ICCOM,X 1.00 #PRNAME&255

0510

STA

ICBAL,X

0520 0530 0540 0550 0560 0570 0580 0590 0600 0610 0620 0630

LDA

#PRNAME/256

STA

ICBAL+1,X

LDA

WRITE

STA

ICAUX1,X

LDA

#0

STA

ICAUX2,X

3528 121: 11111“

1131 311

977g BPL SETREC 0730 mp ERROR 0790 DNAHE .BYTE "may 0390 5mm LDX 0810 #16 Set #1 to read the 0820 LDY FLAG directory records 083g LDA #GETREC and set either STA E8A? 450 (screen) or ICCOM,X 0850 LDA yipumgc 4112 (printer) 0860 STA ICCOM,Y to print them 0370 LDA #DBUFF&255 0880 STA ICBAL,X 0390 s“ ICBAL,Y 0900 LDA #DBUFF/256

1030 10A0 1050

JMP

PRNAME

.BYTE "P:”

a

mo‘ka

sum LDX

#16

061.0

JSR

CLOSEIT

0650 0660 0670

LDX

#16

LDA

#0PEN

0680

0690 0700 0710 0720 0730 0740

1

ICCOM,X LDA #DNAHE&255

STA

STA

ICBAL+1,X

LDA

#0PDIR

STA

ICAUX1,X

LDA

#0

1000

ICBAL,X

LDA

#DNAME/256

#EOI>

End of

BEG

CLEANUP

Branch

1100

ERROR

1110 1120 1130

STY

ERHOLD

LDA

#158

Store error type sound buzzer

STA

CH

CLEANUP

1220

STA

ICBAL+1,Y

1250 1260

FLAG

LDA STA

#20 ICBLL,X

STA

ICBLL+1,X-

FLAG

EXIT

JSR

CLOSEIT

and

USRCALL

Return to Basic convenient (sizes ad ress

CLOSEIT LDA #CLOSE

DEDICAI ED

JSR

$22

if

necessary

Close the channel iihose numberltlé in the X register

R15

*=*+1 *=*+1 *=*+20

ERHOLD FLAG DBUFF

FINISH

1320

*=$2E0

1330

JORD

So

Don’t get confused. PAGE 6 is a totally independent magazine for Atari users that will compliment and expand your Atari

ICCOH,X (1011

STA

1290 1300 1310

LDA

LDX BEQ

JMP

1270 1280

ICBLL,Y #0

STA

Close #1

4:16 CLOSEIT

LDX

JSR

1202-RTS 121

o

12110

#16

directory? if so

EXIT

ICBAL+1,X

LDY

Print the record

CPY

STA

LDX

FLAG

CIOV

and

1080 1090

1170 1180 1190

NEXTREC

09110

0950 0960 0970 0980 0990

STA

LDX

JSR

a

BPL NEXTREC

1230

then Open it again to read directory

Branch on error

ENDTST

1140 1150 1160

Close #1 0910 0920 0930

an

ENDTST

.

programs now available FREE for downloading on

ERROR

1131“

.

1060 1070

This is one of hundreds of

CIOV BPL SETDIR JSR

BMI

COLDST

are

we.

world.

49a

'

Long program listings - not just games but also utilities, applications, education and more in both BASIC and machine

snowman snu

code '

-

-

-

son

at onus

SH

-

Programming articles, hints and tips

1

5,

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Org; £33.12? rural?

3 <

“3°“? “no“,

1!" .

- would In depth rewews you believe pages to one review! That’s in depth!

'

we once

available

will get you a sample copy. £7 will get you lot more besides! .

.

£16.00 Air Mail or

.

of PD

software,

books

a

% {it %

g years worth

£10.50 Air Mail .

(6 issues)

_

Europe £1050 Surface outside Europe

PAGE 6, P.0.BOX 54, STAFFORD,ST1 6 72 Atari User October 7987

110

1

to subscribers.

£1

Overseas subscriptions

four

i

Comprehensive ST section We also have a complete collection

and accessories

devoted

a

DR

3 8

7,

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3

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P’QQ’amf GUM Of Thieves Pr’ce’.£79‘95. Suppl/er: Ramb/rd Software, FIrsr F/oor,74 New OXford .

.

WCM

1PS'

re?trffl'é?fgggg TO nick this or to nick that, that is the question. Well, it is if you want to join the notorious Guild of Thieves because, make no mistake about it, thievery is what this adventure is all about. In this excellent follow-up to Rainbird's The Pawn, you have applied to join the Guild and must qualify for membership by proving you have the necessary

knocking-off skills. Cast away on an island (in

Kerovnia, naturally), you

have been tasked with stealing every bit oftreasure you can lay your light fingers on. The game starts in a boat near to a jetty. Nearby, the

head of the Guild, the Master Thief, beckons you to jump ashore and begin

ransacking the island. When you disembark, the MasterThiefdisappears, but that's not the last you’ll see of him. Throughout the game, he reappears briefly at the most unlikely moments, adding an extra bit of spice and fun to your escapades.

Yourfirst step is to get out of the boat and on to the jetty. And because the parser seems a bit unhappy with this opening, leaving the boat isn’t as straight-

For example, EXAMINE ALL (very useful) describes all the objects in a single location but not those Wthh are inside another object even though they are clearly .

imposing mansion. Gettinginside calls forsome suppression of your natural who thieving tendencies said chivalry was dead? an

The mansion is large and there are many unusual objects to discover and I0cations to search. You have to be careful what and how you smuggle items out of the mansion — the Gatekeeper is always on

the alert. He is

alsoa gambling man

anyway.

laboratory.

ling your commands. What odd is that it seems better at handling really complex input than some of the simpler commands. is

Make sure you visit the loo and stay a while there, if only to see one of the

sudden

and humorous appearances of the Master

Thief. Outside the mansion,

‘ ,

l

i

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.

\

x

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Q

5...

g/{mxf?m

I;

,

fairly promptly causes the Master Thief to lose patience and drag you bodily from the boat Generally speaking, the parser is very good at hand-

7

visible. Two commands

that really make progress much easier are GO TO a place and FIND an object. Provided you have already visited it, GO TO will take you directly to the location specified taking you through any intermediate locations on the way without halting (unless there is something that physically prevents you from going on). The FIND command similarly takes you straight to the location of a previously discovered object — so if handy you have been Iittering the island with items and failed to take a note of where each was last left. There are plenty of locations to explore on the island, not least of which is

“$5

'

.

and will offer you the chance to bet on a real rat race. Don’t pass up or be late for the opportunity when it arrives —you could do with the winnings. Some ofthe puzzles you'll find here include a bear guarding a chalice, a ratinfested cellar and a secret

forward as it should be. But it doesn't really matter — failure to leave the boat

. >

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a

cave

entrance

leading to an underground complex. Again puzzles abound and you'll need to learn, for example, how to cross a room of hot coals, how to get

to speak and deal with a venom-

a macaw

how to

ous spider. The Bank of Kerovnia is nearby but always seems to be closed. You should

eventually discover how to demonstrate that there are still signs of life within (a nice touch, this) but it will take some time to make the bank fully open up to you. Make sure you visit the cemetery, not only for the

picture accompanying the

text but also to have a look at the three graves you'll find there. Bet you didn't know that this is where they ended up! And speaking of pictures, the 29 scene-setting illustrations built into the game are well up to Pawn standard. One or two are a little on the predictable side and add little to the atmosphere, but most are good and some

?'?'fr'wn

we

m

quite outstanding. Guild of Thieves comes

Q

A

on two discs with

a

die,

a

Kerovnian credit card, a Guild contractofservice and a copy of What Burglar magazine.

The latter serves as a guide to the game and will give you a few hints and

belly-laughs

into

the

bargain. The game needs a minimum of 64k to run it. much preferred Guild of Thieves to The Pawn. For one thing it is much more logical, for another it hangs together in atmosphere and I

detail so much better. The puzzles range in difficulty from easy to mind-

bending so there is plenty here for all adventuring

skills.

This

is

an

absorbing,

and tantalising adventure and guaranteed to be another sure-fire winner for Rainbird. Don’t delay buy it. The Master Thief awaits you. Bob Chappell

funny

——

Presentation

9

Atmosphere........................ 9

Puzzlement.........................9

game/fl”money""""""""'g vera

-


____——_________.__

Mash

joystlck

a

people may

Program: Decathalon Price: £1.99

Supplier: Firebird,

'

race

against

1.4

M

u

"‘

duh"

eaCh Other“

the After Choos'ng number of players and entering your initials, you can choose from ten events in a scrolling window. _

64-76

New Oxford Street, London WC7A 1PS. Tel: 01-379 6982

HOW many times have you be wanted to Daley

Thompson when he steps up to receive his gold

medal? Here is your chance. The first screen presents you with two men racing

downatrack,an unimpressive piece of music and a message scrolling down the screen telling you that it's not the winning that’s important but the taking part. would prefer a little gold medal to make me feel I

better. You are offered the option of up to four competitors and in the track events two

..=.

“e,

“7‘

m““——

“mu-2m“

The events — 100, 400, and 1500 metres, long jump, highjump, shot putt, discus,

javelin,

vault

pole

and

110

metre hurdles —- are all in their own way nice to play but I found the 400 and 1500 metre events a little tough on the hand as you try to pull your joystick apart. Your time and distance are

displayed as a digital clock. made a 88 metre throw and thejavelin moved a very short distance and the clock whizzed up far too I

fast.

this had been slowed down and the javelin allowed to hang in the air If

Iongerthe event would have had more atmosphere. The graphics are reasonable but with poor sound, though the animation is quite well done. You can

choose which event you wantto play and not have to follow a set order of events and this is a saving grace. The pole vault is let down by poor animation but as a budget game the good points far exceed the bad. The major drawback is the fact that it is one of those

where you have to rattle thejoystick from left to right in a mad fashion to get the little man to run his socks off. So if you don’t mind the risk of ruining your joystick you’re all right to buy this one. games

Neil

Fawcett

Sound Graphies.......................,,,....

5 6

P’ay?b'ml’~~--------~---------------- 5 7 7 Iolaluelflormoney................. ve'a _

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Program: Universal Hero Price: £7.99 (cassette) Supplier: Mastertronlc, 5—10 pa”, Sweet, London 502A 4JH, Tel: 01-377 6880

found out about Universal Hero in the blurb was that it's an arcade adventure. But there are no clues and instructions are minimal. Still, some people like to go into their adventures blind. Our hero has a pretty everyday sort of chore to carry out, by Superhero standards anyway—to save the planet from imminent destruction. The culprit is an out of control space freighter which must be repaired to ALL

I

avert disaster. N0 real

problems—butfor

the fact that the nearest

intergalactic Halfords is on a neighbouring planet and the interplanetary shuttle is itself m need of a 5,000 mile ,

.

_

t' lme servrce and

—————i MOT'

make thlngs Interto estlng,.the fre|ghter '5 fiue smackmto terra fume in one hour’s time. -

1:0

gem

So the race is on to find the parts to the shuttle and work out what to do with

436} '-~ko

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gig

«5'-

.--:~-ca"T—: , '__.___

them. Then to whiz off to the parts fOl’ the freighter and fix “In Your quest OH|Y nine find

objects can be held and displayed at any one time.

Movement is via a jet pack, hindered by occasional aliens of varying degrees of ferocity, force fields and other obstacles. Contact with the aliens may eat away at your air

supply or kill you outright. Your powers of logic and deduction will get you through otherwise impassable barriers. The game is nicely with presented, good graphics and movement. Use of sound is minimal, which is at least preferable

to

bad use

of sound.

thought the game was immensely playable and

addictive. On reaching a control computer within the caves under the planet surface, and having in my possess-

ion all the items necessary to work it, I logged on and was asked to identify

myself. At this point my keyboard locked up and I could do nothing but reset the machine and restart the game. This happened every time and meant that I could not progress further. I mentioned this to Mastertronic, who said that they ,

I

,

had not come

across the problem before, the suggestion being that perhaps hadadud copy. This reservation apart, really enjoyed Universal Hero well as far as got, I

I

I

anyway. Full marks to Mastertronic for putting out a great game at under £2—it’s

alot ofentertainment forthe price and puts many more

expensive games to

shame. Niels Reynolds

Sound G’aph’F?-----------------------'------

”Mann”""'""""""""""

6 8 70

Valueformoney.............,. 10 0verall................................. 9


Triple trouble Program: Survivors Price: £2.99 Supplier: Atlantis, 285tation Road, London 5525 5AG. Tel: 07-777 8642

MAZE games are usually complicated enough when

you have to concentrate on moving one person around. Here YOu have the unfortunate problem of having to

manoeuvre three droids, each With its OW” ability. Togetheryou must rescue almost 1000 survivors scattered around seven levels in a hibernation dome damaged in a nuclear war. This is achieved by teleporting them to safety once you

.

find them. Your three droids have their own characteristics: The number one droid looks “ke two rows of teeth on a

pole and is used to eat the earth to reach the survivors.

Aztec

Number two droid looks abnormal corkscrew

and_

th'3 ls your

drOId-

r??????—s—a?—a?P-ge.

teleport

?iii?a?jgézfi?sf??gf”ge Ten Software,

Chi/tern Enterprise Centre, Station Road, Thea/e, Berkshire RG7 4AA. Tel: 0734 303663

Aztec gods have demanded a sacrifice. They inform you that you are among the chosen victims. There is, however, an

THE

opportunity to escape by undergoing a series of physical trials, pushing you to the limits of your agility and stamina. that the Aztec It appears race has, over the centuries, developed running and jumping abilities that make Daley Thompson look like a seven stone wimp—and you are going to need to coordito nate those abilities

survive. Imust say that on starting was Aztec Challenge, l

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disturb too many boulders if you can help it.

sight. Also beware of boulders. Another is problem getting one of your droids trapped by falling boulders. If this happens then you simply hit Escape and forfeit a life. Boulders can also be used to trap or crush Guardian droids. Add to this a time limit, and this rescue has plenty Of problems. Be very careful in what moves you choose as a mistake can make you pay Very dearly. Try to keep all your droids together and don't

The graphics are quite nice but the sound effects are sadly lacking, the scrolling is quite well done and

adequate for the job at hand. If

you are a fan of Boulyou will enjoy this. Neil Fawcett.

derdash

3000d4 7 G’aPh’f'?----~~-----~---~--~--~-----8

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of obstacles, which become progressively more difficult. You run continuouslywith no control over your speed, which is pre-set. The only control you do have is in choosing'which of the three heights you are going to jump. But as you have no time to stop and consider a jump you must live by your reflexes. There is an option for two players with both runners appearing on the screen simultaneously. In this case

found that the runner behind has a slight advantage, being able to benefit from the mistakes of the

.

.

grew on me. easy t° 9'an 't

proved rather more difficult to complete successfully. The concept is simple. You must run and jump your way through 99 levels

first.

I

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unimpressed. However, the P'aved the game the

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to move some of the many boulders scattered around the dome. To succeed you must move all of the droids around the maze together (but only one at a time) as only their combined abilities can save the day. But don’t keep losing them as I did. Droids have individual energy levels, if reduced to zero then you lose one of your three lives. Energy can be lost by contact with one of the MK.1 Guardian droids that constantly patrol the dome. Unfortunately their logic Circuits have been fried by the radiation and they will attempt to destroy you on

"we more

renames;

'

Droid three looks like a cross between Hercules and a Chieftain tank and is used

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Another pleasing option is that, when all your lives have been used, you can choose to restart the game at the beginning or where you finished. The graphics are not unreasonable for a budget game and as screen shots are printed on the packaging you are able to form a realistic impression of the game. There is very little use of

sound. Aztec Challenge’s appeal lies in its uncomplicated nature. The simplicity of controls and the gentle lead

'

13,1;

5

1;

9

.i

'

into the game make it par-

ticularly suitable for children, while the higher levels

should

keep

more

experi-

enced players busy for a good while. I don’t suppose it will go down as an all time classic, but I rather enjoyed it and feel it is well worth the money. Niels Reynolds Sound

6

Graphics----------------------~-------5

Playability...........................8 va’uef‘”mo”97----~------------8

7 0verall.................................

October 1987 Atari User 75


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Program:

Barbary Coast Price: £9.95 (disc) Supplier: Cascade Games, 7.3 Haywra Crescent, Hap rogate HGl5BG. Tel: 0423 525325

able

is

1,

7;

Cannons are your only weapon and must first be before they can be loaded fired. All or any of the cannons can be loaded in one operation, and while the procedure attempts to be

_

realistic,

technically

I

tedious suppose, it is also and frustrating busmess. It goes like this: Select load, select the numbers of the cannons to be loaded, move to any working 5?

cannon, point at powder, pomt at cannon, pomt at push rod, point at cannon, point at cannon ball, point at cannon, point at brush and finally (yawn) point at cannon again. Get any Of

demanding

ransom, to be paid within 30 days or else. You must sail the Barbary Coast, trading and fighting, in order to raise the necessary readies. 53" W'th a The game sets beeping, nautical tune and switches to the main screen, a map of the Barbary Coast. Moving a rather stiff and sluggish pointer, you place

th'5 wrong and you must start all over again. One of the pains of the

7

cannon

loading sequence

is

that having loaded every

blooming

“I,

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while

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at sea,

unloads them someone again whenever you dock, so you have to go through

the whole rigmarole every time you sail. loaded To fire any cannon, you point at the fuse whereupon it will start to burn down. The ball will then be ejected with a feeble

explosion (”Stap

me, bos’n,

they be ?ring at us with cap guns and

tennis ballsl”).

The elevation of the gun can be altered and is the because necessary pirate ships sail past at diffore,“ distances. |f you hit an enemy ship hard and long enough, you may board her and either claim the booty or read her log, but not both. Stirring Stuff, eh? Hits on your ship are shown by any number of your cannons going up in and thereafter ?ames

becoming inoperable.

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scene. A pirate ship may come sailing slowly past and you can engage it in battle or

pirate tales ls always to give the villain a brutish name — it would never do to have the wicked pirate called Primrose or Buttercup, for example). Bloodthroat has your a

and

the next scene appears, a view from behind one of the cannons on your ship at sea. There are a number of cannons and you can move along the deck—the picture Simply slides to the left or right to reveal an identical

Of

daughter and

period

‘-:77

fr.

(as?

y

7;

.

.

.

ive packaging artwork, this game turns out to be very dull indeed. The idea behind it is good, if not entirely original, but sadly the implementation is lacklustre. What we have here is basically a trading game W'th combined some elements of arcade action, luck and strategy You are captain of the US trading frigate American Star which has been raided the notorious by (Rule one

"

Actio,

'

IN contrast to the impress-

Bloodthroat the_pirate.

593manner ea

—O

it on one of the several destinations you wish to sa” to The disc drive then whirrs away for a not inconSIder-

of the

'

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,

T‘

",,

When you reach a destination, the disc again whirrs and finally you will be told if there is anything at your chosen spot. If there's nothing, the message “Captain, there be nothing here. Wish ye to set sail?” appears with the rather pointless singlechoice answer “Aye". In other words, there's no option but to sail to somewhere e|se_ Long disc whirr and it’s map time again. Dullsville.

there

is something are shown a treasure map and must pick one of several crosses. With luck, you may ?nd treasure, otherwise, it's sailing time once more. By now your adrenalin and grey matter will have decided they won’t be neeeded on this voyage and have gone down to the pub. You may be tempted to join them, for there's not much more to this game. Should you land at a port on the coast you are given an opportunity, in a very simp|istic way, to buy or sell food and goods, hire men, acquire cannonballs, make repairs and bribe the port officer (in return for a hint). And really there is very little more to it than that. The game plays exceedingly slowly and is unredeemed by graphics (they are not bad but there are so few scenes), sound (crude) or If

there, you

content.

don’t enjoy having to put down a game by a new I

but I am afraid Cascade Games is going to have to do much better than this if it is to succeed. Bob Chappell company,

Sound3’ Graphics..............................4

Playabllity

3

Valueformoney.................3 Overall................................. 3


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Try out the

very latest UK and us 8-bit software See the full ST range, includingthe new mega-ST Snap up the never-to-he-repeatedbargains Expand your system with powerful new add-ons Get helpful advice from Atari User’s own experts ' ' ' . Experience the f ascmatmg world of communications . . . and much, much more!

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“— PAINT P|CTURE

LOADER

PROGRAM

BREAKDOWN Line 1: Set graphics mode. Line 2: Finds start of channel to disc drive.screen and opens Line 3: Gets colour data and pokes CP'OUf registers. 4: Ignore Line Line 51 Loads nexttwelve bytes. and then closes displays picture and channel t0 disc drive.

from E.M. lede" _

MOST Atari disc drives come complete with a called Paint. This graphics package allows you to load five-line program from Basic. The Paint picture files program works by loading the first five bytes of the file which hold the information for the colour registers and registers with them. itpoking the colour

then ignores the next 12 bytes and loads the next 3200 bytes which arethe actual screen data. You must remember that to load your own picture the filename th e

P'09'am

same

as

program create tures.

COL:

a

"W,“

Wm can

be

within

Ch

,a”95‘d t° t h e

WM"? ?lename-

The

easily. be converted to slide show of pic-

running

GRAPHICS 7+16

1

2

SCREEN=PEEK(88)+PEEK(89)*256:OPEN #1

r4r?r"9=PICTURf-PIC”

3

GET

#1,COL:POKE 712,COL:GET 7?8,COL:GET #1,COL:POKE

#1,COL:P M9,COL:GE #1'C0_L'P0KE 4 FOR 77mm" I-? T0 11.GET 5 FOR #1,DUHMY.NEXT 1 1:9 T0 319mm #1,A:POKE SCREEN +1,A:NEXT I:CLOSE #‘l:0PEN GET #2,4,?,"l<:”: #2,KEy;c|_osf #2 OKE

T

_

PROGRAM VARIABLES

Holds the the colour information for registers. A: Holds all the screen information for registers to form picture. DUMMY: Used to skip the twelve bytes not

Getét ,

,

“NE

I‘Qét/ .

CHSUH

LINE

used.

2495

1

4

EXTRA COLOURS from Malcolm Knight HIS

Iist

short routine uses interrupt) t°

(Nip-2:3;

\

This allows eightlglgegerxgzlgs' tlté? Grains and 9° 0" to .

FOR

Z=B

T0 25:READ

MPOKE

17 l:GRAPHICS 12 BzPOKE 513,

5

17062

LINE

CHSUH

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b~ec°meomiion “Lie interesting With “us be e nr; extra colours Wh'Ch can"evils"? gltered to suit individual tastes. um

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+8,PEEK(ADD+8)+128 18 141,22 298 , in mm

169,36,“

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1g. 24,268,169,66,1H, 72,3635 ' 1'23’2u8'16 2i2 164 64

25'20381§A1A'A1:a'accc'ddd’§i>051ix0ii 0,8” 7

F

AgmAMaaacccddd" # 1 5“ 6°” 5a

pROGRAM 10

BREAKD

.

Pokes DLI d a ta into Page SIX and se ts graphics mod e Stores 3 ddress of routine in interruptve ctor and Also calculates a ddresS of enables addition of 8 t° Po. KE interr‘9pt'7he list. GR.1 display .

20

OWN

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6,et#

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LINE

CHSUH

LINE

CHSUH

8)+128 determines which

ADD+8' .

is called on. The addition er screen linetheln PEEKQAPDr-Cpt H the routine of 128 in after the 169 is a PEEK(ADR:8n)uC|—:bser data. Eac Holds va U6 colour thel Example text pnnted In Grap hics 1 Closed loop .

_

LINE

30 CHS UH

,

iii 10m iii 14m

25 16233 1424 55

78 Atari User October 1987

3a 1461.3

40 50

-

\


Simply send a cqpv Of the program on disc or tape together with the

_

you've written a.“ useful or interesting five

__

||=

I

why not

line programs

I“

send them to us to grace r a es? “WE piy £25 for each one

——_——

published-

documentation preferably as a word pro—

_

file

relevant. And y°" w-a" '-f maternal returning Iv ase pe are

$sz;

be’

.

You should glve a full description of the routine and any other details that

enclose

surtab stamPed package. a

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OPTIONS

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1686:READ141\:$2556P§2' ’

from Robin Edwards

W'Mf?’igg’z 581,”

9232839256535£31,13:245:2§,291$24“

THIS game shows what 225°Sil1,11,§4?:23,201,15,249;35:;6132' you 528:169,11.2,141 into five lines if ,252,2176'37'6/1g4'm 141,252,2l76r37r6'169'273 37’ 252,2,76,37,6,1691135'1H?sié{s 78 Si 6,169,851“r12régzégég’?1'6,§46,1§,2 “5 ”TA

can get you really try. Here we have Quasimodo standing on the bat-

tlements with the royal guards climbing up to get him. What is poor 0'd Quasi going to (10? 622455133 229,23,17§,120,2,73, Simple, he ?gréégltgé7g 95:2é3,169,l,141,24?,2,76 thinks, throw some rocks down to knock them off. Sg’m? 168,3,169,l,lél2193/76”?ng -You move Quasr left and right vra 169,0’141,24u,2,141,219,2,76§1N1568'6 l , (mull,12,6,169,6,141,13,6, thejoyst-rck plugged into port and by movmg it down you Will throw a rock at a guard. The game ends when one . of two things a guard happens . reaches the top or poor old Quasi loses his footing and falls off the bat. _

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1

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15 17630 40 16510

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they at you. When typin in line 30 you rgnust abbreviate allgPOSlTlON statements as P08. and miss out all spaces: Due to the lengh of certain "Ot !'"e,3 't possrble t° supply a Get 't might:sfor th'3 program.

TYPING-INNOTES 10 20 30

Type in Type in

it appears. it appears_ Abbreviate all POSITIONS to P08. and miss out all spaces. Type in as it appears. Type in as it appears.

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into port 1 to allow you fast an duggm_ fortable movement of the curso rc The program Stores maChme 'code

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rtical THIS program theejoyUpnabYEL to sea rru t )sets apndthe function keys Astirhkggrf1 t? some options for the give you cu?sié cursor the If Start is pressed turned off. lf both the Select glam as t en the keys are pressed o r click is turnetggzther (V

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House, 68 Chester Road, Hazel Grove, Stockport. SK7 5NY.

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tlement. As your score goes up the guards get faster and the challenge rs to see how many of them you can get before

an snnprucs

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Draw battlements,

set

variables

Routine to set “9 guards

Draw and

move

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October 7987 Atari User 19


w

THE Panasonic KX-P1081 is a bidirectional dot matrix printer that is friction or tractor feed and has a switch to choose between standard, NLQ (near letter quality) or condensed

print.

The

printer reviewed here

was Electronics and

supplied by Watford came complete with a free printer cable. It’s important to let Watford Electronics know you require an Atari cable when you order the printer. The printer connects to an Atari 850 interface box or you’ll need a Cen-

.

An

Ideal .

com

an’on '

PETER

DAVIPSON pUts Papasonlc Kx-P1 081 prmter through Its paces /

tronics to Atari interface cable in place of the standard one supplied. There are three buttons on the righthand side of the printer controlling the online status, form feed and line feed. The feed buttons work while the printer is online so it was not necessary to use the button controlling this, unlike many other printers. Above these switches are three small lights — power, paper/error and online. Power and online remain lit while the printer is being used and the centre one indicates things like paperout or jammed.

Q

Y}?

§, J_

7

.

feature Epson compatibility advertised by many printer manufacturers. But just how compatible is compatible? Figure shows the conis

a

I

trol codes and a For E in the left-hand column shows ones applicable to Panasonic or Epson printers only. The Epson codes shown are those for an FX80 together with the extra ones from the LX—85. Afeature occasionally use that was not available on the Panasonic was reverse paper feed, but this was more than compensatedfor by all the extra ones offered over my Epson FX80. This printer has been so well accepted in the office that someone asked if another printer is Panasonic compatible. The KX-P1081 is rated at 120 characters per second. I compared the speed with an Epson FX80 rated at 1600ps and found very little difference. In NLQ mode the speed drops to 24cps so it's a good idea to check the document in draft before moving to NLQ. In some circumstances the PanaI

_

20 Atari User October 1987

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The mains lead is permanently connected to the rear of the printer but needs a plug fitting. As it can't be removed, it gets in the way slightly if you move the printer, but at least you can’t lose it. The D|P switches are easily

accessible under a piece of plastic near the print head. Flick it out of the and the switches can be moved way . . Without searchmg for a screwdriver.

/

_

'

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P””“"’

.

,

' ZZZuc£g£§§1081Panasomc '

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.

.

.

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31155358; gggozzjgdmnfs’s‘lessa , treet, g Watford WD1 2AN. Tel: 0923 37774

sonic is faster than the Epson. A point to bear in mind when you choose a printer is that speed is affected by things like head turn around time so the cps, while being an indication, does not give the whole story. There is a built-in 1k buffer so a small document can be sent to the printer whole and you can continue working as it prints. Unfortunately there is no flush buffer button so if you make a mistake you haveto wait while it empties or switch off. The print head has nine pins and these are used to give a 9x9 matrix. In NLQ the matrix is 18x18. You can see from Figure that a wide variety of typefaces and styles are available; The Figure itself was printed after sending the codes 27,33,4,27,83,1,27,65,4 and is shown full size. Figure II shows some of the many typefaces available and Figure lIl shows some NLQ text. As with all I

printers not all combinations of styles are available, but all the important ones such as NLO italics are. If the character you want is not available you can easny define your oWn. If you've ever defined a character on a micro you should have no probIem. The horizontal and vertical lines in tables can easily be created using underline to draw across and by redefining ! (character 33) using the codes 27,121,33,0,0,0,0,255,0,0,0,0 to give upright bars. The NLO feature can be implemented using the switch on the left hand side of the printer or by sending control codes. it is slower than draft because the printer outputs part of the letters, moves the paper slightly and then goes over them again to give four times the dot density. The last line of Figure III showsa line oftext interrupted during the second pass of the print head. .

.

.

is rather noisy compared to expensive printers, but it is acceptable. It can be quietened using the half-speed and/or single-direction printing modes, but I'd rather put up with the noise and benefit from the

Printing

more

speed.

Fanfold paper

feeds

in easily but


CHARACTER "ODE

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WWLOAD CHARACTER

27n‘a 27.4, 27.50 only)

2 11

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as“

only

27,7!.n 27.79 27,106,n 27,70”-

Figure l: A wide variety of styles is available

you must ensure you feed it straight in at the back otherwise it soon snarls up.

is no tear bar so you haveto forward to the next perforation

There

move

to tear the paper easily. The ribbon is a cartridge type and drops in with no problems at all. It's claimed to last for two million characters and there’s a small button at the back ofthe cartridge you depress once printing becomes faint. This re—lnks the ribbon and allows a further one

codes are

Italic

Emphasi sed

Emphasised

Elite

Bold Law-

Bold

Pica:

12! fit

Proportional Here’s Elite: Ital fr: Emphasi sed Bold Lav ge

Proportional Figure ll: Sample styles

I

given in.

This is of NLQ

Here’s; io Ital

Each feature has a simple example to go with it. Unfortunately, they’re not written for an Atari computer and they’re not even all for the same micro. But in all of them it only needs a small change to allow the demonstration to be used on an Atari. Overallthis printer is excellent value for money. It does all the tasks you would expect of a low-cost dot matrix machine and works well with all the tried. It’s an ideal software companion to your Atari computer.

million characters to be printed. The manual is well written and far easier to understand than many l have seen. One of the appendices gives a summary of the features available,the code required to get them (in the form, for example, ESC+S+0) and a page reference. That page translates this to 27,83,n where n=0,48,178,176. A little confusing and all the options for n don’t help, but far more helpful than the more usual form that the Escape

Here’s Condensed:

Typeface. obtained

is

Large Proportional

NLQ

Here's

paper

NLQ:

by the-

printer outputting part characters,

moving the

slightly

Italic

printing

Emphas i sed 1: ge La

When

Proportional

demonstration printing in the a

the

and then rest.

the

printer is stopped during NLQ output it

looks

like.

this.

.

Figure lll: NLO output October 1987 Atari User 21


THE best characterfor a solo game is the Wizard, with his excellent

éi-ij-i'

magic abilities. In

w

i

g_'»f}:2,153:jails?

“ 411:

.

_

m perill get maximurmke and YOU the we from your moto if Y°‘.’ u“ speed you as top forum“;= stal't a as 50° r? to the pit Edwafd iovst‘ck Sta ?ing toneWe st heal’ ‘he Ea st Grinstead' Harwood' _

itv- if this seems unfair then the other characters should take care of the keys and be given the magic amulets. Special potions that increase character abilities should be distributed very carefully. The armour potion should be given to the warrior or elf. Valkyrie doesn't need Stand the wizard is given only minimal protection. The magic potion should be given to the elf or Valkyrie first The Wizard's power

is

potion

'speed

useful

increases damage done, but the is best used by the elf, Valkyrie or the wizard Thor the warrior is macho enoogh. The pick up power potion is best

either the elf or the warrior works best. The valltyrie, who seems to have the basics in all skills, loses out in that she is good at none of

“K,

Klks tart

two-player

game the wizard teamed with

A

x

a

The shot

to anyone. The shot power can also be used by anyone as it

fight power potion

-

Points youcan

the amulets

cetis 53999-80519 of

can

be shot,

take

so

care. '

'

is not increased by it.

,

To destroy bases in the laterisectiorrs you have to shoot through the diagonals when this is pes' sible. Death can be killed by transporting on to him, and when you use the transporters most of the time you move to the nearest transporter in the direction you are facing and you appear on the opposite side of the one you went in. Paul Collins, Lewes, Sussex, -

,

Sussex-

Time

Star Ra'ders " 'F '

YOU are havin ing the smaug Emblems shootbecause they won'tydzrz "1 ?ghters 0 y0ur target Sights Wh en y cu ar e Over a planet' snmpl Y chan 9 e speed and they'll div _

.

your sights. They are be shot when you 333334?” vary l

have

seem to

Wu's-1&2 -

that You bzlséntot'?“ "31an the direc.

on see a blue the ?ip grid whenrglund diamond 9q 3 .“ the“ enter You and collect it. ‘midor aut°' D'e'b'Sh lhe ccmar Harwood, matica?vSussex. Edwi; We East Grinstead:

|F and '

22 Atari User October 1987

is

-

"19 Palyar, 1. W'" any Ug‘efg a_t'tacking to pick Neutron gang-Grin up. the ' W' also int ick 5° craft YO?!can;Jthe loczzsetellar 't OUtSlde 9the def ence com , er. Cal: -

Wo

mfg;

_

Sussex-

Metal Detector changxntz cOlour of

Bens°n's communion? you Palyarmgrs fanebw'w" "v held 10 ' echano-d catmns. H Portsmouth, ”amps/72:7 Sideras,

The Great

A me rlcan

eme'

.

Race

-

Road

-

'

the straight section of the r 5?" you m car to the far ace, Of the left rogzegygtlg close to the grass as you canng _as going on it, you wvir'l'thout actually ' ?nd You merril Y d "Ye Can matter h ow along at 2 40mm no many cars are an th e road Y ou can only do this t _a and when yo" " ljeracl’ght e' a you must driVe encoungn Stephen Banks, upmingtorma"! 6“ Essex

.

star Ralders

-

Dr?‘bs

$5335“

-

the

st’

'

.

lnion Dart On pad Fl Y the off the baCkWard s at —625 to pgck attack'

|

-

Slims,

tion of the ? your ioystick agship. if you push the will respond in ?agship tar/nam? WaYYou moVe So if your .°s the ship on e quacklv to hit ’ so Jillyii'?‘of'?gd iusgv

are

to help n s9me "93 for Mercena °"'¢e players. W The fir you, escape to Steal

|

'

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e"Y Smooth ' to "He it 01:05. volslr‘ ttr?novemlents _ and then let it have _ irtget ’ . s'g'hts , tephen Hitch/n, ”awards/lire, E Versley,

The Es cape HERE

, of time afte and San-5“ the orbs 93°“ having coiled“through t° then have phav docks to zero. this w'“ section g:t?|t“:s“p and the“ go thof the tota s a little. an d u suallv (17°F an orb. crash from H you “1‘er on tile who|e take it age-m $053: r having to 99nt paul Collins, ree? 393'

u: you are

-

F

V on

?nd that

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of Your d

bee n surrou"de Stat bases has r P into the sector [fen t? hyperwa until “e d one and wait the craft alien the of e P a“ t Lh'eaé?mons hen have 200 You changetthe starbase from

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Finch?eld, W9“

Evans]


Review

The jj|

Processor u f hands

i‘ ‘ :g

iii

FlfST XLEnt /,,

”Q H

'f/I

|t out .

wpm professional, a word processor can make all the difference to the production of your letters and documents. The First XLEnt Word Processor is a major shift from the “printer" programs XLEnt Software has previously offered. Many of you may be familiar W|th Megafont II, Typesetter and Rubber Stamp and if you were favourably impressed by those offerings I'm sure this latest one will find a place in your collection. .

Disc-based

and

requiring 48k,

\\\

.

WHETHER you are a two ?nger typlst strugglin g t o reac h 10 wor d 5 per minute (wpm) or a‘ fully fledged 80

For the Ata

-

"130“

& 48K “ONCom Duters

s g m

£29-95 g

$_ 5's

_

5;

_= = .—_E=‘_s§‘§§ —-5‘s“ E‘s; —..—._

‘—‘-'--:-5 z:-

SOFTWARE (UK: g?rLsEXL m n°°k No Alu 55 Birmingahda'm I

anf?é

¥$'5¢02153£92?$o " 255871

Mourns;

G

it can

work on both 400/800 and XE versions. The host of features include insert and overwrite text modes, advanced screen editing, print preview in 80 columns, cut and paste block moves, search and replace or delete, chaining of files,dualtext windows, mail merge, joystick cursor scrolling and icon-driven commands. There are also special facilities for

rinserting pictures into your documents, and you can also define double column printing. Typing is the same as using a typewriter but, apart from the obvious

,

?x

i

W I,

GOLDSBRO

ALAN trles

x

differences between word processing and typing, the major difference is in the speed you can move around your text. Both the 'standard cursor keys and the joystick will zoom you round the screen in seconds and by using the speed editor you can selecta rate from one to nine, one being the fastest; three is the default speed. You can easily set tabs to any predetermined place, while word wrap

functions automatically and can be toggled off and on. A handy position marker will jump you directly to any of the five user-defined points in your

document. Background and text colours can be altered to suit individual tastes and even the cursor can be changed. The cut and paste buffer will hold up to 800 characters, which is one screen (40 columnsx20 lines). Cut, copy and move functions are all operated from the icons seen at the bottom of the screen. The limitations of the text buffer can be offset by the ability to modify text within the buffer itself without harming the text in the document. Dual windows can make a large document easier to edit plus two separate documents can be displayed in this fashion. The text buffer luckily supports both windows thus enabling the transfer of text. Searching through your document is quite easy but this function will only

read text downwards, so cursor pos— ition has to be at the top of the text you need to search. Working through the icon menu again, the search facility will not only work in replace mode but also in delete — you can replace a word with one of your choice or

alternately delete the word. Wildcards are allowed throughout

both uppercase and lowercase selected without defining. Global replace/delete or manual confirmation are as standard. Your margins can be altered at any time, both indents and outdents are allowed along with justification of lines. Line spacing and page size follow the same easy structure. In fact most of the commands are embedded directly into the text document. Headers and footers can be blocked and can

be

left, right

or

centred. There's

also

automatic page numbering as part of the header/footer set up. A valuable Turn to Page 24 ' October 1987 Atari User 23


picture file in between your text. Other picture formats such as Typesettericons and B/Graph can also be used. This feature is configured for Epson and compatibles only, but'a

4 From Page 23

feature is the conditional page breaks, which can be defined to protect paragraphs from being split over two

printer driver construction included on

pages,

When it comes to saving your work, you can either save the entire document or only selective parts. Files can be added to any documentin memory and there is an insert command to let you insert a file into your current document. Viewing the disc directory or any other document can be done without losing the current document in memory. The directory command will show you up to 40 filenames, which can either be loaded or deleted at random regardless of what’s in memory, There are very few word processors that Will allow you to insert picture files in text documents. The First XLEnt Word Processor has the ability to insert any 62 sector (Micro-Painter) .

.

for the majority of printers available. The XL/XE has a facility to insert international characters into a document and custom fonts can easily be loaded as the default text, although the standard Atari text is usually easiest to read. I’ve only scratched the surface of what the First XLEnt Word Processor can do. As an avid user of Batteries lncluded’s Paperclip, I'm impressed with the huge range of facilities available. Standards like these are hard to come by in 8 bit word processing. Whether you’re writing ashort note to your granny or a full length review for Atari User, First XLEnt Word Processor will accommodate itself around your nimble fingers.

.

.

1029 owners

within the

set is

thedisc which may help print out their pictures

document.

Because the

.

editing screen is only 40 columns Wide_a printer preView screen is brought into operation, this feature doubles as the print formatter and lets you select how the page will be printed, Whether you reqUire double columns, number of to pages print and number of copies requrred. Output can be to printer, screen for previeWing or disc for media transmitting. Mail merging can be undertaken with comparative ease, and the program readily accepts data from Synfile+. All the usual text enhancements such as bold, italics, SUDef/

.

.

.

.

_

.

Suppl/er. XLEnt Software, . 516 Alum Rock Road, Alum Rock, Birmingham 383HX. Tel: 021.327 5770 .

.

subscript are controlled from the printer drivers. These can be customised

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CARRYANOQUIBBLE

gig3 58an 48 TPI 05mm

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l 32/33 32 m FLIP SIDED

333

ac;

4.50

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Difgfggggg _ ssan 40 TPI 32533 32 E: SPECIAL PRICE

mix & mach o, a" m

lI

5.33 BRANDED DYSAN bs 4a

-

m,

17.00 19.00

33.00 35.0,

fig

338 .0

3300 .00

2°'°°

383°

7°'°°

.

33‘s“, 6.50

TPI

12.00

22.00

42.00

13.3

333

23.88

BOX

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HAVE you ever wished that you could print out all those funny little characters that you used in your program or °"

ter? Well here's a utility which will print out your listings or Ascii files or using the full Atari character set in loaded have set other your you any micro. First enter the listing. The lines of data have their own checksum on each line to help make sure that all the numbers are entered correctly. If there is anything wrong the program will tell you which lines are in error. You can also use the Get it Right! Next you will need to save your program by listing it to disc or tape using

LIST”D:MYPROG.LIS”

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100-190

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Turn to Page 26>

October 1987 Atari User 25


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finally

scraped

I

together enough cash

to buy your first disc drive? Tapes suddenly became a thing of the past as you marvelled at the speed of your new ac uisition. Opergtions which used to take 10 minutes were now finished in as many seconds. But time passes and you start noticing that discs aren't perhaps all they were cracked up to be. Have you evertried to re-savea long file with Dos 2.5? Or copy such a file in append mode? Okay, so it’s faster than tape but it still takes a while, doesn’t it?

»

WILLEY takes the hard dlsc drlve for a Spln

ANDRE

-

as

puter users will know, —

Atari. Enter the Supra Corporation in America who saw the need for a high speed interface which would allow the use of a hard disc, and so designed one. Marketed for the first time in the UK by Frontier Software, the Supra 20 Mb drive is now available from your Iocal Atari dealer. So what is a hard disc, and how does it work? Well, it's not really all that different from an ordinary floppy disc, but it spins very much faster and is sealed inside an airtight container. This single, non-removable, unit can pack up 20 megabytes of data on to its

already come to this conclusion and the drive is now being packed with SpartaDos probably the most powerfuI available for the 8 bit Atari. The interface is capable of deciding if the hard disc is ready for use, and if not it will boot from floppy disc two (so don’t forget to alterthe drive select switch at the back of your 1050). Once SpartaDos has loaded you should run the format program provided. This will format, partition and zero the drive ready for use. Formatting will probably already be familiar to you, but partitioning may be a new concept. Since the hard disc can contain such a large amount of information it is split up into smaller, more manageable, units which the computer can treat as different drives. Thus a small partition of 180k is set up as drive one (and will be booted from each time you power up the system), while the rest of the space is allocated equally between two fictitious drives num—

it much more accessible. Once you’ve connected the unit to

surface. The access speed is also very much greater than an ordinary floppy, with data being read and written many times faster than the serial drives are able. Because a hard disc requires a

far greatertrack reading accuracy than a floppy, the disc itself is sealed inside an airtight box to avoid contamination from the dust and moisture in the air.

Supra

-

The Supra contains a 3.5in mechanism, which means that it is considerably smaller than a 1050 drive (albeit a little longer) measuring just 14 cm by 7 cm by 28 cm. In addition to the drive itseikmu will need to find desk space for th\e\SCSi interface module which plugs into the parallel port at the back of an 800XL. This module takes its power from the drive unit and so only one mains cable is required and no more extra black boxes since the transformer is built into the casing. As a bonus, the interface also provides a high speed printer port parallel Centronics running at some 8 to 10 thousand characters a second. need not worry 130XE users because a special converter board is also supplied for your machine which also extends the cartridge port making

all business comis to use a hard but until now such a thing disc unit has been difficult to get for an 8 bit The answer,

-

your computer you're ready to initialise the system. Rather like floppy discs, the hard disc must be formatted before you can use it. Firstly you should boot the Dos floppy disc which is provided with the drive. My review sample was supplied with MyDos — a slightly modified verSion of Atari Dos 2.0—which is frankly a bit of a muddle, and the whole Dos 2.0 file system is not really geared up to using 20Mb of space effectively. Frontier Software had obviously

bered 3 and 4. Files may be accessed by using D1 :, D3: and D4: reSpectiver. D2: refers to the real floppy disc drive you first booted from. After each of these partitions has been zeroed you may write your Dos files to the fake drive one and you’re ready to go. At this point it's best to re-boot the system from scratch to check you’ve done everything correctly. The com-

puter will automatically load SpartaDos from the fake drive one ‘

!

unless you hold down the Help key to indicate a floppy boot is required (to load game discs and so on).

_ '

> ..

tested the load time using SpartaDos with a standard 1050 and then using the Supra Drive the 1050 Turn to Page 28 b

i

I

'

a.

9

-_—_::—... "'—-—

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Load 18970 byte file Save 18970 byte file Open/close outputfile (20 times) Open/close input file (20 times) Write 50,000 bytes Read 50,000 bytes

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19.28 21.91 34.12 4.94 48.92 46.76

2.28 2.66 6.52 1.06 5.08 4.68

Speed comparison table October 1987 Atari User 27


_______________ 4 From Pa 9 e27 in about 18 seconds

loaded

and the

Supra took just 4.5. Both of these times include a 2.5 second poll to check for available drives, so the actual Dos loading times are more like 15.5 seconds

and 2 seconds.

.

— _

— Cm

correct channels for its data storage there is no reason why it shouldn’t work. AlSO, operations WhiCh are inherently SlOW because of the

using:

operating system (such as PUT and GET) will not show such dramatic Speed improvements. The other crushing blOW for

— in any density. Many machine code monitor and display routines are available, plus batch execution files, disc management programs, various Ramdisc options and numerous other features. It is also capable of running a 1050 at about three times normal speed if you’ve fitted a US Doubler chip (at

495695

GauntletDeeporDungaons Green Beret

.............—

7.95

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SUNARO SOFTWARE (AU)

BOX78,MACCLESFIELD,CHESHIRESK103PF

28 Atari User October 1987

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Using a hard disc does have its drawbacks, though. Copy protected programs can’t be transferred onto the system, or non-standard format discs but so long as a program may be loaded from SpartaDos and uses the

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dedicated Atarians is that the drive only work With Xl- or XE computers, due to the fact that It requires access to the parallel port at the rear Of the more recent machines. I’ve been usmg my Supra for a month now, and can’t enVisage life Without It any more. That said, unless you use your machine mainly for programming or you run a bUlletln board, “195750 price tag might seem rather dlff'CUlt to JUSt'fyBut if_you can afford it and you WOUld like to see your Ate” disc access times Improved, there would seem to_be no better ChOlce than a Supra drive. Wlll

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sub-directory called HELP, and so on. If the file WORDPROJNS was contained inside the directory HELP then it would be called up by

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4 From Page29 the traditional Infocom wit and humour, then Nord and Bert looks like a program you’ll enjoy. Watch out for a full review in Atari User soon. Turning to the cries for help that

Pm ram' The Lurkin 9 Horror -g, Price. £24.99 Suppl/er: Infocom, c/o Act/Vlswn, 23 pond Street, Hampstead, London NW3 2PN. Tel: 01431 1101

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“BY the pricking of my thumbs, something wicked this way comes”. Perhaps you recognise that as a quotation from Macbeth or as a part title of a Ray Bradbury book (he borrowed it from our Will). Whether you do or not (and even I was forced to look it up in my Wizard’s Book of Knowledgefor Dolts and Total lgnoramuses — Ruoloc may be pretty but he’s not awfully bright), I'm sure you’ll agree that those words beautifully convey the sense of something unspeakably nasty waiting just round the corner. That quotation would be equally appropriate for Infocom’s latest text adventure,The Lurking Horror. Now if, like me, you enjoy a good vicarious

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you. You are a student attending the George Underwood Edwards Institute of Technology, about which many unwholsesome rumours have been circulating, such as beware of ghastly goings-on in the basement, young master. One snowy night, you return to the college to finish off a long overdue Classics paper. After a swift fainting fit while seated at your computer terminal (it was something you read, not what you had for tea back at the digs), you begin to wish you had stayed at home. Too late, old chum. There’s nowa blizzard biOWihQ outside and you’re well and truly StUCk here for the night. Feeling the need for a little care to try YOU exefCiSte. C earing away a YOU" and atmight "ts-3 huge pile Of rotting junk down in the basement (l thought | told 2)“ about YOU there were rumours in the basesomething New % "t g; ment — never learn, do you?)When the rubbish is shifted i , 4 "we (With some mechanical aid), 5?“ ‘5 another room iS revealed. Ni And therein sits a closed 5 “‘ manhole cover-NOWJUS" A? like those poor innocent 55 fr; .

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tWitS WhO, When |OSt and soaked in a rainstorm, go knocking on the castle door at midnight, failing to notice the 20 foot high By neon sign that says “Chez DAVE Dracula”, no doubt LC%§H5‘$9 you will wish to open zghK the cover and descend. Don't say you weren’t mnmcnw?m warned. In a cave “hm-um,“ down below is what looks suspiciously like an altar. No cuddl y

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knife lying nearby, its purpose obvrous, wouldn’t you say? But worst ofa“ is the sliding iron plate embedded in the floor. Pull that to one side and the hairs on the back of your neck are likely to do handstands. Greyfria rs was never like this, master. As the fat owl himself might have said if he were in your current shoes, ”Oh, lorl Oh, crikeyl”. Given the nightmarish experiences you are about to undergo, you could be forgiven for using stronger language than Bunter’s. Elsewhere, down on one of the campus

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strange gleam in his eyes floor), He will not let you pass. Taking an axe to him may seem like a petty over-reaction on your part to his unfriendliness but prepare to be shocked if you do decide to atack him. And, perhaps I should add in all fairness, prepare also to be throttled for your impertinence in assaulting what now appears to be one of the undead. Yep, a zombie. And there’s far more horrible things lurking around the campus, What IS going on? Among the treats in store are voracious rats, a loathsome slimy tentacled thingy, a winged watchyoumaycallit, something dead and unpleasantin a plant tub and a mob of chanting zombies for starters. Can you get out alive? Will you ever sleep machine,

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The Lurking Horror was written by Dave Lebling, famed writer of the Zork trilogy and four other Infocom adven— tures. He has come up with a tale that

brings together many of the elements found in the best horror stories like those by such notables as Stephen King, H.P. Lovecraft and James Herbert. This is another original triumph for Infocom who just can’t seem to put a foot wrong, thank goodness. So turn down the lamp, shut the door and get down to playing The Lurking Horror. But try not to keep looking over your

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D

1220 1230 1240 1250 1200 1270 1200 1290 1300 1310 1320

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October 1987 Atari User 37


___—_—_______—_

l” the last few m°nths we have been

if?

,

should now have an insight about how this part of the computer works.

r“

(Load Memory Scan). This is a compiicated routine but if used correctly it can create some very useful effects quickly and without a lot of programming. its main job is to tell the Antic chip where to get data from when displaying the screen information for any mode. have this Aw "he on the option set, and so allow screen data to

'

'

'

j

'

z"

112 112 66

the

HIGH 65

LOWD HIGHD Figure

/:

address

of the display list. This '

'

scan' ‘

be seen in Synapse's Shadow World. Let’s now move on to another

IS

ignored during normal operation of is read when a printer is being used. Don’t worry too much about this but always make sure you finish a display list with these bytes. Before we go any further, type in

example of the LMS with Program II. This listing inverts a Graphics 0 screen, so when you run it everything goes upside down. Try LISTing the program to test the effects. Again this is all due to the LMS function. The new display list this time creates LMS addresses that start from the base of the screen and work backwards, creating a reversed memory format. The program also changes the character mode register to display upside down characters. A useless program you might say, but this idea can be used to invert a Mode 8 screen, and this brings us on to Program I”. Again the display list is re-designed for a backward memory format, but in this mode the picture on screen becomes flipped over. Notice how the program switches between

Program and run it. You will find that the top line of your screen has been re-displayed many times. This is achieved by making a new display list that keeps repeatingthe LMS on every line, with the same address for the I

screen data. What use is it, hear you ask. Well imagine a game with split screens — player one at the top part and player two at the bottom. These screens could scroll around memory independent of each other giving a wider scope for game design. Many programmers have used this technique in games, and an excellent example can I

\‘._

'

~._‘".\

\\‘<_

'

\\~

\

\-

._

,\'~\ ~\ ‘\§3\\\§§\\§§\\\\§3\\§§R\ "~\ a\\x“ \‘ \\» \\\\

.

\\\\\>§\\\3§\\\\\\\>\R§\\t~t \\\_\ .\\\\_ .\-\\\ \~\\\ ~\~.\-\\\\ ‘-

0

(Antic Mode 2) with LMS

Low byte of screen memory High byte of screen memory Wait for VBLANK Low byte of display list address High byte of display list

38 Atari User October 7987

_

the Atari but

l“

An example display list

Of IOad

use

memory

l2+64l LOW

.

,

B'am‘ Blank line Blank line

Graphics mode

""

.. -

§§’_,;_';j,§}-f22 5

x‘

“2

In the fourth part Of hls serl es on amazing effects RICHARD VANNER

i???

memory and in any order. The importance and use of such a feature may not be apparent at first but it is in fact a very powerfull command. An example display list is shown in Figure I. It is only a very small display list, but from it you can see the wayin which the LMS works. To start with, the first three bytes are blank lines to bring the start of the screen down to ensure that the first line of screen data is displayed on all TVs and monitors. The next byte describes the type of mode to use for the next line — in this case Antic Mode 2 (Graphics 0). It also has the LMS bit set, and this is essential for the first line in a display list so Antic knows where screen data starts from. Following this byte is a word address which Antic uses as a pointer from where screen data must be received. This could, for example, be an area in page six where a title is stored. Setting a mode line with LMS followed by the low and high bytes of $0600 would result in data being displayed. The final command, 65, tells Antic that the display list has ended and it must wait for vertical blanking before restarting a display list. The address following,65 is the start

j

g.

\\\

\\\_\.\~\\\ \-." \\\-.\'\\\'\\3\'\\\\, '~"\\\ x‘\'\f\\-{\“‘;‘~.\ \

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'\\\~\\\\\.\-C\‘\\T‘~\.‘xii“. \\"\\\\7“ \ ‘\\\\'\\\\ ‘§‘\\\\\‘."{‘C'\:\f‘{"Q‘s.

A normal GR.8 screen


PROGRAM BREAKDOWNS

S ts up Screen

100-115 120 - 140 141-190 192-220

-

Finds the .e

ointer r 8“? menaogs'sp lay list ad into page ix end bytes

12613: mandatory 20122 9 -

the address disll‘ay?llisttic Te list

230

Of

the

osf

the

n erV

100410

$82”

JZO-MO 41'190

Cr

200-224 230-240 250-260

tied displaY ”5.38 ii message Prints a sma

2 40

-

.

d'ssv display list

Wers memor so that new can be Stored d'SDlay list mya safe , place and so that w 1 CrOSS n a 1k .

1

Set: fig

boundary

'_

and draws ls pOlnters 313131779?

a

patterns

-

screen Poiztseznlde‘gdtmplay”Sthrinverted es

Switches to ii ew m‘ d'splay list and Sw‘"Ches back to on 9 in a , pauses d'Splay list and fauses oops back to keep -

.

270

switching

Program I Program III 100'140

Sets up Screen, .

3

~

etpomterand?nd dismay lam okes new displa V list with f0rmat ba Ckward

141-190

'

zoo-230 240

Pokes

in e n d b Of

95 100-102 10

_

133140 -

the

the

141-195

C gggres? afacter ngjvesbaaczevatrcylaAntic lSpIay list m ode down charac reQ'Sfer f0r u 2 00-224 .

-

250

Prints a

DS'de

backiisafdmessa

ge.

Program II

the two display lists at such a quick rate — much faster than moving the actual screen data. You may also find that when the screen changes there is a small flicker. This cannot be helped in Basic but a vertical blank interrupt would solve the problem. Now on to the final listing, Program lV, which unlocks the hidden secrets of Colourspace. If you have ever seen this program you may have wondered how the curve modes are generated. Well it’s all down to the LMS, which this time causes screen data to be dis-

230

Reserves mall-(338 Sets UP tarap Draws diagonal “r“?S Sets display “st P°'”‘ers var y mg levels “St W'th I

-

of

-

'

'

-

display

38211133 ep

Sets end bytes, “51 Switches to new display .

,

1

Program IV played in varying steps. The program sets up a display list that produces the same lines at increasing lengths giving them a curved effect. The LMS is very important in the display list design and is quite a difficult subject, but even if you don't understand the theory you can use the useful routines from these programs in your own. One final warning. Make sure that your display list never crosses a 1k boundary and that screen data never

crosses a 4k boundary or else rubbish will be displayed. .

“1 RE” ***************** 2” RE" * FROG l

*

1“

FX

20 $5: : SPECIQL

1’ *

R 55 R611 * Varymer 60 REM * Atari User 70 REM * Messing with an REH * LMS! 90 REH Htui?iuttnu 100 GRAPHICS 0 110 SETCOLOR 2,0,0 115 PAGE6=1536

,,

* *

120 DL=PEEK(560)+PEEK(S61)*256 130 LOHLNS=PEEK(DL+4) 140 HILHS=PEEK(DL+S) 141 POKE PAGE6,112:POKE PAGE6+1,112:P0 KE PAGE6+2,112 150 A=3 160 POKE PAGE6+A,2+64:A=A+1 170 POKE PAGE6+A,LOHLHS:A=A+1 180 POKE PAGE6+A,HILMS:A=A+1 190 IF A<>51 THEN GOTO 160 192 POKE PAGE6+A,2:POKE PAGE6+A+1,2:P0

PAGE61A+2,2:A=A+3

KE

200 210

POKE

PAGE6+A,6S

POKE

220 230

POKE

PAGE6+A+1,0 PAGE6+A+2,6

POKE

560,0:POKE 561,6

240 POSITION

The effect created by

p

here for

a

0,I:?

Move the

cursor

u

suprise!"

Program IV " g

October 7987 Atari User 39


10 20 30 40

mm

50 60 2887 2991

10

40

7”

20 50

3939

8”

4783 2039 4453

100 120 141

2899

2869

110 130 150

8923 170 5080 192 10148 220 2999

180 200 230

4“ RE"

9”

REM

*

by

*

11511

1

R.Vanner

*

REM

*

REM

*

REM

*INVERT

Atari

*

250

GRAPHICS 8*

260 270

1l2 €0LOR1 104 FOR A=0 TO 191 106 PLOT 0,A:DRAHTO 108 NEXT A 110 SETCOLOR 2,0,0

14278

11

*

10

MEMRY+A+1,DL1 MEMRX1A+2,HILMSZ

OL+199,0 DL+2|0,PEEK(106) 90115 560,I:POKE 561,PEEK(106) FOR A=0 T0 100:NEXT A POKE 560,DL1:POKE 561,DL2 FOR A=0 TO 100:NEXT A GOTO 23“ POKE

POKE

106,MEMRY:M .

2

5

11,191

1110111115111

122 DL2=PEEK(561):DL=DL1+DL2*256 130 LOHLMS=PEEK1DL+4) 140 HILMS=PEEK<DL+5) 45

*****************

STEP

POKE POKE

230 240

*

User

3705 2982

240

*

#4

FX

9a REM **********t******** 95 MEMRY=PEEK(106)-16:POKE EMRY=MEMRY*256 100 GRAPHICS 8416

3786

23 23;

“WM/“2

190 IF LINES>-1 THEN 200 POKE MEMRY+A,65

152

GOTO

53 2313.2 23 Z???

95

9777

100

2.190

102

1395

156

3915

158

4809

160

4571.

260

3853

270

1619

158 LOHLMSZ=HEH-(HILHSZ*256)

130 LOHLMS=PEEK(DL+4) 140 HILMS=PEEK(DL+5) 141 POKE PAGE6,112:POKE

PAGE6+1,112:P0

PAGE6+2,112

KE

152 MEM=LOHLMS+(HILMS*256) 154 MEM=MEM+(LINES*40) 156 HILH32=INT(HEH/256) 158 LOHLM82=MEM-(HILM32*256) 160 po1<E PAGE6+A,2+64:A=A+1

1” RE" *******************

170 POKE PAGE6+A,LOHLMSZ:A=A+1 180 pom PAGE6+A,HILMSZ:A=A+1 135 1111254111554 190 IF A<>75 111511 0010 152 200 po1<5 PAGEé+A,65 210 poxg 220 POKE p1556+A+2,6 230 POKE 560,0:POKE 561,6 21,0 poxg 250 2 "7 111100 EDISPU .V.T EHT DENRUT

20 30 40 50 60 70

75,4

0

1111"

[179 1111

1113011

10 40 70 100 120 141 154 160 185

4453 8923 3425 4231 2741

210 240

2982 1859

2887 2991 2437 2039

11111

20 50 80 110 130 150 156 170 190 220 250

2900 3939 3878 2730 3501 2300 3915 5256 3731 2999 8005

40 Atari User October 7987

11111

30 60 90 115 140 152 158 180 200 230

REM

*

SPECIAL

* *

by

*

R.Vanner

*

REM REM REM REM

PROG

Atari

*

1.

FX

114

User

* *

1112

COLOR

101.

1011

111711112/2121313/3/411‘151516

,6,7,8,9,111 195

10,9,8,7,6,6,5,5,4,4,3,3,3,2,

DATA

2,2,1,1,1,1 200 210

i *

11

DATA

220 222 224 106 MEMRY:M

POKE

MEMRY+A,65

POKE

MEMRY+A+1,DL1 MEMRY+A+2,HILMSZ

POKE POKE POKE

DL+199,0 0L+200,PEEK(106) 560,0:POKE 561,PEEK(106)

230 POKE 240 GOTO 240

1

Get w'

A=0 10 209

'

[19

120 011=pse1<1500> 122 DL2=PEEK(561):DL=DL1+DL2*256

M.

CHM

*

STEP 10 100 9101 11,0:011111110 1+110,100 108 NEXT A 110 35100101 2,0,0

Get wI ‘

.

19”

REM

80 REM * 'CURLING LINES’ * 90 REM “Hufcu?u??u 95 MEMRY=PEEK(106)-16:POKE EMRY=MEMRY*256 100 GRAPHICS 8+16

mum/“1,0

1111

*

210 220 222 224

*

3

2887 1860 3163 4231

140 160 190 210

by

SPECIAL

REM

PROG

90 115

2730 3501 549 4838 2924

2

REM

*

70 80

I 91105

11

*

3621 4169

*****************

REM 11511

*******************

REM

30 60

1Program” 10 20

REM

1115011

3621 4169

2887 1860 3163 4313 4809 4894 2924 3786

1311 LOHLMS=PEEK(DL+4) 140 HILMS=PEEK(DL+5) 111 POKE MEMRY,112:POKE MEMRY+1,112:PO K5 11511111+2,112 150 A=3:LINES=40 151 FOR LO0P=0 TO LINES-1'READ ' SIZE 152 FOR LO0P2=1 TO SIZE 153 MEM=LOHLMSHHILMS*256) 154 MEM=MEM+(LO0P*40) 156 HILMSZ=INT(MEM/256) 158 LOHLMSZ=MEM-(HILMSZ*256) 160 POKE MEMRY+A 1S+64'A‘A+1 f _ 170 POKE MEMRYM'LOHLM. SZ.A-A+1 , 180 POKE MEMRY+A ’ HILMSZ'A'A+1 ' ' 182 NEXT LOOPZ 185 NEXT LOOP

11115

1113011

M.

11111

0115011

11111

3181

2

3350

13

30

3390

511]1033

70 95

9777

60 90 102

1

104 110 130 150 153 158 1311

190 210 224

2681 3946 2730 3501 2295 4313 4809 5021. 6793 3576 3744

1115011

3986 4352 3181 1395

80 100 106 120 140 151

4392 2496 4643 2291 3163

108 122 141

6192

152

4046

154 160 132 195

3096 4574 2351. 6812

156 170 135 200

220 230

4256 5399

222 240

3915 5386 2301, 3054 2332

1329 5053

9328

1622


————————P

ro

9 rammin 9

IL

,

-

Your programmmg problems solved by ANDRE WILLEY

TrapPEd by a loop ,

problem you have encountered merely a slight misunderstanding of the way Atari The

of

ee

Of

e (do?or a v:_hich ime. ?gsstlxaensatlltiits?month pu'zz_e ,

t f orget that thfs '5 your forum _ so keep those questlons coming in on any aspect of Ata" programming. Let’s start the ball rolling with a letter‘from Jim Colleyfrom Whirlowin Shef?eld. He writes: D on

‘I

would appreciate your advice on a prob/em lam having with myAtari. In fact, what I really want to know is whether or not I have a fault in my machine. lam using a 130XE, O.S.S’s Basic/ XE cartridge, two 1050 disc drives and two printers —a 7029 anda 1020, nei— on a, of same time.

My problem concerns the TRAP statement. I find that when I use it from inside a loop to direct the program back within the loop Iget Error 73 — NEXT without FOR. However I whe n have on! found 't to ha _ fol, GOySUB exampeg'en using '

10

FOR

zg

TRAP

F

3g;

30 PRINT 1.0

B

NEXT

1

T0

lll

GOSUB

15“

F F

/ WOU/d have expected that when the program attempts to branch to the non-eXIStent line 7000 that the TRAP would'bring it back {0 the [0917 and execution WOU/d cont/"ya BUf it 9"V93 the error 73 when plainly there 15 a Of the manuals FOR statement.

None commentupon th/sso/am wondering a bug ’” my rom. / whether there hope that you might be able to set my mind at rest. ’ ’3_

action is taken on it at this point. Then the program comes across a GOSUB statement, so it pushes the calling line .

.

f

emerges

.

.

.

'

stats;233324331530??rst;

tered the program stores the details of the loop by pushing them onto a special run-time stack. This is simply a place in memory where numbers can be placed one at a time and then retrieved aftenNards. Think of it like a pile of letters on a desk: Whenever you add a new letter to the stack you it on alvziayshplace enever you an aways start Wit you WI

thitop

of

1000.

pile,

0theagain

ti ehanyone t e

At this point the error handler cuts in because there is no line 1000 to go to. It detects this error (Error 12) and also notices that a TRAP has been set to line 30 so instead of printing an error message it branches and continues execution at line 30 (PRINT F). 40 is 3 NEXT statement, so it .Line tries to pull the information about the assomated FOR command from the and what does it find but the stack —

on the

top.

This is known as a first-in-Iast-out (or FILO) t e WItnebfirst e on iterzn t e stacrkbecaukse you put on _stac bottom of the pile and hence be the

55.2.2"emiratessmith work ,

_

=

a bug as such,

.

.

med

wevs

not

is

_

,

the e pul ratshacklskwhiclh er t(LirSt-in-first-out) e other way i‘ng —

i

t e irst an mad t e o estoft-thepilz lettersfromlthibottlgm ea ing Wit

unused item

on

it's run-time stack to keep track of where to go back to for FOR RETURN NEXT loops and GOSUB branches. Therein lies your problem. So let’s look atwhat Basic does during your program: Line 10 is 3 FOR statement, so it pushes all the information it requires onto the stack and goes on to the next line.

Ignoring line 20 for a moment, line 30 prints out the value of F and then line 40 pulls the FOR details back off the stack and thus returns to line 10. Now, when you add line 20 the follows

sequence

of events takes

place:

The TRAP line

is set

to 30, but no

the one

wants,

'

_

is remove

30 POP' PRINT -

.

.

is

the RETURN address entry from the stack before you get to the NEXT statement. The_ POP if you command Will do this, so change line 30 to.

.

the stack

writers?reasszizsf’tfssfzs

to do

to the point misntyrviginttgngzsabsack BaSIC uses

to the RETURN

reference

for the non-existent GOSUB. it can course, tlknow that the next Of it address

F

your program will run as required. Don’t forget to remove the POP statement if you decide to use the GOSUB to line 1000 because if the stack is already in order when you POP it then you'll remove the perfectly valid FOR reference and you'll get the same

error!

Oh, and by the way _ you CAN attach two printers at the same time, but be careful if you are trying to use a word processor or other similar program. The normal printer reference used by most software is “P:" or ”P1:”, either of which will drive any Turn to Page 42 > October 1987 Atari User 41


lpmgl‘ammingl________ iF

/

I

I

1

1) BUSY (Normally

$2EA Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3

1)

ORO (Normally 1) LOST DATA (Normally 0=Read error on =Okay, (1 CRC ERROR last sector) (0=Last sector

FOUND SECTOR NOT found) not was read write command RECORD TYPE (Special . sect“) Write used 0“ ‘as‘ (0=Disc was PROTECT WRlTE

Bit4

4 F’°’" Page 41 printer on the se Howe-V8“ most Atari printersnaallsobrlrjs. fave a qn'que the" mm b device ID nUmb chips. An 850 i:trerf:2t ITO n each aexgmplei will also respond to “32,9 -' ’ °°de nSW Atari °wf‘ szajnits;d°”“<n0w ("P3:”, "P4:F')'r,lgir%r the code for a 1020 ff hand, but the 1029 responds to “P60” use?” with This is obvious) programs which dial/32)?.e use of [?lm '5 out, ter lD numbers (so At W°rks for examp|e), and it a?nwr'ter °"'y -S° with the xuxe o peratlng system, -

Bit 5

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Bits Bit

'

$2EB

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protected) door still open) NOT READY (0=Drive (1=Error In last FRAME COMMAND

7

Bito Bit

*

command frame) =Error

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Aw

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sectors) Unused 1050 DD MODE

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Of

second) 0) Unused (Always with the US Daub/er.

$2ED Not used

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Way of checking, in the density in m achine 5,7), V3 15 Operating? At th e WhiCh a 1050358519 moment the techni que / am Usin th ere

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rammed

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1000 '

dens’W range, say aids/22716 suming that an error

Indicates Sing/e den S'ty, which isn' t a art elegant tech/"qua. Is there one that invoIVes grid/276g}, rive Control/e r. 7 ("terrogatiggptefcg?mAlso ’ to settle an argument, What IS the clock speed of a PAL Atari; M app’”g the Atarisays that PA LAtaris run at2.217 Mhz , asa gainst the 7-79M hz OfNTSCmach/nes S-ince the 1.79Mh 2 rate Was Chosen to g/Ve tWO Colo”, . d’sP/ay per cycle, and reater number 0 f scan ngkitaosnam; .

.

.

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behind

.

//

ntitre reasoning Isiaanesrsiz Owever,

”gigs,

'

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depending On the t e eVi3|on system in use at the time A PAL pleture is made “9 Of 50

S‘Jplll0rt the $45 and $4): mancls used to configure tELOaEOmon true double density drivzzss all ls not lost_ The US made 0Wever Do u b Ier ch. p, d eslgned to 9 We you faster disc acc 655 and true double d ens”)! on a 1050 DOES have th 9 -capability yOU requrre. These co St about £29.95 ’ and are 3V3||ab|e from F rontler SOftWa|'e or

frames per second, each b e'ng SOme 312 lines d eep, A" NTSC pictu re, on the other h 3" d IS made u P o f 60 frames of 262 lines each sec d -Thls 9“ aCCOunts for t h e dlf‘ferenCe m 5 t 0‘8n C|OCk Cycles] and h the var'atm" the two CPU spei?ie °.f That’s a // we Ve this but there'// ?st/72327of?your ItssLAe, 60 Neal and programmmg queS?ons next month _

-

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us Doubler fei?in'i‘?rdenf?re m Ihe ormatiOn V.'a the Statu ($53) than a norfngiciléggt

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varies

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itsheinfgsg Starting at §2EA Eilrrirtio ., While dOCUmenfide] shown in Fi 9 u re '| ln addition the US PAL een betw 6‘ ifferences 0 ngya?/yagual’ ‘1D 0” b Ie' a|30 provides thef $4E and "f‘?s‘AréiE'iyééfit; and ' NTSC machin 951 dOES not 15.13?an pramems lonal faSt $4F mOdes, plus some addLiltI‘I you, p’ograms ?g ‘ t 0 Woyk? get-ti a Change In the clock speed s oftWafe formatting commands t° [VT/277,07 is is the correct PA t h e of AS far as C|OCk speed figure?’ “Set £“f0ha Ho?glntbhs, e, 68 ch ester °°mPUter goes you areaquitle'”3:938 , _‘ {av-913m“(parts Road, ?ta” 0rrect in your aSSUrIn p t.Km that our the standard 1050 drive wew‘“ K75N Y. '» answ er , as machines run at22 17 Mhz_| n f act,the n seem to have an y reg'Ste' dog/fl); can wnh-in many as We the 939193054 ,, W h'"3h governs th e Speed of available from the St atus call to b Qt, {info fart Us Crystal , “Mate; “er We ca “not . _Y both B"rltlSh and American m “mnes Indicate the densit v of the d. SC' Its pa rs?nai fl 9,“ spires.» “m5 at exactl y 3 Mth but the am Our“ dens|ty Sensin g mechamsm W0 u id ...;:. GTIA of cvcles stole seem to be t0m”)! internal and trans, and es Green during their DNTAbasccAezlsTig Parent to the use r t doesn't even -

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42 Atari User October 1987

|

r .

i.


————_Tutoriol

-.

wh;; "I/.' “1

.

-‘

'\./

j,

A” “A

2‘s,

"M

/ //

.

.‘

0,

.

.

"t.

of

.

f/f’

.

ANDY DORAN uses M|n| Of?ce to chart our wonderful weather

II

.

0

Q.

,

'

A............ l 2

um (1mm 4 ml mm 5

7!" (“Sn

f.

252"

f ,

N.

Answer N for

cell

and Y

I1

for

cells

to I5 and then press Return. Finally you are asked for the filename in the same way as when you saved the spreadsheet. Enter the filename as AVERAGEGRA. Repeat the process for the two columns BEST and WORST. Again for easy reference, save these as BEST .GRA (column J) and WORST.GRA (column K). You can now leave the spreadsheet and move on to the graphics module. Make sure you have the Mini Office II I2

L

L..... L.....

menu:

test

must

9

a

9

9

t

9

7

3

2

3

3

l

I

l

3

2

3

I

29

20

27

31

12

2!

38

0

u

33

27

2‘

2.

2S

2‘

25

25

27

5

25

27

2‘

‘5’

.

Figures.

5 n ”

OFFicg-l

he

.

E

.——

E

g

WEIIIHIII

g

5

Figure ll: Bar chart

R

.

g;

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.-

.

, 1/

Figures.

A‘IL?" “EH-b.

39

5

E

guilt-?g

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«ém51?’na15 Minln’r '._‘/

Heather

35 E

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”f” a/ A.

g

.

I“

-

Turn to Page 44 b

g

.

1&4”

AVERAGE.GRA, BEST.GRA and WORST.GRA _ should be loaded into data sets 1, 2 and 3 respectively. This is achievedby selecting Load Data and then indicating the data set number and giving the fiiename (make sure that your data disc is in the drive). Note that when you load data sets 2 and 3 the old fiiename must ?rst be deleted or edited before the new one is entered. With the data sets loaded, yetJ can 'now draw some graphs so let’s obtain a bar chart comparing all three sets of data. Selecting Bar Chart giyes a white screen with a set of icons down the right hand side. You need to tell the computer that you wish to use all the data, because ifyou don’t only one set will be used. To do this, select the icon that reads Option (using the cursor keys and Return as we do to select a menu Option). Next, select the Data-icon. This will promp t th e comp” t er t 0 as k h 9W many sets are to be used (the question appears near the bottom of the screen). Answer 3, to this question, and then define the primary, second-

You have to state whether or not this cell is required by answering Y or

a

—g

m

‘é?y

A

_

cell.

7

—E

‘5

Cg:

disc in the drive, select the Mini Office Il menu and from the next screen choose graphics. The three sets of data you saved

7

-—~-——~—~—-——————=

'

V

column I. Once you have answered these questions you will be presented with the values in individual cells, the cell number (I1) and the contents of that

a

Heather

\

I)

<2

Figure l: A typical week’s weather

35 39

‘i

/"

we

L..... L..... L.... L..... L..... l...... u...... m we as» mm m w m

(M)

an

asked is Select from Row/Column.As have seen, the data is in columns, so enter C. You are then asked for the column in which the headings appear, so type A in answer to this question. Finally, you are asked to give the column in which the data is stored

\

.l

_;

l/

LAST month we set up a spreadsheet containing lots of data about the weather. It would be nice to see the fruits of our labour pictorially, and this is the task for which the graphics program was written. Let's take the data you’ve already entered into the Spreadsheet and display it graphically in preparation for a report or holiday brochure. Before doing this it’s a good idea to obtain a printout of the spreadsheet. This will make the collation of the graphics data much more simple, and is shown in Figure I. A number of sets of data could be used to create the graphics. For instance, it would be interesting to see the average, best and worst results in each category compared. Looking at the printout, we can see that the columns that contain these items of data are I, J and K. The titles for each value appear in column A. This is all the information we need to save data ready to load into the graphics program, After selecting the option to save graphics data, the first question that is

f/

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Figure l/I: Line graph October 7987 Atari User 43


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Figure IV: Pie chart a

4 F'o’" Page 43

printout. YOU do this by selecting the options icon (the one Wlth a

line graph like the one shown in Figure In. As the primary, secondary and tertiary data sets have been defined, there's no need to define them again. Only one set of data is used at any one time but experimenting with the various options produces results like those for the pie chart shown in Figures N and V.

Screen

picture of a TV screen on lt) and you will be presented With a furthur set of

ary and tertiary data sets as 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Once you have done this, pressing Escape will take you back to the first set of options, with the top icon representing a bar chart. Select this, press Return, and the bar chart will be drawn on screen. Label it by choosing the pen and ink icon and entering the required text. Press Return, and position it by using the cursor keys. Confirm the position with Return. Now you’ve got a graphical display of the data, it might be useful to obtain

icons.

To print the screen, select the one bearing a picture of a printer. The computer will ask whether you want the printout on a printer or to disc — press P to indicate printer. You now have to answer the question Atari 1029 or Epson by pressing either A for Atari or E for an Epson or Epson

and

compatible printer

.

Segmented pie chart

V:

Figure

Figures

Now

that

you

used

have

to create other spreadsheets perhaps even an accounts spreadsheet with pie charts and bar charts to liven it up bit.

once

you do this the computer will dump the screen to the printer (see Figure II). This method can be used to create a

SOFTWARE

6° ”9" 5m"

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graphics program and spreadsheet together once, you should have no problems repeating the process again

@

"' a”


————————_—Mc|ilbag Elvira

to add to my collection of Atari bits and bobs. This was mainly due to the idea

that the extra 64k memory my 800XL would be really useful for programming purposes. When it came to using this extra memory the whole process seemed mind bogglingly dif?cu/t and the manual seemed almost apologetic about how to use

and

memo

over

it.

.

[?nd that the only

use

of

the memory is the ramdisc facility you get with Dos 25 Strangely / have seen very little about this extra memory in magazines, and if ou or was wonderin rgassuro your readers

of,”

about it. Also could you please tell me if you know of any soft— ware that will print musical notation onto a 1029 printer aslhavesearchedforsucha program and have UP to Richard now found none. Martin, London. 0 The 128k memory of a 130XE can only be used m me

_

sections and not all at the same time from Basic. This means that it can be used for storage space and you can then retrieve the information when you require it. This allows very fast access to data, and we’ll show you how in a future issue

of Atari

programming and gives you 38k block for variable

metersweg, The Nether-

a

lands.

workspace.

Q The Font lV chip fitted to Atari 1029 printers is a 16k rom that allows the inclusion of three new Character sets as We” as retaining the original Atari character set. But it will not make your Atari 1029 work

This comes on a cartridge and can be obtained from

several suppliers including OSS (Optomised System Software) for around £70. We have not seen any software that will print | grétésgicalhotatign Atari 0 printer, uttofan any our readers can help please write in to Mailbag.

_

HAVE read the advertisement in Atari User for Font IV from Datel Electronics, , I

and was wondering/f/fltted it to my 7029printer wou/dit then allow me to use Print-

Basrc XE You COUid buy

which allows you a full 64k block of memory to use for

_

shop with it? lalso haveaproblem with the amount ofnoise that my

when using sewing machine oil, but it only helps forashort while. 1050 disc drive makes in use. I have tried

HOW can i stop this, as

User.

if is

veryannoylng when loading savmg programs? Marcel Lammerse, Land-

or

— '

rotectlon [HAVE now obtaineda copy of the August 1987 issue of Atari Userandlam glad that I did, as it is the most interesting issue to date. The article about protecting programs by Len GO/d' ing is very useful, and also of great interest to me are the articles about Mini Office [I and the Five Liner joystick device. The article on the D03 map con?rms my opinion

p eases that the people who wrote the Atari OS were put in separate rooms and not allowed to talk to each other. How else can all the

different numbering SYStems within the 03 be explained? Keep Up the good work supporting the Atari 31761 thanks for giving us nongames players so much to read this time. P Boulter, -

Tyneside.

machine oil on your drive to reduce the noise is all right, bUt YOU have to be very

careful when-applying lt-

Groanlng disc drive _

witr'rlt1 ei ea 0 using sewing Priéttshofp.

especrally if 0“

gets 0" the head.

The groaning .

'

noise

that

YOUf df'Ve makes ls net actually a fault and if you can pUt UP it it’s best With to around 90 DOka he? lnS'de your diSC dfiVe'

.

'

ReV|S|on

update MY Atari 800XL computer

has a Revision 8 Basic and!

cartridge with the C 3.33” ’” it Hews!” Is It possible to remove the Revision 0 chip from the cartridge and replace the chip in my computer with it, have

Basically it replaces the

need to deSOIder YOUI’ Basic rom from the computer and

take

your

cartridge

to

pieces.

squaShed up plCtllreS -

'

I TypED in Kevin Milford’s Dump 75 program from the July 1987issue ofAtari User and find that pictures from the Paint Artist pro ram are com p ressed into mg top ha” of the screen as they load and 3,9 then printed in this

way Is this correct?

_

D J

Deeining Gillingham Kent . The dump 15 utilit ié designed to be used “Vim files created by the Atari TouchTabletand Micropainter programs Unfortunately Paint files are in a format that the program doesn’t interpret correctly, and so can’t be printed with this program.

a

and if "Of COU/d YOU please

explain why? H G Angel. "arrogate: North VOkahife0 Providing that your 03" tridge has a 24 pin 3k 1'th —

have "0 prob— lem swapping it With your Old Revision B chip. Atari also issued this cartridge With tWO 4k roms and ifthis is the case you will not be able to replace the Basic YOU

cartridge.

.

if 't comes contact With 'h areas Of the drive other than am" that Games the the drive head you can cause "

damage

plugged in the computer it will disable your old Revision B Basic and replace it With the Revision C on the

3h0U|d

meS-

But if the cartridge is left

'

'

M'SSIO“ x

blues TypED in the Mission X ”sting fmm theAugust1987 issue of Atari User and found that when I ran the

I

program it came up with enter levell1—3). [typed in [eve/1 pressed Return and the screen went blue in the top right corner and then simply did nothing else

What is the problem? Is Turn to Page 46 > October 7987 Atari User 45

.


____——_—___—_

printer you must go to the printer setup section of MIN Office and set printer code 7 to the fonowing codes: 27, 23, 8, 27, 24. Then whenever you require the pound sign in your text Simply type Control + 71029

4 From Page 45 . . . there a fault With the listing in the Kevin magazine?_— Wl?'alWallace,‘ U_Pt0t_1, ‘n the ._ The “3th maga-

NA@

w» t@@ WE

323 tlistaitz/rbictnzrdi Zguen’g: as you typed it in. Check your program very carefully,

welcome

letter? t e usmg

Reelpe

for ,

success

a word processor system on an Atari Wlth only a discldrlve, as I have not got a printer? I am a chef and have a large selection of recrpes and menu sets that I WOUId I'ke to keep a record Of' I have a varied selection of databases but none seem adequate for the iobEventually I would also like to add a casting system to WOW OUt multiple recipe ingredients and was wondering what/would head to

IS ’t possible to run _

do this task.

A/SO CCU/d

you or any Of

your readers please tell me if there is an astrology data pragram suitable for the 800XL and disc drive

John Upton, system? Brighton, East Sussex. Q It is possible for you to enter your recipes into a word processor and store them. The printer is only required when you decide to make a hard copy of a file. As to adding a costing system, you will find that a spreadsheet package is ideal for this purpose. An

I) about

readers micros,

your

a

.

Editor Mailbag Ate" U3" Europe House 68 Chester Road Hazel Grove Stockport SK7 SNY

ideal package for you to use for both your word processing and for a spreadsheet is Mini Office ll, which includes other programs such as a database that maybe of use to you. Unfortunately we do not know of an astrology pro— gram for the 8 bit Ataris, but ifany ofour readers know of one please then just drop us a line.

_

Speedlng Fast Mover AFTER typing in the Five Liner program Fast Mover from the September 7987 issue Of Atari User / WES very disappointed to ?nd it did not work properly Are there any errors in the ”St“ ing? -— Ruth James, Heaton Chapel, Stockport. 0 Sorry, there is an error in line 20, The eleventh

number

105

should

be

205.

46 Atari User October 1987

Modbag .

between line 4000 and line 4990, so check these lines

-

Zorn

0

experiehces on would like er an zutbtlps a out w saw attootthan to pass users. you would like to see in future issues. The write address_to to is:

especially any DATA statements, and you should find your error. It appears to be happening while the computer is setting up the playfield, and this takes place

especially. You can use the Get it Right! checksum to help you and full details of how to use it are in the August 1986 issue of Atari User.

0

Doubler

dif?culty I OWN an Atari 1050 disc drive withaUS Doublerchip installed and it was working

perfectly. Then I

attempted to load

Dumplng .

p|ctures ,

OWN an Atari 800XL.dlsc system With 1029 printer tablet With and, touch ,

I

Graphic Art Department from Databyte and it simply wouldn’t load and no error appeared. All my other software loads all right, so could you please help me. — Sarah Keates, Rhode Saint Genese, Belgium. 0 The error may be caused by the protection on the disc. Some forms of protec— tion on discs time the disc access and if this time is not the usual one the program will not load. Because your doubler chip increases the speed of your drive it will return the wrong time and prevent the messages

load.

AtanArt/st software. Is there any software that Will allow "76 to dump my tOUCh tablet PiCtheS to my 7029 printer? CCU/d you also tell me lflt

pQSSib/e to attach the Map/"7 DIYmodem kittomy Atari using an Atari 350 interface and Mihi Office ”- is

Peter Knight, AshtonUnder-Lyne,Lancashire. . In the JUN 1987 issue Of Atari User YOU Wt” find a listing called Dump 15 that takes your AtariArtist pictures and dumps them to either an Epson-compatible or Atari 1029 printer. The Maplin D-l-Y modem kit will work on your com-

puter USiNQ an Atari 850 interface bOX and the Mini Of?ce communications software. Unfortunatelythis modem is only 300 baud, so you could run up quite a sizeable telephone bill when you use it. Also it is not BT approved, so its connection to public telecommunication systems is prohibited. ||

Short of £

.

or

a

two

AFTER buying Mini Of?ce II I wrote a document and within it I used the pound sign.

When it came to printing the article the pound sign came out on preview mode but when I printed it out on my 1029 printer it came up with a # where my pound

should have been. Apart from this I ?nd Mini Office II a superb piece of software, so can you please help me? Neil Doherty, sign

Bamsley, South Yorkshire. 0 To be able to print the pound sign on your Atari

_

_

MlSS|ng

level RECENTLY bought The “Vi/79 Daylights after reading your ferew in the AUQUSt issue Of Atari USER When / loaded the game! was disappointed to ?nd no title page, and that there were only seven levels to /

Domark’s


Mailbag

the game.

This intrigued

me

very much as you mentioned a title page and eight levels. Could you please explain why my game is different to your review copy? — Ste-

phen Buxton, Normanby, Cleveland: . We revrewed an advance COPY sent bVP°mafk and 't contalned a title and screen level 6- Unfortunately '” the

of the game release copy the “tie screen and level S'x were removed due to memory problems.

8 pa ct rum somare I WAS wondering if there is any device produced that will allow me to use 5,930 trum software like Barry McGuigan's boxing, Match “the Day 0’ ”MOW/V 0” my Atari 800XL and 1010 tape recorder. — Scott Gallacher, Astley, Leicester. 0 There are no devices available to allow you to use Spectrum software on the Atari, but with the superb software available for the Atari why would you need

one?

Keeping

-

|“

tOHCh

SOME time ago, you were offering Dos 2.5 to your readers. Can you still supply it? Als could ou lease tell me ifoit is po§siblzato print out touch tablet picture ?les on to the Atari 1020 printer plotter and if so how? Can the 1020 also be used to imitate a normal printer such as the Atari 1027 letter

qualityprinter?—RBawden, Forest Gate, London. 0 Unfortunately we have no more supplies of Dos 2.5 discs, but this does not mean you can no longer obtain one. Various advertisements in Atari User still

w

au

,

[ALWAYS read the mailbag section of Atari User and wonder if you can help me with a problem [have with the Atari tape system. Why do the games take so long to load when other computer systems load so fast? And is it possible to speed the loading time of my games up? — Andrew Blair, Balornock, Glasgow. O The Atari tape system works via the serial port located at the rear of your XL/XE computer or on the side of the old 400/800 computers. Unfortunately, the system used for that.Atar| have loading/savmg files on the

a slow baud rate (600). it is possible to alter this, and theoretically the input baud can range from 318 to 1407 baud. To be able to load a program atahigher baud rate it must first be saved using the new baud rate, so you could save your own programs or listings from Atari User at a higher speed, but to resave commercial software that is already at the

tape uses

,

slow rate yourself at a higher speed would infringe copyright. Although it is not easy to

alter the baud rate It is posbecause this rate is controlled by a routine

Slbie

called the SIG and this can be altered via software. The OS uses it to account

for different drive motor speeds or stretched tapes, and once a true baud rate iS calculated then the hardware is adjusted to suit the load status. Once the workings of this routine are known it is possible to alter the 05 par-

ameters that control the input of the serial port and increase the loading speed. However it is not possible how this is done to_ e)_(plain Within the confines of the letters page due to the complexrty of the software requxred.

offer Dos 2.5 for £2. Your 1020 plotter will dump your touch tablet picture files, and in the January 1986 issue of Atari User we

published a dump program for this printer, it was a little slow, but did the job. The 1020 can print your listings and work from but Within your programs, t expect u to able 5109 b? t.° letter as 't imitate, quality 0 ‘t' jUSt isn t capable

smudged

T 3 h'rt I

lHAVE a problem with my

UNDERSTAND friend that it is

_

obtain

on

a

disc

or —

from

a

to

ri pass/[Liz on printer

which enables designs to be

as

a

Kevin

Campbell, Livingston. 0 Send your pictures US

printer. Ever since lacquired a new ribbon it has been leaving marks on the paper

printed on Tshirts. My pnn-

IHAVE just createdapicture using the Technicolour Dream art program and was wondering how I get it printed in the Palette page Of Atari User. DO / send it in

photograph?

a

in to on a data disc or tape,

05806 4278-

paper

rl'bb 0“ l

Fletu res for Palette

.

you will have no problems With it- You obtain one can from MGA MleOSYSIEWTS

stating clearly which utility YOU USEd to draw them, your fun name and address and a note saying it is your work and ov‘vnd mm us printing yzu t em.dogiv’t e will assess them and consider them for publication.

ter IS an Epson FX-80, so Wll/ the ribbon ?t it? l have spent some time looking through various magazines but can find no reference to it anywhere. Can you please tell me the phone number of the com— panywhich sells the ribbon? — Andrew Godsall, Manchester. QThe ribbon is designed to work on Epson printers so

Where

the head has been .

mlofvlirig. eave th e pnn t er f or a day or so a large spot of ink on the appears

underneath

paper the printer

head.

have checked With the manual and the position of the head is correct. Any help .

I

would

be

gratefully

Andrew Smith, Chorleywood, l-lerts. 0 On most printer heads there is a shield to prevent the ribbon touching the received.

paper. Make sure your ribbon is behind the shield.

October 1987 Atari User 47


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This fascinating adventure features the most sophisticated parser around: You can type complex sentences and interact with the many Characters, inc|uding some very intelligent animals.

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Brian Clough’s Football Fortunes is a football management game with a it combines an difference excellent range of computerbased features with a fascinating board game. The result for the players is a package which is as much fun and as skillful to play as other best-Selling board games, combined with the flexibility and speed of play whlch only a computer can

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Readers in Europe (inc Eire) add £2. Overseas add £4 per item unless otherwise indicated

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1987

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Only if accompanied by a subscription order or renewal One product: Add £3 for Europe! £5 for Overseas Both: Add £6 for Europe! £10 for Overseas)

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The cost otthis, the most powerful tape to disk utility forthe Atari is just, £24.95 inclusive of first class delivery. Also comes complete with com-

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Remember, that not only will you save money on upgrades to disk (if they are available) but many games are only available on cassette anyway so Transdisk IV has to be a worthwhile In vestmentl

.

g

which were specially written with the cassette

Requires: Atari 800XL or 130XE Computer with disk drive and cassette recorder

{as

a

35

instructions

upgrader and first time disk user

g"?

..

H

READ ON!

Are you tired of waiting for cassette games to load? Would you like to transfer them to disk for faster, more reliable and convenient loading? You may have heard or read that this is not possible. Well, not only is it possible, but there is a program, Transdisk IV, that will do it all automatically, you require no knowledge of cassette protection techniques! To put it simply, Transdisk IV will read ANY Atari cassette, (single, multistage, non-standard format, 64K — no problem!), remove the protection. then place it on to disk for you. Plus, to load and run the new disk version of a cassette program requires just one keypress from a convenient, autorun menu disk.

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Commercial tapes CAN be transferred to disk!*

J

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170 Bradwell Common Boulevard, Milton Keynes, BUCKS MK13 SBG. Tel: (0908) 663708. Demonstrations arranged for callers by appointment 'For your convenience from the original cassette only.

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To BRING YOU THE N Ew 88" ATAR' F 55] DISK DRIVE ’

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52 Atari User October 7987

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Realistic Reviews 16-Bit and 8-Bit Coverage

a cheque/PO. for 24-00, made _Send payable to the ‘U.K. Atari Computer Owners Club”, for your four issues subscription now. Or send £1 -30p (which includes P&P) for a sample copy, to see what the magazine offers.

,

FUR FULLDETA'LS

62259°233893° 266322

ATARI COMPUTER OWNERS CLUB P. 0. Box 3. Rayleigh. Essex. SSb‘ 8LR

THE U.I(.

Independent User Group

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The next unit that fits

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HAVE you ever thought of using computer games to raise funds for your favourite charity? Here’s a little device which will prove invaluable if you do. It's a joystick extension cable, games timer and computer-hog

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deterrent all in one. Our photograph shows the de—que version, with flashing lights and a

bleeper, but it can be made in much if you need to keep costs down. Figure shows the circuit, which is built around a single lC chip containing four NAND gates. This chip must be one of the new AC series, since only that type has the necessary input and output characteristics. The time delay is provided by gates A and B, which form a monostable, whose output (pin 8) is connected to the joystick’s common pin. Pressing 82 starts the timing period, and sends

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pin 8 low (Ov). The joystick then behaves normally for the pre-set period when pin 8 goes

high (SV) and the joystick stops working. VR1 can adjust the on time

from

up to about five

few seconds

a

minutes, depending how generous

you feel. Gates

C

and D are not needed

for

-

LEN GOLDING shows how your A tarl can help fund raISIng

ase '.

-

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the basic timer, butthey don't cost any extra, so we might as well use them. Figure shows the two gates wired as an oscillator, which runs at about 0.5 Hz and can pulse an LED or buzzer on and off. Choose a lower value for R3 if you want to speed up the pulse rate or

higher value to slow it down, Si is optional and allows you to select one of three states: On without time limit, off or on with preset time limit. if you don’twantthis facility, just a

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Figure l: The circuit October 7987 Atari User 53


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4 From Page 53 link pointsvb and c on the PCB. Because the joystick stops working when time is up, you don’t strictly need the LEDs or buzzer, but they make the gadget friendlier to use. Buy a ready-drilled PCB from RH Design, or etch your own using the pattern given in Figure II. Holes for 82 should be 2mm diameter, while those for VR1 and the terminal blocks are

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54 Atari User October 7987

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Component layout for the de-que version is shown in Figure “I. If you don’t require a pulsing light or buzzer, leave out R3, LED2, C2 and the two-pin terminal block. R2 and LEDl are also optional, but it's best to retain them

unless COSt iS Of paramount importance. And you can dispense with the terminal blocks if you don’t mind soldering wires directly to the

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slots for its .S1 requires rectangular pins, so drill three 1.1mm holes at the positions marked in pads a, b and c, then remove the material between them using a craft knife. A 3mm hole is needed at the pomt marked X so that you can adjust VR1 from the back of the PCB when it is fixed into its case. All other holes should be 0.8mm.

1 12

PCB tracks. The board is designed to fit into a Verobox type 301, which is about the cheapest case you can buy. Figure IV shows how to drill the case top, and you will also need holes in the long sides for entry and exit of the extension lead. These can be made by pressing a hot 4mm knitting needle downwards on to the case edge, until the melted slot is just deep enough to take the joystick cable. Assembly is easiest if you do things in the following order: First solder the resistors, capacitors and IC socket, taking care that Cl goes the right way round. Next solder $1 in position, ensuring that it is vertical in both dimensions, then slot the LEDs and 82 into place but don't solder them yet. The LEDs must be fitted with their cathodes (flat section on the case) towards the bottom of the PCB, as shown in Figure Ill.

Now offer the entire assembly into the case, making sure $1 and 82 locate properly in their fixing holes. Don’t worry about the LEDs at this stage. Fix 31 and $2 firmly to the case, using the nuts provided, then turn the whole assembly over and solder 82. Feed the LEDs into their 5mm holes, pushing them through from the back until they project about 3mm, and solder them in place. Then remove the


PCB and fix the buzzer in leads through the

assembled

connect the buzzer and joystick wires and assemble everything into the

position, running its 2mm hole.

you get a time delay that suits you, then screw on the case lid. Your timer will operate consistently and accurately every time you push the button.

case.

Finally insert IC1 into its socket making sure it’s the right way round

Plug the gadget into either joystick and experiment with VR1 until

port

PARTS REQUlRED

Maplin Code

M100K

100k brown/black/yellow 270 ohm red/violet/brown

R1

R2 R3 R4

1

(31

C2 IC1

LED1,2 $1

components

are

optional

_

90mponents available from: Maplin Electronic SUpphes, PO Box 3,

Rayleigh, Essex, SSS ZBR. .

WW45Y UH67X as

BL18U WL27E * FHO1B * FH59P FL39N * RK38R * FT38R * LL12N *

as

_

Ready-drilled PCB and joystick extensron lead available from RH Design, 137 Stonefall Avenue, Harrogate, North-Yorks. Tel 0423 880520. Prices

FBASC

8-way terminal block 2-way terminal block Verobox type 301 These

A“

M270R

6v 15mA buzzer

*

M1M

*

UH11M

Push-to-make switch

82

*

megohm brown/black/green

270 ohm red/violet/brown 4.7 meg horizontal preset 100 mfd 10v axial 022 mfd polyester layer 74AC00 quad NAND gate 14-p5n DIL socket 5mm red LED SPDT centre-off switch

VR1

M270R

Includmg VAT and postage:

PCB

(order code

E143

DBP15)

Joystick extension lead

£2.99

see text.

mes “mama

LTD ES: R SYSTEMS EX CO MpluTER .

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October 7987 Atari User 55


0

ff,

"as upgradmg your comPUter glven you hardware You “0 |°n9°r “00d? Or have changmg mtOrQSts left you tNIth unwanted SOftware7 The“ THIS IS the place to advertise your surplus items. Atari User readers are always on the lookout for a bargain and this is the first p lace the Y look!

A”

added_b°""31 Will also be

Classi?ed advertisements will be accepted under the following conditions: O This service is EXCLUSIVELY for the use of

private readers. No trade ads will be allowed. e To avoid encouraging software piracy, all ads will be carefully vetted before they are accepted: 0 Ads can only be accepted on this form (or a photocopy of it). 0 There is no maximum to the number of words you include in your ad. if there is insufficient room on the form, continue on a separate sheet of paper. . The cost is 20p per word, with a minimum of 10 words . the ,

'

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automatically displayed Youradvert on MicroL/nk, the electronic mail service operated in association with Telecom Gold. This means it will be seen by thousands of computer enthusiasts who can send an instant response.

0 Wanted:

Atari 8 bit hard disc. Any reasonable prlce pald. WlII collect. Tel: 021 352 0069.

0 Exchange SXK200 Technics portable programmable electronic keyboard COSt new £450 eX-Cond for l30XE and 1029 printer or open to offers. Tel: 0532 539758. .

Sa

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800XL

|Oé' $050d‘ sit-up lng_ .'Sc rlvs,' $52? JOVSt'C

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0 Wanted Touch tablet light pen and Atari Artist

cartridge. Tel:

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337

Speech Synthesiser £37. Tel: 0502 66026.

4125k Drams brand new ordered m error from Maplins £535 each. For sale £36. Send to 1421 Stratford Road, Hall Green, Birmingham, B28

-

to swap tips, hint ideas etc. All replies will be answered disk or cassette

.

+

800XL130XE. DJ Cattell 46 Lismore Close Ruber' Rednal Birm-I owners

hardware

(except Star Raiders). Mask of the Sun £20,

in 9 ham/[845 OJE, ' '

Wishbringer £15, Blade

130XE anal/er °”9ma| games and “t'l'ty software. Tel: 091 226 0835 (evenings). 0 Alphacom 42, 40 dot matrix column, (including thermal paper,

of Blackpoole £11. Zork II £10, Datasoft Compiler £12 Wizard & Princess £9, Star Raiders £7.50, Sands of Egypt £10, Adventure Writer E11, 48k Spectrum Computer and extras £75.

(Wanted

—-------------------

.

Fl"

-

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for the next now

.

ISSUE 56 Atari User October 1987

Llsts. 38

Avenue, Darlington, DL3 8LG. 0 Wanted Atari pen pals

. Orlglnal dISk software sale

s.a.e.

Hummersknott

9HS.

for

Bargains, disks and

cassettes

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sale is

offered

interface, manuals etc), £39.95 only. Write: Lee Fuller, 53 Klpllng Towers, Heaton Avenue, Romford, Essex, RM3 7HT-_ Printer T M'”' . 1029 _

g?'ge ”of, Tgnthitz'g '

'

Assem b “er/Emu” Rm“ new unopened £12 Tel: 0992 32.697. 0 Atari 800XL almost 1010 cassette new recorder plus two games £60. Tel: 01 778 6033. e Hardly used 800 and tape recorder. Tel: Mansfield 822140 with offers. 0 Wanted the elusive 1029 printer anyone, even the trade state your price. Tel: 0532 770772.

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Europa House, 68 Chester Road, Hazel Grove, Stockport SK7 SNY.

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GARY TINSLEY presents r a maths tables game that s both educational and fun

Ghost. When the p ro 9 ram is run there is a short pause while a new character set is defined. You are then asked for the number of the multiplication table that you are to be tested on (answer from 2 to 82). You are then asked for the speed for the The between Ifeveland you rgpgyort esowest. owa?ast the Ghost Will chase lSelve astegt. spee

asked me if I someone RECENTLY . would write a_program for them that would test children on their multiplication tables, but at the same time be fun to play. After a few hours of brain ache them With Pac-maths, presented as may have gluessed,dis Liz/hick:j yfhue very e atrtcathe e poplutar as: onp wk: C e corgpue an asmg man ac Paczman, ?amero 9 y

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,%,*A}A“’“Jy

??g?‘i?i?g?gf?éé?x“ address of diSplaY Start

Loops

he |f reaches it the Ghost will turn blue with fright and the Pac-man Will eat him.

if the child chooses the wrong answer the Ghost moves one place towards the Pac-man and if he reaches the Pac—man he will get his own back and eat him instead.

.

set POK E set

cter the new C h are RAMTOP where CHB will be placed Will 0 h a se the fast the Ghost How SPEED the P30 Pac-man the screen of X position across PACMANX h o st man reen of the G on X tested be posmon to GHOSTX i a_CfC;_5§r:r:§iz by MULT MULT The multiplica ‘ The number to muggptén 1=A 2:8 and 756,CH

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the Pac-man if you delay in answering the question. The child is then presented with the first of 12 random questions. He must select the correct answer from a choice of three possible answers B given on the screen by ChOOSing A,

towards the Powerpill and .

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Profile for Paul Rixon

Atari User Magazine Vol 3 Issue 06  

Atari User Magazine Vol 3 Issue 06 - magazine for Atari home computer users, published by Database Publications.

Atari User Magazine Vol 3 Issue 06  

Atari User Magazine Vol 3 Issue 06 - magazine for Atari home computer users, published by Database Publications.

Profile for prixon
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