Issuu on Google+

Reading: • Maarten Hajer +Arnold Reijndrop, The public Domain as perspective and The new Cultural Geography, in Search of a new Public Domain (Nai, Rotterdam, 2001) pages • Robert Venturi, The Double functioning Element in Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture (The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1966) • Aldp Rossi, Urban Artifacts and the Theory of the City in The Architecture of the City (MIT Press, 1982) pages 28-61 • Eric J Jenkins, To scale Research: • 3x Architectural precedents on public spaces • Visit: speaker corner – Birrung Marr, Federation Square & State Library of Victoria • Brief: 5x libraries cases studies Debate: • “Is Architecture only of the Rich and Powerful” Speaker Corner design, 1:200

week 5: speaker corner design


01 public domain case studies Greatglobe sectional by unknown artist, 1851


what is the difference between - public domain & public space

public domain functionalism or suprise spaces

community gathering open space required

social activation


STOP WAR COALTION: Speakers’ Corner in Hyde Park since Victorian times

02. speaker corner characteristic


informal space speaker’s location: higher position temporary activity resulted highg density

question methord to let speakers stand out in crowed inter-relationship: spatial order & stage


01. International: Seagram Building, 1958, NY, by Mines ven der Rohe

Diagram 1: Accessability & public mobility

3 STEPS UP SEMI - PUBLIC PUBLIC Diagram 2: Method on spatial claiming

OFFICE entrance WATER BODY

Exterior view - open plaza & streetscape

VOID

Diagram 3: Programmes & continious mobility

WATER BODY


02.International: Pirell Tower, 1960, Berlin-Italy, by Gio Ponti

Aerial view - open plaza & public domain

Exterior view - open plaza & car mobility

PIAZZA DUCA D’AOSTA PIRELL TOWER

Hotel

CAR PARK

PUBLIC Human activity Diagram 1: Accessability & open space

CAR PARK

x

Hotel

Hotel

car mobility

Diagram 2: Accessability & car mobility

Diagram 2: Urban layout order & Public domain relationship

Hotel


03. International: Golden Lane Housing Competition, 1952, London-Britian, by Alison & Peter Smithson

CLUSTER

CLUSTER resident

CLUSTER CLUSTER

CLUSTER

CLUSTER

Diagram 1: Resident Environment Reclaiming

resident

CLUSTER

Diagram 1: Cluster Expanding in greater urban scale

CLUSTER

Inhabitant Mobility

Diagram 3: Spatial Activation

PUBLIC DOMAIN


02 .australia public space case studies -state library of victoria - federation square - speaker corners + 6 precedents of international libery programmes studies


View looking forward to Swanston Street

State Library of Victoria, Melbourne-Australia, 1856, by Joseph Reed

Public Domain for gathering Streetscape Modifying Bring Back Green Blue stone paving matching with CBD State Library of Victoria, Melbourne-Australia, 1856, by Joseph Reed

01


LONSDALE STEET

Storey Hall

SWANSTON STREET

LONSDALE STEET

SWANSTON STREET

Diagram 1: Urban streetscape & accessibility

State Library of Victoria


Public Domain for gathering 450,000 orche-coloured sandstone blocks Large fixed public screen Blue stone paving matching with CBD

Federation Square, Melbourne-Australia, 2002, by Bates Smart & Lab architecture studio

02


A

B

C

Diagram 1: Urban mobility & accessibility

Diagram 2: Overlaying with Train mobility benath & Human and Car mobility above


speaker mounds - symbolize as the free speech

Yarra bank was created in the 1880s, & was a focal point for radical thought and debate for almost a century These words in granite emerging from the earth symbolise the importance of this place as a site of free speach.

Place For Protest 1916s - Conscription Mounds

50,000 ppls Free Speech

Speaker Corners - Birrarung Marr, Melbourne-Australia

03


A

A

C B

Diagram 1: Density & Mounds

C B

Diagram 2: Vegetation & Sahdding


Interior View - Hall way & Bookshelf

PROGRAMME

Long Floor Plan

LONG HALL WAY

CANTILEVER BOOKSHELF

International: The José Vasconcelos Library, Mexico, 2006, by Alberto Kalach

FREE CIRCULATION

01


Perspective section: Columns & Spatial hierachy

Interior view: Mixed used public area & Skylight

PROGRAMME

MIXED USED PUBLIC LECTURE ROOM

International: Ancient Library of Alexandria, Egypt, 2002, by Norwegian firm

SPATIAL ORDER & BOOKSHELF

02


Interior view: Isolated pot

PROGRAMME

Interior view: Bookshelf orders

ISOLATED POT & TOWER

TU Delft Library in Delft, Netherlands by mecano, 1997

Exterior view: Tower & attraction

IDENTITY & COMMUNITY GATHERING

03


Interior view: Public reading space & spatial hierachy

PROGRAMME

Interior view: Public reading space & Private Reference Area

PUBLIC READING SPACE & SPATIAL HIERACHY

Jacob-und-Wilhelm-Grimm-Zentrum in Berlin, Germany, 2009 by Max Dudler

04


Interior View: Exhibition space & bookshelf

PROGRAMME

LONG HALL WAY

Interior View: Human & Building scale

EXHIBITION SPACE & BOOKSHELF

Brodie Karel Shiba Ryotaro, by Tadao Anto, Osaka - Japan, 1998 -2001

BUILDING SCALE & MODULAR

05


03. speaker corner design - jeparit


programme: walk through gallery method: cluster - community re-activation & hyper spatial movement

03. speaker corner design method


3 5 61

13 7

residential

residential

68 59 71

73

jeparit train line

ill

lot 50 rd

residential

site boundary

ro y

25 34

nh

ill

residential

-jep arit

rd

53

13 40

38

38

residential 45 54

re et

commercial st

39-43

ro y

23

re et

-jep arit

st

nh

35

39

48-50

commercial 23 42

site plan 1:1000 N

36

community reactivation - jeparit

jeparit


CLUSTER C WALK THROUGH GALLRTY CLUSTER A

DESIGN PROCESS - 01

CLUSTER B


informal public space

informal public space

DESIGN PROCESS - 02


Semipublic space up

DESIGN PROCESS - 03


community access WALK THROUGH GALLRTY community access

DESIGN PROCESS - 04

up


END WEEK 5


HIU FAI CHOI - PM's Library Week5