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Woodland Habitats – 1

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Read the report. A habitat is a natural environment or home of a variety of plants and animals. There are a variety of different habitats like woodlands, seashore, ocean or rainforest. Each one is special.

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A woodland is a habitat made up mostly of trees. The two main types of woodland habitats are those made up of conifers (fir trees) and those made up of broadleaf trees.

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Woodland habitats have a number of layers that provide food and shelter for many different animals. • The top layer is a canopy of tall trees that overlap and link together. Many birds, insects like aphids and leaf miners, and fungi are found in the canopy.

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• The field layer has wildflowers, grasses, brambles and gorse. Small animals, bees, butterflies and other insects can be found in the field layer.

Top Layer

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• The understorey, or shrub layer, is made up of smaller trees. Nesting birds, small mammals, insects and other invertebrates (animals without a backbone) are found in the shrub layer.

Understorey

Field Layer Ground Layer

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• The ground layer is made up of mosses, liverwort, ferns, grasses, herbs, mushrooms and toadstools, fallen and decaying wood, and leaf litter. Insects, caterpillars and other invertebrates are found in the ground layer.

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The layers, plants and animals in a woodland are different. The amount of light coming through the canopy affects the plants that can grow in the layers underneath. Sometimes the canopy is very widespread so more plants can grow down below. The more plants there are, the more animals can be found. Woodlands have been neglected or cleared for farming, cities and motorways. Many woodland animals have lost their habitats. It is very important to save these very special habitats. When I read this report, I could read:

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Reading – Comprehension and Word Reading

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2976IR Reading Comprehension and Word Reading 2nd class  
2976IR Reading Comprehension and Word Reading 2nd class