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Perplexors (Ages 10–11)

This master may only be reproduced by the original purchaser for use with their class(es). The publisher prohibits the loaning or onselling of this master for the purposes of reproduction.

Published by Prim-Ed Publishing 2013 under licence to MindWare Holdings Inc. Copyright© 2007 MindWare Holdings Inc. This version copyright© by Prim-Ed Publishing 2013

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ISBN 978-1-84654-682-2 PR–6480

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Titles available in this series: Logic word problems - Literacy: Perplexors (Ages 8–9) Perplexors (Ages 9–10) Perplexors (Ages 10–11) Perplexors (Ages 11–12) Perplexors (Ages 12–13) Perplexors (Ages 14+)

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Maths perplexors (Ages 8–9) Maths perplexors (Ages 9–10) Maths perplexors (Ages 10–11) Maths perplexors (Ages 11-12) Maths perplexors (Ages 12+)

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Introduction

Contents

Perplexors are deductive logic puzzles. They are specifically designed to challenge and extend mainstream or more able pupils. It is strongly recommended that the teacher models the process of deductive reasoning once or twice with the pupils, if necessary, before allowing them to work independently (or in pairs or small groups).

Introduction ........................................ iii Contents ............................................. iii Instructions ......................................... iv

When you are faced with a number of options, logic is often used to make a choice. Logic uses reasoning and proof to help you analyse information and come to a conclusion.

Star pigs ............................................... 1 Operation union .................................. 2 Basketball team ................................... 3 Toyland in school ................................ 4 Chicken thinking ................................. 5 Gourmet school picnic ........................ 6 Jumping frogs ...................................... 7 Marooned ............................................ 8 Radio careers ....................................... 9 Five-city tour ..................................... 10 Ice-cream club .................................. 11 The breakfast order ............................ 12 Tragic safari ....................................... 13 Zoo travel .......................................... 14 Team mascots .................................... 15 Ten-house block ................................ 16 Taylor’s tenth ..................................... 17 Here’s the pitch ................................. 18 Table tennis tournament .................... 19 Pig Thanksgiving ................................ 20 Pecking a pizza ................................. 21 Marriage game .................................. 22 Ice-creams ......................................... 23 Hiking trip ......................................... 24 Haunted house .................................. 25 Golfing around .................................. 26 Forest children ................................... 27 Five gorillas ....................................... 28 Moving friends .................................. 29 Opera fans ......................................... 30 I’m nuts over you ............................... 31 Five lonely bachelors ......................... 32 Some favourite things ........................ 33 Daredevil ducks ................................ 34 Dance band ....................................... 35 Championship team .......................... 36 Big spelling competition .................... 37 Beauty contest ................................... 38 Monkey business ............................... 39 Tap dancing contest ........................... 40 Good fishing ...................................... 41 Big dinner .......................................... 42 Future shock ...................................... 43 Flying cows ....................................... 44 Language fun ..................................... 45 Lunch switcheroo .............................. 46 Bird feeder gossip .............................. 47 Up and down shopping ..................... 48 Answers ....................................... 49–51

All the information needed to solve a Perplexors logic problem is given in the puzzle story and its following clues. In the beginning, all the possibilities are listed for each category. As they are eliminated by information given in the clues, these possibilities should be crossed off. In a vertical column, if all the answers in a column are eliminated except for one, then that one remaining possibility must be the answer and it should be circled. The same is true in horizontal rows. If all the possibilities are eliminated in a row except for one, then that one remaining possibility must be the answer and it should be circled.

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Perhaps the easiest way to understand this technique is to look at the sample puzzle on page iv and follow along as the reasons for crossing off and circling an answer are given.

Puzzles

Where to use Perplexors

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Perplexors are not designed as easy, done-in-a-minute activities. Rather, they are challenges that require a reasoned, logical response over time. They will both challenge and extend pupils. There are many ways in which these puzzles can be used in a classroom. The following are examples only, not an exhaustive list. Homework This is not a ‘more of the same’ activity; it is an opportunity for pupils to consolidate and expand on what they have learnt in the classroom. Extension activities This is self-explanatory. The extension could be in terms of content or process. Small-group problem-solving Thinking and talking logically are two vital skills. By working on the logic puzzles in pairs or small groups, thinking and talking about the problem, pupils can share and strengthen these skills. Whole-class challenges Teacher assistance may be required with some pupils; modelling is an effective strategy. ‘Extras’ This is mainly a fun activity/challenge for the more able or advanced pupils.

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Perplexors

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Instructions Tabby Flabby Crabby red collar yellow collar blue collar fleas hair balls depression

Bel Tabby Flabby Crabby red collar yellow collar blue collar fleas hair balls depression

The ’Cat country’ solution Bill, Bob and Bel owned cats with three different names. Their names were Tabby, Flabby and Crabby. The cats wore three different coloured collars. Their collars were red, yellow and blue. The cats suffered from three different afflictions: fleas, hair balls and depression. Based on the clues, match the owners with their cat’s names, their collar colours and their afflictions. Clue #1 is useless until you have completed Clue #2. Often, when doing logic problems, you have to go back to previous clues. Clue #2 allows you to cross off ’Tabby’ under both Bill and Bob. This means Tabby must belong to Bel. Circle ’Tabby’ under Bel and cross off ’Flabby’ and ’Crabby’ under Bel. Now we can refer back to Clue #1 and we should see that Tabby had to be the cat suffering depression. Circle ’depression’ under Bel and cross off ’fleas’ and ’hair balls’ under Bel. We also cross off ’depression’ under Bill and Bob.

The clues

Bill Tabby Flabby Crabby red collar yellow collar blue collar fleas hair balls depression

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1. Flabby and Crabby were not depressed. 2. Bill and Bob did not own Tabby. 3. The cat in red was depressed. 4. Bob’s cat did not wear blue or have fleas. 5. Flabby had fleas.

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Bill, Bob and Bel owned cats with three different names. Their names were Tabby, Flabby and Crabby. The cats wore three different coloured collars. Their collars were red, yellow and blue. The cats suffered from three different afflictions: fleas, hair balls and depression. Based on the clues, match the owners with their cat’s names, their collar colours and their afflictions.

Tabby Flabby Crabby red collar yellow collar blue collar fleas hair balls depression

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In Perplexors, we have devised a worksheet that is simplicity itself. In our research, we have discovered that the biggest obstacle anyone doing logic problems has to overcome is keeping track of the information given by the clues. Other logic workbooks require the solver to work with or create a matrix and use ‘Xs’ and ‘Os’ to keep track of information. This works, but we have found that it does not work very well for most children. Instead, we have discovered that if you list all the possibilities in any category and simply cross off the eliminated possibilities as you get them from the clues, you see the information organising itself in front of your eyes. Suddenly, all is revealed clearly and the solver can concentrate on thinking. When an answer is known for sure, you circle it and cross off that answer everywhere else, and also cross off any remaining possibilities in that particular category. The best way to learn the method is to solve one or two puzzles yourself. Get out a pencil and use the ‘cross out’ and ‘circle’ technique on the sample puzzle below.

Bob

Tabby Flabby Crabby red collar yellow collar blue collar fleas hair balls depression

Bel

Tabby Flabby Crabby red collar yellow collar blue collar fleas hair balls depression

Clue #3 tells us that the cat suffering depression wore red. We know that Bel’s cat was depressed, so we circle ’red’ under Bel. We cross off ’yellow’ and ’blue’ under Bel. We cross off ’red’ under Bill and Bob. Clue #4 tells us to cross off ’blue’ and ’fleas’ under Bob. After crossing off ’blue’ under Bob, we see that ’yellow’ is the only remaining possibility under Bob, so we circle it and cross off ’yellow’ under Bill, leaving ’blue’ to be circled under Bill as the only possible choice. If we look now, we should see that ’hair balls’ is the only remaining choice under Bob, so we circle ’hair balls’ under Bob. We then cross off hair balls under Bill and circle ‘fleas‘ under Bill by using the process of elimination. Clue #5 tells us that the cat suffering from fleas was Flabby. We know Bill’s cat had fleas so we circle ’Flabby’ under Bill and cross off ’Crabby’ under Bill. We cross off ’Flabby’ under Bob and circle ’Crabby’ under Bob to finish the puzzle. As you can see from the above step-by-step solution of the logic puzzle above, there is an enormous amount of thinking required for even the simplest of puzzles. This is the virtue of logic problems and the reason why our ’circle and cross out’ technique is so effective. Go on to the next page for something a bit more demanding.

iv | Perplexors

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1

Star pigs The clues

Gail, Greg, George, Gordon and Greta decided to teach their pet pigs to dance and have them appear on Stars of tomorrow. Their cute pigs were named Bubba, Porketta, Choplie, Hamlet and Loinser. They each performed a different dance. Their dances were the polka, the waltz, the foxtrot, the ballet and the hula. Based on the clues, match the children with their pigs and their dances.

1. Gail and Greta did not have Hamlet or Loinser as pets and did not teach either the polka or the waltz. 2. Greg’s Bubba did not like her ballet lessons and kept eating her tutu. 3. Choplie was not Greta’s pet and was not taught the hula. 4. Gordon loved Hamlet. 5. Loinser’s favourite song was the ‘Swill barrel polka’.

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The story

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Bubba Bubba Bubba Bubba Bubba Porketta Porketta Porketta Porketta Porketta Choplie Choplie Choplie Choplie Choplie Hamlet Hamlet Hamlet Hamlet Hamlet Loinser Loinser Loinser Loinser Loinser

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polka polka polka polka polka waltz waltz waltz waltz waltz foxtrot foxtrot foxtrot foxtrot foxtrot ballet ballet ballet ballet ballet hula hula hula hula hula

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Perplexors

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2

Operation union

The story

The clues

Five professional rugby union players, named Tom, Terry, Mike, John and Harry, liked to discuss their careers. The positions they played were lock, scrum half, fly half, hooker and full-back. They all had suffered knee injuries and had undergone numerous operations; they had undergone two operations, four operations, eight operations, nine operations and ten operations. Based on the clues, match the rugby players with the positions they played and the number of knee operations they had undergone in the course of their careers.

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1. Terry, who was neither a lock nor a scrum half, had exactly half as many knee operations as Mike, who did play at one of those two positions. 2. Tom also played as either a lock or a scrum half, and he had more operations than Mike. 3. The fly half had the most knee operations, and the hooker had twice as many operations as the scrum half. 4. Terry and John played either hooker or full-back, and Tom was not a scrum half. 5. The full-back had the fewest knee operations.

2 operations 4 operations 8 operations 9 operations 10 operations

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lock lock lock lock lock scrum half scrum half scrum half scrum half scrum half fly half fly half fly half fly half fly half hooker hooker hooker hooker hooker full-back full-back full-back full-back full-back 2 operations 4 operations 8 operations 9 operations 10 operations

2 operations 4 operations 8 operations 9 operations 10 operations

2 operations 4 operations 8 operations 9 operations 10 operations

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2 operations 4 operations 8 operations 9 operations 10 operations

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3

Basketball team The clues

Danfield Secondary School fielded the best basketball team in the town. Wilt, Dan, Jake, Dave and Wayne were all good players, but they all had one thing in basketball that they were terrific at: one could really dribble; one could really shoot; one could really jump; one could really run; and one could really rebound. The players all had nicknames and were called ‘The Stilt‘, ‘The Brain‘, ‘The Great‘, ‘The Brave‘ and ‘The Man‘. Based on the clues, match the players with the one thing in basketball they were terrific at and their nicknames.

1. None of the first names rhymed with the nicknames except for Dan’s nickname. 2. Dave and Wayne could not dribble, shoot or jump, but they were very good at everything else. 3. Wayne could run really fast and his nickname was not The Great or The Brave. 4. The Man could really dribble. 5. The player who was really good at rebounding was called The Great. 6. Jake, who was not the best jumper on the team, was not called The Brain.

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The story

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dribble dribble dribble dribble dribble shoot shoot shoot shoot shoot jump jump jump jump jump run run run run run rebound rebound rebound rebound rebound The Stilt The Brain The Great The Brave The Man

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The Stilt The Brain The Great The Brave The Man

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The Stilt The Brain The Great The Brave The Man

The Stilt The Brain The Great The Brave The Man

The Stilt The Brain The Great The Brave The Man

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4

Toyland in school The clues

Kathy, Keith, Ken, Kyle and Kirk all had a habit of bringing toys to school so they had something to do while they were waiting for school to start. They brought cards, marbles, a toy car, a doll and a yoyo. Also, they all were struggling with one subject. The subjects were maths, reading, science, history and English. Based on the clues, match the children with their toys and the subjects they were struggling with.

1. After Ken lost his marbles he started doing better in English, but was still struggling. 2. The child who was struggling with science played with a doll. 3. Kyle and Kirk did not play with dolls and were not struggling with reading or science. 4. Kathy received good marks in science. 5. Kyle played with his yoyo instead of learning history. 6. The card player struggled with reading

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The story

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cards cards cards cards cards marbles marbles marbles marbles marbles toy car toy car toy car toy car toy car doll doll doll doll doll yoyo yoyo yoyo yoyo yoyo maths maths maths maths maths reading reading reading reading reading science science science science science history history history history history English English English English English

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5

Chicken thinking The clues

Five chickens, named Henny, Eggster, Clucky, Frier and Stew, were caught out in the open barnyard during a hailstorm. They all were very frightened by the hailstorm, and they all had opinions about what was causing the hailstones to hit them. Their hailstorm theories were: the sky was falling; mean ducks were throwing ice cubes; the sly fox was doing something; the moon was out of alignment; and one chicken blamed it on the stars. Their ideas about what to do were equally divided. One thought they should cross the road, one thought they should write a letter to the prime minister, one thought they should say a prayer, one thought they should hide under a horse, and one thought they should buy bicycle helmets. Based on the clues, match the chickens with their hailstorm theories and their solutions to the problem.

1. Stew blamed everything on the moon and was one chicken who did not want to cross the road. 2. The chicken who wanted to cross the road blamed the sly fox for the hailstorm. 3. Clucky wanted to write a letter to the prime minister. 4. Henny and Frier did not want to cross the road, and they did not think mean ducks had caused the hailstorm. 5. Frier did not think the sky was falling, but wanted to say a prayer in case it was. 6. Stew thought hiding under a horse was a dangerous idea.

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The story

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falling sky falling sky falling sky falling sky falling sky mean ducks mean ducks mean ducks mean ducks mean ducks sly fox sly fox sly fox sly fox sly fox moon moon moon moon moon stars stars stars stars stars cross road cross road cross road cross road cross road write letter write letter write letter write letter write letter say prayer say prayer say prayer say prayer say prayer hide hide hide hide hide buy helmet buy helmet buy helmet buy helmet buy helmet

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Perplexors

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6

Gourmet school picnic The clues

The Rutherford Gourmet Cooking School held its annual picnic and Jack, Jim, Joe, Jerry and Jeff were in charge of the hot dogs, potato salad, hamburgers, watermelon and ice-cream. Despite being a gourmet cooking school, the meal did not turn out well at all. The hot dogs were underdone, the potatoes were green, the hamburgers were burnt, the watermelon was mushy and the ice-cream was served warm. They all ran in the three-legged race and accidentally ran over a beehive. They got stung on an ankle, an arm, a leg, a nose and a wrist. Based on the clues, match the people with the food item they were responsible for and where they got stung.

1. Jack, Jim and Jerry did not cook any meat. 2. Joe’s underdone hot dogs were inedible, and he got stung on his wrist. 3. Jim and Jerry did not make everyone turn up their noses with the green potato salad, and they did not get stung on either an ankle or a leg. 4. The potato salad-maker got stung on his ankle. 5. Jerry was not in charge of the mushy watermelon. 6. Jim got stung on his nose.

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The story

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ankle arm leg nose wrist

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hot dogs hot dogs hot dogs hot dogs hot dogs potato salad potato salad potato salad potato salad potato salad hamburgers hamburgers hamburgers hamburgers hamburgers watermelon watermelon watermelon watermelon watermelon ice-cream ice-cream ice-cream ice-cream ice-cream ankle arm leg nose wrist

ankle arm leg nose wrist

ankle arm leg nose wrist

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ankle arm leg nose wrist

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7

Jumping frogs

The story

The clues

Frank, Fred, Fern, Fran and Fergie entered their frogs, named Hoppy, Jumpy, Wart, Bugeye and Spot, in a frog-jumping contest. Their frogs jumped 10 metres, 7 metres, 6 metres, 5 metres and 1 metre. Based on the clues, match the owners with their frogs and the distances they jumped.

1. Fergie’s Spot only jumped half as far as Bugeye, but five times as far as Fern’s frog. 2. Jumpy jumped 6 metres. 3. Frank and Fred had frogs that jumped more than 6 metres. 4. Hoppy jumped the shortest distance. 5. Frank’s frog jumped 7 metres.

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Hoppy Hoppy Hoppy Hoppy Hoppy Jumpy Jumpy Jumpy Jumpy Jumpy Wart Wart Wart Wart Wart Bugeye Bugeye Bugeye Bugeye Bugeye Spot Spot Spot Spot Spot

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10 metres 7 metres 6 metres 5 metres 1 metre

10 metres 7 metres 6 metres 5 metres 1 metre

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10 metres 7 metres 6 metres 5 metres 1 metre

10 metres 7 metres 6 metres 5 metres 1 metre

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8

Marooned The clues

Milt, Millie, Mort, Myron and Myles were marooned on a desert island. They each built their own shelters out of different items. They used leaves, coconuts, grass, seaweed and sand. Before being marooned, they had successful occupations as a doctor, a lawyer, a minister, a teacher and a farmer. Based on the clues, match the people with what they used for their shelters and their former occupations.

1. Milt, Millie and Mort did not use coconuts for their shelters, and they were not ministers. 2. The minister built his shelter out of seaweed. 3. Myron did not use coconuts and was not a doctor or a lawyer. 4. The farmer used coconuts for his shelter. 5. The teacher built a grass shelter. 6. Millie and Mort were not teachers. 7. Mort sued Millie because he said her sand shelter spoiled his view of the beach.

doctor lawyer minister teacher farmer

8 | Perplexors

leaves coconuts grass seaweed sand doctor lawyer minister teacher farmer

Myron

Myles

leaves coconuts grass seaweed sand

leaves coconuts grass seaweed sand

leaves coconuts grass seaweed sand

doctor lawyer minister teacher farmer

doctor lawyer minister teacher farmer

doctor lawyer minister teacher farmer

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Radio careers The clues

Phil, Olivia, Sally, Reed and Gordon all attended a job fair at the Broomfield Broadcasting School, hoping to be hired for jobs at radio stations. They were all lucky and landed jobs at the radio stations WEEE, WRRR, WSSS, WTTT and WWWW. The starting times of their radio shows were 6 am, 10 am, 2 pm, 6 pm and 10 pm. Based on the clues, match the people who were hired with their radio stations and their starting times.

1. Phil and Olivia had the latest shows, but they didn’t work at WEEE. 2. Sally had the earliest start, and she started 8 hours before Gordon. 3. The people with the morning shows worked at WEEE and WRRR. 4. The woman who worked on the latest show worked at WTTT. 5. Radio station WSSS had a show at 2 pm. 6. Reed liked working at a radio station with the same group of vowels as his name.

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Sally

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Gordon

6 am 10 am 2 pm 6 pm 10 pm

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WEEE WEEE WEEE WEEE WEEE WRRR WRRR WRRR WRRR WRRR WSSS WSSS WSSS WSSS WSSS WTTT WTTT WTTT WTTT WTTT WWWW WWWW WWWW WWWW WWWW 6 am 10 am 2 pm 6 pm 10 pm

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6 am 10 am 2 pm 6 pm 10 pm

6 am 10 am 2 pm 6 pm 10 pm

6 am 10 am 2 pm 6 pm 10 pm

Perplexors

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10

Five-city tour The clues

The Kelly family, consisting of Karen, Keith, Karl, Kirk and Ken, went on a five-city holiday. The cities they visited were London, Lima, Luxor, Lisbon and Lhasa. The hotels they stayed at were the Houghton, the Posh, the Shackleton, the Royston and the Hutton. At each hotel they stayed at, one member of the family bought one hotel souvenir, which meant that the family returned home with a total of five souvenirs. Based on the clues, match each Kelly family member with the city and hotel where they bought a souvenir.

1. Karen and Karl bought souvenirs from hotels whose names started with the letter ‘H.’ 2. Keith and Karl did not buy souvenirs in London, Lima or Luxor. 3. Karen did not buy anything from the Lhasa Hutton. 4. Kirk and Ken did not buy a souvenir in London. 5. Ken did not buy a souvenir at the Lima Royston. 6. There was no hotel in Luxor called the Shackleton.

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London Lima Luxor Lisbon Lhasa

London Lima Luxor Lisbon Lhasa

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London Lima Luxor Lisbon Lhasa

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Karen Keith Karl Kirk Ken London Lima Luxor Lisbon Lhasa

London Lima Luxor Lisbon Lhasa

Houghton Houghton Houghton Houghton Houghton Posh Posh Posh Posh Posh Shackleton Shackleton Shackleton Shackleton Shackleton Royston Royston Royston Royston Royston Hutton Hutton Hutton Hutton Hutton

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11

Ice-cream club The clues

Holly, Harvey, Harry, Hal and Herb, whose last names were Clarke, Darke, Starke, Parke and Smith, belonged to a private club dedicated to the art of eating ice-creams. They each liked to eat their icecreams differently. They liked to either lick it from the top, lick it all the way around the side, take a big bite out of it, eat the bottom of the cone first, or wait for it to melt and then suck it up through a straw. Based on the clues, match the children with their last names and how they preferred to eat their ice-creams.

1. Holly, Harvey and Harry did not have Starke as a last name and did not eat the bottom of the cone first. 2. Harry and Hal liked to use their tongues. 3. The cone-eater was Starke. 4. The side-licker had a last name that did not rhyme with the other last names, and it was not Harry. 5. The straw-user was Harvey. 6. Harry was not Parke or Darke. 7. The biter was Parke.

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Clarke Clarke Clarke Clarke Clarke Darke Darke Darke Darke Darke Starke Starke Starke Starke Starke Parke Parke Parke Parke Parke Smith Smith Smith Smith Smith lick the top lick the top lick the top lick the top lick the top lick the side lick the side lick the side lick the side lick the side big bite big bite big bite big bite big bite cone first cone first cone first cone first cone first straw straw straw straw straw

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12

The breakfast order The clues

Bart, Barry, Bill, Barney and Bob went out for breakfast. For a beverage they ordered coffee, hot tea, cola, juice and milk. For a meat dish they ordered bacon, ham, sausages, steak and pork chops. For their final breakfast dish they ordered eggs, waffles, pancakes, toast and hash browns. Based on the clues, match the people with their beverages, their meat selections and their final breakfast dishes.

1. The ham-eater drank juice, but never ate toast. 2. Barry and Barney did not drink a hot beverage. 3. Bob drank cola but never ate eggs or pork chops. 4. Barry did not eat ham, toast or hash browns. 5. Bart did not drink coffee and ordered sausages. 6. The hash brown-eater drank hot tea and wondered how the cola drinker’s bacon tasted. 7. Bill and Barney did not like eggs or pork chops. 8. The steak-eater did not eat pancakes or toast.

coffee hot tea cola juice milk

coffee hot tea cola juice milk

bacon ham sausages steak pork chops

bacon ham sausages steak pork chops

eggs waffles pancakes toast hash browns

12 | Perplexors

eggs waffles pancakes toast hash browns

Barney

Bob

coffee hot tea cola juice milk

coffee hot tea cola juice milk

coffee hot tea cola juice milk

bacon ham sausages steak pork chops

bacon ham sausages steak pork chops

bacon ham sausages steak pork chops

eggs waffles pancakes toast hash browns

eggs waffles pancakes toast hash browns

eggs waffles pancakes toast hash browns

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13

Tragic safari The clues

Jenny, Jerry, Jack, Jim and Joe went on a safari and were chased by a lion, a hyena, a wart-hog, a leopard and a gnu. They were carrying a camera, a laptop, a telescope, a beeper and a boom box. As they were being chased, they yelled ‘Help!’, ‘Oh, no!’, ‘Mama!’, ‘Sit!’ and ‘Yikes!’. Based on the clues, match the people with the animals that chased them, the items they were carrying and what they yelled.

1. The lion did not chase Jerry, Jack or the person carrying the boom box. 2. Jenny and Joe did not yell ‘Help!’ or carry a boom box. 3. The lion chased the person carrying the beeper who yelled ‘Mama!’ 4. Joe did not carry a camera or a beeper, and did not yell ‘Oh, no!’ or ‘Mama!’ 5. Jack yelled ‘Oh, no!’ and took a great picture of the gnu chasing him. 6. Joe did not yell ‘Sit!’ or carry a laptop. 7. The hyena chased the person who yelled ‘Sit!’ 8. The wart-hog chased the person carrying the laptop who yelled ‘Help!’

lion hyena wart-hog leopard gnu

lion hyena wart-hog leopard gnu

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Jack

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The story

Jim lion hyena wart-hog leopard gnu

Joe lion hyena wart-hog leopard gnu

camera camera camera camera camera laptop laptop laptop laptop laptop telescope telescope telescope telescope telescope beeper beeper beeper beeper beeper boom box boom box boom box boom box boom box ‘Help!’ ‘Help!’ ‘Help!’ ‘Help!’ ‘Help!’ ‘Oh, no!’ ‘Oh, no!’ ‘Oh, no!’ ‘Oh, no!’ ‘Oh, no!’ ‘Mama!’ ‘Mama!’ ‘Mama!’ ‘Mama!’ ‘Mama!’ ‘Sit!’ ‘Sit!’ ‘Sit!’ ‘Sit!’ ‘Sit!’ ‘Yikes!’ ‘Yikes!’ ‘Yikes!’ ‘Yikes!’ ‘Yikes!’

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14

Zoo travel The clues

Zeke, Zack, Zelda, Zane and Zetta went to the zoo to visit their favourite animals. Their favourite animals were a gorilla, a lion, a zebra, a hyena and a snake. While at the zoo, they bought a snack. They bought popcorn, peanuts, sweets, crisps and ice-cream. To get to the zoo, the children travelled by bus, train, car, plane and bicycle. Based on the clues, match the children with their favourite animals, their snacks and their transportation.

1. The child who travelled by plane bought icecream. 2. Zeke and Zane did not buy anything to eat that started with the letter ‘p’. 3. The sweet eater went to see the hyena. 4. Zane’s favourite animal had no legs! 5. The crisps-eater travelled by car to see the zebra. 6. Zelda did not eat peanuts or crisps when she went to see the gorilla. 7. Zack did not like lions. 8. Zeke could not ride a bicycle, and Zelda liked to ride on a bus.

popcorn peanuts sweets crisps ice-cream

bus train car plane bicycle

14 | Perplexors

gorilla lion zebra hyena snake

Zane

sa

gorilla lion zebra hyena snake

Zelda

Zetta

gorilla lion zebra hyena snake

gorilla lion zebra hyena snake

gorilla lion zebra hyena snake

popcorn peanuts sweets crisps ice-cream

popcorn peanuts sweets crisps ice-cream

popcorn peanuts sweets crisps ice-cream

popcorn peanuts sweets crisps ice-cream

bus train car plane bicycle

bus train car plane bicycle

bus train car plane bicycle

bus train car plane bicycle

g

Zack

Vi ew in

Zeke

m pl

e

The story

Prim-Ed Publishing

www.prim-ed.com


15

Team mascots The clues

Five children, named Larry, Lola, Loni, Louis and Lothar, were on five different teams at school. They were on the swimming team, cricket team, football team, basketball team and ice-skating team. Their kits were red, pink, yellow, blue and purple. All the teams had mascots, which were a seal, a goat, a horse, a parrot and a chicken. Based on the clues, match the children with their teams, their kit colours and their team mascots.

1. Larry and Loni did not like water in any form. 2. Louis and Lothar’s teams had mascots that had no feathers. 3. The team with the red kits had a chicken for a mascot. 4. The cricket team took turns riding their mascot. 5. Lola and Lothar participated in sports that did not use a ball. 6. Larry was the best bowler on his team. 7. Lola’s team wore yellow kits and black skates. 8. The football team wore purple kits, and the goat was their mascot. 9. The seal was the mascot for the team that wore blue.

Lola

Loni

g

Larry

sa

m pl

e

The story

Louis

Lothar

swimming cricket football basketball ice-skating

swimming cricket football basketball ice-skating

swimming cricket football basketball ice-skating

swimming cricket football basketball ice-skating

swimming cricket football basketball ice-skating

red pink yellow blue purple

red pink yellow blue purple

red pink yellow blue purple

red pink yellow blue purple

red pink yellow blue purple

seal goat horse parrot chicken

seal goat horse parrot chicken

seal goat horse parrot chicken

seal goat horse parrot chicken

seal goat horse parrot chicken

Vi ew in

www.prim-ed.com

Prim-Ed Publishing

Perplexors

| 15


16

Ten-house block The clues

Les, Lonnie, Leah, Laura and Larry lived on the same block of State Street. The houses were numbered from 1 to 10 going north to south. Their doors were painted green, yellow, pink, purple and blue, and their windows were painted green, yellow, pink, purple and blue. Only one house had the same colour for both doors and windows. The children lived in house numbers 1, 4, 5, 8 and 10. Based on the clues, match the children with the colours of their doors and windows, and their house numbers.

1. Only one house had the same colour for both doors and windows. 2. Les and Lonnie lived next door to each other, and they did not have pink doors. 3. House number 1 had pink windows. 4. Laura and Larry lived in the houses with the highest numbers, and did not have pink windows or pink doors. 5. Leah and Laura lived the farthest apart. 6. Lonnie lived in the middle of the block and with yellow doors, and windows that were not purple or blue. 7. The highest-numbered house had blue windows and the doors were not green. 8. Larry did not have purple windows and his doors were not green.

green doors yellow doors pink doors purple doors blue doors

Leah

g

Lonnie

Vi ew in

Les

sa

m pl

e

The story

green doors yellow doors pink doors purple doors blue doors

green doors yellow doors pink doors purple doors blue doors

Laura

green doors yellow doors pink doors purple doors blue doors

Larry green doors yellow doors pink doors purple doors blue doors

green windows green windows green windows green windows green windows yellow windows yellow windows yellow windows yellow windows yellow windows pink windows pink windows pink windows pink windows pink windows purple windows purple windows purple windows purple windows purple windows blue windows blue windows blue windows blue windows blue windows

1 1 1 1 1 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10

16 | Perplexors

Prim-Ed Publishing

www.prim-ed.com


17

Taylor’s tenth The clues

Tim, Terry, Tina, Tom and Tex were all invited to Taylor’s tenth birthday party. The gifts they brought her were tennis balls, a toy teapot, a tiny tutu, a tape dispenser and a top hat. They wrapped their presents in yellow, blue, gold, red and violet paper. At the party, they all were given seats next to someone they did not know. Their partners were Trevor, Tameka, Theo, Ted and Teresa. Based on the clues, match the children with the gifts they brought, the colour of their wrapping paper, and their partners.

1. Tim and Tina bought items of clothing. 2. Tom and Tina both sat next to people with the same number of letters in their names. 3. Terry bought a sporty present and wrapped it in red paper. 4. The person who sat next to Ted bought an item of stationery and wrapped it in the colour of the sky. 5. The teapot was wrapped in gold paper. 6. Tameka sat next to Tim and admired the skirt he had bought. 7. Terry sat next to the person whose name started with the same three letters as his. 8. The hat was wrapped in violet paper.

Tina

tennis balls toy teapot tiny tutu tape dispenser top hat

tennis balls toy teapot tiny tutu tape dispenser top hat

Vi ew in

tennis balls toy teapot tiny tutu tape dispenser top hat

Terry

g

Tim

sa

m pl

e

The story

Tom tennis balls toy teapot tiny tutu tape dispenser top hat

Tex tennis balls toy teapot tiny tutu tape dispenser top hat

yellow yellow yellow yellow yellow blue blue blue blue blue gold gold gold gold gold red red red red red violet violet violet violet violet

Trevor Tameka Theo Ted Teresa

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Trevor Tameka Theo Ted Teresa

Prim-Ed Publishing

Trevor Tameka Theo Ted Teresa

Trevor Tameka Theo Ted Teresa

Trevor Tameka Theo Ted Teresa

Perplexors

| 17


18

Here’s the pitch The clues

Five baseball pitchers were at a convention signing autographs. After the convention, they got together and talked about baseball. Their names were Grover, Nolan, Dino, Chris and Gavin. They all had secret pitches which they either called a slider, a grinder, a greaser, a splitter or a beaner. They played for different teams: the Mules, the Goats, the Aardvarks, the Warblers and the Turtles. Last season they each won a different number of games. They won 5 games, 7 games, 10 games, 12 games and 14 games. Based on the clues, match the pitchers with their secret pitches, their teams and the number of games they won.

1. Grover, Nolan and Dino did not play for either the Mules or the Goats; one of them won the fewest games and one of them won the most games. 2. Chris won twice as many games as Grover, but Nolan won twice as many games as Dino. 3. Nolan, Chris and Gavin did not throw either a slider or a grinder, but one of them did play for the Aardvarks. 4. The player who won half as many games as Nolan, played for the Turtles and threw a truly wicked grinder. 5. The player for the Goats, whose secret pitch was a greaser, won twice as many games as the player for the Warblers. 6. Gavin did not throw a beaner.

slider grinder greaser splitter beaner

Mules Goats Aardvarks Warblers Turtles

5 games 7 games 10 games 12 games 14 games

18 | Perplexors

slider grinder greaser splitter beaner

Dino

g

Nolan

Chris

Gavin

slider grinder greaser splitter beaner

slider grinder greaser splitter beaner

slider grinder greaser splitter beaner

Mules Goats Aardvarks Warblers Turtles

Mules Goats Aardvarks Warblers Turtles

Mules Goats Aardvarks Warblers Turtles

Mules Goats Aardvarks Warblers Turtles

5 games 7 games 10 games 12 games 14 games

5 games 7 games 10 games 12 games 14 games

5 games 7 games 10 games 12 games 14 games

5 games 7 games 10 games 12 games 14 games

Vi ew in

Grover

sa

m pl

e

The story

Prim-Ed Publishing

www.prim-ed.com


19

Table tennis tournament The clues

Sam, Sara, Sol, Sylvia and Stan entered a table tennis tournament and were partners with Stu, Spiro, Sally, Shad and Seth, but maybe not in that order. The teams wore brown, pink, green, yellow and blue T-shirts and finished first, second, third, fourth and fifth. Based on the clues, match the children with their partners, the colours of their T-shirts and the order in which they finished.

1. Sylvia and Stan were not partners with Stu or Spiro and did not finish in any of the top three places. 2. Sam and Sara did not wear green or yellow and did not get first place. 3. The last place team wore brown T-shirts. 4. Stan, who was not partnered with either Sally or Shad, did not finish last. 5. Sara did not wear pink and did not finish third. 6. Stu and Sally did not wear green, which was worn by the team finishing first. 7. Shad and his partner finished last. 8. Stu was on the blue team, and Sally finished third.

Sara

Sol

sa

Sam

m pl

e

The story

Sylvia

Stan

Vi ew in

g

Stu Stu Stu Stu Stu Spiro Spiro Spiro Spiro Spiro Sally Sally Sally Sally Sally Shad Shad Shad Shad Shad Seth Seth Seth Seth Seth brown pink green yellow blue

brown pink green yellow blue

brown pink green yellow blue

brown pink green yellow blue

brown pink green yellow blue

first first first first first second second second second second third third third third third fourth fourth fourth fourth fourth fifth fifth fifth fifth fifth

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Prim-Ed Publishing

Perplexors

| 19


20

Pig Thanksgiving The clues

Every Thanksgiving Day in the USA, the pigs at Farmer Brown’s pig sty had a party to celebrate the fact that families tended to serve a turkey instead of roast pork. The pigs were named Baker, Porker, Loinly, Snuffler and Snortie. They all wore different coloured hats, which were white, orange, yellow, brown and green. They each brought their favourite food for the feast; they brought corn, truffles, swill, walnuts and peanuts. For amusement, they put on their favourite Shakespeare play, Hamlet. They each took the role of a different character in the play. The characters were Hamlet, Horatio, Polonius, Ophelia and Laertes. Based on the clues, match the pigs with their hat colours, their favourite foods and their Shakespearean characters.

1. The pig who played the role of Hamlet wore a yellow hat and did not bring corn. 2. Baker and Porker did not wear orange or yellow hats and did not bring peanuts. 3. The pig who played Ophelia brought walnuts and wore orange. 4. Snortie wore a brown hat and did not play Horatio or Laertes. 5. The pig who played Horatio brought corn. 6. Baker did not wear a green hat or bring corn or truffles. 7. Snuffler did not wear a yellow hat. 8. Snortie did not bring peanuts.

corn truffles swill walnuts peanuts

white orange yellow brown green

corn truffles swill walnuts peanuts

m pl

sa

white orange yellow brown green

Loinly

Snuffler

Snortie

white orange yellow brown green

white orange yellow brown green

white orange yellow brown green

corn truffles swill walnuts peanuts

corn truffles swill walnuts peanuts

corn truffles swill walnuts peanuts

g

Porker

Vi ew in

Baker

e

The story

Hamlet Hamlet Hamlet Hamlet Hamlet Horatio Horatio Horatio Horatio Horatio Polonius Polonius Polonius Polonius Polonius Ophelia Ophelia Ophelia Ophelia Ophelia Laertes Laertes Laertes Laertes Laertes

20 | Perplexors

Prim-Ed Publishing

www.prim-ed.com


21

Pecking a pizza The clues

Five birds, named Beaky, Bob, Billy, Bosco and Brainy, decided to go to their local Pizza Nest for a pizza. They all wanted a different topping, so they each ordered their own individual pizza. The birds were a seagull, an owl, a pigeon, a robin and a crow. The toppings they ordered were worms, crickets, slugs, ants and seeds. To drink, they ordered cola, ginger beer, ice tea, milk and juice. Based on the clues, match the birds with their types, their pizza toppings and their drinks.

1. The seagull, whose name was not Billy, did not order his favourite cricket pizza this time. 2. The milk-drinker ordered worm pizza. 3. The juice-drinker was a crow, and the robin ate slugs. 4. Bob did not order cola or ice tea. 5. The owl, who was not Bosco or Brainy, ordered cricket pizza and ice tea. 6. Billy, who was not an owl, did not drink juice or ice tea. 7. Bob did not drink milk or juice. 8. Billy and Bosco never drank cola or ate seeds. 9. The cola drinker did not eat ants or seeds

sa

m pl

e

The story

Beaky Bob Billy Bosco Brainy seagull owl pigeon robin crow

seagull owl pigeon robin crow

g

seagull owl pigeon robin crow

Vi ew in

seagull owl pigeon robin crow

seagull owl pigeon robin crow

worms worms worms worms worms crickets crickets crickets crickets crickets slugs slugs slugs slugs slugs ants ants ants ants ants seeds seeds seeds seeds seeds

cola ginger beer ice tea milk juice

www.prim-ed.com

cola ginger beer ice tea milk juice

Prim-Ed Publishing

cola ginger beer ice tea milk juice

cola ginger beer ice tea milk juice

cola ginger beer ice tea milk juice

Perplexors

| 21


22

Marriage game The clues

Billy, Bob, Byron, Barney and Baxter got married to Bess, Betty, Barb, Bernice and Beth. They got married in March, April, May, June and July. On their honeymoons they went to Honolulu, Rome, Auckland, Cape Town and Paris. Based on the clues, match the men with their wives, the months in which they were married and their honeymoon destinations.

1. Bob and Byron did not marry Bess or the girl who went to Rome on her honeymoon. 2. The girl who married Barney went to Rome and was married in May. 3. Baxter was married in July, and Bess was married in April. 4. Byron did not marry Betty or Barb, and was not married in March. 5. Bernice went to Honolulu on her honeymoon. 6. The couple married in April did not honeymoon in Cape Town or Paris. 7. The June bride did not go to Honolulu or Cape Town. 8. Baxter did not marry Bernice. 9. Barb did not go to Cape Town.

Bess Betty Barb Bernice Beth

March April May June July

Byron

Barney

Baxter

Bess Betty Barb Bernice Beth

g

Bob

Bess Betty Barb Bernice Beth

Bess Betty Barb Bernice Beth

Bess Betty Barb Bernice Beth

March April May June July

March April May June July

March April May June July

March April May June July

Vi ew in

Billy

sa

m pl

e

The story

Honolulu Honolulu Honolulu Honolulu Honolulu Rome Rome Rome Rome Rome Auckland Auckland Auckland Auckland Auckland Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Cape Town Paris Paris Paris Paris Paris

22 | Perplexors

Prim-Ed Publishing

www.prim-ed.com


23

Ice-creams The clues

Five pigs, named Hiram, Horace, Harry, Hal and Herb, went out for two-scoop ice-creams. The icecream shop had only five flavours: vanilla, cherry, chocolate, coconut and strawberry. Even so, no pig had the same flavour for both scoops, and no two pigs had the same combination of flavours. After the ice-cream, they were thirsty and bought cola, coffee, tea, lemonade and ginger beer. Based on the clues, match the pigs with their first and second scoops and their drinks.

1. No pig had the same flavour for both scoops, and no two pigs had the same combination of flavours. 2. Hiram and Hal did not have any vanilla at all. 3. Harry’s second scoop was chocolate. 4. The coffee-drinking pig’s first scoop was coconut. 5. The ginger beer-drinking pig’s first scoop was chocolate, and the second scoop was not cherry or coconut. 6. Herb had no vanilla and only drank cola. 7. Hiram and Horace did not like ginger beer. 8. Hiram’s second scoop was coconut, and he drank lemonade. 9. Horace had no cherry ice-cream and drank no tea.

Horace

Harry

g

Hiram

sa

m pl

e

The story

Hal

Herb

1st scoop 1st scoop 1st scoop vanilla vanilla vanilla cherry cherry cherry chocolate chocolate chocolate coconut coconut coconut strawberry strawberry strawberry

2nd scoop 2nd scoop 2nd scoop 2nd scoop 2nd scoop vanilla vanilla vanilla vanilla vanilla cherry cherry cherry cherry cherry chocolate chocolate chocolate chocolate chocolate coconut coconut coconut coconut coconut strawberry strawberry strawberry strawberry strawberry

cola coffee tea lemonade ginger beer

Vi ew in

www.prim-ed.com

cola coffee tea lemonade ginger beer

Prim-Ed Publishing

cola coffee tea lemonade ginger beer

1st scoop 1st scoop vanilla vanilla cherry cherry chocolate chocolate coconut coconut strawberry strawberry

cola coffee tea lemonade ginger beer

cola coffee tea lemonade ginger beer

Perplexors

| 23


24

Hiking trip The clues

Five children, named Elvis, Eva, Eliot, Eli and Eddie, decided to go hiking in the mountains. They wore shorts that were red, blue, grey, pink and white. Their shirts were also red, blue, grey, pink and white, but no-one wore the same colour shorts and shirts. For snacks they brought sweets, biscuits, crisps, nuts and bread. Based on the clues, match the children with the colour combinations of their shorts and shirts, and the snacks they brought on the hike.

1. No child wore the same colour for both shorts and shirt. Everybody wore a different colour combination. 2. Elvis, Eliot and Eddie did not wear red shorts. 3. The sweet-eater wore white shorts. 4. Eli wore a grey shirt and did not wear red or pink shorts. 5. Elvis, Eli and Eddie did not eat sweets. 6. Eddie ate nuts and did not wear grey shorts or a red shirt. 7. The blue shirt wearer ate crisps on the hike. 8. Elvis brought bread as his snack and did not wear a red shirt.

red shirt blue shirt grey shirt pink shirt white shirt

sweets biscuits crisps nuts bread

24 | Perplexors

red shorts blue shorts grey shorts pink shorts white shorts

sa

red shorts blue shorts grey shorts pink shorts white shorts

Eliot

Eli

Eddie

red shorts blue shorts grey shorts pink shorts white shorts

red shorts blue shorts grey shorts pink shorts white shorts

red shorts blue shorts grey shorts pink shorts white shorts

red shirt blue shirt grey shirt pink shirt white shirt

red shirt blue shirt grey shirt pink shirt white shirt

red shirt blue shirt grey shirt pink shirt white shirt

red shirt blue shirt grey shirt pink shirt white shirt

sweets biscuits crisps nuts bread

sweets biscuits crisps nuts bread

sweets biscuits crisps nuts bread

sweets biscuits crisps nuts bread

g

Eva

Vi ew in

Elvis

m pl

e

The story

Prim-Ed Publishing

www.prim-ed.com


25

Haunted house The clues

Five children, named Rob, Rina, Rex, Ron and Roy, bought tickets to visit the haunted house at a funfair. In the haunted house, they were scared by a ghost, a goblin, a ghoul, a witch and a warlock. They all reacted differently to what scared them—one fainted, one screamed, one froze, one jumped and one cried. Their last names were Moloney, Snider, Weeks, Snead and Weeley. Based on the clues, match the children with what scared them, their reactions and their last names.

1. Rex and Ron were not scared by anything that started with the letter ‘w’. 2. Rex, Ron and Roy did not faint. 3. Rob was scared by a goblin, and his last name was not Moloney or Snead. 4. Roy was not scared by a witch. 5. Moloney froze when he saw a ghost. 6. Ron Snider did not see a ghost. 7. Rina, who was not Snead or Weeley, did not faint. 8. Snead stopped crying when he heard Weeks screaming.

Rina

ghost goblin ghoul witch warlock

ghost goblin ghoul witch warlock

fainted screamed froze jumped cried

fainted screamed froze jumped cried

Vi ew in

Ron

Roy

ghost goblin ghoul witch warlock

ghost goblin ghoul witch warlock

ghost goblin ghoul witch warlock

fainted screamed froze jumped cried

fainted screamed froze jumped cried

fainted screamed froze jumped cried

g

Rex

sa

Rob

m pl

e

The story

Moloney Moloney Moloney Moloney Moloney Snider Snider Snider Snider Snider Weeks Weeks Weeks Weeks Weeks Snead Snead Snead Snead Snead Weeley Weeley Weeley Weeley Weeley

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Prim-Ed Publishing

Perplexors

| 25


26

Golfing around The clues

Five gents from Ghent, named Garfield, Garry, George, Gordon and Graham, went golfing at their local golf club. Their golf bags were white, orange, purple, yellow and green, and they shot 72, 78, 85, 99 and 104. Their caddies’ names were Gilbert, Godfrey, Garland, Gregory and Grant. Based on the clues, match the gentlemen with the colour of their golf bags, their scores and their caddies.

1. In golf, the lowest score is the best score, and Gilbert’s golfer with the purple bag won the round. 2. The golfer with the orange bag did the worst. 3. Gregory did not caddy for George, Gordon or the golfer with the purple bag. 4. Gordon golfed better than Garry and George, but Garfield and Graham golfed better than Gordon. 5. Gilbert did not caddy for Garfield, who had six more strokes than the winner. 6. Garry had a white golf bag. 7. Gordon’s bag was not green, and his caddy was not Grant. 8. Garland did not caddy for the golfer with the yellow bag. 9. Garfield’s caddy was not Gregory or Grant.

sa

m pl

e

The story

white orange purple yellow green

George

g

Garry

Vi ew in

Garfield

white orange purple yellow green

white orange purple yellow green

Gordon white orange purple yellow green

Graham white orange purple yellow green

72 72 72 72 72 78 78 78 78 78 85 85 85 85 85 99 99 99 99 99 104 104 104 104 104

Gilbert Godfrey Garland Gregory Grant

26 | Perplexors

Gilbert Godfrey Garland Gregory Grant

Gilbert Godfrey Garland Gregory Grant

Gilbert Godfrey Garland Gregory Grant

Prim-Ed Publishing

Gilbert Godfrey Garland Gregory Grant

www.prim-ed.com


27

Forest children The clues

For one year, five young children, named Dan, Diana, Daphne, Dick and Donald, lived in the forest with their parents as part of a nature experiment. Part of the experiment required them to find some of their food in the forest. After trying many different things, they each developed a taste for different meats and vegetables. For meat, their favourites were grubs, beetles, moths, ants and worms. For vegetables, their favourites were grass, moss, bark, flowers and leaves. The children spent a lot of time playing in the forest and eventually they were each befriended by a wild animal. They became friends with a lizard, a fox, a squirrel, a rabbit and a badger. Based on the clues, match the children with their favourite meats and vegetables and their animal friends.

1. The child who ate beetles and moss was friends with a rabbit. 2. Dan and Diana did not eat grubs and were not friends with a fox. 3. Daphne, Dick, and the child befriended by a fox did not eat moths or grass. 4. A squirrel was friends with Daphne, who did not eat moss or flowers. 5. The bark-eating child was friends with a lizard. 6. Diana ate moths but no moss, and Dan ate worms but no grass. 7. Daphne did not eat ants.

sa

m pl

e

The story

Daphne

g

Diana

Vi ew in

Dan

Dick

Donald

grubs beetles moths ants worms

grubs beetles moths ants worms

grubs beetles moths ants worms

grubs beetles moths ants worms

grubs beetles moths ants worms

grass moss bark flowers leaves

grass moss bark flowers leaves

grass moss bark flowers leaves

grass moss bark flowers leaves

grass moss bark flowers leaves

lizard fox squirrel rabbit badger

lizard fox squirrel rabbit badger

lizard fox squirrel rabbit badger

lizard fox squirrel rabbit badger

lizard fox squirrel rabbit badger

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Prim-Ed Publishing

Perplexors

| 27


28

Five gorillas The clues

Five gorillas, named Gorbly, Bonger, Tongly, Kongo and Chong, collected different strangely-shaped coconuts. The unusual shapes were a triangle, a square, a hexagon, a bell and a pentagon. They were each so fond of their unusual coconuts that they gave them a name. They called them Sunny, Purdy, Sweet Pea, Baby Bear and Punkin. They could not agree on whose coconut was the best, and discussed the subject endlessly. During the course of one of their discussions, they got frustrated and chased each other around a tree. Each of the gorillas tripped and suffered a minor injury to a toe, a nose, an ear, an eye and a tooth. Based on the clues, match the gorillas with the shapes of their unusual coconuts, the nicknames they gave their coconuts and the injuries they suffered.

1. The gorilla who received a black eye called his coconut Punkin. 2. The gorilla who collected the pentagon-shaped coconut had his nose broken and did not call his coconut Sunny. 3. The gorilla who scratched his ear called his coconut Baby Bear. 4. Gorbly and Bonger did not collect square- or hexagon-shaped coconuts. 5. Tongly lost a tooth after his fall. 6. Gorbly, who hurt his toe, did not have a bellshaped coconut. 7. Neither Kongo nor Chong suffered a broken nose, but Kongo dropped his bell-shaped coconut as he ran. 8. Kongo did not call his coconut Baby Bear or Sunny. 9. Chong did not collect a square coconut, and it was the square coconut-collector who called his coconut Purdy.

Vi ew in

g

sa

m pl

e

The story

Gorbly

Bonger

Tongly

Kongo

Chong

triangle triangle triangle triangle triangle square square square square square hexagon hexagon hexagon hexagon hexagon bell bell bell bell bell pentagon pentagon pentagon pentagon pentagon

Sunny Purdy Sweet Pea Baby Bear Punkin

Sunny Purdy Sweet Pea Baby Bear Punkin

Sunny Purdy Sweet Pea Baby Bear Punkin

Sunny Purdy Sweet Pea Baby Bear Punkin

Sunny Purdy Sweet Pea Baby Bear Punkin

toe nose ear eye tooth

toe nose ear eye tooth

toe nose ear eye tooth

toe nose ear eye tooth

toe nose ear eye tooth

28 | Perplexors

Prim-Ed Publishing

www.prim-ed.com


29

Moving friends The clues

Charles, Carl, Charo, Cindi and Cathy were good friends who shared a love for their pets. Each had a different pet; they had a dog, a cat, a bird, a rabbit and a fish. The pets were named Rover, Tabby, Polly, Fluffy and Goldie. All of the friends had to move to a different country because their parents had to relocate for their jobs. They moved to Turkey, Australia, Kenya, Guyana and Laos. Based on the clues, match the five friends with their pets, their pet’s names and the countries they moved to.

1. Charles, Charo and Cathy had fur-covered pets. 2. Cindi and Cathy did not move to Australia, Kenya or Laos. 3. Tabby was a bird, and Polly was a rabbit. 4. Cindi, and the owner of the bird, did not move to either Turkey or Australia. 5. Charles and Carl did not move to Laos. 6. Cindi’s pet was not named either Fluffy or Goldie. 7. Goldie, the cat, moved with her owner to Turkey. 8. Charo did not own a rabbit.

dog cat bird rabbit fish

dog cat bird rabbit fish

Rover Tabby Polly Fluffy Goldie

Turkey Australia Kenya Guyana Laos

www.prim-ed.com

Cindi

Cathy

dog cat bird rabbit fish

dog cat bird rabbit fish

dog cat bird rabbit fish

Rover Tabby Polly Fluffy Goldie

Rover Tabby Polly Fluffy Goldie

Rover Tabby Polly Fluffy Goldie

Rover Tabby Polly Fluffy Goldie

Turkey Australia Kenya Guyana Laos

Turkey Australia Kenya Guyana Laos

Turkey Australia Kenya Guyana Laos

Turkey Australia Kenya Guyana Laos

Vi ew in

Charo

sa

Carl

g

Charles

m pl

e

The story

Prim-Ed Publishing

Perplexors

| 29


30

Opera fans The clues

Mary, Mark, Myron, Melvin and Mildred were all fans of the opera. Each one had a different favourite voice range. They liked soprano, contralto, tenor, baritone and bass. Each one also had a different favourite opera; their favourites were Aida, La Boheme, Carmen, Pagliacci and Rigoletto. Each of the opera fans lived in a different city. They lived in Milan, London, Berlin, New York and Tokyo. Based on the clues, match the opera fans with their favourite voice ranges, their favourite operas and the cities where they lived.

1. Mary, who did not live in either New York or Tokyo, could not understand why the opera fans from those two cities loved Carmen and Pagliacci. 2. Mark and Mildred did not live in Tokyo or New York, and one of them liked the contralto voice best and the other preferred the tenor sound. 3. Neither Myron nor Melvin liked the bass voice best, as it was the Aida-loving opera fan from Berlin who preferred the bass sound. 4. Myron thought the fan from New York who loved the soprano sound and Pagliacci was not very knowledgeable about opera. 5. The opera fan from London, who was not Mark, loved the contralto voice and Rigoletto.

Mark

Myron

g

Mary

sa

m pl

e

The story

Melvin

Mildred

Vi ew in

soprano soprano soprano soprano soprano contralto contralto contralto contralto contralto tenor tenor tenor tenor tenor baritone baritone baritone baritone baritone bass bass bass bass bass Aida Aida Aida Aida Aida La Boheme La Boheme La Boheme La Boheme La Boheme Carmen Carmen Carmen Carmen Carmen Pagliacci Pagliacci Pagliacci Pagliacci Pagliacci Rigoletto Rigoletto Rigoletto Rigoletto Rigoletto Milan Milan Milan Milan Milan London London London London London Berlin Berlin Berlin Berlin Berlin New York New York New York New York New York Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo

30 | Perplexors

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31

I’m nuts over you The clues

Five male squirrels, named Wally, Bushy, Benny, Wilbur and Tom, were trying to win the hearts of five female squirrels, named Marilyn, Jayne, Heddy, Betty and June. Fortunately, the male squirrels were each trying to win over a different female squirrel. Each of the male squirrels decided to make a pile of nuts and offer it to the female squirrels on the theory that they could win their hearts through their stomachs. The five piles of nuts each consisted of a different number of nuts; the piles had 5, 8, 15, 16 and 20 nuts in them. Based on the clues, match the male squirrels with the female squirrels they were trying to win over and the number of nuts they offered.

1. Wally, Benny and Tom did not like Marilyn and Jayne. 2. Marilyn was offered the fewest nuts, and Wilbur offered twice as many nuts as Tom offered Betty. 3. Benny did not offer the most nuts, as the largest pile of nuts was offered to Heddy, and Benny was not that generous.

m pl

Bushy

Benny

sa

Wally

e

The story

Wilbur

Tom

Vi ew in

g

Marilyn Marilyn Marilyn Marilyn Marilyn Jayne Jayne Jayne Jayne Jayne Heddy Heddy Heddy Heddy Heddy Betty Betty Betty Betty Betty June June June June June 5 nuts 8 nuts 15 nuts 16 nuts 20 nuts

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5 nuts 8 nuts 15 nuts 16 nuts 20 nuts

Prim-Ed Publishing

5 nuts 8 nuts 15 nuts 16 nuts 20 nuts

5 nuts 8 nuts 15 nuts 16 nuts 20 nuts

5 nuts 8 nuts 15 nuts 16 nuts 20 nuts

Perplexors

| 31


32

Five lonely bachelors The clues

Five lonely bachelors, named Sam, Simon, Silas, Zeke and Zack, answered personal ads in the local newspaper and were able to make dates with five girls, named Judy, Joan, Jacqui, Jean and Jerri. Their last names were Lanely, Streeter, Way, Bovey and Vard. These bachelors were not exactly big spenders, which may be one reason why they were so lonely. They took their dates out for tacos, burgers, hot dogs, pizza and chicken. Based on the clues, match the bachelors with the first and last names of the girls they dated and the food they ate.

1. Sam and Silas did not date Judy, Joan or Jacqui. 2. The pizza-eater was Vard. 3. Zeke did not date Streeter or eat pizza. 4. The taco-eater dated Zack and was not Judy Vard. 5. Zeke did not date Way or eat burgers or chicken. 6. Jean Lanely ate chicken. 7. Silas ate burgers, but not with Bovey or Way. 8. Jacqui did not eat burgers or hot dogs.

Simon

Silas

Zeke

Zack

sa

Sam

m pl

e

The story

Vi ew in

g

Judy Judy Judy Judy Judy Joan Joan Joan Joan Joan Jacqui Jacqui Jacqui Jacqui Jacqui Jean Jean Jean Jean Jean Jerri Jerri Jerri Jerri Jerri Lanely Lanely Lanely Lanely Lanely Streeter Streeter Streeter Streeter Streeter Way Way Way Way Way Bovey Bovey Bovey Bovey Bovey Vard Vard Vard Vard Vard tacos tacos tacos tacos tacos burgers burgers burgers burgers burgers hot dogs hot dogs hot dogs hot dogs hot dogs pizza pizza pizza pizza pizza chicken chicken chicken chicken chicken

32 | Perplexors

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33

Some favourite things The clues

Vic, Val, Vinnie, Vera and Van liked to sleep, read, climb, run and sing when they were not watching television. They all loved television but liked different kinds of shows. Their favourites were cartoons, cooking shows, soap operas, game shows and animal stories. The only other thing they really liked doing was playing with their pet cats, whose names were Tabby, Tiger, Toby, Tom and Tasha. Based on the clues, match the children with their favourite pastimes, their favourite television shows and the names of their cats.

1. Tom liked to climb things and so did his owner. 2. Vic and Val did not like sleeping or animal stories. 3. Tabby’s owner liked to sleep and watch animal stories. 4. Vera liked to sing and watch game shows. 5. Van disliked sleeping, cartoons and cooking shows. 6. Val did not like climbing or cooking shows. 7. Vic’s pet cat was Toby. 8. Val liked to read to her cat, Tasha.

Val

Vinnie

Vera

Van

sa

Vic

m pl

e

The story

Vi ew in

g

sleep sleep sleep sleep sleep read read read read read climb climb climb climb climb run run run run run sing sing sing sing sing cartoons cartoons cartoons cartoons cartoons cooking shows cooking shows cooking shows cooking shows cooking shows soap operas soap operas soap operas soap operas soap operas game shows game shows game shows game shows game shows animal stories animal stories animal stories animal stories animal stories Tabby Tabby Tabby Tabby Tabby Tiger Tiger Tiger Tiger Tiger Toby Toby Toby Toby Toby Tom Tom Tom Tom Tom Tasha Tasha Tasha Tasha Tasha

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Perplexors

| 33


34

Daredevil ducks The clues

Five young ducks, named Dandy, Dilly, Doosy, Drake and Dodie, decided to try their wings at stunt flying. Their last names were Mallard, Wood, Black, Decoy and Pintail. The first stunt they tried was to fly upside down. Of course, they all quacked up and crashed. They suffered injuries to a beak, a wing, a neck, a tail and a foot. Their parents went quackers when they found out about all this and grounded them for 3 days, 5 days, 6 days, 7 days and 14 days. Based on the clues, match the ducks first and last names, what they injured and the lengths of time they were grounded.

1. The duck grounded for three days suffered an injured tail and was not Dandy, Doosy or Wood. 2. The duck grounded for one week was Wood, who injured a wing. 3. Dilly and Dodie were grounded for less than a week. 4. Dodie, who was not Pintail, was grounded for more than five days. 5. Dandy was Decoy, who was grounded the longest. 6. Doosy was not Black or Pintail. 7. Mallard injured a foot, and Decoy did not injure his neck.

Dilly

Doosy

Drake

Dodie

g

Dandy

sa

m pl

e

The story

Vi ew in

Mallard Mallard Mallard Mallard Mallard Wood Wood Wood Wood Wood Black Black Black Black Black Decoy Decoy Decoy Decoy Decoy Pintail Pintail Pintail Pintail Pintail beak beak beak beak beak wing wing wing wing wing neck neck neck neck neck tail tail tail tail tail foot foot foot foot foot

3 days 5 days 6 days 7 days 14 days

34 | Perplexors

3 days 5 days 6 days 7 days 14 days

3 days 5 days 6 days 7 days 14 days

3 days 5 days 6 days 7 days 14 days

Prim-Ed Publishing

3 days 5 days 6 days 7 days 14 days

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35

Dance band The clues

Five sisters, named Nan, Nell, Nina, Naomi and Nola, decided to dye their hair purple, green, blue, orange and violet. They also decided to form a dance band where they would play a violin, harp, cello, piano and guitar. Their ages were 23, 20, 17, 16 and 15. Based on the clues, match the girls with the colour they dyed their hair, their musical instruments and their ages.

1. Nan, Nina and Naomi were neither the oldest nor the youngest. 2. Nan was five years older than the youngest sister. 3. Nan, Nell and Nina did not dye their hair purple or play the violin. 4. Naomi, who played the harp, had only two older sisters. 5. The youngest sister played the violin. 6. The cello player had blue eyes and matching hair colour. 7. The green-haired piano player was seven years younger than Nell. 8. The violet-haired girl played the violin. 9. Nell did not play the guitar.

sa

m pl

e

The story

g

Nan Nell Nina Naomi Nola

Vi ew in

purple purple purple purple purple green green green green green blue blue blue blue blue orange orange orange orange orange violet violet violet violet violet violin harp cello piano guitar

violin harp cello piano guitar

violin harp cello piano guitar

violin harp cello piano guitar

violin harp cello piano guitar

23 23 23 23 23 20 20 20 20 20 17 17 17 17 17 16 16 16 16 16 15 15 15 15 15

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Perplexors

| 35


36

Championship team The clues

Highland Park Secondary School basketball team was on a roll and won the interschool championship. The team consisted of Cal, Chet, Chuck, Carlos and Charles, whose last names were Bat, Bane, Bates, Beales and Bristow. Their nicknames were Key, Hoop, Sport, Points and Charger. In the championship game they each scored 10, 12, 18, 24 and 30 points. Based on the clues, match the players with their last names, their nicknames and their individual point totals.

1. No player had the same number of letters in his first name, last name and nickname. 2. Carlos scored the least amount of points and had the longest last name. 3. Chet scored three times what Carlos scored and had the shortest last name. 4. Chuck’s last name was not Bane, and he scored 12 points less than Chet. 5. Cal was not Bates, and he scored two points more than Bristow. 6. The player with the longest last name had the shortest nickname. 7. Points was Bat.

Bat Bane Bates Beales Bristow

sa

Bat Bane Bates Beales Bristow

Chuck

Bat Bane Bates Beales Bristow

g

Chet

Vi ew in

Cal

m pl

e

The story

Carlos

Bat Bane Bates Beales Bristow

Charles Bat Bane Bates Beales Bristow

Key Key Key Key Key Hoop Hoop Hoop Hoop Hoop Sport Sport Sport Sport Sport Points Points Points Points Points Charger Charger Charger Charger Charger

10 points 12 points 18 points 24 points 30 points

36 | Perplexors

10 points 12 points 18 points 24 points 30 points

10 points 12 points 18 points 24 points 30 points

10 points 12 points 18 points 24 points 30 points

Prim-Ed Publishing

10 points 12 points 18 points 24 points 30 points

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37

Big spelling competition The clues

Five children, named Fred, Frank, Farah, Francis and Phil, were eliminated in a semifinal round in a spelling competition. They were from rooms 106, 212, 312, 417 and 505, and their teachers were Ms Inkpot, Mr Ruler, Mrs Chalk, Ms Pennsl and Ms Book. The words the children missed were ‘academic’, ‘intellectual’, ‘comprehend’, ‘discover’ and ‘ascertain’. Based on the clues, match the spellers with their rooms, their teachers and their misspelt words.

1. Fred, Frank and Francis misspelt words that start with a vowel. 2. The child who misspelled ‘discover’ had Ms Book for a teacher. 3. Frank did not have Ms Inkpot or Mr Ruler and did not misspell any words starting with an ‘a’. 4. Mrs Chalk was the teacher in Room 505. 5. Phil misspelled ‘comprehend’ and his teacher was not Mrs Chalk. 6. Francis did not misspell ‘ascertain’ and her room number was not 505. 7. The misspeller of ‘ascertain’ was from Room 312. 8. Double Farah’s room number to get Phil’s room number. 9. Ms Inkpot taught Phil, and Ms Pennsl taught in Room 417.

Frank

Vi ew in

Fred

g

sa

m pl

e

The story

Farah

Francis

Phil

106 106 106 106 106 212 212 212 212 212 312 312 312 312 312 417 417 417 417 417 505 505 505 505 505

Ms Inkpot Mr Ruler Mrs Chalk Ms Pennsl Ms Book

Ms Inkpot Mr Ruler Mrs Chalk Ms Pennsl Ms Book

Ms Inkpot Mr Ruler Mrs Chalk Ms Pennsl Ms Book

Ms Inkpot Mr Ruler Mrs Chalk Ms Pennsl Ms Book

Ms Inkpot Mr Ruler Mrs Chalk Ms Pennsl Ms Book

academic academic academic academic academic intellectual intellectual intellectual intellectual intellectual comprehend comprehend comprehend comprehend comprehend discover discover discover discover discover ascertain ascertain ascertain ascertain ascertain

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Perplexors

| 37


38

Beauty contest The clues

Bambi, Barbie, Bonnie, Bella and Bibi were the five finalists in the Miss Marvellous Beauty Contest. They were from Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Spain and Chile. In the talent competition, one sang out of tune, one danced out of step, one mimed a waterfall, one played a violin violently and one yodelled through her nose. They finished first, second, third, fourth and fifth. Based on the clues, match the girls with their countries, their talents and their order of finishing.

1. Bella and Bibi did not finish among the top three. 2. The mime from Spain won the contest. 3. Barbie was from Malaysia and finished just ahead of Bella and Bibi. 4. The singer finished third, and Bonnie, who did not like the singer, was from Japan. 5. The dancer finished last. 6. Bibi was not from Chile and did not finish last. 7. The girl who finished second did not play an instrument.

sing dance mime violin yodel

Japan Malaysia Mexico Spain Chile sing dance mime violin yodel

Bella

sa

Japan Malaysia Mexico Spain Chile

Bonnie

Bibi

Japan Malaysia Mexico Spain Chile

Japan Malaysia Mexico Spain Chile

Japan Malaysia Mexico Spain Chile

sing dance mime violin yodel

sing dance mime violin yodel

sing dance mime violin yodel

g

Barbie

Vi ew in

Bambi

m pl

e

The story

first first first first first second second second second second third third third third third fourth fourth fourth fourth fourth fifth fifth fifth fifth fifth

38 | Perplexors

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39

Monkey business The clues

Four monkeys named Larry, Charlie, Murphy and Donny wore red, purple, black and white hats. The monkeys sat in a row on a tree branch tossing coconuts back and forth. Unfortunately, the monkeys could not catch very well and inevitably they dropped a coconut and hit an animal passing below. Each monkey accidentally hit one animal. The animals were a tiger, a leopard, an elephant and a tapir. When struck by the coconut, each animal shouted something to the monkey that dropped the coconut. They shouted ‘Poor catch’, ‘Watch it!’, ‘Down below’ and ‘You hit me’. Based on the clues, match the order the monkeys were sitting on the branch with their names, their hat colours, the animals they accidentally hit and what they shouted.

1. The first and fourth monkeys did not wear white and did not have the phrases ‘Down below’ or ‘You hit me’ shouted at them. 2. When Donny hit the tiger, the words ‘You hit me’ were shouted at him. 3. Larry, in the black hat, had the phrase ‘Poor catch’ yelled at him. 4. The second monkey hit the elephant. 5. Murphy did not hit the tapir. 6. The first monkey wore a red hat and was not Charlie. 7. The monkey that had the words ‘You hit me’ shouted at him did not wear white.

m pl

sa

1st Monkey

2nd Monkey

3rd Monkey

4th Monkey

g

e

The story

Vi ew in

Larry Larry Larry Larry Charlie Charlie Charlie Charlie Murphy Murphy Murphy Murphy Donny Donny Donny Donny

red purple black white

red purple black white

red purple black white

red purple black white

tiger leopard elephant tapir

tiger leopard elephant tapir

tiger leopard elephant tapir

tiger leopard elephant tapir

‘Poor catch’ ‘Watch it!’ ‘Down below’ ‘You hit me’

‘Poor catch’ ‘Watch it!’ ‘Down below’ ‘You hit me’

‘Poor catch’ ‘Watch it!’ ‘Down below’ ‘You hit me’

‘Poor catch’ ‘Watch it!’ ‘Down below’ ‘You hit me’

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Perplexors

| 39


40

Tap dancing contest The clues

Five American tap dancers, named Sammy, Sal, Sara, Sid and Spiro, entered a tap dancing contest and finished in first, second, third, fourth and fifth places. They wore shoes that were white, black, brown, yellow and green, and they wore socks of the same colours. However, no dancer wore the same colour for both shoes and socks. They were from Chicago, New York, Boston, Los Angeles and Miami. Based on the clues, match the dancers with their order of finish, the colours of their shoes and socks and their native city.

1. No dancer wore the same colour for both shoes and socks, and the first place dancer was from Miami and wore black socks. 2. Spiro was not from Chicago, Boston or Los Angeles and finished last. 3. The Chicago dancer wore white shoes and finished fourth. 4. Sid was from Los Angeles and did not wear white, yellow or green socks. 5. The dancer from Boston, in the black shoes, finished third. 6. Sal and Sara did not wear black shoes or yellow socks. 7. Spiro did not wear yellow socks, and Sara was not from Chicago. 8. Sid and Sara did not wear yellow shoes.

Sal

Sara

Sid

Spiro

g

Sammy

sa

m pl

e

The story

white shoes black shoes brown shoes yellow shoes green shoes

Vi ew in

first first first first first second second second second second third third third third third fourth fourth fourth fourth fourth fifth fifth fifth fifth fifth white shoes black shoes brown shoes yellow shoes green shoes

white shoes black shoes brown shoes yellow shoes green shoes

white shoes black shoes brown shoes yellow shoes green shoes

white shoes black shoes brown shoes yellow shoes green shoes

white socks black socks brown socks yellow socks green socks

white socks black socks brown socks yellow socks green socks

white socks black socks brown socks yellow socks green socks

white socks black socks brown socks yellow socks green socks

white socks black socks brown socks yellow socks green socks

Chicago New York Boston Los Angeles Miami

Chicago New York Boston Los Angeles Miami

Chicago New York Boston Los Angeles Miami

Chicago New York Boston Los Angeles Miami

Chicago New York Boston Los Angeles Miami

40 | Perplexors

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41

Good fishing The clues

Fritz, Frank, Fred, Farley and Fabio went fishing and caught a carp, a sailfish, a bluefish, a salmon and a shark. The fish weighed 3 kilograms, 7 kilograms, 10 kilograms, 15 kilograms and 22 kilograms. They each used a different kind of bait; they used a worm, a grub, a minnow, a lure and a dry fly. They fished from a boat, a raft, a bridge, a dam and a jetty. Based on the clues, match the fishermen with their fish, their weights, their bait and what they fished from.

1. The 3-kilogram fish was a carp caught on a worm. 2. The combined weight of Frank and Fabio’s fish equalled Fritz’s bluefish. 3. Fabio did not catch a carp, and he did not use grubs or lures. 4. Farley’s shark was not the biggest fish caught, and it was not caught on a grub or dry fly or from a jetty. 5. The sailfish was caught on a minnow from a boat. 6. The salmon was caught on a grub from a dam. 7. Fabio did not catch a salmon, and the 10-kilogram fish was not caught from a raft. 8. The dry fly was not used from a jetty.

Fritz

sa

m pl

e

The story

Frank

Fred

Farley

Fabio

carp sailfish bluefish salmon shark

carp sailfish bluefish salmon shark

carp sailfish bluefish salmon shark

carp sailfish bluefish salmon shark

carp sailfish bluefish salmon shark

3 kilograms 7 kilograms 10 kilograms 15 kilograms 22 kilograms

3 kilograms 7 kilograms 10 kilograms 15 kilograms 22 kilograms

3 kilograms 7 kilograms 10 kilograms 15 kilograms 22 kilograms

3 kilograms 7 kilograms 10 kilograms 15 kilograms 22 kilograms

3 kilograms 7 kilograms 10 kilograms 15 kilograms 22 kilograms

worm grub minnow lure dry fly

worm grub minnow lure dry fly

worm grub minnow lure dry fly

worm grub minnow lure dry fly

worm grub minnow lure dry fly

boat raft bridge dam jetty

boat raft bridge dam jetty

boat raft bridge dam jetty

boat raft bridge dam jetty

boat raft bridge dam jetty

Vi ew in

g

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Perplexors

| 41


42

Big dinner The clues

Carol, Carl, Cathy, Cliff and Charlie went out to dinner, and they each ordered different things. For a beverage they ordered cola, coffee, ice tea, lemonade and juice. For their first course they ordered soup, green salad, coleslaw, garlic bread and beetroot. For their second course, they ordered steak, chicken, lobster, prawns and lamb chops. Dessert consisted of cake, pie, cookies, ice-cream and sorbet. Based on the clues, match the people with their drinks, their first and second courses and their desserts.

1. The green salad-eater had lobster, but did not order ice-cream for dessert. 2. The cola drinker ate lamb chops and sorbet. 3. Cliff and Charlie did not drink anything that started with a ‘c’ or eat lobster, steak or cookies. 4. Carl and Cathy did not drink coffee or eat beetroot and steak. 5. Carl drank juice but did not eat cake or cookies. 6. Cliff and Charlie did not eat beetroot or coleslaw. 7. Cliff did not drink lemonade or eat soup. 8. Charlie ate prawns but no cake.

soup green salad coleslaw garlic bread beetroot

steak chicken lobster prawns lamb chops

cola coffee ice tea lemonade juice

Cliff

sa

cola coffee ice tea lemonade juice

Cathy

Charlie

cola coffee ice tea lemonade juice

cola coffee ice tea lemonade juice

cola coffee ice tea lemonade juice

soup green salad coleslaw garlic bread beetroot

soup green salad coleslaw garlic bread beetroot

soup green salad coleslaw garlic bread beetroot

soup green salad coleslaw garlic bread beetroot

steak chicken lobster prawns lamb chops

steak chicken lobster prawns lamb chops

steak chicken lobster prawns lamb chops

steak chicken lobster prawns lamb chops

g

Carl

Vi ew in

Carol

m pl

e

The story

cake cake cake cake cake pie pie pie pie pie cookies cookies cookies cookies cookies ice-cream ice-cream ice-cream ice-cream ice-cream sorbet sorbet sorbet sorbet sorbet

42 | Perplexors

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43

Future shock The clues

Five people, named Ezra, Ester, Elbert, Elsie and Edward, decided to consult with psychics. They each visited a different psychic, received a different prediction and were given a different lucky number. The psychics were Zelda, Zorba, Zoe, Zeno and Zeeba. The predictions were that person would be abducted by aliens, suffer from an armpit rash, have an earwax fire, be hit by a flying goat or be stung by bees. Their lucky numbers were 4, 6, 9, 12 and 16. Based on the clues, match the people with their psychics, their predictions and their lucky numbers.

1. Ezra and Elbert did not have the smallest lucky numbers, but one of them had the highest. 2. Elbert had a higher lucky number than Elsie, but a lower number than Edward. 3. Ester had a lower lucky number than Elsie. 4. Neither Elsie nor Edward consulted with Zeno, Zeeba, or the psychic who warned of flying goats. 5. Ezra and Elbert were not told to be wary of either bees or earwax fires, but one of them was told to expect an alien abduction in the near future. 6. Edward was not warned about bees. 7. Zelda gave the lowest lucky number. 8. Elsie did not consult with Zorba. 9. The person who received the highest lucky number was not warned to beware of an armpit rash. 10. Zeeba gave a lower lucky number than Zeno.

Ester

Vi ew in

Ezra

g

sa

m pl

e

The story

Elbert

Elsie

Edward

Zelda Zelda Zelda Zelda Zelda Zorba Zorba Zorba Zorba Zorba Zoe Zoe Zoe Zoe Zoe Zeno Zeno Zeno Zeno Zeno Zeeba Zeeba Zeeba Zeeba Zeeba alien abduction armpit rash earwax fire flying goat bees

alien abduction alien abduction armpit rash armpit rash earwax fire earwax fire flying goat flying goat bees bees

alien abduction armpit rash earwax fire flying goat bees

alien abduction armpit rash earwax fire flying goat bees

4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 9 9 9 9 9 12 12 12 12 12 16 16 16 16 16

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Perplexors

| 43


44

Flying cows The clues

Five cows, named Jessie, Sally, Rickey, Rolanda and Phillipa, decided that it would be fun to learn how to fly. They formed a flying club and called themselves the ‘Jersey Jets’! They all went out and bought themselves safety helmets for their first flight. The helmets were all a different colour and were red, yellow, brown, purple and green. For their first flight, they decided to climb to the top of Farmer Brown’s silo and jump off while flapping whatever it was they could flap. The flights went well but the landings were rather rough. They each landed on something different. They landed on a picket fence, a tractor, a harvester, a manure pile and a chicken. They all travelled a different distance; they flew 4 metres, 6 metres, 7 metres, 12 metres and 14 metres. Based on the clues, match the cows with their helmet colours, what things they landed on and the distances they flew.

1. The cow in the purple safety helmet flew three times as far as the cow that landed on the tractor. 2. Phillipa flew twice as far as Rolanda. 3. Jessie, Sally and Rickey did not land on either the picket fence or the harvester. 4. The cow in the red helmet landed on the manure pile and flew half as far as the cow that landed on the chicken. 5. Jessie flew twice as far as Sally. 6. Rolanda did not wear a green helmet. 7. Phillipa just missed hitting the harvester, which was parked right next to the picket fence, and her helmet was not yellow or brown. 8. Rolanda’s helmet was not yellow, and Jesse wasn’t the best flyer.

sa

m pl

e

The story

red yellow brown purple green

picket fence tractor harvester manure pile chicken

4 metres 6 metres 7 metres 12 metres 14 metres

44 | Perplexors

Rickey

g

Sally

Vi ew in

Jessie

Rolanda

Phillipa

red yellow brown purple green

red yellow brown purple green

red yellow brown purple green

red yellow brown purple green

picket fence tractor harvester manure pile chicken

picket fence tractor harvester manure pile chicken

picket fence tractor harvester manure pile chicken

picket fence tractor harvester manure pile chicken

4 metres 6 metres 7 metres 12 metres 14 metres

4 metres 6 metres 7 metres 12 metres 14 metres

4 metres 6 metres 7 metres 12 metres 14 metres

4 metres 6 metres 7 metres 12 metres 14 metres

Prim-Ed Publishing

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45

Language fun The clues

Five language pupils, named Sybil, Sara, Sally, Sable and Sam, studied Greek, German, Spanish, Russian and Chinese. Oddly enough, the pupils were from Greece, Germany, Spain, Russia and China. But, of course, none of them studied the language of their native countries. They all studied a language for different amounts of time. They studied for 1 year, 3 years, 5 years, 6 years and 10 years. Based on the clues, match the pupils with the languages they studied, their native countries, and the length of time they studied a foreign language.

1. None of the language pupils studied their native languages. 2. Sara studied a language twice as long as the person from Spain, who studied Russian. 3. Sally studied a language even longer than Sara and twice as long as the pupil from Russia, who studied Chinese. 4. Sybil and Sam did not study Russian, and Sally did not study Spanish. 5. Sara and Sally did not study German, and neither one was a native of China. 6. Sybil did not study Chinese.

Greek German Spanish Russian Chinese

Sally

sa

Greek German Spanish Russian Chinese

Vi ew in

Sara

Greek German Spanish Russian Chinese

g

Sybil

m pl

e

The story

Sable

Greek German Spanish Russian Chinese

Sam Greek German Spanish Russian Chinese

Greece Greece Greece Greece Greece Germany Germany Germany Germany Germany Spain Spain Spain Spain Spain Russia Russia Russia Russia Russia China China China China China

1 year 3 years 5 years 6 years 10 years

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1 year 3 years 5 years 6 years 10 years

Prim-Ed Publishing

1 year 3 years 5 years 6 years 10 years

1 year 3 years 5 years 6 years 10 years

1 year 3 years 5 years 6 years 10 years

Perplexors

| 45


46

Lunch switcheroo The clues

Five members of the Logic Club went out to lunch together. Their names were Ned, Nellie, Norman, Nancy and Nora. They all ordered a different main dish, side order and drink. The main dishes were a chicken wrap, a hamburger, a cheeseburger, a corned beef sandwich and a tuna sandwich. The side dishes were French fries, potato wedges, potato salad, mashed potato and a baked potato. The drinks they ordered were lemonade, coffee, ice tea, milk and cola. The waiter, knowing they liked a bit of a challenge, mixed up their orders so that nobody got any of the items they ordered. Based on the clues, match the Logic Club members with their main orders, their side dishes and their drinks.

1. No-one was served any of the items correctly. Nothing the waiter put down in front of them was anything they ordered. 2. Ned was served a tuna sandwich, mashed potato and ice tea. 3. Nellie was served a cheeseburger, potato salad and milk. 4. Norman was served a corned beef sandwich, potato wedges and lemonade. 5. Nancy was served a chicken wrap, French fries and coffee. 6. Nora was served a hamburger, baked potato and cola. 7. Ned, Nellie and Norman did not order a hamburger. 8. Ned and Nellie did not order a chicken wrap, but the person who did order a wrap also ordered a cola. 9. Nellie did not order the tuna, but the person who did order the tuna sandwich also wanted potato salad and a cup of coffee. 10. The person who ordered mashed potato also ordered milk. 11. The person who ordered a chicken wrap did not order either ice tea or milk. 12. The person who ordered a cheeseburger also ordered potato wedges. 13. Nellie did not order a baked potato.

Ned

chicken wrap hamburger cheeseburger corned beef tuna sandwich

French fries potato wedges potato salad mashed potato baked potato

lemonade coffee ice tea milk cola

46 | Perplexors

Vi ew in

g

sa

m pl

e

The story

Nellie

Norman

Nancy

Nora

chicken wrap hamburger cheeseburger corned beef tuna sandwich

chicken wrap hamburger cheeseburger corned beef tuna sandwich

chicken wrap hamburger cheeseburger corned beef tuna sandwich

chicken wrap hamburger cheeseburger corned beef tuna sandwich

French fries potato wedges potato salad mashed potato baked potato

French fries potato wedges potato salad mashed potato baked potato

French fries potato wedges potato salad mashed potato baked potato

French fries potato wedges potato salad mashed potato baked potato

lemonade coffee ice tea milk cola

lemonade coffee ice tea milk cola

lemonade coffee ice tea milk cola

lemonade coffee ice tea milk cola

Prim-Ed Publishing

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47

Bird feeder gossip The clues

Five birds, named Jasper, Jake, Jerri, Jemima and Jillian, sat on a feeder one day eating their favourite seeds and discussing various topics. The birds were all a different species; they were a sparrow, a robin, a blue tit, a blackbird and a starling. They all had a different favourite type of seed, which was either millet, corn, wheat, sunflower or caraway. As they ate, they discussed their least favourite species of animal. They disliked cats, owls, snakes, squirrels and stoats. Based on the clues, match the birds with their species, their favourite seeds and their least favourite animals.

1. Jake, Jemima and Jillian all disliked creatures whose names started with the letter ‘s’. 2. The robin did not like cats and loved sunflower seeds. 3. The starling liked millet and disliked owls. 4. Neither Jemima nor Jillian was a sparrow, and neither one disliked snakes. 5. The sparrow disliked corn and caraway. 6. Jasper was not a robin. 7. Jillian did not like corn and she was not a blackbird. 8. The bird that loved corn was the bird that disliked stoats.

sparrow robin blue tit blackbird starling

m pl

Jerri

sa

sparrow robin blue tit blackbird starling

Vi ew in

Jake

sparrow robin blue tit blackbird starling

g

Jasper

e

The story

Jemima

sparrow robin blue tit blackbird starling

Jillian sparrow robin blue tit blackbird starling

millet millet millet millet millet corn corn corn corn corn wheat wheat wheat wheat wheat sunflower sunflower sunflower sunflower sunflower caraway caraway caraway caraway caraway

cats owls snakes squirrels stoats

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cats owls snakes squirrels stoats

Prim-Ed Publishing

cats owls snakes squirrels stoats

cats owls snakes squirrels stoats

cats owls snakes squirrels stoats

Perplexors

| 47


48

Up and down shopping The clues

Five people, named Mandy, Mike, Mel, Mo and U, went shopping at a department store. They each bought one item. They bought a tube of lipstick, a hat, a telescope, a wallet and a briefcase. As luck would have it, the department store had five floors and each item was purchased on a separate floor. All of the items were reduced. They had 5%, 12%, 15%, 20% and 24% discounts. Based on the clues, match the shoppers with the item they purchased, the floor it was purchased on and the discount.

1. Nobody bought an item on a particular floor if that floor number matched the number of letters in that person’s name. 2. Mandy did not shop on the 4th floor, but she did receive four times more discount than U, but U did not shop on the 4th floor, either. 3. Mo shopped one floor below Mike and one floor above U. 4. Mo received a lower discount than Mandy, but more than Mike. 5. Mel shopped one floor above Mandy. 6. Mike and Mel bought the lipstick and the hat, but maybe not in that order. 7. The wallet had a higher discount than either the briefcase or the telescope. 8. The hat had double the discount of the lipstick. 9. The briefcase had a better discount than the telescope.

lipstick hat telescope wallet briefcase

1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor 5th floor

Mike

Mel

Vi ew in

Mandy

g

sa

m pl

e

The story

Mo

U

lipstick hat telescope wallet briefcase

lipstick hat telescope wallet briefcase

lipstick hat telescope wallet briefcase

lipstick hat telescope wallet briefcase

1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor 5th floor

1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor 5th floor

1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor 5th floor

1st floor 2nd floor 3rd floor 4th floor 5th floor

5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 12% 12% 12% 12% 12% 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 24% 24% 24% 24% 24%

48 | Perplexors

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Answers 12. The breakfast order

1. Star pigs Gail Greg George Gordon Greta

Bart

Choplie Bubba Loinser foxtrot ballet polka

hot tea milk coffee sausages pork chops steak hash browns eggs waffles

2. Operation union Tom Terry Mike John Harry lock full-back scrum half hooker 9 2 4 8 operations operations operations operations

fly half 10 operations

3. Basketball team Wilt Dan Jake Dave Wayne jump dribble shoot rebound run The Brain The Man The Brave The Great The Stilt

4. Toyland in school Kathy Keith Ken

Kyle Kirk

cards doll marbles yoyo toy car reading science English history maths

Henny Eggster Clucky Frier Stew mean ducks write letter

stars say prayer

moon buy helmet

Jim

7. Jumping frogs

Joe Jerry Jeff

hot dogs ice-cream hamburgers wrist arm leg

Vi ew in

potato salad watermelon ankle nose

g

Jack

Frank Fred Fern Fran Fergie Wart 7 metres

Bugeye Hoppy Jumpy Spot 10 metres 1 metre 6 metres 5 metres

8. Marooned Milt

Millie Mort Myron Myles

grass sand teacher doctor

leaves seaweed coconuts lawyer minister farmer

9. Radio careers Phil

Olivia Sally Reed Gordon

WWWW WTTT 6 pm 10 pm

WRRR WEEE 6 am 10 am

WSSS 2 pm

10. Five-city tour Karen Keith Karl Kirk Ken London Lisbon Lhasa Lima Luxor Houghton Shackleton Hutton Royston Posh

11. Ice-cream club Holly Harvey Harry

Hal

Parke Darke Clarke Smith big bite straw lick the top lick the side

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cola bacon toast

Jenny Jerry Jack Jim

Joe

lion beeper ‘Mama!’

leopard telescope ‘Yikes!’

wart-hog gnu laptop camera ‘Help!’ ‘Oh, no!’

hyena boom box ‘Sit!’

14. Zoo travel Zeke Zack Zelda

Zane

Zetta

hyena zebra gorilla snake lion sweets crisps popcorn ice-cream peanuts train car bus plane bicycle

15. Team mascots

Larry Lola

Loni

Louis Lothar

16. Ten-house block Les

6. Gourmet school picnic

Bob

juice ham pancakes

13. Tragic safari

sa

sly fox cross road

Barney

cricket ice-skating basketball football swimming pink yellow red purple blue horse parrot chicken goat seal

5. Chicken thinking falling sky hide

Barry Bill

e

Porketta hula

m pl

Hamlet waltz

Herb

Lonnie Leah Laura Larry

green doors yellow doors pink doors purple doors blue doors yellow red violet blue gold windows windows windows windows windows 4 5 1 10 8

17. Taylor’s tenth Tim Terry Tina

Tom

tiny tutu tennis balls top hat yellow red violet Tameka Teresa Theo

tape dispenser toy teapot blue gold Ted Trevor

Tex

18. Here’s the pitch Grover Nolan

Dino

Chris

Gavin

slider beaner grinder greaser splitter Warblers Aardvarks Turtles Goats Mules 5 games 14 games 7 games 10 games 12 games

19. Table tennis tournament Sam Sara Sol

Sylvia Stan

Sally Stu Spiro Shad Seth pink blue green brown yellow third second first fifth fourth

20. Pig Thanksgiving Baker Porker Loinly Snuffler Snortie white green yellow orange brown swill corn peanuts walnuts truffles Laertes Horatio Hamlet Ophelia Polonius

Starke cone first

Perplexors

| 49


Answers 21. Pecking a pizza

30. Opera fans

Beaky Bob

Billy Bosco Brainy

Mary Mark

Myron

owl seagull crickets seeds ice tea ginger beer

pigeon crow worms ants milk juice

bass tenor Aida La Boheme Berlin Milan

baritone soprano contralto Carmen Pagliacci Rigoletto Tokyo New York London

robin slugs cola

22. Marriage game Billy Bob

Wally Bushy

Benny

Heddy Marilyn June 20 nuts 5 nuts 15 nuts

Sam Simon Silas

Hiram Horace Harry Hal

Wilbur Tom Jayne 16 nuts

Betty 8 nuts

32. Five lonely bachelors

23. Ice-creams Herb

Zeke Zack

Jean Judy Jerri Joan Jacqui Lanely Vard Streeter Bovey Way chicken pizza burgers hot dogs tacos

cherry coconut vanilla chocolate strawberry coconut vanilla chocolate strawberry cherry lemonade coffee tea ginger beer cola

e

33. Some favourite things

24. Hiking trip

m pl

Vic Val Vinnie Vera Van

Elvis Eva Eliot Eli Eddie red shorts white shorts blue shirt red shirt crisps sweets

run read sleep cooking cartoons animal shows stories Toby Tasha Tabby

blue shorts pink shorts grey shirt white shirt biscuits nuts

sing climb game soap operas shows Tiger Tom

Rob Rina Rex

sa

34. Daredevil ducks

25. Haunted house

Dandy Dilly

Ron Roy

Doosy

Drake Dodie

Decoy Pintail Mallard Wood Black beak tail foot wing neck 14 days 3 days 5 days 7 days 6 days

Vi ew in

g

goblin witch ghost ghoul warlock fainted screamed froze jumped cried Weeley Weeks Moloney Snider Snead

26. Golfing around

Mildred

31. I’m nuts over you Byron Barney Baxter

Bess Bernice Beth Barb Betty April March June May July Auckland Honolulu Paris Rome Cape Town

grey shorts pink shirt bread

Melvin

35. Dance band Nan Nell Nina

Naomi Nola

green white orange yellow purple 78 99 104 85 72 Garland Gregory Grant Godfrey Gilbert

orange blue green guitar cello piano 20 23 16

purple violet harp violin 17 15

27. Forest children

36. Championship team

Garfield Garry

Dan

George Gordon Graham

Diana Daphne Dick

Donald

Cal

Chet Chuck Carlos Charles

worms moths grubs beetles ants bark grass leaves moss flowers lizard badger squirrel rabbit fox

Bane Bat Beales Bristow Bates Sport Points Charger Key Hoop 12 points 30 points 18 points 10 points 24 points

28. Five gorillas

37. Big spelling competition

Gorbly Bonger

Tongly Kongo Chong

Fred Frank Farah Francis Phil

triangle pentagon square bell hexagon Sunny Sweet Pea Purdy Punkin Baby Bear toe nose tooth eye ear

312 505 106 417 212 Mr Ruler Mrs Chalk Ms Book Ms Pennsl Ms Inkpot ascertain intellectual discover academic comprehend

29. Moving friends

38. Beauty contest

Charles Carl

Charo Cindi Cathy

rabbit bird dog fish cat Polly Tabby Fluffy Rover Goldie Australia Kenya Laos Guyana Turkey

50 | Perplexors

Bambi Barbie Bonnie Bella

Bibi

Spain Malaysia Japan Chile Mexico mime sing yodel dance violin first third second fifth fourth

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Answers 39. Monkey business 1st Monkey

47. Bird feeder gossip

2nd Monkey

3rd Monkey

Murphy Charlie red white leopard elephant ‘Watch it!’ ‘Down below’

4th Monkey

Donny Larry purple black tiger tapir ‘You hit me’ ‘Poor catch’

40. Tap dancing contest

Jasper Jake

Jerri

48. Up and down shopping Mandy Mike Mel

Sammy Sal

Sara

third fourth first black shoes white shoes brown shoes yellow socks green socks black socks Boston Chicago Miami

Sid

Spiro

second fifth green shoes yellow shoes brown socks white socks Los Angeles New York

Jemima Jillian

starling sparrow robin blackbird blue tit millet wheat sunflower corn caraway owls snakes cats stoats squirrels

Mo

U

wallet lipstick hat briefcase telescope 1st floor 5th floor 2nd floor 4th floor 3rd floor 20% 12% 24% 15% 5%

41. Good fishing Fritz Frank Fred Farley Fabio

Carol Carl Cathy Cliff Charlie cola coleslaw lamb chops sorbet

ice tea garlic bread chicken cake

lemonade soup prawns ice-cream

43. Future shock Ester Elbert

44. Flying cows Jessie

Zoe Zorba bees earwax fire

Vi ew in

Zeno Zelda Zeeba alien flying armpit rash abduction goat 16 4 9

Elsie Edward

g

Ezra

sa

coffee juice beetroot green salad steak lobster cookies pie

m pl

42. Big dinner

e

bluefish carp salmon shark sailfish 10 kilograms 3 kilograms 22 kilograms 15 kilograms 7 kilograms dry fly jetty dam raft boat

6 12

Sally Rickey Rolanda Phillipa

purple red yellow chicken manure tractor 7 metres 6 metres 4 metres

brown green harvester fence 12 metres 14 metres

45. Language fun Sybil Sara Sally Sable Sam German Spanish Greek Russian Chinese China Greece Germany Spain Russia 1 year 6 years 10 years 3 years 5 years

46. Lunch switcheroo Ned

Nellie

Norman Nancy

Nora

cheeseburger corned beef chicken wrap hamburger tuna sandwich potato French baked mashed potato wedges fries potato potato salad lemonade ice tea cola milk coffee

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Perplexors

| 51


6480 Perplexors Literacy - Ages 10-11  
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