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Foreword Mapping and Atlas Skills is a series of three copymasters focusing on those specific mapping skills required in the classroom, with particular reference to the learning areas of geography and mathematics. Once learnt, these classroom skills inevitably will flow over into a wide range of ‘life skills’ and will prove invaluable to the pupils outside the classroom. The activities in this series concentrate on two basic skills: • the accurate identification of known and unknown locations • the provision of accurate instructions to others. Other titles in this series include: 0591 Mapping and Atlas Skills – Lower 0593 Mapping and Atlas Skills – Upper

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Contents

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Using the Proforma....................................................................................................................ii Proforma.................................................................................................................................iii Curriculum Links......................................................................................................................iv Find Your Way.......................................................................................................................... 1 My Classroom.......................................................................................................................... 2 Maps...................................................................................................................................... 3 Mud Maps............................................................................................................................... 4 Legends and Keys................................................................................................................. 5-6 Grid References........................................................................................................................ 7 Points of the Compass.............................................................................................................. 8 Around the British Isles.............................................................................................................. 9 Countries and Cities of the British Isles...................................................................................... 10 Landscape Features of the British Isles...................................................................................... 11 Your Country!......................................................................................................................... 12 The World.............................................................................................................................. 13 World Geography — 1 (Natural Features)................................................................................. 14 World Geography — 2 (Human-made Features)........................................................................ 15 Latitude and Longitude....................................................................................................... 16-17 Around Europe — Scotland...................................................................................................... 18 Around Europe — Northern Ireland........................................................................................... 19 Around Europe — Republic of Ireland........................................................................................ 20 Around Europe — Wales......................................................................................................... 21 Around Europe — England...................................................................................................... 22 Around Europe — Spain and France......................................................................................... 23 Around Europe — Germany and Italy........................................................................................ 24 Map of the British Isles (Blank)................................................................................................ 25 Map of British Isles (with Country Borders)................................................................................ 26 Map of Europe (Blank)............................................................................................................ 27 Map of Europe (with Country Borders)...................................................................................... 28 Map of the World (Blank)........................................................................................................ 29 Map of the World (with Country Borders)................................................................................... 30 Answers........................................................................................................................... 31-33 Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills i


Using the Proforma

Fill in the appropriate learning area. Fill in the appropriate curriculum objectives listed for your country.

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For example; Your child can:

Complete the continuums to indicate pupil progress.

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List the curriculum objectives to be assessed from the chosen copymaster.

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Give a brief description of the activities on the chosen copymaster and what was expected of the pupils.

• Locate places on a map. • Use a key to identify physical features on a map.

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Use this space to communicate an individual pupil’s performance which cannot be indicated in the formal assessment, such as work habits and particular needs or abilities.

Mapping and Atlas Skills ii


Proforma Year

Learning

Term

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Task

Still Developing Understanding

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Your child can:

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Assessment

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Objectives

Teacher Comment

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Mapping and Atlas Skills iii


Curriculum Links

Northern Ireland

Level

Objective

Geography

KS 2

• use appropriate geographical vocabulary • use atlases and globes, and maps and plans at a range of scales • use secondary sources of information • draw maps and plans at a range of scales • know the location of significant places and environments • recognise how places fit within a wider geographical context • study a range of places and environments in different parts of the world, including the United Kingdom and the European Union

Maths

KS 2

• visualise and describe movements using appropriate language • locate and draw (shapes) using coordinates

The World Around Us

KS 1

• know where they live and what is in their world

Maths and Numeracy

KS 1

• use prepositions to state position • know the points of the compass

3rd/4th Class

• be aware of the human and natural features of some places in Ireland and other parts of the world • develop an understanding of the relative location and size of major natural and human features • develop awareness of the names and relative locations of some European countries • use cardinal compass points • use maps to record routes and directions • develop familiarity with and engage in practical use of maps of different scales and purposes • develop an understanding of and use some common map features and conventions • make simple maps • identify major geographical features and find places on the globe

Geography

Scotland

Social Studies

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Republic of Ireland

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England

Subject

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Country

• use and create maps

Second

• describe the major characteristic features of Scotland’s landscape • interpret information from different types of maps • locate key features within Scotland, UK, Europe and the wider world

First

• describe, follow and record routes and journeys associated with direction and turning • use grid reference systems to locate and describe position

Second

• develop understanding of compass points, and describe, follow and record directions, routes and journeys using appropriate vocabulary • interpret simple maps and plans • use knowledge of the co-ordinate system to plot and describe the location of a point on a grid

Knowledge and Understanding of the World

KS 2

• identify and locate places and environments using globes, atlases and maps • follow directions • use maps to present locational information • study Wales and other countries

Maths

KS 2

• use coordinates to specify locations

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First

Maths

Wales

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Mapping and Atlas Skills iv


Find Your Way

4 south; 2 west

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You have successfully found your way through this maze. To help your friend who is hopeless at mazes, make up a set of instructions using the points of the compass.

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 1


My Classroom 1. Draw a plan of your classroom in the space below.

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Use a ‘bird’s-eye-view’ measurement, which is from the ceiling looking down on the floor. Label your plan and include measurements. (Do not include people in your plan.)

2. What was the hardest part of drawing your plan? Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 2


Maps Maps are used in many places in many different ways. We use a ‘mud map’ to show a friend how to get somewhere and we use a map of the world to find the location of different countries. But there are other types of maps as well. List four different maps below and explain what each is used for. Draw an example of each type of map. Map 1 Name:

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Used for:

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Map 2 Name:

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Used for:

Name:

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Map 3 Used for:

Map 4 Name: Used for:

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 3


Mud Maps A ‘mud map’ or memory map uses a set of directions drawn from memory. A mud map is often sketched roughly on paper or even drawn in the dirt (mud). There is no scale and the map relies on a mixture of drawing and words to provide direction.

James Rd

Tees Ct

Rose D ve

Schoo l

SWIM M ING PO0L

Hay St

Swimmin g Rd

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Here is an example: 1. List three problems you can see with using ‘mud maps’.

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2. Draw your own mud map, giving directions from a local site of interest to your house.

3. What are two advantages of using mud maps? Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 4


Legends and Keys Maps often use symbols to show various features. A ‘legend’ explains what these symbols are used for. For example: may be the symbol that shows there is a forest in that location. 1. What do you think these symbols might mean?

library

office

sportsground

canteen

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2. Create your own symbols for these items you would use in a map of your school.

classroom

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adventure playground

Mapping and Atlas Skills 5


Legends and Keys

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School Map — Use the symbols you created in the previous activity to draw a ‘mud map’ of your school. You may need to invent more symbols to represent different buildings and parts of your school.

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 6


Grid References

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Grid coordinates are used to help locate places on a map or diagram.

What can be found at these grid coordinates? 1. (a) (B,9)

(b) (E,5)

(c) (G,1)

(d) (G,8)

(e) (C,1)

(f) (B,6)

(g) (E,2)

(h) (I,2)

(i) (A,1)

(j) (G,4)

On the map draw ‌ 2. (a) a fish at (E,8)

(b) a sea snake at (D,8)

(c) a shell at (E,1)

(d) a fishhook at (I,1)

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 7


Points of the Compass 1. Label the points of the compass rose below. At each point write the name of an object in your classroom found at that point of the compass from your seat.

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(Note: Work to the nearest compass point.)

2. Answer the questions about the map above. Which direction is it from ‌ (a) Perth to Sydney?

(b) Sydney to Adelaide?

(c) Darwin to Adelaide?

(d) Brisbane to Melbourne?

(e) Brisbane to Perth?

(f) Darwin to Melbourne?

(g) Melbourne to Darwin?

(h) Perth to Hobart?

(i) Hobart to Adelaide?

(j) Adelaide to Brisbane?

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 8


Around the British Isles Talitha is planning a trip to visit all the capital cities of the British Isles. Draw lines to show the different ways she could go. Start in the capital city of your country. Use a different colour pencil to show each trip.

SCOTLAND

Dublin

ENGLAND WALES

Cardiff

London

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REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

Belfast

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NORTHERN IRELAND

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Edinburgh

1. How many trips could Talitha take? 2. Which was the longest route? 3. Which was the shortest route? 4. There are lots of other big cities in the British Isles. Use an atlas to find the following cities. Label them onto the map.

(a) Aberdeen

(b)Birmingham

(c)Cork

(d)Glasgow

(e) Lisburn

(f)Manchester

(g)Newcastle

(h)Swansea

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 9


Countries and Cities of the British Isles 1. Use your atlas to compete this table on countries and cities of the British Isles.

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2. Place the information from your table on the map of the British Isles. Country

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Capital City Other City

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Country Capital City

Capital City Other City

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Other City

Country

Country

Country

Capital City

Capital City

Other City

Other City

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 10


Landscape Features of the British Isles Place the following landscape features on the map of the British Isles below. Use an atlas to locate and place each feature accurately. MOUN

TAIN

LAKE

RIVER SEA

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Seas: English Channel, Irish Sea, North Sea Mountains: Ben Nevis, Cambrian Mountains, Grampian Mountains, Lake District, Pennines, Snowdon, Wicklow Mountains Rivers: River Dee, River Severn, River Shannon, River Thames, River Trent Lakes: Loch Neagh, Loch Ness

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 11


Your Country! Use an atlas, reference books or the Internet to help you complete this ‘fact file’.

Country 1. Population: *2. Capital city: *3. Other major population centres: *4. Mountains or ranges:

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*5. Main rivers:

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6. Currency: 7. Main languages:

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*8. Other features:

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Note: Place the items marked with an * (asterisk) on a map of your country.

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Draw your country’s flag below.

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 12


The World

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The line dividing the northern The planet Earth, also called ‘the hemisphere and the southern world’, is divided into sections. hemisphere is called the equator. The two largest sections are: Each hemisphere is further (i) the northern hemisphere; and divided into sections . (ii) the southern hemisphere. (i) The northern hem isphere The land is is divided by the Trop made up o ic of f c o n ti n Cancer. ents and is la nds. The contine nts of the (ii) The southern he misphere world are: is divided by the Trop ic of (i) Africa Capricorn. (ii) North America (iii) South America earth is e th f o e c fa r u s ter. The (iv) Europe nd and wa la f o p u e mad e world is (v) Asia th f o % 0 s Over 7 a e r a e inly larg (vi) Austra water, ma as. lia/Oceania e s d n a s n a e c o d e ll ca (vii) Antarc tica e: d lu c in e s The n dian Ocea In e th i) ( tic Ocean n a tl A e th (ii) n cific Ocea a P e h t i) ii ( a rranean Se e it d e M e h (iv) t tic Ocean c r A e th ) (v 1. Use your atlas to find and list: (a) four seas of the world

(b) four large islands or island groups of the world

2. Write the names of the places in bold text and those you found in 1.(a) and 1.(b) on your map of the world. Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 13


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Mapping and Atlas Skills 14

NORTH AMERICA

SOUTH AMERICA

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EUROPE

ASIA

AUSTRALIA/ OCEANIA

Great Barrier Reef Australia

Victoria Falls Zambia/Zimbabwe

Mount Everest Nepal

Mount Kilimanjaro Tanzania

2. Research four more famous natural landscape features. Draw and label them in the blank boxes. Draw lines to show their location in the world.

Amazon Rainforest Brazil

Sahara Desert North Africa

Grand Canyon USA

Niagara Falls Canada/USA

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1. Draw lines to label where each feature can be found in the world.

Research these natural landscape features of the world using an atlas.

World Geography – 1


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Mapping and Atlas Skills 15

NORTH AMERICA

SOUTH AMERICA

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EUROPE

ASIA

AUSTRALIA/ OCEANIA

Taj Mahal India

Angkor Wat Cambodia

Petra Jordan

Great Wall China

2. Research four more famous human-made features. Draw and label them in the blank boxes. Draw lines to show their location in the world.

Christ Redeemer Brazil

Chichen Itza Mexico

Pyramids Egypt

Colosseum Italy

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1. Draw lines to label where each feature can be found in the world.

Research these human-made features of the world using an atlas.

World Geography – 2


Latitude and Longitude – 1 The grid used to divide the world is made up of the imaginary lines of latitude and North Pole longitude. These lines help us to find places in the world. 60º North

A line of latitude is named after its distance north or south of the equator (0˚ latitude). The line of latitude at about 23˚ north of the equator is called the Tropic of Cancer. The line of latitude at about 23˚ south of the equator is called the Tropic of Capricorn.

30º North equator

0º 30º South 60º South

North Pole South Pole

Example lines of latitude.

Example lines of longitude.

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South Pole

A line of longitude runs in a north/south direction, connecting the North and South Poles. London has 0˚ longitude. This is called the Prime Meridian. Lines of longitude run east and west of this. On the opposite side of the world, at 180˚, is the International Date Line.

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1. Colour each line of latitude and longitude a different colour.

Tropic of Cancer (23° north)

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Equator (0°)

Prime Meridian (0°)

International Date Line (180°)

Tropic of Capricorn (23° south)

2. Find these countries in an atlas. Tick the name of the line of latitude or longitude that they lie on. (a) Colombia

equator

Cancer

Capricorn

(b) India

equator

(c) Australia

equator

Cancer

Capricorn

(d) France

Prime Meridian

Date Line

(e) Ghana

Prime Meridian

(f) Tonga

Prime Meridian

Date Line

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Date Line

Cancer

Capricorn

Mapping and Atlas Skills 16


Latitude and Longitude – 2

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1. Complete this table and place all locations on your map of the world.

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2. From the information in this table, identify each location and place and label it on your map of the world.

Country

Longitude

30˚ S

130˚ E

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Australia

Latitude

10˚ S

50˚ W

60˚ N

100˚ W

30˚ N

110˚ E

50˚ N

10˚ E

20˚ N

80˚ E

60˚ N

90˚ E

3. List four countries that can be found on each of these lines of latitude or longitude. (a) 60˚ N

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(b) 30˚ S

(c) 60˚ W

(d) 80˚ E

Mapping and Atlas Skills 17


Around Europe — Scotland

After two days, we picked up our hire car and travelled north, first to Perth, and then along the North Sea coast to Aberdeen. Next we drove west, across the Grampian Mountains, to Loch Ness. Dad said he saw the Loch Ness monster, but we didn’t believe him!

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Contacts

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Finally, we drove further south, to Glasgow, where we caught a flight to the next country in our holiday.

Calendar Finances

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Next we drove south to Fort William, where we spent the day mountain biking. It was great fun, but we were covered in mud by the end of the day! Then we drove to see Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the British Isles.

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We continued west, and caught a ferry to the beautiful Isle of Skye. We walked up hills, swam in the sea (the water was freezing!) and visited craft shops for two days, before catching the ferry back to the mainland.

Schedule

We finally arrived in Scotland after our long flight, ready to start our European holiday. We flew into the capital, Edinburgh, and caught a taxi into the city. We stayed in a lovely hotel opposite the castle.

Diary

Read the diary of a traveller below and then map the journey on the map provided.

ISLE OF SKYE

Mapping and Atlas Skills 18


Around Europe — Northern Ireland

Our short flight landed in Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland. After a day of shopping and sightseeing, we picked up our new hire car and set off to see Northern Ireland’s second largest city, Lisburn.

Diary

Read the diary of a traveller below and then map the journey on the map provided.

Rathlin I.

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Portstewart Portrush Bushmills Ballycastle L o u g h Castlerock Coleraine Foyle Ballymoney Limavady Cushendun Londonderry Cushendall Garvagh Glenariff Dungiven Clogh Mills Dunnamanagh Kilrea Carnlough Strabane Glenarm Broughshane Maghera Portglenone Plumbridge Castlederg Ballymona Tabermore Castledawson Newtownstewart Magherafell Garlin Ballyclare Anlrim Moneymore Randalstown Omagh Whitehead Laugh Cookstown Carrickfergus Kresh Neagh Lower Belleek Tullyhogue Dromore Newtownabbey Lough Crumlin Erne Bangor Irvinestown Belfast Holywood Donaghadee Dungannon Ballygawley Newtownards Lisburn Enniskillen Aughnacloy Lurgan Hillsborough Fivemiletown Portadown Craigavon Belcoo Sainfield Armagh Lisnaskea Gilford Ballynahinch Portavagle Tandragee Rosslea Banbridge Upper Killyleagh Markethill Portaferry Lough Newtownbutler Keady Downpatrick Erne Strongford Newtownhamilton Rathfriland Castlewellan Newry Ardglass Newcastle Crossmaglen Warrenpoint

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Contacts

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The next morning, we walked along the Lough, which was really pretty. Later, we drove across the border, into the Republic of Ireland, where we spent the night in Donegal Bay.

Calendar

Sa m

After a delicious lunch we drove south, past the Sperrin Mountains, to Omagh, and down past Lower Lough Erne, where we stayed the night.

Finances

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We were up early the next morning, and drove through Ballycastle, to visit the famous Giant’s Causeway, which is near Bushmills. The causeway stones made a fascinating pattern and there’s a legend that says they were made by a giant called Finn MacCool – how ‘cool’ is that?

Schedule

Next we headed west and drove up the east side of Lough Neagh, Ireland’s largest lake, which was really pretty. We continued north and spent the night in the Antrim Mountains.

ne

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Kileel

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NORTHERN IRELAND

Mapping and Atlas Skills 19


Around Europe — Republic of Ireland Read the diary of a traveller below and then map the journey on the map provided.

Creeslough Letterkenny NORTHERN Lifford IRELAND Ardara Donegal

AT L A N T I C OCEAN

Ballyshannon Monaghan Cavan

Dundalk Castlebar Longford Claremorris Drogheda Navan Roscommon Tuam Trim Mullingar Athlone Dublin Galway Tullamore Naas

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Clifden

Aran Islands

Ennistymon Ennis

Roscrea

Kilkee

Nenagh

Port Laois Carlow Durrow Arklow Kilkenny

Limerick Tipperary Clonmel Cahir Tralee Mallow Waterford Killarney Fermoy Dungarvan Macroom Kenmare Cork Youghal Bantry

Clear Island

Wicklow IRISH

Calendar

Carrick on Shannon

SEA Wexford Rosslare

St. Georges Channel

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

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The next day we continued south, driving through the Burren to Limerick. After lunch, we continued to Ireland’s second largest city, Cork. After a morning (and more shopping!) in Cork, we drove north-east, along the coast, to Waterford.

Finances

Ballina

Contacts

Achill Island

Schedule

Sligo

Bangor Erris

Dursey Island

Diary

Aran Island

NORTH

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Early the next morning, we took a short flight to the Aran Islands. The plane was tiny, but the view was amazing! We visited a great fort, but all too soon we had to catch the return flight to Galway.

Tory Island

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After a big breakfast, a long walk along the beach and a quick (and very cold!) swim, we left Donegal Bay and drove through Sligo and south to Galway.

We were up early the next morning. After all the shopping, dad wanted to go for a walk in the Wicklow Mountains. After four hours of walking in the rain, we squelched back to the car, and continued to Dublin, Ireland’s capital city. We spent a whole day in Dublin before taking the ferry across the Irish Sea, to Wales.

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 20


Around Europe — Wales Read the diary of a traveller below and then map the journey on the map provided.

We drove down through the Cambrian Mountains to Aberystwyth. We followed the coast road to the south-west, to Fishguard, then Pembroke and finally Swansea, the second largest city in Wales. The sea looked amazingly calm – not like on the day we took the ferry!

Schedule

The next day, feeling much better, we drove to Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales. We caught a train to the summit and had lunch in the café. The weather was gorgeous and dad sunburnt his nose!

Diary

The ferry arrived at Holyhead in Anglesey. The ferry journey had been quite rough, so we stayed the night on Anglesey to recover!

Sa m

After spending the day in the Welsh capital city, we drove to England, to the city of Bristol, via the long Severn Estuary Bridge.

Calendar

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We spent the next day walking in the Brecon Beacons National Park, then we headed south to Cardiff.

Amlwch

Nefyn

Pwllheli

Llanfyllin

Dollgellau

Machynlleth

Montgomery

Lanfair Caerre

Newtown

Llanidloes

Aberystwyth

BAY

Knighton Rhayader

Aberaeron New Quay

Llandrindod Wells

Tregaron

Newcastle Emyln

Presteigne

Builth Wells

Lampeter

Cardigan

Hay-on-Wye

Llandysul Llandovery

Fishguard

Brecon

St Davids Haverfordwest Milford Haven

Narbeth Pembroke

Tenby

St Clears

Carmarthen

Llandello Crickhowell

Ammanford Kidwelly Pontardawe Llanelli Swansea Mumbles

Ystradgynlais

Neath

Port Talbot

Monmouth Abergavenny

Ebbw Vale

Merthyr Tydfil Aberdare

Porthcawl

Abertillery Pontypool

Maesteg

Pontypridd Caerphilly Bridgend Cowbridge

Llantwit Major

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Welshpool

Llanfair Caereinion Tywyn Aberdovey

Wrexham

Llangollen Chirk

Bala

Harlech

Barmouth

CARDIGAN

Newport

Corwen

Porthmadog

Abersoch

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Criccieth

Blaenau Ffestiniog

Chester

Finances

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WALES

Llandudno Benllech Prestatyn Colwyn Bay Rhyl Beaumaris Llangefni Conwy Abergele St. Asaph Holywell Flint Menai Bangor Bridge Bethesda Denbigh Mold Caenarfon Llanrwst Llanberis Ruthin Betws-y-Coed Penygroes

Contacts

Holyhead

Newport

Usk Chepstow Caerleon Caldicot

Cardiff

Barry

Mapping and Atlas Skills 21


Around Europe — England Read the diary of a traveller below and then map the journey on the map provided.

SCOTLAND

Rothbury Morpeth

Embleton Alnwick Amble

ENGLAND

Calendar

Berwick

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We continued even further north, to the largest national park in Britain, the Lake District. We spent two days here, walking around lakes and up mountains and took a great boat trip across Lake Windermere. Then we drove east, across the Pennines, to Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Blyth Newcastle Kilometres Sunderland 0 50 100 Wigton P E N N I N E Durham Penrith H I L L S Stockton Hartlepool Workington Maryport Appleby Keswick Middlesbrough Whitehaven Darlington LAKE Shap Whitby D I S T R I C Ambleside T Richmond Seascale Pickering Kendall Leyburn Thirsk Barrow in Furness Ripon Settle Morecombe Lancaster Harrogate Knaresborough York Skipton Hornsea Beverley Bradford Blackpool Selby Leeds Preston Hull Withernsea Goole Penrith Scunthorpe Grimsby Bolton Wigan Doncaster Manchester Warrington P E A K Rotherham Saltfleet Liverpool D I S T R I C TSheffield Worksop Mablethorpe Macclesfield Buxton Lincoln Bolsover Chester Spilsby Congleton Matlock Coningsby Crewe Kidsgrove Wrangle Whitchurch Wells next the Sea Stoke Sleaford Nottingham Derby Market Drayton Grantham West Felton Stafford Spalding Kings Lynn Coalville Shrewsbury Great Yarmouth Wisbech Stamford Leicester Norwich Wolverhampton Peterborough Corby Lowestoft Birmingham Coventry Thetford Kettering Ludlow Rugby St Ives Bury St. Edmunds Northhampton Leominster Cambridge Stratford upon Avon Stowmarket Worchester Bedford Ipswich Banbury Hereford Sudbury Buckingham Letchworth WALES Cheltenham Colchester Luton Gloucester Harlow Oxford Chelmsford Cirencester Hemel Hempstead Basildon Swindon Dicot London Clevedon Bristol Margate Newbury Bath Devizes Weston-Super-Mare Farnborough Maidstone Canterbury Lynton Burnham on Sea Frome Trowbridge Basingstoke Tonbridge Deal Guildford Farnham Minehead Glastonbury Warminster Bridgewater Tunbridge Wells Dover Crawley Winchester Salisbury Hythe Folkstone Taunton Bideford Petersfield Yeovil Tiverton Hythe Southampton Worthing Lewes Hailsham Bude Hastings Okehampton Portsmouth Dorchester Brighton Eastbourne Poole Exeter Bournemouth Exmouth Weymouth Bodmin Plymouth Torquay Hexham

Newquay

St Ives Penzance

Contacts

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Finances

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Haltwhistle

Carlisle

Schedule

The next day, we continued north, through the Peak District National Park, where we visited some massive caves, to Manchester, which is home to one of the most famous football teams in the world – Manchester United.

Diary

Leaving Bristol, we drove north, through lots of pretty villages in the Cotswolds, to England’s second largest city, Birmingham.

Truro St Austell Falmouth

We drove down the coast to Whitby, where we ate a delicious fish and chip lunch, before heading inland to York, which has Britain’s largest cathedral. The next day was another long drive, as we continued south to the famous university town of Cambridge. From Cambridge, it was only a short journey to Europe’s largest city, London. We spent three days in England’s capital, but could have easily spent three weeks, as there was just so much to do! All too soon, though, we had to leave for the airport, to catch our next flight.

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Mapping and Atlas Skills 22


Around Europe — Spain and France Read the diary of a traveller below and then map the journey on the map provided.

BELGIUM Calais Dunkerque Boulogne-sar-Mer S

Gijón

e

Andorra

Zaragoza E b

D u e ro

S PA I N

Sa m

L

ro

o

g Gi

ana

üe

Diary e R h in

e ôn

SWITZER

Chamonix ITALY

Monaco Marseille

Beziers

Ter

Barcelona Tarragona Ciutadella Palma

la

Schedule

Rh on e

Pau

ro

Madrid

j Ta

Nîmes Toulouse

S e g ro

a Esl

Valladolid

Valencia

Júcar

Medite rranean We picked up a Alicante Córdoba Sea Seville new hire car and Cartagena Jerez de la Frontera headed southMálaga Cádiz Marbella east to Valencia. Gibraltar It was great to get our first glimpse of the Mediterranean Sea! After Valencia, we headed north up the coast. There were some great beaches and holiday resorts, but we wanted to visit Barcelona, Spain’s second largest city. Guad

alquiv

ir

Seg

ura

ew

Vi

Barcelona was great! The Gaudi architecture was really weird, but I loved it, especially the Sagrada Familia Cathedral.

Finances

il

in g

Gen

Contacts

PORTUGA

nn

pl e

o M iñ

Eb

Duero

Dordogne ro

Biarritz

Oviedo

adi

FRANCE Lyon

Ga

Gu

Strasbourg

Dijon Sa

Poitiers

Bordeaux

Vigo

Marne

Calendar

Bay of Biscay

Sil

Reims

Paris

St. Brieuc St. Malo Rennes Le Mans Orleans Quimper St Nazaire Angers L o i r e Nantes Tours La Rochelle

La Coruña

e

elle

ine

Brest

m

GERMANY

os

Dieppe La HavreS e

Ol

Cherbourg

se

om

M

Our flight landed in Madrid, Spain’s capital city, at lunchtime, so we headed to one of the plazas and had a delicious lunch of paella in the sunshine. There was lots to do in Madrid, but dad’s favourite was his visit to Real Madrid’s football stadium.

We drove further north and crossed the Pyrenees, the long mountain range that separates Spain from France. Once in France we drove to Toulouse, Lyon and finally Chamonix, near the Italian border. In Chamonix we went hiking in the Alps and had a snowboarding lesson. Mum kept falling over! Dad wanted to climb up Mont Blanc, but he didn’t have time. We continued, via Dijon, to Paris, the capital of France. We visited the Eiffel Tower, took a boat trip on the River Seine and spent a day at Disneyland. Mickey Mouse gave me a huge hug! Leaving Paris, we drove east to Strasbourg, which is on the border with Germany.

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 23


Around Europe — Germany and Italy

Schedule

ive

er

r

Riv

BELGIUM

Finances

le R

ne

Vi

Adda

Adig e

LIECHTENSTEIN

Contacts

k Fo re

st

LUXEMBOURG

B la c

in g

Saa

Rhi

ew

er

r Riv

se Wes

iver

Oder R

NETHERLANDS

Calendar

Sa m

pl e

Leaving France, we crossed into Germany and drove via the beautiful Black Forest and vineyards, first to Stuttgart and then to Frankfurt. We went for a great cruise on the River Rhine, which is Europe’s longest river. Back in the car, we continued to Hannover and then the capital, Berlin. There were loads of parks in Berlin and we visited the Brandenburg Gate. We drove south-west, to Leipzig, Nuremburg and Munich, the second largest city in Germany and home to one of the largest parks in the world. The park was so large that we hired bikes to explore it! We drove south, through Austria, and took the Brenner Pass, through the Alps, to reach the final country in our whirlwind trip – Italy! Our first stop in Italy was Venice. Venice has 117 small islands, linked by 150 canals, so mum insisted that we took a ride in a gondola. Dad couldn’t believe how expensive it was! We continued south-west, first to N o r t h Baltic Sea Sea Bologna and then to Florence. We Hamburg passed lots of vineyards on the Elb eR ive r Bremen way and mum loved the shops on Havel River Berlin the Ponte Vecchio (Old Bridge). Hannover POLAND Potsdam Elb Rome, Italy’s capital city, was our eR ive r Leipzig next destination. During the day Cologne Dresden GERMANY we visited loads of ancient Roman Frankfurt buildings, including the Pantheon Moselle River Mainz Main River CZECH REPUBLIC Mannheim Nuremburg and the Colosseum. At night we Stuttgart er FRANCE Riv ate loads of pasta and pizza! r SLOVENIA ive ube rR Dan Isa Munich From Rome, we drove south, AUSTRIA Brenner Pass along the coast, to Naples. We HUNGARY SWITZERLAND spent time on the beach and SLOVENIA Trento took a boat cruise along the bay. Trieste Venice Milan Milan CROATIA Verona Po In the distance, we could see Turin Parma BOSNIA and Genoa Mount Vesuvius, so we had to Rimini Bologna HERZEGOVINA San Marino o Florence Arn visit Pompeii, to see the remains Pisa ITALY of the town that got buried when Adriatic Vesuvius exploded. Sea Vatican City Pescara Rome Unfortunately, Naples was the Foggia Bari nto Naples end of our journey. We had a Vesuvius Ofa Salerno wonderful time exploring some Ty r r h e n i a n S e a of Europe and saw many places Ionian and things that we will remember Med Palermo iter Sea ran ean forever. S

Diary

Read the diary of a traveller below and then map the journey on the map provided.

Tirs o

er Tib

SARDINIA

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Salso

SICILY

ea

Syracuse

Mapping and Atlas Skills 24


Vi

ew

in g

Sa m

pl e

Map of the British Isles (Blank)

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 25


Vi

ew

in g

Sa m

pl e

Map of British Isles (with Country Borders)

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 26


pl e Sa m in g ew Vi

Map of Europe (Blank)

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 27


pl e Sa m in g ew Vi

Map of Europe (with country borders)

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 28


pl e Sa m in g ew Vi

Map of the World

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 29


pl e Sa m in g ew Vi

Map of the World (with borders)

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Mapping and Atlas Skills 30


Answers Find Your Way.............................................. page 1

4 south, 2 west, 2 south, 4 east, 4 south, 4 west, 2 south, 2 west, 15 south, 4 east, 3 north, 2 east, 6 north, 8 east, 2 south, 2 west, 7 south, 2 east, 1 north, 2 east, 2 north, 2 east, 22 north, 13 east, 7 south, 5 west, 8 south, 2 east, 6 north, 3 east, 2 south, 1 west, 2 south, 3 east, 7 south, 2 west, 1 north, 4 west, 8 south, 5 west, 2 north, 2 west, 2 south, 2 west, 1 north, 2 west, 1 south, 1 west, 2 south

My Classroom............................................... page 2 1. Answers will vary 2. Teacher check

2.

(a) east (c) south-east (e) south-west (g) north-west (i) north-west

(b) west (d) south-west (f) south-east (h) south-east (j) north-east

Around the British Isles................................... page 9 1. 24 2. Answers will vary 3. Answers will vary Extra: SCOTLAND

Maps........................................................... page 3

Glasgow

Answers will vary but could include: – street directory – road maps – political maps – mud maps – atlases

Newcastle NORTHERN IRELAND

Lisburn Manchester

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

Birmingham

Cork

Swansea

1.

Legends and Keys......................................... page 5 mountains church

lake railway line road

Country England

London Belfast

Republic of Ireland

Dublin

Cork

Scotland

Edinburgh

Glasgow

Wales

Cardiff

Swansea

Capital City

trees bridge

camping ground 2. Answers will vary

Largest City (not including capital city) Birmingham

Capital City

Northern Ireland

Country

in g

ew

pl e

Countries and Cities of the British Isles........... page 10

Sa m

1. There is no scale, they rely on memory, may leave out ‘minor’ roads etc. 2. Teacher check 3. Teacher check

ENGLAND

WALES

Mud Maps.................................................... page 4

1.

Aberdeen

2.

Other City

Lisburn

Scotland Edinburgh Glasgow

Country

Northern Ireland Belfast Other City Lisburn Capital City

Country

England London Birmingham

Capital City Other City

Legends and Keys......................................... page 6 Answers will vary

Vi

Grid References............................................. page 7 1. 2.

(a) dolphin (c) clam (e) shell (g) fish (i) anchor Teacher check

(b) skindiver (d) shark (f) fish (h) stingray (j) jellyfish

Country

Country

Capital City

Capital City

Republic of Ireland Dublin Other City Cork

Wales Cardiff Swansea

Other City

Landscape Features of the British Isles........... page 11

Points of the Compass................................... page 8 1.

Loch Ness River Dee Ben Nevis Grampian Mountains

north

es

south-east

River Trent

Cambrian Mountains River Severn River Thames

ne

l

south-west

Ir ish Sea Wicklow Mountains River Shannon Snowdon

Lake District

nin

east

west

Loch Neagh

Pen

north-east

north-west

North Sea

south Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

En

s gli

h

Ch

an

Mapping and Atlas Skills 31


Answers Your Country.............................................. page 12 Teacher check

The World.................................................. page 13

Southern hemisphere

Northern hemisphere

1. (a) Answers will vary (b) Answers will vary 2.

1.

Arctic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

North America

City

Latitude

Longitude

Addis Ababa

10˚ N

40˚ E

Durban

30˚ S

30˚ E

Mexico City

20˚ N

100˚ W

New Orleans

30˚ N

90˚ W

Oslo

60˚ N

10˚ E

Quito

80˚ W

Shanghai

30˚ N

120˚ E

Country

Latitude

Longitude

Australia

30˚ S

130˚ E

Brazil

10˚ S

50˚ W

Canada

60˚ N

100˚ W

China

30˚ N

110˚ E

Germany

50˚ N

10˚ E

India

20˚ N

80˚ E

60˚ N

90˚ E

Europe Asia

Mediterranean Sea

Tropic of Cancer

2.

Africa

Equator South America

Indian Ocean

Tropic of Capricorn

Australia/ Oceania

Pacific Ocean

Antarctica

World Geography — 1................................ page 14 1. Mount Kilimanjaro Tanzania

ASIA EUROPE

NORTH AMERICA

AFRICA

Grand Canyon USA

Mount Everest Nepal

SOUTH AMERICA AUSTRALIA

Sahara Desert North Africa

Russia

3. Answers will vary, but should include four countries from each list. (a) USA, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia (b) Chile, Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, Lesotho, Australia (c) Greenland, Canada, Guyana, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina (d) Russia, Kazakhstan, China, India, Sri Lanka

Sa m

Niagara Falls Canada/USA

pl e

Latitude and Longitude — 2........................ page 17

Victoria Falls Zambia/Zimbabwe

Around Europe Diary — Scotland ............... page 18

Great Barrier Reef Australia

in g

Amazon Rainforest Brazil

2. Teacher check

Herma Ness Unst

SCOTLAND

SHETLAND ISLANDS

Fair Isle We st r ay

Cape Wr at h

But t of Lewis

Nos s

ur

so

N a ve

rn

IRELAND

ey

ss

n

Arm an

nd o f Ju ra

Newton Stewart Stranraer

th

St

on

Girvan r Ballantrae i n c h a

Ni

Do

Mull of Kint yr e

St Andrews Kirkcaldy

o rt of F

F ir th

h

Dunbar Edinburgh Eyemouth Berwick-upon-Tweed Lanark Galashiels Melrose Twee d

Graenock Glasgow C Ardrossan l y d e Fir t h Kilmarnock of Clyde Ayr

Dunoon

Campbeltown

NORTHERN IRELAND

Stirling Dunfermline Falkirk

Montrose Arbroath

Dumfries

Moffat

Te

vi

ot

Harwick

Locherbie

th

Lo of Fir

th

Loch Lomond

Sou

Port Ellen

Perth

SCOTLAND

Inveraray

Dundee

Aberdeen Stonehaven

Forfar

Tay

Crieff

Oban

e

Ion a

or

Ne

Gulvain TA I N S Fort William Ben Nevis I A N M O U N P Kinlochleven Pitlochry AM GR Blairgowrie Ballachullish

Ulva

Colonsay

Ballabar Braemar

Luce Kirkcudbright Bay Bur r ow Mull H ead of St . Bees G allowa y H ead

ay

Coll Tir ee

D on Dee

Ben Macdui

lw

Eigg

Fraserburgh Peterhead Inverurie

Aviemore

Kinggussie

Ki n n a i r d s H e a d

Bariff Keith

So

Mallaig

Elgin

Nairn Inverness dh

ch

Stromeferry Kyle of Lochalsh

Tar bat Ness rth Fi ay or

e

Rum

Teacher check (a) equator (b) Cancer (c) Capricorn (d) Prime Meridian (e) Prime Meridian (f) Date Line

M

Dingwall Portree

Wick H ead

Helmsdale Brora

Ullapool Bonar Bridge

Lo

Sout h U ist Bar r a

Latitude and Longitude — 1......................... page 16

M

th

ch le M in

Nor t h U ist

L it t

Taj Mahal India

or

Unapool Lochinver

ch

in

NORT H SE A

John o’Groats

Thurso Th

Point of St oer

Stornoway

Angkor Wat Cambodia

2. Teacher check

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Sout h Ronalds a y

r

AUSTRALIA

N Christ Redeemer Brazil

Kirwall

Hoy

OUTER HEBRIDES

1. 2.

Sanday St r onsay Shapinsa y

Petra Jordan

SOUTH AMERICA

Chichen Itza Mexico

Rousa y

Mainland

Stromness

Fir

AFRICA

Nor t h R o n a l d s a y

ORKNEY ISLANDS

Fin

Pyramids Egypt

ATL AN TIC OCEAN

Great Wall China

EUROPE

Vi

NORTH AMERICA

Lerwick

Sp

ASIA

W h a l s ay Mainland

Foul a

De

Colosseum Italy

ew

World Geography — 2................................ page 15 1.

Fetlar

St . Magnus B ay Papa St ou r

ENGLAND

ISLE OF MAN

Mapping and Atlas Skills 32


Answers Around Europe Diary — Northern Ireland.......page 19

Around Europe Diary — Wales.....................page 21 Amlwch

Llangefni

N

Portstewart Portrush Bushmills Ballycastle L o u g h Castlerock Coleraine Foyle Ballymoney Limavady Cushendun Londonderry Cushendall Garvagh Dungiven Clogh Mills Glenariff Dunnamanagh Kilrea Carnlough Strabane Glenarm Broughshane Maghera Portglenone Plumbridge Castlederg Ballymona Tabermore Castledawson Newtownstewart Magherafell Garlin Anlrim Ballyclare Moneymore Randalstown Omagh Whitehead Lough Cookstown Carrickfergus Kresh N e a g h Lower Belleek Tullyhogue Dromore Newtownabbey Lough Crumlin Erne Bangor Irvinestown Belfast Holywood Donaghadee Dungannon Ballygawley Newtownards Lisburn Enniskillen Aughnacloy Lurgan Hillsborough Fivemiletown Portadown Craigavon Belcoo Sainfield Armagh Lisnaskea Gilford Ballynahinch Portavagle Tandragee Rosslea Banbridge Upper Killyleagh Markethill Portaferry Lough Newtownbutler Keady Downpatrick Erne Strongford Newtownhamilton Rathfriland Castlewellan Newry Ardglass Newcastle Crossmaglen Warrenpoint

Llandudno Colwyn Bay

Benllech Beaumaris

Holyhead

Rathlin I.

Conwy

Bangor Bethesda Caenarfon Llanberis

WALES

or

Menai Bridge

th

Llanrwst

Ch

an

ne

Pwllheli

Chester

Mold

Ruthin

Betws-y-Coed

Wrexham

Blaenau Ffestiniog Criccieth

Holywell Flint

St. Asaph Denbigh

Penygroes

Nefyn

Prestatyn

Rhyl

Abergele

Corwen

Porthmadog

Llangollen Chirk

Bala

Harlech

Abersoch

l

Kileel

Knighton

Ballyshannon Sligo

Bangor Erris Achill Island

Ballina

Carrick on Shannon

Brecon

St Davids

Ennistymon Ennis

Kilkee

Roscrea Nenagh

Port Laois Carlow Arklow Kilkenny

Durrow

Vi

ew

Limerick Tipperary Clonmel Cahir Tralee Mallow Waterford Killarney Fermoy Dungarvan Macroom Kenmare Cork Youghal Bantry

Dursey Island

Clear Island

Wicklow

IRISH

SEA Wexford Rosslare

St. Georges Channel

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

Newquay St Ives Penzance

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Crickhowell Ystradgynlais

Ammanford Kidwelly

Pontardawe Llanelli

Tenby

Swansea

Neath

Monmouth Abergavenny

Ebbw Vale

Merthyr Tydfil Aberdare Maesteg

Port Talbot

Abertillery Pontypool

Pontypridd Caerphilly

Newport

Usk Chepstow Caerleon Caldicot

Bridgend

Porthcawl

Cardiff

Cowbridge Llantwit Major

Barry

Around Europe Diary — England..................page 22

in g

Aran Islands

St Clears

pl e

Pembroke

Llandello

Carmarthen

Narbeth

Milford Haven

Dundalk Castlebar Claremorris Longford Drogheda Navan Roscommon Tuam Trim Mullingar Athlone Dublin Galway Tullamore Naas

Clifden

Hay-on-Wye Llandovery

Berwick

SCOTLAND

Monaghan Cavan

Presteigne

Builth Wells

Llandysul

Newcastle Emyln

Mumbles

Letterkenny NORTHERN Lifford IRELAND Ardara Donegal

Llandrindod Wells

Tregaron Lampeter

Cardigan Newport

Sa m

OCEAN

Rhayader

Fishguard

Creeslough

Newtown

Llanidloes

Aberaeron New Quay

NORTHERN IRELAND

Montgomery

Lanfair Caerre

Aberystwyth

BAY

Tory Island NORTH

Machynlleth

Aberdovey

CARDIGAN

Around Europe Diary — Republic of Ireland...page 20

AT L A N T I C

Welshpool

Llanfair Caereinion Tywyn

Havefordwest

Aran Island

Llanfyllin

Dollgellau

Barmouth

Rothbury Morpeth

Embleton Alnwick Amble

ENGLAND

Blyth Newcastle Kilometres Sunderland 0 50 100 Wigton P E N N I N E Durham Penrith H I L L S Stockton Hartlepool Workington Maryport Appleby Keswick Middlesbrough Whitehaven Darlington LAKE Shap Whitby D I S T R I C Ambleside T Richmond Seascale Pickering Kendall Leyburn Scarborough Thirsk Barrow in Furness Ripon Settle Morecombe Lancaster Harrogate Knaresborough York Skipton Hornsea Beverley Bradford Blackpool Selby Leeds Preston Hull Withernsea Goole Penrith Scunthorpe Grimsby Bolton Wigan Doncaster Manchester Warrington P E A K Rotherham Saltfleet Liverpool D I S T R I C TSheffield Worksop Mablethorpe Macclesfield Buxton Lincoln Bolsover Chester Spilsby Congleton Matlock Coningsby Crewe Kidsgrove Whitchurch Wrangle Wells next the Sea Stoke Sleaford Nottingham Derby Market Drayton Grantham West Felton Stafford Spalding Kings Lynn Coalville Shrewsbury Great Yarmouth Wisbech Stamford Leicester Norwich Wolverhampton Peterborough Corby Lowestoft Birmingham Coventry Thetford Kettering Ludlow Rugby St Ives Bury St. Edmunds Northhampton Leominster Cambridge Stratford upon Avon Stowmarket Worchester Bedford Ipswich Banbury Hereford Sudbury Buckingham Letchworth WALES Cheltenham Colchester Luton Gloucester Harlow Oxford Chelmsford Cirencester Hemel Hempstead Basildon Swindon Dicot London Clevedon Bristol Margate Newbury Bath Devizes Weston-Super-Mare Farnborough Trowbridge Basingstoke Maidstone Canterbury Lynton Burnham on Sea Frome Tonbridge Deal Farnham Guildford Minehead Glastonbury Warminster Bridgewater Tunbridge Wells Dover Crawley Winchester Salisbury Hythe Folkstone Taunton Bideford Petersfield Yeovil Tiverton Hythe Southampton Worthing Lewes Hailsham Bude Hastings Okehampton Portsmouth Dorchester Brighton Eastbourne Poole Exeter Bournemouth Exmouth Weymouth Bodmin Plymouth Torquay Haltwhistle

Carlisle

Hexham

Truro St Austell Falmouth

Mapping and Atlas Skills 33


Answers Around Europe Diary — Spain and France ... page 23 DunkerqueBELGIUM Boulogne

Gijón

nn

elle

se Ol

e ôn

e

Esl

a

Andorra Zaragoza

Eb

ro

j Ta

o Gi

a

Palma

Ciutadella

Valencia

lquivi

Seg

r

Medite rranea n Sea

Alicante

ura

Cartagena

il

Sa m

Málaga Marbella Gibraltar

Cádiz

pl e

Guada

Gen

Jerez de la Frontera

el

Barcelona

Júcar

Córdoba Sevilla

Ter

Tarragona

Madrid

ana

Marseille Beziers

ro

S PA I N

Duero

Monaco

Toulouse Pau

D u e ro

ITALY

Nîmes

Se gr o

o M iñ

Eb

Valladolid

PORTUGAL

Dordogne ro

Biarritz

Oviedo

adi

SWITZER

FRANCE Rh on e

Ga

Gu

Dijon

Lyon Bordeaux

Sil

Reims Paris Marne

Sa

La Rochelle Poitiers

Bay of Bis cay

Vigo

ne

St. Malo Rennes Le Mans Orleans St Nazaire Angers e L o ir Nantes Tours

St. Brieut Quimper

A Coruña

e

os

Brest

m

Dieppe La HavreS e i

GERMANY

M

Cherbourg

m

e

So

R h in

Calais

Around Europe Diary — Germany and Italy....page 24 Baltic Sea

North Sea Hamburg Elb eR

ive

r

er

r Riv

ew r

CZECH REPUBLIC

Nuremburg

Stuttgart er Riv ube Dan

r ive rR Isa Munich

Vi

est k Fo r

r

POLAND

iver

in R

Ma Mannheim

B la c

ive

Dresden

ive

FRANCE

le R

Moselle River Mainz LUXEMBOURG

Saa

Frankfurt

er

Riv

GERMANY

eR

iver

se Wes

ne

Rhi

BELGIUM

Leipzig

Berlin

Potsdam Elb

in g

Havel River Hannover

Köln

Oder R

Bremen

NEDERLANDS

SLOVENIA

AUSTRIA

Brenner Pass

LIECHTENSTEIN

HUNGARY

SWITZERLAND

Po Turin

SLOVENIA

ge

Trento

Trieste

Venice

Adi

Adda

Milan

Parma

Genoa

BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA

Rimini San Marino Florence Ipeland

Bologna Pisa

Arno

ITALY r

e Tib Vatican City

Pescara

Rome

Adriatic Sea Roggia

Tirs o

Naples

to

an

Of

Bari

ran

Ty r r h e n i a n S e a Ionian Sea

Palermo

ean

Se

SICILY

a

Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com

Salso

iter

Vesuvius

Salerno

SARDINIA

Med

CROATIA

Verona

Siracusa

Mapping and Atlas Skills 34


0592 Mapping and Atlas Skills - Middle  
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