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Book 1

0348C

Published by Prim-Ed Publishing www.prim-ed.com


DEVELOPING ATLAS SKILLS THROUGH CROSSWORDS (Book 1) Published by Prim-Ed Publishing 2006 Reprinted under licence by Prim-Ed Publishing 2006

This master may only be reproduced by the original purchaser for use with their class(es). The publisher prohibits the loaning or onselling of this master for the purposes of reproduction.

Copyright Notice

Copyright© George Moore 2005 ISBN 1 84654 030 5 PR–0348 Additional titles available in this series: DEVELOPING ATLAS SKILLS THROUGH CROSSWORDS (Book 2)

Blackline masters or copy masters are published and sold with a limited copyright. This copyright allows publishers to provide teachers and schools with a wide range of learning activities without copyright being breached. This limited copyright allows the purchaser to make sufficient copies for use within their own education institution. The copyright is not transferable, nor can it be onsold. Following these instructions is not essential but will ensure that you, as the purchaser, have evidence of legal ownership to the copyright if inspection occurs.

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Internet websites

In some cases, websites or specific URLs may be recommended. While these are checked and rechecked at the time of publication, the publisher has no control over any subsequent changes which may be made to webpages. It is strongly recommended that the class teacher checks all URLs before allowing pupils to access them.

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Foreword Developing atlas skills through crosswords is designed to expand pupils’ knowledge of their physical world. Using crosswords as their medium, the activities encourage pupils to use a hands-on approach to exploring the atlas, the Internet and other reference sources. They also explain and reinforce the concepts of the eight compass points, latitude and longitude and using an index. The other title is: • Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Book 2

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The author wishes to thank his wife, Mary Moore, for her assistance during the writing of this book.

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Contents

Teachers notes ...................................................................................................................................... iv – v vi

The index ...............................................................................................................................................

vii

Curriculum links ...................................................................................................................................

viii

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Latitude and longitude ......................................................................................................................

List of places used ................................................................................................................................ ix – xi 2–3

Crossword 11 ............................................ 22–23

Crossword 2 ..............................................

4–5

Crossword 12 ............................................ 24–25

Crossword 3 ..............................................

6–7

Crossword 13 ............................................ 26–27

Crossword 4 ..............................................

8–9

Crossword 14 ............................................ 28–29

Crossword 5 .............................................. 10–11

Crossword 15 ............................................ 30–31

Crossword 6 .............................................. 12–13

Crossword 16 ............................................ 32–33

Crossword 7 .............................................. 14–15

Crossword 17 ............................................ 34–35

Crossword 8 .............................................. 16–17

Crossword 18 ............................................ 36–37

Crossword 9 .............................................. 18–19

Crossword 19 ............................................ 38–39

Crossword 10 ............................................ 20–21

Crossword 20 ............................................ 40–41

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Crossword 1 ..............................................

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Teachers notes Teachers notes and information page

Each crossword is identiďŹ ed by a number. The number of each clue, across and down, is given.

Pupil page

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The completed crossword is supplied.

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Hints, explanations or additional information are provided for some clues on each pupil page.

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The number of the crossword is given.

iv

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

A space is provided for the pupil to write his/her name. Clues to assist pupils to locate information in an atlas are provided. The names of speciďŹ c places are in bold type to assist pupils in their atlas search.

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Teachers notes

Crosswords not finished at school can be completed as a homework assignment. Through constant references in the clues—for example, ‘a city NE of Rome’—the crosswords also reinforce knowledge of the eight main compass points.

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Pupils need to know the difference between lines of longitude (meridians) and lines of latitude (parallels) but do not have to use both in the same clue in order to pinpoint a location by the intersection of those lines. They only have to find a place along/near one of the lines (see Diagram ‘A’ on page vi).

Generally, only important locations are used for answers, but should a classroom atlas not show a particular river or city, pupils can refer to a more detailed atlas or the Internet. Pupils should be made aware that mountains, rivers, lakes etc. may be found more easily on atlas maps solely devoted to such physical features.

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The teachers notes with each crossword provide additional facts for some of the clues. Each note is relevant to information in a particular clue and gives the teacher useful background information in order to answer anticipated questions from pupils. For example, a clue may mention that River ‘X’ is the longest in Europe, so the teachers note may give its actual length.

Pupils should use the index in their atlas to find the appropriate page for the word(s) in bold type in each clue. Hint when looking at maps: Capital cities usually have a different symbol or typographical feature from other cities. These activities can be undertaken in pairs or, for more confident and able pupils, individually.

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Some classroom atlases only use a grid system instead of lines of longitude and latitude. This grid system is explained in Diagram ‘B’ on page vi.

General note for usage

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Teachers notes Using the latitude/longitude lines Diagram A 60°

west

east

80°

Beijing

London 40°

40° Sri Lanka Equator

Bolivia

20°

20°

60°

0° Prime Meridian

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Buenos Aires

80°

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Lines of longitude (meridians) run vertically up and down the page and are either east or west of the 0° longitude line (the prime meridian), which runs through Greenwich, London. Diagram A shows that Sri Lanka is located on the longitude 80° east line (longitude 80°E) and Buenos Aires on the longitude 60° west line (longitude 60°W).

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Lines of latitude (parallels) run horizontally across the page and are either north or south of the Equator (0°).

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Diagram A shows that Beijing is located on the latitude 40° north line (latitude 40°N) and that the latitude 20° south line (latitude 20°S) runs through Bolivia.

Grid system Diagram B

Page 90 6

A

5 4

X

Some school atlases have a grid system which uses coordinate readings to locate places. In those atlases, the index might indicate that town A is found at 90 D5, with 90 as the page number and D5 as the coordinate readings (Diagram B). Town X would be 90 C3. The grid system does not show an exact location but only indicates the square/rectangle where a place can be found.

3 2 1

A

vi

B

C

D

E

F

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Teachers notes The index The index is the first tool to be used when trying to locate any place in an atlas. It contains the names of the principal places (cities, states, countries etc.) and physical features (mountains, rivers, seas, lakes etc.) shown on the maps in an atlas. Each name is usually followed by an additional entry showing the page number and the region or country where it is located. These entries are then followed by latitude/longitude coordinates or grid readings (A4, H2 etc.).

The place/feature names are listed in alphabetical order.

2.

Physical features with a proper noun (Nile) and a description (river) are positioned alphabetically by the proper noun; e.g. Nile, River; Everest, Mt; Eyre, Lake etc. If a description is part of a placename—e.g. Mount Isa (Australia) or Lake City (USA)—it is listed in its true alphabetical position; e.g. Mount Isa not Isa, Mount.

3.

The description is sometimes abbreviated; e.g. R. (river), L. (lake).

4.

Some atlases may use different entries—e.g. Nile, Everest—so these should be discussed.

5.

Names beginning with ‘St’ (e.g. St Albans) are alphabetised as if they are read as ‘Saint’, so they appear near the start of the ‘s’ words. Likewise, names beginning with ‘Mc’ (e.g. McKinley, Mt) are listed alphabetically as if beginning with ‘Mac’.

6.

Names consisting of two or more words are usually alphabetised as if they are one word.

7.

If foreign names are used they are often shown thus: Sevilla = Seville.

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Curriculum links Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Book 1 Country

Subject

Age/Level

England

Geography

KS 2

Objectives • use appropriate geographical vocabulary • use atlases, globes and maps

Northern Ireland

Geography

• use secondary sources of information • use maps for different purposes

KS 2

• use the eight points of the compass • use a globe

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• use letter number coordinates and four figure grid references • use the contents and index in an atlas Geography

5th/6th Class

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Republic of Ireland

• locate continents, oceans, the Equator, poles, countries and capitals • begin to develop an understanding of the names and locations of natural and human features of Europe and the world • develop familiarity with, and engage in practical use of maps • develop an understanding of and use common map features and conventions

Wales

Environmental Studies (Society) Geography

C D KS 2

• identify Scottish, British or world locations on a map or globe

• use lines of latitude and longitude

• use and extend geographical vocabulary

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Scotland

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• recognise key lines of latitude and longitude on the globe

• identify and locate places using atlases and globe

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• locate places using latitude and longitude • use secondary sources for information

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List of places used

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Cebu Canada Caspian Sea Congo R Croatia Chad Caracas Chile Chicago Cuba Lake Como Cape Town China Cambodia Cook Strait Corsica Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Cairo Cairns Cannes Crete Coral Sea Colombo Mt Cook Cameroon Gulf of Carpentaria Caribbean Sea Calcutta Cardiff Canary Isles Cyprus Costa Rica

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Bude Brazil Bay of Bengal Bass Strait Bahamas Bogota Brussels Baltic Sea Bali Bering Sea www.prim-ed.com

B

Baku Brisbane British Isles BafďŹ n Island Borneo Bulgaria Beijing Barbados Bhutan Berlin

Denpasar Dnieper R Davis Strait Dallas

England Mt Etna El Salvador Easter Island Estonia Ecuador Lake Eyre Lake Erie Erebus (Mt)

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Bergen Bristol Channel Bay of Biscay Great Bear Lake Brunei Berne Black Sea Burma Ben Nevis Burundi Benin Bangkok Baghdad Belgium Barcelona Belfast Blackpool Belgrade Bologna Bridgetown Baltimore Banff Buenos Aires Belarus Baikal (Lake) Bay of Plenty

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A

Aberdeen Algiers Aden Arafura Sea Atacama Desert Aral Sea Arabian Sea Atlanta Andes Mts Albania America Antwerp Ankara Atlantic Ocean Amazon R Atlas Mts Aswan Dam Alps Alaska Azores Adelaide Africa Avon Antarctica Argentina Austin Antrim Asia Australia Auckland Arizona Assam Austria Amman Abu Dhabi Acapulco Sea of Azov Accra Arno R Angola Arkansas Alberta Archangel Antigua Alice Springs Ayr Armenia Andorra Asuncion Alabama Adriatic Sea Aegean Sea Afghanistan Anchorage Arctic Ocean Agadir Andaman Is Athens Amiens Ararat (Mt)

Dead Sea Dublin Denmark Darling R Dover

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Dhaka Don River Durban Dartmoor Dee River

D

Darwin Dubai Delft

E

Egypt Essen Elba Ethiopia Mt Everest Ebro R Euphrates R Eritrea

France Fiji Flinders Island Fly River Finland Fujisan Florida French Guiana Falmouth Florence Fitzroy R Fort Worth Fort Lauderdale Flinders River

F

G

Geneva Genoa Gibraltar Gobi Desert Greenland Greece Grenada Ganges R Glasgow Ghana Germany Guatemala Gabon Gambia Great Barrier Reef

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Jordan Java Jamaica

Lagos Los Angeles Luanda Liverpool Labrador La Paz Linz Lebanon

I

M

Ohio Ottawa Ontario Orinoco R Orange R Odesa

Oslo Osaka Oman Oklahoma Oban Ouse

Peru Palermo PaciďŹ c Ocean Paris R Po Portugal Painted Desert Parma Pennines Pakistan Port Said Perth Paraguay Prague Poland Panama Canal

Mississippi R Mexico Malta Mali Madrid Moscow Moselle R Milan Isle of Man Manila Mt McKinley Mekong R Mindanao Mumbai Minsk Malacca Strait Muscat Munich Gulf of Mexico Madagascar Lake Michigan Monaco Moldova Mont Blanc Malawi Mecca Magellan Strait

J

Queensland Quito

Quebec

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N

Kariba Dam Kent Kabul Kenya Kuala Lumpur Kiev Kuwait Kampala Kyushu Khartoum Kansas Kalgoorlie King Sound Kiel Kalahari Desert Kosciusko (Mt)

x

O

P

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Japan Jerusalem Jakarta Java Sea

L

Lisbon Lima

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Iran India Iowa Italy Israel Idaho Ionian Sea

Laos London St Lawrence R Libya Las Palmas Lesotho Las Vegas Luzon Los Alamos Limerick Lord Howe Is

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Indonesia Iraq Ireland Iceland Irish Sea Indiana Istanbul

H

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Hudson Bay Honolulu Honshu Cape Horn Hong Kong Hull Hudson R Himalayas Hanoi Helsinki Holland Havana Harare Hobart Lake Huron Honduras Cape of Good Hope Hokkaido Haifa

K

Nigeria Newcastle New York Norway Nevada Nice Nile R Niagara Falls Naples Nicosia New Orleans Nassau Nullarbor Plain North Sea North Dakota New Mexico New Caledonia New South Wales Newfoundland

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Rome Red Sea Rio de Janeiro Rocky Mts Romania Rhine R Russia

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Ross Sea Rangoon Rabat Red River Rwanda Riga

Q

R

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Venice Vietnam Vancouver Victoria

V

Vienna Lake Victoria Valletta

W

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Isle of Wight Wales Winnipeg Wyoming Washington DC Lake Winnipeg Warsaw Western Australia

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S

Cape York Yass Yangtze R Yokohama Yemen Yukon Yellow Sea Yellowstone National Park

Y

T

Tokyo Tay R Thar Desert Tahiti Tunis Tigris River Toronto Tripoli Tehran

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Texas Tasmania Turkey Taiwan Toledo Torres Strait Thailand Tobago Tunisia

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Spain Sweden Severn R Sahara Seine R San Diego St Lucia Santiago Sao Paulo San Jose Sicily Suva Skye Sierra Leone San Salvador Sydney South Is (NZ) Syria Scotland Singapore St Louis SoďŹ a Seville Saudi Arabia Sardinia Sri Lanka Seoul Siberia San Francisco Serbia Slovenia San Marino South America Surinam Lake Superior Shanghai Shannon R Sumatra Salt Lake Sudan Sabah Somalia Salamanca Suez Canal Southern Ocean Salt Lake City

Ulan Bator Uganda Utah United Kingdom Ural Mountains

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Zambesi R Zagreb Zurich

Zimbabwe Zambia

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U

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 1 7. Across

Laos The pronunciation sounds like ‘louse’. Hence the clue!

12. Across

Brazil Covers nearly 1/2 of South America (48%) and is the world’s fifth largest country.

15. Across

Japan Has four main islands and around 4000 smaller ones.

18. Across

Easter Island There are various theories about the reasons for the huge stone statues (some 12 metres high) scattered about the island.

5. Down

Iceland Hot water from natural springs is used to heat buildings and greenhouses. China

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11. Down

Beijing is also known by its former name, Peking. 12. Down

Borneo

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Intertribal warfare was once rife and headhunting was common.

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Answers

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1

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name

This US state is to the west of Lake Michigan.

6.

Bermuda is in this ocean.

7.

This country, east of Thailand, sounds like an insect!

8.

You’d travel in this direction from Brazil to Africa by sea.

10.

castle is a city north of Sydney.

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5.

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Across

3.

12. The largest country in South America provides us with nuts for Christmas!

This coastal city is overlooked by Table Mountain in South Africa.

4.

Lucia is an island in the Caribbean Sea.

14. This sea near the River Nile is not this colour!

5.

15. Islands off the coast of China, Korea and Russia.

You’d travel east from Greenland to reach this chilly island near the Arctic Circle!

9.

Paris, France is on this river.

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11. You can see a young bear in the name of this island in the West Indies!

lulu is a city on Hawaii.

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13.

18. Are children given eggs on this Pacific Island west of Chile? 21. Capital city of Japan. 23. The Caspian is one of these. 25. Mountains in the North American west. 26. You should be able to find these mountains in NW Africa in your mapbook!

Down 1. 2.

12. Headhunters once lived on this large island north of Western Australia! 16. Group of volcanic islands west of Lisbon, Portugal. 17. The Adriatic Sea is to its east. 19. Capital city of Morocco.

The Baltic lies off the coast of Sweden in Scandinavia. Sail south from Melbourne and you could bump into this island state!

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11. Beijing (once called Peking) is its capital.

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20. Senegal is a country in (East, West) Africa. 22. New

is on America’s east coast.

24. There’s a lot of this in 5 down! Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 2 13. Across

Dead Sea The lowest place on Earth where salt-laden rocks on the seabed combine with a high evaporation rate to make it one of the most saline expanses of water in the world.

2. Down

Severn River Britain’s longest river at about 180 miles (approximately 290 km).

17. Down

Genoa Italy’s largest port and the birthplace of explorer Christopher Columbus in 1451.

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Answers

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Name Across 3.

You could swim west from Cuba to this Spanish-speaking nation, but it’s a long way!

5.

Capital city on the River Tiber.

8.

The Red Sea runs into this gulf.

9.

Large state in Australia.

10. I didn’t just walk to this country west of Afghanistan!

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13. There’s plenty of salt in this sea in Jordan for your chips!

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separates Tasmania 12. Bass from the mainland of Australia.

16. Portugal’s nextdoor neighbour!

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18. Holiday island just north of the 20° latitude line and SE of Papua New Guinea. Pack the sunscreen.

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20. Travel north from Germany to go to this Scandinavian country, but take your winter woollies!

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21. The Thames River flows here and fish are now plentiful after its clean-up. 22. Tehran, Iran’s capital, is near the . Caspian

Down 1.

The River Tigris flows here.

2.

Bristol is on this, the longest river in Britain, which sounds like a number!

3.

A l-o-n-g river flowing into the Gulf of Mexico near New Orleans.

4.

A large African country south of Libya.

6.

The mighty Amazon River starts in the Andes Mountains in this South American country.

7.

It’s too hot for me in this, the world’s largest hot desert, found in North Africa!

10. The island of Sri Lanka (once called Ceylon) lies off the coast of this subcontinent. www.prim-ed.com

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11. You could get burnt near this active volcano on the island of Sicily! 14. This sea lies to the west of India. 15. The world’s longest mountain range is found in South America. 17. Italian coastal city due north of the island of Corsica. of Wight lies off England’s 19. The south coast; but it’s green, not white! 20.

Diego is a beautiful city on the coast of California, south of Los Angeles. Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 3 10. Down

Coral Sea US naval forces halted a possible Japanese invasion of Australia in a sea battle here in World War II.

19. Down

Black Sea

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One reason for its name is that heavy fogs in winter make the water look dark.

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Answers

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name Across 1.

City on a lake with the same name in Switzerland.

5.

Southern neighbour of Canada. A friendly one too!

8.

Vineyards everywhere in the valley of this river in France, west of Strasbourg!

9.

River in Italy, north of Genoa.

12. Mediterranean country south of Lebanon.

14. Go west from Mauritius, jump over a large island and you’ll reach this continent! Jose lies SE of San Francisco.

18.

14. A country surrounded by Germany, Italy and Hungary (among others), but it’s not at war! 15. This country NW of Cameroon has Africa’s largest population.

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19. Marmalade oranges from Spain are named after this southern city—and they’re sour!

13. Large island south of the Timor Sea.

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11. Capital city of Chile.

20. It’s too cold to eat ice-cream in Siberia, a part of this huge country! Dam is in NW Zimbabwe.

21. The

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This Spanish River flows through Zaragoza which is NE of Madrid.

3.

Important river for farmers in Egypt.

4.

Capital city of France.

6.

An island due south of Sicily.

7.

A county in SE England. Or Superman!

8.

You can see an animal in Russia’s capital!

17. River flowing into the North Sea near Aberdeen in Scotland.

19. Is the Black this colour?

near Istanbul really

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16. The capital city of Afghanistan.

10. An important battle took place Sea off NE in the Australia in World War II.

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 4 7. Across

France The Channel tunnel opened in 1994 and is 50 km long with 38 km of that under water.

15. Across

Dover A famous World War II song about the white cliffs was sung by Vera Lynn.

18. Across

Thar Desert Is pronounced ‘Tar’ or ‘Tur’.

1. Down

Greenland 80% is covered by thick ice and only coastal areas are green in its short summer.

3. Down

Mt Everest Is 8850 metres (29 035 ft) high and was first climbed in 1953.

10. Down

Elba

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Napoleon was exiled to Elba in 1814 but left in 1815 to lead his army again.

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4

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name Across 4.

Capital city of Germany.

6.

Yes, Darling, this is one in Australia!

7.

A tunnel under the English Channel connects this country to England.

9.

Phoenix is the capital of this American state.

23. You travel in this direction from New York to Cuba.

13.

Angeles is a busy city in California.

25. England’s Queen Victoria gave her name to this in Africa.

Down 1.

14. This country in South America sounds cold! 15. A port south-east of London, with ‘White Cliffs’! of Man in

3.

French coastal holiday resort NW of Corsica and alongside Monaco. It looks pleasant! You’re on top of the world on this mountain in the Himalayas!

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17. Women also live on The the Irish Sea!

2.

land, an island near Baffin Bay, is not always this colour because of the snow!

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11. A musical instrument and a cape at the tip of South America!

24. The largest continent and where you will find Shanghai.

18. A desert in NW India.

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19. A large bay SW of Paris – is often rough and causes seasickness.

4.

The Equator passes through the north of this South American nation.

5.

The Golden Gate Bridge is in Francisco in California. 8.

Capital city of Greece.

10. Small island between Italy and Corsica. 12. Travel NW from Naples to this capital city. 15. East coast port in South Africa. 16. Poker machines galore in in the state of Las Nevada! 17. This sea lies between England and Ireland. 18. Huge American state partly bordering Mexico. 20. Island in the Philippines. 21. Large peninsula (cape) in Northern Queensland. 22. Fishing port on the Humber River in Eastern England.

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 5 23. Across

Norway This ‘Land of the Midnight Sun’ has many fiords, deep sea inlets, along its western coastline.

14. Down

Madrid

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Toledo was the capital city until Madrid was chosen as the capital in 1561.

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Name Across 3.

A bird can be seen in this country north of Syria!

4.

Water, water everywhere in this Italian city at the head of the Adriatic Sea!

8.

Stratford-onwas the birthplace of William Shakespeare, a great English writer.

22. The Ganges is one of these! 23. Sweden’s western neighbour and a land of spectacular fiords. 24. One of Europe’s longest rivers flows through Germany to the North Sea.

12. Russian river flowing into the sea of Azov, and a man’s name!

Down

13. Asian desert in Mongolia.

1.

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11. Island SE of Nice in France and birthplace of Napoleon.

A country SE of Turkey.

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14. Mediterranean island due north of Libya.

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2. 16. Capital city on the Thames River – where the bridge is falling down! 5. land in 18. This person is from northern Britain. 6. 20. African country to the NE of Sierra Leone.

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21. Holiday island in Indonesia popular with Australians. Pack your bags!

Mexico is an American state between Arizona and Texas. Carson City, NW of Las Vegas, is the capital of this US state.

Winter would be nice in this tropical holiday resort north of Townsville, Australia!

7.

Javanese live on this island in Indonesia.

9.

The capital city of Norway. 10. Singapore is part of this huge continent. 11. Egypt’s capital near the mouth of the River Nile. 14. In winter, wear your woollies in this city in Spain, Europe’s highest capital city! 15. Coastal capital city in Peru. It gave its name to a bean! 16. Country NW of Sudan in Africa. 17. You’d travel in this direction if you went from New Orleans to Chicago. 19. Greece’s largest and most southerly island situated in the Mediterranean Sea; south of Athens.

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 6 10. Across

Sofia The capital city but also the chief industrial city.

15. Across

Toledo The letters of ‘looted’ can be rearranged to make ‘Toledo’.

1. Down

Tigris The clue refers to a tigress.

3. Down

Himalayas The name comes from the Nepalese words ‘him’ (snows) and ‘alya’ (one of ) and these mountains are seen as the abode of the gods in Hindu mythology.

5. Down

Holland

14. Down

Atacama The clue is a play on the word ‘Chilly’ (Chile).

15. Down

Thailand

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The name Thailand means ‘Land of the Free’.

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The name Holland only refers to the two NW provinces.

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Name Across 2.

Pacific Ocean Island near the 150°W longitude line.

8.

The warm waters of this sea wash Australia’s north coast.

9.

This river in Papua New Guinea flows into the Gulf of Papua and doesn’t have wings!

10. The capital city of Bulgaria.

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lies on the eastern 11. Saudi shores of the Red Sea. 13. The 100°W longitude line passes through this American state.

of Bengal is a stretch 16. The of water east of India. Falls is on America’s northern border.

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17.

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15. ‘Looted’ is an anagram of this Spanish city south of Madrid.

20. A port on the coast of oil-rich Nigeria, Africa.

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21. This northern neighbour of America is divided into provinces, not states.

Vi

22. This ‘holy’ river flows into the answer of ‘16 across’! 23. Coastal city in the Northern Territory, Australia.

Down 7.

Holidaying tourists may enjoy a break in this coastal city in the United Arab Emirates!

1.

A river in Iraq that sounds like a female wild cat!

3.

High mountain range on the border of Nepal.

12. Country on the western shores of the Black Sea.

4.

The 0° longitude line runs through this coastal country in Africa.

14. This desert may be in Chile, but it’s still hot!

5.

More accurately known as the Netherlands is this flat country north of Belgium.

6.

An island on the Arctic Circle west of Greenland.

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15. It sounds as though they sell ties in this country NW of Cambodia! 18. One of Europe’s poorest countries, lying due west of Macedonia. 19. Most of this long river flows through Zaire in Africa. Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

13


TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 7 6. Across

Seoul Korea was divided into north and south after World War II, with North Korea becoming a communist state and South Korea a republic.

8. Across

Jamaica The Caribbean Sea derives its name from early warlike people called ‘Caribs’.

15. Across

Riga The native Latvians are called ‘Letts’.

18. Across

Toronto Toronto is Canada’s most populated city.

19. Across

Davis

20. Across

Amazon

pl e

The strait is named after John Davis, who explored the region in 1585. The world’s largest and most important rainforest is in the Amazon Basin. 1. Down

Sardinia

5. Down

Sa m

The clue is a play on the island’s name! Aswan

The Aswan Dam was built in 1902; the Aswan High Dam was built in 1970 with Russian aid and regulates the flow of the river all year round. 9. Down

Tay

11. Down

Skye

in g

The River Tay is Scotland’s longest river.

Vi

Answers

ew

A bridge as well as boat services now link Skye to the mainland.

14 Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

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7

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name Across 3.

The main port of Belgium on the River Schelde.

6.

Capital city of South Korea.

8.

Large island south of Cuba in the Caribbean Sea.

10. Capital city of Turkey near the 40°N latitude line. 12. Large city SW of Japan’s capital, Tokyo. 18. Canadian city near Lake Ontario, North America.

pl e

15. Latvia’s capital on the Baltic sea. 17. Lake

is in Canada and America!

Down

22.

Jose, CA, is NW of Las Vegas.

in g

Illinois, two other states in the USA!

Sa m

Strait lies to the west of Greenland. 18. The Tropic of Cancer cuts through this island off China’s coast but does no damage! 20. It flows eastwards into the ocean near the Equator (0°) in South America. Paulo is Brazil’s most populous 21. city. 23. This state is sandwiched between Ohio and 19.

Sardines may swim in the sea around this island south of Corsica!

2.

City north of Austin, the Texas capital; 50 km from Fort Worth.

4.

Northern Italian city SE of Milan.

5.

The Dam is on the upper waters of the River Nile.

7.

Capital city of Canada.

9.

Dundee in Scotland is at the mouth of this river.

Vi

ew

1.

11. Island in the Hebrides (Scotland) near the 57°N latitude line. 13. Capital city on Cuba’s north coast. 14. American state separated from other states of the USA by Canada. 16. Cross this country’s northern border and you’ll find you’re in Denmark! www.prim-ed.com

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15


TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 8 2. Across

Siberia In winter, Russian drivers use the frozen rivers as roads! The coldest town in the world is found in this region.

7. Across

Kalahari This desert covers more than half of the land area of the African country of Botswana.

20. Across

Liverpool The clue is a play on words as the Beatles began their musical career in Liverpool.

23. Across

Eyre Lake Eyre is Australia’s largest lake and the lowest point in the continent. It is named after Edward Eyre, who explored the region.

16. Down

Bergen

Sa m

pl e

Bergen is Norway’s most populous city after Oslo, the country’s capital.

Vi

ew

in g

Answers

16 Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

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8

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name

2.

A very cold region in Northern Russia.

7.

The tropic of Capricorn runs through this desert in southern Africa.

pl e

Across

11.

Huron is on the American border with Canada near the 80°W longitude line.

12. New Orleans is on the Gulf of

Sa m

10. Capital city of Fiji.

in g

14. It looks as though the ‘boot’ of Italy is kicking this island!

ew

Lake is in 19. Great NW Canada and you might see this animal there!

Vi

20. Beatles and beetles could be found in this port, lying west of Manchester, England!

21. Large island in Indonesia. 23. Large lake in South Australia.

3.

Capital city of China.

4.

London is on the

5.

Mountains in Switzerland.

6.

River which flows to the ocean in Mozambique, Africa.

8.

Capital city of Algeria in North Africa.

9.

City in western Canada just below the 50°N latitude line.

Thames.

24. Bridgetown is the capital of this island in the West Indies near the 60°W longitude line.

13. State in SE Australia.

25. You could see stars in this state on the west coast of America, but not because someone hit you!

16. A coastal city in southern Norway.

Down 1.

North America’s highest mountain is in Alaska.

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15. Coastal city in the state of South Australia. 17. American state between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. 18. Arabian country east of the southern end of the Red Sea. 22. Region in NE India, SE of Bhutan. Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

17


TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 9 5. Across

Antarctica

Caribbean

1. Down

The average thickness of the ice in Antarctica is about 2000 metres. Erie The 5 great lakes were discovered by early French explorers who followed the St Lawrence River. 8. Across

Has become more prosperous through North Sea oil production.

Madagascar

Arctic

More than 85% of Greenland is covered with permafrost, an ice cap with an average depth of 1500 metres. Not too green!

19. Down

Austin Was originally named Waterloo but was later renamed Austin after Stephen Austin.

22. Down

Abu Dhabi Capital city of the United Arab Emirates.

Vi

ew

in g

The world’s fourth largest island, which produces most of the world’s vanilla.

Answers

17. Down

Sa m

Argentina The name means ‘Land of silver’.

21. Across

Zimbabwe was once called Rhodesia (Southern Rhodesia before 1965).

Berne Can be spelt ‘Bern’ or ‘Berne’ but the latter is used in this clue.

17. Across

Harare

9. Down

San Marino Completely surrounded by Italy, it is the world’s smallest republic and is named after a Saint (Marinus).

10. Across

Aberdeen

7. Down

pl e

6. Across

The name derives from the ‘caribs’, early warlike people of the region.

18 Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name Across This frozen continent, due south of Africa, is like a giant freezer!

6.

One of the five great lakes on Canada’s border.

8.

Marino is on the Adriatic Sea coast due north of Rome.

10. Capital city of Switzerland. 11. Muscat is this Arabian country’s capital. 12.

and Montenegro are part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

13. City on the SE coast of Tasmania. 14. Brisbane is on Australia’s

coast.

24. ‘Nurse I am’ is an anagram for this hot and humid country on South America’s north coast!

Down 1. 2.

Jamaica is an island in this sea.

One of the main rivers in Venezuela.

Sa m

15. From Cyprus, do you travel east or west to Crete?

23. A centre just north of Canberra and famous for sheep breeding and fine wool.

pl e

5.

3.

Coastal city on a beautiful bay SE of Rome.

4.

Capital city of Austria.

17. Spanish-speaking country south of Bolivia.

7.

21. The Tropic of Capricorn runs through this large island in the Indian Ocean.

Fishing port at the mouth of the River Don in NE Scotland.

9.

Capital city of Zimbabwe.

is near Cairo, Egypt.

Vi

ew

in g

16. Port

16. East coast city in Australia near the 35°S latitude line. 17. The world’s most northerly ocean laps the shores of Greenland but doesn’t make them too green! 18. State of America SW of Montana. 19. Capital of the state of Texas. 20. The capital city of Jordan. 22.

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Dhabi is a capital city on the Persian Gulf in the Middle East.

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

19


TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 10 5. Across

Burma Also known as Myanmar.

7. Across

Gibraltar The strait is sometimes known as the ‘Pillars of Hercules’ from a Greek myth which tells how Hercules split mountains to form the entrance.

9. Across

Hope The Cape of Good Hope was renamed by King John II of Portugal as it gave hope of a way to the East Indies (‘Spice Islands’). It had been named the ‘Cape of Storms’ by navigator Bartholomeu Dias.

12. Across

Rio

19. Across

Istanbul

24. Across

Sa m

The clue refers to ‘Stan’ as part of Istanbul!

pl e

This is Brazil’s second most populous city and one world famous for its Mardi Gras, a carnival of dancing and music. Fortunes made from mining helped to develop Rio de Janeiro, which ceased to be Brazil’s capital in 1960 after the new capital (Brasilia) was completed.

Washington

The DC stands for ‘District of Columbia’. 4. Down

Magellan

18. Down

Monaco

in g

The strait is named after a 15th century Portuguese explorer/navigator, Ferdinand Magellan, who circumnavigated most of the world but was slain in the Philippines near the end of a three-year voyage.

Vi

Answers

ew

The capital city of Monaco is also called Monaco.

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

10

Name Across 2.

You may need brushes for this desert in Arizona!

4.

Industrial city in northern Italy.

5. 7.

9.

4.

The Strait of is near Cape Horn.

Rangoon is this country’s capital city.

6.

The Strait of is at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea, but there’s no door there!

Zagreb is this European country’s capital.

8.

The capital of Venezuela in South America.

is on the

The Cape of Good southern tip of Africa.

11. City on the island of Honshu in Japan. 14. This Asian sea is east of the Caspian Sea. 15. Country on the western shore of the Red Sea.

12.

17. Capital city of the Philippines.

de Janeiro is a holiday city on the east coast of Brazil.

18. A tiny country near Nice in France.

Sa m

13. Capital city of Uganda on Lake Victoria.

pl e

10. Capital city of the island of Cyprus.

Leone is a coastal country NW of Liberia in Africa.

24.

DC is America’s capital city.

Down

Vi

ew

23.

in g

20. Mauritius is in the Indian . 16. Malaysian state on the north coast of Borneo. 21. The Missouri is one! 19. ‘Stan’ is in this city on the southern shores of 22. Blanc is a mountain in France the Black Sea. near the Italian border. 22. Chicago is on the southern tip of this lake.

1.

Sail due south from Africa to reach this ocean, but take your warm clothes!

2.

Louis is the capital of Mauritius.

3.

Heathland near Exeter in England, where you’ll find wild ponies and a prison!

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 11 1. Across

Oklahoma A well-known theatre musical and a film.

3. Across

Yangtze The Yangtze is 6380 km long and navigable for much of its length.

5. Across

Baku Burning natural gas leaking from the ground gave the area its name (‘Land of Eternal Fire’) and oil has been collected from the sea near Baku for over 1000 years.

6. Across

Palermo Palermo is over 150 km from Mt Etna.

22. Across

Dhaka

4. Down

Atlanta The Atlanta Olympics were in 1996.

11. Down

Hudson

14. Down

Sa m

The bay is named after explorer Henry Hudson.

pl e

Until 1971, Bangladesh was known as East Pakistan.

South

The shortest practical road route from Cairns to Melbourne is over 2880 km. 17. Down

Tobago

Vi

ew

Answers

in g

Trinidad and Tobago are the most southerly islands in the West Indies.

22 Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

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11

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name Across American state SE of Colorado—and a popular musical!

3.

China’s longest and most important river.

5.

Capital city of Azerbaijan, on the Caspian Sea.

6.

City on the island of Sicily, well away from the active volcano Mount Etna!

8.

A county in NE Ireland, and a mountain range.

9.

Capital city of the Bahamas, well-known holiday islands.

in g

12. You travel in this direction from Madagascar to Mauritius; but you’ll need a boat!

Sa m

10. China’s most populated city, on the coast SE of its capital, Beijing.

pl e

1.

ew

13. German city near Dusseldorf and the Rhine River.

Vi

15. This lake is in northern Italy and popular with tourists.

19. Capital of Ireland and its most populous city.

6.

Hawaii lies in this much warmer ocean!

21. One of Japan’s four main islands.

7.

22. Capital of Bangladesh, a country often devastated by cyclones from the Bay of Bengal.

Capital of Oman, a country rich in oil and natural gas.

11. Huge Canadian bay on the 60°N latitude line.

23. Large city on the southern tip of Lake Michigan.

Down

16. German city NW of Salzburg.

1.

New , an American city east of Houston and on the 30°N latitude line.

2.

Noumea is the capital of Caledonia.

4.

An Olympic city in Georgia, USA.

5.

Alaska is near this bitterly cold sea.

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14. You’d travel in this direction from Cairns to Melbourne in Australia—and you’d need a packed lunch!

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17. Trinidad and 60°W longitude line.

are islands near the

18. City on India’s west coast, also called Bombay. 20. The border between America and Canada Superior, but you runs through can’t see it! Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

23


TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 12 3. Across

Cancer It doesn’t get wet because it’s an imaginary line!

8. Across

Mekong This river is 4500 km long, the world’s 10th longest. Ho Chi Minh City is also known as Saigon.

21. Across

Vietnam Once divided into North and South Vietnam, the country was reunited in 1975.

23. Across

Algeria Algeria is the second largest country in Africa after Sudan.

2. Down

Cook This strait was named after English sea captain, James Cook. Rica

pl e

5. Down

Costa Rica means ‘rich coast’. 7. Down

Papua

10. Down

Sa m

Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia in 1975. Denmark

ew Vi

Answers

in g

A country full of Danes (people) but not great danes (dogs)!

24 Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

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12

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name Across 1.

Coastal city in Mexico on the 100°W longitude line.

3.

runs through the This Tropic of Gulf of Mexico and doesn’t get wet!

8.

This river in Vietnam flows into the south China Sea near Ho Chi Minh city.

23. The Prime Meridian, the 0° longitude line, passes through this large country in NW Africa.

Down 2.

This strait separates North and South Island in New Zealand.

13. Most important city in Bali.

4.

New Zealand’s most populous city is in North Island.

5.

is a land of Costa bananas and coffee south of Nicaragua.

14. Portugal’s capital. is on the coast near Nice.

16. Monte

pl e

11. Travel west from Madrid to reach this narrow coastal country.

20. The 10°N latitude line runs through this African country west of Nigeria.

6.

21. This country east of Laos once had the world’s largest population of ducks!

7.

New Guinea is on the 140°E longitude line in the Pacific Ocean.

9.

Ancient African country SW of Jerusalem.

Vi

ew

Sa m

in g

22. River that flows through New York.

There are over 13 600 islands in this country north of Australia.

10. This smallest Scandinavian country is NW of Poland and is full of Danes, but not great danes! 12. Country surrounded by Vietnam, Laos and Thailand but not at war with them! 15. You travel in this direction from Wyoming to Montana in America. 17. City in Austria, west of Vienna. is 18. The Sea of linked to the Black Sea. 19. Travel east from Sicily to this mountainous country of over 2000 islands. 20. Coastal town NW of Plymouth in England.

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 13

Ghana was once called the Gold Coast and became independent in 1957. Ghana was the world’s leading producer of cocoa at one time. 13. Across

10. Down

Belfast Belfast has been the scene of fierce fighting between Catholics and Protestants, friction known as ‘the troubles’, which led to many deaths.

Sa m

Brussels

Alberta This province produces most of Canada’s oil.

Lesotho

14. Down

French French Guiana is the smallest country in South America and a French settlement since 1676.

Vi

ew

in g

Brussels is the headquarters of the European Union (EU).

Answers

Barcelona staged the Olympic Games in 1992.

13. Down

Lesotho gained independence from Britain in 1966. Its high altitude means winter sports can be held there. 2. Down

Barcelona

4. Down

St French explorer Jacques Cartier discovered the St Lawrence River in 1534.

24. Across

Thousands of lakes cover southern Finland and the country is referred to as ‘the land of the lakes’.

Bangkok Thailand means ‘land of the free’ and Bangkok means ‘village of the wild plum’.

22. Across

Finland

3. Down

Accra

pl e

8. Across

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

13

Name

Famous resort town east of the Rocky Mountains in Canada.

5.

Swiss city on the northern border with France.

7.

This river in northern Italy flows into the sea near Pisa.

8.

Capital city of Ghana in Africa.

9.

African country NE of Botswana.

in g

11. This river flows through Alaska.

Sa m

2.

pl e

Across

ew

12. Coastal resort near Nice in France and famous for its film festival.

3.

Its capital is Helsinki.

15. Iraq’s capital city on the River Tigris.

4.

Popular Olympic city for tourists, NE of Valencia in Spain.

6.

Salvador is the capital city of El Salvador near Honduras.

16.

Vi

13. Capital city of Thailand.

Island in Bass Strait, a stretch of water separating Tasmania from the mainland.

21. African country SW of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

10. Calgary is a major city in this province in Canada, but not its capital.

22. The Canada.

13. Coastal city in Northern Ireland.

Lawrence River is in eastern

23. Christchurch is on this New Zealand island. 24. African country on the 30° south latitude line and completely surrounded by South Africa, but they’re not at war!

Down

14.

Guiana is on South America’s north coast.

17. The Rio Grande flows through Mexico, an American state. 18. We have the White Nile and the Nile in Egypt and one is darker than the other!

1.

The Tropic of crosses Australia, but not by train!

19. You travel in this direction from Southampton to Manchester.

2.

Brussels is its capital.

20. Important city in northern Vietnam.

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 14 4. Across

Zambia

26. Across

Once called Northern Rhodesia, Zambia gained independence from Britain in 1964.

Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990 and Iraqi troops set fire to over 500 oil wells when forced to retreat by a US-led multinational army.

El

11. Across

Blackpool is one of the most popular resorts in Europe.

Torres This strait was named after Luis Torres, a Spanish sea captain and navigator/explorer who was the first European to sail through it in 1606.

21. Across

Arkansas is pronounced ‘Ah-kansaw’ with emphasis on the first syllable. 13. Down

17. Down

Florence

Famous nurse Florence Nightingale was named after her birthplace.

19. Down

in g

ew Vi

Antigua

This island has no rivers or forests.

22. Down

28 Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Arkansas

Sa m

Bridgetown Barbados became a British colony in 1627 and imported African slaves worked on its sugar plantations. It gained independence from Britain in 1960.

Answers

10. Down

Tunis Tunisia was once occupied by the Romans; Tunis is its capital.

25. Across

Blackpool

6. Down

El Salvador is the smallest of the central American countries.

pl e

8. Across

Kuwait

24. Down

Bogota Colombia is named after explorer Christopher Columbus, who sighted the country in 1499. Quito Ecuador’s name comes from the Equator, which passes through it. Cook At over 3700 metres, Mt Cook is New Zealand’s highest mountain.

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Name

4.

African country NE of Namibia.

8.

San Salvador is Salvador’s capital!

9.

This river flows west through South Africa but no fruit grows in it!

pl e

Across

Sa m

11. This strait separates the island of New Guinea from northern Australia. 12. City in Italy SW of Venice and north of Florence.

ew

in g

15. River which flows into King Sound on the northern coast of Western Australia.

Vi

16. Capital of Croatia.

21. A city in Tunisia lying south of the island of Sardinia.

6.

The water sounds dirty in this popular coastal resort north of Liverpool, England!

7.

Capital city of Sri Lanka.

23. City on Russia’s north coast near the 40°E longitude line and it sounds a holy one!

10. Little Rock is in this American state north of Louisiana.

25. Capital of the island of Barbados in the West Indies.

13. The capital of this island in the Caribbean Sea is St Johns.

26. Small oil-rich country south of Iraq.

14. The main mountain chain down the centre of England. 17. City in Italy where a ‘nightingale’ once lived!

Down 1.

Capital of Serbia and Montenegro.

2.

City near the American capital, Washington, and SW of New York.

3. 5.

18. Large coastal city in Queensland, Australia. 19. Capital of Colombia, South America. 20. The Australia.

of Carpentaria is in northern

Cardiff is the capital city of this region in Britain.

22. The capital of Ecuador in South America.

Sarawak is part of the island – one of the world’s largest islands.

24. Mount is on New Zealand’s south island near the 170°E longitude line.

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 15 3. Across

West Detroit is known as ‘Motor City’ and the ‘automobile capital of the world’. It is the world headquarters of General Motors.

5. Across

Shannon

4. Down

The Shannon is Ireland’s longest river at 370 km and is a popular river for pleasure cruises. Yellow

9. Down

Romania

The Chinese named it the Yellow Sea because the waters along its shores are a yellow, muddy colour from the yellow earth brought down by the Huang River.

Romania is also known as Rumania. Ben Ben Nevis is over 1340 metres high, the tallest mountain in Britain.

22. Across

Kenya Kenya gained independence from Britain in 1963.

2. Down

Armenia

15. Down

Tehran

Iran, a Muslim country, was called Persia until 1935.

18. Down

Lake

Lake Winnipeg is over 24 380 km2 in area and the site of the Canadian province of Manitoba’s most important fisheries.

Vi

ew

in g

The smallest of the 15 republics of the former Soviet Union.

Answers

Paraguay was settled by Spain in 1537 as a possible short cut to Peru’s silver mines.

Estonia Estonia is the smallest of the three Baltic states which also include Latvia and Lithuania.

Asuncion

pl e

14. Across

13. Down

Sa m

11. Across

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

15

Name Across Indian city on the Bay of Bengal near Bangladesh.

3.

Make sure you go in this direction to reach Detroit from New York!

5.

Bucharest is its capital city.

7.

American city on the Missouri River west of Chicago.

11.

Nevis is a mountain in NW Scotland near Fort William, a fort never attacked by American Indians!

12. Large island separated from Britain by the Irish Sea.

10. Ukraine’s main port on the Black Sea. 13. Capital city of Paraguay, a landlocked nation in South America. 15. Capital city of Iran.

16. Tiny country between Spain and France.

18.

Winnipeg is in the province of Manitoba, Canada.

20.

London is a port in South Africa and nothing to do with England’s capital!

17. Middle East country bordering Saudi Arabia. 19. The Rio Grande in Texas is one!

in g

21. Columbus is a city in this American state. 22. African country south of Ethiopia. 23. Mauritius lies in the

Ocean.

Down

Vi

ew

24. Alice in central Australia, but we don’t know how high!

Not the right colour for a sea near China?

Sa m

14. Small country on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.

9.

pl e

1.

2.

Country near the eastern end of the Black Sea.

4.

A long river in SW Ireland.

6.

Town in Alaska near the Bering Strait.

8.

Coastal country between Peru and Colombia in South America.

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 16 5. Across

Kyushu The earliest immigrants to Japan settled in northern Kyushu.

10. Across

Bator Mongolia is reputedly the world’s largest landlocked country and the most sparsely populated. (Ulan Bator is also spelt Ulaanbaatar.)

15. Across

Sea ‘Mediterranean’ means ‘middle of the land’ in Latin as it was the centre of the known world in Roman times.

19. Across

Jerusalem Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in AD 70 and later rebuilt. Muslims believe the prophet Mohammed ascended to paradise from there. Canary

pl e

20. Across

The Canary Islands were once known as the ‘Fortunate Islands’ by ancient Europeans. They attract thousands of tourists from Europe. Moldova

Sa m

3. Down

Moldova was once one of the former Soviet republics. 13. Down

Quebec

Apart from being a city, Quebec is also a mainly French-speaking province, as early French explorers opened up the region. Singapore

in g

15. Down

Vi

Answers

ew

Once called ‘Singapura’ (‘the city of the Lion’), Singapore left the federation of Malaysian states in 1965 and became fully independent.

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16

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name Across 1.

Capital of Wales situated on the Bristol Channel, and where you won’t find whales!

5.

The 130°E longitude line crosses this most southern of Japanese islands.

6.

Coastal capital city of Libya.

13. City at the mouth of the St Lawrence river in Canada and near the 70°W longitude line.

8.

Capital city in Vietnam’s north.

15. A city state at the southern tip of Malaysia.

12. A port in south Cornwall, England.

16. Cheyenne is a city in this American state NE of Utah.

11. Coastal city in Scotland, SW of Glasgow.

17. Caribbean island off the coast of Venezuela.

14. This American state is NW of Florida.

18. The 35°N latitude line runs through this island off the coast of Syria.

Sa m

15. Sicily lies in the Mediterranean

pl e

10. Ulan is the capital of Mongolia, which is crossed by the 100°E longitude line.

.

19. NW of the Dead Sea is Israel’s capital.

20. These islands off the NW coast of Africa are not for the birds!

22. You can travel neither east from the South Pole, only north!

west

in g

21. Attractive tourist centre on Scotland’s west coast.

ew

23. A tiny country due south of Sudan in Africa.

Vi

24. The Solomon Islands are in the . Pacific 25. Wales and Scotland are part of the mainland of the Isles.

Down 2.

Lauderdale is near Miami, Florida.

3.

Country near the Black Sea and SW of Ukraine.

4.

One of Iraq’s two main rivers.

7.

Asian country bordering India and located on the 70°E longitude line.

9.

New York is Boston.

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33


TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 17 5. Across

Uganda

Dhaka

6. Down

English prime minister, Winston Churchill, called Uganda ‘The Pearl of Africa’. 13. Across

Flooding in Bangladesh is caused by the two main rivers, the Ganges and the Brahmaputra.

Dnieper

Bay

8. Down

The Dnieper is Europe’s fourth longest river, 2285 km in length. 15. Across

Perth Perth is seen as the world’s most isolated capital city.

17. Across

New Zealand was discovered by Abel Tasman in 1642 and the Bay of Plenty is a popular holiday destination. The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest reef, home for over 1500 species of fish and now protected on the world heritage list.

Mindanao

Slovenia

Sudan

14. Down

Paraguay became independent from Spain in 1811.

21. Down

Bahamas

Goa Goa was once a Portuguese colony.

in g

The Sudan is over 622 900 km2 in area but the far north is virtually uninhabited desert. 4. Down

Paraguay

Sa m

Slovenia obtained its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. 1. Down

pl e

The Republic of the Philippines consists of over 7100 islands. 19. Across

Barrier

9. Down

Vi

Answers

ew

Over 90% of tourists holidaying in the Bahamas are North Americans.

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17

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Name Down

2.

Scottish city on the River Clyde west of Edinburgh.

5.

Lake Victoria forms part of this African country which straddles the Equator.

10. Guatemala City is obviously the capital city of this country near Honduras! 12. This Australian river flows into the Gulf of Carpentaria. 13. This European river flows through Ukraine and into the Black Sea. 15. Capital city in the SW of Australia. are the two largest 17. Luzon and islands of the Philippines.

.

in g ew

Canadian city in the province of Manitoba near the border with the USA.

4.

Nassau is the capital of these holiday islands where everyone has a fabulous time!

6.

Capital city in the flood-prone areas of central Bangladesh. Australia is Australia’s largest

state.

23. A tiny mountain kingdom in the Himalayas.

Vi

3.

Sa m

22. India lies to the east of the Arabian

Africa’s largest country is NW of Kenya.

7.

19. A country near Trieste on the Adriatic Sea. 20. Capital city of the Sudan.

1.

pl e

Across

8.

of Plenty is in North Island, The New Zealand, and there’s plenty there for tourists!

9.

The Great

Reef runs along Queensland’s coast in Australia, but not very fast! 11. Small African country sandwiched between Libya and Algeria, but not eaten! 14. South American country SE of Bolivia. 16. Capital city of Indonesia. River 18. The flows through Texas in America and appears to be blushing! 19.

Dakota is a state in America.

21. Holiday area on India’s west coast, on the 15°N latitude line.

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TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 18 21. Across

Rica

Tehran is sited on a high plateau at over 1200 metres.

Costa Rica’s prosperity relies on coffee and banana crops. 7. Across

23. Across

Valletta The George Cross (medal) was awarded to the Maltese people by Britain in 1943 for their heroism during bombing in World War II.

9. Across

Canal

Poland

Vi

ew

Poles are the people who live in Poland and winters are very cold there; hence the humour.

Answers

Ethiopia was once called Abyssinia and frequently suffers long, harsh droughts, with millions starving. 3. Down

Botswana Once called Bechuanaland, Botswana gained independence from Britain in 1966.

4. Down

Prague

The Czech Republic, formed in 1993, was once the major part of the old country of Czechoslovakia.

5. Down

36 Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

Gambia Gambia was Britain’s first African colony in 1765.

in g

The Panama Canal is 82 km long and was finally opened in 1914. Many workers on the canal lost their lives through mosquito-borne diseases. 20. Across

Ethiopia

Sa m

18. Across

24. Across

Luanda Luanda is Angola’s capital city and was established by Portugal in 1575.

Malawi Malawi is no wider than 160 km at its widest point.

Brunei Brunei is an oil-rich country, large deposits of oil having been discovered by the Shell company in 1929.

15. Across

Tehran

pl e

1. Across

8. Down

17. Down

Yellowstone Yellowstone Park was the world’s first national park. Utah The Mexican border is one of the world’s busiest, with thousands of Mexicans crossing into the USA each year, many staying as illegal immigrants.

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Across

18

Name

1.

Costa lies south of Nicaragua in Central America.

6.

Tiny African country on the eastern border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

7.

Malta’s capital near the 15°E longitude line.

9.

Country on the north coast of the island of Borneo near the 115°E longitude line.

pl e

10. Scotland is part of the Kingdom (UK).

Sa m

11. Thursday Island is near York on Australia’s north coast, but you can go there on Friday too!

14. Damascus is its capital city.

in g

13. African country south of Cameroon.

4.

Capital city of the Czech Republic.

16. You travel in this direction from Newfoundland to France, but don’t forget your boat!

5.

is an important 18. The Panama waterway near the 80°W longitude line.

A narrow west African country surrounded by Senegal, but its citizens can still get out! The

8.

20. Poles are found in Warsaw in this country, and they could be icy poles in winter!

The 110°W longitude line runs through this famous national park in Wyoming, USA.

9.

Capital city of Belgium—and you could find sprouts there!

Vi

ew

15. Tropical coastal city near the 10°S latitude line in Angola, Africa.

21. Capital of Iran, just south of the Caspian Sea. 23. A narrow African country NE of Zimbabwe. 24. East African country on the 10°N latitude line.

Down 2.

The Bristol SW England.

3.

African country SE of Angola.

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is a stretch of water in

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12. The 100°E longitude line crosses this strait near Malaysia. 17. Go south from this state, then through Arizona, before showing your passport at the Mexican border! 19. And, of course, you go in this direction from Mexico when you return to Arizona! 22. Sydney is the capital in Australia’s state of South Wales. Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

37


TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 19 Delft

26. Across

The pottery industry is helped by the fact that china clay is abundant in Holland. Delft ceramics are usually blue and white. 9. Across

Anchorage has suffered from earthquakes in the past. Alaska was purchased from Russia in 1867 and with all its mineral wealth, including oil, was certainly a bargain.

Fort Fort Worth is about 50 km west of Dallas. It was established in 1849.

11. Across

Zurich Zurich is Switzerland’s most populous city.

5. Down

Los

Las Vegas is a world-famous gaming city.

19. Down

Sumatra Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim country.

20. Down

Belarus Belarus has over 1000 lakes and was once known as ‘White Russia’.

21. Down

Suez The Suez Canal is over 170 km long and was opened in 1869. It drastically cut the long journey round the Cape of Good Hope from Europe to the far eastern Asian countries and Australia.

Vi

ew

in g

Cameroon has done well in football tournaments in recent years.

Answers

4. Down

Sa m

Cameroon

Fujisan Fujisan is also known as Mount Fuji.

Somalia In 1060 British Somaliland combined with Italian Somalia to form present-day Somalia, one of the world’s poorest countries. The region is shaped like a horn, hence the name.

23. Across

3. Down

Adriatic Canals form the ‘streets’ of Venice, so there’s enough water!

21. Across

Anchorage

pl e

2. Across

24. Down

Salt Salt Lake City was established in the 19th century by the Mormon Church and its leader, Brigham Young. It is the world headquarters of the faith.

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19

Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Across

7.

9.

Name

Famous pottery centre NW of Rotterdam.

is in the northern 18. The North hemisphere of course!

Large island in the Philippines crossed by the 15°N latitude line.

21. A country NE of Kenya on the ‘Horn of Africa’. 22. The 25°E longitude line runs through this sea west of Turkey.

Worth is west of Dallas in the American state of Texas.

23. Good football players come from this country SE of Nigeria!

10. Sweden is near the Baltic . There are lots of Swedes there, but they’re not vegetables! 11. Venice is near this sea, but doesn’t need any more water! 12. Capital city of Poland.

Down

3.

Dakota is an American state near the border with Canada. The highest mountain in Japan, located SW of Tokyo.

Sa m

Delhi is the capital of India.

16. City near the 30°E longitude line in the Ukraine and its capital.

Sea washes the shores of Italy

Vi

ew

in g

17. The and Greece.

26. This coastal city is in Alaska, an American state bought from Russia for US$7 million. A bargain! 1.

13. Capital city of Vietnam. 14.

25. Coastal region in eastern Canada, and a dog!

pl e

2.

4.

City in northern Switzerland.

5.

Alamos is near Las Vegas, where you could lose your pocket money! 6.

Kabul is its capital.

8.

Canada’s most easterly province sounds newly discovered, but its been known a long time!

11. Coastal city in Morocco, SW of Rabat. 15. Islands in the Bay of Bengal, east of India. 19. The largest island in Indonesia. 20. This country’s capital is Minsk. 21. Important canal in northern Egypt. 24. Lake City is in Utah, a state in America.

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39


TEACHER NOTES Additional information for Crossword 20 1. Across

Honduras

Hokkaido

1. Down

Gold deposits first drew the Spanish to Honduras in 1524. Honduras was once the world’s leading exporter of bananas. 5. Across

Japan’s four main islands make up 98% of the country’s land area, the rest being made up by around 4000 smaller islands.

Kuala The new country of Malaysia was formed in 1963, but Singapore left in 1965 to become an independent nation.

12. Across

The Rio Grande forms part of the border between Mexico and the USA. Burma, a British colony from 1895, is also known as Myanmar and has a poor record on human rights.

16. Down

17. Down

Ararat Mount Ararat is said to be the mountain where Noah’s Ark finally came to rest after the great flood recorded in the bible.

18. Down

Baikal Lake Baikal is the world’s deepest lake.

Vi

ew

La Paz means ‘the peace’ and is the world’s highest capital city.

Answers

A limerick is a rhymed nonsense poem of five lines.

in g

La

Limerick

Sa m

Kosciusko Mount Kosciusko is Australia’s highest mountain with a height of 2230 metres. (Also spelt Kosciuszko.)

24. Across

pl e

Ural The Ural Mountains are generally regarded as the divide between Europe and Asia.

19. Across

Rangoon

9. Down

Mecca Mecca is the holiest city of Islam and over one million Muslim pilgrims visit it each year.

13. Across

Rio

2. Down

40 Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

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Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords Across

20

Name

1.

A mountainous country with a border with Guatemala.

5.

Lumpur is the capital of Malaysia.

6.

Important goldmining centre in Western Australia.

11. Buenos is Argentina’s capital. 12. Holy city in Saudi Arabia on the 40°E longitude line.

pl e

13. Mountains in Russia which run along the 60°E longitude line, but not very fast! 17. City in France due north of Paris and NE of Rouen.

in g

Sa m

of Plenty 18. The in North Island, New Zealand, is a famous holiday area with plenty of tourists!

22. Edinburgh is discover!

ew

19. A mountain in the Australian alps in SE Australia and they don’t get any higher than this!

8.

Scotland, as you’ll

Vi

23. A Texas city south of the Red River in the USA. 9.

This River flows into the North Sea north of Cambridge in England. Capital of Burma (Myanmar).

Paz is Bolivia’s capital and, as it’s high 10. This river runs through Exeter in in the mountains, it’s a cold one too! SW England, as you will see in the city’s name! Sound 25. The Fitzroy River flows into 14. This country’s capital is Beirut. in NW Australia. 15. Another capital, this time in Belarus!

24.

Down 1.

The most northerly main island of Japan.

2.

The Mexico.

3.

Coastal industrial city in Israel, near Lebanon’s border.

4.

Spanish city NW of Madrid.

7.

Howe Island lies off the east coast of New South Wales, Australia.

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Grande is near the border of

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16. This place on the Shannon River in SW Ireland is also a poem, a funny one too! 17. Mountain in Turkey near the border with Armenia. 18. Large lake in Russia between the 100°E and 110°E longitude lines. Lake is in the state of 20. The Great Utah in America—and this answer goes well with fish and chips. 21. A canal and a city in northern Germany. Developing ATLAS SKILLS through crosswords

41


0348 Developing Atlas Skills through Crosswords Book 1