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LOWER

Published by Prim-Ed Publishing


Foreword This package is one of three in the Cloze Encounters series. In this lower primary title, based on Animals, each topic is spread over three pages. The first page contains a passage and leading questions to encourage children to take notes. The second page is a cloze passage of the previous page with every seventh word deleted. The third page is a comprehension page which covers the three levels of questioning and some basic word study of topic words.

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Contents

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This package of blackline masters can be used in many ways and with any ability group. They are designed to be flexible in their use. Answers for the cloze and comprehension pages have been included to save you marking time.

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Whales 1 .......................... report 2 ......................... cloze 3......................... comprehension Bats 4 ......................... report 5 ......................... cloze 6 ........................ comprehension Frogs 7 ......................... report 8 ........................ cloze 9 ........................ comprehension Penguins 10 ....................... report 11 ........................ cloze 12 ....................... comprehension Giraffes 13 ....................... report 14 ....................... cloze 15 ....................... comprehension Koalas 16 ....................... report 17 ........................ cloze 18 ....................... comprehension

Snakes 19 ........................ report 20 ...................... cloze 21 ........................ comprehension Aardvarks 22 ....................... report 23 ....................... cloze 24 ....................... comprehension Rabbits 25 ....................... report 26 ...................... cloze 27 ....................... comprehension Horses 28 ...................... report 29 ....................... cloze 30 ...................... comprehension Beavers 31 ........................ report 32 ....................... cloze 33 ...................... comprehension Polar Bears 34....................... report 35 ...................... cloze 36 ...................... comprehension 37 ....................... Answers

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Teachers Notes Each topic contains three pages: a comprehension passage; a cloze; and a comprehension page. The teacher may use all three together or mix and match. For example, the teacher may use the passage and the comprehension page only. This allows for flexibility within the package to suit the individual teacher’s programme.

Comprehension Passage The passage has been written to suit the age group.

Notetaking

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The information is high-interest to keep the children’s attention and contains interesting facts that children love.

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This feature is a form of comprehension and allows children to reiterate what they have learnt immediately after reading the text. This helps children to clarify what they have just read.

Cloze

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This cloze procedure, where systematic deletions have been made, can be used as a testing technique. If it is used in conjunction with the previous page, children are required to write appropriate words based on prior knowledge and understanding of the text. If it is used on its own, it can be used to test children’s ability to make appropriate predictions. Children’s answers should indicate some of the following: • understanding context; • developing meaning of storyline throughout the passage; and • displaying a knowledge of the patterns of language.

Comprehension The three levels of questioning have been covered on every comprehension page, ensuring children gain practice at the literal, inferential and evaluative levels.

Word Study Various word study activities have been incorporated to allow the children to focus on topic-related words. These words could be incorporated further into the language programme by including them in spelling lists.

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Whales

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Whales are very large animals that live in the sea. Whales are not fish. They are mammals and breathe air. Every now and then they must come up to the surface for a breath of air. Most whales breathe every five to ten minutes. The sperm whale can stay under the water for an hour!

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There are two types of whales. One type has teeth and eats all kinds of fish. The other type does not have teeth and feeds on tiny plants and animals.

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Some whales live in family groups of two or three. Other whales live in large groups called herds, schools or pods. The largest and fastest whale is the blue whale.

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Use key words to make notes about whales. These questions will help you.

1. What kind of animal is a whale?

2. What types of whales are there?

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3. What are groups of whales called? •

Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Whales 1

Whales are very large animals that

in the

2

. They are mammals

sea. Whales are not 3

and breathe air. 4

to the surface for a breath

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come

now and then they must

air. Most whales breathe every five

6

ten minutes. The sperm whale can

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5

7

under the

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water for an hour!

9

10

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teeth and feeds on tiny plants

animals. 13

14

Other whales

whale Prim-Ed Publishing

has teeth

fish. The other type does

Some whales live in family

schools

are two

types of whales. One

and eats all kinds not

8

15

16

of two or three.

in large groups called herds,

pods. The largest and fastest

the blue whale.

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Whales 1. Where do all whales live? 2. Why aren’t whales fish?

teeth

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3. The two types of whales are those teeth.

and those

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4. Can all whales stay under the water for an hour?

5. What names are given to large groups of whales?

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6. Do you think that whales without teeth could eat a fish?

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Why/Why not?

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7. Find these words in the word search. whale

sea

breathe

water

schools

fish

air

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pod

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B S S A S

R W E I C

E I A R H

Cloze Encounters - Animals

A M F W O

T P I H O

swim

H O S A L

E D H L S

W A T E R

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Bats

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Bats are mammals. They are the only mammals that can fly. They have furry bodies and their wings are covered with thin, smooth skin. Bats can be as small as some moths or as large as a pigeon.

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Most bats live in dark places, such as caves, during the daytime. They come out at night to feed. Bats hang upside down when resting.

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Many people believe bats are blind. This is not true. Most bats can see as well as we do. Bats that can not see as well as we do use sound. They send out high-pitched squeaks that bounce back into their ears, letting them know what is nearby.

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Write key words to make notes about bats. These questions will help you. 1. What type of animal is a bat?

2. What does a bat look like?

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3. How do bats find their way in the dark? 4. Where do bats live? •

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Bats 1

Bats are mammals. They are the 2

that can fly. They have 3

wings are covered

small as some moths or as

as a pigeon.

6

Most bats live

7

during

dark places such as caves

daytime. They come out at night

feed. Bats hang upside down when 9

.

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8

thin, smooth skin. Bats

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5

bodies and their

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4

can be

mammals

Many people believe bats are 10

blind.

is not

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true. Most bats can 11

12

do. Bats 13

see as well as 14

out

as well as we can not

do use sound. They send

squeaks that bounce back into their

15

, letting them know what is nearby.

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Bats 1. What type of animal is a bat?

3. Bats can be as

as a‌

rabbit.

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moth.

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2. What are bats’ wings covered in?

bee.

4. What do most people believe about bats?

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5. How do bats that do not see so well find their way around at night?

6. Do you like bats?

Why/Why not?

7. Write the words below in the correct shape. bats

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mammal

furry

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Frogs Frogs are amphibians. This means they spend part of their life as water animals and part of their life as land animals.

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A frog begin its life as an egg. A tadpole hatches from the egg. It breathes with gills as fish do. As the tadpole grows it begins to develop legs and later grows lungs. Just before it changes into a frog the tadpole loses its gills.

Nearly all frogs have long, strong back legs. These help frogs jump and swim. Some frogs only have short legs. They use them to dig holes so they can live under the ground.

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Frogs eat insects, earthworms and spiders. Most frogs do not have teeth and eat their food whole.

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Write the key words to make notes about frogs. These questions will help you.

1. What type of animal is a frog?

2. How does a frog change?

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3. What does a frog eat? •

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Frogs 1

Frogs are amphibians. This means they 2

part of their life as water animals.

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3

life as

and part of their

4

A frog begin its life as 5

egg. A tadpole

. It breathes with gills as

hatches from the

7

. As the tadpole grows it begins

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6

fish

develop legs and later grows lungs. 8

before it

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changes into a frog 9

tadpole loses its gills.

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Nearly all

have long, strong 11

back legs. These help 12

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swim. Some frogs only 13

them to

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jump and

short legs. They use

holes so they can live under

ground.

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Frogs eat insects, earthworms and 16

frogs do not have teeth

. Most

eat their food

whole. Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Frogs

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1. What is the meaning of the word amphibian?

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2. Why do frogs have long, strong back legs?

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3. How does a tadpole breathe?

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4. How does a frog eat its food?

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5. Do you think a rabbit is an amphibian?

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Why/Why not?

6. Draw pictures of the animals a frog likes to eat.

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Penguins Penguins are birds that can not fly. They walk on land with a funny waddle but are excellent swimmers. Penguins can only be found in the cold, southern parts of the world.

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Penguins are covered with thick, short feathers. Their wings act like flippers and their feet are webbed like a duck’s. This means they can swim and dive very well. Thick, waterproof feathers and layers of fat help keep them warm.

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Penguins spend most of their time in the water

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where they catch fish to eat. They come onto the land to lay their eggs and look after their young. Thousands of penguins make nests together. This is called a rookery.

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Write key words to make notes about penguins. These questions will help you.

1. What type of animal is a penguin?

2. What do penguins look like?

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3. Where do penguins build their nest? •

Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Penguins 1

Penguins are birds that can not

. They

2

walk on land with a

waddle but are 3

excellent swimmers. Penguins

5

with thick, short feathers.

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Penguins are

parts of the world.

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4

found in the cold,

only be

6

Their wings

like flippers and their feet are

like a duck’s. This means they

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swim and dive very well. Thick,

9

feathers and layers of fat help

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them warm.

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10

11

Penguins spend most of 12

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water where they

13

come onto

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time in the

fish to eat. They

land to lay their eggs and

after their young. Thousands of 15

penguins

nests together. This is called a

16

.

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Penguins 1. Penguins are best at‌ walking.

swimming.

flying.

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2. In what part of the world can penguins be found?

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3. Why can penguins swim and dive so well?

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4. Why do penguins spend most of their time in the water?

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5. What is a rookery?

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6. Why do you think thousands of penguins build nests together?

7. Write the words below in the correct shape. penguin

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rookery

feathers

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Giraffes

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Giraffes are the tallest of all animals. They have very long legs and long necks. Giraffes have a patchlike pattern on their skin. This pattern helps them to hide in trees and bushes. Each giraffe has its own pattern.

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Giraffes feed on twigs, leaves and fruit from bushes and trees. They eat this food the same way as cows. Giraffes chew their food and then swallow it. Later, they bring the food back up from their stomachs for a second chew.

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A baby giraffe is called a calf. Calves are nearly two metres tall when they are born. They can stand and walk within an hour after birth.

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Write the key words to make notes about giraffes. These questions will help you. 2. What do giraffes eat?

3. How do giraffes eat their food?

4. What is a baby giraffe called?

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1. What do giraffes look like?

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Giraffes 1

Giraffes are the tallest of all 2

very long legs and

. They have

necks. Giraffes have 3

their skin. This

pattern helps them

4

hide in trees and

5

has its own pattern.

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bushes. Each

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a patchlike pattern

6

Giraffes feed

7

trees. They eat this food the

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bushes

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11

13

way as cows. Giraffes chew their

and then swallow it. Later, the food back up from their

for a second chew.

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A baby

8

9

10

they

twigs, leaves and fruit from

is called a calf. Calves are

two metres tall when they are

14

. They can stand and walk within

15

Prim-Ed Publishing

hour after birth.

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Giraffes 1. The giraffe is the tallest animal in the world. No

Yes

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2. How are a giraffe and a cow alike?

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3. Why do giraffes have patchlike patterns on their skin?

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4. Why do you think a giraffe has a long neck?

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5. Describe what a newly born giraffe looks like and what it can do.

6. Complete the crossword using the words below. giraffe animal hide

tall food

d

t

r i o

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Koalas Koalas are special kinds of mammals called ‘marsupials’. This means they have a pouch for their young. Some people call koalas ‘koala bears’ because they look like a teddy bear. This is not their proper name.

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Koalas are found only in Australia. Their thick fur is coloured brown or grey but their bellies are white. Koalas have long toes with curved, sharp claws. They use these to grip the branches of the eucalypt trees in which they live. Koalas eat only the leaves of these trees. They sleep nearly all the time and feed for a few hours each night.

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The word ‘koala’ is an Aboriginal word meaning ‘no drink’. Koalas get the water they need from the leaves they eat.

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Write key words to make notes about koalas. These questions will help you. 1. What type of animal is a koala?

2. What does a koala look like?

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3. What does a koala eat and drink? •

Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Koalas Koalas are special kinds of mammals

1

‘marsupials’. This means they have a

2

3

their young. Some people call 4

5

teddy

name.

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bear. This is not their

Koalas are found only in

‘koala

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bears’ because they look like

for

6

.

Their thick fur is coloured brown

grey but their bellies are white.

8

have long toes with curved, sharp 9

. They use these to grip

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7

10

the

of the eucalypt 11

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trees in which 12

Koalas eat only the leaves 13

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They sleep nearly all 14

a few

these trees.

time and feed for

each night. 15

The word ‘koala’ is

Aboriginal word 16

meaning ‘no drink’. Koalas 17

they need from the Prim-Ed Publishing

live.

Cloze Encounters - Animals

the water

they eat. - 17 -


Koalas 1. What type of mammal is the koala?

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2. Why do some people think the koala is a type of bear?

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3. Colour the koala correctly. 4. Describe how a koala grips the branches of the trees.

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5. What do koalas eat?

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6. What does the word ‘koala’ mean? 7. Would a koala enjoy exercise?

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Why/Why not?

8. Find these words in the word search. koala

mammal

drink

brown

bear

claws

eat

sleep

Prim-Ed Publishing

B E A R D

R C S B R

O L L M I

Cloze Encounters - Animals

W A E A N

N W E M K

A S P M C

E A T A D

K O A L A

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Snakes

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Snakes are reptiles. They have long bodies covered in dry scales. Snakes do not have legs and have to wriggle from side to side to move. Snakes’ tongues are forked. They pick up scents which snakes can smell.

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Snakes live in many places around the world. They can be found in forests, rivers, oceans and deserts. Snakes can grow to be as long as nine metres. Others may grow to only fifteen centimetres.

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Snakes feed on animals such as mice, birds and frogs. Some snakes have a poisonous bite. Snakes that are not poisonous may curl around their prey to stop them breathing.

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Write key words to make notes about snakes. These questions will help you.

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1. What type of animal is a snake?

2. Where do snakes live?

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3. How does a snake kill its food? •

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Snakes 1

Snakes are reptiles. They have long 2

covered in dry scales. Snakes do 3

legs and have to wriggle

They pick up scents which snakes

are forked.

smell.

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5

6

Snakes live in many places

7

They can be found

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grow to be as long

metres. Others may grow to only 10

centimetres.

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the world.

forests, rivers, oceans

8

and deserts. Snakes as

side to side to

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4

move. Snakes’

have

Snakes feed on animals such

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11

mice, birds and

frogs. Some snakes 12

a poisonous

bite. Snakes that are

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13

poisonous may curl around their prey

14

stop them breathing. Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Snakes 1. What kind of covering does a snake have?

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2. What use is a snake’s tongue?

g

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3. List three places snakes can be found.

fish

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4. Circle the animals snakes like to eat. mice

frogs

ants

birds

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5. Do you like snakes?

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Why/Why not?

6. Write the words below in the correct shape. snake

Prim-Ed Publishing

forest

victims

crush

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Aardvarks

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Aardvarks are mammals that live in Africa. They have long snouts like pigs do. Their ears look like a donkey’s. They have large claws on their front and back legs. Aardvarks use their claws to dig up ant and termite nests. Then they catch the insects with their sticky tongues.

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These animals also use their claws to dig large holes in the ground. It takes only a few minutes for aardvarks to dig a deep hole and escape from their enemies. Aardvarks sleep in their holes during the day. They come out after dark to hunt for food.

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Write key words to make notes about aardvarks. These questions will help you.

1. What does an aardvark look like? 2. What does an aardvark like to eat?

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3. How does it escape from its enemies? •

Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Aardvarks 1

Aardvarks are mammals that live in

. They

2

have long snouts like pigs

. Their ears look

3

like a donkey’s. 4

back legs.

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their front

have large claws on

5

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Aardvarks use their claws 6

termite nests.

7

their

dig up ant and

they catch the insects with

tongues.

8

to dig large

holes in the

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These animals also use their

9

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. It

takes only a few

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minutes 10

aardvarks to dig a deep hole 11

12

sleep 13

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escape from their enemies. Aardvarks their holes during the day. They

out after dark to hunt for food. Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Aardvarks 1. Where does the aardvark come from?

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2. How do aardvarks get their food?

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3. Name one reason aardvarks dig large holes in the ground.

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4. Would you be afraid of an aardvark?

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Why/Why not?

5. Complete the crosspatch using the words below.

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nest

e

aardvarks termite mammal

o

r

s

n

holes enemies Prim-Ed Publishing

l Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Rabbits

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Rabbits are furry mammals with long ears and short fluffy tails. Most animals walk or run but rabbits hop. Their back legs are strong and help them to hop. They use their front legs for balance, cleaning and feeding.

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Rabbits’ eyes are on the sides of their head. This means they can see things to the side and behind better than they can see things in front. Rabbits also have very good hearing and sense of smell. They can see, hear and smell danger quickly.

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Rabbits live wild in most parts of the world. They eat many kinds of plants and can become pests to farmers. Many people keep rabbits as pets.

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Write key words to make notes about rabbits. These question will help you.

1. What type of animal is a rabbit? 2. How does a rabbit move?

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3. What helps a rabbit to know when there is danger? •

Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Rabbits 1

Rabbits are furry mammals with long 2

short fluffy tails. Most animals 3

rabbits hop. Their 4

6

on the sides of their head.

means they can see things 8

side and behind 9

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to better than they

hop. They use their front legs

balance, cleaning and feeding.

Rabbits’ eyes 7

legs are strong and

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5

or run but

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help them

and

see things in front. Rabbits also

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10

very good 11

hearing and sense of

. 12

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They can see, hear and smell

13

Rabbits live wild in most

They eat many become pests keep rabbits as Prim-Ed Publishing

14

15

quickly.

of the world.

of plants and can farmers. Many people

16

.

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Rabbits 1. Describe what a rabbit looks like.

3. Rabbits can‌ swim. fly.

hop.

run.

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walk.

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2. What does a rabbit use its front legs for?

4. Why can a rabbit see better behind and to the side of itself?

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5. Why do you think rabbits can become pests?

6. Complete these words from the story. i

Vi

r

m

m

p

ts

f

m

d f

n r

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ls

r e

y

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Horses Horses have been very useful animals to people for a long time. They once did a lot of the work now done by cars, tractors and other machines.

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There are many different types of horses. Horses can be grouped in three ways. Heavy horses are the tallest and strongest and are used for pulling. Light horses are mainly used for racing and riding for fun. Ponies are small horses and make good pets for children. They are usually gentle and learn quickly.

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Horses have large eyes. A horse can make one eye look forwards while the other eye looks backwards! Horses also have good senses of hearing and smell.

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Write key words to make notes about horses. These questions will help you.

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1. How have horses been useful to people?

2. What are the three groups of horses?

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3. What is special about a horse’s eyes? •

Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Horses 1

Horses have been very useful animals 2

people for a long time. They 3

the work

done by cars, tractors and other

.

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4

did a lot of

5

There are many different types of

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. Horses

6

. Heavy horses

can be grouped in three

7

are the tallest and

8

Light

are mainly used for racing and

for fun. Ponies are small horses

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9

and are used for pulling.

make good pets for children. They

11

usually gentle and learn quickly.

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10

12

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Horses

large eyes. A horse can make

13

eye look forwards while the other

14

looks

backwards! Horses also have good

15

of

hearing and smell. Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

- 29 -


Horses

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1. Write about one way horses have been useful to people.

2. What are light horses mainly used for?

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3. Why do ponies make good pets?

4. What type of horse would you like to own?

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Why?

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5. Write the words below in the correct shape. horses

people smell ponies police Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Beavers Beavers are furry mammals that live in the lakes, rivers and streams of North America. They build their unique homes in the water using nearby trees. These homes are called ‘lodges’.

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Beavers have very strong teeth and jaws. In the front are four curved teeth. These are used to cut down trees and branches to build their lodges. Beavers have large flat tails. They use these tails when they swim and to help them stand on land. Their tails are also slapped on the water to warn other beavers of danger.

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Although beavers live around water, they do not eat fish. They feed on the bark of trees, leaves, shoots and roots.

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Write key words to make notes about beavers. These questions will help you. 1. What type of animal is a beaver? 2. How do they build their homes?

Vi

3. What does a beaver eat? •

Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

- 31 -


Beavers 1

Beavers are furry mammals that live 2

lakes, rivers and streams of 3

build their unique homes

5

the water using

are called ‘lodges’.

teeth and jaws. In the

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Beavers have very

America. They

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4

nearby trees. These

6

front

the

four curved teeth. These are used 7

cut

8

their

branches to

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down trees and

9

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lodges. Beavers have large flat 10

these tails when they

and to help them

11

stand on

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. They use

. Their tails are also slapped on

12

water to warn other beavers of

13

.

14

Although beavers live around water, they 15

not eat fish. They feed on Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

bark of trees, - 32 -


Beavers

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1. Why do beavers live near trees?

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2. What do we call beaver homes?

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3. Write about one use of a beaver’s tail.

4. Circle the things beavers like to eat. fish

bark

insects

in

roots

leaves

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5. Do you think a beaver is clever?

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Why/Why not?

6. Find these words in the word search. beaver

lodges

trees

tail

rivers

swim

strong

jaws

Prim-Ed Publishing

T R E E S

A I S L T

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Cloze Encounters - Animals

L E R D E

J R O G A

A S N E V

W A G S E

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Polar Bears Polar bears are large, white bears that live on the sea ice around the North Pole. They are one of the best known bears.

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Polar bears have long necks and bodies, furry short ears and sharp teeth. They have thick white fur and layers of fat under the skin to keep them warm. Their white fur also helps them blend in with the ice and snow. They can hunt for seals without being easily seen. No rt h Pol e

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Seals are the main food of polar bears. The seals are hunted around the holes in the ice when they come up to breathe. The polar bears also eat sea birds, fish, berries and grasses.

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Write key words to make notes about polar bears. These questions will help you.

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1. Where do polar bears live?

2. What do polar bears look like?

3. What do polar bears eat? •

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Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Polar Bears 1

Polar bears are large, white bears 2

the sea ice around

best known bears.

4

Polar bears have 5

6

white

necks and bodies, furry

sharp teeth. They have thick

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short ears

North Pole. They are

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3

one of

live on

and layers of fat under the

to keep them warm. Their white

8

also helps them blend in with

9

ice and snow. They can hunt

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7

ew

10

seals without being easily seen.

11

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Seals

the main food of polar bears.

12

seals are hunted around the holes

13

the ice when they come up

14

breathe.

The polar bears also eat 15

birds, fish,

berries and grasses. Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Polar Bears

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2. What keeps a polar bear warm?

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1. How does the polar bear’s white fur help it to hunt?

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3. Name three things a polar bear likes to eat.

4. Do you think a seal is a mammal?

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Why/Why not?

5. Write the words below in the correct shape. polar coasts seals around Prim-Ed Publishing

Cloze Encounters - Animals

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Answers Whales Page 2

Giraffes Page 14

5.

live 2. fish 3. Every 4. up 5. of 6. to 7. stay 8. There 9. type 10. of 11. have 12. and 13. groups 14. live 15. or 16. is

1. animals 2.

long 3. on 4. to 5. giraffe 6. on 7. and 8. same 9. food 10. bring 11. stomachs 12. giraffe 13. nearly 14. born 15. an

Rabbits Page 26

Page 15

11.

1.

Page 3 1.(L) in the sea 2.(L) They are mammals and breathe air. 3.(L) with, without 4.(I) No, only the sperm whale. 5.(L) pods, herds or schools 6.(E) Answers may vary 7. Teacher check

Bats Page 5 1. only 2. furry 3. with 4. as 5. large 6. in 7. the 8. to 9. resting 10. This 11. see 12. that 13. we 14. high-pitched 15. ears

Koalas Page 17

Page 6

1.

1.(L) 2.(L) 3.(I) 4.(L) 5.(L)

5.

spend 2. animals 3. land 4. an 5. egg 6. do 7. to 8. Just 9. the 10 . frogs 11. frogs 12. have 13. dig 14 . spiders 15. and

Page 9

1.(L) a marsupial 2.(I) They think it is a bear because it looks like a teddy bear. 3.(L) Teacher check 4.(L) Koalas have long toes with curved, sharp claws used to grip the branches of the trees. 5.(L) eucalypt leaves 6.(L) It is an Aboriginal word meaning ‘no drink.’ 7.(E) Answers may vary 8. Teacher check

in

1.

Page 18

g

Frogs Page 8

called 2. pouch 3. koalas 4. a proper 6. Australia 7. or 8. Koalas 9. claws 10. branches 11. they 12. of 13. the 14. hours 15. an 16. get 17. leaves

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a mammal thin, smooth skin small They believe bats are blind. They use sound. They send out screams that bounce back to their ears letting them know what is nearby. 6.(E) Answers may vary 7. Teacher check

1.(L) An animal that spends part of its life as a water animal and part of its life on land. 2.(L) to help the frog jump and swim 3.(L) with gills 4.(L) swallow food whole 5.(E) Answers may vary 6.(I) Teacher check

1. ears 2. walk 3. back 4. to 5. for 6. are 7. This 8.

the 9. can 10. have smell 12. danger 13. parts 14. kinds 15. to 16 . pets

Page 27 1.(L) Teacher check 2.(L) balance, cleaning and feeding 3.(I) hop 4.(L) Because it has eyes on the side of its head. 5.(E) Answers may vary 6. rabbit, mammals, pests, farmers, danger, furry

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1.(L) yes 2.(I) They both eat food the same way. 3.(L) The pattern helps it to hide in the trees and bushes. 4.(E) Answers may vary 5.(L) Calves are nearly two metres tall. They can stand and walk within an hour after birth. 6. Teacher check

Teacher check

Snakes Page 20

Horses Page 29

to 2. once 3. now 4. machines horses 6. ways 7. strongest 8. horses 9. riding 10. and 11. are 12. have 13. one 14. eye 15. senses 1. 5.

Page 30 1.(I) Teacher check 2.(L) racing, riding for fun 3.(L) Ponies are small horses, are usually gentle and learn quickly. 4.(E) Answers may vary 5. Teacher check

Beavers Page 32 in 2. North 3. in 4. homes 5. strong are 7. to 8. build 9. tails 10. swim 11. land 12. the 13. danger 14. do 15. the 1. 6.

Aardvarks Page 23

1.

Page 12

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Page 33

5. covered 6. act 7.

1. bodies 2. not 3. from 4. tongues 5. can 6. around 7. in 8. can 9. nine 10. fifteen 11. as 12. have 13. not 14. to Page 21 1.(L) long body covered in dry scales 2.(L) The forked tongue helps it to smell by picking up scent. 3.(L) forest, rivers, oceans, deserts 4.(I) mice, frogs, birds 5.(E) Answers may vary 6. Teacher check

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Penguins Page 11 1. fly 2.

funny 3. can 4. southern webbed 8. can 9. waterproof 10. keep 11. their 12. catch 13. the 14. look 15. make 16. rookery 1.(I) swimming 2.(L) cold, southern parts 3.(L) wings act like flippers, webbed feet 4.(I) water is where their food is caught 5.(L) A rookery is where thousands of penguins build their nests. 6.(E) Answers may vary 7. Teacher check

Prim-Ed Publishing

1.(L) They need the trees to build their homes, and for food 2.(L) lodges 3.(L) helps the beaver stand on land/slapped on the water to warn of danger 4.(I) roots, bark, leaves 5.(E) Answers may vary 6. Teacher check

Polar Bears Page 35

6. they 7. tongues 8. to 9. It

that 2. the 3. the 4. long 5. and fur 7. skin 8. fur 9. the 10. for 11. are 12. The 13. in 14. to 15. sea 16. and

10. aardvarks 11. escape 12. their

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13. out

1.(I) The white fur helps it blend in with the ice and snow. It can creep up on its prey easily. 2.(L) thick fur/layers of fat beneath the skin 3.(L) seals, sea birds, fish, berries, grasses 4.(E) Answers may vary 5. Teacher check

1. Africa 2. do 3. They 4. and 5. dig

Page 24 1.(L) Africa 2.(L) It uses its claws to dig up ant and termite nests. Then it catches the insects with its sticky tongue. 3.(I) to escape from enemies, to sleep in during the day 4.(E) Answers may vary

Cloze Encounters - Animals

6.

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