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Book Two

Written by Dr Sheila Twine IRE–0372

Published by Prim-Ed Publishing


Foreword Comprehension Lifters is a set of copymasters designed to assist students who have experienced difficulties with reading and comprehension. Topics are of high interest to appeal to older students with low literacy skills. Comprehension activities are varied and include superficial and in-depth questions requiring students to interact with text at a range of levels. The four books of Comprehension Lifters can be used on their own or in conjunction with the four books of Literacy Lifters by the same author. Thus, students working at a basic level on Book 1 of Literacy Lifters would progress to Book 1 of Comprehension Lifters before moving on to Book 2 of Literacy Lifters.

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In both Literacy Lifters and Comprehension Lifters, the book numbers do not correspond to grade or class levels, but rather to the skill level of students. Books progress in level of difficulty. Thus, Book 1 is pitched at a basic reading level and would be suitable for students who had floundered with their start to literacy. Book 2 would be appropriate for students who require assistance with basic skills. Books 3 and 4 would suit students whose reading and understanding of text is at a low level.

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About the Author

Dr Sheila Twine is an educational consultant who has worked with parents, teachers and students with special needs in England, Scotland and Australia. She is the author of three books containing practical techniques for working with children who experience difficulties with reading and spelling. She holds a Masters Degree and a Doctorate in Education.

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Dr Twine has been president of various associations and foundations involved with underachieving children with a variety of disabilities from mild intellectual handicap to attention deficit disorder. She was principal of a residential remedial primary school and has been the director of an education consultancy for many years.

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Contents

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Teacher Information .... (ii) – (vi) Ladybirds ......................................1 Rats ...............................................2 Ants ...............................................3 Mongooses ..................................4 Postcard .......................................5 Letter ............................................6 Daddy-long-legs ..........................7 Dragonflies ..................................8 Prawns ..........................................9 Worms ...................................... 10 Crabs ......................................... 11 Budgies ...................................... 12 Tadpoles .................................... 13 Starfish ....................................... 14 Fleas ........................................... 15 Lizards ....................................... 16 Baby Kangaroos ....................... 17 Termites .................................... 18 Beetles ....................................... 19 Goldfish ..................................... 20

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Comprehension Lifters

Crickets ..................................... 21 Bees............................................ 22 Moles ......................................... 23 Snails .......................................... 24 Scorpions .................................. 25 Tortoises ................................... 26 Centipedes ............................... 27 Guinea Pigs ............................... 28 Poodles ...................................... 29 Hermit Crabs ........................... 30 Frogs .......................................... 31 Quails ........................................ 32 Bats ............................................ 33 Mosquitoes ............................... 34 Butterflies ................................. 35 Caterpillars ............................... 36 Mice ........................................... 37 Piglets ........................................ 38 Cockroaches ............................ 39 Baby Alligators ......................... 40 i


Teacher Information GENERAL LAYOUT Comprehension Lifters are designed as a teaching tool to assist you in raising the literacy levels of your students who are experiencing difficulties with reading and comprehension. The page layout is similar throughout the books with text well separated to make discouraged readers feel more at ease. In each book there are 40 topic pages dealing with aspects of the same theme which are intended to be of interest to older students with low literacy skills. The font size is appropriate to the students’ ages and so is smaller than normal for the easier reading level; therefore, the pages do not look ‘babyish’.

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The Backing Sheet can be copied onto the back of any or all of the topic pages. It is general and designed to complement your teaching. It contains space for activities in word study, thought-webbing and writing.

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TOPIC PAGES Each topic page has a number of sections. There is a section for patterned words which are phonically regular (found, sound, round) and for sight words (the, said, enough) for instant recognition. Most pages also have longer words broken into ‘chunks’ to encourage your students to tackle unfamiliar words more easily (nav-i-gate).

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There are many comprehension sections. These include: Main idea – Students need to be able to group the main idea of the text. Selecting and creating a title assists with this and is featured on every topic page. Cloze activity – Each page also features a cloze activity which requires students to think as they read so a sensible word can be inserted into the blank spaces using clues from the text. Questions – Literal questions are included where the answer is clear from the story. There are also inferential questions where students are asked to think and provide a logical answer. (He put on his waterproof coat – What was the weather like?) Others – Some pages feature following directions or giving opinions. Some ask for students to make judgements and some ask for elements to be put in correct sequence.

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At the bottom of each topic page there is a section in smaller type. This can act as a challenge to the more able students in your group to read to the others. The section either asks a deeper level of comprehension question or gives more information about the topic.

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TEACHING TIPS Two teaching strategies which were used when the layout of the topic pages was being trialled concerned pre-reading and gap-filling. You may like to try them. Pre-reading – students were asked to glance at the pictures on their topic page then turn the page over (so no reading took place). They were then asked to volunteer snippets of information on the topic. (It’s all about ballooning, My Mum went up in a hot-air balloon, They have a fire machine to make the balloon go up, Some balloons go on races etc.) This serves to get your students’ brains tuned in to the topic. Three things then happen. First, the reading becomes easier (they’re expecting the words). Second, their comprehension is better, and third, recall is improved. Three good reasons for spending a few moments in a pre-reading activity. Gap-filling – the topic pages are teaching tools for you so it’s a good idea not to let your students fill in the blanks while you are going through the various sections of the page with them. The ‘pencils down’ rule allows them to focus their whole attention on what you’re saying. Later comes their turn for practice and activity by filling in the blanks and answering the questions on their own. The Backing Sheet can be used while you’re teaching. For instance, ‘Let’s spell that word together. Now spell it silently, turn over and see if you can write it down’.

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Comprehension Lifters

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Teacher Information Topic Pages The Topic Pages have been designed for students who are experiencing difficulties with literacy. They are all pitched to create a high level of interest which will appeal to students with low skill levels.

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The Topic Page layouts have been trialled in small remedial groups using an ACTIVE teaching mode which is outlined in the model below. Students were encouraged to fill in ‘gaps’ in the Topic Pages only after teaching had taken place. The Backing Sheet was used during the teaching for students to write patterned, chunked and sight words from memory. Topics are arranged in themes and each page contains scope for your active teaching as follows:

Pre-reading

Word Study

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Title:

worm

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• Discovering pre-existing knowledge through discussion, with students volunteering snippets of information after looking at illustrations.

k

w

d

w

st

worm

castings

fer til i ser fertiliser

g

Plants grow well when worms are in the soil. Wo

in

the rotted leaves and dead insects in the s

eat all l.

Worm poo is called ‘castings.’ Worm cas

good fert

ew

W

Comprehension

w

make

Vi • Cloze activity – to promote thinking and to reinforce word study items. • Questions – literal and inferential.

• Chunked words – words broken into chunks to assist blending and spelling rather than conventional syllables. • Silent letters have been identified by slipping the letter below the line of the whole word.

so plants grow better.

s are like little gardeners work

for you below

Reading

the ground.

• Predicting.

• Main idea – creating or choosing titles.

• Phonic word patterns of regular words or theme words.

• Oral, group, silent, paired or partner reading.

Choose a title. Green Plants

What do worms eat?

What are ‘castings’?

Underground Gardeners Rotted Leaves Dead Insects Why do plants grow well when worms are in the soil?

Extension – Reading or Comprehension Either a more difficult level of comprehension or more information on the topic.

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Comprehension Lifters

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Backing Sheet The Backing Sheet is provided for you to copy on the back of any or all of the Topic Pages. You’ll notice that it is general and suitable for all Topic Pages. It is designed to complement your teaching and you may care to use or adapt the following suggestions as shown on the sample Backing Sheet.

Odd Words/Long Words

• Can be used while you’re teaching or for practice afterwards.

• Practice in reading and writing of longer words or sight words.

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Patterned Words

Drawing

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• Matching drawing to main idea of story.

Writing

Thought Web

• Written (factual) material can assist students to write in a logical, thematic structure by giving them a standard format to formulate good habits.

• Integrating elements from text with pre-existing knowledge.

• Later, format can be extended as basic skill improves and is well founded. Prim-Ed Publishing

• Practice in sorting out random thoughts into sub-themes, or lists or categories.

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My Turn

Backing Sheet

Odd words and long words

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Words that look and sound the same.

Main Topic

Sub-themes

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Sub-themes

Title

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Write 2 paragraphs with a drawing.

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Comprehension Lifters

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Programme Overview

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Mongooses Postcard Letter Daddy-long-legs Dragonflies Prawns Worms Crabs Budgies Tadpoles Starfish Fleas Lizards Baby Kangaroos Termites Beetles Goldfish

ey ay air first, second breath/breathe first, second, third wor use, using any, many tch all ea break, broken lk ou synonyms old

write titles inference, clues using clues picture distraction true/false true/false sequence inference inference draw from instructions yes/no absurdities inference true/false true/false true/false inference

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ass ve ind, under nch ey theme words ever, never o-e oy bby, gger ies qu, ey igh, some, come wh tty, tter, tting numbers gnaw, know ood, other

confusions inference yes/no/doesn't say think up titles like/different I'm a ....., I'm not a ... riddles think up a title using clues inference poem picture inference what are we? poor title absurdities what am I? what am I? what am I?

50

could, would, should tch

what am I? what am I?

Crickets Bees Moles Snails Scorpions Tortoises Centipedes Guinea Pigs Poodles Hermit Crabs Frogs Quails Bats Mosquitoes Butterflies Caterpillars Mice Piglets

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23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Word Count

32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Cockroaches Baby Alligators

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4 5

Feature absurdities picture distraction draw from description

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3

Word Study I'm, We're, It's I've, I'm, ole theme words

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1 2

Subject Ladybirds Rats Ants

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37 41 43 45 43 43 42 41 46 38 43 42 46 48 51 52 49 46 40 50 47 50 49 58 53 56 58 51 59 54 48 55 67 53 72 67 66 71 vi


Minibeasts

Title: I’m

I am

It’s

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We’re

any

lad

ny ma

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y

lad

ies

I’m called a ladybird which is so silly.

not all lad

s. Half of us are

in

We’

d as anyone can see.

g

not a bi

I’

females and h

f are males.

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Where did we get such a si

y name?

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Think of some better names for us.

A ladybird is a female bird.

Half the ladybirds are male. ␣

Write a title at the top of the page. Think of a little story about how the ladybird got its name. You could write it on the back of this page. Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

1


Minibeasts

Title: e mol hol lik

I’m

pl e

mak

I am

dif

I’ve

fer

diffe

ent

rent

I’m a rat. I’m a bit lik I’m a bit lik

a mol

Sa m

I h

a mouse but I’m big

.

but I’ve got a tail and I see well.

not at all like a hen but I l

e to eat their f

d.

in

g

I’

tak

ew

Choose a title. Hens

How am I dif

a mouse?

Do I like seed?

Seeds

Does a mole see well?

Mouse

What was your clue?

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t from

Rat Is the picture a good one to explain the story? What would you have drawn?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: col on ies

er

eith

her

birds

colonies

neit

wasps termites

Ants live in col

pl e

tunnels

ies in underground homes called

nests. No, not that sort of nest, that’s for b

Sa m of nest

No, not that s eith

ds.

. That’s for wa

s.

g

Ants live in a network of underg

in

and rooms. That is an ants n

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Draw an ants nest.

tun .

Is this an ants nest or a termites nest?

Think up a good title.

Who lives in a nest? ,

, ,

Think of a better name than ‘nest’ for an ants home.

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: ey th

mongoose

gr ob

The mon

is a small brown

or gr

pl e

own

er

will ob

its own

In India these little anim and kill poi

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animal. It can be very tame and .

attack

snakes.

are fast and fearless.

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India

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Th

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Write two titles.

ous n so poi s nou o s i po

What colours are mongoose fur? and

What does ‘fearless’ mean?

Why do you think it would be good to have a pet mongoose if you lived in India?

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Minibeasts

Title: ay

y wind

d pl

ing

spr

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Sund Mond

Draw Uncle Dan’s boat.

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my crab

Clayton

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Love f

in

g

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Dear Grandad, I like it here. I’ve got a crab under a rock. every d . We have been swimm We went out on Uncle Dan’s boat and it was very windy so we went v y fast. I got wet with spr . See you on Sun for lunch.

25c

Mr R Green 16 West Road Haytown NW4 2RT

Clayton got a crab.

Why did Uncle Dan’s boat go fast?

Who got wet with spray?

What are the clues which tell you that Clayton is on a holiday?

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Minibeasts

Title: 14 Parkway, Greentown 27 December

Dear Jenny,

air st ch

Thank you for my gift. What a

H

!

Cl

I have called her H has long silky ha

ry, because she

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surp

y

. She sits with

p

surprise box

in my big ch

plays with a p

r of your old socks.

She is getting bigg

every day.

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Love f Aunt Cl

and she

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m

âœŞ

Why did Jenny give her Aunt a gift?

Draw what was in the surprise box.

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(Clue: Look at the date on the letter.)

âœŞ

Was the gift a baby or fully grown? Clue:

Look at the box. What are the holes for?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title:

clue true blue

first

1st

second

2nd

third fourth

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fifth

cor

What am I?

cor

t

rec

t

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First clue: I am an insect. Sec

rec

cl

: I have long, thin legs.

Th

: I have wings.

F

th

: My correct name is crane fly.

Fif

g

: My name has three parts. The first part is ‘daddy.’ -l

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Draw me.

-l

in

I am a d

egs l g lon

I have long legs.

I have two names.

What is my correct name?

Why do you think I’m called a crane fly?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: breath breathe breathing

harm

less less

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harm

Sa m

fierc

e

Have you ever seen a dragonfly?

The name ‘dragonfly’ makes it sound fierce. You think of it bre

ing fire. You think of it eating boys and gi

at all. It is pretty and harmless.

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But it is not like a dr

.

Tick the words that mean harmless.

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Choose a title.

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Breathing Fire

fierce

pretty

gentle

strong

dragon

safe

Boys and Girls

A dragonfly breathes fire.

Gentle Dragonfly

A dragon is pretty.

Dragons

A dragonfly has four wings.

True False

True False True False

Think of a reason why the word ‘dragon’ is in dragonfly. (Use your imagination.)

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: first

prawn

second

pl e

third

shrimp

enough

Sa m

Prawns and shrimps are both good to eat.

First you boil them. Second, let them cool and th shells off. It takes ages to p

d, peel the

l enough shrimps for a

g

meal. Five or six king prawns make a good meal.

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in

âœŞ

After you boil prawns, what do you do?

then

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Choose your title. Eating Shrimps

âœŞ

Why is it easier to make a meal of prawns than shrimps?

A Meal of Prawns Prawns and Shrimps to Eat Imagine a nice meal of prawns. What else would you like to have on your plate?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: worm w

k

w

d

w

st

pl e

worm castings

fer til i ser

Sa m

fertiliser

Plants grow well when worms are in the soil. Wo the rotted leaves and dead insects in the s

eat all l.

Worm poo is called ‘castings.’ Worm cas

g

good fert W

make

so plants grow better. for you below

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s are like little gardeners work

the ground.

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Choose a title.

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Green Plants

What do worms eat?

What are ‘castings’?

Underground Gardeners Rotted Leaves Dead Insects

Why do plants grow well when worms are in the soil?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

10


Minibeasts

Title: use used using uses

pl e

broken claw

Crabs live under rocks at the beach. They have big claws which our fingers.

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they use for eating just like we u Sometimes cr

fight and a cl

is broken off.

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The crab then grows a new claw.

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Choose the best title and write it at the top of the sheet.

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Crab Claws

Fighting Crabs

What do crabs use their claws for? 1. 2.

What happens when a crab’s claw is broken?

Crabs Under Rocks Why do you see crabs with two different sized claws?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title:

Australia has lots of native parrots. One tiny parrot,

any

which is a favou

many

pet, is the budgie.

Flocks of bud

live wild in Australia.

our v a f

ite

pl e

Australia sends its budgies all over the world. Now bud

are

ma

Sa m

bred in many countries and in colours.

nati

ve

g

Australia

in

✪ Draw a budgie in a cage. Give it a perch, swing, ladder, plus seed and water dishes.

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Choose your title.

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Australia

Tiny Parrots Cages

Blue and Yellow The budgie’s proper names are ‘budgerigar’ or ‘parakeet’. Why do you think people call them budgies?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: tch ha

take e mak

ma

like

ca tadpoles

.

We are not much big

er than a mat

We make a good cat

g

for small fish. Some birds even like to

t us.

in

catch and

head.

MA TCH

care of

ES

ing from our eggs. Our mother is not here to take

Sa m

We are hat

pl e

scra

pike

ew

Three of these are good titles, one is not.

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Just Hatched

Our mother takes care of us.

Our mother is a frog.

Small fish eat us.

True False

On Our Own Matches A Feed for Fish

True False

True False

How do you think a bird would catch a tadpole?

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Comprehension Lifters

13


Minibeasts

Title: all call five

sm

creatures

er

c

ed

f

ing

pl e

coral

Starfish are rather odd. We call them fish but they don’t look like f

them ‘star’ but they’re

Sa m

at all. We ca

not in the sky. Starfish eat sm

sea creatures and coral.

in

to help them move.

(5) arms

g

They have little sucker pads on their f

ew

Choose the best title.

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Sucker Pads Starfish

How many arms does a starfish have?

Why do we call them starfish?

Sea Creatures Coral

Do you think ‘starfish’ is a good name? Think of another name. Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: ea ch

bite

fl

bitin

g

sy p

pl e

l pl

sed

Sa m

itchy

Something is biting me. Look at all these bi y. I think it must be a fl

Fl

sed. My fl

in

Don’t look so pl

g

and it

s are good at ju

ew

Choose a title.

. Each bite is red

. Fleas are good at bit

might l

.

p on to you.

ing on their powerful back legs.

Fleas are good at two things. 1.

Don’t Scratch!

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scratching

2.

Flea Bites

What do fleas use for jumping?

Powerful Legs Good Leapers

Why do fleas bite people (or animals)?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: break liz ard

broken

lizard

only

speak spoken cau

Sa m

pl e

ght

A bird has caught a lizard. Poor lizard. But look, the clever liz has brok

off its tail and has run aw .

g

only has a stump of a t

. It’s safe, even if it

The liz

and the bi

d

in

will now grow a new t

will have on

y a small lunch.

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Choose your title.

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Poor Lizard

Who caught the lizard?

How did the lizard escape?

What did the bird have for lunch?

New Tail

Clever Lizard Small Lunch

Why did the author write ‘poor lizard’ then ‘clever lizard’?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: lk

kangaroo mi si ta

pl e

wa pouch

Sa m

world

I’m a baby kang

.

When I was born, I was only this big

␣ . I suck

mother and I live in her pouch. You can often see my l

g

sticking

.

g

out of her p

lk from my

but

in

I live in Aus

you can also see me in zoos all

ew

over the w

.

Choose a title.

Baby kangaroos ride in their mother’s pouch.

What do kangar

A baby kangaroo walks and talks.

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Long Legs

World Zoos

True False drink?

Mother’s Milk Baby Kangaroo

True False

Why do you think baby kangaroos travel in the pouch?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: ou m s gr

pl e

r f

nd nd nd nd nd

Sa m

s mite r e t ites m r e t

tunnels

Termites are soft and white. They live in big families in the dark under the gr

nd. They can make large m

nds above gr

nd is full of tun

and dark rooms to live in.

Termit

eat wood. They eat trees, posts and even the w

d

in

g

The m

nd.

in your house.

ew

Choose a title.

Vi

Wooden Posts Termites

Termites always live underground.

True False

Termites live in the dark.

What do termites eat?

True False

Tunnels

Mounds Termites turn dead trees back into soil. Is this good or bad? Why?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: busy active speedy fast

wing cases

pro tec ted

hurry

pl e

protected

sp

Sa m

Beetles always seem to be very busy. They run everywhere at top d. Perhaps they think they will be eat

Beet

by a passing bird.

can fly too, but you don’t often see their w are pro

in

on their backs.

by hard wing cases

g

because th

s

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Choose a title.

Beetles are slow insects.

Beetles are eaten by birds.

Beetles wings are hidden underneath wing cases.

What does ‘protected’ mean?

Wing Cases

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True False

True False

A Passing Bird Speedy Beetles Busy Bees

True False

• Think of a title. What do you think we mean when we say that someone is ‘beetling about’?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: old

lar u pop ular p o p

g h c

er

f

ing

fish. I live in a tan

As I swim you can see g

I’m a pop

water.

flashes as my scales reflect light.

fish to keep. Sometimes I’m kept in a fish in the garden.

ew

in

g

po

of c

Sa m

I’m a g

pl e

re f lect refle ct

Choose 2 titles.

Write two places to keep goldfish.

Vi

Fish Tank

Flashes of Gold

and

What does light reflect off?

A goldfish needs hot water.

In the Garden

True False

Goldfish Why do you think goldfish are popular?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: crickets

ass gr p cl same

br

grass

Cricket is played on gr

pl e

name

cricket

. Crickets live on gr

Sa m

(and other plants). The name’s the same!

s are insects so they have six legs, and wings for

Cri

. They are in the same cl

gr

hoppers.

as

g

fly

in

They make their crrr, crrr, crrricket noise by rubbing their legs on th

Vi

ew

Draw what the story is about.

r hard wing cases.

The story is about cricket bats.

True False

Crickets are in the same family as

Crickets have wings.

Yes No Doesn't say

Why do you think crickets make that noise?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: ve

hive live gi ha sa

pl e

hi

Bees go out col

Sa m

ng ct i e l col ting c e l col

food. Some is sav

for winter.

Bees can liv

in a hole in a tree. They can also l

beeh

made of wood.

g

ing honey. Some of the hon

, we have to gi

in

If we take the hon

in a

the b

is

s some

sugar for winter.

ew

sugar water

Vi

Choose the best title. ✪ A hole in a tree can A Wooden Hive

be lived in by bees.

True False

What do bees use honey for?

Why do we give them sugar?

Honey Bees Honey for Winter Hole in a Tree

Why do you think bees save honey for winter?

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Comprehension Lifters

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Minibeasts

Title: find

underground mind

undersea

bl

understand

beh

Moles dig long underg

pl e

underneath

tunnels with their strong claws.

It’s dark in the tun

so they fi

not by looking. Moles are bli

Sa m

.

their way by smelling,

Moles eat small bugs and worms. They make rooms undern

the ground for their babies which drink

their mother’s milk.

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mole hill

ew

tunnel

Choose your title.

What do moles use to dig their tunnels?

Vi

Mother’s Milk

Bugs and Worms

What do baby moles feed on?

Blind Moles Underground

Can moles see?

Yes No Doesn't say

Why is ‘understand’ the odd word in the top left-hand box?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

23


Minibeasts

Title: nch

gar den er gardener

lu bu mu cru

pl e

Fre

Poor me. I seem to be eaten or stamped on. Ducks love to e French people l

to eat

Some birds have me for lu

I lov

Sa m

me.

to mu

.

.

on plants, so s poi

me.

g

gar

of my shell. Poor me.

ew

cru

in

They also stamp on me with a

Why do ducks love me?

Why do gardeners hate me?

Vi

Think up two good titles.

Do you think it’s a good thing to poison snails? Why?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

24


Minibeasts

Title: ey poisonous sting

th pr gr

sec

ob

ts

inse

scorpion

cts

pl e

in

Scorpions are like spiders because they have eight (8) legs. They are also like spiders because th

Sa m

both eat in

Another way scor

and sp

both poison their pr

same is that th But sco

are the

.

have a pois

s sting in their tails,

have a poisonous bite.

in

g

while sp

s.

Write three ways scorpions are like spiders.

âœŞ

How are scorpions different to spiders?

ew

âœŞ

Vi

Think of a good title.

Make it less than six words. Can you think of other ways that spiders and scorpions are different?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

25


Minibeasts

Title: furry snail

gar den

cousin

garden

turtle

I have a shell but I’m not an egg. I can be a pet b I will eat plants in your ga I can live to be very old b

furry.

Sa m

I’m no

pl e

tortoise

but

I’

n

a snail.

your grandfather.

My cousin is a turtle and my name starts with a T. I am a t

ew

in

g

oise.

Vi

Choose the best title. Eggshells

Write things which I’m not. I’m not

Turtle

I’m n

Grandfather

I’

Shelly

How is a turtle different from a tortoise?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

26


Minibeasts

Title: ever n

enough

for y

answers Question:

wears sh

s?

The sh

s. Think of some of your own.

Sa m

Here are some answ Answer:

never

pl e

Do you know why a centi

shop never had en

gh pairs

in the same size. Answer:

It would take forev .

morn Answer:

to get dressed in the

ew

in

Your answer:

g

It liked to wear football boots instead.

Choose a title.

A Hundred Shoes

Vi

shoes

Centipede Riddles Football Boots Shoe Shop

Think of a riddle about centipede legs. Question: Answer: Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

27


Minibeasts

Title: o e

guinea pigs p

k k

m

r

n

s

s

pl e

str

Th

p

over there

their

their fur

they’re

they are

Sa m

Guin

there

s make good pets.

’re warm and furry and like to be str

Th

d.

fur can be white, black or brown. Th

black nos

k

here and th

looking for food.

g

p

little

Th

in

’re easy to feed.

Give them th

food of seeds,

ew

greens or bread and it’ll be eaten and th

’ll be looking

for m

r

Vi

.

What do guinea pigs eat?

What does a guinea pig feel like?

Think of a good title.

If you lived in a flat, would a guinea pig be a good pet? Why?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

28


Minibeasts

Title: oy R t b

pl e

j enj

When R R

toy

Sa m

standard

R

ed al

was nine he was given a puppy for his birthday. ’s pup was not like other dogs. She had wool, not hair. le. Some p

She was a p They are called st

g

ard poodles. Some are tiny. They are

y poodles. All p

les enj

in

called t

ew

playing with balls. R

Choose a title.

s are large.

’s poodle was a t

running and .

Was Roy’s puppy a boy or a girl? What word was your clue?

Vi

Roy’s Puppy Poodles

Woolly Coat

Would Roy’s puppy grow very big? What was your clue?

Toy Which size poodle would you like? Why?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

29


Minibeasts

Title: mit her it herm

big bigger crab

empty shell

pl e

crabby

Hermit crabs are a bit like spiders because they have eight (8) legs. They are a bit like snails bec backs.

Sa m

on th

they carry their houses

Snails can grow bigger shells as they grow bigg crabs can’t. They have to go looking for a big is empty.

shell that

How many legs has a hermit crab?

in

g

but hermit

ew

How are snails and hermit crabs the same?

Choose the best title.

Vi

Crabs and Spiders Snail Shells

Why do you think a shell would be empty?

Hermit Crabs Crab Legs When you see hermit crabs in a group, they all look different. Why is that?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

30


Minibeasts

Title: y jump

ies

fly flies cry

eyes climb k bac t fron

pl e

bre

bre

ath

ath

I have strong back legs to j I can hop a long, l

e

Sa m

This is a poem for you to finish.

with.

way.

I have short fr

legs to cl

with.

.

g

Round my pond I like to st

the in air like you do.

in

I must br

cr

ew

On my head I have big ey I lay lots of e

s like fish do. .

I like eating bugs and fl

Vi

.

Think up two titles.

âœŞ

A frog uses its back legs for

and its front legs for

âœŞ

.

What does a frog like to eat?

Why do you think a frog has eyes on the top of its head?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

31


Minibeasts

Title:

they

qu

er

f pre

grey

fer pre

ob

quite quail eer

Quails are quite small birds.

like seeds, small bugs and grass. One que

thing about quails is that they don’t often fly.

They can fly but they pre

being on the ground.

Sa m

Because th

are mostly brown and gr

see if th

stay still.

, they are hard to

Your turn! Quails can be: brown

red

purple yellow

ew

grey

Where do you think a quail lays its eggs?

g

green

in

pl e

They eat all sorts of things

Here are some long titles. Tick the best one.

Vi

Seeds, Small Bugs and Grass Stay Still and We Won’t See You Queer Birds Who Don’t Like to Fly

Why do you think quails don’t fly much?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

32


Minibeasts

Title: igh

noc tur nal

l

nocturnal

n

t t t

dayl fr

pl e

tened

som

insects

com

e

e

Sa m

fruit What are we? Here are your clues.

• We are warm-blooded and furry and we can fly. • We are noc n

which means we come out at

t and are asleep in dayl

t.

tened of us.

g

• Some people are fr

in

• Some of us eat insec

ew

• We hang upside down to sl We are

.

Vi

.

p.

We are insects which eat fruit.

True False

We have fur on our bodies.

True False

What does nocturnal mean?

Draw us sleeping.

How many clues did you need?

Prim-Ed Publishing

and some eat fr

Which clue gave you the answer?

Comprehension Lifters

33


Minibeasts

Title: wh

mosquito w

en y at

pl e

ing

pie

rce

But

ing,

ee! I’m in your bedr

ere? I’m fly

You missed me. W

Sa m

Whing, whee, w

ee ere ich

m.

around your head. Slap!

ere am I now?

d on you. Now I’ll pi

g

You can’t feel me l

,

in

skin and suck a bit of your blood. Scratch, scr

your

off I fly until you fall asleep again. What a night!

ew

One title is poor. Which one?

Vi

What a Night!

Have you had a mosqu in your room?

What noise did it make?

What did it do when you were asleep?

Whing, Whee Bedroom Scratch, scratch

Why do you think a mosquito needs your blood?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

34


Minibeasts

Title: tt

yellow funny butter

pre

y

bu

er

si

ing

pl e

butter

A butterfly is a pretty insect. But what a funny name!

Sa m

A fly made of butter? Butter is yellow and some but yel

f

butterfly

s are

, but some are blue or white or red.

But

is soft and spr

funny to sp

d on br

g

a butterf

on bread.

d is a goat. It is a butter.

in

An animal who butts with its h

d. It would be

ew

A butterfly never butts.

spread head

Choose a title.

bread

Vi

Yellow Butter

Bread Spread

âœŞ

What colours are butterflies?

âœŞ

A goat is spread on bread.

Butting Goat A Funny Name

True False

How do you think the butterfly got its name?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

35


Minibeasts

Title: eight

8 9

This is my head.

twelve 16

pl e

eighteen

breathing

Wha

What am I? • I have twel

eyes.

• I h

Sa m

t am I?

(8) legs on each side of my body.

• I h

g

(9) breathing holes on each s

d

.

• I hatch out of an egg and I eat leaves. As I grow fatter,

in

I shed my skin and gr

a big

one.

ew

• I change into a moth or a butterfly.

I am a

How many legs?

Moths

How many eyes?

Breathing Holes

How m

Caterpillar

What will I be when I’m grown up?

Vi

Choose a title.

illar.

y breathing holes?

Butterfly If you were a caterpillar, what would you be scared of?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

36


Minibeasts

Title:

ould

guess

nce e fer f i d nce e r e diff

c w

guessed gnaw gnawing

sh Wha

t am

I?

kn

ing

pl e

What am I?

know

• I have four legs. (It’s too soon to guess yet.)

(Should you gu

Sa m

• I have a furry body and whiskers. yet?)

• I have sharp front teeth for gnawing which keep growing all my life. (Are you sure yet?)

g

• I eat seeds and anything else I can find. yet?)

in

(Would you make a gu

• I often live in houses and traps are set for me.

ew

(Now are you sure?) • I am a

.

True False

I have no fur.

What’s the difference between my teeth and yours?

Vi

Draw me when you have finished the story.

Did you guess right away or did you read all the clues first? Why? Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

37


Minibeasts

Title: sen

other m

tion a or m in f n atio m r info

br an

s ib le sen sib le

blood d

fl

sur e

What am I?

• I have warm blood and very little hair.

Sa m

(Is it sensible to guess yet?)

pl e

• I am small and pink. (Too soon to guess?)

• I’m a baby animal with lots of brothers and sisters. (Enough information yet?)

• I have a curly tail and drink my mother’s m (Do you know yet?)

k.

g

• When I grow up I might be bacon or pork.

in

(Now you know!) I am a

!

Vi

ew

Draw me when you have finished the story.

True False

I am grown up.

I am warm-blooded.

I come from a big family.

True False

True False

How many clues did you need to be sure you were correct? Which clue gave it away? Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

38


Minibeasts

Title: maybe

would

gu

es

c

? we e r ta

sh

What are we?

perhaps often

a

Wh

s

sometimes

s

legs. (Should you guess yet?)

SPRAY

• We are often found in houses. (Wou

pl e

• We are insects, so we have

Sa m

you guess now?)

• People don’t like us. They say we’re dirty. (Does that help you?) • Peo

spray us, hit us and stand on us.

(Perhaps you can gu

s now!)

in

(a) A male hen.

g

• Our name has two parts.

(b) Like coach but starts with ‘r’

ew

We are c

r

Vi

Draw us when you have finished the story.

es.

How many legs do we have?

Why don’t people like us?

How do they try to get rid of us?

Think of some reasons why cockroaches are still with us if we keep attacking them.

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

39


Minibeasts

sens

tch

ible

m at a

ible

I?

ha

Wh

ca

e opl

What am I?

pe

• I have just ha

fe hu

ed

from an egg. (Should you guess yet?) • I’ll run with my brother and sisters down to

• Fish and birds c

to guess yet?)

Sa m

the river. (Is it sensi

pl e

sens

Title:

us.

Lots of us are eaten. (Does that help you?) • Some people make our skins into belts and

g

handbags when we grow up. (Guess now?)

in

• I am in the same family as the crocodile. r!

• I am a baby al

Vi

ew

Draw me when you have finished the story.

True False

I am an adult.

We are food for some fish and birds.

True False

My skin makes good belts.

True False Are the baby alligators looked after by their mother? What were the clues that helped your answer?

Prim-Ed Publishing

Comprehension Lifters

40


0372 Comprehension Lifters - Book 2  
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