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pl e

ok

Vi

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g

Sa m

High-interest activities for students with special needs

Written by Dr Sheila Twine Published by Prim-Ed Publishing

1


Foreword Literacy Lifters is a package containing practical techniques for working with children who experience difficulties with reading and spelling. All the pages in Literacy Lifters have been tried and tested in the classroom. Topics are of high interest to the age group of the students, with the skill level reduced to suit their needs. Teacher information pages have been included to demonstrate how to use the package to its greatest advantage. Which level?

Literacy Lifters is a four-book series. Each book is progressive in the level of language skills required. Teachers will need to identify the level at which individual students enter the programme to ensure maximum results. Students will indicate through their work how appropriate the level is to their needs.

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The format of activities is repetitive. The purpose of this deliberate strategy is to remove the need for students to comprehend and understand the requirements of each page and instead focus on the development of the specific reading skills being introduced and developed. I hope you and your students enjoy working through these pages. I certainly enjoyed writing them and became fascinated with the varied topics.

About the Author

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Dr Sheila Twine is an educational consultant who has worked with parents, teachers and students with special needs in England, Scotland and Australia. She is the author of three books containing practical techniques for working with children who experience difficulties with reading and spelling. She holds a Masters Degree and a Doctorate in Education. Dr Twine has been president of various associations and foundations involved with underachieving children with a variety of disabilities from mild intellectual handicap to attention deficit disorder. She was principal of a residential remedial primary school and has been the director of an education consultancy for many years.

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The topic pages for Literacy Lifters were trialled during the past three years in her consultancy clinics with materials being refined to be of maximum benefit to students with literacy deficiencies.

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Contents

i ....................... Foreword, About the Author and Contents

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ii ....................... Programme Overview iii ....................... Teacher Information iv ....................... Teacher Information cont. v ....................... Backing Sheet

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vi ....................... Word Study Sheet 1 - 3 ........................ Trees 4 - 7 ........................ Bugs 8 - 11 ....................... Pets 12 - 15 ...................... Collecting 16 - 19 ...................... Coming Down 20 - 23 ...................... Going Up 24 - 27 ...................... Magic 28 - 31 ...................... Cats 32 - 35 ...................... Colours 36 - 39 ...................... Garden

Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

i


Programme Overview Page

Theme and Topic

Phonics

Sight Words

Activity

Trees 1 2 3

Fig Tree Nut Tree Christmas Tree

big, see nut, can tree, dot

you, this, is have, make Christ/mas, make

Read and draw Read and draw Make a tree

Bugs Fly Grasshopper Bats

bug, leg fly, wing far, song hang, by

eat, they, leaf drag/on/fly very their

Read Read Read Read

Pup Vet Fox and Ox Hermit Crab

pup, with vet, took fox, go crab, Bill

called, tow/el said what, next, away her/mit, live

Bugs

Pets 8 9 10 11

12 13 14 15

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Collecting Rocks Cards Lollipop Sticks Stamps

Read Read Read Read

and and and and

draw draw draw draw

lucky coll/ect, some make some, come, Can/a/da

Read Read Read Read

and and and and

draw draw draw draw

cliff, wish jump, cold rain, what day, when

rope, steep, cliff ski day par/a/chute

Read Read Read Read

and and and and

draw draw draw draw

going, rocket land, landing lift, glad stair, huff

fast wheel down, up very

Read Read Read Read

and and and and

draw draw draw draw

spell, need silly, wizard away, go pick, card

magic, sev/en our, car/pet you

Read, draw and write Read and draw Read and draw Read and draw

Kitten Cheetah Tiger Circus

lucky, messy faster, fastest we, soon such, drum

kit/ten, they, grey cheetah tiger, hab/i/tat circus

Read Read Read Read

and and and and

draw draw draw draw

Bill Parrot Willy Icerink

black, bump green, tell silly, which pink, much

par/rot gives her, icerink

Read Read Read Read

and and and and

draw draw draw draw

Plan Plants Jobs Baskets

this, with plan, plans have, planting here, when

are

Read Read Read Read

and and and and

draw draw draw draw

in

ew

Rocket Jet Lift Stairs

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Cliff Ski Jump Rain Parachutes

Going Up 20 21 22 23

draw draw draw draw

rock, six card, call stick, must stamp, book

Coming Down 16 17 18 19

and and and and

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4 5 6 7

Magic

Spell Wizard Magic Carpet Card Trick

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24 25 26 27

Cats

28 29 30 31

Colours 32 33 34 35

Garden 36 37 38 39

Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

ii


Teacher Information Topic Pages The topic pages have been designed for students who are experiencing difficulties with literacy. They are all pitched to create a high level of interest which will appeal to students with low skill levels. The topic pages have been trialled in small remedial groups using an ACTIVE teaching mode which is outlined in the model below. Students were encouraged to fill in ‘gaps’ in the ‘Topic Pages’ only after teaching had taken place. The ‘Backing Sheet’ was used during the teaching for students to write patterned, chunked and sight words from memory. Topics are arranged in themes and each page contains scope for your active teaching as follows:

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Pre-reading • Discovering preexisting knowledge through discussion, with students volunteering snippets of information.

ig b

Title

ee

you

• Sight words.

s

• Chunked words words broken into chunks to assist blending and spelling rather than conventional syllables.

tr

f

s

p

Comprehension • Predicting.

d

g

this is

This is a fi

tree.

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• Main idea creating or choosing titles.

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Trees

Word study • Phonic word patterns of regular words.

A fig tr

Can you s

Vi

ew

• Cloze activity - to promote thinking and to reinforce word study items.

has f

s on it.

the figs?

Reading • Oral, group, silent, paired or partner reading etc.

Draw a big pot of fig jam.

✰ Activities They have lots of seeds in them. • A mixture of Prim-Ed Publishing Literacy Lifters read and draw and phonic activities. Incentive Figs are good for you.

• Children can colour the star if they are able to read the additional information. Five stars could equal a reward. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

1

Additional section • Small print at bottom of sheet for adult (or more able student) to read to the students, for additional information. iii


Teacher Information cont. Backing Sheet The backing sheet is provided for you to copy on the back of any or all topic sheets. It is general and is designed to complement your teaching. It contains space for further activities in: Backing Sheet

Your Turn Same sounds Long words

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Word study • Patterned words - “Get them in your brain and write them on the back”.

My Story

Writing • Using titles to describe main idea. • Single paragraph for younger students.

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Title

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Funny words

Literacy Lifters

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Prim-Ed Publishing

Creativity • Space provided for students to show understanding with artwork.

v

Word Study Sheet

Word Study Sheet

Funny Words

This collection covers many of the ‘oddities’ which were used in the topic sheets. Hopefully it will show discouraged children one of the reasons they are having difficulties.

car

ew

Vi

• Longer, chunked words or sight words.

far

is his has

bar

ZZZ

ZZZ

Z

thes e thos e this

star

tar

ZZZ

are

sss

(It’s not their fault - our language is crazy!)

me we

4

Terr y mer ry berr y very

3 + 7 sum some come

be

he she see

you your when what why who which

? ?

tray may way play day stay they

where

Prim-Ed Publishing

Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

our

yours ours

Literacy Lifters

vi

iv


Backing Sheet

Your Turn Same sounds

Funny words

ew

My Story

in

g

Sa m

pl e

Long words

Vi

Title

Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

v


Word Study Sheet

Funny Words

car

bar

far

star

tar

is his has

ZZZ

ZZZ

ZZZ

Z

thes e thos e this

are

Sa m

pl e

sss

Terr y mer ry berr y very

we

g

me be

4

3 + 7 sum some come

Vi

ew

in

he she see

when what why who which

you your

? ?

yours ours

tray may way play day stay they

where

Prim-Ed Publishing

our

Literacy Lifters

vi


Trees

Title

ig

ee

you

b

s

f

tr

p

s

pl e

d

this is

tree.

Sa m

This is a fi

has f

the figs?

Vi

ew

in

Can you s

s on it.

g

A fig tr

Draw a big pot of fig jam.

✰Figs are good for you. They have lots of seeds in them. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

1


Trees

Title

ut

mak

n

e

an c m

c

r

pl e

h

have

trees have nuts. You c

Sa m

N

make a nut man.

Vi

ew

big nut

in

g

Draw a man in a hut.

feet n

leg nuts

s

✰Some nuts are big, like coconuts. Some are small, like peanuts. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

2


Trees

Title

ee

ot

make

tr

d

s

d

fr

l p

l

pl e

k

s

s

Sa m

Chris

This is a Christmas tr You c

.

t ma s Chris tmas

make it.

p it until

Christ

.

Cut on the d

s.

Vi

ew

in

g

K

✰Slot the two pieces together. Your tree will stand up. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

3


Bugs

Title

bu g d

eg

eat

l

leaf

l

s

p

t they

pl e

.

Sa m

This is a b

p

Bugs have six l

It e

s.

d. s the bud.

Vi

ew

in

g

This bug sits on a b

s

Draw a red bug on a green leaf.

✰Ladybirds are good for the garden. They eat bugs that eat the plants. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

4


Bugs

Title ing

y fl

w

m

w

b

s

pl e

s

Sa m

fly n o g a r d ly dragonf

I am a dr

onfl

s

.

s.

in

g

I have 4 big w

s

ew

I am b

a pond.

Vi

Draw a dragonfly by a pond.

✰Dragonflies have very long wings that you can see through. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

5


Bugs

Title

ar

ong

ver y

f

l s

st

str

legs.

Sa m

This bug has very l

pl e

c

.

It can hop f

s.

ew

in

g

It has 2 w

Vi

Draw a red and green bug with long legs.

✰Grasshoppers and crickets rub their legs on their wing-cases to make a funny clicking ‘song’. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

6


Bugs

Title

ang

y

their

h

b fl

r

m

up by their f

t.

s eat bugs as they fl

.

ew

in

g

Lots of b

Sa m

Bats h

pl e

b

Vi

Draw a bat with a bug to eat.

✰Some bats eat fruit. They are bigger than bats which eat bugs. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

7


Pets

Title

u

th

called

p

p

c

p

ba

t

b

Be

r

b

mo

pl e

p.

She is call in the ba

g

This is Be

b her wi

ew

in

I can r

tow el towel

Sa m

I have a p

wi

Beth.

tub. a tow

.

Vi

Draw Beth with a cup of milk.

✰Puppies hate to be bathed but they like to swim. That is funny. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

8


Pets

Title oo

et

said

t

k

p

l

k

m

f

t

l

b

pl e

v

k

Sa m

Jim and Sam are my p

k Jim to the v

It

k at Jim,’ s

g

‘Let me l

.

d the vet.

t.

ew

in

He has a pin in his f

s.

Vi

Draw the pin in Jim’s foot.

✰A tortoise makes a good pet. It can live in a box or in the garden. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

9


Pets

Title

ox

o

what

f

g

b

n s

nex

big ox and

away

cub.

Sa m

af

t

pl e

This is a

away,’ said the o

‘N

!’ said the fox c

.

b.

ew

in

g

‘G

Vi

Draw what happened next.

✰Foxes are members of the dog family. The father is called a ‘dog fox’. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

10


Pets

Title cr

ll

mit

her it m r he

ab oss

wi she

ack

pl e

Bi

live

.

Sa m

This is my pet crab, Bi Bill is a her

to liv

.

in.

ew

in

g

Bill has a big she

cra

Vi

Draw a crab shell with a crack in it.

✰When a hermit crab grows too big for its shell, it just finds a bigger empty one. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

11


Collecting ck

Title x

lucky

ro

bo

so

mi

pi

si

s.

Sa m

I have lots of ro

pl e

lu

I keep them in a bo

S

rocks fit into my bo

.

to have my ro

s.

ew

in

g

I am luck

.

Vi

Draw me with a sack of rocks.

✰Rocks are fun to collect.

There are so many different sorts.

If you break some rocks they have pretty colours inside. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

12


Collecting

som

c c

d

h

d

coll colle

ect ct

cards. Some c

ds have

s on them.

g

ca

Sa m

I coll

e

pl e

ar

Title

b c sm

players.

ew

in

Some have basketba

all

Vi

Draw me with my stack of cards.

✰Some cards of basketballers or footballers cost a lot of money. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

13


Collecting

Title

st

st

make

ick

mu co

ep

be

iff

re

s.

Sa m

I collect lollipop st

pl e

ack

I can stick them together to m or a van or a box. The re

ke a car can

Vi

ew

in

g

make a hut.

Draw me with my lollipop sticks.

✰If you haven’t collected many lollipop sticks, you can buy them in packets. They don’t cost much. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

14


Collecting mp

Title

sta

oo

come

e som

b

k

ju

l

k

la

f

t Ca

pl e

lu

Some of my sta

.

stamps in a big b

k.

ew

in

I keep m

da

da

s come

g

from Can

stamps.

na

a

Sa m

I coll

Ca

n

Vi

Draw me with my big book of stamps.

✰Very old stamps cost a lot of money. They are valuable. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

15


Coming Down

Title

ff s

cli

sh

teep

wi

cliff

o

ru ca

cu

di

pl e

pu

Sa m

This is a steep cli

I wi

rope

.

I was on that

g

rope, going down that cli

.

ew

in

‘Hang on. I’m coming!’

Vi

Draw the dog coming down on the rope.

✰People climb up and down cliffs.

They use strong ropes.

Their boots have rubber soles to help them grip the rocks. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

16


Coming Down

Title

mp

old

ski

c

lu

b

ca

h

bu

t

pl e

ju

ski ju

Sa m

I will go for a .

and I am b

It is very c

.

g

I hope I can ju

.

ew

in

with a big bu

and not fall

Vi

Draw a fall and a big lump.

✰In some cold countries where there is lots of snow, people go ski jumping. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

17


Coming Down ai

Title

day

wh

r

n

at

h

l

ere

p

l

ich

pl e

y

of r

n.

What a

Sa m

What a lot

Why is it r

.

ew

in

g

wet d

ning?

ere can I get dry? en will it stop?

Vi

Draw some hail and rain coming down on you.

✰Hailstones are frozen raindrops. They hurt when they hit you. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

18


Coming Down ay

Title wh

hute c a par hute c a r a p

d w

at ere en

st

y

at a

Sa m

W

pl e

s

long w down.

Wh

feel the bu

?

in

Why am I doing this?

ew

am I ?

g

Wh

will I

Vi

Draw the parachute and you on the ground.

✰Parachutes can be used for fun.

They are used for parasailing,

sky-diving and jumping out of planes. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

19


Going Up

Title

ing fast

go go

cket

fly

ro

pl e

fly

po

Sa m

ti

pa

This ro

It is go

.

in

up into the sk

fast.

g

is fly

ew

Can you go up in a ro

?

Vi

Draw a ticket in your pocket for the rocket.

✰Soon we may be able to buy a ticket to go to the moon. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

20


Going Up

Title

nd

whee

la

l

ha sa

pl e

sta This is a jet fly in the sk

up

.

Sa m

nd + ing

It has wheels

land

.

for land

sa

on its wh

ls.

ew

in

It can st

g

sta

Vi

Draw a jet landing.

✰Jet planes fly all around the world. You can fly from London to Australia in 18 hours. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

21


Going Up

Title

ft

gl

li

ad

le

ass

up

so

pl e

en

I am in a li

The lift is made

.

ss.

down

I can look down on Jill and Sam.

Vi

ew

in

g

Sa m

of

Draw Jill and Sam looking up at you.

✰Some hotels and shopping centres have lots of glass lifts going up and down. You can see the people inside. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

22


Going Up

Title

ai st

ver y

r

r

l

m

ff

n

r

hu

pl e

n

pu o

rs

Sa m

These st

are very high.

They have a r

l to hang on to.

in

g

At the top of the st and pu

.

ew

hu

rs you may

Vi

Draw the top of the stairs.

✰Moving stairs are called escalators.

The hand rail also moves at

the same speed as the stairs. There’s no huff and puff on them. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

23


Magic

Title

ell

mag

w

ic

sp

sev

sh

seve

n

For my mag spe

I will n

• six she

Sa m

pl e

t

en

d:

g

s of eggs;

wings of moths.

f n sh

t d p

thr

ew

• thr

p; and

in

• seven feet of sh

ee

Vi

Draw your magic pot with . . . 1 cat’s tail 3 2 5

✰We often draw witches on a flying broomstick with a black cat. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

24


Magic

Title ar

y Bill

ard

z wi

sill

w

wiz

rd a iz

liz

d

st is a

He has a

y

wiz

.

Sa m

si

s

pl e

funn Bill

d

fun

hat

with st

s

and moons.

in his hat.

ew

in

g

He keeps a pet liz

Vi

Draw the wizard’s lizard.

✰You can hire a video of the Wizard of Oz to watch at home. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

25


Magic

Title

ay

et car p t carpe

d w aw tod

magic car

.

far awa

We shall g

that nobod

,

will see us.

g s n n

body

ew

in

g

s

o

we are flying off on our

Sa m

Toda

pl e

our

Vi

Draw the land you went to.

✰I would like to go to China on my carpet. Where would you like to go? Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

26


Magic

Title

ck pi

you

pa

fli ‘Pick up that c

d and look at it,

Sa m

Sam,’ you say.

pl e

tri

ar

Sam l

ks at the

c

d

c

.

h

d

You have a sly l

k

g

at the 3 of clubs.

t

How can you tell Sam’s card?

ew

in

Sam puts his card back.

sm

Vi

Draw the card you think Sam picked.

✰Just flick through the pack until you come to the 3 of clubs. Sam’s card is next to it. You are very clever! Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

27


Cats

Title

luck

kit t en kitten

y fluff

pl e

y mess y

Sa m

Bobby Jenny

Bobby and Jenny are luck

g

They have a little grey kit

ew

in

She feels soft and flu

.

.

.

they grey

Vi

Draw her when she is messy.

✰There are many different breeds of cat, from browns to blacks, short hair to long hair. Some are fluffy and some are smooth. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

28


Cats

Title

st

chee

pa

tah

la

s are big cats. They can run

.

very f

tahs are the f

f

er

f

est

est animal.

ew

in

g

Ch

fast

Sa m

Cheet

pl e

fa

Vi

Draw a family of cheetahs.

✰Cheetahs live on the grasslands of Africa along with lions and leopards. Mother cheetahs usually have two cubs to feed. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

29


Cats e

Title oo

tiger s

n

w

g

d

b

f

d

m

r

m

pl e

h

Tig

s

When w

live in India.

tr

s we cut down tiger

g

ha

at.

much at left.

ew

t

in

Soon there will not b

i tat habi tat

cut down

g

hab

hab

Sa m

sh

No r

m

Vi

for the tigers.

Draw a good tiger habitat.

✰Habitats all over the world are getting smaller.

We clear forests

for farms and drain marshes for houses. Poor animals. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

30


Cats ch

Title dr

circus

su

d

tr um

mu

op

ea

t

pl e

ri

ick

we can see lions.

Sa m

At the cir

ap

lion has a d

g

Ea

a lot of

icks.

ew

in

They all do su

um to sit on.

Vi

Draw a lion jumping in the hoop.

✰Many people don’t like to see animals such as lions, elephants or dolphins being made to do tricks. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

31


Colours

Title

bl ack ue ock

pl e

mp bu

Bill fe

.

He fell off a tr Bi

stu

g

have a

stu

.

fell with a big bu

gru .

ack

ue lump.

ew

in

He wi and

Sa m

lu

Vi

Draw Bill’s black and blue lump.

✰A black and blue lump is called a bruise.

As the bruise goes

away it turns many different colours. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

32


Colours gr

Title par

rot

parro

een

t

ell t y

ip

y

Some par

n and .

Some are red and g

g

yel

Sa m

s are

gr

ow

pl e

ey

ue and y

ow.

ew

in

Some small parrots are b

ey.

Vi

Draw and colour a parrot.

✰Budgerigars are small parrots.

They come from Australia.

They are all different colours and people keep them as pets. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

33


Colours

Title

ll

gives

i pi

s

Wi

y

y is sick. n Willy is i

Wh wh

t

, he looks

, and he has to stay .

g

in be

wh

Sa m

Wi

pl e

y

si

him pi

ew

in

His doctor giv

en ich ite

s.

Vi

Draw Willy feeling better.

✰When we are sick our temperature often goes up.

We have to

stay in bed until our temperature is back to normal. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

34


Colours

Title

ink

ch

her

Charlie

p r

icer

mu su

pl e

s

ink

Sa m

Charlie and Mum went to the ice

. They had pi

ill

caps with

g

pompoms. socks.

ew

in

They also had pi

Vi

Draw some pink hats and socks.

✰In cold countries, such as Canada, people skate on frozen lakes. In Holland they skate on frozen canals. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

35


Garden

Title

th

shed

is back garden

en h

ere

house

map of my back gar

bird bath

th

.

ere is a pa

in

to my house.

up

th.

ew

There is also a birdb

wi pa

g

T

Sa m

is a

Th

pl e

pat

em

socks drying

ba mo

er

Vi

Draw birds in the birdbath.

✰A map of a garden is called a plan. Maps used by sailors are called charts. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

36


Garden

Title

pl

house

my plot

car port

an ant

plum tree

um big rock

plants

ot grass

On this pla

I have drawn tree.

my pl

g

Then the pl

in

and the gr

s s.

my

pl

+

s

ant um an ot

ew

Pl

street

Sa m

car

pl e

us

.

Vi

little pl

Draw me digging in my plot.

✰A garden plan can show pipes for sprinkling water onto the plants, plus the paths, the vegetable plots and perhaps a pond. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

37


Garden

Title

ve ha fork

gi lawn

li

pl e

sa weeds in the path

Sa m

In the gar we ha

ing

plant

jobs to do.

weed

We ha

.

g

grass to c

ds to pl

d, and t.

ew

s

in

We have paths to w

seed

Vi

Draw yourself planting seeds or weeding.

✰Perhaps we shall soon have robots to do the jobs in the garden. Can you see a robot cutting your grass or weeding? Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

38


Garden

Title

ere

are

hanging baskets

here th se

watering can

pl e

the

Th

s

Sa m

tho are our hanging

bas

s.

ich

need lots of water wh

it is hot.

Vi

ew

Thes

ere

ts too.

in

pot pl

we have

en

g

Here and th

wh

Draw a plant in a pot and colour it.

✰Plants that trail down are best for hanging baskets.

Baskets look

nice with colourful flowers and green leaves. Prim-Ed Publishing

Literacy Lifters

39

0366 Literacy Lifters Book 1