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Mapping Skills

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for Upper Primary

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Foreword Mapping Skills for Ages 10 to 12 Years

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Use major and minor compass directions and a scale to give directions. Mark in the major lines of latitude on a map of the world. Find cities located on major lines of latitude. Find cities located on major lines of longitude. Find the latitude and longitude of cities around the world. Place cities on a blank map of the world and give their latitude and longitude. Place all the major lines of latitude and longitude on a blank map of the world. Locate and draw in some of the main physical features of the British Isles. Locate and draw in some of the significant historical places in the Ireland. Locate, mark in and name some of the important natural resources found in the Ireland. Locate, mark in and name some of the major highways found in the Ireland. Locate, mark in and label some of the major countries and their capitals on a blank map of the world. Use latitude and longitude to locate cities around the world. Make and use scales and legends. Locate and rank the continents of the world according to size. Estimate distances on a map of the world using the lines of latitude. Make a population distribution map of the Ireland. Investigate and colour a relief map. Locate and draw onto a map of the world various countries and their capital city. Design a country by marking in its natural and manufactured features. Blank Map - Ireland Blank Map - Europe

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This series of reproducible masters has been designed to provide activities that develop the mapping skills which are part of all primary school social studies programmes. Activities have been selected to develop specific objectives which are listed below.

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12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

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Compass Directions Use the compass and the scale to give directions that follow the map line below. Each circle represents the start of a new direction.

N SCALE W

E

START

60 m

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FINISH

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Major Latitudes Place these major lines of latitude on to the map of the world.

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(a) The Equator (b) The Arctic Circle (c) The Antarctic Circle (d) The Tropic of Cancer (e) The Tropic of Capricorn

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Mark in and name at least one city that can be found on these lines of latitude.

What is the area of land and sea called that is found between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn?

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Cities and Latitude Use an atlas to find cities or towns that can be found on the following lines of latitude. Then find the latitude of the given cities.

CITY or TOWN

LAT.

10° S

10° N

15° S

15° N

35° S

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CITY or TOWN

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LAT.

40° S

40° N

20° S

20° N

25° S

25° N

30° S

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50° S 55° S

35° N

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45° S

30° N

60° S

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65° S

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45° N 50° N 55° N 60° N 65° N

Dublin

Wexford

Sydney

Singapore

Auckland Cape Town

Madrid New York

Glasgow Santiago

Berne Cork 3


Major Lines of Longitude Use an atlas to find a city or town that can be found on the following lines of longitude.

CITY or TOWN

CITY or TOWN

LONG.

10° E

10° W

20° E

20° W

60° E

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LONG.

70° E

70° W

30° E

30° W

40° E

40° W

50° E

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100° E

60° W

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80° E 90° E

50° W

90° W 100° W

130° E

110° W 120° W 130° W

140° E

140° E

150° E 160° E

150° W 160° W

170° E

170° W

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110° E 120° E

80° W

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Latitude and Longitude With the help of an atlas, find the latitude and longitude of these cities.

Lat.

Kuala Lumpur

San Antonio Stuttgart Budapest

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Durban

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Paris Salt Lake City Wexford

Long.

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Stockholm Djakarta

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Bangkok Dublin

Buenos Aires Rio de Janeiro Winnipeg Montreal Guatemala London

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Cities Around the World Place the cities below on a map of the world. Next to each city write its latitude and longitude.

Lat.

Long.

CITY Tokyo

Lat.

Long.

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CITY Seoul

Calgary

Christchurch

Montevideo

Lima

Kingston

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Amsterdam

Dublin

San Francisco Berlin Sydney

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Boston Plymouth

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Where They Meet Draw in the major lines of latitude (every 10째) and the major lines of longitude (every 30째) on the map of the world.

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In the space below, write the names of any cities or towns that can be found on an intersection of the lines you have drawn.

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Important Features of the Ireland With the help of an atlas, place the features below on the blank map of the Ireland.

(f) (g) (h) (i) (j)

Irish Sea North Sea Lough Neah Lough Derg Dundalk Bay

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Shannon River Galway Bay Burren Northern Ireland Republic of Ireland

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(a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

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Historical Places

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(a) Glendalough (b) Newgrange (c) Hill of Tara (d) Vinegar Hill (e) Croagh Patrick (f) Dublin Castle (g) Trinity College (h) Clonmacnoise

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With the help of an atlas, mark these important historical places or things on the blank map of the Ireland.

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Natural Resources

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1. Gas 2. Coal 3. Peat 4. Silver 5. Lead and Zinc 6. Marble 7. Copper 8. Hydro Electric Power

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With the help of an atlas, draw these major natural resources onto the blank map of the Ireland. MAKE UP your own legend LEGEND

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Highways of the Ireland

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Locate, name and draw at least five major highways that join some of the major cities in the Ireland. Also draw in other important highways. You will need an atlas and a road map.

What other major highways would you like to see built? Draw and name them. Why have you selected these new highways?

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Major Countries

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United States of America New Zealand France Japan Brazil India China England Canada Australia Ireland Argentina South Africa Thailand Spain

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

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On the map of the world, draw in each country and its capital city.

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Cities Around the World What cities can be found at the intersection of these lines of latitude and longitude? You will need to use an atlas.

Lat. 45° N 48° N 33° S

Long.

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City

93° W 13° E

43° N

79° W

21° S 32° S

115° E 115° E

45° N

9° E

60° N

30° E

24° N 52° N

85° E 1° E

41° N

29° E

50° N 48° N

8° E 97° W

32° N

96° W

30° N

31° E

41° N 51° N

2° E 115° W

21° N

110° E

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70° W 146° E

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The Island of Turrip There are many interesting features on the island of Turrip. They include: Two rivers Three large cities A central mountain range Two forested areas Farming land Two airports Two harbours

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Place all these features on this map. You will need to make up your own scale and legend.

Scale and Legend

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(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

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Continent Size

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On the map of the world below, mark in and colour the continents of the world.

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Order the continents according to their size.

Name some major political leaders from some of the continents.

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Distance by Latitude On the map of the world below, mark in all these major lines of latitude. 10 degrees south to 60 degrees south 10 degrees north to 60 degrees north

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Each of the lines of latitude you have drawn is about 1 100 km apart. Use this information to answer the questions below.

How far apart in kilometres are these places? (a) The bottom of Australia to the top of Australia. (b) The bottom of South America to the top of North America. (c) The bottom of Africa to the top of Africa. (d) Dublin and Tokyo. (e) Sydney and London. (f)

Paris and Khartoum.

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Population of the Ireland Colour the map of the Ireland below this way. 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901

Heavy population

123456 123456 123456 123456 123456 123456

Little or no population

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12345678 12345678 12345678 12345678 12345678 12345678 Light population 12345678 12345678

Medium population

Where do most people in the Ireland live?

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Above Sea Level The map below is of an island. The outside line represents the coastline. The other lines indicate the height above sea level. This height increases at every line by ten metres. Colour the island areas according to height.

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30 m

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Try to draw the island from side on!

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Countries and Capitals Locate and draw in the countries below on the world map. Name and mark in the capital city for each one of the countries.

Italy Norway USA Mexico China New Zealand Ireland Malaysia South Africa Wales

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11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

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France England Germany Canada Scotland Brazil Argentina Spain Japan Australia

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

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Make a Country In the box below, DESIGN your OWN country. Make up a legend and scale to show the size and location of various features. Include things such as;

(e) (f) (g) (h)

Forests Airports Rivers Roads and railways

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Cities Harbours Mountains Farming land

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(a) (b) (c) (d)

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Blank Map

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-Ireland-

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0303 Mapping Skills - Upper  
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