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BOOK 1

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in g

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PROBLEM SOLVING WITH LANGUAGE

0291C REV10/02

Illustrated by Cliff Derksen

Prim-Ed Publishing


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Foreword

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After teaching many years in three different education systems, I finally decided that I had to design my own language problem worksheets for bright children as most of the publications I searched through were merely 'busy' work or more difficult versions of the same language activities given to the class. These had nothing to grab the fertile imagination of bright middle and upper primary children. Hence these worksheets.

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I have used them with the half-dozen top language children one finds in most classes. I allowed them to work in pairs so they could bounce ideas from one to the other and the children used them for five or six days out of the ten days devoted to each spelling/reading unit, which gave me time to attend to the weaker spellers/readers in the main group. Capable language children who were not in the top group also enjoyed them, provided they worked in pairs.

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The children can work on their own in a self-marking format or, as I did, the worksheets are teacher marked, with the teacher explaining the more difficult answers/pronunciations.

Prim-Ed Publishing


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Animal Hunt! A S T P U M A Y L

T

I

G E R M B

R A M P L W E E U G O R I

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L A

Fifteen animals are hiding in this word sleuth! Highlight them in the sleuth and then place them with the correct clues below. The answers read from left to right or down the columns. The number after each clue indicates the number of letters in the answer.

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W L Y N X R C F

I

S O N Y A K

Hint: Looking up the bold words in your dictionary may help you.

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B

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S C U M O L E R G M E B F O X L

GOOD HUNTING! T

2. Known as the ‘ship of the desert’ (5)

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1. A striped animal from India (5)

S

4.Large animal with small tail (4)

B

5.A member of the rodent family (5)

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3.A male deer (4)

6.World’s largest ape; found in Africa (7)

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7.Large, tawny-brown member of cat family (4) P 8.This animal is called ‘king of the beasts’ (4)

L

9.American Indians used to hunt it (5)

B

10.Animal that digs underground tunnels (4)

M

11.Sea creature with large tusks (6)

W

12.Shaggy-coated animal from Tibet (3)

Y

13.A male sheep (3)

R

14.A vixen is the female of this animal (3)

F

15.A wildcat with long ears (4)

L Prim-Ed Publishing • 1 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Acrostic After you have solved the clues across in this acrostic, you will find that you have a capital city in the first column reading downwards. When you have discovered the name of the capital city, answer these questions:

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1. In which country is this city?

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2. After whom was it named?

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3. What is that person famous for?

N

You would look through a pane here!

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1.

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Using your dictionary for the words in boxes will help you!

E

The last word in a Christian prayer.

ew

2. 3.

H

This form of transport has a prow.

4.

P

S

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5.

6.

T

7.

A

8.

E

9. 10.

Wards are found in this building. Part of your foot. Minims and crochets are examples of these.

It is closed by a portcullis in a castle. We have this number of years in a decade. O

E

A shape with opposite sides equal in length.

A trawler would use one.

Your city is here!

Prim-Ed Publishing • 2 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Crossword – Nouns A noun is a name of something or somebody. For example, dog, London, Peter and pencil are all nouns. All the answers in this crossword are nouns. 3

4

5

6

10

11

12

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9

13

15

8

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7

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2

1

14

17

16 18

19

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20

21

22

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Across 3. Badly built hut 6. Tailless monkeys 7. A seabird 9. His motto is ‘be prepared’ 13. Used by anglers 15. Tiny birds 16. Tree that bears cones 17. Large member of feline family 18. Young horses 20. These are wagers 21. A bird’s beak 22. A seat in a church

Down 1. Automobiles 2. A bold person 4. A trilby is one 5. A sovereign 8. A snake-like sea creature 10. An edible vegetable root 11. A container with a tap for serving tea 12. Examinations 14. Odours 15. A spouse 19. Small poisonous snake

Hint: Using your dictionary for the meaning of the words in bold type will help you! Prim-Ed Publishing • 3 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Idioms Idioms are sayings which we use every day. When your father says ‘You are driving me up the wall!’, he doesn’t mean you are driving the car, he means you are making him crazy! Try to complete the idioms below.

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The answers are jumbled at the end of each line, and all the answers are nouns (names of things).

PUT YOUR ANSWERS IN THE BOXES. IDIOM

MEANING

You must play the

You must play fairly

MGEA

She had to be silent

ONTUGE

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She had to hold her

ANSWER

They both bit the

They both fell to the ground

UDST

He was all

He was listening very carefully

AESR

Don’t annoy him

YWA

Act at once

RINO

She took forty

She had a short sleep

NIWSK

Don’t hit below the

Don’t act unfairly

EBTL

He turned over a new

He made a new start

ELFA

She did her best

TFOO

He showed a clean pair of

He ran away

ELHSE

He’s always down in the

He’s always unhappy

HMUTO

We threw in the

We gave up trying

WELTO

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Don’t rub him the wrong Strike while the

She put her best

You’ve hit the It’s raining cats and

is hot

forward

on the head

You are exactly right It’s raining very heavily

INLA SDGO Prim-Ed Publishing • 4 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Alphabetical Order

(To first letter)

Look at the words above the boxes. They have to be put in alphabetical order, from top to bottom, inside the boxes. If you do this correctly, you will find a word reading down the last column. Write this word next to the correct clue.

A

W

N

G

I

V

E

T

O

S

S

W

E

N

T

SAIL TENT

DEEP FREE

JEER HALO

IOTA ZEAL

YETI CHOP

PERU MAIL

RUIN SNUG

FLEA PEEP

EACH LIAR

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LOOK CHIP

VIEW HAIR

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F

DISC SOLO

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TOSS WENT

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GIVE FAWN

BUSH GREY

ITEM KEEN

WINS ROAM

PILL MALE

1. Large trees

6. Religious song

2. Animal skin

7. Large black bird

3. A creature’s home 4. Organ of the body 5. A bucket

NEST

8. Meat from pigs 9. Musical instrument Prim-Ed Publishing • 5 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Nouns (Homes) Nouns are the names of people or things. The people and animals below can’t find their homes because they are hidden inside the sentences. Can you help them?

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To make it easier for you, the answers are jumbled at the beginning of the line. Look at the example and put your answers in the boxes. (You may need to check your answers in the dictionary!)

The bird used fine straw to build its home.

The gypsy had a car, a van and a horse.

OGLIO

The eskimo drew a big loop on the paper.

TSET

A young badger upset the jar of honey.

EDOLG

The beaver frightened our lodger last night.

HAERT

Each squirrel ran when the padre yelled. An escaping fox could hear the dogs. Each Scot entered a pigeon in the race.

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NVAARCA

RDYE

NEST

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SNET

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Example

HLELS

John wanted to wash Ellen’s snail.

UHHCT

The large hut chosen by Tim was for his rabbit.

SAMNE

Each man sent a gift to the church minister.

LBSETA

She was just able to control the horse.

PTEEE

The Red Indian ate white peel from a melon.

LLCE

A parcel left by the prisoner was opened.

BNIAC

The hunter caught a cab in the morning.

NOOCLY

The colon you used in the story on ants is wrong.

Circle your answer first. SPELLING MUST BE CORRECT!

Prim-Ed Publishing • 6 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Rhyming Words – Limericks

(Context clues)

Limericks are humorous (funny) poems which have five lines. In a limerick, the first, second and fifth lines rhyme.

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The rhyming words are in the boxes above each limerick. Place them in the poems so they make sense.

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The third and fourth lines rhyme with each other, but with a different rhyme pattern from the other three lines.

There was a young girl called ..................

fork Who tried to eat cream with a ................

Who went for a walk on a ........................

around It splashed all .............................................

She fell into the ..........................................

ground Fell down to the .........................................

Was stung by a ..........................................

cork Because it wasn’t kept in with a ..............

And certainly didn’t look ..........................

mayor friar choir tyre prayer

cot insane yacht Spain shot

There was a churchgoing.........................

Four men who sailed on a ........................

Who needed to mend an old .................

Took a baby who slept in a ......................

He got help from the .................................

They sailed over to ....................................

After saying a .............................................

Said Spaniards were..................................

And then decided to sing in a ................!

And left before they were ........................

razor Mary fairy laser hairy

bent tent date straight Trent

There once was a girl called ....................

There was a young man named .............

Whose face was extremely ......................

Whose nose was obviously .......................

She asked for a ..........................................

He wanted it ..............................................

But should use a .........................................

In time for a ................................................

If she wants to look like a ..........................

So the operation was done in a ..............

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ground York fork around cork York There was an old man from .....................

sea jetty bee pretty Betty

Prim-Ed Publishing • 7 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Adjectives

(Dictionary work)

Adjectives are words we use to describe people or things. Some adjectives we use all the time! For example, we say ‘a nice day’, ‘a good boy’, or ‘a great film’.

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The adjectives in bold type in the sentences are the ones we use a lot. Use the adjectives at the bottom of the sheet and put each one in its correct box, so that the bold adjective has the same meaning as the adjective in the box next to it. 1.They built a house on the empty

3.We had a happy 4.He was taken to a dirty 5.The brave 6.She made many

expression on his face.

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2.There was a sad

block.

time at the party. cell in the prison.

hunter escaped from the fierce lion. attempts to escape.

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7.They all agreed he was a rich

man.

8.She was the honest

person they required.

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9.He was sorry he shared a tent with his untidy 10.We both saw the huge

friend.

area destroyed by bombs.

11.Her parents didn’t like her rude 12.The visitor was a famous

boyfriend. visitor from overseas.

13.They saw many old

temples on their holiday.

14.There were several noisy

passengers on the train.

15.The small orange had a sour

taste.

wealthy bitter numerous vacant boisterous

mournful impolite ancient jovial immense

grimy trustworthy notable bold slovenly Prim-Ed Publishing • 8 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Dictionary – Occupations

(Vocabulary extension)

1. The blacksmith shaped the metal on his

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3. His dentist pulled out a tooth with his

.

.

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2. An orchestra leader conducted with her

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The people in bold type in the sentences use the objects listed at the bottom of the page. Check each list word in your dictionary and put it in the correct box beside the person who would use it.

.

.

5. Our priest preached to us from the

.

6. As she made a dress, the dressmaker used a

.

7. The butcher chopped up the meat with a

.

8. An office worker carried letters in her

.

9. A surgeon completed the operation with a

.

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4. Each astronaut looked through the

.

11. A shopkeeper entered the price on her

.

12. Each explorer carried a small

.

13. The nurse checked his patient with a

.

14. One of the police officers carried a long

.

15. Several farmers tried to repair a friend’s

.

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10. Their gardener collected leaves with a

cleaver anvil pulpit thimble compass

thermometer rake till plough telescope

forceps briefcase baton scalpel truncheon

YOUR DICTIONARY WILL HELP! Prim-Ed Publishing • 9 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Alliteration When writers use alliteration they begin words with the same letters, because the words then seem to run together more smoothly and have a rhythm.

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Alliteration also helps make the sayings we use easier to remember. (For example, blind as a bat; spick and span; as good as gold; through thick and thin.)

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Look at the example below and then make up your own alliteration sentences from the given words.

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TRY TO MAKE THEM FUNNY IF YOU CAN! Example: Tiny Tim told terrible tales to talkative Thomas. 1. Monty Mouse

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2. Peter Piper 3. Captain Cook

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4. The Pink Porcupine 5. Boys’ Brigade

6. George Granite 7. Buffalo Bruce 8. King Koala 9. Samson Street

10. Brown Betty

Prim-Ed Publishing • 10 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Word Families – Rhymes

(Context clues)

In the boxes below are words which belong to the same family because they are alike in some way. Place the words on the correct line in the poem so the poem makes sense. –IGHT slight night right might fight light

He said his next ........................................

One dark cloudy .....................................

Was to swallow a ....................................

When there wasn’t much ......................

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–ICK stick quick trick brick sick pick

John started to ........................................

And make him so ....................................

Though he was only ................................

That a doctor he’d .................................

He fought with all his...............................

But he’d have to be ..............................!

But he knew it wasn’t .............................

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Yet in his throat it might ..........................

–AIN pain train drain rain brain grain

–AKE snake rake drake lake quake brake

Joan fell down a .....................................

Dad stepped on the ...............................

And this caused her some .....................

When a very large ..................................

So the girl used her .................................

Slid out of the...........................................

And she boarded a ................................

Though this made us...............................

But as it passed fields of .........................

We chased it with a ................................

Down came the .....................................!

But scared a duck and a .......................

CHECK ANY WORD YOU DON’T KNOW IN YOUR DICTIONARY! Prim-Ed Publishing • 11 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Jumbled Sentences These sentences are all mixed up. Sentences should make sense, so you have to ‘unjumble’ them. The first word in each correct sentence is in bold type, and you should learn something new from each sentence.

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Put the last letter of each sentence in its box to form a word (reading downwards).

1. summer, is weather often In warm the. 2. polo The ride teams horses in.

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3. express A is train fast an called.

4. is of Baghdad city Iraq capital the.

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5. of in Andes the are Mountains Peru Parts . 6. woman An sari Indian a may wear. 7. in make Governments money mint a.

8. called is One Pluto the planets of. 9. are on grapes Tasty vine our grown.

10. bishops Players in and use knights chess.

Prim-Ed Publishing • 12 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Homophones Homophones are words which sound the same, but which may be spelt differently and which have different meanings. Examples: blue, blew sea, see wait, weight fair, fair

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John has used the wrong homophones (in bold type) in these sentences. You have to put the correct homophones in the boxes. To help you, the correct answers, jumbled, have been given.

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SPELLING MUST BE CORRECT!

1. Sandra gave cakes to her uncle and aren’t. 2. His ship sailed into the key.

3. The king rained over his people for 10 years.

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4. A councillor had a meal with the mare.

5. There was a flag on the boy in the river. 6. The hole cake was eaten at once.

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7. Several lambs were gambling in the field. 8. They climbed the tall beach tree. 9. John was holy inside the circle.

Jumbled answers TUAN UYQA

DGREENI AYMRO UOBY HWELO LLMAGBOGIN HEBEC YLWOHL

10. She road across the lake in a boat.

WREOD

11. We had to paws for a few minutes.

ASPUE

12. The woman wore a vale over her face. 13. All seats were arranged in tears. 14. Many sailors sailed away in a bark. 15. They managed to climb down into the seller.

LIVE SITRE EAQBRU LCERLA

IF YOU’RE NOT SURE OF YOUR ANSWER, CHECK ITS MEANING AND SPELLING IN THE DICTIONARY! Prim-Ed Publishing • 13 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Word Squares These are word problem squares which you have to solve.

a metal

Look at the example on the right. All answers are four-letter words and spelling must be correct. Your dictionary and a thesaurus will help. Clues to the missing words are given around the squares.

p a r t s

L E A D I

A

P S

R N K

I

u n l i t

e

b o d y

pl

subside

YOU SHOULD LEARN SOME NEW WORDS! rapid

F

T

D

E

sa m

d i s c o v e r

an ode

n o t

P

M

E

N

p r o d

w i l d

in g

palm fruit

s a t e l l i t e

not odd Australian gem

stone fruit

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f r a c t i o n

s l i g h t l y o p e n

P

T

T

A

R

S male sheep

r e q u e s t s

g a r d e n

b i r d s

h e r b

a flower

I

S

a m e t a l

O

L

S

P

l a n t e r n

a sloop

small cake

region

A

M

n i g h t

N

T tidy and orderly

S c o t t i s h p e r s o n Prim-Ed Publishing • 14 •


Problem Solving With Language

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Word Target

(Dictionary work)

Follow the rules and place the words you find alongside the clues below. R

A

M

O

N

E

U

P

F

pl

T

RULES 1. All words are four letters long. 2. The letter T must be in each word. 3. No names of people (e.g. Tom) or places (e.g. Paris). 4. The letter T can be anywhere in the word. 5. No letter is used twice in the same word. 6. There are no plurals.

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D

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CHECK THE WORDS IN BOLD TYPE IN YOUR DICTIONARY. Money paid to live in a house you don’t own.

2. FO _ _

A bowl in a church that holds water.

3. ME _ _

Venison is an example of this.

4. TU _ _

A large game and food fish.

5. MO _ _

Water-filled ditch around a castle.

6. TR _ _ 7. PU _ _

A snare is one.

A kind of flat-bottomed boat used for leisure. Dried turf used for fuel on fires.

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8. PE _ _

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1. RE _ _

9. TO _ _

An amphibian with a rough skin.

10. MA _ _

Word meaning ‘a friend’.

11. PO _ _

To stick out your lips when sulking.

12. TA _ _

Describes a domesticated animal.

13. PA _ _

The top of the head.

14. DA _ _

Pointed missile, generally thrown by hand.

15. TU _ _

A melody.

Underline the letter T in each word to make sure you follow the rule. Prim-Ed Publishing • 15 •


Problem Solving With Language

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Collective Nouns Collective nouns are nouns which stand for a number of people or things. Examples: • A pack (or deck) of cards • A crowd of people

e

In the sentences below, the words in bold type tell you what is in each collection, and the collective noun itself is hidden in the sentence. (Look at the example.)

pl

Circle the noun hidden in the sentence and write it in the column.

sa m

Example: • He ate a bun, cheese and some grapes. (A bunch of grapes) 1. We had to flee to the ships in the port.

_ _ _ E _

2. They can’t stay if lockers are used to keep birds.

_ _ _ C _ _ _ N _

4. The eyes of the puppies glittered in the light.

_ _ _ _ E _

5. I hear my soldiers have won a great victory.

_ R _ _

in g

3. An organ given to him was stolen by thieves.

6. Any cheap art you sell raises money for the climbers.

_ _ _ T _

7. We can’t gag Glenda because she talks to geese!

_ A _ _ _ _ _ _ A _ _

Vi ew

8. It feels warm and that means more insects!

9. She bought several cute American horses.

T _ _ _

10. The first rib eaten by the cannibals was tasty!

_ _ _ _ E

11. The echo iron gongs make would drown out singers.

_ _ O _ _

12. He entered the crowded room full of spectators.

_ _ O _ _

13. She could at least afford to pay her servants.

_ _ A _ _

14. They introduced fines to stop poachers hunting rabbits. 15. The echo stopped when the angels finished singing.

_ E _ _ _ O _ _

YOU CAN CHECK ANY COLLECTIVE NOUNS IN YOUR DICTIONARY IF YOU ARE NOT SURE OF YOUR ANSWER. Prim-Ed Publishing • 16 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Bigger Than!

(Dictionary work)

Use the given words to fill the gaps and make each sentence true! Put your first two answers in alphabetical order!! Example: BED COT CRADLE cradle, bed, cot A .................and a .................are bigger than a ..................... A .................and a .................are bigger than a .....................

shrew, zebra, ibex

An ...............and a .................are bigger than a .....................

e

mammoth, vole, horse

pl

mansion, cabin, palace A .................and a .................are bigger than a ..................... A .................and a .................are bigger than a .....................

pygmy, titan, ogre

An ...............and a .................are bigger than a .....................

iceberg, icicle, glacier

A .................and an ..............are bigger than an ...................

posy, wreath, bouquet

A .................and a .................are bigger than a .....................

goose, cygnet, swan

A .................and a .................are bigger than a .....................

seed, seedling, sapling

A .................and a .................are bigger than a .....................

in g

sa m

town, city, hamlet

flea, locust, gnat

A .................and a .................are bigger than a .....................

dugong, sardine, herring A .................and a .................are bigger than a ..................... An ...............and a .................are bigger than a .....................

Vi ew

grape, peach, apricot

pelican, albatross, robin An ...............and a .................are bigger than a ..................... beret, cloak, cardigan

A .................and a .................are bigger than a .....................

pistol, cannon, musket

A .................and a .................are bigger than a .....................

Y ONAR I T C I D ED! NEED

Be careful where you see the word ‘an’. Remember, an is used with a word starting with a vowel or a silent h.

Prim-Ed Publishing • 17 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Similes — Alliteration Similes are sayings people use all the time. We use similes when we compare somebody or something with something else so we can make very clear what we mean.

pl

e

For example, if a person is very quiet or very thin, we say that person is: • as quiet as a mouse; or • as thin as a rake.

sa m

Some similes are more easily remembered because they use ALLITERATION, where the main words start with the same letter. For example, ‘as blind as a bat’; ‘as fit as a fiddle’; as good as gold’. Now try these. The answers are jumbled, but the first letter is printed in bold type. 1. She was as pretty as a

2. He said everything would be as right as

NIRA EBE

in g

3. The student was as busy as a

RICTPEU

4. It is late, but she is still as bright as a

TOBNUT OODD

Vi ew

5. Each animal was as dead as a

6. After the game, John was as pleased as

HPNUC

7. She said her brother was as weak as

TARWE

8. During summer, he was as brown as a

EBRYR

9. Mary’s father was as proud as a

CECPAKO

10. Even in danger, she was as cool as a

UERCCBMU

11. The old man was as deaf as a

TOODROPS

12. Her story was as dull as 13. Rik is as mad as a

RAIHCDTWTE hare.

14. The monster was as tall as a 15. You didn’t finish because you are as slow as a

HAMCR RETE NSILA Prim-Ed Publishing • 18 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Missing Numbers Each of the words in the left-hand column below has a part missing, and the missing part from the box is a number. Look at the examples! TEN ant

A person who pays rent.

THREE some

A group of three people.

sa m

pl

e

If you think you know the answer, check its meaning in the dictionary to see if it’s the same as the clue. The clue is for the whole word!

Cargo moved from one place to another

2. DRIF TWO OD

Pieces of timber cast onto the beach by waves

3. SIX PENCE

An old English coin no longer used

in g

1. FR EIGHT

An officer in the army

5. CA NINE

An animal described as ‘like a dog’

6. TEN CH

A freshwater fish of the carp family

Vi ew

4. COL ONE L

7. DR ONE

A male bee that doesn’t have a sting

8. MIT TEN

A kind of glove used in cold countries

9. DISH ONE ST

Not to be trusted

10. H EIGHT

Altitude

11. LEO NINE

Like a lion in appearance

12. C ONE

A maths shape

13. TEN OR

A male singer with a high voice

14. ABAL ONE

A sea creature with a shell

15. GLIS TEN

To shine or sparkle in the light Prim-Ed Publishing • 19 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Colourful Language! We use colours in many of the common sayings we use in our daily conversations. For example, we say someone is in the pink when that person is fit and healthy; or that someone is enjoying a purple patch when everything is going right.

pl

e

Use each of the colours listed below and place them in the correct box. Some colours are used more than once. (The meanings of the phrases in bold type are in brackets.)

sa m

Hint: You will find these sayings in a large dictionary.

BROWN BLACK WHITE RED BLUE YELLOW GREEN 1. She was

red

in the face when he kissed her. (Embarrassed)

2. Our team’s victory was a

red

wash. (Opponents didn’t score)

-handed. (Caught in the act)

in g

3. The thieves were caught

white

4. They said he had a

yellow

streak. (Was a coward)

5. Her garden bloomed because she had

7. The student was the teacher’s 8. They were both

10. That theatre is a blue

12. She is the

14. It was a

green

white

red

-eyed boy. (Someone’s favourite)

light to build a house. (Given permission)

elephant. (Costly to run and makes no profit)

-collar worker. (Tradesman who works with his hands)

black

13. The ladies were

blue

brown ed off about it. (Fed up and annoyed)

9. She was given the

11. He is a

fingers. (Skilled at gardening)

white lie. (An unimportant lie that doesn’t hurt anyone)

Vi ew

6. He told a

green

sheep of the family. (Least respectable family member) green

with envy when the prince kissed her. (Jealous)

-letter day for him. (Day when everything goes right)

15. She’d been feeling

blue

all day. (Feeling miserable) Prim-Ed Publishing • 20 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Homonyms The word homonym comes from the Greek homos (meaning ‘same’) and onyma (meaning ‘name’). Homonyms have different meanings but are pronounced and spelt the same.

landed on the handle of the cricket

2. He held a small

PALM

tree in the

PALM

BAT

.

of his hand.

pl

BAT

sa m

1. The flying

e

In the sentences below, the same homonym is used twice in each sentence, but there are clues to give you the two different meanings. Examples:

The correct answers are given, jumbled, at the end of the sentences. 1. A

crane

built a nest on top of the huge

2. The sailors drank

port

3. The athlete decided to fence

5. The

train

brave

as he caught a

8. It was

sister

12. She

felt

TOPR

train

.

ARTIN

cavalry officer captured the indian

brave

. VERBA

ash left when the

deal

to sell

deal

ash

eight

to escape but was caught and schools

of fish in our

was treated at hospital by a

tried in court.

DITER

sister

cricket

as they played

14. He played with a

marble

on the

iris

damaged the

iris

.

SOHSCOL

. felt

cricket

marble

LADE HIETG

schools

13. He heard a noisy

AHS

finished.

the smooth surface of the piece of

15. The stem of the

NFCEE

tree burnt down.

to the timber mill.

p.m. before the rowing

10. We learn about 11. My

.

.

eight

tried

ANRCE

fence

Vi ew 7. He made a

port

.

with rapiers near our garden

6. There was only

9. He

as they sailed into

in g

4. You can’t

crane

floor.

in his eye.

TSSREI .

LFTE .

TCICEKR LAMEBR RIIS

If you are not sure you have the right word, check both meanings in a dictionary! Prim-Ed Publishing • 21 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Word Pyramids

first letter Thank you!

fifth letter

H E

brown colour

male pronoun

H O E

garden tool

S H O E

footwear

e

S H O V E

sa m

If you find you know an answer lower down the pyramid—then work upwards!

E

to push

pl

When your answers are completed, you will have a pyramid shape, because each answer has one more letter than the answer above it. Clues are given for each word. Look at the example on the right.

ninth letter inside

alcoholic drink

war machine

a smile

in g

gave off an odour

fifth letter

Vi ew

us

female sheep

wheat is one

fourth letter to carry out a female deer

water jug

bird of peace

underground drain

ninth letter

operated a car

first letter

an object

morning (abbreviation)

set alight narrow opening to break apart

male sheep kind of transport hobo

Prim-Ed Publishing • 22 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Alphabetical Order

(To second letter)

Look at the words above the boxes. They have to be put in alphabetical order, from top to bottom, inside the boxes. If you do this correctly, you will find a word reading down the last column. Write this word next to the correct clue below.

PAIR RICE

A

I

R

P

I

N

E

R

I

C

E

R

O

A

D

CAMP WINK

Vi ew

VISA DOME

HERO HALF

in g

P

PEAR POND

BURN BLOT

COAT BONE

LINE DASH

LOAF CHIC

sa m

PINE ROAD

pl

e

All the answers are nouns (names of things).

TOGA TWIT

THIN SING

BEFORE you put your answers in the correct place below, you need to check the word meanings in your dictionary. 1. A tiny insect

4. A shallow river crossing

2. A mountain top

5. A cook

3. A water plant

REED

6. A marquee Prim-Ed Publishing • 23 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Anagram Verbs! Verbs are mainly ‘doing’ words which show action; for example, he ran, she smiled, they jump. Anagrams are words made from the jumbled letters of other words; for example, sale —— seal, trap —— part, dog —— god.

paled

2. He

pedal

wrote

hard you can reach the top of the hill.

several letters that morning.

All over the city, new buildings 3. They

drove

4. She had to

kiss

skis

above us.

roved

peels

the seas for many years.

each baby for the photographs.

roved

down the icy slopes every morning.

in g

skis

5. Each person

said

Our hospital nurse

he or she would give a prize.

aids

wrest

Vi ew

6. We tried to

Too many visitors

7.

tower

their car to the local garage.

The famous pirate

David

Sleep

pedal

anyone who needs help.

the money out of his hands.

strew

litter around the city’s parks.

dial

well and then rise early for work.

He usually

peels

8. All of them

laid

They always

strive

off his clothes before diving in.

out their presents on the table.

dial

that number, but no one answers.

9. The principal

streamed

the students in the top class.

Each student

mastered

the problems set in the test.

10. The worker You must

mastered

pl

If you

as the strange creatures approached.

sa m

1. He

e

Rearrange the letters of the verb in the box to make another verb that will fit in the empty box below. The answers, out of order, are given on the right.

rivets strive

tower

aids

the bolts into the metal very carefully. hard to be successful.

strew Prim-Ed Publishing • 24 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Interesting Words List below any new and interesting words you have come across while doing the activities in this book. Try to explain their meaning. Meaning

Vi ew

in g

sa m

pl

e

Word

Prim-Ed Publishing • 25 •


Problem Solving With Language

Book 1

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Answers

Sheet 5 1. elms 2. pelt 3. nest 4. lung 5. pail 6. hymn 7. crow 8. pork 9. harp Sheet 6 caravan; igloo; sett; lodge; drey; earth; cote; shell; hutch; manse; stable; tepee; cell; cabin; colony.

Down find, tame poke, moon part, mint owls, lamp ajar, asks iron, Scot

Sheet 15 1. rent 2. font 3. meat 4. tuna 5. moat 6. trap 7. punt 8. peat 9. toad 10. mate 11. pout 12. tame 13. pate 14. dart 15. tune

in g

Sheet 7 York, fork, around, ground, cork Betty, jetty, sea, bee, pretty friar, tyre, mayor, prayer, choir yacht, cot, Spain, insane, shot Mary, hairy, razor, laser, fairy Trent, bent, straight, date, tent

Sheet 14 Across fast, date poem, even plum, tart opal, ship area, rams iris, neat

Vi ew

Sheet 8 1. vacant 2. mournful 3. jovial 4. grimy 5. bold 6. numerous 7. wealthy 8. trustworthy 9. slovenly 10. immense 11. impolite 12. notable 13. ancient 14. boisterous 15. bitter Sheet 9 1. anvil 2. baton 3. forceps 4. telescope 5. pulpit 6. thimble 7. cleaver 8. briefcase 9. scalpel 10. rake 11. till 12. compass 13. thermometer 14. truncheon 15. plough Sheet 10 Answers will vary Sheet 11 trick, brick, stick, sick, pick, quick night, light, fight, slight, might, right drain, pain, brain, train, grain, rain brake, snake, lake, quake, rake, drake Sheet 12 1. In summer, the weather is often warm. 2. The teams ride horses in polo.

Sheet 20 1. red 2. white 3. red 4. yellow 5. green 6. white 7. blue 8. brown 9. green 10. white 11. blue 12. black 13. green 14. red 15. blue

e

Sheet 4 game; tongue; dust; ears; way; iron; winks; belt; leaf; foot; heels; mouth; towel; nail; dogs

Sheet 13 1. aunt 2. quay 3. reigned 4. mayor 5. buoy 6. whole 7. gambolling 8. beech 9. wholly 10. rowed 11. pause 12. veil 13. tiers 14. barque 15. cellar

1. freight — eight 2. driftwood — two 3. sixpence — six 4. colonel — one 5. canine — nine 6. tench — ten 7. drone — one 8. mitten — ten 9. dishonest — one 10. height — eight 11. leonine — nine 12. cone — one 13. tenor — ten 14. abalone — one 15. glisten — ten

pl

Sheet 2 1. USA 2. George Washington 3. First President USA 1. window 2. amen 3. ship 4. hospital 5. instep 6. notes 7. gate 8. ten 9. oblong 10. net The city is ‘Washington’

3. A fast train is called an express. 4. Baghdad is the capital city of Iraq. 5. Parts of the Andes Mountains are in Peru. 6. An Indian woman may wear a sari. 7. Governments make money in a mint. 8. One of the planets is called Pluto. 9. Tasty grapes are grown on our vine. 10. Players use bishops and knights in chess. The word formed is ‘MOSQUITOES’

Sheet 21 1. crane 2. port 3. train 4. fence 5. brave 6. ash 7. deal 8. eight 9. tried 10. schools 11. sister 12. felt 13. cricket 14. marble 15. iris

sa m

Sheet 1 1. tiger 2. camel 3. stag 4. bear 5. mouse 6. gorilla 7. puma 8. lion 9. bison 10. mole 11. walrus 12. yak 13. ram 14. fox 15. lynx

Sheet 16 1. fleet 2. flock 3. gang 4. litter 5. army 6. party 7. gaggle 8. swarm 9. team 10. tribe 11. choir 12. crowd 13. staff 14. nest 15. host

Sheet 22 a, ta, tan, tank, stank i, in, gin, grin, grain e, we, ewe, ewer, sewer d, do, doe, dove, drove i, it, lit, slit, split a, a.m., ram, tram, tramp Sheet 23 1. gnat 2. peak 3. reed 4. ford 5. chef 6. tent Sheet 24 1. pedal 2. tower 3. roved 4. skis 5. aids 6. strew 7. peels 8. dial 9. mastered 10. strive Sheet 3

Sheet 17 1. horse, mammoth, vole 2. ibex, zebra, shrew 3. mansion, palace, cabin 4. city, town, hamlet 5. ogre, titan, pygmy 6. glacier, iceberg, icicle 7. bouquet, wreath, posy 8. goose, swan, cygnet 9. sapling, seedling, seed 10. gnat, locust, flea 11. dugong, herring, sardine 12. apricot, peach, grape 13. albatross, pelican, robin 14. cardigan, cloak, beret 15. cannon, musket, pistol

2

1

C

6

A

4

11

T E R

N

E

G

12

13

R E

I 8

S C O U T A

A C K

A 7

R 10

5

S H

P E S

R 9

3

H

E L

15

W R E N S

16

18

T

I G

19

F O A L S

20

22

P

B I

E W

E

R

L 21

B E T S

S

M

17

I R

F

14

L

L

S

Sheet 18 1. picture 2. rain 3. bee 4. button 5. dodo 6. punch 7. water 8. berry 9. peacock 10. cucumber 11. doorpost 12. ditchwater 13. March 14. tree 15. snail Sheet 19

Prim-Ed Publishing • 26 •


0291up ps lang bk1