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Middle

Published by Prim-Ed Publishing


Foreword The ability to use a dictionary effectively is essential to all learners. Dictionary Skills is a series of three books that takes young learners through the processes and skills that will assist them to become proficient when using a dictionary. The activities develop a wide range of skills, including: • • • • • • • • •

alphabetical order; alphabet searches; using guide words; finding definitions; proofreading spelling errors; homophones; antonyms and synonyms; word origins; and abbreviations.

Words used in the series can be found in most popular dictionaries used in schools, although it is recommended that a more comprehensive dictionary is available in the classroom. Each book is divided into distinct sections which develop skills in dictionary use, ensure practice with these skills and then provide a variety of activities where these skills can be applied. The activities can be used in a variety of ways, including: as part of the class literacy programme; as an activity centre; for homework activities; as a library resource; or for early finishers.

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• • • • •

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Was that AWL or OWL?

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Contents

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Books in this series are: Dictionary Skills – Lower Dictionary Skills – Middle Dictionary Skills – Upper

Teachers Notes/Curriculum Links ....................................... ii

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My Interesting Word Chart ................................................. iii Section 1 How to Use a Dictionary

What is a Dictionary? ........................................................... 1 How Good is your Alphabet? ............................................. 2 Alphabet Search ................................................................. 3 Guide Words ....................................................................... 4 Stretching the Skill ............................................................... 5 Stolen Words ....................................................................... 6 Use the Word... .................................................................... 7 Use the Word – Master Copy ............................................. 8 Have a Guess ...................................................................... 9 Have a Guess – Master Copy ........................................... 10 Without Words .................................................................... 11 Compound Words ............................................................. 12 Mix ‘n’ Match ...................................................................... 13 Revision ............................................................................ 14 Section 2 Dictionary Activities Dictionary Activity 1 ............................................................ 15 Dictionary Activity 2 ............................................................ 16 Dictionary Activity 3 ............................................................ 17

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Dictionary Activity 4 ............................................................ 18 Dictionary Activity 5 ............................................................ 19 Dictionary Activity 6 ........................................................... 20 Dictionary Activity 7 ............................................................ 21 Dictionary Activity 8 ........................................................... 22 Dictionary Activity 9 ........................................................... 23 Dictionary Activity 10 ......................................................... 24 Dictionary Activity 11 .......................................................... 25 Dictionary Activity 12 ......................................................... 26 Dictionary Activity 13 ......................................................... 27 Dictionary Activity 14 ......................................................... 28 Dictionary Activity 15 ......................................................... 29 Dictionary Activity 16 ......................................................... 30 Dictionary Activity 17 .......................................................... 31 Dictionary Activity 18 ......................................................... 32 Dictionary Activity 19 ......................................................... 33 Dictionary Activity 20 ........................................................ 34 Dictionary Activity 21 ......................................................... 35 Dictionary Activity 22 ........................................................ 36 Dictionary Activity 23 ........................................................ 37 Dictionary Activity 24 ........................................................ 38 Dictionary Activity 25 ........................................................ 39 Dictionary Activity 26 ........................................................ 40 Answers ...................................................................... 41–43

Dictionary Skills

i


Teachers Notes Dictionary Skills – Middle contains two sections. Section 1

How to Use a Dictionary

The activities in this section revise skills needed to use a dictionary effectively. Pupils can practise alphabetical order, use guide words, find words in telephone directories, study word origins etc. Master copies of some activities are also provided for the teacher or pupil to fill in words and complete the activity. Section 2

Dictionary Activities

Words in bold print help children to identify which word to look up in the dictionary to find the answer.

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This section contains a wide variety of dictionary activities. Pupils will become familiar with the format and type of activities as each is repeated several times throughout the worksheets.

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Curriculum Links

The activities within the Dictionary Skills series develop skills at using a dictionary through a variety of ‘Word’ and ‘Text’ level work activities. The National Literacy Strategy suggests the following types of dictionaries should be used with pupils as they progress through Key Stages One and Two.

Dictionary Skills

Key Stage

Dictionaries to be Used

Lower

One

Simple dictionaries with/without illustrations

Middle

Two (Years 3–4)

Dictionaries progressing in difficulty Dictionaries without illustrations Alphabetic texts, directories, etc.

Upper

Two (Years 5–6)

Wide range of dictionaries, including I.T. sources

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Dictionary Skills

ii


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My Interesting Word Chart

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Dictionary Skills

iii


What is a Dictionary? A dictionary tells you three main things about words: • how to spell them; • how to pronounce them; and • the meaning of the word. It also tells you two other important pieces of information: • where the word c • what k

f

;

of word it is (for example, a noun or verb).

1. These are some words which people have trouble spelling. Try to correct them without looking them up, then check your work in the dictionary. (f) burgular

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(a) cheif (b) freind

(g) potatoe

(h) seperate

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(c) Febuary

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(d) twelth (e) truble

(i) libary (j) fourty

Partner Test

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My List

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2. (a) List five words that you always have trouble spelling. Find a partner and test him or her with your list. (Cover the list before calling each word.)

5

(b) Now get your partner to test you with his or her list. Partner List

My Test

5

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Dictionary Skills

1


How Good is Your Alphabet? 1. Put the following words into alphabetical order. Sometimes you will need to look at the second or third letter. (If you don’t know the meaning of any of the words, look them up in your dictionary!) fell feel feat few fern

(b)

vane pane cane mane lane

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(a)

slob slow slot slog slop

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(c)

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2. Alphabet Code Can you crack the code to find the missing letters and complete the words? Example: qfqqfs = p r = pepper (move the letters one back down the alphabet) oo

(a) gppucbmm

=

(b) divsdi

= ch

(c) tvqfsnbslfu

=

u

b

(d) cvuufs

=

tt

(e) hjhhmf = r

i

e

k

3. Make your own secret alphabet code for your partner to solve.

4. Can you solve this saying? ‘D

n’t c

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nt y

r ch

ck

ns b

Dictionary Skills

f

r

th

y h

tch.' 2


Alphabet Search Find one word on the topic given by your teacher for each letter of the alphabet. Try to do it by yourself, but if you get stuck, use your dictionary!

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The search topic is:

Make up your own search topics and have a competition with a partner or group. First to complete the grid wins! Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

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Guide Words Dictionary makers put guide words at This is the first word the top of each page to help us. They on this page. show us the first and the last words on a page. The other words on the page come in between these guide words – in alphabetical order, of course. Having these guide words helps you to locate a word on a page very quickly.

This is the last word on this page.

jungle

jockey

journey

jigsaw

joystick

jot

jujitsu

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1. Look at this list of words. Put them into alphabetical order, then write 'yes' alongside each if you would find it on the dictionary page above. Write 'no' if you would find it on another page.

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2. Use your own dictionary. Find these words, write the page number you found them on, and the guide words for each page. Give a meaning for each word.

Dictionary Skills

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Stretching the Skill Putting words into alphabetical order is a very important skill–and not just for dictionaries. 1. Libraries arrange their fiction books in alphabetical order. Why do you think this is?

2. Fiction books are arranged in alphabetical order using the author’s surname (last name). Put these authors into alphabetical order. A.A. Milne

Captain W.E. Johns

Enid Blyton

Alfred Hitchcock

Paul Jennings

Wilbur Smith

Roald Dahl

Colleen McCullough

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Stephen King

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3. Telephone directories list people in alphabetical order by their last name. When the last names are the same, they use the first name (or initial) to sort the list. Here’s a list from the telephone directory–but it looks like the printer didn’t know the alphabet!

0181 546 3728

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Smith, Terry and Jenny 37 Elm Street

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Can you put these entries in order?

Smith, Bruce and Diane 17 Eucalypt Road

0181 263 0892

Smith, Simon and Chloe 49 Maple Place

0181 972 4875

Smith, Brian and Wendy 48 Oakapple Drive

0181 628 1426

Smith, G&C 11 Lemontree Rise

0181 468 9260

Smith, A&G 5 Lilac Crescent

0181 254 1804

Smith, Lee and Penn 142 Jarrah Court

0181 162 8930

Smith, DA & DV 24 Banksia Close

0181 457 2387

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Order of surnames

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Stolen Words The English language borrows a lot of words from other languages, often without even changing them! But your dictionary can tell you where the word came from. For example, pasta n food made from a dough or paste of wheat flour, salt and water, such as spaghetti or macaroni. (It., pasta dough) Here, it tells us the word was taken from the Italian language.

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1. For each of the words below, say what language it came from, and what it now means. Can you find five more words to complete the table?

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Use the Word… It isn’t much good just being able to look up a word in the dictionary–you need to know how to use it as well.

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For the following words, firstly find the dictionary meaning; then use the word in a sentence.

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Dictionary Skills

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Use the Word...

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Dictionary Skills

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Have a Guess Sometimes you can work out what a word might mean just by looking at it–and sometimes you can't! For each of the following words, firstly write down what you think it might mean; then check your answer in the dictionary. chainsaw

heartless My guess:

The dictionary says:

The dictionary says:

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My guess:

mismatch

forefather

My guess:

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My guess:

The dictionary says:

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postmark

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The dictionary says:

greenhouse

My guess:

My guess:

The dictionary says:

The dictionary says:

chilblain

garland

My guess:

My guess:

The dictionary says:

The dictionary says:

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Dictionary Skills

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Have a Guess Word:

My guess:

My guess:

The dictionary says:

The dictionary says:

Word:

Word:

My guess:

My guess:

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Word:

The dictionary says:

Word:

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My guess:

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The dictionary says:

Word: My guess:

The dictionary says:

The dictionary says:

Word:

Word:

My guess:

My guess:

The dictionary says:

The dictionary says:

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Dictionary Skills

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Without Words 1. For each of the words below, draw a picture to show what it means. You must not use any words in your pictures–not even labels. (d) rucksack

(b) pennant

(e) skylight

(c) cello

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(a) moat

2. Work with a partner. Find two words each from the dictionary for the other one to draw. Be fair!

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Dictionary Skills

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Compound Words Many words are made by joining two words together. For example, a newsreader is a person who reads the news. 1. Here is the first half of some compound words, plus the definition that goes with the whole word. Can you find the missing word? Example: sunshade used to protect you from the sun’s rays

under

when your skin gets too much sun

below the surface of the earth

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sun

over

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down

over the side of a boat or ship

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very sad; dejected

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house

stone

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a person who is paid to look after a house, do the cleaning and cooking etc.

broad to send messages by radio

flash

very hard pottery

attaches to a camera for taking photos at night

boat

flame

a building where boats are stored

will not burn easily

lap

screw

a computer small enough to hold and operate on your knees

a carpenter’s tool

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Dictionary Skills

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Mix 'n' Match 1. Use your dictionary to match the words in the following list that mean nearly the same thing.

2. Use your dictionary to match the words in the following list that mean the opposite.

gleam

empty

hate

carriage

joy

hard

destroy

feline

stories

love

narrow

quick

films

arrive

sink

delight

usual

create

full

normal

bill advance

defeat

tales

noisy

beak

fast

movies

wagon

glimmer

cat

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rowdy

depart

float

retreat

victory

soft

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m

wide

architect

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3. Now use your dictionary to match the list of occupations with the definition of what they do.

A person who designs buildings

A person who builds things out of stone; or who carves stone for things like headstones on graves

wheelwright

A person who checks written material before it is printed to make sure it is correct

mason

A special blacksmith who makes and fits horseshoes

astronomer

The person in charge of a museum or art gallery

goldsmith

A person who presents the news on television

editor

A scientist who specialises in celestial bodies (such as stars, suns, moons, planets etc.)

curator

A person who makes and repairs wheels, especially on horse carriages

newsreader

A person who makes and sells articles of gold

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Dictionary Skills

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Revision 1. These words are spelt incorrectly. Use your dictionary to find the correct spelling. (a) computor

(c) dificult

(b) necesary

(d) raindeer

2. Put these names from the telephone directory into alphabetical order: Smith

Smoker

Snell

Stevens

Spalding

Stephens

Seaman

Slee

Word

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3. What language did the following words come from? What do they mean?

Means

From

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spaghetti restaurant

scowl

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Sentence

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Meaning

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4. What do the following words mean? Use them in a sentence.

5. Try to guess what this word might mean. Then check your answer in the dictionary. telesales

6. Use a picture to show the meaning of the following words. Remember, a picture only! chopsticks

My guess:

jack-o’-lantern The dictionary says:

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Dictionary Skills

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Dictionary Activity – 1 1. True or false? (a) You can eat a muffin. (b) A decagon has eight sides. (c)

A puma is a bird.

(d) You store food in an archive. (e) A quiver holds arrows. A yak is a type of ox. 3. What am I?

I'm not a duck, but I have a bill. I'm not a beaver, but I have a flat tail. I'm a mammal, but I lay eggs. I live mainly in rivers. I'm only found in Australia. I am a:

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2. Would an adder make a good house pet? Explain your answer.

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(f)

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4. Where will you find a molar?

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Draw some molars.

6. Mums and Dads (Circle the right word.) 5. Where will you find a dugong? Colour the correct answer. in the sea in the mountains up a tree Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

A male pig

boar

bore

A male horse

stallion

foal

A male deer

bull

stag

A female pig

cow

sow

A female horse

calf

mare

A female deer

reindeer

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Dictionary Activity – 2 1. Dough and doe sound the same but have different meanings. Put each word in a sentence which explains its meaning. dough

doe

2. The words below are all fruit. Find the missing letters. (a) m

ar

(b) wa

er

n l

(d) st

n

(c) or

ber

(e) ap

ic

(f) ba

a

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3. There are three spelling mistakes in each sentence. Circle the incorrect words and write them correctly.

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(a) ‘Attention, poeple,’ said Mrs Smith, the teacher. ‘Sit up strait and be quiete.’

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(b) Don’t strane your eyes watching the computor screne.

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(c) ‘Oh, no!’ showted Mary. ‘I’ve forgoten my libary books!’

4. Who is most likely to wear a kimono?

5. What is mah-jong?

6. A phillumenist is a person who collects … what?

7. What is the real name for quicksilver?

8. If you refrigerate something, what do you do to it?

Why would you want to refrigerate something?

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Dictionary Skills

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Dictionary Activity – 3 1. Find a word which means nearly the same. (a) ranch

(d) trophy

(b) mail

(e) expensive

(c) humdrum

(f) scare

2. Look up the word in bold print in your dictionary to help you finish the sentence. (a) A balalaika is a Russian

instrument.

(b) If you get a broken

, you should call a glazier.

(c) If you query something, you'll be asking a

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. (d) If you are making toffee, you're going to need plenty of s

m

.

(e) A mantelpiece is found above a

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.

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3. Find two totally different meanings for the word fly.

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(a)

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(b)

4. Where do they live? Circle the correct answer. bass

land

sea

air

wildebeest

land

sea

air

tuna

land

sea

air

kestrel

land

sea

air

wombat

land

sea

air

wren

land

sea

air

5. In what continent would you find the following? (a) kraal (b) tepee (teepee) (c) llama (d) didgeridoo Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

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Dictionary Activity – 4 1. True or false? (a) A fledgling is a baby bird. (b) Dynamite is dangerous. (c) Sampans are slow-flying planes. (d) The Mississippi is a Canadian river. (e) Someone who is genteel is polite. (f) You make brawn with vegetables.

bricklayer

printer

shoemaker

(b) spanner

teacher

mechanic

author

accountant

doctor

electrician

(d) carbine

soldier

firefighter

jockey

(e) spatula

editor

singer

chef

gardener

angler

pilot

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scalpel

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(c)

m

(a) awl

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2. Who would use these tools? Choose from the list.

hoe

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(f)

3. Use your dictionary to find the plurals of these words. (a) mosquito

(d) octopus

(b) fish

(e) hoof

(c) goose

(f) tooth

4. Look at the picture of the woman. Colour her by following the instructions. Her hair is ebony. She has azure eyes. She is wearing a scarlet jumper. Her trousers are maroon. She is wearing tan shoes.

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Dictionary Skills

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Dictionary Activity – 5 1. Circle the odd word out in each list. Why doesn’t it fit? (a) regiment platoon squad troupe

(d) suede

(b) herd

(e) cheddar edam parmesan treacle

congregation

flock

pack

(c) monitor keyboard recorder diskette

nautical

marine

lagoon

(f) mackerel whale tuna trout

2. What do you do with the following? Explain your answer.

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(a) wurst (b) palomino

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(c) pianola (d) claret

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(e) stetson

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(f) haggis

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3. These people all have special jobs. What do they do? glazier

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surveyor

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astronaut

pharmacist

calligrapher

geologist

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Dictionary Activity – 6 1. Find the word in bold print in your dictionary to help you fill in the missing letters. (a) Greenland is the world’s largest

.

(b) A milliner makes and sells l

' h

.

(c) Something miniature is likely to be very (d) A person who writes for a n

. p

p

(e) A deciduous tree will lose its

is a journalist. every year.

(f) A joystick is used to control an

.

2. Match the following words to their correct meaning. Meaning

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Word •

to make believe

exchange

a person who makes men’s clothes

pretend

finely ground wheat or other grains

tailor

long, narrow type of pasta

flour

to burn with hot water or steam

scald

to swap something for another item

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sa

m

noodle

3. Draw a picture to explain these words.

(c) penknife

(e) rudder

(d) tripod

(f) centaur

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(a) mallet

(b) spinnaker

4. If you had the initials MBE after your name, what award would you have? Prim-Ed Publishing

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Dictionary Activity – 7 chop

melon

may

powder

head

coat

scare •

knob

gun

crow

rain

sticks

water •

day

door

hunter

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1. Take one word from the list on the left, then add one word from the list on the right, to make a new word!

2. What do you keep in a ... (a) hangar?

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(d) aviary?

(e) granary?

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(b) zoological garden?

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(a) Is turquoise blue?

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3. Answer yes or no.

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(c) mint?

(f) pantry?

(d) Can a bed have a headboard?

(b) Would you eat a trilby?

(e) Would you wear a jerkin?

(c) Are pickles sweet?

(f) Can you milk a cowslip?

4. You will find all these objects in one building. Say what each object is, then write down what building you will find them in. (a) pew

pulpit

font

altar

The building is a: (b) forge

anvil

bellows

hammer

The building is a:

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Dictionary Activity – 8 1. Use your dictionary to find six words starting with re. Each word must have exactly six letters. (a)

(d)

(b)

(e)

(c)

(f)

2. On which part of your body would you wear the following: (d) garter

(b) tiara

(e) kerchief

(c) vest

(f) sombrero

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(a) clogs

3. True or false?

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(a) A mantilla is a type of clothing.

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(b) You can eat broth.

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(d) Polished metal can glint.

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(c) Mayonnaise, a dressing for salads, is made with eggs.

(e) An entree is served after dessert.

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(f) Cologne is a special hair oil.

4. The word hatch has more than one meaning. Write two of these meanings below and draw a picture for each. (a) hatch

(b) hatch

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Dictionary Activity – 9 1. Through and threw sound the same but have different meanings. Put each word in a sentence which explains its meaning. through

threw

2. The words below are all forms of transport. Find the missing letters. (a) au

b

(b) mo

e

(d) tr

cy

(e) ho e

(f) l

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(c) bi

r

y

m

3. There are three spelling mistakes in each sentence. Circle the incorrect words and write them correctly.

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(a) ‘I’m not very good at speling, ’ Simon sayed to his best freind.

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(b) The yacth was caught in the stormey wether.

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(c) Austrailia is a very flat, very dry countrey in the southen hemisphere.

4. If you are wearing jodhpurs, what are you most likely to be doing?

5. In which game will you find a bishop and a pawn?

6. A numismatist is a person who collects … what?

7. What would you do with a viola?

8. If you dice an onion when cooking, what do you do to it?

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Dictionary Activity – 10 1. Find a word which means nearly the same. (a) entry

(d) rug

(b) meadow

(e) gentle

(c) chat

(f) skinny

2. Look up the word in bold print in your dictionary to help you finish the sentence. (a) Paisley is a fabric made from

.

(b) You will most likely find a chef working in a k

.

(d) You will usually find aut

b

(e) A dinghy is a small

.

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(c) A hovercraft doesn’t have wheels, it floats on

s in a garage.

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.

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3. Find two totally different meanings for the word bear. (a)

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(b)

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4. Where do they live? Circle the correct answer. kangaroo

land

sea

air

salmon

land

sea

air

albatross

land

sea

air

kingfisher

land

sea

air

koala

land

sea

air

herring

land

sea

air

5. In what country would you find the following? (a) didgeridoo (b) caber (c) wart-hog (d) wigwam (e) shamrock (f) the Sphinx Prim-Ed Publishing

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Dictionary Activity – 11 1. True or false? (a) Cider is a drink made from apples.

(d) A compass is used to tell the temperature.

(b) Your index finger is next to your forefinger.

(e) A ship’s keel is the same as its mast.

(c) A bronco is a good horse for riding.

(f) A pilot steers ships into and out of harbours.

2. What do these initials mean? (a) RSVP

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(b) RIP (c) HMS

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(d) ASAP (e) USA

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(f) CIA

(a) cactus

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Wallaby darned! TWINS!

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3. Use your dictionary to find the plurals of these words.

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(b) wallaby (c) sheep (d) ox (e) mummy (f) aircraft

4. Look at the picture of the man. Colour him by following the instructions. His hair is light tan. He has hazel eyes. He is wearing an emerald shirt. His trousers are magenta. He is wearing black shoes. Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

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Dictionary Activity – 12 1. Circle the odd word out in each list. Why doesn’t it fit? (a) stew

custard

soup

napkin

(b) seatbelt

handbrake

elevator

windscreen

(c) salad

wing

tail

cockpit

labrador

tiger

leopard

(e) rudder

sail

brake

anchor

(f) bread

apple

scone

biscuit

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(d) lion

2. What do you do with the following? Explain your answer. (a) plectrum

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(d) vodka

(b) petunia

(e) mantilla

(c) harpsichord

(f) tripe

3. These people all have special jobs. What do they do? (a) physiotherapist

(d) psychologist

(b) botanist

(e) taxidermist

(c) biographer

(f) trooper

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Dictionary Activity – 13 1. Find the word in bold print in your dictionary to help you fill in the missing letters. (a) Australia is the world’s smallest

.

(b) A shepherd looks after

.

(c) Something antique is likely to be very

.

(d) A person who designs

is an architect.

(e) A snake’s p

is called venom.

(f) An altimeter is used to measure

.

2. Match the following words to their correct meaning. Meaning •

mouse

anvil

a blacksmith’s heavy iron block

a prediction of the future

m

dinghy

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Word

a small tool for making holes

small rowing or sailboat

prophecy

a place of extreme beauty

paradise

a small rodent

in

g

sa

gimlet

3. Draw a picture to explain these words.

(c) parachute

(e) dingo

(d) holster

(f) gosling

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(a) gondola

(b) willow

4. If you had the initials PhD after your name, what qualification would you have?

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Dictionary Activity – 14 1. Take one word from the list on the left, then add one word from the list on the right, to make a new word! •

spread

horse

board

bed

path

tooth

horn

foot

keeper

cup

box

glove

power

fog

paste

pl e

book

2. What do you keep in a ... (a) silo?

m

(d) barracks? (e) library?

sa

(b) sty? (c) aquarium?

(f) armoury?

in

g

3. You will find all these objects or people in one building. Say what each object is, then write down what building you will find them in.

Vi ew

gavel

magistrate barrister jury dock The building is a:

4. Answer yes or no. (a) Can you drink whey?

(d) Would you find a terrapin near water?

(b) Will you see aircraft at a regatta?

(e) Can a tern fly?

(c) Can you wear a toupee?

(f) Is jade brown?

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Dictionary Activity – 15 1. Use your dictionary to find five words starting with fr. Each word must have exactly five letters. (a)

(d)

(b)

(e)

(c)

(f) 2. On which part of your body would you wear the following? (a) beret (b) sash

(e) cravat (f)

sa

3. True or false?

(d) Ivory comes from elephants.

g

(a) You can get lost in a maize.

(e) Eskimos live in central Australia.

in

(b) A crag is a steep valley.

chemise

m

(d) boater

pl e

(c) bodice

(f) A buzzard is a deep-sea fish.

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(c) Mahogany is a reddish-brown wood.

4. The word float has more than one meaning. Write two of these meanings below and draw a picture for each. (a) float

(b) float

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Dictionary Activity – 16 1. You and ewe sound the same but have different meanings. Put each word in a sentence which explains its meaning. you

ewe

2. The words below are all animals. Find the missing letters. d

(d) ch

(b) el

a

(e) ca

(c) ti

(f) wal

h y

pl e

(a) cr

(g) wh (h) go (i) d

o

m

3. There are three spelling mistakes in each sentence. Circle the incorrect words and write them correctly.

sa

(a) ‘Pleese eat your carats Jason and then you can wotch TV.’

in

g

(b) ‘Do you now the way to my houes?’ askt Jane.

Vi ew

(c) ‘My shert is blew and I need a knew tie to match it,’ said Dad.

4. Who is most likely to wear a forage cap?

5. What is a shamrock?

6. Would you like to be described as jovial? Why/Why not?

7. The Morse code uses and

instead of letters.

8. What job does the helmsman do on a ship?

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Dictionary Activity –17 1. Find a word which means nearly the same. (a) broad

(d) murky

(b) crumple

(e) brief

(c) retrieve

(f) sheen

2. Look up the bold word in your dictionary to help you finish the sentence. (a) A crotchet is a

note.

(b) A rajah is a prince from

.

(c) A stadium is a is called a terrier.

pl e

(d) One type of

for sporting activities.

(e) A crustacean is a

.

m

3. Find two totally different meanings for the word fair. (a)

sa

(b)

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in

g

4. Where do they live? Circle the correct answer. lamprey

land

sea

air

bison

land

sea

air

osprey

land

sea

air

eel

land

sea

air

heron

land

sea

air

boar

land

sea

air

5. In what country would you find the following? (a) platypus

(c) bandicoot

(b) samovar

(d) samurai

6. These words are commonly confused with each other. Find the meanings for each. accept

except

stationery

stationary

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Dictionary Activity – 18 1. True or false? (a) A chaplain is gunner in the navy. (b) Crochet is a ball game. (c) Someone who is small and weak is called burly. (d) Ships are loaded at a wharf. (e) A barnacle is a shellfish. (f) An offender is someone who breaks the law.

pl e

2. What do these initials mean? (a) FBI

m

(b) VCR

sa

(c) UN (d) SAS

g

(e) LCD

in

(f) PLO

Vi ew

3. Use your dictionary to find the plurals of these words. (a) workman (b) platypus (c)

albatross

(d) sheep (e) cutlass (f)

curry

4. Look at the picture of the car. Colour it by following the instructions. The wheels are chrome. The paint is beige. The bumpers are charcoal. The roof is turquoise. Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

32


Dictionary Activity – 19 1. These words are spelt incorrectly. Use your dictionary to find the correct spelling. (a) becaues

(c) cheif

(b) bussiness

(d) guage

2. Put these names from the telephone directory into alphabetical order: Clark

Copley

Cassidy

Creek

Crow

Chapman

Childs

pl e

Cope

in

g

sa

m

3. What language did the following words come from? What do they mean?

Vi ew

4. What do the following words mean? Use them in a sentence. Meaning

tom-tom

Sentence

trespass

5. Try to guess what this word might mean. Check the answer in your dictionary. freehand

6. Use a picture to show the meaning of the following word. Remember, a picture only!

(a) My guess is:

(b) The dictionary says: heifer Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

33


Dictionary Activity – 20 1. Find the word in bold in your dictionary to help you fill in the missing letters. (a) A cobbler is a person who mends

.

(b) A zoologist is a person who studies

.

(c) A fathom is a unit to measure the depth of (d) A husky is a type of

.

.

(e) A stirrup is attached to a horse's

.

(f) An ailment is an

.

2. Match the following words to their correct meaning. Meaning

alias

the 'lead' in a lead pencil

bandit

a heavy load

graphite

forceps

m

pl e

Word

an outlaw or highwayman

a false name

pincers used by a doctor or dentist

sa

g

burden

(c) jaguar

(e) javelin

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(a) cashew

in

3. Draw a picture to explain these words.

(b) grouse

(d) hammock

(f) catamaran

4. If you had the initials MD after your name, what job would you have?

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34


Dictionary Activity – 21 1. Take one word from the list on the left, then add one word from the list on the right, to make a new word! •

mark

tool

box

foot

proof

book

word

fool

brush

cross

active

radio

stick

candle

ball

pl e

tooth

2. What do you keep in a...

3. What do you find in a...

(a) canteen?

m

(a) squadron? (b) quarry?

sa

(b) quiver? (c) holster?

(c) monastery?

in

Vi ew

(a) Is magenta a yellow colour?

g

4. Answer yes or no.

(d) If you whimper, are you shouting?

(b) Can you eat a sari?

(e) Does a busker perform in the street?

(c) Is an urchin a spider?

(f) Is a squaw an American Indian woman?

5. You will find all these objects or people in one building. Say what each object is, then write what building you will find them in. stethoscope syringe ward surgeon crutch The building is a

Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

35


Dictionary Activity – 22 1. Use your dictionary to find five words starting with sl. Each word must have exactly five letters. (a)

(d)

(b)

(e)

(c)

(f)

2. Who would wear the following? (a) sari

(d) spurs

(b) nappy

(e) aqualung

(c) kimono

(f) habit

pl e

3. True or false?

m

(a) A girder is used in building.

sa

(b) A lugger is a small ship. (c) Peanuts grow above ground on trees.

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in

(e) An opal is a gemstone.

g

(d) An oboe is a string instrument.

(f) A partridge lives in the ocean. 4. The word tap has more than one meaning. Write two of these meanings below and draw a picture for each. (a) tap

(b) tap

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Dictionary Activity – 23 1. Blue and blew sound the same but have different meanings. Put each word in a sentence which explains its meaning. blue blew 2. The words below are all items of clothing. Find the missing letters. (a) sa

ls

(b) sk

t

(e) b

t

(f) blo

l

(g) st

k

(d) gl

es

(h) s

k

s

tr

(o)

a

(k)

j

(l)

sh

s r

s

n r r

pl e

(c) si

(i)

sa

(a) I'm going to rite a leter to my unkle.

m

3. There are three spelling mistakes in each sentence. Circle the incorrect words and write them correctly.

g

(b) My frend sed we should go to the pitchers.

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in

(c) On the way to shcool, I stoped to play footbal.

4. Who is most likely to wear a wetsuit?

5. What is gridiron?

6. If you are called morbid, would you be happy? Why?

7. How can blind people read Braille?

8. What job does the fireman do on a steam train?

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Dictionary Skills

37


Dictionary Activity – 24 1. Find a word which means nearly the same. (a) anxious

(d) jest

(b) antique

(e) gather

(c) brook

(f) pardon

2. Look up the word in bold print in your dictionary to help you finish the sentence. (a) A tambourine is a

instrument.

(b) A joiner makes things out of

.

(c) To merge two things is to make them into (d) A pesticide is used to

.

pl e

pests.

(e) If you salvage something, you

it from destruction.

m

3. Find two totally different meanings for the word jingle.

sa

(a) (b)

Vi ew

in

g

4. Where do they live? Circle the correct answer. moray

land

sea

air

python

land

sea

air

starling

land

sea

air

oyster

land

sea

air

raven

land

sea

air

emu

land

sea

air

5. In what country would you find the following? (a) armadillo

(c) gondola

(b) sphinx

(d) Vesuvius

6. Group the following musical instruments under the headings percussion, wind or strings. (a) saxophone

(e) xylophone

(b) mandolin

(f) clarinet

(c) tambourine

(g) banjo

(d) guitar

(h) cymbal

Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

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Dictionary Activity – 25 1. True or false? (a) A colonel is an army officer. (b) A salary is money you are paid for working. (c) If you are a slave, you have liberty. (d) A gnat is a tiny freshwater fish. (e) A smorgasbord is a type of meal. (f) If you see a mirage, you are looking at something real.

pl e

2. What do these initials mean? (a) WHO

m

(b) RC

sa

(c) ISD (d) BBC

g

(e) SOS

in

(f) VHF

(a) index

Vi ew

3. Use your dictionary to find the plurals of these words.

(b) bureau

(c) balcony

(d) foot (e) property (f) fairy

4. Look at the picture of the house. Colour it by following the instructions. The roof is terracotta. The bricks are fawn. The curtains are lemon.

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Dictionary Skills

39


Dictionary Activity – 26 1. These words are spelt incorrectly. Use your dictionary to find the correct spelling. (a) villian

(c) opossite

(b) ninty

(d) twelth

2. Put these names from the telephone directory into alphabetical order: Michaels Moon Mitchell Matthews Metcalfe Morris Mallory Moore Macintosh

g

sa

m

pl e

3. What language did the following words come from? What do they mean?

disguise

software

Sentence

Vi ew

Meaning

in

4. What do the following words mean? Use them in a sentence.

5. Try to guess what this word might mean. Check the answer in your dictionary.

6. Use a picture to show the meaning of the following word. Remember, a picture only!

medication

dromedary

(a) My guess is:

(b) The dictionary says:

Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

40


Answers – 1 mason – A person who builds things out of stone; or who carves stone for things like headstones on graves astronomer – A scientist who specialises in celestial bodies (such as stars, suns, moons, planets etc.) goldsmith – A person who makes and sells articles of gold editor – A person who checks written material before it is printed curator – The person in charge of a museum or art gallery newsreader – A person who presents the news on television

Page 1

Page 2 1.

2. 3. 4.

(a) feat, feel, fell, fern, few (b) cane, lane, mane, pane, vane (c) slob, slog, slop, slot, slow (a) football (b) church (c) supermarket (d) butter (e) giggle Teacher check 'Don’t count your chickens before they hatch.’

Page 3 Page 4 1. 2. Page 5 1. 2. 3.

Teacher check

3.

jigsaw – no; jockey – no; jot – yes; journey – yes; joystick – yes; judo – yes; jujitsu – yes; jungle – no Teacher check

4.

Makes them easier to find. Blyton, Dahl, Hitchcock, Jennings, Johns, King, McCullough, Milne, Smith. Smith, A&G; Smith, Brian and Wendy; Smith, Bruce and Diane; Smith, DA & DV; Smith, G&C; Smith, Lee and Penn; Smith, Simon and Chloe; Smith, Terry and Jenny khaki – Indian – dull, greenish-brown colour cafe – French – restaurant serving light meals and coffee tea – Malay/Chinese – drink made from dried leaves of the tea shrub taco – Mexican/Spanish – a savoury meal inside a folded corn bread chutney – Indian – a spicy fruit/vegetable relish kangaroo – Aboriginal Australian – Australian marsupial kindergarten – German – school for young children satay – Malay – spiced meat grilled on a skewer

5. 6. Page 15 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

(a) computer (b) necessary (c) difficult (d) reindeer Seaman, Slee, Smith, Smoker, Snell, Spalding, Stephens, Stevens spaghetti – Italian – a type of pasta restaurant – French – an establishment where meals are served to customers kilt – a short, pleated skirt worn by Scots scowl – a sullen or angry look Teacher check Teacher check (a) true (b) false (c) false (d) false (e) true (f) true No – it's a poisonous snake platypus In your mouth in the sea male pig – boar; male horse – stallion; male deer – stag; female pig – sow; female horse – mare; female deer – doe

sa

Page 6 1.

Page 14 1. 2.

pl e

2.

m

1.

comes from, kind (a) chief (b) friend (c) February (d) twelfth (e) trouble (f) burglar (g) potato (h) separate (i) library (j) forty Teacher check

Page 16 1. 2.

g

3.

Page 7 Teacher check Page 8 Teacher check Page 9 Teacher check Page 10 Teacher check

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in

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Page 17 1. 2. 3. 4.

Page 11

5. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

Page 12 1.

Page 13 1.

2.

3.

a wide trench filled with water surrounding a castle a triangular flag an instrument shaped like a large violin a bag with shoulder straps a flat window in a roof

Page 18 1. 2. 3. 4.

sunburn, downhearted, housekeeper, stoneware, boatshed, laptop, underground, overboard, broadcast, flashgun, flameproof, screwdriver

Page 19 1.

rowdy, noisy; carriage, wagon; feline, cat; quick, fast; delight, joy; normal, usual; tales, stories; beak, bill; movies, films; glimmer, gleam empty, full; hard, soft; love, hate; arrive, depart; create, destroy; advance, retreat; wide, narrow; float, sink; victory, defeat farrier – A special blacksmith who makes and fits horseshoes architect – A person who designs buildings wheelwright – A person who makes and repairs wheels, especially on horse carriages

Prim-Ed Publishing

Dictionary Skills

2.

3.

Teacher check (a) mandarin (b) watermelon (c) orange (d) strawberry (e) apricot (f) banana (a) people, straight, quiet (b) strain, computer, screen (c) shouted, forgotten, library a Japanese person a game with small tiles matchboxes mercury keep it cool (cold) Teacher check (a) farm (b) post (c) dull/monotonous/boring (d) prize (e) dear (f) frighten (a) musical (b) window (c) question (d) sugar (e) fireplace Teacher check bass – sea; wildebeest – land; tuna – sea; kestral – air; wombat – land; wren – air Africa, North America, South America, Australia true, true, false, false, true, false shoemaker, mechanic, doctor, soldier, chef, gardener (a) mosquitoes/mosquitos (b) fishes/fish (c) geese (d) octopuses/octopi (e) hoofs/hooves (f) teeth Teacher check (a) troupe – others are all soldiers, (b) congregation – others are animal groups (c) recorder – others relate to computers (d) suede – others are all water-related (e) treacle – others are types of cheese (f) whale – others are fish (not mammals) (a) eat it – sausage (b) ride it – horse (c) play it – piano (d) drink it – red wine (e) treacle – the others are types of cheese (f) wear it – hat (f) eat it – Scottish food surveyor – measures land astronaut – space traveller calligrapher – practises penmanship or beautiful writing glazier – fits windows/doors with glass pharmacist – a chemist, especially dealing with medicines geologist – studies the Earth and the rocks

41


Answers – 2

3. 4.

Page 22 1. Teacher check 2. (a) feet (b) head (c) chest/torso (d) leg (e) neck (f) head 3. (a) false (b) true (c) true (d) true (e) false (f) false 4. Teacher check

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in

g

Page 23 1. Teacher check 2. (a) automobile (b) motorcycle (c) bicycle (d) tractor (e) horse (f) lorry 3. (a) spelling said, friend (b) yacht, stormy, weather (c) Australia, country, southern 4. horse riding 5. chess 6. coins (and medals) 7. play it 8. chop it into small cubes

Page 24 1. (a) doorway/entrance etc. (b) field/pasture (c) talk/chatter (d) mat (e) calm/kind etc. (f) thin 2. (a) wool (b) kitchen (c) air (d) automobiles (e) boat 3. Teacher check 4. kangaroo – land; salmon – sea; albatross – air; kingfisher – air; koala – land; herring – sea 5. Australia, Scotland, Africa, North America, Ireland, Egypt Page 25 1. (a) true (b) false (c) false (d) false (e) false (f) true 2. (a) repondez s'il vous plait (please reply) (b) Requiescat in pace (rest in peace) (c) His (Her) Majesty's ship (d) as soon as possible (e) United States of America (f) Central Intelligence Agency 3. (a) cactuses/cacti (b) wallabies (c) sheep (d) oxen (e) mummies (f) aircraft 4. Teacher check

Page 27 1. (a) continent (b) sheep (c) old (d) houses (e) poison (f) height 2. dinghy – small rowing or sailboat mouse – a small rodent anvil – a blacksmith's heavy iron block gimlet – a small tool for making holes prophecy – a prediction of the future paradise – a place of extreme beauty 3. (a) a long, narrow boat with pointed ends (b) a tree with thin, weeping branches (c) an apparatus used to slow the fall from an aeroplane (d) a holder for a gun (e) an Australian wild dog (f) a young goose 4. Doctor of Philosophy

pl e

2.

chopsticks, mayday, headhunter, scarecrow, gunpowder, raincoat, watermelon, doorknob (a) aircraft (b) animals (c) money (d) birds (e) grain (f) food (a) yes (b) no (c) no (d) yes (e) yes (f) no (a) pew – benchlike seat, font – water container, pulpit – raised platform, altar – a communion table The building is a church. (b) forge – hearth or fireplace, bellows – device for fanning a fire, anvil – iron block for hammering metal, hammer – instrument for beating metal The building is a blacksmith's (forge).

sa

Page 21 1.

Page 26 1. (a) napkin – others are foods (b) elevator – others are part of a car (c) salad – others are part of an aircraft (d) labrador – others are cats/wild animals (or tiger – others all begin with letter 'l') (e) brake – others are part of a boat (f) apple – others are baked using flour 2. (a) play/pluck a stringed musical instrument with it (b) plant/pick/water it – flower (c) play it – musical instrument (d) drink it – an alcoholic drink (e) wear it – hat (f) eat it – food 3. (a) treats sore joints on muscles (b) plant scientist (c) writes people's life stories (d) studies the human mind (e) stuffs dead animals (f) soldier

m

Page 20 1. (a) island (b) ladies' hats (c) small (d) newspaper (e) leaves (f) aeroplane 2. noodle – long, narrow type of pasta exchange – to swap something for another item pretend – to make believe tailor – a person who makes men's clothes flour – finely ground wheat or other grains scald – to burn with hot water or steam 3. (a) a wooden hammer (b) a large triangular sail (c) a small knife that folds into the handle (d) a three-legged stool or support (e) a flat, movable plate at the back of a boat or plane, used for steering (f) a half-human, half-horse creature 4. Member of the Order of the British Empire

Page 28 1. bookkeeper, horsepower, bedspread, toothpaste, footpath, cupboard, glovebox, foghorn 2. (a) grain (b) pigs (c) fish (d) soldiers (e) books (f) arms and armour 3. gavel – a judge's hammer magistrate – a judge barrister – lawyer who specialises in court cases jury – people who decide on guilt or innocence dock – where accused is held The building is a court(house). 4. (a) yes (b) no (c) yes (d) yes (e) yes (f) no Page 29 1. Teacher check 2. (a) head (b) waist/over shoulders (c) upper body (d) head (e) neck/throat (f) upper body 3. (a) false (b) false (c) true (d) true (e) false (f) false 4. Teacher check Page 30 1. Teacher check 2. (a) crocodile (b) elephant (c) tiger (d) cheetah (e) canary (f) wallaby (g) whale (h) goat (i) dingo 3. (a) please, carrots, watch (b) know, house, asked (c) shirt, blue, new 4. soldier 5. a plant 6. jovial – cheerful, friendly 7. dots and dashes 8. steers it Page 31 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

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Dictionary Skills

(a) wide (b) crease/crush (c) fetch/return (d) cloudy/dark (e) short (f) gloss/shine (a) musical (b) India (c) facility (d) dog (e) shellfish Teacher check lamprey – sea; bison – land; osprey – air; eel – sea, heron – air; boar – land (a) Australia (b) Russia (c) Australia (d) Japan accept – to take or receive willingly; except – excluding or leaving out stationery – writing paper and writing materials such as pens and pencils; stationary – not moving

42


Answers – 3 Page 32 1. (a) false (b) false (c) false (d) true (e) true (f) true 2. (a) Federal Bureau of Investigation (b) video cassette recorder (c) United Nations (d) Special Air Services (e) liquid crystal display (f) Palestine Liberation Organisation 3. (a) workmen (b) platypuses/platypi (c) albatrosses (d) sheep (e) cutlasses (f) curries 4. Teacher check

Page 34 1. (a) shoes (b) animals (c) water (d) dog (e) saddle (f) illness 2. alias – a false name bandit – an outlaw or highwayman graphite – the 'lead' in a lead pencil forceps – pincers used by a doctor or dentist burden – a heavy load 3. (a) a small curved nut (b) a game bird (c) a large, fierce spotted cat (d) a hanging bed (e) a spear thrown in sporting events (f) a boat with two hulls 4. doctor

Page 39 1. (a) true (b) true (c) false (d) false (e) true (f) false 2. (a) World Health Organisation (b) Roman Catholic (c) International Subscriber Dialling (d) British Broadcasting Corporation (e) Emergency (sometimes 'Save Our Souls') (f) very high frequency 3. (a) indexes/indices (b) bureaus/bureaux (c) balconies (d) feet (e) properties (f) fairies 4. Teacher check

sa

m

pl e

Page 33 1. (a) because (b) business (c) chief (d) gauge 2. Cassidy, Chapman, Childs, Clark, Cope, Copley, Creek, Crow 3. souffle –␣ French – a light, fluffy baked dish moccasin – American Indian – shoe made of soft leather 4. a drum, teacher check being illegally on someone's property, teacher check 5. Teacher check 6. a young cow who hasn't had a calf

Page 38 1. (a) worried, nervous (b) old, aged (c) creek, stream (d) joke (e) collect (f) excuse 2. (a) musical, (b) wood (c) one (d) kill (e) save 3. Teacher check 4. moray – sea; python – land; starling – air; oyster – sea; raven – air; emu – land 5. (a) armadillo – (South) America (b) sphinx – Egypt (c) gondola – Italy (d) Vesuvius – Italy 6. (a) wind (b) strings (c) percussion (d) strings (d) percussion (e) wind (f) strings (h) percussion

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in

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Page 35 1. toothbrush, toolbox, football, bookmark, foolproof, crossword, radioactive, candlestick 2. (a) food/cutlery (b) arrows (c) gun 3. (a) planes (b) stone (c) monks 4. (a) no (b) no (c) no (d) no (e) yes (f) yes 5. stethoscope – device to listen to the sounds of our heart and lungs syringe – needle surgeon – doctor who operates ward – a place where patients are housed crutch – staff providing support for body The building is a hospital.

Page 40 1. (a) villain (b) ninety (c) opposite (d) twelfth 2. Macintosh, Mallory, Matthews, Metcalfe, Michaels, Mitchell, Moon, Morre, Morris 3. cassata – Italian – icecream with chopped dried fruit or nuts discotheque – French – a club for dancing 4. Teacher check 5. Teacher check 6. one-humped camel

Page 36 1. Teacher check 2. (a) Indian woman (b) baby (c) Japanese person (d) cowboy/jockey/horse rider (e) skindiver (f) nun/monk 3. (a) true (b) true (c) false (d) false (e) true (f) false 4. Teacher check

Page 37 1. Teacher check 2. (a) sandals (b) skirt (c) singlet (d) gloves (e) belt (f) blouse (g) stockings (h) socks (i) trousers (j) apron (k) jumper (l) shirt 3. (a) write, letter, uncle (b) friend, said, pictures (c) school, stopped, football 4. a skindiver 5. American football/a utensil of parallel metal bars, used for grilling 6. morbid – gloomy, gruesome 7. with their fingers 8. feeds/stokes the fire

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