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get hip. get savvy. get real.

March - April 2018

21 winning women sport & fitness

winter olympics art & design

abstract expressionist

29

LEE KRASNER

17 the flu health & beauty

your health:

fashion & style

spring styles

25

quiz: What’s Your Spring Style?

volume 10, number 2

girlworks.ca

43

careergirl

YouTube as a Career? PAGE 9


contents fashion & style

girl in the world 3

Poland

25

Spring Styles (for Any Spring!)

5 Marie Curie 7 Kitchen Korner: Polish Potato & Cheese Pierogies

art & design 29

Lee Krasner

careergirl 9

entertainment

YouTube as a Career? 33

Celebrating Tracy Chapman

35 Embarrassing Moments

technogirl 13 Coolest New Tech Launched at the 2018 Consumer Electronic Show:

L’Oreal’s UV Sense

money

37

What is Cryptocurrency?

quizzes & games health & beauty 17

Your Health: The Flu

41 Spot the Differences

Quiz: What’s Your Spring Style? 43

45 Solutions

sport & fitness

Winning Women in the Winter Olympics

21

Check us out on the Web!

www.girlworks.ca


Janet’s Spiel Enjoy the spring issue! In this issue we cover:

Volume 10, Number 2 March/April 2018

• We visit Poland and discover Nobel prize winner Marie Curie • Career: YouTube as a career? • What is cryptocurrency and Bitcoin? • Spring fashion • Olympic women

Publisher Janet Kim Managing Editor Margaret Udovc

Join us as we cover the hip, the bent, the real.

Creative Director Victoria Kim

What’s coming in the 2018 May / June issue? • Let’s visit Greece • Boy bands, then and now • Spring fitness • Quizzes & games

Consulting Technical Officer S. Lally EDITORIAL ADVISORS Prof. Nicholas Bala Faculty of Law, Queen’s University

When you have finished reading the magazine and want more, visit us on the web at: www.girlworks.ca for free content, help with homework, daily news and quizzes and games.

Dr. Teresa Scassa Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa

Send your questions, rants and musings to Shannon Says: askshannon@girlworks.ca.

Contributors Margaret Udovc

Like girlworks on Facebook!

Follow us on Twitter at: @girlworksmag Send us our Fanart and Embarrassing Stories – we’ll put them in the magazine or on our website. Every girl is unique, has her own style, her own dreams and ambitions. But sometimes it’s easy to feel lost in the crowd too. In the girlworks™ community, you are never alone. Drop me a line at: jkim@girlworks.ca

Janet Kim Publisher, girlworks

Postmaster: 105 Churchill Road South, Acton, Ontario L7J 2J5. girlworks is published bi-monthly and is a publication of girlworks media inc. 47 Main Street South, P.O. Box 91559, Georgetown, Ontario L7G 5M9 © girlworks media inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part, without written consent is prohibited. Subscriptions: Please contact: jkim@girlworks.ca ISSN 1920 - 8952 Publication Agreement #: 41941016

Visit us at www.girlworks.ca


“Be less curious about people and more curious about ideas." -Marie Curie

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girls in

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fun fact:

HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY

Poles kiss each other three times during official situations, for example family meetings during holidays or meeting with friends. The cheek kiss is a very important part of family and friend interactions.

Poland is the largest country in Central Europe. For centuries, it has endured invasions and wars, but the Polish people have kept their language and their culture. During World War II, Hitler’s armies invaded Poland. The Germans built concentration camps here where many people, mostly Jews, were killed.

OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Poland FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Republic CAPITAL: Warsaw POPULATION: 38,346,279 OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Polish MONEY: Zloty

Poland’s borders have changed many times over the centuries. Its present borders were set after World War II ended in 1945. After the war, Poland became part of the Soviet Union. Poland broke free from the Soviet Union in the 1980s. It is slowly becoming prosperous again. Many people in Poland are small farmers.

fun fact: Poland has been invaded or has fought for freedom in insurrection 43 times between 1600 – 1945. Poland has seven neighbors: Germany, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and Russian Kaliningrad.

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Photo: Federico Tornielli di Crestvolant


Poland today still struggles with its identity, now under a populist right-wing government, and has just put in place a new law denouncing anyone who invokes Poland’s complicity in Nazi atrocities in World War II. In other words, the Poles are not responsible for any deaths in the Holocaust - that they were victims, and only victims too. This denial, of course, is completely untrue. Many Poles were actively engaged in the slaughter of Polish Jews.

fun fact:

Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was the first person to propose that the earth was not the centre of the universe.

RELIGION Religion is an important part of Polish life. The majority of the population (about 87 percent) is Roman Catholic. In 1978, Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, became the first-ever Polish pope. He took the name John Paul II and was head of the Catholic Church until his death in 2005.

NATURE Poland has a variety of landscapes, from the sandy beaches of the Baltic Sea coast in the north and the rolling central lowlands to the snowcapped peaks of the Carpathian and Sudeten Mountains in the south. There are more than 1,300 lakes. Poland’s large tracts of forested land provide refuge for many animals, including wild boar and the European bison, called a wisent. Poland’s forests are the ideal habitat for many of Europe’s endangered species, including brown bears, wild horses, chamois goats, Eurasian lynxes, and the continent’s largest population of gray wolves.

FASHION

Traditional clothing is colourful and decorative. In folk costumes, women wear long, colorful skirts with ribbons and printed with large flowers. They also wear necklaces made of red beads and wear their hair in long braids. Girls will wear traditional leather or wooden shoes. Men’s folk dress is similar: they wear tight white pants and a white jacket embroidered with red, black, and flowers. They wear a white shirt and a red tie, and a flat-topped black-and-red hat. These outfits used to Author: Nova be common, but now they are only worn for traditional festivals. Everyday dress in Poland is similar to that all over Europe and the United States. Many people wear jeans, suits, modern dresses, and modern shoes. fun fact: Poland has 17 Nobel Prize winners

CUISINE

The most popular Polish meals are pierogi (dumplings), kotlet schabowy (type of breaded cutlet), bigos (a mix of cabbage, meat and mushrooms), gołąbki (cabbage leaves stuffed with meat), rosół (chicken soup), zupa ogórkowa (cucumber soup – it’s sour!) and żurek (sour soup with egg and sausage). Check out our pierogi recipe on PG #7

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Author: Retron


Mar i e C u r i e

Marie Sklodowska was born in Warsaw, Poland, on 7 November 1867, the daughter of teachers. Marie herself proved to be a very bright child and did very well at school. Unfortunately at that time women were not allowed to go to University in Poland. That meant Marie would have to study abroad. So she worked as a governess until 1891 when she began studying at Sorbonne University in Paris. In Paris she studied physics and mathematics at the Sorbonne and met Pierre Curie, professor of the School of Physics. They were married in 1895.

The Curies worked together investigating radioactivity, building on the work of the German physicist Roentgen and the French physicist Becquerel.

Marie Curie was a Polish-born physicist and chemist and one of the most famous scientists of her time. Together with her husband Pierre, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1903, and she went on to win another in 1911.

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In July 1898, they announced the discovery of a new chemical element, polonium – named after Poland. In the same year, they announced the discovery of another, radium. The Curies, along with Becquerel, were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903.

Marie Curie’s 1903 Nobel Prize portrait

Pierre and Marie Curie, 1904


Pierre’s life was cut short in 1906 when he was knocked down and killed by a carriage. Marie took over his teaching post, becoming the first woman to teach at the Sorbonne, and devoted herself to continuing the work that they had begun together. She received a second Nobel Prize, for Chemistry, in 1911.

“One never notices what has been done; one can only see what remains to be done.”

The Curie’s research was crucial in the development of x-rays in surgery. During World War One Curie helped to equip ambulances with x-ray equipment, which she herself drove to the front lines. The International Red Cross made her head of its radiological service and she held training courses for medical orderlies and doctors in new techniques. Marie Curie in a mobile military hospital X-ray-unit

Irène and Marie Curie in 1925 The Curies’ eldest daughter Irene, born in 1897, was also a scientist and winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Another daughter, Eve, was born in 1904. Marie Curie accepted the most dismal working conditions in order to follow her passion for science and investigation. She strove for the greatest possible accuracy. Marie’s dedication led to disocvery of a new element (Ra).

Despite her success, Marie continued to face great opposition from male scientists in France, and she never received significant financial benefits from her work. By the late 1920s her health was beginning to deteriorate. She died on 4 July 1934 from leukemia, caused by exposure to high-energy radiation from her research.

This fundamental discovery helped to develop technology with radioactive materials and also to recognize the dangers associated in dealing with Radioactivity. Nowadays there are many people with jobs to do with radioactivity, e.g. radiologist, radiographer. Marie also played a leading role for women’s recognition (capabilities) in science. Marie Curie established through her career and scientific knowledge that women have the potential to be great scientists, a fact that was denied by many men at the time.

“I am one of those who think like Nobel, that humanity will draw more good than evil from new discoveries.” 6


KITCHEN

KORNER

POLISH Potato & Cheese Pierogi Pierogies are a yummy European-style dumpling that can be filled with just about anything. For savory, they are often filled with potatoes, meats, and cheese; for sweet, they are filled with fruit.

Ingredients

• 2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour • 1 egg • 1 tsp salt • 1 cup lukewarm water • 2-3 russet potatoes (4-5 small potatoes) • 1 cup shredded cheddar cheese • 2 tbsp chopped onions

Directions

For the dough: Place the flour into a large bowl and create a well in the centre. Break the egg into the well, add salt. Slowly add lukewarm water. Knead the dough together, adding more water or flour as necessary. Divide the dough in half, then cover each half. Let rest for 20 minutes. For filling: Peel and cut potatoes, then put into a larger pot and bring to a boil. Cook for about 10-15 minutes, until tender. Drain and mash the potatoes, then mix in shredded cheese and onions. (You can also add salt and pepper if you wish.)

Photographer: Daniel Sone

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Author: Silar

Once the dough is ready, lay out a portion on a floured surface. Roll out the dough, thin but not thin enough to break. Spoon in the filling into the dough, then fold the dough in half and pinch together to seal. Repeat with remaining dough and filling. Bring a pot of lightly salted water to a boil. Once boiling, and add in a few pierogis at a time and reduce the heat. The pierogis are done once they float to the top. Don’t leave them in for too long or they will become soggy! Remove pierogis and enjoy!

girlworks magazine - March / April 2018  

This is a free sample of girlworks magazine issue "March / April 2018" Download full version from: Apple App Store: https://itunes.apple.co...

girlworks magazine - March / April 2018  

This is a free sample of girlworks magazine issue "March / April 2018" Download full version from: Apple App Store: https://itunes.apple.co...

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