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COMMISSION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CSD

Handbook

Chairwoman Danya F. Martínez San Nicolás

Moderator Fernanda Michua Gantus Conference Officer Jatzibe Yoatzin García Gutiérrez Mariana Galván Coeto

Escuela Tomás Alva Edison


Dear delegates: Due to the notorious environmental changes that the planet is already experiencing and the difficult economic situation that some countries currently suffer, the United Nations makes an urgent appeal to society and international community to “lay the foundations for a world of prosperity, peace and environmental sustainability “. The Commission of Sustainable Development thanks you for your participation in this important summit and hopes the decisions most appropriate and convenient for each state as an individual, but also for the whole committee’s participants are taken. So now, we encourage you to discuss, propose and to express the views and prospects of your delegations. Looking to strengthen political commitment for sustainable development and the answer to the new challenges emerging in society, we will discuss: A. Implementation of new sustainable strategies for the correct use and consumption of natural resources. B. B. Water management to preserve ocean resources Reaching these topics resolutions proposed by the international agenda represents a great advance, clearly requires the cooperation of citizens, governments and public and private institutions to achieve the transformation and implementation. The Commission of Sustainable Development thanks you for your enthusiasm and effort towards the debate to find arrangements best suited to the environment as to governments and the international community. This is the first step on a long road to wellness. Welcome, delegates!

Commission of Sustainable Development TAEMUN 2013

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TAEMUN 2013

Commission of Sustainable Development

Topic A: Implementation of new sustainable strategies for the correct production and consumption of natural resources First we are going to start defining some concepts such as: natural resources and sustainability. Natural Resources: a natural resource is a service that comes from nature directly without man intervention.

Sustainability: Everything that we need for our survival and well-being depends, either directly or indirectly, on our natural environment. Sustainability creates and maintains the conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony, that permit fulfilling the social, economic and other requirements of present and future generations. (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2012, p. 1)

Today, globalization has turned the world into a place full of pollution due to mass production and transportation, besides the exploitation of natural resources. Therefore, it is important to employ methods that foster new sustainable strategies for the production of goods and consumption with care of natural resources. There are very important changes to do in the way that societies consume the natural resources in order to achieve global sustainable development.

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All countries should promote new sustainable consumption and production patterns, starting with the re-education of the consumption costumes (people buy what they know because are afraid of the change and because of the prices) that every citizen makes every day to use friendly products to the environment. This responsibility does not only lay in governments, but also in economies of each country (because people or the same governments spend in machinery that polluted, instead of the sustainable ones, and this happens because people know and are used to work in that way, besides of the expensive prices of these new machinery and products) and every citizen becoming conscious of the consequences of the lack of a sustainable development plan. The Commission for Sustainable Development believes that countries with the less environmental problems or countries that have adopted green economies should lead this long process to the adoption of a sustainable economy. Europe is the continent that has a more sustainable economy and cleaner processes, and is the continent that has accomplished the United Nations Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, in which one of the ten points stipulated the protection of natural resources and promoting a more efficient use of natural resources, products and recovered materials. Currently, Europe is making a plan to build sustainable infrastructure (hospitals, streets, schools) using cleaner or even natural fuels (biomass and solar energy), for the machinery. It includes avoiding the usage of toxic materials that provokes toxic waste. Besides, some countries are promoting the initiative of the three R among the population: recycle, reuse and reduce. The goal is that citizens apply this philosophy in their everyday life, with the main objective that the amount of waste and consumption of natural resources will be reduced significantly.

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Commission of Sustainable Development

The problem of a lack of sustainable life patterns is also present in Asia, with the consumption of the most important Asian natural resource such as: oil, natural gas, agriculture (grapes, tobacco, cotton, coffee, and wheat), fishing, etc. The extraction of these products has been increasing lately due to new technology advances and the growing necessity of the population to have these goods. Paired with this situation, the level of pollution has increased, not only in Asia, but in the rest of the world with alarming numbers. On the other hand, African governments and authorities are worried because the basic products prices are highly volatile and subject to the global demand and most of African countries are heavily dependent on natural resources as producers of the economic growth of each country, so the prices constant changes are affecting Africa´s stability, which doesn’t help this region to achieve a position to develop a plan towards a sustainable development. There are two official documents, related with Africa, that talk about the possible solutions and new strategies for the correct use of natural resources. One is a report of structural transformation and sustainable development in Africa made by United Nations Conference on Trade Development (UNCTAD) in 2012, where they talk about the importance that natural resources have in Africa and how the lack of them can affect the continent and perhaps the whole world. The second one is the program made by the United Nations Development Program that is “Managing Natural Resources for Human Development in low-income Countries”. In the western part of the world, America, as many other continents, with the help of The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), is worried because of the current situation and it has identified needs, priorities, and strategies of the different regions of all the countries, and the implementation of 70 initiatives worldwide, including many policies and action plans, such as the implementation of new technology for agriculture and the provision of technical and funding assistance to local watershed sponsors to construct 11,000 project dams, because most of the countries need this guide. Besides, as Europe, they are implementing the three “r” campaigns among the population in the different countries, besides the marines of each country are in charge of cleaning the beaches, seas and oceans. America with all its countries is doing a strong effort to comply with the objective of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) of the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 and with the points established in Rio+20.

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Commission of Sustainable Development

The next step is to promote an initiative that does not constitute any arbitrary and unjustifiable discrimination between countries that affect international trade, because the purpose of this change is to guarantee the integration of sustainable production and consumption supporting the development of new markets for sustainable products and technologies creating better opportunities for the countries, besides taking care of the future of the world and natural resources by the implementation of small but significant actions, such as the adoption of the 3”R” and the campaign for saving water.

Guide Questions Which are the main problems that arise with the lack of sustainability? Does your country use sustainable products and technology? How is your country taking into action the consumption and production of natural resources? Which treaties has your country signed/ratified on the subject matter? What does your country propose to reach a solution?

References BBC News (2002) “China’s ocean pollution worsens” Recovered 03/11/2012 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1901649.stm CIA (2012) “United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea”. Selected international environmental agreements. Recovered 02/11/2012 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/ appendix-c.html#top http://www.un.org/Depts/los/ocean_compact/SGs%20OCEAN%20 COMPACT%202012-SP-low%20res.pdf http://www.unep.org/rio20/About/SustainableConsumptionandProduc tion/tabid/102187/Default.aspx UNEP (20 - 22 June 2012) “Sustainable Consumption and Production”. Rio +20. Recovered 03/11/2012 from United Nations (2012) “Océanos sanos para la prosperidad”. Pacto de los océanos. Recovered 03/11/2012 from United Nations (2012) “Sustainable consumption and production”. United Nations Sustainable Development knowledge Platform.

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Recovered 02/11/2012 from http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index. php?menu=204 United Nations (20-22 June 2012) “A 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production patterns”. Rio +20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. Recovered 02/11/2012 from http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/ CONF.216/5&referer=http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index. php?menu=204&Lang=E Western Washington University (3/23/12) “Asian Air Pollution”. Recovered 03/11/2012 from http://fire.biol.wwu.edu/trent/alles/AirPollution.pdf

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