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You are in: UK Front Page Friday, 8 February, 2002, 06:16 GMT World UK England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales UK Politics Business Sci/Tech Health Education Entertainment Talking Point In Depth The passport was among wartime subversion plans AudioVideo

Britain forged Hitler passport

A forged passport for Adolf Hitler made by British intelligence officers is among secret UK government documents made public for the first time.

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The fake passport, stamped Vienna 1941, is among files released on Friday from the wartime sabotage and subversion organisation, Top UK stories now: SERVICES the Special Operations Executive (SOE). Postcode lottery in GP

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The files include details of operations planned by the unit, which was formed by then-Prime Feedback Minister Winston Churchill to "set Europe Help ablaze" with resistance.

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There are also many examples of forged documents for use by agents abroad. The Hitler forgery included a visa authorising the dictator to settle in Palestine - then British-controlled territory. The bizarre find is among more than 1,000 documents being put on show at the Public Record Office in Kew, in London. The previously topsecret papers also reveal that the SOE discussed organising "execution month", a The red J denoted Jewish campaign against senior Gestapo and SS officials, in October 1943. But the plan was eventually shelved for fear of German reprisals against civilian populations.

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The now declassified documents also show that British agents developed a one-man midget submarine to target enemy shipping. There were also plans for the SOE to fly chocolate to children in German-occupied Norway. The plan is understood to have later been abandoned amid fears of breaking the blockade. Identifying features No clue is given as to why the fake Hitler passport was created - it could have been a joke, or part of a plan to spread disinformation. It was stamped on the outside with a large 'J' by its forgers to denote that he was Jewish, and said that his profession was a painter. The forged document is complete with personal details including place and date of birth. Under identification marks the forgers have written in German "small moustache". The SOE specialised in creating fake personal papers and travel permits.

High quality forgeries of personal papers are among the finds

One of its main tasks was to plant spies and saboteurs in territories under enemy control. Examples of other forgeries released at the Public Record Office include Bulgarian firearms licences, Greek travel permits and Croatian fishing licences. One shows a work pass for the IG Farben synthetic chemicals plant at Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland, where hundreds of thousands of civilians were executed. Fool-proof submarine The one-man midget submarine was meant to target enemy shipping anchored in ports or inshore waters. The 20ft vessel, called the Welman and built in 1942, was designed to be operated by "anybody with normal

SOE facts Created 1940 to organise resistance in German-occupied France


Controlled from London Charlotte Gray, Sebastian Faulks' novel which is now It was to be used to a film, has an SOE agent as its central attack ships by placing character explosive devices onto their hulls, as well as for SOE disbanded 1946 transporting stores and Former agents reconnaissance absorbed into MI6 missions. and other secret service But trials concluded that organisations

intelligence after the briefest possible period of training".

the Welman would best be used only against merchant shipping harboured along the Norwegian coastline. The Welman did see service in the Baltic.

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Britian Forged Hitler Passport