Issuu on Google+


vuqØe vkjaHk ---------------------------------------------------------- 2&3

lkFkZd O;aX; dh jpukRed =Sekfldh o"kZ&3

vizSy&flracj 2008 vad&15&16

,d vad % 20 #i, ikap vad % lkS #i, (Mkd O;; 5 #i, izfr vad vfrfjDr)

fons'kksa esa % nks MkWyj izfr vad lg;ksx jkf'k ^O;aX; ;k=kk* ds uke ls gh Hkstus dk d"V djsa A fnYyh ls ckgj ds psd ij chl #i, vfrfjDr tksMsaA

laiknd izse tuest; laidZ 73] lk{kj vikVZesaV~l] ,&3 if'pe fogkj ubZ fnYyh&110063 iQksu % 011&25264227] 09811154440 iSQDl % 011&25264227 bZ&esy % vyangya@yahoo.com

eq[;i`"B ,oa js[kkadu voèks'k feJk lg;ksxh laiknd jes'k frokjh izcaèk lg;ksx@ystj VkbilSfVax jkefoykl 'kkL=kh 4] 'kkWfiax dkWEIySDl n;ky ckx lwjtdqaM] iQjhnkckn (gfj;k.kk) 09911077754, 0129-4092514

^O;aX; ;k=kk* esa izdkf'kr ys[kdksa ds fopkj muds vius gSa A fooknkLin ekeys fnYyh U;k;ky; ds vèkhu gksxa s A laiknu ,oa lapkyu iw.kZr% voSrfud vkSj vO;kolkf;dA

vki panu f?klsa --------------------------------------------- 4&8 ikFks; ---------------------------------------------------------- 9&14 dkfUr dqekj tSu gfj'kadj ijlkbZ&fVVgjh dHkh ugha gkjrh 9 gjh'k uoy gfj'kadj ijlkbZ ds lkFk chl cjl 13 fpark ----------------------------------------------------------15&19 O;aX; esa bZekunkjh dh vko';drk gSµ jke'kj.k tks'kh izse tuest; ls ckrphr f=kdks.kh; 20&27 izse tuest; ,d pqukSrh ds vkeus&lkeus 20 lqHkk"k panj dgkuh fganh O;aX; ds bfrgkl dh 21 'ksjtax xxZ fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl 23 iznhi iar ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* ds cgkus dqN O;aX; ppkZ 24 jktsaæ lgxy O;aX; ds /eZ vkSj eeZ dh iM+rky 26 x| jpuk,a ------------------------------------------------ 29&76 Jhdkar pkS/jh dkejsM] nfyrksa dk elhgk 29&30 jke'kj.k tks'kh eSa vkSj og 31 ';kelqanj ?kks"k tkuh u tk; Nikld ek;k 33 dSyk'k e.Mysdj oklarh xks"Bh vkSj dq"B jksx 35 tokgj pkS/jh dkejsM dh yaxksV 37 Jo.k dqekj meZfy;k ,d vkSj dhpM+thoh 38 lwjt izdk'k dSls feyrh Fkh 'kjkc vgenkckn esa 40 vuqjkx oktis;h guqeku fdlds gSa 42 jes'k lSuh eagxkbZ cuke eafnj 44 dqynhi ryokj fjVk;jesVa ds ckn 46 nkeksnj nÙk nhf{kr ge Vk;j gksaxs] fjVk;j ugha 47 e/qlnw u ikfVy vkj{k.k izes dFkk 48 lqn'kZu of'k"B cuuk mikè;{k lkfgR; dk 49 gjn'kZu lgxy nwljk t'u 50

jkses'k tks'kh ekfpl dSls tyk,a 50 dSykl pUæ [kjcwts dk jax 52 jktdqekj vk=ks; fcLysjh gSa u! 53 ds-ih- lDlsuk ^nwljs* yk;lsl a 53 vk'kk jkor galks galks exj- - 54 lhrkjke xqIrk fjiksfV±x 56 euksgj iqjh gqtwj eSa vax csprk gwa- - 57 gjeu pkSgku ,d vuqc/ a iqLrd Niokus dk 62 jktho ukenso jkuk fy/kSjh Hkwr dk eksckby uacj 64 Nxu yky lksuh ejuk Hkh rks lUMs dks 65 dqekj fouksn eq'kk;jk fgV djokus ds vpwd uqL[ks 67 izeksn dqekj nqcs vuks[ksyky gsM 68 vrqy dud nks dkSM+h dk vkneh 69 vjfoan frokjh fpfM+;k ?kj esa igyk fnu 70 vk'kh"k fllksfn;k ,d lkfgR;dkj dk f'k"; dks i=k 72 rjlse xqtjky ln~Hkkouk 74 lqjs'k okgus dqÙks dk xoZ] Hkh[kw dk pUæ vfHk;ku 75 ;'k xks;y dkuwu O;oLFkk ij fuca/ 76 ftrsaæ tkSgj vkRek dh 'kkafr 76 i| jpuk,a ------------------------------------------------ 77&84 jk/s';ke frokjh] f'kokuan lg;ksxh] banqdkar vafxjl] dsoy xksLokeh] ts-ds- lksuh] v'kksd vatqe] lw;Z dqekj ikaMs;] Hkxorh izlkn xkSre] dqcsjukFk] vkyksd 'kekZ] jhrk gtsyk ^vkjkèkuk*] fd'ku frokjh] vk'kh"k n'kksÙkj] czts'k dkuwuxks] mn;izrki g;kr] jkf'kn vkt+eh] nhid xqIrkA izse tuest; b/j tks eSaus i<+kµ jkr fnu] /ka/ys'oj 85 fot; vxoky Kku prqosZnh dk ^tks ?kj iwaQds* & 89 jes'k frokjh iqLrd leh{kk -------------------------------------------- 90&93 lekpkj --------------------------------------------------- 94&104


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vkjaHk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vkjaHk

eka dks ;kn djrs gq, esjh eka dksbZ lkfgR;dkj ugha Fkh fd mldk fdlh lkfgfR;d if=kdk esa mYys[k gksA mlds tkus ls lkfgR; ;k fdlh vU; txr esa dksbZ [kkyhiu Hkh iSnk ugha gqvk] dksbZ {kfr Hkh ugha gqbZA blfy,] bl mi'kh"kZd dks i<+rs gh dqN lTtu bls O;fDrxr ekeyk eku blds vkxs ;k rks i<+uk NksM+ nsxa s ;k fiQj ljljh fuxkg Mky vkxs c<+ tk,axsA dqN lTtu ;g dg dj Hkh vkykspuk dj ldrs gSa fd if=kdk rks lewg dk eap gS vkSj mlesa vke tu dk vfFkZd lg;ksx gksrk gS] ,sls esa furkar O;fDrxr izlaxksa dks ykuk dgka rd mfpr gSA if=kdk esa ,slh ppkZvksa dk D;k dqN lkFkZd mi;ksx gS\ mi;ksfxrk rFkk miHkksDrkoknh ewY;ksa ds laj{kdksa ds fy, ,slh ckrsa fujFkZd dwMk+ gh gksrh gSaA fiQj Hkh lekt esa ,sls gSa tks dwM+k churs gSaA dwM+k mudh vkthfodk dk lk/u gksrk gSA eq>s yxrk gS fd ,slh dwM+kRed ppkZ,a lekt esa ekuoh; thou ewY;ksa ds laj{k.k ds fy, cgqr t:jh gaSA lkfgR; Hkh rks O;fDrxr vuqHkoksa dh fuoSZ;fDrd izLrqfr gSA esjh dSalj ihfM+r eka dk LoxZokl esjh O;fDrxr gkfu gks ldrh gS ijUrq tUe vkSj e`R;q ,d lkekftd izfØ;k dk egRoiw.kZ vax Hkh gSA uokxard q dk Lokxr djuk ,oa tkus okys dks lEekutud fonkbZ nsuk lH; ekuoh; lekt dh vko';d ijaijk gSA vkSj lkfgR; gekjs vklikl ?kVus okyh ?kVukvksa dk jpukRed o.kZu gh rks gSA esjh eka dk thou pkgs v[kckjksa esa lekpkj cuus yk;d ugha Fkk vkSj u gh mUgksaus viuh fdlh fof'k"V egRokdka{kk dh iwfrZ gsrq vius fy, dksbZ O;kid iQyd rS;kj fd;kA mudk thou rks cl vius ifjokj rd gh lhfer FkkA caVokjs dh =kklnh dks >sydj ljgn ds bl ikj vkus okys ;k ml ikj tkus okyksa us HkkSfrd uqdlkuksa ds vfrfjDr laca/ksa esa cgqr dqN ,slk [kks;k gS ftldh iwfrZ vkt rd ugha gks ik jgh gSA jg& jg dj ,d Vhl mB tkrh gSA vkSj dqN yksx vfo'okl dh ml [kjksap dk O;kikj Hkh dj jgs gSaA vkt Hkh mldk nq#i;ksx uiQjr dh vkx iQSykus ds fy, fd;k tk jgk gSA ,slh vokaNuh; fLFkfr ns[kdj O;fDr vius [kksy esa fleVus dks foo'k gks tkrk gSA esjh eka ,d ,sls gh [kksy esa fleVh jghaA tc Hkh mUgksaus vius vrhr dks esjs lkeus [kksyk mlesa uiQjr ugha] I;kj gh FkkA dksVk] dksVdiqjk] cnkehckx esa chrs cpiu dh lgsfy;ka] tks cl lgsfy;ka Fkha] fganw ;k eqlyeku ugha FkhaA ;s vrhr tc Hkh muds lkeus vkrk rks bldks ;kn dj mudh vka[ksa vDlj ue gks tkrhaA cgqr dqN [kks;k mUgksaus foHkktu ds nkSjku] ij mUgksaus dHkh gekjs eu esa uiQjr ds cht ugha cks,A esjh eka us ge Hkkb;ksa dks dHkh caVokjs ds ,sls fdLls ugha lquk, tks fdlh ds f[kykiQ [kwu esa mcky iSnk djsaA vrhr dks foLe`fr dh >ksyh esa Mkyus ds fy, mUgksaus viuh ,dek=k izkFkfedrk viuk ifjokj cuk yhA yxHkx lHkh eka,a ,d tSlh gksrh gSa] esjh eka Hkh oSlh gh ,d eka FkhaA eq>s ;kn gS esjh eka dh e`R;q ij dFkk ysf[kdk ehjk lhdjh dk iQksu vk;k Fkkµ izes tc Hkh fdlh dh eka dh e`R;q gksrh gS esjh eka eq>s viuh ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

2

‰

laiw.kZrk esa cjcl ;kn vk tkrh gSA* eka ej tkrh gS ij oks ân; ds fdlh dksus esa lnk ftank jgrh gSA mldh mifLFkfr thouHkj cuh jgrh gSA viuh eka dks eSa blfy, Hkh 'kCnksa esa ;kn dj jgk gwa D;ksfa d mudk thou lnk gh eq>s dN u dqN fl[kkrk jgk gSA mudh chekjh us Hkh eq>s cgqr dqN fl[kk;k gSA lcls cM+h ckr ;g fl[kkbZ fd vkRecy vkSj n`<+ bPNk 'kfDr ls c<+dj dksbZ nok ugha gksrh gSA vius dks chekj eku ysuk lcls cM+h chekjh gSA iQjojh 2006 esa mudh chekjh dk irk pyk FkkA tc rd dSalj dk irk pyk] og cgqr iQSy pqdk FkkA vkWy bafM;k eSfMdy baLVhP;wV ds izfl¼ dSalj fo'ks"kK izksiQlj ih-ds- tqYdk muds thou ds laca/ esa dqN Hkh fuf'pr crkus dks rS;kj ugha FksA eka 'kkjhfjd n`f"V ls detksj rks cgqr FkhaA cgqr dfBukbZ ls izks- tqYdk us D;weksFkSjsih ds Ng nkSj iwjs fd,A rhljs nkSj ds ckn mUgksaus tc iSV~ djok;k rks irk pyk fd dSalj iQSyus ls #d x;k gSA MkW- tqYdk ml fnu dqN izlUu FksA ijarq dheks ds NBs nkSj ds ckn tc iSV~ fd;k rks irk pyk fd dSalj iQsiQM+ksa vkSj yhoj esa cqjh rjg ls iQSy pqdk gSA detksjh c<+ xbZ gS] vc dheks Hkh laHko ughaA 2 ebZ 2007 dks MkW- us vafre ckj esjh eka dks ns[kk] muds fy, thou&j{kd nok fy[kh vkSj eq>ls dgk fd budh ftruh lsok dj ldrs gks dj yksA thou& j{kd nok fons'kh Fkh ftls eSa ukFk cznlZ] dukV Iysl ls ysrk FkkA bl nok dh 21 xksfy;ka ,d ekg esa lkr fnu yxkrkj nh tkrh FkhaA nok fons'kh gS] gks ldrk gS dHkh vko';drk iM+us ij u feys] vr% lkoèkkuho'k eSaus MkWDVj ls iwNk fd fdrus eghus ds fy, eSa og nok [kjhn dj j[k ywa rks MkWDVj us dgk fd ysdj j[kus dh vko';drk ugha gSA vizR;{k :Ik ls mUgksaus tSls le>k fn;k Fkk fd ftrus fnu fudy tk,a oks cksul gSA esjh eka us viuh chekjh ls dHkh gkj ugha ekuhA muds psgjs ls chekjh ds gko&Hkko dkslksa nwj FksA vius vkRecy vkSj n`<+ bPNk 'kfDr ds cy ij oks] MkWDVj }kjk ykbykt ?kksf"kr gksus ds ckotwn] rsjg eghus thfor jghaA dSls jgha bldk lk{kh esjk cgqr gh vfHkUu ys[kd fe=k Kku prqosZnh gSA Kku us chekjh ds nkSjku mudks cgqr djhc ls ns[kk gSA oks tc Hkh fnYyh vkrk] viuk LVSFkLdksi ysdj vkrkA vDVwcj 2007 esa oks fnYyh viuh fdlh vfr O;Lr dkWUizQsal esa uks,Mk vk;k gqvk FkkA O;Lrrk ds ckotwn mlus le; fudkyk vkSj uks,Mk ls if'pe fogkj vk;kA mu fnuksa eka dh rch;r cgqr fcxM+h gqbZ FkhA oks dqN Bhd ls [kk ugha ik jgh Fkha vkSj mUgsa lkal ysus esa rdyhiQ gks jgh FkhA ge ekus cSBs Fks fd ;s dSalj dh vafre LVst ds dkj.k gSA Kku us mUgsa ns[kk vkSj ns[kus ds ckn cksykµ ^buds iQsiQM+ksa esa rks ikuh Hkjk gS] budh Nkrh dk ,dne ,Dljs djok dj ykvksA* ,Dljs ns[kk rks dUiQeZ gks x;kA bl chp Kku us viuh iRuh 'kf'k ls] tks Lo;a ,d L=kh&jksx fo'ks"kK gS]a iQksu ij ckr dh vkSj eka ds fy, cf<+;k rkdr vkSj gktes dh nokbZ fy[k nhA iQsiQM+ksa ls ikuh fudkyus ds ckn vkSj Kku }kjk crkbZ xbZ nokb;ka

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vkjaHk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

[kkus ls eka dh gkyr cgqqr gh cf<+;k gks xbZA blds ckn ls rks eSa Kku ds vkus dk mruk bartkj ugha djrk Fkk ftruk oks djrh FkhaA Kku Hkh muds vkRecy ds vkxs ureLrd FkkA 2008 dh ebZ ds ,d fnu rks Kku mudh bPNk 'kfDr vkSj vkRecy dks ns[kdj gSjku gks x;kA Kku viuh fcfV;k dks ijh{kk fnyokus fnYyh vk;k Fkk vkSj ijh{kk ds ckn oks viuh fcfV;k ds lkFk esjs ?kj vk;kA esjh eka eq>ls bl chp dbZ ckj iwN pqdh Fkha fd rqEgkjk MkWDVj nksLr dc vk jgk gSA Kku vk;k vkSj eka us feyrs gh viuh ijs'kkfu;ksa dk c;ku djuk vkjaaHk dj fn;kA eSaus galrs gq, dgkµ ^ekrkth] vc vki 84 cjl ds gksus okys gks] cq<+kis esa ;s lc rks gksuk gh gSA* ;s lqurs gh eka tSls rS'k esa vkdj cksyhaµ ^D;ksa gksuk gS\ vkneh dks rks de ls de lkS cjl rd thuk pkfg,A* Kku mudh bl bPNk 'kfDr dks ns[kdj cgqr izlUu FkkA ckn esa mlus dgk Hkhµ ^izes ;kj ,slh bPNk 'kfDr gj is'ksaV esa gks tk, rks oks vk/k oSls gh Bhd gks tk,A* Kku ds tkus ds ckn eka dks yxk fd oks dqN T;knk rS'k esa cksy xb±A eq>ls cksyha] ^eSa dqN T;knk rst dg xbZ] rsjs nksLr us cqjk rs ub± eU;k* eSaus dgk& ^ekrk th oks Hkh vkids cPpksa dh rjg gS] cqjk D;ksa ekusxkA cfYd oks rks dg jgk Fkk fd bl rjg dk lc dks gksuk pkfg,A* ftl fnu mudh chekjh dk gesa irk pyk ml fnu ifjokj esa ge lcus r; dj fy;k Fkk fd bl chekjh dk ge uke ugha ysaxsA dSalj uke ls gh chekj grksRlkfgr gks tkrk gSA chekj vkneh ds ikl gkypky iwNus tkrs oDr eqag yVdkus vkSj xaHkhjrk vks<+us dk fjokt gSA bl dkj.k geus vius ukrs&fj'rsnkjksa ls fouez izkFkZuk dh Fkh fd oks T;knk ckjhdh ls gkypky ugha iwNsa] u nokb;ksa ds ckjs esa viuh dksbZ lykg nsa] vkSj u gh vfrfjDr laosnuk izdV djsaA eka Hkh ugha pkgrh Fkh fd dksbZ mUgsa chekj le>sA eka igys ntsZ rd gh i<+h FkhaA yxHkx vui<+ gksuk Hkh tSls eka ds fy, ojnku fl¼ gqvkA vius vYiKku ds dkj.k os ugha tku ikrh Fkha fd fdl okMZ esa tk jgha gSa] D;k nokb;ka [kk jgh gSaA mUgsa rks cl ;s gh irk Fkk fd muds vanj dqN iQksM+s gks x, gSa vkSj xeZ nokb;ksa ls mUgsa lq[kk;k tk jgk gSA eka ugha pkgrh Fkha fd os fdlh chekjh ds pyrs dHkh fcLrj idM+sa vkSj ijkfJr gksaA var rd vius dke] ukSdj ds gksrs gq, Hkh] diM+s /ksus tSls dke] og Lo;a gh djrh jghaA vius rks vius] volj feys vkSj 'kjhj lkFk ns rks nwljksa ds dke djuk mUgsa vPNk yxrk FkkA vius iM+iksrs dk uk'rk cukuk] mls rS;kj djuk rks mUgsa cgqr gh vPNk yxrk FkkA bruk vPNk fd os fdlh vkSj dks djus ugha nsrh FkhaA e`R;q ls igys mUgksaus tks vf[kjh dke fd;k oks vius iM+iksrs] #fpj ds fy, uk'rk rS;kj djuk FkkA ftl fnu mudh chekjh dk irk pyk] eSaus Hkh eu gh eu izkFkZuk dh fd os dSalj dh ihM+k ls cpsa vkSj fcLrj u idM+saA eka pyrs&fiQjrs bl vlkj lalkj ls dwp djuk pkgrh FkhaA 8 twu dks mudk LoxZokl gqvk vkSj 6 twu dks ftl fnu os vLirky esa Hkjrh gqb±] Lo;a ugk dj vLirky xbZaA eSa vius ifjfprksa ,oa lacaf/;ksa dh] Le`fr esa vewrZ gks pqdha] lHkh ekavksa dks iz.kke djrk gwa rFkk nq[k ds bu {k.kks esa esjs vusd viuksa us tks vkReh; laosnuk,a vfHkO;Dr dh gS] mudk vkHkkj izdV djrk gwaA bl volj ij esjs vusd lkfgfR;d ,oa xSj lkfgfR;d fe=kksa] lkfgfR;d ,oa xSj lkfgfR;d vxztksa rFkk esjs ifjokj us tks lacy iznku fd;k mls 'kCnksa esa O;Dr djuk dfBu gSA muds fy, vkHkkj cgqr NksVk 'kCn gSA var esa equOoj jk.kk ds ,d 'ksj ds ekè;e ls dguk pkgwaxkµ dy vius vkidks ns[kk Fkk eka dh vka[kksa esa ;s vkbZuk gesa cw<+k ugha crkrk gSA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

3

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

fHk{kke~ nsfg- - -vkHkkj fiNys vad esa eSaus fHk{kk ds fy, vkxzg fd;k FkkA vusd lg`n;ksa us bl vkxzg dks lqukA ftlus lquk mldk Hkh Hkyk] ftlus lqudj vuns[kk fd;k mldk Hkh Hkyk vkSj ftlus lquk gh ugha mldk Hkh HkykA esjh bl fHk[keaxh&fouezrk i<+ dj ^nsus okys* lksp ldrs gSa fd tc fcuk fn, Hkyk gks ldrk gS rks nsdj Hkyk D;ksa dek;k tk,A ,slk er lkspas D;ksafd var esa eSa fcgkjh dk ,d nksgk m¼`r djus tk jgk gwa] ftls i<+dj vkidks yxsxk fd ge tSls cs'keks± dks nsus esa gh Hkyk gSA vr% gs] ^O;aX; ;k=kk* ds 'kqHkfpardksa! ;fn vkidk uke ^ns u s okyks a * dh fuEufyf[kr vkHkkj&lwph esa ugha vkSj fcgkjh dk nksgk i<+dj vkidk vius fu.kZ; dks cnyus dk eu gS rks cny Mkysa vkSj if=kdk dks ÑrkFkZ djsaA ^O;aX; ;k=kk* vkids lg;ksx ds fy, vki lc dk ân; ls vkHkkj izdV djrh gSA vjfoan frokjh] v'kksd vkuan] vjfoan foæksgh] mek 'kf'k nqxkZ] mTToy] mek'kadj euekSth] deyk xksbZUdk iQkm.Ms ' ku] dUgS ; kyky ljkZ i Q] nkeks n j nÙk nhf{kr] ueZ n kiz l kn mikè;k;] euksgj iqjh] egsaæ Bkdqj] f'kokuan lg;ksxh] larks"k [kjs] lqHkk"k panj] lhrs'k vkyksd] gjh'k uoy] ;K 'kekZ] jktef.k] fouksn lko] fofnrA fcgkjh dk nksgk gSµ uhdh ykfx vukduh] iQhdh ijh xksgkfjA rT;ks euks rkju cjfn] ckjd ckjfu rkfjAA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vki panu f?klsa ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vki panu f?klas

pUæ'ks[kj >k ^bUnq* vkids }kjk izsf"kr ^O;aX; ;k=kk* i<+dj tks lkfgR;&l`tu dh egÙkk vkSj xq#rk dk vkHkkl gqvk] og vfuoZuh; gSA vki ftl dq'kyrk ls O;aX; fo/k dh LFkkiuk esa yxs gSa og u dsoy fganh i=kdkfjrk ds fy, cfYd oSf'od i=kdkfjrk ds fy, ppkZ dk fo"k; jgsxhA i=kdkfjrk dh lw>&cw> ds fy, vkidh vH;FkZuk gSA vki loZ=k bl egku lk/uk ds fy, ;'kLoh cusaA bZ'oj vkidks 'kfDr vkSj lkeF;Z nsaA ueZnkizlkn mikè;k;] bankSj ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dk uohure vad feykA lnSo dh Hkkafr cM+k le`¼ vad gSA vPNh ckr ;g gS fd blesa vkius ubZ ih<+h ds jpukdkjksa dks LFkku nsdj vkSj mudh mRo`Q"V jpukvksa dks izdkf'kr dj ;g vk'ofLr nh gS fd HkkbZ Kku prqosZnh] vki] gjh'k uoy vkSj tokgj pkS/jh tSls ofj"B O;aX;dkjksa ds ckn dh O;aX; ys[ku ;k=kk dh fujarjrk dk;e gSA deyk izlkn th ls ckrphr esa dbZ vk;ke u, [kqyrs gSaA fot; cgknqj th dh dfork cM+h iSuh gSA ;ksa os Js"B lekykspd vkSj mRÑ"V oDrk rks gSa ghA ;g vad esjs fy, fo'ks"k :i ls laxzg.kh; gSA vkidks è;ku gksxk] o"kZ 1984 esa ge yksxksa us ujsUnz dksgyh th ds O;fDrRo vkSj ÑfrRo ij ,d iqLrd fudkyh Fkh] ujsUnz ekS;Z vkSj esjs lEiknu esaA mlds ckn bruk le; chr x;k] dksgyh th vdsys O;aX;dkj ugha jgs] os jkek;.k ds] foosdkuan ds vHkwriwoZ mn~xkrk cus vkSj ledkyhu l`tu ds ,d vuwBs izfreku ysfdu muds ml O;aX;dkj dks eSa dHkh foLe`r ugha dj ik;k ftlls nks n'kd ls Hkh T;knk vlkZ igys lk{kkRdkj gqvk FkkA bl vad esa vkius dksgyh th ds O;aX; ij dsfUnzr

vkys[kksa dks] tks vius vki esa vius O;aX; ys[ku ds fofHkUu vk;keksa dks c[kwch js[kkafdr djrs gSa] izdkf'kr fd;k gS] esjh n`f"V esa ;s vkys[k vkSj fo'ks"kdj muds f'kYixr oSfoè; dks js[kkafdr djus okyk vkidk ys[k u, O;aX;dkjksa dks n`f"VlEiUu cuk,xkA ,d ckr eq>s ;g ckj&ckj yxrh gS fd O;aX; dks dgha 'kkL=k ds Lo:i esa ns[kus dh dksf'k'k gksus yxh gSA bls 'kkL=kh;rk ls eqDr jguk pkfg,A fucZU/] O;aX; dh ewy izÑfr gSA ijlkbZ th rks bls fo/k ekurs gh ugha Fks] fLifjV dgrs FksA ge D;ksa O;aX; ds laca/ esa mlds fo/kxr Lo:i dks ysdj brus vkxzgh gks tkrs gSa\ ,d vkSj ckr eq>s tks yxrh gS og gS vius yksx ls] mlh Hkk"kk ls dgha nwjhA ofj"B O;aX;dkj vkSj esjs vxzt rqY; Jh vtkr'k=kq tks O;aX; fy[krs gSa mlesa esjs {ks=k dh cksyh] mlds eqgkojs vkSj mldh feBkl 'kkfey gksrh gSA bl O;aX; dks pkgs ekyok ds yksx i<+sa ;k fnYyh ds] nksuksa dks ,d tSlk lq[k feysxkA dHkh vtkr'k=kq th ls vkxzg dj muls ,slh O;aX; jpuk,a t:j cqyokdj izdkf'kr djsaA os vkids ikBdksa dks fuf'pr gh vkuafnr djsaxhA ijlkbZ dh vusdksa jpukvksa esa ,slh ns'kt xa/ feyrh gSA mudh jpukvksa esa ml {ks=k dh cksyh ds ,sls 'kCn feyrs gSa ftuds i;kZ; fdlh 'kCn dks"k esa ugha feysaxs ysfdu mudk vFkZ jpuk dks i<+rs le; fey tk,xkA esjh n`f"V esa ;gh jpukdkj dh liQyrk gS vkSj O;aX; dh lkFkZdrkA ifjofrZr gksrs ifjn`'; vkSj mlesa mitrh folaxfr;ksa dks dsanz esa j[kdj u, fo"k; rks jpukdkj dks fey tk,axs ysfdu ;fn mlus vius yksd ds Hk.Mkj esa lek, vFkkg 'kCndks"k ls viuk iYyk >kM+ fy;k rks Hkk"kk 'kkL=kh; gksrh pyh tk,xh vkSj Oa;X;] fo/k vkSj fiQj tM+ 'kkL=k esa fLFkj gks

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

4

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

tk,xkA fons'kh jpukdkjksa ds lVk;j vkSj ysEiwUl dks i<+rs eq>s ;g yxrk jgk gS fd gesa dgha gekjs O;aX; dh Hkk"kk dks cksfy;ksa ls tksM+rs gq, le`¼ djuk pkfg,A Kku ds O;aX; esa ;g ckr cM+s /kjnkj :i esa lkeus vkrh gSA ^O;aX; ;k=kk* fu%lansg O;aX; dh ,d ekud if=kdk ds :i esa LFkkfir gks xbZ gSA bldh ;k=kk ;fn blh xfr ls vfojke cuh jgh rks fganh O;aX; ds Hkfo"; ds fy, ;g ,d lq[kn vk'ofLr gksxhA vkius bl vad esa fiQj fHk{kk ekaxh gSA bl fHk{kk ij esjk izfrokn igys Hkh Fkk vkSj vkt Hkh gSA O;aX;] nSu; dk lcls cM+k 'k=kq gS rks fHk{kk ds ekè;e ls vki dgha bl nSU; dks D;ksa mtkxj djrs gSa\ bruh mRÑ"V if=kdk ds y, vusdksa ikBd vkSj jpukdkj ,sls gksaxs tks lg"kZ ;ksxnku nsaxsA eSa iz;kl dj jgk gwa fd ,sls vkSj ;ksxnkudrkZ ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dh lkFkZd fujarjrk ds fy, blls tqM+saA /ujkt pkS/jh] t;iqj ^O;aX; ;k=kk* ds tuojh&ekpZ 2008 ds vad esa f=kdks.kh; (fizTe ;gh T;kfefr fy, gksrk gS vkSj Js"B@'osr dk lrjaxk lp lkeus fc[ksj nsrk gS) ls dHkh csèkM+d dgus okys dks xqtkj dj vkius ge Hkwy pqdksa dks ;kn fnyk fn;k fd ikjaifjr lksp&le> ls O;oLFkk dks >d>ksjus okyh gky dh Ñfr;ksa (tSls ^iztkra=k ds pØorhZ* ^olqnso* vkfn) ds cgqifBr ys[kd [kwc gh pqVhyh fut ekSfydrk vVs dVk{k fd;k djrs FksA vo'; gh ^jke&dFkk* us cM+h okgokgh vftZr dh gS rFkk ^egklej* us lar egar ds led{k fcBk;k gSA pfpZr] euksgkjh] fVdkmQ iqQyokjh ls eqLdjkrh cfx;k esa >kM+ ds m/j misf{kr ls iM+s gkykafd viuh gh vkx esa ris] fut 'khryek

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dk jl Nds] vkt vHkh dh ihM+k ls iwQVs ^ikap ,ClMZ miU;kl* ^,d vkSj yky frdksu* tSls dykiw.kZ dsDVl dh NVk tgk Bgj dj ns[ksa rks fujkyh gSA iQynkj o`{k mxkrs&mxkrs ,dk/ ukxiQuh Hkh jksirs tk,a rks mQc VwVsxh] tM+ xbZ r[rh ^fof'k"V* Hkh vlaxr utj vk,xhA ujsaæ dqekj] laiknd ^le; lqjfHk vuar*] csxwljk; ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dk voyksdu dj 'kCn ;k=kk dk Hkjiwj yqÝr mBkus esa eLr Fkk urhtru foyEc ls i=k fy[k jgk gwa tukcA Iyht fj,D'ku esa u vk,axs vkSj dusD'ku cuk, j[kus dk iz;kl dhft,xkA oSls foyac ls pyuk] igqapuk] fy[kuk ge Hkkjrh;ksa dh iqjkuh vknr gSA ;g rks tukc dks Kkr gh gksxk vkSj 'kk;n vki Hkh foyEc ds fxjÝr esa gSaA vad le; ls izdkf'kr djus dk ok;nk dj csoiQk gks tkrs gSa rks eq> tSls dye ?khLlw ls dSls mEehn djrs gSa fd vad feys] iQkSju izfrfØ;k fy[k nwaA ;k=kk ds vkajHk esa gh vkius iqjLdkjksa @ lEekuksa dh ppkZ djrs fy[kk gS fd bu fnuksa iqjLdkjksa @ lEekuksa dh tSls lsy yxh gqbZ gSA lkfgR; dh gj xyh] uqDdM+] eqgYys esa iqjLdkj @ lEeku nsus&ysus okys Fkksd ds Hkko fojkteku gSAa - - -vkSj dkfynkl] rqylh] dchj] izsepan] fujkyk LoxZ esa cSBs vius uke dh nqnZ'kk ij vkalw cgk jgs gSaA lEiknd th] ;g lp gS fd izsepan] fujkyk vkfn fy[krs&fy[krs xqtj x, ysfdu mUgsa dksbZ lEeku ugha feyk- - -vkSj vkt nks&pkj dgkuh @ dfork @ vkys[k Hkys gh nwljs dh udy gks) fy[k ysus ij gh muds uke ij lEeku fn;k tk jgk gS rks mUgsa [kq'kh gksuh pkfg, fd tks mUgsa ugha feyk og vkt ds ys[kd tks mUgha dh fcjknjh ds gSa dks fey jgk gSA ,sls esa vfèkd i<+us ,oa fy[kus dh t:jr gh D;k\ gjsZ yxs u fiQVfdjh eky pks[kkA vkius Hkh lquk gksxk] rc fiQj laiknd egkjkt vkidks xqLlk D;ksa vkrk gS\ ?kj iwaQd if=kdk izdkf'kr djrs jgsa dksbZ iwNus okyk ugha gS vkSj u fHk{kke~ nsfg ds mn~?kks"k ls dksbZ lquus okyk gSA cktkjokn dk ;qx gS] vki Hkh lsy yxk,a] iqjLdkj @ lEeku [kqys gkFk ls

vki panu f?klas ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jkeLo:i nhf{kr] Vhdex<+ fganh O;aX; dks 'kwnz ls {kf=k; cukus dk {ks=k gfj'kadj ijlkbZ dks gS vkSj mls lkfgR; ds dsanz esa ykus dk Js; ^O;aX; ;k=kk* ds lEiknd izes tuest; dksA ckafV,A vkids ;gka Hkh HkhM+ tesxhA dchj] rqylh] fujkyk dks vkB&vkB vklwa cgkus nhft, viqu rks pdkpd jgsxkA vkxs ds iUus ij ^foey miZQ fxjs rks dgka fxjs* (iznhi iar) i<+dj dkiQh jksekafpr gqvk lkFk gh tkudkjh feyh fd cktkjokn ds ;qx esa vc ^bZ&esy* iqjkuk gks x;k u;k ^iQhesy* gSA ;kuh iQhesy Hksft, dke nkSM+sxk- - -vkSj fiQj iznhi th us Bhd gh fy[kk fd ^iQhesy* vkSj ^fo;kxzk* cq<mQ jktsanz ;kno dk lCtSDV gSA iznhi th dh nwj n`f"V dk eSa fny ls rkyh ctk&ctk leFkZu djrk gwaA MkW- ;K izlkn frokjh ,oa larks"k [kjs dk fparu lkjxfHkZr gSA ifjp; LrEHk esa ujsanz dksgyh dk laiw.kZ ifjp; vkius is'k fd;k] i<+dj vPNk yxkA iqu% ^O;aX; vkSj eSa* esa Jheku ujsUnz dksgyh dh yach dgkuh vkSj mUgha dh tqckuh cgqr dqN crykrk gSA vkxs ds i`"Bksa ij dksgyh lkgc ij gjh'k uoy] lqHkk"k panj] MkW- 'kf'k feJ ,oa Lo;a vki (izse tuest;) us tks 'kCn mdsjk gS dkiQh mRÑ"V gS rFkk dksgyh lkgc dks xbjkbZ ls tkuus dk lqvolj Hkh feyrk gSA oSls dksgyh lkgc ,d lân; ys[kd gSaA eSa Hkh bUgsas fny ls ilan djrk gwa vkSj viuh if=kdk (le; lqjfHk vuar) ds fy, vkys[k @ jpuk,a gsrq rax djrk jgrk gwa ij cspkjs dHkh cqjk ugha ekus vkSj cM+h mnkjrkiwoZd NksVh&cM+h jpuk tks Hkh miyC/ gks 'kh?kz Hkst nsrs gSaA lkFk gh VsyhiwQu Hkh djrs gSAa vktdy cM+s jpukdkj@ ys[kd NksVh if=kdk esa fy[kuk ugha pkgrs blfy, fd NksVh if=kdk esa mudk rqf"Vdj.k ugha gks ikrkA ujsanz dksgyh ls vkxs c<+rk gwa rks ';ke lqanj ?kks"k dks ikrk gwaA vka[k vkSj gkFk Je djuk ugha pkgrk ckotwn ?kks"k lkgc

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

5

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

^jaxhyk cuke yphyk* O;aX; esa iaQls gq, gSa vkSj Nkrh Bksd dgrs gSa fd eSua s pqu&pqudj fo"k; ;Fkk choh- - -lkyh- - -lygt- - vkfn ij jaxhyk O;aX; fy[kkA ijarq ifj.kke fdlh us ?kkl ugha MkykA ?kks"k nk jaxhyk& yphyk O;aX; fy[krs jgsa nky xyus dks ugha gSA vU; jpuk,a ;Fkk tokgj pkS/jh dk cw<+s ukx dh v/wjh dfork_ dk'khiqjh dqanu dk in~eJh ds glhu lius_ nsosanz dqekj feJ dk& ykokfjl lar_ iwju ljek dk& dhfrZ 'ks"k egkdfo ekStkuan_ HkkbZ lwjt izdk'k dk& tjk laHky ds pyks- - yyu prqosZnh dk& dfork dh okilh vkSj fiQj ewykjke tks'kh dk& :eky fcNkvks] dCtk tekvks vkfn vkfn jpuk,a mRÑ"V vkSj etsnkj yxk vkSj dgsa rks lHkh jpukvksa ls djkjk O;aX; >ydrk gSA vc ge vki ugha le>sa rks ys[kd cspkjk D;k djsxk\ iqLrd leh{kk vkSj var esa lekpkj us ^if=kdk* dks vf/d mi;ksxh cuk fn;k gSA vkids jpuk p;u ls eSa dkiQh izHkkfor gwaA if=kdk ds lqanj Hkfo"; ds fufeÙk vuar 'kqHkdkeuk,a Lohdkj dhft,A lEiknd egkjkt- - -vkSj gka vc vki yfr;k,a ;k xfy;k,a eSaus tks i<+k ml ij lkiQ&lkiQ dye pyk fn;kA bls vki Nkfi;s ;k dwM+k esa Mkfy;s] ethZ tukc dhA dSyk'k e.Mysdj] [k.Mok iqjLdkjksa dh folaxfr;ksa ij ,dkxz vkidk vxzy[s k fnypLi ,oa fopkj.kh; gSA iqjLdkj vkjaHk ls gh fookn dk dkj.k jgs gSaA rFkk le;&le; ij vusd yksxksa us bl foÑfr dh rjiQ b'kkjk Hkh fd;k gSA t:jr bl ckr dh gS fd iqjLdkjksa dk p;u izfozQ;k vkxzgksa ls eqDr gks] rFkk okn jfgr gks ojuk iqjLdkjksa dh ifo=krk blh rjg [kafMr gskrh jgsxhA tks laLFkk,a iqjLdkj vk;ksftr djrh gSa mUgsa bl fn'kk esa lkspuk gksxkA xqIrk th ds vkaxu esa pkSiky ,d fojy vuqHko gSA bu fnuksa uxjhdj.k vkSj ;kaf=kdrk ls mits foLFkkiu us vkneh dks bl rjg ds vkaxu vkSj pkSikyksa ls foyx dj fn;kA dLcksa esa rks fiQj Hkh izk;% pkSiky tqV tk;k djrh gSaA gkykafd ogka Hkh jktuhfrd iznw"k.k gS ysfdu egkuxjksa esa rks bl rjg dh fo'kq¼ fopkjdsfUnzr xksf"B;ka loZFkk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vki panu f?klsa ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

bafM;k U;wt+µ O;aX; ij foe'kZ fganh esa fudy jgh i=k&if=kdkvksa esa fdlh fo/k fo'ks"k dks ysdj fudyus okyh if=kdkvksa dk vHkko fn[krk gSA ,sls esa ^O;aX;* foèkk dks dsanz esa j[kdj izse tuest; ds laiknu esa fudy jgh if=kdk ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dk pkSngoka vad viuh lkFkZd mifLFkfr vkSj foèkkxr foe'kZ ds lkFk gekjs lkeus gSA if=kdk dh ,d vkSj fo'ks"krk gS fd blesa O;aX; fo/k dh x| vkSj i| nksuksa gh fo/kvksa esa fy[kh xbZ jpukvksa dks LFkku feyk gSA if=kdk ds u, vad esa Jhyky 'kqDy] dUgS;kyky uanu] iznhi iar tSls ofj"B jpukdkjksa dh jpuk,a gSa] rks nwljh vksj jkenj'k feJ] fot; cgknqj flag] gjh'k uoy] iwju ljek] larks"k [kjs] lqHkk"k panj] dk'khukFk flUgk] yfyr ykfyR;] lqèkhj vks[kns] cynso oa'kh] tokgj pkSèkjh] yyu prqosZnh] MkW- vejukFk vej tSls [;kruke O;aX;dkjksa ds /kjnkj O;aX; 'kkfey gSaA if=kdk esa u, jpukdkjksa dks Hkh i;kZIr Lisl fn;k x;k gSA esjk ys[ku 'kh"kZd ls fy[ks x, ys[k esa Jhyky 'kqDy fy[krs gSaµ ^tks igys iRFkj eSaus iyVs os Fks dgkfu;kaA ysfdu tYnh gh eSa le> x;k fd ;g fo/k esjs fy, cM+h dfBu vkSj Jelkè; gSA ml le; ds iSQ'ku] tks dqN gn rd vc Hkh pyu esa gSa] ds vk/kj ij ns[kk tk, rks dgkuh ys[kd ds dke ds fy, tks vgZrk,a t:jh Fkha] og Fkha ys[ku ds lkFk&lkFk ;g nkok djus dh vR;ar eq[kj bPNk fd og ubZ tehu rksM+ jgk gSA* if=kdk dh vU; lkexzh esa lkaLÑfrd lekpkj vkSj O;aX; laxzgksa dh leh{kk,a gSa] tks fd if=kdk dks iw.kZrk iznku djrh gSaA dqy feykdj O;aX; ;k=kk dks ^O;aX;* foèkk dh laiw.kZ if=kdk dgk tk ldrk gSA

µ v'kksd feJ] lkHkkj] bafM;k U;wt nqyZHk gksrh tk jgh gSaA bl lanHkZ esa xqIrk th dh pkSiky ,d vuqdj.kh; iz;kl gSA O;aX; ;k=kk ds ekiZQr vkius O;aX; dks lkjs ns'k esa iqu% ppkZ ds dsanz esa yk fn;kA blds ihNs fu'p; gh vkidh nwj&n`f"V vkSj vFkd Je lk/uk gSA Ñ".kdkar ^,dyO;* ^O;aX; f'kYi* dk ,d ftKklq ikBd gksus ds ukrs ^O;aX; ;k=kk* tSlh cM+h if=kdkvksa dks 'kq: ls vkf[kj rd i<+rk gwa] vkSj dqN u, rF;ksa dh ryk'k Hkh djus dk iz;kl djrk gwaA ^O;aX; ;k=kk* ds bl vad esa ^in~eHkw"k.k* Jh yky 'kqDy vkSj Jh ujsUnz dksgyh tSls nks O;aX;&f'k[kjksa ds LodF; ozQe'k% ^esjk ys[ku* vkSj ^O;aX; vkSj eSa* }kjk ikBdksa dks tgka ,d vksj muds ys[ku ls tqM+s izkjafHkd thou la?k"kks± ds dqN vNwrs lanHkks± dh tkudkjh feyh gS] ogha nwljh vksj fganh ds iz[;kr dfo @ ys[kd Jh dUgS;k yky uanu th dh vkRedFkkRed laLej.k dh l|% izdkf'kr Ñfr ^xqtjk dgka&dgka ls* m¼`r va'k ^,slk y{e.k cuus ls D;k iQk;nk* i<+dj uanu th dh ,d vkSj fof'k"V cgqvk;keh izfrHkk dk fnXn'kZu gqvk gSA ^uanuth dks m¼`r djrs

gq, muds uotkr&fof'k"V x|dkj dks vkius ^xqLrk[kh&ekiQ* 'kh"kZd ls ftl O;aX;&fouksn iw.kZ jkspd 'kSyh esa izLrqr fd;k gS] og vR;ar lEizs"k.kh; vkSj varjax laca/ksa dk |ksrd gSA pqycqyh Hkk"kk dk ;g izokg ikBd dks dkiQh nwj rd vius lkFk ogka ys tkrk gSA uanu th dh bu nksuksa laLej.kkRed&Ñfr;ksa ls bl rF; dh Hkh iqf"V gksxh fd leFkZ&jpukdkj dh izfrHkk fdlh fo/k&fo'ks"k dh eksgrkt ugha gqvk djrhA bl vad ds ^fparu* esa fo}ku leh{kd ^ia- ;K izlkn frokjh* ds vkys[k ^jax&Hkk"kk vkSj O;aX; dk f'kYi* rFkk Jh larks"k [kjs ds vkys[k ^ledkyhu O;aX; laosnuk vkSj f'kYi* vius lkjxfHkZr rF;ksa ds vk/kj ij O;aX; dh ekf"kd lajpuk mlds 'kSyh;& foèkku vkSj f'kYixr&fof'k"Vrkvksa ds vusd vNwrs vk;ke mtkxj djrs gSaA nksuksa fo}ku leh{kdksa us vius eUrO; dh iqf"V esa i;kZIr Bksl rF; izLrqr fd, gSa] tks mudh [kksth&n`f"V vkSj fn'kk nksuksa dk izfriknu djrh gSA fpark ds varxZr [;kfryCèk leh{kd izks- deyk izlkn ds ^O;aX;&deZ* vkSj ^Ñfr;ksa* ij dh x;h jes'k frokjh dh varjax okrkZ lkFkZd gSA f=kdks.kh; ds varxZr

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

6

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

Hkh ujsanz dksgyh ds ^O;fDr vkSj lz"Vk* ij vk/kfjr muds f'kYixr&oSfoè; dh O;k[;k lfgr MkW- gjh'k uoy] lqHkk"k pUnj ,oa MkW- 'kf'k feJ ds vkys[k dksgyh th ds foLr`r jpuk&lalkj ij i;kZIr jks'kuh Mkyrs gSa fdarq muds feFkdh;&dF;&fo/ku ij xaHkhj foe'kZ dk vHkko [kVdrk gSA D;ksafd Jh dksgyh ds f'kYixr oSfoè;] ftldh i;kZIr ppkZ Hkh dh x;h gS] laHkor% muds blh fojy iz;ksx dh nsu gSA blh Øe esa Jh jkts'k th ds lkFk dksgyh th ls dh x;h vkidh HksV okrkZ ds fufgrkFkZ bl ckr dk |ksrd djrs gSa fd dksgyh th vius oSpkfjd /jkry ij dgha Hkh fnxHkzfer ugha gSA f=kdks.k ds bl eksM+ ij gjh'k uoy us] vius vkys[ku ds milagkj esa] ftl ekfeZd <ax ls ^nzks.kkpk;Z&dksgyh* ds le{k vius ^f'k"; ,dyO; ds fu'Ny leiZ.k* vkSj dksgyh th dh vlgefr&tU; ihM+k dk dkrj vkrZukn O;Dr fd;k gS laosnuk ds Lrj ij eeZ&Li'khZ gSA vdLekr ?kfVr ,d NksVh lh ?kVuk lEiw.kZ egkHkkjr dky ds ml lkearh va/s&;qx ds oS"kE; ,oa folaxfr dk foLiQksV dj eu dk >d>ksj nsrh gSA jktef.k] uks,Mk ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dk egt O;aX; dh ,d =kSekfld if=kdk ds :i esa tkuuk bldk lVhd ifjp; ugha gSA ;g rks ,d lqfu;ksftr O;aX; vkanksyu gS] ftlds ekè;e ls O;aX; ds izfr blesa lefiZr Hkko dks ns[kdj esjk eu nks ckrsa fcuk ykx yisV ds dgus dks dqycqyk jgk gSA igyh ckr rks ;g fd vktdy tc yxHkx lHkh fganh ds lekpkji=kksa esa laikndh; iUus ij O;aX; us viuk iDdk LFkku dj fy;k gS rks ^O;aX;* ds tqxkMw fdLe ds fy[kkMqvksa dh ,d uLy iSnk gks xbZ gSA bu tqxkM+q& fy[kkMqvksa ij ;fn ^fparu* ugha rks vkjaHk esa fVIi.kh dh egrh vko';drk blfy, izrhr gks jgh gS D;ksafd mUgksaus xq.koÙkk dks rkd esa j[kdj ifjek.k ds lkjs fjdkMZ pduk pwj dj fn, gSaA bl fo"k; ij vkidk è;ku blfy, Hkh [khapk tk ldrk gS D;ksafd vkus okys le; esa fganh lekpkji=kksa esa izdkf'kr O;aX; fdlh ds 'kks/ dk fo"k;

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

gks ldrk gS vkSj os O;aX; ds BsdsnkjA nwljh ckr dsoy ,d lq>ko gS] ;fn fganh ds brj vU; Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa ds O;aX; ys[kdksa ,oa O;aX; ys[ku ij O;aX; ;k=kk esa lkexzh tqVk ikrs rks og fganh O;aX; izzsfe;ksa ds fy, uk;kc lkSxkr gksxhA O;aX; ;k=kk esa x| ds lkFk&lkFk ijkslk x;k i| esu fM'k ij xkjfuf'kax dk et+k nsrs gSaA larks"k dqekj frokjh] lkxj ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dk cgqr 'kkunkj&tkunkj vad feykA gj ys[k i<+us yk;dA vktdy if=kdk fudkyuk ryokj dh /kj ij pyuk gSA vkidk laiknu Je lewY; gSA O;aX; fo/k dks vkius le`¼ rks fd;k gh gS] vusd jpukdkjksa dks Hkh ;Fkksfpr eap iznku fd;k gSA Jh jke Bkdqj nknk] tcyiqj ikFks;] fparu esa ikFks; iqjkuk gSA fparu esa O;k[;k,a gSa] Bhd gSaA fpark esa deykizlkn th dks Fkksd mRiknu esa nks ;k rhu uke ;kn jgrs gSaA MkW- ijes'oj xks;y y?kqdFkk f'k[kj lEeku ,oa fnO; jtr vyadj.k lEeku lekpkj Nkius gsrq /U;oknA gjh'k uoy Jhdkar oS".ko dk uke ysrs gSaA ;g Hkh y{ehdkar oS".ko rks ugha\ izHkq tks'kh] euhlgk; ;kno dgkuhdkj ds O;aX; ughaA izHkq tks'kh us fp=k Hkh cuk, gSaA euksdkeuk flag ^vt;*] te'ksniqj in~eHkw"k.k Jhyky 'kqDy th gh dg ldrs gSa fd ^,d jpukRed ys[kd ds :i esa vkMEcj yxrk gSA r;'kqnk] O;aX;'kqnk] okf.kT;'kqnk ds }kjk lEekfur ys[kd ,slk dgus dh fgEer FkksM+s gh tqVk ik,axsA MkW- ;K izlkn frokjh th dk ikafMR;iw.kZ vkys[k ^jax Hkk"kk vkSj O;aX; dk f'kYi] i<+kA larks"k [kjs dk vkys[k ^ledkyhu O;aX; % laosnuk vkSj f'kYi dVq lR;ksa dks tkuus dk lqvolj feykA mUgksaus vius vkys[k esa Bhd gh dgk gS fd ^O;aX;dkjksa dh la[;k esa o`f¼ rks gqbZ gS fdarq blesa pyrkmQ O;aX; vfèkd fy[kk tk jgk gSA blh lanHkZ esa vkidh fVIi.kh dk mYys[k ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vki panu f?klas ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lkFkZd O;aX; dh ,d jpukRed if=kdk ^O;aX; ;k=kk* vkt ds tekus esa tc lkfgfR;d i=k&if=kdk,a yqIr jgh gSa] ns'k ds ,d iz[;kr O;aX;dkj izse tuest; ftl izdkj lkFkZd O;aX; dh =kSekfld if=kdk ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dk fiNys rhu o"kks± ls fnYyh ls fu;fer izdk'ku dj jgs gSa] lk/qokn ds ik=k gSaA lkS i`"Bksa dh ;g if=kdk ofj"B lkfgR;dkjksa ds ys[k] fopkj] ppkZ&ifjppkZ,a Hkh vius esa lesVs gq, gS] rks mHkjrs mnh;eku ys[kdksa] dfo;ksa dks Hkh mruh gh rjthg nsrh gSA if=kdk dk gj vad iBuh; gksrk gS] mldh lkexzh mi;ksxh gh ugha] Hkfo"; ds fy, Hkh laxzg.kh; gksrh gSA ,d ls c<+dj ,d csgrjhu O;aX; jpuk,a blesa lekfgr gksrh gSaA lcls cM+h ckr] Hkk"kk;h 'kq¼rk ij dkiQh è;ku fn;k tkrk gSA dgha bDdk&nqDdk =kqfV;ka Hkys gh NwV tkrh gksa ijarq lkexzh vkSj NikbZ ds fygkt ls dgha dksbZ le>kSrk izdk'kd&laiknd djus dks rS;kj ugha] ;g lkiQ >ydrk gSA ^O;aX; ;k=kk* esa ubZ iqLrdksa dh leh{kk vkSj vU; tkudkjh mu lkfgR; izsfe;ksa ds fy, mi;ksxh jgrh gS ftUgsa le;&le; ij ubZ iqLrdsa [kjhndj i<+us dk 'kkSd gSA csaxywj esa Hkh dbZ ckj fganh lkfgR; izseh ;g dgrs ik, tkrs gSa fd vktdy rks vPNh lkfgfR;d if=kdk,a lgt gh miyC/ ugha gksrhA muds fy, ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dk irk 'kk;n mi;ksxh gksA

µ nf{k.k Hkkjr] csaxywj ls lkHkkj fd;k gS ^O;aX; dh vfr iBuh; rkdr ds dkj.k tks iznw"k.k vk x;k gS] bl [krjs dks le>k tk,A* bl fglkc ls bl vad esas izHkkfor djus okyh jpuk,a ^'ko ds izfr* ^viuksa ls lko/ku* ^pksj th ueLdkj* Øe'k% izFke] f}rh;] r`rh; LFkku ij esjh n`f"V esas gSA esjs ,d fe=k jkefoykl flag us ,d ckj dgk Fkk fd vPNs&vPNs lkfgR;dkj ^vuqx`ghr* dks ^vuqxzghr* fy[krs gSa bl lR; dk n'kZu ^lkfgR;dkjksa dh Js.kh* esa gq,A ujsanz dksgyh ls izse tuest; ,oa jkts'k dqekj dh ckrphr esa izQhykal ys[kd] dkWye jkbfVax ys[kd ds laca/ esa muds fopkj ,oa O;aX; dks fliZQ ,d 'kSyh rd gh j[kus dk yksxksa us "kM~;a=k ij muds er tkuus vkSj le>us dks feykA iznhi iar dh gkL; O;aX; jpuk ^foey miZQ fxjs rks dgka fxjs* vPNh yxh mUgksaus pSuy okyksa ij djkjh pksV rks dh gh gS lkFk esa ^bZ&esy&iQhesy* fu;kxzk&fo;kxzk tSls fo"k; ij O;aX; fy[kus ds fy, ,d ladsr ns fn;k gSA ekrkizlkn 'kqDy] Xokfy;j Xokfy;j ls tc pyk Fkk rc O;aX; ;k=kk lkFk ysdj pyk Fkk cgknqjx<+ ds vusd jpukdkjksa us if=kdk ns[kh vkSj irs Hkh uksV fd, FksA if=kdk dks yksxksa us ysus dh ○ ○ ○ 7 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

dksf'k'k dh Fkh ysfdu ;g esjh ys[kdh; izfr Fkh blfy, eSa fdlh dks ns ugha ldkA deksos'k iwjh i<+ yh gS ysfdu iwjs i<+s ij rks izfrfozQ;k ugha O;Dr dh tk ldrh gSA vkjaHk esa vkius iqjLdkjksa ds ckjs esa fcYdqy lgh fy[kk gS lkfgR; esa iQthZokM+k py jgk gS vusd O;fDr vkSj laLFkkvksa us lkS&lkS] nks&nks lkS #i, ysdj vkpk;Z Jh eSfFkyh'kj.k lEeku] egknsoh lEeku nsuk 'kq: dj fn;k gSA Fkksd ds lEeku&i=k Niokdj j[k fy, gSa fliZQ uke Hkjus dh nsj jgrh gSA vki iSls Hksft, Mkd ls vkids ?kj lEeku vk tk,xkA vki vius 'kgj esa nSfudksa esa iQksVks lfgr lekpkj Nik ldrs gSa vkSj vius lkfgfR;d vge~ dh larqf"V dj ldrs gSa cl vkidh xkaB esa iSlk gksuk pkfg,A bl rjg dh izo`fÙk ds yksxksa us lkfgR; vkSj jpukdeZ djus okyksa dks lekt esa ykafNr fd;k gSA dchj] rqylh tSlk iQDdM+iu jghe tSlh mnkjrk vkt ds jpukdkj esa yxHkx lekIr lh gks xbZ gSA xqIrk th ds vkaxu esa ^pkSiky* i<+dj yxk fd bl izdkj ds 'kkdkgkjh iz;kl gjsd 'kgj vkSj dLcksa esa gksuk pkfg, ge vius 'kgj esa ^xqIrk th dh pkSiky* xaHkhjrkiwoZd 'kq: djus tk jgs gSaA fpark esa] MkW- deyk izlkn th dh ckrphr i<+hA mUgksaus cgqr 'kkyhu <ax ls Ñ".knÙk ikyhoky }kjk J¼s; ijlkbZ th ij dqafBr ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

HkhM+ ls vyx

O;aX; ;k=k izfl¼ O;aX;dkj izse tuest; ds laiknu esa ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dk pkSngoka vad vk;k gSA O;aX; ij dsafær bl if=kdk esa yxHkx gj vad ,d fo'ks"kkad gksrk gSA lkfgfR;d vk;kstuksa ds lekpkj] iq L rd&leh{kk] i|&x|] fpa r uijd ys [ k] lk{kkRdkj] laLej.k vkfn LraHkksa esa bl if=kdk dh izfof"V;ksa dk la;kstu bruh lko/kuh ls jgrk gS fd oLrq] :Ik] lTtk vkSj la;kstu&gj n`f"V ls ;g fganh if=kdkvksa dh HkhM+ ls vyx [kM+h gks tkrh gSA bl va d es a Jhyky 'kq D y] dUgS ; kyky ua n u] jkenj'k feJ] fot; cgknqj flag] ujsaæ dksgyh] izrki lgxy] cynso oa'kh] gjh'k uoy dh jpukvksa dh mifLFkfr bls vkSj Hkh egRoiw.kZ cukrh gSA µus'kuy cqd V™LV laokn twu 2008

ekufldrk ls fd, x, izgkjksa dk izfr mÙkj fn;k gS vkSj oLrq fLFkfr dks ikBdksa ds lkeus j[kk gSA 1984 esa tcyiqj esa ijlkbZ th dks eq>s lquus&ns[kus vkSj ckr djus dk volj feyk gSA blh izdkj ckck ukxktqZu dks HkhA oks ih<+h vc [kRe gks xbZ gS vc rks lkfgR; esa ^dSfj;fjLV* yksx vk jgs gSa tks de nsdj cgqr vf/d ikus dh tksM+&rksM+ djrs jgrs gSaA ^ikFks;* esa dUgS;kyky uanu dk u ^,slk y{e.k cuus ls D;k iQk;nk* euksjatd vkSj O;aX;kRed gSA ujsanz dksgyh us ckrphr esa lVhd dgk gS fd ^lHkh O;aX;dkj oSpkfjd

vki panu f?klsa ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

n`f"V ls bl :i esa ,d gSa fd os xyr dk fojks/ djrs gSaA* lq/hj vks[kns dk O;aX; ^,d ;{k iz'u* ,d vPNk O;aX; gS tks 'kadj iq.krkEcsdj dh 'kSyh esa gS vkSj ;g LokHkkfod Hkh gS D;ksafd nksuksa gh ,d 'kgj ds gSa ,d nwljs dk izHkko iM+rk gS] vks[kns leFkZ O;aX;dkj gSaA

deyk xksbUdk QkmaM' s ku lEeku

vkseizdk'k lksuh] gks'kaxkckn

deyk xksbUdk iQkmaMs'ku }kjk LFkkfir ^Lusgyrk xksbUdk O;aX;Hkw"k.k iqjLdkj&2008* lqizfl¼ O;aX;dkj Jh izse tuest; dks fganh O;aX; foèkk esa muds lexz ;ksxnku ds fy, fn;k tk jgk gS A efgyk jpukdkjksa ds fy, LFkkfir ^jRuhns o h xks b Udk okXns o h iq j Ldkj&2008* lq i z f l¼ ysf[kd Jherh lw;Zckyk dks muds fganh lkfgR; esa lexz ;ks x nku o mudh iq L rd ^bDdhl dgkfu;ka* ds fy, fn;k tk jgk gSA bl o"kZ dk ^xksbUdk O;aX; lkfgR; lkjLor lEeku* ofj"B O;a X ;dkj Jh ujsaæ dksgyh dks iznku fd;k tk,xkA iQkmaMs'ku ds U;klh Jh ';kelqanj xksbUdk us ,d izsl foKfIr esa cryk;k fd 30 vxLr dks eqEcbZ esa ,d fo'ks"k lekjksg esa Jh izse tuest; dks #i, 1]00]000@& (#i, ,d yk[k) ,oa Jherh lw;Zckyk dks #i, 31]000@& (#i, bdÙkhl gtkj) uxn] 'kky] JhiQy] Le`fr fpUg o iq"ixqPN iznku dj lEekfur fd;k tk,xkA

^O;aX;;k=kk* dh lHkh jpuk,a Lrjh; gSaA ^f=kdks.kh;* esa J¼s; ujsanz dksgyh ds ckjs esa tks lkexzh izdkf'kr dh gS] mlls gekjs Kkudks"k dh dkiQh o`f¼ gqbZ gSA eSaus ,d lkfgR;&if=kdk esa ujsanz dksgyh dh ^jpuk izfØ;k* i<+h FkhA mudh ;g ckr eq>s cgqr vihy dh] fy[kus ds i'pkr Niuk gksrk gSA eSa mu yksxksa esa ls ugha gwW] tks ;g dgrs gSa fd fy[kus Hkj ls mldh larqf"V gks tkrh gS] fdlh dks lqukuk vFkok Niuk muds fy, vko';d ugha gSA eSa ,sls yksxksa dks ;k rks jksxh ekurk gwa] ;k nEHkhA eSa viuh fy[kh] ,d&,d iafDr dks Ni dj lkekU; tu rd igqapk gqvk ns[kuk pkgrk gwaA Nius dh fLFkfr cM+h fodV gSA eq>ls ^cM+ksa* us dgk Fkk vkSj og eSa vius ls NksVksa dks dgrk gwa fd ;fn de&ls&de nl o"kksaZ rd yxkrkj viuh jpuk,a lEikndksa vkSj izdk'kdksa dks Hkst&Hkst dj] mUgsa okil Lohdkj djus dk /S;Z gS] rks ys[kd cuus dk iz;Ru djuk pkfg,] vU;Fkk ughaA eSa mu lkSHkkX;'kkyh xSl ds xqCckjksa dh ckr ugha dj jgk] ftudk tUe ckn esa gksrk gS vkSj os mM+us igys yxrs gSaA ij muesa lwbZ dh ,d uksad lgus dh Hkh {kerk ugha gksrh& cM+s izgkj dh dksbZ D;k dgsA ^ys[kd* ,slk dksbZ ugha gqvk] ftls Nius rFkk ekU;rk izkIr djus ds fy, la?k"kZ ugha djuk iM+kA fojks/ ugha lguk iM+k] yksxksa dh dVq vkykspukvksa vkSj oSeuL; dk lkeuk ugha djuk iM+kA ftu egkuqHkkoksa dh eSaus 'kDy Hkh ugha ns[kh& mudks Hkh tc] vius fo#¼ fo"k iQSykrs vkSj fojksèk ikyrs ns[krk gwa rks igys pfdr jg tkrk Fkk] fiQj ijs'kku gksus yxrk vkSj vktdy eqLdjkus yxk gwaA tkurk gwa fd os esjs ekxZ dh os ck/k,a gSa] ftUgsa iQykax dj gh eSa nkSM+ lekfIr dh jLlh dks Nw ldrk gwaA*

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

8

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ikFks;

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dkfUr dqekj tSu

gfj'kadj ijlkbZ & fVVgjh dHkh ugha gkjrh Pkkj cjl igys ^O;aX; ;k=kk* dk igyk vad gfj'kadj ilkbZ ds tUefnu ij izdkf'kr djus dh bPNk ds lkFk izdkf'kr gqvk FkkA bl ckj ikFks; esa MkW- dkfUrdqekj tSu vkSj gjh'k uoy ds laLej.kksa ds ekè;e ls fganh O;aX; dh èkkfeZd iqLrdµ gfj'kadj ijlkbZ dks ;kn dj jgs gSaA ijlkbZ th dks eSaus tc Hkh ns[kk rks jsy dh ykbuksa ds ,su fdukjs ds edku esa jgrs ns[kk ;k cncwnkj ukys ds ,su cxy ds edkuksa esaA edku ua- 1312] edku ua1250] edku ua- 1533 ;k edku ua1527A lcds lc fdjk;s ds edku Fks] usfi;j Vkmu esa] jsy ykbu vkSj ukys ds chp essaA buesa ls dksbZ edku cM+k ugha FkkA ijlkbZ th ds fy, fy[kus] i<+us ;k lksus dk tks dejk gksrk og edku esa ?kqlrs gh ifgyk dejk gksrkA ;gh fe=kksa] ifjfprksa] vifjfprksa ls feyus dk dejk Hkh gksrkA rRdkyhu eq[;ea=kh vtquZ flag vk,a ;k ckck ukxktquZ _ lcdk Lokxr&lRdkj blh cSBd& de&LVMh&de&csM:e esa gksrkA tks nhokj ls yxh iSrkus dh rjiQ okyh dqlhZ ij cSBrk] mlls ijlkbZ th dh ckrsa T;knk gksrh] mls os ns[k Hkh T;knk ldrsA 1956 esa tc eSa ukxiqj ls LFkkukUrfjr gksdj tcyiqj igqapk rks os usfi;j Vkmu ds y{ehckx okys edku esa jgrs FksA y{ehckx ia- ds'ko çlkn ikBd ds firk ia- y{eh çlkn ikBd dk cuok;k gqvk FkkA tcyiqj ds eq[; LVs'ku ls enu egy dh vksj tkus okyh jsy dh iVfj;ksa ds ,su fdukjsA èkkM+&èkkM+ djrh gqbZ jsyxkfM+;ka tc ns[kks rc mu iVfj;ksa ij ls xqtjrhA jsyxkM+h xqtjrh rks ijlkbZ th ftl edku esa jgrs Fks] mldh Nrsa vkSj nhokjsa dkairhA ijlkbZ th dk fdjk;s dk ?kj iVfj;ksa ls fcYdqy yxk gqvk Fkk esjk iVfj;ksa ls FkksMk nwj &100 xt nwj lef>,A ifgyh jkr rks eq>s y{eh ckx ds ml edku esa tks fe=kksa us esjs fy, rtcht fd;k Fkk uhan gh ugha vk;hA nwljs fnu lcsjs tc ijlkbZ th ckgj

tkus ds fy, esjs ?kj ds lkeus ls xqtjs rks cjkaMs esa [kM+s eq>ls iwNk&jkr dks uhan dSlh vk;h\ eSua s dgk fd jkr Hkj jsyxkfM+;ka esjs fcLrj ij ls xqtjrh jghaA ijlkbZ th cksys& vHkh u;s gks] èkhjs&/hjs vknr gks tk;sxhA eq>s Hkh bl edku esa 'kq: esa uhan ugha vkrh Fkh ij vc vH;kl gks x;k gS vkSj jsyxkM+h vk;s ;k tk;s] dksbZ iQjd ugha iM+rkA eSa ns[krk fd jsyxfM;ka viuh iwjh LihM esa] dku iQksM+ 'kksj epkrh gqbZ] nhokjsa fgykrh gqbZ xqtj jgh gSa vkSj ijlkbZ th fcuk fopfyr gq, fy[ks tk jgs gSaA ijlkbZ th us ftUnxh ds 'kksj&'kjkcs dh okLrfodrk dks le> fy;k Fkk vkSj ;g mUgsa la?k"kZ dh] thus dh çsj.kk nsrk FkkA vkSj dksbZ jkLrk ugha FkkA ftUnxh Hkj os dfBukb;ksa dks] 'kksj&'kjkcs dks Bsaxk fn[kkrs jgsA mUgksaus vius thou esa ,slk 'kkWd vctkoZj fodflr dj fy;k Fkk fd O;fDrxr thou dk gYyk&xq Y yk] vlqfoèkk] raxnLrh] vkjksi] >a>Vsa mUgsa fopfyr ugha djrh FkhaA jsyxkM+h mudh ftUnxh ij cpiu ls gh /M+èkM+krh gqbZ xqtjrh jghA ij cUns ds psgjs ij dksbZ f'kdu ugh vk;h] og ftUnxh ds ekspZs ij MVk gh jgkA fcuk ihB fn[kk;s] lhus ij okj >syrk gqvkA tc mUgksaus y{eh ckx okyk edku cnyk rks mUgsa dkSu&lk edku feyk\ jkbV Vkmu vkSj usfi;j Vkmu dks ckaVus okys xans ukys ds Bhd cktw esaA bl ukys esa 'kgj dh xanxh cgrh] Hkzw.k cgrs] lqvj ds cPps vius FkwFku xM+k;s xans ty esa fdyksysa djrsA ogka 'kksj Fkk] ;gka xanxhA ijlkbZ th us dHkh bl ukys dks vlqfoèkkiw.kZ ugha

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

9

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

ekukA tSls jsyxkfM+;ksa ds ml 'kksj dks ugha ekuk FkkA thou dk 'kksj vkSj thou dh cncw ijlkbZ th ds lkfgR; ds mithO; FksA tekus dk lkjk 'kksj&'kjkck] vius vklikl dh lkjh xanxh] bfrgkl vkSj :f<+;ksa dk lkjk flokj] orZeku ds lkjs jksM+s] jktuhfr dh lkjh csgwnfx;ka] vè;kRe dh lkjh if=k;ka ijlkbZ th ds lkfgR; esa gSaA chloha 'krkCnh ds Hkkjr dk] jk"Vªh; vkSj varjkZ"Vªh; thou dk lkjk dckM+k ijlkbZ th ds ;gka fey tk;sxkA os mldks ,ukykbt djrs gSa] DyklhiQkbZ djrs gSa] mldks fjokbVykbt djrs gSa] mldks fjlkbfdy djrs gSaA ijlkbZ ds eu esa bu foÑfr;ksa ds çfr xqLlk de d#.kk T;knk gSA os çd`r ;FkkFkZoknh ugha gSa] lkekftd ;FkkFkZoknh gSaA ;g 'kksj&'kjkck D;ksa gS] ;g xan D;ksa gS] dc rd bls ,sls gh pyus fn;k tk;sxk] os dkSu&lh rkdrsa gSa] tks bls ,sls gh pyus nsuk pkgrh gSa] ;s fpUrk,a ijlkbZ th dks chloha 'krkCnh ds mÙkjk¼Z dk egku fpUrd lkfgR;dkj vkSj ,DVhfoLV cukrh gSaA ;gh og çfrc¼rk gS ftlds dkj.k ijlkbZ vius vklikl ds lkjs gks&gYys] fpYy&iksa] rw&rM+kd] ys& ns dk c[kku djrs gSaA os cncw ls Hkkxrs ugha] mldks feVkus dh] [kre djus dh ;qfDr crkrs gSaA os bl cncwnkj ukys ds vklikl :e izsQ'kuj ugh Vkaxrs cfYd bl ukys dks gh ikV nsus dh tqxr djrs gSaA tks gSa mlls csgrj pkfg,] nqfu;k dks lkiQ djus ds fy, esgrj pkfg, ds ladYi okys ijlkbZ esgrj ds jksy dks vaxhdkj djus esa dHkh vkukdkuh ugha djrsA esgrj dsoy Hkaaxh ugha gksrk] og egrj gksrk gS& egrj ;kuh

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

nwljksa ls cM+k ijlkbZ Hkaxh Hkh Fks vkSj egrj HkhA os vius ledkyhu lkfgR;dkjksa ls egrj 'kk;n blhfy, Fks fd mUgksaus dHkh LoPNrk dk naHk ugha fd;k] dHkh Lo;a dks fVuksiky dh liQsnh dk nkosnkj ugh ekuk] dHkh vius fy, dsoy vius fy, xfjek dh lqfoèkk ugha pkghA gksfy;j nsu tkÅ dh xjkZgV ijlkbZ th esa ugh FkhA og ge esa ls ,d Fks& Bhd ge tSlsA ijlkbZ th ngykoknh gSa] ugys ij ngyk ekjus esa mLrknA ngyk os fcuk vkos'k ds] fcuk vkØks'k ds] fcuk ç;kl ds iQsadrs gSa& galrs&galrsA os vius rjd'k ls mÙkj dk rhj fudkyrs gSa] 'kk;n eu gh eu ml ij fouksn dk ikuh p<+krs gSa vkSj ;s yhft,] fojksèkh fujL=k] fu<ky] fu#ÙkjA ijlkbZ bls viuh fot; ugha ekurs] fojksèkh dh jaxnkjh dks csjax djuk gh mudk mís'; gksrk gSA ftl çdkj fgUnh dks eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr ljLorh dh vkSj fujkyk erokyk dh nsu gSa] mlh çdkj gfj'kadj ijlkbZ çgjh dhA ;fn ljLorh u gksrh rks eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr u gksrs] erokyk u gksrk rks ^fujkyk* u gksrsA tSls ;s nkos Bhd gSa oSls gh ;g Hkh fd ;fn çgjh u gksrk rks vkèkqfud fgUnh ds O;aX; iq#"k gfj'kadj ijlkbZ u gksrsA çgjh us u dsoy ijlkbZ th dh çFke O;aX; jpuk Nkih Fkh] oju~ mUgsa lkfgfR;d] lkaLÑfrd vkSj oSpkfjd eap Hkh çnku fd;k FkkA lu~ lkB ds n'kd esa çgjh vius uke ds vuq:i fgUnh {ks=k dk lkfgfR;d vkS j oS p kfjd çgjh FkkA ia- Hkokuh çlkn frokjh vkSj ia- jkes'oj xq: çgjh ds laiknd FksA ijlkbZ th Hkh bl Vhe ds lkFk vfuok;Z vkSj ?kfu"B :i ls tqM+ x;s FksA ia- Hkokuh çlkn frokjh ;k ia- jkes'oj xq: ds ;gka rhuksa dh jkst eqykdkr gksrhA dksbZ iku dk Bsyk ;k pk; dh xqeVh çgjh dk pyrk&fiQjrk dk;kZy; cu tkrkA ,d dk fopkj nwljksa dks çsj.kk nsrk] mUgsa u;k lkspus dks mdlkrkA ijlkbZ u dsoy rhuksa esa lcls r#.k Fks] cfYd lcls vfèkd jpuk'khy vkSj lcls ç[kj Hkh! jkes'oj xq: us çgjh vkSj ijlkbZ ds lcaèkksa dh iM+rky djrs gq, fy[kk gS& çgjh ds vuwBsiu us çkUr esa fuHkhZdrk dk ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ikFks;

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vuwBk ekgkSy cuk fn;k FkkA Jh ijlkbZ us ladfYir gksdj viuh vuwBh çfrHkk dk lg;ksx çgjh dks nsdj lkIrkfgd i=kdkfjrk dks vuwBh rstfLork nhA olqèkk ds fnu Hkh D;k vthc fnu Fks\ bruh oSpkfjd ÅtkZ] bruk jpukRed oSfoè;] bruh lkekftd çfrc¼rk] bruh csfygkt ç[kjrkA olqèkk ls tqM+k gj O;fDr laiknd] ys[kd] eqæd] ikBd& gj dksbZ ^èkk.kh ds gsr* yM+us dks rS;kj FkkA olqèkk ds fy, gj dksbZ dchj dk lwjk cuuk pkgrk Fkkµ lwjk ,slk pkfg,] yMs+ èkk.kh ds gsrA iqjtk iqjtk gqbZ jgSa] rÅ u NksM+s [ksrAA olqèkk ds jkes'oj xq:vksa] gfj'kadj ijlkb;ksa] xtkuu ekèko eqfDrcksèkksa] çeksn oekZ v ks a ] Jhdka r ks a ] guq e kuks a ds uke vyx&vyx gksa ij buesa ls gj ,d olqèkk ds fy, tka&fulkj FkkA tka& fulkj 'kk;n xyr 'kCn gSA tka pyh tk;sxh rks olqèkk dSls fudysxh] dSls Nisxh] dSls caVsxh] dSls csbZekuh vkSj cnuh;rh dk HkkaMk iQksMs+xh\ ugha tku ugha nsaxsA gka] olqèkk ds vfLrRo ds fy,] mldh b;Ùkk ds fy, yaxksVh ys yks] ;s tka&fulkj yksx rks ckn esa Fks] ifgys yaxksV&fulkj yksx FksA olqèkk ds fy, gj dksbZ yaxksVh esa iQkx [ksyus dks rS;kj FkkA ;s cM+s yksx ugha FksA Ldwyksa ds ekLVj] dkWystksa ds ysDpjj] dkWystksa& ;wfuoflZfV;ksa esa i<+us okys Nk=k] iqLrdksa ds nqdkunkj] çdk'ku foHkkx ds NksVs&eksVs vfèkdkjh] MwaM is Mys jgus okys bu vyxaM yksxksa us çns'k esa ,d u;h lkfgfR;d] lkaLÑfrd vkSj oSpkfjd fiQtk rS;kj dh FkhA buds ikl u dksbZ cnjh fo'kky fiÙkh Fks u dksbZ çHkk [ksrkuA bUgsa fdlh ljdkjh vuqnku dk Hkh vkljk ugha FkkA buesa ;s Hkh gquj ugha Fkk fd igys vPNh [kklh jde tek dj yks fiQj if=kdk ^ykap* djksA eu eas vk;k vkSj olqèkk fudky nhA ifgyk vad rks vk x;kA vc nwljs vad dh fpUrk 'kq: gqbZA lkxj esa ijlkbZ th ds iqjkus fe=k gSa dfo] i=kdkj] lkekftd ,DVhfoLV] tkx`fr if=kdk fudky pqds gSa] tSlh ys[kuh gS] oSlh gh ok.khA dkaxzslh usrk gSa& NksVs cM+s lHkh mudks ekurs gSaA nwljs vad ds fy, iQkbusal dgka ls vk;s rks cl esa cSBs ○ ○ ○ 10 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

vkSj ijlkbZ th lkxj vk x;sA f'kodqekj th ds ;gka BgjsA f'kodqekj th dks lkFk fy;k] olqèkk dk ifgyk vad cxy esa nck;k vkSj lkxj ds m|ksxifr;ksa] O;kikfj;ksa ds ;gka pank ysus igqap x;sA tgka Hkh x;s&pank feyk] yksx olqèkk ds xzkgd cusA çns'k vkSj çns'k ds ckgj dk Hkh] lektoknh fopkjèkkjk ls tqM+k gqvk gj jpukdkj] olqèkk dks viuk ekurk Fkk vkSj olqèkk pys] pyrh jgs] ;g mldk ekuks dkSy FkkA lkexzh vk jgh gS] yh tk jgh gSA çwiQ ns[ks tk jgs gSa] eqæd ls f>d&f>d gks jgh gSA varr% fjD'ks esa olqèkk dk xV~Bj ykns gq, ijlkbZ mUgsa vius ?kj yk jgs gSa] fMLiSp dj jgs gSaA eSaus mUgsa olqèkk ds xB~Bj ykns gq, fjD'ks ij cSBs gq, ns[kk gS& fo'o fot;h eqæk esaA ?kj esa txg de iM+h rks xV~Bj esjs ;gka Mky fn;sA ;fn ijlkbZ th esa bruh yxu u gksrh] bruh laxBu 'kfDr u gksrh] bruk vkRefo'okl u gksrk] fe=kksa dh ,slh lij eSuk u gksrh rks olqèkk olqèkk u gksrhA olqèkk ijlkbZ th dh eSXue vksil FkhA ijlkbZ dks dhfrZ O;aX; ys[ku ls feyh] ij çfr"Bk olqèkk lsA olqèkk ds laiknu ds fy, ijlkbZ th us ogh i¼fr viuk;h ftlds os çgjh ds fnuksa esa vH;Lr gks pqds FksA okLro esa ;g 'kSyh ubZ ugha FkhA rqylhnkl us okjk.klh esa jke yhyk ds eapu ds fy, cgqr ifgys ;g 'kSyh viuk;h FkhA ;fn dsoV çlax dk vfHku; gksuk gS rks og eYykgksa dh cLrh esa gksxkA ;fn tud okfVdk dk n`'; eapLFk fd;k tkuk gS rks rqylh dks lcls ekStaw ekfy;ksa dk eqgYyk yxrkA ijlkbZ olqèkk dk laiknu lkekU;r;k fdlh dk;kZy; ;k çsl esa cSBdj ugha djrs FksA mudk olqèkk ds fy, vfèkdka'k ys[ku y{eh ckx ds edku esa] tkiQjh okys ckgj ds dejs esa] r[kr ij xko rfd;s ds lgkjs fVds gksrkA muds lkfgfR;d fe=kksa ds ?kj olqèkk dh lkexzh ds laiknu ds vLFkk;h dk;kZy; gksrsA ia- jkes'oj xq: ds ;gka jkr esa cSBd terhA guqeku oekZ Mh-,u- dkyst esa vaxzsth ds ysDpjj FksA lqcg 7-30 cts egkfo|ky; tkrs 10-30 rd okfil vk tkrsA eq>s ;kn gS ,d fnu lqèkk HkkHkh ;kfu ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ikFks;

Jhefr guqeku oekZ ls mudh ,d iM+ksflu us cM+s nq%[k ds lkFk dgk Fkk& cfgu th] oekZ th dk ckdh lc rks Bhd gS ij mudh dgha ukSdjh vkSj yx tkrhA tc rd vU; dk;kZy;ksa ;k fo|ky;ksa esa dke djus okys ?kj ls fudyrs rc rd oekZ th viuk dke fucVk dj ?kj okfil vk tkrsA ijlkbZ th Hkkstu djds ?kj ls fudyrs rks ifgyk iM+ko guqeku dk ?kj gksrkA ,dkèk ?kaVk guqeku ds ;gka fcrkus ds ckn os vkxs c<+rsA ml ,dkèk ?kaVs esa vaxzsth dh fdlh dgkuh dk fgUnh vuqokn iQkbuykbt gksrk] vxys ekg dh olqèkk ds fy, guqeku dks D;k fy[kuk gS] bldh ppkZ gksrhA ukxjktu vaxt sz h ds çksiQslj FksA egkdks'S ky egkfo|ky; esa] vejkorh ls LFkkukarfjr gksdj tcyiqj vk;s FksA çeksn oekZ ds fe=kA 'ksDlfi;j ij fy[ks x;s muds 'kksèk&i=k fons'kh if=kdkvksa esa çdkf'kr gksrs jgrs FksA ussfi;j Vkmu ds eq[; ekxZ ij ejokgk ds caxys esa ihNs dh rjiQ jgrsA csgn vèkhj] vaxzsth lkfgR; dh uO;re tudkfj;ksa ls ySlA çeksn ds fe=k FksA blfy, ijlkbZ th ls çxk<+rk gksrs nsj ugha yxhA çeksn muls tjk&lh ihNs dh xyh esa jgrs Fks] ia- Hkokuh çlkn frokjh ds caxys ls FkksM+k ifgysA ;gka cSB dj olqèkk ds fy, Hksth x;h ,d lkfgfR;d dh Mk;jh i<+h tkrhA eqfDrcksèk th viuh Mk;jh gj ekg Hkstrs] ,d iklZy ds :i esaA cM+s&cM+s v{kjksa dh fy[kkoVA tgka&tgka fy[kkoV le> esa ugh vkrh] çeksn fxjg [kksyrsA eqfDrcksèk vkSj Jhdkar tcyiqj ls ckgj jgrs Fks vr% çeksn ij ijlkbZ th ds ckn olqèkk ds laiknu dk lcls vfèkd Hkkj jgrkA fiQj vt; pkSgku dh iqLrdksa dk çfr"Bku ftKklk Fkk& u;h ls u;h iqLrdksa dk çfr"BkuA 'ks"k ukjk;.k jk; dk ;wfuolZy cqd fMiks FkksM+k vkxs xathiqjk esa Fkk] Jhcky ik.Ms; ;gka cSBs feyrsA ia- jkes'oj xq: ;k ia- Hkokuh frokjh ds ;gka lkaè; eaMyh terhA vkrs tkrs esjs ;gka #d dj ;k [kM+s&[kM+s fdlh u;h iqLrd ;k if=kdk ds rkts vad ij fVIi.kh fy[kus dh ckr gksrhA eksckby dksVZ dh rjg eksckby laiknuA tcyiqj ls ckgj jgus okys fe=kksa ls olqèkk dh lkexzh ds fy, fujarj i=k O;ogkj gksrk jgrk] rxkns

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

tUe 1932 esa nsojh dyk¡] lkxj- ,e-,-] ih&,p-MhvR;ar esèkkoh Nk=k] lnk çFke Js.kh esa loZçFkeA dksfj;k njckj] lkxj fo-fo- ls Lo.kZ indksa ls iqjLÑrA eè;çns'k ds fofHkUu fo'ofo|ky;ksa esa vè;kiuA rhu ntZu iqLrdksa dk ys[ku] pkj iqLrdksa dk vaxzsth ls fgUnh esa vuqoknA yksd laLÑfr dh if=kdk bZlqjh ds ukS vadksa dk lEiknuA fd;s tkrsA ;g ijlkbZ th dk gh deky Fkk fd olqèkk ds fy, mUgksaus fjys i=k O;ogkj dh ,d i¼fr bZtkn dhA ijlkbZ th i=k fy[krs rks muds reke&reke fe=k olqèkk ds fy, jpuk,a Hkst nsrsA tc ,d ckj fy[kus ij fe=kx.k jpuk,a ugha Hkstrs rks ;kjksa ds ;kjksa dh enn yh tkrhA olqèkk Nirh ugha] i<+h Hkh tkrh FkhA mlesa çdkf'kr jpukvksa dk nwj&nwj rd uksfVl fy;k tkrk FkkA lHkh ihf<+;ksa ds ikBdksa }kjk gj fopkjèkkjk ds lkfgR;dkjksa }kjkA olqèkk esa tks dfork,a Nirh Fkha& lok Ms< Vkax dh gksuk mudh ifgpku ugha FkhA mudh ifgpku Fkh vkèkqfud Hkkocksèk dks u;s <ax ls O;Dr djuk] Nan gks pkgs csNan gksA eqfDrcksèk] Jhdkar oekZ] jkefoykl 'kekZ] çeksn oekZ] v'kksd oktis;h] vkXus;] dkUrk] Jhcky ik.Ms;] f'kodqekj JhokLro] Hkokuh çlkn feJ Nan vkSj csNan fy[k jgs Fks vkSj os lc olqèkk ds dfo mu vU; dfo;ksa dks Hkh olqèkk esa dfork,a Hkstus ds fy, çsfjr djrs Fks tks olqèkk ds fy, furkUr u;s FksA oSpkfjdrk ds ekeys esa] jpuk'khyrk ds ekeys esa olqèkk esa dksbZ nksLrnkjh ugha

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

11

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

pyrh FkhA vPNs ls vPNs] J¼s; ls J¼s; fe=k ls dksbZ fygkt ugha cjrk tkrk FkkA dksbZ vknj.kh; gks ;k iQknj.kh;] olqèkk esa rHkh Nisxk tc mldh jpuk mRÑ"V gksA fdlh Hkh çdkj dh fxfedjh] fdlh Hkh çdkj ds eSufjTe dh olqèkk esa [kcj yh tkrhA lc pyrk gS] D;k iQdZ iM+rk gS ds ijlkbZ th l[r f[kykiQ FksA ek[ku yky prqoZsnh ml le; rd nknk cuus yxs FksA dsoy vknj.kh; gh ugha] mudk #rck iQknj.kh; gks x;k FkkA ijlkbZ th us muds Hkh x| ij olqèkk esa ,d fVIi.kh Bksad nh] ckotwn blds fd ek[ku yky th ds fy, ijlkbZ th ds eu esa vlkèkkj.k J¼k] ç'kalk ,oa vkReh;rk jgh gSA ijlkbZ th us olqèkk esa fy[kk& *vxj ek[kuyky prqoZsnh dk x| gS rks nks iSjkxzkiQ esa ihf<+;ka] bZeku] cfyiaFkh] euqgkj] r#.kkbZ] yqukbZ vk tkuk pkfg,A ojuk og prqoZsnh th dk fy[kk gqvk ugha gSA* prqoZsnh th cM+s lkfgR;dkj Fks& ijlkbZ th ds fy[kus dk mUgksaus cqjk ugha ekukA Jh ueZnk çlkn [kjs ijlkbZ th ds fe=k Fks vkSj olqèkk ds dje iQjekA tc Hkh ijlkbZ th dks iSlksa dh t:jr gksrh] [kjs th dk ilZ muds fy, [kqyk gh jgrkA ij lkfgfR;d csbZekuh ds fy, os fdlh dks c['kus dks rS;kj ugha FksA ^cs&i<+h leh{kk* esa gh mUgksaus fy[kk& ^vHkh gky gh esa egkdkS'ky ds lkfgR; vkSj lkfgR;dkjksa ij ,d ys[k Nik gSA fo'ks"kdj egkdkS'ky ds yksx rFkk lkfgfR;d bl ys[k dks i<+dj tkusaxs] fiQj pfdr gksaxs fd ;gka ueZnk çlkn [kjs ds ckn dfo&ys[kd iSnk gh ugha gq,A* olqèkk dh lkFkZdrk] liQyrk vkSj yksd xzkárk dk Js; ijlkbZ th us vdsys Lo;a ysus dk miØe ugha fd;kA Lo;a ls ifgys iQwyekyk ds fy, xq: th dks vkxs djrs& ^xq: th dk cgqr egRoiw.kZ lkfgfR;d dk;Z olqèkk ekfld if=kdk dk iksSus rhu o"kZ rd çdk'ku FkkA* vkSj 1956 ls 1958 rd geus tcyiqj ls olqèkk fudkyhA blesa eqfDrcksèk vkSj Jhdkar nksuksa iwjh rjg lkFk FksA olqèkk bUgh dh if=kdk FkhA* olqèkk dk LVkj iQhpj ^,d lkfgfR;d dh Mk;jh* FkhA ifgyh ckj fgUnh ds

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fdlh dfo vkSj fopkjd us lkfgR; ds jpuk deZ ij vkSj dkO; 'kkL=k ds {ks=k esa furkar eksSfyd mn~~Hkkouk,a bl Mk;jh esa dh FkhA* dyk dk rhljk {k.k* rks eqfDrcksèk dh [kkl viuh pht FkhA* ,d lkfgfR;d dh Mk;jh* ij ikBdksa dh çfrfØ;kvksa ds çfr eqfDrcksèk cgqr ltx FksA bl Mk;jh dks olqèkk ds fy, èkkjkokfgd fy[kok fy;s tkus ds ihNs çeq[k dkj.k Fkk& eqfDrcksèk ds gh 'kCnksa esa& ^ijlkbZ th ds i=k :ih fiLrksSy*A ,d lkfgfR;d dh Mk;jh ds vykok olqèkk dk fu;fer LraHk Fkk Jhdkar fyf[kr ^dye dh fn'kk* tks os leqæxqIr ds uke ls fy[krs vkSj ftlesa eghus Hkj Nih fofHkUu i=kµif=kdkvksa dh jpukvksa dk vkdyu gksrkA Jhdkar dh cgqr lh dfork,a olqèkk esa Niha ij tc mUgksaus os dfork,a fy[kh tks ^ek;k niZ.k* esa ladfyr gSa rks eqfDrcksèk pkSads&gSjku gq,A ,d i=k esa mUgksaus fy[kk& ^esjs NÙkhlx<+ ds bl I;kjs dfo dks D;k gks x;k gS\* ijlkbZ th us fy[kk gS fd fdlh if=kdk dk la;qDr fudyk rks le>ks og can gksus ds dxkj ij gSA olqèkk 'kq: esa pank] xzkgd vkSj dqN foKkiuksa ds Hkjksls fudyrh FkhA vafre fnuksa esa olqèkk mèkkjh ds dkxt] mèkkjh ds eqæ.k ij fdlh rjg ftUnk jghA ijlkbZ th 'kqHk fpUrd çsl ls olqèkk dk vad mBkus x;sA tsc esa iSls ugha Fks] cSad esa cSysal ugha FkkA ;kj&nksLrksa ls ftruk mèkkj laHko Fkk] fy;k tk pqdk FkkA çsl ds ekfyd ckcw ckyeqdqan xqIrk cksys& olqèkk dk vad Ni ds rS;kj gSaA ;s iSdsV j[ks gSa& fiNys vad dh NikbZ dk iSlk nks vkSj ;g vad ys tkvksA ijlkbZ th us dgk& ckcw th] iSlk rks vHkh gekjs ikl ugha gSA rks ge ;g vad Hkh ugha nssaxsA ;g vad ugha nsaxs rks ge vkidk fiNys vad dk fcy Hkh ugha ns ldsaxsA ;s D;k ckr gqbZ\ dk gekjk iSlk [kk tkvksx\s ugh] esjk eryc gS] ;g vad ge foKkiunkrkvksa dks nsaxs vkSj muls iSlk ysaxsA ge ugha nsa rks\ rks gekjh if=kdk can gks tk;sxh vkSj ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ikFks;

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vkids iSls Mwc tk;sxkA rqe vtc vkneh gksA gekjs gh nkao ls gedks gh fpr djrs gksA olqèkk ds vafre fnuA ijlkbZ fy[krs gSa& olqèkk dh vkfFkZd gkyr yxkrkj fxjrh x;hA geus mls can djus dk r; dj fy;kA fiNys vad dh NikbZ dk fcy pqdkus ckcw th ds ikl igqapk (ckcwth ;kuh 'kqHk fpUrd çsl ds Lokeh& ckyeqdnaq xqIr)A ckcw th cksys& ^bl eghus rks rqe rM+kd&iQM+kd ys vk;sA vxys vad dk eSVj dgka gS\ eSaus dgk& ^ckcw th vc vxyk vad ugha fudysxkA ge gkj x;sA iSls dk bartke vc ugha gksrkA ikSus rhu lky cgqr gks x;sA vc ge olqèkk can dj jgs gSaA* NksVs vkneh dks cM+k cukus dh dyk ijlkbZ th dks vkrh gSA ckcw ckyeqdnqa xqIr dks vknedn cukrs gq, ijlkbZ th fy[krs gSa& ^os cgqr nq%[kh gks x;sA lkspus yxsA ^olqèkk* ls mUgsa fnyh yxko gks x;k FkkA* cksys& ^ijlkbZ] bl rjg fujk'k gksdj vPNk dke ugha NksM+k tkrkA geus ftUnxh esa cgqr mrkj&p<+ko ns[ks gSaA ns[kks] ^olqèkk* ds rhu vad ge fudkyrs gSaA brus esa rqe yksx viuh fLFkfr laHkky yksA ckcw ckyeqdnaq xqIr us rhu vad fudkysA ?kkVs dk dke FkkA rhu ekg chr x;sA olqèkk can gks x;hA* olqèkk can gks x;h ij D;k ijlkbZ th lpeqp gkj x;s\ olqèkk can gks x;hA ,d fe'ku vèkchp esa gh VwV x;kA ijlkbZ th us cgqr nq%[k ds lkFk fy[kk& ^vkt ?kkVk lgs fcuk dksbZ fgUnh if=kdk ugha py ldrhA dgkuh dh vkSj fiQYeh if=kdk,a viokn gSaA ?kksj ladV ds chp ge Hkh nks lky olqèkk fudky ys x;sA dqN yksx gSa tks ne ckaèks jgsA vçSy (1958) esa can gksus dh fLFkfr vk gh x;h FkhA geus ;gka vkSj vU;=k fc[kjs gq, fe=kksa dks ^xaxkty* eqag esa Mkyus dh lwpuk nh ij muesa ls vusd us blds cnys ^e`R;qat;* dh iqfM+;k nhA* e`R;qat; dh iqfM+;k us dke fd;k ij T;knk nsj ughaA ebZ 1958 dk vad vkSj çsl esa x;kA ijlkbZ th us lkjs ikBdksa vkSj ys[kdksa ls çkFkZuk dh fd os xzkgd ○ ○ ○ 12 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

cudj&cuok dj] foKkiu nsdj&fnyok dj rFkk vU; çdkj ls vkfFkZd lgk;rk lqyHk djds&djok dj ds çdk'ku esa ;ksx nsAa eSaus cpiu esa ,d fpfM+;k ns[kh FkhA fVVgjhA laLd`r dh fVV~VHkh jkrdks fpfM+;k vius iSj Åij dh vksj djds lksrh gSA yksd esa ;g ekU;rk gS fd fVVgjh dks vkdk'k ds fxjus dk cM+k Mj gksrk gSA fnu dks vkdk'k VwVdj èkjrh ij fxjus yxsxk rks cgqr ls yksx èkjrh dks cpkus okys] vkdk'k dks Fkkeus okys nkSM+s vk;saxs ij jkr ds vaèksjs esa tc lc lks jgs gSa] vkdk'k VwV tk;s rks èkjrh dks dkSu cpk;sxk\ fVVgjh ;g lksp dj cM+h fpafrr jgrh gSA uUgh&lh tku] jkr ds vaèksjs esa olqèkk dh j{kk ds fy, Vkaxsa Åij dj lksrh gSA ijlkbZ th Hkh fVVgjh gh FksA tc pkjksa vksj vaèkdkj O;kIr gks] lkjs ewY; ,d&,d dj èkkjk'kk;h gks jgs gksa] i`Foh dks cpkus okyk dksbZ u fn[krk gks rc ijlkbZ th us olqèkk fudkyh ^tks ?kj tkjs vkiuk pyks gekjs lkFk* dk mn~?kks"k djrs gq,] yaxksVh esa iQkx [ksyrs gq,] ;kjksa] fe=kksa vkReh;ksa] vPNs dke esa fo'okl djus okyksa ds HkjkslsA irk ugha fVVgjh fxjus okys vkleku dks Fkke ikrh gS ;k ugha& uUgh&lh fVVgjh dh vkLFkk] mldk ladYi] mldk [ksr u NksM+us dk gkSlyk] èkjrh dks cpkus dks mldk nqnZHeuh; ikS#"k vius vki esa cM+h ckr gSA ;g cM+h ckr ijlkbZ th esa FkhA eqfDrcksèk us fy[kk gS fd ^ge yksx cM+s ugha gSa] gka bZekunkj t:j gSaA* viuh oSpkfjd fu"Bk dh ikjn'khZ bZekunkjh us ijlkbZ dks cM+k cuk fn;kA ijlkbZ th 'kk;n fiNys tUe esa fVVgjh FksA bl tUe esa Hkh mUgksaus fVVgjh tSlk gksuk Lohdkj fd;kA ijlkbZ tsSls yksx 'kk;n gj tUe esa fVVgjh gh gksrs gSa& vius ç;klksa ds iQyLo:i HkjHkjkrs gq, vkleku ls i`Foh dks laHkkyus okyhA µ ^olqËkk* ls lkHkkj fo|kiqje] edjksfu;k] lkxj] e-iz-

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ikFks;

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

gjh'k uoy

gfj'kadj ijlkbZ ds lkFk chl cjl le; rhl o"kZ iwoZ ls vfèkd] LFkku&liQnjtax vLirky dh mQijh eafty dk ,d okMZ] ftlesa ,d iyax ij ysVs gq, Jh gfj'kadj ijlkbZ dks ns[kus eSa vkSj izse tuest; x, FksA dSlk Fkk og vizfre {k.k tc igyh ckj vius vkjkè; O;aX; xq: ls ckrphr djus dk volj feyk FkkA ijlkbZ th dh ,d Vkax {kfrxzLr Fkh] bykt py jgk Fkk] ihM+k dsoy Vkax esa Fkh] muds psgjs ij mldk dksbZ Hkko Li"V ugha FkkA mUgksaus mBus dk ;Ru djrs gq, nks mnh;eku jpukdkjksa dk Lokxr fd;k tks O;aX; ds {ks=k dks èkeZ{ks=k le> mlesa dwn pqds FksA esjs lsukuk;d ijlkbZ th gh FksA mudh dksbZ Hkh jpuk] dgha ls Hkh miyCèk gks] eSa <wa<&<wa<dj vo'; i<+rk FkkA eSa gh D;ksa esjs tSls vusd uo O;aX;dkjksa dh 'kSyh vkSj ys[ku&psru ij ijlkbZ th dk xgjk izHkko iM+k FkkA os vLirky esa dbZ fnu jgs] muls feyus ds] cfr;kus ds] xq:ea=k ysus ds vusd ekSds feysA os ekurs Fks fd ^O;aX; dk {ks=k vHkh fjDr gS] ubZ dgkuh vkSj ubZ dfork dh tM+sa te pqdh gSa] O;aX; dks iw.kZr% viuk ysuk pkfg,A* esjs Hkhrj ds jpukdkj us ;g ckr iDdh xkaB ckaèk yh FkhA tc dHkh O;aX; rFkk O;aX; ls lacfa èkr fo"k;ksa ij iz'u mBrs vkSj lekèkku u feyrs] gkFk vius vki mBdj ijlkbZ th dks i=k fy[k nsrk vkSj vka[ksa nks fnu ckn ls ySVj ckDl esa ikorh <wa<us yxrhaA rc eSa 'kkgnjk esa jgrk Fkk] usfi;j VkmQu] tcyiqj ls mudk tokc vo'; vkrk FkkA o"kks± iwoZ O;aX; ds fy, ifjppkZ dk vk;kstu djrs gq, eSaus ijlkbZ th dks i=k fy[kk Fkk vkSj iwNk Fkk fd D;k os O;aX; dks ,d Lora=k lkfgfR;d foèkk ekurs gSa\ mudk mÙkj muds nsgkolku ls Bhd chl o"kZ iwoZ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

cèkkbZ ! fiNys fnuks a Lo;a ls o h la L Fkk ^fp= dyk la x e* us o"kZ 2008 ds fy, pfpZ r O;a X ;dkj MkW - gjh'k uoy dks mudh lkfgfR;d ls o kvks a ds fy, 21 gtkj #i, ds iq j Ldkj rFkk iz ' kfLr&i= ls muds fuokl LFkku ij mUgs a lEekfur fd;kA fu.kkZ ; d e.My es a loZ J h fo".kq iz H kkdj] MkW - eèkq ia r ] MkW - lR;oz r f=ikBh vkSj in~eJh ohjsUnz izHkkdj lfEefyr gS a A gjh'k uoy dks ^O;a X ; ;k=k* ifjokj dh gkfnZ d cèkkbZ A

nl vxLr mUuhl lkS fipgÙkj dks eq>s feyk Fkk ftls vkB vxLr dks fy[kk x;k FkkA eq>s ?kksj vpjt gqvk fd ftl ys[kd ds dkj.k ^O;aX;dkj* fo'ks"k.k lEekfur gqvk] ftlus bls 'kqnz ls czkã.k cuk;k] og Lo;a bls ^foèkk* gh ugha ekurkA ijlkbZ th us lkiQ&lkiQ fy[kk - - - O;aX; fLifjV gSA - - -O;X; foèkk ugha gSA dkj.k ;g gS fd O;aX; dk viuk dksbZ LVªDpj ugha gSA dgkuh] ukVd] miU;kl dk LVªdpj gS] O;aX; dk ugha gS- - -A eSa grizHk Fkk D;ksafd ge rks ^O;aX;* dks x| dh ,d LFkkfir foèkk euokus ij rqys gq, Fks vkSj Bksl O;aX; dk lcls cM+k ys[kd gekjh utj esa rc gfj'kadj ijlkbZ gh FksA ijlkbZ th ds O;aX; dh lcls cM+h rkdr tks fojklr esa vtkr'k=kq] Kku prqonZs h] eq>s] tuest;] lqjs'k dkar rFkk dfri; ○ ○ ○ 13 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

vU; gekjh ih<+h ds O;aX;dkjksa dks feyh] og gSµ O;aX; dh ifj.kfr dk d#.kk esa gksuk] ;gh =kklnh gh lkFkZd O;aX; gS] 'kSyh ds Lrj ij cnyko gks ldrs gSaA esjk lkSHkkX; fd eq>s ijlkbZ th ls dFkkRedrk dh fdLlkxksbZ dk 'kSyh Hkh feyh] Hkys gh ckrphr esa mudh ;g 'kSyh utj ugha vkrh FkhA mUuhl lkS vBÙkj esa tcyiqj tkus dk ekSdk gkFk yxkA ;qok O;aX;dkj jes'k 'kekZ ^fuf'kdj* ds caxys esa lifjokj Bgjuk gqvkA HkkbZ ^fuf'kdj* us ,d O;aX;&xks"Bh ijlkbZ th dh vè;{krk esa esjs jpuk ikB ij vk;ksftr dhA vusd lkfgR;dkj vkSj O;aX;&izseh mifLFkr gq, fdarq ijlkbZ th dks ogka u ikdj fujk'kk ds mRlo esa esjs lkFk 'kkfey gq,A xks"Bh lekfIr ds ckn ge yksx ijlkbZ th ds fuokl ij x,A os vLoLFk Fks] ysVs Fks] gesa ns[k gkFk tksM+ {kek ekaxus yxs fd ^fdlh us tkus u fn;k] rfc;r [kjkc gks xbZ- - A* eSa mudh 'kkyhurk vkSj Hknzrk ns[k fog~oy gks mBkA ,d oVo`{k dks ?kkliwQl ds vkxs ur~ ns[k eSaus muds pj.k idM+ fy, vkSj vk'khokZn dh ekax dhA os cksys] ,d O;aX; jpuk lqukvks fiQj vk'khokZn feysxkA eSaus viuh ,d fiz; jpuk ^cqf<+;k] ljk; jksfgYyk vkSj foozQekdZ* Mjrs&Mjrs lqukbZA mUgksua s ljkguk dh rFkk <sjksa vk'khokZn fn,] dgk] ^xks"Bh esjs ?kj gksuh pkfg, Fkh] ?kj mruk cM+k ugha gS ij eu Hkh rks ns[kuk pkfg, Fkk exj fuf'kdj ekus ugha FksA* ijlkbZ th nSfgd :i ls vLoLFk gksus ds ckotwn ekufld #X.krk ds f'kdkj u gq,A ftl fopkjèkkjk ij mudh lksp fVdh gqbZ Fkh] mls dHkh foyx u gq,A eSaus igyh ckj mUgsa cjlksa igys fnYyh ds cgknqj'kkg tiQj ekxZ ij fLFkr I;kjsyky Hkou ds izs{kkx`g esa gks jgh izksxszflo xks"Bh ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dh dk;Zokgh esa fgLlsnkjh djrs ns[kk FkkA esjk vkd"kZ.k ogka dsoy os gh FksA dqrqZy&,u&gSnj oDrO; nsdj vkbZ Fkha] ijlkbZ izfrfozQ;k ns jgs FksA rHkh ,d ys[kd us vius Hkk"k.k esa èkeZohj Hkkjrh dk uke ysdj mu ij dhpM+ mNkyuk 'kq: fd;k] eq>s csgn [kykA Hkkjrh th ij dhpM+ ekuks eq>s vius ij iM+k yx jgk Fkk] Hkkjrh gekjs fiz; Fks D;ksafd ge yksx ^èkeZ;qxhu* dgykrs Fks- - -dksbZ dqN dgrk u dgrk ijlkbZ th us mBdj mu egk'k; ds dFku ij viuk fojksèk ntZ djk;k fd tks vuqifLFkr gS rFkk ;gka vizklafxd gS ml ij ,slh fVIi.kh nsuk 'kksHkk ugha nsrk - - -esjh dhpM+ NaV xbZ] Hkkjrh th ij ekuksa NhaVs Hkh ugha iM+s- - -eSa ijlkbZ th ij eqXèk gks mBk Fkk] eq>s mudk 'kksHkk eaMy utj vkus yxk FkkA rc eSa lksprk Fkk] D;k dHkh muls fey ikmaQxkA fnlacj vBklh esa dkWyst dk Vwj ysdj iape<+h tkuk gqvk] ykSVrs gq, eSaus rFkk lqjs'k ½rqi.kZ us tcyiqj dk dk;ZozQe cuk;k rFkk fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh 'kadkvksa dks ysdj ge yksx ijlkbZ th ds ?kj x,A ijlkbZ th csgn izlUu gq,] fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh 'kadkvksa dk leqfpr lekèkku fd;kA ge lc muds iyax ds pkjks vksj cSBs] [kM+s ;k fVds Fks] os iyax ij ysVs Fks] rc os cSB ugha ikrs FksA mUgksaus okrkoj.k esa bruh lgtrk iSnk dj nh fd ,d Nk=kk ijethr dkSj us mUgsa {khj lkxj esa 'ks"k&'kSÕ;k ij ysVs fo".kq Hkxoku crk;kA os ;g miek lqudj [kwc galsA ,d Nk=k xkSre us ^nfyr lkfgR;* ij muls baVjO;w ysuk pkgk] os yxHkx cSB x, ;g muds Hkhrjh eu dk iz'u Fkk vkSj nfyr lkfgR; ij èkkjkizokg cksyus yxs- - ^iape<+h Vwj* vkt Hkh gekjs Nk=kksa dh ;knksa dh èkjksgj gSA os tc Hkh feyrs gSa ijlkbZ th ds ?kj dh ;k=kk dh cjcl ;kn vkrh gS] fo'ks"kdj ijlkbZ th dk vkxzg dj fcfLdV f[kykuk rFkk iQksVks f[kapokuk ugha Hkwy ikrk] mudk esjs izfr O;aX;kRed desaV ^rqe vc KkuihB ekdkZ gks* eSa Hkh Hkyk dgka Hkqyk ldrk gwaA ,d lgt balku Fks ijlkbZ th ftuesa eerk vkSj 'kkyhurk dwV&dwV dj Hkjh gqbZ

ikFks;

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Fkh] tks mUgsa Bhd ls ugha tkurs Fks] muds ckjs esa Hkzkafr;ka iky ysrs FksA elyu ,d Vh-oh- izksM~;wlj tks ijlkbZ th dh Ñfr ^jkuh ukxiQuh*- - -ij èkkjkokfgd cuk pqds Fks] muds fo"k; esa Hkzkar FksA tc lu~ uCcs esa os nwjn'kZu ds fy, èkkjkokfgd izLrko cuokus vk, vkSj eSaus rFkk izse tuest; us muds le{k rsjg O;aX;dkjksa dh rsjg jpukvksa ij vkèkkfjr ,d èkkjkokfgd cukus dk fopkj fn;k] os [kq'k gq,] ysfdu ijlkbZ th dk igyk uke lqurs gh fd ik;ysV ,filksM mudh Ñfr ij gks] os dgus yxs] ^ijlkbZ th fMfiQdYV gSa] os cM+h 'krs± j[ksaxs] muls vki gh LohÑfr eaxokvksA ysfdu eSa mUgsa mruk iSlk ugha ns ikmaQxk] ftruk os ekaxsaxs] vki gh fuiVsa- - -vkfn vfn- - - - -ijlkbZ th us rks gesa ykSVrh Mkd ls gh LohÑfr Hkst nh rFkk fdlh Hkh jpuk dks ysus rd dh gkeh Hkjh] iSls dh ckr rks i=k esa dgha Fkh gh ughaA i=k ns[kdj izksM~;wlj foax dekaMj nkl foLe; ls Hkj mBs] cksys] ^njvly ijlkbZ th ls eSaus dHkh MkbjsDV Mhy ugha fd;k Fkk] blfy, xyriQgeh gqbZA* lu~ frjkurs esa Hkh geus ijlkbZ th ls fdlh jpuk ds izdk'ku dh vuqefr ekaxh Fkh tks txeksgu pksiM+k dh ^cgjgky* ;kstuk ds vèkhu Fkh] vuqefr rqjar o fcuk 'krZ gh feyhA gesa mudk vk'khokZn gh ugha] I;kj gh ugha] nqykj Hkh feykA os xksf"B;ksa esa ugha tk ikrs FksA tc ls ,d jktuSfrd ny ds dk;ZdrkZvksa us mu ij 'kkjhfjd izgkj fd, Fks] rc ls gh os LoLFk ugha gks ik, fdarq ekufld 'kfDr mudh izcy jgh ftldk mnkgj.k gS muds }kjk fujarj fy[kk tkus okyk èkkjnkj O;aX;A vkt og fganh O;aX; dk LrEHk 'kjhj ls ugha fn[kkbZ nsrk fdarq gekjs fganh O;aX; lkfgR; ij vkt Hkh mudk efLr"d jkt dj jgk gS] dqN ugha NksM+k mUgksaus] lc ij izgkj fd;k] ge yksx muls vkxs tkus dh ckr nwj] muds iklax rd iQVd Hkh dgka ik jgs gSaA µ ^esèkk izdk'ku* ls 'kh?kz izdk'; laLej.kkRed iqLrd ^fujkyk dh xyh esa* ls lkHkkjA 15 lh] fganw dkWyst caxys fo'ofo|ky; ekxZ] fnYyh&110007

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

14

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

O;aX; ;k=k dk

vkxkeh vad vDVw c j&fnla c j 2008 fganh&O;aX; ds vk/kkj LraHk

Jhyky 'kqDy ds

O;fDrRo ,oa lkfgR; Ikj dsafnzr gksxk Jhyky 'kqDy ls lacaf/kr lkexzh 31 vDVwcj 2008 rd lknj vkeaf=r gSA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fpark

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; esa bZekunkjh dh vko';drk gSµ jke'kj.k tks'kh izse tuest; ls ckrphr jke'kj.k tks'kh cgeq[kh izfrHkk dk nwljk uke gSA ,d ys[kd ds :Ik esa rks eSa mUgsa cgqr igys ls tkurk FkkA dHkh feyk ugha FkkA feyus dh bPNk FkhA jke'kj.k tks'kh dks tc eè; izns'k ljdkj dk ^'kjn tks'kh* lEeku feyk Fkk rks O;aX;&{ks=k ds dqN {ks=kikyksa dks ;g ipk ugha FkkA ij ;g uke O;aX; dh nqfu;k dk ^pfpZr* uke gks x;k FkkA mu fnuksa jke'kj.k tks'kh dk lkfgR; eSaus Hkh [kkstk vkSj i<+kA feyus dh bPNk rc ls cuh gqbZA fnYyh esa vusd xksf"B;ksa esa vfHkoknu dk vknku&iznku gqvk ij jke'kj.k tks'kh ls cfr;kus ds volj u cukA bl ckj ekpZ esa cSaxywj esa ^fganh dqaHk* ds nkSjku tks eqykdkr mlus fiNys xSi Hkj fn,A igyh ckj feyus ij eSaus ik;k fd bl 'k[l esa xtc dh vkReh;rk gSA lM+d ij pyrs gqvk] igyh ckj feyk ;g 'k[l] vkidks ckag ls idM+ lkeus vkrs okgu ls cpk ldrk gS] vkidk iwjk è;ku j[krk gSA igyh ckj utnhd ls feyus ds ckotwn mldh vkReh;rk esa dgha dksbZ deh ugha gSA egkurk dh dgha nqxZa/ ugha vfirq egd gh gSA lkspk bl 'k[l dks vkSj tkuk tk, blds lkFk ,d 'kke xqtkjh tk,A ;g ckrphr mlh 'kke dk ifj.kke gSA ^O;aX; ;k=kk* ds ikBdksa ds fy, jke'kj.k tks'kh dk viuk ilanhnk O;aX; ^eSa vkSj og* Hkh izdkf'kr dj jgs gSaA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

izse tuest; % ys[ku vkidh izkFkfedrk gS vkSj vkius fofo/ fo/kvksa esa fy[k&i<+k gSA ys[kd pkgs fofoèk foèkkvksa esa fy[ks ij fdlh ,d fo/k ds izfr mldk ^vuqjkx* jgrk gSA vkids ys[ku dh izfØ;k D;k gS\ vkidh fiz; fo/k D;k gS\ jke'kj.k tks'kh % esjs thou dh fLFkfr;ka dqN vthcks&xjhc jghaA eSa dqN Hkh r; djds u rks fy[k ikrk gwa vkSj u eSaus fy[kk gSA ;|fi eSaus viuh ys[ku&;k=kk vkdk'kok.kh ds cky dykdkj ds :i esa 1959 esa vkjaHk dh FkhA eSaus vkdk'kok.kh ds fy, ukVd fy[ksA 1959&63 ds chp ds le; esa] esjs bu ukVdksa esa vkse f'koiqjh] lq/k 'kekZ] xkso/Zu vljkuh tSls pfpZr jaxdfeZ;ksa us dke fd;kA fiNys fnuksa esjs ukVdksa dk ,d ladyu ^nkokuy* ds uke ls vk;k] ftlus esjs iz'kaldksa dh bl lksp dks FkksM+k vk'p;Z esa Hkh Mkyk fd eSua s dHkh ukVd Hkh fy[ks FksA vkdk'kok.kh ls esjk vafre ukVd 1987 esa izlkfjr gqvk Fkk ftlesa ch ,e cM+ksyk th tSls Js"B dykdkj FksA 1963 vkSj 1987 ds chp ,d cM+k varjky vk;kA ;g varjky essjs nwljs nkSj dk jgkA ;g nkSj Fkk i=k&if=kdkvksa dkA 1967 esa ,d laaoknnkrk ds :i esa eSaus viuk ;g nkSj vkjaHk fd;kA fganLq rku lekpkj laokn lfefr gqvk djrh Fkh ftlus eq>s Hkksiky ,d laaoknnkrk ds :i esa HkstkA (jke'kj.k tks'kh ean&ean eqLdjk;s vkSj r;'kqnk ekxZ ij vius dks cka/ u ikus dh izÑfr ij gYdh&lh galh fc[ksjrs gq, ○ ○ ○ 15 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

cksys) eSaus dgk u fd eSa r; djds dqN Hkh ugha dj ikrk gwa& bl chp eSaus ik;k fd lfefr esa i=kdkjksa ,oa Jfedksa dk 'kks"k.k gks jgk gSA osru lgh le; ij u feyuk] vodk'k u feyuk] tSlh vusd leL;k, gSaA eSaus 1969 esa ,d laxBu cuk fy;kA mlesa lfØ; gks x;kA ftlds ifj.kke Lo:i eq>s mlls fudyuk iM+kA bl fudyus esa fiQj esjh fn'kk cnyh] eSa iw.kZr% Jfed vkanksyu esa pyk x;kA 1971 ds var rd eSa i=kdkfjrk esa cgqr lfozQ; jgkA fganqLrku lekpkj ls fudyus ds ckn eSaus izQhykfUlax dh vkSj lkekftd eqn~nksa ij cgqr vPNk fy[kkA mu fnuksa j?kqohj lgk; ^fnueku* ds laiknd gqvk djrs FksA eSa fuladksp Lohdkj djrk gwa fd oSpkfjd i=kdkfjrk D;k gksrh gS] blds laLdkj mUgksaus eq>esa iSnk fd,] i=kdkfjrk dh ,d xgjh le> eq>s j?kqohj lgk; us nhA mUgksaus eq>ls cgqr egRoiw.kZ fjiksfV±x djokbaZA mu fnuksa fcgkj esa ,d cgqr cM+k vkanksyu pyk Fkk] ekDlZokfn;ksa lektokfn;ksa dk] mldh fjiksfVZax mUgksaus eq>ls djokbZA jktLFkku ds ckM+ejs esa cgqr Hk;kud vdky iM+k Fkk] mls eSaus dbZ fd'rksa esa doj fd;kA vki tkurs gSa ^1971* esa bafnjk th us vke pquko djk, FksA ml le; j?kqohj lgk; th us eq>s cLrj esa Hkstk FkkA ;g doj djus ds fy, bu vke pqukoksa dks ysdj vkfnokfl;ksa dh D;k lksp gS] oks bl yksdrkaf=kd izfØ;k dks fdl rjg ysrs gSa\ mudk oksfVax iSVuZ D;k gS\ vkfnokfl;ksa ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ds thou ls tks esjk lk{kkRdkj gqvk mlus eq>s f'kf{kr fd;kA vkt Hkh oks esjs vuqHko dk xgu fgLlk gSA 1972 esa rhu ;k pkj tuojh dks ckaXyk ns'k cuus ds ckn] ml ;q¼ dks doj djus ds ckn eSa <kdk ls ykSVk rks Jfed vkanksyu ls tqM+ x;k vkSj okeiaFkh vkanksyu dk fgLlk cu x;kA bl chp esjs dqN erHksn Hkh gq,] dqN phtksa ls esjk eksgHkax Hkh gqvk vkSj eSa 1979 esa i=kdkfjrk dh vksj ykSV vk;kA ml le; jktsanz ekFkqj ^ubZ nqfu;k* ds laiknd FksA mUgksaus eq>ls dgk& tks'kh th vkius Økafr rks dkiQh dj yh gS] pfy, vc i=kdkfjrk dh vksj ykSV vkb,A mu fnuksa fnYyh esa ^ubZ nqfu;k* dks C;wjks& ize[q k dh vko';drk Fkh] mUgksaus tuojh&iQjojh 1980 esa eq>s ^ubZ nqfu;k* dk C;wjks izeq[k fu;qDr fd;kA ;g ckr eSa vkids ekè;e ls igyh ckj vkWu fjdkMZ dg jgk gS fd mUgksaus eq>s vius ls vf/d osru vkSj lqfo/k,a fnyok;haA yksxksa us muls dgk Hkh fd vki tks'kh th dks vius ls vf/d osru D;ksa fnyok jgs gSa\ mUgksaus etkd esa dgkµ ^gesa tks'kh th dk cqtqZvkdj.k djuk gSA* 1980 ls ysdj 1999 rd ,d lfØ; i=kdkj ds :i esa eSaus ubZ nqfu;k ds ekè;e ls i=kdkj txr ls tqM+k jgkA oks ,d lfØ;rk ds lkFk&lkFk ,d XySej dh ftanxh Hkh Fkh] jk"Vªifr] iz/kuea=kh] mijk"Vªifr vkfn ds lkFk ns'k&fons'k dh ;k=kkvksa ij tkukA eSaus ;w ,u vks ,lsEcyh dks vusd ckj doj fd;kA izse tuest; % eSa vkidks chp esa Vksd jgk gwa] vkius ,d lfØ; Økafrdkjh ds :i esa thou th;k] j?kqohj lgk; ds lkFk lkFkZd i=kdkfjrk dh vkSj fiQj bl XySej dh nqfu;kA eSaus vDlj ns[kk gS fd cM+s&cM+s i=kdkj bl XySej esa [kks tkrs gSaA jke'kj.k tks'kh % vkius lgh dgkA bl Hkwy&HkwyS;k esa dksbZ Hkh cgd ldrk gSA ij eSaus bl ekgkSy dks viuh psruk viuh oSpkfjd izfrc¼rk ij gkoh ugha gksus fn;kA la?k"kZ'khy psruk lfØ; jghA esjs vrhr us eq>s cgqr rkdr nh vkSj ml

fpark

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

nkSj esa esjh esjh pfpZr iqLrd vkbZ ^vkneh egy vkSj lius* ftls ,d ySaMekdZ ekuk x;k gS vkSj ftls fo".kq izHkkdj tSls ofj"B dFkkdkjksa us [kjhndj i<+kA ,d vkSj dke eSaus fd;kA 1982 esa i=kdkfjrk djrs gq, ^caèkqvk eqfDr ekSpkZ* dh LFkkiuk dhA bldk laLFkkid egklfpo eSa Fkk vkSj blds vè;{k Lokeh vfXuos'k FksA rhu o"kZ rd eSa lfozQ; jgkA ;s phtsa Fkh tks eq>s XySej ds vkrad ls Hkh cpkrh jghaA bl nkSjku esjk ys[ku lfozQ; jgkA vkdk'kok.kh esa lfozQ; jgkA ukVd fy[ks] ij vius ukVdksa dks eSa dsoy ukVd ugha dgrk gwaA vHkh tks esjk ukVdksa dk ladyu vk;k gS] mlesa eSaus vius ukVdksa dks iksLVj dgk gSA eSaus mlesa fy[k Hkh fn;k gS] tks blesa ukVdksa dk lkSan;Z ns[kuk pkgrk gS oks bu ukVdksa dks u i<+sA ukVd cnyko ds izfr izfrc¼rk n'kkZrs gSA eSaus mlh nkSjku ^nkokuy* fy[kkA ^nkokuy* ,d ?kaVs dk ukVd gS ftlds dbZ izlkj.k gks pqds gSaA ;g cLrj ds vkfnokfl;ksa ds thou ij vkS|ksfxd lH;rk ;k fiQj dgsa fd vk/qfud lH;rk ds D;k&D;k izHkko iM+s gSa] mldk fo'ys"k.k djrk gSA cLrj esa ,d {ks=k gS ftls dgrs gSa ckykMhy vkSj ;gka nqfu;k dk 'kq¼Ùke yksgk feyrk gSA ogka ls yksgk fudkydj ge vkt Hkh tkiku dks fu;kZr djrs gSaA usg: ds le; esa tkiku vkSj Hkkjr ds chp ,d djkj gqvk vkSj ml djkj ds rgr ogka [kuu dk;Z vkjaHk gqvkA tc igyh ckj tkiku ls djkj ds rgr [knku [kksnus ds fy, igyh ckj ogka e'khu igqaph rks mu yksxksa dks yxk fd tSls dksbZ Hkwr vk x;k gSA gekjs nsork ukjkt gks x, gSaA vc rks izy; vkus okyh gSA bl chp 'kky ds ou dkVs x,A dbly taxy tehu fNurs pys x,A bl lcdk eSaus ckjhdh ls vè;;u fd;k vkSj mls izLrqr fd;kA eSaus ;g Hkh fpf=kr fd;k fd dSls foo'krkvksa us vkfnoklh efgykvksa dks os';ko`fÙk dks foo'k fd;k] ^dhi* cuus dks foo'k fd;kA izse tuest; % vkids ikl lfØ; thou dk ,d fo'kky vuqHko gSA bl

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

16

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

vuqHko esa vkius thou ds vusd jax ns[ks gSaA vkidk eksgHkax Hkh gqvk gSA vusd lkekftd] jktuSfrd folaxfr;ka Hkh ns[kh gSaA folaxfr;ka ys[kd dks O;aX;&ys[ku dh vksj /dsyrh gSaA vkius crk;k Hkh fd vkius vkjaHk esa O;aX; Hkh fy[ksA bu folaxfr;ksa us vkidks fdl izdkj dbl[ku ds fy, foo'k fd;k\ jke'kj.k tks'kh % nsf[k, esjk 2001 esa ,d O;aX; ladyu vk;k] ^eSa O;aX; gwa mudh lHkk dk*A blesa tks jpuk,a gSa oks ^uo T;ksfr* ds dkWye ds :i esa fy[khA ;s O;aX; ikjaifjd :i esa O;aX; ugha gSaA bu O;aX; esa Lo;a ij galuk gS] =kklnh gS] fonzwirk,a gSa] dqN thou dh dq#irk,a gSaA 1997&1998 dk 'kk;n ;g fdLlk gSA eè; izns'k ljdkj us eq>s ^'kjn tks'kh* iqjLdkj fn;k FkkA eSa mls ysus Hkksiky igqp a kA vusd izfrf"Br yksx fofHkUu iqjLdkj xzg.k djus vk, FksA mlesa ,d iqjLdkj fdlh >kcqvk dh fHkyuh dks Hkh feykA mls vkfnoklh isafVax ds fy, feykA dbZ yksx] mls NksM+] iqjLdkj ysus lt&/t ds] flyd&Vlj ds dqjrs igudj x, FksA VkbZ&okbZ cka/s] 'kgjh peRdkj ls yns&iQnsA eSua s ml 25&30 o"kZ dh ml efgyk dks ns[kk] tks lknxh esa ynh&iQnh FkhA iQVk ?kk?kjk] vks<+uh] iSjksa esa gokbZ pIiyA oks fcuk fdlh ladksp ds gekjs chp eap ij cSB xbZA eSaus lkspk fd HkkbZ ;gka vkus ds fy, eSaus D;k&D;k vk;kstu fd, vkSj ;g fdrus lgt Hkko ls vkbZ gSA iRuh ls iwNk D;k iguuk pkfg,] [kqn lksp jgk fd dSls yxwaxk] eq[;ea=kh dSls iqjLdkj nsaxs] eSa D;k cksywaxk vkfn vkfn- - -A iwjk ,d iwokZH;kl fd;kA vkSj nwljh vksj oks lgtHkko ls vkbZ] iqjLdkj xzg.k fd;k] ,d nks feuV es vkHkkj izdV fd;k vkSj pyh xbZA eSa iwjs vH;kl ds lkFk 15 feuV viuh ckSf¼drk ds lkFk cksyrk gwaA esjs lkFk ds vU; yksxksa us Hkh ,slk fd;kA eq>s yxrk gS fd ;g D;k folaxfr gSA dgha ge muds O;aX; ds ik=k rks ugha gSaA oks fuf'pr gh dbl eu ge lcdk migkl mM+k jgh gksxhA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

izse tuest; % vkius rks ,d cgr vPNs vkRe&O;aX; dk mnkgj.k izLrqr dj fn;kA gekjs ;gka vkRe&O;aX; dh cgqr deh gSA vfèkdka'k O;aX;&ys[ku usrkvksa ds migkl rd lhfer gS] ^vius fxjsoku esa >kadus dk cgqr de d"V fd;k x;k gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd ge lhfer gks jgs gSa vkSj cpkdj O;aX; djus esa fl¼gLr gks jgs gSaA vki bl lanHkZ esa vkSj D;k dguk pkgsasxs\ jke'kj.k tks'kh % eSaus ikap Ng O;aX; vkReO;aX; dks dsafnzr dj fy[ks gSaA esjh ,d cgqr cM+h jpuk gS ^esjkcaèkq* tks ^igy* esa izdkf'kr gqbZ FkhA mlls igys Hkh pkj&ikap jpuk,a gSa tgka eSa viuh eè;oxhZ; ekufldrk] Lo;a ds fopyu vkfn ij galrk gwaA eSa Lo;a dks dV?kjs esa [kM+k djrk gwaA nwljs dks O;aX; dk ik=k cukuk cgqr ljy gS] ijarq Lo;a dks dV?kjs esa [kM+k djuk I;kt ds fNyds dh rjg Nhyrs pys tkuk cgqr dfBu gSA blds fy, vkidks u dsoy lekt ds izfr vfirq vius izfr bZekunkj gksuk gksxkA tc rd vki bZekunkj ugha gSa vki O;aX; dSls dj ldrs gSaA O;aX; esa bZekunkjh vko';d gSA vki lekt ls fNik ldrs gSa ij vius ls dqN ugha fNik ldrsA vkSj bl lcdh eSaus dher Hkh pqdkbZ gSA lu~ 2004 esa ^gal* if=kdk esa esjs tks fooknkxzLr ys[k ^fo'okl?kkr* ds 'kh"kZd ls izdkf'kr] mlesa eSaus Lo;a dks ,Dlikst fd;kA eSa ;g ugha dgrk gwa fd eSaus dksbZ cM+k dke fd;k gSA blls igys vusd us fd;k gSA ^ckcjukek* if<+,] esjs fglkc ls lcdks i<+uk pkfg,A blesa oks vius ij vf/d galk gS] Lo;a dks vfèkd ,Dlikst fd;k gSA tSls gj lqcg oks dle [kkrk gS fd 'kke dks 'kjkc ughsa fi,xk] ij ihrk gS vkSj fiQj vxyh lqcg mYVh djrk gSA ;fn vki Lo;a ds izfr bZekunkj gksaxs rks fuf'pr gh vki lekt ds iz f r bZ e kunkj gks a x s A laosnu'khyrk ,d izokg gS ftl ij fopkj dk cka/ vko';d gSA os nks vuko';d vfrjsd dks jksdrk gSA blfy, ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fpark

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lkfgR; esa n`f"V dh vko';drk gksrh gSA tc Hkh eSa fy[krk gwa rks izR;{k@vizR{k :i ls Lo;a dks ik=k cukrk gwaA izse tuest; % vkius cgqr vPNh ckr dgha] vius ys[ku dh izkFkfedrkvksa dks Hkh Li"V fd;kA eSa tkuuk pkgwaxk] ftl vkRe&Li"Vokfnrk dh ckr vkius dh] tgka ys[kd vius gh fNyds mrkjrk pyrk gS] ml Li"Vokfnrk ls vkidk igyh ckj tc lkeuk gqvk] vkids eè;oxhZ; fgIiksØVs eu us vkidks dgha jksdk gksxk\ esjk eu gS tkuus dk] mu {k.kksa dks tgka Lo;a ij galus ls igys vki Lo;a ls yM+s gksaxsA dgha Jfed vkanksyu ds laLdkjksa us oks rkdr nh\ jke'kj.k tks'kh % eSa vkidks crk nwa fd Jfed vkanksyu ls igys dh esjs thou dh ,d NksVh&lh dFkk gSA tc eSa vkBoha esa Fkk] gekjs vaxzsth ds ,d vè;kid Fks] ';ke flag iaokjA mUgksaus gels ,d fnu dgk] dy tc vki yksx vk,a rks viuh vPNkb;ka vkSj cqjkb;ka fy[kdj ds yk,aA eSa vkBoha dk fo|kFkhZ FkkA ml le; lgtHkko ls fy[k x;kA eSaus 70&75 viuh dfe;ka fxukbZ gSa vkSj 20&25 vPNkb;kaA nks fnu ckn mUgksaus lcds lkeus esjh iz'kalk dh dbl yM+ds us viuh cqjkb;ka csckd rjhds ls dgha gSaA bl ;qok esa vius vanj >kadus ds rkdr gSA nwljs essjs firk th Hkh cgqr vkè;kfRed FksA os gesa cpiu ls gh f'k{kk fn;k djrs Fks fd Lo;a dks igpuksA bu nksuksa phtksa ls Self Analytical Faculty eq>esa iSnk gks xbZA ;g eSa vkidks crk jgk gwa] cpiu esa eq>s flusek ns[kus dh cgqr cqjh vknr FkhA (esjs ;g iwNus ij fd ;g cqjh vknr D;k vkt Hkh gS rks jke'kj.k tks'kh galrs gq, cksys] ;s vknr vc de gS vkSj iQdZ Hkh vk x;k gS] igys eSa iSls pksjh djds flusek ns[krk FkkA vc vius iSls ls ns[krk gwAa ) eSa ,d fnu esa rhu&rhu pkj&pkj fiQYesa ns[kk djrkA rc ikWdsV euh tYnh [kRe gks tkrhA ,d ckj eSaus vius ppsjs HkkbZ ds dkiQh iSls pqjk, vkSj [kqn Hkh fiQYe ns[kh vkSj nksLrksa dks Hkh fn[kkbZA tc eSa fnYyh vk;k rks mu fnuksa nfj;kxat ls ^lsokxzke* uked lkIrkfgd v[kckj fudyk ○ ○ ○ ○ 17 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○

ifjp; 6 ekpZ 1944 dks vyoj esa tUesa Jh jke'kj.k tks'kh us vius lkfgfR;d thou dh 'kq#vkr t;iqj ds vkdk'kok.kh dsna z ds cky dykdkj ds :Ik esa dhA 1957 ls 1962 ds chp bUgksaus dbZ ukVd o dgkfu;ka fy[kha vkSj ukVdksa esa Hkkx fy;kA ukV~; ys[ku ds nwljs pj.k (1971&1974)es a fnYyh vkdk'kok.kh dk;ZØeksa ds fy, jSfMdy ukVd fy[ks rFkk rhljs pj.k esa fnYyh vkdk'kok.kh ds fy, ukVd vkSj :id fy[ksA lfØ; i=kdkj vkSj ^ubZ nqfu;k* ds C;wjks izeq[k (1980&1999) ds :Ik esa ,f'k;k] vizQhdk] mÙkjh vesfjdk] nf{k.kh vesfjdk ds fofHkUu ns'kksa dh dbZ ckj ;k=kk,a dhaA njvly jke'kj.k tks'kh ds thou dk nwljk uke iz;ksx gSA clok] cLrj] iykew] dkykgkaMh] esMd] ekaM~;k] is'kkoj] dkcqy] dksyacks ls chftax] ekWfj'kl ls lwjhuke] D;wck ls baMksufs 'k;k rd vusd ;k=kkvksa esa dbZ&dbZ iz;ksx fd,A izR;sd iz;ksx us u, vuqHko vkSj ubZ miyfC/ dks tUe fn;k vkSj og ;k=kk lkexzh dHkh ukVd] dHkh O;aX;] dHkh fuca/ vkfn foèkkvksa ds ekè;e ls vfHkO;Dr gksrh jghaA izdkf'kr jpuk,a % ^21 oha lnh ds ladV*] ^vkneh cy vkSj lius*] ^ehfM;k feFk vkSj lekt*] ^ehfM;k foe'kZ*] ^fons'k fjiksfVZax*] ^lk{kRdkj% fl¼kar vkSj O;ogkj*] ^vkfnoklh lekt vkSj f'k{kk*] ^gLr{ksi*] ^Fkki*] ^ehfM;k vkSj cktkjokn* (laikfnr)] ^vxyk izèkkuea=kh dkSu\*] ^dB?kjs esa* tSlh pfpZr iqLrdksa ds ys[kdA fcgkj ljdkj ds jktsanz ekFkqj i=kdkfjrk iqjLdkj] eè;izns'k ljdkj ds 'kjn tks'kh lEeku] fganh vdkneh fnYyh ds i=kdkfjrk iqjLdkj] tSls iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfurA laizfr dsanzh; fganh laLFkku ds mikè;{kA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

djrk FkkA mlds laiknd us eq>s dgk fd vius ckjs esa bZekunkjh ds lkFk dqN lp fy[k ldrs gks\ rks mlesa eSaus viuh bl pksjh dk fuladksp o.kZu fy[k fn;kA oks dfVax dkVdj eSaus vius ppsjs HkkbZ dks Hkst FkhA vius vanj >kadus dk lkgl ogka ls gqvkA HkkbZ cgqr bZekunkj Fks] x`g&lfpo Fks vkSj mudks tc eSaus dfVax Hksth rks oks cksys fd ;g rks gesa ekywe Fkk] ij eSa rqEgkjh bl lkiQxksbZ ls cgqr [kq'k gwaA vkt Hkh yxrk gS] tc eSa ^gal* vkfn esa fy[krk gwa rks mlds ihNs ;g i`"BHkwfe jgrh gksxh\ ;g esjk lgtHkko Fkk vkSj ^gal* esa Hkh eSaus lgtHkko ls gh fy[kkA vkSj eq>s dgha ;g ugha yxrk gS fd eSa dksbZ vuks[kk dke dj jgk gwaA vkt ;g t:j eglwl djrk gwa fd ml lgtrk es a Fkks M + h lko/kuh dh vko';drk FkhA eSa ;g dg ldrk gwa] tuest; th fd eSaus ik[kaM dks dHkh izJ; ugha fn;kA eSa lgtHkko ls blfy, Hkh vfHkO;Dr djrk gwa fd eSa Nqiko ls ruko dks ugha ikyuk pkgrk gwaA esjk ekuuk gS fd thou esa dqN Hkh laiw.kZ ugha gksrk vkSj u gh vafre lR; gksrk gSA ge iz;ksx/ ehZ gSaA ;s iz;ksx dHkh ge lk;kl djrs gSa vkSj dHkh vuk;klA eSa vuko';d gha ruko D;ksa ikyw\a esjs fy, esjk ;g n`f"Vdks.k] esjh thou 'kSyh dHkh ?kkVs dk lkSnk ugha jgkA izse tuest; % dgha dqN viQlksl ugha gS- - -\ jke'kj.k tks'kh % ;g viQlksl ugha gS fd eSaus vius thou dks ikjn'khZ j[kk ij dqN viQlksl gaS- - -tSls eSa 24 dSjsV dk Økafrdkjh ugha jg ldkA liuk Fkk fd ge nqfu;k dks cny Mkysaxs] ugha cny ik,A ,d vkSlr ntsZ ds eè;oxhZ; cudj jg x,A ;g Bhd gS fd eSa viuh miyfC/;ksa dh ,d yEch lwph fxuok ldrk gwa- - -ij ,d xgjk viQlksl Hkh gSA izes tuest; % vkids ilanhnk O;aX; ys[kd dkSu gSa\ jke'kj.k tks'kh % vki tc O;aX; dh ckr djrs gSa rks eSa O;aX; dks mlds caèks&caèkk,a [kkaps esa ugha ysrk gwaA O;aX; esa

fpark

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

;fn n`f"V ugha gS rks O;aX; D;k gSA esjs lkFk cgqr lkjs yksx ijlkbZ dks D;ksa ilan djrs gSa D;ksafd og O;aX; ds fy, O;aX; ugha fy[krs] vfirq ,d n`f"Vdks.k gSA O;aX; dsoy vkidks FkksM+k cgqr fgyk&Mqyk nsus ds fy, ugha gksrk gS] vfirq oks vkidks eFkrk gSA O;aX; oks tks vkidks gLr{ksi djus dks izsfjr Hkh djs] dsoy ckSsf¼d etk gh u nsA vc ^dq# dq# Lokgk* gS euksgj';ke tks'kh gS] mldk eSa ,d ik=k Hkh gwa] oks tks fo'oca/q gS- - -vc bl miU;kl esa Hkk"kk dh tknwxjh gS- - -;s gLr{ksi djus dks izsfjr ugha djrk gSA vc vktdy O;aX; ds uke ij tks eapksa ij ijkslk tk jgk gS] mlus bls dkWeksfMVh cuk fn;k gSA izse tuest; % tcfd fganh O;aX; dk vkajHk dchj us dfork esa tks fd;k og ,d lkFkZd n`f"V ls ;qDr FkkA oks O;aX; dk fu#ís'; iz;ksx ugha gSA og lko/ku gS fd fdl ij iz;ksx djuk gS vkSj fdl ij ughaA ij vkt tks eap ij rFkkdfFkr ^gkL; O;aX;* dfork dh fLFkfr gS ml ij jksuk gh vkrk gSA jke'kj.k tks'kh % lgh dgk vkius vkSj blfy, dchj vkt Hkh jSysosaV gSaA ds'ko] ?kukuan vkfn izklafxd ugha gSaA vkids O;aX; dk dSuokl D;k gS] oks r; djrk gS fd vki D;k gSa\ eSa vius dks dchj ds cgqr djhc ikrk gwaA eSa deZdk.M esa fo'okl ugha djrkA izse tuest; % ij eq>s yxrk gS vkidk ifjokj rks cgqr ijaijkoknh vkSj deZdk.Mh jgk gksxkA gekjk ifjokj vusd xkaoksa dk iqjksfgr FkkA eSaus Lo;a pkj&ikap cjl iqjksfgrfxjh dh gSA iwtk Hkh djrk FkkA gekjs ;gka x.ks'k prqFkhZ ij cgqr lkjs xkaoksa ds yksx vkrs Fks] lh/k ykrs Fks] eq>s dqN 'yksd jVk fn, x, Fks vkSj fryd yxkdj xyr&lyr cksy nsrk FkkA ij /hjs&/hjs esjk n`f"Vdks.k cnykA vktdy esjh iRuh iwtk&ikB djrh gS] ij u rks eSa dksbZ gLr{ksi djrk gwa u oks eq>s foo'k djrh gS\ ij esjs rhuksa cPps deZdkaMh ugha gSaA bZ'oj esa vkLFkk j[krs gSaA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

18

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

gekjs ?kj dk ekgkSy fopkjksa ds vknku&iznku dk jgrk gS] ge ppkZ djrs gSa] ,d&nwljs dh vkykspuk Hkh djrs gSaA esjh eka dk 1980 esa LoxZokl gqvk rks rsjgosa dh jle ij czkã.kksa dks f[kykus dh ckr gqbZA eSaus dgk& eSa lc d:axk ij czkãf.k;ksa ds lkFk fuEu tkfr ds yksxksa dh Hkh iaxr yxsxhA esjs ?kj ds yksxksa us cM+Iiu fn[kk;k vkSj esjh ckr eku yh] iaxr yxhA ij folaxfr;ka gksrh gSa gekjs thou esaA vc nsf[k, ge vesfjdk dks xkfy;ka nsrs jgs gSa vkSj nsrs gSa ij esjs lesr vusd yksxksa ds cPps gSa tks vesfjdk esa jg jgs gSaA esjh nksuksa cfPp;ka vesfjdk pyh xb±A bl }a} dk esjs lkeus dksbZ lek/ku ugha gSA eSa Lo;a dks ijkftr ikrk gwaA vc ;fn yksdrkaf=kd laLdkj iSnk djuk pkgrs gSa] mudks ekurs gSa rks vius cPpksa dks jksd ugha ldrs gSa] ;k fiQj vki fMDVsVj cu tk,a! bl le; ikyk cnyus dk dksbZ vFkZ ugha gSA ;fn eSa ikyk cnyrk gwa rks vki yksx eq>s fMiQsDVj dgsxa As bZ'oj dks len'khZ dgk tkrk gSA ,sls esa oks gS rks Hkh Bhd vkSj ugha gS rks Hkh BhdA len'khZ gksus ij eq> tSlksa dks Hkh rks len`f"V ls gh ns[ksxkA ,d pht u tkus eq>s D;ksa gkaV djrh jgrh gS- - -thou esa vc cpk D;k gS djus ds fy,\ thou dh lkFkZdrk D;k gS\ cgqr vko';d gS fd euq"; Lo;a dks ^fjbUosaV* djrk jgsA ;g loky rc iSnk ugha gksrs tc vki fdlh vkanksyu esa lfozQ; gksrs gSa- - -vki ekufld gh ugha 'kkjhfjd :i ls Hkh lfozQ; gSa rks vkids lkeus ;s leL;k ugha vkrh gS- - -ij ge tSls eè;oxhZ; tks dqN lqfo/kvksa ds vknh gks x, gSaA lqfo/kvksa esa th jgs gSa ogka ij loky vkrs gSa vkSj vki ,sls esa eq>s HkxksM+k Hkh dg ldrs gSaA esjs lkeus cgqr cM+k loky gS fd eSa vius vkidks fjbUoSaV dSls d:a\ bl vFkZ esa xka/h us- - -muds lanHkZ esa vlgefr;ka gks ldrh gSa] esjh Hkh gSa] ij mUgksaus yxkrkj Lo;a dks fjbUosaV fd;k gSA esjs lkeus lfozQ; thou ds nl o"kZ gSa vkSj eq>s ;g loky gkaV djrk jgrk gSA izse tuest; % vkidks dgha yx

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jgk gS fd thou esa Bgjko&lk vk x;k gS! jke'kj.k tks'kh % Bgjko tSlk dqN] esjs lkeus loky ;g gS fd vius lfØ; thou ds ikap o"kZ eSa fdl rjg thmQa& ,d i=kdkj ds :i esa] ,d fpard ds :Ik esa] ,d jktuhfrd dk;ZdrkZ ds :Ik esa ;k fiQj ,d ys[kd ds :Ik esa\ vkidks dgha rks dqN r; djuk gksxkA izse tuest; % vPNk vkt ;fn vkidks eqDr NksM+ fn;k tk, rks vki dkSu&lh Hkwfedk thuk pkgsaxs\ vkids eqDr&eu dh D;k ekax gS\ jke'kj.k tks'kh % eq>s ;fn eqDr NksM+ fn;k tk,] lc esjs o'k esa gks rks iqu% taxyksa esa ykSV tkuk pkgrk gwa] muesa dke djuk pkgrk gwaA ij vius dks iw.kZr% Mh&Dykl djuk dfBu gSA tks dqN vkius ^lh[kk* gS ml lcdks Hkwyuk gksxkA ysfdu ;s lc eq>s laHko fn[kkbZ ugha nsrk gSA tks Hkh miyC/ gS mlh esa viuh Hkwfedk fuèkkZfjr djuh gksxhA ns[kuk ;s gksxk fd lekt ds fy, ge csgrj D;k dj ldrs gSAa eSa ;g ekurk gwa fd ftruh Hkh fopkjèkkjk,a gSa] ekDlZokn gksa] yksfg;koknh gksa] xkaèkhoknh gksaA lc fopkj/kjkvksa dh lhek,a mtkxj gks pqdh gSA ;s vc vkxs ugha tk ik jgs gSaA vkt ds lokyksa ds tokc muds ikl ugha fn[kkbZ nsrs gSaA lkE;okn jktlÙkk ds :Ik esa yxHkx lekIr gSA iwathoknh pje dh vksj tk jgk gSA mlds lkeus dksbZ pqukSrh ugha gSA igys rks rqe dgk djrs Fks fd ekuo dY;k.k ds fy, lkE;oknh ljdkjsa dke ugha djus ns jgh gSaA iwathokn dk tks ije~'k=kq Fkk] mls blus usLrksukcwn dj fn;k gSA vc iwjh ftEesnkjh iwathokn dh gSA D;k ;g oSf'od iwathokn euq"; dk elhgk fl¼ gksxk ;k bldh Hkh lhek vk,xh\ mldh Hkh lhek vk,xh rks mlds ckn D;k gksxk\ izse tuest; % eq>s yxrk gS fd ;g ,d cgqr tfVy loky gS] bldk ljyhdj.k ugha gks ldrk gSA rks vktdy bl loky ls tw> jgs gSaA jke'kj.k tks'kh % th] vktdy ;s loky eq>s gkaV dj jgk gSA ;s lEesyu]

fpark

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

laxksf"B;ksa] ehfVaxksa ds ek;ktky ls eqfDr feys rks dqN fparu vkxs c<+sA izse tuest; % blds fy, rks pk.kD; dh rjg pqfV;k ckaèkuh iMsx+ hA vkt ds ifjiz{s ; esa oks D;k folaxfr;ka gS ftu ij vkidh n`f"V esa O;aX;dkj dks vkØe.k djuk pkfg,A jke'kj.k tks'kh % O;aX; dh ges'kk rS;kj jgus okyh lkexzh jktuhfr gSA O;aX; dks u, {ks=kksa dh vksj Hkh tkuk pkfg,A euq"; gh /hjs&/hjs Lo;a dks Ny jgk gS] ,d deksMhVh ds :i esa cny jgk gS] bu folaxfr;ksa dks igpkuuk gksxkA viuk fotu O;kid djuk gksxkA O;aX; dks xaHkhjrk ls ysus dh vko';drk gSA izse tuest; % ys[ku] fparu] lHkk&laxksf"B;ksa ls vyx gVdj vkidk eu dgka tqM+uk pkgrk gSA jke'kj.k tks'kh % vdsys vj.; esa eu ?kweuk pkgrk gS] tgka dksbZ u gksA eSa izÑfr ds gj {k.k dks djhch ls ns[kwa vkSj eq>s ns[kusokyk vkSj dksbZ u gksA eq>s iqjkus xkus lquuk cgqr ilan gSA dbZ ckj jkr dks eSa X;kjg ckjg cts cSB tkrk gwa vkSj iqjkus xkuksa dh dSlsV ;k lhMh yxk ysrk gwaA ,d rjg dk ukSLVsyft;k eq> ij gkoh gks tkrk gSA esjs fy, ;g ukSLVsyft;k detksjh dh fu'kkuh ugha ,d mQtkZ dh /kjk dk dke djrk gSA eSaus vius vanj ,d edsfute iSnk fd;k gqvk gS tks O;oLFkk dj nsrk gS fd fdrus ?kaVs blesa jguk gS vksj dc blls fudyuk gSA blds ckn iqjkuh fiQYeksa vkSj iqjkus xkuksa] xk;dksa dh ppkZ py fudyh vkSj ge nksuksa ukSLVstSfyd gks x,A

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jke'kj.k tks'kh 105 lekpkj vikVZesaV~l e;wj fogkj Qst&1] fnYyh 110091

izxfr'khy olq/k ;qok dgkuh vad fnlacj 2008 esa izdk';A fiNys chl o"kks± esa mHkjs ;qok dgkuhdkjksa dh dgkfu;ka vkSj vkRedF; budh dgkfu;ksa ls cus fganh dgkuh ds rkts ifjn`'; dk vkdyuA bl ifjn`'; ij ofj"B dFkkdkjks&a vkykspdksa dh csckd fVIif.k;ka ,oa ckrphrA vfrfFk laiknd t;uanu ,l-,iQ- 3@116] ckjk}kjh lqijokbtj ÝySV~l lkdph] te'ksniqj&831001 (>kj[kaM)

fuosnuµ

jpuk,a 30 flracj rd fey tk,a lsrq tqykbZ&fnlacj 2008 ukV~; fo'ks"kkad laiknd MkW- nsonas z xqIrk laidZ vkJ;] [kyhuh] f'keyk

19

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f=kdks.kh; ○

,d pqukSrh ds vkeus&lkeus

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f=dks.kh; f=dks.kh;

dksbZ Hkh O;fDr tc ubZ tehu rksM+rk gS rks og c/kbZ dk gdnkj gks tkrk gSA fdlh Hkh dk;Z dh igy djuk vR;f/d Jelkè; gS ,oa vfrfjDr lkgl dh ekax djrk gSA tc vkids lkeus dksbZ ijaijk fo|eku u gks vkSj vkidks vrhr ds izfr Lo;a dh n`f"V dk fuekZ.k djuk gks] rks dne&dne ij pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gSA ,d ,slh gh pqukSrh dk lkeuk lqHkk"k panj us ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* fy[kdj fd;k gS] blfy, oks c/kbZ ds ik=k gSaA ekurk gwa fd ubZ igy dh ;g c/kbZ fdlh izdkj dk vkj{k.k ugha ns ldrh gSA tSls ljdkj dqN oLrqvksa ij lfClMh nsrh gS] oSlh lfClMh dh Hkh laHkkouk ugha gSA lkfgfR;d&vkj{k.k vkSj lfClMh rks ogka gS tgka larksa dks lhdjh ls dke gksrk gS vkSj og ^fuokZpu* dk ykHk mBkuk pkgrs gSaA tgka vlakiznkf;d fo'ys"k.k&foospu ,oa fcuk yqPpkbZ ds vkykspuk gS] ogka rks c/kbZ ds ckn fujh{k.k&ijh{k.k vo';aHkkoh gSA lqHkk"k panj ;fn c/kbZ ds gdnkj gSa rks fueZe vkykspuk ds fjlhoj Hkh gSaA oLrqr% LoLFk vkykspuk fodkl dh igyh lh<+h gksrh gSA fdlh Hkh oLrq dks laiw.kZ eku ml ij iw.kZfojke yxk nsuk vfoosdiw.kZ gh gksxkA vkSj Kku rks fujarj izokgeku gksrk gSA bl n`f"V ls dg ldrs gSa fd lqHkk"k panj us ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* fy[kdj ,slh vPNh 'kq#vkr dh gS ftlesa lq/kj dh i;kZIr laHkkouk,a gSaA bfrgkl ys[ku lqO;ofLFkr fparu] Jeiw.kZ vè;;u] vrhr es >kadus dh foosdiw.kZ fo'ys"k.kkRed larqfyr n`f"V ,oa vfrfjDr /S;Z dh ekax djrk gSA dgha dqN NwV u tk, dk ^vkrad* bfrgkl ys[kd dks fujarj ruko esa j[krk gSA lcls dfBu gksrk gS vius ledkyhuksa ij fy[kuk D;ksafd iqLrd gkFk esa vkrs gh ledkyhu ;g ns[krs gSa fd mUgsa bfrgkl esa j[kdj ,sfrgkfld cuk;k x;k gS fd ugha] vkSj ;fn cuk;k x;k gS rks dqN iz'kalk dh gS fd ugha rFkk mldh deht dks esjh deht ls vfèkd liQsn rks ugha crk;k x;k gSA lcls igys ledkyhu og i`"B [kkstrs gSa tgka os gSa vkSj ;fn lc dqN Bhd gS rks iqLrd Hkh Bhd gS vU;Fkk nks dkSM+h dh ugha gSA bl n`f"V ls lqHkk"k panj dkiQh gn rd liQy jgs gSaA mUgksaus jpukvksa dks [kkst&[kkst dj i<+k gS] ys[kd ds ckjs esa viuh n`f"V cukbZ gS vkSj bl ckr dk fo'ks"k è;ku j[kk gS fd dgha dksbZ NwV u tk,A ^dgha dksbZ NwV u tk,* okyh n`f"V vuko';d foLrkj dk nks"k Hkh mRiUu djrh gSA vki ,sls ^egkuqHkkoksa* dks Hkh 'kkfey dj tkrs gSa tks cqycqys ds leku vHkh bl vlkj lalkj esa tUes gh gSaA ,sls esa fdlh dks ^[kq'k* djus ;k misf{kr djus dh tkucw>h; n`f"V ls Hkh cpus dh vko';drk gksrh gSA lqHkk"k panj us ,sls yksxksa dks Hkh [kkst dj lkeus j[kk gS ftUgksaus lkFkZd O;aX; ys[ku fd;k gS ij tks ^vius&vius x<+ks* ds pyrs misf{kr gSaA ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* dks i<+dj] O;aX; dh tekr esa 'kkfey jpukdfeZ;ksa dks ;g ns[kdj Hkh csgn larks"k gksrk gS fd O;aX; dk ,d fo'kky dkjoka gSA gekjs vfrfjDr vkSj dkSu fy[k jgk gS vkSj D;k fy[k jgk gS bldh Hkh tkudkjh dk dsanz gS ;g iqLrdA eq>s vkifÙk gS iqLrd ds ukedj.k lsA ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* ukedj.k ,d laiw.kZrk dk fo'okliw.kZ ,glkl fnykrk gSA ikBd bl ew< esa blds iUus [kksyrk gS fd mls blesa fganh O;aX; dh ,d larqfyr laiw.kZizk; tkudkjh fey tk,xh] ijarq ,slk gS ughaA ;g Ñfr ,dkafxd gS vkSj bldk ,glkl ys[kd dks djk;k x;kA yxHkx ,d flfVax esa iqLrd i<+us ds ckn] iz'kalkRed izfrfØ;k nsrs gq, eSaus vU; vHkkoksa ds lkFk&lkFk lqHkk"k dk è;ku bl vksj vkdf"kZr fd;k Fkk vkSj 'kk;n ;gh dkj.k gS fd mlus bl vad esa iqLrd&ys[ku dh izfØ;k dk o.kZu djrs gq, bl loky ds dqN cpko izLrqr fd, gSaA Hkwfedk esa Hkh lqHkk"k panj us fy[kk gSµ ^esjh dksf'k'k jgh gS fd eSa O;aX; ds lkxj dks blesa lesVus dh dksf'k'k d:aA fiQj Hkh ;g lkxj bruk fo'kky gS fd cgqr dqN NwV tkuk laHko gSA blds fy, eSa vfxze {kek izkFkhZ gwa] ;g euq"; dh lhek Hkh gSA eSa ,d ckr vkSj ;gka ij Li"V djuk pkgwaxk fd bl iqLrd esa dsoy x| O;aX; ds bfrgkl dks LFkku fn;k x;k gSA bldk dkj.k ;g gS fd esjh n`f"V esa x| O;aX; vius vki esa fo/k gS] x| vkSj O;aX; dkO; dk viuk ,d vyx Lo:Ik gSA oSls Hkh lkekU;r% O;aX; ls x| O;aX; dk gh vFkZ fudyrk gS] O;aX; dfork vyx ls dguk iM+rk gSA* eSa lqHkk"k ds bl rdZ ls Lo;a dks vlger ikrk gwaA esjs fopkj ls pkgs x| esa gks ;k i| esa] og ^O;aX; jpuk* gh gksxhA vkSj lqHkk"k th tSls vki O;aX; dfork dgrs gSa oSls gh dqN lTtu O;aX; ukVd Hkh dgrs gSaA lkfgR; ds bfrgkldkjksa us vk/qfud dky esa x| dh iz/kurk dks Lohdkj djrs gq, dfork ij vyx ls fy[kus dh ckr ugha dgh gSA bl ij foLr`r ppkZ gks ldrh gSA oSls rks gj ys[kd ds vanj ,d laiknd gksuk pkfg, tks ys[kdh; eskg dk R;kx djok lds vkSj vuko';d dks dkV&NkaV lds] ijarq fganh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl ys[kd ds fy, rks ;g vko';d gh gS fd mlds vanj ,d fueZe laiknd gksA bfrgkl ys[ku esa bfro`ÙkkRedrk fn'kkghurk ykrh gSA iqujko`fÙk ls cpuk cgqr vko';d gSA lqHkk"k panj dh Ñfr dks i<+dj yxrk gS fd mUgksaus vusd LFkyksa ij vius ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

20

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

vanj ds laiknd dh mis{kk dh gS vkSj 'kk;n ;gh dkj.k gS fd os iqujko`fÙk nks"k dk f'kdkj gq, gSaA oSls muesa lkgl gS] bls mUgksaus Lohdkj djrs gq, fy[kk gSµ ^blds vykok vusd LFkkuksa ij iqujko`fÙk Hkh gS] fo'ks"kdj tc ,d gh ys[kd nks [kaMksa ds liQj esa lkFk gks] ogka ;g =k`fV vfèkd dkSeu gSA eSa bls Lohdkj djrk gwa fd ;g esjh vkSj izwiQ jhMjksa dh lfEefyr =kqfV gSA blds fy, eSa {kekizkFkhZ gwaA lkFk gh Mcy {kekizkFkhZ gwa] mu ys[kdksa ls ftudk vius lkèkuksa dh deh ds dkj.k eSa mYys[k ugha dj ik;kA* eq>s ugha yxrk fd brus cM+s dke dks djus ds ckn lqHkk"k dks {kek izkFkhZ gksus dh vko';drk gS vkSj [kkl dj tks NwV x, gSa muds fy,A eq>s ugha yxrk gS fd dksbZ egRoiw.kZ i{k lqHkk"k panj ls NwVk gSA gka tYnckth esa] vkSj gkFk esa fy, dke dks tSls&rSls fuiVk nsus dh pkgr esa dqN vHkko vo'; jg x, gSaA ;g cgqr tYnckth esa fy[kh xbZ bfrgkl dh iqLrd gS tks O;kid n`f"V vkSj laiknu dh ekax djrh gSA ,slh tYnckth dksbZ ubZ ugha gS ftlds fy, lqHkk"k dks 'kfe±nk gksuk iM+sA vkpk;Z jkepaæ 'kqDy us ^fganh lkfgR; dk bfrgkl* dh Hkwfedk esa viuh blh tYnckth dk ftØ fd;k gS vkSj NwV x, ukeksa ds fy, {kek ekaxrs gq, fy[krs gSaµ ^;g iqLrd tYnh esa rS;kj djuh iM+h blls bldk tks :Ik eSa j[kuk pkgrk Fkk og Hkh bls iwjk ugha izkIr gks ldk gSA bl iqLrd ds ckjs esa esjs ikl dgus dks vHkh cgqr dqN gS] vkSj eSa dgwaxk HkhA* blfy, lqHkk"k c/kbZ ds ik=k gSa fd mUgksaus ,d ,slk dke vkjaHk fd;k gS ftldh vko';drk FkhA µ izse tuest;

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f=kdks.kh; ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lqHkk"k panj

dgkuh fganh O;aX; ds bfrgkl dh ;gh dksbZ 7&8 o"kZ igys dh panj gSA lPph ckr rks ;s gS fd ckr gksxhA jktdey izdk'ku esa Kku O;aX; bfrgkl ds chtkjksi.k dk prqosZnh ds O;aX; miU;kl ^ckjkeklh* lokZf/d Js; Jheku lq/h'k ij ppkZ dk dk;ZØe FkkA oDrkvksa esa ipkSjh th dks gS] uk oks ,slh jktsna z ;kno] eS=ks;h iq"ik] lq/h'k ipkSjh] dM+oh&rh[kh ckrsa dgrs] uk ;s vjfoUn tSu] egs'k niZ.k tSls fnXxt xazFk fy[kk tkrkA 'kkfey FksA O;aX; {ks=k ls MkW- gjh'k [kSj- - -cht rks jksik x;k] uoy] izdk'k iqjksfgr (dVuh) vkSj vc mls ikS/s ds :i esa Hkh ykuk eq>s cksyuk FkkA ^eq[; /kjk* ds dqN FkkA blds fy, vius jke us ys[kdksa&vkykspdksa us O;aX; dks ysdj dkiQh tn~nkstgn dhA dqN lokyksa dkiQh dqN dgkA ,d oDrk us rks ls /haxkeq'rh dhA loky dec[r ys[kd (Kku prqosZnh) }kjk bls O;aX; Fks Hkh cM+s iaQMw&elyu- - miU;kl dgus vkSj ekuus ij gh igyk loky Fkk fd bfrgkl iz'ufpUg yxk fn;kA nwljs us bls fdl iSVuZ ij fy[kk tk,- - galksM+ Hkk"kk esa fy[kh x;h vkSiU;kfld 'kqDy th] jkefoykl 'kekZ] uxsUnz Ñfr crk;kA ge O;aX;dkj yksxksa dk th vkfn ds cgqizpfyr iSVuZ ij tc le; vk;k rks geus bldk fojks/ - - -;k ukSfV;ky th] MkW- lqjs'k fd;k vkSj dkiQh rh[kk fojks/ fd;kA 'kekZ tSls dqN u;s <kaps ij- - bldk ifj.kke gesa tYnh gh Hkqxruk ij ckr cuh ugha- - -vkykspuk iM+kA vknj.kh; lq/h'k ipkSjh th us ds midj.kksa us /ks[kk ns fn;k- - ge yksxksa dh /fTt;ka tks Fkha] dkiQh O;aX; dh vkykspuk] lkekU; ;k lyhds ls fc[ksjhaA mUgksaus u fliZQ ;wa dgsa ^eq[; /kjk* ds lkfgR; O;aX; dks fo/k ekuus ls badkj fd;k dh vkykspuk ds midj.kksa ls cfYd dkiQh rq'kZ Hkk"kk esa O;aX; dh laHko ugha Fkh lks ,d u;k iSVuZ ykur&eyker dhA vxj eSa Hkwy ugha pquuk iM+k tks dbZ xzaFkksa ds jgk gwa rks muds eq[kkjfcan ls fudys dqN&dqN va'kksa esa vius fnekx dqN 'kCn ;wa Fksµ fjfj;kus (gka ;gh 'kCn Fkk) ls O;aX; fo/k ugha dh mit FkkA lkspk Fkk fd dqN FkksM+k cgqr xM+cM+ gks Hkh x;k cu tkrkA bldk u dksbZ Øec¼ bfrgkl gS] u leh{kk 'kkL=k vkSj rks vkus okys le; esa dksbZ uk dksbZ bls t:j lq/kj nsxkA t:jr u gh bldk dksbZ Lo:i fuf'pr gqvk gSA vr% bls fo/k ugha ekuk dke 'kq: djus dh gS] vkxs c<+kus okys cgqr lg;k=kh fey tk,axsA tk ldrkA muds bl fgVyjh iQjeku ds ckn dkiQh xekZ&xehZ nwljk loky Hkh dkiQh Vs<+k FkkA O;aX; ds bfrgkl esa O;aX; dfork gqbZA O;aX;dkjksa dh bl NksVh&lh iQkSt us MVdj eqdkcyk fd;kA vkSj x| O;aX; nksuksa dks fy;k tk, ;k vdsys x| O;aX; dksA bl izdkj ds ln~Hkkoiw.kZ okrkoj.k esa cSBd lekIr gqbZA vè;;u djus ij ik;k fd O;aX; dfork vkSj x| O;aX; nksuksa dks dk;ZØe ds ckgj vkdj pk; dh nqdku ij iqu% ,d xks"Bh lkFk ysdj pyus esa x| O;aX; (izlaxo'k vkSj varj djus ds fy, lEiUu gqbZ ftldk yCcks&yqvkc ;s Fkk fd HkbZ ipkSjh th dh ckrsa x| O;aX; fy[k jgk gwa) ds lkFk iwjk U;k; ugha gks ik,xk D;ksafd iwokZxzg;qDr vkSj dM+oh t:j Fkha ij Fkha dkiQh gn rd lpA O;aX; dfork dk bfrgkl gtkjksa o"kZ iqjkuk gS vkSj x| O;aX; dh 'kk;n D;k- - -;gha ls eu esa cht iM+ x;k fd HkkbZ O;aX; ds mez ceqf'dy 130&135 o"kZ gSA cjxn dk isM+] vius uhps fdlh Lo:i fu/kZj.k] leh{kk 'kkL=k oxSjg- - -oxSjg dk ekeyk dks dfBukbZ ls gh iuius nsxkA oSls Hkh esjh bPNk x| O;aX; ds MkW- ';ke lqanj ?kks"k] MkW- ckysUnq 'ks[kj frokjh vkfn laHkkyrs jgs fodkl Øe ij] mldh izo`fÙk;ksa ij dk;Z djus dh Fkh lks eSaus ij bfrgkl ys[ku dk dke rks ;gh cank djsxk ftldk uke lqHkk"k MkW- 'ksjtax xxZ tSls vxztksa ds vkns'k ds ckotwn O;aX; bfrgkl dks ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ 21 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f=kdks.kh; ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

x| O;aX; ds bfrgkl rd lhfer dj fn;k ckn esa dqN fe=kksa us ;gh lykg nh fd laHko gks rks ml iqLrd dks i<+ ysa] 'kadk nwj mykguk Hkh fn;k fd ,slk Fkk rks fiQj iqLrd dk uke ^x| O;aX; gks tk;sxhA ijlkbZ ;qx (1947&1990) ds dkyfu/kZj.k dh dk bfrgkl* D;ksa ugha j[kk\ rks bl ckjs esa fliZQ bruk gh dgwaxk leL;k vyx FkhA ijlkbZ th 1995 esa fnoaxr gq, tcfd eSaus bl fd iqLrd izdk'ku esa ys[kd lokssZifj ugha gksrk] ,d tho dky[kaM dks 1990 rd gh lhfer j[kk rks bl ij esjk rdZ ;g izdk'kd uke dk Hkh gksrk gS vkSj oks izdk'kd uked tarq vxj gS fd 1990 esa jktuhfr] lekt vkSj lkfgR; rhuksa ds lkis{k dbZ xgjk fe=k Hkh gks rks vki le> ldrs gSa fd xqy fdruh xgjkbZ ozQkafrdkjh ifjorZu n`f"Vxkspj gq, ftUgksaus O;aX; dh ewyHkwr esa tkdj f[ky ldrs gSaA lks xqy f[kys vkSj rch;r ls f[kysA bl izo`fÙk;ksa dks dkiQh gn rd cny fn;kA ljksdkjksa ls ysdj lcdk yCcks&yqvkc ;s fd ys[kd dh cyk izdk'kd ds fljA izgkjkRedrk vkSj f'kYi rd vusd ,sls ifjorZu vk, ftUgksaus O;aX; [k+Sj- - -Hkfo"; esa fganh O;aX; dfork ds bfrgkl ij vyx ls dke dks ,d u;k Lo:i iznku fd;kA bl lcdks ns[krs gq, eq>s ;gh d:axk- - -ij dc\ ;g iz'u Hkfo"; ds xHkZ esa gSA Js;Ldj yxk fd ijlkbZ ;qx dks 1990 rd lhfer djds 1990 ,sls gh dqN lokyksa ls tw>us ds ckn eSaus fu.kZ; fy;k fd ls vk/qfud ;qx dk lw=kikr fd;k tk,A O;aX; ds bfrgkl ij dke vius gh <ax ls d:axk] vkykspuk dh ,d ckr vkSj- - -iqLrd ys[ku ds le; esa O;kogkfjd drbZ ijokg ugha d:axkA blh fu.kZ; dh jks'kuh esa [kqn dks dqN dfBukb;ka cgqr vkb±A igyh rks ;g fd O;aX; ds fodklØe ls ckrksa ij n`<+ fd;kA igyk fd iqLrd dh Hkk"kk dks ikf.MR; tqM+h iqLrdsa cgqr de la[;k esa izkIr gqb±A fo'ks"k :i ls nwj&njkt izn'kZu ls nwj j[kwaxkA dksf'k'k d:axk fd iqLrd dh Hkk"kk ljy ds {ks=kksa esa jgus okys O;aX;dkjksa dh Ñfr;ksa vFkok mu jpukdkjksa vkSj lgt gks] ,slh gks fd og 'kks/kfFkZ;ksa] vkykspdksa ds dh jpukvksa ls ceqf'dy ifjp; gks ik;k ftudh dksbZ iqLrd lkFk&lkFk lkekU; ikBdksa ds fy, Hkh xzká gksA (blesa dqN gn izdkf'kr ugha gqbZ FkhA dbZ ckj rks ,slk gqvk fd dksbZ [kaM rd eSa liQy Hkh gqvk D;ksafd iqLrd i<+us ds ckn esjs dqN vxztksa fy[krs&fy[krs vuk;kl dgha ls lwpuk feyh fd iQyka&iQyka MkW- Kku prqosZnh] MkW- izse tuest; vkfn us eq>s iQksu ij crk;k ys[kd dh iQyka jpuk iQyka lu esa izdkf'kr gqbZ gS] mls t:j fd ;kj rsjh bl fdrkc esa cksf>yrk fcydqy ugha gS] bldks rks eaxkvks] ojuk bfrgkl v/wjk jg tk;sxkA fdlh rjg O;oLFkk dh eSa miU;kl dh rjg i<+ x;kA Hkk"kk ds iz'u ds vykok dqN vkSj x;h- - -dbZ ckj fliZQ lwpukvksa ls Hkh dke pykuk iM+kA dke rks Hkh eqn~ns Fks ftu ij esjk LVSaM FkksM+k vyx jgk fd fdlh izpfyr py x;k ij blls ys[ku dk izokg VwV x;kA esjh ykijokgh vkSj ekU;rk ij fo'okl djus ds ctk; Lo;a lc dqN i<+waxk vkSj dkepksjh dh vknr ds vykok ;g Hkh ,d otg jgh fd iqLrd mlds ckn dqN fy[kwaxkA blh dkj.k gtkjksa iqLrdsa i<+uh iM+ha] izdk'ku dk dke lkr o"kks± rd f[kap x;kA tkfgju nsjh dh ;k=kk Hkh c<+rh x;hA vafre eqn~nk Fkk fd [kSj- - -dgkuh- - -cuke- - -Li"Vhdj.k dkiQh yack gks x;k vkykspuk dh rhuksa /kjkvksa fu.kZ;kRed] O;k[;kRed vkSj euksoKS kfud - - - vc bls NksVk djrk gwa- - -iqLrd izdk'ku ds ckn ;kj nksLrksa esa ls fdls eq[; midj.k ds :i esa pquwaA O;kogkfjd :i esa eq>s dh dqN f'kdk;rh fpfV~B;ka] eksckbyh phapha- - -iksa iksa- - -feyha O;k[;kRed vkykspuk dks pquuk csgrj yxk] blesa eSa O;aX; ds fd fdrkc esa izwiQ dh cgqr xyfr;ka gSa- - -dbZ ckj rks okD; Hkh ljksdkjksa] izgkjkRedrk vkSj Hkk"kk&'kSyh vkfn ij dgha lgtrk ls ugha cu jgs- - -blds vykok vusd LFkkuksa ij iqujko`fÙk Hkh gS] ckr dj ldrk FkkA fu.kZ;kRed vkykspuk dk Hkh iz;ksx gqvk ij fo'ks"kdj tc ,d gh ys[kd nks [kaMksa ds liQj esa lkFk gks] ogka dkiQh lko/ku iz;ksxA vU;Fkk 'k=kq&fuekZ.k izfozQ;k dks vkSj xfr ;g =kqfV vf/d dkWeu gSA eSa bls Lohdkj djrk gwa fd ;g esjh fey tkrhA vkSj izwiQ jhMjksa dh lfEefyr =kqfV gSA blds fy, eSa {kekizkFkhZ gwaA [kSj- - -fdlh rjg dk;Z 'kq: gqvkA O;aX; dh ifjHkk"kk] gkL; lkFk gh Mcy {kekizkFkhZ gwa] mu ys[kdksa ls ftudk vius lk/uksa vkSj O;aX; dk varlaZca/] O;aX; dk fo/k laca/h iz'u tSlh vklku dh deh ds dkj.k eSa mYys[k ugha dj ik;kA lks {kek;kpuk vkSj phtksa ls 'kq:vkr dhA ij dky foHkktu rd vkrs&vkrs vVd dgkuh nksuksa dk dke iwjk gqvkA jgh ckr O;aX; ds bfrgkl dh rks x;kA izlaxo'k crk nwa fd eSaus O;aX; bfrgkl dks pkj dky[kaMksa esa dkSu lk bfrgkl gS tks iw.kZ gksus dk nkok djrk gS] bfrgkl dh foHkkftr fd;kA vkfndky (Hkkjrsanq ;qx 1873&1910)] eè; lkFkZdrk gh mlds viw.kZ gksus esa gS] viw.kZ gksxk] rHkh rks dksbZ ml dky (cs<+c cukjlh ;qx 1910&1947) Lo.kZdky (ijlkbZ ;qx ij vkxs dke djsxk- - -ugha D;k\ th&186&,] ,pvkbZth Q~yVS ~l 1947&1990) vkSj vk/qfud dky 1990& - - -) HkkjrsUnq ;qx ds iz r ki fogkj] xkft;kckn&201004 fu/kZj.k esa rks dksbZ leL;k ugha vkbZ ij eè;dky dks mlds loZJs"B O;aX;dkj ds uke ls ;kn djus dh esjh ftn us ijs'kkuh r iqLrd % fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl [kM+h dj nhA nkosnkj dbZ Fks] ij cs<+c cukjlh dh dkyt;h pfpZ ys[kd % lqHkk"k panj % Hkkouk izdk'ku] 109&,] iViM+xat] fnYyh&110091 jpuk ^yÝVaV fixlu dh Mk;jh* ds dkj.k bl ;qx dk ukedj.k izdk'kd lu~ 2008 cs<+c cukjlh ;qx djus esa eq>s FkksM+h vklkuh gqbZA oSls Hkh vius izi`F"Bke laLdj.k %% 511 ljksdkjksa dh xaHkhjrk] viuh izgkjkRedrk vkSj lkgfldrk ds ewY; % 600@& dkj.k eSa ^yÝVaV fixlu dh Mk;jh* dks loZdkyhu egku Oa;X; Ñfr ekurk gwaA bl ij esjs dqN fe=kksa dks mtz Hkh jgk ij eSaus mUgsa ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ 22 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f=kdks.kh; ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

'ksjtax xxZ

fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl fdlh fo/k] fdlh 'kSyh vkSj fdlh Hkh lkfgfR;d izo`fÙk x,A ,slk lpeqp gqvk gksrk rks egkdfo dchj dks vkt Hkh xgu dk bfrgkl ys[ku] Je lkè; dke gS] mruh gh Øec¼rk dh O;aX; ds ekud :i esa ekU;rk u fey jgh gksrh rFkk egkdfo ekax Hkh djrk gSA vkSjksa dh ckr rks NksfM+;s] vkpk;Z jkepanz 'kqDy fujkyk dh ^dqdqjeqÙkk* vkSj ^u;s iÙks* vkt Hkh O;aX; dh f'k[kj ds ^fganh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl* ds ckn vusd bfrgkl fy[ks x,] jpukvksa esa 'kkfey u gksrsA fy[ks tk jgs gSa] exj mlesa Hkh dqN u dqN NwVrk gh jgk gSA tks lq/htuksa }kjk gkL;&O;aX; dh jpukvksa dks visf{kr egRo u NwV tkrs gSa mUgsa vius ,sfrgkfld ÑfrRo dk mYys[k u feyuk fn;s tkus ds ihNs vkykspdksa dh dksbZ lksph&le>h lkft'k rks vusdkusd mYya?kuksa vkSj dqaBkvksa dks tUe nsrk gSA vr% vko';d ugha gh dgha tk ldrh] ,slk gekjk ekuuk gSA lqHkk"k panj us ;g gS fd lkfgR; dh fofo/ fo/kvksa dk bfrgkl vyx&vyx fy[k Hkh dgk fd vc rd lkjh vkykspuk dkO;ksUeq[kh jgh gS] x| dks tk,A ;ksa rks bl fn'kk esa vusd iz;kl gq, gSa fdarq rktk mnkgj.k mldk vHkh"V LFkku ugha fn;k x;kA igyh ckr rks ;g gS fd gS MkW- lqHkk"k panj }kjk fyf[kr& fganh O;aX; dk bfrgklA bruk gh vkykspuk izk;% x| esa gh fy[kh tkrh gS] fiQj x| esa vkykspuk ugha lqHkk"k panj b/j ^fganh O;aX; lkfgR; dk bfrgkl* Hkh fy[k fy[kus okys leh{kd&lkfgR;dkj x| dh mis{kk D;ksa djrs\ oSls jgs gSaA fulansg mUgksaus v|ru O;aX; lkfgR; dks leksus dk m|e Hkh chloha 'krkCnh dk iwokZ¼Z x| dk fefJr ;qx Fkk] mÙkjk¼Z rks fd;k gSA vf/dka'kr% x| ;qx gh FkkA ^fp=kys[kk*] ^xksnku*] ^panzxqIr* dks mDr iz;Ruksa ds izdk'k esa mRlkgh jpukdkj] izkè;kid] 'kks/ tks vikj [;kfr ekU;rk ,oa iz'kalk feyh] og x|o`fÙk;ksa ds :i drkZ vFkok lkfgR; ds bfrgkldkjksa }kjk ^fganh dfork dk esa gh feyhA bfrgkl*] ^fganh ukVd dk bfrgkl*] ^fganh ,dkadh dk bfrgkl*] ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* fy[krs le; lqHkk"k panj us ^fganh leL;kvksa dk bfrgkl* oxSjg&oxSjg vusd izdkj ds dfork dks vius fopkj&{ks=k ls ckgj blfy, dj fn;k fd bfrgkl fy[ks tkus dh xqatkb'k gSA fganh lkfgR; dk iQyd bruk iwoZorhZ vkykspuk us dfork dks T;knk egRo ns fn;k FkkA esjs fo'kky gS fd mlesa bruk lkfgR; lek;k gqvk gS ftls js[kkafdr fopkj ls ;g lqHkk"k panj dk fo'ks"kkf/dkj gS fd os dfork dks fd;k tkuk visf{kr gSA vius bfrgkl ls ckgj dj nsa] exj bl ckr dk vf/dkj mUgsa ugha bl fparu ls ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* fy[kk tkuk loZFkk gS fd os ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* 'kh"kZd ls fdrkc fy[ksa vkSj lehphu gSA lqHkk"k panj O;aX; ds izfr lefiZr leh{kd&jpukdkj dfork dks mlls ckgj dj nsaA ,sls fLFkfr esa mUgsa iqLrd dk gSaA dbZ o"kZ igys y[kumQ esa ^vV~Vgkl ds vk;kstu ds volj ij 'kh"kZd dqN vkSj j[kuk pkfg, FkkA ,slk 'kh"kZd fufoZokn :i ls tc ge nksuksa Jhyky 'kqDy ls feyus x, Fks] rc lqHkk"k panj us fookn iSnk djrk gSA [kSj- - viuh iSuh O;aX; n`f"V ls Jhyky vkSj eq>s peRÑr fd;k FkkA vc bl lcds ckotwn lqHkk"k panj us viuh iwjh esgur] yxu] mUgksaus ifjJe lkè; dk;Z djds O;aX; ys[ku dh fodkl&;k=kk fu"Bk ls orZeku le; esa O;aX; ls tqM+s gLrk{kj x|dkjksa dks dks js[kkafdr djrs gq, mlds vusd vk;keksa dk Li'kZ fd;k gSA bfrgkl esa txg nh gSA mUgksaus vusdkusd v|ru O;aX;dkjksa dks iwoZ blds fd ge O;aX; ds bfrgkl ij ppkZ djsa] lqHkk"k js[kkafdr djus dk dk;Z igyh ckj fd;k gSA pkgs cs<+c cukjlh pUnj dk earO; le> ysuk mfpr gksxkA lqHkk"k panj dk dguk gksa] pkgs gfj'kadj ijlkbZ vkSj Jhyky 'kqDy gksA pkgs 'kjn tks'kh] gSµ ^vkykspuk dh n`f"V ls fganh O;aX; dh fLFkfr dkiQh fofp=k euksgj ';ke tks'kh vkSj johUnzukFk R;kxh gksa] lHkh egRoiw.kZ jgh gSA vkykspdksa us bl jpukdeZ dks cM+s gYds Lrj ij fy;kA O;aX;dkjksa dks ;kn fd;k gSA 'kadj iq.krkEcsdj] xksiky prqosZnh] ;gka rd dgk x;k fd ;g lkfgR; dh eq[;/kjk dk ys[ku ugha jkeukjk;.k mikè;k;] jkèkkÑ".k] Kku prqosZnh] Ñ".k pjkVs] ;'koar gSA gkL;&O;aX; dh jpuk,a nks;e ntsZ dh jpuk,a gSa budk dksbZ O;kl] fo".kq ukxj] vkfn vkfn mRÑ"V O;aX;dkjksa dk mYys[k nh?kZdkfyd vfLrRo ugha gSA nks;e&nts ds bl jpukdeZ ij djds lqHkk"k panj us bl bfrgkl dks mYys[kuh; cuk fn;k gSA vkykspdksa us mis{kkHkko j[kkA* rkRi;Z ;g gS fd lqHkk"k panj ds blesa dksbZ 'kd ughaA fglkc ls vkykspuk dh fn'kk esa fganh ds gkL;&O;aX; dh ?kksj dky&fu/kZj.k dh n`f"V ls O;aX;&fodkl dks pkj ;qxksa esa mis{kk gqbZA fiQj Hkh vk'p;Z dh ckr ;g gS fd ^jkx njckjh* ckaVk x;k gSA vkfndky (Hkkjrsanq ;qx)] eè;dky (cs<c cukjlh (Jhyky 'kqDy) vkSj ^fodykax J¼k dk nkSj* (gfj'kadj ijlkbZ) ;qx)] Lo.kZdky (ijlkbZ ;qx) rFkk vk/qfud dky (1990 ls) lkfgR; vdkneh }kjk iqjLÑr gqb± vkSj orZeku le; esa ukxktqZu 'ks"k i`"B 25 ij- - rFkk Hkokuhizlkn feJ tSls vusd dfo fganh O;aX; ds izfreku cu ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ 23 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f=kdks.kh; ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iznhi iar

^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* ds cgkus dqN O;aX; ppkZ fdlh us dgk gS fd ^,d lkFkZd vkSj lVhd O;aX; fy[kuk bu izfrfuf/ O;aX;dkjksa esa Lo;a ijlkbZ Hkh 'kkfey gSa rks ;g ftruk dfBu gS] O;aX; dk bfrgkl fy[kuk mlls Hkh dfBu gSA* ukpht+ HkhA pfpZr O;aX;dkj 'kkfey gSa rks ,dne u, ls u, HkhA blds dbZ dkj.k gSaA ,d rks ;g fd O;aX; dks vyx fo/k ekuk iqLrd ds mijksDr #ikdkj dh ;gka blfy, ppkZ dh xbZ tk, ;k ugha\ vkf[kj O;aX; rks dbZ dforkvksa esa Hkh feyrk gS] gS fd vke ikBd vkSj O;aX; ds 'kks/kFkhZ tku ldsa fd lqHkk"k panj miU;klksa] dgkfu;ksa] ukVdksa vkSj ys[kksa esa HkhA rks fiQj O;aX; dh us ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* fdl utfj, ls fy[kk gSA ysfdu vyx gSfl;r D;k gqbZ\ ftldh viuh vyx gSfl;r ;k igpku mQij ftl lokZf/d egRoiw.kZ ckr dk ft+Ø ugha fd;k x;k gS] ugha] mldk bfrgkl dSlk\ nwljs] dqN yksx] vkSj buesa dqN lqèkh og ;s fd pwafd iqLrd fofHkUu ;qxksa ;k dky esa ckaVdj fy[kh vkykspd Hkh 'kkfey gSa] O;aX; ds lkFk gkL; dks Hkh lfEefyr xbZ gS] blfy, O;aX; ds vkfndky ls ysdj vk/qfud dky rd dj nsrs gSaA ^gkL;&O;aX;* 'kCn cgq&izpfyr gSA rks D;k O;aX; dk ds ikapksa o`gn~ vè;k;ksa esa lcls igys os izR;sd ;qx ;k dky dh bfrgkl [kkstk vkSj fy[kk tk, rks mlesa gkL; dks Hkh 'kkfey ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks js[kkafdr djrs gSaA dgus dk vk'k; ;g fd lqHkk"k fd;k tk,\ ;k fiQj ml jpuk dks Hkh O;aX; dh Js.kh esa j[kk tk, panj gj ;qx ds O;aX; vkSj O;aX;dkjksa ij ckr djus ls iwoZ ml nkSj ftlesa gkL; gks\ loky vkSj Hkh dbZ gSaA ,sls iz'uksa ds nks Vwd mÙkj dh jktuhfrd] vkfFkZd] lkekftd] /kfeZd] lkaLÑfrd fLFkfr;ksa rks ugha fn, tk ldrs] fdarq bruk rks dgk gh tk ldrk gS fd vkSj izo`fÙk;ksa dks lkeus j[krs gSa] mudk fo'ys"k.k djrs gSa vkSj rc fiNys yxHkx <kbZ&rhu n'kd esa bruh vf/d O;aX; dgkfu;ka] ml ;qx esa fy[kh xbZ O;aX; jpukvksa dk vkdyu djrs gSaA ;gh O;aX; ys[k fy[ks x, gSa fd O;aX; yxHkx ,d vyx fo/k tSlh rkfdZd vkSj oSKkfud n`f"V gSA blh ds pyrs ;g iqLrd fganh gSfl;r cuk pqdk gSA ;g Hkh fd ftu miU;klksa esa O;aX; vkSj O;aX; ds bfrgkl dk izkekf.kd nLrkost cu xbZ gSA mnkgj.kkFkZ] O;aX;kRed fLFkfr;ka] laokn vkfn Hkh lekfgr gSa] muls brj 'kq: os crkrs gSa fd Hkkjrsanq ;qx esa neudkjh vaxzsth jkt Fkk] Hkkjrh; ls vkf[kj rd dbZ ,sls miU;kl Hkh jps x, gSa ftUgsa ^O;aX; m|ksx&/a/s pkSiV gks pqds Fks] vaxzstksa us fganqvksa vkSj eqlyekuksa ds miU;kl* ?kksf"kr fd;k tk ldrk gSA fiQj Hkh dgha ij dksbZ Li"V chp njkj iSnk dj nh Fkh] tkr&ikar vkSj NqvkNwr dk tksj Fkk foHkktu js[kk ugha gSA vkfn&vkfnA blds ckn os bu fLFkfr;ksa dk O;aX;kRed vankt esa ,slh reke dfBukb;ksa ds ckotwn lqHkk"k panj us ^fganh O;aX; fojks/ djrh Hkkjrsanq dh jpukvksa ^vaxjst Lrks=k*] ^oSfndh fgalk dk bfrgkl* fy[k Mkyk gSA mudh 511 i`"Bksa dh bl iqLrd dks fgalk u Hkofr*] ^Hkkjr nqnZ'kk* vkfn ds va'kksa dks m¼`r djrs gSaA ,d egRokdka{kh ;kstuk eku ysus esa dksbZ gtZ ughaA lqHkk"k panj bu jpukvksa dh lkFkZdrk dks mudh ;qxhu ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vkyksd Lo;a O;aX;dkj gSa] mUgksaus vU; ys[kdksa dh vusd O;aX; jpukvksa esa gh le>k tk ldrk gSA blh Hkkafr os cs<+c cukjlh ;qx] ijlkbZ dh iqLrdksa dk laiknu fd;k gS vkSj cM+h ckr ;g fd os O;aX; ;qx vkfn ds lanHkZ esa ckr djrs gSaA ds ,d tkx#d vè;srk gSaA iqLrd dh 'kq#vkr os O;aX; dh lkFk gh lqHkk"k panj bl vksj Hkh bafxr djrs gSa fd ;fn O;qRifÙk ls djrs gSa& ;kuh ^O;aX;* 'kCn dk bLrseky gksuk pkfg, fdlh ;qx fo'ks"k esa O;aX; /kjnkj ugha jgk rks D;ksa\ ;fn ,d vksj ;k ^O;ax* dk vkSj iqLrd dk lekiu bl ckr ls djrs gSa fd os Hkkjrsanq ;qx esa vaxzstksa ds neu vkfn ds dkj.k O;aX; ds /kjnkj O;aX; dh vkykspuk esa eq[;/kjk ds vkykspdksa dk Hkh inkZi.k gqvk gksus dh ckr djrs gSa rks nwljh vksj 1947 ls 1950 esa O;aX; ds gSA fganh O;aX; dh 'kq#vkr 1873 ls djrs gSa ftls os O;aX; dk /kjnkj u gksus dh ckr djrs gSaA bl lanHkZ esa mudk ;g er Bhd vkfndky ;kuh Hkkjrsanq (1873 ls 1910) ekurs gSa vkSj fiQj gS fd ^lexz O;aX; dh n`f"V ls ns[ksa rks 1947&1950 rd dk eè;dky vFkkZr cs<+c cukjlh ;qx (1910 ls 1947) ls gksrs gq, dky[kaM O;aX; ds fy, cgqr mi;qDr le; ugha FkkA ;g le; Lo.kZdky ;kuh ijlkbZ ;qx (1947 ls 1990) ij vkrs gSa vkSj rks Hkkjrh; lekt ds mRlo eukus dk le; FkkA tuekul esa ijlkbZ ;qx ds ckn ds O;aX; ys[ku ds nkSj dks os ^vk/qfud dky* vktknh dk mRlkg FkkA lq[kh vkSj vkRefuHkZj Hkkjr dk liuk ns[kk dk uke nsrs gSa vkSj blds i'pkr os ^izfrfuf/ O;aX;dkj* 'kh"kZd tk jgk FkkA jksVh] diM+k vkSj edku dh vkdka{kkvksa ds cyorh NBs vkSj vafre vè;k; esa 80 O;aX;dkjksa ds ys[ku ij ,d&,d gksus dh vkdka{kk FkhA bl ;qx esa O;aX; ds fy, dgha dksbZ xqatkb'k ij fVIif.k;ka djrs gSaA bu 80 O;aX;dkjksa esa eè;dky ds ckn ds ugha FkhA* (i`"B 160) dguk u gksxk fd lkekftd] jktuhfrd] O;aX; jpukdkj Hkh 'kkfey gSa& os Hkh ftu ij ^ijlkbZ ;qx* ds /kfeZd] lkaLÑfrd fLFkfr esa folaxfr;ksa vkSj fonzwi ds chp O;aX; varxZr fy[kk tk pqdk gS vkSj os Hkh ftu ij ugha fy[kk x;k gSA dh iQly ygygkrh gS vkSj bl laf{kIr vof/ ds iwoZ rFkk ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ 24 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f=kdks.kh; ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

i'pkr ,slk gh gqvkA vk'k; ;g fd lqHkk"k panj us O;aX; jps tkus lqHkk"k panj dks O;aX; ys[kdksa ds p;u esa FkksM+k fueZe gksuk pkfg, vkSj u jps tkus ds dkj.kksa dks cM+s l/s gq, <ax ls tkuk] igpkuk FkkA lkfgR; dh nqfu;k esa fueZe gq, fcuk dke ugha pyrkA lcdks vkSj idM+k gSA lkFk ysdj pyuk HkhM+ tqVkuk gks tkrk gSA ;g dguk Hkh valxr iqLrd esa tks ,d vU; ckr xkSjryc gS] lks ;g fd lqHkk"k u gksxk fd lqHkk"k panj us ^Hkkjrsanq ;qx* ij rks cM+s ifjJe ls dke panj chp&chp esa O;aX;kykspuk dh ppkZ Hkh djrs gSaA vFkkZr tc fd;k gS] fdarq vU; ;qxksa ij os ifjJe dk ;g ozQe tkjh ugha j[k O;aX; fy[ks tk jgs Fks] rc ;qxhu ifjfLFkfr;ka D;k Fkha vkSj lds gSaA ;gka rd fd ^ijlkbZ ;qx* vkSj ^vk/qfud ;qx* rd O;aX;kykspuk dSlh Fkh\ ;k ;g fd O;aX; ds izfr vkykspdksa us vkrs&vkrs O;aX; ds bfrgkl ij mudh idM+ <hyh gks xbZ gSA dqN mis{kkiw.kZ joS;k D;ksa viuk;k\ bl vFkZ esa ;g iqLrd u dsoy vkSj NqViqV dfe;ka Hkh iqLrd esa gSaA tSls euksgj';ke tks'kh dh fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl gS] cfYd dqN gn rd fganh O;aX;kykspuk dqNsd ik=kksa dks dsanz esa j[kdj fy[ks x, vyx&vyx O;aX;ksa dh dk bfrgkl Hkh gS] ysfdu dqN gh gn rd] D;ksafd O;aX; ij iqLrd ^usrkth dfgu* dks mUgksasus O;aX; miU;klksa esa 'kkfey dj ewY;kaduijd ys[ku cgqr de gqvk gSA Lokra=;ksÙkj dky esa fy;k gSA ;g Hkh fd vusd O;aX;dkjksa dh iqLrdksa ds uke fxukrs eq[;r% gfj'kadj ijlkbZ vkSj vkerkSj ij dqN vU; O;aX;dkjksa dk le; os mudh dbZ vU; O;aX; iqLrdksa ds uke ugha ns lds gSaA ;g egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku gS fd mUgksaus vkykspdksa dks O;aX; ij è;ku ;g Hkh fd dqN O;aX;dkj ,d ;qx esa utj vkrs gSa rks nwljs ;qx dsafnzr djus ds fy, izsfjr fd;k] ;k dgsa fd mdlk;kA esa Hkh os fn[kkbZ iM+rs gSaA ,sls esa O;aX; ds bfrgkl dks ;qxksa esa fuf'pr :i ls lqHkk"k panj fd ;g iqLrd ,slh igyh Ñfr foHkkftr djuk dkiQh nks"kiw.kZ izrhr gksus yxrk gSA iqujko`fÙk nks"k gS tks O;aX;kykspuk vkSj O;aX; ds fofo/ vk;keksa dks ,d yacs nkSj Hkh bl iqLrd esa gSA lqHkk"k panj ,d gh ckr dks nwljh txg Hkh ds lanHkZ esa vius esa lesVs gq, gSA blls Li"V gks tkrk gS fd lqHkk"k nqgjk nsrs gSaA ,d mnkgj.k] i`"B 31 ls] ^Hkkjrsanq ;qx dh panj us ;g iqLrd D;ksa fy[kh\ bl lanHkZ esa mudk ;g ifjfLFkfr;ka Hkkjrokfl;ksa ds fy, dkiQh fo"ke FkhaA lÙkklhu vaxzst Li"Vhdj.k egRoiw.kZ gS& ^Lokra=;ksÙkj O;aX; ds fodkl ij rks fiQj ljdkj dk neu pozQ iwjs ;kSou ij FkkA* blh ckr dks FkksM+k Hkh lkexzh miyC/ gS] ysfdu Lokra=;iwoZ O;aX; dk ewY;kadu isQjcny ds lkFk i`"B 32 ij nqgjk nqgjk fn;k x;k gSµ ^HkkjrsUnq djus okyh] O;aX; dh fodkl ;k=kk dk ifjp; djkus okyh ;qx esa Hkkjr dh jktuhfrd ifjfLFkfr;ka grk'kk mitkus okyh FkhaA iqLrdksa dk vHkko gSA bl deh dk iwjk djus dk vfdapu iz;kl vaxzsth 'kklu viuh tM+sa iwjh rjg tek pqdk FkkA lÙkk ds en esa bl iqLrd esa fd;k x;k gS rkfd O;aX; ds ikBdksa dks ,d gh pwj vaxzstksa dh euekuh tksjksa ij FkhA* bl rjg dh iqujko`fÙk ;k LFkku ij lexz O;aX; ds fodkl dk bfrgkl fey ldsA (Hkwfedk yxHkx iqujko`fÙk iqLrd esa txg&txg ij gSA ysfdu gesa Hkwyuk ls) ysfdu tSlk fd mQij ds okD;ksa esa crk;k x;k gS] bl iqLrd ugha pkfg, fd fganh O;aX; ds bfrgkl dh] tSlk fd ys[kd us esa O;aX; dh fodkl ;k=kk gh ugha gS] oju~ ns'kdky dh dgk gS ;g igyh iqLrd gS vkSj i;kZIr [kkstchu ds ckn xaHkhjrk ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa O;aX; jpukvksa & x| esa fy[kh O;aX; jpukvksaµ dk rFkk csgn ifjJe djds fy[kh xbZ gSA blfy, [kkfe;ksa&dfe;ksa vkdyu Hkh gSA lkFk gh vkykspukRed ewY;kadu HkhA dh mis{kk djds lqHkk"k panj ds bl egRoiw.kZ iz;kl vkSj igy dk lqHkk"k panj us vkt ds O;aX; dh n;uh; fLFkfr ij Hkh Lokxr fd;k tkuk pkfg,A lh&2@31] bZLV vkWQ dSyk'k] ubZ fnYyh&110065 viuh csckd jk; j[kh gSA ^Hkwfedk* esa os Li"V 'kCnksa esa dgrs gSa& ^vkt O;aX; ikBdksa ds chp lokZf/d yksdfiz; gSA fdarq ikBd ds bl fo'okl dks cuk, j[kus ds fy, lVhd fo"k; p;u] - - - i`"B 23 dk 'ks"k ljksdkjksa dh Li"Vrk vkSj 'kSyh; midj.kksa esa larqyu cuk, j[kus dh vko';drk gSA ;g ckr nhxj gS fd ledkyhu O;aX; blesa dqN ykijokgh cjr jgk gS] fo'ks"kdj v[kckjh LraHkksa esa O;aX; esa vc ijlkbZ ls ysdj vU; cgqr ls O;aX;dkj Lo.kZdky esa Hkh Js"Brk ds rRo de gksrs tk jgs gSa ftu ij xaHkhjrk ls fopkj djus lfEefyr gSa vkSj vk/qfud dky esa HkhA ;g fLFkfr Hkzedkjh gSA dh vko';drk gSA* ckr lgh gSA lp rks ;g gS fd vkt bl Hkze esa vusd O;aX;dkj nksuksa dkyksa ds izfrfuf/ O;aX;dkj ekus vfèkdka'k nSfud i=kksa ds fy, O;aX; nSfud vko';drk cu x;k x, gSaA lqHkk"k panj us O;kid vè;;u] 'kks/ ,oa ifjJe ls T;knk gSA lekpkj i=k dHkh fe'ku Fks] vkt ^izksMDV* ;k ^mRikn* gSaA izksMDV ;k mRikn cktkj dh lkexzh gksrk gS] cktkj esa fcdus ds ls T;knk O;aX; dfeZ;ksa ,oa Ñfr;ksa dks js[kkafdr fd;k gSA O;aX; fy, gksrk gSA vkt O;aX; bl izksMDV ;k mRikn dk ,d vax curk ds bfrgkl dh igyh iqLrd gksus dk ntkZ bl fo'ys"k.k dks tk jgk gSA ;g foMacuk gh gS fd ftl cktkj ij O;aX; fy[kk tkuk feysxk gh] vkus okys bfrgkldkjksa dk ekxZ Hkh iz'kLr gksxkA vkt pkfg,] cgqr ls O;aX;dkj mlh dk fgLlk cu x, gSa vkSj bl fganh esa gj fo/k esa bruk izpqj fy[kk tk jgk gS fd ek=k ,d foèkk dk lE;d vFkok lexz bfrgkl fy[kk tkuk Hkh ljy dk;Z ugha iqLrd dh vPNkb;ksa ds chp ,d [kkeh ;g gS fd lqHkk"k panj gSA lqHkk"k panj us i;kZIr fulax jgrs gq, vius cycwrs bl bfrgkl ,sls O;aX;dkjksa dks Hkh ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* esa 'kkfey dj ysrs esa cgqr dqN dks lesV fy;k gS tks Lokxr ;ksX; gSA gSaA bfrgkl dk vVy fu;e gS fd mlesa gj ,d 'kkfey ugha gks ,p&43 (Hkwry)] lkmFk ,Dl&1] ubZ fnYyh&110049 ldrk] fiQj pkgs og fdlh ns'k dk bfrgkl gks ;k lkfgR; dkA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ 25 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f=kdks.kh; ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jktsaæ lgxy

O;aX; ds /eZ vkSj eeZ dh iM+rky fganh O;aX; ds bfrgkl esa ;g fLFkfr csgn =kkln vkSj O;aX; dks fo/k ekuus ds vk/kjHkwr iz'uksa dks mBkrs gq, vkfndky fnypLi dgh tk ldrh gS fd bl fo/k dks T;ksa&T;ksa yksdfiz;rk HkkjrsUnq ;qx (1873&1910) ls] eè;dky (cs<c cukjlh ;qx) gkfly gksus yxh R;ksa&R;ksa vkykspd mlls ijgst djus yxsA xks;k (1910&1947) ,oa vk/qfud dky dks 1990 ls ekuk x;k gSA yksdfiz;rk dksbZ Nr dh chekjh gks] izfrHkk dks gj gkyr esa gj blds vykok iqLrd ds vafre vè;k; dks y?kq O;aX; dk 'kh"kZd ysrh gSA cs'kd yksdfiz;rk ds vius [krjs ges'kk jgs gSa vkSj mlds nsrs gq, izfrfuf/ O;aX;dkjksa dh O;aX; jpukvksa ds dsanz esa j[kk x;k eksg esa dbZ izfrHkk,a Hkh u"V gqbZ gSa ysfdu bl rF; ls badkj ugha gSA O;aX; vkSj O;aX;dkjksa dh jpukvksa dks rRdkyhu ;qxhu /kfeZd] fd;k tk ldrk fd gekjs chp O;aX; ds brus l'kDr gLrk{kj jktuhfrd] vkfFkZd] lkekftd ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds ifjisz{; esa ns[kus ekStwn jgs gSa ftUgksaus bl turkaf=kd fo/k dk tuekul esa vyx ds fy, fuLlansg ys[kd us foiqy lkexzh dk vè;;u fd;k gSA txkus ds fy, bLrseky fd;kA O;aX;dkj vkSj O;aX;ykspuk ds nksgjs bl lcds ckotwn vkSj mls dky fu/kZj.k esa oxhZÑr djus dh xq#rj dk;Z dks lk/us dh {kerk n'kkZus okys O;aX;dkj lqHkk"k panj liQy dksf'k'k ds jgrs Hkh bl iqLrd dh lhek cuh jgrh gSA dh iqLrd ^fganh O;aX; dk bfrgkl* ,sls le; esa izdkf'kr gqbZ gS bl iqLrd dks i<+rs gq, ;g vR;ar lq[kn yxrk gS fd tc bl rjg dh iqLrd dh deh rhozrk ls eglwl dh tk jgh lqHkk"k panj us vius vè;olk;h o`fÙk vkSj lrr~ tkx#drk ds FkhA bl rF; ls Hkyk dkSu badkj dj ldrk gS fd vU; fo/kvksa pyrs vf/dre O;aX;dkjksa ij vFkZiw.kZ fVIif.k;ka Hkh dh gSaA blds dh vis{kk bl fo/k dk vkykspdksa ds vHkko esa mlds lE;d vykok] mUgksaus O;aX; ds {ks=k esa u dsoy izfrf"Br O;aX;dkjksa ds eY;kadu dh fn'kk esa dksbZ Bksl dke ugha gqvkA O;aX;kykspuk ds O;fDrRo&ÑfrRo o muds lkekftd&jktuhfrd ljksdkjksa ij {ks=k esa MkW- 'ksjtax xxZ dk egRoiw.kZ xzaFk ^O;aX; ds ewyHkwr iz'u* xaHkhj fVIif.k;ka dh gS cfYd vpfpZr o de pfpZr mnh;eku bl n`f"V ls dkjxj mifLFkfr ntZ dj pqdk gSA O;aX;dkjksa ds O;aX; laxzgksa rFkk Js"B O;aX; jpukvksa dh izo`fÙk;ksa fganh O;aX; ds bfrgkl dks tkuus&le>us ds fy, ;g rF; dks yf{kr djrs gq, mUgsa lkeus ykus dh igy dh gSS ftlds fy, utjvankt ugha fd;k tk ldrk fd O;aX; ds vkØked rsoj Hkys os iz'kalk ds ik=k gSaA bruh cM+h la[;k esa pfpZr&vpfpZr gh Hkkjrsanq gfj'panz ls vkjaHk gksdj ckyÑ".k HkV~V] izrki ukjk;.k O;aX;dkjksa dh jpukvksa ds xgu vè;;u ds ckn muds jpukRed feJ] ckyeqdqan xqIr] egkohj izlkn f}osnh] ia- jkepanz 'kqDy] fcanqvksa dks O;k[;kf;r djus dk xq#rj dk;Z cs'kd bl iqLrd dh ik.Ms; cspu 'kekZ ^mxz*] fujkyk] Hkxorh pj.k oekZ ds dFkk egrh miyfCèk gS ysfdu jpukdkjksa dk izofÙkxr ewY;kadu lkfgR; esa fodflr gq, gSa ysfdu vktknh ds ckn blesa gfj'kadj visf{kr fparu&euu ds izHkko esa dgha&dgha lrghiu dk f'kdkj ijlkbZ ds ozQkafrdkjh O;fDrRo&o`QfrRo ls bl fo/k esa rwiQku dk Hkh gqvk gSA bl rF; ls dkSu badkj dj ldrk gS fd vkt O;aX; vkosx ifjyf{kr gqvkA ;|fi lkfgR; dh fdlh Hkh fo/k dk dksbZ dh fLFkfr;ka cgqrk;r esa ekStwn gSa ysfdu O;aX; HkksFkjk gS] dqan gS loZekU; :i fu/kZfjr ugha fd;k tk ldrk vkSj u gh fdlh vkSj dkiQh dqN pyrkmQ&lk gksrk x;k gS] fiVs&fiVk;s fo"k;ksa ij 'kkL=kh; vk/kj ij ewY;kafdr fd;k tk ldrk gS rFkkfi O;aX; r;'kqnk rjhds ls dye pykus vkSj lrgh rjhds ls mls fuHkk nsuk fo/k ij ;g ckr vkSj Hkh rhozrk ls ykxw gksrh gSA ugha rks D;k gh O;aX; dh =kklnh curk tk jgk gSA ;g Hkh ,d dVq lR; gS fd dkj.k gS fd O;aX; dks fo/k ds Lrj ij izfrf"Br djus ds fy, bl fo/k dh 'kfDr dks ysdj ikBd esa bruh f'kfFkyrk ugha vkbZ la?k"kZjr ijlkbZ Hkh varr% bls ^fLifjV* dgrs gSa rks O;aX; miU;kl gS ftruk O;aX;dkjksa dh n`f"V&vk xbZ gSA ^jkx njckjh* ds jpf;rk Jhyky 'kqDy Hkh O;aX; dks fo/k u O;aX; lkfgR; ds bfrgkl esa O;aX; vkSj O;aX;dkjksa ls ekuus ds isQj esa iM+rs gq, bls 'kSyh dgdj bl ppkZ dks vyx lacafèkr tkudkjh dh bl iqLrd esa Hkjiwj lkexzh gSA ysfdu eksM+ ns nsrs gSaA O;aX;dkj ,oa O;aX;kykspuk ds nksgjs nkf;Ro dks liQyrkiwoZd lqHkk"k panj vius fganh O;aX; ds bfrgkl esa fy[kh Hkwfedk fuokZg djus esa ys[kd dgha&dgha pwd Hkh djus yxrk gSA ys[kd esa vkykspuk dh rhu /kjkvksa fu.kZ;kRed] O;k[;kRed ,oa euksoKS kfud us cs'kd lqfo/k dh n``f"V ls O;aX;dkjksa dk dky fu/kZj.k djrs vkykspuk dh rks ckr djrs gSa ij os O;aX;dkjksa dh jpukvksa ij gq, muds o`QfrRo ij vyx&vyx vkykspukRed n`f"V ls viuk fVIi.kh djrs gq, O;k[;kRed vkykspuk ij dsafnzr gks tkrs gSa vkSj i{k izLrqr fd;k gSA ysfdu foiqy lkexzh dks miyC/ djokus ds euksoSKkfud vkykspuk dk bLrseky djus ls cjkcj cprs jgs gSaA ckotwn izo`fÙkxr oSfoè; o vk/kj ij egRoiw.kZ O;aX;dkjksa ds bl iqLrd esa cs'kd O;aX; dh O;qRifÙk ls ysdj mldh ifjHkk"kk] jpukdeZ ij fo'ys"k.kkRed&vkykspukijd n`f"V ds vHkko esa dbZ gkL; ls O;aX; ds varl±ca/ksa dh eghu cqukoV dh O;k[;k rFkk LFkyksa ij nksgjko FkksM+k [kVdrk gS vkSj ewY;kadu dh lexzrk esa ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ 26 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f=kdks.kh; ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ckèkk mRiUu djrk gSA bl lcds ckotwn ys[kd dky fu/kZj.k esa ;qxhu jktuhfrd vkyksP; iqLrd ds ekè;e ls ys[kd us O;aX; fo/k ds lkFk /kfeZd&vfFkZd&lkekftd lkaLÑfrd ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds nq"pØ ,oa tqM+s vfrjsd vkSj gkL; ds tqM+ko ls mith fofp=k eu%fLFkfr;ksa folaxfr;ksa dks vk/kj cukdj O;aX;dkjksa ds O;aX; deZ ds dks Hkh le>us dk iz;Ru fd;k gSA bySDVªkfud ehfM;k ds c<+rs ewY;kadu ds fy, ftl xgjs o O;kid vuqHko dh vis{kk gksrh izHkko o miHkksDrkoknh laLÑfr ds pyrs O;fDr ds ftl ;s gS mldh deh dgha u dgha [kyrh gS vkSj Hkh vPNk gksrk ;fn ifjofrZr gksus ls lkekftd&lkaLÑfrd ,oa jktuhfrd ekgkSy dh ys[kd fganh O;aX; ds bfrgkl tSls xaHkhj ,oa xq#rj dk;Z ds fuokZg fo"kerk us O;fDr dks fopkj'kwU;rk dh rjiQ /dsyk gSA xaHkhjrk ds fy, vdknfed n`f"V ds lkFk&lkFk bl fo/k dh xR;kRedrk tc thou ls xk;c gqbZ rks O;aX; ij bldh ekj iM+uh LokHkkfod rFkk thoarrk ds rY[k O;oLFkk fojks/h rsojksa dks vkRelkr djrs FkhA O;aX; ds :iksa] O;aX;ppkZvksa rFkk O;aX; ;k=kk esa lekt ds gq, lEiUu n`f"V ls ewY;kafdr djus dk tksf[ke mBkus dh igy tfVy <kaps] O;fDr euksfoKku ds xw<+ jgL;ksa rFkk xgjs bfrgkl djrkA bl lcds ckotwn O;aX; dh ewy 'kfDr dks ewY; laØe.k cks/ dks mtkxj djus ds v/chp ;g iqLrd f}osnhdkyhu dh isphnxh o my>ko esa ij[kus dh n`f"V ls ;g iqLrd O;aX; bfro`ÙkkRedrk ls f?kj tkrh gS ftlds izHkko esa iM+dj dqNsd txr esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk dk fuokZg djsxhA 40] flºkFkZ vikVZesaV] utnhd fe;kaokyh uxj fu.kkZ;d igyqvksa dks mn~?kkfVr djrs gq, ,dkafxrk] vfrokfnrk jksgrd jksM] fnYyh& 110087 rFkk oSpkfjd 'kSfFkY; dk f'kdkj gksus ls cp ugha ikrhA ys[kd us O;aX;kykspuk ds tfj, rkRdkfydrk ds eksg esa iM+dj O;aX;dkjksa dh tYnckth esa liQyrk vftZr djus ds uqL[kksa ij dqN rY[k fVIif.k;ka Hkh dh gSaA O;aX; ds uke ij egt bl egkns'k ds oSKkfud fodkl ds fy, tqeysckth vkSj lLrh yksdfiz;rk ds isQj esa O;aX; dks uqdlku izLrqr izxfr'khy jpukvksa dh vfuok;Z igqapkus dh c<+rh izo`fÙk ij Hkh ys[kd us fu'kkuk lk/k gSA ,d rjiQ iRFkj gqbZ laosnukvksa vkSj nwljh rjiQ dwan gksrs O;aX; ys[ku iqLrd ij vaxqyh j[krh ys[kd dh xaHkhj dh fVIif.k;ka u, O;aX;dkjksa lqyHkk dksjs] lqpknso flag] lR;iky lgxy] /kes±nz ikjs] iadt prqosZnh] Xkhr dks psrkrh gSa vkSj muds lkeus ubZ pqukSfr;ka Hkh izLrqr djrh gSaA prqosZnh] O;kses'k 'kqDy] [kkfyn tkosn] ,dkar JhokLro dh jpuk,a Lkk{kkRdkj& dqNsd lhekvksa ds ckotwn bl iqLrd dh ;g mYys[kuh; ckrphr& foØe ls B ds lkFk lq n hi lsu] v#a/kfr jk; ls 'kksHkk pkS/kjh] lyeku fo'ks"krk dgh tk ldrh gS fd ys[kd us izfrf"Br o mnh;eku j'nh ls ,ysLVs;j fuosuA O;aX;dkjksa ds jpukdeZ ij xq.kkRed ,oa izo`fÙkxr vkèkkj ls dfork,a & fo'ys"k.k djus ds lkFk&lkFk ewY;kaduijd n`f"Vdks.k dk Hkh dqekj vacqt] 'kSysaæ pkSgku] izse'kadj j?kqoa'kh] izrkijko dne] vfuy f=ikBh] e/kqjs'k] ijekuan JhokLro vkSj jfo JhokLro ds vkys[kA ifjp; fn;k gSA O;aX;dkjksa dh yach lwph rS;kj djus esa fuLlansg blds vfrfjDr& lqHkk"kpanj us nq%lkè; dk;Z fd;k gSA u;s&iqjkus O;aX;dkjksa ds O;aX; /kkjkokfgd] u;s dgkuhdkj] Mk;jh] xhr nqfu;k vkfn deZ dh vkykspuk djrs gq, ys[kd us ek=k dlhns ugha i<+s cfYd La k iknd % Kkuja t u muds varfoZjks/ksa dks Hkh m?kkM+k gSA gkykafd izR;sd O;aX;dkj dh laidZ % 101 jkeuxj vk/kkjry tcyiqj viuh 'kfDr ,oa lhek gksrh gS vkSj mudk rqyukRed vè;;u dksbZ ubZ tehu rS;kj ugha djrk rFkkfi dqN izo`fÙkxr fo'ks"krkvksa dks vk/kj cukdj nks izfrf"Br O;aX;dkjksa dh rqyuk dh tk, rks u dsoy 'kfDr vkSj lhek dks igpkuk tk ldrk gS cfYd lacafèkr vizy S &twu 2008 {ks=k esa ubZ tehu Hkh rksM+h tk ldrh gSA fgan&w mnwZ lk>k laLÑfr ij dsfa ær lqHkk"k panj us O;aX; fo/k ds lkFk gkL; ds vfuok;Z :i ls tqM+s jgus dh izo`fÙk dks lkFkZdrk&fujFkZdrk ds Lrj ls mBkrs ifjiz s { ; ;& gq, bls Bksl fn'kk nsus dks vf/d egRo fn;k gSA ijlkbZ] tks'kh] ,tkt ,gen] Vke Mhxu'kvyh vgen] Qkreh] ;koj vCCkkl] egs'oj n;ky] vl+xj otkgr izeksn feJ vkfn R;kxh ,oa Jhyky 'kqDy ds O;aX; lkfgR; dk lexz ewY;kadu dgkfu;ka & djus ds vykok ujsanz dksgyh] euksgj ';ke tks'kh] MkW- 'ksjtax xxZ] jft+ ; k lTtkn t+ g hj] jt+k geke] [k+kfynk gqlSu vkfn xksiky prqosZnh] 'kadj iq.krkacsdj] ds-ih- lDlsuk] iznhi iar] izse dfork,a vkS j uT+ e s a & tuest;] gjh'k uoy] Kku prqosZnh] fo".kq ukxj] ;'koar O;kl o lkjk 'kxqQ~rk] ;klehu gehn] eueksgu vkfn gfj tks'kh tSls O;aX;dkjksa ds ckn dh ih<+h ij Hkh mUgksaus iwjk è;ku fojklr& dsafnzr fd;k gS vkSj u, nkSj dh mHkjrh ubZ izo`fÙkxr fo"k;ksa dks 'kjhQ gqlSu dkleh] vyh tkosn] lTtkn tghj] eqjyh Hkh vkykspukRed n`f"V ls tkapus ij[kus dk dk;Z fd;k gSA bl euksgj izlkn flag] deys'oj] 'ke'ksj cgknqj flag vkfn iqLrd dh ;g Hkh miyfC/ dgh tk,xh fd ys[kd us viuh la i knd& eqjyh euksgj izlkn flag] papy pkSgku lrr tkx#drk o lfozQ;rk ls dbZ vpfpZr ;k de pfpZr la i dZ % 8 foV~ByHkkbZ iVsy gkÅl] ubZ fnYyh&1 mnh;eku O;aX;dkjksa dks Hkh leqfpr LFkku fn;k gSA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ 27 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Ikgy 89

u;k iFk


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Jhdkar pkS/jh

dkejsM cka;s gkFk esa fons'kh dherh ?kM+h] nkfgus gkFk dh vaxqfy;ksa esa rhu lksus dh vaxwfB;ka] ,d esa NksVk ghjk tM+k gqvk FkkA fdlh T;ksfr"kh dh lykg ij vyx&vyx uaxksa dh vaxwfB;ka iguh xbZ FkhaA liQkjh lwV] lqugjk p'ek vkSj vka[kksa esa ,d ped] lrZdrk] pky esa lkSE;rk] ok.kh esa vkstLoA etnwjksa ij gq, ykBh pktZ ij laln esa mUgksaus xaHkhj vkozQks'k O;Dr fd;kA ljdkj dks psrkouh nh fd vxj etnwjksa dks bl rjg nck;k dqpyk x;k] m|ksxifr;ksa us rkykcanh tkjh j[kh rks os jkT; dh bl fujadq'k lÙkk dks m[kkM+ isQdsaxs! ^gekjk loZ g kjk oxZ ] iwt a hifr;ksa dh fgrS"kh fons'kh fuos'k dh yksyqi] bl etnwj fojks/h ljdkj ds f[kykiQ pqi ugha jgsxkA lkjs ns'k esa mxz vkanksyu fd;k tk,xkA ljdkj dks ;kn j[kuk pkfg, fd nqfu;ka ds lkjs etnwj ,d gSa] lektoknh] lkE;oknh ozQkafr vc dqpyh ugha tk ldrh] iawthokn dk var vc fudV gS!* muds oDrO; esa xgjk vkRe fo'okl] vkozQks'k vkSj vkst Fkk] os vf[ky Hkkjrh; Lrj ds lqfo[;kr usrk FksA lkjk lnu LrC/ gksdj lqu jgk FkkA lnu dh dk;Zokgh lekIr gksus ds ckn os viuh dkj ls rqjar ?kk;y etnwjksa ls feyus x,A ;wfu;u ds usrkvksa ls Hkh fopkj foe'kZ fd;k! jkf=k 10 cts yxHkx ?kj igqapsA gYds iSx ds lkFk fMuj fy;kA Mªk;oj dks NqV~Vh nhA vius dejs dk ,;j dUMh'kuj pyk os funzkeXu gks x;sA mudk edku ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Hkh vkt gh NqV~Vh ysdj xkao x;k FkkA iRuh xgu funzk esa FkhA rRdky fjokYoj ysdj os ikspZ ds utnhd vk;s] mudh utj ,d phFkM+s ifgus yM+ds ij iM+h nqcyk] iryk] lkaoyk fc[kjscky] lw[kk psgjk] lfn;ksa ls Hkw[k ls fiVk ftLe] mUgsa ns[k ?kcjkdj Hkkxk rks pSuy xsV ls Vdjkdj fxj x;k] teZu 'ksiQMZ dqÙks dks 'kk;n jge vk x;k] mlus mls ugha dkVk] ekfyd ds ryqos pkaVus yxkA mUgksua s xqLls esa rerekdj yM+ds dks xnZu idM+dj mBk;k] dldj pkj ikap >kiM+ jlhn fd,A ^pksj] gjkeh] jlkys- - [kq'kulhc gS fd cp x;k] vHkh xksyh pyk nsrk rks csekSr ej tkrk - - -vHkh iqfyl dks cqykdj rsjh [kky m/M+okrk gwa- - -A* yM+dk FkjFkj dkai jgk Fkk] jksrs fxM+fxM+krs gq, cksyk& ^ekbZ cki ekiQ dj nhft,] nks fnu ls Hkw[kk Fkk- - -xyrh gks xbZ- - * og iSjksa ij fxj iM+kA mUgsa nq";ar dk ,d 'ksj vuk;kl ;kn vk x;k tks fdlh lkaln us nks rhu ckj nqgjk;k yxHkx ipkl yk[k dk FkkA cSad cSysal Hkh yxHkx ipkl yk[k gh FkkA dqN feykdj vpy lEifÙk nks djksM+ ls vf/d ugha FkhA os cgqr vuqHkoh vkSj vts; le>s tkus okys] etnwjksa ds vR;ar yksdfiz; usrk FksA ,d Hkh pquko ugha gkjs] gj ckj izpaM cgqer ls yksdlHkk dk pquko thrsA ea=kh in ds ykyph ugha FksA lkaln gh cus jgs! lHkh mudk cgqr vknj djrs Fks! vHkh uhan yxus dks gh Fkh fd dEikmaM esa dqÙks ds HkkSadus dh tksjnkj vkokt ls os pkSad x;sA la;ksxo'k pkSdhnkj ○ ○ ○ 29 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

FkkA ^dy uqekbZ'k esa feyk Fkk phFkM+s ifgus gq,! eSaus iwNk uke] rks cksyk fd fgUnqLrku gS!* iqfyl vnkyr] ds >esys esa dkSu iM+s] mUgksaus lkspk jgefny gksdj mUgksaus fgUnqLrku dks ekiQ dj fn;kA Hkw[ks dks tkus fn;kA dkyekDlZ us lkE;okn vkSj lkE;oknh ;kfu dkejsM dh tks Hkh ifjHkk"kk fy[kh gks] vkt vxj os ftank gkssrs rks mUgsa Hkkjrh; dkejsM dks le>us esa dkiQh le; yx tkrk] mUgsa 'kk;n ^nkl dsihVy* esa u;k vè;k; tksM+uk iM+rkA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

nfyrksa dk elhgk nl fnu iwoZ gh cMZ Ýyw ds mipkj rFkk nslh eqxhZ ikyu dh csgrj laHkkoukvksa ds rjhds tkuus gsrq ea=kh th fons'k x, FksA vkt 'kke gh Lons'k ykSVs] ,;jiksVZ ij gh mUgsa tkudkjh fey pqdh Fkh os vlgt gks x,] vka[kksa esa [kwu mrj vk;kA psgjk xqLls ls yky iM+ pqdk Fkk] fnekx esa dkjfxy dk ?keklku py jgk FkkA Vh-oh- pSuYl ds fjiksVZjksa dks cM+k xgjk nq[k vkSj iNrkok jgk fd os bl tks j nkj] elkys n kj] luluh[kst ekeys dk lfp=k izlkj.k djus ls oafpr jg x,A dsoy ekSf[kd fooj.k nsdj larks"k djuk iM+kA rst dneksa ls lh/s csM+:e x,A 'kgj ds pkj&ikap lcls cM+s ljdkjh MkWDVj [kM+s Fks fcydqy pkSdUusA buesa ls nks rks ea=kh th ds ih-,- dk iQksu ikrs gh bejtsalh vkWijs'ku v/wjk NksM+ caxys ij vk x, FksA ckdh vius eu ls vk x, FksA dqN dks rks ea=kh th dh iRuh us gh fouezrk ls okil dj fn;k FkkA ih-,- rFkk ea=kh th ds ifjokj dks bl ckr dk larks"k gqvk fd izns'k esa LokLF; lsok,a cgqr csgrj gSa vkSj MkWDVlZ bZekunkj] laosnu'khy vkSj M~;wVh ds fy, lefiZr ;kfu dÙkZO;ijk;.k gSaA ea=kh th dks lh-,l- us rqjar crk;kµ ^lj] fpark dh dksbZ ckr ugha] csch dks lnek yxk gSA geus batsD'ku ns fn;k gS] nks rhu ?kaVs esa gks'k vk tk,xkA uks izkcye!* ea=kh th dqN lgt gq,] ih-,- ls cksys] ^rqjar dysDVj] ,l-ih- dks ryc djksA* pan feuVksa esa gh dysDVj] ,l-ihgkftj gq,] os ,;jiksVZ ls caxys dh rjiQ gh vk jgs FksA Mªkb±x :e esa vkdj cSBus Hkh u ik, Fks fd ea=kh th vkx ccwyk gksdj cksysA dejs esa vesfjdk dh X;kjg flrEcj tSlk ekgkSy FkkA ^vki yksx brus udkjk] brus fudEes gSa\ taxy jkt py jgk gS\\ ykW ,aM vkMZj ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dks ydok ekj x;k gS\\\ mu gjketknksa eknj - - - us esjh fiadh] esjh fcfV;k ds] dkWyst dSEil ds vanj diM+ iQkM+ Mkys\ cykRdkj dh dksf'k'k dh] lkjs yksx rek'kk ns[k jgs Fks\ nks rhu izksisQljksa us vkdj mls cpk;k] diM+s vks<+kdj ?kj igqapk;k ojuk Hkxoku tkus D;k gksrk - - ^dgka ej x, Fks vki lc\ D;k fd;k vki yksxksa us\ os xqaMs cykRdkjh dgka gSa] vc rd ftank gSa\\\* ^lj] ge yksxksa us mu nksuksa dks rRdky fxjÝrkj fd;k Fkk] eSa [kqn Fkkus ysdj vk;k FkkA os Hkh mlh dkWyst ds Nk=k gSaA csch ds Dykl isQyks gSaA* ,l-ihus fouezrk ls lj >qdkdj crk;kA dysDVj us lgefr esa flj fgyk;kA ^mudh [kky m/sM+ nsuk Fkh] gR;k] MdSrh] cykRdkj dk dsl cukuk Fkk] D;k fd;k vkius\* ea=kh th xjtsA ^lj] geus mUgsa nks pkaVs ekjdj NksM+ fn;kA dksbZ ekeyk dk;e ugha fd;kA* dysDVj us vcdh ckj vR;ar fouez yfTtr Hkko ls dgk! ea=kh th lksisQ ij mNy iM+s] tSls lqukeh ygjksa dk dgj VwV iM+k gksA* vki yksxksa dh ;s etky\ vki yksx U;k; dkuwu ds gR;kjs gSaA balkfu;r dk tuktk fudkyk gS vki yksxksa us!!! iz'kklu dk] ljdkj dk ,slk vieku\ gkmQ ;w Ms;j\ ;w foy ch uks eksj bu lfoZl!* os xqLls ls dkai jgs FksA psgjk rerek jgk FkkA ,l-ih- us fxM+fxM+kus dh eqnzk esa fuosnu fd;k] ^lj] fiNyh ckj tc vktkn ikdZ esa ,d yM+dh ds lkFk pkj yksxksa us cykRdkj fd;k Fkk rks geus mudh [kky m/sM+ nh Fkh] eqag dkyk dj] lj eqaM+okdj tqywl fudyok;k Fkk] rc vkius gh gesa MkaVk Fkk fd ;s lc vekuoh; gS] xSj dkuwuh gSA vkids funsZ'k ij geus ekeyk ○ ○ ○ 30 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

Hkh dk;e ugha fd;k FkkA mUgsa psrkouh nsdj NksM+ fn;k FkkA fiQj ;s rks cykRdkj dk ekeyk gh ugha gSA* ^D;k cdrs gks\ oks esjh yM+dh Fkh D;k\ vkSj fiQj os yksx esjs ;kfu ikVhZ ds lfØ; dk;ZdrkZ Fks] ikWfyfVDl esa lc djuk iM+rk gSA* dqN de jks"k vkSj xgu {kksHk ds lkFk ea=kh th us nksuksa dks iQVdkjk] vka[kksa esa dPpk [kk tkus dk Hkko FkkA ^lj njvly ckr ;s gS fdµ ^vR;ar 'kgn Hkjh xksYM IysVsM ok.kh esa ,l-ih- us fuosnu 'kq: fd;k] ^vki rks nfyrksa ds elhgk le>s tkrs gSa lj] vkius fons'k tkus ls igys izsl dkUizsaQl esa Hkh dgk Fkk vkSj lHkh foHkkxksa dks ljdqyj Hkh fHktok;k Fkk fd nfyrksa] [kkldj vuqlwfpr tkfr tutkfr ds yksxksa }kjk vijkèk fd, tkus ij rRdky ekeys dk;e ugha fd, tk,a] igys mUgsa le>kb'k nh tk,] muds lkFk ujeh cjrh tk,] [kkldj ekjihV cy iz;ksx fcydqy u fd;k tk,] lj ;s yM+ds Hkh nfyr oxZ ls Fks] blfy, geus mu nksuksa yM+dksa dks vPNh rjg le>k fn;k fd Hkfo"; esa os bl rjg dh cnrehth ;kfu vijk/ u djsaA fizafliy lkgc us Hkh mUgsa psrkouh nh gS fd vkxs vxj mUgksaus ,slh gjdr dh rks os nksuksa yM+dksa dks dkWyst ls fudky nsaxsA* ^geus rks lj vkids funsZ'kksa dk gh bZekunkjh ls ikyu fd;k gSA* dysDVj us gkFk tksM+dj dgkA ea=kh th nksuksa gkFkksa ls viuk ekFkk idM+dj cSB x,! ,Dl- flfoy tt u;k cktkj ua-1] neksg (e-iz-)

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jke'kj.k tks'kh

eSa vkSj oks vc eSa izsr cu x;k gwaA vius gh ?kj dk eSa vn`'; fuoklh gwaA ?kj dks eSa ns[k ldrk gwa] og eq>s ugha ns[k ldrkA dHkh eSa ?kj dh iQlhy ij cSBrk gwaA vkus tkus okyksa dks ns[krk gwAa vanj&ckgj vkrh oLrqvksa dks ns[krk gwaA dHkh eSa vius jhfMax :e esa ,d dksus esa pqipki [kM+k jgrk gwaA gj pht dks cM+s è;ku ls ns[krk gwaA lc dqN cny Mkyk gS mlusA nhokjs]a inkZ] vYekfj;ka] iQuhZpj] iyax] fcLrj] VsyhiQksu] VkbijkbVj] v[kckjh jn~nh] iqjkus twrs] Vaªd esa can mrjs diM+s] ekrk&firk dk iqjkuk izsQe] esjs eSfjV lfVZfiQdsVA irk ugha bu lcdks D;k gks x;k\ eSa fcydqy vtuch gwa vius gh :e esaA dHkh iQ'kZ ij [kM+s gksdj] dHkh nhokj ls mYVk yVddj viuh phtksa dks ryk'krk gwaA ysfdu] dgha dqN fn[kkbZ ugha nsrk gSA oSD;we Dyhuj us eq>ls tqM+h reke oLrqvksa dks fuxy fy;k gSA eq>s ;kn gS oks fnu tc mlus cqd 'kSYiQksa dks ckgj isaQduk 'kq: fd;k FkkA eSaus mls jksdk Fkk] vkSj iwNk Fkk] ^vjs esjs nsgèkkjh] ;g D;k dj jgs gks\* rc mlus dgk Fkk] ^esjs izsrca/q] ns[k ugha jgs gks eSa D;k dj jgk gwa\* ^ysfdu] ,slk D;ksa dj jgs gks\ fdrkcksa us rqEgkjk D;k fcxkM+k gS\* eSaus mlls ihM+k vkSj ;kpuk ds lkFk iwNk FkkA mlus esjh vksj ns[kk Hkh ughaA og vius dke esa yxk jgkA eq>ls jgk ugha x;kA eSa mlds vkSj cqd 'kSYiQ ds chp rudj [kM+k gks x;kA eq>s mEehn Fkh fd og Mj tk,xkA fdrkcksa dks vius LFkku ij jgus nsxkA ij mlus ,slk ugha fd;kA mlus cM+h funZ;rk ls eq>s /Ddk ekjkA eq>s ,d dksus esa isaQd fn;k x;k tgka esjh gkyr ,d ^;wTM daMkse* ls vPNh ugha FkhA og ph[kus yxk] ^rqe blh rjg iM+s jgksA tkurs ugha gks vc bl [kir dh t:jr ugha gSA* ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

mlus fdrkcksa dh vksj b'kkjk fd;k vkSj eq>s fp<+k&fp<+kdj mUgsa ckgj isaQdus yxkA ^eSaus rqEgsa dbZ niQk le>kus dh dksf'k'k dhA ysfdu] rqEgkjs Hksts esa dqN Hkh ugha vkrkA tkurs ugha vc fopkj/kjk dk var gks pqdk gSA bfrgkl dk var gks pqdk gSA lH;rk dk var gks pqdk gSA tc bu phtksa dk var gks pqdk gS rc bl dejs esa fdrkcksa dh vko';drk D;k gS\* eSa mls tokc ugha ns ldkA [kkeks'kh ls mldh izR;sd gjdr lgu djrk jgkA eSa ns[krk jgk vius gh dejs esa viuh psruk dk nkg laLdkjA xhrk] ckbcy] dqjku] lq[klkxj] ekDlZ] ekvks] xkaèkh] VkWyLVk;] xksdhZ] lk=kZ& lHkh dk mlus vafre laLdkj dj fn;k FkkA mlus budk vyko yxk;k Fkk vkSj vius nksLrksa ds lkFk nsj jkr rd ekSt dh FkhA ml jkr lHkh us eq>s fp<+k;k Fkk& ns[kks] ns[kks dksus esa- - oks daMkse- - -daMkse- - -daMkseA lHkh us esjs u, uke dks dksjl esa xk;k FkkA ml fnu dks ;kn dj vkt Hkh esjs dku iQV iM+rs gSAa eq>s ;kn gS] ikVhZ dh lekfIr ij lHkh us ladYi fy;k Fkk fd esjh nsg dh dej dks deku dh 'kDy nsuk gSA esjs nsg/kjh us rqjar gh viuh dej dks deku dk :i ns fn;kA eSaus mlls cgqr dgk Fkk ○ ○ ○ 31 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

fd ,slk er djksA dej dks lh/h jgus nks] lhus dks fldksM+ks er] lj dks >qdkvks er] xnZu dks [kM+h jgus nksA ij og lquus okyk dgka FkkA mlds fy, eSa vfLrRoghu gks pqdk FkkA mlus esjh dk;k ij igys ls gh Mkdk ekj j[kk FkkA esjs bgyksd vkSj ijyksd dk og fu;ark cu cSBk FkkA vc og esjs ?kj ds fdlh Hkh fgLls dk eupkgk bLrseky dj ldrk FkkA ,d fnu rks mlus gn gh dj nhA esjh nsg esa ?kwerk gqvk og fdlh yM+dh dks mBk yk;kA mlds lkFk mlus og lc dqN fd;k tks mls ugha djuk pkfg, FkkA blls Hkh mls larks"k ugha feykA mldk xyk ?kksaV MkykA fiNokM+s ls mlus dcz [kksnh] fiQj mls niQuk fn;kA fiQj og lkiQ&lqFkjs lisQn diM+s igudj ckgj fudy x;kA nsj jkr ykSVkA ,d u;k ifjorZu fn[kkbZ fn;kA mlds lj ij Vksih FkhA dbZ jaxksaokyhA og lisQn Hkh FkhA og ihyh Hkh FkhA og gjh Hkh FkhA og dkyh Hkh FkhA vc mldh ubZ igpku cu pqdh FkhA ml fnu mlus eq>s cqyk;k FkkA cM+s l;kus vankt esa eq>ls ckr dh FkhA ^lquks] b/j vkvks! ges'kk ml dksus esa xqelqe D;ksa [kM+s jgrs gks\* mlus eq>s viuh vksj cqykus dk ladsr fn;kA eSa mlds ikl igqap x;kA pqipki mlds ikl [kM+k gks x;kA mlus esjs da/s ij gkFk j[kdj dgk] ^rqeus ml jkst eq>ls iwNk Fkk fd eSaus dej dks deku D;ksa cuk fy;k gS\ vkt eSa rqEgsa jkt dh ckr crykrk gwaA* mlus esjh vka[kksa esa ?kwjdj ns[kkA eSa dqN laHky x;kA dkuksa dks pkSdl dj fy;kA lkspk fd ;g dksbZ u, lR; dk vfo"dkj ;k mn~?kkVu djsxkA gks ldrk gS fd ;g eq>s blds ckn izsr&;ksfu ls eqfDr fnyk nsA eSa vk'kkfUor FkkA og cksyk] ^lquks izsrcaèkq] ;qorh dh yk'k dks niQukus ds fy, dej ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

dks deku cukuk t:jh FkkA mls deku cukus ds fy, eSaus jh<+ dks fudky isaQdk FkkA jh<+ ds jgrs eSa dqN ugha dj ldrk FkkA vc eSa dgha Hkh mM+ ldrk gwaA dgha Hkh fopj ldrk gwaA dgha Hkh ?kql ldrk gwaA dgha Hkh cSB ldrk gwaA le>s rqe\* eSa fufuZes"k n`f"V ls mls ns[krk jgkA mlus eq>s dbZ ckj >d>ksjk HkhA ij eSa mlds loky dk gka ;k uk esa mÙkj ugha ns ldkA eSaus ns[kk bl ?kVuk ds ckn og dgha #dk ughaA og lqjax esa ?kql ldrk FkkA og pwgs dh rjg xVj ls fudy ldrk FkkA og fdlh Hkh cqtZ&epku ls ?kks"k.kk,a dj ldrk Fkk vkSj dhpM+ esa jgdj esa<d dh rjg VjZ&VjZ Hkh dj ldrk FkkA og lqcg vtku Hkh nsrk vkSj 'kke dks vkjrh esa 'kkfey Hkh gksrkA volj iM+us ij og lwvj dk xks'r efLtn esa vkSj xmQ dk ekal eafnj esa fiaQdok nsrkA nksuksa dh baVsa Hkh f[kldok nsrkA tc og esjs ?kj ls ckgj fudyrk yksxckx ;gh lksprs fd ;g lc dqN esjs gh dkjukesa gSaA eSa gh naxs djokrk gwa] gR;k djokrk gwa] pdys pykrk gwa] rLdjh djkrk gwa] foLiQksV djrk gwaA blesa yksxksa dk Hkh D;k nks"k\ mudk dlwj fliZQ bruk gh gS fd os vlfy;r ls vifjfpr gSaA mUgsa ugha ekywe fd eSa esjh nsg esa ugha gwaA eSa rks izsr cu pqdk gwaA esjh nsg esa ^oks* ?kql pqdk gSA oks gh esjh nsg dk bLrseky dj jgk gSA eSa rks mls gfFk;kjcanksa ls f?kjs ns[krk gwaA HkhM+ esa [kM+k mldh dkjksa ds dkfiQys dks ns[krk gwaA mls eap ij lykeh ysrs ns[krk gwaA dbZ ckj bPNk Hkh gksrh gS fd lkgl tqVkdj ml ij VwV iMa+wA mldh Vksih dh fpanh&fpanh dj MkywaA Vksih ds gj jax dks /kxk lesr [khapdj j[k nwaA HkhM+ ls ph[k&ph[kdj dgwa fd blus esjh nsg ij dCtk tek j[kk gSA eSa izsr cudj ykokfjl nj&c&nj ?kwe jgk gwaA ,d nks ckj eSaus iz;kl Hkh fd, FksA exj ukdke jgsA mlds lqj{kk xkMks± us xksfy;ka pyk nhaA og iwjh rjg ls lkcqr jgkA tc og ?kj ykSVk rks og eq> ij VwV iM+kA ^ns[k fy;k eq> ij geyk djus dk urhtk\ [kqn dks Hkh ygwyqgku fd;k vkSj vius vufxur izsr lkfFk;ksa dks Hkh xksfy;ka ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f[kyokb±A ;kn j[kks] rqe gesa dHkh ugha ekj ldksxsA izsr gks] izsr cus jgksA blh esa rqEgkjh vkSj rqEgkjh dkSe dh HkykbZ gSA* og dkiQh nsj rd xqjkZrk jgkA eSa gkjk gqvk lc dqN dksus esa iM+k&iM+k mldk izopu lqurk jgkA ysfdu bl gknls ds ckn mlus dqN lko/kuh t:j cjrhA gfFk;kjcan vknetkr mlds lkFk igys ls gh FksA vc mlus dqN xSch rkdrksa ls Hkh fj'rs tksM+ fy,A rkaf=kdksa ls eqR;qat; ;K djok,A rkaf=kdksa ls gj ekeys esa mlus lykg ysuk 'kq: dj fn;kA fojksf/;ksa dk lagkj djus ds fy, Hkh mlus ;K djok,A og rkaf=kdksa dk] vkSj rkaf=kd mlds nyky cu x,A mu lHkh us nykyh esa ugkuk 'kq: dj fn;kA mldh ,d eqV~Bh esa jkt'kfDr Fkh vkSj nwljh esa xSchA eSa izsr djrk Hkh rks D;k djrk\ vkt eSa ns[k jgk gwa fd [kwc ltk&laojk gqvk gSA lisQn >d diM+s igus gq, gSA dyiQnkj diM+ksa dh dyiQ ls mldh dej dk iksykiu m?kM+rk ugha gSA da/s ls >wyrs dslfj;k vaxksNs ls mldh Nkrh dh fldqM+u <dh gqbZ gSA Vksih us mlds catjiu dks Nqik fy;k gSA vc mlds diky ds xM~<s Hkh fn[kkbZ ugha nsrs gSaA og mQij ls uhps rd egd jgk gSA og gS ;k ugha] egd t:j gSA eSaus fgEer tqVkdj mlls iwN gh fy;k] ^D;k ckr gS] vkt rqe cM+s cus&Bus cus gq, gks\ D;k vkt dksbZ u, izsr&Hk{k.k vfHk;ku ij fudy jgs gks\* ^rqeus [kwc igpkukA vkt dk fnu esjs fy, fdlh vfHk;ku ls de ugha gSA eq>s rqEgkjs tSls yk[kksa&djksM+ksa izsrksa dk Hk{k.k djuk gSA dqN le>s\* mlus vius laiw.kZ naHk ds lkFk dgk] vkSj tkrs&tkrs eq>s fgnk;r Hkh nh] ^tjk vk/k ?kaVs ckn lkeus j[ks Vhoh lsV dks vkWu djuk er HkwyukA* og ;g dgdj ckgj fudy x;kA mlds vkxs&ihNs dbZ ,LdksVZ dkjsa FkhaA og pyk x;kA eSa dksus ls fudydj xyhps ij cSB x;kA vk/k ?kaVs dk le; FkkA lks eSaus ,d ckj fiQj mlds dejs dk eqvk;uk fd;k_ bVkfy;u isafVaXl] ekjcy ewfrZ;ksa] izsaQp ijÝ;we] 'kSEisu] psd dV&Xykl] phuh crZu] iksfy'k fHkfÙk dkyhu] :lh oksndk] fLol ?kM+h] fczfV'k ikbi] phuh ○ ○ ○ 32 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

flYd] tkikuh ohfM;ks] vesfjdh dEI;wVj] vk;kfrr d'ehjh xyhpk] bVyh] xzhd vkSj felz ds ,afVd ihl] vkcuwlh iQuhZpj] vizQhdh 'ksj dh yVdrh eqaMh curk FkkA mldk ;kuh esjk dejkA eSa blesa dgk gwa] le> ugha ik jgk gwaA Vhoh [kksyrk gwaA bysDVªkfud insZ ij mldk psgjk mHkjrk gSA og cksyrk gS] ^esjs izsr Hkkb;ksa vkSj cguks! vkt x.kra=k fnol gSA ge lcdh eqfDr dk fnol ^gekjs vf/dkjksa dk fnolA [kqneqf[r;kjh* dk fnolA ;g fnol ;kn fnykrk gS fd gesa fo"kerk ls yM+uk gSA va/sjs ls yM+uk gSA 'kks"k.k ls yM+uk gSA gesa cjkcjh dk lekt iSnk djuk gSA ewY;ksa] vkn'kks± dh LFkkiuk djuh gSA ^eSa vkidks fo'okl fnykrk gwa fd esjk izsr&eqfDr vfHk;ku tkjh jgsxkA vkus okys o"kZ esa vkidh ,d pkSFkkbZ tula[;k dks izsr&;ksfu ls eqDr djk;k tk,xkA mUgsa euq"; ;ksfu esa 'kkfey fd;k tk,xkA bl laca/ esa tYnh gh u;k vè;kns'k tkjh fd;k tk,xkA cl vkidh Ñik&o"kkZ eq> ij ,sls gh gksrh jgsA* rkfy;ka- - -rkfy;kaA ^izsrksa ds usrk vej jgs- - -izsrksa ds usrk ftankckn- - -* ukjksa ls vkleku xaqtk;eku gSA mldk Hkk"k.k lekIr gks pqdk gSA lykeh yh tk pqdh gSA og fof'k"Vtuksa dk vfHkoknu Lohdkj djrs gq, viuh dkj esa cSB pqdk gSA mldk dkfiQyk ?kj dh vksj eqM+ pqdk gSA og fdlh {k.k ;gka igqap ldrk gSA vc eq>s ;kn vk jgk gS eSa dSls izsr cuk FkkA ,d jkr eSaA pVkbZ ij ysVk gqvk FkkA liuksa esa xkfiQy FkkA /hjs&/hjs dkWdjksp esjs ftLe ij p<+us yxkA eSa txk Hkh ij eSaus mldh ijokg ugha dhA eSaus lkspk ;g fujhg frypV~Vk gSA blls Hk;Hkhr gksus dh t:jr ugha gSA bls dHkh Hkh elyk tk ldrk gSA esjh ykijokgh us mls p<+us fn;kA og esjh Vkaxksa ds jkLrs mQij p<+kA isV ij jsaxrk gqvk lhus rd igqap x;kA eSa rc Hkh xkfiQyk jgkA eq>esa vkRefo'okl Hkjk gqvk FkkA esjk ;g D;k fcxkM++ ldrk gS\ eSa gj {k.k ;gh lksprk jgkA mlus 'ks"k i`"B 34 ij- - ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

';kelqanj ?kks"k

tkuh u tk; Nikld ek;k fganh 'kCnksa dk Hkh tcko ughaA vaxzsth ds ifCy'kj ds fy, fganh esa izdk'kd 'kCn pyrk gSA ifCy'kj vkSj izdk'kd nksuksa dk dksbZ eqdkcyk ughaA D;k O;atuk] xfjek vkSj mnkÙkrk gS izdk'kd 'kCn esa! ij foMEcuk gS fd fganh ds izdk'kd bl 'kCn dh xfjek dk fuokZg ugha dj jgsA eSa izdk'kd ds cnys Nikld 'kCn dk bLrseky djrk gwaA fganh esa dqN gh bus&xqus&pqus izdk'kd gS ckdh rks lHkh Nikld gSaA fganh Nikldksa dks vktdy ,d chekjh yxh gqbZ gSA cM+h uiQhl chekjh gSA blesa dksbZ d"V ugha gSA ;g vkenuh dk tfj;k gS vkSj chekfj;ksa esa rks ejht dks MkWDVj dks iQhl nsuh iM+rh gS ij fganh Nikldksa dks dksbZ iQhl ugha nsuh iM+rh gS] mYVs os ys[kdksa ls Nikl iQhl olwy djrs gSaA blesa cgqr ls ys[kdksa dk Hkh nks"k gSA eSa ,sls ys[kdksa dks ys[kd ugha isQ[kd dgrk gwaA isQ[kd eryc isQd ys[kd cuk gqvk ys[kdA ;s ys[kd lewg ds jaxs L;kj gksrs gSaA ;s ikaMqfyfi ds lkFk Nikld dks i=ke~&iq"ie~ Hkh HksaV djrs gSaA i=ke~&iq"ie~ HksaV djrs gq, dgrs gSaµ ;g rks ikaMqfyfi dks NiklkFkZ Lohdkj djus dk migkj gSA eSaus ,d ys[kd dks ,slk djrs gq, ik;k rks Vksdk& ca/q ;g D;k djrs gks\ Nius ds igys gh ;g lc\ mlus galdj dgkµ ^odhy dks tc vki dksVZ ekeyk lkSairs gSa rks lc dkxt&i=k i<+us ds fy, iQhl nsrs gSa ;k ugha\ og fcuk iQhl fy, dkxt i<+rk gS D;k\ rks ;g izkjafHkd iwtk gSA eSaus dgkµ rc rks vki ?k`ra rks;a Hkh HksaV djrs gksaxsA D;ksa ugha- - -mUgksaus cM+h cs'kehZ ls dgkA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

bl laca/ esa Nikldksa dk dguk gS tc ys[kd nsrs gSa rks ge D;ksa ugha ysa\ fiQj rks vki ysus ds fy, dbZ&dbZ gFkdaMs viukrs gSaA ys[kd dh ikaMqfyfi ysdj j[k ysrs gSa vkSj dku esa rsy Mkydj lks tkrs gSaA fiQj ys[kd ;fn dku esa iqQVsjh Mkys] rks ge tx Hkh tkrs gSaA mUgksaus csg;k;h ls dgkA ge rks lkgc /a/k djrs gSaA /a/s esa lc pyrk gSA dg dj mUgksaus da/k mpdk;kA eSaus ik;k fd ;gak rks Nikld txr esa fdrus fpdus ?kM+s iM+s gSaA vki dqN dgdj yhft, bu ij vlj iM+us okyk ugha gSA vc rks vki yksx LFkkfir ys[kdksa ls Hkh iSls ekaxus yxs gSaA ge ekaxrs ughaA gels ekaxus dks dgk tkrk gSA dkSu dgrk gS ,slk\ ○ ○ ○ 33 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

gekjs lkfgR; lykgdkj- - os Hkh rks ys[kd gh gksrs gSaA os D;ksa dgrs gSa ,slk\ D;ksafd blls mudk Hkh Hkyk gksrk gSA igyk i=ke&iq"ie~ mUgha dks feyrk gSA rks vki ,sls lykgdkj D;ksa j[krs gSa\ j[kus dks rks nwljksa dks j[k ysaxs ij bu cspkjksa dk D;k gksxk\ rks vki budks viuk vkStkj cukrs gSa\ ge cukrs ugha ;s [kqn curs gSa- - ,d gh FkSyh ds pV~Vs&cV~Vs gSa vki yksx- - vc tks dg yhft,A ysfdu ,d ckr gS] ge yksx ;g lc cgqr ^fouksn Hkko* ls djrs gSaA lef>;s fd gekjk utfj;k ;g gksrk gS] yxs rks rhj] ugha rks rqDdkA tks ns nsrs gSa] ys ysrs gSa] vkHkkj ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

ekudj ;g dg dj fd vkius lg;ksx fd;k] ge 'kqozQ xqtkj gSaA vc dksf'k'k djsaxs fd vkidh fdrkc tYn fudy tk,- - vc Hkh vki ^dksf'k'k djsaxs* gh dgrs gSa\ D;k djsa lkgcA gekjk <ax gh ,slk gSA vkils rks bruk dg&crk jgs gSaA ugha rks ;g lc rks VªsM lhØsV gS- - -[kqyklk djus dk ugha gSA blls uqdlku gksrk gSA ,sls nfj;kfny ys[kd vki yksxksa dks nfyn~nj izdk'kd dgrs gSa- - dgus esa dqN gtZ ugha gSA os gekjk nfyíj nwj djrs jgsa] rks gesa lc Lohdkj gSA- - -ys[kd dks vki vkSj dSls&dSls Bxrs gSa\ fudkfy;s lkS dk uksV- - lkS dk uksV\ fdlfy,\ blfy, fd vki eq>ls cgqr dqN mxyok pqds gSa- - blds fy, iSls\ D;ksa\ fdl ckr ds iSls ugha yxrs\ fcuk iSls fn, dqN gksrk gS D;k\ pfy, vkidk eq> ij m/kj jgkA vkxs crkb,A rks vki ,d FkEl&vi eaxkb;s de ls de- - FkEl&vi\ D;k ;g vkidk cgqr fiz; is; gS\ pfy, vkids fy, ,d FkEl&vi eaxok ysrs gSa\ FkEl&vi vk x;k rks mUgksaus mls vius LdwVj dh fMDdh esa j[k fy;k- - ;g D;k\ vkius rks bls fMDdh esa j[k fy;k\ eSa rks le>s gq, Fkk fd vki fi,axs- - ;fn ihuh gksrh rks D;k nks ugha eaxokrk\ nks eaxokrs\ og D;ksa\ ,d vkids fy,] vkSj ,d vius fy,- - rks ;g ,d fdlds fy, gS\ vki Hkkuqizrki th dks rks tkurs gksaxs- - ogh tks izfl¼ dFkkdkj gSa- - gka] oghA vkius rks mudh dbZ fdrkcsa Nkih

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

gSaA os rks cgqr yksdfiz; ys[kd gSa- - -rks D;k ;g FkEl&vi mUgha ds fy, gS\ fcYdqy Bhd le>s vki- - vthc <ax gS vkidk\ vius fiz; ys[kd ds fy, ,d FkEl&vi\ vkSj dqN ugha\ vkSj og Hkh vius iSls ls ugha- - eku x,A HkbZ okg- - vHkh dgkaA ekusaxs rks vki ckn esa - - - [kqyklk gksus ijA [kqyklk gksus ij\ D;k eryc\ dqN ?kiyk gS D;k\ gka lkgc] Hkkuq izrki th cgqr fnuksa ls jk;YVh dk fglkc djus dks dg jgs gSa] Hkqxrku dh ckr Hkh djrs gSa- - rks dj nhft,A vkius rks mudh nks fdrkcsa Nkih gSaA os dkiQh fcd jgh gSaA exj eSaus muls fdrkcsa Nkius ds fy, iSls ugha fy, FksA os rks LFkkfir ys[kd gSa\ os vkidks iSls D;ksa nsrs\ pfy,] mUgsa ugha nsuk Fkk] ugha fn;kA fiQj eq>ls D;ksa ekaxrs gSa\- - vki muds Nikld gS]a mudh fdrkcsa Nkih gSaA fdrkcsa fcdrh gSaA vkidks mUgsa iSls nsus pkfg,A blfy, vkils ;g FkEl&vi eaxok;k gSa- - rks D;k vki ,d FkEl&vi nsdj mUgsa larq"V djuk pkgrs gSa\ vki cM+s Hkksys gSaA vius dks ys[kd vkSj ys[kd dk laxh&lkFkh dgrs gSaA ij dqN tkurs&le>rs ughaA rks vki le>k dj dfg, u\ ;g FkEl&vi muds ihus ds fy, ugha Hkstwaxk- - rks fdlfy, Hkstsaxs\ vki vc Hkh ugha le>s\ /U; gSa vki! ;g ,d ladsr gSA vc eSa le>kA fdruk ?kqVk gqvk gS ;g 'k['kA rks vki mUgsa vaxBw k fn[kk jgs gSAa vaxwBk ugha] FkEl&viA os f[ky& f[kykdj gal iM+sA eSaus lkspk fdrus 'kkfrj exjePN yksx iM+s gSa Nikl&txr esaA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Ωraojk] xksM~Mk&814133 >kj[kaM

34

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

- - - i`"B 32 dk 'ks"k vck/ :i ls viuh fot;&;k=kk tkjh j[khA og da/ksa ij p<+kA xnZu ij jsaxkA fiQj iQVkd ls essjh ukd rd tk igqapkA eSa vc ?kcjk mBkA eSaus vius gkFkksa dks mQij ykus dh yk[k dksf'k'k dhA ij esjs gkFk cksf>y gks x,A vaxqfy;ksa us lkFk nsus ls badkj dj fn;kA eSaus lkspk fd djoVsa ysdj bls eqag ls uhps fxjk nwaA ij og Hkh ugha gqvkA 'kjhj us esjk lkFk ugha fn;kA eSa djoV ugha ys ldkA og uFkquksa rd igqap x;kA eSaus vafre dksf'k'k dhA eSaus lkal dks jksd fy;kA ukd dks Hkhap fy;kA dc rd bl gkyr esa jgrkA esjk ne ?kqVus yxkA lkal ysus ds fy, eSa foo'k gks x;kA tSls gh igyh lkal yh] og [kVkd ls ukd ds }kj ls mQij p<+ x;kA mlus lcls igys esjs fnekx ij geyk cksykA fnekx ds rarqvksa dks fNUu&fHkUu dj fn;kA esjh bafnz;ksa us dke djuk can dj fn;kA eSa 'kjhj ds fdlh Hkh {ks=k esa vius vkns'k ugha Hkst ldrk FkkA mQij ls uhps rd lapkj O;oLFkk vLr&O;Lr gks xbZA esjk fMisaQl flLVe pjejk x;kA og rsth ds lkFk mrjkA fnekx ls vkRek esa igqapkA mlus vkRek dks Nyuh dj fn;kA oSls esjh vkRek dk frypV~Vs ds lkFk dkiQh nsj rd }a} gqvkA vkRek dc rd lkFk nsrh\ frypV~Vs dk gj {ks=k esa dCtk gks pqdk FkkA vc mlds vkns'k ij esjs iSj fgyrs] gkFk mQij mBrs] lkals pyrha] tqcku [kqyrh] fnekx gjdr esa vkrk] 'kCn fudyrs vkSj vka[ksa b/j&m/j ?kwerhaA tc mldk eq> ij laiw.kZ dCtk gks x;k rks mlus vfoyac esjh vkRek dks esjh nsg ls ckgj fudkydj dwM+snku esa isaQd fn;kA tgka eSa izsr&;ksfu dks izkIr gks x;kA vkSj- - -vkSj bl frypV~Vs dks euq"; ;ksfu fey xbZA vc eSa ekuo [kksy esa iquizZos'k ds fy, eqfDr&vuq"Bku dh lksp jgk gwaA frypV~Vs dks esjs bl [krjukd bjkns dh Hkud u yxus ik,] bldh lko/kuh t:j è;ku esa j[kwaxkA [kcj gS] esjs nwljs izsrcaèkq Hkh ,slk gh lksprs gSaA (dkÝdk dh vkRek ls {kek ds lkFk)

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dSyk'k e.Mysdj

oklarh xks"Bh vkSj dfork dk dq"B ;g jpuk eq>s blfy, ilan gS fd ;g lkfgfR;d xksf"B;ksa ij gSA lkfgR; esa xksf"B;ksa dh iqjkru ijaijk gSA ;g ijaijk bruh yksdfiz; gS fd lkfgR; gks ;k u gksA xksf"B;ka t:j gksrh gSaA dbZ ckj rks xkM+h ysV gksus ij prqj dfo jsyos ds eky xksnke esa xksf"B;ka tqVk ysrs gSaA eSaus viuh rjiQ ls dHkh tehu ls tqM+us dh dksf'k'k ugha dhA tehu ls tqM+k ys[kd dSlk gksrk gS] eSa ugha tkurkA gka lquk t:j gS fd ys[kd t+ehu ls tqM+s gksrs gSaA dqN ds ckjs esa ;g tqeyk bruh ckj iz;qDr gksrk gS fd tehu ls tqM+uk mudh etcwjh gks tkrh gSA dqN lgt tqM+ tkrs gSaA vf/dka'k dks fganh vkykspuk dh >wBh vkSj pkiywl Bdqj lqgkrh tehu vkSj vkleku nksuksa ls tksM+ nsrh gSA ys[kd lksprk gS fd tqM+us ds fy, lc gtkjksa ,dM+ tehu iM+h gS rks tqM+ tkvks vius cki dk D;k tkrk gSA le>nkj ys[kd le; jgrs tehu ls tqM+ tkrs gSaA D;k irk dy dksbZ dkyksukbtj vkdj IykV dkV ysaA vkehu!

ml 'kgj esa og dfork dh 'kke FkhA 'kke rks [kSj og oSlh gh Fkh tSlh vkSj 'kkesa "kM+;a=kiwoZd dfork dh 'kke dgk FkkA fuea=k.k i=k esa ,slk gh Nik FkkA ^olar ½rq vkSj dfork dh 'kke* dqN feykdj ;g ,d dkO;xks"Bh dk fuea=k.k Fkk tks fd 'kke esa vk;ksftr Fkh rFkk olar ½rq ds fufeÙk mls vk;ksftr djuk t:jh tSlk FkkA tks yksx dfo&lEesyuksa esa ugha cqyk, tkrs os dkO; xksf"B;ka djrs gSa] rFkk bu xksf"B;ksa esa mlh fdLe dh gjdrs djrs gSa tks dfo&lEesyuksa esa gksrh gSA dkO; xksf"B;ka izk;% nl ckbZ nl ds dejs esa gksrh gSa] ftlesa lkr&vkB LFkkuh; dfo feydj viuh&viuh Mk;fj;ksa esa fy[kh dfork,a i<+rs gSaA bu xksf"B;ksa esa vyx ls dksbZ Jksrk ugha gksrkA xks"Bh esa vkeaf=kr dfo gh Jksrk dh Hkwfedk dk Hkh fuokZg djrs gSaA ;s yksx pwafd ijaijkxr Jksrk ugha gksrs blfy, mUgsa dfork lquus esa cksfj;r gksrh gSA rFkk os viuh ckjh dh izrh{kk djrs jgrs gSaA ;s yksx xks"Bh esa iwjs le; cspSu jgrs gSa rFkk dfork lqukus okys dfo dh rjiQ uiQjr ls ns[krs jgrs gSaA bl rjg ns[kk tk, rks ;s lkjs dfo ,d&nwljs ls uiQjr djrs gSaA dkO; xksf"B;ksa esa izk;% lhfu;j vkSj tesa gq, dfo vkus esa fgpfdpkrs gSaA dkj.k fd bl fdLe dh lSdM+ksa xksf"B;ka os igys gh fuiVk pqds gksrs gSa] rFkk dbZ rjg ds iqjLdkjksa vkSj lEekuksa ls uokts tk pqds gkrs gSaA mUgsa ,slh xks"Bh esa tkdj ^'kke*

[kjkc djuk v[kjrk gSA bUgsa cqykus ds fy, xks"Bh dks muds lEeku esa vk;ksftr djuh gksrh gSA xks"Bh vk;ksftr djus okys nks&rhu fnu igys ls gh ;g izpkfjr djuk 'kq: dj nss gSa fd uxj ds ofj"B dfo iQykus th ds lEeku esa ;g xks"Bh vk;ksftr gSA bl feF;k izpkj ds Hkids esa iQykusth >d ekjdj xks"Bh esa vk tkrs gSaA ftl O;fDr ds ?kj ;g xks"Bh vk;ksftr dh tkrh gS og Hkh dfo gh gksrk gSA rFkk ;fn og lky esa pkj&ikap ckj ,slh xks"Bh vk;ksftr djys rks /hjs&/hjs mldh iRuh Hkh dfork fy[kus yxrh gS] eSa ,sls nks rhu yksxksa dks tkurk gwa ftudh ifRu;ka ?kjsyw xksf"B;ksa ds dkj.k dof;=kh gks xbZA ftl dfo ds ?kj xks"Bh vk;ksftr gksrh gS mls uedhu fcfLdV vkSj pk; vkfn dk bart s ke djuk iM+rk gSA ;g dkO; xksf"B;ksa ds fy, ,d vfyf[kr lafo/ku tSlk gSA ;fn dfo iRuh eaxksM+s cukus esa izoh.k gks rks eaxksM+ksa dh Hkh O;oLFkk gks tkrh gSA xks"Bh esa vk, T;knkrj dfo;ksa dk è;ku eaxksM+ksa cukuh okyh ij jgrk gSA ^HkkHkh th vki fdrus cf<+;k eaxksM+s cukrh gSaµ ^bR;kfnA estcku dfo iRuh ubZ lkM+h igurh gS rFkk cPPkksa dks Hkh ubZ Msªl igukrh gS rkfd dfo yksxksa ij vPNk bEizs'ku fxjsA ^pqUuq iQVkiQV ugk yksµ vkt dkO; xks"Bh gSA* dfoxks"Bh ds 'kq: gksrs ds igys vFkok ckn esa vDlj ?kjsyw fdLe dh ppkZ,a gksrh gSaA cPpksa dh i<+kbZ fy[kkbZ] 'kknh ukSdjh vkfn dks ysdj fpark,a O;Dr

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

35

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

dh tkrh gSaA ^gka th gekjs fcUuw dk ch-bZ gks x;k gSA* th gka fcV~Vh ds fy, neksg esa yM+dk ns[kk gSA vc nsf[k,] D;k gksrk gSA* ;k fiQj ^ueZnk fogkj dkWyksuh esa IykV dV jgs gS]a rqe Hkh ns[k yks uk fxjheksguthA* ;fn xks"Bh ds pkj N% jkst igys fdlh cM+s lkfgR;dkj dk fu/u gks tk, rks mldh Hkh ppkZ gksrh gS tSlsµ ^jke lthou th ugha jgs] cM+k nq[kn fu/u gqvkA* xks"Bh esa ,dk/ dfo ,slk Hkh jgrk gS ftlds jke lthou th ds fudV ds lacaèk jgs gksrs gSaA og jke lthou th ds fuèku dks ysdj vis{kkÑr T;knk mnkl gks tkrk gS rFkk laLej.k lqukus dh eqnzk èkkj.k dj ysrk gSA ckdh ds dfo blfy, mnkl gks tkrs gSa fd muds laca/ jke lthou th ls ugha FksA estcku dfo dk ;g Hkh drZO; gksrk gS fd og xks"Bh dh jiV v[kckjksa esa fHktok,] ftlesa bl ckr dk ftØ gks fd mDr xks"Bh ds dkj.k 'kgj dk lkfgfR;d vkSj lkaLÑfrd okrkoj.k dkiQh lq/jk gS vkSj mldk Js; veqd&veqd dfo;ksa dks tkrk gS ftUgksaus bl xks"Bh esa f'kjdr dhA bl izdkj dh jiV tc v[kckjksa esa Nirh gS rks dfri; dfo mls dkVdj viuh Mk;jh esa fpidk ysrs gSa rkfd oDr t:jr dke vk,A vius 'kgj dh dkO; xksf"B;ksa esa eSa Hkh tkrk gwa ysfdu eSa ½rqvksa ds ekeys esa

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

vukM+h gwaA eq>s olar ½rq dk irk ugha jgk dc vkrh gS] dc pyh tkrh gSA tc ;kj yskx olar ij dfork Bksd jgs gksrs gSa] rc eSa vius ?kj dh Nr ij [kM+s gksdj izk;% ml fn'kk dh vksj ns[krk jgrk gwaA ft/j lwjt Mwcrk gS vFkok Mwcus ds ckjs esea fopkj dj jgk gksrk gSA ,slk eSa fdlh nk'kZfud fook'rk vFkok fopkj eaFku vkfn ds fy, ugha djrk cfYd blfy, djrk gwa fd ml fn'kk dh rjiQ ,d ikW'k dkyksuh fodflr gks jgh gS tgka [kwclwjr caXyksa ds le{k xqyeksgj ds isM+ yxs gSaA bu isM+ksa dks ns[kdj esjk ½rqcks/ tkxzr gksrk gSA ;s xqyeksgj oSls rks i;kZoj.k dh fpark esa yxk, x, gSa ysfdu blesa Hkh ,d cnek'kh gSA chp esa ,d nkSj ,slk vk;k Fkk tc ljdkjh rkSj ij i;kZoj.k dk gYyk epk;k x;kA bl gYys dk urhtk ;g gqvk fd yksxksa us vius ?kj ds lkeus isM+ yxkuk 'kq: dj fn,A isM+ yxkus okyksa us ,slh prqjkbZ fn[kkbZ fd viuh ckmaMªhoky ls yxh gqbZ tks ljdkjh tehu Fkh ml ij xqyeksgj mxkdj cxhpk fodflr dj fy;k vkSj i;kZoj.k ds cgkus lkjh tehu ij vfrØe.k dj fy;kA vc lkjs fnu bu isM+ksa ls yky iwQy Vidrs gSa vkSj ikaoksa d lkjh /jrh xqyeksgj ls Hkj tkrh gSA 'kke esa tc bu ?kjksa dh x`gf.k;ka] 'kkWfiax dkWEIySDl ls [kjhnh xbZ [kwclwjr >kMw ls xqyeksgj ds iwQy lesVrh gS rks ekSle jaxhu gks mBrk gSA nq";ar dqekj us dgk gS fdµ ^th vks rks vius cxhps esa xqyeksgj rys] ejks rks xSj dh xfy;ksa esa xqyeksgj ds fy,A*

ogh okyh ckr fd tks dqN djuk gS xqyeksgj ds fy, djks vkSj bl dk;ZØe dks bruh rch;r ls djks fd D;k xqyeksgu vkSj D;k ljdkjh tehu lc dqN gM+i yksA eSa dkWyksuh ds xqy eksgj ns[kdj dfork djus ds ckjs esa lksprk gwa vkSj olar ½rq fudy tkrh gSA njvly olar ½rq ds dqN LFkkbZ izrhd gSa tks o"kks± ls tuekul esa LFkkfir gks pqds gSaA tSls vkezdqat gksA dks;y cksyrrh gks Vslw iwQy pqds gksa vkSj lkjk okrkoj.k fcuk dqN fd, /js ,dne oYys&oYys Vkbi dk gksA iqjkus dfo bu izrhdksa dks dfork esa ?kqlsM+dj ,sls Nan ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

cukrs Fks fd rch;r ckx&ckx gks tkrh FkhA vc ;s izrhd ugha cps] vkSj cps Hkh gSa rks vius ekSfyd xq.k/eks± dks NksM+ pqds gSa] ysfdu vrhrthoh bUgsa idM+dj cSBs gSaA dchj us dgk gSµ ^[kka[kj Hk, iyk'k* [kka[kj ;kfu fu"i=k vFkkZr daxkyA ge ½rqvksa ds ekeys esa daxky gks pqds gSaA gekjk ½rqcks/ foÙkea=kh ds ctV Hkk"k.k ls fu/kZfjr gksrk gSA xSl ds flys.Mj ds nke c<+ jgs gSa vkSj budeVSDl dVkSrh #dus dk uke ugha ysrhA olar lss jksekap rks gksrk gS ij fpnEcje dh galh Hk;Hkhr dj nsrh gSA cgjgky ftl oklafrd dkO; xks"Bh dk ftØ eSaus mQij fd;k (vkSj gks ldrk gS uhps Hkh d:a) og ,d mtM+s gq, vkezdqat esa vk;ksftr Fkh tks 'kgj ls 10&12 ehy nwj ,d [kafMr iQkeZ gkml ds fudV FkkA bl iQkeZ gkml esa ,d iqjkuk dqavk Fkk tks bruk xgjk Fkk fd >kadus okys dks vkRegR;k ds fy, izsfjr djrk FkkA vkezdqat esa rhu pkj vke ds iqjkus isM+ yxs Fks ftuds iÙkksa ls Hkqrgk [kM+[kM+kgV gksrh FkhA bu >kM+ksa ij dqN pexknM+ yVddj olar dh vxokuh dj jgs FksaA ge pkj&ikap dfo Fks] tks dq"B mUewyu okyh thi esa cSBdj bl xks"Bh esa 'kkfey gq,A dq"B mUewyu okyh thi MkW/wedsrq dh Fkh] os Hkh dfo Fks vkSj fpfdRlk foHkkx ls tqM+s Fks rFkk fiQygky dq"B mUewyu dk dke ns[k jgs FksA ysfdu ns[kk tk, rks mUgsa dq"B mUewyu esa dksbZ :fp ugha FkhA os dq"B jksxh dks ns[kuk Hkh ilan ugha djrs FksA ysfdu ;fn mUgsa dksbZ laqanj&lh dof;=kh fn[k tk, rks os thi lfgr mlds ihNs yx tkrs FksA MkW- /wedsrq dh leL;k ;g gS fd mudh iRuh iQkjsLV foHkkx esa inLFk gS vkSj 'kgj ds lkB&lÙkj fd-eh- nwj ,d NksVs ls dLcs esa fLFkr jsat vkWfiQl esa ukSdjh djrh gSA fe=k dh bPNk gS fd iRuh dk rcknyk blh 'kgj esa gks tk,A ysfdu bPNk ls dqN ugha gksrkA olar ½rq vkrh vkSj pqipki pyh tkrh D;ksafd ifr vkSj iRuh ds chp iz'kklu vkSj jktuhfr dh bruh yach xVj gS fd mls yka?k ikuk eqf'dy gks jgk gSA okLrfod dkO; xks"Bh bl xVj ij dfork dk lsrq cukus ds fy, ○ ○ ○ 36 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

vk;ksftr dh xbZ FkhA xks"Bh ftuds eq[; vkfrF; es gksuh Fkh] mudk uke lqjkuk FkkA os dfo vkSj fopkjd rks [kSj Fks gh] vly ckr ;g Fkh fd os eksgdek&,&taxykr vFkkZr iQkjsLV foHkkx esa vkyk vkfiQlj FksA mUgksaus xks"Bh dk eq[; vkfrF; Lohdkj djds ge lcdks ÑrkFkZ fd;k FkkA og dsoy dkO; xks"Bh gh ugha cfYd fopkj xks"Bh Hkh Fkh] ftldk fo"k; Fkk] lkfgR; esa tuO;kih Lo:i ij cktkj dk gLr{ksiA bl fo"k; ij vusd fo}kuksa us vius fopkj j[ksaA ,d fo}ku us dgk fd lkfgR; dk bl dnj cktkjhdj.k gks jgk gS fd dfork fy[kus ds ctk, dfo dks pkV dk Bsyk yxk ysuk pkfg, D;ksafd pkV ds Bsys dk lcls cM+k iQk;nk ;g gksrk gS fd mlls gktek nqjLr gks tkrk gS tksfd dfork ls gfxZt laHko ugha gSA ,d vU; fo}ku us crk;k fd] cktkj gekjs ?kjksa esa ?kql jgk gS tcfd ?kjksa esa lkfgR; vkSj laLÑfr vkfn dks ?kqluk rks cgjgky Bhd gS ij vktdy ekSds dk iQk;nk mBkdj dqN lkfgR;dkj Hkh yksxksa ds ?kjksa esa ?kql tkrs gSa tks fd Bhd ugha gSA lqjkuk th ds fopkjksa dks lc yksxksa us dkiQh xaHkhjrk ls fy;kA muds fopkjksa esa ,d vthc&lk chgM+ Fkk vkSj dforkvksa esa ml taxy dk lwukiu Fkk] ftl taxy ds os vf/dkjh dgs tkrs FksA gfj;kyh muds dkO; xks"Bh ds mijkar lqjkukth ds lEeku esa ,d vkSj xks"Bh gqbZ ftldk lacaèk [kkus&ihus ls FkkA [kkus esa eqxZs Fks vkSj ihus ds fy, egq, dh ns'kh 'kjkc tks lqjkuk th dks 'kq: ls ialn FkhA iQkeZ gkml dh [kafMr nhokjksa ij olar mrj jgk Fkk blh nkSjku xks"Bh ds izeq[k vk;kstd MkW- /wedsrq us viuh iRuh dh fou; if=kdk lqjkukth ds lkeus izLrqr dj nhA ftls mUgksaus Lohdkj fd;k vkSj gÝrsHkj esea ^HkkHkh th dk dke gksus tkus dk vk'oklu ns fn;kA olar xks"Bh fufoZ?u laiUu gks pqdh Fkh vkSj vke ds >kM+ ij mYVs yVds gq, pexknM+ fpafp;kus yxs FksA ge dq"B mUewyu dh thi esa cSBdj okil ykSV jgs FksA 38 ukdk tlokM+ jksM] [kaMok ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

tokgj pkS/jh

dkejsM dh yaxksV oks dkejsM gSa ;k ugha gSa bl eqn~ns ij fo}kuksa vkSj tkudkjksa esa yacs le; ls erHksn pys vk jgs gSaA ysfdu ckotwn erHksnksa vkSj fojks/ksa ds tSls reke phtsa cuh jgrha gSa oSls gh mudh dkejsfM;r cuh gqbZ gSA vc cuh gqbZ gS rks cuh gqbZ gS] lSadM+ksa dh cuh jgrh gSA dksbZ ubZ ckr rks gS ugh fd ehfM;k ds isV esa ejksM iM+sA vius ;gka jktk gS] dksbZ jktdqekj gS rks dksbZ fizal iqdkjk tkrk gS ysfdu D;k dksbZ mudk [kkunku [kaxkyrk gS! cgjgky] vki Hkh gekjs dkejsM dks dkejsM gh eku ysa] blesa vkidk Hkh dqN ugha tk,xk vkSj esjk HkhA gka rks dkejsM dks vpkud vesfjdk tkus dk ekSdk fey x;kA oSls dkejsM dHkh [kq'k gksrs ugha gSa ysfdu os gq,] cksys ns'k us vc dkiQh rjDdh dj yh gS vkSj dkejsM+ksa rd dks ekSds feyus yxsaxsA gesa bartkj djuk pkfg,A vesfjdk xjhch ls Hkys gh fp<+rk gks ij xjhcksa ls ughaA mls irk gS fd xjhc lcls vPNh iztk gksrs gSa ;ksa ns[kk tk, rks muesa cksyus dh rkdr ugha gksrh] ysfdu cksyuk iM+s rks ^vUunkrk dh t; gks] ekbZ&cki vej jgsa] xkWM lso n fdax* oxSjg gh cksyrs gSa] vkSj cgqr vPNs ls cksyrs gSaA blhfy, vesfjdk nqfu;kHkj ds xjhcksa dh enn djrk gSA ,d jLlkd'kh&lh py jgh gS] nqfu;k Hkj ds yksx vesfjdk esa ?kqluk pkgrs gSa vkSj vesfjdk iwjh nqfu;k esaA vf/d liQyrk vesfjdk dks gh fey jgh gSA vki yksx Hkh dgksxs fd vesfjdk dh gkWds tk jgk gS! ckr rks dkejsM dh gks jgh FkhA rks HkbZ;k] dkejsM cksys] ^;kj crkuk er fdlh dks] vesfjdk tkus dks fey jgk gSA- - -vesfjdk ds lius jkst vkrs gSa ij tkus ds ekSds ckj&ckj ugha vkrs gSaA- -;w uks- - -A ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

^nknk ;s gqvk dSls\* ftls Hkh ekSdk feyrk gS mlls ;gh iwNus dk pyu gSA ^Hkxoku us lqu yh ;kj- - -le>ks HkkX; ls Nhadk VwV iM+kA* dkejsM us tsc esa j[kh Mk;jh ls Hkxoku dk fp=k fudkydj ekFks ij yxkrs gq, dgkA ^ysfdu vesfjdk dks rks ge yksx dkslrs gSa! fo'o dk xq.Mk] nqfu;k dk nknk] Xykscy pkS/jh oxSjg- - -!* geus iQVh vka[kksa ls mUgsa ns[krs gq, iwNkA ^dgus dk D;k gS ;kj!- - -dgrs rks ge Hkxoku dks Hkh gSa ysfdu dksbZ ns[k ugh jgk gks rc eafnj Hkh tkrs gSa iwjh J¼k lsA nwljs 'kgj tkdj ;K&vuq"Bku lc djokrs gh gSa- - -fiQj vesfjdk dks ysdj D;k gS! ^dkejsM us iÙks [kksysA ^izfrc¼rk- - -! izfrc¼rk czãpkjh dh yky yaxksV gS ftls jkstkuk /ksdj ckgj jLlh ij lq[kkuk dkiQh gS rkfd yksx ns[k ysa vkSj eku ysa fd cank czãpkjh ;kuh izfrc¼ gSA lalkj esa ekuk tkuk egRoiw.kZ gS] gksuk ughaA tks ekus tkrs gSa ogh egku gksrs gSa] tks fliZQ gksrs gSa mudk uke uxj fuxe ds tUe&e`R;q jftLVj ds vykok dgha ntZ ugha gksrk gSA* ^;s D;k dg jgs gks dkejsM!- - -pyks ekuk- - -ysfdu rqEgsa irk gS oks yksx fgUnqLrkfu;ksa dks ,;jiksVZ ij gh uaxk djds ns[krs gSa- - -!* dkejsM dh nyhyksa ls ge pkSd jgs FksA ^uaxk djds ns[krs gSa\* bl ckj dkejsM tjk&lk xaHkhj gq,A ^ns[ksaxs D;k- - -'kk;n yaxksV ghA- - oks Hkh lquk gS mrjk ysrs gSaA* ^fiQj rks dksbZ fnDdr ugha gS- - yaxksV rks eSa ;gha NksM+ tkus okyk gwa ckgj jLlh ij lw[krh gqbZ- - -oSls Hkh ogka yaxksV dk D;k dkeA* ^gS D;ksa ugha! yaxksV vesfjdk dk ○ ○ ○ 37 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

jk"Vªh; ifj/ku gSA ogka vkneh&vkSjrksa tks igurs gSa oks yaxksV ls cM+k 'kk;n gh gksrk gSA* ^dUÝ;wt er djks ;kj] oks mudh yaxksV gS- - -izxfr dh yaxksVA gekjh yaxksV gekjh gS] izfrc¼rk dh yky yaxksVA tc >.Mksa dh deh iM+rh gS rks ge budk Hkh bLrseky djrs gSaA* dkejsM us yxHkx MkaVrs gq, tokc fn;kA ^lquk gS oks gj fgUnqLrkuh dks ,Dljs e'khu ds vkxs Hkh [kM+k djrs gSaA* ^rks D;k gqvk ;kj!- - -xjhc ns'k ls dksbZ vkrk gS rks ;g ns[kuk t:jh gks tkrk gS fd dgha Vhch&bZch okyk rks ugha gSA* ^oks ;s ns[krs gSa fd blds isV esa D;k gS- - -A* ^fiQj rks Hkw[k ns[krs gksaxs- - -vehjksa ds ns'k esa tkvks rks ges'kk [kk&ihdj tkuk pkfg,A* ^gekjs ea=kh rks Hkjs isV gkssrs gSa- - -mUgsa Hkh uaxk djrs gSa] ,Dljs gksrk gSA* ^mUgsa ea=khth] - - -cky dh [kky er fudkfy,A lkjs ea=kh cqjs ugha gksrs gSa dqN ekSdk nsus okys Hkh gksrs gSaA* ^vPNk dkejsM] vkidh nk<+h dk D;k gksxk\* ^ogha tks yaxksV dk gksxk- - -mls Hkh ;gha NksM+ tkmaxk- - -MLVfcu esaA* ,d fnu dkejsM lpeqp pys x,A lquk gS vius lkFk lwV&VkbZ] ijÝ;we] ikmMj&ozQhe] 'ksfoax fdV] dqN vk;qosZfnd uqL[ks vkSj LFkkuh; m|ksxifr;ksa }kjk fn, x, MkylZ ys x, gSaA ?kj ds ckgj jLlh ij mudk lw[kk gqvk yky yaxksV yxkrkj lw[k jgk gSA 16 dkS'kY;kiqjh] fprkon jksM bankjS &452001

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Jo.k dqekj meZfy;k

,d vkSj dhpM+thoh igys cM+s lkgc dks ge lc bUlkuh uLy dk le>rs Fks] ij tc mudh uLy ds ckjs esa dksbZ 'kd ugha jg x;k gsSA cgqr fnuksa rd os viuh vlyh uLy dks bUlkuh [kksy esa fNik, gq, FksA xgu Nkuchu] foLr`r vUos"k.k vkSj okafNr frdM+eksa ds ckn ge yksx mudh uSlfxZd uLy dks muds [kksy ls ckgj fudkyus esa lQy gq, gSaA 'kq:&'kq: esa tc cM+s lkgc vk, Fks rks fu[kkfyl bUlkuh uLy ds yxrs FksA cgqr galeq[k] feyulkj vkSj ges'kk nwljks dh enn dks rRijA tc os nÝrj ds vgkrss esa izos'k djrs] rks xkM+h ls mrjus ds ckn FkksM+h nsj bartkj djrsA fiQj os pkjksa vksj viuh d`ikn`f"V Mky dj iwjs okrkoj.k dks d`rkFkZ djrs tSls dksbZ lar viuh vk'kh"k yqVk jgk gksA rc rd nks flD;qfjVhxkMZ Hkkxrs gq, vkrs vkSj mUgsa yEck lyke Bksadrs gq, muds vxy cxy [kM+s gks tkrsA [kkdh oknhZ okys vkl ikl gksa rks muls f?kjk gqvk l[l oSls gh efgekeafMr gks tkrk gSA gekjs cM+s lkgc Hkh nks flD;qfjVh xkMksZ dh [kkM+h efgek ykns nÝrj dh vksj py iM+rsA nwj ls ns[kus ij ,slk yxrk tSls nks iqfyl okys fdlh vijk/h dks idM+s fy, tk jgs gksaA vius nÝrj esa igaqprs gh os yksxksa dks viuh efgek ds <sys ejuk 'kq: dj nsrsA ,slk yxus yxrk tSls va/ksa esa dkuk jktk vk x;k gksA viuh efgek ls vkrafdr djus ds fy, os tksj&tksj ls eksckby ;k iQksu ij ckrsa djrs rkfd vkl&ikl mifLFkr yksx lqu ldsaA iQksu ij buds okrkZyki dks lu dj dbZ vuqeku yxk, tkrsA dksbZ dgrk& ^;kj] cM+s lkgc brus cM+s&cM+s yksxks ls ckrs djrs jgrs gSaA yxrk gS tSls buds lq>ko ds fcuk yksx Nhadrs Hkh ugha* nwljk dgrk& ^gk ;kj! eq>s rks vc yxus yxk gS tSls Hkkjro"kZ Hkh gekjs cM+s lkgc

ds ekxZn'kZu esa ÅnoZZxeu dj jgk gSA* rhljk dgrk& ^eq>s rks] ;kj ;s dksbZ izkiVhZ Mhyj ls yxrs gSa tks gj le; iQksu ij dksbZ u dksbZ lkSnk djrs jgrs gSaA* pkSFkk dgrk& ^dqN Hkh dgks] nksLrks] ij eq>s rks ;s ,d l/ks gq, nyky ls yxrs gSsaA vudk psgjk] gkoHkko vkSj ;gka rd fd budh vknrsa Hkh deh'ku&,tsaV tSlh yxrh gSA* ikapok dgrk& ^Hkkb;ks] eq>s rks ;s dksbZ yiQkfM+;k ls yxrs gSa tks b/j dh m/j vkSj m/j dh b/j djrs jgrs gSaA cM+h liQkbZ ls bUgks a u s viuh cs b Z e kuh ij bZeku&èkje dk dop p<+k j[kk gSA* cM+s lkgc dh efgek ls vkrafdr lHkh ekrgr Hkhrj gh Hkhrj mkudh vlfy;r dks VVksyrs jgrs] ij nÝrj dh vkpkj lafgrk ds vuqlkj lkeus lkgc dh pkiywlh djrs& ^vki fdruk cks> vius da/ksa ij mBk, gq, gSa] lj bruk cks> rks cks> mBkus okyk izk.kh Hkh ugha mBk ldrkA vki /kU; gSa] ljth!* lqu dj cM+s lkgc xn~xn~ gksrs vkSj tqeyk mNkyrs& ^vHkh vki yksx gesa tkurs ugha gSaA* dqN vkSj efgek ds dhVk.kq mudh dk;k ls fpid tkrsA pepkfxjh esa ikjaxr ekrgr lkgcth dks lk"Vkax n.Mor djrs gq, rkjhiQksa ds iqy cka/rs& ^vkidh izk.k 'kfDr fdruh izcy gS] ljth! lwa?kkdj gh crk nsrs gSa fd leL;k D;k gS vkSj mldk funku D;k gSA bl ekeys esa rks vkius ml izk.kh dks Hkh ekr dj fn;k gS ftlds lq?a kus dh {kerk dks mi;ksx iqfylokys Hkh djrs gSaA vki tSlh egku izfrHkk dks gekjk ueu gS] ljth!* ,sls d.kZfiz; opu Jo.k dj cM+s lkgc [kq'kh ls Nydrs gq, dgrs& ^vHkh yksx gesa tkurs gh fdruk gS\* dqN vkSj efgek ds dkWdjksp muds fuUnuh; vfLrRo ij jsaxus yxrsA nksxyh izo`fÙk dh tUetkr izfrHkk ds ekfyd ekrgr lkgc dh iznkf{k.kk dj Lrqfr

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

38

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

djrs& ^lkgc th] vkids lkFk dke djrs gq, ge rks d`rkFkZ gks x,A fdruh ljyrk vkSj lgtrk Vidrh gS vkids psgjs ls fd yxrk gh ugha fd Ny] diV vkSj iziap ls vkidk nwj&nwj rd Hkh dksbZ laca/k gksxkA bruh liQkbZ ls rks og pkSik;k Hkh [kqn dks ugha fNik ldrk] gkykafd yksx mls ^jaxk gqvk gksf'k;kj dgrs gSaA* xn~xn~ gksrs gq, lkgcth xoZ ls dg mBrs& ^vHkh vki yksxksa dh dqfBr cqf¼ us eq>s le>k gh fdruk gS\* dgdj os vius Åij efgek dh fNify;ksa vkSj cM+Iiu ds pexknM+ksa dks p<+k ysrsA /qrZrk ds xq.kksa ls ljkcksj lgdehZ cM+s lkgc dh iz'kalk esa dlhns i<+rs& ^gqtqj] oUnkijoj] vkids xq.kksa ds rks ge dk;y gSa] ftuds lkeus bl v{kj lalkj ds lHkh nqxqZ.k Hkh 'kjek tk,aA vki cM+h fouezrk ls Lohdkj djrs gSa vkSj izk;% dgrs Hkh jgrs gSa fd ^eks le dkSu dqfVy] [ky] vkSj dkeh vksgns esa vkils cgqr NksVs gSaA lk/kqokn gS vkidh bl izfrHkk dks!* cM+s lkgc LokfHkeku ls Hkjdj dgrs& ^vHkh vki yksxksa dh dh Nqnz le> us eq>s vktek;k gh fdruk gS\ vHkh vki yksx gesa tkurs ugha gSaA* dgdj os xfjek ds fo"k/kj vkSj LoukeèkU; [kqnkbZ ds ukx vius vkLrhu esa iky ysrsA bl rjg dqN gh fnuksa esa cM+s lkgc us vius Åij cgqr lkjs efgek:ih fx¼ksa dks LFkkfir dj fy;k] rks nÝrj esa dqN yksxksa dks os fx¼ pqHkus yxsA mu yksxksa us ,d fx¼&mUewyu lHkk dh] ftlesa ,d us dgkµ ^nksLrks] vHkh vki yksx gesa tkurs ugha gSaA* dg&dgdj bl uj&dadky us gekjh vkRekvksa dks idk Mkyk gSA vkf[kj ;g pht+ D;k gS] ;kjks\* tydj [kkd gksrs gq, ,d nwljs us dgkµ ^gka lkfFk;ks ] yxrk gS tS l s tUe&tUekarjksa ls ;g ujfi'kkp gekjh Nkfr;ksa

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

esa lkai dh rjg yksV jgk gSA gesa dqN u dqN djuk gh pkfg, rkfd bl ujfi'kkp dk fi.Mnku fd;k tk ldsA* ,d vuqHkoh cqtqxZ us lykg nhµ ^HksfM+, dh dkjxqtkfj;ksa dk irk yxkus ds fy, gesa taxy dh [kkd Nkuuh iM+sxhA blfy, [kqjkiQkrh fnekx okys yksxksa dk ,d [kksth nLrk cukuk iM+sxkA tSlk fd iqjkus t+ekus esa gksrk Fkk] bl nLrs ds lnL; pkjksa fn'kkvksa esa pys tk,axs vkSj ,d eghus ckn lHkh viuh fjiksVZ is'k djsaxsA* bl rjg cM+s lkgc dh efgek ds phjgj.k ds fy, dq'ky nq'kkluksa dk ny pkjksa fn'kkvksa esa iSQy x;kA xgu Nkuchu ds ckn ,d eghus ckn tks fjiksVs± nh xb±] mudk ys[kk tks[kk dqN bl rjg gSµ fjiksVZ la[;k&1 % ^lqcg cPpksa dks Ldwy tkus ds fy, rS;kj djrk gS] viuh gh efgek ds uhps nck gqvk ;g balkuA cPpksa dk uk'rk&ikuh rS;kj dj mUgsa Ldwy rd NksM+us tkrk gSA fiQj rS;kj gksdj viuh choh ds fcLrj NksM+us ls igys ?kj NksM+ nsrk gSA irk ;g pyk gS fd bldh choh us bldks funsZ'k ns j[kk gS] ftlds rgr ukSdjkuh ds ?kj esa ?kqlus ls igys bls fdlh Hkh gkyr esa ?kj NksM+ nsuk pkfg,A dgrs gSa fd ukSdjkuh dks ns[krs gh ;g Hkh mlh uLy dk cu tkrk gSA dbZ ckj ;g bl otg ls fiV Hkh pqdk gSA nsj jkr ;g pksjksa dh rjg eqgYys esa ?kqlrk gS vkSj dqÙks bl ij Hkwadrs gSa] bls jxsnrs gSa] irk ugha D;ksa] dqÙks bls ns[krs gh viuk vkik [kks cSBrs gSaA vius gh ?kj esa ;g efgek'kkyh ,sls ?kqlrk gS tSls iwjs eqgYysokyksa ls blus dtZ ys j[kk gksA* fjiksVZ la[;k&2 % ^lqcg lk<+s lkr cts rd ;g [kkunkuh [kkulkes dh rjg egkefge ds ?kj igqap tkrk gSA blds bartkj esa egkefge dku ij tusmQ p<+k, vkSj vius isV ij gkFk isQjrs gq, b/j ls m/j ijs'kku ls HkVdrs jgrs gSaA bls ns[krs gh egkefge laMkl esa ?kql tkrs gSaA ;g laMkl ds ckgj izrh{kk djrk gSA FkksM+h nsj ckn vius psgjs ij r`fIr fy, egkefge ckgj fudyrs gSa ;g rqjar laMkl esa ?kqldj Ýy'k pykrk gS vkSj liQkbZ djrk gSA ckgj ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fudydj egkefge ls iwNrk gSµ ^lj th! uk'rs es D;k ysaxs\* egkefge tokc nsrs gSaµ ^vjs cM+cksax] ge uk'rs esa uk'rk ysaxs] vkSj D;k! cqM+cd dgha dkA* dgdj os ^gks! gks!! gks!!!* galus yxrs gSaA ;g >sairk gqvk efgek dk ,izu igudj fdpsu esa ?kql tkrk gSA blds gkFkksa dk cuk uk'rk dj r`Ir gksus ds ckn egkefge izlUurk O;Dr djrs gSaµ ^bruk cf<+;k iko&Hkkth cukuk dgka ls lh[kk js] cqM+cd\* ;g fugky gksdj muds }kjk dh xbZ iz'kalk dh efgek vks<+dj fof'k"V cu tkrk gSA ;g bruh nwj&n`f"V okyk gS fd laMkl ds jklrs egkefge ls efgek cVksj jgk gSA egkefge Hkh bl ij brus esgjcku gSa fd bls ns[ks fcuk mudks gktr dh t:jr gh eglwl ugha gksrhA lquk gS dkUlfjis'ku ds fnuksa esa egkefge bldh rLohj ysdj laMkle; gksrs gSaA* fjiksVZ la[;k 3 % ^NksVs egkefge dh Ñikn`f"V izkIr djus ds fy, ;g cM+s egkefge ds ?kj ls fudydj lh/k lCth cktkj tkrk gSA lCth ykdj NksVs egkefge dh Mk<+h cukrk gS] muds 'kjhj esa rsy dh ekfy'k djrk gS vkSj vius pkiywlh ,oa pqxy[kksjh ds xq.kksa dk lnqi;ksx dj muds dku Hkjrk gSA ogka twrs ikWfy'k djus ls ysdj NksVs egkefge ds dqÙks dks ikWVh djkus rd dk lHkh dke ;g iwjh bZekunkjh ls djrk gSA dHkh&dHkh rks ;g [kqn Hkh mudk nwljk dqÙkk yxus yxrk gSA bl rjg blus NksVs egkefge ds ryqos pkV pkVdj efgek cVksjh gSA ;g dgrk fiQjrk gS fd NksVs egkefge blls cgqr I;kj djrs gSaA ;g lgh dgrk gSA tc NksVs egkefge vius dqÙks ls I;kj dj ldrs gSa rks muds ryqos pkVus okyk ;g rks ,d balku gSA* fjiksVZ la[;k 4 % ^fnu ds ckdh fgLlksa esa nÝrj vkSj nÝrj ls ckgj ;g dbZ jksy fuHkkrk gSA viQlj'kkgh ds jaxeap ij ;g dHkh nyky cu tkrk gS rks dHkh deh'ku&,tsaVA dHkh tksM+&rksM+ dk uk;d rks dHkh lkB&xkaB dk la;kstdA dHkh dehusiu dk izfrfuf/ rks dHkh uhprk dk iFk&izn'kZdA dgrs gSa fd ftruh Hkh lkSns ○ ○ 39 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

ckft;ka gksrh gSa mudk ;g elhgk gSA nÝrj&ra=k esa ftruh Hkh fj'or[kksfj;ka gksrh gSa mudk ;g firkey le>k tkrk gSA ;g bruk fl¼gLr gS fd cM+h&cM+h Mhys djokrk gS vkSj Mdkj rd ugha ysrkA dbZ yksxksa us rks ?kwl ysus ds fy, bls viuk izfrfuf/ fu;qDr dj j[kk gSA deks± dh rks ckr gh D;k] dksbZ dqdeZ Hkh blls ugha NwVs gSaA blus uhps fxjus ds tks Hkh ekinaM LFkkfir fd, gSa] mUgsa dksbZ Nw Hkh ugha ldrkA bldh [;kfr lqudj lkjs HksfM+, viuh&viuh ekanksa esa fNi x, gSa vkSj lkjs fl;kj taxy Hkkx x, gSAa bl rjg uhprk] diV] /wrrZ k] dehusiu] uaxsiu vkS jgj rjg ds ekU; Hkz"V vkpj.k ds }kjk blus Lo;a dks efgekeafMr fd;k gSA* ;s lkjh fjiksVs± xqIr :i ls lkoZtfud dj nh xb± rks yksxksa dh fHkUu&fHkUu izfrfØ;k,a lkeus vkb±A µ ^;kjks] ;g rks cgqr cM+k tkylkt fudykA ekSdk yxs rks ;g vius cki dks Hkh csp [kk,A* µ ^[kqn dks blus bruk uhps fxjk fy;k gS fd vc vkSj uhps fxjus dh xqatkb'k gh ugha gSA* µ ^bl egku ns'k esa ;g Hkz"Vkpkj dh vkSyknksa dk izfrfuf/Ro djrk lk eglwl gksrk gSA* µ ^lkfFk;ks] blus dehusiu dh ftu maQpkb;ksa dks Nqvk gS] mls dksbZ vkSj ik Hkh ugha ldrkA* µ ^nksLrks] bls ns[kdj ,slk yxrk gS tSls balkuh ftLe esa ,d dhpM+thoh jg jgk gksA* ftrus eqag] mruh ckrsa] ij cM+s lkgc ?kk?k gSa] cs'keZ gSa vkSj uXurk ds vkoj.k esa [kqn dks yisVs gq, gSaA os vc Hkh dgus ls ugha pwdrsµ ^vHkh vki yksx gesa tkurs gh ugha gSaA* ,sls le; esa lHkh ekrgr leosr Lojksa esa fpYyk iM+rs gSaµ ^ge vkidks tc cgqr vPNh rjg ls tku x, gSa] ljth!* Jo.k dqekj meZfy;k 19@207] f'koe~ [kaM olqU/kjk xkft;kckn & 201012

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lwjt izdk'k

dSls feyrh Fkh 'kjkc vgenkckn esa eSa 1989 ls 1995 yxHkx 75 eghus vgenkckn esa jgkA T;knkrj vdsys gh jguk gqvkA cs'kd eSa ml ek;us esa fi;DdM+ ;k 'kjkch ugha ekuk tk ldrk ftl ek;us esa ;kj yksx fey cSBrs gh cksrysa [kksy dj cSB tkrs gSaA eSa Bgjk 9 ls 5 okyh ukSdjh okyk cank blfy, eqacbZ esa vkB cjl fcrkus ds ckn vkSj mlls igys gSnjkckn vkSj fnYyh esa dbZ cjl vdsys jgus ds ckotwn eSa nsj jkr rd pyus okyh eqiQr dh ;k iSls okyh ikfZVZ;ksa esa de gh 'kkfey gks ik;kA ges'kk dHkh dHkkj okyk ekeyk jgkA ysfdu vgenkckn vkus ds ckn tc irk pyk fd ;gka rks nk:canh gS vkSj cacbZ ls nk: ykuk [krjs ls [kkyh ugha rks r; dj gh fy;k fd ge bl 'kgj esa nk: feyus ds lkjs vM~Mksa dk irk yxk;saxs vkSj viuk bart+ke [kqn gh djsaxsA rc eSa ukj.kiqjk esa jgrk FkkA ,d fnu [kwc rst+ cjlkr gks jgh Fkh fd ewM cu x;k fd vkt dqN gks tk;sA Nrjh mBk;h vkSj py iM+k lM+d ikj nks lkS xt nwj cus iku ds [kks[ks dh rjiQA NksVh lh ykyVSu tyk;s og esjs tSls xzkgd dk gh bart+kj dj jgk FkkA tkrs gh ,d flxjsV ekaxh] lqyxk;h vkSj iSls nsrs le; mlds lkeus loky nkx gh fn;k & nk: pkfg;sA dgka feysxhA og pkSadk] rqjar cksykµ eq>s D;k irk] dgka feysxhA oks mèkj iwNksA fd/j iwNwaA esjk vxyk lokyA oks vkxs pkSjkgs ij ?kM+s cspus okys dh nqdku gSA m/j feysxhA eSa ftn ij vk x;kA vc bl cjlkr esa ogka dgka tkÅaA fdruk rks va/sjk gS vkSj dhpM+ HkhA fdruh pkfg;s] mlus eq> ij rjl [kk;kA DokVZj feysxh rks Hkh pysxkA eSaus vius iRrs [kksysA

rhl #i;s yxsaxsA pysxkA fudkyks vkSj m/j [kM+s gks tkvksA eSa gSjku fd bruh tYnh lkSnk iV x;kA eSaus iSls Fkek;s] eqM+us ds fy, xnZu eksM+h] nks dne gh pyk fd mldh vkokt+ vk;hA ;s yksA vkSj fOgLdh dk DokVZj esjs gkFk esa FkkA ml oDr eSa fdl jksekap ls xqt+jk gksÅaxk] mldh vki Lo;a dYiuk djsaA vkSj ml DokVZj us eq>s fdruh lSdM+ksa cksryksa dk u'kk fn;k gksxk] ;s Hkh [kqn gh dYiuk djsaA T;knk et+k vk;sxkA vc rks flyflyk gh py fudykA >qViqVk gksrs gh eSa viuh ;kekgk eksVj lkbfdy mlds Bh;s ds ikl [kM+h djrk] mls iSls nsrk vkSj nl feuV ckn okfil vkrk rks eky esjh eksVjlkbfdy dh fMDdh esa j[kk tk pqdk gksrkA ,d ckj twukx<+ ls dFkkdkj 'kSys'k iafMr vk;s gq, Fks rks izksxzke cukA iku okys dks gkiQ ds iSls fn;s vkSj tc okfil vk;s rks mlus dgk fd vkt iQqy ckVy ys tkvksA ckdh iSls cs'kd ckn esa ns nsukA eSa gSjkuA ;s bruk mnkj D;ksa gks jgk gS] vkèks ds ctk;s iwjh vkiWQj dj jgk gSA ckn esa mlus crk;k Fkk fd og dbZ ckj vk/h jkr dks vk dj lIykbZ ysrk gS vkSj cksrysa [kks[ks ds ihNs tehu esa xkM+ dj nsrk gSA vk/h cksry [kksnus ds ctk;s iwjh gkFk esa vk x;h rks ogh lghA bl rjhds ls nk: ysrs dqN gh fnu chrs Fks fd ?kj ij v[kckj Mkyus okyk èkekZ ,d fnu 'kke dks vk;k vkSj cksyk fd lkc vki ml iku okys ls ysrs gSaA ?kj rd ykus esa fjLd gks ldrk gSA eSa vkidks ?kj ij gh lIykbZ dj fn;k d:axkA eSa gSjku] rks bldk eryc gekjs ekeys dh [kcj bldks Hkh gSA iwNk eSausµ ysfdu eSa rqEgsa <wa<waxk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

40

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

dgka] rks /ekZ us dgk fd lkc vki ckYduh esa [kM+s gks dj lkeus lM+d ikj ns[ksa rks eSa vkidks ogha dgha fey tkÅaxkA vki ckYduh ls Hkh b'kkjk djsaxs rks eky gkftj gks tk;sxkA ckn esa /ekZ esjs cgqr dke vk;kA fiQygky ,d vkSj izlaxA vc iku okys dh lIykbZ can vkSj /ekZ dh 'kq:A dqN gh fnu chrs Fks vkSj eqf'dy ls mlls ikap lkr ckj gh [kjhnh gksxh fd esjs ?kj ij liQkbZ djus okyk jktLFkkuh yM+dk jkefalg ,d fnu dgus yxkµ lkc th vkils ,d ckr dguh gSA cksyks Hkkb D;k iSls c<+kus gSa \ ugha lkc iSls rks vki iwjs nsrs gSaA vki /ekZ ls [kjhnrs gSaA vxj eq>s dgsa rks eSa yk fn;k d:axkA nks iSls eq>s Hkh cp tk;k djsaxsA rks ;s ckr gSA lIykbZ lc txg pkyw gSA vc /ekZ ckgj vkSj ?kjsyw ukSdj jkeflag pkywA ml ?kj esa eSa yxHkx ,d cjl jgk vkSj dHkh ,slk ugha gqvk fd vius ;kj nksLrksa ds fy, pkfg;s gks vkSj u feyh gksA ,d ckj fiQj /ekZ izlaxA /ekZ us ,d ckj crk;k fd mls cgqr uqdlku gks x;k gSA fcfYMaxksa ds chp ftl [kkyh eSnku esa mlus jkr dks ipkl cksrysa tehu esa xkM+ dj j[kh Fkha] dksbZ jkr dks gh fudky dj ys x;kA rHkh eq>s uojaxiqjk esa edku feykA csgrj bykdk vkSj csgrj yksx] cl ,d gh ladV FkkA ogka nk: dSls feysxhA jkLrk lq>k;k /ekZ usA vkidks ,d iQksu uEcj nsrk gwaA iQksu Vkbxj mBk;sxkA 'kq: 'kq: esa vkidks esjk uke ysuk gksxkA ckn esa oks vkidh vkokt igpku ysxk] D;k pkfg;s] fdruh pkfg;s] dc pkfg;s vkSj dgka pkfg;s gh mls crkuk gSA ,d 'kCn iQkyrw ugha cksyukA eky vkids ?kj vk tk;sxkA eSa fuf'aPkrA bldk eryc gkse

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fMyhojh ogka Hkh pkyw jgsxhA 'kq: 'kq: esa Vkbxj dh xq: xaHkhj vkokt lqu dj :g dkairh FkhA yxrk Fkk Vkbxj uke ds fdlh gR;kjs ls ckr dj jgk gwa] ysfdu ckn esa lc dqN lgt gks x;kA og esjh vkokt igpkuus yxkA uojaxiqjk vkus ds ckn nk: cspus okyksa dh ,d u;h nqfu;k gh esjs lkeus [kqyhA ,d ehy ls Hkh de nwjh ij xqtjkr fo'ofo|ky; FkkA mlds ,d xsV ls lVh gqbZ ydM+h dh ,d cgqr cM+h ykokfjl lh isVh iM+h gqbZ FkhA 'kke <yrs gh ,d vkneh ml isVh ds vanj ls Åij dh rjiQ ,d iYyk [kksy nsrk vkSj Hkhrj tk dj cSB tkrkA vanj gh ,d eksecRrkh tyk dj [kM+h djrk vkSj 'kq: gks tkrk mldk dkjksckjA ogka DokVZj ;k gkiQ gh feyk djrsA cl] ,d ,d djds ogka tkuk gksrkA xquxqus vaèksjs esaA ;s rks ehy Hkj nwj dh ckr gqbZ] gekjh dkyksuh ls uojaxiqjk dh rjiQ tkvks rks lkS xt ijs nks gkWLVy FksA ,d n`f"Vghuksa ds fy, vkSj nwljk yM+fd;ksa ds fy,A FkksM+k vkxs c<+ks rks lkeus dh rjiQ dqN lk/kkj.k lh nqdkusa vkSj muds ihNs ,d xyh esa >ksiM+ iV~VhA vanj xyh esa nslh vkSj foyk;rh 'kjkc feyus dk cgqr cM+k Bh;kA ogka 'kke <yus ls nsj jkr rd bruh HkhM+ gks tkrh fd vanj xyh esa LdwVj ;k lkbfdy ys tkuk eqf'dyA fdlh vkneh us blesa Hkh dkjksckj dh laHkkouk ns[kh vkSj lM+d ij gh lkbfdy LVSaM cuk fn;kA 'kke dks ogka bruh lkbfdysa vkSj LdwVj ut+j vkrs fd jkg pyuk eqf'dyA ,d vkSj leL;k fudyh blesa lsA vkius LVSaM ij viuk okgu [kM+k fd;kA mls iSls fn;s] vki Hkhrj xyh esa x;s rks irk pyk fd nk: [kre gS rks ewM rks [kjkc gksxk gh le; Hkh cjckn gksxkA bldk jkLrk Hkh nk: okyksa us gh [kkstkA xyh ds ckgj dksus esa ,d NksVk lk nksrYyk eafnj cuk fn;kA mlesa ewfrZ;ka rks D;k gh jgh gksaxhA og <kapk feuh eafnj tSlk yxrk FkkA mlesa 'kke ds oDr nks cYc tyrs jgrsA uhps okyk cYc nslh nk: ds fy, vkSj Åij okyk foyk;rh ds fy,A tc dksbZ Hkh nk: [kRe gks tkrh rks ,d vkneh vk dj Åij ;k uhps okyk cYc cq>k tkrkA eryc

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vius dke dh nk: [kre vkSj LdwVj LVsaM ij iSls [kpZ djus dh t:jr ughaA gka] vxj FkksMh nsj esa u;h lIykbZ vk tkrh rks cYc tyk Hkh tkrkA dqN fnu ckn bykds esa ,d ,sls vkneh dk irk pyk tks lkbfdy ij [kwc lkjs FkSyksa esa nk: ykn dj /a/k djrk FkkA lkbfdy ,d va/sjs esa ,d isM+ ds uhps [kM+h gksrh vkSj og nwljs isM+ ds uhps [kM+k gksrkA ysu ,d isM+ ds uhps vkSj nsu nwljs isM+ ds uhpsA idM+s tkus dk dksbZ fjLd ughaA ;gka /ekZ dk ,d vkSj fdLlk ,d ckj eqacbZ ls iRuh vk;h gqbZ FkhA mls jkr dh xkM+h ls okfil tkuk FkkA ge LVs'ku ds fy, fudyus gh okys Fks fd twukx<+ ls 'kSys'k iafMr vk x;sA bldk eryc nk: dh t:jr iM+sxhA eSaus 'kSys'k dks ,d cSx fn;k vkSj dgk fd tc rd eSa LVs'ku ls okfil vkrk gwa og vkWVks esa ukj.kiqjk tk dj /ekZ dks [kkst dj eky ys vk;sA tc eSa okfil vk;k rks 'kSys'k iafMr dk gWalh ds ekjs cqyk gkyA cgqr iwNus ij mlus crk;k- ljÅ D;k rks BkB gSaA eSaus fiQj iwNk- ;kj dke dh ckr djks /ekZ feyk fd ughaA tks dqN 'kSys'k us crk;k mls lqu dj gWalk gh tk ldrk FkkA gqvk ;wa fd tSls gh ukj.kiqjk esa esjs iqjkus ?kj ds ikl vkWVks ls mrj dj 'kSys'k us /ekZ dh [kkstchu 'kq: dh ,d Hkkjh gkFk muds da/k ij vk;kA vki /ekZ dks <wa< jgs gSa ukA 'kSys'k dks dkVks rks [kwu ughaA os eSa- -eSa- - -gh dj ik;sA ?kcjk, ;s D;k gks x;kA ml O;fDr us fnyklk nhA ?kcjkvks ugha vkids da/s ij tks cSx gS uk oks lwjt izdk'k lkc dk gS vkSj ;s cSx nk: ys tkus ds dke gh vkrk gSA eSa gh /ekZ gwaA cksyks fdruh pkfg;sA ckn esa geus eLrh ds fy, vkSj [kkst vfHk;ku ds uke ij gj rjg ds nqdkunkj ls 'kjkc [kjhnus dk fjdkMZ cuk;kA ,d ckj rks jsfMesM diM+s okys ds gh ihNs iM+ x;s fd dgha ls Hkh fnykvks nksLr vk;s gSa vkSj pkfg;s ghA vkSj mlus fnyk;hA ,d ckj ge dqN lkFkh vkJe jksM

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

41

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

ij yap ds oDr Vgy jgs FksA cacbZ ls ,d u;s vf/dkjh VªkaliQj gks dj vk;s FksA dgus yxsµ ;kj rqEgkjk cgqr uke lquk gS fd dgha ls Hkh iSnk dj ysrs gks 'kjkcA ge Hkh ns[ksa rqEgkjk tyokA eSaus Hkh 'krZ j[k nhA - vHkh ;gha ij [kM+s [kM+s vkidks fnykÅaxk cl ysuh gksxh vkidks cs'kd FkksM+h egaxh feysxhA os rS;kj gks x;sA gekjs lkeus ,d xjhc lk yxus okyk vutku vkneh tk jgk FkkA eSaus mls jksdk vius ikl cqyk;k vkSj crk;k fd ;s lkc cacbZ ls vk;s gSa bUgsa vHkh nk: pkfg;sA ml Hkys vkneh us ,d iy lkspk vkSj cksykA ysfdu lkc vkidks vkVks fjD'ks ds vkus tkus ds iSls vkSj cD'kh'k ds nl #i;s nsus gksaxsA eSaus mldh ckr eku yh vkSj vius lkFkh dks iSls fudkyus ds fy, dgkA os ijs'kkuA jkg pyrs vutku vkneh dks brus iSls dSls ns nsa ysfdu eSaus le>k;kA vkids iSls dgha ugha tkrsA ;s xqtjkr gSA r; gqvk fd vk/s ?kaVs ckn og vkneh Bhd mlh txg ij feysxk vkSj eky ys vk;sxkA vkSj og vutku vkneh ftldk gesa uke Hkh ugha ekywe FkkA Bhd vk/s ?kaVs ckn eky ys dj gkftj FkkA vkSj Hkh dbZ rjhds jgs eky ysus dsA ,d ckj rks gkse fMyhojh okyk lqcg nw/ ykus okys ls Hkh igys eky ns x;kA gekjs ;gka ftrus Hkh flD;wwfjVh okys FksA lc HkwriwoZ lSfud gh FksA os vius lkFk viuh ,d vk/k cksry j[k dj dgha Hkh vk tk ldrs Fks] eryc idM+s ugha tk ldrs FksA cl dke gks x;kA tks HkwriwoZ lSfud ugha ihrs FksA mudk LVkWd cspus ds fy, ;gh dSfj;j dk dke djrs FksA vkSj var esa] vkius dbZ 'kgjksa esa ciQZ ds xksys [kk;s gksaxsA vyx vyx Lokn dsA eqacbZ esa rks pkSikVh vkSj twgw esa ciQZ ds xksys [kkus yksx nwj nwj ls vkrs gSa ysfdu vxj vkidks je ;k fOgLdh ds ciQZ ds xksys [kkus gksa rks vkidks vgenkckn gh tkuk gksxkA bl ckj bruk gh ugha r1ks T;knk u'kk gks tk;sxk vkSj---A ,p&1@101] fjfº xkMZu fQYe flVh jksM eykM (iwoZ)] eqacbZ&400097

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vuqjkx oktis;h

guqeku fdlds gSa Hkxoku jke v;ksè;k ykSV vk, Fks A /ks c h ds dgus ij yksdkiokn ds Mj ls lhrk ekrk dks ?kj ls fudky pqds FksA le; dkiQh jgrk Fkk lks jktdkt esa dkiQh è;ku nsus yxs Fks vkSj njckj nsj jkr rd pyrk jgrk FkkA e;kZnk iq#"kksÙke dk njckj Fkk blfy, lc dqN la;fer jgrk FkkA uhfr vkSj vkn'kZ dh ckrsa gksrha vkSj f'k"V gkl&ifjgkl pyrk jgrkA ,d fnu vpkud ,d ve;kZfnr ?kVuk gqbZ vkSj bls vatke Hkh fn;k jke ds ije HkDr guqekuth usA os rerekrs gq, vk, vkSj fcuk vfHkoknu fd, jkepanz th cksysµ ^eSa tk jgk gwa vc ugha ykSVwaxk ;s jf[k, R;kxi=kA jkepanz th us iwNkµ D;k gqvk oRlA guqeku cksysµ gksuk D;k gS] eku lEeku dks rkd ij j[kdj vius ls dke ugha gksrkA vki oRl&oRl dgrs gSa vkSj ogka uhps /jrh ij esjs eafnj rksM+s tk jgs gSaA jke cksysµ D;k dg jgs gks guqeku] ,slk Hkh dgha gksrk gS\ rqEgkjh ewfrZ;ka rks gekjs lkFk gksrh gSa] fiQj rqEgkjs eafnj esjs Hkh rks gq,] crkvks fdlus fd;k gSA ;g /rdeZ eSa mls ;Fkksfpr n.M nwaxkA guqeku th cksysµ ,d rks vki ;s xyriQgeh fudky nhft, fd esjh ewfrZ;ka dsoy vkids eafnjksa esa gh gSaA esjs vius lsijsV eafnj Hkh gSa tgka dsoy esjh fojkV :i okyh ewfrZ gksrh gS] 'kgjksa esa nsf[k,] jke eafnj ls T;knk guqeku eafnj izfl¼ gksrs gSaA ,d rks fnYyh esa gh gS] [kkl dukWV Iysl ijA vkSj jgh ckr eafnj rksM+us dh rks eq>s irk yxk gS fd ogka ,d uxj esa esjk eafnj vkius gh vius HkDrksa dks dgdj rqM+ok fn;k gSA jkepanz th ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ldrs esa vk x,A cksys] guqeku rqEgsa fdlus dgk fd eSaus rqEgkjk eafnj rqM+ok fn;k] eSa Hkyk ,slk D;ksa d:axk\ guqeku cksys] eq>s ml jkT; ds foèkk;dksa us crk;k gS fd vkidk uke tius okyh ikVhZ dh ljdkj us esjk eafnj rqM+ok fn;k gSA vc jke FkksM+k lgt gq,] cksys] eSa le> x;k] bl fo/k;d iztkfr us rqEgsa cgdk;k gSA lquks guqeku] /jrh dh ;s iztkfr jk{klksa ls Hkh prqj gksrh gSA muls Hkh T;knk ek;koh] rjg&rjg ds :i jpus okyhA bUgksaus rks eq>s Hkh Bx fy;k Fkk] cksys fd vkidk v;ksè;k esa HkO; eafnj cuk,axsA pank Hkh [kk x, vkSj eafnj cukuk rks nwj esjh ewfrZ dks 20 lky ls [kqys esa ○ ○ ○ 42 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

j[k NksM+k gS rqe budh ckrksa esa u vkvks guqeku] ;s fo/k;d] lkaln vkSj xs#, oL=kèkkjh ckck cM+s [krjukd gSaA rqEgsa rks irk gS lhrk dks Hkh jko.k ,sls gh lkèkq cudj mBk ys x;k FkkA guqeku dk xqLlk 'kkar ugha gqvkA os cksys& vki eq>s cgyk jgs gSa eq>s iDdk irk gS] ml jkT; dh jktèkkuh esa esjk eafnj rksM+ fn;k x;k gS vkSj ml tehu dks vkidks uke tius okyh ikVhZ us viuh 'kk[kk yxkus ds fy, ys fy;k gSA eSa dSls eku ywa fd vkius esjs c<+rs tuk/kj ls ?kcjkdj ;g dkjZokgh ugha dh gSA jke us irk fd;k rks ekywe gqvk fd ?kVuk lPph gSA os cksys] oRl] rqEgkjh ckr lgh gS] ij rqEgkjh Hkk"kk ls yxrk gS fd fo/k;dksa us viuh laxr dk rqe ij i;kZIr vlj NksM+k gS] rqe ,slk djks ml jkT; esa pys tkvks vkt ogka blh fo"k; ij fo/kulHkk esa Hkh ppkZ gks jgh gSA rqEgsa lc [kqn Li"V gks tk,xkA guqeku th rRdky lw{e :i/j dj fo/kulHkk esa igqap x,A ogha mUgsa i=kdkj dk :i /js ukjn th Hkh fey x,A guqeku th us mUgsa iz.kke fd;k vkSj vkus dk mís'; crk;k rks ukjn mUgsa Hkh i=kdkj dk :i /jok dj vius lkFk izsl nh?kkZ esa ys x,A fo/kulHkk dk Hkou vfr fo'kky vkSj xfjekiw.kZ FkkA ,d vksj lÙkki{k vkSj nwljh vksj foi{k ds cSBus ds LFkku FksA fopkjksa ls vlger gksus ij 'kkjhfjd izgkj ds fy, ekbd vkfn yxs gq, FksA lnu dh dkjZokbZ 'kq: gqbZ vkSj foi{kh ikVhZ ds ,d fo/k;d us dguk 'kq: fd;k fd jkt/kuh ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

esa guqeku th dk ,d eafnj dy vk/h jkr fxjk fn;k x;kA uxj fuxe ds ,d nLrs us Hkxoku dh ewfrZ dks vius dCts esa ys fy;k vkSj iqfyl Fkkus esa j[k fn;kA Hkxoku guqeku rc ls Hkw[ks gSa] mUgsa Hkksx ugha yxk gS vkSj ;g lc dke lÙkk esa cSBh ml ikVhZ ds jkt esa gqvk gS tks jke dk uke ysdj lÙkk esa vkbZ gSA ;g 'keZ dh ckr gS fd jkeukeh ikVhZ us viuh laaLFkk ds ,d fo|ky; dks tehu nsus vkSj ogka 'kke dks ;qodksa dks /eZ j{kk dk Kku nsus dk izf'k{k.k nsus ds fy, guqeku th dk eafnj rksM+ MkykA izsl nh?kkZ esa cSBs guqeku th us ukjn ls dgkµ ½f"koj dy ;gh ckr Lo;a Hkxoku jke Lohdkj ugha dj jgs FksA ukjn th us dgk] iouiq=k bruh tYnh fu"d"kZ er fudkyks] ns[krs tkvksA rHkh lÙkki{k ds dbZ lnL; vius&vius LFkku ij [kM+s gks x, vkSj fpYykus yxs fd ;g >wB gS xyr gSA bl ij foi{kh us dgk] D;k ;g Hkh >wB gS fd ogka lkr lky ls guqeku th dk eafnj Fkk] jkst vkjrh gksrh Fkh vkSj guqeku th dk eafnj rksM+us ls O;fFkr HkDr vu'ku ij cSBs gq, gSaA guqeku th dh fiQj eqfV~B;ka ru xbZ] blh chp uxj fuxe ds ea=kh [kM+s gq,] mUgksaus dkys jax dk ?kqVuksa rd dk dqrkZ igu j[kk Fkk vSj eq[k ls Li"V yx jgk Fkk fd iku os lnu esa izos'k djus ls Bhd igys Fkwddj vk, gSa vkSj lqcg ls nkarksa esa tes ml Lokfn"V chM+s ds vHkko esa dkiQh vglt egllw dj jgs gSaA mUgksaus dgk] bruk mÙksftr gksus dh t:jr ugha gS eSa vHkh lkjh fLFkfr Li"V dj nsrk gwaA fiQj mUgksaus jgL; Hkjh eqLdku ds lkFk ;g ekeyk mBkus okys foi{k ds fo/k;d dh rjiQ ns[kk vkSj cksys] ;s lp gS fd uxj fuxe us guqeku th dh ,d ewfrZ pcwrjs ls mBkbZ gS ij ogka eafnj dHkh ugha Fkk cfYd ,d pcwrjk cukdj ewfrZ j[k nh xbZ Fkh vkSj bldk edln tehu ij dCtk djuk Fkk D;ksafd ml bykds esa tehu ds nke yk[kksa esa igqap pqds gSa ;g Hkwfe ekfiQ;k dh dksf'k'k Fkh ftls ukdke dj fn;k x;kA ewfrZ Fkkus esa gS vkSj iqfyl okys guqeku th dh iwtk dj jgs gSa] ljdkj us fopkj fd;k gS fd FkksM+s fnu ckn fof/ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

foèkku ls Fkkus esa gh ewfrZ dh izk.k izfr"Bk dj nh tk,xhA izsl nh?kkZ esa guqekuth bèkj&mèkj >kadus yxsA ukjn ls cksys] rks ;s dytqxh HkDr esjh ewfrZ dk bLrseky tehusa dCtkus esa dj jgs gSa\ ukjn th le>nkj eqLdqjkgV fc[ksjrs gq, cksys] rqEgkjh gh ugha guqeku lHkh nsoh&nsorkvksa dh ewfrZ;ksa dk vc ;gh iz;ksx gks jgk gSA m/j lnu esa fiQj 'kksjxqy 'kq: gks x;kA foi{kh fo/k;d cksyk] vki lnu dks xqejkg dj jgs gSa ogka lkr lky ls ;s eafnj Fkk vkius bls rksM+k gSA ea=kh us Hkh ,d dkxt ygjkrs gq, mlh cqyanh ls dgk] ml dkyksuh dh fodkl lfefr us fy[kdj fn;k Fkk fd eafnj gVk;k tk,A foi{kh Hkh ,d dkxt ygjkdj ph[kk] fodkl lfefr us ,slk dHkh ugha dgk] ;s fpV~Bh gS os yksx rks vkgr gksdj /jus ij cSBs gq, gSaA guqeku th cspSu gks x,] mUgksaus ukjn ls iwNk] ;s fodkl lfefr us nks vyx&vyx i=k dSls fy[k fn,\ ukjn th cksys] i=k vyx&vyx ugha gS ml dkWyksuh esa fodkl lfefr;ka gh nks gksaxhA ,d buds i{k okyh ,d foi{k okyhA bl chp lnu esa tksjnkj gaxkek gksus yxkA lHkh lnL; [kM+s gksdj ukjs yxkus yxsA rHkh gkaiQrk gqvk ,d fo/k;d ?kqlk] mlds xys esa Hkxok nqiV~Vk iM+k Fkk] mlus vius iM+kSlh ls gYys dh otg tkuh vkSj fpYykus yxk] rqe foi{kh fdl eqag ls Hkxoku dk uke ysrs gks] os gekjs gSa ge mudk dqN Hkh djsa] dgha Hkh j[ksa rqEgsa D;k erycA guqeku th bl ?kks"k.kk ls flgj mBsA blh chp gaxkek c<+rs ns[kdj vè;{k us n[ky fn;kA os cksys] bl ckr dk D;k izek.k gS fd ogka eafnj FkkA foi{kh foèkk;d rS;kjh ls Fkk rqjar iQksVks ygjkus yxkA vc lÙkk i{k FkksM+k nck vkSj mldk nqiV~Vs okyk fo/k;d fiQj fpYykus yxk] rqe fo/ehZ gks rqEgsa Hkxoku ds ckjs esa cksyus dksbZ gd ugha gSA geus jke dk eafnj Hkh cukus dh 'kiFk [kkbZ Fkh guqeku dk Hkh cuk,axsA foi{k ls vkokt vkbZ] rqe eafnj dh dsoy ckr djrs gks jke eafnj dk rkyk rks geus [kqyok;k FkkA fiQj 'kksj] gks& gqYyM+ 'kq: gks x;kA foi{kh fo/k;d fiQj cksyk] ljdkj /eZ fojks/h gks xbZ gS] ea=kh ○ ○ 43 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

dgrs gSa ogka eafnj ugha Fkk] ;s gekjs ,d vkSj fo/k;d [kM+s gSa tks lkr lky ls ml eafnj esa tk jgs gSa] cksfy, uk] fiQj ges'kk pqi jgus okyk og fo/k;d Hkh igyh ckj cksyk] gka eSa tkrk gwaA fiQj 'kksjxqy 'kq: gks x;k vkSj dqN lqukbZ ugha fn;kA izsl nh?kkZ esa cSBs guqeku th dku [kqtkus yxsA ukjn th cksys] egkjkt buesa dkSu lp dg jgk gS] dkSu >wB irk gh ugha yx jgkA ukjn th cksys] ;s fo/kulHkk gS guqeku] ;gka eqn~ns mNkys tkrs gSa] lp >wB dk iSQlyk rks U;k;ky; djrk gS] vkSj ogka vxj ekeyk pyk x;k rks vxys dbZ ;qxksa rd vVd tk;sxkA njvly guqeku ;s nksuksa gh lp cksy jgs gSa vkSj nksuksa gh >wB cksy jgs gSaA guqeku us dgk] egkjkt ;s D;k myVckalh gS\ ukjn th cksys] ns[kks] lp rks ;g gS fd ogka lkr lky ls vkidh ewfrZ Fkh vkSj >wB ;s fd eafnj Fkk] eafnj ogka ugha FkkA lp ;s fd ogka tehu dk nke cM+k egaxk gS ewfrZ ds lgkjs mls dCtkus dh ;kstuk Fkh vkSj >wB ;s fd fodkl lfefr us mls gVkus dks dgk FkkA bl rjg ;s nksuksa >wBs Hkh gSa vkSj lPps Hkh gSaA guqeku] rqe ugha le>rs] ;s foi{kh foèkk;d jkrksa jkr /kfeZd ugha gks x, gSa bUgsa tehu dCtkus okyksa us ;g ekeyk mBkus ds fy, izsfjr fd;k gS] dSls rqe ugha le>ksxs ojuk blls igys tc Hkw[k ls yksxksa ds ejus dk ekeyk mBk Fkk rks ;s fcydqy [kkeks'k FksA vkSj ;s lÙkki{k] blds fo/k;dksa dks irk gS fd ogka 'kk[kk yxuh gS vkSj og 'kk[kk tks laLFkk yxokrh gS mlds f[kykiQ ;s rks D;k buds vkdk Hkh ugha tk ldrsA ;s fo/k;d cM+s ek;koh gksrs gSa guqeku rqe budh ckrksa esa u vkvksA buds dbZ :i gksrs gSa] pquko izpkj okyk vyx] thrus okyk vyx] ea=kh cuus okyk dqN vkSj] gkjus okyk dqN vkSjA guqeku ,dne ls pkSds] ;s ckr esjs vkjkè; jke Hkh dg jgs FksA mUgsa viuh xyrh dk Hkku gqvkA mUgksaus rqjar lw{e :i /jk vkSj lhèks Jhjke ds pj.kksa esa tk igqapsA Hkxoku jke ean&ean eqLdqjkus yxsA 39] Vkbi&3] lhihMCY;wMh fuekZ.k fogkj&2] lDS Vj&2 fo/kk/kj uxj] t;iqj (jktLFkku) ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jes'k lSuh

eagxkbZ cuke eafnj jkeyky th gekjs eqgYys esa jgrs gSa] yksx mUgsa gekjh xyh dk usrk dgrs gSaA os loZO;kih gSa vkSj dgha Hkh fey tk,axs vyx&vyx :iksa esa] oSls vktdy usrk yksx jaxksa ls igpkus tkrs gSaA dbZ usrkvksa us lHkh jaxksa dk vuqHko fd;k gSA exj gekjs usrk th dks fdlh jaax dk vuqHko ugha gSA exj os usrk gSaA ges'kk xyh ds fodkl ds ckjs fpark djrs gSaA os ftruh fpark djrs gSa muds 'kjhj dk {ks=kiQy mruk gh c<+ tkrk gSA jkeyky th fliZQ usrk gh ugha] oju vPNs vkneh Hkh gSaA lcls eqLdqjkdj ckr djrs gSa fiQj Hkh yksx dgrs gSa os pkykd gSaA os frdM+eh gSaA dke fudkyw gSaA vkSj os lHkh xq.k Hkh gSa tks ,d loZekU; usrk esa gksrs gSaA mudks fofHkUu xq.kksa ds dkj.k cgqvk;keh O;fDrRo dk èkeuh dgk tkrk gSA exj eq>s yxrk gS ;g dqN vf/d gks x;k] oju cgqvk;keh ugha] f=kvk;keh dgk tk, rks Bhd jgsxkA igyk os ljdkjh deZpkjh gSa] nwljk gekjh xyh ds usrk gSa] rhljk os vius dks cqf¼thoh dgrs gSaA os vPNs vkneh gSa] exj mudh xksiuh; fjiksVZ esa yky L;kgh okyh fVIi.kh Hkh gSA dgrs gSa dkyst ds fnuksa esa os tjk ykbu esa fiQly x, FksA ,d ckj iqfyl buds ?kj vk èkedhA ?kj ds lc yksx ?kcjk x,A iwNus ij iqfyl us crk;k bUgksaus dkWyst tkrh ckfydk ls I;kj dk btgkj djus ds fy, mls jksd fy;kA ckfydk us 'kksj epk fn;kA 'kksj lqudj HkhM+ bdV~Bk gks x;hA dkyst ds fnuksa esa ;s LiksVZ~l esu Fks] vr% ekSdk yxrs gh 500 ehVj dh nkSM+ yxk nh] vkSj ifCyd ds dksi Hkktu ls cp x,A exj ckfydk ds cki us iqfyl dks lwpuk ns nhA fdlh rjg jkeyky th ds firk Jh us iqfyl ls ekeys dks lsfVy dj fy;kA iqfyl ls fuiVus ds fy, firkJh us ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jkeyky th dks fuiVkus esa dksbZ dlj ugha j[khA rc jkeyky th dks le> esa vk;k fd bl {ks=k esa T;knk Ldksi ugha gS] vkSj bl {ks=k ls vius dks lesV fy;kA bldk ;g ifj.kke fudyk fd os vkt pfj=koku] le>nkj vkSj lcdh lgk;rk djus okys ds :i esa tkus tkrs gSaA ,d fnu jkeyky th lqcg&lqcg Vdjk x,A ueLdkj peRdkj ds ckn cksys] vki Hkh ?kweus tkrs gSaA ^gka! exj vki Hkh ?kweus fudyrs gSaA* eSaus iwNk] ^gka! ij fu;fer ughaA exj ?kweus ls ,d iQk;nk gks tkrk gS fd yksxksa ls esytksy] eqykdkr] gkypky] nq[k&lq[k ds lekpkj fey tkrs gSaA ojuk vkneh ds ikl le; gh dgk gSa\ mUgksaus dgkA

bl rjg ckrksa dk flyflyk vkxs c<+rk x;kA eqgYys dh jktuhfr ls ysdj jk"Vªh; jktuhfr rdA eagxkbZ ij ppkZ py iM+hA os dgus yxs ;g dSlk ns'k gS] ns'k dk iz/kuea=kh dg jgk gS ge egaxkbZ ij yxke ugha yxk ldrs gSaA vFkkZr fLFkfr xaHkhj gSA ;g dg os eqLdqjkus yxsA eq>s yxk bruh egaxkbZ esa usrkth eqLdqjk jgs gSaA yxrk gS eagxkbZ dk usrkvksa ij dksbZ vlj ugha gksrkA rc eSa cksyk HkkbZ lkgc! eagxkbZ us rks gekjk ne rksM+ fn;kA lkjk iSlk [kkus&ihus esa yx tkrk gS] iSlk cprk gh ughaA dqN mik; crkb,A ;k dksbZ ikVZ Vkbe dke ;k ○ ○ ○ 44 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

/a/k] ftlls nks iSlk dek;k tk ldsA rc os cksys vki rks cqf¼thoh gSa] vius ys[ku ls dek ldrs gSaA ^vjs vc D;k crk,a] ;gak ij Hkh viuh&viuh lsfVax gSA vkSj ge lsfVax esa vufiQV gSaA ;g lqu mUgksaus dgk] ,d /a/k gS ftlesa ykxr cgqr de ;k u ds cjkcj gS] ftls dgrs gSa ^gjkZ yxs u fiQVdjh vkSj jax Hkh pks[kk vk,A* ^crkb,! tYnh crkb,A ^eSaus ftKklk O;Dr dhA vki ys[kd gSa\ gka! vki Hkk"k.k Hkh vPNk nsrs gksaxsA izksisQlj tks BgjsA eq>s yxk os ;gka ij xM+cM+k x,A vktdy dkWyst esa Hkk"k.k nsus dh t:jr ugha iM+rh gSA fo|kFkhZ dkWyst esa usrkfxjh lh[kus vkrs gSa] vkSj os [kqn izksisQljksa dks Hkk"k.k nsdj pys tkrs gSAa dkWyt s esa vktdy i<+kbZ dks NksM+dj lc dqN gksrk gSA fiQj eSaus lkspk] ;fn lp dgk rks lhØsV [kqy tk,xkA vr% muls gka dg fn;kA cl gks x;k dkeA vki izopu djksA mins'k nksA jkedFkk] Hkkxor dk ikB djks blesa dqN iSlk gSA bl /jk ij tSls&tSls Hkz"Vkpkj] ?kwl[kksjh] equkiQk[kksjh] i{kikr c<+k gS oSls yksxksa dk fo'okl /eZ ij c<+k gSA mUgsa yxrk gS fd dqN nku iq.; djds nwljk yksd lq/kjk tk ldrk gSA os tkurs gSa fd mudk rkj.kgkj /eZ gh gSA os yksx /eZ ij iSlk [kpZ djrs gSa vkSj dqN /eZ ds uke ij iSlk iSnk djrs gSaA exj esjk bl fo"k; esa Kku vkSj vè;;u fuy cVk fuy gSA* eSaus dgkA rc D;k gqvkA nks pkj fdrkcsa [kjhn yks] vkSj i<+dj cu tkvks vkpk;Z Jh] egkRek Jh 1008] ;k lar vkfnA bl dk;Z ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

esa iSlk Hkh gS vkSj lEeku HkhA vkidh ckr lgh gS] exj eSa izopu ugha dj ikmaQxkA eSua s vleFkZrk O;Dr dhA rc os cksys ;g dfBu dke ugha gSA pkyw gks tkvksxs rks cuus yxsxkA blesa fdlh izdkj dk dksbZ yiQM+k ugha gSA u dksbZ bUde VSDl nsuk gS] vkSj u dksbZ yk;lsal ysuk gSA ;g ,d ,drjiQk dk [ksy gSA blesa ,d vksj iQk;nk gksrk gS] ;fn dksbZ vf/dkjh vkSj jktusrk vkidk HkDr gks x;k rks fiQj vkidks fdlh ckr dh dksbZ fpark ughaA* mUgksaus dgkA fiQj Hkh eq>ls ;g ugha gks ldrkA esjk mÙkj lqu os pqi gks x,A dqN nsj lksprs jgs] fiQj vpkud cksys] ,d vkSj èkaèkk blls feyrk tqyrk gSA exj mlesa FkksM+h ykxr yxsxhA rks fiQj crkb;s! FkksM+k cgqr eSa [kpZ dj ywaxkA eSaus ftKklk O;Dr dhA vki ,d eafnj [kksy yks] mUgksaus dgkA eafnj [kksy ysa! D;k eryc\ eSaus iz'u fd;kA ^vjs HkkbZ lkgc] vki ugha le>s] èkaèks esa dksbZ dke 'kq: djus dks [kksyuk dgrs gSaA ,d ckj eafnj [kqy x;k fiQj vkids okjs&U;kjsA* mUgksaus le>k;kA og dSls\ ^,d ckj eafnj [kqy x;kA yksx iwtk djsaxsA iSlk p<+k,axs] iQy&iwQy p<+k,axsA lkjh p<+ksÙkjh] vkidhA cl blesa dqN le; yx ldrk gSA* fdruk le; yxsxk\ eSua s iwNkA T;knk ugha vkids eafnj esa dqN peRdkj djuk gksxk] tSls HkHkwr vkfn fudkyukA tgka ,d ckj peRdkj gqvk] vkSj iSls dh cjlkr 'kq: gks tk,xhA vki iSlk laHkky ugha ik,axsA* mUgksaus esjs loky ij

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

[kqyklk fn;kA ^exj peRdkj gksxk dSls\* ^bldh fpark vki er djsaA bls eq> ij NksM+ nsaA cl eq>s p<+ksÙkjh ij vkidks deh'ku nsuk gksxkA ^oks rks eSa ns nwaxkA brus lkjs eafnj gSa] fiQj eafnj esa yksx vk,axs ;k ugha\* ^vki fpark u djsaA ftrus eafnj [kqysaxs mrus pysaxsA vki ns[k ugha jgs] eafnjksa esa fdruh HkhM+ jgrh gSA ftrus eafnj [kqysaxs] yksxksa dks mruh lqfo/k feysxhA yksx u;h pht ij vkdf"kZr gksrs gSa] oSls u;s eafnj ij yksx n'kZu djus vkSj p<+kok p<+kus vk,axs cl fgEer dfj,A ;fn eafnj] Ldwy] vLirky] dksVZ&dpgjh] Fkkuk ds vklikl [kqyk gks rks vPNk gS ;gka ij ekdsZV vPNk jgrk gSA ;fn eafnj vPNk py x;k rks vklikl ds {ks=k dks gfFk;kdj ukfj;y&izlkn&iwQy èkkfeZd fdrkcsa vkfn nqdku fdjk;s ls ns nksA blesa dekbZ gh dekbZ gSA ^fgEer rks dj yw]a exj vktdy uxj fuxe vkSj vfrozQe.k okyksa dh fuxkgsa] /kfeZd LFkyksa dks rksM+us esa vf/d gSaA* eSaus iwNkA ^vki fpark u djsa] ge ljdkjh tehu ij ugha oju viuh tehu ij eafnj [kksysaxsA fiQj vfrozQe.k okys dSls rksM+saxsA* ;g dg os esjh vksj xgjh utj ls ns[kus yxsA eSas mudh utjsa ns[k Hk;Hkhr lk gks x;kA FkksM+h nsj muls utj feyk;h exj viuh utjsa uhph dj yhA bl chp os] fiQj #ddj cksys] ^vkidks ekywe gS eSaus pkj lky ifgys eafnj [kksyk FkkA vki ns[k jgs gSa] vkt esjh dSlh fLFkfr gSA cl vki Hkh fgEer dj yksA* mudh dn dk;k dk eS a u s fujh{k.k fd;k] fiQj iqjkuh dk;k dk Lej.k vkSj n`<+fu'p; fd;k eagxkbZ ls fuiVus ds fy, ,d vnn eafnj [kksy fy;k tk,A

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

egkohj

lerk lan' s k xSj cjkcjh ds fo#¼ lerk dk vkanksyu

10 tqykbZ] 2008 vad f'k{kk dh iM+rky ij dsfa nzr lqjs'k if.Mr] ,l-ch-yky] vfuy ikyhoky] m"kk dq e kor] vo/ izlkn] deys'k >k] lqjs'k dqekj ckyh] euh"k lDlsuk] osn izdk'k] lqjs'k voLFkh] nhIrh dkspj] osn O;kl] fpUe;] gsesaæ p.Mkfy;k] nÙkss'k dqekj vkfn ds fopkjoku lkFkZd vkys[kA

iz/ku laiknd fgEer lsB

laidZ 30 ,iQ] Hkwikyiqjk mn;iqj&313001

245@, ,Q-lh-vkbZ ykbu f=ewfrZuxj] neksg ukdk tcyiqj&482002 (e-iz-)

45

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dqynhi ryokj

fjVk;jesaV ds ckn fjVk;jesaV dk fnu Hkh D;k fnu gSA ,d ,slk ikuh dk tgkt ftl ij yxHkx rhl o"kZ igys liQj 'kq: fd;k Fkk vc viuh canjxkg rd igqapk gSA bl tgkt us cqjs vkSj vPNs ekSle esa viuk liQj tkjh j[kk] fdlh ds thou dh bl yach ;k=kk dh liQyrk ij [kq'kh gksrh gSA ,d fnu jsyos LVs'ku ds IysViQkeZ ij D;k ns[krk gwa] cM+s tksj ls <ksy ct jgk gSA pkjksa rjiQ HkhM+ yxh gqbZ gSA HkhM+ esa ,d v/sM+ lTtu VsjhdkWV dk u;k iktkek vkSj deht] xys esa iwQyksa ds gkj igus ukp jgk gSA 'kk;n ?kksM+k&je ds nks iSx Hkh vanj x, gq, FksA <ksy okyk cM+s tksj ls <ksy ctk jgk gSA geus HkhM+ esa fdlh lkgc ls iwNk] ^;s ektjk D;k gS\* tokc feyk] ^tks lTtu ukp jgs gSa] og vkt fjVk;j gq, gSaA rhl o"kZ igys og jsy dh ukSdjh esa HkrhZ gq, FksA vc mlh jsy us mUgsa viuh eafty rd igqapk fn;k gSA FkksM+h nsj esa D;k ns[krk gwa] muds lkFkh ikap #i, dk vkSj dksbZ nl #i, dk uksV muds lj ls mrkjdj <ksy okys dks ns jgs gSaA geus tc bu uksVksa dh o"kkZ ds ckjs esa iwNk] ,d lTtu cksys] ^fjVk;j rks lHkh dks gksuk gS] ysfdu ;s lTtu ck&bTtr fjVk;j gq, gSa blfy, ;kj&nksLr [kq'k gSa vkSj t'u euk jgs gSaA ;dhuu vkt ds nkSj esa ck&bTtr fjVk;j gksuk cgqr cM+h pht gSA gekjh fnypLih vkSj T;knk c<+ x;hA geus r; fd;k fd bu lTtu ls gkFk t:j feyk;k tk,xkA ftldk lkjk dsfj;j thou ds HksaV ij jgk] ftlus thou esa cgqr lkjh fLial vkSj ckmUllZ dk lkeuk fd;k ysfdu og vius vksoj dh vkf[kjh xsan rd 'kkunkj rjhds ls [ksyk] uk og cksYM gqvk] u dSp vkSj uk gh ,y-ch-MCY;wA tc HkhM+ de gqbZ rks geus ml [kq'kulhc 'k[l dks ck&bTtr fjVk;j gksus ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dh c/kbZ nhA vkxs ds izksxzke ds ckjs esa iwNk] dgus yxs] cl vc eFkqjk esa tkuk gS vkSj dUgS;k ls b'd djuk gSA mlh ds vkxs ltnk djuk gSA gekjh Hkh dcwy gks eFkqjk esa gktjh lqurs gSa vkf'kdksa is rqEgkjk deZ gS [kklA ,sls gh gekjs fe=k gSa feLVj lsB] nks o"kZ igys fjVk;j gq, FksA ,d o"kZ igys mudk thou lkFkh py clkA nks yM+ds gSa] tks vejhdk esa jgrs gSaA dqN fnu igys dkiQh gkml esa fey x,A esjs iwNus ij fd vktdy D;k flyflyk gS] dgus yxs fjVk;jesaV rks [ksy dh vk[kjh lh<+h gS tks vHkh&vHkh [kRe gqbZ gSA ;s ,d ,slk inkZ gS tks ukVd ds ckn fxjk gSA vHkh rks vkSj cgqr [ksy [ksyus gSaA eSa fjVk;MZ t:j gwa ysfdu Vk;MZ ughaA vktdy eSa flaxYl iSQyksf'ki vkWiQ bafM;k laLFkk dk eSacj cu x;k gwa] tks ge tSls vdsyksa ds fy, vHkh gky esa u;h fnYyh esa cuh gSA blds mís'; jaMos vkSj fo/okvksa dks ,d nwljs ls feyokuk gS rkfd og vdsykiu eglwl u djsaA ,d nwljs ds fopkjksa dks tkuuk gSA vdsysiu dks dSls [kRe fd;k tk,] mldk jkLrk Hkh fudkyuk gS- - -vkxs dgus yxs] esjs nksuksa csVksa dk fopkj gS fd eSa vejhdk pyk vkmaQA ogka ij mUgksaus ,d rykd'kqnk ysMh ls esjh 'kknh dh ckr Hkh iDdh dh gqbZ gSA nksuksa yM+dksa dk dguk gS fd ^cq<+kis esa cw<+s dks jksekal dh T;knk t:jr gksrh gSA* nkn nsuh iM+rh gS ,slh vkSykn dhA glhuksa dh egfiQy esa cSBk Fkk cw<+k] cSBs gh cSBs toka gks x;kA gekjs ,d vkSj fe=k gSa [kku lkgcA nks eghus ckn fjVk;j gks jgs gSaA geus muls fjVk;jesaV ds ckn dk izksxzke iwNk& dgus yxs] ^,d yM+dh dh vHkh 'kknh djuh ○ ○ ○ 46 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

gSA [kqnk us pkgk rks bl lky 'kknh dj nwaxk] mlds ckn viuh csxe ds lkjs fxys&f'kdos nwj djus gSaA njvly mudks vc rd bruh iqQjlr gh ugha feyh fd og viuh 'kjhds g;kr dh ckr è;ku ls lqu ldsaA rhl o"kZ dh ukSdjh esa muds vV~BkbZl rcknys gq,A 'kk;n bldk dkj.k mudk viuk fetkt Fkk] tks nwljksa dks jkl ugha vk;kA NksVh&NksVh ckrksa ij tkes ls ckgj gks tkuk mudh 'kknr esa 'kkfey jgkA 'kk;jkuk rch;r ds ekfyd gSa] [kqn gh iQjekrs gSa& gSa dqN [kjkfc;ka esjh rkehj esa t:j] lkS ckj cukdj fcxkM+k x;k gwa eSaA [kSj] vc mudk bjknk viuh csxe ls Hkjiwj b'd djus dk gS] csxe lkjk thou muds lkFk dne feykdj pyhaA vxj [kku lkgc us rirh /wi esa lM+d dkVh rks csxe us Vksdjh ls mu ij lk;k fd;kA /wi gS rst cgqr] eq>dks cpk;s j[kuk] ,s esjh csxe dh tqYiQkas ;wa gh lk;s j[kukA [kku lkgc dk Hkjiwj b'd djus dk rjhdk D;k gksxk] gekjs iwNus ij og bldk tokc ugha nsrsA 'kk;n ijns esa j[kuk pkgrs gSaA gekjh jk; esa fjVk;jesaV ds ckn b'd Vsa&Vsa] uk tkus fjVk;jesaV ds ckn mez lkFk nsxh Hkh ;k ughaA ^tks dqN djuk gS vHkh dj yks*A blfy, ge Hkh el:iQ gSa viuh iRuh dks [kq'k djus esaA

,&39] v'kksd uxj xkft;kckn&201001

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

nkeksnj nÙk nhf{kr

ge Vk;j gksaxs] fjVk;j ugha fgUnqrkuh vkneh cgqjaxh&cgqLrjh; fo'ks"krkvksa okyk izk.kh gSA mldh ,d fo'ks"krk gS ;g gS fd og Vk;j gks tkrk gS] ij fjVk;j ugha gksuk pkgrkA og vtj&vej dkeh gksrk gS vkSj Lo;a dks fodYighu ekurs gq, mlh fnu fjVk;j gksuk pkgrk gS ftl fnu efg"kokgu ;ejkt Vkax idM+dj dqlhZ ls [khapsa vkSj HkSals dh iwaN ls cka/dj fiQYeh vankt+ esa ?klhVrs gq, ujd dh vksj izLFkku djsa ;k D;k tkus ml fnu Hkh ugha\ 'kk;n lksprk gks] mldh HkVdrh izsrkRek Hkh NwVs gq, egku nkf;Ro dks laHkkyus esa l{ke gSA oSls rks ns'koklh ckr&ckr esa ewaN ejksM+rs jgrs gSa] ij fjVk;j gksus ds ekeys esa Hk;adj dk;j gksrs gSaA bdne cksns] bdne dkapwA os ou esa Hkys gh u Mjsa] ij okuizLFk ls Mjrs gSaA tSls dqÙks ds dkVus ls ikxy gqvk O;fDr ikuh ls Mjrk gS] tSls iqfyl ds yksx ^ykbu gkft+j* gksus ls Mjrs gS]a tSls jktusrk pqukoh gkj ls] tSls mins'kd ekSuozr ls vkSj vè;kid d{kk ls Mjrk gS] oSls gh fgUnqLrkuh in/kjd fjVk;j gksus ls Mjrk gSA mlds nks&pkj >kiM+ jlhn dj nks] pkj&ikap ykrsa tM+ nks] eqxkZ cuk nks] cl fjVk;j u djksA fjVk;jesaV dk uke lqurs gh mYVh&nLr gksus yxrh gSA fljnnZ] isVnnZ] eqagnnZ] nkarnnZ] vka[knnZ] dkunnZ] ukdnnZ lc lrkus yxrk gSA dqN yksx jkt;ksx NwVus dk uke lqurs gh jktjksx ds f'kdkj gks tkrs gSaA fdlh dks e/qesg] fdlh dks ân;jksx] fdlh dk xqnkZ {kfrxzLr] rks fdlh dk ;o`QrA ,d ls ,d eagxs] etcwr vkSj fVdkmQ jktjksxA fdlh dks twM+h&rki gks tkrk gS] fdlh dks nek] fdlh dks dCt+ rks fdlh dks xfB;kA fdlh dks coklhj gks tkrh gS] fdlh dks xqIrjksx rks fdlh dks ukenhZA dqy feykdj os fpfdRlk foKku ds vn~Hkqr ekMy cu ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

tkrs gSaA ;s rks dfg, vaxfo'ks"k gksrs ugha vU;Fkk fjVk;jesaVnzksgh tu jktfuo`fÙk ds lkFk&lkFk jtksfuo`fÙk vkSj LrudSalj dh Hkh f'kdk;r djus yxsaA fjVk;jesaVykWth (lsokfuo`fÙk&foKku) dk ,d vkSj iQaMk Hkh gSA v'kq¼&vcq¼ thokRek Lo;a rks fjVk;j gksuk ugha pkgrh] ij nwljs dks le; ls ;k gks lds le;iwoZ fjVk;j gksrs ns[kuk pkgrh gSA lkoZtfud LFkkuksa dh crdfg;ks]a nÝ+rjksa dh duiqQlfd;ksa vkSj Mªkbax:eh; pfjrppkZvksa esa vDlj yksx vewY; lq>ko nsrs fey tkrs gSaA ^jktusrkvksa ds Hkh fjVk;jesaV dh vk;q lhek gksuh pkfg,A* esjk vuqHko gS fd ,sls yksx os gksrs gSa tks dHkh fjVk;j ugha gksuk pkgrsA os ijlarki xzafFk ls ihfM+r gksrs gSaA ^;s ukekdwy usrk dHkh fjVk;j ugha gksrs] ejrs ne rd turk dh Nkrh ij ewax nyrs jgrs gSa tcfd ;g lqvolj ge ukekdwyksa dks fn;k tkuk pkfg,A* viQlj'kkgh ns'k dk lcls fuyZTt oxZ gSA ,slk eSa nkos ds lkFk dg ldrk gwa D;ksafd eSa Lo;a mldk vfoHkkT; vax gwaA prqj&paV viQlj fjVk;jesaV ls igys gh dVksjk ysdj [kM+k gks tkrk gSA ^gqtwj] fdlh dke&/a/s dk tqxkM+ fd;k tk,A* ;kuh fd fjVk;jesaV dh o; rd vf/ dkfjd rkSj ij tks cudj [kwu pwlrs jgs] ij isV ugha HkjkA ru f'kfFky] eu mlls Hkh T;knk f'kfFky] ij fjVk;jesaV ds fy, rS;kj ughaA ,sls O;fDr;ksa ds fy, Hkr`Zgfj cgqr igys dg x, gSa& vax xfyra ifyra eq.Ma] n'kufoghua tkra rq.Me~A o`¼ks ;kfr x`ghRok n.Ma] rnfi u eqapR;k'kk fi.Me~AA gekjs viQlj Hkh vk'kk dk fi.M ugha NksM+rsA ^ekbVh&gkbVh&iQkbVh* viQljksa ds ○ ○ ○ 47 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

fy, fofHkUu vk;ksx] fuxe] laLFkk,a vkfn pkjkxkg ds :i esa miyC/ gSaA gky ;g gS fd ?kksM+k u gks] rks x/s dh gh lokjh ns nks] flj ij pkSjkgk cuk nks] rc Hkh pysxkA viQlj esa tjk Hkh xSjr cph gks] rks mls lsokfoLrkj] iqufuZ;qfDr ;k nSfud osruHkksxh ds :i esa feyus okys izLrko ls badkj dj nsuk pkfg,A ij ,slk gksrk ugha D;ksafd vc viQljksa ds ikl lc dqN gksrk gS] cl xSj+ r ugha gksrhA vki pkjksa vksj ut+j nkSMk+ b,] ,d ls ,d lsokfuo`Ùkj viQlj fuyZTtrk ds lkFk] jktk ;;kfr dh eqnzk esa dqlhZ ls fpids cSBs gSa] ru&eu ls et+cwr ;ksX; tuksa dk vf/dkj gM+irs gq,A lp gh] cs'keZeso t;rs! [ksy dk Hkh [ksy dqN de ughaA nqfu;k tkurh gS fd vkmVMksj [ksyksa ;k 'kkjhfjd 'kfDr okys [ksyksa dh izfrLi/ kZijd vk;q yxHkx 15 ls 32 o"kZ rd gksrh gSA vf}rh; {kerkoku f[kykM+h gks] rks ,d&nks lky vkSj [khap ys tk,xkA cl- -A ij gekjs fgUnqLrkuh f[kykM+h bl rF; ls vifjfpr gSa] vifjfpr gh jguk pkgrs gSaA vU; ns'kksa esa {kerk ds ßkl gksrs gh f[kykM+h lEekutud <ax ls Lo;a fjVk;j gksus dh ?kks"k.kk dj nsrk gSA ij vius ns'k esa tc rd f[kykM+h dh ihB ls pkj bap uhps pkj ykrsa ekjdj ^tk iwQV] cgqr gqvk* dgus dk ifo=k ea=kksPpkj.k ugha gksrk] rc rd og fjVk;j ugha gksrkA ;kuh f[kykM+h fjVk;jesaV ls iwoZ pkj ykrsa [kkuk viuk vfuok;Z /eZ le>rs gSaA ,d leL;k vkSj HkhA ;gka vxj f[kykM+h fjVk;j Hkh gksuk pkgs] rks mlds ^iSQu* fjVk;j ugha gksus nsrsA vxj ^Vsful ,Ycks* ds dkj.k fdlh fozQdsVj dk gkFk mBus ls badkj djrk gS vkSj og ckj&ckj cksYM gksus dh mnkjrk fn[kkrk gS] rks mlds leFkZd dgrs gSa] ^dksbZ ckr ughaA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

llqjs yanu ds MkWDVj dc dke vk,axsA os vkWijs'ku dj gekjs egku f[kykM+h dk egku ^Vsful ,Ycks* dks egku ^fozQdsV ,Ycks* cuk nsaxsA* ij ,slk gks ugha ikrkA gekj egku f[kykfM+;ksa vkSj mlls Hkh T;knk egku muds leFkZdksa dks ;g ugha irk fd mez dk rdktk gksrk gS vkSj ,d fuf'pr mez ds ckn ,d ugha] ,d lkS ,d vkWijs'ku djk Mkyks] ij igys tSlh ckr ugha vk ldrhA ,sls esa f[kykM+h ns'k ds izfr gh ugha] vius izfr Hkh vU;k; djrk gSA dej esa ihjsa mBus yxh gSa] xfB;k us ?kqVus dks tdM+ fy;k gSA ,slh fLFkfr esa xsan vkidh gkdh fLVd dk ueLrs Lohdkj djus ls jgkA LikUM&ykbfVl gks tkus ij] VScysV [kkdj ^gsMj* ekjsaxs] rks iqQVcky fdruh nwj tk,xk] bldk vuqeku vklkuh ls yxk;k tk ldrk gSA iQkLV ckyj ds da/s esa van#uh pksV gS] rks mldh ckfyax dh xfr fdruh gksxh vkSj cky fdl fn'kk esa tk,xk] le>k tk ldrk gSA ij gekjs rFkkdfFkr f[kykM+hizseh lquus&le>us dks rS;kj ugha gksrsA va/HkfDr vkSj O;fDriwtk gkoh jgrh gS vkSj os ?kk;y&pksfVy vLoLFk det+ksj gks pqds f[kykfM+;ksa dh iSjoh djrs jgrs gSaA xkfyc ;kn vkrs gSa& xks gkFk dks tqfEc'k ugha] vka[kksa esa rks ne gS] jgus nks vHkh lkxj vks ehuk esjs vkxsA dqy feykdj ge v&fjVk;jesaV ekgkSy esa f?klV jgs gSaA yksx brus dk;j gks pqds gSa fd f?kls Vk;j cuus dks rS;kj gSa] ij fjVk;j gksus dks ughaA ij f?klk gqvk Vk;j rks f?klk gqvk gksrk gSA ,d fnu vpkud iQVsxk] rks cl esa lokj ;kf=k;ksa dks Hkh nq?kZVukxzLr dj nsxk] ^ge rks Mwcsaxs lue] rqedks Hkh ys MwcsaxsA* blfy, I;kjs ns'kokfl;ksa vknj.kh; fjVk;j.kh;ksa dks v'kkafr ls fjVk;j gksus nks] mUgsa Vk;j gksus ls cpkvksA blh esa ns'k dk Hkyk vkSj ftlesa ns'k dk Hkyk gS] mlesa lcdk Hkyk gSA nkjk jgk u jgk fldUnj&lk ckn'kkg] r[+r&,&t+eha is lSadM+ksa vk,] pys x,A ,&130] ik.Mo uxj] esjB&250003 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

e/qlwnu ikfVy

vkj{k.k izse dFkk ;g bafM;k ds bUnziLz Fk dk vkj{k.k lhu gSA vkj{k.k ds dq#{ks=k esa vtqZu dh ykBh ,slh pyh fd lk{kkr~ e/qlwnu Hkh fdadrZO; foew<+ gks x,A dkS j o ls u k ds egkjFkh gh ugha ikaMo ikVhZ ds HkkbZ yksx Hkh eSnku esa mrjus dh lksp esa Mwcus mrjkus yxs A cM+ s & cM+ s c;kuohjksa us vius c;ku&ck.k rjdlksa esa okfil j[k fy,A os leFkZu vkSj fojks/ ds xgu vkSj fufgr vFkZ ds fparu f'kfoj esa pys x,A ftUgsa vius cuk, MkDVjksa ij Hkjkslk ugha Fkk] os fons'k esa bykt djkus pys x,A Hkkjr esa ;g elyk u;k ugha gSA D;k egkHkkjr Hkh [kkunkuh vkj{k.k ds fojks/ dk ifj.kke ugha Fkk\ /`rjk"Vª us [kkunkuh vkj{k.k dk gh rks fojks/ fd;k Fkk fd flagklu ikaMqiq=kksa dks ugha esjs iq=k dks feyuk pkfg,A cl blh vkj{k.k vL=k us Hkh"e firkeg vkSj fonqj tSls jk"Vªfpardksa dks fparktud gkyr esa igqapk fn;k FkkA njckjh cspkjs u gka dg ik jgs Fks u ukA vkt ds jk"Vªoknh c;kuohjksa dks Hkh bl vkj{k.k us f'k[kaMh cuk fn;k gS] cl] fparu pkyw vkgsA vkt ds /`rjk"Vª [kkunkuh vkj{k.k cuk, j[kuk pkgrs gSaA muds eu] opu deZ blh ,d y{; ij dsafnzr gSa fd viuh I;kjh larku gh gekjs oksV cSad dh ,dek=k mÙkjkf/dkjh gksA fdlh nwljs oa'k] tkfr ;k {ks=k ds usrk dk gekjs vaxus esa D;k dke gSA iqfYyax vkSj L=khfyax ds vkj{k.k ds ?keklku esa D;k uiqaldfyax dks vkj{k.k ekaxus dk vf/dkj ugha gSA vkSj ;g gks x;k rks fo/ku o laln Hkou ○ ○ ○ 48 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

rkfy;ksa dh xM+xM+kgV ls xwat mBsaxsA og Hkkjrh; jktuhfr dk u`R; laxhre; vè;k; gksxkA n'kZu dk eè;e ekxZ ;gh gSA Kku vk/kfjr lar lekt us /kfeZd vkj{k.k dks fljs ls [kkfjt dj fn;k FkkA oS".ko HkfDr dk dhrZue; vkanksyu rhljh lnh esa gh 'kq: gks x;kA larksa dk oS".ko HkfDr vkanksyu ek=k èkkfeZd ugha FkkA og eafnjksa esa ykxw tkrh; vkj{k.k rksM+us ds fy, FkkA og izHkqejw r dh eqfDr dk vkanksyu Fkk] 'kwnzksa vkSj fL=k;ksa dks HkfDr dk vf/ dkj fnykus dk vkanksyu FkkA dchj ok.kh dh vkaèkh Kku dh vka/h Fkh] ftlus Hkze dh lkjh VkVh mM+k nh FkhA muds dhrZu ozQkafrdkjh lkfcr gq,A vk/qfud vFkZ vk/kfjr lekt esa vkfFkZd vkj{k.k rks chloha lnh ls gh ykxw gSA f'k{kk vkSj ukSdjh nksuksa esa vkfFkZd vkj{k.k D;k igys ls gh ykxw ugha gSA Mksu's ku lhV] eSut s esVa dksVk] ,e,y, dksVk] vkfFkZd vkj{k.k ugha rks D;k gSA ukSdjh esa isM lhV igys gh vkjf{kr gSA vke vkneh dh larku ds HkkX; ij ukSdjh dh ^xyh fop us ,aVªh* dh r[rh igys gh yVdh gSA fiQj ;g egkHkkjrh; jkeyhyk fdlfy,\ jktuhfrd eap ij [kqYye&[kqYyk I;kj djuk euk gSA pksjh&pksjh pqids&pqids D;k&D;k ugha gksrkA ;g vkj{k.k Hkh ml I;kj dh rjg vuar vkSj Toyar gS] tks lkS lky igys Hkh Fkk] vkt Hkh gS vkSj dy Hkh jgsxkA ;g oksV izse dk vej xhr gSA 1041] vcZu ,LVsV&2 fglkj&125005 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lqn'kZu of'k"B

cuuk mikè;{k lkfgR; dk ^eqckjd gks - - -eqckdj gks- - -A* lqcg gh iQksu ctus yxsA dqN yksx gksrs gSa tks nwljksa dh fpark,a vks<+ lksrs tkxrs gSa vkSj lqcg mBrs gh iQksu djuk 'kq: dj nsrs gSaA dbZ iQksu ij gh v[kckj dh csgwnh [kcjsa lqukusa yx tkrs gSaA lc ls igyk iQksu ml ys[kd dgykus okys O;fDr dk Fkk tks fiNys nl lky ls fy[kuk NksM+ pqdk FkkA ^dgka cSBsaxs vc vki - - -dk;kZy; dgka gksxkA* nwljk iQksu laiknd dk Fkk ftls] vius flok lc lkfgR;dkjksa esa voxq.k gh voxq.k fn[kykbZ iM+rs FksA ^vjs HkkbZ] dqN feysxk HkhA* rhljk viuh ihM+k fNik u ik;kA ^dkj dkSu lh ys jgs gSaA - - -,LVhe ;k LdksfiZ;ksA uksok ;k LdksMk yhft,A ge Hkh >.Mh okyh dkj esa cSBsaxsA* ftl ckr dk Mj Fkk] ogh gksus tk jgk FkkA fueksgZ h us ladkspo'k fdlh v[kckj esa [kcj ugha nh FkhA oSls Hkh v[kckj esa [kcj dqN nsrs gSa] rks Nirk dqN gSA ,d fgrS"kh vf/dkjh us ,d v[kckj esa c;ku ns Mkyk ftlls dqN yksxksa ds dku [kM+s gks x,A vjs] iadt fueksZgh dks mikè;{k cuk fn;k - - -cuk;k ugha] og viuh dksf'k'k ls cuk gS] cM+k ehl.kk gS] vkfn [kqlj iqQlj gksus yxhA v[kckjksa esa dqN f[kykiQ Nkius ds fy, ea=k.kk,a gksus yxhaA dqN us cksYM curs gq, MªkÝV Hkh cuk Mkyk fd fdlh vkSj ds uke Niok,axsA - - -gka HkbZ] brus yacs le; ls laLÑfr foHkkx ls tqM+s jgs gks] lkfgR;dkj Hkh gks] rqe ls T;knk mi;qDr O;fDr vkSj dkSu gks ldrk gS- - -,d fe=k ls yxus okys ofj"B lkfgR;dkj us yack mPN~okl ysrs gq, dgkA ;wa rks ljdkj esa vusd cksMZ] fuxe vkSj laLFkku gksrs gSa ftu esa ea=kh] ,e,y, vkSj ikVhZ ds ofj"B dk;ZdrkZ vè;{k]

mikè;{k rSukr fd, tkrs gSaA dbZ laLFkkuksa ds vè;{k eq[;ea=kh gksrs gSa rks mikè;{k dksbZ vU; HkkX;'kkyhA izk;% mikè;{k dks osru] HkÙks] dk;kZy;] ih-,-] okgu] ljdkjh vkokl vkfn dh lkjh lqfo/k,a nh tkrh gSaA db;ksa dks rks dsfcusV ea=kh dk ntkZ fn;k tkrk gSA lkfgR; dk mikè;{k vkSj ml ij rqjkZ ;g fd lkfgR;dkj gh yxk;k tk,] dqN vthc lh ckr FkhA vr% vf/lwpuk tkjh gksus esa dkiQh le; yx x;kA xHkkZèkku ls izlo rd ftruk le; yxrk gS] mruk gh le; vf/lwpuk fudyus esa yxkA dqN ?kfu"B vkSj djhch fe=kksa us bl lkfgfR;d vf/lwpuk esa dbZ dqN fy[kok fn;kA laLÑfr lfpo }kjk tkjh bl vf/lwpuk esa ^vki mikè;{k ugha gksaxs* - - - ;g okD; gh ugha Fkk] ckfd reke udkjkRed okD; mlesa tksM+s x, FksA- - -vkidks fdlh izdkj dk ekuns; ns; ugha gksxk] vki fdlh izdkj dh cSBd dh vè;{krk ugha djsasxsA cs'kd vki mikè;{k gSa] vkidks iQkby ugha Hksth tk,xh] vki dk fdlh izdkj dk n[ky laLFkku esa ugha pysxk vkfn vkfnA gka] ,d ldkjkRed okD; Fkk fd vkidks eq[; cSBd esa vkus ds fy, Vh,& Mh, fn;k tk,xkA ;g ckr vyx Fkh fd ;g cSBd ,d ljdkj ds ikap lky ds dk;Zdky esa dsoy ,d ckj gksrh gSA gka] fueksgZ h ls igys Hkh ,d cnulhc lkfgR;dkj mikè;{k cus FksA mUgsa dk;kZy; esa cSBus dh rks D;k] [kM+s gksus dh Hkh txg ugha fey ikbZ FkhA tc ,d es g jcku vf/dkjh us vkxzgo'k mikè;{k dh iQkby pykbZ rks dqN lkfgR;dkj fe=kksa (!) us vk'oklu fn;k Fkk fueksgZ h dks fd ge vkids mikè;{k cuus dk fojks/ ugha djsaxsA - - -ljdkj dh vf/lwpuk xHkZ esa

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

49

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

gkFk Mkydj fudkyuh iM+h gS] ,d us dgk FkkA ofMZax Bhd rjg fy[kok ysuk] ugha rks dksbZ ,slh ?kq.Mh ekj nsxk fd u ysrs cusxk u NksM+rsA vkSj oSlk gh gqvkA vf/lwpuk esa fy[kk Fkk % cgq, lkjk ?kj rsjk ij ns[k.kk] dgha gkFk yxkukA lkfgR; dk mikè;{k- - -;g D;k gksrk gS] fdlh us dgk] i;ZVu dk mikè;{k lquk gS] ifjogu dk mikè;{k lquk gS] cSad dk mikè;{k lquk gS- - -taxy] ikuh] HksM&+ mQu] jsr&ctjh] bZVa &iRFkj] dwMk+ &ddZV dk mikè;{k lquk gS] ;g lkfgR; dk vè;{k igyh ckj lquk vkSj og Hkh ,d y[kkjhA vjs y[kkfj;ksa ds fy, D;k Ldwy dkWyst can gks x, tks jktuhfr esa gkFk ikao ekjus yxsA ;g lkfgR; dk laLFkku gh can djok nsuk_ u jg.kk ckal vkSj u ct.kh ckalqjh- - -ftrus eqag mruh ckrsa iSQyus yxhaaA mikè;{k dk mPpkj.k djrs gq, lkfgR;dkj ,d nwljs ij eqag dk Fkwd >kM+us yxsA gfj;k.kk esa jsr ctjh dk mikè;{k cgqr cM+k vkneh gksrk gSA tc og fgekpy vkrk gS rks ,ds 47 fy, xueSu mlds vkxs ihNs jgrs gSaA mldh xkM+h bruh cM+h gS fd iwjk tgkt yxrk gSA fueksZgh ds eu esa viuh fcjknjh ds izfr d#.kk tkxhA varr% dqN fnuksa ckn cM+h esgur ls R;kx i=k dk MªkÝV rS;kj fd;kA rhu pkj ckj fy[kdj iQkM+kA fiQj fy[kkA vc rd lfpoky; esa isQjcny gks pqdk FkkA laLÑfr lfpo u;s FksA mUgksaus R;kx i=k gkFk esa ysrs gq, iwNk] ^D;k&D;k lqfo/k,a fey jgh gSa vkidksA* ^lqfo/k rks dqN ugha] cl nqfo/k gh nqfo/k gSA* ^rks jgus nhft, uA R;kx i=k nsus dh 'ks"k i`"B 51 ij- - -

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

gjn'kZu lgxy

nwljk t'u Hkh[ke iafMr csgks'k gksdj IysViQkeZ ij fxj iM+kA mlds gkFk esa ,d fHkapk gqvk [kr fn[kkbZ ns jgk FkkA ,slh ckr ugha fd tks yksx] iafMr dh ;kjh dk ne Hkjrs Fks] nwj [kMs+ Fks ;k mUgksaus iafMr dks fxjrs u ns[kk gksA cl mudh izfrfozQ;k bruh Hkj gqbZ fd mUgksaus viuk lewpk è;ku mBkdj lkgc ds psgjs ij Vkad fn;k FkkA eSa tkurk Fkk] lkgc LVs'ku ij tYnh igqap tk,axsA blfy, lkjk dke NksM+dj Hkkxk vk;kA lkgc tkurs gSa] ge lc ges'kk ^lh vkWiQ* djus t:j vkrs gSaA lks vkidks FkksM+k tYnh LVs'ku ij vkuk iM+rk gSA µ lkgc] caxys ij dksbZ dke gks rks crkrs tk,aA µ vjs rqe fiQØ er djksA eSa ese lkgc ls iQksu ij iwNrk jgwaxkA µ vkids fcuk vkWfiQl fcYdqy gh lwuk gks tkrk gS lkgcA µ lkgc- - -lkgc- - -lkgc- - igys] yacs] /hes] maQps fdarq xaHkhjrk /kj.k fd, gj Loj dk ,d fof'k"V izHkko lkgc ds psgjs ij iM+ jgk FkkA vka[kksa dh ped c<+ tkrhA eq[k e.My dqN vf/d [kwclwjr cu tkrkA VkbZ >weus yxrhA xnZu dks gYdk lk >Vdk nsdj ihNs ys vkrs rks cgqr cM+s yxrs lkgcA FkksM+s&FkksM+s oDisQ ls dksbZ flxjsV is'k djrkA nwljk >V ls mls ekfpl ls tyokrkA dksbZ iku yk nsrkA igys eqag pyrk ns[kdj nwljk iku mudh lhV ij j[k tkrkA µ lkgc] vki dc ykSVsaxs\ µ lkgc! vkt rks cgqr ls isilZ ij vkids lkbu gksus ls jg x,A µ bl ls dbZ cspkjksa dk dke #dk jgsxkA os FkksM+h izrh{kk dj ysaxs rks D;k dgj <s tk,xk mu ijA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lkgc - - - lkgc- - µ ge cl ijlksa X;kjg cts dh xkM+h ls ykSV vk,axsA brus okD;ksa dks lquus ds ckn lkgc us ,d okD; lquk;kA µ LVs'ku ij gkftj feywaxkA ,d okD; ds Fkers gh nl ckjg eqagksa us ukjk yxk;kA µ Bhd gSA vki yksx vVSaUMsal dh fpark er djukA lkgc ds vf/d fudV [kM+s lqijokbtj us vius eqag ls lkjh iQjk[k fnyh mM+sy dj j[k nhA xkM+h LVkVZ gksus esa vHkh nl feuV ckdh FksA lHkh ;k=kh rsth ls vius&vius fMCcksa dh [kkst esa HkkxnkSM+ epk jgs FksA ;kf=k;ksa dh Bksdjksa ls yq<+drk gqvk Hkh[ke iafMr ,su lkgc ds dneksa ds chpksa&chp tk iaQlkA µ vjs ;g D;k gSA gVksA lkgc pkSadsA lkspk 'kk;n dksbZ fHk[kkjh gSA ?k`.kk ls ukd fldksM+rs gq, rhu dne ihNs gVsA mlh iqQrhZ ls iafMr jksyj dh ekfuUn rhu dne lkgc dh rjiQ yq<+dkA lkgc dks ;g n`'; izsr Nk;k lk yxkA ysfdu nl ckjg yksxksa ds chp gksus ds dkj.k os csgks'k ugha gq,A vius vkidks laHkkyk rks igpku x,A µ vjs ;g rks viuk Hkh[ke iafMr yxrk gSA µ dgks Hkkb D;k rdyhiQ gS\ lkgc us lgkuqHkwfr dk ve`r ty fNM+dk rks Hkh[ke iafMr ds eqag ls ^lkgc* fudykA rc og iqQrhZ ls mBdj [kM+k gks x;kA ysfdu bldk vxyk 'kCn lquus ls igys] lkgc dk ?ksjk Mkys lHkh tus csgks'k gks dj fxj iM+sA Hkh[ke iafMr tYnh&tYnh Hkkokos'k esa cksys tk jgk Fkk 'kk;n fdlh dks vkids izksxzke dk igys ls irk ugha FkkA [kSj eSa rks NqV~Vh ij FkkA dbZ fnuksa ls ;g lkjs ckcw esjs ihNs iM+s Fks yM+dk gqvk gSA ikVhZ ○ ○ ○ 50 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

f[kykvksA rqEgsa pijklh FkksM+k le>rs gSaA rqe rks gekjs ;kj gksA µ gwa&gwa- - -lkgc us flj dks mQij uhps fd;k rks Hkh[ke iafMr dk HkjHkjkZ;k Loj fiQj lqukbZ nsus yxkA µ nÝrj ls NqV~Vh yhA lkjk fnu bartke esa tk;k fd;kA c<+&p<+dj iSlk yxk;kA jkSud esa ;g yksx vk, rks lkjs Fks] ijarq jax esa Hkax MkyusA vius vki mrkoyh ls fyiQkiQksa ls jlxqYys] xqykc tkequ vkSj ciQhZ fudky&fudky dj xVdus yxsA dM+kgh esa gkFk Mky&Mky dj gyqvk iQkadrs gq, ckjh&ckjh ls Hkkxus yxsA fdlh us dgk& isV cqjh rjg ls nq[kus yxk gSA fdlh us dgkµ iRuh dks CyhfMax gksus yxk gSA ,d us dgk] vpkud ?kj ij esgeku vk x, gSaA µ gj ,d ij ,d lkFk VwV iM+h foifÙk;ksa ls eSa gDdk&cDdk jg x;kA bruh lkjh pk; isaQduh iM+hA eSftd 'kks okys dks iQksdV esa gh iSls nsus iM+sA lc dk lc cnetk gks x;k lkgcA fcuk lkgc dh eq[kkÑfr dh vksj vf/d è;ku fn, Hkh[ke iafMr rst jÝrkj ls tcku nkSM+k, pyk tk jgk Fkk rkfd xkM+h nkSM+us ls igys og VsªftMh c;ku dj nsA µ lkgc! esjh iRuh ,dne dq<+ xbZA cksyh& bUgha yksxksa dh nksLrh dk ne Hkjrs FksA vc tkdj ;g fpV~Bh Mky vkvksA rhu jkst ls fy[kh iM+h gSA tkvks&tkvks esjk eqag D;k ns[k jgs gksA eSa lkjk lkeku lesV ywaxhA lkspk] D;ksa u fpV~Bh xkM+h esa gh iksLV dj nwaA nwj ls ns[kk] vius gh ckcw yksx yxrs gSaA ysfdu ;dhu ugha gqvk fd ;g yksx ,slk Hkh dj ldrs gSaA iqf"V djus ds fy, vkSj utnhd pyk vk;kA lcdks 'ks"k i`"B 51 ij- - ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jkses'k tks'kh

ekfpl dSls tyk,a ekfpl ns'k esa gj txg miyC/ gSA xSl ykbVj ds vkxeu ds ckotwn ?kj esa dgha Hkh iM+h gks ldrh gSA vLrq] ,d ,slh ekfpl ysa] ftlesa rhfy;ka gksaA ekfpl dks ck,a ;kuh ysÝV gkFk esa mBk,aA ekfpl ds ckgjh [kksy ds vanj iaQlk, x, njkt vFkkZr Mªkoj dks vaxwBs ds gyds ls ncko ls tjk lk ckgj fudkysaA è;ku jgs] vaxwBs ij bruk ncko u Mkysa fd njkt iwjk ckgj fudy tk,A vU;Fkk rhfy;ka tehu ij fc[kj tk,axh vkSj mUgsa okil mBkus esa vkids ?kqVus] dej vkSj isV dks vlguh; O;k;ke djus tSlh ihM+k gks ldrh gSA Mªkoj ds ckgj vkus ij rhfy;ka fn[kkbZ nsus yxsaxhA nkfgus@jkbV gkFk ls ,d rhyh mBk,aA rhyh ds ,d fljs ij dkyk ;k gjk inkFkZ yxk gksxk] tksfd Toyu'khy gSA rhyh dks bl fljs ls u idM+saA nwljs fljs ls idM+ ysaA fiQj ck,a gkFk esa idM+h ekfpl ds irys okys igyw ij è;ku nsaA gSjkuh dh ckr gS] vki tSlksa ds gksrs gq,] vHkh rd gj ekfpl ij mls tykus dh izfØ;k Nkiuk vfuok;Z ugha fd;k x;kA vc ekfpl ds bl irys igyw ij nkfgus gkFk dh vaxqfy;ksa esa idM+h rhyh dks gksys ls jxM+saA cl] bruk gksys ls tSls ckFk:e esa izos'k djrs gq, vkidh rksan ;k dwYgs njokts dh pkS[kV ls jxM+k tkrs gSaA ,d ckj jxM+us ij u tys rks FkksM+k tksj yxkdj nwljh ckj jxM+saA bruk tksj u yxk,a fd rhyh VwV tk,A vkSj VwV tk, rks Hkh ijokg ughaA nwljh] rhljh] dbZ rhfy;ka gSa uk! vkidks fl[kkus ds fy, rks bl ns'k dh dbZ ekfplsa U;kSNkoj dh tk ldrh gSaA iz;kl djrs jgsaA vkidks vius vki ij fo'okl gksuk pkfg,A iDdk bjknk gksuk pkfg,A è;ku jgs] yksx vkidh vksj vHkh Hkh vis{kk ls ns[k jgs gSaA ftl rjg vkius jxM+us] ?khlus] iNhVus] iyVh ekjus tSls cgqr ls dke lh[ks] ;g Hkh lh[k ysaxsA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fiQj Hkh dksbZ vM+pu gks] rks eq>s iQksu djds iwN ysa ;k jkt/kuh cqyok ysaA nksLrks] ekfpl tykus dh ;g foLr`r fof/ crkus dk dkj.k dkiQh xaHkhj gSSA oks D;k gS fd bl ns'k dh turk cjlksa ls bartkj dj jgh gS fd ns'k ds usrk ozQkafr dh e'kky tyk,axs] ij mldh igy Hkh dgha fn[kkbZ ugha ns jghA vHkh dqN fnu igys ,d dk;ZozQe esa usrkth ds n'kZu gks x,A Hkk"k.k nsus ls igys vkSj xys esa gkj Myokus ds ckn muds fy, t:jh Fkk fd rLohj ds vkxs j[kk ,d NksVk&lk nhid tyk,aA vktdy nhid tykuk gj dk;ZoQz e dk vfuok;Z deZdk.M gksrk gSA mn~?kks"k.kk ds ckn os ,sls eqLdqjkrs mBs Fks] tSls ekfpl tykuk muds ck,a gkFk dk [ksy gSA eq>s ns[kdj [kq'kh gqbZ fd rLohj ds lkeus igqap dj mUgksaus ekfpl tykus ds dk;Z dks ck,a gkFk dk [ksy ugha le>kA ekfpl gkFk esa ysdj mUgksaus lko/ kuh ls viuh rksan dks ihNs dj fy;k] rkfd xyrh ls tyrk gqvk xqy uhps fxjs rks rksan vkSj flUFksfVd [kknh ds diM+s lqjf{kr jggsaA vycÙkk] rksan dks ihNs djus dh bl izfozQ;k ls iQksVks mrjokus ds iz;kl fd,] fdarq lkjh lko/kuh ds ckotwn ekfpl ugha tyh] rc rd vk;kstd us vkxs vkdj rhyh tykdj mUgsa nhA usrkth us rhyh ds cq>us ls igys nhid tyk fn;k vkSj mifLFkr turk us tksjnkj rkfy;ka ctkbZA usrkth ds n'kZu ds lkFk bl ?kVuk us eq>s ;g Kkuo/Zd ys[k fy[kus dh izsj.kk nh] ;g lcd feyk fd ozQkafr dh e'kky tykus dh ftu usrkvksas ls vis{kk dh tk jgh gS] mUgsa lcls igys ekfpl tykus dk izf'k{k.k nsuk t:jh gSA vLrq] fof/ mQij fy[k nh xbZ gSA vc bls usrkth dks i<+okuk vkidk dke gS] D;ksafd ○ ○ ○ 51 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

vki rks tkurs gSa] gekjs usrkvksa dks dqN Hkh Kkuo/Zd i<+us dh vknr ugha gksrhA vkSj pkgsa rks ns'k ds usrk Hkh ;g lcd ys ldrs gSa fd tc os ,d tjk&lk nhid tyk nsrs gSa] rks turk izlUurk ls rkfy;ka ctkus yxrh gS] okdbZ vxj fdlh fnu mUgksaus e'kky tyk nh rks turk D;k djsxh] cfYd D;k ugha djsxh\ 51 :ijkeuxj dkyksuh ekf.kdckx jksM] bUnkjS &452007

- - - i`"B 49 dk 'ks"k D;k t:jr gS- - - ;s dksbZ iz/kuea=kh dk R;kxi=k FkksM+s gh gSA yhft,] j[k yhft,A* lfpo }kjk eqLdjk dj lgt Hkko ls ykSVk;k R;kx i=k ml tsc esa lgstdj j[k fy;k fueksZgh us ftlls dy gh cVqvk [kks;k FkkA ^vfHkuanu* d`".k fuokl yksvj iaFkk?kkVh] f'keyk (fg-iz)

- - - i`"B 50 dk 'ks"k lgh lyker ns[kdj gks'k [kks cSBkA ;gka rks nwljk gh t'u euk;k tk jgk gS& ^lh vkWiQ t'u- - -* vpkud lkgc ds [ka[kkjus dh vkokt lqudj Hkh[ke iafMr dh vkokt vVd dj xk;c gks xbZA lkgc dk psgjk ns[kkA iwjh rjg ls rerek;k gqvk FkkA mUgsa viuh rjiQ cqjh rjg ls ?kwjrs ns[kdj Hkh[ke iafMr nqckjk csgks'k gksdj fxj iM+kA rHkh xkM+h py iM+hA lkgc yid dj vius dEikVZesaV esa p<+ x,A mUgksaus ckgj >kaddj ns[kk& T;knkrj csgks'kksa ds gkFk ^VkVk* dh eqnzk esa fgy jgs FksA 5&bZ&9 ^laokn* MqIyDS l dkWyksuh] chdkusj&334001 (jktLFkku) ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dSykl pUæ

[kjcwts dk jax dgkor gS [kjcwtk [kjcwts dks ns[kdj jax cny ysrk gSA eSaus ns[kk rks ugha ij fo'okl fd, ysrk gwa fd bl jax cnyrh nqfu;k esa t:j cny ysrk gksxkA nksuksa ,d gh uLy ds tks gSaA viuksa dks ns[k dj dkSu ugha cny tkrkA fiQj ;s rks iQy gSA tc tSlk ekSdk gksrk gS yksx mlh ds vuq:i vius dks jax ysrs gSaA jax cnyuk ,d dyk gSA gj ,d dks ;g dyk ugha lèkrhA tks lk/ ysrs gSa os euLoh gksrs gSaA usrk tc Hkk"k.k nsrk gS mlds lkeus xjhc turk cSBh gksrh gSA ml {k.k mlds Hkhrj elhgkbZ tkx mBrh gSA mldk jax ml le; cny tkrk gSA mls xjhch lw>us yxrh gS] xjhc ;kn vk tkrk gS] fodkl fn[kus yxrk gS] f'k{kk vkSj jkstxkj fn[kus yxrk gS] fdlku dh nqnZ'kk ;kn vkus yxrh gSA vke vkneh dk jax usrk ij p<+k gksrk gSA og tkurk gS fd ;g oDr xjhcksa ij cksyus dk gSA ykSVdj tc jkt/kuh tkrk gS] og jax cny ysrk gSA D;ksafd vc mlds lkeus ekgkSy cny x;k gSA og lSDl esa rYyhu gks tkrk gS] ?kiys mls yqHkkus yxrs gSa] viuksa dks ykHk igqapkuk ;kn vk tkrk gS] {ks=kh;rk ml ij gkoh gks tkrh gSA usrk ogh cl mldh fiQrjr ds rjcwt jax cny ysrs gSaA vki dHkh ;wuhoflZVh x;s gSaA ckgjh nhokjsa pkgs lisQn jax esa iqrh gksa ij ogka ?kqlrs gh vkidks tkr&ikr ds jaxkjax dk;ZozQe fn[kus yxrs gSaA vki tkdj fdlh foHkkx ds foHkkxkè;{k uked izk.kh dh tkr dk irk djsaA vki ik;saxs fd ml foHkkx esa vfèkdka'k mldh gh tkr ds Hkjs gSaA muesa ls dqN tks csesy tkfr ds gSa] os igys okys foHkkxkè;{k ds }kjk viuh tkr ds Hkjs gq;s gSaA pijklh Hkh foHkkxkè;{k dh tkr dk fey tk;sxkA tSls fiQftDl iSQdYVh esa lc dk;LFk Hkjs gq, feysaxsA D;ksafd ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

foHkkx dk izeq[k HkVukxj dk;LFk Fkk vkSj ns'k ds lHkh HkVukxjksa dks foHkkx esa ukSdjh nsuk pkgrk FkkA ml oDr Fkksd esa mrus feys ughaA etcwjh esa rc ekFkqj] lDlsuk vkSj [kjs yksxksa dks ysuk iM+kA blh rjg n'kZu 'kkL=k esa foHkkxkè;{k frokjh th Fks vkSj ogka ckaHkuksa dk ijpe ygjk;s gq, FksA mUgksaus rks izfrKk dj j[kh Fkh fd 'kks/ Hkh os ckaHkuksa ds vykok fdlh nhxj tkr okys dks ugha djk;saxsA os tc rd LoxZoklh ugha gq, vius bl vfHk;ku dks liQy cukrs jgsA vc ml txg ,d dqjeh vk x;k gS vkSj mls vkrs gh viuh tkr okyksa dh Hkjrh dh ryc yx vkbZ gSA foHkkxksa ds Hkhrj lisQnh dHkh Hkh viuk vklu ugha tek ikbZA pquko esa rks tkr dk jax bruk mHkj dj vkrk gS fd vka[ksa pqaf/;k tkrh gSaA ftl tkr dk mEehnokj gksxk mldk jax mldh fcjknjh okys Vksyksa esa Nikd ls fxjrk gS vkSj rRdky ml jax esa ,d cM+s /Ccs esa rCnhy gks tkrk gSA ea=kh cukus ds fy, tkr ds jax dh /kSal fn[kkbZ tkrh gSA izfrfuf/Ro dh yM+kbZ blh ds cwrs ij yM+h tkrh gSA mEehnokj Hkh tkr ds jax ds vk/kj ij [kM+s fd, tkrs gSaA bl tkr ds jax dh bl {ks=k esa cgqyrk gS blfy, mlh tkr okys lksgu th dks fVdV nsuk Bhd jgsxkA oksVj dk jax mEehnokj dh tkr dks ns[kdj jax cny ysrk gSA tc dHkh ea=kh ds foHkkx esa fu;qfDr;ka gksaxh rks mlh dh tkr dk jax cjlsxkA mlh tkr okys ds volj gSa vc vkxs c<+us dsA vc ftruk Hkh ykHk gS ?ka?kksj dj mls gh fiyk;k tk;sxkA tc nks /eZxq: feys rks igys rks nksuksa ,d nwljs dks ns[kdj xqjkZ;sA ,d nwljs dks iksaxk vkSj vKkuh dgk] igys us nwljs dks <ksaxh dgk rks nwljs us iyV okj djrs ○ ○ ○ 52 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

igys dks ik[k.Mh dg fn;kA fiQj mudh le> esa tYnh vk x;k fd muds mís'; rks ,d gh gSa vFkkZr /eZizk.k turk dks ew[kZ cuk;s j[kukA ,d dk jax nwljs ds jax esa cny x;kA mUgksaus jkLrk cny fn;k] rqe viuh nqdku pykvks] ge viuh pykrs gSaA rqe peRdkj fn[kkvks ge Hkh fn[kkrs gSaA rqe psys cukvks ge Hkh cuk;s ysrs gSaA >xM+k fdl ckr dk\ gekjk flagklu bèkj rqEgkjk m/jA chp esa turk dh ciQj LVsVA rqe viuk czk.M pykvks ge viuk pykrs gSaA gSa nksuksa igqaps gq, vkè;kfRed xq:A jax ls jax cny x;kA naxs tc gksrs gSa rks ?kj vkSj nqdku fo/ehZ dh tykbZ tkrh gS] Nwjk nwljs dkSe okys ds isV esa ?kkSaik tkrk gSA bTtr vius okyksa dh ugha mudh ywVh tkrh gSA lEifÙk mudh gM+ih tkrh gSA dkSe dks ns[kdj jax cny tkrk gSA tks lcy gksrk gS fucZy mlds jax esa tcju jax tkrk gSA LokFkZ ds jax Hkh blh rjg cnyrs gSaA bjkd ds ekeys esa vejhdk ds jax dks ns[kdj fczVsu vkSj izQkal us viuk jax cny fy;kA vejhdk ds jax ds lkeus vU; ns'kksa ds jax iQhds iM+ tkrs gSaA blfy;s os vejhdk ds vuq:i jax cny ysrs gSaA vejhdk ij nknkfxjh dk jax p<+k gSA blfy, lc mldh nknkfxjh ekurs gSa mlds jax ds vuq:i u pysa rks og viuk jax tekus ds fy, fdlh Hkh ns'k ij vkØe.k dj nsxkA vkjksi yxk;sxk fd ml ns'k us tSfod gfFk;kj cuk dj Nqik j[ks gSa] mlds ;gka ceksa dk cgqr cM+k t[khjk j[kk gSA ml ns'k esa ekuokf/dkjksa dk guu gks jgk gS] ogka dRysvke fd;k x;k gS] vkfnA vesfjdk ij iwath dk jax p<+k gS tks dkyk gksrk gSA ;g dkfyek vesfjdk nwljs ns'kksa ij eyuk pkgrk gSA dE;qfuLVksa dk ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jax yky gSA yky jax dkys jax ds lkeus ugha ncrkA vesfjdk esa dE;qfuLV cgqr cM+s nq'eu gSaA ;gh otg gS fd vesfjdk ozQkafr dh] vktknh vkSj 'kkafr dk eq[kkyiQr djrk jgrk gSA mlds iztkra=k dk jax rkuk'kkgh ds jax esa ?kqydj psgjk cny nsrk gSA og rkuk'kkgh dks cy nsus yxrk gS vkSj ogka iztkra=k dh Hkkouk dks dqpyus esa eq[; Hkwfedk vnk djrk gSA lkfgR; esa Hkh jax cnyus dk [ksy tkjh gSA jpuk] ys[kd vkSj lfefr tc ,d jax ds gks tkrs gSa vki rc iqjLdkj dk pV[k jax ns[k ldrs gSaA ys[kd vkSj lEiknd ds ,d jax ds gks tkus ij jpuk csjax gksrs gq;s Hkh Nidj ;'k dh Hkkxh cu tkrh gSA eSaus bèkj cgqr ls ,sls lkfgR;dkj ns[ks gSa tks jpuk dh n`f"V ls furkar iQhds gksrs gq, Hkh ,sls jaxhu fetkt fd ,dne eVqdukFk yxrs gSaA dqN dh izxfr'khyrk dk jax iqjLdkj] tqxkM+] fu;qfDr ds vyx&vyx jaxksa esa ?kkyesy dj tkrk gSA loZgkjk dh laosnuk dks os viuh vÕ;k'kh dh pk'kuh esa Mqcdh nsrs gSa vkSj etk ;s fd fiQj Hkh ozQkafrdkjh cus jgrs gSaA etnwjksa ds fy, xqgkj vkSj cM+s usrk dh vVSph dh ynku ,d lkFk djrs os tjk Hkh ugha 'kjekrsA os viuk jax cny ysrs gSaA jax cnyuk vxj dyk gS rks os bl dyk ds lcls cM+s dykdkj gSaA jaxksa ds ,ssls f[kykM+h ftUgsa jaxghu curs Hkh nsj ugha yxrhA mUgsa vki ykHk dk in fnyk nks os dhpM+ iksrus esa ladksp ugha djsaxsA dhpM+ dks os loZgkjk dk ysi dg nsaxs vkSj vki mudk dqN ugha fcxkM+ ik;sasxsA lkfgR; ds vaxuk esa os vius LokFkks± dh jaxksyh ltk;s cSBs gSa vkidh jaxksa dh gksyh pkgs fdruh vljnkj gks muds dhpM+ ij Hkkjh ugha iM+ ldrhA rks fe=kks! jax cnyks] cnyuk lh[k yks] ;gh xq.k vkidks thou Hkj jax nsxkA ok.klkxj jksM] Qwyerh eafnj ds ikl rglhy&gqtwj] ftyk jhok] e-iz-

864&,@12 vktkn uxj dq#{ks=&136119

jktdqekj vk=ks;

ds-ih- lDlsuk ^nwljs*

fcLysjh gSa u!

yk;lsal

usrk th dks ml jkr dbZ fnu ckn iwjs ifjokj ds lkFk Hkkstu djus dk volj feyk FkkA fnu jkr nkSjksa ij jguk iM+rk Fkk mUgsaA blfy, lkFk Hkkstu djus dk le; gh ugha fey ikrk FkkA muds ckb± vksj cSBh Fkh mudh èkeZiRuh vkSj Bhd lkeus cSBs Fks csVk&csVhA csVk xehZ dh NqfV~V;ksa esa ?kj vk;k gqvk FkkA og igkM+ksa esa fLFkr fdlh egaxs ifCyd Ldwy esa i<+rk FkkA usrk th ges'kk cksry&can ikuh ihrs FksA LokLF; dk rks è;ku j[kuk gh iM+rk gS uA ojuk vLoLFk gksrs fdruh nsj yxrh gSA tc Hkkstu ds chp esa ikuh ihus yxs rks vpkud dksbZ ckr mUgsa ;kn vk xbZ vkSj gkFk esa Fkek fxykl est ij j[krs gq, cksys& ^ej x,!* iRuh pkSadhA rqjar iwNk] ^D;k gqvk\ dkSu ej x;k\* csVk&csVh Hkh mRlqdrko'k firk ds eqag dh vksj rkdus yxs FksA ^vkSj rks dkSu ejsxk] eq>s gh ejuk gksxkA* usrk th us mnkl gksrs gq, dgkA ^'kqHk&'kqHk cksyks thA ejsa rqEgkjs nq'euA crkvks rks lgh] D;k gqvk\* fpafrr gks mBh Fkh iRuhA ^pquko flj ij vk x, gSa vkSj eSa vc rd Hkh vius pquko {ks=k esa ihus ds ikuh dk mfpr izca/ ugha djok ik;k gwaA oksV ekaxrs le; eSaus iDdk ok;nk fd;k FkkA ij ,slh Hkwy yxh fd iwNks er - - -vc dh ckj rks fuf'pr :i ls pquko gkj tkmaQxkA* ^ikik! bl izkWCye dks rks feuVksa esa gy fd;k tk ldrk gSA* csVs us pqVdh ctkrs gq, dgkA ml dk Loj mRlkg ls NyNyk jgk FkkA ^og dSls\* rqjar iwNk usrk th usA ^fcLysjh gS u] ikik! pquko ls Bhd igys ge gj oksVj ds ikl fcLysjh dh ,d&,d cksry igqp a k nsxa As dfg,] dSlh jgh\* f[kyf[kykrs gq, dgk Fkk usrk&iq=k usA

'kgj dh O;Lr lM+d ij vkxs tk jgs Bsys us vpkud nkfguh vksj viuk Bsyk eksM+ fy;kA ihNs vk jgs jkts'k dh xkM+h Bsys ls Vdjkrs&Vdjkrs cphA mls xqLlk vk x;k vkSj og Bsys okys dks jksd dj ph[kk] ^rqEgsa Bsyk pykus dh reht ugha gS\ eksM+us ds ifgys gkFk D;ksa ugha fn[kk;k\ eSa Vdjkrs&Vdjkrs cpkA* ^lkgc] Mªkbfoax yk;lsl rks vkius fy;k gS] <ax ls okgu pykus dh tqEesnkjh vkidh gS uk fd esjhA*\

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

53

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

'kkafruxj VkVhca/k jk;iqj (N-x-) 492099

;w ,l ,e if=dk jtr t;arh fo'ks"kkad

gfjflag iky] cæhukjk;k.k frokjh nso'kadj uohu] 'kaHkqukFk ';keflag 'kf'k] lq/s'k lrh'k Jksf=k; vkfn laiknd % mek'kadj feJ laidZ 695 U;w dksV xkao (rstkc fey) xkft;kckn

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vk'kk jkor

galks] galks exj- - ,d ckj eSa vius fe=k ds lkFk dgha tk jgk FkkA lkFk esa ge nksuksa dh ifRu;ka rks Fkh gh] esjh lkl Hkh FkhaA nqHkkZX; ls ge LVs'ku nks ?kaVs igys igqap x, Fks] vr% efgykvksa dks lknj lhV ij fcBk dj ge nksuksa ;g dgrs gq, ckgj fudys fd ikSus ukS dh Vsªu gS vkSj vHkh ikSus lkr gks jgs gSa rks ge FkksM+k Vgydj ,d ?kaVs eSa vkrs gSaA iRuh us esjh dykbZ esa ca/h ?kM+h dh vksj ladsr dj le; dk è;ku j[kus dh fgnk;r nh rks esa vk'oklu dh eqnzk esa eqaMh fgyk dj vius nksLr ds lkFk uhps mrj x;kA ge nksuksa vius IysViQkeZ ls fudydj ,d ucaj ds IysViQkeZ ij vk x, vkSj ?kwers] cfr;krs] ewaxiQyh Vqudrs gq, ekfu±x okWd djus yxsA FkksM+h nsj ckn fe=k us iwNk] ^fdruk le; gqvk gS\* eSaus ?kM+h ns[kdj dgk] ^vHkh rks ikSus vkB gh gq, gSaA iwjk ,d ?kaVk 'ks"k gSA* geus r; fd;k fd mu efgykvksa dh dp&dp lquus ls rks vPNk gS fd bl 'ks"k le; dks ;gha fcrk fy;k tk,A vc ge Vgyrs gq, ,d cqd LVky ij tk igqaps vkSj ckjhdh ls fdrkcsa VVksyus i<+us yxsA dqN euilan iqLrdsa ys Hkh yhaA FkksM+h nsj ckj iqu% fe=k us ?kM+h ns[kus dh ;kn fnykbZA eSaus ns[kk rks ik;k fd vHkh Hkh mlesa ikSus vkB gh ct jgs gSaA dEc[r tkus dc ls can FkhA fdlh ls iwNus ij irk pyk fd ikSus ukS ct pqds gSaA cl th] fiQj D;k Fkk! ge iSjksa ij ia[k yxkdj HkkxsA Hkkxrs&Hkkxrs ilhuk NwV x;k ij xkM+h gekjs ilhus ls igys NwV xbZ FkhA* ^vjs- - -* lcus ,d lkFk dgk vkSj tksj&tksj ls galus yxsA ^fiQj D;k gqvk\* fdlh us iwNkA ^vth] fiQj D;k gksuk FkkA dgka og vkjkenk;d fjtoZ ,-lh- lhV vkSj dgka ge ckn esa nwljh Vsªu ds tujy fMCcs esa

rqM+&eqM+ dj x;sA* muds lquus dk <ax ,slk Fkk vkSj cksyrs gq, muds psgjs ij ,sls nSU; Hkko vkrs Fks fd lquus okys gal&galdj nqgjs gks tkrsA os vkxs cksys] ^;ksa gekjh rhuksa eSMesa lqfo/ktud liQj ls Bhd&Bkd ?kj igqap xbZaA esjh iRuh us rks [kwc [kjh&[kjh lqukbZ ij lkl cspkjh dqN cksy Hkh ugha ldrh Fkha] fiQj Hkh vius eu esa ;g rks] dgrh gh gksaxh fd dSsls vkneh dks viuh csVh ns nhA galh dh ygj ,d ckj fiQj mBh vkSj tksj&'kksj ls mexus ds ckn /hjs&/hjs FkehA eSaus dkSrqd ls ml O;fDr dh vksj ns[kkA vPNk&[kklk [kkrs&ihrs ?kj dk yx jgk Fkk mldk LokLF;A mez mldh pkyhl ds vklikl gksxh] fiQj Hkh izkS<+ksfpr xfjek dh vis{kk Lo;a dks dsanz esa j[kdj pqVdqys lqukus dh vklfDr- - -A vk'p;Z! fiQj eSaus mlds fdLlksa ij csrgk'kk galrs lg;kf=k;ksa dks ns[kkA dksbZ ean&ean eqLdqjk jgk Fkk rks dksbZ Bgkdk yxkdjA dksbZ FkksM+s ls nkar fuiksj dj gal jgk Fkk rks dksbZ iwjk tcM+k [kksydjA okdbZ] galus dh dyk dksbZ esjs ns'kokfl;ksa ls lh[ksA eSaus uksV fd;k] lHkh viuh&viuh vnk ls gal jgs FksA cl] eSa gh muesa viokn Fkh vkSj D;ksa u gksrhA eSa FkksM+h bu lc vke O;fDr;ksa dh rjg gYdh vkSj lrgh gwa- - -A lp gS] ftuds thou dk dksbZ y{; u gks] ftUgsa ns'k] lekt] laLÑfr dh dksbZ fpark u gks] os gh bl rjg gal ldrs gSaA ,sls gh yksxksa dh cgqrk;r dks ns[k dj lar dchj us dgk gksxk] ^lqf[k;k lc lalkj gS [kk;s vkSj lks;sA* ^vki bruh pqi D;ksa gSa cfgu th!

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

54

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

galk dfj;sA galuk LokLF; ds fy, vPNk gksrk gSA* lglk ml O;fDr us eq>s y{; dj dgk rks eq>s eglwl gqvk fd og viuh ckrksa ij lcdk leFkZu pkgrk gS vkSj blhfy, lcds psgjksa ij viuh galh dh eksgj yxkus dks izfrc¼ gSA ij eq>s blls D;k! eSa tkurh gwa fd galuk LokLF; ds fy, vPNk gksrk gS] fdarq dSlk LokLF;A 'kkjhfjd ;k ekufldA fiQj viuh fpark mls gksrh gS] tks fliZQ vius fy, thrk gSA esjh fpark O;fDrxr u gksdj lkoZtfud gS blfy, eSa ,slh fNNksjh ckrksa ij ugha gal ldrhA ij eSaus ml O;fDr ls dgk dqN ughaA viuh ,d Ñikn`f"V m/j isaQddj eSaus xksn esa j[kh if=kdk mBk yh vkSj rR{k.k mlh esa Mwc xbZA ;|fi dbZ tksM+h vka[kksa dks eSaus Lo;a ij eglwl fd;k fd os vyx&vyx ,safxy ls eq>s ns[k jgh gSa] fdarq eSaus ijokg ugha dhA esjk LVs'ku vk x;k vkSj eSa lqdwu dh lkal yssrs gq, uhps mrj xbZA yxk] efD[k;ksa ls fHkufHkukus iznwf"kr fMCcs ls ckgj vkdj rktk gok esa lkal ys jgh gwaA dqN fnu ckn eSaus fiQj ogh utkjk ns[kkA O;fDr ogh FkkA ukSVadh ogh FkhA cl] ;k=kh cnys gq, FksA fdarq ,d ckr leku FkhA ;s lc Hkh fiNys ;kf=k;ksa dh rjg vius&vius rjhds ls gal jgs FksA rks D;k ;s lc Hkh lq[kh vkSj fuf'par gSaA eSaus bZ";kZtfur {kksHk ls lkspk vkSj O;aX; ls eqLdqjk mBhA ,sls gh gSa lc ds lcA dksbZ Bksl dke u /keA cl] [kkvks fi;ks ekSt djks vkSj gal&galdj ets esa ftanxh xqtkjksA fdlh fo"k; ij fparu euu D;ksa djukA rHkh lfEefyr Bgkdks a ls es j h fopkjèkkjk #d xbZA og vkneh ,d fdLlk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lquk pqdk Fkk vkSj vc nwljk lqukus dks m|r FkkA ^,d ckj eq>s 'kknh esa y[kumQ tkuk FkkA nl vizSy dh Vsªu FkhA fu;r le; ij eSa LVs'ku igqapk vkSj bl ckj nks ?kaVs dk ekftZu gksrs gq, Hkh LVs'ku esa gh jgkA xkM+h ds vkus ij eSa viuh lhV ij dkfct gks x;kA vHkh viuk lkeku yxkdj vkjke ls ysVk gh Fkk fd ns[krk D;k gwa] ,d lTtuh esjh lhV dks viuh crkdj eq>ls mBus dh ftn dj jgh gSaA eSaus muls gkFk tksM+dj fourh dh fd cfgu th- - vkidks t:j dksbZ xyriQgeh gqbZ gSA eSa cgqr ns[kHkky dj bl lhV ij cSBk gwaA ;g esjh gh gSA os viuk fVdV eq>s fn[kkrs gq, cksyha] ^HkkbZ lkgc- - -eSa Hkh bl lhV ij ns[kHkky dj gh vkbZ gwaA ;g nsf[k,A eSaus mudk fVdV ns[kkA vjs- - -ogh xkM+h] ogh dksp] ogh uacjA ,slk dSls gks ldrk gSA fiQj tokc esa eSaus Hkh eqLrSnh ls viuk fVdV fudkydj mUgsa fn[kk;k vkSj dgk] ^;g nsf[k, cfgu th- - -! esjh fVdV ij Hkh ogh lc vafdr gS] tks vkidhA* mUgksaus nksuksa fVdV gkFk esa ysdj ns[ks vkSj fiQj tksj&tksj ls galus yxhaA esjh le> esa ugha vk;k fd bl csoDr dh galh dk vkSfpR; D;k gSA fdarq tc jkt [kqyk rks galh dk ik=k eSa Lo;a cu x;kA lpeqp nksuksa fVdVksa esa lc dqN leku Fkk flok; rkjh[k dsA esjh fVdV ij viSzy dh txg ebZ dh frfFk vafdr FkhA iwfN;s er lkgc - - -esjh fdruh Hkn~n fiVhA vklikl cSBs ;kf=k;ksa us galrs gq, dgk] HkkbZlkgc vkidh Vsuª rks ,d eghus ckn vk;sxh rHkh tkb;sxkA* yksxksa dk galrs&galrs cqjk gky FkkA lcdks tSls fdlh Nwr dh chekjh us tdM+ fy;k gksA fdlh us iwNk] ^fiQj D;k vki ,d eghus ds ckn gh x,\* ^u u* os cksys] ^'kknh esa rks fuèkkZfjr frfFk ij gh tkuk FkkA fygktk] x, vxyh xkM+h ds tujy fMCcs esa cSBdjA yxrk gS] Hkxoku us eq>s tujy fMCcs esa cSBdj liQj djus ds fy, gh iSnk fd;k gS ojuk ,slk D;ksa gksrk fd gj ckj eSa fVdV [kjhnrk gwa vkjf{kr ,-lh- dk vkSj feyrk

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

gS eq>s tujy fMCck- - -A lc iqu% galus yxsA db;ksa dks rks galrs&galrs isV idM+us vka[ksa iksaNus dh ukScr vk xbZA esjs Hkhrj Hkh dksbZ galus dks vkxs c<+k] fdUrq {k.k Hkj esa vn`'; gks x;kA gkL; dh ugha eq>s O;aX; dh fpark FkhA lkfgR; gh ugha thou esa HkhA ns'k esa] lekt esa] lalkj esa bruh folaxfr;ka gSaA ;fn ge muls eqag iQsj dj FkksM+h gafl;ka galus esa rYyhu jgsaxs rks ;g fo'o fd/j tk;sxk\ fiQj ;g fo'o dgha tk;s u tk;s] esjs O;aX; ck.k t:j ,sls fNNys gkL; ds vkxs HkksaFkjs gks tk;saxs] eq>s bldh iwjh vk'kadk gSA ugha ughaA eq>s O;aX; dks cpkuk gSA vius rjd'k esa lgsts gq, rhjksa dks cpkuk gSA mUgsa le;&le; ij ckgj fudky&fudky dj uksdhyk djuk gS vkSj vxj ,slk djuk gS rks gkL; dh cqjh laxfr ls cpuk gksxkA bl chp ml O;fDr us mM+rh gqbZ n`f"V ls esjh vksj ns[kk ij eSaus mldh n`f"V dks chp esa gh Fkke dj ykSVk fn;kA eSa tkurh Fkh] og D;k dguk pkgrk gS] ysfdu eSa dqN lquuk ugha pkgrh FkhA og fiQj yksxksa dh vksj vxzlj gqvk] ;fn vki yksx vPNqd gks rks eSa ,d fdLlk lqukmQa] ;|fi vkils db;ksa us mls lquk gksxkA dksbZ ckr ughaA ge fiQj Hkh lqusaxsA leosr Loj mBkA gs Hkxoku! rek'kkb;ksa ls Hkjk ;g ns'k! th rks pkgk] mBdj nwljs dEikVZesaV esa pyh tkmaQ ij eu us dgk] lqu gh yks bldk bfM;V fdLlk- - -A ^eSa pkgs ogka ij mifLFkr ugha Fkk] fdarq bl ?kVuk dks eSa izR;{kn'khZ cfYd lw=k/kj dh rjg lqukmaQxkA ,d ckj Vsªu ds ,d fMCcs esa nks O;fDr vxy&cxy cSBs FksA igys us nwljs ls iwNk] ^rqe dgka jgrs gks\* mlus tokc fn;k ^Hkkjr esaA* bl ij igys us dgk] ^;g rks eSa Hkh tkurk gwaA esjk eryc jkT; ls gSA* mlus crk;k] ^mÙkj izns'k*A igys us vk'p;Z izdV fd;k] mÙkj izns'k\ vjs eSa Hkh rks ogha jgrk gwaA vPNk] ftyk dkSu&lk gS rqEgkjk\ nwljs us tokc fn;k] ^jkeiqj*A igyk pkSad x;k] ^vjs eSa

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

55

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

Hkh jkeiqj jgrk gwaA rqe dgka jgrs gksA\ iqjkus 'kgj esa ;k flfoy ykbUl\ ^iqjkus 'kgj esa* mlus crk;kA ^iqjkus 'kgj esa\ ;g yks] eSa Hkh rks ogha jgrk gwaA* vPNk] rqEgkjs eqgYys dk D;k uke gS\ igys us iwNk rks nwljs us crk;k] ^dk'khxat*A igys us vk'p;Z izdV djrs gq, iwNk] ^rqEgkjs edku dk uacj D;k gS\* ^pkSchl* mlus crk;k ^vkSj firk dk uke\ ^Jh ';keyky- - -\ bruk dguk Fkk fd igys us mNy dj dgk] vjs- - -';keyky rks eSa gwaA csVk] rqeus eq>s igpkuk ugha\* nwljs us mBdj firk ds pj.k Li'kZ fd,] ^iz.kke firkthA* yksx galrs&galrs ikxy gks jgs FksA ^eSa bl ukSVadh dks ns[kdj gSjku FkkA ,slk dSls gks ldrk gS fd firk&iq=k ,d ?kj esa jgrs gq, Hkh igyh ckj fey jgs gksaA og Hkh liQj esaA eq>ls jgk u x;k vkSj muls iwNk] ^D;k lpeqp vki yksx vkt igyh ckj fey jgs gSa\* igys okys us tokc fn;k] ^vjs ugha HkbZ- - -A njvly tc ge ?kj ls pys rks bldh eka us dgk fd jkLrs esa ckrsa djrs gq, tkuk ojuk rqe yksx lksrs jg tkvksxs vkSj viuk LVs'ku NwV tk,xkA* lkjs yksx chp&chp esa rks gal gh jgs FksA vc fdLlk [kRe gksus ij rks [kqy dj galus yxsA db;ksa us ;g fdLlk lquk gqvk Fkk fiQj Hkh os bl rjg gal jgs Fks tSls igyh ckj lqu jgs gksaA mi~Q - - -eq>s vlá vip gks vkbZ ,sls fNNys cpdkus pqVdqys lqudj vkSj mu ij csrgk'kk galrs lg;kf=k;ksa dks ns[kdjA b/j <kbZ eghus ds vanj eq>s ikap ;k=kk,a djuh iM+ha] ftuesa nks esa ls ;g fljfiQjk fdLlkxks fey x;k vkSj esjh lkjh Iykfuax pkSiV gks xbZA ogka rhoz xfr ls nkSM+rh xkM+h ds lkFk u;s&u;s lw{e fopkj esjs efLr"d esa izos'k djrs jgrs gSa vkSj dgka ;s LFkwy vojks/- - -! viQlksl! rHkh eq>s pkSadkrs gq, esjs djhc cSBh lg;kf=ku us eqX/ n`f"V ls ml vkneh dks ns[krs gq, iwNk] ^HkkbZlkgc- - -!* vkids lkjs fdLls ;k=kk ij gh D;ksa gksrs gSa\* mlus eqLdqjkdj dgk] ^cfgu! ;g

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

thou Hkh rks ,d ;k=kk gSA bl ;k=kk esa fdruh phtsa feyrh vkSj NwVrh gSA ,d iM+ko dks NksM+s fcuk nwljs ij ugha igqapk tk ldrkA* ^okg- - -! D;k ckr dgh HkkbZlkgc vkius- - -!* ;g L=kh rks ml vkneh dh eqjhn gqbZ tk jgh gSA vc og O;fDr mBdj mrjus dh rS;kjh dj jgk gSA esjs lehi igqapdj mlus /hjs ls dgk] ^cfgu th- - -! vki bruh pqi D;ksa jgrh gSa\ vki Hkh galk dfj;sA* mldh bl /`"Vrk ij eq>s ,d vPNk&[kklk ysDpj fiykus dh bPNk gqbZ ij 'kk;n bruk le; ugha FkkA vr% :[ks Loj esa bruk gh dgk] ^eq>s ,sls gh vPNk yxrk gSA* ^;g ugha gks ldrkA fdlh dks Hkh mnkl jguk vPNk ugha yxrkA* ^mnkl ugha xaHkhj vkSj xfjeke;A* dgdj eSaus oozQ eqLdku ls Hkjs xoZ ls ns[kkA og f[kfl;kdj rhozrk ls vkxs c<+kA FkSad xkWM- - -A bZ'oj u djs fiQj bl 'k[l ls fdlh liQj esa eqykdkr gksA Hkstk pkV tkrk gS- - - lk- - -A eSa rukoeqfDr dh vuqHkwfr esa fuf'par gks mBhA vHkh nks <kbZ ?kaVs dk liQj 'ks"k gSA vc dksbZ fpark ughaA dgha dksbZ O;o/ku ughaA vkjke ls vius rjd'k ds rhjksa dh dkV&NkaV d:axhA if=kdk j[kdj eSua s Mk;jh fudky yhA vHkh dye mBh gh Fkh fd iM+kslu cksy mBh] ^;s HkkbZlkgc cgqr vPNs gSaA ;s tgka Hkh gksrs gSa] lkFk okyksa dks galkrs jgrs gSaA dgrs gSa] nqfu;k esa dksbZ lq[kh ughaA gj vka[k ue gS ;gka rks FkksM+h nsj ds fy, gh lgh] galrs le; yksx vius larki vius vHkkoksa dks ,d fdukjs rks j[krs gSaA* eq>s yxk] esjs rhj HkksaFkjs gks&gksdj rjd'k esa okil tk jgs gSaA le> ugha ik jgh] mUgsa iSuk d:a ;k ,sls gh jgus nwaA varj esa ,d Vhl vyx mB jgh gS fd vius O;aX; ck.k dk xyr txg bLrseky D;ksa fd;kA 91@28] eksfguh jksM Mkyuokyk] nsgjknwu

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lhrkjke xqIrk ^O;aX; ;k=kk* ds fuEufyf[kr 'kqHkfpardksa ls vki ^O;aX; ;k=kk* vadksa ds fy, laidZ dj ldrs gSa

fjiksfV±x 'kgj esa naxs gks jgs FksA pkjksa rjiQ viQjk&riQjh dk ekgkSy FkkA csdkcw HkhM+ dks fu;af=kr djuk vlaHko&lk gksrk tk jgk FkkA HkhM+ Fkh fd c<+rh gh tk jgh FkhA dksbZ iRFkj isaQd jgk Fkk rks dksbZ pqids ls dgha vkx yxkdj HkhM+ esa ?kql tkrk FkkA iRFkjckt+h vkSj vkxt+uh dh ?kVuk,a c<+rh gh tk jgh Fkha fd vpkud xksyhckjh Hkh 'kq: gks xbZA yksx ?kk;y gks&gksdj dVs o`{kksa dh Hkkafr fxjus yxsA pkjksa rjiQ [kwu gh [kwu fc[kjk fn[kkbZ nsus yxkA ?kk;yksa dks vLirky igqapk;k tkus yxkA u tkus fdrus ?kk;y e`rdksa esa rCnhy gks pqds FksA pkjksa vksj dksgjke ep x;kA Vhoh pSuyksa ds fjiksVZj tks vc rd i+QtZ vnk;xh ds ewM esa lqLr ls [kM+s Fks lfØ; gks x,A ?kk;yksa vkSj e`rdksa ds ifjtuksa ls lk{kkRdkj dk flyflyk rst+ gks x;kA brus esa lulukrh gqbZ ,d xksyh vkbZ vkSj ,d Vhoh fjiksVZj ls ckrphr dj jgs ,d e`rd ds fj'rsnkj dh ckag esa ?kql xbZA ,sls ekSds nqyZHk gkssrs gSa tc dksbZ luluh[kst+ ?kVuk [kq+n&c&[+kqn dSejs esa o+SQn gks tk,A iwjh Vhe xksyh yxdj fxjrs gq, O;fDr dks doj djus ds fy, vR;ar lfozQ; gks mBhA ysfdu ;s D;k\ fjiksVZj us vius gkFk esa idM+k gqvk ekbd vius lgk;d dh vksj isaQd fn;k vkSj yiddj xksyh yxdj fxjrs gq, O;fDr dks Fkke fy;kA fjiksVZj ml O;fDr dks lgkjk nsdj ikl [kM+h ,d dkj rd ys x;k vkSj dkj ds ikl [kM+s O;fDr ls tYnh vLirky ys tkus dh feUursa djus yxkA Vhoh pSuy dh Vhe ds yksx [+ki+Qk gksdj fjiksVZj ls dgus yxs fd rqeus ;s D;k fd;k\ bruh vPNh dojst+ dk lR;kuk'k dj Mkyk vkSj lkFk gh vius dSfj;j dk HkhA ^vxj xksyh yxus okys O;fDr dks le; ij fpfdRlk lqfoèkk fey xbZ rks laHko gS bldh tku cp tk, vkSj ,d ifjokj fc[kjus ls cp tk, vkSj ;s Hkh de vPNh LVksjh ugha jgsxh*] fjiksVZj us dgkA fjiksVZj ?kk;y O;fDr dks ysdj iQkSju jokuk gks x;k ysfdu ?kk;y O;fDr dks ys tkrs gq, bl fjiksVZj dks fdlh Vhoh pSuy us doj ugha fd;kA Vhoh pSuyksa dh Vhesa fdlh vPNh LVksjh dks doj djus dh ryk'k esa tqV xb±A ,-Mh-&106&lh] ihreiqjk] fnYyh&34

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

56

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

Jh v'kksd vkuan 103@2&1 xq# jksM] nsgjknwu nwjHkk"k % 9410394466 (eksckby) Jh fxjh'k iadt th&31] u;k iap'khy uxj jk;iqj (e-iz-) nwjHkk"k % 9425212720 Jh rjlse xqtjky 46 gjcal uxj] tkyèkaj (iatkc) Jh vjfoan fonzksgh fcjlkuxj jksM ua- &2 iwoZ] tksu&2 xqIrk xSl xksnke ds ihNs te'ksniqj (fcgkj) jkecgknqj pkSèkjh panu iqQyfd;k] cfj;kjiqj eqaxsj&811211 (fcgkj) Jh vrqy prqosZnh 380 'kkL=kh uxj nknkckM+h] dksVk (jktLFkku) nwjHkk"k % 9414178745 izse fot] 1284 lSDVj 37 ch paMhx<+ 7110036 nwjHkk"k % 2688139 ifjn`'; izdk'ku nknh larqy ysu] èkksch rkykc ejhu ykbZu] eqacbZ nwjHkk"k % 20192689 Jh fofnr dqUnzk 2 Mh & 802] ,u th flVh isQt+&2 dkafnoyh (iwoZ) eqacbZ nwjHkk"k % 9820059601 Jh vuar Jhekyh 4@64 ^xhrkatyh* lerk uxj dkafnoyh (iwoZ) eqacbZ nwjHkk"k % 9819051310 iatkc cqd lsaVj ,l lh vks u 1126 lSDVj 22 ch] paMhx<+ Jh f'kokuan lg;ksxh ,&233 xaxkuxj] eokuk jksM] esjB nwjHkk"k % 9412212255 Jh iQk:d vkiQjhnh bZ&750] xka/huxj] U;k;iFk t;iqj&302015 nwjHkk"k % 9414335772

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

euksgj iqjh

gqtwj eSa vax csprk gwa- - eSa laln ds dsUnzh; d{k esa nkf[ky gh gqvk Fkk fd duNsnh lkeus ls vkrk gqvk fn[kkbZ fn;kA mldk ihyk psgjk rksrs dh ukd ljh[kk yky gks dj rerek jgk FkkA og èkhjs&èkhjs dqN cqM+cqMk+ jgk FkkA T;ksa gh og esjs lehi vk;k eSaus iwNk] ^duNsnh D;ksa rerek jgs gks] fdl ij bruk xqLlk fn[kk jgs gksA* ^vjs fdlh ij ugha vius vkidks gh dksl jgk gwaA dSlk ns'k gS esjk ;g lksp jgk gwaA eSa viuh ethZ ls viuh pht csp ugha ldrkA fdlh dks nsuk pkgwa rks ns Hkh ugha ldrkA vki gjne dgrs jgrs gSa fd ;g yksdra=k gS] ;gka dk ukxfjd lc dqN djus dks Lora=k gSA* ^,slk rqe D;k cspuk pkgrs gks] vFkok D;k fdlh dks lgstuk pkgrs gksA vkSj dkSu mlesa rqEgsa Vksd jgk gS] viuh gh pht fdlh nwljs dks nsus ls jksd jgk gSA* ^ogh vkidk dkuwuA cgqr fnu ls dbZ yksx esjs ihNs yxs Fks fd eSa nsg&nku dj nwaA vc eSaus lkspk fd nku dh ctk; bls cspk D;ksa u tk,] rkfd esjs ejus ds ckn dksbZ esjk fj'rsnkj gksus ds dkj.k u iNrk,A vki tkurs gh gSa fd gekjs ;gka nkg laLdkj vkSj

fiQj fØ;kdeZ tSls deZdkaMksa ij fdruk èku O;; gksrk gSA ejus okyk rks ej tkrk gS] ihNs okyk mlds fy, csdkj dh jLeksa dk Hkkj <ksrk gSA* duNsnh us :vkalk&lk gksrs gq, dgkA ^eryc rqe nsg&nku djus dh ctk; mls cspuk pkgrs gksA ij ;g rks ?kksj iki gSA blhfy, rks nqfu;k ds fdlh ns'k dk dkuwu vkRegR;k dh vkKk ugha nsrkA* eSaus le>kus dk iz;kl fd;kA ^vkRegR;k dh ckr dkSu dj jgk gSA eSa mu vaxksa dh ckr dj jgk gwa tks nku fd, tk ldrs gSaA ftuds fcuk vkneh iwjh rjg ls LoLFk jgrk gSA vkf[kj os esjs vius vax gSaA mnkgj.k ds :i esa ;fn eSa viuh ,d vka[k fdlh nwljs dks ns nwa rks og Hkh Bhd ls ns[k ldsxk vkSj esjs ns[kus dh 'kfDr esa Hkh dksbZ deh ugha vk;sxhA Bhd ;gh ekeyk xqnsZ dk Hkh gSA tc eSa ejus ds ckn fdlh pht dks nku dj ldrk gwa rks mls csp D;ksa ugha ldrk ;gh ckr rks esjh le> esa ugha vk jghA* duNsnh us eq>s le>kus dk iz;kl fd;kA ^ns'k vius fdlh ukxfjd dks blds fy, izksRlkfgr ugha dj ldrkA vkf[kdkj ge ,d dY;k.kdkjh

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

57

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

jkT; esa jgrs gSaA* ^vkidk dkuwu eq>s ,M+h jxM+ jxM+ dj ejrs rks ns[k ldrk gSA ejus ds ckn esjh yk'k dwM+s dh <sjh ij ?klhV ldrk gSA mlss feV~Vh dk rsy Mkydj tyrs gq, rks ns[k ldrk gSA ftUnk gwa rks jksVh ds vHkko esa ejus Hkh nsxk ijUrq eSa viuh jksth&jksVh dk ejus ls igys tqxkM+ dj ywa ;g og djus ugha nsxkA D;ksa HkkbZ mls D;ksa ,rjkt gksuk pkfg,A* duNsnh us viuk rdZ fn;kA ^jksVh&jksth dk izcaèk djus esa fdlh dks vkifÙk ughaA vkifÙk gS vius vax csp dj ,slk djus esaA rqEgkjh nsg ij bl lekt vkSj ns'k dk Hkh rks gd gS fiQj rqe dSls vius 'kjhj dks vius O;fDrxr ykHk ds fy, csp ldrs gksA vkf[kj euq"; ,d lkekftd izk.kh gSA* eSaus dgk] ^pyks Bhd gS vkidh ckr ekurk gwaA euq"; ,d lkekftd izk.kh gSA og lekt ds fy, thfor jgrk gS] rks lekt ds fy, ej D;ksa ugha ldrkA vkSj ;fn esjs 'kjhj ij lekt vkSj ns'k dk gd gS rks bls Bhd ls thfor j[kuk Hkh rks mlh dk nkf;Ro gSA* duNsnh gkj ekurk gqvk fn[kkbZ ugha ns jgk FkkA ^eSa rqEgkjh ckr Bhd ls le>k ughaA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

tjk foLrkj ls le>kvks vkSj FkksM+k 'kkUr gks tkvksA gka de ls de rerekvksA* eSaus mlds xqLls ij BaMs ikuh ds NhaVs Mkyus dk iz;kl djrs gq, dgkµ ^eSa dgka rerek jgk gwaA ejus ds ckn vius fØ;kdeZ dk dj jgk gwa izcaèkA blesa fdlh nwljs dk D;k gS lacaèkA* ^eSa vHkh Hkh rqEgkjh ckr iwjh rjg ls ugha le>kA* eSaus viuh my>u dks Li"V djrs gq, dgkµ ^rks Bhd gS] eSa le>krk gwaA vki tkurs gSa fd esjh vkfFkZd fLFkfr ,slh ugha gS fd esjs ifjokj okys esjs ejus ds ckn esjs lkjs laLdkj Hkyh&Hkkafr dj ldsaA esjk 'kjhj ns[k jgs gksA esjs fy, ydM+h [kjhnus esa gh mudk [kqn dk ejuk gks tk;sxkA fiQj dkSu bl Hkkjh yk'k dks mBk;sxkA eku yks vkt eSa viuk ,d xqnkZ csp nwa rks nwljs ds lgkjs vkjke ls thou O;rhr dj ldrk gwaA xqnkZ cspus ls feyus okys yk[kksa #i, ls dksbZ dke èkaèkk dj ldrk gwaA vius ifjokj dk isV iky ldrk gwa vkSj muds fy, dqN èku nkSyr NksM+ dj Hkh tk ldrk gwaA vc ;fn bruk cf<+;k lkSnk gks jgk gS rks vki jksdus okys dkSu gSaA vjs HkkbZ ftls pkfg, og [kjhn jgk gSA ftlds ikl iQkyrw gS og csp jgk gSA vki csdkj gh nky Hkkr esa ewlypan cu jgs gSaA* duNsnh us viuh ckr dks foLrkj nsrs gq, eq>s le>k;kA eSaus mÙkj fn;k] ^gekjh ljdkj us xqnkZ cspus vkSj [kjhnus ij jksd yxk j[kh gSA vki pkgsa rks Hkh viuk xqnkZ csp ugha ldrs gka] fdlh jDr lacaèkh dks t:jr gks rks mls nku dj ldrs gSaA* ^;gh rksA ;gh rkss esjk ,rjkt gSA tks jDr lacaèkh eq>s Hkw[kk ejrk gqvk ns[krk gS vkSj esjs ifjokj ds fy, nks jksVh dk izcaèk Hkh ugha djuk pkgrk mls eSa ;wa gh yk[kksa #i, dk xqnkZ ns nwaA vkSj tks vkneh eq>s bldk iwjk&iwjk ewY; pqdkuk pkgrk gS mls eSa csp ugha ldrkA ;g dgka dk U;k; gSA* duNsnh cksykµ ^;gh rks fu;e gSA* eSaus mls le>kus dk iz;kl fd;kA ^rks cny Mkyks vius bl ?kfV;k fu;e dksA eku yks eSa vkt ej tkÅa] rks dkSu esjs ifjokj dh ns[kHkky djsxk vkSj esjs bu lkjs dherh vaxksa dk D;k gksxkA eSa fgUnw gwa

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

blfy, 'kjhj dks tyk fn;k tk;sxkA esjs yk[kksa #i;ksa ewY; ds vaxks ds lkFkA tks dksbZ eqlyeku gksxk rks mls feV~Vh esa nck fn;k tk;sxk rkfd mlds vaxksa dks dhM+s [kk tk;saA HkkbZ blls fdlh dks] lekt vFkok ns'k dks D;k ykHk gksus okyk gSA dqN ugha uA* ^rks vc rqe eqnsZ esa Hkh ykHk dh ckr ns[k jgs gksA vius jktusrkvksa dh rjg ls ekSr esa Hkh jktuhfr dj jgs gksA tkurs gks ;g ckr gekjs èkeZ ds Hkh f[kykiQ gSA* eSaus viuk jks"k O;Dr fd;kA ^,d vksj rks vki dgrs gSa fd ge èkeZfujis{k gSaA èkeZ dk ns'k ds lkFk dqN ysuk&nsuk ugha gSA nwljh vksj vki eq>s ejus ds ckn Hkh èkeZ ls eqDr ugha gksus nsuk pkgrsA ;g dgka dk balkiQ gSA vkf[kj ;g esjk 'kjhj gS vkSj bldk ,d ,d vax esjk gS] eSa cspwa ;k j[kwa vki dkSu yxrs gSaA bUgsa pksjh ls yxkus ds fy, MkWDVj gesa gh rks Bxrs gSaA rc dksbZ dqN ugha cksyrkA gekjs vax fudy tkrs gSa vkSj ge tkurs rd ugha] dgka tk dj yx x, igpkurs Hkh ughaA tc ls ftUnk vknfe;ksa dks vius vaxksa ds cktkj Hkko irk yxs gSa os lkoèkku gks x, gSa] vax pksj blls t:j ijs'kku gks x, gSaA blh dkj.k vc pksjksa dh utj ftUnk 'kjhj dh ctk; eqnkZ 'kjhj ij xM+ xbZ gSA os tku x, gSa fd ftUnk vkneh bruk ew[kZ gksrk gS fd og vius fdlh Hkh vax dks fdlh Hkh ewY; ij cspuk ugha pkgrkA vius lM+ xy tkus okys vaxksa dks ysdj Hkh ges'kk brjkrk jgrk gSA fdruk Hkh xjhc gks] pkgs Hkw[k ls ejus dh ukScr vk tk, ij vax ugha cspsxkA ;g Hkh ugha tkuuk pkgrk fd ej x;k rks ;s vax fdl ds fy, lgstsxkA og ;g Hkh ugha lksprk fd mlds lc vax ejus ds ckn csdkj gh tyk fn, tk;sxsa vFkok nck fn, tk,axsA eqnkZ 'kjhj dk dksbZ vax fudkyks vkSj mls cspksA e`r 'kjhj dks dksbZ vifÙk ugha gksxhA ftUnk vkneh }kjk vius vax csp nsus ij vki vifÙk D;ksa djrs gSaA vkf[kj esjh pht gS rHkh rks eSa nku dj ldrk gwa rks fiQj csp D;ksa ugha ldrkA HkkbZ vak[k nku gksrh gS rks gh rks og nwljs dks yxrh gSA blh izdkj ;fn ,d vka[k csp nh tk;sxh rks

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

58

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

mlls ,d vkSj O;fDr ns[k ldsxkA blesa fdlh dks D;k ,rjkt gS] vkf[kj vius vaxksa dk vkneh [kqn gh rks eq[rkj gSA* duNsnh cksykA vc duNsnh dk xqLlk c<+rk tk jgk FkkA eSaus dgk] ^duNsnh xqLlk er fn[kkvksA ;fn rqEgkjh ckr eku ysa rks xjhc yksx vax cspus dh gksM+ esa 'kkfey gks tk;sxAas irk yxk fd gj gLirky ds ckgj vax cspus okyksa dh ykbusa yxha gSaA* ^rks mlesa fdlh dk D;k fcxM+us okyk gSA vkt D;k jk'ku ds fMiks ds ckgj vFkok bZykt djokus ds fy, gLirkyksa esa ykbusa ugha yxrhA vjs vius ns'k esa rks y?kq'kadk tkus ds fy, ykbu yxkuh iM+rh gSA lkB lky esa vki yksxksa dh xjhch nwj ugha dj ldsA ;fn yksx Lo;a viuh xjhch nwj djus dk lekèkku fudky jgs gSa rks Hkh vkidks leL;k gSA tkurs gks dqN prqj yksx gj jkst nsg&nku dh ckr djds eqÝr esa gh ekuo nsg dks gfFk;kuk pkgrs gSaA MkWDVj Hkh eqnkZ ftLeksa ds iSls fnyokuk ugh pkgrkA ;fn O;fDr dks viuh nsg&nku djus dk vfèkdkj gS rks cspus dk Hkh gksuk pkfg,A ftldh xtZ gks og [kjhns blls gtkjksa yksaxks dh jksVh jksth dk izcaèk gks tk;sxk vkSj gtkjksa chekjksa dks Hkh thou nku feysxkA* ^nqHkkZX;o'k gekjs ns'k dk dkuwu bldh vkKk ugha nsrkA gka O;fDrxr :i esa eSa ekurk gwa fd ;fn O;fDr dks viuh nsg nku djus dk vfèkdkj gS rks cspus dk Hkh gksuk gh pkfg,A vkf[kj vki mlh oLrq dk nku dj ldrs gSa tks vkidh gS] vkSj tks oLrq vkidh gS mls csp D;ksa ugha ldrsA* eSaus duNsnh ds rdksZa ds lkeus gfFk;kj Mkyrs gq, dgkA ^vjs ;gh rks eSa dg jgk gwaA vkt ifjokj okys ejus ds ckn vius e`rd dh vka[ksa nku dj ldrs gSaA dqN dj Hkh nsrs gSaA ns'k esa fiQj Hkh vla[; vaèks gSaA esjk nkok gS fd ;fn ifjokj okyksa dks e`rd dh vka[ksa cspus dk vfèkdkj ns fn;k tk, rks ns'k rks D;k iwjs fo'o esa ,d Hkh vaèkk ugha cpsxkA ;fn O;fDr dks vius thou dky esa vFkok ejus ds ckn mls vFkok mlds ifjokj okyksa dks vax cspus dk vfèkdkj ns fn;k

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

tk, rks e`rd ds vfUre laLdkj ij gksus okys Hkkjh Hkjde O;; dks ysdj mlds lxs lacaèkh vkil esa >xM+uk can dj nsxa As fiQj ;g dgkor csekuh gks tk;sxh ^lka>k cki u jks;s dks;* D;ksafd vax cspus ls gksus okyh vk; ds fgLls ckaVus ds fy, brus vfèkd okfjl vpkud iSnk gks tk;saxs fd jksus okyksa dh ykbu yx tk;sxhA vkalqvksa dh ck<+ vk tk;sxhA* ^jksus okyksa dh ugha caVokjk djus ds fy, >xM+us okyksa dh] geus dgkA rc yk'k ds okfjl 'kjhj ij dCtk djus ds fy, dqÙkksa dh rjg ls yM+saxs] duNsnh bruk tku yksA yk'k ij dCts dks ysdj vnkyrksa esa eqdneksa dh ykbusa yx tk;saxhA* ^Hkys gh bl le; eSa ckr rks nku dh dj jgk gwa ij okLro esa pkgrk gwa fd ekuo vaxksa dk Ø; foØ; e.Mh esa fd;k tk;sA rkfd yksxksa dks vius vFkok vius ifjokj okyksa dh nsg dk iwjk&iwjk ewY; fey ldsA mudk 'kks"k.k Hkh u gksA ij mlds fy, dksbZ rS;kj gh ugha gksrkA D;k utkjk gksxk tc e.Mh esa vkM+fr, ekuo vaxksa dh cksyh yxk;saxs vkSj vius vius laHkkfor LVkWd ds LokLF; vaxksa dh esfMdy fjiksVZ fn[kk;saxsA bl le; eSa nku dh ckr blfy, dj jgk gwa D;ksafd vius ns'k eas nku&iq.; djus dh ckr yksxksa dks tYnh gte gks tkrh gSA nku dks Hkkjr esa vkt Hkh vknj dh n`f"V ls ns[kk tkrk gSA gekjs ns'k esa nku dks iq.; dk dk;Z ekuk tkrk gSA iq.; gksrk gS LoxZ dk }kj [kksyus dh pkchA blfy, gj dksbZ ml pkch dks izkIr djuk pkgrk gSA D;ksafd ykyp ekuo dk 'kk'or xq.k gS blfy, og ejus ds ckn Hkh LoxZ ds ykyp ls iaQlk jgrk gSA dqN yksx ekuo dh blh detksjh dk ykHk mBkrs gSaA dqN

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

laLFkkvksa }kjk le;&le; ij cM+s&cM+s vk;kstu djds yksxksa dks ;g crk;k tkrk gS fd ejus ds ckn mudk 'kjhj fdlh dke dk ugha jgrkA ;g ,d ,slk lR; gS ftls dksbZ >qByk ugha ldrkA 'kjhj ds vaxksa dks tyk dj vFkok nck dj vkSj Hkh csdkj dj fn;k tkrk gSA og jk[k gks tkrk gS vFkok feV~Vh gks tkrk gSA bruh ewY;oku oLrqvksa dks jk[k vFkok feV~Vh cuk nsuk dgka dh cqf¼ekuh gSA blls 'kjhj dh iwjh mi;ksfxrk gh lekIr gks tkrh gSA* duNsnh ,d gh lkal esa dg x;kA fiQj cksyk] ^;fn rqjUr cspus dh vuqefr u feys rks de ls de 'kjhj dks ejus ds ckn nku dj nsuk pkfg,A D;ksafd ns'k ds lSadM+ksa esMhdy dkWystksa esa gtkjksa Nk=kksa dks budh cgqr vko';drk iM+rh gSA eqnkZ 'kjhjksa ds vHkko esa gekjs gtkjksa Nk=k fpfdRlk ds {ks=k esa dbZ izdkj ds iz;ksx djus ls oafpr jg tkrs gSaA ,sls 'kjhjksa ds vHkko esa os ekuo ds

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

59

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

'kjhj dh ckjhfd;ksa dks le> Hkh ugha ikrsA ;fn gekjs Nk=k ekuo 'kjhj dh ,slh ckrksa dk vè;;u Bhd ls dj ik;sa rks ubZ ubZ vkS"kfèk;ksa dh [kkst dh tk ldrh gSA mu nokb;ksa ds iz;ksx ls gtkjksa yksxksa ds izk.kksa dh j{kk djus esa liQyrk fey ldrh gS A * duNs n h us mRlkfgr gks dj dgkA ^ij rqe rks ckr [kjhnus cspus dh dj jgs FksA blh ckr ij lkjk >xM+k gSA* ^pyks eSa vkidh ckr ekurk gwaA vki crk,a fd vkt ns'k esa fdrus ejht ,sls gSa ftUgsa fdlh u fdlh vax ds vHkko esa ftUnk jguk iM+ jgk gSA fdrus gh yksx ,sls gSa ftudk thou lHkh lgh lyker vaxksa ds lkFk Hkh ,d eqnsZ dk lk gh gSA mUgsa ge ftUnk yk'ksa Hkh dg ldrs gSaA bl izdkj nksuksa dks ,d nwljs dh vko';drk gSA vki tkurs gSa fd ekuo ds dqN vax ,sls gSa ftUgsa fdlh nwljs dks fn;k tk ldrk gSA rks fiQj D;ksa u ,d nwljs dh lgk;rk dh tk,A ftlds ikl èku gS og èku ns vkSj ftlds ikl vfrfjDr vax gS og vax nsA cl lkiQ lqFkjk ysu nsu dk ekeyk gSA ljdkj dks blesa Vkax vM+kus dh dksbZ vko';drk gh ugha gSA* ^rks rqEgkjk ;g ekuuk gS fd ejus ds ckn euq"; ds 'kjhj dk fofèkor fØ;kdeZ u djds mls nku dj fn;k tk,A* ^fcYdqyA 'kjhj dks tykdj csdkj djus ls rks vPNk gS bls Nk=ksa ds vè;;u ds fy, nku esa ns fn;k tk, vFkok cktkj esa csp fn;k tk,A blls tgka gtkjksa Nk=kksa dks mudh i<+kbZ esa ykHk gksxk ogha ejus okys ds ifjokj dks vusd izdkj dh my>uksa ls NqVdkjk fey tk;sxkA fØ;kdeZ tSls csdkj ds dkeksa ij gekjs xjhc ns'k esa izfrfnu djksM+ksa #i, Lokgk dj fn, tkrs gSaA yksx e`R;q Hkkst vkSj Jk¼

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

deks± ds fy, cfu, vFkok lkgwdkj ls mèkkj ys dj ftUnxh Hkj xqykeh dh pDdh esa filrs jgrs gSaA ejus okyk rks ej tkrk gS mlds ftUnk cps ifjokj okyksa dh xk<s+ ilhus dh dekbZ fuBYys iaMs gyok iwM+h ds :i esa Mdkj tkrs gSaA bl dke ds fy, izfrfnu yk[kksaeu ydM+h tyk nh tkrh gSA ftl ns'k esa b±èku dk vdky gks ogka bl izdkj ls ÅtkZ ds lzksr dks u"V djuk dgka dh le>nkjh gSA cfYd eSa rks dgwaxk fd ;g ,d izdkj dk vijkèk gh gSA bruk gh ugha bl csdkj ds dke ds fy, ge izfrfnu gjs Hkjs taxy dkV dj i;kZoj.k dk lary q u fcxkM+ jgs gSAa * duNsnh us tks'k esa Hkjdj dgkA fiQj og ,d vFkZ'kkL=kh dh Hkkafr cksyk] ^bruk gh ugha bl izdkj ls 'koksa dks u"V dj nsus dh vkSj Hkh cgqr lh gkfu;ka gSaA ,d&,d 'ko ;k=kk esa lfEefyr gksus ds fy, fdrus gh ekuo Je ?kaVksa dh cckZnh dh tkrh gSA ;fn mruss ekuo Je ?akVksa dk mi;ksx l`tukRed vkfFkZd xfrfofèk;ksa esa fd;k tk, rks gekjk ns'k dqN gh le; esa nqfu;k dk lcls vehj ns'k cu ldrk gSA 'koksa dks <ksus ds pDdj esa ge vius ns'k dh xjhch dks <ks jgs gSaA ,d nsg dks cspus dh vuqefr nsus ls ns'k dk] lekt dk vkSj Lo;a gekjk viuk fdruk ykHk gks ldrk gS bl ij xaHkhjrk ls fopkj fd;k tkuk pkfg,A* ^ij gekjk lekt ,d èkeZijk;.k lekt gSA fiQj gekjh èkkfeZd vkSj lkekftd ekU;rkvksa dk D;k gksxkA* eSaus fiQj ls eeZ dks Nw tkus okyk iz'u fd;kA ^igys gh bldk mÙkj ns pqdk gwaA gksxk D;kA ubZ ekU;rk,a cusaxhaA D;k gekjs ½f"k eqfu;ksa us gekjk ekxZ n'kZu bl fo"k; esa ugha fd;kA D;k nèkhph us nsgnku djds viuh vfLFk;ka nsorkvksa dks ugha nha ftlls bUnz us ozt uked vL=k cuk;k vkSj nkuoksa dk lagkj fd;kA gekjs ns'k esa Hkh ikjlh lekt gS tks bl rjg vius eqnksZa dh mi;ksfxrk dks iz;ksx esa ykrk gSA csprk ugha rks de ls de phy dkSvksa dks rks f[kykrk gSA* duNsnh us viuh ckr lkeus j[khA ^blds fy, rqe D;k djuk pkgrs gks duNsnhA vkSj ljdkj ls D;k

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

pkgrs gks bl ekeys esaA* ^eSa rks pkgrk gwa fd gj ,d dks vius vax cspus dk vfèkdkj gksA og bl ckr dh olh;r dj tk;s fd mlds ejus ds ckn mlds vax dkSu ysxkA tks vax mlds thfor jgrs gh fcd ldsa mlesa rks dksbZ leL;k gh ughaA lekt ds fgr esa Hkh esjh ljdkj ls ekax gS fd de ls de nq?kZVuk esa ejus okys O;fDr dh yk'k gLirkyksa dh lEifr eku yh tk,A ;fn bruk djuk Hkh laHko u gks rks ykokfjl yk'k ij rks gLirkyksa dk gd Lohdkj dj gh fy;k tk,A oSls Hkh ljdkj ds fy, mls fBdkus yxkuk gh ,d leL;k gSA bl izdkj bruh cM+h leL;k dk lgt lekèkku Hkh gks tk;sxkA* duNsnh us lq>k;kA ^rks ljdkj dk bl ckjs esa D;k dguk gSA rqe rks bl ckjs esa dbZ usrkvksa vkSj eaf=k;ksa ls fey pqds gksA ljdkj dks rks fdlh izdkj dh vifÙk gksuh gh ugha pkfg,A eSaus lquk gS fd blds fy, ljdkj ds ikl èku gh ugha gSA ftrus iSls ljdkj bZaèku ds fy, nsrh gS mrus ls yk'k tykbZ ugha tk ldrhA feV~Vh dk rsy Mky dj fdlh rjg ls yk'kksa dks fuiVk;k tkrk gSA* ^;gh rks bl ns'k dk nqHkkZX; gSA dHkh èkeZ vkM+s vk tkrk gS rks dHkh dec[r lektA bu nksuksa ls NqVdkjk feys rks dksbZ u dksbZ dkuwuh vM+pu lkeus vk [kM+h gksrh gSA dec[r yk'kksa ij Hkh bl rjg ls dqaM+yh ekj dj cSB tkrs gSa tSls lkai xM+s gq, èku ijA HkkbZ blls fdlh dks ykHk gksrk gS rks gksus nks rqEgkjs cki dk D;k tkrk gSA O;kikj dk dksbZ u;k jkLrk [kqyrk gS rks [kqyus nksA brus ij Hkh eu u Hkjs rks VSDl yxk yksA ljdkj dks rks VSDl yxk dj turk dk [kwu gh pwlus ls eryc gS uA dksbZ ejs vFkok thfor jgs mls D;kA oSls Hkh ,slh dkSu lh pht gS ftl ij vkius VSDl ugha yxk j[kk gS\ bl ij Hkh yxk ys D;k iQdZ iM+rk gS bl ns'k dh turk dkssA mls rks vknr gS ljdkj :ih tkSad ls [kwu pwlokus dhA* duNsnh vkØks'k esa Hkj dj cksykA bl chp dqN vU; lkaln ,oa i=kdkj Hkh duNsnh ds vkl ikl f?kj vk,A dqN nsj lkal ysdj duNsnh us mRlkfgr gksrs gq,

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

60

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

dgk] ^oSls Hkh e`rd ds ifjokj dks dne dne ij bl ekeys esa dqN u dqN [kpZ djuk gh iM+rk gSA blds foijhr ;fn mls yk'k csp dj dqN èku feyus yxsxk rks ;g O;kikj tYnh gh m|ksx dh Js.kh esa vk tk;sxk blesa eq>s dksbZ lansg ughaA vkf[kj phu gj {ks=k esa ge ls vkxs D;ksa fudy jgk gS D;ksafd ogka ds yksxksa dks vius vax cspus dk vfèkdkj gSA blds fy, ogka foKkiu fn, tkrs gSaA ns'k fons'k esa bldk izpkj fd;k tkrk gSA Hkkjr lfgr fo'o ds dksus dksus ls yksx vax&izR;kjksi.k ds fy, phu tkrs gSa vkSj cgqewY; fons'kh eqnzk ogka ij [kpZ djrs gSAa blls ogka dh vFkZO;oLFkk dks fdruk cy feyrk gksxk bldh lgt gh dYiuk dh tk ldrh gSA gekjh ljdkj gS fd dqN le>rh gh ughaA ;k ;wa dg ysa fd le>uk gh ugha pkgrhA gj izxfr'khy ekxZ dh rjiQ ls vak[ksa gh can dj ysrh gSA eSa rks dgrk gwa fd iwjh&dh&iwjh ljdkj vaèkksa dh ljdkj gSA* vc duNsnh us vkl ikl [kM+s yksxksa dks lacksfèkr djrs gq, dgkA ^ij vax izR;kjksi.k rks Hkkjr esa Hkh gksrk gS]* ,d i=kdkj us dgkA ^enzkl dk ,d {ks=k bl dke esa cgqr izxfr dj pqdk gSA ml ftys dks fdM+uh ftys ds uke ls iqdkjk tkrk gSA* ^gks lc dqN jgk gSA lc fNis eqans <ax ls] pksjh fNis gksrk gSA ijUrq ;g lc xSj dkuwuh gh gSA ljdkj Lo;a xSj dkuwuh dke djus ds fy, yksxksa dks izksRlkfgr dj jgh gSA ;fn ljdkj vax cspus dh vkKk ns ns rks fdrus gh yksxksa dk thou xjhch dh js[kk dks ,d gh jkr esa Nykax yxk dj ikj dj ysxkA fiQj chl lw=kh vkSj xjhch gVkvks tSls fiQtwy ds dk;ZØeksa dh vko';drk gh ugha jgsxhA vkf[kj Hkxoku us dqN vfrfjDr iwtsZ ekuo ds 'kjhj esa blhfy, rks cuk, gSa fd oDr t:jr dke vk ldsaA ;fn 'kjhj ds vaxksa ds cktkj Hkkoksa dh rktk tkudkjh yksxksa dks feyrh jgsxh rks fcpkSfy;s xjhcksa dk 'kks"k.k ugha dj ik;saxsA ij ;g ljdkj rks gS gh 'kks"kdksa dk iks"k.k djus okyhA* duNsnh us ljdkj dh iksy [kksy dj j[k nh gks

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

tSlsA ^HkbZ okg! ;gka Hkh 'kks"k.k] deky gS 'kks"k.k ds bl u, :i ds ckjs esa igys rks dHkh ughaa lquk FkkA* ,d vU; i=kdkj us pqVdh yhA ^gka 'kks"k.k dgka ugha gks jgkA mnkgj.k ds :i esa xr fnuksa ,d fons'kh us enzkl ds ,d fuèkZu O;fDr ls fdMuh [kjhnhA D;k vki yksx vuqeku yxk ldrs gSa fd mls blds cnys esa fdruk èku feykA ugha uA eSa crkrk gwa dsoy 400 fczfV'k ikSaMA vkSj D;k vki yksx tkuuk ugha pkgsaxs fd ftl us fdMuh [kjhnh mlus fdruk èku fn;kA chl gtkj ikSaM+A vc ljdkj dh xyr uhfr;ksa ds dkj.k fdruh cM+h jkf'k fcpkSfy, [kk x,A ;g jkf'k dkys èku esa ifjofrZr gks dj gekjh vFkZO;oLFkk dks [kks[kyk djus esa lgk;rk dj jgh gksxhA ;fn ;gh jkf'k ml O;fDr dks vFkok mlds ifjokj dks lhèkh feyrh rks bl vk; ij ljdkj dks fdruk VSDl feyrkA ;fn og bl jkf'k ls dksbZ dke èkaèkk izkjEHk dj ysrk rks u dsoy mldh xjhch nwj gks tkrh og fujUrj ljdkjh [ktkus esa dj ds :i esa dqN u dqN c<+ksrjh gh djrk jgrkA* duNsnh us dgkµ ^ij ekuo ds vaxksa dh dksbZ dher dSls vkadh tk ldrh gSA* ml i=kdkj us ftKklk dhA ^lgh lgh u Hkh vkadh tk lds rks D;kA vuqeku rks yxk;k gh tk ldrk gSA phu us bl ekeys esa igy dh gSA phu essa euq"; ds dksfuZ;k dk ewY; rhl gtkj vejhdh Mkyj ekuk x;k gSA isQiQMksa dh dher ,d yk[k ipkl gtkj ls ,d yk[k lÙkj gtkj Mkyj] fdM+uh dh cklB gtkj] yhoj dh ,d yk[k ls ,d yk[k rhl gtkj] fdMuh iSufØ;k dh Ms<+ yk[k Mkyj vkSj fny dh ,d yk[k rhl gtkj ls ,d yk[k lkB gtkj Mkyj rd ekuh tkrh gSA blls lgt gh vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd ge vjcksa #i, ewY; ds ekuo vax csdkj gh tyk Mkyrs gSa vFkok nck dj mUgsa dhM+ksa dk Hkkstu cuk nsrs gSaA ;g ekuo vaxksa ds oÙkZeku cktkj Hkko gSaA eSa ;g Hkko viuh fdlh dYiuk ls ugha crk jgkA bldk cdk;nk lekpkj i=kksa esa izdk'ku gksrk gSA blds vfrfjDr eky dh

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dher rks ekax vkSj vkiwfrZ ds fu;e ls larqfyr gksrh gSA ogka ij Hkh gksrh gksxhA bldh iwjh tkudkjh izkIr dh tk ldrh gSA* duNsnh us lkjk vFkZ'kkL=k le>krs gq, dgkµ ^rks D;k ;g uSfrd gksxkA yksx viuh tjk&tjk lh t:jrksa dks iwjk djus ds fy, esgur djus dh ctk; 'kjhj ds vax cspus yxsaxs rks Hkh vki mudk leFkZu djsaxsA* fdlh us ftKklk dhA ^igyh ckr rks bl ekeys dks uSfrdrk ds lkFk tksM+uk gh ljklj xyr gSA ftl ns'k esa yksx jkst viuk jDr csprs gksaA xjhc viuh lUrku rd dks csp nsrs gksaA efgyk,a viuh vkc: csp jgh gksaA ogka dh ljdkj vFkok lekt dks uSfrdrk dh ckr djus dk dksbZ uSfrd vfèkdkj ugha gSA Hkys gh dksbZ O;fDr èku izkIr djus ds fy, ;g dke djs rks Hkh mls jksdk tkuk xyr gSA u tkus ge dc rd ,slh nfd;kuqlh ckrksa esa my> dj fiNM+s jgsaxsA* ^bl izdkj rks vki ckr dks dgha ls dgha ys tk ldrs gSaA lekt dks pykus ds fy, dqN u dqN uSfrdrk vuSfrdrk esa vUrj djuk gh iM+sxkA* ^bl ckr dks uSfrdrk ds lkFk D;ksa tksM+saA gj ckr ds dbZ igyw gksrs gSaA ckr dsoy bruh gh ugha gSA ge vjcksa #i;k ifjokj fu;kstu ds uke ij xkao xkao xyh xyh ckaVrs fiQj jgs gSaA gks D;k jgk gS vkcknh c<+rh gh tk jgh gSA D;ksafd tula[;k gekjh uhfr;ksa ds fo#¼ c<+ jgh gS blfy, ge ubZ vkus okyh vkcknh dk Lokxr ugha djrsA ;fn Hkkjr ds yksxksa dks ekuo vaxksa dk fo'oO;kih O;kikj djus dh vkKk nh tk, rks D;k gesa bruk iSlk csdkj gh ukfy;ksa esa cgkus ds fy, ckè; gksuk iM+sxkA ugha uA mYVs gesa vfèkd la[;k esa yksxksa ds tUe ysus vFkok ejus ij viQlksl Hkh ugha gksxkA gj ejus okyk ns'k ds [ktkus esa dqN u dqN tek djok dj gh ejsxkA gj u;k iSnk gksus okyk dqN u dqN vk'kk dk lapkj djsxkA mls dPps eky dh rjg eku dj rS;kj eky esa ifjofrZr djuk dkSu ugha pkgsxkA oSls Hkh ^,MsM osY;w* dk tekuk gSA bl ij ^oSV* rks ljdkj dks feysxk ghA vkt gLirkyksa ds j[k j[kko ij fdruk èku csdkj gh

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

61

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

O;; gks jgk gSA fdrus MkDVjksa dks fnu jkr rS;kj djuk iM+ jgk gS rkfd fdlh rjg ejrs gq, vkneh dks cpk fy;k tk,A D;ksa HkkbZ! bldk dksbZ mÙkj ugha nsrkA HkkbZ ;fn fdlh ds ejus ls ns'k vkSj lekt dks ykHk gksrk gks rks lisQn gkFkh tSls gLirkyksa dks vius oÙkZeku Lo:i esa fodflr djus ls D;k ykHk\ vkt rks vko';drk bl ckr dh gS fd gLirkyksa dks u;k :i fn;k tk,A MkDVjksa dks bl izdkj ls rS;kj fd;k tk;s fd os fcuk fdlh leL;k ds vfèkd ls vfèkd vaxksa dk izR;kjksi.k dj ldsaA ejs gq, O;fDr ds vaxksa dks vfèkd le; rd lqjf{kr j[k ldsaA u, vaxksa dh iSnkokj ds fy, vfèkd cPps dSls iSnk gksa bl ij 'kksèk dj ldsaA D;k t:jh gS fd ekuo dk cPpk ukS ekg ckn gh iSnk gks vFkok ,d le; esa ,d gh gksA bl ckr ij 'kksèk fd;k tkuk pkfg, fd fdl izdkj xaèkkjh us lkS cPps iSnk fd, vkSj dqUrh esa bPNk ek=k djus ls eka cuus dh {kerk dSls fodflr gqbZA* duNsnh us leL;k ds vusd igyqvksa ij izdk'k Mkyrs gq, dgkA fiQj cksyk] ^okLrfodrk rks ;g gS fd ns'k dh yk[kksa ,dM+ èkjrh 'e'kku vkSj dfczLrku ds :i esa csdkj iM+h gqbZ gSA yksx ,d ,d bap èkjrh ds fy, ,d nwljs dk xyk dkV jgs gSaA ,d&,d oxZ ehVj Hkwfe ds ewY; yk[kksa djksM+ dk vkadM+k Nwus tk jgs gSaA ;fn ljdkj dks vDy vk tk;s rks ;g cgqewY; Hkwfe vkxs vkus okyh vkcknh ds dke vk ldsxh vkSj fujUrj izxfr dj jgs Hkou fuekZ.k m|ksx dks ia[k yx tk;saxsA esjs fopkj esa rks bl fo"k; esa cM+s&cM+s Hkou fuekZÙkkvksa dks lkeus vk dj ekspkZ ysuk pkfg,A [kSj ;g ekeyk eSa Hkou fuekZÙkkvksa dh cqf¼ ij NksM+rk gwaA eSaus mUgsa Hkwfe gfFk;kus dk ,d u;k {ks=k lq>k fn;k gSA vkxs os tkusa vkSj ns'k dk Hkkoh Hkou fuekZ.k m|ksxA* duNsnh us ckr lekIr djrs gq, dgkA 82 lk{kj vikVZesaV~l ,&3] if'pe fogkj] ubZ fnYyh

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

gjeu pkSgku

,d vuqca/ iqLrd Niokus dk esjs O;aX; ys[kksa dh ,d ik.Mqfyfi fiNys rhu o"kks± ls dgha ykirk FkhA eq>s vk'kadk Fkh fd gks u gks Jherh us dgha jn~nh esa fdlh dckM+h dks csp nh gksxh] blfy, eSa ml ik.Mqfyfi dks ,d rjg ls Hkwy gh x;k FkkA eq>s ;kn Hkh ugha jgk fd eSaus O;aX; dh dksbZ gLrfyf[kr ik.Mqfyfi dHkh vyekjh esa j[kh FkhA ,d fnu Jherh us esjh vyekjh ls dpjk lkiQ djus dh BkuhA mlus eq>s cqykdj iwNkµ ^blesa vkids tks dke ds dkxt gksa] mUgsa vyx ls NkaV yksA eSa vyekjh dh liQkbZ dj jgh gwaA fiQj er dguk fd eSaus vkids lkfgR; dks dpjs esa Mky fn;k gS ;k dckM+h dks csp fn;k gSA Jherh dh ckr lqudj igys eSa pkSadk vkSj fiQj vyekjh dh fLFkfr dks ns[kdj cksyk& ^blesa j[kk gh D;k gS\ ;g lc dpjk gh rks gS] vxj ugha gS rks nsj&lcsj dpjk gks gh tkuk gSA ^gksus nks] eq>s blls D;k ysuk&nsukA eq>s rks jn~nh <wa<uh gS] eghus dk vafre lIrkg py jgk gSA dckM+h vkus gh okyk gSA dqN ugha rks lCth&oCth ds iSlksa dk gh tqxkM+ dj ywa\* vkSj Jherh us viuh ckr [kRe djds dkxtksa dh NaVuh 'kq: dj nhA FkksM+h gh nsj ckn mlus esjs O;aX; ys[kksa dh gLrfyfi <wa< fudkyh vkSj esjs lkeus iVdrh gqbZ cksyh& ^;gh gS uk oks ik.Mqfyfi ftlds fy, dbZ ckj vkius ?kj esa coky [kM+k fd;k\* eSa ik.Mqfyfi ns[kdj mNy iM+k] ftls rhu lky ls [kkst jgk FkkA eSaus gh bl ik.Mqfyfi dks vyekjh esa j[kk Fkk vkSj j[kdj Hkwy x;kA eSaus viuh ;knnk'r ds izfr ekFkk ihVkA vc Jherh eq> ij gkoh gksdj eq>s yFksM+us yxh fd ^vki tSls ykijokg O;fDr fojys gh feysaxs\ vki bls fdlh izdk'kd dks nsdj Niok D;ksa ugha nsrs\* eq>s Jherh dk lq>ko ilan vk;kA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

eSa ml ik.Mqfyfi dks cxy esa nck;s ,d izdk'kd ls nwljs izdk'kd ds ikl ?kwerk jgk] ysfdu dksbZ Nkius ds fy, rS;kj gh ugha gks jgk FkkA varr% ,d NqVHkb;k izdk'kd mls Nkius ds fy, rS;kj gks x;kA og Hkh blfy, fd mlus ml ik.Mqfyfi dk ttZj gqfy;k ns[kdj mls dksbZ ,sfrgkfld ik.Mqfyfi le> cSBkA eSaus mlds pedrs psgjs ij utj nkSM+k;h rks eq>s mldk psgjk gh O;aX; iz/ku yxkA eSaus fiQj mlds nÝrj] mldh izsl vkSj ogka dke djus okys daiksftVjksa ij utj nkSM+k;h rks lHkh O;aX; dh fLFkfr;ka mRiUu dj jgs FksA mldh ckrksa ls eq>s ,slk yxk fd og igys dgha ljdkjh izsl essa vfèkdkjh in ij jg pqdk gSA fjVk;j gksus ds ckn mlus viuk ;g futh izsl [kksy fy;kA iwjs Nkik[kkus dks ns[kus ls mlds dyiqtsZ vkSj vU; lkeku le;&le; ij ljdkjh izsl ls vk;frr yx jgs FksA ,sls vk;kfrr fd, gq, lkeku dk vkSj lnqi;ksx D;k gks ldrk Fkk\ mlds ikl vuqHko Fkk vkSj vuqHko ds lkFk dqN iaQM ds iSls Hkh FksA iSlksa ds lkFk ?kj dk edku Hkh Fkk] ftlds uhps izsl [kksy j[kk FkkA mlus esjh ik.Mqfyfi j[k yhA ckn esa mlds ;gka eSa cjkcj pDdj yxkrk jgk vkSj og cjkcj eq>s pk; fiykdj izse ls jokuk djrk jgkA ljdkjh viQlj ds xq.k mlesa dwV&dwVdj Hkjs gq, Fks rks og bruh vklkuh ls esjh iqLrd dSls Nki ldrk Fkk\ lkyHkj rd og ;gh crkrk jgk fd esjh ik.Mqfyfi laiknd e.My dks lkSai j[kh gS] mldh jk; vk tkus nks] fiQj iqLrd Nkius esa fcydqy nsjh ugha gksxhA jkr&fnu ,d djds fdrkc iQVkiQV Nki gh nsaxsA* og eq>s pk; fiykdj vk'oklu nsrk vkSj eSa mlds ;gka Nius okys fuea=k.k&dkMZ ;k 'kknh ds dkMks± ds izwiQ ns[krk jgrkA mls eqÝr esa dke djus okyk vkneh pkfg, Fkk] lks eSa fey x;k ○ ○ ○ 62 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

FkkA cgqr fnuksa ds ckn eq>s irk pyk fd esjh rjg eqÝr esa ogka dke djus okys daiksthVj Hkh gSa] ftUgsa ;g mEehn Fkh fd ,dµuµ,d fnu mUgsa xqIrkth] ljdkjh izsl esa ukSdjh fnyok dj gh ne ysaxsA rc rd mUgsa fu"BkiwoZd blh izsl esa dke djrs jguk gSA lkyµMs<+ lky ls os rax gq, tk jgs Fks vksj mudk /S;Z VwV jgk FkkA lkyHkj eq>s Hkh gksus dks vk;k Fkk vkSj muds /S;Z dks ns[kdj esjk /S;Z Hkh VwVus yxkA ,d fnu eSaus muls lkiQ&lkiQ 'kCnksa esa vuqjks/ dj gh fn;k fd ^vxj vki esjh fdrkc ugha Nkiuk pkgrs gSa rks esjh ik.Mqfyfi eq>s ykSVk nhft,\* xqIrk th esjh ckr lqudj gal iM+s vkSj cksys] ^rqEgsa ;g fdlus dg fn;k fd eSa rqEgkjh fdrkc ugha Nkiuk pkgrk gwa\ eSa rks vkt rq E gs a crkus okyk Fkk fd laiknd&e.My us rqEgkjh fdrkc Nkius fd fliQkfj'k dj nh gS vkSj eSa vkt rqEgsa bl ckr dh cèkkbZ Hkh nsus okyk FkkA ;g jgh rqEgkjh ik.Mqfyfi] blesa laiknd&e.My us dqN vko';d la'kks/u djus dh lykg nh gSA lks] rqe ,dk/ lIrkg esa la'kks/u djds eq>s ns nks] rkfd Nkius dk ozQe 'kq: djsaA gka] blds lkFk gh ewy ys[kd dk LohÑfr&i=k vkSj dkihjkbV dk izek.k&i=k Hkh layXu djuk u HkwysaA* blds ckn eq>s xqIrk th us ,d vuqca/&i=k ;g dgrs gq, fn;k fd bls tYnh ls Hkjdj nsuk u Hkwysa] rkfd izdk'kd vkSj ys[kd ds chp dksbZ fookn u mBsA vuqca/&i=k tks eq>s xqIrkth us lkSaik Fkk] og 'kk;n mUuhloha lnh esa vaxzstksa ds 'kkludky dk jgk gksxk\ ml ljdkjh vuqca/ esa dqN vko';d la'kks/u djds 'kk;n mudh viuh izsl esa gh vusd v'kqf¼;ksa ds lkFk eqfnzr fd;k x;k FkkA ml izsl esa fuea=k.k vkSj 'kknh vkfn ds dkMZ Hkh vusd v'kqf¼;ksa ds lkFk eqfnzr gksrs Fks] mlls eq>s vuqeku gks x;k fd esjh ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fdrkc Hkh blh rjg v'kqf¼;ksa ds lkFk Nkih tk,xhA esjk ekFkk BudkA bl vuqca/ ds dqN va'kksa dk vki Hkh eqykfgtk iQjekb,] exj v'kqf¼;ksa ds lgh 'kCn dk vk'k;] Ñi;k cszfdV esa i<+sa % ^;g djkj ,d i{kdkj ds :i esa Jh - - - - - ftls vkxs bl vuqca/ esa ys[kd dgk x;k gSA (;gka dgus dk rkRi;Z gS fd eSa dfFkr ys[kd gwaA) blds varxZr og okfjl] fu"iknd vkSj fofèkd izfrfuf/ Hkh gS vkSj nwljs i{kdkj ds :i esa iksFkh izdk'ku izsl ds ekfyd Jh - - - ds chp] ftUgsa vkxs izdk'kd dgk x;k gS] ds chp vkt rkjh[k - - - - dks fd;s x;s djkj dk ewy LFkkiu gSA* ys[kd us fganh Hkk"kk esa - - - - (O;aX;) iqLrd fy[kus dk opuHkax (opuc¼) fd;k gS vkSj ftls vkxs /uqoar (vuqca/) dgk x;k gSA og bl /uqoar (vuqca/) dks ca/uksa (fuca/uks)a vkSj xrks± ('krks±) ij vkSj LosPNk ls vius [kpZ ls (esjk ekFkk Budk) izdk'kd ls izdkf'kr djokuk pkgrk gSA vr% nksuksa Hk{kdkjksa (i{kdkjksa) }kjk vkSj muds chp fuEufyf[kr njkj (djkj) fd;k tkrk gS % 1- ys[kd blesa vkxs r; ik, x, fucaèkksa (fuca/uksa) vkSj xrks± ('krks±) ij ys[ku dk;Z djsxk vkSj mls le; ij iwjk djsxkA (gqtwj] vc eSa ml izdk'kd egksn; dks dSls le>krk fd ftl iqLrd dk vkxs ;k ihNs mYys[k fd;k tk jgk gS] mls eSa rhu o"kZ iwoZ gh fy[kdj mUgsa ns] pqdk FkkA gka] ljdkjh izslksa esa djkj igys gksrk gS vkSj iqLrd ckn esa dgha ls lkexzh mM+kdj fy[kh tkrh gS) vkxs ds va'kksa dh ckuxh nsf[k,% 2- mDr iqLrd dh Hkk"kk v&LokHkkfod (!) vkSj xjy (ljy) gks rFkk mldh lgsyh ('kSyh) I;kjh vkSj fo"k; ds dq:i (vuq:i) gksA mlesa dVq ;k uhds (rh[ks Hkko vFkok ,d 'kCn esa vusdkFkZ feyu) ('kkfey u) gksA fi;kjh (fcgkjh) ds 'kCnksa dh rjg ns[kus esa ukVs gksdj Hkh xaHkhj Nkao (?kko) djsa] ,sls 'kCn u gksaA fdlh ea'kk (laLFkk) ;k O;fDr fo'ks"k ij O;aX; u fd;k x;k gksA (vc rd eq>s

3-

4-

5-

6-

7-

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

;g vuqca/ O;aX;&iz/ku yxus yxk Fkk)A ys[kd mDr iqLrd esa izdk'kd dh mis{kkuqlkj (vis{kkuqlkj) mlesa rLohjs]a uD'ks] xzkiQ vkSj vU; fp=k nsdj iqLrd dks lfp=k cuok,xk] mls jsfxLrku dh rjg ugha n'kkZ,xkA ;g dke og izdk'kd }kjk Fkksfir (LohÑr) ;k vuqeksfnr fp=kdkjksa dh lgk;rk ls iwjk djsxkA ys[kd ik.Mqfyfi ds lkFk tgka ls va'k ;k m¼j.k udy fd;s gq, ;k mM+k;s gq, fy;s x;s gksa] mudk izys[k (mYys[k) vo'; djsxkA (vc O;aX; ys[kksa esa rLohjksa] xzkÝl] uD'kksa vkSj fp=kksa dh dgka vko';drk iM+rh gS\ udy ;k mM+k;s x;s muds djkj ds dqN va'k dsoy blh O;aX; esa ikBdksa ds le{k izLrqr dj jgk gwaA xk.Mqfyfi (ik.Mqfyfi) dk izFke lwi (izk:i) rS;kj gksrs gh ys[kd mldh rhu ijfr;ka izdk'kd dks Hkstxs kA izdk'kd dk fofu'p; vafre vkSj ys[kd ij vkc¼dj gksxk rFkk izdk'kd ds :"V (Li"V) lq>koksa dks iqLrd esa rqjar ifj.kr djsxkA mDr iqLrd ckn esa izdk'kd dks eqnz.k ds fy, nl fnu ds Hkhrj izLrqr djsxkA izdk'kd mDr iqLrd ds izwiQ dkxtksa] xsfy;ksa dks ys[kd dks nsxk vkSj ys[kd vxys nl eghuksa esa mudk ijh{k.k (iqujh{k.k) lwi (izwiQ) ns[kdj ykSVk nsxkA bl dke ds fy, ys[kd dks dksbZ vfrfjDr Hkkjh&Jfed (ikfjJfed) ugha fn;k tk,xkA ys[kd izsl ds jkst rhu pDdj yxk,xk vkSj vkus&tkus dk fdjk;k viuh xkaB ls yxk,xkA (vc rd eSa ogh rks djrk vk jgk FkkA ,sls izdk'kdksa dh ns'k esa deh dgka gSa\ mDr iqLrd tc dHkh fdUgha izkÑfrd vkÝrkvksa (vkinkvksa) dks rksM+dj (NksM+dj) izdkf'kr gksrh gS rks ys[kd dks mldh vf/d ls vf/d nl izfr;ksa dk ewY; pqdk dj gh izkIr djus dk gd gksxkA (fe;ka dh twrh fe;ka ds gh flj\) iz d k'kd ls ys [ kd HkkjhJfed (ikfjJfed) vkSj yk;YVh (jk;YVh) 63

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

dk dHkh u rks gd trk,xk] u gh rdktk djsxkA 8- [kk.Mqfyfi (ik.Mqfyfi) ds eq[ki`"B dks NksM+dj ckdh ds iqV~Bksa (i`"Bksa) dh f?klkbZ (NikbZ) o dkxt dk [kpZ ys[kd Lo;a ogu djsxkA (ckdh jgk gh D;k\) 9- ys[kd dh ,d Hkh iqLrd ugha fcdus ij ;k yacs vjls rd izdk'kd dh vyekjh esa izfr;ka ds lM+us ij izdk'kd dks vkVk (?kkVk) iwfrZ djsxk vkSj uqdlku ys[kd ogu djsxkA fdlh rjg ys[kd vkVk (?kkVk) nsus esa vleFkZ jgrk gS rks bl eokn (fookn) dks izsl esa cSBdj gh fuiVk;k tk,xk vkSj leLr ekeyksa dk ftEesnkj] ys[kd gh ekuk tk,xk vkSj og dtZ pqdus rd izsl esa ca/qvk etnwj dh rjg dke djsxkA 10- ys[kd dks mDr iqLrd dh leLr lkexzh Vad.k djok dj rhu izfr;ksa esa nsuh gksxh vkSj mldk leLr [kpZ ys[kd gh ogu djsxkA 11- ys[kd dks iqLrd dk dkihjkbV dk vf/dkj ugha gksxkA ys[kd izdk'kd dks ;g okjaVh ;k xkjaVh nsrk gS fd mDr iqLrd esa vlyhy (v'yhy) ;k lEeku (vieku) tud ys[kh; lkexzh ugha gS vkSj fdlh /eZ ;k leqnk;fo'ks"k ls tqM+h gqbZ ugha gSA vkSj var esa fy[kk gqvk Fkk& ^eq>s mi;qZDr lHkh fuca/u vkSj 'krsZa Lohdk;Z gSaA* vkxs gLrk{kj ds fy, txg [kkyh FkhA uhps nks xokgksa ds fy, ,d rjiQ gLrk{kj dh txg Fkh vkSj uhps izdk'kd ds gLrk{kj dh txg FkhA eSa viuh mDr ik.Mqfyfi vkSj djkj muls ozQks/o'k Nhudj vius lkFk ys vk;kA ,sls NqVHkb;s izdk'kd vkids 'kgj esa Hkh gksaxs] tks u dsoy Hkk"kk dk] cfYd eqnz.k dk;Z ls tkus okys xzkgdksa rFkk eq> tSls ys[kdksa dk Hkh f[kyokM+ o 'kks"k.k djrs gSaA ikBdx.k ,slh izslksa ls lko/ku jfg,A eq>s tks Hkksxuk Fkk] og vkidks mQij crk gh pqdk gwaA vki ys[kd gSa rks esjs vuqHkoksa ls izjs .kk yhft,A NqVHkb, izdk'kdksa 'ks"k i`"B 64 ij- - -

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jktho ukenso jkuk fy/kSjh

Hkwr dk eksckby uacj gqvk ;wa fd ,d fnu ,d yksdfiz; Vh-oh- pSuy ij ,d [kcj fn[kkbZ tk jgh Fkh vkSj mlesa ckj&ckj ;g dgdj fd Hkwr dk eksckby uacj ;g gS 9088882007 vki Hkh ;g uacj yxkrkj Hkwr ls ckr dhft,] LozQhu ij fn[kk;k tk jgk FkkA eSa ;g ns[kdj ,oa lkspdj gSjku jg x;k fd D;k] gekjs lkFk&lkFk Hkwr Hkh vkt 21oha lnh esa vk/qfud ;qx esa thus yxs gSaA D;k os Hkh eksckby j[kus yxs\ fiQj rks os dEI;wVj Hkh j[krs gksaxsA fiQj eSaus lkspk] pyks ,d ckj ge Hkh Hkwr ls eksckby ij ckr djus dk etk ys gh ysa] [kSj eSaus tSls gh ml uacj dks yxk;k] m/j ls tokc vk;k] ^bl :V dh lHkh ykbuas O;Lr gSa] o`Qi;k FkksM+h nsj ckn Mk;y dhft,A esjs ckj&ckj yxkus ij Hkh ;g uacj ugha yxkA eSaus lkspk yxrk gS vkt Hkwr lkgc dk eksckby O;Lr gS esjs tSls lSadM+ksa ew[kZ yksx ;gh uacj yxk jgs gksaxsA [kSj eq>s Hkh ml jkr uhan ugha vk;hA dgka pSu iM+us okyk Fkk] lksprs&lksprs jkr ds ckjg ctus okys Fks fd vpkud fnekx esa fopkj vk;k fd pyks ,d ckj vkSj dksf'k'k djds ns[k ywa] oSls Hkh rks bl le; lc yksx lks tkrs gSa vkSj vc dksbZ mUgsa iQksu ugha dj jgk gksxk] esjk uacj yx ldrk gS] fiQj eSaus jkr ds Bhd ckjg cts og uacj yxk;k] bÙksiQkd ls og uacj yx x;k] fjax tkus yxh] eSa [kq'kh ls mNy iM+kA m/j ls vkokt vk;h& gSyks] dkSu\ eSaus dgk] vki dkSu lkgc cksys jgs gSa\ eSaus lkspk fd igys ;g duiQeZ rks dj ywa fd lgh uacj yxk gS fd ugha] dgha dksbZ jk¡x uacj rks ugha yx x;kA esjk eryc gS fd vki dgka ls cksy jgs gSaA eryc dkSu ls dfczLrku ls] ihiy ;k beyh ds isM+ ls ;k fdlh iqjkus edku ls ;k fiQj fdlh iqfy;k ls] m/j ls tokc ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vk;kµ ge Hkwr ugha vHkwriwoZ gSa] ge ;ejkt cksy jgs gSa] ge dksbZ Hkwr&cwr ugha gSa] ge rks Lo;a yksxksa dks Hkwr cukrs gSa] vkSj mudh gSfl;r ds vuqlkj gh mUgsa txg nsrs gSaA dfg,] eq>s dSls ;kn fd;k] D;k vkidh ,Mokal cqfdax dj nwaA lriqM+k ds ?kus taxyksa esa] fdlh cM+s ls ihiy ;k beyh ds isM+ ij] ;k vle ds taxy esa fdlh iqjkus panu ds isM+ ij] ;k fiQj vki fdlh cM+s 'kgj esa jguk pkgrs gSa] rks ,d iQkbo LVkj gksVy ds fdlh dejs esa rqEgkjk eMZj djokdj lnk ds fy, og dejk rqEgkjs fy, cqd djok nwa] mldk dksbZ fdjk;k Hkh ugha nsuk iM+sxk] fcydqy eqÝr esaA ;ejkt cksys rw vHkh ls gh viuh cqfdax djk ys] oukZ Hkkjr dh tula[;k blh rjg c<+rh jgsxh rks fiQj dgha Hkh ejus ds ckn rq>s pSu ls lksus ds fy, txg ugha feysxhA fiQj rw jkr&fnu ;wa gh HkVdrs jgsxk tSls vkt yksx vf/d ls vf/d iSlk dekus ds fy, Hkkxrs fiQjrs gSaA xjhc vehj cuus ds fy, y[kifr] djks M + i fr cuus ds fy,] djks M + i fr vjcifr&[kjcifr cuus ds fy, pkSchlksa ?kaVs HkVdrs fiQj jgs gSSaA jkr esa pSu ls lks Hkh ugha ikrsA rw viuh ykbiQ yksax bu dfeax izQh cqfdax dj ysa vkSj yksdy esa ekjihV djus ij rq>s dksbZ pktZ (iki) ugha yxsxk] eryc fcydqy izQhA vHkh Hkh oDr gS rw 'kh?kz ykHk mBk ys] ;g lqfo/k dqN pqus gq, HkkX;'kkyh dLVejksa dks gh nh tk jgh gS tks fd d"Vksa dks ysdj u ejs] vkjke ls fcuk rdyhiQ ds ejs vkSj ejus dk Hkh vkuan mBk,aA lkFk esa vkidks feysxk nq'euksa dh xkfy;ka nsus (Hkstus) okys ,l-,e-,lds fy, 100 ,l-,e-,l- fcydqy izQh vkSj jkr ds ckjg cts Hkwr ,oa pqM+Syksa dh ○ ○ ○ 64 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

ysVsLV fjaxVksu fcydqy izQh MkmuyksM dhft, vFkok lhf[k,A bl lqfo/k dh vfèkd tkudkjh ds fy, o`Qi;k vius utnhd ds dfczLrku ds Vkoj (vkWfiQl) ls laidZ djsaA eSaus dgk& ;ejkt th eq>s ekiQ djsa] eq>ls jkax uacj yx x;k] eSa rks dgha vkSj yxk jgk FkkA vHkh rks eSa ek=k 35 lky dk gwa] vHkh eSaus ns[kk gh D;k] 'krd ugha rks] de ls de esjk vèkZ'krd rks gks gh tkus nhft,A eSaus rqjar eksckby dkVkA eSaus lkspk fd igys ;g ns[kwa fd vkf[kj ;g eksckby uacj fdl daiuh dk gS] eSaus uacj ij è;ku fn;k rks ik;k fd bl uacj dh rks dksbZ eksckby daiuh gh ugha gS vFkkZr ;g uacj /jrh dh fdlh Hkh daiuh dk ugha gSA yxrk gS ;ejkt th lgh cksy jgs Fks] lgh esa esjk ;g uacj ;eyksd esa ;ejkt th ds ?kj yx x;k FkkA ns[kk fd lqcg gksus dks Fkh] pSu dh lkal yh] lkspk pyks tku cph rks yk[kksa ik;s ykSV ds cq¼w okil vk;sA laiknd ^vkdka{kk* if=dk vË;{k ^e-iz- ys[kd la?k* f'kouxj dkykSuh] Vhdex<+ (e-iz-)

- - - i`"B 63 dk 'ks"k ls ,d fuea=k.k dkMZ Hkh 'kq¼ Niokuk cM+k eqf'dy gS rks fdrkc Niokuk D;k vklku gS\ oSls Hkh vktdy fdlh vdkneh ds izdk'ku lg;ksx ls Hkh ik.Mqfyfi Niokuk rks vkSj Hkh Vs<+h [khj gSA blfy, eSa lksp jgk gwa fdlh Vhoh pSuy ij mls èkkjkokfgd izlkj.k ds fy, ns nwa] rkfd vkSj u, vuqHko ys ldwaA vkidh D;k jk; gS\ f'ko eafnj le{k] lSDVj&14 vEcs dkWyksuh] xksj/ku foykl mn;iqj (jktLFkku) 313001 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Nxu yky lksuh

ejuk Hkh rks lUMs dks bu fnuksa lcls vyx pyus dk iSQ'ku py iM+k gSA lcls vyx xkM+h] lcls vyx lkM+h] lcls vyx pSuy vkSj pSuyksa esa lcls vyx foKkiuA lcls vyx ikVhZ] lcls vyx eqn~nk] elyu lcls vyx ykyw pfj=kA lM+d ij lcls vyx VSªfiQd iqfyl vkSj fn[kus esa lcls vyx nykyksa ds vankt] lcls vyx fy[kus vkSj fn[kus ds fy, lcls vyx lkspuk iM+rk gSA ,sls gh ,d fnu v[kckj esa lcls vyx [kcj ij utj iM+h] ftlesa ;wjksih; ns'kksa esa bPNk e`R;q ij fo/s;d yk;s tkus dh ppkZ FkhA nwljs 'kCnksa esa l'kDr tuksa }kjk fu'kDr tuksa ds uke ekSr dk ;g laoS/kfud iQjeku FkkA nsj lcsj ogka ds ckn ;gak Hkh ;g izLrko vk gh tk,xkA bPNk e`R;q ij ;wjksih; lekt dh rqyuk esa gekjs ikl vius rksM+ gSa ;g ckr if'pe ds ppkZ txr dks ugha ekywe fd Hkkjr ds egkHkkjr esa xaxkiq=k Hkh"e dks bPNk e`R;q dk ojnku feyk Fkk] os ck.kksa dh 'kÕ;k ij dq#{ks=k ls ;q¼ dk lh/k izlkj.k ns[kus okys izFke lsukifr FksA csch VsLV V~;wc vkSj Dyksu izfozQ;k ds tud ;wjksi ds foKku txr dks Hkh ;g Kkr ugha gS fd Hkkjrh; iqjk.k dFkk ds bfrgkl esa dbZ&dbZ larku fu;ksx izfozQ;k esa tUes tks cM+s fo}ku vkSj ijkozQeh Hkh gq,A vk'kkµfujk'kk vkSj thouµe`R;q ds izlax ij ,sls gh ,d fnu v[kckj ls irk pyk fd ,d ;qod pwgkekj nokbZ [kkdj ej x;kA [kcj ls gSjkuh gbZ fd ftl nokbZ ls gekjs ?kj dk pwgk ugha ejk mlh nokbZ ls ukStoku py clkA dHkh&dHkh okd;s ,sls gks tkrs gSa fd ftanxh is jksuk vkSj ekSr is galh vkrh gSA vc gals dh jks;sa blh euu esa ge yhu Fks rHkh lqfe=k vk igqapsA laMs dk fnu] uk'rs dk le; lkeus fe=k Fks vkSj gkFk esa v[kckjA lkspk] pyks vPNk ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

gS Vkbe ikl gks tk,xk] fdarq ;g ekSdk Hkh gkFk ls tkrk jgk] tc fe=k us crk;k fd muds fe=k ds fe=k vej ugha jgsA vej dku gksuk vpjt dh ckr Fkh] blls Hkh cM+h foMacuk fd os T;ksfr"k ds izdkaM fo}ku Fks] muds njokts ij njokts ls cM+k cksMZ yxk Fkk] ^Hkfo"; tkfu;s*A lUMs Fkk] NqV~Vh Fkh bls fe=k dk vkxzg dfg;s ;k fd gekjk vpjt ;ksx fd gesa T;ksfr"kkpk;Z vej 'kkL=kh th dh vaR;sf"V esa tkuk iM+kA T;ksfr"k dks ekusa ;k u ekusa ij T;ksfr"kkpk;Z dks ekuuk iM+sxk] fd mUgksaus vius fy, laMs tSls vPNs fnu eqgqjr dk p;u fd;k Fkk] rkfd lkjs tteku iqQjlr esa n'kZu ykHk ys ldsaA fdlh ds u gksus dk xe rks djuk gh FkkA laMs ;k NqV~Vh Fkh blfy, feV~Vh ij tkuk gh uSfrd vkSj 'kkL=kh; ftEesnkjh FkhA tSls rSls 'osr ifj/ku (diM+s) dh [kkst gqbZ] yksx lisQn diM+s 'kk;n bUgha fnuksa ds fy, tru ds lkFk j[krs gSaA 'kgj ds ukeh Hkfo";oDrk ugha jgs] rks 'kgj dk D;k gksxkA bl fo"k; ij euu djrs ge 'e'kku ;kfu eqfDr/ke rd igqap x;sA 'e'kku 'kkafr ds fy, fo[;kr jgk gS fdarq ;gka Hkh lcls vyx ekgkSy FkkA yksx vius fglkc ls pkj&pkj N%&N% ds lewg esa cSB x;sA ftruk eqag mruh ckrsaA bruk cM+k 'kgj gS vkB nl yksx rks ej gh tkrs gSa lcdks ;gha vkuk gS 'kgj dk ,dek=k eqfDrèkke tks gSA dHkh ;g 'e'kku 'kgj ds vkf[kjh esa gqvk djrk Fkk] vc ;g 'kgj ds chpksa&chp gS ;kfu eqfDr dk lqyHk vkSj lLrk lk/u 'kgj ds chpksa&chp miyC/ gSA dHkh ;g LFkku futZu gqvk djrk Fkk rc yksx Hkwrksa ds Mj ls vkusµtkus esa ?kcjkrs Fks vkt ;g tulaiUu gS fiQj Hkh yksx dCtk/kfj;ksa ds Mj ls fnu esa ?kcjkrs gSaA dqN cqtqxZ fozQ;k dh izfozQ;k dks vatke ○ ○ ○ 65 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

nsus esa yxs FksA pwafd ukys ds fdukjs yksx tek Fks dqN yksx yksVk ysdj bèkj&mèkj ;ksxyhu gks x;sA ,d lewg esa xgu pqIih Fkh yxk fd os yksx e`rd ds T;knk djhc gksaxs] iwNus ij irk pyk fd ogka fozQdsV ds Ldksj esa lfpu rsUnqydj ek=k rsjg ju cukdj cksYM gks x;s FksA gekjs ije fe=k gesa rUgk NksM+dj eqfDr /eZ fuHkk jgs Fks] ge pqipki ns[k jgs Fks njvly gesa eqfDr izfozQ;k dk Kku ugha Fkk] yksxksa dks ;g crkuk ;kfu ejus dh laLÑfr ls foeq[k gksuk FkkA vr% pqIih esa gh le>nkjh FkhA ,d ge gh Fks ftls iwjs 'e'kku esa vuq'kklu dk è;ku Fkk] ij dqN yksxksa dks ;g ckr gte ugha gqbZ os gekjs lehi f[kld vk;s] blls igys fd cd&cd xks"Bh dh d#.k jl esa iwNkµ ^;kj bUgsa D;k gqvk ;s rks vPNs [kkls ranq:Lr Fks*] ,d us crk;k fd os fdlh dfo dh gLrjs[kk ns[k jgs Fks fd mUgsa vVSd vk x;k tks fd rhljk vVSd FkkA igyk vVSd rc gqvk tc buds izR;k'kh buls gkFk fn[kkdj pquko gkj x;s] nwljk rc gqvk tc iRuh ls rykd gqvkA yksxksa us crk;k fd 'kkL=kh th ds nksuksa iM+kslh vucu ds ckotwn vaR;sf"V esa vk;s Fks vkSj yksxksa dks 'kkL=kh pfjr le>k jgs Fks fd cspkjs pokyhl lky esa gh py clsA fojfDr ds Bko esa iM+kslh ds ân; ifjorZu us gekjk eu eksg fy;kA fiQj Hkh ge ek;wl Fks] pqi FksA yksx gekjh pqIih ij cksyus yxsA pwafd ,sls volj ij cksyus okys 'kCnksa dk Kku gesa ugha Fkk] ekgkSy ls Kkr gqvk rks cksyus yxsµ ^fcekfj;ksa esa gkVZ vVSd dk tokc ugha] galrs&galrs ejks] ejrs&ejrs Hkh nq'euksa dks ljizkbt ns tkvksA ejus esa lgqfy;r crkus esa vklkuh vkSj lquus esa vkBoka vk'p;Z gkVZ vVSdA* gky ;s xe ds bl vkye esa thou dk rks dksbZ ozsQt ugha jgk de ls de ejus dk ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

rks Øt gksA eqfDrek/ ds gh nwljs lewg esa ,d e`rd ,slk Hkh Fkk tks jkr ds u'ks esa [kM+h Vªd dks ihNs ls ns ekjk] yksx Vªd okys dks dksl jgs Fks vkSj e`rd dh iz'kalk esa dbZ&dbZ laLej.k iz'kfLr;ksa esa lquk;s tk jgs Fks fdarq e`rd dk iq=k blls larq"V ugha gqvk og Hkh u'ks esa fpYyk jgk Fkk& ns[kks cki gks rks ,slk lkyk esjs fgLls dh nk: ihdj ej x;k vkSj vius fgLls dk djtk esjs fgLls esa NksM+ x;k cki gks ds esjk uke cnuke dj x;kA eqfDr/ke esa ejus okyksa ds izfr thfor yksxksa dh J¼k ns[kdj e`R;q yksHk vkSj thou ls fojfDr dk vglkl gqvk] bls euksfodkj dgsa ;k vkRelEeku dh mRdaBk fd eu esa ejus ds lgtHkko ;kfu vkRecks/ gqvk fd lS¼kafrd :i ls tSl&s rSls th rks fy;s lkspk fd vc ejds Hkh yksxksa dk O;kogkfjd :i ns[kk tk;sA lkspk fd ejk tk;s] ij dc dSls\ iz'uksÙkjh ds ozQe esa fiQj lkspk fd vHkh mez gh D;k gS\ fnoaxr egkiq#"kksa ds vè;;u ls irk pyk fd cM+s&cM+s egkiq#"k rks de mez esa gh yksdfiz;rk ds fjdkMZ vius uke dj x;sA de mez esa vkfn 'kadjkpk;Z ijyksd fl/ kjs] Lokeh foosdkuan] xq:nÙk vkSj nq";ar dqekj tSls yksx vius&vius {ks=k esa peRdkj djrs x;s rks D;ksa u izfrHkk fu[kkj ds fy, ejus dk ;Ru fd;k tk,] lkspk thou deZ ds cgkus u lgh eqfDr deZ ds cgkus ,sfrgkfld gks tk;saA ,d fnu laMs Iyku esa lkspk fd dqN fd;k tk;s] mlh laMs dks bPNk e`R;q ij xks"Bh Fkh] gekjs dF; o rF; dks cy feykA eqfDr/ke esa e`rdksa ds izfr lgkuqHkwfr ls gekjk Hkh ân; eqfDr&izlax esa ifjofrZr gks pqdk Fkk] yxk fd Hkkjrh; lsuk esa ej.kksijkUr fn;s tkus okys lEeku pozQksa ds ihNs Hkh 'kk;n ;gh /kj.kk gks fd ejus ds ckn gh lEeku fn;k tk;sA dgrs gSa fd nfer bPNkvksa dk vorj.k liuksa esa gksrk gS] ,sls gh ,d fnu laMs dks lks;s gq, Fks fd liuksa ds f'kdkj gks x;sA lius esa geus ns[kk fd ge lpeqp ej x;s Fks] fdarq yksxksa dks viuh iM+h Fkh] lkjs fj'rsnkj gels gqTtr dj jgs FksA lcls igys iRuh cksyh ,sls dSls ejksxs csVh dh 'kknh gks tkus

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

nks fiQj ej tkukA csVk cksyk ukSdjh&okSdjh yx tkus nks fiQj ejuk] csVh cksyh ?kj dh ejEer rks gks tk;sA fe=k dgus yxs ,dk/ ladyu rks Ni tkus nksA vc ge D;k dgrs] D;k djrs] ge rks ej x;s Fks] dqN dg nsrs ;k mB cSBrs rks tkus D;k gks tkrk] orZeku esa gh Hkwr cu tkrsA ysVs&ysVs bartkj djrs jgs fd 'e'kku ys tkus dh rS;kjh gks fdarq fdlh us mBk;k rd ughaA dqN nsj bartkj ds ckn ge Lo;a gh mBdj pyus yxs ;kfu nsj gqvk rks vka[ks [kqy xbZA muhaUns lius v/wjs gh VwV x;sA bls eqfDr dk eksg dfg;s ;k thou ls fojfDr dk fnXHkze fd fny fnekx ls ejus dk tquwu de ugha gqvkA chrs lius dk [kkSiQ eu esa t:j jgk fd gks u gks ejus ds ckn ;g fLFkfr fufeZr gks tk;s fd yksx iwNus yx tk;sa fd ge D;ksa ejsA iQVsgky thrs jgs rc dksbZ ugha iwNk fd dSls gksA ejs fd iwNs og Hkh dkukiwQlh esa fd ge D;ksa ejs] dgha dtsZ rks ugha ys j[ks Fks] ;k ijse&ojse dk pDdj rks ugha jgkA dqN u dqN rks gS ojuk vkneh ejus ds yk;d rks fn[krk ugha FkkA ejus ds fy, vko';d ;ksX;rk eugwfl;r Hkjk psgjk ;k fd psgjk cukus dh dyk esa fuiq.k gksuk pkfg, rkfd igys ls gh lgkuqHkwfr feys tSlsµ /uat; pVthZ dks feykA tSls fd lEifÙk okys nknk&nknh ;k ukuk&ukuh ds lkFk gksrk gSA lkjs fgLlsnkj&fj'rsnkj pkgrs gSa fd iq.;kRek dh vFkhZ muds gh nsgjh ls fudysA eghus nks eghus igys xaxkty eaxkdj j[k fy;k tkrk gSA ejus okyk [kkuk ihuk NksM+ pqdk gksrk gS fiQj Hkh vkxUrqd fgrS"kh lkFk esa lsc eqlach vaxwj ykuk ugha Hkwyrs] nks pkj ?kaVs cSB x;s rks [kqn gh [kkdj pys tkrs gSa ;gh yksd O;ogkj gSA gekjh /kj.kk rks Fkh fd lcdh lgwfy;r ds fy, laMs dks ejuk fgrdj gksxk fdarq foMacuk ;g Fkh fd laMs dks oSfnd deZdk.Mksa esa vgfe;r ugha nh tkrhA laMs dks ej x;s rks e`R;q dks /kfeZd ekU;rk ugha feysxh] eqfDr O;o/ku vyxA oSls Hkh laMs dk fnu ekSt&eLrh dk fnu gksrk gS] xks"Bh] ikVhZ] fidfud ;kfu iwjk dk iwjk ,s'k djus dk fnu gS] ;fn /ks[ks ls dksbZ bl fnu ej tk;s rks mldh vkRek

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

66

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

xkMZu] fFk;sVj] ckj ;k fidfud LikWV esa Hkh HkVdrh jgsxhA vkRek dks D;ksa vius tSlk fuBYyk cuk;saA ftanxhHkj thou ds ckjs esa lksprs jgs] ekSr ds vkd"kZ.k dk è;ku gh ugha jgkA eqfDr/ke esa eqfDr;ksx dk peRdkj ru] eu vkSj efLr"d dks jksekafpr djrk jgkA bl chp lkspus dk ekSdk feyk rks lkspk fd vc ejuk gh gS rks ejus dk eqgwrZ Hkh ns[k fy;k tk;sA thou ls eqfDr dk iz'u ekSr ds ckn Hkh ;Fkkor jgs rks ejus ls D;k iQk;nkA thou ds vliQyrkvksa dk xzkl dgha ekSr Hkh u cu tk;saA vr% lxqu e`R;q dh ryk'k esa T;ksfr"k dds ikl x;s rks ogka irk pyk fd T;ksfr"k egksn; ea=kh th ds cqykos ij ea=kky; x;s gq;s FksA ejuk rks lqfuf'pr gks x;k fdarq ^eqfDrokj* r; djus esa dkiQh vM+pus FkhA lkseokj ls 'kfuokj rd fdlh u fdlh nso dk okj gksrk gS] nsoksa ds okj esa ej x;s rks nso ds dqfir gksus dk Mj] lkseokj ;k xq:okj dks ej x;s rks iRuh dkslsxh fd miokl ds fnu ej x;k pSu ls [kkus Hkh ugha fn;kA eaxyokj gekjs fe=k ctjaxh dk fnu gS ;fn bl fnu ej x;s rks yksxksa dks gekjs ckjs esa tkudkjh miyC/ dkSu djkrk] ;g rks ctjaxh ds ekSu ozr dk fnu gSA blh vkik/kih esa nks rhu di pk; ih x;sa] rc eqfDr dk vkRecks/ gqvk fd laMs ls csgrj fnu u thus ds fy, gks ldrk gS vkSj u gh ejus ds fy,A fdrkcsa [kjhnuk] v[kckj pkVuk] fnekx pkVuk] m/kjh ekaxus ls ysdj ns'k lsok dh cM+h&cM+h ckrsa djus dk fnu gS& laMsA rks D;ksa u eqfDr ds fy, Hkh blh fnu dk p;u fd;k tk;s] ;kfu laMs ftankcknA ckal dks NqV~Vh ds fnu vthZ Hkh nsus dh t:jr ugha gSA lkS ckr dh ,d ckr og Hkh vdkV~; izek.k ds lkFk fd 'ko;k=kk esa HkhM+ dk dhfrZeku cukuk gks rks laMs ds fnu gh ejuk pkfg,A lqHkk"k pkSd] fHkykbZ&3 ftyk&nqxZ (NŸkhlx<+)

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dqekj fouksn

eq'kk;jk fgV djokus ds vpwd uqL[ks dbZ NksVs&cM+s eq'kk;jksa esa f'kjdr dj pqds bl [kkdlkj 'kk;j dh rjiQ ls is'k gSa fdlh Hkh eq'kk;js dks fgV djokus ds pan vpwd uqL[ks % uqL[kk uacj ,d % ns'k dh laln esa Hkys gh efgykvksa dks 33 izfr'kr vkj{k.k vHkh rd u fn;k x;k gks ysfdu eq'kk;js ds ^lDlsl jsV* dks 100 izfr'kr rd ys tkus ds bPNqd vk;kstdksa dks pkfg, fd os blesa Hkkx ysus okyh efgykvksa dk 33 izfr'kr dksVk rqjar izHkko ls ^fiQDl* dj nsa c'krsZ fd os blds fy, r;'kqnk dqN vfuok;Z ,oa ,sfPNd 'krks± dks iwjk djrh gksaA vfuok;Z 'krs± ;kuh vkd"kZd nsg;f"V] lqjhyh vkokt+] fnyd'k vnk,a vkfn&vkfn vkSj ,sfPNd 'krs± ;kuh dyke vPNk gksuk] (gks lds rks) [kqn dk fy[kk gksuk vkfn&vkfnA ;ksX; mEehnokj u feyus dh fLFkfr esa ,sfPNd 'krks± esa <hy nh tk ldrh gS ysfdu vfuok;Z 'krs± ,dne vfuok;Z gSa ftu ij fdl Hkh gkyr esa le>kSrk ugha fd;k tkuk pkfg,A ,slk u djus okys vk;kstd eap ij Jksrkvksa dh vksj ls vkus okys lM+s xys VekVjksa] v.Mksa] twrksa] pIiyksa vkfn ds fy, Lo;a mÙkjnk;h gksxa As uqL[kk uacj nks % xaHkhj fdLe ds dfo;ksa] 'kk;jksa vkfn ls ;FkklaHko ijgst fd;k tk,A gkL; dfo;ksa vFkok gkL; ds uke ij pqVdqys ijkslus okyksa] chp&chp esa f}vFkhZ tqeyksa dk iz;ksx dj turk dh uCt+ VVksyus okyksa dks rjthg nh tk,A crkSj ^vkbVe uacj* ohj jl ds ,dk/ dfo dks Hkh 'kkfey fd;k tk ldrk gSA vk;kstdksa dks pkfg, fd os eap lapkyu dh egRoiw.kZ ftEesnkjh fdlh mPp dksfV ds el[kjs fdLe ds dfo dks nsa tks fd eq'kk;js esa vioknLo:i mifLFkr fdlh Hkh lathnk fdLe ds dfo ds vykok ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ns ' kHkfDr dk ogh iq j kuk] cs l q j k] vufj;fyfLVd jkx vykius okys (laHkor% efj;y ls) dfo vkfn dks fcuk fdlh Hkwfedk ds 'kq: esa gh fuiVk ns ;k ;wa dgsa fd Vidk nsA uqL[kk uacj rhu % fdlh Hkh eq'kk;js dh liQyrk dk vkdyu mlesa ctus

okyh Jksrkvksa dh rkfy;ksa ls fd;k tkrk gSA ftruh T;knk rkfy;ka ctrh gSa eq'kk;js dks mruk gh fgV djkj fn;k tkrk gSA vr% vk;kstdksa dks pkfg, fd os eq'kk;js esa Hkkx ys jgs 'kk;jksa dk isesaV muds fgLls esa vkbZ rkfy;ksa ds eqrkfcd djuk 'kq: ○ ○ 67 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

dj nsaA blls rkfy;ka ctokus dh iwjh ftEesnkjh 'kk;jksa dh gks tk,xhA 'kk;j pkgsa rks dqN VksVds vktek ldrs gSaµ elyu ,d 'kk;j eap ls >wB&ewB dh ?kks"k.kk dj ns fd lquus esa vk;k gS fd tks Jksrk eq'kk;js esa vkdj Hkh rkyh ugha ctkrk Hkxoku mlls ukjkt gks tkrs gSa vkSj vxys tUe esa mls ?kj&?kj tkdj rkyh ctkus okyk cuk nsrs gSaA dksbZ laqnj&lh 'kk;jk viuh lqjhyh vkokt+ esa Jksrkvksa ls eq[kkfrc gksdj dg ldrh gSµ esjh ;s iafDr;ka vkidk <sj lkjk I;kj pkgrh gSa tks vki rkfy;ka ctkdj eq> rd igqapk ldrs gSaA cl fiQj nsf[k, ^fcu ekaxs eksrh feys] ekaxs feys u Hkh[k* okyh dgkor ,dne xyr lkfcr gks tk,xh vkSj iwjk iaMky rkfy;ksa dh vkokt+ ls xwat mBsxkA ftl fdlh 'kk;j dks vius dyke ij rkfy;ka ctus dh tjk Hkh mEehn u gks og [kqn dks gksus okyh isesaV dk dqN izfr'kr eap lapkyd dks nsus dk oknk dj mlls enn dh xqgkj yxk ldrk gSA ,sls 'kk;j dks pkfg, fd og vius lkFk fdjk, ds de ls de pkj&ikap Jksrk t:j yk, tks fd Jksrkvksa dh HkhM+ esa vyx&vyx txgksa ij cSB tk,aA vc eap lapkyd dks 'kk;j dh vksj ls feyus okys deh'ku ds cnys fliZQ bruk djuk gS fd og gj iafDr ds ckn okg&okg] HkbZ cgqr [kwc] D;k ckr gS& dgrs gq,] Jksrkvksa dks fn[kkrs gq,] vius nksuksa gkFkksa dks gok esa mQij mBkdj rkyh ctk, ftldk vuqlj.k HkhM+ esa 'kkfey ogh fdjk, ds pkj&ikap Jksrk djsaxs vkSj fiQj HksM+pky esa ekfgj vke turk djsxhA urhtk- - -eq'kk;jk lqij] Mqij fgV! jhMj] xf.kr foHkkx dq#{ks= fo'ofo|ky; dq#{ks=&136119 (gfj;k.kk) ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

izeksn dqekj nqcs

vuks[ksyky gsM gsM dh dqlhZ ij cSBus ds ckn izkis Qs lj vuks[ksyky foHkkx ds jhMjks&a ysDpjjksa dks vDlj vius nq[k&nnZ dh dgkuh lquk;k djrs fd os fdrus lrk, x,] nq[kk, x,A foHkkx ds lnL; muds dgus dk eryc ;g ugha le> ikrs fd os Hkh lrk,ax&s nq[kk,ax]s viuh nq[krh jxksa ij ejge yxk,axsA flyflyk 'kq: gqvk] gsM ds pSEcj esa tc dksbZ cqyk;k tkrk] og pgdrk gqvk Hkhrj tkrk vkSj eqj>k;k gqvk ckgj fudyrkA tc foHkkx dk izR;sd lnL; gsM ds Mad ds vuqHko ls xqtj x;k rks ,d leku foifÙk ds dkj.k LokHkkfod :i ls muesa ,drk mHkjus yxhA vaxzstksa dh lM+h gqbZ vDy ^iwQV Mkyks vkSj jkt djks* dk iwjk vuqlj.k djus ds ckotwn vuks[ksyky isQy gksus yxsA muds jkt esa ,d xhr dk eq[kM+k ^fcNq, us Mad ekjk gk;! gk;!* lcdh tqcku ij p<+ x;kA vc gksrk ;g fd tc dksbZ O;fDr gsM ds pSEcj ls eqag yVdk, ckgj fudyrk mlds nwljs&rhljs lkFkh xquxqukus yxrsµ ^fcNq, us Mad ekjk- -* vkSj galh ds iQOokjs esa nnZ dh ,slh&rslh gks tkrhA nhokjksa ds dku ls gksdj ;g [kcj gsM rd igqaprhA gsM us foHkkxh; lnL;ksa dh ehfVax cqykbZA ehfVax ds cM+s Vscy ds pkjksa vksj foHkkxh; lnL; cS B s vkS j ,d vkS j vuks[ksyky gsMA mUgksaus dgkµ ^eq>s fdruk lrk;k x;k] nq[kk;k x;k vki yksx ugha tkursA eSa pkgrk gwa fdlh dks Hkh eq>ls dksbZ d"V uk gksA eq>ls fdlh dks dksbZ d"V gks rks crkosA* pqIih NkbZ jghA pk; dh pqfLd;ka pyus yxhaA gsM rY[k gksdj cksy iM+s] ^os tkurs gSa fd vktdy mUgsa fcPNw dgk tk jgk gS] os ,d&,d dks ns[k ysaxsA* pk;[kksjh ds ckn cseqag ehfVax lekIr gqbZA u mUgksaus viuk dke NksM+k] u yksxksa us ml xhr dk eq[kM+kA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

foHkkx dks Bhd djus dk vR;kèkqfud mik; vuks[ks us fudkykA mUgksaus LVkiQ :e esa Nqik gqvk dSejk yxok;kA ohfM;ks fjdkWfM±x djokbZA lh-Mh- rS;kj gks xbZA foHkkx ds lnL;ksa ds fnekx esa Hkh ,d rjdhc dk esa<d mNyk] ;g fd gsM ds pSEcj esa

ftldk cqykok vk, vkSj gsM mls mRihfM+r djus yxs og O;fDr Bhd mlh le; vius eksckby iQksu ij fu/kZfjr uacj Mk;y djsxk] mlds eksckby iQksu dh vkokt Vsi dj yh tk,xhA nksuksa vksj fjdkWfM±x gqbZA gsM us lcdks etk p[kkus ds fy, foHkkx dh ehfVax cqykbZ vkSj dEI;wVj esa lh-Mh- MyokbZA dEI;wVj LØhu ij ,d&,d psgjs lkiQ fn[kus yxsA dkSu&dkSu xkuk xk ○ ○ ○ 68 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

jgk gS] dkSu&dkSu Bgkds yxk jgk gS vkSj dkSu ;g Hkk"k.k ns jgk gS fd fcNqvk Mad ekjus ls igys I;kj ls djhc [khaprk gSA lkjs okjnkr lizek.k fn[kkus ds ckn vuks[ks us viuh ?kweus okyh dqlhZ cSBs&cSBs ehfVax Vscy dh vksj ?kqekbZ vkSj foHkkxh; lnL;ksa dh vksj fgdkjr ls ns[kus yxsA blds igys fd os eqag [kksyrs VsifjdkMZj dh vkokt [kqy xbZA vuks[ks Hkh lUu jg x,A nksuksa vksj pqIih NkbZ jghA pk; dh I;kfy;ka lcds vkxs iM+h&iM+h izrh{kk dj jgh Fkha fd dksbZ rks pqLdh ysxkA gsM mBs rks ehfVax mBhA dqlhZ ls mBus ds ckn #vkalk gksdj gsM us iwNk] ^fcPNw dkSu gS\ D;k eSa gwa\* lcus dgk] ^vki rks fcydqy ugha gSa lj!* ^fiQj dkSu gS\* ^ogh gks ldrk gS lj! ftlus vkidks Hkh Mad ekjk vkSj vki Hkh Mad ekjus ij mrk: gks x,A mls Hkh fdlh us Mad ekjk gksxkA rHkh og Mad ekjuk 'kq# fd;k gksxkA* yxrk gS] gesa vlyh fcPNw rd tkus ds fy, bfrgkl ds xgu 'kks/ esa mrjuk gksxk vkSj vkfne fcPNw&oa'k dk irk yxkuk gksxkA gsM nksckjk ehfVax ds fy, cSBs rks foHkkxh; lnL; Hkh cSB x,A lnL;ksa esa ls fdlh us dgk] ^vki ds ckn esa geesa ls tks Hkh gsM dh dqlhZ ij cSBsxk] iwjh laHkkouk gS fd og Hkh fcPNw dh rjg Mad ekjus yxsxkA fiQygky dksbZ fcPNw gekjs lkeus gS rks og gSµ og gSµ og gS- - -lcdh utj gsM dh [kkyh dqlhZ ij tk fVdhA vuks[ks Hkh foHkkxh; lnL;ksa ds lkFk ehfVax Vscy ij nksuksa gkFk j[k ml dqlhZ dks ns[kus yxs] ftl ij cSBus ds ckn muesa gsM gksus dk x:j p<+ tkrk gSA vuks[ksyky gsM us dgk] ^NksfM+, tkus nhft,] vki yksx pk; ihft,A* ofj"B izoDrk] Hkk"kk foHkkx ,u-lh-bZ-vkj-Vh-] Jh vjfoan ekxZ] ubZ fnYyh&110016 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vrqy dud

nks dkSM+h dk vkneh eSa lksprk gwa fd vkRedFkk fy[k gh ek:aA bl ns'k esa vfèkdka'k iqLrdsa tc fy[k yh tkrh gSa rks oks ^ykbczsjht+* esa [kikus ds ykyp esa ikBdksa ds flj ij ekj nh tkrh gSaA vOoy rks dksbZ ,slh fdrkcksa dks i<+rk gh ugha vkSj x+yrh ls ;fn i<+ ysrk gS rks fiQj cgqr lkjs fnu blh vleatl esa fcrkrk gS fd bl iqLrd dks i<+us ds iki ds izk;f'prLo:i og [kqn dks ekjs ;k ys[kd dks\ tgka rd esjh tkudkjh gS] ;g vleatl vxyh iqLrd i<+us rd cuk jgrk gSA ikBd tc dbZ iqLrdsa i<+ ysrk gS] rc mls ;g fnO;Kku gksrk gS fd ^,d gh mYyw dkiQh Fkk cckZn xqfyLrka djus dks @ gj 'kk[k is mYyw cSBk gS& vatkes xqfyLrka D;k gksxk\* fiQj ikBd dks ,d iqjkuk dfo ;kn vkrk gS& ftlus dgk Fkk fd ^lk/q ,slk pkfg;s tSlk lwi lqHkk; @ lkj&lkj dks xfg jgs] FkksFkk nsb mM+k;A* dksbZ Xokyu vius NkN dks [kV~Vk ugha crkrhA Bhd blh rjg vkneh 'kSrku gksrs gq, Hkh lk/q fn[kuk pkgrk gSA [kqn dks lk/q LoHkko dk lkfcr djus ds iz;kl esa og ipkl #i;s ykxr okyh nks;e ntsZ dh fdrkc Hkh <kbZ lkS #i;s esa rc rd [kjhnrk jgrk gS] tc rd lpeqp lk/q vFkkZr ckckth vFkkZr Bu&Bu&iky ugha gks tkrkA eq>s yxrk gS fd fganh dh fdrkcksa ds ikBd de gksus dh fpark ,sls gh fdlh lR; ls lk{kkr~ ds ckn izcy gqbZ gksxhA cgjgky] ckotwn bl fpark ds fd yksx [kjhndj fdrkcsa ugha i<+rs] fy[kus okys nuknu fy[k jgs gSa vkSj Nkius okys èkM+kèkM+ Nki jgs gSaA yksdra=k esa lc [ki tkrk gSA vkidks [kikuk vkuk pkfg;sA vkidks ;fn vFkZ'kkL=k dh ekewyh tkudkjh Hkh gS rks vki le> ldrs gSa fd cqjh eqnzk vPNh eqnzk dks pyu ls ckgj dj nsrh gSA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

;g xsz'ke uked vFkZ'kkL=kh }kjk izfrikfnr ,d izfl¼ fu;e gSA ;g fu;e lgh lkfcr dSls gksrk gS] blds fy;s vkidks HkkSfrd foKku dh tkudkjh gksuk vko';d gSA HkkSfrdh ds esjs tSls pyrkmQ fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds ,d cM+s fljnnZ us crk;k Fkk fd izdk'k fdj.k tc ,d ekè;e ls nwljs ekè;e esa izos'k djrh gS rks lhekar ij vius iFk ls fopfyr gks tkrh gSA bl fopyu dks vki viuh lqfoèkkuqlkj Hkz"Vkpkj ;k deh'ku[kksjh Hkh dg ldrs gSaA iqLrdsa pwafd izdkf'kr gksrh gSa] blfy, oks izdk'k fdj.kksa dh rjg gh gksrh gSa vkSj vDlj mUgsa ,d ekè;e ls nwljs ekè;e esa Hkstus ds fy, fopyu dk lgkjk ysuk iM+rk gSA yksdra=k jktuhfr&'kkL=k dk fo"k; gSA ysfdu bls liQy cukus ds fy, vFkZ'kkL=k vkSj HkkSfrd'kkL=k tSls fo"k;ksa dh tkudkjh Hkh vko';d gSA izkphudky esa gekjs ;gka blhfy, fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks lHkh fo"k;ksa dk Kku fn;k tkrk FkkA vktdy ifCyd Ldwyksa esa (eSa ^LdwYl* 'kCn dk bLrseky Hkh dj ldrk Fkk] ysfdu Ldwy 'kCn ij ^vks* dh ek=kk yxkus ls ;g larqf"V feyrh gS fd vaxzsth ge ij ugha] ge gh vaxzsth ij lokj gSaA bl izdkj jk"VªHkfDr dk ,d cM+k nkf;Ro iw.kZ gksrk gSA) eksVh iQhl ysdj vkSj cPpksa dks deh'ku ds ekè;e ls lyscl esa vkbZ fdrkcsa i<+kdj Kku ugha fn;k tkrkA tkudkjh nh tkrh gSA ljdkjh Ldwyksa esa rks bruk Hkh gks tk, rks cgqr gSA tgka rd fo'ofo|ky;ksa dk loky gS rks mudh izfr"Bk Kku ckaVus dh ctk; iQthZ fMfxz;ka ckaVus ds ekeys esa vf/d gSA eSa 'kk;n ewy fo"k; ls HkVd jgk gwaA ;g HkVdko gh yksdra=k dh nqfo/k gSA dksbZ Hkh viuk dke bZekunkjh ls ugha djuk pkgrk gSA vkjksi dsoy ljdkjh deZpkfj;ksa ij yxrk gS ysfdu gj rjiQ ○ ○ ○ 69 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

,d vthc fdLe dh dkepksjh O;kIr gSA viuh&viuh ftEesnkfj;ksa ls cpus ds fy, vijk/h jktuhfr esa vkSj jktusrk vijk/ txr esa ?kqliSB dj jgs gSaA lc dqN xM~M&eM~M gks x;k gSA ftUgsa tsy esa gksuk Fkk] oks 'kiFkxzg.k djds brjk jgs gSa vkSj ftUgksaus ns'k dh vktknh ds fy, la?k"kZ fd;k Fkk] oks ;fn vHkh rd ftank gSa rks fdlh va/sjs dksus esa mis{kk dh ftanxh fcrk jgs gSaA [kSj] esjh bPNk gS fd vkRedFkk fy[kh tk,A bls yksx ^ck.kHkV~V dh vkRedFkk* dh Js.kh esa rks j[ksaxs ughaA vycÙkk] bl laHkkouk ls badkj ugha fd;k tk ldrk fd bls i<+dj yksx o`Q'upanj dh pfpZr Ñfr ^,d x/s dh vkRedFkk* dk Hkh mYys[k djsaA eq>s o`Q'upanj dh Ñfr ds uk;d ls rqyuk ij vkifÙk Hkh ugha gSA yxHkx nl lky dh ukSdjh vkSj ikSus ukS lky ds oSokfgd thou ds ckn eSa le> pqdk gwa fd ge eè;oxhZ; eqf[k;kvksa dh fLFkfr fdlh x/s ls de ugha gksrhA nÝrj esa dke ls vkSj x`gLFkh esa ftEesnkfj;kssa ls bruh cqjh rjg yns gkssrs gSa fd iqQlZr ls t+ehu ij ykSVus dh bPNk eu esa gh nch jg tkrh gS vkSj lewpk cSlk[k [khlsa fuiksjrs gq, xqt+j tkrk gSA esjs 'olqj th] tks muds vkSj esj&s nksuksa ds nqHkkZX; ls ml gh foHkkx ds vf/dkjh in ls lsokfuo`Ùk gq, gSa] ftl foHkkx ds Hkz"Vkpkj dks esjh bZekunkjh dh lud dqafBr dj jgh gSµ cjlksa rd eq>s nks dkSM+h dk vkneh le>rs jgsA njvly] eSaus mudh ykM+yh ls izsefookg fd;k gS vkSj izse&fookg lafgrk dh /kjk&6 dh mi/kjk ,d ds rgr mUgsa bl fookg ds fy, dksbZ ngst ugha nsuk iM+kA vko';drk gqbZ rks bl lafgrk dh 'ks"k /kjkvksa @ 'ks"k i`"B 72 ij- - ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vjfoan frokjh

fpfM+;k ?kj esa igyk fnu f'k{kk foHkkx dk xsLVgkml ckgj ls lfdZV gkml tSlk Fkk vanj igqapus ij yxrk Fkk tSls 'ksj'kkg lwjh ds tekus esa cuokbZ xbZ fdlh /eZ'kkyk esa vk x, gSaA ia[ks Fks exj pyrs ugha FksA cYc Hkh Fks exj tyrs ugha FksA eSaus vius iSlksa ls [kjhn dj ,d cYc yxok fn;k tks tyus yxk FkkA bl dqckZuh ds ihNs nl&iUnzg fnu xsLV gkml esa Msjk Mkys gq, FksA Bgjus dh vf/dre vof/ lekIr gksus ls igys ;s iaNh nkSjs ij mM+ tkrs FksA bl xsLV gkml dh leLr O;oLFkk,a dk;kZy;h Hkz"Vkpkj ls izse fookg dj pqdh FkhaA vr% xsLVgkml ds dSEil esa Hkz"Vkpkj ds cPps /ekpkSdM+h epkrs jgrsA bl xSLV gkml esa vkus okyh gj ubZ oLrq Ø; frfFk ds pan gÝrksa ds ckn gh csdkj gks tkrhA xsLV gkml esa pyus okyh dSaVhu jksfx;ksa ds fy, [kkuk rS;kj djrh Fkh ftls [kkdj xsLVgkml esa Bgjus okyk gj O;fDr eqrebZu gks ldrk Fkk fd og chekj ugha gksxkA lCth vkSj nky mcyh gqbZ cuk;h tkrh FkhA nky dks xk<+k cukus ds fy, mlesa cM+s djhus ls pkoyksa dk ekaM feyk;k tkrk FkkA lqcg mBdj rqjar ugkuk iM+rk vU;Fkk vkB ctrs&ctrs Vafd;ksa dk ikuh [kkSyus yxrkA chdkusj dk ekSle lkfgR;dkjksa ds ewM dh rjg Fkk] xehZ iM+rh rks tedj iM+rh vkSj tc tkM+k vkrk rks ikuh dks tek nsrkA lqcg ciZQ ikuh vkSj nksigj dks xhtj tSlkA xsLVgkml esa tc esjh pj.k jt vkbZ] rc vDVwcj dk eghuk py jgk FkkA jkr dks xqykch ljnh iM+rh exj lqcg èkwi fudyus ds ckn ckFk:e ds uy xquxquk ikuh nsrsA xquxqus ikuh ls ugkus dk tks vyx etk gksrk gS mls eSaus igys fnu gh eglwl fdk;A igys fnu dSaVhu dk csLokn ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Hkkstu djus ds ckn eSa ikSus nl cts gsMvkWfiQl tk igqapkA nÝrj lks;k iM+k FkkA lkr lkS ds djhc deZpkjh vkSj vfèkdkfj;ksa okys nÝrj esa ikSus nl cts dksbZ pgy&igy ugha FkhA eq[; }kj ds lkeus vofLFkr uheksa dk >qaM ikj djus ds ckn gh eq[; fcfYMax fn[kkbZ nsrhA lkS ls vf/d uhe ds isM+ nwj ls vkus okys f'k{kdksa vkSj deZpkfj;ksa dks jkgr iznku djrsA tks f'k{kd vkSj deZpkjh xsLVgkml esa Bgjuk ilan ugha djrs os lqcg va/sjs esa gSM vkWfiQl igqp a tkrs tks 'kgj ls fliZQ vkB fdyksehVj nwj FkkA gsMvkWfiQl esa eqag vaèksjs igqaps gq, O;fDr dk lkeuk [kwa[kkj dqÙkksa ls gksrkA dqÙkksa dk ewM gksrk rks os vkxarqd dks pkjnhokjh esa ?kqlus nsrs vU;Fkk mUgsa okfil cl LVS.M ds fy, nkSM+k nsrsA lqcg dh lSj ij fudys yksx ml jksekapdkjh eSjkFku nkSM+ dks ns[kdj f'k{kk foHkkx ds gsM vkWfiQl vkSj mlds dqÙkksa dks /U;okn fn, fcuk ugha jgrsA uhe ds >qjeqV rys vf/dkjh >qaM cukdj [kM+s Fks] eSa muds ikl tkdj [kM+k gks x;kA ,d vf/dkjh us tks eq>s xsLVgkml esa igyh ckj feyk Fkk esjk ifjp; fn;kA ^;s gaS feLVj vEcqt dqekj f'k{kk foHkkx dh ekfld f'k{kk if=kdk ds u, laiknd vkSj izdk'ku vuqHkkx ds u, lsD'ku vkiQhljA lHkh vf/dkjh eq>s ?kwjus yxsA mudh vka[kksa esa esjs fy, lgkuqHkwfr Fkh] tks cfy gsrq [kjhndj yk, tkus okys cdjs ds izfr mRiUu gksus okyh lgkuqHkwfr tSlh FkhA ^vkidk dRy dSls gqvk\* eSa bl iz'u dks lqudj pkSd x;kA iz'udrkZ la;Dq r funs'kd Lrj ds vf/dkjh Fks tks vius in dh xfjek ls f[kyokM+ djrs gq, fupys Lrj ds vf/dkfj;ksa ds lkFk uhe dk 'kq¼ ok;q dk lsou dj jgs FksA vU; vf/dkjh muds iz'u ij [kqydj galsA ,slh mUeqDr ○ ○ ○ 70 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

galh dHkh&dHkkj gh ns[kus dks feyrh gSA eq>s rkTtqc gqvk gsMvkWfiQl ds yksx fdrus lq[kh gSaA ,d vf/dkjh us dRy dks ifjHkkf"kr fd;kA mUgksaus dgk la;qDr funs'kd th dk dRy ls vk'k; gS vkidks fdlus iaQlk fn;kA ;gka ,d vf/dkjh dk vfLrRo ejs gq, ds leku gSA eSaus lgt gksus dh dksf'k'k dh exj ugha gks ldkA eSaus mUgsa crk;k fd ^f'k{kk if=kdk* ds ofj"B laiknd MkW- iznhi esjs iwoZ ifjfpr gSa ftuds vkxzg ij gsMvkWfiQl esa vkus ds fy, eSaus izkFkZuk i=k fn;k vkSj ifj.kkeLo:i eSa vkids lkeus mifLFkr gwaA vf/dkjh lgkuqHkwfr trkus yxsA MkW- iznhi dk u;k ukedj.k gqvk& dlkbZA ,d vU; vf/dkjh us eq>s lko/ku fd;k] ^vEcqtth gsMvkWfiQl esa vkidk Lokxr gSA [kwc dke djks vkSj eLr jgksA ;gka jgrs gq, vkidks lko/ku jguk gksxkA bl vkWfiQl esa fxjfxV cgqr gSa vkSj fxjfxV /eZ rks vki le>rs gh gksaxsA* eSaus vVdrs gq, dgk] gka th- - -th gkaA vpkud esjh utj ikl esa [kM+s ,d uhe dh vksj pyh xbZA ,d fxjfxV uhe ds rus ls fpidk gqvk rus ds jax esa cny jgk FkkA eq>s vlgt gksrk ns[k vf/dkfj;ksa ds okrkZyki dk fo"k; cny x;kA nl ct pqds FksA rdjhcu lHkh vf/dkjh vk pqds Fks exj ckcqvksa dh vken cgqr de FkhA ,d vf/dkjh us pqVdh ysrs gq, mifuns'kd] iz'kklu ls dgk] ^jkor lkgc vkids iz'kklu esa nl cts rd fuU;kuos izfr'kr vf/dkjh mifLFkr gks tkrs gSa exj ckcw ceqf'dy ,d izfr'kr gh mifLFkr gks ikrs gSaA* jkor lkgc gsMvkWfiQl esa ikap o"kks± ls dkfct Fks vr% vkRefo'okl ds lkFk ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

cksys ^th gka rHkh eSa dgrk gwa] gekjs dk;kZy; esa nl cts rd 'kr&izfr'kr vf/dkjh&deZpkjh mifLFkr gks tkrs gSaA fuU;kuos izfr'kr vf/dkjh vkSj ,d izfr'kr deZpkjh feydj lkS izfr'kr cukrs gSaA* vf/dkfj;ksa ds Bgkds ls uhe ds isM+ksa dh ifÙk;ka fgy xb±A ckrksa gh ckrksa esa lok nl gks x,A ,d lisQn ,EcslMj dkj eq[; }kj esa ?kqlhA uhe ds >qjeqV rys [kM+s vf/dkjh vius&vius vuqHkkxksa dh vksj dwp dj x,A pyrs&pyrs mifuns'kd iz'kklu us eq>s le>k;kA ^vki gSM vkWfiQl esa vHkh&vHkh vk, gSaA ;kn j[kuk gsMvkWfiQl ,d leqnz gS ;gka cM+h 'kkdZ eNfy;ka Hkh ik;h tkrh gSaA leqnz dk ikuh [kkjk gksrk gS bls ihus dh dksf'k'k er djukA ?kVuk vkSj nq?kZVuk ij dHkh nzfor er gksukA* uhe ds isM+ksa ds uhps eSa vdsyk [kM+k FkkA izdk'ku vuqHkkx ds xsV ij rkyk FkkA gekjs xzqi vkfiQlj vkSj ^f'k{kk if=kdk* ds ofj"B lEiknd MkW- iznhi dgha utj ugha vk,A iQhYM ls vk, gq, dqN vè;kid cM+s brfeuku ls uhe dh nkrwu dj jgs Fks] vkt ;k rks muds nkar uhe dh nkRkkSu ds lkStU; ls VwV dj fxj tkus okys Fks ;k fiQj ,dne nwf/;k gks tkus okys FksA ;s vè;kid vius vius dke ls gsMvkWfiQl vk, gq, FksA dke u gks ldus dh fLFkfr esa ;s vè;kid de ls de lisQn nkar ysdj vius ?kj ykSVus dh reUuk j[krs FksA ;s vè;kid tkurs Fks fd lk<+s X;kjg ls igys dksbZ Hkh ckcw viuh lhV ij ugha feysxkA le; dkVus ds fy, nkrwu djuk loZJ"s B mik; lkfcr gks jgk gSA gsMvkWfiQl esa izos'k djus ds ckn O;fDr mu phtksa dh vksj è;ku nsus yxrk gS ftudh vksj è;ku nsus dk le; mUgsa igys dHkh ugha feykA nkrwu ds vykok uhe ds isM+ ij p<+s fxjfxV] >qaM cukdj ?kwers dqÙks gsMvkWfiQl ds ifjlj esa jgus okys lkB o"khZ; pkSdhnkj dh pkSchl o"khZ; choh vkWfiQl ds n'kZuh; vkbVe ekus tkrs FksA vU; vkxarqdksa ds lkFk eq>s Hkh uhe ds uhps [kM+s jgus ds dkj.k dbZ rjg dh v;kfpr tkudkfj;ka fey xbZ FkhaA lk<+s X;kjg cts eSa izdk'ku vuqHkkx ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ds lkeus [kM+k ik;k x;kA gkykafd eSa ogka X;kjg cts ls gh [kM+k FkkA exj [kM+k ik;k tkuk rHkh laHko gksrk gsSA tc nwljk O;fDr vkidks ns[ksA la;ksx ls Bhd lk<+s X;kjg cts izdk'ku vuqHkkx dk vkWfiQl lqifj.Vs.Ms.V viuh pkSchl lky iqjkuh lkbfdy ls mlh rjg igqapk tSls dksbZ ikap ?kaVs ysV gksus okyh jsyxkM+h fdlh fnu fliZQ rhu ?kaVs ysV gksdj LVs'ku ij igqap tkrh gSA vkWfiQl lqifjaVs.Ms.V tfV;k lkgc ls tc esjk ifjp; gks x;k rc mUgksaus esjk inLFkkiu vkns'k ekaxkA eSaus mUgsa vkns'k Fkek fn;kA tfV;k lkgc vkns'k ns[kus yxsA bl ?kVuk us eq>s ^f'k{kk if=kdk* ds ckjs esa u, fljs ls lkspus ds fy, foo'k dj fn;kA tfV;k lkgc ds us=kksa vkSj esjs vkns'k dh izfr ds chp ns[kus ij dksbZ iQklyk fn[kkbZ ugha fn;k] exj tc eSaus tfV;k lkgc ds fcYdqy utnhd igqap dj muds flj ls viuk flj lVk;k rks vk/s lsaVhehVj dk iQklyk utj vk;kA ;g iQklyk bl rF; dks izekf.kr dj jgk Fkk fd dkxt ls eqag ugha Nqik;k tk jgk gS cfYd dkxt dks i<+k tk jgk gSA tfV;k lkgc us crk;k fd muds us=kksa esa ySal izR;kjksi.k gksuk gS exj os tkucw>dj ugha djok jgs D;ksafd ^f'k{kk if=kdk* ds dke ls rax vk pqds gSaA eSa vius xqzi vkWfiQlj vkSj ^f'k{kk if=kdk* ds ofj"B laiknd MkW- iznhi dh izrh{kk djrs gq, gsMvkWfiQl ij fparu djus yxkA fdlh Hkh egdes dk gsMvkWfiQl fdlh fl;klhny ds gkbZdeku ds leku gksrk gSA og iwjs jkT; esa jkSc ekjrk gSA gsMvkWfiQl dk pijklh tc iQhYM esa Vwj ij tkrk gS rks og vius vkidks funs'kd dk uqekbank crkrk gSA iQhYM esa cSBk gj NksVk cM+k vf/dkjh vius vkidks gsMvkWfiQl esa inLFkkfir djokus ds fy, iz;kljr jgrk gS vkSj inLFkkfir gks tkus ds ckn gsMvkfiQl gh og yM~Mw gS ftls [kkus vkSj u [kkus okyk nksuksa gh i'pkrki djrs gSaA esjs lkfgR;dkj fe=kksa dh jk; Fkh fd gsMvkWfiQl esa igqapdj vkidks ys[ku dk;Z ds fy, vfrfjDr le; fey tk,xkA eq>s ○ ○ ○ 71 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

;g nyhy lgh yxh vkSj eSaus viuk LFkkukUrj.k gsMvkWfiQl esa djok fy;kA esjs ,d ys[kd fe=k ,d ;wfuoflZVh esa ckcw gSaA fe=k izkr% nl cts lgh le; ij nÝrj igqaprs vkSj mifLFkfr iaftdk esa gLrk{kj djus ds ckn ys[k fy[kus cSB tkrsA dgkuh] dfork] Oa;X; tSlk Hkh os vius ys[ku dks ?kksf"kr djrs] mls fy[kus ds ckn nÝrj can gksus ls igys Mkd esa Mky nsrsA dHkh lkfgR; l`tu ds nkSjku dksbZ iQkby vk tkrh rks viuh fVIi.kh fy[kdj mls vkxs c<+k nsrsA eq>s lkfgR; l`tu dk ekgkSy vkt nl cts ls gh feyus yxk FkkA MkW- iznhi xeZtks'kh ls feys] eq>s vius pSEcj esa vknj lfgr ys x,A ge vHkh nks feuV gh cSBs gksaxs fd ,d pijklh >kM+w ysdj MkWiznhi ds pSEcj dks lkiQ djus dh uh;r ls mifLFkr gqvkA ge nksuksa cjkens esa vk x,A eq>s ;g tkudj izlUurk gqbZ fd Bhd ckjg cts pijklh ofj"B laiknd ds pSEcj dks lkiQ djus ds fy, mifLFkr gks x;k gSA u ,d feuV b/j u m/jA le; dh ,slh ikcanh Hkkjrh; nÝrjksa esa de gh ns[kus dks feyrh gSA pSEcj dh liQkbZ ds mijkar Hkh ;=k&r=k /wy fc[kjh gqbZ Fkh ekuks og /wy u gksdj Hkz"Vkpkj gksA MkW- iznhi eq>s LVkiQ vkWfiQlj ds pSEcj esa ys x, vkSj muls esjk ifjp; djok;kA LVkiQ vkWfiQlj us eq>s mlh fuLi`g Hkko ls ns[kk ftl fuLi`g Hkko ls dksbZ cM+k MkWDVj xaHkhj jksxh dks ns[krk gSA muds psgjs ij vkè;kfRed Hkko FkkA MkWiznhi eqLdjk mBsA pwafd MkW- iznhi esjs xqzi vkWfiQlj Fks vr% eq>s Hkh eqLdjkuk iM+kA ckn esa tc eSua s MkW- iznhi ls eqLdqjkus dk dkj.k iwNk rks mUgksaus crk;k fd ;g gsMvkWfiQl gS] ;gka tc lkeus okys dks xkyh nsus dh bPNk gksrh gS rks yksx eqLdjk nsrs gSaA lkeus okyk le> tkrk gS fd eq>s xkyh nh tk jgh gSA lkeus okyk xaHkhj gks tkrk gSA xkyh lqudj dkSu xaHkhj ugha gksxkA eSa MkWDVj iznhi dks ns[kdj eqLdqjkus yxkA os esjh le>nkjh ij eqLdjkus yxsA izdk'ku vuqHkkx nks Hkkxksa esa cVk FkkA nks lsD'ku vkWfiQlj Fks ,d eSa vkSj nwljs ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

fnus'k jk;A fnus'k jk; cgqr lathnk O;fDr FksA nÝrj vkdj njkt [kksyrs] njkt esa ls rkSfy;k fudkydj viuh est vkSj dqlhZ lkiQ djrsA eSa nÝrj dk tk;tk ysus ckgj vk x;kA eSa ,d ckcw ds uke vius fe=k dh fpV~Bh yk;k FkkA ml ckcw ds lsD'ku esa igqap x;k vkSj ckcw dh lhV ij cSBs O;fDr ls iwNk ^vki gh feLVj nhucaèkq gSaA* ckcw us eq>s mQij ls uhps rd ns[kk fiQj cksyk] ^th ugha] os rks vkt NqV~Vh ij gSaA* tokc ds lkFk vkius izfriz'u fd;k* D;k vki nhuca/q dks igpkurs gSa\* eSaus dgk] ^th ugha] eSa rks muds uke] muds fe=k dh ,d fpV~Bh yk;k gwaA* ^eq>s ns tkb,* mlus gkFk c<+k;kA eSaus dgk ^ugha eSa ugha nwaxkA eq>s tYnh ugha gS eSa dy fiQj vkmaQxkA eSa izdk'ku vuqHkkx dk lSD'ku vkWfiQlj gwaA vkt gh dk;ZHkkj xzg.k fd;k gSA* nhuca/q dh lhV ij cSBk O;fDr [kM+k gks x;kA ^lkWjh lj! eSa gh nhuca/q gwaA njvly bl nÝrj esa jkst dbZ yksx fdlh u fdlh ds uke dh fliQkfj'kh fpV~Bh ykrs gSaA ge yksx rax vk x, gSa bl rjg dh fpfV~B;ksa lsA vc vki bl funs'kky; ds vf/dkjh gks x, gSa rks vkils D;k NqikukA vkt ugha rks dy irk yx gh tk,xkA ykb, fpV~Bh eq>s nhft,A* eSaus nhuca/q dks xkSj ls ns[kkA ;g igyk fxjfxV Fkk tks jax cny jgk FkkA igyk fxjfxV eq>s dSaVhu ys x;kA pk; fiykrs gq, mlus fpV~Bh i<+hA vkokl O;oLFkk esa lg;ksx djus dg fgnk;r fpV~Bh esa nh xbZ FkhA fxjfxV us vk'oklu fn;k] 'kh?kz gh esjs fy, og vkokl O;oLFkk dj nsxkA yap ds ckn eSa vius vuqHkkx esa tk igqapkA yap ds ckn vuqHkkx esa ckcqvksa ls fof/or ifjp; gqvkA yap ds ckn vf/ dka'k ckcw nÝrj esa mifLFkr gks x, FksA ,d ckcw us iwNk] ^lj! vkidks dkSu lh chekjh gSA* eSaus >wB cksyk] ^eq>s dksbZ chekjh ugha gSA* ckcw fujk'k gks x;kA eq>s gkbZ CyMizs'kj dh chekjh Fkh exj eSa Nqik x;kA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

^lj vkils igys tks vf/dkjh Fks os dSalj ds ejht FksA* ^gksaxsA* eSaus cs#[kh ls mÙkj fn;kA ^lj! os lqgkfxu L=kh dh rjg vki okyh lhV ij dkfct jgrs gq, ejsA muds csVs dks ukSdjh fey xbZ gSA* eq>s xqLlk vk x;kA eSaus ml ckcw ls iwNk ^vkf[kj rqEgkjk D;k gSA* og cksyk ^lj cqjk er ekuukA bl dqlhZ dks Jki yxk gSA bl dqlhZ ij cSBus okyk e`R;q dks izkIr gksrk gSA vki vius LokLF; dk è;ku jf[k,xkA oSls esjk lq>ko gS vki blh nÝrj esa nwljs vuqHkkx esa rcknyk djok ysaA* eSaus dgk] ^tks gksxk og gj txg gksxkA eq>s gkbZ CyM izs'kj gSA nkarksa esa ik;fj;k gSA ;s chekfj;ka vU;=k Hkh ijs'kku djsaxhA* ckcw [kq'k gks x;kA mlus vuqHkkx esa dk;Zjr lHkh O;fDr;ksa dks rRdky lwfpr fd;k fd u, ckWl dks gkbZCyM izs'kj vkSj ik;fj;k gSA ;g Hkh lhV ij gh lqgkfxu L=kh dh rjg ejsaxsA* (ys[kd ds 'kh?kz izdk'; O;aX; miU;kl ^gSM miU;kl ds fxjfxV* dk ,d va'k) miiz/kkukpk;Z] MkbV] /kky S iqj (jktLFkku)

- - - i`"B 69 dk 'ks"k mièkkjkvksa dk foospu eSa ckn esa d:axkA egRoiw.kZ ckr ;g Fkh fd eSa ekuuh; 'olqj th dks eqÝ+r esa izkIr nkekn FkkA jsdh fpfdRlk i¼fr ds fu;eksa esa ,d fu;e ;g Hkh gS fd O;fDr pkgs fdruk gh vkReh; gks] mls eqÝ+r esa jsdh ugha nh tkuh pkfg;sA D;ksafd iQksdV esa feyh phtksa dks O;fDr iQkyrw le>rk gS vkSj mudh dnz ugha djrk gSA LokHkkfod gS fd esjs 'olqj lkgc Hkh eq> tSls iQksdfV;s nkekn dh bTtr ugha dj ldsA tc eq>s igyh ckj ^nks dkSM+h dk vkneh* crk;k x;k rks eq>s xqLlk vk;kA ml le; rd oks fiQYe ugha cuh Fkh tks thou dh gj leL;k dks ^xka/hfxjh* ds ekè;e ls lqy>kus dh jkg fn[kk,A blfy, eSa m}sfyr gks x;k vkSj eSaus dg fn;k fd

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

72

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

vkneh rks eSa yk[kksa dk Fkk ysfdu vkils fj'rk tqM+us ds ckn nks dkSM+h dk gks x;k gwaA bl dFku esa vkaf'kd lPpkbZ blfy, Fkh fd esjh 'kknh ls igys esjs ikl ftu ekrk&firkvksa us viuh ykM+yh dk gkFk Fkkeus dk izLrko Hkstk Fkk] mUgksaus ;g Hkh crk;k Fkk fd oks ngst esa fdrus yk[k #i, nsaxsA bl rjg lkfcr gqvk fd eSa dqaokjk jgus rd yk[kksa #i, dk vkneh FkkA vius bl fu.kZ; ij eq>s dksbZ iNrkok ugha gS fd eSaus fcuk ngst ds fookg fd;k ysfdu bl ckr ij vo'; iNrkok gS fd llqj th }kjk eq>s nks dkSM+h dk vkneh dgs tkus ij eSaus xqLlk fd;kA njvly] bl ns'k esa fganh ds vke ys[kd dks iwQVh dkSM+h dh bTtr nh tkrh gSA llqj th us rks eq>s ^nks dkSM+h dk* dgk FkkA bl rjg mUgksaus esjh izfr"Bk c<+kbZ FkhA vkt eSa mudk vkHkkjh gwaA johUnzukFk R;kxh ds vuqlkj& ;g nkSj vkHkkj izn'kZu dk ugha] mHkkj izn'kZu dk gSA ex+j eSa mu yksxksa esa ugha gwa tks >wBh 'kku fn[kkus ds pDdj esa iQkbusal ls dkj [kjhn ysrs gSa vkSj fiQj fd'rsa pqdkus ds fy, fe=kksa ls m/kj ysdj muls laca/ rksM+ ysrs gSa rkfd m/kj dh jde pqdkus ls dqN fnu cpk tk ldsA R;kxh th dh reke ulhgrksa ds ckotwn] eSa ogh iznf'kZr dj ldrk gwa] tks esjs ikl gS vkSj bl volj dk mi;ksx eSa llqj th ds izfr vkHkkj iznf'kZr djus ds fy, djuk pkgrk gwaA cgjgky] nks dkSM+h okys ,ihlksM ds ckn llqj th ij d#.kkHkko gkoh gqvk ;k esjk ^LVsVl* c<+kus dk tquwu] mUgksaus fiNys dqN lkyksa esa fofHkUu voljksa ij VsifjdkWMjZ ] cM+k jaxhu Vhoh] Mcy csM] Msªflax Vscy] vyekjh lfgr yxHkx og lHkh lkeku HksaV esa ns fn;k gS] tks ,d firk viuh csVh dh 'kknh ds volj ij nsrk gSA bl rjg mudh d:.kk Hkh nzfor :i esa cktkj ds ekè;e ls esjs ?kj rd igqap jgh gS vkSj eSa Hkh bl Bld dks iwjs ik[k.M ds lkFk th jgk gwa fd eSaus fcuk ngst fy, 'kknh dh gSA 3,30] egkohj uxj foLrkj dksVk&324009 (jktLFkku)

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vk'kh"k fllksfn;k

,d lkfgR;dkj dk f'k"; dks i=k fiz; Bkys jke] lqHkk'kh"k] cgqr fnuksa ls rqEgkjk i=k izkIr ugha gqvkA eq>s fpark gksus yxh fd dgha rqeus viuh fu"Bk,a rks ugha cny yhaA eq>s ekywe gqvk fd rqeus fiNys lIrkg gh vaèkdkj izdk'kth dk lEeku lekjksg euk;k FkkA fiz; Bkys] rqeus ;g cgqr vPNh ijEijk dk 'kqHkkjaHk fd;k gSA gekjh Hkkjrh; lH;rk Hkh rks fo}kuksa] lkfgR;dkjksa dk lnk lEeku djrh vkbZ gSA fiz; Bkys] lkfgR;dkj dh lcls cM+h iwath rks mldk lEeku gh gksrh gSA vHkh fiNys fnuksa rqeus i<+k gh gksxk fd 93 o"khZ; ';ke ckcw dks tc 5oka vVsd vk;k vkSj os vkbZ-lh-;w- esa viuh vafre ?kfM+;ka fxu jgs Fks] ifjokj okys Hkh lkjh rS;kfj;ka dj pqds Fks fd vpkud fo?u iM+ x;kA prqjckcw us muds dku esa iqQliqQlk;k fd vafre laLdkj lfefr vkidk lEeku djuk pkgrh gSA cl fiQj D;k Fkk] ';ke ckcw dk ân; tksj&tksj ls /M+dus yxk] ihys psgjs ij xqykch jax Nk x;k] gksaV iQM+iQM+kus yxs vkSj os rqjar gh mB cSBsA mUgksaus rqjar prqjckcw dh rjiQ ns[kk vkSj cksys] ^dc pyuk gSA* mUgksaus gkFk tksM+dj dgk] ^vkt 'kke pkj ctsA* ^pyks Bhd gS eSa le; ij igqap tkmaQxkA* prqjckcw th viuk /U;Hkkx eukrs gq, izLFkku dj x,A vc muds csVksa ds eq[k ihys iM+ pqds Fks rFkk cgq,a Hkh iSj iVdrh gqbZ gkWLihVy ls pyh xb±A fcpkjs ifjokj okyksa dh lkjh rS;kfj;ka /jh dh èkjh jg xb±A ?kj esa jksuk&/ksuk 'kq: gks x;kA lc feydj prqjckcw dks dkslus yxsA gs fiz; Bkysjke] rks esjk vk'k; ;g gS fd ,d lPps lkfgR;dkj dh thou&e`R;q mlds lEeku ij fVdh gksrh gSA tks lkfgR;dkj ftruk lEeku ikrk gS ;k vius ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

HkDrksa ls viuk lEeku djokrk gS ogh thfor jgrk gS ;k dgsa fd lEeku og rksrk gS ftlesa fdlh Hkh lkfgR;dkj dh tku clrh gSA ;gka eq>s MkfoZu dk ;g fl¼kar ^lokZboy vkWiQ nh fiQVsLV* ;kn vkrk gSA bl ;qx esa Hkh tks lkfgR;dkj rkdroj gS] l{ke gS] lEekuksa dh gksM+ esa gS] ogh thfor gS vU;Fkk og thfor gksrs gq, Hkh 'ko rqY; gSA fiz; Bkys] ;g tks lEeku gS og Hkh fdlh lkfgR;dkj dks vklkuh ls ugha fey tkrkA blds fy, ,d lkfgR;dkj dks fdrus tru djus iM+rs gSa ;g ,d lPpk lkfgR;dkj gh tku ldrk gSA vc ns[kks u gekjs eFkqjk yky th us D;k ugha fd;k\ oSls rks os FkksM+k cgqr fy[k ysrs gSa] fdarq mudk fy[kk os [kqn Hkh le> ugha ikrs gSaA fiQj Hkh mUgksaus vius fiz; f'k"; ls vius xq#Ro dks Hkkj Mkydj vius uke ls ,d vkykspuk dh iqLrd fy[kok dj Niok gh nhA ij fiz; Bkys fliZQ iqLrd Niokus ls gh rks dksbZ lkfgR;dkj lEeku dk Hkkxhnkj ugha cu tkrkA mlds fy, vko';drk gksrh gS ,d ,sls vkKkdkjh f'k"; dh tks vius xq: ds izdk'kuksa dh Hkjiwj iz'kalk djs vkSj xq# dh jpukvksa ij vkykspukRed ys[k fy[kdj Niok ldsA muds ,d fiz; f'k"; Fks feV~BkykyA os ljdkj esa viQlj Fks vkSj fdlh lkfgfR;d laLFkk ds ekun lnL; Hkh FksA cl fiQj D;k FkkA os lh/s mlds dk;kZy; igqapsA igys rks f'k"; us igpkuk gh ughaA fiQj tSls&rSls xq#th us viuh igpku crkbZ fd ^gs feV~Bk! rw gh rks esjs fy, NkN] lCth] ?kh vkfn ykrk FkkA rsjs ckmQth ls eSaus ikap lkS #i, fy, Fks tks vkt rd eSaus ugha ykSVk,A* mUgksaus vkxs dgk] ^;kn gS feV~Bk] ,d fnu ijh{kk esa rw udy dj jgk Fkk] fdarq eq>s ekywe gksrs gq, Hkh eSaus rqEgsa Nqvk rd ugha vkSj feV~Bk ○ ○ ○ 73 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

rw og ckr Hkh ugha Hkwyk gksxk fd ,d fnu rwus I;kj ls esjs eqag ij xkscj ey fn;k FkkA* [kSj! ehV~Bk dks /hjs&/hjs lc ;kn vk x;kA og cksyk] ^i/kfj, xq#th] ;gka dSls vkuk gqvk\* eFkqjk yky vc vius f'k"; dks xq#&f'k"; ijaijk le>kus yxsA fiQj mUgksaus vius f'k"; dks xq# nf{k.kk dh ;kn fnykbZA feV~Bk yky us dgk] ^xq#th eSa vkids fy, D;k dj ldrk gwa\* xq#th us cM+h rRijrk ls dgk] ^vHkh gky gh esa esjh ,d vkykspuk dh iqLrd izdkf'kr gqbZ gS] ml ij rqe ,d lsfeukj djokvks rFkk esjk lEeku dj rqe xq# ½.k ls m½.k gksoksA* fiQj D;k Fkk] xq#HkDr feV~Bkyky dk f'k";Ro tkx x;kA mlus ,d lEeku lekjksg dk vk;kstu djok MkykA lkjk [kpkZ f'k"; us gh mBk;k vkSj jkrksa&jkr eFkqjk yky lkfgR;dkjksa dh iaxr esa tk cSBsA fiz; Bkysjke] vkt dy ,sls f'k"; feyrs gh dgka gSa] tks vius xq# dh osnuk dks le>sA rqe le> jgs gks u esjh osnuk! esjk fo'okl vkt Hkh rqe ij n`<+ gSA vc rks rqe tSls f'k";ksa ij gh ge tSls lkfgR;dkjksa dk Hkfo"; fuHkZj gSA fiz; Bkys] esjh ,d dfork dh iqLrd gky gh esa izdkf'kr gqbZ gS] uke gS ^rqe ej D;ksa ugha tkrsA* oSls rks bl iqLrd ds ckjs esa dksbZ ugha tkurk ij esjk fo'okl gS fd rqe bl iqLrd ij ,d lsfeukj vo'; djokvksxAs nSfud lekpkj i=kksa esa ml lsfeukj dh [kcj nsuk er HkwyukA bl xks"Bh dh ,d fjiksVZ eq>s 'kh?kz HkstukA eSa ;gka ds dqN lEikndksa dks tkurk gwaA os esjk dgk Vkysaxs ughaA cM+h [kcj cuk dj os Nki nsasxsA fiz; bkys] ;fn rqe esjk lEeku Hkh djuk pkgrs gks rks eq>s fy[kuk ;k iQksu dj nsukA eSa 'kh?kz pyk vkmaQxkA eSa tkurk gwa fd rqEgkjs ikl vFkZ dh deh gS] fdarq dksbZ ckr ughaA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fof'kf"V if=dkvksa ds fof'k"V vad

Rkjlse xqtjky

Lkn~Hkkouk v'kDr vkSj chekj fcYyh us pwgs ls dgk] ^rqEgsa vc eq>ls Mjus dh dksbZ t:jr ugha gSA vkf[kj rqEgsa Hkh bl ?kj esa jguk gS vkSj eq>s HkhA esjk D;k gS] eSa rks nw/ vkSj ngh ls Hkh dke pyk ywaxhA rqEgsa vkt ls vktkn djrh gwaA rqEgsa ;dhu u gks rks fy[kokdj ys tkvksA eSa bl uhyh L;kgh dh cksry dks fxjkdj iatk yxk nwaxhA vkt ls esjs&rqEgkjs lerk laca/ gksaxsA pwgk lkS ehVj dh jÝrkj ls HkkxkA iQwyh lakl ds lkFk lkjk fdLlk fe=kksa dks lquk;k vksj ewaNksa ij rko fn;kA pwgs us fe=kksa ds lkFk feydj pwgk&fcYyh le>kSrk&i=k rS;kj fd;kA le>kSrk&i=k fn[kkus og fcYyh ds ikl x;k rks fcYyh mls [kk xbZA cgqr nsj rd okil u ykSVRk ns[k ,d vksj pwgk mldh ryk'k esa fudykA fcYyh us Lokfn"V Hkkstu ds ckn Mdkj gh yh Fkh fd u, pwgs dks ns[kdj cksyh] ^eSa xksjh gwa] rwa dkyk] ysfdu blls D;k] gekjs lkaLÑfrd vkSj O;kikfjd laca/ rks cus gh jg ldrs gSaA*

píj ('kkWy)] ekyk] Le`fr fpUg ;s lc eSa ysrk vkmaQxkA cl rqe eq>s fdlh fo}ku ls 'kkWy m<+ok nsuk] Le`fr fpUg rqe HksaV dj nsuk vkSj ekyk fdlh Hkh ofj"B O;fDr ls iguok nsukA 'kh?kz i=k HkstukA rqEgkjs bl ÑR; ls xq# f'k"; ijaijk dks ,d ubZ fn'kk feysxh vkSj vkus okys lkfgR;dkjksa ds lEeq[k ,d vuwBk mnkgj.k izLrqr gksxkA blh vk'kk vkSj fo'okl ds lkFkA rqEgkjk 'kqHkfpard] jkeHkjksls ofj"B lkfgR;dkj] Hkkjr jk"Vª

'kCn;ksx

vk/kkjf'kyk

nsosaæ bLlj ij dsafær

bfrgkl esa egknsoh

Ñ".kk lkscrh] uan fd'kksj foØe] lkftnk tSnh] jkth lsB] iou ekFkaj] 'kehe gaiQh] vkj-ds- ikyhokyA

jkepanz 'kqDy] gtkjhizlkn f}osnh] uannqykjs oktis;h] lqfe=kkuanu iar] jkefoykl 'kekZ] bykpanz tks'kh] ukeoj flag] eSustj ikaMs;] 'kaHkqukFk] v'kksd oktis;hA

laiknd lqHkk"k iar

laiknd % fnokdj HkV~V vfrfFk laiknd % cVjksgh

lkfgR; ve`r

lkef;d ehekalk jkts'k tks'kh ij dsafær

okf"kZdkad

uanfd'kksj uoy] fo'oukFk f=kikBh] vt; frokjh] vjfoank{ku] clar f=kikBh] deyk izlkn] uhys'k j?kqoa'kh] vpZuk oekZ] vukfedk] jkgqy flag] 'kf'kizHkk frokjh] vkuan izdk'k] mek'kadj feJ vkfnA

jke/kjh flag fnudj] fo".kq izHkkdj] xksfoan feJ] pand z kark] fot;nku nsFkk] eerk dkfy;k] e`nqyk flUgk] ujsanz dksgyh] lhrs'k vkyksd] jkenso 'kqDy] lw;Zckyk] isze tuest;] eghi flag] euq 'kekZ] xksiky prqosZnh] vftr dqekj] Jhdkar tks'kh] dSYkk'k oktis;h] iq"ik Hkkjrh] in~ek lpnso] fot; cgknqj flag] Ckynso oa'kh] ujsanz eksgu] izdk'k euqA

laiknd fot; dqekj feJ vfrfFk laiknd uhjt

^f'koe~*] 114] x.ks'k uxj] igkM+k fo'ofo|ky; ekxZ] mn;iqj (jktLFkku) ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

74

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

laiknd % f=kyksdhukFk prqosZnh la;qDr laiknd % cztsaæ f=kikBh ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lqjs'k okgus

y?kq O;aX; dqÙks dk xoZ

Hkh[kw dk pUæ vfHk;ku

iafMr f'ko'kadj feJk us iafMrkuh dks ikap gtkj #i, dh xM~Mh nsrs gq, dgk] ^rhjFk lkgw pquko yM+ jgk gSA mlds fy, ;K djuk gSA ;g #i;k og ,Mokal ds :i esa NksM+dj x;k gSA* iafMrkuh cksyh] ^vPNk] vc rsyh&reksjh Hkh pquko yM+us yxsA ,sls esa gekjs czkã.k lekt okyksa dk dke D;k iafMrkbZ gh jg tk,xk\ eSa rks dgrh gwa fd fdlh rjg lafoèkku cnydj usrk cuus dk vf/dkj dsoy czkã.kksa ds fy, vkjf{kr dj nsuk pkfg,A ysfdu D;k djsa] gekjh tula[;k gh nks izfr'kr ls vf/ d ugha gSA ,d tekuk Fkk] tc gj pquko esa gekjs yksx gh [kM+s gksrs FksA ia- usg: ds dk;Zdky esa 56 izfr'kr ea=kh czkã.k FksA dgha vkj{k.k Fkk rks gekjs gka esa gka feykus okys vkKkdkjh yksx gksrs FksA gekjs dgs fcuk iÙkk Hkh ugha Mksyrk FkkA [kSj pyks pquko ds cgkus gekjh dqN rks dekbZ gksxhA* iafMr fiQj dgus yxs] ^D;k djs]a dy;qx esa 'kqæ gh jkt djsxa As ;g lc ns[kdj rqylhnkl dh vkRek jks jgh gksxhA mlus jkepfjr ekul esa Bhd gh fy[kk Fkkµ <ksy] xaokj] 'kqæ] i'kq] ukjhA ;s lc rkM+u ds vf/dkjhA iafMrkuh bl pkSikbZ esa ukjh ds mYys[k dks vius fy, ugha ekurh FkhA og lksprh rqylhnkl us 'kwæ ukfj;ksa ds fy, gh bldk iz;ksx fd;k gksxkA vius lekt dk vkneh vius ukfj;ksa ds fy, ,slh ckr dSls fy[k ldrk gS] fiQj rqylhnkl rks egku iafMr FksA ogha ij iafMr dk ikyrw dqÙkk ;g lc lqu jgk FkkA pkSikbZ esa i'kq uke lqudj mls vk'p;Z gqvkA iafMr ds izfr mldk J¼kHkko tkrk jgkA mlus iafMr dks viuh Hkk"kk esa ,d Hkn~nh lh xkyh nhA og lksp jgk Fkk fd de ls de ge dqÙkksa esa ,sls maQp&uhp dk Hksn rks ugha gSA og vius HkkX; dks ljkg jgk Fkk fd bl tue esa og dqÙkk cuk] vkneh ughaA vkt mls dqÙkk gksus esa xoZ eglwl gks jgk FkkA

/qvka mM+krk pUæ;ku ns[krs gh ns[krs varfj{k igqp a x;kA ;ku ij lokj nqcyk&iryk Hkh[kw vc ns'k ds iz/kuea=kh ls ckrsa dj jgk FkkA iz/kuea=kh us mls cèkkbZ nsrs gq, iwNkµ ^mQij ls i`Foh dSlh fn[k jgh gSA* Hkh[kw dh vka[ksa NyNyk xb±A mlus dgkµ ^lj] eq>s i`Foh v/tyh jksVh dh rjg xksy vkSj /Ccsnkj fn[kk;h ns jgh gSA* Hkh[kw us mÙkj fn;kµ ^lj] ;gka lc dqN vius xkao&lk gh yx jgk gS] xkao dh rjg ;gka Hkh ioZrh; izns'k gS] tgka lM+d uke dh dksbZ pht ugha gSA jkr esa vkleku ds rkjksa ds flok; ;gka jks'ku djus okyh dksbZ O;oLFkk ugha gSA xkao ds catj gks pqds [ksr dh rjg ;gka dh /jkry lw[kh vkSj mQcM+&[kkcM+ gSA ;gka lw[kh ?kkfV;ka gSa] tks eq>s i`Foh dh lw[kh ufn;ksa dh ;kn fnyk jgh gSaA* ftKklq iz/kuea=kh us fiQj iwNkµ ^ogka rqEgsa dSlk eglwl gks jgk gS\* bl iz'u ls og m}sfyr gks mBk] ysfdu la;r Loj esa mlus dguk 'kq: fd;kµ ^lj] ;gka eSa vius vfHk;ku esa th&tku ls tqVk gwa ysfdu eSa Hkw[k ls tw> jgk gw_a D;ksfa d vfèkdkjh esjk fVfiQu ckWDl ;ku ij j[kuk Hkwy x, gSaA eSa tkurk gwa] esjk èkjrh ij thfor ykSV ikuk laHko ugha] ysfdu Iyht lj] fu;ekuqlkj ;ku esa esjs ejus ds ckn chek daiuh ls izkIr jde esjs ifjokj rd t:j igqapok nhft,xkA ?kj ij iRuh ds vykok nks NksVs&NksVs cPps gSa] ftudk eSa ,dek=k lgkjk gwa thA* iz/kuea=kh us <ka<l ca/krs gq, dgk] ^gka] eq>s [ksn gS fd vf/dkfj;ksa dh ykijokgh ls rqEgsa 'kghn gksuk iM+sxkA eSaus bl vfHk;ku dk uke rqEgkjh Le`fr esa rqEgkjs uke ij j[kus dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh gSA vc rqe vkSj rqEgkjk xkao bfrgkl esa vej gks tk,xkA rqe fpark er djksA ej.kksijkar chek dh jde rks feysxh gh] rqEgkjh iRuh dks nÝrj esa pijklh dh ukSdjh Hkh ns nh tk,xhA oSls bl ykijokgh dh tkap ds fy, eSaus ,d mPp Lrjh; lfefr xfBr djus dk iSQlyk fd;k gSA* Hkh[kw dks pUnz vfHk;ku ij tkus dk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

75

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

dksbZ 'kkSd ugha FkkA og blfy, pyk x;k Fkk fd ykSVus ij 'kk;n dgha vPNh ukSdjh fey tk,xhA ;fn dksyfEc;k 'kVy ;ku dh rjg dksbZ nq?kZVuk gksrh Hkh gS] rks ifjokj ds fy, chek daiuh ls bruh jde feysxh_ ftruh ftanxh Hkj dekdj Hkh tqVk ugha ldrkA mls ejus dk nq[k ugha FkkA mls lqdwu Fkk fd vc mldk ifjokj iSls dk eksgrkt ugha jgsxkA pUnz;ku /jrh ij okfil ykSVkA Hkh[kw ds izk.k i[ks: mM+ pqds FksA vkt ikap lky gks x,A Hkh[kw dh foèkok Hkh[k ekaxdj xqtkjk dj jgh gSA mls chek daiuh ls dksbZ eqvkotk ugha feykA daiuh dk ekuuk Fkk fd mlds ifr Hkh[kw dh ekSr Hkw[k ls gqbZ gS] blfy, ;g vkRegR;k gS] u fd nq?kZVukA brus cM+s vjcksa #i;ksa ds vfHk;ku ij Hkkstu ugha ys tkus ds fy, mlds ifr dks gh daiuh us ftEesnkj ekukA mls ukSdjh Hkh ugha feyh] D;ksafd mlds ikl Hkh[kw dh iRuh gksus dk ljdkjh lfVZfiQdsV ugha FkkA Hkh[kw dh iRuh vDlj jks mBrhµ ^vkf[kj rqe pUnz vfHk;ku ij x, D;ksa\* dks"kkË;{k] tulaLd`fr eap] fHkykbZ&dqEgkjh bdkbZ f'kouxj] eq-o iks-&dqEgkjh ftyk&nqxZ (NŸkhlx<+) fiu&490042

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

O;aX; jpuk,a ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dkuwu O;oLFkk ij fuca/

ftrsUæ tkSgj

;'k xks;y

vkRek dh 'kkafr

Vhpj th us tc iqjkus fuca/ fy[kus ds fy, fo"k; lq>k, rks Nk=kkvksa us ukd&HkkSag fldksM+h ;g dgdj fd xk;&HkSal&'ksj&ck?k] vkfFkZd fLFkfr eYVhus'kuYl ij fuca/ fy[kus ls D;k ykHk gksxkA le; cny jgk gS rsth lsA jktLFkku chek: Js.kh ls fudydj fodflr @ fodkl'khy jkT;ksa dh Js.kh esa vk x;k gSA jkT; mnh;eku gSA bUosLVesaV (iwath fuos'k) cgqrk;r ls ngyht ij [kM+k gSA Vhpjth us Nk=kkvksa ls dgk fd os viuh ethZ ls fdlh Hkh rktk fo"k; ij ys[k fy[ksaA mls os iqjLÑr Hkh djsaxhA iqjLdkj esa ,d isafly @ pkWd Hkh fey ldrk gSA lHkh izlUu fd mUgsa vktknh feyh tks 'kk;n fiNys 61 o"kks± esa ugha feyh FkhA nl&ianzg feuV dk le; fn;k x;kA ,d Nk=kk us vius laf{kIr fuca/ esa dqN bl rjg fy[kk% vkj{k.k] xksyhdkaM] MdSrh] CykLV vkSj jkT; esa dkuwu O;oLFkkA vkj{k.k ij ,d tkfr oxZ fiNys nks lky ls vkanksyujrA xksyhdkaM us yhy yh 60 ls vf/d tkusaA Jhxaxkuxj ds jkoyk esa fdlku ikuh ekax jgs Fks iqfyl us xksyh pykbZ 6 yksx ejsA lksgsyk esa ikuh ekax jgs fdlkuksa ij xksyh pyh 5 ejsA ?kM+lkuk esa panw jke Hkh iqfyl xksyh dk f'kdkj gqvkA ½"kHknso eafnj esa ,d vkfnoklh dh iqfyl dh canwd ls ekSrA dksVM+k esa ,d O;fDr iqfyl xksyh dk f'kdkjA blds vykok xksyhdkaM dbZ vkSj Hkh gq, muesa lSadM+ksa balku ?kk;y gksdj igqapsA muesa izeq[k gSa& eaM+kok (>qa>quwa) rcknys ds fojks/ esa xzkeh.kksa ij xksyh pyhA Fkkus ds ckgj Mx (>kykokM+) esa xksyh pyh FkhA vJq xSl vkSj jcM+ cqySV dk bLrseky mruk gh gqvk ftruh ckj vkanksyudkfj;ksa ij ykBhpktZ fd;k x;kA jkT; dh jkt/kuh esa gh ugha dbZ txg cSad yqV x,A vtesj dh njxkg vkSj t;iqj lhfj;y cEc CykLV esa ejus okyksa vkSj ?kk;yksa dh la[;k vlhfer gSA 66 rks t;iqj esa ljdkjh rkSj ij cEc /ekdksa esa 'kghn gq,A lSadM+ksa vLirky esa vHkh Hkh byktjr gSaA vtesj esa fliZQ rhu ejs FksA dksbZ vijk/h idM+ esa ugha vk;kA D;ksafd tkap py jgh gSA tgjhyh 'kjkc ihdj ntZuksa yksx ej x,A ;g flyflyk blfy, #dk fd xyh&xyh esa nk: dh nqdkusa [kqyh FkhaA 'kjkc ihdj db;ksa dh

thou yhyk vLirky esa dbZ yhoj ds dbZ jksxksa ls gqbZA lM+dksa ij gks jgh nq?kZVukvksa dk ftØ djrs gq, Nk=kk ds vkalw fudy vk,A vk, fnu nfl;ksa yksx lM+d gknls esa ej jgs gSaA ckotwn blds fd ljdkj jkgr iSdst ?kks"k.kk,a fd, tk jgh gSaA ejus okyksa dk udn eqvkotk c<+k jgh gSA e`rdksa ds vkfJr dks ukSdjh ns jgh gSA vijkf/;ksa ds eqdnes okfil ys jgh gSA jktdkt rc Hkh eqLdjk jgh gS mu ph;l xYlZ dh rjg tks fozQdsV ds eSnku esa vaxizn'kZu ls n'kZdksa dk euksjatu dj jgh gSaA tSls gh Vhpjth us fuca/ i<+k mlds jkSaxVs [kM+s gks x,A Nk=kk dks MkaVrs gq, Vhpjth cksyh] ^rqEgkjh fgEer dSls gqbZ ;g fy[kus dhA rqEgsa ekywe gksuk pkfg, fd jkT; esa vijk/ nj de gks jgh gSA ;g rF; x`gea=kh dbZ ckj foèkkulHkk esa izLrqr dj pqds gSaA xksyh pykuk ljdkj dh etcwjh gksrh gSA vkRej{kk vkSj turk dh lqj{kk ds fy, xksyh pykuh iM+rh gSA ns[krh ugha iwjk jkT; fdysuqek lqj{kk esa egiwQt+ gSA pan yksx gSa tks jkt'kkgh ls rax vkdj fonzksg djrs gSaA vke ukxfjd fdruk izlUu gSA pquko dh izrh{kk dj jgk gSA rqeus ,slk fuca/ fy[kdj jkT; ljdkj dh ukd dVokus dh lksp dk ifjp; fn;k gSA rqe [kM+h gks tkvksA nksuksa gkFk vkxs djksA* Nk=kk fgEer ls [kM+h gqbZA nksuksa gFksfy;ka Vhpjth ds vkxs dj nhA rM+kd&rM+kd csar ds fu'kku xksjs&eklwe gkFkksa dh gFkfy;ksa ij Ni x,A Nk=kk ds ,d vkalw ugha vk;kA D;ksafd euq"; dh ekSrksa dk ftØ djrs gq, og igys gh vanj rd jks pqdh FkhA 486] tknksu uxj] nqxkZiqjk] t;iqj&302018

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

76

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

lM+d ij dkiQh HkhM+ yxh FkhA yksx ,d&nwljs ij >qds tk jgs FksA ,sls esa esjh lgt ftKklk eq>s ml HkhM+ ds utnhd [khap ys xa;hA HkhM+ dh ifjf/ ds vanj dk n`'; vR;ar ân; fonkjd FkkA ,d ;qorh dk 'ko ygwygq ku voLFkk esa iM+k ns[kdj esjk eu d#.kk ls Hkj mBkA ikl esa [kM+s dqN yksx uxj ds vkWVks&fjD'kk pkydksa dh va/k/qa/ Mªkbfoax ij viuk 'kfCnd Øks/ izdV dj jgs Fks] rks ogha dqN yksx 'ko dh f'kuk[r ds lanHkZ esa rjg&rjg ds d;kl yxkus esa e'kxwy FksA rHkh lglk nks flikgh nq?kZVuk&LFky ij vk igqapsA iyd >idrs gh HkhM+ dk o`Ùk foLrh.kZ gks x;kA flikfg;ksa us ;qorh ds ikl tkdj fLFkfr dk tk;tk fy;kA blh nkSjku mudh ^dkx n`f"V* e`rdk ds dherh okguksa ij tkdj Bgj x;hA vc ogka ,d vkSj ykyp&tfur Hkw[k Fkh] rks nwljh vksj r`fIr&lzksr cuus dh izfrdkjghu ykpkjxh vkSj ogha bnZ&fxnZ Fkhaµ ^Hkw[k* dks ml ^lzksr* rd igqapus ls jksdrh gqbZ 'krkfèkd vojks/d vka[ksAa ,sls es]a nksuksa flikfg;ksa dh 'kkfrj fuxkgsa ijLij Vdjkb±A vkil esa ,d ekSu laokn LFkkfir gks x;kA cl] rc D;k Fkkµ ,d flikgh us HkhM+ dh vksj yidrs gq, viuh ykBh lM+d ds pkjksa vksj iVduk 'kq: dj fn;kµ ^pfy, - - -gfV,- - -Hkkfx, ;gka ls!* brus esa gh HkhM+ dk è;ku ;qorh ds 'ko ls gVdj ykBh iVdrs gq, flikgh ij tkdj dsfUnzr gks x;kA yksx rsth ls frrj&fcrj gksus yxsA blh chp] m/j ^odksè;kue~* dh eqnzk esa rRij [kM+s nwljs flikgh us viuh dkjf;=kh izfrHkk dk izek.k izLrqr dj fn;k_ eaxylw=k lfgr e`rdk ds lkjs xgus mldh {kq/krqj tsc dk xzkl cu x;s FksA vc esjh vka[kksa esa ml lM+d ij ,d ds ctk; rhu yk'ksa fn[kk;h iM+us yxhaA ,d yk'k rks 'kwU; esa viyd fugkjrh gbZ lh iw.kZr% fu'ps"V iM+h Fkh] tcfd nks yk'ksa ml ,d yk'k ds bnZ&fxnZ pyk;eku FkhaA ,d yk'k rks lM+d nq?kZVuk dk ^vupkgk* ifj.kke Fkh] tcfd nks yk'kksa dk t+ehj ykyp ds Hkkjh okgu ds uhps ^LosPNk* ds dqpydj ej x;k FkkA ,d yk'k dh ^vkRek dh 'kkafr* dk ekeyk rks izHkq dh Ñik ij fuHkZj Fkk] tcfd nks yk'kksa us viuh vkfRed 'kkafr dk ^vLFkkbZ ekxZ* futh Lrj ij ryk'k dj fy;k FkkA vkbZ&vkj&13] js.kqlkxj] lksuHknz&231218

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

i| jpuk,a

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jk/s';ke frokjh

dfork,a dqÙks dk cPpk

'kgjkst HkkbZ

vki bls xkyh u le>sa ;g lpeqp dqÙks dk cPpk gS lkgc dk ykM+yk] >d&>d mtyk fcydqy ea=kh th ds dqrsZ tSlk tc nks eghus dk Fkk lkgc us rHkh bls [kjhnk Fkk vius ^isjsUV~l* ls nwj gksdj Hkh dHkh v[kjk ugha Fkk bls lkgc us vius cPps dh rjg bls ikyk 'kq:&'kq: esa rks blus dbZ&dbZ ckj lkgc ds fcLrj rd xhys dj fn, fiQj Hkh lkgc dHkh ukjkt ugha gqvk vkf[kj og Hkh rks dHkh blh dh rjg cPpk Fkk lkgc us blds fy, dbZ ukSdj j[k fn, bl csjkstxkjh ds tekus esa dqÙks ds cPps us dbZ ukSdjksa dks jkstxkj ns fn;k vkSj mudk ekfyd gks x;k lkgc us cM+s I;kj ls bldk uke j[kk ^MkSyh* lkgc tc Hkh dgha tkrk MkSyh dks dkj esa vius lkFk ys tkrk yky cÙkh ij tc dksbZ cPpk diM+s ls dkj ds 'kh'ks lkiQ djrk lkgc ml oDr Hkh vius MkSyh esa e'kxwy jgrk gjh cÙkh gksrs gh gkFk iSQyk;s og cPpk gkaiQrs gq, dkj ds ihNs nkSM+rk lkiQ 'kh'ks ls lkgc dk efyu eu lkiQ&lkiQ fn[kkbZ nsrk vius lekt ls dVdj lkgc ds lkFk jgdj dqÙks dk cPpk Hkh lkgc gks x;k gS vkSj lkgc vius MkSyh tSlkA

vka[ksa xM+kdj D;k ns[k jgs gks 'kgjkst HkkbZ tc vka[kksa dh lkjh jks'kuh izwiQ ns[kus esa gh [kpZ dj nksxs rc mu xyfr;ksa dks dSls <wa< ikvksxs tks ewy dkWih esa gh jg xbZ gS ftlesa ^tscdrjs* dh txg ^bZekunkj* ^gR;kjs* dh txg ^n;kyq* vkSj ^mYyw ds iV~Bs* dh txg ^ekfyd* fy[kk gS rqEgsa vHkh ;g Hkh ns[kuk gS 'kgjkst HkkbZ fd dSls bl ikaMqfyfi ls gS djksM+ksa dh dekbZ tcfd rqEgkjs ikl u cPpksa dh iQhl dk iSlk gS u edku dk fdjk;k gS u chekj vCcw ds fy, gS nokbZ jks'kuh fu;ker gS 'kgjkst HkkbZ bls lEgky dj [kpZ djks ugha rks p'es dk ikoj rqEgkjh mez dh rjg gh c<+rk pyk tk,xkA cgqr >qd fy, est+ksa ij

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

77

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

vc jh<+ lh/h dj yks vkSj tkvks] igys brfeuku ls bZiQfu fe;ka dh nqdku ls ,d di dM+d pk; ihdj vkvks] vkSj gka] gks lds rks psru dks Hkh vius lkFk ys ysuk os ykSV gh vk, gksasxs lhyeiqj ls vkSj vka[ksa cpkdj dgha dksus esa lwV jgs gksaxs chM+h psru ds lkFk pk; ihrs gq, ;g t:j lkspuk fd vc lkspus ds fy, rqEgkjs ikl fdruk le; cpk gS vkf[kj dc rd rqe nwljksa dh xyfr;ka Bhd djrs jgksxs FkksM+k fgEer tqVkdj tkvks vkSj dM+d vkokt esa cksyksµ ^fd cgqr gks x;k vc fdokM+ [kksyks D;ksafd gesa izwiQ Bhd djus ls igys vHkh cgqr dqN Bhd djuk gS* rqe vdsys ugha gks 'kgjkst HkkbZ rqEgkjh nk<+h dh dle ge lc rqEgkjs lkFk gSaA ,Q&119@1] Qst&2] vadqj ,UDyso djkoy uxj] fnYyh&110094 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

i| jpuk,a

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

f'kokuan lg;ksxh

dSlh oSrj.kh ;g dSlh oSrj.kh ftldh dVku ls /hjs&/hjs <g jgh gS euq";rkA fleVrs fj'rs ?kjksa esa vkaxu ds vklikl dejksa esa thrs ?kqV&?kqV ?kqVu Hkj eu esa ,d eu nks eu rksy&rksy fgLlk&c[kjk ds lekuqikrA fudyrh ugha fe=krk pkjnhokjh ds ckgj lkeus dh lM+d rd dgus&lquus eu dh O;Fkk rkfd gals u laca/ BBk&BBk j[k gkFk eqqag ij csclh ij jksrh&djkgrh vfgalk lM+d ij NViVk&NViVk iwQV&iwQV rM+i&rM+i iVd&iVd gkFk&iSj ugha NksM+rh ihNk cglh] ixyh] va/h] funZ;h lqgkxu fgalk ns[krh n;k vka[k iQkM+&iQkM+ ilhtrh ugha u fn[kkrh vgfe;r vkrad ds Hk; ls ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

?kwerk vijk/h ,saB&,saB ewaN U;k; dh vka[kksa ij iV~Vh lisQn iV ysu&nsu dh eè;LFkrk gkjrk lR; >wB dh xokgh ls

dwnrk lkgl fdarq lksp&lksp fgEer tqVk&tqVk dk;jrk rks djrh vkRegR;k Nr] isM+] [kaHkk] Vafd;ksa ls dwn cl ds uhps nc jsy dh iVjh ij dV tgj [kk raxh] Hkw[kejh] dtZ dh ekj ls

euq"; iM+k euq"; ds ihNs /eZ dh vkM+ esa yxrk dqN bl rjg pyh xbZ euq";rk cwV yknus

isM+ /jrh ds vkHkw"k.k ?kVkrs iznw"k.k] nsrs vkDlhtu lkal vkSj LoLFkrk dVrs tM+ ls eqjxksa vkSj cdjksa ds leku yxrs [ksrksa esa [ksrksa dh esM+ ij lM+dksa ds fdukjs ;wdsfyIVl vkSj ikiqyj rkM+ ls yEcs iQynkj] Nk;knkj isM+ksa dh txg mtM+ xbZ vkaxu dh rqylh dh xkaN pcwrjs ij yxh <g x;k pcwrjk VwV x;k }kj dk cjxn dk isM+ yxs xeyksa esa vke] uhe] ikdM+] cjxn] ihiy vkfn&vkfn vU; ltkoV ds ikS/ksa ds lkFk cu ckSus isM+ eu dh 'kkafr ds fy, ns[krh Vksih fiVrk csdlwj ○ ○ ○ ○ 78 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008

dV pqdh pksfV;ka ckyksa ds igkM+ dh [kqyk&[kqyk flj cukoV vkSj ltkoV Ñf=ke&Ñf=ke uhpsokyksa dh nsu f'k{kk [kM+h vM+h iM+h fo|ky;ksa ls nwj vuqf'k{kd ds ?kj vuqf'k{k.k ij vkSj mPp f'k{kk j[krh ugha gkFk fcuk nkuik=k Hkjs ikap ls N% vadksa ds chp nf{k.kk f'k"Vrk xbZ jlkry esa ys dquck ukprh m/kjh lH;rk [kqysvke fuyZTtA ,&233] xaxkuxj eokuk ekxZ] esjB&250001 (m-iz-)

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

i| jpuk,a

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

banqdkar vafxjl

dsoy xksLokeh

ldZl

fe=k&laokn

eq>s ldZl ns[kuk cpiu ls gh ilan gS ?kqM+lokjksa ds djrc gkFkh dk [ksy] 'ksj dk [ksy ;gka ldZl esa gt+kjksa yksxksa ds chp tkuojksa dk lH; O;ogkj ns[kdj eSa pfdr gks tkrk gwa vkSj lkspus yxrk gwa fd fujarj iz;kl ls fjax ekLVj dSls bu taxyh tkuojksa dks ikyrw cuk nsrk gS vuks[ks djrc fl[kk nsrk gS ij vkneh fujarj i<+rk gS fdrkcsa /eZxzaFk] izsexzaFk tkrk gS cjlksa rd ikB'kkyk] Ldwy ysfdu fiQj Hkh jg tkrk gS fujk tkuoj ldZl esa tksdjksa dk [ksy eq>s lcls vf/d fiz; gS tc dqN NksVs&cM+s tksdj ,d&nwljs dks ekjrs gSa vkSj galkrs&galkrs nqfu;k dks [kqn ,dkar esa jksrs gSa fn[kkrs gSa rjg&rjg ds tknqbZ djrc eq>s ml tksdj dk oks tknqbZ djrc vkt rd ugha Hkwyrk ftlus ,d canwd dh uyh ls fudkyk Fkk igys ,d li+sQn dcwrj fiQj uhyk vkleku gfj;kyh tehu yky iwQy vkSj jax&fcjaxh pknj

ftls ml cnjax tksdj us [kqn vks<+ fy;k ;k nsdj [kqn dks ,d Hkn~nh lh xkyh] n'kZd ctkrs jgs Fks nsj rd rkyh ftanxh ds ldZl dk ;g varghu [ksy fiQj nksgjk;k tk,xk fdlh nwljs 'kgj esa ogka nwljs n'kZd ctk,axs rkyh ij nqfu;k tkus dc le> ik,xh ldZl ds bu [ksyksa dk vFkZ\

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ch&4@177] lQnjtax ,UDyso ubZ fnYyh&110029

79

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

cgqr fnuksa ckn feys gks D;k gky pky gS ;kj\ dqN nqcys yx jgs gks fdl jksx ls gks ykpkj csky u ;kj ,d fDoaVy ls& dqN de gks x;k gS ;kjA fdl ckr dh fpark gS ;gh u fd ugha feyk dksbZ iqjLdkj ij vc rks ;g vke ckr gks xbZ gS mLrkn iQUus [kka ges'kk v[kkM+s dh feV~Vh ls fyFkM+s jgs Nq, rd ugha dHkh dye dks ftanxhHkj og Hkh ik x, lkfgR; euh"kh dk iqjLdkj 'kky&izrhd fpÞu ds lkFk #i, dbZ gtkj muls ,d ckj fey rks yks D;k gtZ gS 'kk;n yx tk, rqEgkjh Hkh uS;k ikj egt izfrHkk dk jkx vykius ls dqN ugha gksrk dqN nkao&isap lh[kks mLrknksa ls Vksuk&VksVdk ta=k&ea=k dk djks tqxkM+ vktdy rks budk cktkj xeZ gS gj pSuy ij rks gksrk gS budk izlkj ns[k ysuk rqjr&iqQjr mrj tk,xk cq[kkj bZ'oj dgrs gSaµ gs vtqZu! laf/ u djks ekek pkpk rkmQ dk flj iQksM+us ls ugha Mjks blh thou esa feysxk rqEgsa iqjLdkj nkrk n;kyq gS blds ?kj esa nsj gS va/sj ugha dHkh er ekuks gkj] dHkh er ekuks gkj feysxk iqjLdkj] feysxk iqjLdkj blh ea=k dk ,d lkS vkB ckj djks tki NaV tk,axs ckny] /qy tk,axs iki ekiQ djuk eSa dqN T;knk gh cksy x;k vuki&'kukiA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

i| jpuk,a

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ts-ds- lksuh

v'kksd vatqe

lw;Z dqekj ikaMs;

x+t+y

O;aX; x+t+y

x+t+y

(1)

dqN reaps 'ks"k pkdw gks x;sA ;kj esjs lc gykdw gks x;sA

Mkdw ds lj is usrk dk lk;k gSA cM+s fe;ka us ;gh iQjek;k gSA txg&txg [kq n xjth es a A xjhcks a dk [kw u cgk;k gS A A ns [ k&ns [ k ljdkjh gFkd.Ms A dhM+ k &edkS M + k NViVk;k gS A A ns[kdj bldh dkyh djrwrsaA tkuoj rd Hkh 'kjek;k gSAA

os byD'ku esa gkjs bl ni+QkA [khtdj pacy ds Mkdw gks x;sA uXu&fp=kksa dks iyVrs Fks fe;ka] ge le>rs Fks i<+kdw gks x;sA ckn 'kknh ds os dqN gh lky esa] mez&okyksa ds Hkh dkdw gks x;sA ns[k yks ckiw os canj vkids] vktdy csgn yM+kdw gks x;sA

^lksuh* Lokn&Lokn esa usrk usA dqÙkk&fcYyh dkVk [kk;k gSA [kqtk;sxk dc rd

(2)

ogh xhr I;kjs lquk;sxk dc rd\ rw turk dks mYyw cuk;sxk dc rd\

ejs dks ekjs 'kkg enkjA [kM+s dks ekjs cqjs dk ;kjAA

;s vkokjxh NksM+ ns eku Hkh tk] rsjk cki rq>dks f[kyk;sxk dc rd\

ywV&ywV tk, ns'k dk usrkA ywV&ywV [kk;s Fkku&,&nkjAA

dbZ fnu ls ?kksapw rw ihNs iM+k gS] crk xqycnu dks iVk;sxk dc rd\

Mkdw ls ,l-ih- tku cpk,A ^lksuh* dks iSaQds ;equk&ikjA

vjs vks [ktSys rw ihdj ds iOok] esjh [kksiM+h dks [kqtk;sxk dc rd\

Lexyjks a dh dq . Myh es a A fi,&fiyk, fty&,&nkjAA

vth la r th] Nks f M;s /eZ & ppkZ ] mtkyk gesa vc Mjk;sxk dc rd\

lsØsVjh ds lax usrk tk,A fiV&fiV tk, iYys n kjAA

;s ukSflf[k;s usrk ds vCckth cksysµ rw dqlhZ ls Vkadk fHkM+k;sxk dc rd\

469 gjfeyki uxj lDS Vj&15 ds ikl iapdwyk (gfj;k.kk)

rw iSjksfM;ksa ls dHkh pqVdqyksa ls& nqdka eap ij dfo pyk;sxk dc rd\

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

80

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

ikl pqVdqys pkj lkS] dfork,a dqy pkjA dfooj bl vk/kj ij] ?kwe pqds lalkjAA rkyk] fdUuj] eap dfo] iwN u budk jsVA ^rkyh* ls gh Hkj jgk] gS rhuksa dk isVAA dfo cksyk] bl iafDr ij] tjk nhft, dkuA Jksrk cksyk] dku D;k] ys yks esjh tkuAA /wy] 'kk;jh] ?kkl dh] gkyr ,d lekuA dgka tes] fdruh tes] ;g tkus HkxokuAA vfork&dfork O;FkZ lc] m|e vk, dkeA tks dfo ^la;kstu* djs] og ik, izksxzkeAA eq n z k ] efnjk] ea M yh] ekbd] ekyk&gkjA dfolEesyu eap ds] ;s gSa iap edkjAA ikWfyfVDl] iRuh] iqfyl] izse&I;kj] ifjokjA gkL;&O;aX; ds eap ds] ;s gSa iap idkjAA 538d@514 f=os.khuxj f}rh; y[ku≈&226020 (m-iz-) ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

i| jpuk,a

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Hkxorh izlkn xkSre

dqcsjukFk

?kj&ns'k

Vsªu ls Vdjkrs gq,

rks fiQj ogha ls 'kq: djrk gwa vka[k [kqyrs gh eSa jks;k ph[kk&fpYyk;k eka dh xksn esa epyk&f[kyf[kyk;k nknh dh vaxqfy;ksa ds lgkjs ikao fy, jketh ekLVj us ckjg[kM+h dh ?kwaV fiykbZ vkSj eSa rudj [kM+k gks x;k ns[krs&ns[krs cM+k gks x;kA m/j iSQyrk jgk eSa b/j fldqM+rk jgk eSa vc ckSuk gks x;k gwa ,dne ckSukA esjs lkeus Hkjk&iwjk ?kj gS cky&cPpksa dk coaMj gS igkM+&lk cki vkSj lhad&lh eka gS lw[ks >kM+ ls HkkbZ gSa nj[rksa&lh cgus gSa fxjfxV ls fj'rs gSa dqN eagxs dqN lLrs gaSA vkSj ;g ?kj gS ftldh nhokjsa gks pyh gSa dku th ck dh rjg ttZj mQcM+&[kkcM+ vkSlkjk gS ftldh cfYy;ka gSa dej lh >qdh&>qdh lc rjiQ ls [kqyk&[kqyk gS ?kj

gj rjiQ ls fiVk&fiVk gS ?kj ?kj D;k] iwjk dk iwjk ns'k gS vkSj cl eSa gwa ,d ckSuk ,dne ckSuk!

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

1&r&8 ^vatfy* nknkckM+h] dksVk (jktLFkku) 324009

Vsªu ls xqtjrs gq, chgM+ izns'k nwj&nwj rd igkM+ isM+ fliZQ v/ks oL=k igus L=kh&iq#"k xsgwa dkVrs&<ksrs L=kh&iq#"k cPpsA lj ij ikuh dk crZu fy, igkM+ksa ij p<+rh gqbZ vkSjr Vsªu ls xqtjrs gq, ?kkl&iwQl dk ?kj feV~Vh dh nhokj ?kj ij ?kj gj ?kj ls mBrk /qvka 'kk;n dqucs dh vkSjrsa ckj&ckj iwaQd ekjdj tyk jgh ydM+h ;k ftanxh ftlds ros ij lsadrh jksfV;ka myVrh&iyVrh Vsªu ls xqtjrs gq, cM+h&cM+h bekjrsa ÝykbZ vksoj NksVh&cM+h xkfM+;ka rst jÝrkj ftanxh cM+s&cM+s gksfM±x foKkiu djrh vkSjrsa dkseksÙkstd diM+s uqekb'kh gko&Hkko Vsªu ls Vdjkrs gq, ns[krk gwaA 1] lk{kj vikVZesaV if'pe fogkj] ubZ fnYyh

81

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

vkyksd 'kekZ

iz;kstu ^d* ls dcwrj us dgkµ ^u, lky dh c/kbZ nksLr xwVj xwa* nq[kh Loj esa fe=k us dgkµ ^nqgkbZ gks nqgkbZ fe=k xqVj xwa* igys dcwrj us iwNkµ ^;kj] c/kbZ dh xwVj xwa ij nqgkbZ dh xqVj xwa! ;s ckr viuh le> esa ugha vkbZ\* nwljk dcwrj cksyk& ^D;k crkmaQ HkkbZ] tc ls 'kkafr mRFkku lfefr ds okf"kZd lekjksg dk vkea=k.k feyk gS rc ls iwjs ifjokj dk dystk fgyk gS dgus dks rks ;s lq[k&'kkafr dk iz;kstu gS exj rqEgsa ekywe gh gksxk ;s mlh dkSOok lekt dk vk;kstu gS* igys dcwrj us dgkµ ^vk;kstu fdlh dk Hkh gks cqykok gS rks tkus esa dSlh fnDdr fiQj vki rks ge dcwrjksa dk xkSjo c<+k jgs gSa lcds chp 'kkafr nwr cudj tk jgs gSa* nwljk dcwrj vkozQksf'kr gksdj cksyk& ^;gh rks ckr gS xq: fd ge vius dcwrjius ij gh iNrk jgs gSa D;ksafd bl ckj eq[; vfrfFk cudj Jheku phy th vk jgs gSa os gesa 'kkafr dk izrhd crk;saxs dM+drh BaM esa tu leqnk; dks vius Hkk"k.k ls xjek,axs fiQj jkr ds LusgHkkst esa viuh lnhZ Hkxkus ds fy, gesa gh [kk tk,axsA ge viuk jDr cgkdj nwljksa dh xehZ c<+k nsrs gSa exj [kqn ds Toyar iz'uksa ij D;ksa BaMh&lh pqIih yxk ysrs gSaA tc fny esa epk gS gkgkdkj fiQj dSls lkspwa dh 'kkafr gksxh

i| jpuk,a

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

eSa rks cl bruk gh iwNrk gwa bu phy dkSOoksa ds fo#¼ dc gekjh Økafr gksxhA*

MkW- fd'ku frokjh

DokVZj ua&3 Mh] LV™hV&19 lsDVj&1] fHkykbZ uxj

x+t+y ekS r thrh gS gkjh ugha ] fiQj Hkh jksds xqt+kjh ughaA

jhrk gtsyk ^vkjk/uk*

vkils fdlus ;s dg fn;k] vc t+ : jr gekjh ugha A

foKkiu

lp dks lp dh rjg eku yks] ckr es j h rq E gkjh ugha a A

cktkjokn us viuk jax fn[kk;k laln dh dk;Zokgh ds fy, foKkiu fcy vk;k usrkvksa us mls loZ lEefr ls ikl djk;k

ukprs gh jgs mezHkj] ns[k ik, enkjh ughaA tks Fks ihNs oks vkxs gq,] dc dgka viuh ckVh ughaA eq>dks iSny gh vc NksM+ nks] vc feys x h lokjh ugha A

laln dh Vh vkj ih rks oSls gh lcls T;knk gS usrk rks ;wa Hkh lPps vfHkusrk gSa fcuk jhVsd ds 'kkWV ij 'kkWV

34&lsDVj&9@5 lkdsr uxj] Hkksiky

vk'kh"k n'kksÙkj iQk;nk gh iQk;nk fycVhZ ds twrs gM+i fy, i{k us y[kkuh dh pIiy pyh xbZ foi{k esa lisQnh dh pedkj fju ls nkx vPNs gSa dk deky liZQ ,Dlsy ds lkStU; ls

,d dqlhZ ds fy,] fdrus ut+kjs nsf[k,] tks [kqn gh ykpkj gS] muds lgkjs nsf[k,A

vc gaxkek Hkh gksrk gS rks laln dk dk;Zdky ugha gksrk BIi foKkiuksa ls c<+ tkrh gS vkenuh ns'k dk fdruk è;ku gS D;k vkidks izfrfnu ds [kpZ dk vuqeku gS vc dksbZ ugha mBk ldrk ,d maxyh izk;kstdksa esa gks jgh gS gksM+ vkSj usrkvksa esa foKkiuksa ds fy, tksM+&rksM+A

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dsoy gSa ukjs nsf[k,

fli+ZQ gS mtM+k peu vkSj iSQyrk ir>M+ ;gka] vkSj muds gj rjiQ fc[kjh cgkjsa nsf[k,A >wB dk gS gj xyh vkSj gj 'kgj esa vkf'k;ka] lR; dh gS gj o+Qne ij cl et+kjsa nsf[k,A ?kks"k.kkvksa] ok;nksa ds iqy cus fdrus ;gka] dke ls uk okLrk] dsoy gSa ukjs nsf[k,A gS ugha ftudks le>] os cu x, mLrkn gSa] vkSj le>nkj dks dgrs cspkjs] nsf[k,A 39] ukxj okl] jryke (e-iz-) 457001

82

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

i| jpuk,a

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

czts'k dkuwuxks

dfork,a Xykscy izksMDV tkus dkSu&lh rjaxsa igqap jgh gSa vkSj djrha gSa ,fDVosV mls fudyrh jgrh gSa yxkrkj okbl vkWiQ vesfjdk mlds eq[k ls viuh Hkk"kk Hkh cksyrk gS dHkh&dHkh ysfdu ,slk yxrk gS tSls vHkh&vHkh vk;k dksbZ dksyEcl dksf'k'k dj jgk gS ckr djus dh gekjh Hkk"kk esa mlds cPps ugha igurs dqrkZ] lyokj] vpdu ;k pwM+hnkj igukos ls irk gh ugha pyrk fd fdl tyok;q dk ckf'kank gS fMtkbuj diM+ksa ij fpidh izfl¼ ekdkZ dh NksVh&lh drju ?kksf"kr djrh gS fd og cktkj ;qx dk Xykscy izksMDV gS

cgqjk"Vªh; daiuh ds izekf.kr lkÝV fMªad ls cq>krk gS og viuh I;kl dks

dSls dgwa - - -

cM+k gh LekVZ gS og tckuh ;kn gS mls lfpu ds 'krdksa dk vkadM+k vkSj laosnu'khy bruk fd 'ks;j ekdsZV dh rfud&lh ?kV&c<+ ls c<+ tkrh gS mlds fny dh /M+du ;g cM+k vPNk gS fd dkj[kkuksa ls fudkys x, etnwjksa dk nq[k ugha djrk mls Liafnr tgj ihdj vkRegR;k djusokys fdlkuksa dh la[;k esa O;FkZ ugha tkrh mldh eseksjh cka/ ls izHkkfor foLFkkfirksa dh ihM+k izHkkfor ugha djrh mldh vkRek dks fodkl ds bl egRoiw.kZ le; esa vkSj dbZ otZu vkus gSa vHkh bl Xykscy izksMDV dsA

Hkjk gksrk gS mldk cVqvk tknqbZ dkMks± dh cgqewY; laink ls nqfu;k [kjhn ysus dk fo'okl pedrk gS mlds psgjs ij ljdkjh djsalh Hkh FkksM+h cgqr gksrh gS mlds ikl lRdkj] ?kwl vkSj Mksus'ku esa cM+h lgwfy;r jgrh gS blls vkSj fiQj nsoky; ds ckgj vkSj Hkhrj ozsQfMV dkMZ ls iq.; [kjhnuk vklku ugha gqvk gS vHkh cgqr igys ls NksM+ fn;k gS mlus nfd;kuwlh ikjaifjd Hkkstu djuk iQkLV iwQM vkSj cxZj feVkrs gSa mldh Hkw[k ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ftl ?kj esa jgrk gwa dSls dgwa fd viuk gS phafV;ka dhV iraxs vkSj fNidfy;ka Hkh jgrh gSa ;gka cM+s ets ls m/j dksus esa dqN pwgksa us cuk;k gS viuk clsjk V~;wc ykbV dh vksV esa iy jgk gS fpfM+;ksa dk ifjokj vkaxu esa f[kys iwQyksa ij eaMjkrh frrfy;ka vkSj HkkSajs xquxqukrs gq, pys vkrs gSa ?kj ds vanj rd dkai tkrk gwa vpkud ;g lkspdj fd dgha ,d fnu fdlh dks fn[kkbZ u ns tk,a bZ'oj lius esa vkSj dgsa fd lks;k iM+k gwa ;qxksa ls /jrh ds Hkhrj bl ?kj ds uhps fudkyks eq>s ckgj vkSj cukvks vkLFkk dh ,d bekjr ;gka ;g Hkh gks ldrk gS fd fudy vk, fdlh dh ifo=k vfLFk;ka vkaxu esa ikS/k yxkrs le; ?kj ds ,d fgLls esa gksus yxs bcknr vkSj /eZj{kkFkZ dqN yksx 'kq: dj nsa v[kaM dhrZu ljdkjh equknh ds ckn Mky fn, tk,a rkys esjs ?kj ds njoktksa ij

83

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

503] xks;y fjtsUlh xks ; y uxj ds ikl] bankSj (e-iz-) ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

i| jpuk,a

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

mn;izrki g;kr

vCnqy j'khn vkt+eh

x+t+y

x+t+y

dqN yksx muls gkFk feykus esa pys x, mQtkZ ds fy, 'kkfe;kus es a pys x,A

thou ds eks p s Z is is Q y i<+ fy[k dj ds csps rsy

gS cdZ1 esjh [kq'kh dk exj iQlkuk HkhA xqtj jgk gS cM+s dcZ2 ls t+ekuk HkhA

fdLer dk fy[kk ;kj feVkus esa pys x, gk vkbuk Fks nks " k fn[kkus es a pys x,A

[kq y rh gS jS y h es a js y lh/s&lk/s tkrs tsy

cgk&cgk ds tks vkalw eqjkn3 rd igqapsA gS jat4 muds fy, esjk eqLdqjkuk HkhAA

fdruksa us lp esa dj fn;k yk[kksa dk gsj&isQj tks ew[kZ Fks [kkus esa ugkus esa pys x,A

[kw u h lc cktkj es a ?kw e s a iS l s ij djok ds cs y

li+Qksa5 esa dksbZ equkfiQd6 t:j nj vk;kA tyk x;k tks eqgCcr dk 'kkfe;kuk HkhAA

viQlj gq, usrk gq, rks D;k gqvk tukc ge vkneh Fks thHk fgykus esa pys x,A

ru rxM+ k ] bZ e ku unkjn] VkpZ ls tS l s xk;c ls y

esjs ycksa is rcLlqe7 ds tks xqykc f[kysA ogh xqykc yxs mudks rkft+;kuk8 HkhAA

fdruk dgk fd ty is js[kk uk [khafp, dkx+t+ ds mQij cka/ cukus esa pys x,A

yw V vigj.k gR;k js i oksV fn;k gS rks ;g >sy

dHkh rks r[r9 feys vkSj dHkh r[r&,&nkj10A vthc pht+ gS vankts+ [kq'kjokuk HkhAA

tkxs gq , Fks vius ?kjks a es a lc ^g;kr* pksjksa us ns[kk ;g rks Fkkus esa pys x,A

xf<+ ; k pVuh fepZ lykn ljdkjs eqac bÕ;k Hksy

1- fctyh] 2- ihM+k] 3- y{;] 4- nq[k 5- njE;ku] 6- lkft'k djus okyk] 7- eqLdku] 8- pkcqd] 9- lÙkk] 10- iQkalh] 11- 'kkgh vanktA

dksVZ gS viuk turk viuh uhMj cu ?kks V kys is y

,u-lh-ih-;w-,y-] vkj-ds- iqje ubZ fnYyh

gka ^g;kr* nqfu;k xM+cM+ gS eu dks eFk vkSj nqfo/k Bsy

nhid xqIrk

x+t+y ykfyR; yfyr ,s l s gkykr vkus yxs gS a ] pqVdys Hkh #ykus yxs gSa A

vkfJr

,d dfork tekus dh [kkfrj] mudks fdrus t+ekus yxs gSaA

vki vkd"kZd gSa lqanj gSa ykspnkj gSa rks fcuk uacj dh lc lqfo/k,a vki ij vkfJr gSaA

gks'k dh ckr djus yxk gwa] vki tc ls fiykus yxs gSaA rqedks ikdj yxk ftanxh esa] gkFk es j s [kq t kus yxs gS a A

ch&3@43] 'kdqaryk Hkou if'pe fogkj] ubZ fnYyh&110063 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

84

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

gks u tkmQa dgha cslgkjk] es j s cPps dekus yxs gS a A

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iqLrd leh{kk ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

b/kj tks eSaus i<+k

izse tuest;

O;aX; dk ,d dkjxj gfFk;kj ^jkr fnu* HkweaMyhdj.k ds uke ij]Ckktkjokn ,oa miHkksDrkokn ds pyrs] fiNys ,d n'kd esa iwathoknh ewY; izcy gq, gSa vkSj blds ifj.kkeLo:i Hkkjr esa vusd lkekftd jktuSfrd ,oa vkfFkZd folaxfr;ksa us tUe fy;k gSA ltx psruklEiUu lekt ds le{k vusd pqukSfr;ka mifLFkr gqbZ gSaA ;g ifjorZu vdLekr~ ugha gSa vfirq o"kks± dh "kM+;a=k;qDr lqfu;ksftr ;kstuk dk ifj.kke gSA ftu [krjksa dks ns[kdj ge vkt fpafrr gks jgs gSa] mu [krjksa dk fuekZ.k gekjs fy, cgqr igys dj fy;k x;k FkkA vkt fLFkfr ;g gS fd ge orZeku esa mu [krjksa ds fo#¼ tw>us ds fy, viuh uhfr cuk jgs gSa tcfd gekjs Hkfo"; ds [krjksa ds fuekZ.k dh izfØ;k vkjaHk gks pqdh gSA 'krjat fcNh gqbZ gS vkSj gekjk izfr}anh gels <kbZ ?kj vkxs dh pky py jgk gSA ge tkurs gSa fd vkfFkZd ijra=krk 'kkjhfjd ijra=krk ls vfèkd [krjukd vkSj d"Vnk;d gksrh gSA vkt fdlh Hkh jk"Vª dh lhekvksa dk vfrØe.k djuk cgqr dfBu gSA vkt lc ds ikl vR;k/qfud gfFk;kj gSAa bl izdkj ds gLr{ksi esa viuk uqdlku gksus ds [krjs Hkh jgrs gSa ijarq [kqyh vFkZO;oLFkk] vkfFkZd izfrcaèk] vuqnku vkSj HkweaMyhdj.k ds uke ij ftl izdkj ds ncko Mkys tkrs gSa og tx tkfgj gSA blls lkai Hkh ej tkrk gS vkSj ykBh Hkh ugha VwVrh gS vkSj vkius iztkrkaf=kd ewY;ksa ds j{kd rFkk ekuoh; ewY;ksa ds lja{kd gksus dk tks ycknk vks<+k gqvk gS] mldh Hkh j{kk gks tkrh gSA Hkkjr ns'k HkweaMyhdj.k ds jax esa iwjh rjg jaxdj varjkZ"Vªh; gks x;k gS ijarq gekjs vf/dka'k O;aX;dkjksa ds fo"k; vHkh ^HkweMa yhdj.k* ls nwj gSAa vkt Hkh vfèkdka'k rFkkdfFkr gkL;&O;aX; ys[kd usrkvksa ds dSfjdspj [khap mudk etkd cukus dks vius deZ dh bfr le> jgs gSaA fdlh dkWye esa fy[kuk vPNk O;aX;dkj gksus dh

dlkSVh cuk nh xbZ gSA O;aX; ;fn lokZfèkd iBuh; foèkk gS rks mlesa lko/kuh dh vf/d vko';drk gSA vke turk dh gkL;&O;aX; ds izfr xgjh ilan dks Hkqukus ds iz;Ru tkjh gSa vkSj bl nkSM+ esa gekjs Vh-oh- pSuy vxz.kh gSaA O;aX; ds iSus gfFk;kj dks dqan djus dk "kM+;a=k tkjh gSA tks dke ,d le; eap ij gkL;&O;aX; ds dfo;ksa us fd;k Fkk ogh vktdy pSuy dj jgs gSaA viuh Vh-vkj-ih- mBkus ds pDdj esa ekuoh; ewY;ksa dh Vh-vkj- ihfxjkus dk Øe tkjh gSA vkt cgqr vko';drk gS nwjxkeh lksp dhA vkt cgqr vko';drk gS [krjksa dks igpkuus dh vkSj mudk eqdkcyk djus dhA vkt cgqr vko';drk gS O;aX; dk ,d /kjnkj gfFk;kj ds :Ik esa bLrseky djus dhA cM+s [ksn ds lkFk dguk iM+ jgk gS fd vius le; ds [krjksa dks igpkudj mudk pqukSrhiw.kZ <ax ls eqdkcyk djus ds fy, O;aX; dk ,d dkjxj gfFk;kj ds :Ik esa iz;ksx djus okys jpukdkjksa dh la[;k cgqr de gSA ^gkL;&O;aX;* fy[kus okys

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

85

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

vkSj fy[kdj ewY; olwyus okys rks cgqr gSa ijarq O;aX; fy[kdj ewY; pqdkus okys cgqr de gSaA ,sls de yksxksa esa fo".kq ukxj gSaA fo".kq ukxj ds fy, ek=k O;aX; fy[kuk ;k dgwa O;aX; dk fyD[kkM+ cuuk dksbZ foo'krk ugha gSA os ^ge Hkh O;aX; fy[krs gSa* dk xoZ ikys fdlh xfoZ.kh ukf;dk ls ;gka&ogka bBykrs fiQjrs ugha gSa vfirq mudh izkFkfedrk ,d vPNh lkfgfR;d jpuk fy[kus dh gksrh gSA muds fy, foèkk ugha jpuk egRoiw.kZ gSA 'kk;n ;gh dkj.k gS fd mUgksaus fofHkUu fo/kvksa esa Hkjiwj fy[kk gSA os O;aX; ds ijaijkxr f?kls&fiVs fo"k;ksa dks vkSj f?klus ds i{k/j ugha gSa vfirq ,d fn'kk;qDr fparu ds lkFk vius le; dks le>dj] mldh folaxfr;ksa ij lkFkZd O;aX; }kjk izgkj djus ds i{k/j gSaA os lkfgR; dyk vkSj laLÑfr dh [kqyh nqfu;k esa vke vkneh ds vuqHkoksa dks vfHkO;fDr nsus esa fo'okl djrs gSaA mudk u;k laxzg ^jkr&fnu* esjs mi;ZqDr ^dFku* dk lk{kh gSA ^jkr fnu* esa gekjs orZeku esa fujarj fodflr gks jgh folaxfr;ksa ds izfr ,d fpark fo|eku gSA fo".kq ukxj ds ys[ku dh ewy fpark gS dSfj;j cukus dh oks va/h nkSM+ tks lekt] /eZ vkSj jktuhfr esa fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA bl nkSM+ ds pyrs ,d vaèkkiu mitk gS ftlus dksYgw ds cSy&lh iV~Vh cka/ nh vkSj ftlds iQyLo:Ik lc dqN tYnh cVksj ysus dh izo`fÙk vius vkl&ikl ls gesa vifjfpr dj jgh gSA oks pkgs ^ikik eSa xjhc cuwaxk* vkSj ^Hkxrflag fcYMlZ* ds eka&cki gksa] ^jktk&iztkdh izse dFkkvksa* dk jktk gks] ^[kjxks'k&dNqvk dFkk* ;k ^[kjxks'k&dNqvk nkSM+ dh mÙkjdFkk* dk [kjxks'k gks] ;k fiQj ^lkaiznkf;drk iQSykus dk 'kSkd* okys ,oa ^xqtjkr vkSj mlds ckn* okys gksaA bu lcds fo#¼ fo".kq ukxj ds vanj ,d vkdzks'k gS tks

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iqLrd leh{kk ○

orZeku O;oLFkk tfur folaxfr;ksa ds izfr u dsoy vfHkO;Dr gqvk gS vfirq vius ikBd dks f'kf{kr Hkh djrk gSA ^jktk&iztk* dh izes dFkkvksa essa gekjh jktuSfrd O;oLFkk esa O;kIr folaxfr;ksa dks mn~?kkfVr djrs gq, dqN O;aX; izlax izLrqr gSa & ^,d Fkk jktkA ,d fnu irk ugha vpkud mls dSls vkSj D;k gqvk fd mls iztk ls I;kj gks x;kA og iztk dks ns[kdj xkus yxk] ^eq>s rqels I;kj gS] I;kj gSA* jktk gh vxj iztk ls I;kj djus ij mrk: gks tk, rks iztk cspkjh Hkh D;k dj ldrh gSA jktk dks I;kj gS rks gS! mls gd gS ftlls pkgs I;kj djus dk vkSj ftls og I;kj djs mldk iquhr dÙkZO; gks tkrk gS fd mlds I;kj dks cnkZ'r djsA vkf[kj iztk ds Hkh rks jktk ds izfr dqN nkf;Ro gSAa * - - -blds ckn jktk vkSj iztk esa tcjnLr Vsa'ku iSnk gks x;k] ftlds ifj.kkeLo:Ik iztk ds xka/hokn dk varr% D;k gqvk] ;g rks ugha ekywe vkSj ;g Hkh ugha ekywe fd blds ckn [kqn iztk dk D;k gqvk! og dgka xbZ vkSj vkt dh rkjh[k esa ej&[ki xbZ ;k ekj nh xbZ gSA exj jktk vHkh gS vkSj lqurs gSa mls izse djus ds fy, ubZ iztk dh t:jr gSA mlus fons'k ls iztk ds vk;kr djus dh ckr dj yh gS tks fd vafre pj.k esa gS vkSj blds fy, jktk vk;kr lfClMh nsus ds fy, rS;kj gSA* - - - fiQj jktk Lo;a jksrs&jksrs iztk ds xys fyiV x;k] vkSj mls ikxyksa dh rjg pweus&pkVus yxk ,oa jkt/kuh ykSV vk;k vkSj iqu% iztk ds fgr esa mlls izse djus yxkA ekeyk iQWkjsu bUosLVesaV dk tks Fkk!* jktuhfrd folaxfr;ksa ij fy[kus dk ftu O;aX;&O;kolkf;;ksa us nSfud deZ cuk;k gqvk gS os bl izdkj ds izlaxksa ls dqN f'kf{kr gks ldrs gSa fd dSls nwjxkeh izHkko okyh O;oLFkk tfur folaxfr;ksa ,oa izo`fÙk;ksa dks O;aX;&izgkj dk y{; cukuk pkfg,A bu jpukvksa esa fdlh lÙkkdehZ usrk dk dSjhdspj ugha gS vfirq gekjh iwjh jktuhfrd O;oLFkk es tks folaxfr;ka gSa] iztkra=k ds uke ls ftl izdkj O;fDrxr ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

LokFkks± dks fl¼ fd;k tkrk gS rFkk iztk ds izfr lÙkk dh fn[kkoVh ^lgkuqHkwfr* dk izdVhdj.k gSA jktuhfr esa ls uhfr xk;c gks xbZ gS vkSj mldk LFkku dSfj;j us ys fy;k gSA bl dSfj;j esa fujarj vkxs c<+us dh va/h nkSM+ us lHkh uSfrd ewY;ksa dks njfdukj dj fn;k gSA uSfrdrk gh ugha vkilh lca/ksa essa fufgr vko';d yxko dks Hkh njfdukj dj fn;k gSA ifr&iRuh] ekrk&firk&iq=k&iq=kh] eS=kh vkfn laca/ksa dh ,d ubZ ifjHkk"kk x<+h tk jgh gSA csVk vxj dSfj;j dh jkg esa ^jksM+k* curk gS] ckWl ds lkeus vkidh ^>aMh mrkjrk* gS rks mldk ^mipkj* vko';d gSA csVk ckWl ls cM+k ugha gks ldrkA xq# xksfoan nksmQ esa ls fuf'pr gh ,sls xq# dks iz.kke dj mldh 'kj.k esa tkuk gksxk tks dSfj;j dh jkg crkrk gSA dSfj;j ds ekxZ ij pyrs gq, fueksZgh gksuk gh iM+rk gS vkSj ml fueksZg esa ckWl ds fy, iRuh dk Hkh eksg NksM+ mls ckWl ds fy, NksM+uk gh iM+rk gSA gekjs ½f"k eqfu;ksa us Hkh rks fdruh riL;k,a dh gSaA vc ^ikik eSa xjhc cuwaxk* dk eksfgr viuh cFkZ&Ms ikVhZ esa ckWl vkSj daiuh ds vU; viQljksa ds lkeus ?kks"k.kk dj ns fd eSa cM+k gks dj xjhc cuwaxk rks daiuh cgknqj ds lkeus D;k bTtr jg tkrh gS! ,sls esa laki rks lwa?ksxk gh D;ksafd dSfj;j yisVs esa vk jgk gSA ftl larku dks eksVh iQhl nsdj eksVs Ldwy esa i<+k jgs gSa ogh irys gksus dh jkg ij pyus dh ?kks"k.kk djs rks eka&cki dh ;g izfrfØ;k LokHkkfod gh gksxhµ gj eka&cki dks viuh larku fiz; gksrh gS vkSj ^vksiQdkslZ* gksuh Hkh pkfg, exj dksbZ larku bruh fiz; ughsa gksrh fd og ckWl vkSj nÝrj ds nwljs nl yksxksa ds lkeus eka&cki dh >aMh mrkj ns vkSj os pqi lg tk,a] Øks/ dh Tokyk esa u tysaA - - -eksfgr dh eka viuh #ykbZ dks jksdrs gq, vanj pyh xbZ vkSj csM:e dks can dj ds jksus yxh vkSj mldh bPNk gqbZ fd ;k rks blh le; vkSYkkn dks ekj Mkys ;k [kqn xys esa iQkalh dk iQank yxk ysA* yxrk gS vki bl ^=kkld* n`'; dks ns[kdj nq[kh gks x, gSa fd ckWl ds fy, ikVhZ okyh dgkuh esa geus rks lkspk Fkk fd nk: gksxh vkSj ckWl ds lkFk dqN uSu eVDdk ○ ○ ○ 86 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

Hkh gksxkA ;g dgkuh vkidks vLokHkkfod yx jgh gS vkSj ;g Hkh yx jgk gks fd lekt esa Hkyk dgha ,slk Hkh gksrk gSA vki fpark u djsa] var Hkys dk Hkyk gh gSµ bl chp fLerk vkalw iksaNdj] eqag /ksdj vkbZ vkSj lcds psgjs f[ky x,A ckWl Hkwy x, fd mUgsa tYnh tkuk Fkk vkSj guqeku th ds dkj.k vkt mUgsa 'kjkc ls ijgst j[kuk gSA ml jkr ;k 'kke rks ckWl dk ,slk xtc ewM cuk fd mUgksaus [kqn xkuk x;k] gkykafd oSlk gh xk;k] tSlk fd fj'or[kksj ckWl vewuu xkrs gSaA - - -mUgksaus fLerk ls vius lkFk M~;w,V xkus dk vkxzg fd;k vkSj xkrs&xkrs mlds xys esa igys gYdk&lk vkSj ckn esa etcwrh ls gkFk Mky fn;kA - - -fLEkrk us ns[kk fd ifr ds psgjs ij f'kdu ugha gS rks og ^ukeZy* gks xbZA - - - og tkus&vutkus viuh rjiQ ls bl rjg ifr ds dSfj;j esa enn Hkh dj jgh Fkh] ftldk xzkiQ rsth ls mQij ugha tk jgk FkkA* tks dke csVs us fcxkM+k mls mldh eka us laokjkA ,slh gksrh gS ifrozrk ukjhA vkids dke u fcxM+sa blds fy, O;aX;&jpuk ds var esa ^O;aX;&okpd* fo".kq ukxj dgrs gSa& vr% gs lTtuks vkSj vxj vkiesa dksbZ nqtZu gksa rks gs nqtZuksa Hkh] vki de&ls&de bruk rks vo'; djsa fd eksfgr ds eka&cki dh rjg vkt gh dle [kk,a fd vkxs ls xjhcksa ds ckjs esa vius lqanj&lqanj fopkjksa dks vius cPpksa ds lkeus izxV ugha fd;k djsaxsA ikfVZ;ka rks vkids ;gka Hkh gksrh gSa vkSj cPps fdlh ds Hkh brus le>nkj ugha gksrs fd muds lkeus xjhch dk bruk lqanj fp=k.k fd;k tk, vkSj xjhc cuus ds lius u ns[kus yxsaA mUgsa ,sls lius ns[kus ls jksfd,] rkfd de&ls&de bruk rks gks fd os vkidh ikfVZ;ka cckZn u djsaA ca/qvks] eSaus ;g dgkuh fliQZ vkidh ikfVZ;ksa dks ,sls vfiz; izlxa ksa ls cpkus ds fy, fy[kh gSA lR;ukjk;.k dh dFkk dh rjg bldks nwljksa dks i<+kus ls vkidks nqxuk iq.; feysxkA bfr fo".kq ukxj iqjk.ks] jsok[kaMs] eksfgr&dFkk lekIrA* rks gs ca/qvks] eSaus Hkh bl dFkk dk vkids lkeus foLrkj ls] m¼j.kksa lfgr] blfy, fo'ys"k.k fd;k gS fd vkidks vkSj eq>s nqxuk iq.; izkIr gksA vki rks Kkuh gSa] ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iqLrd leh{kk ○

pkoy ds ,d nkus dks ns[kdj tku ysrs gSa fd fdruk dqN ^idk* gSA vki rks tku gh x, gksaxs fd gekjh lkekftd] jktuhfrd vkfn vkfn vukfn folaxfr;ksa dks idM+us dh dSlh vn~Hkqr {kerk gS fo".kq ukxj esaA vki tku x, gksxa s fd muds ikl O;aX;&izgkj dh n`f"V gS vkSj os lkFkZd&O;aX; ys[ku esa fo'okl djrs gaAS vki ;g Hkh tku x, gksaxs fd muds ikl O;aX; dk ,d vyx f'kYi gSA O;aX; ds bl vyx f'kYi ds fy, ;fn vki pkgsa rks muds }kjk fy[kk x;k u;k iapra=k ftlesaµ ^[kjxks'k&dNqvk dFkk* gS] ^pqfg;k vkSj fcyko dh izsedFkk* gS] ^'ksj jktk dh mnklh*] ^gkFkh vkSj pwgk* vkfn vkfn gSA vki lgh dg jgsa gS Jheku~ fd vki cPps ugha gSa tks tkuojksa dh dFkk,a i<+sa] ij Jheku~ vki ,slk cpiuk rks vDlj djrs gSa ftlls vkids vanj dk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

tkuoj >kadus yxrk gSA vkidks buls Hk; yxrk gks rks u, ,axy ls fy[kh izsedFkk,a& ^esjh dYiuk dh vkSjr*] ^izse dgkfu;ka* vkfn i<+ Mkfy, vkSj nsf[k, fd bl cnyrs le; esa vki fdu folaxfr;ksa ls f?kjs gq, mYyw cu jgs gSaA ;fn vki /kfeZd gSa rks ^bZ'oj dh dgkfu;ka*] ^vkReKku*] ^lkaiznkf;drk iQSykus dk 'kkSd*] ^guqeku* vkfn vkfn i<+ Mkfy, vkSj lksfp, fd fo".kq ukxj dh bu ckrksa esa fdruk ne gS& fd D;k ,slk Hkh gks ldrk gS fd fdlh fnu [kqn bZ'oj dk vafre le; vk tk,A - - -rks D;k HkDr] bZ'oj dk ekfyd cu pqdk gSA* vki pkgsa rks ^lkys rwa fdldh btktr ls ejk* Hkh i<+ ldrs gSa D;ksafd bls i<+us ds fy, fdlh dh btkt+r ysus dh vko';drk ughas gSA vkSj ;fn vki dksbZ ,d jpuk i<+uk pkgrs gSa rks vki ^jks

js xka/h* i<+ Mkfy,A vkils eSaus bruk dqN i<+us dks dgk gS vkSj gks ldrk gS vkidk [kh>k eu eq>s yfr;kus dk gks tk,] ij esjk fo'okl gS fd tc vki i<+ tk,axsa rks gks ldrk gS eq>s I;kj djus dk eu cu tk,A ys[kd\ mls rks vki djsaxs gh] ij eq> ij cfygkjh tkus ds ckn djus ds ckn fcdkWt+ dchjk gSt lSM& leh{kd ys[kd nksmQ [kM+s dkds ykxs ika;] cfygkjh leh{kd vkius ys[kd fn;ks crk,A (ÑIk;k ^vkius* dks vkius gh i<+sa ^vius* ughaA) iqLrd % ^jkr&fnu* ys[kd % fo".kq ukxj izdk'kd% jktdey izdk'ku ewY; % 200 #i, µ ^dFku* ls lkHkkj

fn'kk;qDr lkFkZd O;aX;&deZ O;aX;dkj dh ewy fpark vius le; dh lkef;d folaxfr;ksa dh igpku dj muij fn'kk;qDr izgkj djus dh gksrh gS A ;gh dkj.k gS fd vf/dka'k O;aX;dkjksa dh jpuk,a orZeku esa ?kfVr ?kVukvksa dh O;aX;kRed izfrfØ;k yxrh gSaA ,sls ys[ku ds [krjs cgqr gSaA ,slh jpuk,a (\) O;aX;kRed fVIif.k;ka vf/d gksrh gSaA v[kckjksa ds ekè;e ls ,slk ys[ku bu fnuksa i;kZIr fodflr rFkk izpkfjr gks jgk gSA bl rjg ds ys[ku ds izfr esjk dksbZ fojks/ ugha gSA esjk fojks/ v[kckjh [kcjksa dh O;aX;kRed izfrfØ;k dks O;aX; jpuk eku ysus dk vkxzg djus ls gSA lekpkj vkf[kj lekpkj gksrk gSA LrEHk ys[ku dh viuh lhek,a rFkk fo'ks"krk,a gSaA viokn Lo:i bl rjg ds ys[ku ds iQyLo:i vPNh jpuk,a Hkh fey tkrh gSaA gfj'kadj ijlkbZ vkSj 'kjn tks'kh dk ys[ku bldk mnkgj.k gSA xksiky prqoZsnh Hkh blh Js.kh esa vkrs gSaA og bafM;k VqMs] lkfgR; ve`r] nSfud fganqLrku] vkSj jk"Vªh; lgkjk esa LrEHk ys[ku djrs jgs gSa @ dj jgs gSa ijUrq LrEHk

ys[ku ds [krjksa ls Lo;a dks cpkrs gq,A bldk dkj.k laHkor% xksiky prqoZsnh dh 'kSSyh gSA og viuh ckr dks dFkk ds ekè;e ls dgrs gSaA xksiky prqoZsnh ek=k fVIif.k;ka ugha djrs vfirq ik=k rFkk ?kVukvksa ds ekè;e ls mifLFkr folaxfr;ksa ij ikBdksa dk è;ku vkdf"kZr djrs gSaA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

87

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

tSls bZ'oj xtc gS] bZ'oj dh dgkfu;ka xtc gSa oSls gh bZ'oj 'kCn Hkh xtc gSA tSls bZ'oj ds vusd :Ik gSa oSls gh blds lkFk yxus okys vusd izR;; vusd :iksa esa vius n'kZu nsrs gSa A vkius /es'Z oj] lqj's oj] (ifr) ijes'oj] fo'os'oj] dkes'oj] ukxs'oj vkfn vkfn esa bZ'oj ds vusd :iksa dk n'kZu fd;k gksxk ij D;k vkius ^/ka/ys'oj* izHkq ds n'kZu fd, gSa\ D;k izHkq ds bl :Ik ls ifjfpr gSa] ;fn ugha rks xksiky prqosZnh dk u;k O;aX;& ladyu ^/ka/ys'oj* Ik<+ Mkfy,A bZ'oj dk ;g :Ik Hkkjr ds d.k&d.k esa fo|eku gSA vki jkst bl bZ'oj ds n'kZu djrs gSa vkSj blds vkxs ureLrd gksdj dHkh fny [kksydj vkSj dHkh cykr~ p<+kok p<+krs gSaA blij p<+kok p<+kus ls #ds gq, dke pyus yxrs gSa vkSj vkidks 'kfrZ;k ykHk gksrk gSA ;g bZ'oj ds blh :Ik dk ifj.kke gS fd vkidks Hkz"Vkpkjs'oj] fj'ors'oj] iqfyls'oj] viQljs'oj vkfn vkfn vukfn ds n'kZu gksrs gSaA ;fn vki xksiky prqosZnh ds lexz O;aX;dkj :Ik ds

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iqLrd leh{kk ○

n'kZu djuk pkgrs gSa rks Hkh bl ^èkkaèkys'oj* dks vo'; Ik<+ Mkfy,A ;g cgqr gh Kkuo/Zd iqLrd gS lekt ds vusd fgLlksa ds ckjs es blls tkudkjh feysxh A lkS jpukvksa okys bl fo'kkydk; xzaFk dks ns[kdj igys rks vki ?kcjk tk,axs] vkidk eu u Ik<+us dh /ka/yh dks yypk,xk ij tc ,d ckj Ik<+uk vkjaHk djsaxs rks iNrkok gksxk fd ;g tYnh D;ksa lekIr gks x;k A blesa jkspdrk dh xtc dh /ka/ysckth gS tks ikBd dks ,slk fudEek djrh gS fd og fdlh vkSj dke dk ugha jgrk A gkL;&O;aX; ys[ku ftldk lnqi;ksx Kkuhtu ^dkWesMh ldZl* ds :Ik esa dHkh pSuyksa vkSj dHkh eap vkSj dHkh dqN v[kckjksa ds [kEcksa ij djrs gSa] cgqr ljy deZ gks x;k gSA ij xksiky prqosZnh dks Ik<+dj yxrk gS fd vPNk ,oa lkFkZd O;aX; fy[kuk ,d cgqr gh dfBu deZ gSA xksiky prqosZnh ;wa gh O;aX; fy[kus esa fo'okl ugha djrs gSa vfirq muds ikl ,d LoLFk thou&n`f"V gS tks lekt esa O;kIr vlekurk] 'kks"k.k] /kfeZd dBeqYysiu vkfn ds f[kykiQ bldk iz;ksx gfFk;kj ds :Ik esa djrh gSA xksiky prqosZnh us dHkh vius O;aX;&ys[ku dk ^gkbZi* [kM+k ugha fd;k gS] os pqipki O;aX; fy[kus esa fo'okl djrs gSa A mUgksua s O;aX; ds lS¼kafrd Ik{k ij cgqr gh de dgk gS ij bldk vFkZ ;g ugha gS fd muds efLr"d esa O;aX; dk Lo:Ik Li"V ugha gSA u gks rks mudk bl ladyu esa izdkf'kr mudk O;aX; ^O;aX;dkj dh ekSr* Ik<+ Mkfy,A ckuxh ds :Ik esa vkids fy, ^dqN* izLrqr gSµ ^mlus fy[k Hkh rks O;aX;A u dfork fy[kh] u dgkuh]u miU;klA ge rks mls lkfgR;dkj gh ugha ekursA* ^cM+k dfBu deZ gS dfo&deZA eap dh dfork dksbZ et+kd gS D;k\ Jksrkvksa dks galkus ds pDdj esa D;k&D;k ikiM+ ugha csyus iM+rsA dHkh ^,th&vksth* djrs gSa rks dHkh dqRrs&fcYyh dh cksyrs gSaA vktdy rks Lrj Hkh fxj x;k gSA igys yksx vaMs] twrs] pIiy] VekVj iQsadrs FksA eagxkbZ ds ckn ls Jksrk xkfy;ksa vkSj dadM+&iRFkj ls gekjh dfork ljkgrs gSaA* ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

^gekjs NksVs 'kgj esa gj NksVk viQlj cM+k gks tkrk gSA O;aX;dkj NksVk gks ;k cM+k] mls rks NksVk gh jguk gSA og lkfgR; dk liQkbZ deZpkjh tks BgjkA* eSa tkurk gwa fd vkiesa xtc dk O;aX;&cks/ gS blfy, xksiky prqosZnh ds mi;qZDr m¼j.kksa dh lizlax O;k[;k ugha dj jgk gwaA vki bruk rks le> gh x, gksaxs fd gkL;&O;aX; dh ckr djrs gq, ys[kd gekjs lekt dh fdl xanxh dh vksj ladsr dj jgk gS vkSj fdl deZpkjh dh fLFkfr dk o.kZu dj jgk gSA O;aX; dk egRoiw.kZ xq.k Li"Vokfnrk gSA blh Li"Vokfnrk ds pyrs og vkReO;aX; Hkh djrk gSA bl rRo ds dkj.k gh O;aX; jpuk fo'oluh; gks ikrh gS vkSj blh rRo dk iz;ksx dj O;aX;dkj izPNUu ij iwjh 'kfDr ds lkFk vk?kkr djrk gS] fdlh dks c['krk ugha gSA fo"k;oLrq ds izfr ;fn jpukdkj Li"V gS rks ;g mldk jpukRed xq.k gS ij ;fn jpukdkj vius lanHkZ esa Hkh Li"V gS] fdlh izdkj ds Hkze dk ek;ktky ugha jprk gS rFkk Lo;a dks gh viuk fuand cuk ysrk gS rks O;aX;dkj vf/d fo'oluh; yxrk gS ,oa jpuk mlds vuqHko dk ifj.kke yxrh gS A vkt tc lkfgR;d iQS'ku ls o'khHkwr rFkdfFkr gkL;&O;aX; ys[ku ,d ljy dk;Z ekudj mRikfnr fd;k tk jgk gS rFkk 'kCn&izyki ds ekè;e jpuk dk Hkze iSnk fd;k tk jgk gS] ,sls esa xksiky prqosZnh tSls gYdh gok ds dqN >ksads lkaRouk nsrs gSa fd peu dks laokjus okys gkFk Hkh ekStwn gSaA bl laxzg esa xksiky prqosZnh dh ,d egRoiw.kZ jpuk gS tks ys[kd dks Hkh viuh Js"B jpuk yxrh gS vkSj eq>s HkhA (eSa bls loZJs"B blfy, ugha dg jgk gwa fd xksiky proqsZnh vHkh Hkh lfdz; O;aX; ys[ku dj jgs gSa vkSj ftl vankt esa dj jgs gSa og vk'oLr djrk gS fd mudk cgqr dqN Js"B vkuk 'ks"k gSA ^Hkkjr esa thOl* fo"k; oLrq vkSj O;aX;&f'kYi nksuksa gh :ikssa esa viuh Js"Brk dks izekf.kr djrh gSA ;g ,d ,slh iQSaVslh gS tks gekjs vkt ds ;FkkFkZ ds fofHkUu vk;keksa dks izR;{k djrh gSA Lora=k gksus ds ckotwn Hkkjrh;ksa dh ekufld xqykeh] ukSdj'kkgh ○ ○ ○ 88 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

esa vaxzstksa dh vkRek dk Hkkjrh; Lo:Ik] iztkra=k esa tulsodksa dh lkear'kkgh] iwt a h&cy ij lcdh lekurk esa fo'okl djus dk Hkze nsus okys ns'k esa fof'k"V gksus dk xkSjo] /eZ ds O;olkf;;ksa dh èkkfeZd&fØM+k,a] U;k; dh j{kk dk Hkkj da/s ij <ksus dk vfHku; djrh ,oa turk ds eu dks fujarj Hk;Hkhr djrh Hkkjrh; iqfyl vkfn vkfn gekjh orZeku O;oLFkk ds vusd ,sls folaxfriw.kZ n`'; gSa tks ^Hkkjr esa thOl* esa fpf=kr gq, gSaA bl jpuk dh iQSaVslh vkids gksBksa dks eqLdku nsrh gS ij oks cgqr tYnh gh rstkch eqLdku esa cny tkrh gSA ;fn vkidk O;aX;& cks/ izcy gS rks ;g jpuk vkidh uhan mM+kus esa l{ke gSA dqN O;aX;ksfDr;ka izLrqr gSaµ ^bDdhloha lnh esa lkeUrh ekufldrk vxj dgha gS rks fganqLrku esa 'ks"k gSA jkT; pys x,] ij vc jktk& gh& jktk gSa A lekt esa ifjokj fc[kj jgs gSa] ij jktuhfr esa mudk gh opZLo gSA** ^mlus eglwl fd;k fd og(vkRek) yxkrkj dkais tk jgk gSA tSls Hkz"Vkpkj ds MaMs ds lkeus bZekunkjh dkaisA mls yxk fd fgalk dh ccZjrk ds vkxs vPNs&vPNksa dh :g dkairh gS& ;g fgalk iqfylokyksa dh gks ;k /eZ ds dBeqYyksa dhA - - -og ugha tkurk Fkk fd fgalk dh [kjksap vkneh gh ugha] mldh vkRek rd ij [kwu ds fu'kku NksM+ tkrh gSA* xksiky prqosZnh ds izgkjkRed lanHkZ ,d nwljs ls tqM+s gksrs gSa A og ,d fo"k; ls nwljs fo"k; esa dc izos'k dj tkrs gSa irk gh ugha pyrk gS A O;aX; dh ;gh fo'ks"krk mls vU; fo/kvksa ls fHkUu djrh gSA xksiky prqosZnh dks lexzrk esa Ik<+uk ,d f'kf{kr djus okyk izkS<+ vuqHko gS tks ekuoh; ewY;ksa ls ;qDr ,d LoLFk lkekftd thou dk laLdkj nsrk gS rFkk xyr ds fo#¼ la?k"kZ dh psruk nsrk gSA iqLrd % ^/ka/ys'oj* ys[kd % xksiky prqosZnh izdk'kd% Hkkjrh; KkuihB] yksnh jksM ewY; % 400 #i,

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iqLrd leh{kk ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

tks ?kj iwaQds fot; vxzoky eSa bl ckr ds fy, ekiQh pkgwaxk fd Kku prqosZnh th ij ckr djus dh 'kq:vkr eSa viuh ckr djus ls dj jgk gwaA eq>s bldh t:jr ugha iM+rh] ;fn eSaus O;aX; ugha fy[ks gksrs rks bldh t:jr rc Hkh ugha iM+rh] ;fn eSa vc Hkh O;aX; fy[k jgk gksrkA vr% bldh t:jr blfy, iM+h fd eSaus O;aX; fy[kk vkSj vc O;aX; fy[kuk can dj fn;k gSA esjs lkFk ,slk blfy, gqvk] D;ksafd eq>s yxus yxk Fkk fd tc lkjh ifjfLFkfr;ksa gh O;aX;kRed gks xbZ gksa] rks O;aX; fd;k fdl ij tk;sA eq>s ;g Hkh yxk fd tc okD; gh ugha] cfYd tc 'kCn vkSj v{kj rd ds dF; ds /kj dks cM+h pkykdh ds lkFk HkksFkjk dj fn;k x;k gks] rks O;aX; fdlls fy[kk tk,A vkt fMekaM vkSj lIykbZ ds rgr ekl izksMD'ku esa mRikfnr fd, tk jgs O;aX;ksa dh 'kDy&vks&lwjr dks ns[kdj 'kk;n esjh bl etcwjh ds izfr FkksM+h lgkuqHkwfr trkbZ tk ldrh gSA esjs fy,_ [kkldj esjs fy, Kku prqosZnh blfy, vge~ vFkZ j[krs gSa] D;ksafd mUgksaus esjh bu nksuksa fparkvksa vkSj lhekvksa dks >qByk;k gh ugha gS] cfYd mUgsa usLrukcwn djds ps[ko dh ml pqukSrh dks O;aX; esa LFkkfir fd;k gS fd ^fdlh Hkh fo"k; ij] ;gka rd fd ?kfV;k ls ?kfV;k fo"k; rd ij ,d vPNh ls vPNh dgkuh fy[kh tk ldrh gSA* Kku prqosZnh ds fo"k;ksa dk foLrkj bldk izek.k gSA vf/dka'k O;aX;dkj fo"k; vkSj 'kSyh_ nksuksa gh Lrjksa ij :<+ gks tkrs gSaµ dkiQh dqN eaph; gkL; dfo;ksa dh rjgA Kku prqosZnh ds fo"k; viuh ,slh fdlh :<+ i¼fr ;k fo"k; dk eaqg ugha tksgrsA ^tks ?kj iawQds* ladyu bl ckr dh [kqysvke ?kks"k.kk djrk gS fd O;aX; fo"k; ds eksgrkt ugha gqvk djrsA ^jktuhfr vkSj izse izlaxksa* ij O;aX; fy[kuk 'kk;n dkiQh vklku gksrk gS] blfy, budh Hkjekj Hkh gSA ysfdu

^tks ?kj iawQds* dh dqy 66 jpukvksa esa bu nksuksa dh la[;k ozQe'k% nl vkSj lkr gh gS] ;kuh fd dqy dk ,d pkSFkkbZ ls Hkh Fkks M + k deA 'ks " k jpuk,a thou ds O;kid&iQyd rd iSQyh gqbZ gaS& fugk;r gh futh lhekvksa ls ysdj Xykscykbts'ku rdA ;g ns[kuk dkiQh jksekapdkjh gS fd cdjh] xhnM+] jk{kl] lgefr] Hkwxksy] i{kh&foKkuh rFkk izsj.kklzksr tSls mQijh rkSj ij lkekU; ls fn[kus okys fo"k;ksa esa Hkh xaHkhj vkSj xgjs O;aX; dh laHkkouk,a cM+h [kwclwjrh vkSj cM+s larqyu ds lkFk ryk'kh tk ldrh gSA bl fygkt ls eSa jpuk ^lnh ds fnu* dk ;gka fo'ks"k :i ls mYys[k djuk pkgwaxkA esjh nwljh xyr /kj.kk Hkk"kk dks ysdj FkhA Hkk"kk ds vFkZ ds {kj.k dh fpark vkt Hkk"kk foKkfu;ksa vkSj jpuk/feZ;ksa dh ,d vke fpark cu xbZ gSA xyrh ls eSa Hkh bldk f'kdkj gks x;k Fkk_ ckotwn blds fd ;g fpark xyr ugha gSA Kku prqosZnh th le>nkj fudysA mUgksaus fd;k ;g fd nq'eu ds gkFk ds gfFk;kj dks Nhudj mlls mlh ij okj djds viuk edln iwjk dj fy;kA mUgksaus viuh u rks dksbZ BsB 'kSyh cukbZ] vkSj u gh Hkk"kk dk dksbZ nk;jk fu/kZfjr fd;kA fiQj Hkh ,slk rks ugha gS fd fdlh csukeh O;aX; jpuk dks i<+us ds ckn mldh ;g fu'kkunsgh u dh tk lds

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

89

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

fd ;g Kku prqosZnh ds dye dh mit gS ;k ughaA budh viuh 'kSyh vkSj Hkk"kk dh tks igpku gS] og gS ^tSlk rw lqurk gS oSlk rw fy[kA* eSa mudh bl vn~Hkqr {kerk dks mudh jpukvksa esa rki iSnk djuss okyk izeq[k dkjd ekurk gwaA pwafd eSaus bls mudh jpukRed {kerk dk lcls izeq[k dkjd ekuk gS] blfy, eSa le>rk gwa fd eq>s blds [kqykls esa ,d&nks ckrsa vkSj dguh pkfg,A dF; dks fuHkk ys tkus ds ekeys esa Kku prqosZnh O;aX; ds lfpu rsanqydj gSa fd dksbZ Hkh] dSlh Hkh ckWy nh tk,] os fcuk vkmV gq, mls Mªkbo dj nsaxsA mudh jpukvksa dks i<+us ds ckn] vkSj ,d&nks ugha cfYd yxHkx&yxHkx lHkh jpukvksa dks i<+us ds ckn] ftuesa muds miU;kl Hkh 'kkfey gSa] de ls de esjh rks ;g /kj.kk cu gh xbZ gS fd ;fn ;s dHkh vkmV Hkh gksaxs] rks LVEi ds m[kM+us ij rks ugha gh gksxa As O;aX; ds ;gh rsanqydj tc ckWfyax djrs gSa] rks mUgsa ekywe gS] vkSj cgqr lw{e rjhds ls ekywe gS fd dSls 'kCnksa dh xqxyh isaQddj lkeus okys dks pDdjf?kUuh nh tk ldrh gSA os tkurs gSa fd dSls lkèkkj.k ls 'kCn vkSj okD; esa O;aX; dh èkkj /jkbZ tk ldrh gSA blfy, tc os ^Mwcus* ds LFkku ij ^cwM+us* vkSj ^vxjcÙkh ds iSdsV* ;k ^vxjcÙkh dk caMy* ds LFkku ij ^vxjcÙkh dk iwjk ,d iwM+k* 'kCn dk bLrseky djrs gSa] rks og ;wa gh ugha gksrkA ^dqN Vªd Hkh pkfg, iM+saxs] ftu ij ges'kk gh uk tkus dkSu&lk & rks & Hkh eky mrjrs & ynrs jguk pkfg,A* (ckWl dk vM~Mk)] tSls okD; o.kZu dks ,d vyx gh frjNkiu ns nsrs gSaA oLrqr% bu lcds ihNs ,d xgjk O;aX;&cks/ dke dj jgk gksrk gSA vkSj cl brus ls gh mudh jpuk,a ^jsfM;ks fephZ* dh rtZ ij ^O;aX; fephZ* cu tkrh gSaA

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iqLrd leh{kk ○

eq>s yxrk gS fd Kku prqosZnh th dh O;aX; jpukvksa dh ,d cgqr cM+h rkdr mudh ^eklwe xobZius* esa fufgr gS] tks yxHkx mudh gj jpuk esa ekStwn gSaµ y{e.k ds gj dkVwZu esa ekStwn /ksrh] pejkS/k twrk vkSj ewNksa okys ml e>kSys dn ds xzkeh.k dh rjgA blh dh Mksj dks idM+dj os vius pfj=k ds xgjs ekul esa mrj ikrs gSaA ;g mudh viuh fugk;r gh futh iwt a h gS] ftlesa os fdlh Hkh rFkkdfFkr vk/qfudrk] lks dkYM izksxzsflouso vkSj iksLM&ekMZfuTe vkfn dks n[ky djus ugha nsrAs le; dh l?kurk dks lk/us dh n`f"V ls Kku prqosZnh th dh xbZ jpuk,a peRÑr dj tkrh gSaA bl fygkt ls bl O;aX; ladyu dh igyh gh jpuk ^Hkwxksy dks le>uk* rFkk ckn dh jpukvksa esa ^ckWl dk vM~Mk* ,oa ^rqjar lger vkneh* i<+h tk ldrh gSaA eq>s yxrk gS fd jpuk&izfØ;k ds nkSjku O;rhr gksus okys gj iy ij mudk bruk vf/d jpukRed fu;a=k.k jgrk gS fd iwjh jpuk esa >ksy dh xqatkb'k ugh ds cjkcj jg tkrh gSA pwafd iwjh jpuk esa 'kCn&nj&'kCn vkSj fiQj okD;&nj&okD; bl fu;a=k.k dks cuk, j[k ikuk cgqr dfBu gksrk gS] blfy, gesa ,slh dlkoV dh vis{kk gj jpuk ls rks ugha gh djuh pkfg,A fiQj Hkh budh vf/dka'k jpukvksa ds dbZ&dbZ va'kksa esa bl Bksliu dk ,glkl fd;k tk ldrk gSA dgha&dgha ;g t:j yxrk gS fd le; dh bl l?kurk ds lkFk dh tkus okyh jpukRed ;k=kk ls mRiUu ekufld ruko dks os T;knk u >sy ikus dh fLFkfr jpuk dks FkksM+k detksj rks dj gh nsrh gS] vkSj mlesa vius fo"k;oLrq dks lkekftd fpark ls tksM+us dh ,d lk;kl dksf'k'k Hkh fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA eq>s ugha ekywe fd ^D;k mldk Hkh dksbZ fodYi gks ldrk gS\* ysfdu ml ij FkksM+k fopkj fd;k gh tkuk pkfg,A iqLrd % ^tks ?kj iwaQds* ys[kd % Kku prqosZnh izdk'kd% jktdey izdk'ku ewY; % 210 #i, vkd`fr xkMZu] Mh&28] usg: uxj Hkksiky (e-iz-)

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jSyh esa [kks, twrs

Fkkusnkj dh dfork esa pkan

vuqjkx oktis;h mu fxus&pqus ;qok O;aX;dkjksa esa ls gSa tks fn'kkiw.kZ O;aX;kRed izgkj esa ;dhu j[krs gSaA ^jSyh esa [kks, twrs* mudk pkSFkk O;aX; ladyu gS ftlesa mUgksaus ledkyhu jktuhfrd folaxfr;ksa dks fo'ks"k :Ik ls fu'kkuk cuk;k gSA ladyu dh jpukvksa ds 'kh"kZd brus Li"V gSa fd vius dF; dks c;ku dj nsrs gSaA gkFk daxu dks vkjlh D;k vkSj i<+s fy[ks dks vaxzsth D;k] jpukvksa ds 'kh"kZd pkoy ds nkus dh rjg gkft+j gSa] tkap ysa& jSyh esa [kks, twrs] dqN djks xq# vesfjdk] ljdkjh dacy] foèkk;d dh uksVcqd] jktuhfr& dqN eeZ dh ckrsa] ns nks Hkz"Vkpkj dks ekU;rk] rqe dc i<+kvksxs vè;kid] ,d ukxfjd dh izsl dkUizsaQl] vkfnA vuqjkx oktis;h i=kdkj gSa vkSj O;aX; ds ckjs esa mudk ,d lkiQ lqFkjk n`f"Vdks.k gS vkSj mldk [kqyklk mUgksaus vkjaHk esa gh dj fn;k gSA os dgrs gSaµ ^vkt xqLls dh t:jr gS] mis{kk dh t:jr gS] lh/s ;k frjNs lp dks lp dgus dh t:jr gSA vc lPpkbZ ls cpdj fudy tkus okyksa ij vkSj >wB dks lp crkdj vkLFkk vkSj fo'okl ls f[kyokM+ djus okyksa ij [kqy dj izgkj djus dh t:jr gSA* vuqjkx oktis;h dh lkekftd n`f"V LoLFk gSA os vlakiznkf;d rFkk lerkiw.kZ lekt esa fo'okl djrs gSAa /kfeZd deZdk.M ds ekè;e ls va/fo'okl iQSykus okyksa rFkk /eZ dk nq#i;ksx djus okyksa ij funZ; izgkj djus ls pwdrs ugha gsaSA lkFkZd O;aX; i<+us dk eu gks rks vuqjkx oktis;h ds bl laxzg dks i<+k tk ldrk gSA

Ikzfl¼ O;aX;dkj /ujkt pkS/jh ds ckjs esa 'kadj iq.krkacsdj dk dguk gSµ ^tokgj pkS/jh vius <ax ds ,sls vyx O;aX;dkj gSa tks fy[krs de gSa] ij mudk de fy[kk <sj lkjk cu tkrk gS] vkSj ,sls rh[ksiu ds lkFk curk gS fd ftlls gekjs fopkj HkaMkj esa ,d foLiQksV&lk gks mBrk gSA tokgj ds ys[ku dh fo'ks"krk ;g gS fd os foÑfr;ksa ds vkj&ikj ns[krs gSa vkSj lh-vkbZ-Mh- dh ut+jksa ls ns[krs gSaA rHkh mudh lkekU; o.kZukRedrk esa Hkh vke O;aX;dkj dh ut+jksa ls NwV tkus okyh ,slh NksVh&NksVh lkekU; ckrsa Hkh nh[k iM+rh gSa] tks ewy fo"k; dh nwjxkeh fo:irk dk rh[kk ladsr nsrh gSaA* mu [kkl vkykspdksa dks tks fuand dh rjg tokgj pkS/jh ds vkaxu esa dqfV;k Nok dj jgrs gSa] 'kadj iq.krkacsdj dh ckrksa esa fo'okl rks D;k gksxkA ,sls izsfe;ksa ls esjk fuosnu gS fd os rktk O;aX; ladyu] ^Fkkusnkj dh dfork esa pkan* i<+ ysa vkSj Lo;a fu.kZ; Hkh dj ysaA tokgj pkS/jh lkFkZd ys[ku esa fo'okl djrs gSaA mudk dguk gS& dHkh dksbZ elyk u gks ;k yhd ls gVdj mnkl gksus dk eu gks rks 'kksd izlax ;gh cu tkrk gS fd vktdy izlUu jgus okyksa esa fdruk fNNksjkiu dwV&dwVdj Hkjk gSA Hkysekulksa dh ut+j esa ,sls yksx gkL;kLin gSaA* tokgj pkS/jh dk ;g ladyu vkidks gfj'kadj ijlkbZ ds pakn ij igqaps ekrknhu dh Hkh ;kn fnyk ldrk gSA oSls rks /eZ] ukSdj'kkgh] jktuhfr vkfn esa tgka Hkh ekrknhu gSa os bl ladyu ds ekè;e ls vki rd igqapsaxsA

µ izst ys[kd % vuqjkx oktis;h izdk'kd % foosd ifCyf'kax gk≈l] t;iqj ewY; % 110 #i,

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

90

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

ys[kd % tokgj pk/S kjh izdk'kd % us'kuy ifCyf'kax gk≈l] ubZ fnYyh ewY; % 120 #i, ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iqLrd leh{kk ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ehfVax pkyw vkgs

u;k lkfgR;% u, foe'kZ

lisQn tura=k (dfork laxzg)

bafM;u esfMdy ,lksfl,'ku ds laLFkkid lfpo vkSj e-iz- esa is'ks ls LokLF; vf/dkjh izsepan Lo.kZdkj dk uohure O;aX; laxzg gS ^ehfVax pkyw vkgs*A bldk izdk'ku izfrHkk izfr"Bku] fnYyh us fd;k gSA ^ehfVax* ds ihNs ds varfufgZr Nn~e mís';ksa vkSj ljdkjh dk;Z iz.kkfy;ksa esa O;kIr yky iQhrk'kkgh ij dsafnzr ;g iqLrd rh[ks O;aX; ls ifjfpr djkrh gSA blesa ikBdksa dk euksjatu Hkh gS vkSj orZeku dh xgjh ihM+k dk lk{kkRdkj HkhA ys[kdh; yxko dks ysdj ';kelqanj nqcs dk dFku - - gS ^izes pan Lo.kZdkj dk vf/dka'k ys[ku dLckbZ thou izlaxksa ls mn~Hkwr gS] blfy, lkekU; thou ds jkstejkZ esa ?kfVr lanHkZ gh muds O;aX; ys[ku ds fo"k; curs gSaA ;s fo"k; ys[kd dh xgjh thou&lai`fDr dks gh O;Dr djrs gSaA os ckjhdh ls ?kVukvksa dh iM+rky djrs gSa vkSj buesa xgjh /alh foMEcukvksa dh tjkZgh djus yxrs gSaA ;gka tjkZgh Lo;a gh O;aX; dh rklhj dks eqdEey <ax ls izLrqr djrh gSA bl laxzg esa dqy 32 jpuk,a gSaA vc I;kt [kjhnus esa vkrs gSa vkalw] vehj gksrk ns'k gekjk] [kknh cM+s dke dh pht gS] lLiSaM gksuk pkgrk gwa eS]a vlgk; fganh % lanHkZ ^ozQheh ys;j* dk] ,d ea=kh dk nq[k] ehfVax pkyw vkgs] fganh Fkksih ugha tk,xh] fojkr dk <ksy vkfn jpukvksa esa ys[kdh; lai`fDr rFkk ledkyhu lekt dh folaxfr;ksa dks Li"Vrk ls ns[kk tk ldrk gSA lekt esa dk;kZy;ksa esa ehfVax ,d ^psat* ds :i esa ysus dh izo`fÙk ij jpukdkj us O;aX; fd;kA og dgrk gS] ^ehfVax ds vusd iQk;ns tSls& dk;kZy; dh ,djl ftanxh ls viQlj mQcs]a blds igys gh mUgsa ,d ehfVax :ih pst a fey tkrk gS vkSj os mQcdj v{ke cuus ls cp tkrs gSaA O;aX; izsfe;ksa ds fy, ;g laxzg iBuh; gS vkSj laxzg.kh; HkhA

cSad dh :Vhu ykbiQ ls ca/s gksus ds ckotwn lkfgR; l`tu ds lfozQ; gLrk{kj ds :i esa viuh mifLFkfr ntZ djkrs gSaA O;aX; ys[ku esa fo'ks"k :fp gkssus ds lkFk&lkFk ledkyhu lkfgR; vkSj foe'kksaZ ij muds ys[kksa dk ;g ladyu muds lfozQ;rk dk izek.k gSA vius ys[ku dh vk/kjn`f"V dks Li"V djrs gq, os ;g dgrs gSa esjh fujarj dksf'k'k Hkh jgh gS fd iqLrd leh{kkvksa dks dks <jsZvj vdknfed ekunaMksa ls cpkrs gq, vkykspukRed foe'kZ ,oa ubZ eqgkojkxr 'kSyh ls O;k[;kf;r djus dh igy dh tk,A* dgkuh laxgz ] miU;kl] O;aX;] dfork] fofo/ lkfgR; ,oa vkykspuk mi'kh"kZdksa ds varxZr lHkh leh{kk ys[kksa dks oxhZÑr dj ikBdksa ds fy, O;ofLFkr lkexzh nh xbZ gS ftlls mUgsa ledkyhu lkfgR; dks ns[kus i<+us le>us dh ,d ubZ n`f"V fey ldsA buesa dbZ izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa }kjk izdkf'kr jpuk,a Hkh gSa ftudk ewY;kadu ys[kd us fd;k gSSA uhyk{kh flag dk dgkuh laxzg ^ifjans ds bartkj&lk dqN* ij ys[kd dh jk; gS ^èkkfeZd dV~Vjrk dks I;kj&nksLrh ls ijkLr djrh mnkÙk Hkkoukvksa dh nkLrku& ^ifjans ds bartkj&lk dqN* ckcjh efLtn èoal ds cgkus ewy ekuoh; ljksdkjksa dks cM+h rY[kh vkSj lathnxh ls c;ka djrh gSA dgkuh laxzg dh egRoiw.kZ iafDr;ksa dk vius ewY;kadu esa jktsUnz th us ;Fkk LFkku mYys[k Hkh fd;k gS tSlsµ ^euq"; dks D;k ykHk gksxk ;fn og laiw.kZ lalkj ik tk, vkSj viuh vkRek [kks nsA* lkfgR; vkSj foe'kZ ls okLrk j[kus okyksa ds fy, ;g iqLrd iwjh rjg mi;ksxh lkfcr gksxhA

is'ks ls vè;kid vkSj LoHkko ls ltZd f'koukjk;.k th dk u;k dkO; laxgz gS] ^lisQn tura=kA* budh dforkvksa esa ân; vkSj efLr"d dk csgrjhu leUo; ekStwn gSA nwljs 'kCnksa esa dgsa fd budh dforkvksa esa fopkj vkSj laons uk dk csgrj larqyu gSA 'kgjh leifÙk vkSj xzkeh.k laLÑfr nksuksa gh dfo dks jpukRed n`f"V iznku djrs gSaA 'kgjh lH;rk dks dfo us fopkj okfgdk ds :i esa Lohdkj fd;k rks xzkeh.k laLÑfr dk la?k"kZ laosnuk ds :i esaA bl laxgz esa 38 dfork,a gSAa ^jkx x.kra=k* vkSj ^Nan Nan LoPNan* 'kh"kZd ls laxzg esa nks Hkkx fd, x, gSAa dfo bl laxgz esa vius le; dh Nfo;ksa] ?kVukvksa] leL;kvksa dks viuh xgu vuqHkwfr cukrk gSA fdlh ny ;k okn ls vlac¼rk vkSj izxfr'khy fopkjksa dk ekuo fgr esa mi;ksx djus dh n`f"V laiUurk f'koukjk;.k dks ,d vyx rjg dh igpku nsrk gSA ^lisQn tura=k* folaxfr;ksa ij fd;k x;k izgkj gS ftldh vuqxwat ikBd jpuk esa eglwl djrk gSA ;g Ñfr euq"; dh ewyHkwr t:jrksa dks iwjk u djus okyh O;oLFkk ij O;aX; djrh gSA igyh gh dfork tura=k dk var /wfey dh dfork ^jksVh vkSj laln* dh ;kn fnykrk gS& ^xu*& ra=k ds gkFkksa tgka @ x.kra=k ekSu gS @ ;s lHkkln lkjs dkSu gS\a rhl tuojh nks gtkj ikap bZLoh dh ;g jpuk ledkyhu dh Hk;kogrk dks O;aftr djusds fy, i;kZIr gSA tks vius ifjos'kxr ;FkkFkZ ds izfr ltx] lko/ku gS vkSj lHkh xfrfof/;ksa dks vke vkneh ds i{k esa [kM+k gksdj ns[k jgk gSA tura=k] ladYi] Hkw[kk Hkkjr] fo'oklksa dh nqfu;k] laLÑfr 'kjek jgh gS] unh unh èkwi] cpiu gqvk uhyke] fj'rs gq, cktkj] frjaxk] ckcwth] cPpksa dk [ksy vkfn jpuk,a bl n`f"V ls egRoiw.kZ dfork,a gSaA

ys[kd % izes pan Lo.kZdkj izdk'kd % izfrHkk izfr"Bku] ubZ fnYyh ewY; % 175 #Ik,

ys[kd % jktsUÊ lgxy izdk'kd % lat; izdk'ku] fnYyh ewY; % 350 #Ik,

ys[kd % f'koukjk;.k izdk'kd % fo'kky ifCyds'ku] iVuk ewY; % 125 #Ik,

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

91

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iqLrd leh{kk ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fganh oYMZ esa gekjs fpard th

uhe dk ehBk Lokn

ijns ds ihNs

vè;kid&O;aX;dkj MkW- ckysUnq 'ks[kj frokjh dh uohure Ñfr gSµ ^fganh oYMZ esa gekjs fpard thA* bldk izdk'ku tokgj iqLrdky; eFkqjk us fd;k gSA iqLrd esa dqN chl egRoiw.kZ jpuk,a ladfyr gSaA ckysUnq 'ks[kj frokjh O;aX; ds {ks=k esa ,d tkuk&igpkuk uke gSA ;g mudk NBk O;aX; laxzg gSA blesa O;aX;dkj us lkfgR;] lekt] jktuhfr vkSj laLÑfr ds ifjos'kxr ;FkkFkZ dh folaxfr;ksa ls ikBdksa dks ifjfpr djk;k gSA O;aX; dh fparkvksa dks ubZ /kj nsus esa] O;aX; Hkk"kk dks ubZ Nfo iznku djus es]a O;aX; deZ dks 'kkL=kh; vkSnkRe iznku djus esa frokjh th dk ;ksxnku egRoiw.kZ gSA jkaph fo'ofo|ky;] >kja>M fLFkr fganh foHkkx esa ofj"B izksisQlj MkW- frokjh us O;aX;] y?kqO;aX;] dfork] ,dkadh vkSj O;aX;ykspuk ds {ks=k esa xaHkhj ys[ku fd;k gSA izLrqr laxzg mez ds bl nkSj esa Hkh mudh izfrHkk vkSj ys[kuh dh /kj dk izek.k gSA dqN jpuk,a ys[kdh; thou ds vkRedF; ls mith gSa vkSj dqN fganh dforkvksa ;k xhrksa dh iafDr;ksa ds iSjksMh ds :i esaA ^pkVqdkfjrk dh fpduh Mxj* esa >aMkyky th ds ekè;e ls lekt ds ,d ;FkkFkZ dks jpukdkj us ikBdksa ds lkeus j[kk gSA fganh vè;kiu dk izHkko jpukdkj dh jpukvksa esa Li"V :i ls fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSA fganh dfork dh yksdfiz; iafDr;ksa dk iz;ksx ns[kk tk ldrk gSA orZeku O;oLFkk esa fo'ofo|ky; dk dqyifr gksus ds ckn tks leL;k,a vkrh gSa mUgsa ns[kdj ys[kd ^dqyifr u gksus ds i{k esa* jpuk esa dgrk gSµ ^dksbZ Hkh dqyifr cu tk,] lgt lEHkkO; gSA ysfdu eq>s rks ekiQ gh dhft,A* O;aX; ds {ks=k esa ;g laxgz ikBdksa ds chp iBuh;rk cuk, j[kus esa l{ke lkfcr gksxkA fu'p; gh bl Ñfr ds fy, jpukdkj lk/qokn ds gdnkj gSaA

^uhe dk ehBk Lokn* larks"k dqekj frokjh dk v|ru O;aX; laxgz gSA bl jpuk esa ipgÙkj O;X; jpuk,a rFkk murhl y?kqdFkk,a ladfyr gSaA ys[kd mu izo`fÙk;ksa ij pksV djus dk fgek;h gS ftuls lekt esa ghu ;k udkjkRed n'kk dks izksRlkgu feyrk gSA ys[kd dh vius mQij galus vkSj d'kk?kkr ds ekè;e ls viuh ckr dgus dks dkS'ky mlds ys[kdh; lgkl dk ifj.kke gSA MkW- larks"k vius nkf;Ro ls] ifjos'k ls dUuh ugha dkVrs cfYd mlesa xgjs mrjrs tkrs gSa ;g izo`fÙk bl laxzg esa Hkh fn[kkbZ iM+rh gSA lkfgR; dk ykyw] fcuk iqLrd i<+s leh{kk fy[kus ds xq#&ea=k] ,d iz;ksxoknh dfo dk izse&izlax] egkfo|ky; iqjk.k dh Hkwfedk& ys[ku % ,d izfrfØ;k] dfolEesyu ds cgkus] ckFk:e dh fiQlyu] lkfgfR;d csbeZ kuh% dqN varjax igyw] ,d lkfgfR;d Hkk"k.k] dfork] ejht vkSj vknfe;r] dfork ds cgkus] lkfgR; dk pkS/jh vkfn jpuk,a lkfgR; txr esa O;kIr eBksa vkSj eBk/h'kksa dh dybZ [kksyrs gSaA ^lkfgR; dk pkS/jh* jpuk esa lkfgfR;d pkSnjkgV djus okyksa dh [kcj yh xbZ gS ^muds ikl uis&rqys nks ntZu 'kCn gSAa fdlh us dgk ^gFkkSMk+ * os rqjra fpYyk, ^lkFk esa gafl;k D;ksa Hkwy x,\* fdlh us dgk ^}a}* os cksys ^var}±}* ugha] }a}kRed HkkSfrdokn dgksA fdlh us dgk] ^la?k"kZ* mUgksaus dgk ^gka] Bhd dgrs gks] oxZ la?k"kZA* blh rjg bfrgkln`f"V] iwt a hoknh O;kdj.k] lkearh 'kks"k.k] ekufld xqykeh dh mudh ifjHkk"kk,a vkSj O;k[;k,a gSaA frokjh th ds vf/dka'k O;aX; vkSj oDrO; viuh oS;fDrdrk dks R;kxdj lkoZtfud gks tkrs gSaA ;g buds jpukvksa dh ,d egRoiw.kZ fo'ks"krk gSA ikBd ds laxzg iBuh; gS vkSj laxzg.kh; HkhA

^ijns ds ihNs* cgqvk;keh izfrHkk ds èkuh izsefoat dk nwljk gkL;&O;aX; laxzg gSA blesa ys[kd us thou dh folaxfr;ks]a O;oLFkk] fonzwirkvksa ls ikBdksa dks :c: djk;k gSA blds gkL;&O;aX; laxgz esa lkekftd] vkfFkZd] jktuhfrd] lkaLÑfrd folaxfr;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk vk/qfudrk vkSj egkuxjh; lH;rk ds vekuoh; i{kksa dks Hkh js[kkafdr fd;k x;k gSA bl Ñfr ds vf/dka'k ik=k lekt ds fofHkUu oxks± ds izfrfuf/ pfj=k gSA budh jpukvksa esa vkRe O;aX; ds ekè;e ls lkeus okys dh folaxfr;ksa dks fn[kkus dh dyk O;kIr gSA ;s folaxfr;ka gesa ckj&ckj vkReeaFku djus dks ckè; djrh gSaA eSa ftank gwa] fganh Ms] cxqyk HkDr cus] fpV~Bh ,d fliQkfj'k dh] fcu cqyk, esgeku] dkSu tkus ihj ijkbZ] migkj esa fliZQ I;kt yk,] exjePN ds vkalw] eSa dkSu lh ikVhZ esa gwwa] usrkth dk vu'ku vkfn jpuk,a fo"k; p;u vkSj izLrqfr esa ikBd dks izHkkfor djrh gaSA vius mQij O;aX; djrs gq, dF; dks ikBdksa rd lEizsf"kr djuk dksbZ izse fot ls lh[ksA ;g fo'ks"krk vU; jpukdkjksa ls bUgsa vyx djrh gSA MkW- ykypan xqIr ^eaxy* dk ;g dFku fcYdqy Bhd gSµ ^os rekpk rks vius eaqag ij ekjrs gSa ysfdu maxfy;ksa ds fu'kku lkeus okys ds psgjs ij fn[kkbZ nsrs gSaA izes fot ds O;aX; okLro esa gesa vius fxjscku esa >kadus dk ekSdk nsrs gSAa * bl n`f"V ls budh jpuk,a ckj&ckj i<+h tkus dh ekax djrh gSaA ledkyhu ifjn`'; vkSj O;aX; dh ijaijk dk LokHkkfod fodkl gesa izse fot ds bl O;aX; laxzg esa ns[kus dks feyrk gSA O;aX; txr esa ;g laxgz thoarrk ds lkFk i<+k tk,xkA fu"d"kZ :i esa ;g dgk tkuk pkfg, fd izsefot us bl laxzg }kjk lekt dks vkbZuk fn[kkus dk dke liQyrkiwoZd fd;k gSA

ys[kd % ckysUnq 'ks[kj frokjh izdk'kd % tokgj iqLrdky;] eFkqjk (m-iz-) ewY; % 150 #Ik,

ys[kd % larks"k dqekj frokjh izdk'kd % Hkkjrh; xzaFk fudsru] ubZ fnYyh ewY; % 350 #Ik,

ys[kd % izse fot izdk'kd % uohu lkfgR; lnu] paMhx<+ ewY; % 150 #Ik,

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

92

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

iqLrd leh{kk ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

i=kdkfjrk dh mifoèkk tuknZu feJ

i=kdkfjrk dh mifoèkk

vkneh vkSj cwV

,sls Fks rqe

leh{kkRed i=kdkfjrk tuknZu feJ dh ubZ iqLrd gSA bl iqLrd esa fofHkUu foèkkvks a dh iq L rdks a ij fy[kh xbZ leh{kkRed fVIif.k;ka ,oa ys[k ladfyr gSaA laosnuk vkSj thoukuqHko mudh jpukvksa dh eq[; fo'ks"krk gSA og vius ewy Lo:i ls ckgj ugha fudy ikrkA ysfdu ;g ys[kd dh detksjh ugha] cfYd fo'ks'krk gSA feJth dh leh{kk n`f"V tuèkehZ gSA blfy, ;s ladfyr leh{kk,a lacfa èkr iqLrdksa dks le>us dh dqath Fkek nsrh gSaA bl HkkxeHkkx dh ftanxh esa fdlh ds ikl bruk oDr ugha gS fd og eksVh iqLrdksa dks i<+dj ;g èkkj.kk cuk lds fd lacafèkr iqLrd fdl dksfV dh gSSA bl rjg dh iqLrd ls ikBdksa dks ,d lkFk dbZ iqLrdksa ds ckjs esa tkuus dk volj fey tkrk gS] vkSj leh{kd dh n`f"V ls gh lgh] iqLrdksa ds izfr ,d èkkj.kk Hkh cu tkrh gSA izLrqr d`fr esa dqy lkr Hkkx gSa& dfork vkSj xty laxzg] dgkuh laxzg] miU;kl] 'kksèk& xazFk] thouh] O;aX; laxzg] fofo/kA bu lkrksa Hkkxksa esa dqy tek 152 fganh vkSj vaxzsth (vuwfnr) leh{kk,a ladfyr dh xbZ gSA pfpZr& vpfpZr lHkh rjg ds jpukdkjksa dh Js"B @ egRoiw.kZ Ñfr;ksa dh leh{kk izLrqr fd;k x;k gSA bu leh{kkvksa esa mldh n`f"V varckZá lanHkksZsa ds ewY;kadu dh vksj vfèkd gS ftlds pyrs og dgha ,sfrgkfld] dgha lkekftd rks dgha oSKkfud gSA gkykafd vkt dh vf/dka'k leh{kk,a vkSj ewY;kadu eqagns[kh vkSj vFkZ fu;ksftr gksrh gSa] blfy, vc fganh ds uke/kjh Hkh eqag ns[kh leh{kk,a djus yxs gSaA

^vkneh vkSj cwV* ds- ,y- xxZ }kjk jfpr u;k O;aX; laxzg gSA ds-,y- xxZ] ijlkbZ] 'kjntks'kh dh ijaijk dks vkxs c<+kus okys O;aX;dkjksa esa fxus tkrs gSAa buds O;aX; le; ds fonzwi dks bZekunkjh ls izLrqr djrs gq, ikBdksa ds lkFk laokn djrs pyrs gSaA ;s O;aX; esa lk;kl gkL; ds lekos'k dks Bhd ugha ekursA ys[kd cqjkb;ksa ij lko/kuh ls izgkj djrk gSA ^budh O;aX; jpuk,a ,d rjg ls folaxfr;ksa dk dksykt gSA* e'khuhdj.k ds orZeku ;qx esa balku dh dher ^,d cwV* ls Hkh de jg xbZ gSA lkekftd] vkfFkZd vkSj jktuhfrd ewY; /jk'kk;h gks x, gSaA bUgha fparkvksa dk tckc gS ^vkneh vkSj cwV*A bl laxzg dk mís'; jpukdkj ds lkeus fcydqy Li"V gSA ys[ku vkjaHk esa gh ^vkneh ds go+Q esa* 'kh"kZd ds varxZr fy[kk gSµ ^,sls esa O;aX;dkj D;k djs\ og mu folaxfr;ksa] fonzwirkvksa vkSj yksyqirkvksa dks uaxk djs ftuds dkj.k Js"Bre euq"; dh ,slh gkyr gqbZ gSA og fdlh okn dk Hkksaiw u cus] y{eh&firkekvksa dk <a<ksjph u cus] O;aX;dkj dks ,slh O;oLFkk viuh dye ls iSnk djuh gksxhA euq";] euq"; cuk jgs] i'kq ;k e'khu u cus] ,sls gkykr O;aX;dkj dks iSnk djus gksaxsA* ledkyhu vkgr le; dks le>us ds fy, ds-,y- xxZ dk ;g O;aX; laxzg ,d egRoiw.kZ iz;kl gSA vius vljnkj O;aX; ds cgkus ys[kd us bl laxzg }kjk tks lkekftd ifjorZu esa viuh Hkkxhnkjh lqfuf'pr djus dh dksf'k'k dh gS] mlds fy, mls lkèkqokn fn;k tkuk pkfg,A

^,sls Fks rqe* deys'k Hkkjrh; dh y?kqdFkkvksa dk v|ru laxzg gSA bls veu izdk'ku] fglkj] gfj;k.kk us izdkf'kr fd;k gSA deys'k Hkkjrh; is'ks ls i=kdkj gSa vkSj nSfud fVªC;wu] fglkj ds fy, ofj"B LVkiQ fjiksVZj ds :i esa lsokjr gSaA ,d ftEesnkj x`gLFk] deZfu"B i=kdkj vkSj ltZd&lkfgR;dkj dk frgjk nkf;Rocks/ deys'k dh izfrHkk dks fu[kkjdj ,d izfrHkk'kkyh jpukdkj lkfcr djrk gSA bl laxzg dh y?kqdFkkvksa esa O;kIr jpuk&lalkj jksekal vkSj ;FkkFkZ ds nksuksa Nksjksa ls xqtjrs gq, pyrk gSA deys'k dh dgkfu;ka fj'rksa esa fjlrs nnZ ds chp d#.kk dh varèkkZjk vkSj O;aX; dh dld ls tUe ysrh gSaA tehuh] rY[kh dks c;ku djrh ;s y?kqdFkk,a FkksM+s esa cM+h ckr dg Mkyrh gSaA bl n`f"V ls ;g ladyu ^xkxj esa lkxj* dh mfDr dks pfjrkFkZ djrk gSA deys'k bl laxzg esa yksdHkk"kk ds 'kCnksa ds iz;ksx }kjk jpuk dks thoarrk iznku djrs gSaA Hkkf"kd psruk ds lkFk&lkFk fo"k; p;u Hkh bl Ñfr dks NksVs vkdkj ds ckotwn egRoiw.kZ lkfcr djrk gSA lekt esa O;kIr folaxfr;ksa dk ,d uewuk ^viuk&lk nq[k* jpuk dh bu iafDr;ksa esa ns[k ldrs gSaA yM+dksa ds Hkko fnu ij fnu p<+rs tk jgs gSaA @ D;k eryc\ @ vHkh dqN fnu gq, pkyhl gtkj #i, ekax jgs Fks] vc - - -@ µvc D;k gqvk\ @ ipkl&lkB gtkj dh ckrsa djus yxsA @ µ ekjks Llkyksa dks ds fNÙkj fHkxks&fHkxks dsA* lkekftd fonzwirk ij ys[kdh; izfrfØ;k dk ;g ,d [kkl vankt+ gS tks deys'k dks ,d vyx igpku nsrs gSaA NksVh&NksVh iafDr;ksa ls jph dqN jpuk,a rks dfork dh rjg vkuan nsrh gSaA dqy feykdj NksVs vkdj ckotwn ;g jpuk ikBdksa ds fy, iBuh; vkSj laxzg.kh; gSA ,slh csgrjhu Ñfr ds fy, deys'k Hkkjrh; dk lk/qoknA

ys[kd % ds-,y- xxZ izdk'kd % ,jkxkWu ifCy'klZ ,oa fMLV™hO;wV~lZ ewY; % 150 #i,

ys[kd % deys'k Hkkjrh; izdk'kd % veu izdk'ku] fglkj (gfj;k.kk) ewY; % 50 #i,

µ MkW- jkgqy ys[kd % tuknZu feJ izdk'kd % uVjkt izdk'ku] fnYyh ewY; % 595 #Ik,

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

93

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

l ek pk

j

'khyk fl¼kardj Le`fr iqjLdkj lekjksg 11 vizSy 2008 dks jkx fojkx dyk dsanz okf"kZd mRlo ds volj ij ^'khyk fl¼kardj Le`fr iqjLdkj lekjksg* dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA ;g iqjLdkj fiNys rhu o"kks± ls 'khyk th dh Le`fr esa fn;k tk jgk gSA 'khyk fl¼kardj Lo;a ,d l'kdr dof;=kh FkhaA mudh dforkvksa esa lekt dh folaxfr;ka] HkksFkjh jktuhfr vkSj L=kh foe'kZ dk l'kDr Loj ns[kk tk ldrk gSA lu~ 2005 esa dSalj ls tw>rs gq, galrs&galrs thou dks vyfonk dg nsus okyh 'khyk th ds pkj dfork laxzg izdkf'kr gSa& vkSjr lqyxrh gqbZ] dgks dqN viuh ckr] dfork dh rhljh fdrkc rFkk dfork dh vkf[kjh fdrkcA 'khyk th dh ;knxkj :i esa izfro"kZ fdlh ,d ,sls dfo dks lEekfur fd;k tkrk gS ftldh dforkvksa esa L=kh&psruk dk Loj eq[kfjr gksA xr nks o"kks± esa Øe'k% uhys'k j?kqoa'kh rFkk iou dj.k dks mudh dforkvksa ds fy, lEekfur fd;k x;kA bl o"kZ ;g iqjLdkj dof;=kh fueZyk iqrqy dks muds dfork laxzg ^uxkM+s dh rjg ctrs 'kCn* dks iznku fd;k x;kA ^jkx fojkx dyk dsanz* dh vksj ls bl o"kZ ,d u;k iqjLdkj vkjaHk fd;k x;k] ^vijkftrk Le`fr lEeku*A ;g lEeku L=kh ljksdkjksa ls tqM+h x| iqLrd ds fy, vkjaHk fd;k x;k gSA bl o"kZ izFke vijkftrk Le`fr lEeku dkR;k;uh dks mudh x| iqLrd ^dqN thoar dqN Toyar* ds fy, fn;k x;kA nksuksa iqjLdkjksa dh fu.kkZ;d lfefr ds lnL; Fks] izks- fuR;kuan frokjh (vè;{k)] MkW- fo'oukFk f=kikBh] f'koeaxy fl¼kardj] js[kk voLFkh] vt; frokjh (lfpo)] vjfoUn tSu rFkk vukfedkA fganh Hkou ds lHkkxkj esa vk;ksftr bl lekjksg dh eq[; vfrfFk Fkha ofj"B ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

jpukdkj eerk dkfy;k rFkk vè;{k Fks Jh jktsUnz ;knoA nhi&izTToyu ds ckn vjfoan tSu us vkSipkfjd :i ls lHkh vfrfFk;ksa dk Lokxr fd;kA f'koeaxy fl¼kardj us vius vkajfHkd oDrO; esa dgk fd dof;=kh 'khyk fl¼kardj Le`fr iqjLdkj fj'rs dh ;knxkj gh ugha gS cfYd ukjh vkanksyu dk u;k vkStkj gS_ D;ksafd 'khyk fl¼kardj ^ijpe cus efgyk,a* dk btgkj vkthou djrh jgha] mls ge e'kky dh rjg vkxs c<+kuk pkgrs gSa ftlds fy, u;s gkFkksa dh [kkst ds fy, gh ge vk;kstu djrs gSa vkSj vijkftrk iqjLdkj Hkh esjh n`f"V esa ,d cgkuk gS] ukjh vfèkdkj vkanksyu dks c<+kuk gh eq[; fu'kkuk gSA iqjLdkj lfefr ds lfpo izks- vt; frokjh us iqjLdkjksa dk ifjp; fn;kA nksuksa lEekfur efgyk jpukdkjksa ds lacaèk esa Øe'k% dfo yhykèkj eaMyksbZ (egkfuns'kd] nwjn'kZu) rFkk dof;=kh dfork flag us vius fopkj j[ksA eaMyksbZ th us fueZyk iqrqy ij cksyrs gq, dgk fd fueZyk iqrqy dh dforkvksa esa vkRela?k"kZ fn[krk gSA os ewy :i ls laFkkyh dof;=kh gSa ysfdu mudh fganh esa vuwfnr dforkvksa esa mudh ewy vkRek lqjf{kr gSA mUgksaus fueZyk iqrqy dks ^csfldyh iksfyfVdy iks;V* ekurs gq, dgk fd gkf'k, ij th jgs vkfnoklh lekt dh fcydqy ,d vyx nqfu;k gS_ tks dfork bl vyx nqfu;k ls vkrh gS og fueZyk iqrqy ds ;gka vkrh gSA i=k dk ikB jpukdkj ohjsUnz tSu us fd;kA vukfedk us 'khyk th dh pqfuank dforkvksa dk ikB djds mudh Le`fr dks rktk dj fn;kA dkR;k;uh ij dof;=kh lfork flag us vius fopkj j[krs gq, dgk fd ,d dof;=kh ds :i esa os dkR;k;uh ls izHkkfor gSaA mudh iqjLÑr iqLrd ^dqN thoar dqN Toyar* le;&le; ij fy[ks x, ys[kksa dk laxzg gS ftUgsa iqLrd esa ladfyr fd;k x;k gSA iqLrdkdkj :i esa ugha fy[ks tkus ds dkj.k gh muds bu ys[kksa esa iqujko`fÙk gSA mUgksaus dgk fd vxj vki laiw.kZ ekfDZlLV gSa rks ogka ukjhoknh fparu dk viuk ,d izsQeodZ gS ftldks le>uk] le>kuk vkSj ipk ikuk lcds fy, eqf'dy ○ ○ ○ 94 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

gSA mUgksaus Lok;Ùk ukjhoknh fparu ij cy fn;kA dkR;k;uh ls lacafèkr iz'kfLr i=k dk ikB dof;=kh vukfedk us fd;kA nksuksa jpukdkjksa dks eq[; vfrfFk Jherh eerk dkfy;k us izrhd fpUg }kjk lEekfur fd;kA iz'kfLr i=k lekjksg ds vè;{k Jh jktsUnz ;kno }kjk iznku fd, x,A nksuksa jpukdkjksa dks lEeku dh èkujkf'k Hkh izrhd ds :i esa nh xbZA dof;=kh fueZyk iqrqy us 'khyk fl¼kardj dh Le`fr dks ueu djrs gq, vius lEeku dks vkfnoklh lekt dk lEeku ekurs gq, vkHkkj O;Dr fd;kA mUgksaus dgk fd ^'khyk th dh dforkvksa ls esjk ifjp; rhu&pkj lky igys gqvk FkkA mudh dforkvksa dks lacay ds :i esa ysrh jgh gwaA tc Hkh dye mBkmaQxh rc&rc mudh dforkvksa ls izsj.kk ysrh jgwaxhA* mUgksaus viuh pqfuank dforkvksa dk ikB djds lHkh dks vkanksfyr dj fn;kA dkR;k;uh us viuh ckr j[krs gq, dgk fd esjk x| lkekftd fparu ls ;qDr gSA mlesa [kafMr LoIuksa ds lkFk thrs&tkxrs eè;oxZ ds yksx gSa] csjkstxkj ;qok gSaA mlesa fopkj rRo izeq[k gSa] 'kSyhxr lkS"Bo de gSA x| dh Hkk"kk vkSj f'kYi ds ekeys esa ,dne vukM+h gwaA ysfdu ;g x| vke vkneh dh leL;k] folaxr lekt vkSj jktuhfr dk NViVkrk x| gSA eSa Mads dh pksV ij dgrh gwa fd eSa dE;qfuLV gwaA ukjhoknh gwa gh ughaA L=kh iz'u dks oxhZ; utfj, ls ns[kus dk HkVdko eq>esa gS gh ughaA mUgksaus viuh fpark O;Dr djrs gq, dgk fd vke tu dh yM+kbZ yM+us okyk okeiaFkh Hkh vc izfr"Bk] in vkSj lqfoèkk ds jax esa jaxus yxk gSA eq[; vfrfFk eerk dkfy;k us nksuksa iqjLdkjksa dh vuq'kalk ds ckjs esa dgk fd ;s nksuksa iqjLdkj jpukdkjksa dks lgh le; ij fn, x, gSaA iqjLdkj ;k lEeku ,sls le; esa gh fn, tkus pkfg, tc jpukdkj ;qok gks vkSj muesa fparu dk mtkyk gksA nksuksa jpukdkj bl n`f"V ls iz'kaluh; gSaA fueZyk iqrqy dh dforkvksa ds lanHkZ esa mUgksaus dgk fd mudh dforkvksa esa O;fDr taxy ds chp gks ;k turk ds chp esa] os iwjh laosnuk ds lkFk fy[krh gSaA eerk ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dkfy;k us dkR;k;uh dks chp dk jkLrk viukus dh lykg nhA dkR;k;uh ds lanHkZ esa ckr djrs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd ,u-thvks- lkfgR;dkj fdruk Hkh ,fDVfoLV D;ksa u cus lkfgR; dHkh Hkh lekt dk iwjh rjg ,u-th-vks- gks ugha ldrkA jktsUnz ;kno }kjk vè;{kh; oDrO; ds ckn lekjksg ds var esa iqrhuk 'kekZ vkSj muds lkfFk;ksa }kjk 'khyk fl¼kardj dh dforkvksa ij vkèkkfjr ^ijpe cus efgyk,a* xSjijEijkxr dFkd u`R; ukfVdk dh izHkko'kkyh izLrqfr dh xbZ vkSj jkx fojkx dyk dsanz dh Nk=kkvksa us ijEijkxr dFkd izLrqfr dhA dk;ZozQe dk la;kstu ,oa lapkyu MkWvk'kk tks'kh us fd;kA

^jkgh nEifr* ij fo'ks"kkad dYikar] v{kje~ rFkk vuqHko izdk'ku ds la;qDr rRoko/ku esa ckyLo:i jkgh o iq"ik jkgh ij dsafnzr o eqjkjhyky R;kxh }kjk laikfnr ^dYikar* if=kdk ds fo'ks"kkad ij ppkZ rFkk lqizfl¼ dof;=kh iq"ik jkgh ds xhr laxzg ^Lo;a* ds yksdkiZ.k dk vk;kstu fnukad 31 ebZ 2008 dks fganh Hkou] fnYyh esa fd;k x;kA MkW- jkenj'k feJ dh vè;{krk esa gq, bl vk;kstu esa eq [ ; vfrfFk lq i z f l¼ m|ks x ifr o lkfgR;dkj jkefuokl tktw ds vfrfjDr loZJh iznhi iar] MkW- 'ksjtax xxZ] fu'kk HkkxZo] eqjkjhyky R;kxh] ';ke fueZe o ujs'k 'kkafMY; us vius fopkj O;Dr fd,A dk;ZozQe dk lapkyu MkW- xksfoan O;kl us fd;k vkSj /U;okn Kkiu v{kje~ ds vè;{k vfuy tks'kh us fd;kA bl volj ij cksyrs gq, dk;ZozQe

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

d vè;{k MkW- jkenj'k feJ us dgk fd ckyLo:i jkgh o iq"ik jkgh ij dsafnzr dYikar ds fo'ks"kkad ls jkgh nEifr dks le>us esa muds iz'kaldksa dks vkSj vf/d lgk;rk feysxhA mUgksaus jkgh th ij cksyrs gq, dgk fd jkgh dk O;fDrRo thoarrk ls Hkjiwj gS tksfd muds ys[ku esa Hkh >ydrk gSA iq"ik jkgh ds xhrksa ij vius fopkj j[krs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd iq"ik jkgh ds xhr thou ls laokn djrs utj vkrs gSaA dk;ZozQe esa fganh izsfe;ksa ds vfrfjDr vusd x.kekU; lkfgR;dkj ekStwn Fks ftuesa MkW- gfjÑ".k nsoljs] MkW- vjfoan dqekj] MkW- n;kizdk'k flUgk] MkW- ohjsUnz izHkkdj] MkW- dqaoj cspSu] izks- lkfnd] y{eh'kadj oktis;h] MkW- nsosUnz vk;Z] jk/s';ke ca/q o nsgjknwu ls i/kjs v'kksd vkuan izeq[k gSaA 'kf'kdkar] v{kje~] ubZ fnYyh

MkW- ckysUnq'ks[kj frokjh dks O;aX;Jh lEeku

fo'ofo|ky; dks iznku fd;k x;kA lEeku Lo:i JhiQy] iz'kfLr i=k] 'kky] Le`fr fpUg nsdj MkW- frokjh dks dk;ZozQe ds eq[; vfrfFk jkds'k tk;loky] ,-Mh-,e(iz'kklu) rFkk vè;{k MkW- n;kÑ".k fot; us lEekfur fd;kA bl volj ij MkW- ckysUnq'ks[kj frokjh us dgk fd O;aX; dh fLFkfr fganh esa vU; Hkk"kkvksa dh rqyuk esa T;knk vPNh gSA O;aX; dk Hkfo"; dkiQh mTToy gSA vkt O;a X ; dks Hkh foo` Q fr] cktkjhdj.k] pqVdqysckth ls cpkus dh vko';drk gSA vkt O;aX; LrEHk ys[ku vfèkd gks jgk gSA dk;ZoQz e dh vè;{krk dj jgs MkW- n;ko`Q".k fot; us dkO; esa O;atuk ds egRo ij izdk'k Mkyk vkSj laLFkk ds lrr~ vk;kstuksa dh iz'kalk dhA laLFkk vè;{k vrqy prqosnZ h us blls iwoZ MkW- ckysUnq'ks[kj frokjh ds O;fDrRo ,oa o`QfrRo dk ifjp; nsrs gq, MkW- frokjh ds O;aX; ,oa leh{kk deZ ij izdk'k MkykA Lokxr Hkk"k.k laLFkk laj{kd iq#"kksÙke iapksyh us fn;kA lfpo v'kksd gkok us èkU;okn Kkfir fd;kA

^dyk] lkfgR; vkSj le;* dk yksdkiZ.k

dks V k lkfgfR;d la L Fkk ^dkO; eèkqcu* }kjk gksyh dh iwoZ laè;k ij izfro"kZ dh Hkkafr bl o"kZ Hkh ^iqQgkj* dk;ZØe dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA bl dk;ZØe dk ;g yxkrkj 9oka o"kZ FkkA ^iqQgkj* dk;ZozQe esa izfro"kZ jk"Vªh; [;kfr izkIr fdlh ,d O;aX;dkj dks ^O;aX;Jh* lEeku ls lEekfur fd;k tkrk gSA vHkh rd ^O;aX;Jh* eèkqcu lEeku gjh'k uoy] cadV fcgkjh ikxy] MkW- lw;Zckyk] izse tuest;] fo".kq ukxj] MkW- 'ksjtax xxZ dks iznku fd;k tk pqdk gSA o"kZ 2008 dk ^O;aX;Jh* lEeku iz [ ;kr O;a X ;kyks p d ,oa O;a X ;dkj MkW - ckys U nq ' ks [ kj frokjh] iz k s - jka p h

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

95

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

izfl¼ lkfgR;dkj] MkW- jkenj'k feJ us fiNys fnuksa (23 tuojh] 2008) ubZ fnYyh ds mÙke uxj esa lkfgfR;d laLFkk ^vkLokn* }kjk vk;ksftr ,d lekjksg esa pfpZr lekykspd ,oa ^ubZ èkkjk* ds laiknd MkW - f'koukjk;.k dh l|% iz d kf'kr vkykspukRed iqLrd ^dyk] lkfgR; vkSj le;* dk yksdkiZ.k djrs gq, dgk fd MkW- f'koukjk;.k mu yksxksa dk izfrfufèkRo djrs gSa] tks Økafrdkfjrk&vkanksyuèkfeZrk dk nkok fd, fcuk gh cgqr dqN ,dkar

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Hkko ls fd, pyrs gSaA okLro esa ;s izxfrokn ds dfFkr izsQe esa jgs cxSj Hkh izxfr'khy lekt ds eq[kj izoDrk gSAa mUgksua s dgk fd vkt ds u`'kal fo'ocktkjokn ds nkSj esa f'koukjk;.k cgqr fnysjh ls izfrjksèkh tulaLÑfr dh èkkjk dk lao¼Zu djus esas yxkrkj jpukjr fn[krs gSa] blfy, fdlh okn fo'ks"k ls caèks cxSj Hkh budh jpuk,a cgqr dqN cksyrh gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd MkW- f'koukjk;.k dk èkkjnkj yfyr x| lnSo eq>s izHkkfor djrk jgk gS] D;ksafd buds ys[ku esa turkaf=kd ewY;ksa dh laj{kk dk lgt cksèk gSA lekjksg dh vè;{krk lqizfr"B O;aX; ys[kd MkW- jek'kadj JhokLro us dh] tcfd lapkyu djrs gq, dfo&i=kdkj fufoM+ us MkW- f'koukjk;.k dk ys[kdh; ifjp; nsrs gq, dgk fd bUgksaus vc rd dfork] vkykspuk lfgr fofoèk foèkkvksa esa 23 iqLrdksa dh jpuk dh gS] ftlesa budh cgqvk;keh jpuk'khyrk dk mn~?kks"k gSA bl volj ij eq[; vfrfFk ds :i esa izfl¼ miU;kldkj MkW- Hkxorh'kj.k feJ us MkW- f'koukjk;.k ds izsjd O;fDrRo dh fof'k"Vrkvksa dks mn~?kkfVr djrs gq, dgk fd f'koukjk;.k f'k"V x|dkj gSa] fdarq eq>s ;s ,d dfo ds :i esa vfèkd izHkkfor djrs gSaA vius ^dkyk xqykc* rFkk ^lisQn tura=k* tSls dfork&laxgz ds ekè;e ls bUgksaus vius tfVy le; ds fueZe ;FkkFkZ dks ftl laosnu'khyrk ls :ikf;r fd;k gS] og dkiQh egRoiw.kZ gSA mUgksaus dgk fd f'koukjk;.k ds x| ys[ku esa tks maQpkbZ gS] og cgqr de yksxksa esa gSA pfpZr dfo&i=kdkj jkèks';ke frokjh us bl volj ij MkW- f'koukjk;.k dh jpuk'khyrk ij fVIi.kh djrs gq, dgk fd yksdkfiZr iqLrd ds fucaèkksa dks i<+rs gq, yxrk gS fd ;s eats gq, jpukRed x| ys[kd gSaA buds ys[ku esa èkeZfujis{k thouewY;ksa dk rkfdZd fo'ys"k.k gS] tks xgjs izHkkfor djrk gSA ^v{kje laxks"Bh* ds laiknd ,oa dfo ujs'k 'kkafMY; us dgk fd f'koukjk;.k th Lo;a gh ys[kd ugha gSa] cfYd ;s ^ubZ èkkjk* ds laiknd ds ekè;e ls ys[kd cukrs Hkh gSaA buds O;fDrRo dh jpuk'khyrk izsfjr djus okyh ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

gSA var esa viuk ys[kdh; mn~xkj O;Dr djrs gq, MkW- f'koukjk;.k us dgk fd yksdkfiZr iqLrd esa dyk] lkfgR; vkSj lkef;d fo"k;ksa ls lacafèkr 25 fucaèkksa ds C;kt ls ledkyhu lkfgR; dh laLÑfr ij foe'kZ fd;k tk ldrk gSA mUgksaus yksdkiZ.k lekjksg esa vk, lkfgR;dkjksa ds Lusg ds izfr viuk vkHkkj Hkh trk;kA

^fiQj Hkh jgsxh nqfu;k* dk yksdkiZ.k fnukad 27 ekpZ 2008 dks lkfgR; vdkneh lHkkxkj] ubZ fnYyh esa lkfgR; vdkneh ds vè;{k vkSj ckaXyk ds izfrf"Br dfo&dFkkdkj Jh lquhy xaxksikè;k; us vdknehdehZ Jh ';ke flag pkSgku ds izFke dfork&laxzg ^fiQj Hkh jgsxh nqfu;k* dk yksdkiZ.k fd;k] ftldk izdk'ku ^viuh tqcku* }kjk fd;k x;k gSA bl volj ij iz[;kr dfo&dFkkdkj&vkykspd MkW- T;ksfr"k tks'kh us iqLrd ij vius fopkj O;Dr fd,A dk;ZozQe dk lapkyu ;qok dfo& vkykspd Jh nsosUnz dqekj nsos'k us fd;kA lHkh oDrkvksa us ';ke flag pkSgku dks ,d laosnu'khy dfo crk;k vkSj bl vksj ladsr fd;k fd fdl izdkj laxfr vkSj ifjos'k O;fDr dks laLdkfjr vkSj ifj"Ñr djrs gSaµ ';ke flag pkSgku dk dfo bldk ,d fojy vkSj egRoiw.kZ mnkgj.k gSA bl volj ij fofHkUu Hkk"kkvksa ds egRoiw.kZ ys[kd] ;Fkk Jh vxzgkj Ñ".kewfrZ (dUuM)] Jh fo'oukFk izlkn frokjh (fga n h)] Jh fo|kukFk >k ^fofnr* (eSfFkyh)] Jh tnqefu csljk (larkyh)] Jh v#.k izdk'k (laiknd ^ledkyhu Hkkjrh; lkfgR;*)] Jh ,-ts- FkkWel laiknd (^bafM;u fyVjspj*) vkfn mifLFkr FksA

;g rks ogh gS ubZ fnYyhA lkfgR; vdkneh ds lHkkxkj esa vk;ksftr lekjksg esa Jherh lqèkk ds miU;kl ^;g rks ogh gS* dk yksdkiZ.k i=kdkj r#.k fot; us fd;kA lekjksg dh vè;{krk djrs gq, ujsna z dksgyh us dgk fd ;g miU;kl efgykvksa dh orZeku fLFkfr ij fopkj djrs gq, mUgsa vkxs dk ekxZ iz'kLr djus esa viuh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkk ldrk gSA ○ ○ ○ 96 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

gfjoa'k jk; cPpu tUe'krh ij dfork lEesyu ubZ fnYyhA fganh Hkou ds lHkkxkj esa fganh Hkou }kjk yksdfiz; dfo LoMkW- gfjoa'k jk; cPpu dh tUe'krh ds volj ij ^dfork lEesyu* dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA blesa MkW- cPpu ds djhch lkfgfR;d fe=kksa us muds lkFk ds vuqHkoksa dks ,d&nwljs ds chp ckaVkA oDrkvksa dk dguk Fkk fd MkW- cPpu us eq[;r% dforkvksa ds }kjk viuk vkSj vius dykdkj dk iFk iz'kLr fd;k] ftlesa nslh&fons'kh dfork ds vuqokn Hkh izpqj ek=kk esa gSaA mudk dguk Fkk fd ^eSa thou dh leLr vuqHkwfr;ksa dks dfork dk fo"k; ekurk gwa] ysfdu esjh vuqHkwfr esa dYiuk vkSj thou esa ej.k Hkh lekfgr gSA MkW- cPpu us viuh Mk;jh vkSj vkRedFkk ds ekè;e ls tks x| lekt dks fn;k] og viuh jkspdrk] iBuh;rk vkSj izkS<+rk ds dkj.k mudh dfork ds fy, ,d pqukSrh fl¼ gqvkA MkWcPpu vius vafre le; esa dfo&lEesyu dks ^dfork lEesyu* cuus ij tksj nsrs jgsA nsj jkr rd pys lEesyu esa dfo uhjt ls ysdj èkeZohj Hkkjrh dh iRuh iq"ik Hkkjrh us vius laLej.k lquk,A uhjt us dgk fd muds tSlk jpukdkj 'kk;n gh dksbZ nwljk gksA dk;ZØe dk izkjaHk djrs gq, f=kyksdhukFk prqosZnh us dgk fd dfo dHkh ejrk ugha og ges'kk thfor jgrk gSA dfork lEesyu esa Jhiky flag ^{kse*] HkkjrHkw"k.k] ckyLo:i jkgh] jktukjk;.k fclkfj;k] dSyk'k oktis;h] vftr dqekj] jkeLo:i flanwj] lkse Bkdqj ,oa fd'ku ljkst us dforkvksa dk ikB fd;kA lapkyu fganh Hkou ds egkea=kh xksfoan O;kl us fd;kA

nq";ar dqekj vyadj.k 2008 HkksikyA jktho xkaèkh lHkkxkj esa lekpkj i=k ^jkt ,Dlizsl rFkk ,u-,p-Mhlh- ds lg;ksx ls nq";ar dqekj Lekjd ikaMfq yfi laxgz ky; }kjk nks fnolh; lekjksg dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA blesa if=kdk izn'kZuh] iqjLdkj forj.k] xtyksa dh lkaxhfrd izLrqfr] vyadj.k lekjksg ,oa dfo lEesyu laiUu gqvkA lekjksg ds ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

igys fnu izlkj Hkkjrh cksMZ ds lnL; MkWlquhy diwj us if=kdk izn'kZuh dk mn~?kkVu fd;kA jkT; lalkèku dsanz ds lg;ksx ls vk;ksftr izn'kZuh esa ns'kHkj dh rhu lkS ls vfèkd if=kdk,a iznf'kZr dh xb±A lekjksg esa pkj yCèkizfr"B if=kdkvksa ds fy, ^vkmVyqd lkfgfR;d* fnYyh dks MkW- èkeZohj Hkkjrh iqjLdkj iznku fd;k] ftls ^vkmVyqd* ds Hkksiky izfrfufèk jkts'k fljksfB;k us xzg.k fd;kA fnYyh dh lkfgR; vdkneh] fnYyh dh if=kdk ^ledkyhu Hkkjrh; lkfgR;* ds fy, deys'oj iqjLdkj vdkneh ds lfpo MkW- vxzgkj Ñ".kewfrZ us Lohdkj fd;kA us'kuy cqd VªLV dh if=kdk ^lk{kjrk laokn* ds fy, MkW- yfyr fd'kksj eaMksjk dks ^Hkkjrsanq iqjLdkj* ls iqjLÑr fd;k x;kA ^vkjksg.k* if=kdk ds fy, ,u-,p-Mh-lh- dh vksj ls ^x.ks'k 'kadj fo|kFkhZ iqjLdkj* if=kdk ds laiknd vf[kys'k tSu vkSj dkWiksjZ s'ku ds egkizcaèkd Mh-,l- pkSgku us izkIr fd;kA lEeku MkWlquhy diwj rFkk izns'k ds ea=kh y{ehdkar 'kekZ us iznku fd,A lekjksg ds nwljs pj.k esa ^fopkj l=k* ds varxZr ^if=kdk,a % dy vkt vkSj dy* fo"k; ij ifjlaokn gqvkA eq[; oDrk Fks larks"k pkScsA rhljs pj.k esa ;qok laxhrdkj mes'k rjdlokj ds laxhr funs'Z ku esa nq";ar dqekj dh xtyksa dh lkaxhfrd izLrqfr dh xbZA lekjksg ds nwljs fnu egkefge jkT;iky MkW- cyjke tk[kM+ us iz[;kr 'kk;j funk iQktyh dks ^nq";ar dqekj vyadj.k* ls izks- izse'kadj j?kqoa'kh dks ^lqnh?kZ lkèkuk lEeku* ,oa y{e.k eLrwfj;k dks ^vkapfyd jpukdkj* lEeku ls vyaÑr fd;kA Lokxr oDrO; MkW- egsanz flag pkSgku us fn;k rFkk MkW- cqf¼ukFk feJ us laxzgky; ds iz;klksa dks js[kkafdr fd;kA lapkyu laxzgky; ds funs'kd jktqjdj us fd;kA

fp=k&dyk&la x e ns ' k dh ,d tkuh&ekuh lkaLÑfrd] Lo;alos h dyk laLFkk gSA bldh LFkkiuk 1950 esa izFke jk"Vªifr MkW- jktsUnz izlkn] izèkkuea=kh ia- tokgjyky usg: vkSj Jh yky cgknqj 'kkL=kh ds laj{k.k esa rFkk vkpk;Z dkdk lkgsc dkysydj dh vè;{krk esa dh xbZ FkhA rHkh ls laLFkk lkfgR;] laxhr&u`R; ,oa vU; fofoèk dykvksa ds lao¼Zu esa dk;Z djrh vk jgh gSA fofoèk vk;kstuksa ds lkFk ^fp=k&dyk&laxe lEeku* dh J`a[kyk dks vkxs c<+krs gq, o"kZ 2008 ds fy, fuEufyf[kr egkuq H kkoks a dks mudh mYys[kuh; lsokvksa ds fy, ;g iqjLdkj iznku fd, x,A lkfgR; % MkW- gjh'k uoy laxhr u`R; % lqJh f'kokJh O;kl dyk % lqJh vYdk vk;Z dkVZwu % Jh lqèkhj rSyax iQksVksxzkiQh % Jh ,l- iky ;g iqjLdkj fotsrkvksa ds ?kj ij llEeku iznku fd, x,A iqjLdkj esa 21&21 gtkj #i, dh jkf'k vkSj iz'kfLr&i=k gSA fu.kkZ;d e.My esa loZJh fo".kq izHkkdj] MkW- eèkq iar] MkW- lR;ozr f=kikBh vkSj in~eJh ohjsUnz izHkkdj lfEefyr gSaA laxe dh vè{krk fo[;kr lektlsfodk Jherh fo|kcsu 'kkg vkSj ea=kh in~eJh ohjsUnz izHkkdj gSaA

vukfedk dks dsnkjukFk vxzoky lEeku

jkenj'k feJ ds dfork p;u ^ml cPps dh ryk'k esa* ij laxks"Bh

ledkyhu fganh dfork dh egRoiw.kZ dof;=kh vukfedk dks buds dfork ladyu ^[kqjnjh gFksfy;ka* ds fy, o"kZ 2007 dk dsnkj lEeku nsus dk fu.kZ; fy;k x;k gSA fu.kZ; dh iz'kfLr esa fy[kk x;k gS fd

12 ebZ 2008 dks lk;a 6 cts lkfgR; vdkneh lHkkxkj esa v{kje~ ds rRokoèkku esa jkenj'k feJ dh izfrfufèk dforkvksa ds ladyu ^ml cPps dh ryk'k esa* ij ,d ;knxkj ifjppkZ laiUu gqbZA ○ ○ ○ 97 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

^vukfedk ds bl dkO; laxgz dh dforkvksa esa Hkkjrh; lekt] lH;rk vkSj tu&thou esa tks gks jgk gS vkSj gksus dh izfozQ;k esa tks dqN [kks jgk gS mldh izHkkoh igpku vkSj vfHkO;fDr gSA ;gh ugha] bu dforkvksa dks ,d lrdZ L=kh n`f"V dh laosnu'khyrk vkd"kZd cukrh gS vkSj L=kh Hkk"kk dh lkekftdrk ikBdksa dks u, fdLe dh lkekftd laosnu'khyrk lkSairh gSA*

fp=k&dyk&laxe lEeku*&2008

Lisfuu lkfgR; xkSjo lEeku] o"kZ 2007 ds fy, Lisfuu lkfgR; xkSjo lEeku Jh fouksn lko dks muds miU;kl ^Hkks a x iq j 30 fd- eh-* ds fy, fn;k tk,xkA ;g iqjLdkj 6 flracj 2008 dks jkaph esa ,d HkO; dk;ZØe esa iznku fd;k tk,xkA lEeku Lo:Ik mUgsa 11 gtkj #i,] iz'kfLr fpg~u] 'kkWy vkSj iq"igkj HksaV fd, tk,axsA Lisfuu ] gsly jakph & 834005(>kj[kaM)

lHkkxkj esa cSBs gq, yksxksa us oDrkvksa ds lkjxfHkZr fopkjksa dh nhfIr rks vuqHko dh gh feJ th dh dforkvksa ds jl esa vius dks Lukr gksrs gq, Hkh ik;kA nks <kbZ ?kaVs dk le; loZFkk lkfgR;e; gks x;k FkkA eap ij vè;{k ds :i esa MkW- fo'oukFk f=kikBh

rFkk fof'k"V vfrfFk ds :i esa MkW- fuR;kuan frokjh ,oa MkW- izHkkdj Jksf=k; fojkteku FksA 'kq: esa MkW- panzdyk f=kikBh dh vuqifLFkfr esa mudk vkys[k i<+k x;kA vkys[k ikB fd;k v{kje~ ds lfpo Jh ujs'k 'kkafMY; usA rRi'pkr Jherh vYdk flUgk us viuk izi=k i<+kA fiQj dfork&ikB dk nkSj pykA izFke MkW- fLerk feJ us feJ th dh vR;ar izHkko'kkyh rhu dfork,a i<+ha fiQj feJ th us dbZ dforkvksa dk ikB fd;kA laxks"Bh lapkyd MkW- gjtsUnz pkSèkjh us feJ th ds lkfgR; dh cgqvk;kferk ,oa izHkfo".kqrk dh ppkZ djus ds i'pkr MkW- izHkkdj Jksf=k; dks vkeaaf=kr fd;kA MkW- Jksf=k; us dgk fd feJ th us dbZ foèkkvksa esa fy[kk gS vkSj lHkh foèkkvksa esa budk cjkcj dk gd gSA xty ds {ks=k esa Hkh budh miyfCèk ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fof'k"V gSA MkW- Jksfr; us feJ th ds vusd dkO;&fcEcksa dk okpu fd;k vksj muds lkSan;Z dh izHkko'kkyh igpku djkbZA mUgksaus dgk fd feJ th dh dforkvksa eas cktkjokn ds bl nkSj esa thou dh lPpkbZ utj vkrh gSA bUgksaus ,sls NksVs&NksVs fo"k;ksa dks fy;k tks igys misf{kr ls FksA dfo us bu fo"k;ksa esa vius ân; dh xgjh rM+i feyk nh gSA MkW- fuR;kuan frokjh us feJ th dh lgtrk ij cy nsrs gq, dgk fd ;s ljdaMs dh dye ls fy[kus okys dfo;ksa esa ls gSaA ljdaMs dh dye [kwclwjr ugha] lgh fy[krh gSA budh Ñfr tuo`Qfr gS vkSj Hkk"kk tu&Hkk"kk fdarq feJ th dh dfork vkosxkRedrk dk lkFk dHkh ugha NksM+rh blfy, og ekfeZdrk dh ijkdk"Bk dks Nwrh gSA MkW- fo'oukFk f=kikBh us viuk vè;{kh; Hkk"k.k fn;kA bl izfozQ;k esa mUgksaus cukjl dk lkfgfR;d ekgkSy ;kn fd;kA èkU;okn nsus dh izfozQ;k esa v{kje~ ds vè;{k Jh vfuy tks'kh us feJ th ds dkO; lacaèkh dqN fopkjksa dks m¼`r fd;k vkSj muds ekè;e ls dqN iz'uksa ds mÙkj Hkh fn,A izLrqfrµ fnyhi dqekj

ys[kd feyu f'kfoj o dfo& lEesyu

vEckyk Nkouh ds dgkuh&ys[ku egkfo|ky; rFkk 'kqHk rkfjdk (ekfld) if=kdk dk ys[kd feyu f'kfoj 19 ls 22 ebZ rd f'kykax (es?kky;) esa lEiUu gqvkA bl f'kfoj ds LFkkuh; vk;kstd Fks vdsykHkkbZ] vè;{k iwoksZÙkj fganh vdkneh ,oa lhek lqj{kk cyA pkj fnolh; bl f'kfoj ds dk;ZoQz e Fks& ys[ku esa uoys[kdksa ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dk ekxZn'kZu] i;ZVu] lkaLÑfrd dk;ZozQe] lkfgfR;d ppkZ] dfolEesyuA dgkuh&ys[ku egkfo|ky; vkSj 'kqHk rkfjdk if=kdk ds laLFkkid MkW- egkjkt Ñ".k tSu t;arh iq.; ioZ ds lkFk dk;ZozQe dk vkjaHk gqvkA lhek lqj{kk cy ds mi&egkfujh{kd Jh ,-ds- >k us eq[; vfrfFk in ls nhi izTTofyr dj rFkk MkW- egkjkt o`Q".k tSu ds fp=k ij iq"i vfiZr dj dk;ZozQe dk 'kqHkkjaHk fd;kA iwoksÙZ kj fganh vdkneh ds vè;{k vdsykHkkbZ us vfrfFk;ksa dk Lokxr] vfHkuanu fd;k vkSj ckgj ls vk, lHkh vfrfFk;ksa dk lEeku fd;kA Jh lqHkk"k caly vEckyk Nkouh us MkW- egkjkt o`Q".k tSu rFkk dgkuh ys[ku egkfo|ky; dk ifjp; nsrs gq, dgk fd uoys[kdksa dks ekxZn'kZu nsus ds fy, MkW- tSu us 1964 esa Oghy ps;j ij pyrs gq, bl laLFkk dh LFkkiuk dhA i=kkpkj }kjk jpukRed ys[ku esa ekxZn'kZu nsus okyk Hkkjr esa ;g igyk laLFkku FkkA MkW- tSu dk ifjp; nsrs gq, mUgksaus crk;k fd bl dgkuh&ys[ku egkfo|ky; ds laLFkkid MkW- tSu ikap o"kZ dh NksVh mez esa iksfy;ksxzflr gq, FksA mUgksaus vius lius dks lkdkj fd;kA iwjs ns'k ds ys[kdksa ls laidZ fd;kA uoys[kdksa dk ekxZn'kZu fd;k vkSj ys[ku f'kfojksa ds ekè;e ls ys[ku vkSj i;ZVu dks tksM+kA dgkuh&ys [ ku egkfo|ky; dh funsf'kdk rFkk 'kqHk rkfjdk if=kdk dh laikfndk Jherh mfeZ o`Q".k us 'kqHk rkfjdk ds foLr`r bfrgkl ij izdk'k Mkyrs gq, dgk fd bulkbDyksLVkby i`"B ls 'kq: gqbZ if=kdk vkt lkS i`"Bksa rd ds jaxhu fo'ks"kakd fudky jgh gSA fiNys 36 o"kks± esa fujarj izdkf'kr gksus okyh bl if=kdk dks dbZ izfl¼ ys[kdksa dk lg;ksx feyrk jgk gSA bl l=k ds fo'ks"k vfrfFk Fks MkW- ;wds- feJ funs'kd foKku ,oa rduhdh miw-i- rFkk Jh ts-,u- ckojh ofj"B ukxfjd es?kky; jkT;A bl l=k dh vè;{krk MkWykypan xqIr ^eaxy* iwoZ funs'kd dq#{ks=k ;wfuoflZVh us dhA Jh xqIr th us vkt ds ;qx esa lkfgR; vkSj dgkuh ds egRo ij foLrkj ls izdk'k MkykA blh l=k ds fo'ks"k oDrk Fks fgekpy dqYyw ls ièkkjs Jh v'ks"kA ?kqeDdM+h dk egRo fo"k; ij ○ ○ ○ 98 ‰ vizSy&flracj 2008 ○ ○ ○

mudk jkspd oDrO; FkkA vkHkkj O;Dr fd;k Jh lq'khy dqekj 'kekZ vè;{k fganh foHkkx usgw usA eq[; vfrfFk Jh ,-ds- >k us 'kq¼ ljy fganh Hkk"kk esa lkfgR;dkjksa] ch-,l-,iQ ds tokuksa vkSj vfrfFk;ksa dk mRlkgo¼Zu fd;kA Hkwyh fcljh dfork dh iafDr;ka Hkh lqukbZaA nwljs l=k esa vè;{k Fks Jh lqHkk"k panj (xkft;kckn) izfl¼ O;aX; Vh-ohrFkk jsfM;ks ukVdksa ds ys[kdA blh fo"k; ij budk Hkk"k.k dkiQh tkudkjh ns x;kA y?kqdFkk ij jk;iqj ls ièkkjs Jh dsih- lDlsuk ^nwljs* us ppkZ dh vkSj Jh lqHkk"k caly (vEckyk) us iqLrd if=kdk izdk'ku dh lkoèkkfu;ka crkbZaA Jh lq'khy dqekj 'kekZ us fo'o lkfgR; ds fodkl esa vuqokn dk ;ksxnku ij viuk oDrO; fn;kA MkW- ykypan xqIr ^eaxy* (dq#{ks=k) us vkt ds ;qx esa dgkuh ds egRo ij foLrkj ls dgkA µ izLrqfr % Jherh mfeZ d`".k

MkW- fo'oukFk izlkn frokjh iac`tyky f}osnh Le`fr lkfgfR;d lEeku ls foHkwf"kr jk;iqjA ia- c`tyky Le`fr lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk lEeku ls foHkwf"kr gksus ds ckn ^nLrkost* ds laiknd MkW- fo'oukFk izlkn frokjh us dgk fd laosnuk dk fodkl gh lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk dk cqfu;knh vkn'kZ gSA Hkkjrh; ijaijk dk ewy Loj lfg".kqrk gS] ftldh deh ds dkj.k lekt esa v'kkafr dk okrkoj.k cu jgk gSA ega r ?kklhnkl Le` f r la x z g ky; lHkkxkj] jk;iqj esa 25 ebZ] 2008 dks vk;ksftr ,d xfjeke; lekjksg esa xksj[kiqj ls fiNys rhu n'kdksa ls vuojr fudy jgh =kSekfld if=kdk ^nLrkost* ds laiknd MkW- fo'oukFk izlkn frokjh dks iz[;kr ys[kd fouksn dqekj 'kqDy us 'kkWy] JhiQy] Le`fr fpUg] iz'kfLr i=k vkSj X;kjg gtkj #i, uxn nsdj ia- c`tyky f}osnh Le`fr lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk lEeku ls foHkwf"kr fd;kA blds ckn ^lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk dh txg* fo"k; ij O;k[;ku nsrs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk esa lfg".kqrk dks izkstsDV djus dh t:jr gSA ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ukeoj flag dks ijEijk lEeku lkfgfR;d laLFkk] ^ijaijk* us o"kZ 2008 ds iqjLdkjksa dh ?kks"k.kk dh gSA laLFkk ds laLFkkid laj{kd dk'khukFk esekuh }kjk tkjh ,d foKfIr ds vuqlkj ^iajijk fof'k"V lEeku* lq i z f l¼ vkyks p d MkW- ukeoj flag dks rFkk ^fjrqjkt lEeku* ;qok dfo ohj lDlsuk dks fn;k tk,xkA

iwath dh ek;k egkjk{kl dh rjg eqag iQkM+s [kM+h gS] tks vR;kafrd :i ls euq"; dk vfgr djus okyh gSA eq[; vfrfFk fouksn dqekj 'kqDy us dgk fd lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk esa vius vonku] rsoj ds fy, ^nLrkost* dk iac`tyky f}osnh Le`fr lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk lEeku feyus vkS j blds la i knd MkW- fo'oukFk izlkn frokjh dh mifLFkfr ls ;g lEeku gh lEekfur gqvk gSA mUgksaus lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk esa MkW- frokjh ds ;ksxnku dks fof'k"V crk;kA dk;ZozQe ds vè;{k fgeka'kq f}osnh us dgk fd ekStwnk le; esa tcfd firk dk lEeku ?kj ds Hkhrj ugha cpk gS] lat; f}osnh }kjk vius nknk ds uke iqjLdkj dh ijaijk LFkkfir djuk ljkguh; igy gSA mUgksaus dgk fd laLdkjksa ls dVus ds le; esa bu lEeku ls lkfgR; vkSj i=kdkfjrk ds chp leUo; LFkkfir gksxk vkSj u, fj'rksa ds larqyu cusaxsA v"VHkqtk 'kqDy us dgk fd ^nLrkost* if=kdk gkM+&ekal dk euq"; ugha gS] og fopkj gSA ge lc tkurs gSa fd fopkj dk oèk laHko ugha gSA ;gh otg gS fd ;g if=kdk ^those 'kjn% 'kre~* ds

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lkFk ^i';se 'kjn% 'kre~* ds Hkko dks Hkh ysdj rhu n'kdksa esa 117 vad fudky pqdh gSA lfPpnkuan tks'kh us dgk fd lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk dh Mxj dkiQh dfBu gSA bl eqf'dy liQj ij rhl lkyksa ls vuojr py jgh ^nLrkost* vkSj blds laiknd MkW- frokjh ds ;ksxnku dh ppkZ fcuk lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk dh ckr vèkwjh gSA lat; f}osnh us dgk fd Hkys gh esjs firkeg LoxhZ; ia- c`tyky f}osnh dh deZHkwfe mÙkj izns'k gS ij NÙkhlx<+ mudh ;kn ds cgkus fdlh cM+s Ñfrdkj ds ÑfrRo dks js[kkafdr djus dh LFkk;h Hkwfe gksxh vkSj vk;kstd gksus ds ukrs ;g esjs fy, xoZ dk fo"k; Hkh gksxkA mÙkj izns'k vkSj NÙkhlx<+ dk ;gh l[kkHkko vkt ds oSf'od [krjksa ls tw>us dh Hkh oSpkfjdh gks ldrh gSA dk;ZozQe dks iz[;kr dFkkdkj t;k tknokuh vkSj tknwxj vks-ih- 'kekZ us lacksfèkr fd;kA bl volj ij ia- c`tyky f}osnh Le`fr lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk lEeku ds fu.kkZ;d eaMy ds lnL; jes'k uS;j] lfPpnkuan tks'kh] fxjh'k iadt dks lfefr dh la;kstd Hkwfedk f}osnh vkSj lat; f}osnh us Le`fr fpUg iznku fd;kA dk;ZozQe dk lapkyu jktdqekj lksuh us fd;kA

jef.kdk xq I rk dh vkfnoklh tuthou ij dsfUær rhu iqLrdksa dk yksdkiZ.k ^ns'k Hkj ds vkfnokfl;ksa ds lkeus ljdkjh vkrad ds izfrjksèk] la?k"kZ] lR;kxzg dk fodkl dSls gqvk gS] bldk C;kSjk lkeus vkuk pkfg,] rkfd yksxksa dks yxs fd ge dSls le; vkSj lekt esa jg jgs gSaA jef.kdk th us dfBu Je djds vkfnoklh lkfgR; vkSj ml vns[ks Hkkjr dh lPpkb;ksa dks lkeus ykus dk tks dke fd;k] mlls fgUnh lkfgR; dk cgqr Hkyk gqvk gSSA fgUnh lkfgR; esa ftu elyksa dks ysdj cgl gksrh gS] mlds cjDl bu vkfnoklh Hkk"kkvksa vkSj buds lkfgR; dh leL;kvksa dh rqyuk djsa rks ge ik,axs fd fgUnh esa iryh xyh esa viuh txg cukus ds fy, èkDde&èkqDdh dk lkjk ekeyk gksrk gSA*

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

99

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr iqjLdkj&2008 eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr iqjLdkj p;u lfefr ds la;kstd vt; xqIrk us crk;k fd bl o"kZ gjsjke usek lehi dks mudh iqLrdsa ^tSls* rFkk ^lkFk pysxk dkSu* ds fy, vkSj jktsanz ukxnso dks mudh iqLrd ^va/h ;k=kk,a* ds fy, ;g iqjLdkj fn;k tk,xkA ;s ckrsa fo[;kr vkykspd eSustj ik.Ms; us lkfgR; vdkneh lHkkxkj esa vk;ksftr jef.kdk xqIrk dh vkfnoklh tuthou ij dsafnzr rhu iqLrdksaµ ^vkfnoklh % fodkl ls foLFkkiu*] ^vkfnoklh % lkfgR; ;k=kk* vkSj ^vkfnoklh dkSu* ds yksdkiZ.k lekjksg ds nkSjku dghaA bu rhuksa iqLrdksa dk yksdkiZ.k iz[;kr dFkkdkj jktsUnz ;kno] eSustj ik.Ms; vkSj lqifjfpr dfo o x|dkj yhykèkkj e.MyksbZ us fd;kA vius vè;{kh; oDrO; esa iz[;kr ys[kd vkSj ^gal* ds laiknd jktsUnz ;kno us dgkµ ^;g lp gS mÙkj Hkkjrh;ksa ds fy, vkfnoklh ,d vtwck gSaA gekjs fy, oks fdlh nwljs yksd ds izk.kh dh rjg gSaA jef.kdk th us bu fdrkcksa ds tfj;s muls gekjk ifjp; djk;k gS] blfy, fgUnh txr dks mudk vkHkkjh gksuk pkfg,A* eq[; oDrk yhykèkkj eaMyksbZ us dgkµ ^bu iqLrdksa dh ;g cM+h [kkfl;r gS fd buds lkjs vkys[k vkfnoklh ys[kdksa us fy[ks ga]S blfy, vki ;gka muds ljksdkj vkSj mudh vkRek ik ysrs gSaA bu iqLrdksa ls xqtjrs gq, ge lkiQ&lkiQ ,d lekt'kkL=kh vkSj ,d ys[kd dh n`f"V dk iQdZ eglwl dj ldrs gSaA bl Ük`a[kyk esa vkèkqfud vkfnoklh ys[ku ij cy gS vkSj bldk ejkBh] cksM+ks vkSj fetks [kaM csgn egRoiw.kZ gSA HkweaMyhdj.k ds nkSj esa vkfnoklh tuthou dh ijaijk dks niQukus dh dksf'k'k dh tk jgh gSA* vius laikndh; oDrO; esa jef.kdk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

xqIrk us dgkµ ^vkfnokfl;ksa dk lkfgR; muds thou dk lkfgR; gSA ;g mu vkfnokfl;ksa lkfgfR;d ;k=kk dh iqLrd gS] tks 'kks"k.k ds f'kdkj gSaA ge pkgrs gSa fd og viuh ckr [kqn djsaA mUgsa viuh igpku xaokus dk nq%[k gS vkSj os bls ikus ds fy, iz;kljr gSaA vkfnokfl;ksa dh 600 cksfy;ka gSa] ftuesa ls 90 Hkk"kkvksa esa lkfgR; fy[kk tk jgk gSA jef.kdk iQkm.Ms'ku us 27 vkfnoklh Hkk"kkvksa ds lkfgR; dk vuqokn djk;k gSA bl iqLrd esa 10 Hkk"kkvksa ds vkfnoklh lkfgR; dh foLrkj ls ppkZ dh xbZ gSA* >kj[k.M ls vkb± pfpZr ;qok i=kdkj okloh dhM+ks us dgkµ ^gky gh esa >kj[kaM ljdkj us vkfnokfl;ksa ds fodkl ds dkj.k gq, foLFkkiu ds fujkdj.k ds fy;s ,d iquokZl vkSj iquLFkkZiu dh uhfr cuk;h gS] ftlesa cgqr dqN vkifÙktud gSA* fof'k"V vfrfFk jke'kj.k tks'kh us dgkµ ^eq[;èkkjk vkt Hkh vkfnokfl;ksa dks cks> ds :i esa ns[krh gSA ;g foMEcuk gS fd vkSifuosf'kd ekufldrk Lora=k Hkkjr esa Hkh tkjh jghA eq[;èkkjk ds fodkl dh voèkkj.kk Li"V ugha vkSj ;g Hkh lkiQ ugha fd fodkl dh dher dkSu vnk djs x k\ jef.kdk th dh ;s iq L rds a vkfnokfl;ksa ds bu Toyar eq+íksa dh rjQ è;ku vkdf"kZr djrh gSaA* lqifjfpr dfo enu d';i us dgkµ ^fodkl ds uke ij cs'kehZ ls vkfnokfl;ksa dks foLFkkfir djus dh dksf'k'k dh tk jgh gSA bl lp dks ckj&ckj udkjk x;k gS fd vaxzstksa ds fo#¼ lcls T;knk yM+kb;ka vkfnokfl;ksa us yM+haA* lekjksg dk lapkyu okloh dhM+ks us fd;k vkSj èkU;okn Kkiu ;qok dFkkdkj vfHk"ksd d';i us fd;kA fnus'k dqekj] (jef.kdk Qkm.Ms'ku)

çxfr'khy ys[kd la?k }kjk xks"Bh jktsaæ Hkou] ubZ fnYyh % fnukad 9 ebZ] 2008] 'kqØokj dks ;gka çxfr'khy ys[kd la?k ,oa jktsaæ çlkn vdkneh }kjk la;qDr :i ls MkW- fo'oukFk f=kikBh dh vè;{krk esa fou; fo'okl ds dfork

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

ujsaæ dksgyh ds ^xkjs dh nhokj* dk fl,Vy esa eapu fl,Vy ds ,d laxBu ^izfrèofu* us iz f l¼ fga n h miU;kldkj vkS j ukV~;ys[kd ujsaæ dksgyh ds ukVd ^xkjs dh nhokj* dk eapu fd;k ftldk funs'Z ku vxLR; dksgyh us fd;kA fons'k esa ^xkjs dh nhokj* dk ;g igyk eapu FkkA ^xkjs dh nhokj* ,d gkL; ukVd gS ftlds ik=k vuisf{kr ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa etsnkj fVIif.k;ka djrs gSAa ;g ukVd yksxksa ds ml rFkkdfFkr LVsVl ij iQksdl djrk gS tks os lekt esa viuh mPp fLFkfr dk <ksxa djus ds fy, x<+ ysrs gSa vkSj fiQj mls cuk, j[kus ds fy, dqN Hkh djus dks rS;kj jgrs gSaA funsZ'kd dksgyh dgrs gSaµ ;g ukVd ,d cgqr gh lkekU; ?kj esa cgqr lkekU; ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa 'kq: gksrk gS ysfdu gj {k.k chrus ds lkFk&lkFk >wB vkSj jgL;ksa dh ijrsa [kqyus yxrh gSa vkSj jksekap iSnk gksrk jgrk gSA ukVd esa ftl ifjokj ij è;ku dsafær fd;k x;k gS og fdlh ,d lekt] fdlh ,d ns'k dk izfrfuf/ ifjokj ugha gS cfYd fo'o esa lkekU; :i ls ik;k tkus okyk vke ifjokj gSA ;gh otg gS fd mlds lkFk n'kZd [kqn dks tksMd + j ns[k ikrs gSa vkSj blhfy, fl,Vy esa gq, mlds eapu dks [kwc ljkgk x;kA izLrqfrµ vxLR; dksgyh

ladyu ^iRFkjksa dk D;k gS* ij ,d fopkj xks"Bh dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA bl volj ij fgUnh ds ;'kLoh dFkkdkj vejdkar dh vLoLFkrk vkSj dfBu vkfFkZd fLFkfr ij fpark O;Dr djrs gq, ,d çLrko ikfjr fd;k x;kA çLrko esa Lokèkhurk lsukuh vkSj Hkkjr NksM+ks vkanksyu dks fganh esa vfHkO;fDr nsus okys egRoiw.kZ dFkkdkj vejdkar dh mis{kk dks yTtktud dgk x;kA dsUæ ,oa mÙkj çns'k dh ljdkjksa ls ekax dh xbZ fd os vius nkf;Ro dks le>rs gq, bykgkckn esa fofoèk dfBukb;ksa ls tw>rs vejdkar ds mipkj dh leqfpr O;oLFkk djsa vkSj mUgsa fu;fer :i ls ekfld isa'ku miyCèk djk,aA xks " Bh dh 'kq # vkr lq J h çhfr

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

100

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

vMkytk }kjk egkdfo lw;Zdkar f=kikBh fujkyk Ñr nks dforkvksa ds eèkqj xk;u ls gqbZA blds ckn fou; us vius ladyu ls dqN dfork,a i<+haA dforkvksa ij ppkZ dh 'kq#vkr djrs gq, uhjt dqekj us vius vkys[k ds ekè;e ls dgk fd ;s vke vkneh ds thou ds nq[kksa dks cgqr uTk+nhd tkdj ns[kus okyh dfork,a gSaA oSf'od Lrj ij gksus okys ifjorZuksa us vke vkneh ds thou dh nq'okfj;ka vkSj c<+kbZ gSaA fou; dh dfork,a mUgsa nTkZ djrh gSaA le;&lekt esa ?kVus okyh NksVh&NksVh ?kVuk,a fou; ds ;gka nTkZ gksus ds ckn ,d cM+s iQyd esa ns[ks tkus dh ekax djrh gSaA dfBu thou ds dksjs vuqHko dfo ds çrhdksa dh èkkj dks iSuk djrs gSaA cyh flag dk dguk Fkk fd fodkl dh folaxfr;ksa dks mn~?kkfVr djrs gSa fou; fo'okl viuh dforkvksa esaA mn~?kkfVr djus dk mudk viuk [+kkl vankT+k gSA os foykseksa dks ,d lkFk mifLFkr djrs gSa] ftuesa jsg~Vfjd vkSj BsB cksypky dh Hkk"kk gS] tks iB~; vkSj JO; ds Hksn dks feVkus esa cM+h egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkrh gSA fodkl dh folaxfr;ksa dks fou; esgurd'k balku ds uT+kfj;s ls ns[krs gSaA blfy, muds ;gka NksVs&NksVs iwathoknh lius ugha] cfYd blds foijhr larqfyr fodkl ds cM+s lius vkrs gSaA ppkZ dks vkxs c<+krs gq, osn çdk'k us dgk fd bl ladyu esa tks vPNh dfork,a gSa] mu lc dforkvksa ij cM+s jpukdkjksa dk çHkko gSA os pkgs eqfDrcksèk gksa] pkgs ijlkbZ] pkgs ukxktqZu gksa vkSj pkgs dkfynklA ;s dfork,a gok] ikuh] vkdk'k] eqLdjkgV] eklwfe;r] lknxh vkfn ftu phTkksa dk thou esa vHkko èkhjs&èkhjs gksrk tk jgk gS] tks gekjs iap egkHkwr gekjh idM+ ls NwVrs tk jgs gSa] muds 'kksd dh dfork,a gSaA eap dh dfork cukus ds fy, Hkko ds lkFk rksM+iQksM+ Hkh dbZ txg gSA tSls eka dk dVs vaxwBs ls uhacw fupksM+uk cgqr [kVdrk gSA tgka dfo vius ij dfork,a fy[krk gS] ^eSa* tgka vkrk gS] oks mruh vPNh ugha yxrha] ftruh nwljh rjg

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

dh dfork,aA ^eSa* ij fy[kh xbZ dforkvksa dks NksM+dj vxj nwljh dforkvksa dks ns[ksa rks ;s csgn iBuh; vkSj vius le; dks crkrh gqbZ] bl le; esa tks dqN gekjs gkFkksa ls NwVrk tk jgk gS] mls dSls cpk,a] ;g crkrh gqbZ dfork,a gSaA jktdqekj lSuh us ledkyhu dfork ds ifjn`'; esa Nanksc¼] NaneqDr] x|kRed vkfn rjg&rjg dh fy[kh tk jgh dforkvksa dh ppkZ djrs gq, dgk fd dqN dfork,a ,slh Hkh fy[kh tk jgh gSa] ftuesa x| vkSj i| dk dksbZ varj ugha gSA dfo vxj fdlh x| dh iqLrd ls iafDr;ka mBkdj dfork ds :i esa mudh IyslesaV dj ns rks os dfork,a Hkh dgyk ldrh gSaA fou; fo'okl dh dforkvksa esa rqdksa dk fuokZg gS ysfdu ;s rqdcanh dh dfork,a ugha gSaA buesa rqdksa dk ikWfT+kfVo fuokZg dfork ds x| ls varj dks crkrk gS fd ;s okLro esa dfork,a gSaA x| ds VqdM+s ugha gSa] tSlk fd vktdy fy[kk tk jgk gSA bu dforkvksa esa 'kCn vkSj vFkZ] nksuksa dh y; gSA dsoy xksLokeh us vkReh; lacaèkksa ij vkèkkfjr dforkvksa dks dfo ds vuqHko vkSj mldh jpukRedrk dks n'kkZus okyh dfork,a crk;kA dgk fd eka }kjk dVs vaxwBs ls uhacw fupksM+us dh fØ;k esa eq>s eka dk ljksdkj] eerk] R;kx vkSj okRlY; fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA viuh ihM+k Hkwydj nwljs ds lq[k ds fy, thus dks ;g fØ;k mtkxj djrh gSA eap dh ppkZ djrs gq, dsoy dk dguk Fkk fd vk;kstd tc dfo dks iSlk nsrs gSa rks mlls fdlh cgqr gh çxfr'khy ;k cM+h Økafrdkjh dfork dh mEehn ugha djrsA ogka lquus okys Hkh vDlj ,sls ugha gksrsA 'kk;n dforkvksa dks laçsf"kr djus ds fy, foykseksa dks j[kus vkSj jsg~Vfjd dh 'kSyh dfo us fodflr dh gSA blesa ,d lq[kn ckr eq>s ;g yxh fd fou; us dfork dks eky cuus ls cpk fy;kA ckSf¼d foykl djus dh drbZ dksf'k'k ugha dh cfYd iwjh xaHkhjrk ds lkFk] dfork dks dfork dh 'krksZa ij] viuh 'krksZa ij] eap ls Hkh i<+k vkSj if=kdkvksa esa

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Hkh i<+ok;kA eap ij i<+us ls dksbZ dfork NksVh ugha gks tkrhA gYdh ;k lLrh ugha gks tkrhA fliZ+Q ;gh gS fd vki mlds lkFk fdruk le>kSrk djrs gSaA eap dh 'krks± dks fdruk viukrs gSa vkSj viuh 'krksZa ij fdruk dfork dks ogka çLrqr djrs gSaA fou; dks bl [+krjs ls lkoèkku jguk gksxk fd tks 'kSyh bu dforkvksa esa uT+kj vkrh gS] og dgha :f<+ u cu tk,A jkedqekj Ñ"kd us dgk fd fou; eap ds Hkh ,d lqèkh vkSj leFkZ dfo gSaA mudh tks dfork,a Nidj vkbZ gSa] muesa Hkh eap ekStwn gS vkSj esjk [+k;ky gS fd blesa dksbZ vlaxfr ugha gSA oks eap ij tkrs gSa] turk ds chp esa i<+rs gSa] laizsf"kr djrs gSa vius le; dks viuh dfork ds ekè;e ls vkSj csckdh ds lkFk djrs gSaA mlesa dksbZ ckSf¼drk dk vkoj.k Mkyus dh dksf'k'k ugha gksrhA ledkyhu ;FkkFkZ mudh dfork esa vkrk gSA fuEueè;oxhZ; rcds dh lpkb;ksa ls budh uT+knhdh jgh gS vkSj os bu dforkvksa esa fn[kkbZ nsrh gSaA ,sls cgqr lkjs ik=k gSa] tks buesa izrhdkRed :Ik ls ekStwn gSaA dbZ txg eq>s yxrk gS fd dforkvksa esa bl rjg ds rqdkarksa dh t+:jr ugha FkhA bl ;FkkFkZ dk mn~?kkVu vkSj bl ;FkkFkZ dk laizs"k.k cxSj bl rqdkar ds Hkh gks ldrk Fkk] vkSj izHkkoh rjhds ls gks ldrk FkkA eSa rqdkar esa fy[kus okyk vkneh gwa] Nanksc¼ dfork dk vkxzgh gwaA ysfdu iQholZ esa dgha&dgha ;s phT+ksa eq>s ckèkk iSnk djrh gSaA esjs vkLokn vkSj esjh lksp dks dgha ijs'kku djrh gSaA cgqr lkjs yksx viuh T+kehu NksMd + j cgqr lkjk vuki'kuki fy[kus yxrs gSa vkSj vius vki dks egku vkSj irk ugha D;k D;k fn[kkus dh dksf'k'k djrs gSaA fou; esa ,slk dqN ugha gSA os ftl thou ;FkkFkZ ds dfo gSa] mlh dks dfork esa j[krs gSa vkSj ml thou ds izfr mudh iwjh fu"Bk gSA esgurd'k vkneh ls tqM+s cgqr lkjs fcac] cgqr lkjk gekjh f”kanxh ls tqM+k lkeku budh dforkvksa esa ekStwn gS vkSj mldks ,d jpukRedrk bUgksaus nh gSA iou dqekj dk dguk Fkk fd ÑrKrk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

101

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

Kkiu tSlh dfork vxj dksbZ eap ij i<+rk gS rks cM+k dke djrk gSA def'kZ;y flusek esa ulh#n~nhu 'kkg us ,d Lisl cuk;k] ftlls jaxeap ds yksxksa }kjk ogka vfHku; dh ,d yach ijEijk iSnk gqbZA blh rjg fou; dh dforkvksa us Hkh eap ij tks Lisl cuk;k gS] eSa vk'kk djrk gwa fd dfo mldk mi;ksx djsxa s vkSj VSfDudy yksxksa us dfork dh tks nqxZfr dh gS] og de ls de djrs gq, mls okLro esa dfork cukus dh dksf'k'k djsaxs] turk ls tqM+saxsA gjtsaæ pkSèkjh us dksbZ fVIi.kh u djrs gq, ladyu ls bPNkvksa dk xhr 'kh"kZd dfork i<+hA lqjthr xkaèkh us dgk fd dfork esa dF;] f'kYi] le;] fcEc vkSj izrhd dksbZ gok ls rks iSnk gksrs ugha! bu dforkvksa ij vxj vkSj jpukdkjksa dk izHkko gS Hkh rks blesa dksbZ cqjkbZ ugha gSA fjiQkbZaM gksds pDdk uhps ls Åij fiQj vkrk gSA fou; fo'okl dh dfork,a lhèkh&lknh vkSj ljy gSaA muds i<+us&lquus esa ,d:irk gSA lejlrk gSA eap ls Hkh ,slh dfork,a ;k ,sls dfo iSnk gksrs gSa tks yksxksa dks m}sfyr djrs gSa vkSj lekt dks cnyus dh yM+kbZ esa fgLlsnkj gksrs gSaA vkt ds gkykr esa dfork dh vkykspukRed] ltZukRed vkSj ,sfrgkfld Hkwfedk ij izdk'k Mkyrs gq, MkW- fuR;kuan frokjh us dgk fd izHkkfor gksuk thfor gksus dk y{k.k gSA udy rks ugha fd;k gS! bu dforkvksa esa ;g foosd lkiQ&lkiQ fn[kkbZ iM+rk gS fd lk{kh cus fcuk dfork ;k dfo vius 'kCn ugha ik ldrkA dfork dh Hkk"kk vkarfjd vkSj vafre :Ik ls lkekftd gh gks ldrh gSA i{kèkj gh gks ldrh gSA fganh ds dqN ckSf¼drkiw.kZ foe'kks± dks NksM+ nhft, rks ,slh dksbZ egRoiw.kZ jpuk eq>s fn[kkbZ ugha iM+rh] tks ckt+kj ds leFkZu esa gksA bl u, foe'kZ vkSj jpukRedrk esa bruh xgjh [kkbZ dHkh ugha [kqnh Fkh] ftruh vkt ckt+kj us [kksnh gS vkSj bl xgjkbZ dh vksj lkiQ&lkiQ b'kkjk fou; fo'okl dh dfork djrh gSA xks"Bh dk vè;{kh; oDrO; nsrs gq,

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

MkW- fo'oukFk f=ikBh us dgk fd vki yksxksa dks FkksM+k&lk fj;kT+k djuk pkfg, v[kkM+s esaA vkSj ;s cM+s&cM+s yksxksa dk dguk gS fd tSls laxhrdkj fj;kT+k djrk gS] oSls ys[kd dks Hkh fj;kT+k djuk pkfg,A izxfr'khy dfork O;aX; dh tks gksxh] vkSj vxj ogka vkanksyu dh dksbZ ijaijk jgh gS rks oks dfork Nanksc¼ gh vPNh gksxhA mRÑ"V gksxhA vki yksx esjh ckr vHkh er ekfu,] ysfdu ukxktqZu tSlh O;aX; dh dfork] muds nksgksa dks vxj vki x| esa dj nhft,] ;k fganh dk dksbZ nwljk dfo crkb, tks x| esa muls vPNh O;aX; dfork fy[k pqdk gks! bl ij lkspuk pkfg,A ;s dfork,a bl cgl ij fopkj djus ds fy, cgqr vPNk vkèkkj izLrqr djrh gSaA bu dforkvksa dh tks ,d ckr eq>s cgqr vPNh yxh] oks ;s fd ;a=k.kk rks cgqr gSA vaèkdkj pkjksa rjiQ gSA Hkokuh izlkn feJ dh ,d dfork eq>s ;kn vk jgh gS& tUe fy;k gS [ksy ugha gS@tgka iQsad nks ogha ij jl iSnk dj nwaxkA ;kruk cgqr gSA bl fLFkfr esa Hkh dfo] ns[kks] cM+k oks gksrk gS] tks nq[k esa ls lq[k [khap ykrk gSA ;s dfork tks gS& lq[k] oSlk lq[kh jgdj dksbZ fn[kk, rks T+kjk! Ykksx dgrs gSa fd lq[k ugha feyrkA lq[k gSA eT+knwj jkr esa Hkh lks ysrs gSaA mUgsa uhan vk tkrh gSA vkSj cM+s&cM+s yksx tks gSa] mudks uhan ugha vkrh gSA fdlus jksd j[kk gS] rqe Hkh lksvks oSlk djds] fdlus jksd j[kk gS! gj tujs'ku dks] bfrgkl ds gj nkSj dks] ekuoh; lq[k <wa<+uk iM+rk gSA [kkstuk iM+rk gSA la?k"kZ djuk iM+rk gSA ekuoh; lq[k bruh lLrh] bruh vksNh phT+k ugha gS] tks mÙkjkfèkdkj esa feys fdlh dksA tks phT+k mÙkjkfèkdkj esa ikrs gSa vki] oks dkSM+h dh rhu phT+k gksrh gSA blfy, oks dfork tks gS& lq[k] ,slk yxrk gS] tSls ;s rks eSa fy[krk! ;s lq[kh jguk cM+k dkWLVyh gksrk gSA fdruk lq[kh gS oks@dfork ds ns'k esa vtuch@gFksfy;ksa esa iqjLdkjksa dh [kqtyh ugha] cM+k eqf'dy gS ;s [kqtyh u gksuk] cgqr eqf'dy gS! ryqvksa esa fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh Nkrh jkSanus dk vjeku ugha@dkuksa esa rkfy;ksa dh I;kl ugha@vka[kksa esa iwT; gksus dh ykfyek ugha@dqN Hkh ugha tks mls nq[kh dj lds @ nq [ k ;gh lks p &lks p nq [ kh gS fd

U;w;kdZ esa lEiUu gq, vkaBosa fo'o fgUnh lEesyu ls ykSVdj v'kksd pØ/j vkSj mudh fgUnh dEI;wfVax esa yxh gqbZ Vhe us iQSlyk fd;k fd fgUnh lkfgR;dkjksa vkSj fgUnh izfs e;ksa ds chp vkafdd foHkktu dks lekIRk djus ds fy, vkSj dEI;wVj psruk dk fodkl djus ds fy, *fgUnh dk Hkfo"; vkSj Hkfo"; dh fgUnh* 'kh"kZd ls izfrekl ,d ekfld dk;ZØe dk vk;kstu fd;k tk,A flracj 2007 ls izkjaHk gksdj vxLr 2008 rd t;t;oarh laxks"Bh ds vc rd ckjg dk;ZØe lEiUu gks pqds gSaA gj dk;ZØe esa dEI;wVj ls tqM+s gq, fofHkUu fo"k;ksa dks fy;k x;kA xEHkhj ppkZvksa ds nkSjku dkO;&ikB Hkh gksrs jgsA lapkyu ds nkSjku v'kksd pØ/j izk;% dgrs jgs fd gekjk dk;ZØe jkspd lEiznk; dk Hkh gS vkSj HkkSapd lEiznk; dk Hkh gSA dforkvksa vkSj jpukRed lkfgR; dh fofo/ foèkvksa ls ge bls jkspd cukrs gSa vkSj Hkfo"; dh fgUnh ds fy, dEI;wVj dh lsok,a ns[kdj HkkSapd Hkh jg tkrs gSA gekjk edln gS dEI;wVj dk vfèkdkfèkd ykHk mBkus ds fy, Lo;a dks l{ke cukukA bl ekfld xks"Bh esa ftl ofj"B lkfgR;dkj dks ^t;t;oarh lEeku* ls uokt+k tkrk gS mls fgUnh lkWÝVos;j lqfo/k lfTtr ,d ySiVkWi Hkh fn;k tkrk gSA Jh izHkk"k tks'kh] MkW- dqaoj cspSu] MkW- jkenj'k feJ] Jh mn; izrki flag fiNys eghuksa esa lEekfur gq, izeq[k uke gSaA twu ekg esa MkW- dUgS;k yky uUnu dks lEekfur fd;k x;kA os ySiVkWi ikdj ije izlUu gSa vkSj ,d fo|kFkhZ psruk ds lkFk dEI;wVj ij fgUnh ys[ku izkjaHk dj pqds gSaA ml xks"Bh dk fo"k; Fkk ^fgUnh dh CykWx'kkyk* 19 twu dks bafM;k gSfcVsV lSVa j ds xqyeksgj gkWy esa vusd lkfgR;dkj viusµvius ySiVkWi ysdj vk, vkSj lHkkxkj esa baVjusV dh lqfoèkk ds jgrs mUgksua s fgUnh ds CykWx cuk,A MkW- dqoa j cspuS us rhuµpkj eghus ds vUnj gh dkiQh n{krk gkfly dj yhA ySiVkWi izkIRk djus ds ckn MkW- dUgS;k yky uUnu us lHkkxkj esa dgk Fkkµ ^eSa ;gka laxks"Bh lquus ds fy, vk;k Fkk vkSj budh idM+ esa Hkh vk x;kA tks dqN eSaus ySiVkWi esa ns[kk mlls eSa fdruk izHkkfor gqvk gwa] crk ugha ldrkA lkspus yxk fd ;s rks fugk;r ukekdwfy;r gS fd eq>s lqfo/k,a feyh gqbZ gSa] ysfdu eq>esa budk Kku ugha gSA rks lkgc Kku izkIRk djus ds fy, mez dh dksbZ cfUn'k ugha gksrhA bUgksaus eq>s ,d ySiVkWi gh HksaV dj fn;kA eSa lkoZtfud :i ls dgrk gwa fd eSa bUgsa csgn I;kj djrk gwa vkSj ;s I;kj djus ds dkfcy vkneh gSaA eSa tYnh ls tYnh ogka ,d fnu esa igqap tkuk pkgrk gwa] tgka yksx ,d gÝrs esa igqaprs gSaA vHkh eSaus dksf'k'k djh] vkSj ftruk dksus esa cSBs v'kksd pØ/j us eq>s fl[kk;k] mrus ls rks eSaus bUgsa Vkbi dj ds fn[kk Hkh fn;kA eSa bUgsa cgqrµcgqr nqvk,a nsrk gwa vkSj buds tquwu dks lyke djrk gwaA* t;t;oarh lkfgR; laxks"Bh ds bu ckjg eghuksa esa vusd lkfgR;dkj] jktusrk lfEefyr gksrs jgs gSa tSls MkW- jRukdj ikaMs;] MkW- lq/h'k ipkSjh] Jh jkgqy nso] Jhizdk'k tk;loky] Jh fot; dqekj eYgks=kk] Jh g"kZ dqekj] MkW- Hkh"e ukjk;.k flag] izk-s lqjUs æ xEHkhj] MkW- e/q xksLokeh] izks- of'kuh 'kekZ] Jh vkyksd iqjkf.kd] Jh vuqjkx pØ/j] lqJh Lusgk pØ/j] Jh vt; tSu] Jh flfjy xqIRk] Jh 'kSy"s k Hkkjroklh] Jh ltho lkjFkh] Jherh cj[kk v'kksd flag] MkW- baæ ukFk pkS/jh] Jh ckysUnq nk/hp] in~eJh ohjsUæ izHkkdj] Jh ,- vkj- dksgyh] Jh lR;ozr prqosZnh] Jh cky Lo:i jkgh] Jherh fp=kk eqn~xy] MkW- in~ekdj ik.Ms; ,oa lqJh ik;y 'kekZA le;µle; ij fgUnh ds vusd dfo Hkh lfØ; fgLlsnkjh fuHkkrs jgs gSaA tSls v#.k tsfeuh] egsUæ vtuch] osn izdk'k] ½rq xks;y] jkt xksiky flag] nhid xqIRkk] nhf{kr nudkSjh] iq#"kksÙke otzA vusd dfo;ksa us vius CykWx cuk, gSaA tSls iou nhf{kr] tSusUæ dnZe] e/qeksfguh mikè;k;A bl dk;ZØe Üka`[kyk ds O;oLFkkid Jh jkds'k ikaMs; dh lgHkkfxrk izkjaHk ls cuh gqbZ gSA laxks"Bh ds fdrus gh LFkk;h Jksrk dEI;wVj lk{kj gks pqds gSa rFkk Hkfo"; dh fgUnh ds izfr vk'kkoku gSaA fp=k ,oa fjiksVZ % ik;y 'kekZ

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

102

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

;s@csodwi+Q&lk vkneh@fcuk ckr lq[kh gSA irk ugha ukxktqZu gksrs rks ,slh dfork i| esa Hkh fy[k nsrs] eSa ugha tkurkA bruh ;kruk esa] bruh ijs'kkuh esa ,d vkneh] tks lq[kh gksus dk ,d dkaØhV] lPpk] lqfuf'pr jkLrk crkrk gS vkSj ftl ij pyus dk lkgl ogh dj ldrs gSa] lq[kh gksus dh {kerk ftuesa gSA lHkh ughaA bl lacksèku ds lkFk laiUu gqbZ xks"Bh esa MkW- gfjeksgu 'kekZ] v#.k tSfeuh] ½rq xks;y] uhjo] ;'kksnk] vfuy jk;] tlchj R;kxh vkfn vusd egRoiw.kZ O;fDr;ksa us fgLlk fy;kA jtr tSu vkSj bljkj us O;oLFkk esa mYys[kuh; lgk;rk dhA thoar lapkyu MkW- }kfjdk çlkn pk#fe=k us fd;kA

lqn'kZu ofl"B }kjk dgkuh ikB 8 vxLr dks lkfgR; vdkneh }kjk ^dFkk laf/* dk;ZØe ds varxZr johanz Hkou esa lqifjfpr dFkkdkj lqn'kZu ofl"B dh dgkuh dk ikB gqvkA bl volj ij mUgksaus ^igkM+ ns[krk gS*] ^ek.kl xa/* rFkk galuk euk gS* dgkfu;ksa dk ikB fd;kA dgkfu;ksa ij izHkkdj Jksf=k;] izse tuest;] jkth lsB] vkj-ds- ikyhoky] jes'k lSuh] vkfn us vius fopkj j[ksA vk;kstu esa vxzgkj Ñ".kewfrZ] xaxkizlkn foey] yfyr ykfyR;] lqHkk"k uhjo vkfn mifLFkr FksA vdkneh ds milfpo c`tsanz f=kikBh us lqn'kZu ofl"B dk ifjp; fn;k ,oa vkHkkj izn'kZu fd;kA

'kjn tks'kh lEeku vkyksd esgrk dks Jh vkyksd esgrk dks eè; izns'k ljdkj dk ^jk"Vªh; 'kjn tks'kh lEeku* fn;k tk,xkA lEeku ds varxZr Jh esgrk dks ,d yk[k #i,] JhiQy] 'kkWy vkSj iz'kfLr i=k fn;k tk,xkA

Hkkjr Hkw"k.k vxzoky iqjLdkj fu'kkar dks Ok"kZ 2008 dk ^Hkkjr Hkw"k.k vxzoky iqjLdkj* Jh fu'kkar dks mudh dfork ^vV~BkbZl lky dh mez esa* ds fy, fn;k tk,xkA ;g dfork ledkyhu Hkkjrh;

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lkfgR; ds tqykbZ&vxLr 2007 ds vad esa izdkf'kr gqbZ FkhA

efgyk dFkkdkjksa }kjk dgkuh ikB lkfgR; vdkneh ds lHkkxkj esa vdkneh ds vfLerk 'kh"kZd dk;ZØe dh J`a[kyk esa dgkuh ikB laxks"Bh dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k] ftlesa fganh dh ofj"B rhu efgyk dFkkdkjksa eerk dkfy;k] uferk flag vkSj dqlqe valy us viuh dgkfu;ksa dk ikB fd;k rFkk viuh jpuk&izfØ;k ij izdk'k MkykA

uotksr fln~/w dks lEeku fganh Hkou }kjk izfro"kZ fn, tkus okyk fganh&jRu lEeku bl o"kZ tkus&ekus fØdsVj uotksr flag fl¼w dks iznku fd;k x;kA fganh Hkou dh vksj ls ;g lEeku izfro"kZ ,sls yksxksa dks iznku fd;k tkrk gS tks vfgaanhHkk"kh gksus ds ckotwn fganh ds izpkj&izlkj esa yxs gq, gSaA mUgsa 'kkWy] Le`fr&fpg~u iz'kfLr i=k ,oa 31 gtkj #i, dh jkf'k iznku dh xbZA Jh uotksr flag fl¼w us ?kks"k.kk dh fd bl lEeku ds fy, og vkthou ,d yk[k #i;k izfro"kZ fganh Hkou dks nsrs jgsaxsA Jh uotksr flag fl¼w us vius vankt esa dgk & Ukke gh [kks nksxs rks fd/j tkvksxAs Ikgpku [kks nksxs rks fc[kj tkvksxAs A bl volj ij izHkk"k tks'kh] lq"kek Lojkt] vkjrh esgjk] xksfoan O;kl lfgr jktèkuh ds izfrf"Br fganh izseh mifLFkr FksA

fp=k dyk laxe iqjLdkj laLFkk ds ea=kh ohjsanz izHkkdj us lwfpr fd;k fd bl o"kZ lEeku ds fy, MkWeghi flag] in~ek lpnso] MkW- xksfoan O;kl] xhrk panuz ] jkedqekj] dUgkbZ fp=kdkj] Vh- ,l- v'kksd rFkk f'kok'kh"k 'kekZ dks muds fuokl LFkku ij tkdj iznku fd, tk,axAs

^ubZ /kjk* }kjk lEekuksa dh ?kks"k.kk

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

,d izsl okrkZ esa ^ubZ /kjk* }kjk o"kZ 103

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

2008 ds lEekuksa dh ?kks"k.kk dh xbZA nwljk mn;jkt lEeku iz[;kr lkfgR;dkj fgeka'kq tks'kh dks iznku fd;k tk,xkA blds lkFk gh dfo iadt flag] jke'kksfer~ izlkn flag] ,oaa vejukFk ^vej* dks o"kZ 2008 ds ^ubZ /kjk jpuk lEeku* ls lEekfur fd;k tk,xkA

ofj"B i=kdkj izHkk"k tks'kh dh ikap iqLrdksa dk yksdkiZ.k ofj"B i=kdkj izHkk"k tks'kh dh ikap iqLrdksa dk yksdkiZ.k 30 tqykbZ dks fnYyh ds f=kos.kh lHkkxkj esa fd;k x;kA yksdkiZ.k Øe'k% izHkkr [krj ds iz/ku laiknd gfjoa'k] fgUnqLrku VkbEl Hkksiky ds laiknd ,u-ds- flag] nSfud HkkLdj ds lewg laiknd Jo.k dqekj xxZ] vej mtkyk ds lewg laiknd 'kf'k 'ks[kj vkSj xka/h ekxZ ds laiknd vuqie feJ us fd;kA yksdkiZ.k dk;ZØe esa izHkk"k tks'kh us dgk fd gesa mlh Hkk"kk esa fy[kuk pkfg, ftlls ge izse djrs gSaA mlh Hkk"kk esa fopkj vkrs gSa vkSj vkReh;rk >ydrh gSA blds lkFk gh ubZ ih<+h ds i=kdkjksa dks lh[k nh fd Hkys gh iRFkj gks ysfdu dhy Bksadrs tk,a] ,d fnu ikj gks gh tk,xhA dk;ZØe dh vè;{krk MkW- ukeoj flag us dh vkSj eap lapkyu lq/h'k ipkSjh us fd;kA vius oDrO; esa izHkk"k tks'kh us jkgqy ckjiqrs] ,l eqyxkaodj] vftr HkV~Vkpk;Z] tktZ oxhZt vkSj ,p ds nqvk dks viuk ekxZn'kZd crk;kA mUgksaus dgk fd ;s ikap fdrkcsa jktsUnz ekFkqj] 'kjn tks'kh] dqekj xa/oZ] jkeukFk xks;udk vkSj Jh'k eqYxkaodj dks lefiZr gSaA ^dkxn dkjs* ds ys[kksa dks ikap Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr dj mls iqLrd esa ladfyr djus dk mn~ns'; lekt ds lkFk fganh i<+us okyksa ls laca/ LFkkfir djuk jgk gSA ubZ ih<+h ds i=kdkjksa ls dgk fd ge ml Hkk"kk esa fy[ks ftlls ge izse djrs gSa vkSj fuMj gksdj dk;Z djsaA ikapksa iqLrdksa dk laiknu djus okys lqjs'k 'kekZ us crk;k fd buesa 1992 ls 2002 ds nkSjku Nis dkxn dkjs ds ys[kksa dks 'kkfey fd;k x;k

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○


○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

gSA blls fganh x| dk u;k :i lkeus vk;k gSA igyh iqLrd ^thus ds cgkus* esa fofHkUu O;fDrRo ds ckjs esa fy[ks x, ys[k gSaA iqLrd ^/U; ujcnk eb;k gks* esa viuh laLÑfr vkSj thou esa ueZnk unh dh ;knksa dks lesVk x;k gSA ^yqfV;u ds Vhys dk Hkwxksy* esa jktuhfr os yksdra=k ij dh xbZ fVIif.k;ksa dks 'kkfey fd;k x;k gSA ^[ksy fliZQ [ksy ugha gS* esa i=kdkfjrk ij vk, ladV ,oa geyksa ls tqM+s eqn~nksa dks mBk;k x;k gSA 'kf'k 'ks[kj us bl volj ij dgk fd rqyuk,a gesa rkSyus dk ekSdk nsrh gSaA mEehn gS fd izHkk"k tks'kh tc rd fy[ksaxs rc rd xq.koÙkk ls fy[ksaxs vkSj ge tSls ,dyO; lh[krs jgsxa As vuqie feJ us ehfM;k dh fcxM+rh Hkk"kk dks lq/kjus ij cy fn;kA ,u-ds- flag us i=kdkfjrk dh igpku ds ladV ls tw>us dh vkik/kih dks lkeus j[kk rks Jo.k xxZ us laikndksa dh deh ij fpark O;Dr dhA gfjoa'k us dgk fd izHkk"k tks'kh us i=kdkj ls fpard vkSj l`tukRed ys[kd cuus dk dke fd;k gSA dk;ZØe esa iwoZ mijk"Vªifr HkSjks flag 'ks[kkor] iwoZ dsUnzh; ea=kh uVoj flag lesr vusd lkfgR;dkj o i=kdkj 'kkfey gq,A

lekpkj

○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

fd;k FkkA igys iqjLdkjksa dh ?kks"k.kk fnYyh ls gksrh jgh gSA bl ckj laLFkku ds eq[;ky; vkxjk ls iqjLdkj ?kksf"kr fd, x, gSaA laLFkku ds mikè;{k jke'kj.k tks'kh us ,d lekjksg esa iqjLdkjksa dh ?kks"k.kk dhA fganh ds izpkj vkSj izf'k{k.k ds fy, pkj fo}kuksa dks xaxk'kj.k flag iqjLdkj fn;k x;k gSA buesa rfeyukMq ds ,e- 'ks"k.k] dsjy ds ,- vjfoank{k.k] ef.kiqj ds nsojkt vkSj tEeq d'ehj ;wfuoflZVh dh tksgjk viQty gSA i=kdkfjrk dk x.ks'k'kadj fo|kFkhZ iqjLdkj fizaV ehfM;k ds vkyksd esgrk dks fn;k x;k gSA pSuyksa vkSj nwjn'kZu ds chp bySDVªksfud ehfM;k iqjLdkj ,uMhVhoh ds deky [kku vkSj nwjn'kZu ds vejukFk vej dks la;qDr :i ls fn;k x;k gSA oSKkfud rduhdh lkfgR; ds {ks=k esa vkRekjke iqjLdkj jktLFkku ds nqxkZnÙk vks>k vkSj mM+hlk ds lqcks/ eksgarh dks fn;k x;k gSA blh Js.kh dk ,d gh iqjLdkj fnYyh dh fouhrk fla?ky vkSj eukst iVsfj;k dks feyk gSA iqjLdkj ds :i esa ,d yk[k #i, vkSj iz'kfLr i=k fn, tk,axsA ;g iqjLdkj 14 flracj dks jk"Vªifr izfrHkk ikfVy] ubZ fnYyh esa iznku djsaxhA

17 fo}kuksa dks feysxk fganh lsok

iqjLdkj dsanzh; fganh laLFkku us 2008 ds fy, fganh lsok iqjLdkjksa dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh gSA jk"Vªifr ds gkFkksa iznku fd, tkus okys bu iqjLdkjksa dh ?kks"k.kk igyh ckj vkxjk ls gqbZ gSA iqjLdkj dh 7 Jsf.k;ksa esa 17 fo}kuksa dk p;u fd;k x;k gSA buesa vkyksd esgrk] ,e- 'ks"k.k] fueZyk tSu] iwjupan tks'kh] mQ"kk fiz;oa nk tSls [;kfrizkIr fo}ku 'kkfey gSaA iqjLdkj ikus okyksa esa iksySaM dh nkrwuk Lrkf"kd Hkh gSaA dsanzh; fganh laLFkku dh vksj ls jk"Vªh; vkSj varjk"Vªh; Lrj ij fganh ds fodkl vkSj izpkj&izlkj esa ;ksxnku nsus okys fo}kuksa] lkfgR;dkjksa vkSj i=kdkjksa dks gj lky lEekfur fd;k tkrk gSA fganh laLFkku us 1989 ls iqjLdkj nsuk 'kq: ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

lkfgR; laLÑfr ,oa lkekftd psruk dk ikf{kd

ft+Unk yksx laiknd latuk frokjh laikndh; lykgdkj osn 'kekZ laidZ ,iQ&119@1] isQt&2 vadqj ,UDyso] djkoy uxj fnYyh&94

104

‰

vizSy&flracj 2008

xxukapy Hkkjrh; lakLÑfrd laca/ ifj"kn dh =kSekfldh La k iknd vt; xqIrk Okkf"kZd ewY; % 400 #i;s laidZ Hkkjrh; lakLÑfrd laca/ ifj"kn vk”kkn Hkou] banzizLFk ,LVsV ubZ fnYyh&110002

^ubZ /kkjk* }Sekfld ds 59 o"kZ la i knd iz F kejkt fla g lkS t U; la i knd f'koukjk;.k izfr vad % 15 #i;s laidZ lw;Ziqjk gkmQl] cksfjax jksM iVuk

lEcks/ku lkfgfR;d =kSekfld if=kdk lykgdkj la i knd dej + esokM+h izfr vad % 15 #i;s laidZ dkadjksyh&313324 ftyk jktleUn (jktLFkku) ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○



vyangya_yatra_april_sep_2008