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STUDENT COUNCIL

MESSAGE FROM THE CHIEF PATRON

President Rajesh Devaguptapu

kshay Urja Club is an initiative of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE). Through the club, the ministry wishes to spread awareness on new and renewable sources of energy amongst engineering students. At Akshay Urja Club MIT Center, we provide technical input and information about new developments in the field of NRSE to young minds. In this regard we propose to conduct seminars, guest lectures, workshops and industrial visits which helps exposing budding engineers to the different types of renewable energy and methods of energy harvesting. We try to publish 2 issues of newsletter per semester, consisting of articles, research papers, case studies, success stories and write-ups in the area of renewable energy. What makes the club unique is the fact that it is the only club in MIT started in the year 2007 by MNRE, Govt of India. It deals with the issues which are of utmost concern at present. Our never quenching thirst for energy has forced us to look for more and more renewable sources of energy. So as budding engineers and innovators, I invite you all to participate in this revolutionary movement and put your hands together to take the club forward.

Vice President Shaik Manzoor General Secretary Ankit Gundecha Technical Head Apekshith Pallav Management Head Rahil Baig Management Head Sumeen Garg Publicity Head Sirimuvva Chirala

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The Newsletter aims to compile various initiatives being taken in the country and provides information on status of various projects and programs. With best wishes (Raghavendra Prabhu P.) E-mail : raghuprabhu123@gmail.com

Treasurer Manish Agrawal Workshops Head Mayank Kothari Database and Sponsorship Head Rahul Kumar School Contact Head Diksha Hegde School Contact Coordinator Priyanka Phukan Editor in chief (Prayaas) Prerna Gokarn

Message from the Chief Editor

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have always been an environmentalist at heart.In fact ,one of my reasons for becoming an engineer is that I can help forward the green movement. AUC has made me realise that we,as engineers, have so much potential to make a difference.Its important that,at the end of the day,we still have a beautiful world to enjoy with the money we earn. Energy is the prime mover of life. Even the classiest Cadillac on the street couldn’t run if it didn’t have an energy source.The earth is going to run dry of fuel oils within a couple of decades but major Governments still can’t think past the extra money it would take to invest in new and green energy. As a budding engineer,I do believe in the development of technology. Wars can wait,but the fragile ecosystem cannot. Akshay Urja means renewable energy and it propagates the kind that doesn’t jeopardise the environment irrevocably. I hope that the newsletter that we at AUC have put forward will inspire you in that direction. On a lighter note, its been fantastic being the editor for its newsletter these past few months.This newsletter is entirely a team effort. My team members literally bombarded my inbox with emails and to be completely honest, I was overwhelmed to see how enthusiastic everyone was. I couldn’t be more proud of them for all the zeal they have showed ,not only for this but for everything they have ever done to benefit this club and its work. -Prerna Gokarn (Editor in Chief - Prayaas)


This year’s story so far...

4 School Contact Programs

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chool Contact Program is one of the best initiatives of Akshay Urja Club to create awareness among the school going students about the advantages of adopting renewable energy as an eco-friendly alternative and how it can help environment from being destructed. Our aim is to spread awareness on the current environmental scenerio and tell them in what small way they can help to improve it. Our goal is to visit different schools in and around Manipal and hold an interactive session with the students on various topics like renewable energy, global warming, climate change, etc. We try to make the session completely fun by conducting quiz, slogan competition and display of various models which will help students understand better. We demonstrate working models of the environment projects which we make at college and teach them how can they do the same. We also distribute goodies to the winners as well as to those who interact well as a token of encouragement. We have been visiting lots of schools like Indrali Higher Secondary School, Sharada Residential School, Madhav Kripa School etc. The feedback from the students has been great. Doing such social service has always given us a sense of happiness.


A fabulously organised Techtatva

Numbers speak for themselves...

Just in case, if numbers are not enough... Feedback from some of the participants

Workshops

SOLAR MOBILE CHARGER Teams attended : 26

URJA RACHNA - 35 teams

Events

Swades - 54 teams

Brilliant workshops! Never thought electronics could be this interesting. One of the few workshops which I really enjoyed before the TechTatva. - Kshitij Mehrotra A very innovative workshop, “ MAST THA! ” - Priyansh Agarwal Vatsal Misra

Urja Rachna - 24 teams Spark - 10 teams

The volunteers have been really helpful they really put in a lot of effort. We must say its been a tremendous start to our technical career. - Dhruv Goel


If you think that India is far behind in green technology, then check this out...

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ccepted definitions of green buildings describe them as structures that ensure efficient use of materials, water, energy and other resources without depletion of nature and minimal generation of non-degradable waste. The concept of green buildings was prevalent in India from the time of our ancestors who revered the five elements of nature. Today, India can boast of Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)-certified green buildings ranging from residential complexes, exhibition centers, hospitals, and educational institutions to laboratories, IT parks, airports, government buildings and corporate offices. This list of few of the top green buildings in India gives special mention to those extraordinary structures that have left an indelible mark in the green construction industry.

Biodiversity Conservation India Ltd (BCIL) – Bangalore “TZed” As a green builder who strives for the conservation of diversity in vegetation, forests, culture and urban lifestyles, BCIL has created some of the most energy-efficient residential homes. These buildings are the first certified residential apartments to be rated ‘Platinum’ under LEED. TZed, which means “Towards Zero Energy Development” is a green project spread across 5.5 acres and is designed to reduce lighting and energy by nearly 70 per cent.

Suzlon Energy Limited – Pune- “ONE EARTH”

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ne Earth has been LEED ‘Platinum’ rated and certified as an eco-friendly building by the Green Building Council. One Earth can be counted as among the largest green building projects in India and is living proof that our world can be replenished with a little green effort, everyday. To truly transform our economy, protect our security, and save our planet from the ravages of climate change, we need to ultimately make clean, renewable energy the profitable kind of energy. -Barack Obama


Rajiv Gandhi International Airport Hyderabad India’s first Greenfield airport is undeniably among the top 10 green buildings in India and the first airport in Asia to be awarded the silver under LEED rating certification by US Green Building Council. Featuring 100,005 sq. m. of glass encased terminal, this green building ensures optimal use of natural light and minimal wastage of electricity or energy consumption. Yet another of its green features includes the recycling of treated wastewater for landscaping, air conditioning and flushing requirements.

Olympia Technology Park - Chennai The world’s largest LEED rated green building is right here in India. This futuristic masterpiece features three mighty towers on 8.4 acre greenery. Constructed with energy saving technology, autoclaved blocks containing 30 per cent flyash, wooden door-frames made from compressed sawdust and low VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) paints, Olympia is green and eco-friendly in every sense of the word.

By Deepthi

We never know the worth of water till the well is dry. -Thomas Fuller


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The Picture says it all !

ver imagined riding a bike with a single wheel?? The UNO is one such bike that bears a resemblance to a motorized unicycle. Generally described as either a “one wheeled motorcycle” or “electric unicycle”, it is precisely a dicycle, created by placing two closely spaced unaxial drive wheels side-by-side at the centre-point of the vehicle. The UNO is an electric powered vehicle which is controlled in forward motion by the rider shifting weight over the centre of gravity. When the rider shifts forward, the vehicle speeds up to regain balance, when the rider leans back, the vehicle slows. Steering is controlled by side-to-side motion of the rider. The vehicle senses this shift and raises one of the two wheels to allow the vehicle to tilt in the desired turn direction.

The UNO was made by Ben Gulak, a Milton, Ontario teenager in 2006 after he witnessed major smog pollution caused by heavy use of small motor vehicles during his trip to China. He then decided to make an eco-friendly alternative to the pollution causing vehicles which resulted in the UNO. His initial design efforts consisted of an angle-iron frame with wheelchair motors, batteries and gyroscopes. His first test ride resulted in a crash. He had met with series of problems such as electric fires. He then was joined by California robotics expert Trevor Blackwell, who had previously designed a unicycle, a single-wheeled gyrostabilized vehicle, to iron out the initial problems. Blackwell and Gulak refined the Uno’s gyro control system so the machine would properly balance and move smoothly. The vehicle had its first public unveiling at the Toronto Spring Motorcycle Show in 2008, and was awarded a Top-10 prize on Popular Science’s list of 2008 Invention Awards.

-By Prithvi K

-The Daring Driver We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children. -Native American Proverb


The High-Tech Huts

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e all live in concrete jungles infested with pollution. Have you thought of having a house which is free from pollution and has less wastage of electricity so as not to affect climatic conditions??? Well some of you might have. Now here’s a new concept called Green Building has been introduced, which is being taken seriously. Let’s have a look at it. Green Building refers to a structure which uses a process that is environmentally responsible and which is resource-efficient throughout a building’s life-cycle: from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. Green buildings are designed to reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health and the natural environment by:  Efficiently using energy, water, and other resources  Protecting occupant health and improving

employee productivity  Reducing waste, pollution Goals of green building are like  Life Cycle Assessment  Design, Energy, Water, Material efficiency  Indoor Environment Quality  Maintenance Optimization etc. The most criticized issue is the cost. All the equipment like Solar Panels, Photo Voltaic and Thermal Panels etc. cost more money. But the positive thing is that they yield 10 times as much over the entire life of the building. It is estimated that by these green building concept different sectors can save up to $130 billion on energy bills. Studies have shown that energy star certified building achieve higher rents and sale prices. In INDIA IGBC, GBC India and GRIHA are taking steps towards Green Buildings. This concept is being developed and many green buildings are already in operation in India right now.

-By K Rohith Reddy


MIT’s ‘Renewable Energy’ Project

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enewable energy? Oh yes, I support the consumed and the remainder is stored in a battery. idea very much.” “I think if we put our technology to proper use, efficient use of energy Q. How far along are you? can be made.” “According to the International A. The outline of the system has been made using Energy Agency, biofuels MATLAB. After the registration have the potential to meet process, the project will be more than a quarter of world employed. It will probably be demand for transportation over by next year. fuels by 2050.” Heard a lot of such statements, haven’t we? Q. What is your estimation of Well, let’s see how our MIT expenditures? is working towards it. Here’s A. It depends on the some interesting information equipment and the power we learnt about a project taken we want to produce. Nothing up by one of our professors, much can be said about the Mr.Laxman Rao. expenses. The Government Asst. professor Laxman Rao, Department of EEE will be funding the project. Q. Could you tell us about the project you’re working on? A. The project I’m working on is ‘Hybrid Energy System: Solar and Wind Energy.’ Our main objective is to produce power using solar and wind energies. We can produce triple the amount of power which is being produced this day by 2050 if we use resources rightly. It is our responsibility to make it happen. Q. Could you explain it further? A. We will be using solar panels and wind turbines to capture solar and wind energy respectively. During the day, we can get direct current(DC) from the solar energy. As wind energy varies from time to time, alternating current(AC) is produced. Block Diagram of the System This AC is converted DC using rectifiers. The DC produced is not a constant output, filter are used. Boost converter is used to vary the range of the Interview by Swati Induri output voltage. Both of the DCs are connected Sri Poojitha to a common DC link. The output of the DC link is connected to a multilevel inverter. The inverter converts it into AC output. The required power is

If civilization has risen from the Stone Age, it can rise again from the Wastepaper Age. -Jacques Barzun


Indian Temples Go Green

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he Tirumala temple, in the south Indian city of Tirupathi, is one of Hindu’s holiest shrines.The temple’s community kitchen feeds nearly 15,000 people, cooking 30,000 meals a day. Five years ago, Tirumala adopted solar cooking technology, allowing it to dramatically cut down on the amount of diesel fuel it uses. Tirumala has also been generating revenue from a less likely source: carbon credits. The temple now sells the credits it earns to a Swiss green technology investor.

Just for laugh

A man from a city went to visit his friend in the country side. The moment he stepped out of his car he began to sniff the air. “Yuck! What a strong smell! What is it?”

A frog wanted to find out whether he would meet a princess and turn into a prince charming. So he telephoned the Psychic Hotline and was told, “You are going to meet a beautiful young girl who will want to know everthing about you.” “Must be the fresh air”,Said his cousin. The frog said,”This is great! Will I meet her at a party ?” “That sure is some strong smell”,replies the city “No”, said the psychic. “Next semester in her bred guy. biology class.”

By Deepthi


5 ways to go green

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veryone is being educated about environment,but this one question persists among a majority of us:What can we ,as mere ciizens of a country do about energy conservation?

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Mere citizens of this country have overthrown Empires,that had lasted centuries before they invaded our land. Citizens have brought the country out of economic depression.They have been to the moon and back. And in the same way, they can also conserve energy for their future generations. Some easy steps to do exactly this are:

1.

Save

energy to save money.

• Install compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) when your older incandescent bulbs burn out. • Unplug appliances when you’re not using them. Or, use a “smart” power strip that senses when appliances are off and cuts “phantom” or “vampire” energy use. • Wash clothes in cold water whenever possible. As much as 85 percent of the energy used to machine-wash clothes goes to heating the water. • Use a drying rack or clothesline to save the energy otherwise used during machine drying.

2. Save

water to save money.

• Take shorter showers to reduce water use. This will lower your water and heating bills too. • Install a low-flow showerhead. They don’t cost much, and the water and energy savings can quickly pay back your investment. • Make sure you have a faucet aerator on each faucet. These inexpensive appliances conserve heat and water, while keeping water pressure high. • Plant drought-tolerant native plants in your garden. Many plants need minimal watering. Find out which occur naturally in your area.

3.

Less

gas

health!).

=

more money

(and

better

• Walk or cycle to work. This saves on gas and parking costs while improving your cardiovascular health and reducing your risk of obesity. • Consider telecommuting if you live far from your work. Or move closer. Even if this means paying more rent, it could save you money in the long term. • Lobby your local government to increase spending on sidewalks and bike lanes. With little cost, these improvements can pay huge dividends in betterment of your health and reducing traffic.

4. Skip

the bottled water.

5. Keep

electronics out of the trash.

• Use a water filter to purify tap water instead of buying bottled water. Not only is bottled water expensive, but it generates large amounts of container waste. • Bring a reusable water bottle, preferably aluminum rather than plastic, with you when traveling or at work.

• Keep your cell phones, computers, and other electronics as long as possible. • Donate or recycle them responsibly when the time comes. E-waste contains mercury and other toxics and is a growing environmental problem. • Recycle your cell phone. • Ask your local government to set up an electronics recycling and hazardous waste collection event.

By Bhim Shankar


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very year Techfest takes social initiatives to play its part as youth organization in generating awareness and developing an inclination of youth population towards the current social problems Techfest Green Campus Challenge is such an initiative to involve people in Sustainable Development and aware them about effects of neglecting the situation. Green Campus Challenge has been designed with a vision of making campuses across India more sustainable and green, and promote the idea and the necessity of the same among the college going youth of this country. The “Green Campus Challenge” is the continuation of our efforts in direction of promoting and establishing sustainability which we took under the name of “Green Campus” in the year 2010-11.

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echfest Green Campus Challenge has been designed with a vision of making campuses across India more sustainable and green, and to promote the idea and the necessity of the same among the youth of our country. The “Green Campus Challenge” is the continuation of our efforts in direction of promoting and establishing sustainability, which we took under the name of “Green Campus” in the year 2010-11. Today, we wish to spread this campaign to each and every college in India. Green Campus Challenge is our first step in this direction.

Akshay Urja Club is taking part in the TGCC on behalf of Manipal Institute of Technology.For any further details contact, Rajesh - 7795026517

“Each and every one of us can make changes in the way we live our lives and become part of the solution” -Al Gore


biodiversity of manipal Manipal is a university town situated in the state of Karnataka in India. It is a suburb within Udupi city and is administered by Udupi City Municipality. It is located in the rocky hinterland of the Malabar Coast of south west India, about 8 km (5.0 mi) east the Laccadive Sea. From its location on a plateau, it commands a view of the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats range to the east. The name is derived from Manna palla anglicised to Manipal. Manna means mud and Palla means lake in Tulu Language. This 400 meter lake, after which Manipal is named, is located in the middle of the town, and offers boating facilities. Manipal was once a barren hill with few trees. This hill was transformed to a University town by Dr. T. M. A. Pai starting in the 1950s. Manipal is situated in the Western Ghats which is considered to be one of the top ten hotspots in India. Manipal has not only adopted a variety of vegetation into its domain but also made certain startling discoveries. Hence a comprehensive list was prepared showing the progress in biodiversity over the years. • One of the most important proofs verifying the advent of Manipal’s biodiversity in the recent years is the discovery of certain new species in Manipal. Both the new species discovered in Karnataka were actually found in Manipal and the find has been reported as:Many areas of Karnataka, especially in the forests of Malnad region are unexplored and new species of flora and fauna are discovered periodically. Some of the new species of flora discovered in Karnataka include Paracautleya bhatii (a ginger) and Isachne veldkampii (a grass), both of which were discovered near Manipal in Udupi district.

• Manipal as mentioned above was a barren land with hardly any trees or vegetation. Then began the construction of the gardens at End point. End point is a tourist attraction in Manipal and is a great crowd puller. And the most interesting point is that it is a manmade garden which now boasts of several types of vegetation and also houses the fauna that can be found in most places in and around Manipal. At one end of Manipal is End Point, which is a small cliff overlooking the Swarna River. From this point, one can see the Arabian Sea in the western horizon and the Western Ghats in the eastern horizon. We have enclosed photographs stating the changes that have occurred with time regarding to the scenario offend point • Manipal Lake- one of the most astonishing structures of Manipal is our very own Manipal Lake. It is one of the most interesting structures as it is a manmade lake constructed under rain water harvesting programme to improve the biodiversity of Manipal. And it has indeed worked wonders for this small town, by giving it a treasure trove of species and vegetation like the acacia and many other fauna a well • The wild life sanctuaries and national parks that exist in and around ManipalManipal is surrounded by store houses of rich flora and fauna, some of which have been given below • KUDREMUKH NATIONAL PARK- Kudremukh is situated nearly 30 kms from Manipal. Spread over an area of 600.32 km² it encompasses regions in the districts of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Chikmagalur. Altitude varies from 134 metres (440 ft.) to 1,892 metres (6,207 ft.). The park has a pleasant climate, with temperatures ranging from 17° to 28 °C. Annual rainfall varies from 1,778 millimeters (70 in) to 6,350 millimeters (250 in),


with an average of 4,000 millimeters (157 in). The rivers Nethravati, Tunga and Bhadra are believed to originate here at Ganga Moola. Flora: The Park has mostly evergreen and semievergreen forests. Shola grassland habitat is found at elevations above 1,400 meters (4,593 ft.). Evergreen trees include Poeciloneuron indicum, Holigarna arnottiana, Artocarpus sp., Calophyllum sp., Alstonia scholaris, Canarium strictum, Syzygium cumini, Flacourtia montana, Symplocos spicata, Hopea parviflora, Mesua ferrea and Evodia roxburghiana. There are also a few plantations of Eucalyptus, Casuarina and Acacia auriculiformis. Fauna: Mammals in the park include Bengal Tiger, Indian Leopard, Dhole, Golden jackal, Lion-tailed Macaque, Common Langur, Sloth Bear, Gaur, Sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Indian Giant Flying Squirrel, Indian Crested Porcupine and mongoose. Reptiles are represented by snakes and tortoises. Bird species in the park include the Malabar Trogon, Great Hornbill, Malabar whistling thrush and Imperial Pigeon. In an effort to expand undisturbed areas for tigers, Kudremukh National Park has been approved as the 41st tiger reserve of the country. Awaiting final declaration, the park will come under the aegis of National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), what was once popularly called Project Tiger. However, concerns over vulnerability of tigers within protected areas and rights of people living in the reserves have forced many to question what the declaration will truly declare. Situated among the Western Ghats in Chikmagalur district, Kudremukh is famous for its biodiversity while being one of the world’s 25 hotspots. It is home to a number of endangered animals and rare species like the wild dogs, tigers, leopards and a variety of butterflies. This critical habitat was declared a national park in the year 1987.


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Oceans On the Verge of Destruction

he world’s oceans are faced with an unprecedented loss of species comparable to the great mass extinctions of prehistory, a major report suggests today. The seas are degenerating far faster than anyone has predicted, the report says, because of the cumulative impact of a number of severe individual stresses, ranging from climate warming, to widespread chemical pollution and gross overfishing.The coming together of these factors is now threatening the marine environment with a catastrophe “unprecedented in human history”. The panel of 27 scientists, who considered the latest research from all areas of marine science, concluded that a “combination of stressors is creating the conditions associated with every previous major extinction of species in Earth’s history”. They also concluded: * The speed and rate of degeneration of the oceans is far faster than anyone has predicted; * Many of the negative impacts identified are greater than the worst predictions; * The first steps to globally significant extinction may have already begun. Not only are there severe declines in many fish species, to the point of commercial extinction in some cases, and an “unparalleled” rate of regional extinction of some habitat types, such as mangrove and seagrass meadows, but some whole marine ecosystems, such as coral reefs, may be gone within a generation.

The report says: “Increasing hypoxia [low oxygen levels] and anoxia [absence of oxygen, known as ocean dead zones], combined with warming of the ocean and acidification, are the three factors which have been present in every mass extinction event in Earth’s history. The panel pointed to a number of indicators showing how serious the situation is. It said, for example, that a single mass coral bleaching event in 1998 killed 16 per cent of all the world’s coral reefs, and pointed out that overfishing has reduced some commercial fish stocks and populations of “bycatch” (unintentionally caught) species by more than 90 per cent. It disclosed that new scientific research suggests that pollutants, including flame-retardant chemicals and synthetic musks found in detergents, are being traced in the polar seas, and that these chemicals can be absorbed by tiny plastic particles in the ocean which are in turn ingested by marine creatures such as bottom-feeding fish. Plastic particles also assist the transport of algae from place to place, increasing the occurrence of toxic algal blooms – which are also caused by the influx of nutrient-rich pollution from agricultural land. The experts agreed that when these and other threats are added together, the ocean and the ecosystems within it are unable to recover, being constantly bombarded with multiple attacks.


Prayaas(1.2) - Akshay Urja Club