Issuu on Google+

p

ravasitoday รงoklh VqMs

Volume 5, No. 1, January 2010

A Magazine for NRIs

ยฃ 2.00 (UK), $ 4.00 (USA), Rs. 30.00 (India)

FINANCIAL OPPORTUNITIES for NRIs 20

09 Lest We Forget PAGE 8

A Film Festival with a difference PAGE 36

NRI Dilwale Dulhaniyaan Le Jayenge

l a i c e ue p S Iss

PAGE 113

Front Cover - Jan 2010.pmd

2

1/2/2010, 12:31 PM

Rajathan - Magazeen_01 (1).pmd

2

1/1/2010, 6:04 PM

|E D I T O R I A L | PRAVASI TODAY VOLUME 5 No. 1 JANUARY 2010. Rs. 30.00 Patrons: Dr. Satyendra Srivastava, Dr. Ashok Chakradhar, Santosh Taneja. Advisors: Anil Joshi, Dr. Rajesh Kumar, Sudershan Bhatia. Editor: Dr. Padmesh Gupta. Resident Editors: Pankaj Dubey, India, Ved Mitra Mohla, MBE. Editorial Board: Naresh Bharatiya, Dr. Ramesh Gupta, Titiksha, Dr. Nikhil Kaushik. Assistant Editor: Jaganniwas. Sub Editor: Amit Guin. Managing Editors: Divya Mathur, Neerav Pradhan, R.C. Agarwal. Creative Support: Naresh Shandilya. Literature & Research: Rakesh Srivastava. Layout Designer: Manishankar. Business Development Manager: Prashant Kumar. Representatives: Jai Verma, Shail Agarwal. Contact Overseas: UK - Ved Mitra Mohla, 356, Vale Road, Ash Vale, GU125LW, Surrey. CANADA - Shyam Tripathi, 6 Larksmere Court, Markham, ON L3R 3RI. USA - Dr. Sudha Om Dhingra, 101, Cuymon Court, Morrisville NC-27560. HOLLAND - Dr. Pushpita Awasthi, P.O. Box 1080, 1810 KB. Delhi Office: 51, 2nd Floor, Rani Jhansi Road, Jhandewalan, New Delhi-55. Phone: 011-24504648, Fax: 011-43520752, Mobile: 9899552099. E-mail: pravasitoday@gmail.com Website: www.pravasitoday.com. Proprietor, Publisher and Printer: Saroj Sharma, 51, IInd floor, Rani Jhansi Road, Jhandewalan, New Delhi-110055. Printed at: Delhi Press, E-3, Jhandewalan Estate, New Delhi 110055. DISCLAIMER: The articles published in Pravasi Today carry the personal views of writers. The publisher and the editor is not responsible incase of any debate. Matters related to the magazine can be brought in courts within the jurisdiction of Delhi.

Dr. PADMESH Gupta

India: A Favourite Destination for

NRI Investors hen the world is open for PIOs spread across the globe, Indians look at India first. Investment is the most practical way for NRIs to retain ties with their motherland. Indians living abroad also want to do something for India's development, especially in their areas of work. This can be seen in many instances where some NRIs have personally participated or donated funds for the development of villages or towns with much funding coming from voluntary organisations. Some have opened free schools and dispensaries and contributed money for various developmental projects. The Indian government and financial institutions have also been coming up with different schemes to attract the NRIs. Presently, the Government of India offers several facilities to (NRIs), (PIO) and Overseas Corporate Bodies (OCBs) more than it did so earlier. Many of us want to lend a helping hand, especially in India's scientific and technological progress of India. To attract foreign investment to India, NRIs and PIOs are permitted to open bank accounts in India; out of funds remitted from abroad, foreign exchange brought in or out of funds legitimately due to them in India, through authorised dealers. Although there are several active portals and agencies to help and support NRI investors, there is a feeling of apprehension in doing so for many reasons. The most pressing is the continuation of red tapism and official interference in commencing any project or maintain an investment in India. In many cases, by the time the problem is resolved, much valuable time and money is wasted and enthusiasm is killed. I do not know a single NRI friend of mine who does not have a story or grievance regarding investing in India. The most significant element is that in the end, all blame goes to bureaucrats, police or legal system and yet all of them wish to fight and look for new investment opportunities in India. India cannot take its NRIs for granted and must take serious steps not only for the safety and security of our investment but also for legal protection and support with perhaps creating a special department with wide-ranging powers, so that the NRIs can contact the department concerned to sort out bureaucratic and legal hurdles. Although a Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs has been formed by the Government of India, its power to solve NRIs' problems is at best, questionable.

W

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Editorial.pmd

3

3

รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 1:55 PM

40

what’s in

NRI INVESTMENT

COVER STORY

Homecoming with a purpose (Bhuvaneshwari Das Iyer)

Special Issue Guest Editor (Honorary): Rakesh Srivastava Special Issue Coordinator: Amit Guin

euhvkMZj ugha] fuos'k djsa! vthr f}osnh

BLOSSOMING ASSETS Dr. Devinder Gupta

60

44

INTERVIEW

EDUCATION AND THE DIASPORIC 55 COMMUNITY

Sushil Kumar Modi, Chairman, The Bihar Foundation

Prof. M R Dua

72

THE MISSING YOUNG TURKS OF BOLLYWOOD!

64

Deepak Singh

CREATING BROADER CULTURAL HORIZONS Rajesh Mishra

FLYING HIGH

78

Seema Singh

EMPTY HOME SYNDROME DEMANDS A COMMON NESTLE 84 Ravi Sinha GREENERY IN THE GLOBE 80

Hkkjrh; vè;kRe m|ksx eSut s esaV dk elhgk

Gopal Krishna

izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dk dkuwuh ÝseodZ

110

106

iz-Vq- C;wjks

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Contents.pmd

102

4

4

çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 2:28 PM

vatw flagk

RED RIBBON EXPRESS – COMMUNICATION ON WHEELS Dr. Maithili Ganjoo

94

MANU KI JAI HO Dhananjay Kumar

90 LOCAL WARMING MUCH MORE MELTS HIMALAYAN GLACIER

INDIAN CRICKET – ON TOP OF THE WORLD K K Srivastava

32 100

Ramesh Kumar Sharma

egkefge eqds'oj pqUuh lp ek;us esa nwr

NG R

FEATURES

86

vfuy tks'kh

114

REGULAR FEATURES

phu vesfjdk dh etcwjh ij Hkkjr t:jh

Letters to The Editor pg 6 News Diary pg 29

MkW- osnizrki oSfnd

Business News pg 30 Tourism pg 92

dSlh dgh pg 121

okLrq nks"k fuokj.k

Book Review pg 125

okLrq pg 126 Cookery / ozr R;ksgkj pg 127 fgUnh lalkj pg 128

vatq flUgk

126 PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Contents.pmd

5

5

çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 2:28 PM

Letters to the Editor

Business" was very true to its heart but it's not completely wrong to say as we know the shelf life of a cricketer is less than any academic profession. So they are actually playing it safe to earn and store some bucks for future. Also, it is necessary that they do not blind themselves with the glamour and lights of this business and forgetting their motive in the first place is to play the game. Ronald, San Francisco Ajab Prem Ki Ghazab Kahani was a fun film. I actually agree with the review "Comedy of Errors" that it had many loopholes too. But still, Ranbir Kapoor and Katrina Kaif sizzled the screen together. We will like to see more of them together; can't wait for the release of Rajneeti. The music was awesome. Rachita, India Finally Shilpa Shetty got married! The article "Big Brother's Grand Wedding" was very enjoyable. She looked very pretty during her wedding; and the reception attire complemented by her husband Raj Kundra's attire for sure. The couple looked good together and I wish her all the best for her future. Radhika Patel, London

..............................................................................................................

The write-up on "Cricket - A Game or Show

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Letters.pmd

6

Recently Birju Maharaj performed in Trinidad & Tobago ("Captivating Crowd Watches Birju Maharaj") and I got a rarest chance to be the witness of this fantabulous event which was absolutely an experience of a lifetime. He is so inspirational and his disciples are also fabulous in their art. Tamana, Trinidad & Tobago

6

รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 2:32 PM

clark green.pmd

7

1/1/2010, 7:09 PM

YEARNING FOR THE YEAR “New Year’s Eve is like every other night; there is no pause in the march of the universe, no breathless moment of silence among created things that the passage of another twelve months may be noted; and yet no man has quite the same thoughts this evening that come with the coming of darkness on other nights” Great American writer Hamilton Wright Mabie The entire humanity turns capricious on the New Year's Eve. Days, dates and durations come to a sudden halt; as if a wizard is going to bedazzle the entire universe with its sorcerous powers. It seems to every bit of the soul that a session of personal epiphany is in the offing. It passes off as a Damascene moment is out of the womb. It is this impulsive interruption when the entire humanity should start the pondering over the happenings of the past 364 days. The burden of wrapping up the memories of this humungous period is certainly difficult, but it is amongst the plethora of holy obligations which the mankind should adhere to. The holy ritual of self-introspection is like polishing a sullied mirror and putting a clock before it. With the receding second hand, the past days - felicitous and melancholic - metamorphoses into the present. It seems for once that we could relish those happy moments when something paramount got fructified and amend and nullify those when we had put the wrong foot forward, resulting in cataclysms. Alas, the most faithful and loyal timekeeper - the clock and the almanac - are abide by their duty, that of goosestepping in an articulated manner. For these self-contemplative sessions are the most treasured ones; the ones from which we learn a lot, and try to follow a lot. The India and World of 2009 had its fate embroidered, to a greater extent, in the Fabric of 2008; with minuscule strands of '08 having a pestering relationship with the formative beads of '09. Be it the 26/11 Mumbai bomb blasts, or the political milieu of the country at large where there was a gust of "development" whiffing away the conglomerate of hate and non-issue politics, or the overarching impact of the global recession on the Indian market, or the feeling of making the world and the countrymen realise the "importance of being an NRI". These game changing events left an indelible mark in the soul of the aboriginals of the globe. Bowing before the magnanimity of retrospection, PRAVASI TODAY, has in the next few pages tried to contemplate and present before its readers those events which had, throughout the year, delighted, disturbed, and forced one to take a firm stand. The past year was the time when the Indians said "enough is enough" to its most troubled neighbourhood, Pakistan. But, back in its own corridors, the question of national versus regional identity haunted the minds of many a lot. It was also the year when some stern steps from the highest financial regulatory body of the country led to its chest-thumping before some of the most developed nations of the world. During the past year, the Indian Diasporic community's efforts received battery of admirations with prominent leaders of the world noticing their endeavours at various summits and meetings. Turning the pages ahead will bring before our readers those events which have shaped the India 2009, those moments which had moulded the money market of the world and also the movers and shakers of the twelvemonth period. Enjoy the bouquet. AMIT GUIN

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Wrap-Up.pmd

8

8

çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 2:40 PM

DAILY FLIGHTS TO KATHMANDU FROM DELHI

TIMINGS: DEP KTM : 11:10 HRS ARR DEL: 12:25 JRS LT DEP DEL: 13:25 HRS ARR KTM: 15:25 HRS LT

For further information, please contact: Nepal Airlines Corporation, 44 Janpath, New Delhi-110001 Tel: 011-23323437,23320817,23321572, Fax:011-23327125 Email: resdel@nac.com.np , admndel@nac.com.np

Nepal Airlines.pmd

2

1/1/2010, 6:15 PM

2009 HAPPENINGS

|N E W S D I A R Y |

FEBRUARY The Pravasi Malayalee Welfare Association asked the Central and Kerala government to come to the rescue of the large number of NRIs returning to the state after losing their jobs abroad.

Y JANUAR

do-US second In Delhi, MOIA e th g in s Addres it in New e re Summ Healthca expressed that th vi a e R th r n la o a Vy rking sion to ent is wo governm f granting permis o ractice in s p e ti li to moda broad a s n ia ic ys Indian ph nd. ela m o h ir e th

JUNE

MARC H

APRIL

the jib d from that PM Na e d n e p s g er u d in s r g r u alle am Afte ent for involved in d m a li r Pa as obin MP G st azak w Tun R alay Indian g it a ain M case, eo filed a su er and the D eak Singh yat Sp among n Rak f Malaysia a w e D o nment Gover

The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs set in motion a project to compile a data bank of all Indians going abroad. The bank, starting with the names of the students, will comprise of all details about them including the name of the city where they are residing to the college/university where they are studying.

UK H o anno me Secre unce tary J d a visa r ules the introdu cqui Smit f h or Ind stude ction ia n o educ ts. Accord n and no f stringen nat t in them ion provid g to it, all European selve ers a Britis s r h Agen e regis cy. tered suppose d to g with t e he U K Bo t rder

MAY Sourabh Sharma, 21, was roughed up and robbed by a group of teenagers in a moving train in Melbourne. He was badly bashed and was left with a fractured cheek bone and shattered teeth. PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Best - Happenings.pmd

10

10 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 2:41 PM

2009 HAPPENINGS

|N E W S D I A R Y |

AUGUST The National Commission for Women launched a special cell to pay heed to the complaints of Indian women deserted by their overseas spouses. The NRI Cell will assist the complainant through conciliation and mediation between the two parties.

ER OCTOB

JULY

s, the eration tain b li e d d w Cap ntinue After co decided to allo ikh y aS US Arm Singh Kalsi, e t e e e servic lj v a ti c Kam i e in a v ls r a e K s . to d beard n officer, a n a y turb with his led to the Arm its a h e it p w p a y awa had ip to do Sikhs from h rs e d lea ing f exclud policy o . service

The Australian Immigration Department came up with stringent rules, making it tougher for the Diasporic community to come to the country for studies. According to the amendments, people applying for General Skilled Migration visas overseas will have to pass a test testifying their competency in English.

SEPT EMBE R India n-A

meric was an se Ange ntenced fashion d esign to 59 les c ou er mode y ls. Jo r t for sex ears in pr Anand J u inclu is on n a on b wa lly des f orcib s convicte assaultin y a Los g le rap d e too of 14 co aspiring . unts which

ER DECEMB

inister in eputy m d , s h ia g Minister' T Muru n Prime ia m s o y fr la n a ig res the M asked to s a w e ic 's Off eople by the P had his post y, which rt a P e iv s s belling Progre him for re ent. d re fi r ie earl resid e party p against th

NOVEMBER Highlighting the importance of five E's - economy, energy, environment, education and empowerment - Prime Minister Manmohan Singh thanked the Indian community based in America for strengthening the relationship between the two countries. PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Best - Happenings.pmd

11

11 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 2:41 PM

|I N D I A ‘ 0 9 |

LEST WE FORGET

FEBRUARY JANUARY The Central government affirmed that India may break off business, transport and tourist ties with Pakistan, if it does not cooperate with India to investigate the 26/11 Mumbai attacks.

Pakistan finally admitted that the brutal Mumbai attacks were planned on its soil. Officials said that six of the main suspects were already in their custody.

MARCH A Special CBI Court sentenced the fake stamp paper kingpin Abdul Karim Telgi to seven years imprisonment. An accomplice, Siddarth was awarded five years' imprisonment

MAY Manmohan Singh led UPA won the General Elections with a thumping majority by winning 262 seats in the Parliament.

APRIL Navin Chawla took over as the head of the Election Commission of India as Chief Election Commissioner following the retirement of N Gopalaswami.

JUNE 64-year-old Meira Kumar was unanimously elected as the Lok Sabha Speaker, thus becoming the first woman to occupy the post.

AUGUST

JULY Ajmal Amir Kasab, the lone arrested terrorist claimed before the Court that he was guilty of the horrendous act of 26/11, which claimed over 180 lives.

Fourteen-year-old Rida Shaikh became the first casualty of the influenza A (H1N1) virus in India. Her family sued the Pune-based Jehangir Hospital for negligence.

SEPTEMBER The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) formally called off the Chandrayaan -1 moon mission. High radiation causing loss of radio contact was cited as the main reason of the pull-off.

NOVEMBER OCTOBER Around 400 guerillas of the Dima Halam Daogah (Jewel) formally put down their arms before Assam CM Tarun Gogoi. Also known as Black Widow, DHD (J) guerillas deposited 148 weapons.

Twenty-one judges, including Chief Justice of India KG Balakrishnan of the apex court declared their assets, making it public for the first time in the Indian judicial history.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Best - Insia.pmd

12

DECEMBER With the state in turmoil, the government decided to carve out a new state called Telangana out of Andhra Pradesh.

12 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 4:32 PM

Advt - Kairali.pmd

13

1/1/2010, 7:15 PM

| N E W S M A K E R ‘0 9 |

a, editor of Anita Kumari Bhall dcasting oa Br Public Space with an ed ur no ho BBC, was h Empire Order of the Britis (OBE)

LEST WE FORGET Amandeep Kaur Grewal, a Brit Sikh policewom an, won a payo ut after an employ ment tribunal in London ruled th at she had suffered racist and religious humiliation.

was gh Kohli, who Hardeep Sin gedly le al r fo C B B suspended by ith a w er the mark" "stepping ov en be d ue, ha female colleag 4. io ad R hired by

A team led by Krishna Palem developed a superfast microchip that is seven times faster, but uses 30 times less energy than the best one till now.

Eboo S Patel, founder and executive director of the Chicago-based Interfaith Youth Corps was named in the 25member President Obama's Advisory Council.

St Fidelis Col lege's thirtee nyear-old Yugr atna Srivasta va, spoke about climate chan ge issue at the Summit on C limate Change in th e United Nat ions.

e was voted as th C K Prahalad, l living most influentia inker for the th t managemen a row by the second time in Thinkers 50.

Indian-American co ntestant Anoop Desai was glad that his elimination from 'Am erican Idol' was relatively quick as he felt burdened during the show.

s ashmi Sinha wa Indian-origin R 10 America's named among adult by s EO sexiest C magazine entertainment PlayBoy

V S Naipau l was “killed off ” after documents presented in a Chicago C ourt referre d him as "the late V S Naipaul, a Nobel prize winnin g author".

This picture of Sravan Kumar a student from Andhra Pradesh, who was attacked by a group of teenagers with a screwdriver, drew the entire nation's attention.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Best - News Maker.pmd

14

ed the des was nam Tony Fernan 09, by of the Year 20 Airline CEO ce or t Finan Jane's Transp e. magazin

14 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:11 PM

Advt - HIMALI BOARDING SCHOOL.pmd

15

1/1/2010, 7:17 PM

| G L O B A L B U S I N E S S ‘0 9 |

LEST WE FORGET

JANUARY

AUGUST

The Ministry of Overseas Affairs and Confederation of Indian Industry decided to come up with an exclusive yellow page, listing prominent NRI entrepreneurs who are in the search of Indian partners to initiate JVs in the country.

NRI marked $ 1,888 million as deposits with the banks in the first three months ending June 2009 as against $ 813 million in Q1 in 2008.

FEBRUARY Oriental Bank of Commerce lowered the interest rates on the deposit schemes for NRIs. FCNR (B) deposit rates were revised on all maturities from one to five years for USD, Pound, Euro, Australian and Canadian dollar.

JUNE

Deposits by NRIs in Kerala banks surged from Rs.29,889 crore in March 2008 to a record high of Rs.37,019 crore as on March 31, 2009, according to the State Level Bankers Committee (SLBC).

SEPTEMBER Fast food behemoth McDonald lost an eight-year trademark battle to stop a local restaurant McCurry from using ‘Mc’ prefix in a judgment meted out by Malaysia’s Federal Court.

MARCH

OCTOBER

NRI Vikas Rambal of Perdaman Industries announced about the construction of $ 2.5 billion urea manufacturing plant at the Shotts Industrial Park in Collie, Western Australia.

Indian Diasporic community members of Chandigarh were supposed to get immediate possession of both residential and non-residential properties in the Union Territory.

APRIL

NOVEMBER

Pankaj Shah, Chairman and CEO, Earthstone Group was awarded with 2009 Exceptional Entrepreneurial Achievers Excellence Award by the NRI Institute.

JULY

MAY

The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs saw a steep rise in the budgetary allocation with Rs. 80 crore for the current financial year.

Indian-origin Sandeep Malhotra and Sanjee Shah were among the 40 luminaries in the European wealth management industry, according to the data compiled by wealth-bulletin.com.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Best Business Globle.pmd

16

The Canadian government announced the introduction of a new liberal business visa structure for Indian businessman to vie with other nations in strengthening trade with India.

DECEMBER According to a World Bank Report on Migration and Development Brief, NRIs all over the world remitted US $ 52 billion throughout this year.

16 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:14 PM

SHEELA DEVI INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT & TECHNOLOGY SDIMT COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES: • Approved by A.I.C.T.E., Directorate of Technical Education, Haryana and affiliated to M.D. University., Rohtak • Managed by Kisna Education Society, Faridabad - A Society Comprising young & dynamic professionals with fire in their bellies to excel. • Wi-Fi specious campus in lush green surroundings in NCR • Academic and Industry Partnership • Focus on leadership development • Well - trained faculty drawn from corporate sector and academics • Excellent Learning and delivery mechanism • English language lab designed for development of communication skills • Industry oriented Curriculum • Focus on Research to drive education • Collaborative assignments for learning • Well stacked library with latest Publications of books, periodicals and Journals - both National and International • Specious air conditioned computer Labs with Latest Configurations • 24 x 7 Radio linked & BSNL Broadband with high speed Internet connectivity • Spacious Hall for creative pursuits • Large and spacious Auditorium with sitting capacity of 750 • 24 hours Power Back-up • Tie-up with leading companies • Excellent infrastructure and library • Visiting professors - industry captains • Multiple placement options

SDIMT STRATEGY SDIMT could seek to attract faculty and students with high leadership potential and engage in an academically-rigorous, research-supported, mutually-responsible learning process, enhanced by uncommon levels of interdisciplinary scholarship and community engagement. Classes would be conducted on a full-time basis in an intimatescale environment, and take full advantage of the assets of SDIMT and its surrounding communities.

The Director, SDIMTCampus : Zaffarpur, Gharoda, Ballabgarh- Tigaon- Majhawali Road, Tehsil- Ballabgarh, Faridabad (Haryana)- 121101. Contact No. : 0129- 2403401 / 02 / 03 /04 / Fax : 0129- 2403421 E-mail : sdimtbusinesschool@mail.com

Advt - SDIMT.pmd

18

1/1/2010, 7:26 PM

| B U S I N E S S I N D I A ‘0 9 |

LEST WE FORGET

FEBRUARY JANUARY Satyam founder B Ramalinga Raju admitted of running a multicrore fraud in Satyam Computer Services by inflating its stock price in connivance with the top rung leaders of the company.

The Interim Budget presented by Pranab Mukherjee affirmed the expectation of the economy to grow to 7.1 % in the current fiscal. He also said that the government spent Rs. 70, 000 crore on infrastructure projects in the last financial year.

MARCH Nano became public, with its launch on the 23rd of the month. The Rs 1 lakh car had to face rough weathers throughout its birth period, with its units being shifted from West Bengal to Gujarat.

MAY APRIL Tech Mahindra, an Indian outsourcing group won the auction for a controlling stake in Satyam Computer Services. Satyam said Tech Mahindra agreed to buy a 51 percent stake at Rs 58 per share.

The 30-share Bombay Stock Exchange index surged to 14,272.63 points, with a gain of 17.24 percent, setting off a circuit breaker for the first time. It was for the first time in its 134-year history that BSE had to halt its trade for a day.

JUNE The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation conceived of increasing the kitty of funds given to the Members of Parliament under the MPLADS programme from the current two crore to Rs 5 crore a year.

AUGUST JULY With the national carrier Air India clambering with daily losses of over Rs 15 crore, along with the total losses amounting to Rs 4,000 crore annually, the organization has sought Rs 10,000 crore bailout from the Union government.

OCTOBER The Planning Commission redrew the BPL line, with a family of five with an income less than Rs 3,000 a month in urban areas, and Rs 2,250 a month in rural areas to be considered poor henceforth.

India signed the ASEANIndia Free Trade Agreement in Goods. According to it, the ASEAN member countries and India will lift import tarrifs on more than 80 per cent of traded products between 2013 and 2016, while tariffs on sensitive goods will be reduced to 5 per cent in 2016

18

The USD 23 billion between Bharti Airtel and telecom gaint MTN failed with the Indian telecom tycoon rejecting the SA government's proposal of MTN's dual listing in order to protect its identity as a South African entity.

NOVEMBER

DECEMBER

The Finance Minister announced that the fiscal stimulus will continue unabated until the economy reaches the path of recovery. He said that the economy was likely to grow at 6.5 to 6.75 percent for the fiscal year ending March 2010.

The rupture between the Ambani brothers came into national prominence over the price of natural gas with Anil's RNRL alleging in the Supreme Court that Mukesh's RIL had come up with a complex formula on the pricing.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Best - Business India.pmd

SEPTEMBER

18 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:22 PM

Advt-Oxford Business College.pmd

19

1/1/2010, 7:30 PM

| B O O K M A R K ‘0 9 |

LEST WE FORGET

THE LOST FLAMINGOES OF BOMBAY Siddharth Dhanvant Shanghvi's second novel is a story about four protagonists and their Bombay life; of how they cope up with various idiosyncrasies which the city caters to them.

These books will get yellowed and brittle. But you will definitely turn its pages in the coming years

THE BIKINI MURDERS Farrukh Dhondy's crime-thriller debut The Bikini Murders is about Johnson Thhat, who managed to elude justice for a long time and about Inspector Pradhan's investigation of the psycho's mind.

THE STORY OF MY ASSASSINS The editor-in-chief and the mind Tehelka, Tarun Tejpal's second novel peeps into the dark underbelly of the minds of a journalists' murderers in the hinterlands of the country and that of the elite class' mentality alike.

FICTION

MY FRIEND SANCHO A debut novel by noted blogger Amit Varma (longlisted for Man Asian Literary Prize 2008) is a funny, crispy love story set in Mumbai and about the nature of journalism these days.

NINE LIVES William Dalrymple's first and the finest ever travel book takes a look into how the lives of nine people having different religious lives changes with the rapid alteration in the milieu of their locality.

THE IMMORTALS Amit Chaudhari's novel delves into the lives of two Eighties Bombay-families who are tied with a common interest of music, and its affect on them.

THE REDISCOVERY OF INDIA This majestic piece of art by Lord Meghnad Desai analyses the various phases of India's birth - from the colonial past, to the battle for independence, and to the more recent intricacies of the present times.

IMAGINING INDIA Ideas For The New Century: A magnum opus by the co-founder of Infosys puts under its scanner the traditional ideas which have changed over the times, the clash of ideas and the ideas that are going to shape our future.

THE DIFFICULTY OF BEING GOOD The Subtle Art of Dharma: Gurcharan Das takes the help of the ancient epic Mahabharata in order to quench the thirst of the questions haunting us in the contemporary times.

THE IDEA OF JUSTICE A though-provoking book by Amartya Sen, The Idea of Justice, calls for the need of practical steps to be taken to reduce injustice, rather than building castles in the air of the proposition of an ideal society.

NON FICTION PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Best - Books.pmd

20

20 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:28 PM

Advt VOGUESTOCK.pmd

21

1/1/2010, 7:32 PM

| B O L L Y W O O D ‘0 9 |

LEST WE FORGET

2009 was the year where a new age of cinema came into view. Our movie critic brings back the memories of those frames which scored themselves a place in the DEV D dra an ch An adaptation of Sarat viewers’ diary. was hyay’s novel Devdas Chattopad look by Anurag given a contemporary 10 brought to Kashyap. Devdas V 20 and marvellous the fore a strong script y ers and Abha Deol. acting by two newcom

LOVE AAJ KAL

A fun film, this flick had a strong appeal. Imtiaz Ali shows that love now a days is no different from the love of yesteryears. Saif-Deepika chemistry rocked.

KAMINEY

Kaminey is a path breaking film. The screenplay keeps the audiences hooked till the end, and it could be tagged as a landmark film for Shahid Ka poor as his powerful perform ance proved to be quite a ride fo r his viewers.

Full on action, dance, romance, drama and revenge made it a full masala Bollywood movie. The story isn’t groundbreaking but not senseless either. It is Sallu bhai’s acting which truly makes it a must watch.

PAA

ROCKET SINGH Salesman of the year - Set in the new Indian economy; it’s hilarious and exhilarating, coming from Shimit Amin and Jaideep Sahni. It’s a well portrayed ambitious tale of a under scorer who is trying to find a balance between his professional and personal life.

WANTED

The list would not be complete without mentioning this utterly outrageously fabulous movie. ‘Mind it’ the film is full on drama and funny, outlandish songs and filled with crazy action sequences.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Best of Bollywood 2009.pmd

WAKE UP SID

o itabh Bachchan wh It’s different... Am y bo 13-year-old plays the role of a ks different (with ea sp t, en looks differ an educating and a nasal twang). It’s meaningful film.

QUICK GUN MURUGUN

22

NEW YO RK

An emo tional flic k starring John, Katrina and Neil depicts th e life o many pe bullied a ople wh f nd tor tu o were red in th their reli e name gion. In o shor t, a meaning f ful film

Refreshingly good that’s what the movie proved to be. A lazy Ranbir trying to learn the nuggets of life from a sensible Konkona Sen Sharma, the movie shows how the GenNext treats and behaves in this competitive and difficult world.

3 IDIOTS

the most Self actualisation, one of - that’s ts sui pur an hum important o friends Tw what 3 idiots is all about. ry lane, mo me the n and their ride dow ble and nsi spo irre ir the of and the story y o who in a unique wa free spirited friend Ranch touches their lives.

22 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:30 PM

ADVT - GAIL.pmd

23

1/1/2010, 7:37 PM

| B O L L Y W O O D ‘1 0 |

LEST WE FORGET

Movie aficianados will get a bouquet of out-of-the-box and not sticking to the run-of-the-mill scripts and stories in KITES The film stars Hrithik 2010, finds our Roshan along with ISHQIYA two leading ladies, movie critic. Well, the most awaited Kangana Ranaut and MY NAME IS KHAN Already making news, the Shah Rukh KhanKajol starrer puts emphasis on a story of a Muslim man suffering from Asperger syndrome. He is arrested as a suspected terrorist in post-9/11 Los Angeles after authorities mistake his disability for suspicious behaviour.

CHANCE PE DANCE It is a story of a talented and passionate young struggling actor, Sameer. As he juggles through various jobs while working towards getting his big break, he meets Tina, a choreographer. Just when things look dreary, along comes a talent hunt show to choose the hero for an upcoming movie.

RAJNEETI According to the film’s co-writer Anjum Rajabali, this film is hugely influenced by the epic story from the Indian mythology the “Mahabharat”, and is set in the milieu of contemporary electoral politics. So the characters are going to have similar dilemmas and experiences drawn from the epic.

film of 2009 has been postponed for 2010. Starring Arshad Warsi, Vidya Balan and Naseeruddin Shah, it revolves around a romantic tale of the trio caught in a web of crime, suspense, passion and deceit.

VEER

Mexican hot babe Barbara Mori. Hrithik plays the role of a salsa teacher. Set in Las Vegas, the film is said to have hot scenes between Mori and Hrithik which eventually provoked rumours of his marriage being on the rocks.

HOOK YA CROOK

It is said to be Salman Khan’s dream project. The story of the film has been written by Salman himself. He is all beefed up, bronze and is playing the role of a warrior.

The thriller involving comedy and cricket, starring John Abraham, Sheryas Talpade and Genelia D'souza, is set in a jail with cricket as an important part in the narrative. Apparently, the jail inmates are supposed to be playing a match with the top Indian cricketers and hence it was imperative that some of the biggest names in the sports were roped in for the film.

RAVAN Mani Ratnam’s Ravan, a modern take on the Indian epic, Ramayana stars Abhishek Bachchan, Aishwarya Rai, Vikram, Manisha Koirala, Govinda and many more. Abhishek Bachchan plays the titular role of Ravan, Aishwarya Rai plays the role of Sita, and Vikram the role of Ram.

TEEN PATTI Amitabh Bachchan plays an absent minded professor of mathematics in this thriller about the interplay of luck, fate and mathematical probability in gambling. ‘Teen Patti’ has Ben Kingsley playing Perci Trachtenberg, one of the greatest living mathematicians of the world while Big B plays Venkat Subramaniam, a reclusive math genius from India.

PYAR IMPOSSIBLE This is a story of beauty and the geek, Abhay and Alisha. Abhay is a nerdy, awkward, socially challenged and bespectacled geek and Alisha is the epitome of beauty that any man would willingly rip his heart out for!

SHAILY LAMBA PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Best of Bollywood 2010.pmd

24

24 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:32 PM

Advt - MP ADVT1.pmd

25

1/1/2010, 7:39 PM

|N E W S D I A R Y |

HAPPENINGS

You are the Most Visible Symbol of GLOBALIZATION: PM “Indianness is like a large and all-encompassing banyan tree. It offers shade to everyone who comes in search of it. It has deep roots at home and branches that in turn go to great distances and strike roots there”: this is how the visiting Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh described the enigma called India. Adding that the idea of India lingers in the mind of the Diasporic community residing in Trinidad and Tobago, he said that the Indian community in T& T has “demonstrated the unique liberalism and pluralism of the Indian civilization”. Speaking to the community members at the sidelines of the 21st Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) at Port of Spain, PM praised them by saying that “you (NRIs and PIOs) are, for millions of Indians, the most visible symbol of our own globalization.” Speaking on the occasion, a third generation Trinidadian economist and political leader, Winston Dookeran said that the “Indians may have lost touch with the language, but not with the culture and traditions.” He also heaped bouquets of praises for the knowledgeable people of Indian origin staying abroad, by saying that it is because of them that the country is perceived as a “knowledge economy”. “There is no granthi, but they follow all customs and traditions. The gurdwara has been there for 80 years,” Devendra Duggal, President of the Gurudwara Bangla Sahib said boastfully.

TOUGH 2010 FOR IT Professionals From January 2010 onwards, United Kingdom is going to tighten its immigration rules for Indian IT professionals who are planning to move to the country under the inter-company transfers. Under the amended rules, these professional workers are supposed to have a twelve month experience instead of six months as at the present with their employer before they can be transferred to the country, said the official sources. This implicates that the IT professionals who move to UK under the inter-company transfer will not be permitted to settle in the country even after the stipulated stay of five years. On the other hand, immigration category will be shut down as a route to permanent settlement in Britain. Officials from the Immigration Department also denied reports that the Intra company transfer category of the points-based system was providing a loophole for the Indian IT companies to ease off the manner of bringing foreign workers into the country. It had been said that the intra company transfer act tweaks with the system, hence maximizing the jobs’ pie for the migrants who are paid less than the resident workers. But, the Home Officer, in an upfront manner said that this was not true, and that the “workers coming to the UK in the Tier 2 category must be paid the going rate.”

PAEANS TO Gujarati NRIs The Gujarat government is in the process of compiling a database of all the nonresident Indians from the state keeping in mind the fact that there had been no proper documentation of the Guajarati Diasporic community staying abroad. The state government has also kept in the pipeline the idea of coming up with a coffee table book detailing their success stories and their contribution towards the development of the state in various manners. It is believed that the ideation process of the coffee table book raise from the need of having documents related to numerous philanthropic activities undertaken by the community. According to the media reports, the President of The Non-Resident Gujaratis' Foundation (NRGF), a part of the NRI Division of the Government of Gujarat, Sanjay Patni told that efforts were on to come up with the database which could be of great help in conceiving and framing mutually beneficial future policies for the people of the state and the NRIs. For this, NRGF is taking help from the Gujarati Samaj and the associations of Gujaratis. He also added that NRGF has developed NRI committees in all the 26 districts of the state under the chairmanship of the district collectors to iron out the various problems faced by the Gujarati Diasporic community in various parts of the world. It is a well known fact that Gujaratis are spread all over the world, with a remarkable presence in the US, UK, various European countries, Canada and Mauritius. PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

News Diary - HAPPENINGS.pmd

26

26 26 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:34 PM

HAPPENINGS

|N E W S D I A R Y |

GOV. J J SINGH Woos NRIs

32 Indians Arrested FROM 2012 OLYMPIC GAMES SITE

Arunachal Pradesh Governor General (Rtd.) J J Singh rooted on the NRIs to add-on to the efforts of various agencies towards the socio-economic development of the state. "The Indian diaspora represents exceptional talents and it should continue to fulfill its duties towards the motherland," he said. Singing paeans for the state, he added that the state is "the land of peace-loving, patriotic and sincere people and is on the path to become the power house of the country." In an event where he presented the Bharat Samman Award to Sir Anerood Jugnauth, President of Mauritius, he also praised the efforts undertaken by the Mauritius Government on the economic front and got reminiscent about the 'economic miracle of the 1980s' under the aegis of the President of Mauritius. During the occasion, he quelled the knowledge thirst of the people present by bringing to the fore various little known facets of the State like the multiplicity of tribes, prevalence of Hindi as the medium of communication, the long international border etc. Several towering personalities present during the occasion included Bhishma Narayan Singh (former Governor of Tamil Nadu), G. Krishnamurthy (former Election Commissioner of India), Joginder Singh (former Director CBI) and Mookhesswur Choonee (High Commissioner of Mauritius in India). General (Retd.) Singh also presented the Pride of India Gold Medals to several luminaries during the occasion.

About 100 unlawful workers, including 32 Indians were arrested for trying to work at the 2012 Olympics Games site in East London, the UK Border Agency has said. According to the Agency sources, 93 arrests were made between the month of April and November. Out of these 93 arrests, 85 cases involved suspected immigration offences. Forty-one people were arrested on suspicion of using fake passports or other illegal documents. "We (UK Border Agency) have officers based permanently at the Olympic site to check the identity of people seeking work and help ensure the Games are delivered on time, with a workforce legally entitled to be there… we're working closely with employers and contractors, giving presentations and advising them what checks they need to make to prevent illegal working", senior director for the Agency's Olympic 2012 programme, Tony Smith said. The arrests brought to the fore the case of the agency bosses hiring cheap agency workers for the construction of the Games site, mostly from the overseas countries, from where they procure cheap labourers by breaching the labour agreements. In May last year, the workers held a demonstration outside the premises of the site asking the hirers to employ them directly rather than through filtration from the agencies. "There are high levels of direct employment on the site and an agreement with construction unions includes national wage rate agreements, training and local employment," said a spokesman for the Olympics Delivery Authority.

“ARAB! ARAB!” LANDS S Korean in Jail A South Korean court has convicted a man of affronting an Indian professor by fining him with 1 million Won (US$860). The 31year-old South Korean, identified by his surname, Park, used a cussword "Arab! Arab" to Bonogit Hussain, in July, when he talking loudly in a bus in which they were riding. The Judge, Cho Chan-young said that these remarks deserved punishment because the Indian professor felt publicly humiliated and insulted. This is reported to be the country's first ever punishment of racist remarks against an Indian residing abroad. The Court in Bucheon, west of Seoul, fined the defendant with US$860 during the ruling. According to the country's criminal code, a person accused with public insult is supposed to serve a jail term of one year and is also thought out to be paying 2 million Won in fines. The local media had also reported that the accused also told Hussain that Arabs at large were dirty and smelly. The case drew limelight, where ethnicity is a hot cake to handle. In South Korea, ethnic homogeneity is considered as a matter of pride. But illtreatment with the Diasporic community in the country, especially those from the poorer nations in Southeast Asia is palpable. Hussain, who came to South Korea in 2007, earned a master's degree from Seoul's SungKongHoe University and worked there as a research professor before returning to India in late October, the university said. PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

News Diary - HAPPENINGS.pmd

27

27 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:34 PM

|N E W S D I A R Y |

INDIA

PANDEMONIUM OVER Liberhan Report The Bharatiya Janata Party and the Sangh Parivar were under the line of fire from various political parties during the two-day debate on the findings of the Liberhan Commission report on their role in the Babri Masjid demolition at Ayodhya in 1992. On the first day, Congress reacted in a subdued manner with the name of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee appearing among the list of those "indicted" by the report, with senior Congress leader Salman Khursheed saying that "Mr. Vajpayee's name was not in the conspiracy; his name was only there in one of the lists." But, Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav left no stones unturned while indicting Congress and Vajpayee, saying that "if he (Vajpayee) had been arrested, the mosque could have been saved". Taking potshots at the BJP and Congress, he also said that both were "hand in glove" at the time of the demolition. Expressing his views over the findings, BJP president Rajnath Singh said that the document was "a bundle of grave errors" and a "political" one.

TELANGANA ISSUE Mars AP Violent protests by the Telangana Rashtra Samiti, fighting for the cause of a separate Telangana state, and TRS president K Chandrasekhar Rao's 11day fast made the Central government pay heed to the issue. The Centre announced the initiation of the process with the Home Minister P Chidambaram deflating the issue by stating that "the process of forming the state of Telangana will be initiated. An appropriate resolution will be moved in the Assembly." Earlier, violence at various places of the state by pro-Telangana protestors affected the normal life. The ambience in the capital got disturbed when students of Osmania University clashed with the police. Later on, the authorities had to take preventive detentions. On the other hand, spreading unrests were several TRS activists who delayed the running of several long distance trains, including the Rajdhani and AP Expresses for several hours. The Centre requested the state government to withdraw all cases filed on or after November 29, 2009, against all students, protestors and leaders. TRS chief ended his fast with the positive news coming for the cause. He said that when there will be the introduction of the Bill in the Parliament, "only then will the people of Telangana and the party believe that their dream of having their own state will fructify."

THE HOPENHAGEN Summit

On the second day, replying to the ensuing debate and the government's Action Taken Report, Home Minister P Chidambaram said that the attack was a "pre-planned, conspiratorial and coldblooded" one by BJP and the Sangh Parivar. Firing back, BJP leader Sushma Swaraj said that the report was made by "an opportunist person" with the sole motto of "character assassination of the party leaders." At the end of the discussion, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh apologized for the unparliamentary remark made by Congress MP Beni Prasad Verma against Vajpayee.

World leaders and diplomats from 192 countries are meeting at Copenhagen to ponder over and iron out the most haunting issue of the decade - Saving the Earth. The two-week long United Nations Climate Change Conference 2009 will pay attention to voices from the nations of developed and the developing world. Speaking at the conference, head of UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Rajendra Pachauri came with some troubling facts for the entire delegation. He said that the world is facing tremendous decrease in the level of water resources in the semi-arid areas, and that the eminent removal of the Greenland ice sheet can result in an increment of about 7 meters of the sea level. But at the same time, coming up with some positive tone was a suggestion made by the UNFCCC Executive Secretary who said that we should start taking actions in those domain where there is a lesser probability of clashes of ideas between various countries. The US also announced of following dual path towards greenhouse gas emission cuts - with the Obama's administration and the US Congress acting in tandem. In other development when going to the press, India rejected the first official draft which asked for at least 50 percent reduction in greenhouse gases by 2050 from the 1990 levels. But its proposal - setting up climate innovation centers in different parts of the world - was given green signal at the Conference. This will pave the way for various locally indigenous green technologies for the alleviation of the problem.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

News Diary.pmd

28

28 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:43 PM

NEWS MAKER

|N E W S D I A R Y |

MANICK’S ANIMATION FILMS on US TV stations The citizens of Colorado, USA, got an opportunity to enjoy with great gusto the animation films made by Indian American Manick Sorcar on December 24, a day before Christmas. Various Public Broadcasting Services television stations are all set to broadcast his animation films. Some of the films which were showcased highlighting his works were 'Deepa and Rupa: A Fairy Tale From India', winner of the Gold Plaque at the Chicago International Film Festival; The Sage and the Mouse', winner of the Gold Medal at the International Film Festival of New York; 'Sniff', winner of the C.I.N.E. Golden Eagle; and 'The Woodcutter's Daughter', a finalist at the New York Festival. Sorcar's animation films are among the most cherished things savoured by students at the elementary schools, with his films being telecasted on PBS channels for the past 17 years during the holiday seasons. Son of famous magician P C Sorcar and an electrical engineer by profession, Manick came into the limelight in the early 1990s, when his 'Deepa and Rupa: A Fairy Tale From India', received the prestigious Gold Plaque along with being nominated for three Heartland Regional Emmy Awards. His 'The Sage and the Mouse' and 'The Woodcutter's Daughter' are based on the Panchatantra, and 'Sniff' on Aabol Tabol ('Nonsense'), a popular book of poems by Sukumar Ray. This was the 18th year in a row when animation films made by Manick were selected for yearend Holidays.

ROAD TO SUNSET FOR Indian Barbers Trivial news it may sound to the readers, but its tremors and repercussions could be felt by many Malaysians. Around 2,000 Indian barbers in the country are under a dilemmatic condition as the higher authorities have decided not to renew their work permits. "We are facing a serious problem. We hope the government, particularly, the Human Resources Ministry, will help us out," Penang Indian Hairstylists Association committee member K Selvakumaren addressed to the reporters at George Town. At least 50 shops were closed in the past seven months in Penang. Another member of the association, M Bani, getting reminiscent, said that such a problem took place in 2004 too, but was resolved with the active interference of Malaysian Indian Congress president Datuk Seri S. Samy Vellu. Highlighting the relevance of the Indian barber community in the country, he said that "we do not want a time to come when Indian barbers vanish from the scene. This used to be a thriving business and we want it to remain that way." But at the same time, he clarified that the members of the association had never hired illegal workers and that they would continue to stick to its policy. Facing acute crisis due to the global recession, the Malaysian authorities have sought to ban foreign workers in 'visible' trades in the country. They have also sought to restrict the working of Hindu and Buddhist priests at local shrines.

HEY Calcutta! To give back to Calcutta is the sole motto of a newly-formed organization set up by a group of authoritative people with an emotional tinge of mind towards their homeland. This is what led to the formation of the organization called, Hey Calcutta! “We have been talking about this for a long time,” said the chairman of the organization, Nadeem Ahmed, co-owner of Typhoon Tea, at the first working dinner of Hey Calcutta! at London. The purpose behind the making of the organization, open to both non-Bengalis as well as Bengalis, is to raise funds for charities. At the same time, it is not in the minds of the founders of the organization to bring it to the pedestal of an elitist one. Rather, they want to have maximum supporters for various purposes. One of the founder members, banker Jeremy Ghose said: “We really want to give back what we got from Calcutta.” It was also his wish to have the steel behemoth Lakshmi Mittal under the loop of the organization, as he was educated at St. Xavier’s. Other aims of the organization will be known only when it has an established charter and gets maximum admirers. But one can be sure of the fact that apart from the strengthening of the bonds between those Bengalis residing in Calcutta and those from Calcutta residing worldwide; it is the availability of funds for heritage work and restoration which is paramount. PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

News Diary.pmd

29

29 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:43 PM

|B U S I N E S S N E W S |

INDIA

NO MORE Sick Three cheers for the 14 Public Sector Units (PSUs), which have been shelved out from the compartment of the "sick" PSUs in India. The Board for Reconstruction of Public Sector Enterprises (BRPSE) appears to have pulled out 14 companies from the tag of being a sick PSU with them showing profits for two years in a row, according to a data compiled by the Department of Public Enterprises (DPE). Some of the companies which have shown positive turnaround in the past two years include Cement Corporation of India, Hindustan Insecticides, MECON Limited, Mineral Exploration Corporation, Central Electronics Limited, and Heavy Engineering Corporation among others. According to some BRPSE officials, "the revival plan of these companies not only included offering voluntary retirement schemes to shed excessive flab in sick PSUs but also change the management strategy so as to align products to the current market needs." The government took the decision of the infusion of capital for the refurbishment of these Nehurvian era PSUs after they showed tremendous slump in their profits resulting from the usage of obsolete technologies to the inactive attitude towards marketing strategies. After the revival plans maneuvered by the government, MECON has shown a net profit of Rs 33 crore in 2007-08 followed by a sharp rise with Rs. 65.8 crore in 200809. On the other hand, after the injection of Rs. 102 crore in HEC, the company's net profit rose to Rs. 7.01 crore in 2007-08 and to Rs. 18.37 crore in the previous financial year.

RELIANCE COMM. UNDER-REPORTED Revenue for Two Years It seems that the government has made up its mind of imposing a penalty on Reliance Communications Limited after going through a state audit report which revealed that the number two telecom services organization has downplayed statistics regarding revenues for two years, the Telecom Minister A Raja said. "The department shall raise additional demands including interest and penalty, as per licence terms, on the concerned licences, after examination," he said in a written reply to a question before the Parliament. He also said that his ministry was scrutinizing the report submitted by a special report earlier in the year. But on the other hand, a Reliance Communications spokesman reiterated through an email that "there is no irregularity or discrepancy whatsoever in the accounts of the company‌RCOM strongly affirms that it anticipates no additional financial liability towards licence or spectrum fee." The Minister said before the Parliament that the auditors have found that Reliance under-reported revenue to the telecoms regulator in 200607 and 2007-08. "Reliance Communications under-reported its revenue during financial years 2006-07 and 2007-08," the ministry said, nailing down the financial year 2007 misrepresentation at Rs 1,000-1,500 crore. The Department of Telecommunications had, in October, asked Parakh & Company for the special audit, which according to the Telecom Ministry had cost the government around Rs. 250 crore on the account of under-reporting.

BIDDING ADIEU TO Hamara Bajaj In what could be a bad news for those cherishing Hamara Bajaj, with the generations of the pre-liberalization period vying to have it at their home, Bajaj Auto, which elicited the scooter market in India with the help of this campaign, has decided to bid adieu to its product. "The scooters did not sell according to our expectataions. We are making hardly 1,000 scooters a month. If we have to become a motorcycle specialist, we have to make a sacrifice," Rajiv Bajaj, Bajaj Auto managing director said. It is to be known that after the Hamara Bajaj campaign, the products sale skyrocketed to one million in 1995. Known for drawing inspiration for a whole lot of yesteryear customers with its trademark of trust, credibility and reliability, the company came into existence in 1945 as Bachraj Trading Corporation Private Limited. It came out with its first model "Chetak" in 1972, which still lingers in the mind of the customers. The company popularity can be felt from the fact that it managed to produce and sell one lakh vehicles in a single financial year in 1977. The company now only produces the gearless Crystal scooter. Contemplating the shift in the priorities of the customers, the company said that it will say adios to the scooter market because it didn't see much sense in coming up with it in this period of globalization. PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Business News.pmd

30

30 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:45 PM

With Best Compliments From

WowIndya.com offers Travel solutions with best choice of hotels and room rates, Packages (City breaks), Cruise reservation, Car, Rail & Road transportation etc. Worldwide.

WowIndya.com Tel. No. : +91.11.45606769 | E-Mail: info@wowindya.com URL: http/:www.wowindya.com

Advt Wow.pmd

67

1/2/2010, 1:15 AM

|N E P A L |

Local Warming Melts Himalayan Glaciers

he Nepali government's cabinet meeting presided by Prime Minister was held at Kalapatthar, the Base Camp of Mt. Everest, 5,164 meters above the sea level, on December 4, 2009. Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal and 22 other ministers equipped with oxygen tanks flew for a cabinet meeting to the Kalapatthar plateau on Mount Everest to highlight the so called impact of climate change on the Himalayas. "Mt. Everest (Qomolangma), the peak of 2,700 km east - west range of Himalayas with 1.3 billion people's civilization, their culture and tradition, natural heritage and tourist development - is an icon of world environment", Madhav said. He added that

T

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Diaspora -.pmd

32

he would urge the developed countries to look at the impact of the climate change on the poor countries while attending the Climate Change summit in Copenhagen. He further said, "Global issue of climate change has negative impact not only on Himalayas and millions of lives living in this arena but also the environment, social-economic development, natural vegetation and tourist development sector." The Nepali government has also declared "Everest Declaration - 2009" to conserve the vulnerable Himalayas from climate change, to draw the attention of global community, and to cooperate with South Asian nations and the rest of the world. Deputy Prime Minister Sujata Koirala said that Nepali leaders would ask rich countries to contribute 1.5 per cent of their GDP to help developing nations cope with climate change. "It's their fault, their carbon emission that is causing us to suffer. We are making demand to protect future generations," she said. Like Maldivian underwater cabinet meeting held in October 2009, Nepali high altitude meeting too was held in a symbolic cry for financial help over glacial melt down that has threatened Himalayan countries' existence. The cabinet then approved the speech to be delivered by the PM at the climate change meet in Copenhagen. The global community knows very well that Himalayan glaciers are melting at the fastest rate and local heat factors - excessive deforestation, mining and military confrontation among China, India and Pakistan - have much more melted the glaciers than the global warming did. However the funds may be granted but sponsors have the right to ask Himalayan countries whether the burnt children would dread the fire. How the relief funds would be utilized, it is a tenable question.

.........................................................................................................................

The receding glaciers of Himalayas are telling the tales of blunders of Himalayan countries, particularly China and India. But everyone in the world knows that the local heat factors in Nepal have much more melted Himalayan glaciers than the global warming did

RAMESH KUMAR SHARMA

32 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:47 PM

|A U S T R A L I A |

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had a dialogue with his Australian counter part in New Delhi in mid- November and conveyed concerns over racial attacks on Indians. However, according to Indians living in Australia, the voice of Indian leaders doesn't seem taking effect

ore than 80,000 students are pursuing studies in Australia. I conveyed my concerns to Prime Minister Kevin Rudd about the safety, security and well being of our students and the Indian community in Australia. The Prime Minister assured me that Australia is fully committed to ensure their safety and will take all steps necessary in this regard, including the strengthening of regulatory measures. We have decided to institute an annual ministerial level dialogue on education between the two countries,” said Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in the national capital during the joint press conference on November 12, 2009. Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, who was

“M

.........................................................................................................................

India Conveys Concerns Over Racial Attacks to Australia

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Diaspora -.pmd

33

on visit to Indian capital, assured his counterpart that his country would do everything possible to ensure safety and security of Indian and other foreign students. He said during the joint statement: "In my own view, the responsibility we have in Australia is to ensure that our foreign students from India and from everywhere in the world are safe and secure and pursuing proper courses of studies." It is also worth mentioning that Indian External Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna on August 9, 2009 met Indian student Shravan Kumar, who is yet to fully recover from a brutal assault by group of teenagers in Australia in May, and enquired about his health. He offered Kumar Rs. One Lakh from his personal account. The 25-year-old student from Andhra Pradesh, one of the first victims of the racial offences in Australia, was attacked by a screwdriver by the local teens, who also assaulted his three Indian friends. Krishna conveyed the Indian government's concerns to his Australian counter part Stephen Smith. Krishna also met the Indian community members, including some other students who were subjected to racial attacks. However, according to Indians living in Australia, the voice of Indian leaders is too weak to draw Australian government's attention. NRI Shantanu says, “When a Chinese national was attacked by the same Australian guys mistaking him to be an Indian, whole of Australian media and the government shivered expecting a back lash from China. Whereas attack on Indians has been going on for sometime now with impunity and Indian government is only rendering lip sympathy to victim Indians.” PT BUREAU

33 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:47 PM

|T R I N I D A D & T O B A G O |

Radio Licence Delay Costs State $ 3m

here are no bounds of happiness of Sanatan Dharma Maha Sabha's General Secretary Satnarayan Maharaj. He pluckily faced the state and lodged an appeal against it with the Court of Appeal regarding radio licence delay. The Court of Appeal favoured the Sanatan Dharma Maha Sabha, which operates Central Broadcasting Services Limited, but the government snubbed the Court's ruling. Then Maharaj moved to Privy Council and High Court. Now he puts on a bold face since Justice Ronnie Boodoosingh awarded compensatory and vindicatory damages by way of a video conference at the San Fernando High Court. The judge said: "The award was meant primarily to deter public authorities and persons exercising public functions from engaging in

T

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Diaspora -.pmd

34

or persisting with unequal treatment." Refusal of radio licence to Maha Sabha costs State $ 3 million. The High Court ordered the State to pay the Hindu organization almost $3 million. The Court of Appeal found there was unequal treatment. The Maha Sabha sought further redress at the Privy Council. The Judicial Committee ruled on July 4, 2006 that the State had discriminated against the Maha Sabha and held that its constitutional right to freedom of expression was violated. The Privy Council ordered the State to grant the licence to the Maha Sabha forthwith. But the Maha Sabha was not awarded the licence until September 22 that year. The government snubbed the Court's ruling that the state must grant the licence to the Maha Sabha forthwith. Maha Sabha, ultimately, knocked the door of High Court and won the case. The High

...........................................................................................................................

The result of eight year legal battle between Sanatan Dharma Maha Sabha and the State regarding the granting of a licence for Radio Jagriti is in favour of Maha Sabha. Trinidad and Tobago government has to pay Maha Sabha $ 3 million in damages for its unequal treatment and delay in granting them a FM radio broadcasting licence

The Court of Appeal found there was unequal treatment. The Maha Sabha sought further redress at the Privy Council. The Judicial Committee ruled, on July 4, 2006 that the State had discriminated against the Maha Sabha and held that its constitutional right to freedom of expression was violated.

Court, on September 22, 2009, ordered the State to pay Maha Sabha around $ 3 million compensation for discrimination. This marked the end of an eightyear legal battle between the Maha Sabha and the State concerning the granting of a licence for Radio Jagriti 102.7 FM. PT BUREAU

34 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:47 PM

|F I J I |

Disinterested In Democracy, Interested in CWG

T

he Indian population is rapidly declining in Fiji due to repeated coups but the country, after being suspended from the Commonwealth, wants to take part in 2010 Commonwealth Games to be held

in India. Fiji has been run by a military regime since December 2006, when self-appointed Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama toppled the elected government in a coup. The Commonwealth suspended Fiji in September 2009 after the nation failed to meet a deadline for opening talks on a return to democracy. Recently, the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) expressed deep concern at the further deterioration of the situation in Fiji Island with regard to its adherence to fundamental Commonwealth values. They affirmed that sporting ties under the Commonwealth names are inseparable from the values of the Association and on this basis Commonwealth leaders, in a meeting in Trinidad & Tobago, upheld an earlier decision to exclude Fiji from Commonwealth Games. According to a statement released during CHGOM, "the leaders of the 53 Commonwealth nations expressed deep concern at the further

............................................................................................................................

The country is suffering from an imperfect dilemma of balancing and handling the country-in-coup and of its desire to participate in the Commonwealth Games 2010

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Diaspora -.pmd

35

deterioration of the situation in Fiji Islands with regard to its adherence to fundamental Commonwealth values, including the abrogation of the Constitution in April 2009, ongoing restrictions on human rights including freedom of speech and assembly, and the interim government's decision to further delay elections until 2014." However Fiji considers CHOGM's stance as political interference in sports. The president of Fiji Association of Sports and National Olympic Committee (FASANOC) Vidya Lakhan said, "We are of the firm belief that the Commonwealth Games Federation cannot deny us participation purely for the reason that they do not like Fijian politics. We have for the past weeks been consulting our own lawyers getting interpretations and seeking legal views from other people. We are assured that we have a very, very strong case, so based on that we are going to the Court of Arbitration for Sport for the decision."

Vidya Lakhan released a statement on December 1, 2009 confirming Fiji's plans to lodge an appeal against their exclusion from the 2010 Commonwealth Games to be held in India with the Court of Arbitration

How strange is the faith of a country in equality and justice in the matter of games which is ruled by a self appointed Prime Minister who had promised an election this year but has since ruled out a vote until 2014. RAMESH KUMAR SHARMA

35 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 3:47 PM

|P R A V A S I F I L M F E S T I V A L |

A Film Festival with a Difference His Excellency Sir Anerood Jugnauth, President of Mauritius unveiled The Pravasi Film Award, 2010, organized by Pravasi Today Group in partnership with the Republic of Mauritius at a glittering function at Hotel Samrat, in the presence of Mr. Harish Rawat (Hon. Minister of State, Ministry of Labour and Employment), Shri Manoj Bajpai (Actor), Rajiv Shukla (Member of Parliament), Ms. Aruna Vasudev, Shri Shabir Ali (Member of Parliament), Shri Ashok Chakradhar (Poet) and Mr. Sandeep Marwa, Milap Duggar and (ViceChancellor, IASE University). Festival Director Anil Joshi told the gathering that Mira Nair, Deepa Mehta, Saeed Jafari and many other eminent NRI film personalities like Poorva Bedi, Krishan Shah, Sangita are coming to participate in 1st ever Pravasi Film Festival, to be held from 3rd to 6th January to be organised at India Habitat Centre, Delhi. From Bollywood major attraction would be Sharmila Tagore, Prakash Jha, Manoj Bajpai, Amrita Rao, Satish Kaushik, Rahul Rawail, Karan Rajhdan. Veteran actor Saeed Jafari will be honoured with a Life Time Achievement Award. The inaugural film of the festival will be Life Goes On, directed by Dr. Sangeeta and starring Sharmila Tagore, Soha Ali Khan, Om Puri, Girish Karnad. PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Film Festival - SIR ANEROOD JUGNAUTH.pmd36

36 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 11:42 PM

|P R A V A S I F I L M F E S T I V A L |

There would be special sessions on Mauritius, Mira Nair, Deepa Mehta, Poorva Bedi, Yash Raj Productions, Sippi Production Films. The festival will also showcase Nasreen Munni Kabir’s analogy of documentaries. Many short films and documentaries by various new directors are to be screened. The Mauritian President Aneerood Jugnauth said that the message conveyed through these films will reach vast audience. He called Mauritius an ideal destination for films saying that, “Cinema dominates the world of communications. He emphasized that the experiences of the different groups will be brought together with these films. According to him, “Pravasi Film Festival is a welcome effort to unite people across countries.” The unveiling of awards was followed by the views presented by Manoj Bajpai, “Aim big, think big, do big”. He said that this festival is a platform for the expression of views and interactions and discussions over the various issues. Harish Rawat, Hon. Minister of State, Ministry of Labour and Employment said that the language of heart has connected the two nations. According to him, the culture of Mauritius is a combination of many cultures and he emphasized that the films will reflect the cultures and traditions helping in the understanding of these across boundaries. Ashok Chakradhar, a renowned poet very creatively defined the three colours in the PFF logo, saying that the red signifies love between India and Mauritius. According to him “Promotion of Hindi is best done by movies” and this festival is one step taken forward in this respect. PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Film Festival - SIR ANEROOD JUGNAUTH.pmd37

37 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 11:42 PM

|P R A V A S I F I L M F E S T I V A L |

Shabir Ali, MP from Bihar appreciated the co-operation, relation and great heartedness of the NRIs towards India. Rajiv Shukla along with Aruna Vasudev released the montage of PFF. Rajiv Shukla also briefed the media saying that with this festival, the relationship with Mauritius has got a new start. He highlighted that not only in films but in other aspects also cooperation with Mauritius should be explored. Aruna Vasudev, advisor to the PFF, threw light on the problem of identity crisis being faced by many NRIs. She further said that cinema is the best possible way to curb this and to project the lifestyle and reactions to various issues dealt by the NRIs. In the programme, Special issue of Pravasi Today Magazine was also launched by the President of Mauritus entitled ‘Mauuritus – The Diaspora Capital’ among all the guests. While discussing the PFF, Mookhesswur Choonee, the High Commissioner of Mauritius praised the idea of PFF and said that no other medium communicates thought better than the celluloid frames. According to his views, “visuals are the best way to reach the audience across the boundaries”. Through the PFF sharing of cultures, ideas etc will take place avoiding trivial issues and problems faced by people. He said that through this the promotion of films, art and culture, sports and women empowerment will take place. In a nutshell, Anil Joshi, the festival director called it a historical moment thanking everybody for recognizing PFF. He quoted, “With this festival the Pravasis are being bonded with India.” He thanked the support of Mauritius. This festival will act as a catalyst to a chain of events to give a platform for the NRIs to have a fresh bonding with their Indian counterparts. ! PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Film Festival - SIR ANEROOD JUGNAUTH.pmd38

38 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 11:42 PM

DIAMOND BOOKS ADVT.pmd

39

1/1/2010, 7:42 PM

NRI Investment in India - Homecoming With a Purpose BHUVANESHWARI DAS IYER

t is indeed welcome news for the Indian economy, and especially investors that the country has been ranked the 10th largest economy in the world and the fourth largest in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). It would be little exaggeration to say that India has emerged as a potential destination for NRI investment. The country's obvious advantages need little reiteration - an enviably large reservoir of skilled

I

...................................................................

Nostalgia for the motherland has always been a mantra with the Indian Diaspora residing in all corners of the globe. In recent years though, NRIs have begun to seek out greener pastures in the land of their origin, this time letting their hard-earned wealth do the talking. PRAVASI TODAY takes a look

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Story - Bhuvaneshwari Das Iyer.pmd

40

labour, internationally cost-competitive, a large entrepreneurial base and a diversified manufacturing sector. With these attributes, it is little wonder that NRI investors and even foreign ones are ready and willing to be partners in collaboration. It would still come as a surprise of sorts to many that India's scientific and technical manpower is 20 40 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:05 PM

|C O V E R S T O R Y |

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Story - Bhuvaneshwari Das Iyer.pmd

41

When it comes to favoured destinations for foreign investments, India ranks among the top both for foreign nationals as well as NRIs. The current growth rate of close to 8 percent happens to be the highest first-quarter growth rate since 2000-01

..................................................................................................

million-strong, more than the population of Taiwan. Illiteracy, ever the bane of our nation for long has been rightly seen as an impediment that has hobbled us for long, but the literates in India outnumber the combined population of France and Japan. To cap it, India's vast domestic market - a 300 million-strong middle class population with substantial purchasing power and another 700 million-strong population whose capacity to purchase is gradually increasing - must qualify as an unbeatable matrix. The vibrancy of the country's democracy supplemented by a broad-based legal framework including arbitration and an independent judicial system is of course something about which reams have been penned. As for the financial system, one may arguably say that it is Asia's best, with the notable exception of Japan, whose financial system has been troubled in recent years for a slew of reasons. A vast network of bank branches, financial institutions and well-organized capital and money markets are only some attributes making India a favourable destination for NRI investments. India also boasts of a large network of technical and management institutions of international standards for the development and enhancement of human resources. While the country's balance of trade and its performance in the international trade arena may not have made waves, it needs reiteration that India holds an enviable record of honouring its international financial obligations, not defaulting even once, not even during the crisis that loomed in 1990-91. The country's small-scale sector, despite overwhelming and sweeping changes across the globe, still retains strength and vibrancy. India also happens to be strategically placed, particularly in the context of the rapidly growing South and South-East Asian markets, which is ideally placed in promoting a healthy environment for NRI inflows into the country. Cut to some statistics. The Indian economy is reportedly set to become the world's second-largest by 2050 AD (a recent World Bank report). Despite hiccups, a GDP growth rate of 8-9 percent has been in the reckoning since 2003, though certain hitherto key sectors like agriculture have been a cause for

concern; there has been a turnaround of limited scope, though. The more tangible achievement has been a boom in the manufacturing and service sectors. While the service sector (led by the IT and ITES components) has continued its vigorous growth performance, the distinctly sustained return of the industrial front to robustness has been the surprise package. The Indian economy's seeming return to a semblance of a bull run of an ever-increasing growth will no doubt augur well for eager NRI investors. Take a look at some very positive indicators: a stable 8-9 percent annual growth, rising foreign exchange reserves of close to USD 200 billion, a booming capital market, with the Sensex topping the 20000 mark. The government's own estimates for FDI inflows are close to USD 15 billion during this fiscal. Exports, which had hitherto been growing a healthy 35 percent plus upward, no doubt took a major hit, especially in products regarded India's strengths, but to its credit, the Indian economy has weathered the

41 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:14 PM

storm better. When it comes to favoured destinations for foreign investments, India ranks among the top both for foreign nationals as well as NRIs. The current growth rate of close to 8 percent happens to be the highest first-quarter growth rate since 2000-01, with the manufacturing sector growing by 11.3 percent. Agriculture too, despite lagging behind (understandably so, with lack of investment and farmers' indebtedness), and constituting nearly a quarter of the GDP, grew by 3.4 percent. One also saw a 0.5 percent growth in the trade, hotel, transport and communication sectors, while the construction sector posted a 13.2 percent growth. Key infrastructure sectors too, have continued to show healthy growth. Electricity grew by 5.4 percent in the first quarter of this fiscal as against 7.4 percent in the same period last year. The service sector's growth was 10.6 percent. That apart, the economy has also witnessed outstanding growth in some important industries, like commercial vehicles (36 percent), telephone con-

...............................................................................................................

A hugely welcome move in recent years is the ministries concerned ensuring that rules and regulations are simplified to make FDI inflows smoother. The government is doing all it can to persuade Indians who make big money away from home to park their funds here.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Story - Bhuvaneshwari Das Iyer.pmd

42

nections (48.9 percent) and passenger growth in civil aviation (32.2 percent). The Indian Diaspora's business and investment initiatives have turned active in recent years. The Government of India is now actively always wooing non-resident Indians assiduously to attract more inflows. Apart from money transfer, which compared to money invested in India is smaller; the Centre is trying its best to persuade NRIs to pump money into the country like never before with a great amount of success in recent years. Country-wise figures for 2009 reveal their own story. Mauritius, not surprisingly, retains the top spot, accounting for about 43.3 percent of total FDI inflows into India. The US and UK are far behind with 7.72 percent and 6.41 percent respectively. FDI from Mauritius during this period stood at $35,180 million. In terms of rupees, it stood at Rs 15,27,677 million. FDI by US and UK during this period stood at $6,171 million and $5,153 million. The announcement of dual citizenship for People of Indian Origin has come as a morale-booster to the NRI community across the world, though it still remains to be implemented at the policy level. Recruitment levels for overseas jobs have shot up, and there is thus, scope for more money coming into India. According to a recent Business Standard report, in the last three years, 850,000 people went to West Asia alone. While the official figure for Indians living in the US is put at 2 million, unofficial estimates put it at 3.5 million, with emigration to Canada and Australia continuing

42 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:10 PM

|C O V E R S T O R Y |

............................................................................................................................... .......................

to grow. India's share in the global Foreign Direct Investment has almost doubled to 2.45 per cent in 2008 compared to last year. While the country was fourth in 2008, in terms of FDI inflows, among developing countries, according to a UNCTAD World Investment Report (WIR) 2009, during 200809, India attracted FDI inflows worth $35.17 billion. During the global economic downturn in 2008-09, FDI inflows grew by only 2 per cent over the previous year compared to the growth of 51 per cent in 2007-08 (as per international best practices). But in 2009-10, FDI equity inflows for months of June, July, August and October 2009 have shown an increasing trend compared to the same period in 2008-09. Worries regarding the global economic slowdown persist, but interestingly, the slowdown is not likely affecting foreign direct investment (FDI) flow to India as the domestic demand remains 'resilient', investment banker Goldman Sachs has stated recently. FDI is showing positive signals," says Tushar Poddar, an economist with Goldman Sachs, adding: "We expect FDI inflows to remain significant in 2009-10, given India's relatively resilient domestic demand momentum." According to the bank, the FDI flow to India during September-January - the months when the credit crisis was at its peak amounted to $9.2 billion, higher than $7.9 billion in the corresponding period last year. Goldman Sachs also informs that India's balance of payments (BOP) may have had its worst quarter in October-December 2009, when it showed a deficit of $18 billion. However, "in 2009-10, we expect the current account deficit to narrow to 1.3 per cent of GDP from 3.5 per cent last fiscal with the trade deficit narrowing considerably. A hugely welcome move in recent years is the ministries concerned ensuring that rules and regulations are simplified to make FDI inflows smoother. Investment in bank deposits and company deposits may be made by NRIs. They are subject to different rules; investments with and without repatriation facilities are permitted under the schemes. As of now, NRIs are permitted to make direct investment in partnership and proprietorship firms in the country. This, the NRIs can do by way of subscription for shares or debentures of Indian companies.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Story - Bhuvaneshwari Das Iyer.pmd

43

According to a UNCTAD World Investment Report (WIR) 2009, during 2008-09, India attracted FDI inflows worth $35.17 billion.

Further, they can also now place funds in company deposits. NRIs who undertake not to seek at any time repatriation of the capital invested in India and the income earned thereon are permitted to invest on non-repatriation basis. NRIs also have the option of investing in mutual funds floated by domestic public sector and private sector mutual funds on nonrepatriation basis. All they have to do is to make their applications to the Reserve Bank of India. They can also now invest in money market mutual funds (MMMFs) floated by commercial banks and financial institutions with authorization from the apex bank or the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), the market regulator. Yet another option is to invest in the securities of the Central or State governments and the National Plan/Savings Certificates by making remittances from abroad or out of funds held in their NRE/FCNR accounts. In effect, with regulations tapering off, compared with the scene some 7-8 years ago, non-resident Indians today have more choices to invest their hard-earned money in India. And, to make things easier and hassle-free, the government is doing all it can to persuade Indians who make big money away from home to park their funds here. For its part, the Indian Diaspora has also begun to believe that it is better to channel their money home, thereby contributing to the development process of the nation they actually belong to. The old saying, 'home is where the heart is' seems to have finally driven the message home indeed. 43 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:13 PM

Blossoming Asset The policies set out by the government regarding property investment and repatriation, has made opportunities of investments in the Indian real-estate sector a favorable experience

D

BOOSTING UP As per the government rule, all persons residing outside India and holding Indian passports have been allowed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to invest in both residential and commercial properties in India. Markets have stabilized and there is an impressive amount of interest in this segment. NRIs are quick to invest in properties DR DEVINDER GUPTA in India where they see an

...................................................................

ue to its changing aura on international front and the economy being on the healthy side, the Indian realestate sector has been a worthy option for non resident Indians (NRIs) to invest in. In fact many opportunities are being created as well as schemes being formed for them to maximize investments from abroad.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Dr Devinder Gupta.pmd

44

opportunity for a good deal. On the anvil is a single-window investment promotion council planned by the government, which will undertake investment promotional activity. This will involve making extensive contacts with potential investors, lobbying and interacting with individual companies so that the overseas Indian finds a suitable investment environment. To an NRI, a base in the homeland also brings with it a sense of security. The number of NRIs who 44 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:16 PM

|R E A L E S T A T E |

way of direct debit into the accounts of Nonresidents (External) [NRE] or Non-resident Indians. The existing balances in the Non-Resident (NonRepatriable) rupee accounts have been allowed to be credited on maturity to convertible NRE account. This has boosted the real estate business. The rules relating to investment and repatriation have been liberalized to the advantage of the NRIs. Foreign exchange dealers have been suitably empowered to deal with the matter of remittances. NRIs are free to repatriate in foreign currency their current earnings in India such as rent, dividend, pension, interest and the like based on appropriate certification. Online NRI banking in India and these accounts for NRIs have made life much easier for transactions involved in NRI investment in India. Reserve Bank of India has granted general permission to certain financial institutions providing housing finance to grant housing loans to nonresident Indians for acquisition of houses/flats for self-occupation subject to certain conditions. Authorized dealers have been granted permission to grant loans to non-resident Indian nationals for

................

LOAN PROSPECTS The NRI investor can raise finances from financial institutions to purchase an apartment. The Housing Development and Finance Corporation (HDFC) and other financial institutions in India are facilitating the NRI investment in property speedily and efficiently. Though the rates of property tax are slightly different from what Indian residents pay, the NRI also enjoys the same status as any other property owner. NRIs pay property tax to the concerned authorities. NRIs are considered the safer bet eligible for availing a home loan in India facility to purchase a property in India as they are prompt on repayment. The repayment of the home loan can be made through a normal banking channel by way of inward remittance. For those who earn an income in India through rent, dividends, pension, etc. the loan can be repaid by

..........................................................................

are investing in property for sentimental reasons and for better investment returns is quickly multiplying. The government including RBI and Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) has liberalized the rules and regulations for the NRIs to make investment in real estate. Liberalization along with the added advantage of repatriation of the capital invested and even the rental proceeds under the circumstances prescribed by RBI have also encouraged NRI investments in real estate. Capital gains can be taken back after paying capital gains tax. Apart from India being a safe destination, 10 to 12 per cent returns on the investments are assured. As opposed to earlier times when an NRI had to struggle with Municipal rules, income tax and wealth tax issues, succession legislations for all religions, the Hindu joint family Act, land ceilings and others, these are times that have NRIs being welcomed with a red carpet. The flexibility in rules has elicited an extraordinary response from the NRI community.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Dr Devinder Gupta.pmd

45

acquisition of house/flat for self-occupation on their return to India subject to certain conditions. However, repayment of the loan should be made within a period not exceeding 15 years out of inward remittance. 45 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:16 PM

expensive projects. The vast majority of NRIs spread across the globe is one of the prime reasons that a large number of builders and developers are making painstaking efforts to woo the non-resident Indian. The Indian real estate developers are leaving no stone unturned in tapping the overseas markets. Highquality construction in India is attracting huge NRI investment in real estate. The surge in demand came as soon as the investment laws were revised to aid

............................

REPATRIATION BENEFITS In the new issues of shares/convertible debentures of Indian companies, there are direct investment schemes such as 24% scheme/40% scheme/100% scheme. Domestic Mutual Funds floated by public/ private sector institutions/companies and bonds issued by public sector undertakings is also a good option. TRANSPARENT REGIME What has also made NRIs come to India has been the initiative by some of the real-estate trade bodies as well as individual builders and real-estate dealers to ensure transparency about the projects on offer and fairness in dealings. NRIs consider their investments to be safe and rewarding when they park their money in real estate India. Many developers in Mumbai, Gurgaon, Pune, Delhi, Gujarat and Kerala have decided to plan

EMERGING AS INVESTMENT DESTINATION Though the government of India has formulated a RealEstate Regulation Bill, it is yet to be come into place. In the meantime, the sector in India is going through selfdiscipline from being a highly unorganized sector. This has been one of the most crucial factors for India gaining its status as a highly favored investment destination through FDI and funds. India has a huge market potential: • It is the fifth largest economy in the world (ranking above France, Italy, the United Kingdom, and Russia) • It has the third largest GDP in the entire continent of Asia. • It is also the second largest among emerging nations.

SOME OTHER FACTS AND FIGURES • Estimated size of organized Indian real estate sector accounts for USD 12 billion of India’s USD 600 billion economy; just 2% way less when compared to mature economies. • Relaxation of FDI rules has brought about capital gains in every sector of Indian economy. The government is making efforts in liberalizing the guidelines and norms for investment through FDI, making them more NRI friendly. • Growth in the Indian real estate sector - an estimated 30% last year, owing to FDI norms and related growth drivers, By 2010, real estate sector estimated to be between USD 45-50 billion (Source: DSP Merrill Lynch) • Real estate sector has the potential to touch USD 90 billion in 10 years. • The real estate prices in general are on the upswing in all markets across sectors since last two years • An estimated 5 million homes were sold in 2005-2006. • In the next five years, the sales is expected to cross the 30 million homes mark. • Second homes: The trend of owning exclusive properties like beach houses, homes in the hills, near religious centers etc is growing fast. PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Dr Devinder Gupta.pmd

46

46 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:17 PM

|R E A L E S T A T E |

OPPORTUNITY GALORE NRIs are welcome to participate in real estate investments by way of huge investments in the construction of residential and commercial projects, SEZs and infrastructural facilities The pan Indian interest in property buying has spawned a new league of businessmen who pitch in for tracking and tracing of property and offer customized investor services to NRIs. Gulf NRIs have been buying property in India over the years to have a good real estate portfolio back home. AS THE BEST BET Returns from real estate investments in India have consistently performed well and even out performed the other investment options. However, easy home loan availability by financial institutions in India, NRI remittances and repatriation procedures has emerged as the best of all the available prospects for the NRIs looking forward to return to India. The policies set out by the government regarding property investment and repatriation, has made opportunities of investments in India even more favorable. Under the present relaxed conditions,

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Dr Devinder Gupta.pmd

47

Non-resident Indians (NRI) and persons of Indian origin (PIO) can invest in property in India. NRIs can acquire residential/ immovable property in India, rent it out, transfer or sell it, if required. However, the regulations do not permit the NRIs and PIOs to acquire property like agricultural land, plantation and farm house. With the government allowing 100 percent repatriation, they can also take the rental income and capital investment in the property outside India, subject to the foreign exchange regulations. The NRI/PIO may use his own funds to acquire immovable property; other than the option of availing home loan from bank for this purpose. The NRI’s ‘own funds’ refer to the money received in India by way of inward remittance from overseas, out of income earned overseas, personal savings outside India. These funds can be remitted through Non-Resident External (NRE) or Non-Resident Ordinary (NRO) or Foreign Currency (nonresident) (FCNR) bank accounts. Moreover, they can remit sale proceeds outside India for up to two such properties without any RBI approval. Remittance for subsequent properties requires RBI’s approval. In case the property is acquired from rupee funds held in India, the remittance depends on the holding period of the property.

...................................................................................................

NRIs in moving their investments freely in and out of the country. Group housing for NRIs is also being contemplated. The general pattern in investment shows that NRIs are investing in residential property in the above average and high segment.

The writer is CEO and country head of Century 21 India

47 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:17 PM

Boosting the sectoral growth

on resident Indians (NRIs) never had it so favourable. Several real-estate developers in order to catch the growing interest among NRIs are coming up with various schemes in terms of new projects. To supplement this, a number of housing finance institutions, those approved by the National Housing Bank, as well as the commercial banks are authorized to grant housing loans to NRIs/PIOs. The terms of repayment are the same as those applicable to permanent residents. The rate of interest on the loan is as per the directives issued by the RBI or the National Housing Bank. So there are

N

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Mahavir Naagar.pmd

48

no hidden terms on the part of the banks as well as developers.

......................................................................

With the lessening of interest rates by banks on house loan and developers offering a wide range of options, NRIs are finding it lucrative to invest in real-estate sector in India, says Mahavir Naagar

EASING OF NORMS The cloud on real estate mutual funds (REMF) has lifted. The finance ministry has brushed aside RBI’s concerns of REMFs violating foreign direct investment (FDI) norms in the realty sector. North Block has said the central bank’s concern stating that REMF scheme notified by Sebi in April contradicted FDI norms was unwarranted. The finance ministry view could pave way for the launch of new investment avenues for small investors keen to tap the real estate sector’s growth potential. The doubts raised by RBI added to the hesitation in REMF launches. Highlighting that the scheme allowed NRIs and FIIs to invest in real-estate sector in conflict with the policy, the apex bank had asked finance ministry to intervene and take up the issue with Sebi. The FDI policy prohibits investment in real estate but allows investment in construction and develop48 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:19 PM

|R E A L E S T A T E |

AUGMENTING THE DEVELOPMENT With the opening up of the economy to foreign investors, India has made its mark on the global map as a market with tremendous potential in real-estate sector. Across the country in Tier I as well as Tier II cities, such as Delhi, NCR, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Pune have seen the influx of many global players who have set up their local centres and made huge investments. This has given the real-estate industry - both residential and commercial - an impetus. In the recent times, several fund management companies have invested in the development of the sector. For example, Goldman Sachs is investing $1 billion in India over the next few years, concentrating on the hot real estate and infrastructure sectors. Morgan Stanley Real Estate has invested Rs. 675 crores (approximately US$152 million) in Oberoi Constructions, a leading Indian real estate developer, focusing on residential, commercial, retail and hospitality projects. These are but samplings. To augment real estate development, the infrastructure budgets by state and

............................................................................................................................... .......................

ment sector with conditions like a three-year lockin, minimum capitalization of five million dollar for a wholly-owned subsidiary and ten million dollar for joint ventures, and development of at least ten hectares. The government had allowed 100 per cent FDI in the construction and development sector on the automatic route in 2005 (under the Press Note 2 issued that year). In the reply to RBI, the ministry has stated that investment through REMFs could be allowed as there was no linkage between the investments made by a fund and its investors. REMF investors only own units in the fund and don’t drive its investments decisions on assets. Moreover, Sebi has prescribed several restrictions on investments by REMFs, said a government source. The concerns expressed by RBI with regard to construction projects also did not hold much water as FII investment in pre-initial public offer are treated as FDI and face a three-year lockin, they said. There was no case for restricting NRIs investing in REMFs as they had been exempted from conditions applicable to FDI in the real-estate sector.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Mahavir Naagar.pmd

49

central governments have risen manifold too. According to Oberoi Constructions, Hemant Shah, chairman, Aakruti Nirman said “FIIs investment should be able to mature the real estate market and we feel that the market will continue to grow at the rate of 25-30 per cent.” If these figures are anything to go by, there is boom time ahead. ACROSS THE VERTICAL Moreover, the stock market has been volatile and interest rates have been falling, which has led investors to consider investing in commercial and residential properties. The sectors that are expected to grow rapidly are residential property, commercial property, retail spaces, and hospitality and healthcare. Also, the growth in the commercial real-estate sector will be directly proportional to the growth of the information technology and information technology enabled services industry. A joint study by FICCI and Ernst and Young shows that the IT and BPO sectors alone may need 367 million sq ft of space by 2012-13. So, where do you think the realty sector is headed in India? In the residential real estate space, there is an estimated shortage of around 20 million units, of which 7 million units would be in urban India. Malls are becoming part and parcel of the Indian lifestyle and as such the retail sector is also poised for growth. With Reliance Industries and other industrial houses foraying into the organised retail market, the growth potential is tremendous. The time seems right to invest in property in India, as the real estate market continues to firm up. As this sector is attracting so many big players, safety may not be a question at all. The writer, Mahavir Naagar, is CEO of Naagar Associates, a Delhi-based real estate company

49 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:19 PM

Real Estate & NRIs A Legal Glance

A

bout a decade ago, as I was passing through Gurgaon (one of the four satellite towns around Delhi), my German co-passenger remarked that the construction activity in that area

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Untitled-2

50

reminded him of Berlin after unification. I looked at him with certain disbelief and laughed within as it was a guileless comparison to put the mindless growth around Delhi at par with the development in one of the greatest cities of the world. By way of confession, I must admit that I never had the admiration for the humongous efforts being undertaken by prominent builders to develop Gurgaon. I always wondered who was going to occupy all the residential and office spaces being created in that area. Ten years later, I am glad that I did not confront the German. I had not foreseen the bottomless appetite

.....................................

Even if one discounts for a reasonable market correction, the return on investment in the Indian real estate sector over the last five-six years has been phenomenal, believes Niraj Kumar

50 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:21 PM

|R E A L E S T A T E |

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Untitled-2

51

China or Iran): (a) Who at any time, held an Indian Passport; or (b) Who or either of whose father or whose grandfather were a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955. In light of the above, the following options are available to NRIs and PIOs to invest in the real estate sector in India.

............................................................................................................................... .......................

of the Indian consumers for real estates. Infact, I often wonder that had I gauged the importance of the German's remarks then, today I would have become a millionaire, ten times over. His remarks, in a way, predicted the things to come in the Indian real estate sector. Today Indian real estate sector is booming, not only in the big cities but even in second tier cities. Skeptics have already started to drum about overheating and forecast market correction. Even if one discounts for a reasonable market correction, the return on investment in the Indian real estate sector over the last five-six years has been phenomenal. Given the current drive and the emerging trends, the phenomenon is reasonably expected to continue in the coming years. No wonder, this sector has elicited interest of investors from all parts of the world and investor's space in this sector is increasingly getting crowded. For those yet to take a decision, this article gives an overview of the legal framework governing the investment by NRIs and PIOs in the Indian real estate sector and also briefly discusses the various options available to them. Under the scheme of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999, ("FEMA"), the legislation that governs foreign investments and foreign exchange transactions, an NRI is understood as a person resident outside India, who is a citizen of India. For the purposes of availing the facilities of opening and maintaining bank accounts and investments in shares/ securities in India, the term NRI includes a PIO, meaning thereby, that with respect to investments in shares or securities, NRI and PIO are treated at par and have the same rights and privileges. In this context, the term PIO means a citizen of any country other than Bangladesh or Pakistan if: (a) He at any time held Indian Passport; or (b) He or either of his parents or any of his grand parents was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955) or (c) The person is a spouse of an Indian citizen or a person referred to in sub clause (a) or (b). However, with respect to investments as individuals in immovable property, PIO means an individual (not being a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh or Afghanistan or Bhutan or Sri Lanka or Nepal or

OPTION NO. 1 As per the existing foreign direct investment ("FDI") policy NRIs and PIOs are allowed to invest directly up to 100% in any Indian company in the housing and real estate sector without any approval. The profits and capital are fully repatriable subject to withholding tax. Activities permitted under this route are as under: a) Development of serviced plots and construction of built up residential premises b) Investment in real estate covering construction of residential and commercial premises including business centres and offices c) Development of townships d) City and regional level urban infrastructure facilities, including both roads and bridges e) Investment in manufacture of building materials, which is also open to FDI f) Investment in participatory ventures in (a) to (e) above. g) Investment in housing finance institutions, which is also open to FDI as an NBFC, i.e., nonbanking financial company. NRIs can directly set up companies in India, other than in the nature of venture capital in India and do business in India. OPTION NO. 2 NRIs/PIOs can also make direct investment under the FDI policy through an overseas entity into companies in the Real Estate Sector as per the terms of Press Note 2 of 2005 issued by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India. This route allows investment in townships, housing, builtup infrastructure and construction-development projects (which would include, but not be restricted to, housing, commercial premises, hotels, resorts, 51 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:21 PM

OPTION NO. 3 Another option would be to invest through a venture capital fund, in real estate sector as per the Securities Exchange Board of India ("SEBI") guidelines and regulations. It would be pertinent to note that real estate investment trust is not yet permitted to operate in India by SEBI. However, trusts if registered with SEBI as domestic Venture Capital Fund ("VCF") or as Foreign Venture Capital Investor ("FVCI") are allowed to invest in India subject to restrictions imposed under SEBI Regulations and FDI caps. NRIs could operate through a domestic VCF or an offshore fund set up as an FVCI. Either of the funds would invest into domestic companies, i.e., Venture Capital Undertakings ("VCU") engaged in real estate activities. In case NRIs intends to setup FVCI, the suitable jurisdiction for setting up of such FVCI would be countries which offer concessions on capital gains

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Untitled-2

52

tax such as Mauritius, Cyprus, UAE, Netherlands, etc. As per SEBI regulations, VCF can be established in India either as a trust or a company. Domestic Venture Capital Fund ("DVCF") needs to be registered with SEBI under the regulations before making any investments. A VCF may raise monies from any investor whether Indian, foreign or nonresident Indians by way of issue of units. So there are no restrictions on the DVCF for raising funds.

.........................................................................................

hospitals, educational institutions, recreational facilities, city and regional level infrastructure). There are also certain restrictions on the repatriation of capital invested (subject to a lock in period of 3 years), minimum capitalization/investment requirements, minimum project area/size requirements, etc. that have to be complied with.

OPTION NO. 4 Presently, both the NRIs and PIOs, as individuals, can purchase / acquire and invest in any immoveable property in India, other than agricultural, plantation property and farm house subject to provisions of the Foreign Exchange Management (Acquisition and Transfer of Immovable Property in India) Regulations, 2000. Further, both NRIs and the PIOs can also freely rent out their immovable property in India without seeking any permission from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and such rental income being a current account transaction is freely repatriable outside India. Any NRI or PIO desirous of investing in the Real Estate Sector in India may choose from any of the above options and be a party to the great Indian real estate revolution. !

52 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:21 PM

Advt - amazying life style.pmd

53

1/1/2010, 7:45 PM

Education and the Diasporic Community

imes have changed. And, India too is changing at a meteoric pace in every area of the nation’s endeavor. So, India’s economy is also booming. With bagsful of dollars and eyes glued on fast emerging vast opportunities to spin quick buck, foreigners are jetting to India’s least developed, underdeveloped or developing cities and small towns in West Bengal, Orissa, Jharkhand, and even to far flung areas in progressive states such as Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra to set up variety of M. R. DUA new ventures, including indus-

T

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - M. R. Dua.pmd

54

trial plants and manufacturing units. While there are investment opportunities galore in trade and industry— manufacturing, oil exploration, mining, automobiles, retail consumer goods outlets and education, particularly higher education, are not far behind. The Government of India has discovered, according to the dynamic Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Mr. Kapil Sibal, that the best and probably the most crucial measure in this direction would be to immediately “invest in institutions of higher education which cater to excellence.” He firmly believes and is profusely convinced that “quality learning which caters to excellence to our young…in higher education will transform India into a knowledge power.” Though India boasts of having the third largest enrolments in higher education globally speaking, after China and the USA, there’re still vast areas to be covered in this regard. For, the number of students entering colleges and universities after they graduate from schools is simply abysmal—mere around 12 per cent against about 24 per cent world average. In fact, this figure in developed countries of

.........................................................................

NRIs should take a huge leap by investing in ideating and establishing innovative projects, hence making India an indelible knowledge powerhouse, says Prof. M R Dua

54 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:24 PM

|E D U C A T I O N |

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - M. R. Dua.pmd

55

announced setting up of 30 new Central universities, five new Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, eight new IITs, 11 new IIMs and 20 new Indian Institutes of Information Technology. In addition, an elaborate programme and extended network of vocational and industrial institutes to train over 10 million young people in various trades and skilled vocations have also been planned. Looking at India’s current needs in skill development and training needs, it’s obvious that what is immediately required is ways and means of producing young men and women who can be instantly provided gainful employment. Vocational training is the need of the hour for most of the boys and girls who can’t and won’t want to go in for higher education. Right now, approximately 50 per cent students who pass out from higher secondary schools drop out and want to go in for jobs. However, if provided brief training and orientation in the newly emerging simple occupations in hospital and, hotel management, business and media management, accounting, medicine, nursing, pharmacy, engineering, aviation, naval, computer and telecommunication including electronics, the areas of such training and skill development are enormous. What is instantly needed is unbridled will to come forward and grab the opportunity. As Mr. Sibal has averred: “globally collaborative enterprise”, in both public and private. Most aptly, he opines: “The future of the nation depends on how successful we are making India the global hub of knowledge creation. India has natural advantage – a massive human resource... The future is ours to grasp. If we are unable to do so, it will be a historic blunder.” And undoubtedly, the Pravasis can hugely assist in this national venture of progress and prosperity of our poor people. They can come forward in large numbers to invest in conceiving and establishing innovative projects which can help explore new knowledge and open up vast scope for creating employment and buoying the country’s booming economy. If India loses this chance to develop and embark upon a great task of the nation’s economic advancement, the posterity will not excuse the present generation.

............................................................................................................................... .......................

the west is around 67 per cent. India has undoubtedly taken very rapid strides in setting up of new educational and research institutions for higher learning and research since independence in 1947. For example, the number of colleges and universities has multiplied manifold: universities in 1947 from 20 to around 500 at present, colleges from 500 to over 20,000, and number of students from about 0.1 million to about 13 million, according to the latest available figures from India’s national university funding body, University Grants Commission. India’s spirited education minister has very recently and cogently spelled out country’s emergent future educational development needs: “We need to have education system which encourages creativity and tests the raw intelligence… need to move away from rote system of learning to methodologies which expand horizons of knowledge… the content of education must be transformed.” Clearly, to construct and ingeniously install such a system in India in the immediate future “needs massive investments in higher education.” The task is indeed daunting, and brooks no further delay. While the Government of India has not listed any details of urgent areas for future educational expansion, but gauging the nation’s needs of educational development, research, training and local people’s aspirations – roughly on American or British patterns—NRIs, with the help and advice from HRD ministry and state governments, can decide as to which academic disciplines are most sought after and the towns and cities these can be located in gainfully. For example, MP, Bihar, Rajasthan and Orissa could perhaps be the most appropriate sites for setting up medicine and its innumerable allied branches; business management and its unlimited emerging fields, umpteen areas of new sciences and technology studies, engineering and its vast and rapidly developing branches, telecommunication, and space sciences institutions. The possibilities are un-imaginable and even the sky is not the limit. Therefore, to begin with, the most urgent imperative for all streams of India’s higher education is the “transformation of their curricula and methodologies.” It is in this context that the Pravasis can lend their helping hand. The Government of India has

Prof. Dua is former professor and Head of Journalism Department, IIMC, New Delhi

55 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:24 PM

India - A Unique Educational Global Power

K

nowledge is universal. Knowledge is power. Knowledge is no one person's, no one institution's or one nation's monopoly. And, to say that knowledge is concentrated in one place, or

amongst one people, is an erroneous thought. Anyone can seek knowledge from anywhere, any time. It's also an established fact and accepted one all over the globe that India has been an extremely rich repository of universal knowledge since ancient times, spreading all over its length and breadth. Therefore, it is but imperative that this fact should be inculcated, refurbished and reiterated among all people of Indian origin living anywhere in the world. The world is also amply aware that in India there are innumerable eminent academic institutions, well equipped training centers and highly sophisticated

..........................................................................

One’s overweening educational ambitions get allayed in this land of numerous opportunities, says Dr. Puneit D. Kumar

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Dr.Puneit D. Kumar.pmd

56

research laboratories. Moreover, as the overall knowledge generation is taking place and multiplying at a metaphysical speed, it may be true in the present set of circumstances that India is not exactly in a position to compete with some of the more advanced countries in some specialized educational areas of supersonic standards. However, the truth is that quite a few of our universities and research centers lack latest tools, or the twenty-first century gadgets, equipment and paraphernalia developed 'yesterday', so to speak. In spite of all these failings, more than one million students from all nooks and corners of the world come to India every year to study in over 400 universities and institutes of advanced learning and research. And, this rush keeps swelling every year. With the recent unbridled support for extending and enlarging higher education programs in India at the recommendations of the National Knowledge Commission chief Sam Pitroda, and the new and enthusiastic Human Resource Development Minister Kapil Sibal, and with the several-fold increased proposed national financial budget in the eleventh 56 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:25 PM

|E D U C A T I O N |

Mizo, Khasi, Manipuri, Tulu, Dogri, Kashmiri, Pahari, and many others have vast scope for studies and research. Besides, India offers a very rich ground for extensive and prolonged insight at its religious faiths, protested and freely propagated by many sections of society, groups, communities and tribes. There are hundreds of sociological and anthropological phenomena of great interest to demographers and population experts. Since India's history dates back to over 5,000 years, the nation's ancient monuments and archaeological sites located in Delhi, Bihar, Orissa, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh,

............................................ .........................................

five-year plan for higher, vocational and elementary education, the country is bound for developing and establishing some remarkable new scholarly vistas. Though India too is prodigiously contributing to the growth of knowledge at the international level; in 2009 itself India-born Venkataraman Ramakrishnan won a Nobel in Chemistry. Indian professors, research scholars, engineers and technologists and students are playing prominent role in all areas of every conceivable academic discipline in many academic / research institutions in different countries. Of late, India has also become a favorable hub for foreign scholars 'to study India' and conduct research in its many traditional and emerging areas of knowledge and economic change. Most noticeable topics of research and study include: India's quick march towards ushering in new industrial and economic order; social and scientific transformation; industrial and manufacturing edifices, with the ultimate object becoming a world power along with BRIC countries-- Brazil, Russia, India and China. There are a large number of students and scholars from countries such as the USA, UK, France, Germany, Canada, and from many international and UN agencies working in India on several research projects, surveys and studies. In addition, India also has some specific and unique areas of study and academic investigation in progress. These do attract a large number of researchers and investigators worldwide. For example, India's ancient culture, customs, traditions and civilization fascinate scholars from many parts of the

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Dr.Puneit D. Kumar.pmd

57

The new generations of most Indians, born and brought up and now living in foreign countries for prolonged period, have hardly had any touch with the contemporary India or India of the yore. world. India's arts and artifacts, dance forms and musical streams, archaeology and monuments, ancient and modern languages and their rich literatures, such as Pali, Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian. And local dialects such as Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Rajasthani, Konkani, and many languages of the north-east 57 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:25 PM

.........................................

Puducherry, present a alternative medicine typical tapestry for (Ayurvedic, Unani, and education, close study and Homeopathy), fine arts research. Indians living in and art history, architecforeign countries can not ture and design have been only profit themselves by found of great attraction conducting educational by students from Arab tours, but also by dissemiand south-east Asian nating information about countries. these extraordinary Thus, in conclusion, it features in the countries can be said that India's where they live. unique educational The greatest need right streams present viable now is to familiarize the and excellent scope for new and young generaNRIs' young and new tions which do not have generation. By studying any close contact with in Indian academic India. The new generainstitutions, they can tions of most Indians, experience the great born and brought up and Indian culture, pleasant now living in foreign and congenial secular countries for prolonged environment and also period, have hardly had help themselves discover any touch with the their roots. Most of the contemporary India or Indian colleges, technical India of the yore. These and professional instiOf late, India has also become a groups can come and stay tutes and universities favorable hub for foreign scholars which offer these par in selected places to have a ‘to study India’ and conduct reclose glimpse of the excellent educational search in its many traditional and opportunities for the country of their forefaemerging areas of knowledge and young NRIs are far more thers. It's worth noticing that many people of exhaustive and rich in economic change Indian origin living in content. Mauritius and many It would be in fitness Caribbean countries often come to trace the villages of things to state here that the new academic year in and towns of their ancestors. most Indian colleges and universities commences in The most important factor of India's expanding July, but the admission processes begin from late educational horizon is that professional universities May or early June. The admission to most of these and colleges offer academic degrees of the equal programs is completed in July and teaching begins standards as in the USA, UK, Australia, France, mid-July. All academic institutions are expected to Germany and many other countries. For instance, follow semester system of teaching and examination IITs, IIMs, NITs, IIITs and most medical and dental from the 2010 academic year. However, it would be colleges conduct degree level programs of the profitable to consult the websites of the desired equivalent content offered by their western counterinstitutions. parts, and at much lower costs. Most of these The writer, Dr. (Mrs.) Puneit D. Kumar, is a former institutions have special quota of seats set aside for assistant professor, Electrical Engineering, NRIs. Besides, some unusual teaching courses such as University of Connecticut, USA PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Dr.Puneit D. Kumar.pmd

58

58 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:26 PM

IASE University.pmd

59

1/1/2010, 7:53 PM

Being a fertile crescent of the Indo-Gangetic plain, Bihar has tremendous potential in various sectors

Pravasi Today (PT): What steps have been taken by The Bihar Foundation (TBF) towards the development of Brand Bihar? Sushil Kumar Modi (SKM): The promotion of

............................................

In an interview with PRAVASI TODAY, Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar and the Chairman of The Bihar Foundation Sushil Kumar Modi says that the Foundation has taken pivotal financial and other initiatives keeping NRIs and NRBs in mind

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Story - INTERVIEW.pmd

60

Bihar as a brand is one of the major issue before The Bihar Foundation. The Foundation has decided to promote art, culture, tourism and various investment opportunities through its chapters around the globe. The Bihar Foundation has requested Department of Art, Culture and Youth, Government of Bihar to send a group of artists to perform in the functions of its chapters. TBF is planning to organize a 'Know Bihar Program' in association with Department of Tourism, Art, Culture & Youth & Industry. Also, the Foundation is trying to promote the advantageous scenario of Bihar through its website, blog, mail, newsletter, SMS and advertisement. 60 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:28 PM

|I N T E R V I E W |

PT: Explain the progress chart of TBF SKM: In a very short span of time, TBF has opened its chapters in Chennai, Mumbai, New Jersey, USA, South Korea and United Arab Emirates. Our cocoordinators are working in Australia, UK and Singapore. Soon we are going to open our chapters at Kolkata, Bangalore, Delhi, Surat, Luknow, Doha, Canada, Bahrain, Netherland and have planned to establish our chapters in every major city in India (at least one in a state basis) and in most of the countries which have substantial migrant Bihari population. TBF had talk with Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) for implementation of their schemes for the welfare of migrant Bihari. Soon, we expect to receive guidelines in this regard. PT: Which financial sectors have been TBF stressing on since its foundation? SKM: The Foundation has been stressing on Medical and Healthcare, Education and Social welfare sector for NRI Investment (social as well as economic). PT: How successful has been TBF's UAE and Mumbai Chapter? SKM: We have got an investment proposal of 2.5 crore in food processing sector from the UAE chapter. The project is expected to fetch employment to 30-40 persons in initial phase and is in the process of clearance at SIPB (State Investment Promotion Board). The Mumbai Chapter (MC) sent proposals for adoption of APHC in Saharsa district and establishing a 10+2 school at Madhubani. BFMC has an-

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Story - INTERVIEW.pmd

61

“During the Mumbai Chapter opening, three big companies of India expressed their plan to invest more than 1000 crores in Bihar in power and infrastructure sector”

............................................................................................................................... ..........................

PT: How far has been TBF successful in improving the investment milieu of the state? SKM: The Bihar Foundation is promoting Bihar as a new investment destination. In a very short span of time, it has created enthusiasm among many investors as well as Non-resident Indians (NRI) and NonResident Biharis (NRB). During the Mumbai Chapter opening, three big companies of India met me and the CEO of the Foundation, and expressed their plan to invest more than 1000 crores in Bihar in power and infrastructure sector. At the same time, we have got some social as well as economic investment proposals from NRI/NRB.

nounced a script writing contest to mark the 125th anniversary of the 1st President of India and a jewel of Bihar Dr. Rajendra Prasad. The winners of the contest will get a chance to work in an eminent film and TV production house at Mumbai. PT: The Foundation has been working to ease off the concerns of the Bihari migrant laborers working abroad. Explain its initiatives and the future plans. SKM: The Government of Bihar has started 'Pravasi Majdoor Durghatna Bima Yojna' for the migrant Bihari laborers. According to this scheme, the Government will give Rs. One Lakh to the family members of the migrant laborers who died of accident. Also, the Government is going to issue ID card to migrant Bihari workers for their safety. Recently, members of proposed Doha Chapter shared the same problems which they expect to do

61 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:28 PM

PT: Explain the various projects undertaken by TBF. SKM: The Foundation has established a 'Bihar Medical Centre' at Nagpada, Mumbai with the help of its local chapters. The Government of Bihar will also ask the Government of Maharashtra for a piece of land on which it can make a building for the Bihari people. The Foundation is also coordinating or supporting various health, education and social welfare projects of NRB/NRI in Bihar. Some NRIs got support from the Government scheme of land donation. The donor of the land or building can get a school or hospital constructed by the Government in the name proposed by the donor.

PT: What are the various sectors where the investors have numerous opportunities in Bihar for investment? SKM: Being the fertile crescent of the Indo-Gangetic plain, Bihar has tremendous potential in agriculture and food processing sector. The other sectors which have boundless opportunities in Bihar are Information Technology, Power, Infrastructure, Leather Industry, Tourism and various services sectors. PT: Can you put light on the investment climate of Bihar with NRIs in mind

............................................................................................................................... ....................

through the Chapter. We also try to solve the proper wage issue or regular payment issue of the migrant Bihari laborers with the help of our Chapters. The Foundation is supposed to establish SHGs and organize vocational as well as skill development training for improving the conditions of migrant Bihari laborer with the help of its Chapters. Also, the Bihar Foundation Mumbai chapter (BFMC) is going to introduce insurance scheme of Rs. 1,00,000 for the migrant Bihari laborers in Maharastra and later on the same scheme will be introduced around the globe with the help of chapters.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Story - INTERVIEW.pmd

62

“We also try to solve the proper wage issue or regular payment issue of the migrant Bihari laborers with the help of our Chapters. ” SKM: The Bihar Foundation is trying to build bridges of confidence between NRI and their homeland. We are focusing towards social investment primarily and then towards economic investment from NRI/NRB. The state is emerging as an ideal investment destination due to improved infrastructure, law and order situation, various investment friendly policies (New Industrial Incentive Policy, 2006, Food Processing Policy, Single Window Clearance Act etc.) as also mentioned in the recent World Bank Report. Some NRIs have demanded a separate investment policy as well as overall policy for NRI. AMIT GUIN

62 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:29 PM

PRAVASI TODAY runs a professional matrimonial service for our esteemed readers to help them to find their partner. Charges for PRAVASI MATRIMONIAL services are £ 25 for twelve issues. This service is available only to subscribers. For all the required information about subscriptions and matrimonials, please contact Ved Mohla. All users of this column are also requested to contact Ved Mohla for information updates. Phone : 01252312509, E-mail : vedmohla@yahoo.com

Pravasi Today MATRIMONIALS REF 218 219 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 236 237 238 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257

SEX F M M F M F M M F M F F F F M F M F F F M F F M M M F F M M F M F F F F F

AGE 36 23 27 30 24 28 23 24 24 25 31 23 38 40 28 29 28 29 37 40 36 35 32 29 28 26 26 27 25 25 31 29 34 29 44 23 24

HEIGHT 5/1 5/7 5/9 5/4 5/10 5/3 5/11 5/10 5/5 5/9 5/2 5/2 5/3 5/4 5/6 5/5 6/1 5/5 5/4 4/11 5/11 5/5 5/2 6/2 6/2 5/7 5/5 5/5 5/7 5/7 5/5 5/9 — — 5/1 5'-3" 5'-1"

EDUCATION O.Lev B.Sc. BSc LLB LL.B B.Com GCSE LL.B M.Sc. MBBS PH.D MBBS ALev. O Lev. LL.B Grad B.Ed LL.B. MBA M.A LL.B HND B.A BSc Engineer ACCA LL.B MBBS MBBS MA.B.Ed Grad MBBS Journalism A-Lev. — —

JOB Admin Marketing Pharmacy Solicitor O.LevBusi Barrister Busi (India) Busi Solicitor I.T. Doctor Student Doctor Nursing Civ.Ser Solicitor Finance Teacher Solicitor I.T. Busi Solicitor Service Media Marketing Service Accountant Banking Doctor Doctor Service Banking MRCP Journalist Finance Admin Admin

CASTE Brahmin Gujarati Sikh Gujarati Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Khatri Hindu Khatri Gujarati Khatri Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Brahmin Hindu Hindu Hindu Hindu Hindu Hindu Kayasth Brahmin Brahmin Hindu Brahmin

CONTACT FOR MATRIMONIALS: VED MOHLA, 356, VALE ROAD, ASH VALE, GU12 5LW, SURREY, U.K. PHONE : 01252312509, E-MAIL: VEDMOHLA@YAHOO.COM PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Matrimonial.pmd

63

63 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 8:00 PM

The Missing Young Turks of Bollywood! he selection of this title has its roots to the initial meetings I had with one of my key angel supporters and investors, when I decided to launch myself in Bollywood. The “launch” was termed “different”, if not “difficult”. For, I didn’t have starry dreams of getting launched as an actor. Then, one would guess, probably the second option. Venturing in Bollywood as a young and suave Director is in. In vogue. In fashion. And, a sort of statement by a new brigade DEEPAK SINGH

T

...................................................................

Putting aside young and firebrand actors, directors, writers and creative crew, when we take a panning look at our film industry today, we see the young brigade having almost come to rule all the domains but one

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Deepak Singh.pmd

64

“I’ve arrived”. However, I’m not into directing yet. Not even a cameraperson, a screenwriter or, executive producer, though I know a bit of these all. Mine was still a “different” case. Intrigued? Putting aside young and firebrand actors, directors, writers and creative crew, when we take a panning look at our film industry today, we see the young brigade having almost come to rule all the domains but one. Producers. Youngsters are conspicuously obscure there. Despite a multitude of new kinds and species of producers venturing in, young and professionally skilled or trained producers are yet to arrive. The older lot of producers with fat money continues to

64 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:30 PM

|FILM PRODUCTION|

......................................................................................................................................................

hold ground. Good for Indian cinema. All our films till date are attributed to them. Post the entry of big companies, with or without entertainment & media credentials, corporatization of production has emerged as the recent fad. We liked it when corporate houses backed the young and suave directors who were able to make cinema within small budgets and also earned critical acclaim, beside profitability. One example was followed by many and it soon became a trend. Much to their credit, we today have a number of chic and talented directors with at least one hit in their kitty who would otherwise have been content serving as Associates to senior directors. This new wave has also made second life possible for many veterans who were sort of written off. They are reinventing the youth in them. Surprisingly we saw many of the old directors making a comeback with kind of films they were generally not known for. Suddenly, they seem to be making sense, amusing us, entertaining and, recovering healthy revenues. A Welcome and Gajab change! When my partner, angel, investor and a good friend by now, pointed this out to me that I’d possibly become one of the frontrunners of this domain, it both excited me as well gave Goosebumps and tremors. For sure, I’m not the first one on the block. There must have been quite a good few of them with producer’s hat before they turned 35. But, one of the distinctions here would be the family background. I come from a family where working in films is still considered taboo, if not derogatory. So, here is another first of my life. Not only walking the unconventional path. But, even going the unconventional way in an unconventional industry. Thanks to my friends who developed faith in me and came to support my longterm plans. Finally, I’m getting there. There are all the more reasons to be vigilant as one could be jubilant. More cautious than ever. Modest. Subtle. And, low-key are few of the words

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Deepak Singh.pmd

65

When my partner, angel, investor and a good friend by now, pointed this out to me that I’d possibly become one of the frontrunners of this domain, it gave me both excitement as well Goosebumps. A sudden recognition of responsibility gave me tremors and the pride I would have taken vanished

I’d like to be my friends. I’m humbled. Introspection has become one of my ardent quests. I’ve been in search of the answers for the question why I am finding myself as an odd-man out there. Some clues have surfaced and more will be available by the time my films surface. I serve raw some of the key stumbling blocks. Youth is considered the powerhouse of energy and fresh ideas, bursting with imagination and, in control of the latest technologies. They can come up with ideas of making good films, telling gripping tales and making good recovery in lesser costs. Producers and investors buy the idea of a young director. Young directors have also emerged and reached their position after few years of their industry experience as writers, editors, camerapersons etc. Over all these years, they were mostly nurturing an imaginative plot, and adding fire to it. On their date with destiny, they had it shared with the right producer who bought the idea. A winning director was born. Similarly, young camerapersons, editors, writers are all such young professionals who have learnt the skill and often also taken an institutionalized training. They are good at their job and most of them are cultivating the dream of one day becoming a director. Heck! Everyone wants to someday become only a director. No-one a producer. And, so does not even

65 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 12:04 AM

to the deeper and keen understanding of the new media matrix, young producers can create winning combinations for their investors even in the case of a Box Office disaster. Many of the flops of 2009 finally recovered their worth through such ingenious methods, as testimony of this.

..................

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Deepak Singh.pmd

66

I don’t see why a young professional cannot debut as a producer instead of only evolving as one. I am working on some prestigious projects with prominent cast and crew whose average age exceeds mine. Everything is working. Are you listening folks my age? The young producers are knocking. Just a little before we see them rocking :)

............................................

the industry promote someone to get into Producer’s Shoes, why? Before digging any deeper, let’s understand things in standard industry terms. The Director can safely be called the COO while the Producer a CEO. The former is largely responsible for ensuring the product and process. The producer is more concerned about the overall management, finance and marketing side of the business. S/he is definitely not a financier. So, ideally, any young professional should also become a Producer. But, a Producer’s position is very tricky. A young chap can supposedly master his art and skills easily than cementing the industry positioning and gaining reasonable power to bargain with stakeholders. Distributors. Labs. Regulators. Cineplexes. And, most importantly, creative egos of industry veterans (within or outside the crew) which can be otherwise suppressed by senior Producers. It is always considered much difficult to sell the product than to make it, in any sector, even if it is the best in line. In film business, everything depends on how you sell your film in the first two weeks. Here you have no second chance. But, young is not always novice. Young Turks have come to be recognized as equally capable managers, if not better. They can handle pressure more tactfully. They may not enjoy authoritative command over industry veterans but, can easily carry on co-existing with super-egos, treating it as age’s wisdom. They can be pursuant to get their way, otherwise considered degrading by veterans. Thanks

The writer is a film-maker and producer. His outfit Young Turks Media produces futuristic content and, also recently produced a record-making music album India Hai Meri Jaan - on HMV Saregama. He can be reached on deepaksingh@youngturks.in

66 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 11:58 PM

Advt Sub-Coupon.pmd

67

1/1/2010, 8:06 PM

BollywoodGateway to NRI investment hat’s common between Amitabh Bachchan and Bollywood? Well, both are ever evolving and on the wittier side, both can be nicknamed as BIG ‘B’. Indian film industry has emerged out to be a major intriguing portal for NRI investors. Bollywood is believed to be a mushrooming magnet for Indian Diaspora, films for whom are as staple as having three meals a day! Our Hindi film industry as also affectionately known as Bollywood is BISTRITI PODDAR bigger and better than its

W

...................................................................

Gone are the days when the Bollywood biggies were reluctant to open its gates for the NRIs, observes Bistriti Poddar

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Bistriti Poddar.pmd

68

counterparts on the other side of the Atlantic! According to some latest findings, Indian Bollywood is a whopping Rs 22,500 crore industry that fetches it the tag of being the biggest and the grandest in the world. India’s present burgeoning economy coupled with Bollywood’s upsurging stature gives considerable amount of investment scope for NRIs. Bollywood industry is promising and beckoning (NRIs) ‘Not Really Indians, embossed with Indian essence. There are no two opinions about the fact that Bollywood is a vibrant industry. Nonetheless, 68 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:35 PM

|C I N E M A |

Collaboration of NRI minds and Indian talents in Indian Cinema will definitely metamorphose traditional approach of film making and take India to a level that is sheer avant-garde!

............................................................................................................................... .......................

we also admit that Indian Cinema still needs to grow more! And here is when embracing NRI investments can result in breakthrough cinema culture, where a lot can happen and happen for good, of course! NRI investments or production in Bollywood would certainly one up the facet of Bollywood on the world platform. Collaboration of NRI minds and Indian talents in Indian Cinema will definitely metamorphose traditional approach of film making and take India to a level that is sheer avant-garde! Something that evokes a happy sigh amid all this hopefulness and positive contemplation is the fact that Government entities are actively being introducing measures that can allure NRI investment in good measure. To start with, as per the recent annexure, up to 100% FDI is allowed on the automatic route film production, exhibition, and distribution without any entry level condition. Unlike bygone days, attracting NRI investments are topping priority lists with officials. There have been measures like single window provisions barring red tapism and bugging delays in implementing procedures and formalities. Private sector partnerships have been initiated to tempt Indian Diaspora to sink in their investments in Bollywood industry. CII has played an exceptional role in harnessing NRI investments. Well, we like to say there is profusive scope in the future and in present times for NRIs to invest in Bollywood. Per contra, we certainly can’t sidestep the mention of some eminent NRI personalities who already have put in their money in Indian cinema and made some milestone films as well, either. Among the notable names that we can’t zip past are Param Gill from California (Rockin’ Meera), Gurinder Chadha (Bend it like Beckham), Kiran Merchant (Quaterlife Crisis), and Meera Nair (The Namesake). Needless to say, Indian cinema world gives a wide platter of

options and opportunities for NRI investors wherein costs are a fraction of what Hollywood demands. However, it’s not totally a fairy tale, there are high chances of cache issues and loopholes, and in such a picture, it’s all about being ‘CINEMATICALLY’ right and carrying your intelligence on your shoulders always!

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Bistriti Poddar.pmd

69

Bistriti is a website content writer. Enjoy her musings at bistritipoddar.blogspot.com

69 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:35 PM

The Buzzing Bee ndia has surfaced out to be one of the most promising and potential investment destinations for NRIs and our Indian Diaspora is taking a fresh look at putting in their finance. However, it’s more than just a business alliance for Indian Diaspora across seven seas; it’s like dedicating tribute to the country where their heart resides and their home had been! NRI investments in India are definitely on a rise and upsurging with every passing day. Primarily owing to the fact that Indian economy is on a bull DR. GULSHAN run to constant acceleration. SHARMA

I

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Dr. Gulshan Sharma.pmd

70

Besides, there are several government and other prominent entities taking efforts to harness and channelize NRI investments in India in the best possible way. NRIs are wishful of investing their money into numerous avenues in India, which a brain can conceive! One such nucleus avenue is our fast sprouting Indian media and entertainment industry. As per some recent mind boggling statistics, India proudly touts her 200 television networks and 97% radio coverage. The country is also best known for circulating around 49000 newspapers and magazines and producing 1000 major motion pictures yearly! The pace is mushrooming, despite economic slumps and risks here and there. In such a picture, NRI investments can result in a confluence of multiple talents, camaraderie, cross culture interactivity and opinions exchange! What seems a positive picture is that several government bodies and other prominent entities are actively introducing strategies to surge up

................................................................

With a flurry of newspapers and news channels in the offing, there is everything to cheer about for the NRIs,opines Dr. Gulshan Sharma

70 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:37 PM

|M E D I A |

Dr. Sharma is the Executive Director of ITFT Group. Know more about him at www.itftgroup.com

............................................................................................................................... .......................

Indian Diaspora’s investments. Something that doesn’t need a mention is that Indian media and entertainment industry is the next big thing after Bollywood. And according to expert forecasts, the industry is expected to grow at 11%-18% annually (in the next five years) from the current size of an overwhelming Rs. 60000 Crore. In order to cultivate an alluring investment climate for NRI investors, the various measures and proposals being considered include issuing special infrastructural bonds, removing restrictions on repatriation of profits, removing unnecessary license requirements and establishing special economic zones. Entities involved in NRI investment procedures are also keeping their best foot forward to provide assistance in sorting out procedural lapses and NRI woes on investments. Schemes and proposals laid down by Indian authorities have also kept a predominant focus on direct NRI deposits provision either through bank transfers or in person. This is being introduced to avoid any kind of red tapism and frauds. Indian media and entertainment industry, which has evolved out to be a hot spot scope for NRI investors, is a gateway to fetch their portion of the lucrative pie! There isn’t any dearth of opportunities for NRI investors in India. However, it is not as flowery as it sounds, there can be some cache impediments which might dilute the zeal to invest. Nonetheless, if you know the right ways to invest and how to go about things, India is indisputably the most promising investment destinations in current times. Did we mention that there are predictions of Indian economy escalating to become the most upscale economies of the world by 2050? Well, such updates trigger those right investment sentiments and also bring along a happy sigh! Does it ring a bell?

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Dr. Gulshan Sharma.pmd

71

71 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:37 PM

Creating Broader Cultural Horizons

ourism sector in India is one of the most vibrant sectors. It is being utilised as a strong tool to facilitate international understanding and enable building of broader cultural horizons. According to a report by World Economic Forum, India is ranked 11th in the Asia-Pacific region and 62nd overall in a list of 133 assessed countries in 2008, up three places since 2007. In terms of travel, India stands ninth in the index of relative cost of access (ticket taxes and airport charges) to international air transport services, having almost the lowest costs in the world. The contribution of RAJESH MISHRA travel and tourism to gross

T

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Rajesh Mishra.pmd

72

domestic product (GDP) is expected to be at 6.0 per cent (US$ 67.3 billion) in 2009 rising to US$ 187.3 billion by 2019.

.....................................................................................

Tourism sector in India has the potential to grow at a high rate and ensure phenomenal development of the infrastructure. It can boost other economic sectors through its backward and forward linkages and cross-sectional synergies with several sectors

Rise in Tourist Flow Sujit Banerjee, Tourism Secretary of India says that foreign tourist inflow has begun to show signs of improvement in June and July 2009. The Union Tourism Ministry hopes to cross six million foreign tourist arrival targets. According to government data, there was 0.2 per cent growth in foreign tourist arrival in June and 0.6 per cent in July 2009, compared to the same period last year. There was a 24 per cent increase in foreign exchange earnings (FEE) in rupee terms over the corresponding period last year. The Ministry is planning to develop several niche products like wellness tourism, caravan tourism, rural tourism, adventure tourism, cruise tourism, helipad tourism, etc. According to the Tourism Ministry of India, foreign tourist arrivals (FTAs) during June 2009 were 341,000 as compared to FTAs of 340,000 during the month of June 2008. There has been an improvement in the growth rate of FTAs in June 2009 (+0.2 per cent) as compared to May 2009 (-1.9 per cent). In fact, a positive growth has been witnessed for the 72 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:39 PM

|T O U R I S M |

Investment Opportunities In India, the tourism sector has the potential to grow at a high rate and ensure phenomenal development of the infrastructure. It has the ability to boost other economic sectors through its backward and forward linkages and cross-sectional synergies with sectors like agriculture, horticulture, poultry, handicrafts, transport, construction, etc. It is also a major contributor to the national integration process of the country and encourages preservation of natural as well as cultural environments. The Ministry of Tourism is playing a significant role in formulating national policies and incentives as well as in coordinating the efforts of the State/Union Territory Governments and the private sector for promotion of tourism. It is also catalyzing private investment; strengthening promotional and marketing efforts; and helping in providing trained manpower resources. The Ministry is also facilitating investment (both foreign and domestic) into the sector and has made several policy announcements and incentives. The formulation of National Tourism Policy is crucial step in this direction. It has an objective to place tourism as a major engine of economic growth. It plans to position the country as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination. It acknowledges the critical role of the private sector with Government working as a

.........................................................................................................................

first time in 2009. An improvement was observed in the growth rate of FEE (in Rupee terms) in June 2009 (11.5 per cent) as compared to May 2009 (8.7 per cent) and in April 2009 (7.6 per cent). FEE during January-June 2009 were US$ 5.007 billion and FEE in US$ terms during the month of June 2009 alone stood at 796 million. Despite short- and medium-term setbacks, tourism revenues are expected to rise by 42 per cent from 2007 to 2017. Last year 5.37 million foreign tourists visited the country, of which 820,000 came from the US, followed by 780,000 from the UK.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Rajesh Mishra.pmd

73

FOREIGN TOURIST ARRIVALS (FTAS): • FTAs recorded during July 2009 were 4.32 lakh as compared to 4.29 lakh FTAs during July 2008 and four lakh in July 2007. • There has been an improvement in the growth rate of FTAs in July 2009 (0.6 per cent) as compared to June 2009 (0.2 per cent). • Positive growth in the monthly FTAs, though nominal, has been witnessed for the second time in July during 2009. • FTAs for the period January - July 2009 at 28.99 lakh were lower as compared to 31.49 lakh in January July 2008.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNINGS (FEE) FROM TOURISM IN INDIAN RUPEES AND USD • FEE during the month of July 2009 were Rs 4983 crore as compared to Rs 3870 crore in July 2008. • An improvement was observed in the growth rate of FEE (in rupee terms) in July 2009 (28.8 per cent) as compared to June 2009 (11.5 per cent), May 2009 (8.7 per cent) and April 2009 (7.6 per cent). • FEE during January - July 2009 were Rs 29676 crore as compared to Rs 29695 crore in January - July 2008. • FEE in USD terms during the month of July 2009 were USD 1028 million as compared to USD 904 million in July 2008. • FEE during January - July 2009 were USD 6035 million as compared to USD 7289 million during January - July 2008. Source: Ministry of Tourism

pro-active facilitator and catalyst. For this purpose, it has created and developed integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage and culture in partnership with states, private sector and other agencies. Above all, as per all such initiatives, now 100 per cent FDI is permitted in hotels and tourism through the automatic route. These measures along with the embedded advantages of investing in India provide numerous opportunities to the investors in the tourism sector. The writer is vice-president of Federation of Hotel and Restaurant Associations of India

73 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:39 PM

Growing Fast

T

he hospitality sector is expected to rise to US$ 275 billion in the next 10 years. The domestic hospitality sector is expected to see investments of over US$ 11 billion in the next two years

within 40 international hotel brands making their presence in the country in the next few years. Recently at the Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors' Summit, Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) worth US$ 9.10 billion for hotels, convention centers, resorts, and adventure tourism in the state were signed. According to a survey by HVS India, an international hospitality consultancy firm, the hospitality boom in India is led not only by the buoyancy in the Indian economy, but also by the supply-demand imbalance DR JAGMOHAN NEGI that currently exists in most

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Dr Jagmohan Negi.pmd

74

cities. The services sector showed a healthy growth of 11.2 per cent in 2007 as compared to 9.8 per cent in 2006 benefiting from the availability of skilled labour. Trade, hotels, transport and communication continued to develop at an accelerated pace recording a growth of 13.0 per cent during 2007 as against 10.4 per cent in 2006. Manav Thadani, Managing Director of HVS India said that though India has been lagging behind the world in promoting exports through SEZs, it is slowly catching up owing to the considerable change in the government's outlook and policies towards SEZs. The SEZ Act 2005 along with the two amendments (August 2006 and March 2007) has led to certain regulations being done away with and the process of starting a business has been simplified by bringing in the single window clearance policy. The policy allows 100 per cent foreign direct investment in most manufacturing activities and the government is also looking at removing sectoral FDI caps in all sectors for units located in SEZs. Most of the SEZs in the country are presently located in the south followed by west, north, east and central India.

............................................................................................

Mumbai clearly remains a favourite destination for investment purpose in the hospitality sector as the city continues to have a limited supply entering the market compared to our estimates on the demand side

Demand-Supply Gap The HVS survey has examined the performance of ten major cities across India, wherever a reasonable sample is allowed. The four metro cities of Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and Kolkata were the top four 74 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:48 PM

|H O S P I T A L I T Y |

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Dr Jagmohan Negi.pmd

75

Manav Thadani is of the opinion that for investment purposes, Mumbai clearly remains a favourite destination, as the city continues to have a limited supply entering the market compared to our estimates on the demand side.

......................................................

Surging Supply Thadani said, "We have been tracking the development of new supply very closely. In 2005, the proposed new supply of branded and quality hotels for the ten markets covered by us was 22,400. This rose to 48,500 in 2006 and today has further grown to 77,500. In fact if we were to take all new supply there would be a total of 1,02,000 rooms entering the Indian hotel industry within the next five years. This year's report also shows the new expected supply for Pune and Chandigarh, in addition to the other markets. He said that HVS has been tracking new supply very closely each year, and we have come to the conclusion that there is a good deal of misinfor-

................................

market performers, respectively in terms of Revenue Per Available Room (RevPAR). But in the current survey, Mumbai has fallen to the third spot; Delhi retains its second spot, while Chennai and Kolkata are sixth and seventh, respectively. Thadani believes that the recent developments accompanied with a positive outlook for the economy have resulted in accelerated growth in demand for hotel accommodation over the last two years. The continued demand-supply imbalance has led to exponential rate increases resulting in inflated room rates across key markets in the country. He said that the demand-supply gap has clearly benefited the existing hoteliers who have hiked their rates across market segments. Due to the high rates, there has been emergence of an unregulated and unorganised hotel/ guesthouse sector that is witnessing a boom in cities like Bangalore, Delhi and Pune. The rapid development of standalone hotels is resulting in a parallel supply of rooms in each of these markets, resulting in softening of occupancy performance.

mation and speculation, where new supply is concerned. He also said that while determining new hotel supply, Hyderabad clearly has a growth rate of over 264 per cent. While a lot of supply is in the higher end, the rate issue is sensitive and necessity is huge in the budget segment. Similarly, Kolkata is witnessing growth in upper segment, with very less supply in the mid segment. Goa, at the moment, has a low supply. It has a growth rate of just 124 per cent. On the other hand, Pune has a huge growth rate of 775 per cent. "So while Pune may reflect that 8,072 rooms are under development, we at HVS believe that 77 per cent of this proposed supply will actually get developed by 2010," he quoted. Citing about the massive shortage of rooms in Delhi, Thadani said that keeping in view the Com75 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:49 PM

Future Prospects Thadani said that for investment purposes, Mumbai clearly remains a favourite destination, as the city continues to have a limited supply entering the market compared to our estimates on the demand side. "The city is the commercial capital of India and we expect demand to remain exceptionally strong

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Dr Jagmohan Negi.pmd

76

India is certainly ready for family destination resorts built of international standards. These resorts coupled with good MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences & Exhibitions) business have the potential to create their own niche.

offer value for money to the families they target. These resorts coupled with good MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences & Exhibitions) business have the potential to create their own niche. A good example of potential development could also be to look at the hills for summer travel and also adventure sports (including winter sports). The advent of Condo hotels into India is also a good possibility with several hotel operators now willing to lend their name towards the same. Some experts believe that destination resorts and Condo hotels can be complementary to one another and therefore may also be developed side by side. Alternatively, a budget hotel may be a better option as it may be more acceptable, save the additional FSI for perhaps increased retail/commercial space. It is estimated that over the next five to six years India will become one of the world's fastest growing tourism markets and will be hard to ignore," he asserted.

.........................................................................

across all segments in this market. While good locations could afford a luxury or a first class hotel we also see an opportunity to do large format midmarket or budget hotels in this city," he said. The NCR, while expecting a lot of new supply due to the Commonwealth games in 2010, remains a good choice in many locations provided you enter the correct niche segment. Developers, however, need to be careful not to be swayed by the games alone but to see long term viability of hotel projects. The potential F1 race being talked about for 2010 will also add to a long list of reasons for investors to consider this city. The new airport and two potential world-class convention centers are certainly other sources of induced demand in these markets. It is expected that the mid-market and budget hotels have good potential across most parts of the country. Another opportunity is in the leisure space. India is certainly ready for family destination resorts built of international standards. These could be done both near eastern and western coastlines or within short distances to major cities. It is important that these destinations be built to international standards and

...................................

monwealth Games 2010, the supply is slow and the industry will not be able to meet the requirements in the stipulated time period.

The writer is veteran in field of tourism and hospitality. He has written over 60 books on several topics of the sector

76 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:49 PM

77 - Panorama.pmd

29

1/2/2010, 5:53 PM

Flying High viation experts and battery of think tanks are of the opinion that despite the downturn, there are many mega projects in the offing, as the country is lagging behind by over a decade in infrastructure development. India's aviation sector can absorb $120 billion investments by 2020. India's civil aviation secretary, M Madhavan Nambiar told this during the US-India Aviation Partnership Summit in Washington. Elaborating further, he said that by then, the domestic traffic could grow to 160 180 million operations and international traffic could exceed 50 million a year, quoting analysis done on the subject. He added that the Indian civil aircraft market was valued at $90 billion, with the sale of 1,000 aircraft between 2008 and 2020. Aviation sector has around 407 aircrafts with almost the same number on order as well. In 2008, the scheduled operators/companies were given permission to import 62 aircrafts.

A

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Seema Singh.pmd

78

Leading US companies such as Boeing, Raytheon and Lockheed Martin have established presence in India with long term objective. The successful retention of India in Category-I status by the FAA has helped it to bring back aviation safety into the spotlight reaffirming in the same breath that Indian safety standards are compliant with international safety standards. India is also strategically located between major blocks of States in East/South East and Western parts of the world. The centre of gravity in the aviation industry is also expected to shift to the Asia Pacific region and hub to hub traffic out of Delhi and Mumbai will be a key part of the future growth. It is estimated that the airport system may be handling over 300 million passengers per annum by 2020. A total of USD 30 billion investment is required, including the USD 9 billion already identified. With 82 airports already functional, the Government has already identified around 11 new Greenfield airports to be developed. The airport upgrade action and modernization plan will see an investment of approximately USD 10 billion by 2010. India has 82 functional airports, and plans to upgrade about half of these. About $10

...............................................................................

Indian aviation sector is brimming with numerous opportunities, finds Seema Singh

78 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:53 PM

|A V I A T I O N |

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Seema Singh.pmd

79

Boeing, Airbus, Bombardier, Bell Helicopter (Textron Group), Air India, Airports Authority of India, Pawan, Rolls Royce, and Pratt & Whitney are participating from USA, France, UK, Canada and Germany. The Second India-US Aviation Partnership Summit held in USA from 7-9 December, 2009 at Washington D.C. India was also attended by the Director General of Civil Aviation, Dr Naseem Zaidi and the Chairman of AAI, VP Agrawal. As more aircraft enter the market, more demand for maintenance, repair and overhaul work will follow. In addition to airline-related ventures, investment opportunities related to airport infrastructure abound in India, which faces challenges such as infrastructure bottlenecks, Nambiar said. India requires $30 billion in airport infrastructure investments and country's airports could handle more than 300 million passengers a year by 2020. International carriers like Gulf-based Qatar Airways, Bahrain Air and Air Arabia find the Indian market lucrative in terms of load factors as Fliers can take a non-stop flight from Gulf to any European nations and Gulf is a gateway to major European destinations. Peter Harbison, Executive Chairman, Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation (CAPA) and leading expert on Aviation said in an interview to a newspaper few months back: "A lot of NRIs are interested to invest in aviation related projects in India." CAPA led by Harbinson has raised $100 million to set up an aeropark in India that will be operational in 2010-11 for complete operational and education training needed for airlines and airports in India.

.........................................................................................................

billion will be spent on airport upgrades and modernisation by next year. Mumbai and Delhi airports are being upgraded for an investment of about $4 billion. Kolkata and Chennai airports will also undergo improvements, and 35 other city airports have been proposed for upgrades. The Indian aerospace industry is one of the fastestgrowing markets in the world driven by continued economic growth resulting in growing passenger traffic and domestic aircraft demand and emerging as a potential international hub for manufacturing and Maintenance, Repair & Overhaul (MRO) on the back of its availability of talent and engineering workforce, manpower cost competitiveness and fast developing engineering services/R&D expertise. India's MRO segment is estimated to grow at 10%, reaching USD 1.17 Billion by 2010 and USD 2.6 billion by 2020. Significant developments are taking place in the aerospace industry in India. Karnataka has launched the country's first Special Economic Zone dedicated to the aerospace industry near Belgaum. An Aero Park is proposed in the Tamil Nadu for global aerospace and aeronautics industry in the areas of design, manufacture and maintenance of aircrafts. Andhra Pradesh is also developing Aerospace and Precision Engineering Special Economic Zone. A MRO facility to undertake major checks of B-777 aircraft of NACIL and B-737 aircraft of Air India Express is being set up as a joint venture between NACIL and Boeing at Nagpur, to be functional by 2011. A multi modal international cargo hub and Airport at Nagpur is also currently underway. To promote the aviation sector in India, the government is organizing the second International Exhibition and Conference on Civil Aviation sector jointly with FICCI in March 2010 at Hyderabad. This will have Flying Display and Static Display of aircrafts, Exhibition stalls and Chalets. Leading aviation companies like

Seema Singh is a Social Researcher

79 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:51 PM

Greenery in the Globe he future of green technology lies in ecological designs, small grids, enhanced geothermal systems, solar and wind energy, public transport etc. Amid the trade efforts, there is already a list of environmental goods and services being discussed in the WTO negotiations, which illustrates the emerging potential in green technology. A survey by KPMG, a global audit, tax and advisory firm noted that 39 percent of venture GOPAL KRISHNA capitalists feel that solar energy

T

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Gopal Krishna.pmd

80

would become the dominant clean-energy source over the next 20 years while 18 percent predicted that it would be wind. These energy ventures require design changes as well; else no amount of energy would be sufficient. Ecological design entails an approach where the core consideration is given to the environmental impacts of the product during its whole lifecycle. The life cycle of a product is usually divided into production, procurement, manufacture, use and disposal. In India, there is a need for a national legislation on the environmental performance of energy related products through ecological design because given a European Union directive, very soon Indian products might face obstacles in its trade with EU. The fact remains that both in the short run as well in the long run ecodesign benefits both businesses and consumers. Ecodesign framework works on an audit of consumption of resources (energy, materials, water

...............................................................

The world reckons on the various initiatives in making the globe a green one. GOPAL KRISHNA accesses and analyses the opportunities galore in India

80 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:54 PM

|G R E E N I N D I A |

grids will make the distribution and consumption of energy more efficient and cost-effective. The design of these smart grids will take into consideration the integration of alternative energy sources, including wind and solar, as well employing an advanced metering infrastructure. This system will help energy companies to identify peaks and lags in consumption, limit electricity loss and enable them to distribute loads more efficiently. Utility companies will be able to maximise the use of low cost energy sources while keeping the power flows optimised. The advanced meter technology will mean that these savings could be passed onto the consumer as the rates are con-

.........................................

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Gopal Krishna.pmd

81

stantly adjusted according to the energy source used. In states like Bihar, where the per capita energy consumption is at 75 kWh, which is the lowest in India and far below the national average of 613 kWh, there is a hunger for investment. There is an evident case for investments to ensure decentralization of energy in the face of the failure of Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojna (RGGVY), a centrallysponsored programme launched in 2005 to provide electricity in rural areas. The RGGVY norms are inadequate in any case because it considered villages

...................................

or land area), emissions to air, water, and the ground as being relevant for the environmental and occupational health. As of now, waste and pollution costs are externalized. When all consumables, materials and parts used in the entire life cycle of products are accounted, it would emerge that all indirect environmental aspects are linked to their production. There is an opportunity in making investments in ecological design that promotes zero-waste practices, in making India free from hazards like asbestos in building materials and through rigorous energy audits in our habitations. Small grids have become a compelling logic because capital intensive thermal and hydro energy based households do not make any sense when transmission and distribution (T&D) losses of the state electricity boards and distribution firms are almost 55 %. The T&D losses for the country as a whole are estimated to be in the range of 35%-45%, according to Planning Commission's Eleventh Five Year Plan 2007-12 document. Logically, powering houses or small businesses using a small renewable energy system which is not connected to the electricity grid makes economic sense and demonstrates environmental sanity. There is tremendous scope for making an entry in a context where India's per capita energy consumption is 600 kilo watt per hour (kwph) as against that of the US at 13,000 kwph. Investments are needed for designing, developing and installing smart grids. The primary objective of smart grids is to overcome the endemic problems common to current electrical grid systems. Smart

81 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:54 PM

electrified if 10 percent households and some important structures like the panchayat building got electricity. In remote locations, standalone systems can be more costeffective than extending a power line to the electricity grid (the cost of which can range from $15,000 to $50,000 per mile). The power provider can demonstrate a commitment to non-polluting energy sources. Successful standalone systems generally take advantage of a combination of techniques and technologies to generate reliable power, reduce costs, and minimize inconvenience. Some of these strategies include using fossil fuel or renewable hybrid systems and reducing the amount of electricity required to meet your needs. Investments in the Enhanced Geothermal Systems to harness the heat naturally generated by the earth to produce electricity is a virgin area. In this, the heat is captured and converted into electricity via steam turbines and the water is released back into the fracture network to be reheated. In order to do so, wells are drilled into high temperature basement rock which is naturally fractured. The fracture network is enhanced to create a reservoir into which additional wells are drilled. Cold water is then pumped into the fracture network, via the wells, PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Stort - Gopal Krishna.pmd

82

absorbing the heat of the rock as it passes through. It has the ability to produce electricity for 24 hours a day. It is also economically viable as it costs less to set up an operation than to set up a new clean coal burning power plant. With zero carbon emissions, this technology will certainly help in the overall reduction of polluting emissions. In India, only around 10% of households own a motorcycle. Cars are owned by around 0.7% of households. In such a context, public transport - the primary mode of transport for most of the Indians - is the most heavily utilised one. Although India has only 1% of the world's vehicles, it accounts for 8% of the world's vehicle fatalities. In general, public transport in India suffers from outdated technology. A recent World Bank report projected 86 privately owned cars per 1,000 people in 2031-32, which is currently eight per thousand people. The active promotion of car ownership by the government has been quite myopic. There is a need for investments in efficient public transport over private alternatives, and for development of corresponding infrastructure. The writer is with the Centre for Social Medicine and Community Health, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, and works as an environment and health policy analyst

82 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:54 PM

Vishal Group.pmd

83

1/2/2010, 12:02 AM

Away from the busy bee focussing plethora of success stories of NRIs lies the syndrome of the empty nest for the elderly parents, finds Ravi Sinha he loneliness on the face of the old lady sitting alone in the balcony of the apartment next door is palpable. Frail and well-dressed, she is often found seated on a raised platform outside the huge temple in the city. She is financially well off but air of complete loneliness allied with a quiet dignity is really touching. She lives all by herself in Delhi and her only son had bought the flat for her but is away in Virginia with his family. She had gone there recently on a six RAVI SINHA

T

................................................................

Empty Home Syndrome Demands a Common Nestle

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Ravi Sinha.pmd

84

month visa but had returned after barely six weeks unable to bear the cold. The truth is that she did not like the West, although she had complete freedom in her son’s house but did not feel at home. The old lady is one of thousands who now form part of the fast swelling segment of the elderly - the parents of Non-Resident Indians who are left here to fend for themselves. Some of them mark the hours at sabhas and temples while halfway across the globe, the time races by for their children. Says a couple in their seventies whose children have migrated, “Both 84 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:56 PM

|S O C I A L S E C T O R |

............................................................................................................................... .......................

our son and daughter-in-law are so busy in the States that when we go there we feel we are a burden to them. We preferred to come back though we have to bear the responsibility of maintaining our house and property, and day-to-day life is very hard.” Beneath all the glorified success stories of the Indian businessman or professional who has made it big in the West, with swanky Mercedes cars in multicar garage in sprawling suburbia of Princeton, New Jersey, Hempstead, New York or Sunnyvale, California lies the syndrome of the empty nest for the elderly parents. The average Indian’s life is totally centered around the family. Since most of the elderly couple of today has been conditioned to joint families in their childhood, they are unprepared for being left alone or in pairs. Rashmi Gupta, a professor at Hunter’s College in Manhattan, New York, in her thesis on Elder Caregiver burden in Southeast Asian families writes that the situation for the older Indian is grim on care giving issues since the basic infrastructure and extended family concept does not exist here. Though they are otherwise quite active in the social circuit, the Indian groups in different states of America and Europe have not created a dynamic mechanism to take care of the older folk. A small beginning seems to have been made in Florida and several other parts of America where such centers are being operated. However, what is all the more necessary is the need of such Old Age centers back home for the NRI parents and it can be done only through the active roles of NGOs on this front. For example, the Naya Jyoti Charities Trust has established an old age home at Panaiyur near Chennai which offers all facilities for those used to a certain standard of living. The founder of the home Dr. M. S. Srinivasan himself stayed for nearly two decades in the U.S. before settling down in Chennai. This home is advertised on the website too so that NRIs can spot it. A fine location near the sea, excellent food, comfortable rooms, medical and recreational facilities keep the residents happy. Another such model example where the NRIs can put their parents and lighten the burden on their conscience is a swanky old-age home is on the outskirts of Ahmedabad. Being constructed at an estimated cost of Rs 10 crore, an amount almost

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Ravi Sinha.pmd

85

at an estimated cost of Rs 10 crore, an amount almost Being constructed

entirely donated by super-rich businessmen from the city and abroad, the ‘Shravan

Ashram’ in Ahmedabad has facilities which even some five-star hotels would envy

entirely donated by super-rich businessmen from the city and abroad, the ‘Shravan Ashram’ has facilities which even some five-star hotels would envy. However, the Home can be a nest to only around 300 inmates in some 30,000 square yards of facility. The two above mentioned examples is a clear indication that money is not the hindrance in providing the parents of well-settled NRIs a home close to heart. What is needed here is a collective will power of the civil society at large and NGOs can play a crucial role in this. Though the NGOs have been quite active in the country’s social sector, an attempt to bring a smile on the faces of these old folk will really be a substantive change and not merely a symbolic one. The writer is the CEO of track2media

85 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:56 PM

|C U L T U R E W A T C H |

Red Ribbon Express Communication On Wheels

ed Ribbon Express is a unique example of mass mobilisation campaign for development communication in the health sector. Initiated to create awareness regarding HIV and AIDS among Indian people, living in the rural, semi-urban and small cities of the country, this year, in its second phase it has a special mandate – it will also mobilise mass awareness about H1N1 or swine flu, a pandemic that has infected over 18,000 DR. MAITHILI Indians so far. Most developGANJOO CHOUDHARY ment issues, be they health,

R

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Maithili Ganjoo.pmd

86

education or poverty, demand behavioural changes in order to find solutions. Development communication therefore, is full of challenges. Not only is it difficult to initiate large-scale changes, the challenge always lies in not being able to reach out to the hardto-reach groups in the rural and semi-urban scenarios. As a development communication vehicle, Red Ribbon Express is a multi-sectoral, multi-media, multi-theme campaign on health issues that creates awareness on how to prevent infections, to recognise risks and early symptoms, to take necessary steps in self-management of the infection/disease and to be able to seek institutional help (counselling and testing) in seeking treatment from the available sources near them. Red Ribbon Express is a specially designed train with eleven coaches, which is based on a wellresearched message design, and is packaged as an attractive multimedia exhibition within the coaches. The first four coaches display an elaborate, interactive panel exhibition on issues of HIV and AIDS, reproductive health services, maternal and child healthcare as well as on deadly diseases and infections like diarrhoea, tuberculosis, malaria and H1N1. Each

............................................................................

After the hugely successful Lifeline Express, Indian Railways have delivered yet another first in healthcare training and mobilisation – this time through their initiative of Red Ribbon Express. Pravasi Today travels along the journey of this unique healthcare effort on wheels

86 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:58 PM

|C U L T U R E W A T C H |

effort on HIV and AIDS in the world at that time, the Red Ribbon Express created a huge impact as the government body NACO (National Aids Control Organisation), Rajiv Gandhi Foundation and UNICEF India came together to partner this communication effort to raise HIV awareness in the country. The concept of Red Ribbon Express, however, came from the positive experience of the Lifeline Express, an initiative of the Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, in 1991, which was the world’s first train hospital, whereby free healthcare services were provided to the rural population round the year.

......................................

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Maithili Ganjoo.pmd

87

Red Ribbon Express has emerged as an interesting example of communication on wheels. In its one hundred and fifty eight years of existence, Indian Railways have become one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, transporting over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tonnes of freight daily. The railways traverse the length and breadth of the country, covering 6,909 stations over a total route length of more than 63,327 kilometres. Now, with the success of Red Ribbon Express, along with the earlier Lifeline Express, Indian Railways have provided another mass media vehicle, which can effectively reach out to the entire country.

.........................................................

of these coaches is thematically designed to convey the correct information in the most effective fashion. Apart from attractive panels, with 3-D cut-outs and audio-video components, there are interactive games and models which educate while entertaining the viewers. The main HIV and AIDS message, for example, is prevention, with equal focus on destigmatization of the disease. The train has a coach for HIV counselling and testing too, where doctors and health volunteers will disseminate knowledge about general health, provide counselling and encourage those who need testing and anti-retro viral treatment to come forward and take the right action. The train also has an auditorium coach for training workshops and seminars for the NGO and health workers as well as coaches with boarding and lodging facilities for some VIP visitors and the personnel, who would be maintaining the train for the entire duration of the campaign. A walk through the train is an experience of sorts. Each coach takes you to a different level of understanding and information on the health related issues. On 1st December, 2009, the World AIDS Day, Red Ribbon Express was flagged off for the second time, on its year long journey to provide health communication and service package to the unreached and rural areas of the country. This year, the Red Ribbon Express will be travelling across 22 states in the country, cutting through the geographical and ideological boundaries and halting at 152 railway stations in high HIV/AIDS prevalence areas of 141 districts with the sole purpose of disseminating information among the masses and trying to unite people by dispelling existing misconceptions. The Red Ribbon Express was first launched two years back on December 1, in 2007. In a year-long journey, it has travelled 27,000 kilometres, covering 180 halt stations, reaching out to 62 lakh people from all walks of life. As per the official figures, 68,244 persons from different organisations such as police, Panchayati Raj institutions, self help groups, youth forums etc. were trained on board the train and 1,16,183 people underwent free counselling on the train. Hailed as the largest mass mobilisation

The writer is a Delhi based Communication Specialist, working in the field of Development Communication. She holds a doctorate in Sociology from J.N.U, New Delhi. She can be reached at m_ ganjoo@hotmail.com.

87 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 4:58 PM

|L E G A L |

Pravasi Today’s legal expert brings to the fore some other cases in which NRIs find themselves entangled

NRIs in the Legal Web - 2

1

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

SUBRATA BISWAS.pmd

88

WILL Facts of the case In another case, the father in his will had granted the company shares in the name of his daughter and after her death to be transferred in the name of her husband (our client). During the lifetime of the daughter, the shares were never transferred in her name. Similarly, even after 14 years of her death, her husband never received the shares of the company. Issues involved • Whether our client was entitled to obtain the company shares. Remedy We advised our client to obtain the succession certificate from the court. Decision The court held that the husband of the deceased was entitled to obtain the company shares and the case was decided in our client's favour.

...................................................................................

EVICTION OF TENANT Facts of the case In a very critical case, our client, who was settled abroad, owned a house in India. He had given a room in the backyard of the house on rent for the past many years. The tenant had started a cable business in the room and was earning quite well. When our client came back to India, he asked the tenants to vacate the premises immediately. To the surprise of our client, the tenants refused to vacate the premises and demanded Rs. 25 lakhs for reaching a settlement in the case. When the wife and daughter of our client came to India, the tenants threatened them almost every day and caused a lot of mental harassment to the women. Issued involved • Whether our client had the right to evict the tenants from the premises. Remedy We advised our client to file a civil suit in the court of competent jurisdiction. Decision The court held that the tenants had occupied the premises illegally and were using it for commercial purposes. The case was decided in favour of our client.

2

CUSTODY Facts of the case In a very challenging case, the parties were married for the past 8 years and had two children. Their marriage was not working and they were planning to file for divorce. The husband laid down a condition

3

88 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:00 PM

|L E G A L |

FORCED MARRIAGE Facts of the case In a very appealing case, our client was working independently in the US when her parents forced her to marry in India. Even after repeated requests the parent did not agree and withheld the passport and other documents of our client in India. They got her married against her will. When she returned to the US, she filed a petition for annulment to nullify the marriage there. The in-laws of our client also threatened her that they would charge her with a case of cheating along with her parents. Issues involved • Whether the marriage was performed against the will of our client. • Whether the acts of the in-laws amounted to mental cruelty of our client. Decision The court held that the marriage was against the will of the girl and the acts of the in-laws also amounted to mental cruelty of the girl and thus our client was granted relief in her favour.

4

NO WILL Facts of the case In one of the cases handled by our team, the client who was an NRI wanted to get the possession of his mother's property transferred in his name. The mother had died without making a will.

5

............................................................................................................................... .......................

that he wanted the custody of one child, which was not at all acceptable to our client. She had already undergone a uterus removal operation and as the children were adolescents, they needed the immediate attention of the mother. Issues involved • Whether our client was entitled to the custody of both the children. Remedy We advised our client to file a petition for the custody in the court of competent jurisdiction. Decision Keeping in view the tender age of the children, the court held that the mother should get the custody of both the children and thus the case was decided in favour of our client.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

SUBRATA BISWAS.pmd

89

Issues involved • Whether our client was entitled to the possession of the deceased mother's property in the absence of a will. Remedy We advised our client to file a civil suit in the court of competent jurisdiction and get the property transferred in his name. Decision The court held that even in the absence of a will by the mother the son can be declared as the sole owner of the property. ILLEGAL POSSESSION OF LAND Our client was a co-owner of a piece of agricultural land situated in India. The client along with her husband went to England about 40 years back and had been residing there since then. During this period the client visited India only 6 or 7 times and in her absence, her brothers (who were also the coowners in the said property) were in possession of the clients share. After the death of her husband, the client came to India and asked her brothers to hand over the possession of her share of the land and the agricultural produce thereof but the defendants refused to do so. Having failed to get help and apt legal advice from any source, the client contacted us from England. On behalf of her we sought the following legal remedies from the Court: • Recovery of the amount due from the defendants qua the plaintiffs share in the produce of the said agricultural land by way of a Suit for Recovery. • Partition of the property in issue between the coowners through a Suit for Possession by way of partition.

6

The said suits were decreed in favour of our client and the defendants were ordered to pay the amount found due towards the plaintiff along with costs of litigation. (To be concluded)

SUBRATA BISWAS

89 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:00 PM

|I N D I A N C R I C K E T |

On Top of The World? Going by the BCCI’s euphoria over India reaching the top of the ICC Test cricket rankings following its recent victory over Sri Lanka, cricket fans would think that Indian cricket has conquered the world. But is that really so? Pravasi Today takes a more realistic look...

T

he year 2009 has been a year of mixed fortunes for Indian cricket. While the team's performance has been quite ordinary in the limited overs format, the Test team, on the other hand, has been flying high, ultimately reaching the top after

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Sports.pmd

90

beating a pretty strong line-up of Sri Lankans in the recently ended three Tests series by 2-0 and by a resounding margin of an innings in both the matches. The irony of the situation is despite playing more 50 overs and Twenty/20 games, the Indian team has succeeded in Test matches which they play least. At this rate it is hard to see them stay there long as teams like Australia and South Africa are playing more Test Cricket and are bound to leave India behind sooner or later. This once again exposes the monetary attitude of the BCCI who concentrate on the shorter version of the game as it brings more revenue. Cricket teams all over the world will give anything to have the line-up of Test players available to India yet they have to wait for months to show their talent and prowess in the cricket field due to the sheer pigheadedness of Indian authorities towards Test cricket. Even Sachin Tendulkar has admitted that the present team is the best he has been involved with in the last 20 years that he has played for India. It is a great credit to the resilience of players like VVS Laxman and Rahul Dravid, who despite being omitted from one day games due to the questionable wisdom of the selectors have shown the kind of form that has helped India climb to the top of ICC rankings. Even today, they both are much better

90 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:06 PM

|I N D I A N C R I C K E T |

one-day players than those who replaced them. Youth and physical fitness can never be a substitute for the real talent that these two geniuses possess. Team selection may well be one of the reasons why India has been faring badly in the shorter version of the game. Nobody has questioned the presence of players like Ricky Ponting, Sanath Jayasuriya, Mutthiah Muralitharan, Mohd. Yousuf and Paul Collingwood, who are no spring chickens and hold their place in the team by virtue of sheer performance and not their youthfulness. It is very hard to fathom BCCI's reluctance towards Test cricket even if factors in their sheer greed for money. India's Test series against Australia, England, Pakistan and the recently concluded series against Sri Lanka were played in front of big if not always sell-out crowds. Neither is Test Cricket a painfully slow proposition anymore as is illustrated by India scoring more than 400 runs on more than one occasion and Virendra Sehwag scoring the fastest 250 in Test Cricket in Mumbai. This brings another interesting point in contention. If playing Test

matches over five days is the stumbling block then it doesn't have to be. Due credit can be given to limited overs cricket that the tendency of scoring runs quickly has filtered into Test Cricket. And looking at the results of the last few matches between different cricket teams all over the world, it can be safely concluded that Tests can be reduced to a four-day affair. Cricket has come a long way from the good old days of five-day matches with an additional rest day in between. Thankfully we don't have the Boy-

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Sports.pmd

91

cotts, Barringtons and Nadkarnis in modern cricket but it is unfair and unreasonable to expect everyone to be Sehwag, Tendulkar, Afridi and Pietersen. There has to be a place for the likes of Dravid, Laxman Jayawardena and Sanghakara, not to omit mention of Ponting. If only India had played more Test Cricket then Sachin Tendulkar would not have been the only Indian creating new records. Laxman, Dravid, Ganguly and Kumble would have been right there with him. It is heartening to see that there is so much of talent coming to surface that we can afford to play two teams of

top calibre and have a rotation policy so that nobody is exhausted and there are less chances of injury. But the only way India can stay at the top of the tree is by playing more Test Cricket. We are blessed with such extraordinary talent that it should not be allowed to go to waste .We should not forget that great cricketers will be remembered by their performances in Test matches and not by their antics in the limited over affairs. K. K. SRIVASTAVA

91 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:06 PM

|T O U R I S M |

Coming Year you can be at‌

inter holidays. Plans to jump out of the quilts occasionally pass our thought-process. One of those moments to grace is the time when our parents used to chalk out schedule for picnics and day-outs in the vicinity. With forests savouring its neighbor and hills and waterfalls embracing it with open arms,

W

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Jharkhand Advertorial.pmd

92

Jharkhand and its numerous scenic spots was the first thing to cross every one's mind. So, without getting behind the long queues and planning henceforth, most of the families including ours barged and thronged towards the exciting, stimulating and pristine land of The Johars.

.........................................................................

Jharkhand is a perfect destination for those tourists who want to come out of the quilts during the winters, finds AMIT GUIN

Maithon: No other word can replace Maithon's introduction as the "Mother's Abode". Fifty-two kilometers from the city of Dhanbad is the niche for the biggest reservoir of the Damodar Valley Corporation. A lesser known fact is that before being the dynamo of hydroelectric activities, it was a serene dwelling house of Maa Kalyaneshwari. A number of hang-on spots have been developed by the authorities keeping in mind a large number of people who come from far away places for rollicking moments. An island on the lake at Maithon has a rest house which offers accommodation to the vacationists. A deer park and a bird sanctuary have also been established nearby the dam for those interested in relishing the beauty of the place. Boating and fishing facilities are also available for the holiday-seekers. 92 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:12 PM

|T O U R I S M |

Netar hat: A place where cavorting with the nature Netarhat: has become a hobby for the localites is Netarhat. One is always advised to enjoy the sapidity of the sunrise and sunset from the plains of Netarhat. One of the major tourist attraction-cum-picnic spot in Netarhat is the upper Ghaghri waterfalls. Located at a distance of four kilometers from Netarhat, the rambling water flows into the Netarhat dam and creates this waterfall of majestic view. The lower Ghaghri waterfalls, located at a distance of ten kilometers from Netarhat are also one of the favourite tourist spots. Lush green forests also enliven the hearts of the tourists. Stupefying fall of water deep down to about 32 feet acts as the seedling of the majestic waterfall. Magnolia Point is considered to be the perfect spot for sunset view. It has been noted by the tourists visiting the place that the slow and steady movement of the sun into the lap of the Vindhya hills is an inerasable portion of their tour. Netarhat is also the home to the finest of the pine forests of India. Arousing the interest of the readers reflecting the magnanimous beauty of the forests is the fact that once upon a time, these forests acted as the summer station of the Governor. A game sanctuary amongst the pine forests is also a place of

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Jharkhand Advertorial.pmd

93

interest for the tourists. The place is also home to rare sightings of tigers. The second highest fall of the state, the Burhaghagh, with water falling from a height of 466 feet, is also located near Netarhat (only approachable to the hikers). It also offers plenty of big game shooting after due permission from the Forest Department. Environment lovers can bask under the glory of the beautiful flowering trees of Bauhinia and Cassia species. The ever vibrant forests and the waters of the rivers also stimulate the interest of the visitors of the place.

............................................................................................................................... ..........................

Massanjore: The intimate relationship between man and river is nowhere more apparent than in this town near the Bengal-Jharkhand border. Massanjore is known for the dam built on the Mayurakshi River in the early 1950s. The place is 31 kilometers from Dumka in the state and about 45 kilometers from Siuri in West Bengal. The 2,000-ft. long and 113-ft high dam has one side of its structure in West Bengal. The picturesque lake created as a result of the dam cast an unforgettable mark on everyone's memoir. Fishing and boating can also be enjoyed at the lake. Apart from it, the town is also home to a number of rare birds, including gree parrots. The real beauty of the dam can be basked under evening's glory. Forest walks around the dam along with a stroll to the garden at the foot of the dam are some of the enamouring activities one can mollycoddle with. One can also visit the nearby village of Lampa to embellish the trip while having a peep into the tribal culture of the state. Sauntering four kilometers away from the dam can drop one to a deer park and a bird sanctuary.

Parasnath: At a height of 4431 feet is the highest mountain to the south of the Himalayas. Parasnath hill is thought to be the home to one of the oldest Jain temples (it is believed to be at the spot from AD 1775). It is considered to be the hill deity of the Santhals of Hazaribagh, Manbhum, Bankura and Santhal Parganas. The tribal people assemble on the occasion of the full moon in Baisakh and observe a religious hunt for three days. History marks this hill as the place where the twenty-third of the Tirthankars, Parsva or Parsvanath attained his nirvana. Some of the nearby spots worth viewing include the Shwetambar Kothi and temple, Digambar Jain Terah Panth Kothi, Kachchhi Bhawan, the famous Jain Museum and the artistic Shri Digambar Jain Madhyalok Research Centre. The Shwetambar kothi has a huge Jina temple in the form of a constellation of eleven temples. At the back side of the temple is the worth-relishing Dadawadi. On the other hand, the Jain Museum is a one-stop spot which houses various artistic pieces concerning Jainism. The walls of the museum are beautified with large number of paintings depicting the Jain architecture. These are only a few rays of scenic beauty in the rainbow called Jharkhand. One can always reach out to any place of the state; and will ever be enchanted with the lush greenery, waterfalls, picnic spots, and various pilgrimage centers.

....................................................... DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM Government of Jharkhand, FFP Bhawan, 2nd Floor, Dhurwa, Ranchi-1, Jharkhand. Ph: +91-651-2400981, Tel Fax: +91-651-2400982

93 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:12 PM

|EXPERIENCING INDIA|

Manu Ki Jai Ho

bhimanyu - son of Arjuna makes a brief appearance in the great war of Mahabharata. He has always been praised for his bravery but pitied for his defeat. Perhaps that is why in every generation there are many more namesakes of Arjuna than of Abhimanyu. After all, Arjuna befriended Krishna, co-produced the Gita, and used all possible means to win the war. But Abhimanyu remains the forgotten hero - even the one who in a small village in North India. This Abhimanyu, nicknamed Manu, is my childhood friend. I was able to meet him after ten years during my last visit to the village simply because I stayed there longer this time. When he came to see me, I

A

.......................................................................

In the midst of the newly found economic sophistication the villagers can still interpolate a connection with the Indian philosophy, says Dhananjaya Kumar

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Dhananjaya Kumar.pmd

94

was in the midst of a “Q and A” session with my relatives. Somehow I managed to slip out; Manu and I soon faded into a long walk along the tracks toward the train station. We sat on the same bench we used to as kids many years ago, but this time it felt more soiled and less comfortable. Another era had dawned. This time he was not asking questions about foreign lands instead, I was curious to know what is happening in and to the village: so many people, new faces, so many shops, so little farming, so much dust, and finally something about his family. As he spoke on the last topic, he answered all other questions. (This is an approximate English translation of our conversation in Bhojpuri, minus the expletives). There was a time when in this small village virtually everyone was directly or indirectly involved in farming. Manu’s father was the most prosperous and well-known among the farmers. And he knows everyone by name. Now, 90 years old and suffering from Dementia, he has forgotten those names. Most people in the village don’t know him, partly because they are recent migrants from nearby districts 94 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 12:33 AM

|EXPERIENCING INDIA|

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Dhananjaya Kumar.pmd

95

This time Manu was not asking questions about foreign lands instead, I was curious to know what is happening in and to the village: so many people, new faces, so many shops, so little farming, so much dust, and finally something about his family.

...............................................................................................

affected by a resurgence of certain groups promising a part of paradise to the poor. And the other part of paradise is lined by the local ex-farmers who are either horrified by the news of farmers committing suicide in rain-or drought-infected areas, or petrified by the new knowledge of how far they have lagged behind the national growth parameters. Manu appeared to be disturbed by the disintegration of him larger family. His brothers succeeded in subdividing the ancestral farm land, and their next generation knows nothing about agriculture. The collectively began consuming the land by selling small parcels to purchase appliances, electronics, garments and other products in a manner to import a slice of urban India into the erstwhile rural heartland. Connecting with nature, tending animals, tilling the land, and grooms food are kind of backward and labor-intensive activities better performed as large-scale commercial ventures? The smart village would rather become a trader or middleman, thereby increasing the share of service sector in GDP - an important sign of economic sophistication. In the midst of this transformation, they can still interpolate a connection with the Indian philosophy. The newly acquired values in the wake of globalization are like transcending Karma Yoga (“Yogah karmasu Kaushalam” - Gita) when you get reward (Phala) for actionlessness (Akarma). According to Manu, the seeding of the whole

material and psychological stir and tension is the arrival of television inside the household. The news flashes as events occur, the range of product ads making people feel deprived, the soap operas glamorizing wickedness, a pinch of sensation added to all events and human follies, etc. are many different manifestations of a paradox - the common man feels connected with the rest of the world but disconnected from himself. Manu’s extended, and now disjointed family members now have a concrete and immediate deserve - to acquire as many of the advertised products as possible and to become as attractive as film and television stars. In the midst of all this, Manu’s is determined continue being a farmer. Although his share of land has shrunk in size, the crop yields have increased. This has enabled him to buy more farm land to match the acreage him grandfather once owned. What an example of progress within the confines of ! status quo! Manu Ki Jai Ho!

95 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 12:33 AM

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Rajasthan Advertorial.pmd

96

96 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:28 PM

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Rajasthan Advertorial.pmd

97

97 รงoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:29 PM

|B U Z Z O F T H E M O N T H |

ROLY-POLY LOVE STORY

PHOTO CREDIT: SUSANA MILLMAN

It is going to be a rectangular love story, with three men in love with one woman. This is how Gul Panag described her “first love story”, Fatso. “I have never done a proper love story before,” said Panag. Feeling excited about the film, she said: “I am really happy the film has got good reviews at the festival in New York. I like working with people like Ranvir Shorey and Rajat Kapoor.” Well known for her critically acclaimed acting in Dhoop, Dor and Straight, Panag said that she is very choosy about the films. Compartmentalizing the type of films she adores to perform in, she said that “I don’t want to act in films which require me to apply a lot of make up and look good. I have been there, done that and it is not exciting for me anymore…fortunately for me, I have realized the kinds of films I want to do and I am making my choice according to that. There are good filmmakers like Prakash Jha, Abhinay Deo and Rajkumar Hirani, who I am willing to work with.” She also asserted that having a hang of glamour since the time she had won the Miss India title in 1999, she wants to perform those films which have “relevant plots” and in those “stuff that will look good ten years down the line also.”

KABIR COUPLETS IN THE HIMALAYAN TERRAINS

WAH USTAD, WAH! Hoodwinking a buzzing crowd of media persons was a person in western attire. He was recently honoured by the American Indian Foundation at its Charity Gala along with the quizmaster of Slumdog Millionaire Anil Kapoor. It is no other than renowned table artist Ustad Zakir Hussain. It was not the end of his worries, as later on, the organizers put him back on the pedestal of spotlight so that the press corps could get an opportunity to catch up with him! Speaking on the laurels conferred to him, he said that he is embarrassed on being attributed with the recognition as it is actually the organization that needs to be given a pat on the back for all the wonderful work that it is doing. Although shy, he put before the press his philanthropic activities’ cards by revealing that he had been involved in various charities in India relating to cancer research, battered women et al. He also said that he spends a sizeable time of his schedule helping out his fellow artists in India who face challenges while making a respectable living. Feeling jocular while hearing a comment that he did not look old enough to have children so grown up, he burst into laughter and said: “Are you kidding - I am going to be a senior citizen soon - it’s the paint job!”

15th century Sufi poet Sant Kabir is once again going to enthrall the minds of the Himalayan people. Started in 2003, noted filmmaker Shabnam Virmani brought her Kabir Project to the Himalayan republic in the month of December. The three-day festival aims to familiarize the country with the great poet and his poetry. “We want to introduce Nepal to the radically transformative power of Kabir’s poetry,” said Apporva Srivastava, spokesperson at the Indian embassy in Kathmandu. The Projects held “explanatory workshops with teachers and educators to brainstorm ways of bringing the ideas and values of Kabir into the classroom”. According to the Project website, its “true spirit lies in the taana-baana (wrap and weft) of social networks and friendships built over these years between the singers, scholars, activists, artists, illustrators, students, music lovers and lay persons who have been woven together through student labs, festivals, workshops and other exchanges.” The three day event showcased four films - Chalo Hamara Des, Kabira Khada Bazaar Mein, Had-Anhad and Koi Sunta Hai. The Kabir Project, supported by the Ford “It (Once Upon A Time in Foundation, is an emerging Mumbai) takes a rewind back programme interacting with to those times when Bachchan cultural groups, educational did ‘Deewar’ in 70’s. Those institutions and individuals; are the kinds of clothes that I hence in a way, reaching will be wearing in the film. out to a very diverse audiences. From the Emraan Hashmi on his role in capital, Kathmandu, the the forthcoming period flick, festival will spread to the “Once Upon a Time in Mumbai” border towns in the Terai plains: Janakpur and Birgunj.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Buzz of the Month.pmd

98

98 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:30 PM

NBCC.pmd

99

1/3/2010, 9:56 PM

A n` f "Vdks . kA

Hkkjr esa ekWjh'kl ds gkbZdfe'uj egkefge eqds'oj pqUuh

lp ek;us esa nwr

fd

lh ns'k ds jktuf;d dh dYiuk djrs gh ,d ,sls O;fDr dh dYiuk mHkjrh gS ftlds lkFk lkjk lacaèk izksVksdkWy esa caèkk gks] ftlds ikl caèks caèkk;s tqeys gksa] ftldh ckWMh ySaXost vki le> u ldrs gksa] ;kuh ,d vR;Ur 'kq"d vkSipkfjd O;fDrRoA esjk viuk yanu dk ikap o"kZ dk vuqHko blls vyx ugha gSA izoklh fQYe lekjksg dh rS;kjh ds Øe esa Hkkjr esa ekWjh'kl ds jktnwr egkefge eqds'oj pqUuh ls ?kfu"B laidZ esa vkus dk volj feykA blls ,d jktuf;d ds ckjs esa cuh cukbZ èkkj.kk,a VwV xb±A ,d [kqys fny dk Li"V fopkjksa okyk xeZtks'kh ls Hkjk

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Edit - Anil Joshi.pmd

100

100 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:37 PM

A n` f "Vdks . kA

O;fDrRo ftlds fny esa Hkkjr vkSj ekWjh'kl dh jke&lhrk tSlh ewfrZ clh gksA ftldk vkfFkZd] lkekftd] jktuhfrd fo"k;ksa ij xgjk Kku gksA ij] ;g Kku dksbZ [kkl ckr ugha gSA bldh rks izk;% jktuf;dksa ls vis{kk gksrh gSA egkefge eqds'oj pqUuh ds ckjs esa tks [kkl ckr gS og gS muds O;fDrRo dh lPpkbZ] izkekf.kdrk] [kqykiu vkSj y{; ds izfr leiZ.kA ekWjh'kl dks Hkkjr ds lkFk tksM+us dh izfrc¼rkA fdUgha Hkh ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa fdlh Hkh izdkj ds ladV esa eqLdjkrs gq, jkLrk fudkyus dh lw>&cw>A bl :i esa izoklh fQYe lekjksg ds fy, mudk tks O;fDrRo lkeus vk;k mldh ftruh iz'kalk dh tk;s de gSA rS;kjh ds nkSjku ,d le; ,slk vk;k fd le; vkSj lkèkuksa ds ncko ds pyrs lekjksg dks vk;ksftr djuk yksgs ds pus pckus tSlk gks x;kA ,sls esa mudk ,d jktnwr ds ctk;s ,d Vhe ds usrk ds :i esa dke djuk gekjs fy, vfoLej.kh; vuqHko cu x;kA ftls pkfg, tc pkfg, i= fy[ksaxs ftls pkfg, tc pkfg, Qksu djsaxs tgka pkfg, ogka tk,axsA ,slk izrhr gksus yxk fd iwjk gkbZ dfe'ku gh fQYe lekjksg ds lfpoky; ds :i esa dke djus ds fy, miyCèk gksA ;g n'kkZrk gS fd muesa jktuf;d ds xq.k rks gSa gh] lkFk gh os foy{k.k usrk] Vhe lkFkh vkSj lân; balku gSaA Hkkjr vkSj ekWjh'kl dk xHkZuky lacaèk gSA lSdM+ksa o"kks± dk ;g lacaèk yxkrkj etcwr gksrk tk jgk gSA ij] tks xeZtks'kh vkSj ?kfu"Brk egkefge eqds'oj pqUuh ds dk;Zdky esa vk;h og vrqyuh; gSA vkusokys fdlh Hkh jktnwr ds fy, mudk vuqdj.k djuk mudh miyfCèk;ksa dks ikuk dfBu gksxkA og Mk;liksjk ds vfuy tks'kh ns'kksa ds vU; jktnwrksa ds fy, tks ekud LFkkfir dj jgs gSa og izsj.kkLin gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Edit - Anil Joshi.pmd

101

101 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:37 PM

euhvkMZj ugha] fuos'k djsa! çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds fuos'k dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, bafM;u vksojlht QSflfyVsu lsaVj cuk;k gSA fQj Hkh bldk cgqr Qk;nk ugha gks jgk gSA vxj ge bldh rqyuk phu ls djsa rks Hkkjr dks cgqr ihNs ik,axsA

Hkk

vthr f}osnh ...........................................................................

jr ftruh fofp=rkvksa vkSj folaxfr;ksa dk ns'k gS] mruk gh fojks/kkHkklksa vkSj foMacukvksa dk Hkh ns'k gSA Hkkjrh; lekt dh foMacuk,a gj txg fn[kkbZ nsrh gSaA Hkkjrh;ksa ds gj O;ogkj esa ;g foMacuk fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa us 2007 esa viuh xk<+h dekbZ esa ls iSls cpk dj 30 vjc MkWyj Hkkjr esa vius ifjtuksa dks Hksts FksA 2008 esa ;g vkadM+k c<+ dj 50 vjc MkWyj gks x;kA bl lky blds vkSj c<+ tkus dk vuqeku yxk;k tk jgk gSA ysfdu mUgha çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds tc vius ns'k esa fuos'k djus dh ckjh vkrh gS rks

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Ajit Dwivedi.pmd

102

os fQlM~Mh lkfcr gks tkrs gSaA ftl lky çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa us 30 vjc MkWyj Hkkjr Hksts Fks] ml lky ;kuh 2007 esa çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dk Hkkjr esa çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k flQZ vkB vjc MkWyj dk FkkA Hkkjr ds dqy çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k ;kuh ,QMhvkbZ esa çokfl;ksa dk fgLlk flQZ ikap QhlnhA blesa vkt Hkh dksbZ [kkl btkQk ugha gqvk gSA Hkkjr dh vksj ls yxkrkj çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ls fuos'k dh vihy dh tkrh gSA 2009 ds çoklh Hkkjrh; lEesyu esa Hkkjr ljdkj ds ea=h vf'ouh dqekj us m|ksxksa esa fuos'k dh vihy dh FkhA ç/kkuea=h eueksgu flag us viuh vesfjdk ;k=k esa çoklh Hkkjrh; ls ,slh gh vihy dhA çoklh Hkkjrh; ekeyksa ds ea=h ok;ykj jfo us ns'k ds lkekftd o vkS|ksfxd fodkl esa fuos'k djus dh vihy dh gSA mudk dguk Fkk fd rhu lky dh NksVh vof/k ds fy, iksVZQksfy;ks fuos'k dh ctk; çoklh Hkkjrh; nh?kkZof/k ds fuos'k esa vk,aA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds fuos'k dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, bafM;u vksojlht QSflfyVsu lsaVj cuk;k gSA fQj Hkh bldk cgqr Qk;nk ugha gks jgk gSA vxj ge bldh rqyuk phu ls djsa rks Hkkjr dks cgqr ihNs ik,axsA phu çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k ds ekeys esa nqfu;k dh lcls cM+h vFkZO;oLFkk vesfjdk dks ihNs NksM+ pqdk gSA 2003 esa gh mlus ;g dkjukek dj fn;k] ftl lky mlds ;gka çR;{k

102 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:39 PM

A v k o j . k d Fk k A

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Ajit Dwivedi.pmd

103

Hkkjr esa vHkh lkekftd {ks= esa O;kid fuos'k dh t:jr gSA ij çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dk fuos'k bl lsDVj esa ugha vk jgk gSA Hkkjr esa f'k{kk vkSj LokLF; dh fLFkfr cgqr fcxM+h gqbZ gSA

.................................................................................

fons'kh fuos'k 53 vjc MkWyj dk gks x;kA phu esa vkus okys ,QMhvkbZ esa lcls cMk fgLlk çoklh phfu;ksa dk gSA nqfu;k Hkj ds ns'kksa esa cls phuh fuos'k ds fy, vius ns'k phu dks roTTkks nsrs gSaA mlds ckn mudk fuos'k rkboku vkSj gkaxdkax esa tkrk gSA phu esa çokfl;ksa ds fuos'k dks bl ,d rF; ls le>k tk ldrk gS fd 2006 esa 'ksu>su vksojlht pkbuht pSacj vkWWQ dkWelZ us vdsys phu esa 20 vjc MkWyj dk fuos'k fd;k FkkA ;kuh gekjs ;gka ftruk iwjs lky esa gksrk gS] mlds <kbZ xquk ls T;knk ogka dh ,d laLFkk fuos'k djrh gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dk tks fuos'k Hkkjr esa vk;k Hkh gS] og dqN [kkl bykdksa rd gh lhfer gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dk igyk y{; xqtjkr] eqacbZ ;k iatkc esa fuos'k dk gksrk gSA bldh otg ;g gS fd bu bykdksa ds Hkkjrh; lcls igys fons'k x,A bUgha bykdksa ds çoklh Hkkjrh; nqfu;k ds nwljs ns'kksa esa tkdj lQy O;olk;h ;k m|ksxifr cus gSaA ;g lgh gS fd dsjy] fcgkj vkSj ;wih ds çoklh vius ns'k esa lcls T;knk iSlk Hkstrs gSa] ysfdu os Cyw dkWyj tkWc okys yksx gSaA ;kuh os nwljs ns'kksa [kkl dj [kkM+h ns'kksa esa tkdj esgur] etnwjh dk dke djrs gSaA buls cM+s fuos'k dh mEehn ugha dh tk ldrh gSA ysfdu lQy çoklh m|ksxifr;ksa ls Hkkjr dks cM+h mEehnsa gSaA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks fuos'k ds fy, vkdf"kZr djus ds fy, Hkkjr dh lHkh ljdkjksa us gjlaHko ç;kl fd, gSaA mudh fuos'k çfØ;k dks vklku cukus ds mik; fd, x, gSaA flaxy foaMks flLVe cukus dh çfØ;k 'kq: gqbZA jkT;ksa ds Lrj ij Xykscy fuos'kd lEesyu djk, x, gSa] ftlds tfj, çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks fuos'k dh laHkkoukvksa ds ckjs esa crk;k x;k gSA ç/kkuea=h] foÙk ea=h] okf.kT; ea=h vkfn dh fons'k ;k=kvksa esa çoklh Hkkjrh; laxBuksa ds lkFk mudh ehfVax djkbZ tkrh gS rkfd os Hkkjr dh laHkkoukvksa ds ckjs esa crk ldsaA dkuwuksa esa t:jh cnyko fd, x,A vkt çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks fuos'k ds ekeys esa gj og lqfo/kk gkfly gS] tks Hkkjr esa jgus okys Hkkjrh; ukxfjd dks gSA gka] Hkkjrh; ewy ds yksxksa ;kuh ihvkbZvks ds fy, t:jh dqN lhek gS] mUgsa d`f"k ls tqM+s dkjksckj esa fuos'k dh btktr ugha gSA ij ,uvkjvkbZ ds fy, fuos'k dk iwjk cktkj [kqyk gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks 'ks;j vkSj LVkWd ekdZsV esa Hkh fuos'k dh iwjh btktr gSA os lh/ks Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa esa 'ks;j

vkSj fMcsapj [kjhn ldrs gSaA iksVZQksfy;ks bUosLVesaV Ldhe ds tfj, Hkh os 'ks;j cktkj esa fuos'k dj ldrs gSa vkSj os ljdkjh daifu;ksa ds Hkh 'ks;j vkSj ckaM [kjhn ldrs gSaA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks ljdkj us ;g lqfo/kk dqN tksf[ke mBk dj gh fn;k gSA rHkh nks lky igys ,slh [kcjsa vkbZ Fkh fd nqfu;k ds lcls [krjukd vkradoknh laxBu 'ks;j cktkj esa iSlk esa yxk jgs gSaA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds tfj, 'ks;j esa fuos'k dh vk'kadk trkbZ xbZ FkhA ckn esa jk"Vªh; lqj{kk lykgdkj ,eds ukjk;.ku us bl ij lQkbZ nsrs gq, dgk Fkk fd 'ks;j cktkj esa fdlh Hkh lafnX/k O;fDr ;k laxBu dk iSlk ugha yxk gSA vc ljdkj bls ysdj FkksM+h lrdZ gks xbZ gSA 'ks;j cktkj esa fuos'k ls igys fuos'kd dh tkap&iM+rky dk flLVe ykxw fd;k x;k gSA ljdkj us çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks ;g lqfo/kk Hkh ns j[kh gS fd os viuk 'ks;j Hkkjr esa jgus okys Hkkjrh; ukxfjdksa dks lh/ks csp ldrs gSa ;k 'ks;j cktkj ds tfj, csp ldrs gSaA mUgsa Hkkjr e s a viuh daiuh cukus vkSj dkjksckj djus dh Hkh iwjh btktr gSA Hkkjr ljdkj us çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds fuos'k dks vkdf"kZr djus ds fy, tks vge ç;kl fd, gSa] muesa ,d ;g Hkh gS fd mUgsa çkFkfedrk okys m|ksxksa ;kuh çk;ksfjVht baMLVªh esa Hkh fuos'k dh btktr gSA bruk gh ugha vxj çoklh Hkkjrh; Hkkjr dh çkFkfedrk okys m|ksxksa ;k fu;kZr daifu;ksa esa ;k fdlh Hkh dkjksckjh daiuh esa fuos'k djrs gSa rks os lkS Qhlnh equkQk vius ns'k ys tk ldrs gSaA blds fy, mUgsa vyx ls fjtoZ cSad vkWWQ bafM;k ls btktr ysus dh Hkh t:jr ugha gksrh gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dh ilan ds fuos'k dk ,d cM+k lsDVj fj;y bLVsV dk gSA fiNys ,d n'kd esa fj;y bLVsV dk dkjksckj Hkkjr esa cgqr rsth ls c<+k gSA bl lsDVj esa çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks lkS Qhlnh fuos'k dh btktr gSA os daLVªD'ku] fj;y bLVsV MsoyiesaV] gkmflax MsoyiesaV vkfn esa lkS Qhlnh rd fuos'k dj ldrs gSaA fj;y bLVsV ds vykok ,d vkSj rsth ls c<+ jgs dkjksckj

103 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:39 PM

cM+ s 'kgjks a vkS j es a çks i VhZ vke igqap ls nwj gks xbZA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Ajit Dwivedi.pmd

104

egkuxjksa Hkkjrh; dh

Hkkjr esa vHkh lkekftd {ks= esa O;kid fuos'k dh t:jr gSA ij çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dk fuos'k bl lsDVj esa ugha vk jgk gSA Hkkjr esa f'k{kk vkSj LokLF; dh fLFkfr cgqr fcxM+h gqbZ gSA Hkkjr ljdkj vius lalk/kuksa ds tfj, bu lsDVj esa fodkl dh dksf'k'k dj jgh gSA ljdkj blds uke ij fofuos'k Hkh dj jgh gS] ij Hkkjr dh fo'kky vkcknh dks ns[krs gq, ljdkjh lalk/ku de iM+ jgs gSaA ç/kkuea=h us [kqn bl lsDVj esa fuos'k djus dh vihy çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ls dh gSA ikuh] lQkbZ] i;kZoj.k vkfn esa Hkh O;kid fuos'k dh t:jr gSA tgka rd cqfu;knh <kaps ds fodkl dh ckr gS rks Hkkjr ljdkj dks dbZ yk[k djksM+ #i, dh t:jr lM+d ls ysdj fctyh dh O;oLFkk djus ds fy, pkfg,A lM+d] fctyh vkSj ikuh ns'k Hkj dh leL;k gSaA çoklh Hkkjrh; pkgsa rks bl {ks= esa fuos'k djds Hkkjr dh rjDdh esa ;ksxnku ns ldrs gSaA Hkkjr nqfu;k dh lcls rsth ls c<+rh vFkZO;oLFkkvksa esa ls ,d gSA ;g nqfu;k dh ikapoh lcls cM+h vFkZO;oLFkk gSA fiNys lkr&vkB lkyksa ls Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd fodkl dh nj eksVs rkSj ij vkB Qhlnh ds vklikl jgh gSA pkyw foÙk o"kZ esa t:j fodkl nj dqN de gqbZ gS] ij VªsaM vPNh fodkl nj dk gh gSA fuekZ.k lsDVj 13&14 Qhlnh dh nj ls c<+ jgk gSA lsok {ks= esa fodkl dh nj 10 Qhlnh ds vklikl gSA Hkkjr dk eè;oxZ nqfu;k esa lcls cM+k gS vkSj phu ds eqdkcys Hkkjr esa vjcifr;ksa dh la[;k T;knk gSA QkpZwu 500 dh VkWi lkS daifu;ksa esa ls T;knkrj daifu;ka Hkkjr esa viuk dkjksckj djrh gSaA ;gka fuos'k dks nqfu;k ds fdlh Hkh ns'k ds eqdkcys T;knk lqjf{kr ekuk tkrk gSA blds ckotwn vius gh ns'k ds yksx fuos'k ugha djsaxs rks ;g cM+h fujk'kk dh ckr gksxhA Hkkjr esa fd;k x;k fuos'k çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks viuh ekr`Hkwfe dh lsok dk vglkl Hkh fnyk,xk vkSj equkQk Hkh fnyk,xkA !

............................................................................................

ç/kkuea=h us [kqn bl lsDVj esa fuos'k djus dh vihy çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ls dh gSA ikuh] lQkbZ] i;kZoj.k vkfn esa Hkh O;kid fuos'k dh t:jr gSA

.................

,fo;'ku lsDVj ;kuh foekuu ds {ks= esa Hkh çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks lkS Qhlnh fuos'k dh btktr gSA gkykafd blesa mUgsa rRdky dekbZ vius ns'k ys tkus dh btktr ugha gSA ,fo,'ku lsDVj esa ikap lky ds ckn gh dekbZ fons'k ys tk;h tk ldrh gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks Hkkjr ljdkj ds lkoZtfud miØeksa esa Hkh fuos'k dh btktr gSA mUgsa ;g lqfo/kk ns'k okilh ds lkFk gkfly gSA ;kuh os bldk equkQk vius ns'k ys tk ldrs gSaA gkykafd blesa ,d 'krZ ;g gksrh gS fd ,uvkjvkbZ gksfYMax isM vi dSfiVy ds ,d Qhlnh ls T;knk ugha gksuh pkfg,A dqy feyk dj vHkh Hkkjr esa ,uvkjvkbZ bUosLVesaV cgqr ekewyh gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dh la[;k dks ns[krs gq, Hkkjr ds dqy çR;{k fons'kh fuos'k esa mudk fgLlk flQZ ikap Qhlnh gksuk] cgqr fujk'k djus okyk gSA vly esa çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dk T;knkrj fuos'k 'ks;j cktkj vkSj E;qpqvy QaM oxSjg esa gSA ns'k ds cqfu;knh <kaps ;k vkS|ksfxd <kaps ds fodkl esa ,uvkjvkbZ bUosLVesaV cgqr de gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds iSls ;k rks 'ks;j cktkj esa vkdj yxs ;k cSadksa esa tek gks x,A nqfu;k ds fodflr ns'kksa ds eqdkcys Hkkjr esa cSadksa dh C;kt nj dkQh vf/kd gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks cSad tek vkSj fQDLM fMikWftV dh Hkh lqfo/kk gkfly gSA blfy, mUgksaus vesfjdk ;k fczVsu ds cSadksa esa ekewyh C;kt nj ij #i;k tek djus dh ctk; Hkkjr esa tek dj fn;kA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa }kjk cqfu;knh :i ls lqjf{kr fuos'k fd;k x;kA vius jkT;ksa esa çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa us tks fuos'k fd;k] og Hkh lqjf{kr m|ksxksa esa fd;k x;kA fj;y bLVsV esa Hkh tks fuos'k fd;k x;k] og nwljs rjhds ls FkkA tkudkjksa ds eqrkfcd Hkkjr dh fj;y bLVsV daifu;ksa us çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds fy, çkstsDV Msoyi fd,A bldk vlj ;g gqvk fd Hkkjr esa fj;y bLVsV dh dherksa esa cM+k mNky vk;kA

104 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:40 PM

Advt Hindi Abhiyan.pmd

47

1/1/2010, 10:40 PM

Hkkjr esa izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dh

foÙkh; t:jrksa dk dkuwuh ÝseodZ migkj dj vf/kfu;e] 1958 ds rgr VSDl yxrk FkkA ;g vf/kfu;e 1958 esa fujLr dj fn;k x;k vkSj mlds mijkUr fdlh Hkh migkj ij migkj dj ugha yxrk gS ysfdu] fdlh ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- }kjk vius ifr@iRuh] ekbuj cPps ;k cgw dks fn;k tkus okyk fx¶V mlds vk; ;k lEifÙk esa tksM+k tk,xkA

dj ykHk ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- [kkl izdkj ls fuos'k ds ek/;e ls VSDl esa cpr dj ldrs gSaA bUgsa fuEu izdkj ds VSDl NwV izkIr gSaA

vk;dj esa NwV uhps fn, x, fuos'kksa ls gksus okyh vk; dj ls eqDr gSaµ 1- ukWu ,DlVuZy #- ,dkmaV (,u-vkj-vkbZ-) uked cSad ,dkmaV esa fd;k tkus okyk fuos'k dj ls eqDr gSA tc ,uvkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- Hkkjr dk jsflMsaV cu tkrk gS rks bl ,dkmaV ls feyus okyh NwV lekIr gks tkrh gSA

..................................................................

Hkk

jr ljdkj ;g HkyhHkkafr tkurh gS fd izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds fy, Hkkjr esa volj eqgS;k djkuk mldh uSfrd ftEesokjh rks gS gh] blls Hkkjr dks Hkh nh?kkZof/k ykHk gSA ,uvkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- vkSj Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk ,d&nwljs dks ykHk igqapk lds] blds fy, Hkkjr ljdkj dh dqN O;oLFkk,a@Ldhesa gSaA Hkkjrh; Mk;liksjk dks fuos'k vkSj VSDl esa opr ds fuf'pr volj miyC/k gSaA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Income Tax.pmd

106

2- QkWjsu djsalh ukWu&jsflMsaV ,dkmaV (,Q-lh-,u-vkj-) uked cSad ,dkmaV ij fd;k tkus okyk fuos'k Hkh dqN 'krks± ds v/khu dj ls eqDr gSA 3- vk;dj dkuwuksa esa ;wfuV VªLV vkWQ bafM;k] E;wpwvy QaM] ckSaM] flD;wfjVh vkSj lsfoax lfVZfQdsV esa cpr ij NwV ds fo'ks"k izko/kku gSaA 4- Hkkjrh; dEifu;ksa }kjk ?kksf"kr fMfoMsaVksa ij VSDl esa NwV gSA 5- fdlh dEiuh esa bfDoVh 'ks;j ds VªkalQj ls feyus okys nh?kkZof/k iwath ykHk ij rFkk @ ;k E;wpwvy QaMksa ds oSls bfDoVh vksfj,aVsM Ldheksa ij tks fd flD;wfjVh VªkatSD'ku VSDl ds v/;/khu gksa] muesa vk; esa VSDl ij NwV gSA

lEifŸk dj esa NwV

,u-vkj-vkbZ- @ ih-vkbZ-vks- ij yxk;k tkus okyk VSDl n Qkbusal ,DV 1992 ds rgr dkQh de j[kk x;k gSA lEifÙk dj dsoy vuqRiknd lEifÙk;ksa tSls uxjh; Hkwfe] Hkou (,d ?kj dks NksM+dj)] tsojkr] cqfy;u] okgu vkSj 50]000 #i;s dS'k vkfn ij yxk;k tkrk gSA 1-5 fefy;u #i;s ls vf/kd ij VSDl ;ksX; ifjlEifÙk;ksa

106 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 6:53 PM

A v k o j . k d Fk k A

migkj dj ij NwV migkj dj vf/kfu;e] 1958 ds rgr VSDl yxrk FkkA ;g vf/kfu;e 1958 esa fujLr dj fn;k x;k vkSj mlds mijkUr fdlh Hkh migkj ij migkj dj ugha yxrk gS ysfdu] fdlh ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- }kjk vius ifr@iRuh] ekbuj cPps ;k cgw dks fn;k tkus okyk fxV mlds vk; ;k lEifÙk esa tksM+k tk,xkA fdlh lkekU; ukxfjd dks 25]000 #i;s ls vf/kd feyus okyk migkj ^vU; lzksr ls vk;* ds rgr vk; dj ;ksX; gksxkA ij] fdlh O;fDr dks fookg ds le; feyus okys migkj dks vk; ds :i esa ugha fxuk tk,xkA migkj izkIr djus okys jsflMsaV ds fy, py migkj dks ns'k ls ckgj ys tkus ds fy, lkekU; rkSj ij vkj-ch-vkbZ- ls vuqefr dh t:jr ugha gSA ij] 'ks;j vkSj flD;wfjVh tSls dqN migkjksa ds fy, lkekU; vuqefr ysuh iM+rh gSA

fuos'k ds volj vkSj izkRs lkgu fjfeVsal dh lqfo/kk,a (1) ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- }kjk ifjlEifÙk;kas dk fjfeVsal ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- vius ukWu jsflMsaV (vkWfMZujh) ,dkmaV esa cSysal ;k ifjlEifÙk;ksa ds lsy izkslhM esa ls izfro"kZ 1 yk[k rd fjfeV&vi dj ldrk gSA ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- #i;k QaM esa ls csph xbZ vpy lEifÙk ds lsy izkslhM dks fjfeV dj ldrk gSA

.........................................................................................

ds cktkj ewY;ksa ds ;ksx ij lEifÙk dj dh ekStwnk nj 1 izfr'kr gSA

(2) QkWjsu ,Dlpsat ls [kjhnh xbZ vkoklh; lEifÙk ds lsy izkslhM dk jhiSfVª,'ku ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ihvkbZ-vks- Lo;a ds }kjk [kjhnh xbZ vf/ kdre nks vkoklh; lEifÙk;ksa ds lsy izkslhM dks jh&iSfVª,V dj ldrk gSA ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vksukWu&vykWVesaV ds ,dkmaV ij C;kt ds lkFk gh vkosnu@vusZLV euh dh fuf/k dks fjfeV dj ldrk gS c'krsZ PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Income Tax.pmd

107

fd ewy Hkqxrku ,u-vkj-bZ- ;k ,Q-lh-,u-vkj- esa ls fd;k tk,A (3) pkyw vk; dk fjfeVsal ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- viuh pkyw vk; tSls fdjk;k] fMfoMsaV] isa'ku] C;kt vkfn ij gksus okyh vk; dks fjfeV dj ldrs gSa c'krsZ fd muds ikl ,u-vkj-vks- ,dkmaV u gksA cl ml ij ykxw djksa dk Hkqxrku gks tkuk pkfg,A ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- vius pkyw vk; dks vius ukWu jsflMsaV (,DlVuZy) ,dkmaV ij ØsfMV dj ldrs gSa c'krsZ fd bl ij ykxw vk;dj dk Hkqxrku dj fn;k tk,A (4) edku ij fdjk;k dk fjfeVsal ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- Hkkjr esa viuh vpy lEifÙk ij fdjk;k yxk ldrs gSa vkSj mlds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtcZ cSad ls lgefr dh vko';drk ugha gSA vxj og edku gkmflax yksu ls cuk;k x;k gks] rks feyus okys fdjk;k ls yksu ds fdLr dk Hkqxrku fd;k tk,xkA vxj feyus okyk fdjk;k yksu dh fdLr ls vf/kd gks] rks og fdLr dh 'ks"k jkf'k dk Hkqxrku fons'k ls Hkkjr esa ,u-vkj-bZ-] ,Q-lh-,u-vkj- ;k ,u-vkjvks- ,dkmaV ds ek/;e ls dj ldrk gSA

vpy lEifŸk ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@ih-vkbZ-vks- Hkkjr esa vpy lEifÙk dk jsxqys'ku Qsek ds rgr fd;k tkrk gSµ Hkkjr dk jsflMsaV ,d fons'kh ukxfjd Hkh vpy lEifÙk [kjhn ldrk gS ftlds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad ls vuqefr dh vko';drk ugha gSA ikfdLrku] ckaXykns'k] Jhyadk] vQxkfuLrku] phu] bZjku] usiky vkSj HkwVku ds Hkkjrh; jsflMsaV ds fy, Hkh vpy lEifÙk [kjhnus ds fy, Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad dh vuqefr vko';d gSA d`f"k lEifÙk] IykaVs'ku vkSj QkeZ gkml esa fuos'k Hkkjr ds ckgj jsflMsaV lHkh oxZ ds yksxksa tSls ,u-vkj-vkbZ-@vkslh-ch- fons'kh ukxfjd ds fy, oftZr gSA Hkkjr ljdkj ds izks&,fDVo ,izksp us izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks Hkkjr ds lkFk HkkokRed vkSj vkfFkZd ! :i ls tksM+k gSA

107 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 5:50 PM

,d oSf'od

cktkj

v

uqokn Xykscykbts'ku dh vo/kkj.kk dks xaHkhjrkiwoZd ysus dk ,d egRoiw.kZ rdktk gSA cgqHkk"kh Hkkjr ds fy, Xykscykbts'ku rc rd lkFkZd vkSj laiw.kZ ugha gS tc rd iwjs ns'k esa O;ofLFkr vuqokn m|ksx dk ,d tky u gksA Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk;h vuqokn m|ksx ,d mHkjrk gqvk m|ksx gS vkSj VsªM iafMrksa dh Hkfo";ok.kh gS fd vxys rhu o"kks± esa blesa tcjnLr mNky vk,xkA orZeku esa ;g cktkj 500 fefy;u MkWyj dh crk;h tkrh gSA fjlpZ vkSj dalyfVax QeZ dkWeu lfoZlst ,Mok;tjh dk izkstsD'ku gS fd ,f'k;kbZ Hkk"kk;h vuqokn cktkj dk jsosU;w 2008 esa 1312 fefy;u MkWyj Fkk ftlds 2009 esa 1410 fefy;u MkWyj vkSj 2010 esa 1516 fefy;u MkWyj igqapus dh laHkkouk gSA vkt vaxzsth cksyus okys ns'kksa ds vykok 'ks"k nqfu;k Hkh cM+h rsth ls vkWuykbu gks jgh gSA ,e-vkbZ-Vh- ehfM;k ySc dk izkstsD'ku gS fd orZeku esa vkWuykbu ;wtjksa dh vk/kh la[;k vaxzsth dk iz;ksx dj jgh gS] vkSj vkxkeh n'kd esa ;g nk;jk nl ls chl izfr'kr ?kV tk,xkA phu vkSj Hkkjr ds cktkj esa viuh iSB c<+kus ds fy, phuh vkSj fgUnh Hkk"kkvksa ds egRo dks vesfjdh jk"Vªifr us Lohdkj fd;kA ;g if'peh ns'kksa }kjk bl

.............................................................................................

,sls fdlh izksMDV ds fy, ftlds fy, tula[;k ds Hkhrj xgjs tkus dh t:jr gS ogka vuqokn dh t:jr t:j iM+sxhA ehfM;k vkSj izdk'ku m|ksx esa Hkh vuqokn dh cM+h ekax gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

fl¼kUr dh LohdkjksfDr dk izrhd Fkk fd lQy ekdsZfVax y{; cktkj dh Hkk"kk esa gks ldrh gSA vxj osclkbV vkbZ-Vh- izksMDV csprh gS rks osclkbV dk vaxzsth esa gksuk i;kZIr gSA ij ,sls fdlh izksMDV ds fy, ftlds fy, tula[;k ds Hkhrj xgjs tkus dh t:jr gS ogka vuqokn dh t:jr t:j iM+sxhA ehfM;k vkSj izdk'ku m|ksx esa Hkh vuqokn dh cM+h ekax gSA Hkkjrh; vuqokn m|ksx esa laHkkouk,a rks cgqr gS] ij orZeku esa oLrqfLFkfr ;g gS fd ;g cM+s iwath fuos'k dh ckV tksg jgk ,d fc[kjk gqvk vkSj xSj&is'ksoj m|ksx gSA VsªM fo'ks"kK fudksyl iqaMhj us dgk gS fd dqN cM+s fctusl xzwi vius izca/ kdh; usr`Ro vkSj iwath fuos'k ds lkFk bl {ks= esa vk,a rks bl {ks= dk dk;kiyV gks ldrk gS vkSj ;s xzqi dkQh ykHk dek ldrs gSaA orZeku le; esa vuqokn m|ksx dh tM+rk,a cktkj esa vusd izrhd&fpUgksa esa vfHkO;Dr gksrh gSaA vuqokndksa esa is'ksoj izf'k{k.k] ekdsZfVax ds dkS'ky] usVofd±x] jk"Vªh; vkSj vUrjjk"Vªh; Lrj ij VSysaV dh igpku ds flLVe] lLrs vkSj izHkkoh lkWVos;j vkSj VwYl] lfoZl ds fy, Hkqxrku dk csgrj <kapk bu lHkh dh deh gSA laiw.kZ vuqokn m|ksx esa ,d is'ksoj ,izksp dks laLFkkc¼ djus ds fy, iwath fuos'k vkSj vPNs izca/ku ds fVªdy Mkmu dh vko';drk gSA bl {ks= dks tcjnLr ekdsZfVax dh t:jr gS ftlls mldk foLrkj baVjusV vkSj osclkbV Vªkalys'ku ls vkxs dkuwuh] LokLF;] i;ZVu] lkfgR; vkSj lekt ds lHkh {ks=ksa esa QSysA

108 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

µ panu dqekj (ys[kd Lora= vuqoknd gSaA) 2010

iqLrd izdk'ku

m|ksx fofo/krk dk nkSj

Hkk

kjrh; iqLrd izdk'ku m|ksx ds ckjs esa vuqeku gS fd mldk vkdkj 100 fcfy;u #i;s dk gks x;k gSA fiNys ikap o"kks± esa blds fodkl dh nj cgqr rst Fkh vkSj blus vlaxfBr dqVhjuqek m|ksx ls laxfBr cktkjksUeq[k m|ksx dk :i ys fy;k gSA vc ;g cktkj dh fuf'pr j.kuhfr;ksa ls pkfyr m|ksx gSA vc Hkkjrh; izdk'ku m|ksx lekt ds cM+s ØkSl&lsD'ku ls ysdj fons'kksa esa viuk cktkj ryk'krk vkSj fcYM&vi djrk gSA bl m|ksx esa vkWuykbu ekdsZfVax] CykWd fMLd'ku] ikBdksa dks bZ&esy] cqd jhfyt ds cM+s bosUV] ehfM;k esa izpkj] jk"Vªh; vkSj vUrjjk"Vªh; iqLrd esyk,a] bZ&cqDl ekdsZfVax dh ubZ j.kuhfr;ka gSaA vUrjjk"Vªh; izdk'kuksa us tks Hkkjr esa viuk lsV&vi yxk;k gS mUgksaus fgUnh vkSj vU; Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa ekSfyd vkSj vuqfnr iqLrdksa dk izdk'ku 'kq: fd;k gSA fo'ks"kKksa dk dguk gS fd Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa cM+h iwath fuos'k ls Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk;h lkfgR; dk dk;kdYi gks ldrk gSA fcYdqy gky&gh esa lkfgR; vdkneh us izdk'ku esa iwath fuos'k vkSj ekdsZfVax ds fy, cM+h izkbosV daifu;ksa dks vkdf"kZr djus dh j.kuhfr;ka fodflr dh gSaA Hkkjrh; izdk'ku m|ksx 15 izfr'kr izfr o"kZ dh nj ls c<+ jgk gSA blesa Dykfldy lkfgR;] foKku vkSj lekt&foKku ls ysdj yhtj dkWQh Vscy csLV lsyj lHkh 'kkfey gSaA izdk'ku m|ksx dk izk.krRo ;g gS fd f'k{kk ds foLrkj ds lkFk ikBd

....................................................................................................

Hkkjrh; izdk'ku m|ksx 15 izfr'kr izfr o"kZ dh nj ls c<+ jgk gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Story - Pankaj.pmd

109

oxZ dk foLrkj cgqr rsth ls gks jgk gS vkSj ikBdksa dh vfHk:fp;ksa vkSj ckSf¼d t:jrksa dk fofo/khdj.k cgqr rsth ls gks jgk gSA isaxqbu vkSj gkiZj dksfyUl tSls izdk'kuksa us fgUnh vkSj vU; Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa tks izdk'ku 'kq: fd;k gS ;g Hkkjrh; cktkj dh fofo/krk dk ykHk mBkus dh ldkjkRed cktkj j.kuhfr gSA isaxqbu cqDl bafM;k ds ifCy'kj jfo flag us dgk fd LFkkuh; Hkk"kkvksa esa izdk'ku djus ls Hkkjr esa izdk'ku ds laiw.kZ {ks= esa yxs gksus dk cks/k gksrk gSA isaxqbu us Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa izdk'ku 2005&06 ls fgUnh vkSj ejkBh esa 'kq: fd;k vkSj vkjaHk esa blus vaxzsth ds yksdfiz; VkbVyksa dk mu Hkk"kkvksa esa vuqokn vkSj mu Hkk"kkvksa dh ekSfyd iqLrdksa esa 50%50 dk vuqikr j[kkA Hkkjrh; iqLrdksa dk fu;kZr djhc 6 fcfy;u #i;s dk gS tcfd 1991 esa ;g 330 fefy;u #i;s dk FkkA us'kuy cqd VªLV Hkkjrh; izdk'kdksa dk ,d izfrfuf/k eaMy ysdj fcftax iqLrd esyk esa tk;k djrk gS vkSj phu esa Hkkjrh; izdk'kdksa dh vkbZ-Vh-] eSustesaV] esfMflu] ;ksx] Tosyjh vkSj ckWyhoqM ij iqLrdksa esa #fp cgqr c<+h gSA Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa dh iqLrdksa dk iM+kslh ns'kksa esa] tSls mnwZ iqLrdksa dh ekax ckaXykns'k esa vkSj nf{k.k Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa dh iqLrdksa dh ekax [kkM+h ds ns'kksa esa c<+h gSA Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa dh iqLrdksa ds vaxzsth vuqokn dh fons'kksa esa Hkh ekax gSA Hkkjr esa izfro"kZ izdkf'kr dqy iqLrdksa esa 45 izfr'kr vaxzsth dh iqLrdsa gksrh gSaA Hkkjr] vesfjdk vkSj baXySaM ds ckn vaxzsth iqLrdksa dk rhljk lcls cM+k izdk'kd gSA

iadt flagk (ys[kd Lora= ys[kd gSaA)

109 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:23 PM

Hkkjrh; vè;kRe m|ksx

eSustesaV dk elhgk

^lkW

¶V ikoj* Hkkjr ds fy, v/;kfRed] flusek] laLd`fr fu;kZr dh loZizeq[k oLrq,a cu x;h gSaA v/;kRe dks oLrq vkSj vk/;kfRed txr dks m|ksx dk uke nsuk cgqrksa dks ukxokj xqtj ldrk gSA ij] ;g ckr nhxj gS fd Hkkjrh;ksa ds ckjs esa tgka ;g dgk tkrk gS fd eSustesaV gekjh vknr esa 'kkfey ugha gS vkSj bl ekeys esa Hkkjrh; cgqr <hys&<kys gSa] ogha vè;kRe ds {ks= esa Hkkjr us tcjnLr eSustesaV ds dkS'ky dk izn'kZu fd;k gSA v/;kRe ds {ks= esa vke Hkkjrh; ftl eksfVos'ku ls dke djrk gS og bl {ks= dks ,d cgqr gh lq?kM+ {ks= cuk nsrk gSA ;gka u rks ckWl ds izfr dksbZ vlarks"k gksrk gS] u ukSdj'kkgh tM+ gksrh gS] u ^'kks"k.k* ds fo#¼ VsªM ;wfu;u gksrh gS] u gh lkoZtfud /ku ds cgko esa gj Lrj ij ^dV* vko';d gksrk gSA de ls de vke HkDrksa ds Lrj ij Hkz"Vkpkj ;k tM+rk ugha gksrhA lkoZtfud thou ds vU; {ks=ksa rFkk v/;kRe txr esa ;g varj D;ksa gS] ;g rks lH;rkvksa ds }a} ij 'kks/k vkSj fparu djus okys lekt&oSKkfudksa dk fo"k; gS] ij ;g fuf'pr rkSj ij dgk tk ldrk gS fd v/;kRe vius ^daVsaV* ds lkFk&lkFk vius eSustesaV ds cy ij fo'o&O;kikj esa vatw flagk vxz.kh gksrk tk jgk lsDVj gSA eSustesaV

.......................................................................................................

;gka u rks ckWl ds izfr dksbZ vlarks"k gksrk gS] u ukSdj'kkgh tM+ gksrh gS] u ^'kks"k.k* ds fo#) VsªM ;wfu;u gksrh gS] u gh lkoZtfud /ku ds cgko esa gj Lrj ij ^dV* vko';d gksrk gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Cover Story - Anju.pmd

110

txr ftu vkn'kks± dks cgqr lkjs VwYl ls izkIr djuk pkgrk gS] v/;kRe dh nqfu;k esa og vkn'kZ lgt miyC/k gSaA fuf'pr xzkgd oxZ % izR;sd xq# dk xzkgd oxZ fuf'pr gS vkSj vkerkSj ij blesa dksbZ ØkWl dfVax ugha gSA ^izR;sd ekxZ bZ'oj dh vksj tkrk gS* vkSj izR;sd HkDr vius xq# ds fn[kyk, ekxZ ls larq"V gSA fuf'pr izrhd% izR;sd xq# dk eksfVQ fo'ks"k gSA fdlh ds fy, ;g dqaMfyuh tkxj.k gS] fdlh ds fy, VªkallsaMsaVy esfMVs'ku] fdlh ds fy, d`".kk dkSa'klusl] fdlh ds ;ksx] fdlh ds fy, lqn'kZu fØ;k vkSj fdlh ds fy, jk/ks&jk/ksA eks{k lHkh xq#vksa dk y{; gS vkSj lHkh ds fy, eks{k dk lkef;d vFkZ HkkokRed&euksoSKkfud LokLF; vkSj y; gS] ij ekxZ lcdk fo'ks"k gS] vkSj cktkj esa igpku dk eq[; vk/kkj ;g ekxZ gh gSA Qks d l% izR;sd xq# dk Qksdl 'kq: esa fuf'pr gS tks lHkh izdkj ds HkDrksa ds fy, dksbZ lkekU; lk vk/;kfRed lans'k gSA tSls&tSls HkDrksa dh la[;k c<+rh tkrh gS oSls&oSls fo'ks"k VkjxsV xzqiksa tSls dkiksZjsV] Nk=] jksx ds fy, fof'k"V izopu vkSj fof'k"V j.kuhfr;ka fodflr dh tkrh gSA dE;w f uds ' ku% dE;wfuds'ku ds fy, thoar Hkk"kk vkSj ukVdh;rk dk tSlk mnkgj.k v/;kRe txr gS] oSlk dksbZ vkSj {ks= ughaA ;gka NksVh xSnfjax esa izopu ls ysdj ekl&ehfM;k dk iz;ksx gSA czkafMax vkSj iskft'kfuax% HkDrksa ds laxfBr efgek xku ls xq# dk ilZuSfyVh dYV bLVSofy'k gksrk gSA ;gka lsfyfczVh ls baMkslZesaV gS] esxk bosUV~l gS] tqywl] iSEQysV] cSuj vkSj HkDrksa }kjk eYVh ysoy ekdsZfVax gSA (ysf[kdk lkbfd;kfVªd lks'ky odZj] FkhjsfiLV vkSj Lora= ysf[kdk gSa)

110 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:24 PM

A ekW j h'kl% 2010 vls a c yh pq u koA

csekuh xBca/kuksa ls eqfDr

ekW

jh'kl esa o"kZ 1995 vkSj mlds i'pkr~ gq, pqukoksa eas ,d nwljs ds fo:¼ pquko yM+us okys ny ;k xBca/ku pquko i'pkr~ ijLij feydj lÙkk:<+ gksrs jgs gSaA turk csekuh xBca/kuksa ls eqfDr vkSj vlsacyh esa efgykvksa ds izfrfuf/kRo esa o`f¼ pkgrh gSA i;kZoj.k&laj{k.k dh n`f"V ls ou&fodkl dh ckr Hkh ekWjh'kl esa mBrh gSA ns[kuk gksxk fd vkxkeh tqykbZ 2010 pquko eas turk D;k dj fn[kkrh gSA ekWjh'kl esa tqykbZ 2010 esa lalnh; pquko gks jgs gksaxsA ekWjh'kl nqfu;k ds uD'ks esa ,d NksVk lk vÝhdh ns'k] ek= 13 yk[k yksxksa dh cLrh gS] ftuesa vf/kdka'k Hkkjrh; ewy ds gSaA ekWjh'klokfl;ksa dk vius iwoZtksa dh /kjrh Hkkjr ls xgjk yxko gSA gky gh esa fcgkj ds nsofj;k uxj esa Hkkjr esa ekWjh'kl ds jktnwr eq[ks'oj pqUuh dks ^loZ eaxyk lEeku* ls lEekfur fd;k x;k rks mUgksaus dgk] ^vius iwoZtksa dh /kjrh ij vkdj vkSj yksxksa dk I;kj] lEeku ikdj eSa vn~Hkqr xkSjo dk vuqHko dj jgk gwaA gekjh lH;rk] laLd`fr gh fodkl dh vk/kkjf'kyk gSA* ekWjh'kl ds jk"Vªifr vfu:¼ txUukFk rks izfro"kZ fu;fer :i ls lifjokj Hkkjr dh ;k=k ij vkrs gSaA Hkkjr vkSj ekWjh'kl esa lkaLd`frd ,d:irk gS] fdarq pquko ds volj ij erkfèkdkj dk iz;ksx djrs le; nksuksa ns'kksa ds yksxksa ds lksp esa varj vo'; gksrk gSA Hkkjrh; lalnh; yksdra= ds Ng n'kdksa ds bfrgkl esa nycny dh ?kVuk;sa cjkcj gksrh vkbZ gSaA xBca/ku dh jktuhfr dk dky vk;k rks ^U;wure lk>k dk;ZØe* 'kCn dk izpyu py iM+kA fdlh jktuSfrd ny us fdlh Hkh iz.k ;k tu&vk'oklu ds vk/kkj ij pquko yM+k gks] xBca/ku ds ?kVd

.......................................................................................................

csekuh xBcaèkuksa ls eqfDr ekWjh'kl dh turk ds fy, pqukSrh gS] tcfd Hkkjrh; turk ^U;wure lk>k dk;ZØe* 'kCn lquus dh vknh lh gks xbZ gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Ramesh Kumar Sharma.pmd

111

ds :i esa mlus ^U;wure lk>k dk;ZØe* dk cgkuk ysdj og lc BaMs cLrs esa Mky fn;kA ekWjh'kl lalnh; yksdra= ds pkj n'kdksa ds bfrgkl esa 1995 ls ,slk gksrk vk;k gS fd ,d nwljs ds fo:¼ pquko yM+us okys ny ;k xBca/ku pquko i'pkr~ ijLij feydj lÙkk:<+ gks tkrs gSaA ekWjh'kl dh turk bu csekuh xBca/kuksa dks Hkz"Vkpkj dk tud ekurh gS vkSj buls eqfDr pkgrh gSA csekuh xBcaèkuksa ls eqfDr ekWjh'kl dh turk ds fy, pqukSrh gS] tcfd Hkkjrh; turk ^U;wure lk>k dk;ZØe* 'kCn lquus dh vknh lh gks xbZ gSA jktuhfr esa efgyk izfrfuf/kRo dh ckr djsa rks Hkkjr esa tgka ;g vkj{k.k dk fo"k; gS] ogha ekWjh'kl esa jktuSfrd nyksa }kjk efgykvksa dks LosPNk ls LFkku nsus dk gSA ekWjh'kl ds vkxkeh vke pquko esa jktuhfr esa efgykvksa dk izfrfufèkRo rhu xquk djus dh pqukSrh jgsxhA orZeku esa ekWjh'kl dh laln esa 17 izfr'kr] uxjikfydkvksa esa 11-2 izfr'kr vkSj ftyk ifj"knksa esa 5-2 izfr'kr LFkkuksa ij efgyk,a vklhu gSaA ;|fi ekWjh'kl oSf'od eanh ls =Lr gS vkSj c<+rh eagxkbZ rFkk jkstxkj ds fNurs volj tsls ToyUr eqn~ns vkxkeh vke pquko esa vo'; gh izHkkoh gksaxs] fdarq bu lkekU; ppkZ ds eqn~nksa ls yxHkx vizHkkfor i;kZoj.k vlarqyu ls fpafrr turk dk ,d oxZ vkSj muls tqM+k jktuSfrd ny xzhUl ÝsVuZy izkd`frd lalk/kuksa ds gzkl dk eqn~nk mBk;s gq, gSaA Hkkjr ds ,d yksdlHkk {ks= ls Hkh de tula[;k okys ns'k ekWjh'kl dk tula[;k ?kuRo Hkkjr dh rqyuk esa Ms<+ xquk ls vf/kd gSA 590 O;fDr izfr oxZ fdyksehVj tula[;k ?kuRo okyk ekWjh'kl l?kure vkoklh; cLrh (de ls de 50 eaftys edkuksa esa) esa cnys rHkh ogka ou&xkspj {ks= dk leqfpr fodkl gks ldrk gSA ns[kuk gksxk fd vkxkeh pquko esa xzhUl ÝsVuZy vkWxsZukbts'ku D;k dj fn[kkrk gSA !

111 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:25 PM

| ehfM;k okp |

fgUnh i=dkfjrk dh fgaxjsth 'kDy vf[r;kj djsxhA bl iz'u dk lekèkku rks Hkfo"; dh xrZ esa gS] ij bl fookn ls tqM+s lanHkks± ij ls èkqaèk NaVuh pkfg,A

,d lkekU; ikBd Hkh tks FkksM+s Hkh xgjs lkaLd`frd Lrj ij Hkk"kk ls tqM+ko j[krk gS mls dqN fgUnh pSuyksa vkSj v[kckjksa esa fgUnh esa vaxszth 'kCnksa dk vfr'k; iz;ksx cspSu dj tkrk gSA bu pSuyksa vkSj v[kckjksa ij bl lanHkZ esa vkjksi ;g gS fd ;s cktkj ds le{k ureLrd gksdj Hkk"kk ds izfr viuh tokcnsgh ugha fuHkk jgs vkSj vaxzsth dk ;g vkjksi.k Hkk"kk esa d`f=erk yk jgk gSA fgUnh esa vaxzsth 'kCnksa vkSj 'kSyh ds cgqr iz;ksx ds ihNs bu pSuyksas vkSj v[kckjksa dk rdZ ;g gS fd vke cksypky esa vc tgka vaxzsth ds

............................................................................................................................... .

Hkk"kk vUrr% dkSu&lh

'kCn vkSj 'kSyh cgqizpfyr gSa ogha i=dkfjrk dh Hkk"kk esa vk jgs gSaA fgUnh i=dkfjrk txr esa ;g fookn cgqr xgjk gSA fo'ks"kdj fgUnh i=dkfjrk ds f'k{kd bl iz'u ls cgqr tw> jgs gSa tc Nk= muls iwNrs gSa fd og dkSu&lk ekxZ viuk,aA Hkk"kk vUrr% dkSu&lh 'kDy vf[r;kj djsxhA bl iz'u dk lekèkku rks Hkfo"; dh xrZ esa gS] ij bl fookn ls tqM+s lanHkks± ij ls èkqaèk NVuh pkfg,A ;g lgh gS fd lekt ds i<+s&fy[ks ls ysdj vke vkSj de i<+s&fy[ks yksxksa ds chp Hkh fgUnh iz;ksx esa [kwc vaxzsth 'kCn vkrs gSa] gjsd okD; esa vkrs gSaA pk; dh nqdkuksa ij Hkh ge eMZj] dksVZ] dLVej] QkWju] ,jsLV tSls 'kCn lqurs gSaA vaxzsth 'kCnksa ds i{kèkjksa dk dguk gS fd i=dkfjrk lekt dh Hkk"kk ds ihNs gh pysxh] Hkk"kk tSlh Hkh gks x;h og lekt esa vU; ,sfrgkfld dkj.kksa vkSj laLFkkvksa dh otg ls gqbZA ;s i{kèkj vkxs c<+dj ;g rdZ nsrs gSa fd vaxzsth 'kCnksa ds :i esa u, 'kCn ykdj og fgUnh dks le`¼ dj jgs gSaA vkt fgUnh Hkk"kk dk ;g tks :i gks x;k] mlds ihNs ,sfrgkfld&lkekftd dkj.k gSa mPp f'k{kk dk vfèkdka'kr% vaxzsth esa gksuk vkSj og Hkh dfri; oxks± vkSj {ks=ksa esa lhfer gksuk] vke yksxksa rd voèkkj.kkvksa vkSj mls vfHkO;Dr djus okys 'kCnksa dk fVªdy Mkmu ds ekè;e ls igaqpuk] voèkkj.kkvksa ds fy, laLd`rfu"B ikfjHkkf"kd 'kCnksa dk vke turk esa udkj cksèkA bl fcUnq ij iz'u ;g gS fd i=dkfjrk dh tokcnsgh lekt ds izfr gS] Hkk"kk ds izfr gS ;k nksuksa ds izfrA bldk tokc ;gh gS fd tokcnsgh nksuksa ds izfr gksuh pkfg, vkSj nksuksa tokcnsfg;ka ijLij lacafèkr gSaA i=dkfjrk dks ,sfrgkfld dkj.kksa ds lkeus vkRe&leiZ.k ek= ugha djuk pkfg,] laLd`fr ds ,d vkStkj ds :i esa mls bu dkj.kksa esa n[ky nsuk pkfg,A gR;k] vnkyr] xzkgd] fons'k] fxjrkj tSls lSdM+ksa tehuh fgUnh 'kCn i=dkfjrk esa cgq&iz;qDr gks lekt esa laLFkkuhd`r gks ldrs gSa vkSj vke yksxkssa dh dYiuk'khyrk ds mM+ku ds vfèkd l'kDr ekè;e cu ldrs gSaA dfri; laLd`rfu"B ikfjHkkf"kd 'kCn vxj yksd&iz;ksx esa ip ugha jgs rks i=dkfjrk viuh iz;ksxèkfeZrk ls u, 'kCn izkstsDV dj ldrh gSA ftls vkxs vkfèkdkfjd ekU;rk feysxhA ,sls vusd u, 'kCn vaxzsth ds Hkh gksaxs] ij i=dkfjrk turk dh t:jr vkSj vfHk:fp dks vPNh rjg vktek dj ,sls 'kCn izkstsDV djsA og viuh vksj ls turk ij Fkksis ughaA vusd laLd`rfu"B 'kCnksa esa Hkh xgjk lkj gS ftls lE;d mi;ksx ls yksd iz;ksx esa yk;k tk ldrk gSA yEcs le; rd leL;k laLd`rfu"B 'kCnksa ds izfr vfr'k; vkxzg dh jgh rks vc leL;k vaxzsth Fkksius dh gSA vxj è;ku ls ns[kk tk, rks ge ik,axs vaxzsth 'kCnksa dh i{kèkjrk esa vkØked og i=dkj gSa ftudh fgUnh vkSj vaxzsth nksuksa ds Hkkf"kd laLdkj detksj gSaA tks is'ksoj derj gSa ftl dkj.k tuthou esa iSBuk ugha pkgrsA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Media Watch.pmd

112

jkds'k JhokLro 112 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:28 PM

A flusekA

,u-vkj-vkbZ- fnyokys

nqygfu;k ys tk,axs

MhMh,yts ckWyhoqM ds ,u-vkj-vkbZ- flusek dk ekbZy&LVksu

cki dh ;g pkgr gS fd csVk mlds fgLls dh tokuh Hkh ft,A ;g ml ih<+h dk izrhd gS ftlus dke djrs&djrs viuh tokuh [kks;hA ?kj&ckj vkSj ns'k NksM+dj vkus dk eksfVos'ku tc iSlk dekuk Fkk rks ;g ih<+h iSls ds ihNs vkSClsflo gksdj yxh FkhA ...........................................................................

1

995 esa fnyokys nqygfu;ka ys tk,axs ml le; fjyht gqbZ Fkh tc ckWyhoqM dks ,u-vkj-vkbZ- cktkj dk pLdk yxus yx iM+k FkkA ,u-vkj-vkbZ- cktkj ykHk dk lkSnk rks blds igys pkj&ikap lkyksa ls gh gksus yxk Fkk] ij MhMh,yts og ,sfrgkfld fcUnq gS tgka ls ckWyhoqM ds fy, ,u-vkj-vkbZ- cktkj dk ,DliksusfUl;y xzksFk 'kq: gqvkA Mh-Mh-,y-ts- esa ,d ikWiqyj flusek ds QkesZV esa ,d lkekU; ,u-vkj-vkbZ- ds thou ds vusd lanHkZ [kwclwjrh ls xwaFksa gSaA pkS/kjh cynso flag (vejh'k iqjh) uksLVkyft;k ds izfrfuf/k gSaA ,d yhd ij esgur ls pydj ik;h x;h O;olkf;d lQyrkA cPpksa esa fgUnqLrkuh laLdkj dh fparkA ,d Bl xkftZ;uA fny esa clh iatkc ds [ksrksa dh ;knA blh ds lekukUrj gS /keZohj eYgks=k (vuqie [ksj) dk O;fDrRoA vius csVs ds lkFk csVs ds Qsy gksus ij mUgksaus tks t'u euk;k] fgUnh fQYeksa esa og ,d vfoLej.kh; izlax gSA ml t'u esa ,d Vhl gSA cki dh ;g pkgr gS fd csVk mlds fgLls dh tokuh Hkh ft,A ;g ml ih<+h dk izrhd gS ftlus dke djrs&djrs viuh tokuh [kks;hA ?kj&ckj vkSj ns'k NksM+dj vkus dk eksfVos'ku tc iSlk dekuk Fkk rks ;g ih<+h iSls ds ihNs vkSClsflo gksdj yxh FkhA jkt eYgks=k ('kkg:[k [kku) ml ds;j Ýh u;h ih<+h dk izrhd gS ftls fojklr esa vehjh

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

DDLJ - Rakesh.pmd

113

feyh gSA cynso flag dk Hkkjr&izse vkSj uksLVkfYt;k nqjkxzg dh gn rd gS rks jkt dk ds;j Ýh ,izksp xSj&ftEesokjkukA bu nksuksa O;fDrRoksa dh VdjkgV mu ukVdh; fo/kkuksa esa ,d gS ftlls dgkuh vkxs c<+rh gSA fgUnh fQYeksa esa u;h ih<+h ds uk;d&ukf;dkvksa ds bfrgkl esa ,u-vkj-vkbZ- jkt vkSj fleju (dktksy) fo'ks"k gSaA os bl utfj;s ls fo'ks"k gSa fd ;s LoIu'khy gSa ij fonzksgh ughaA ;g ih<+h vkuUn dks cgqr egRo nsus okyh rks gS lkFk&gh le>nkj vkSj O;ogkfjd HkhA fleju tkurh gS fd vius cki dks dSls iVk;s rks jkt fleju dks Hkxk ys tkus ls budkj djrk gSA ;g fQYe djoV ihf<+;ksa dh VdjkgV vkSj vkilh le> vkSj lek;kstu vkSj mHkj jgh u;h ih<+h ds :>kuksa dks vfHkO;Dr djus ds dkj.k [kwc lQy gqbZA ,u-vkj-vkbZ- ik= bl VdjkgV vkSj u;h ih<+h ds izfrfuf/k cus gSa] le; ds ml eqdke ij ;g ,d lVhd ifjdYiuk FkhA djoV ys jgs lekt ds cnykoksa dh izrhdkRedrk ds fy, ,u-vkj-vkbZ- pfj=ksa dh ifjdYiuk vkSj ,u-vkj-vkbZ- lekt dks ns'k ls fjysV djus dk ekSdkA vPNh dgkuh vkSj fctusl dh laHkkoukvksa dk ,slk esy ;'kjkt fQYe~l dh ;w-,l-ih- gSA

jkds'k JhokLro

113 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:29 PM

A ppkZ es a A

phu vesfjdk dh etcwjh ysfdu Hkkjr t:jh

ç Ved Pratap Vaidik.pmd

èkkuea=h MkW- eueksgu flag dh okf'kaxVu&;k=k ds nkSjku ijek.kq&lkSns dks ykxw djus dh çfØ;k iwjh ugha gqbZ ysfdu D;k

................................................................

lcls vf/kd /;krO; ckr ;g gS fd fdlh vesfjdh jk"Vªifr us Hkkjr dks igyh ckj ^ijek.kq 'kfDr* dgk gS vkSj vxys lky gksusokys ijek.kq vçlkj lEesyu esa mlls Hkkx ysus dk vkxzg fd;k gSA ;g Hkkjr dks NBs ijek.kq 'kL=laiUu jk"Vª ds rkSj ij feyh vukSipkfjd ekU;rk gh gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

114

flQZ blhfy, mudh bl ;k=k dks ek= vkSipkfjdrk eku fy;k tk,\ D;k ;g eku fy;k tk, fd vksckek us Hkkjr ds mu ?kkoksa ij flQZ ejge yxkus dk dke fd;k] tks vpkud gh mudh phu ;k=k ds nkSjku mHkj vk, Fks\ tgka rd ijek.kq&lkSns dk ç'u gS] Lo;a çèkkuea=h us dgk gS fd dqN gh g¶rksa esa lkjs eqíksa ij le>kSrs gks tk,axsA vksckek us Hkh muds bl dFku dk leFkZu fd;k gSA ;g rks gesa irk gS fd vksckek vkSj muds MseksØsV lkfFk;ksa us cq'k }kjk fd, x, ijek.kq&lkSns ds dbZ çkoèkkuksa dk fojksèk fd;k Fkk vkSj vksckek ç'kklu ijek.kq&vçlkj dk ?ku?kksj leFkZd gSA ,slh gkyr esa ;fn lkSns ds dqN eqíksa dks ysdj nksuksa i{kksa ds chp dqN [khapkrkuh py jgh gS rks ;g LokHkkfod gh gSA blds vykok lcls vfèkd è;krO; ckr ;g gS fd fdlh vesfjdh jk"Vªifr us Hkkjr dks igyh ckj ^ijek.kq 'kfDr* dgk gS vkSj vxys lky gksusokys ijek.kq vçlkj lEesyu esa mlls Hkkx ysus dk vkxzg fd;k gSA ;g Hkkjr dks NBs ijek.kq 'kL=laiUu jk"Vª ds rkSj ij feyh vukSipkfjd ekU;rk gh gSA Hkkjr ds çèkkuea=h dks vksckek us viuk igyk vkSipkfjd

114 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 7:35 PM

A ppkZ es a A

............................................................................................................................... .......................

esgeku cuk;k] ;g rks mYys[kuh; gS gh] blls Hkh cM+h ckr ;g gS fd nksuksa ns'kksa ds lacaèk vc O;fDr;ksa vkSj ikfVZ;ksa ij fuHkZj u gksdj jk"Vªh; Lrj ij igqap x, gSaA vesfjdk esa jk"Vªifr fDyaVu gSa ;k cq'k gSa ;k vksckek gSa vkSj Hkkjr esa çèkkuea=h vVyfcgkjh oktis;h gSa ;k eueksgu flag gSa] blls dksbZ QdZ ugha iM+rkA u gh bl ckr ls QdZ iM+rk gS fd vesfjdk esa fjifCydUl dk 'kklu gS ;k MseksØsV~l dk vkSj Hkkjr esa Hkktikb;ksa dk gS ;k dkaxzsfl;ksa dkA fj'rksa dk dkjoka cjkcj vkxs c<+rk pyk tk jgk gSA bl u, rF; dks çèkkuea=h dh bl ;k=k us js[kkafdr fd;k gSA tgka rd phu dk loky gS] MkW- flag us cgqr gh lyhds ls vksckek vkSj vesfjfd;ksa dks le>k fn;k gS fd nksuksa ,f'k;kbZ ns'kksa esa cqfu;knh QdZ D;k gS\ vFkZ'kkL=h gksrs gq, Hkh mUgksaus fdlh nk'kZfud dh rjg iwN fy;k fd D;k ldy jk"Vªh; vk; gh çxfr dk ,dek= iSekuk gS\ D;k ekuo vfèkdkj] yksdra= vkSj [kqykiu csdkj dh ckrsa gSa\ Hkkjr ds ;s vkn'kZ vesfjdk ds Hkh vkn'kZ gSaA blhfy, Hkkjr vkSj vesfjdk ^LokHkkfod fe=* gSA D;k ;g de cM+h ckr gS fd vksckek us Hkkjr&vesfjdh lacaèkksa dks 21oha lnh ds Hkfo"; ls tksM+k gS vkSj Li"V 'kCnksa esa dgk gS fd ^,f'k;k ds usr`Ro* esa Hkkjr dh fof'k"V Hkwfedk gSA ;fn phu vkSj Hkkjr ds ckjs esa vksckek }kjk dgh xbZ ckrksa dh ckjhdh ls rqyuk dh tk, rks ;g jgL; rqjar le> esa vk tk,xk fd phu vesfjdk dh etcwjh gS vkSj Hkkjr vesfjdk dh ialn gSA vesfjdk ij phu dk 800 fcfy;u MkWyj dk dtZ p<+k gqvk gS] phu dh vkfFkZd 'kfDr cgqr rst j¶rkj ls c<+ jgh gS] lSfud n`f"V ls Hkh og ,f'k;k dk lcls 'kfDr'kkyh jk"Vª gS vkSj og lqj{kk ifj"kn~ dk LFkk;h lnL; Hkh gSA ,slh fLFkfr esa vksckek phu dh [kq'kken u djsa] rks D;k djsa\ os phu ds eqdkcys Hkkjr dks D;ksa [kM+k djsa\ tSlk fd 'kk;n cq'k pkgrs Fks] Hkkjr&phu&vesfjdk & ;g u;k f=dks.k D;ksa cus\ Hkkjr phu ls çfrLièkkZ esa D;ksa my>s\ blhfy, MkWflag us Bhd gh dgk fd os ^'kkafriw.kZ phu* ds uoksn; dk Lokxr djrs gSaA os phu&vesfjdk lacaèkksa esa viuh Vkax D;ksa vM+k,a\ ysfdu mUgksaus ;g vPNk fd;k fd phu dh ^nknkxhjh* dk [kqyk ftØ dj fn;kA ;g de egRoiw.kZ ugha fd nksuksa ns'kksa ds lacaèkksa dks çxk<+ cukus esa vesfjdk esa jgusokys Hkkjroaf'k;ksa dk Hkh Li"V mYys[k gqvkA Lo;a vksckek ds ç'kklu esa ftrus Hkkjrh;ksa dks çeq[k LFkku feys gSa] D;k phfu;ksa dks feys gSa\ vksckek dk fganh cksyuk] 'kkdkgkjh Hkkstu ijksluk] mudh iRuh fe'ksy dk Hkkjrh; nthZ ls flyk lwV iguuk vkSj gekjs çèkkuea=h ds lEeku esa bruk cM+k 'kkfe;kuk&Hkkst vk;ksftr djuk D;k fo'ks"k vkReh;rk dk ifjpk;d ugha gS\

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Ved Pratap Vaidik.pmd

115

bl vkReh;rk dk vFkZ ;g ugha gS fd vesfjdk phu vkSj ikfdLrku dks njfdukj dj ldrk gSA ;s nksuksa jk"Vª mldh etcwjh gS ysfdu la;qDr oDrO; esa vesfjdk us nks&Vwd 'kCnksa esa dgk gS fd vkradokn dh tM+ Hkkjr ds vM+ksl&iM+ksl esa gh gSA nksuksa jk"Vª vkradokn dks m[kkM+us ds fy, dfVc¼ gSaA ;fn vkt vesfjdk dk xqIrpj foHkkx Hkkjr dh lgk;rk ugha djrk rks D;k eqacbZ&dkaM ds vijkfèk;ksa dks idM+k tk ldrk Fkk\ vksckek us vQxkfuLrku esa Hkkjr dh jpukRed Hkwfedk dh rkjhQ dh ysfdu D;k ikfdLrku ds lg;ksx ds fcuk vQxku&ladV dk gy gks ldrk gS\ fQj Hkh vksckek ç'kklu ds nkSjku gh dSjh&yqxkj ,DV ikl gqvk gS] ftlds rgr ikfdLrku dks feyusokyh enn ij dM+h ut+j j[kh tk,xh rkfd mldk QkSth bLrseky u gks ldsA MkW- eueksgu flag us okf'kaxVu&;k=k ds nkSjku Hkkjr ds çfr ikfdLrkuh joS;s dk foospu Hkh lgh <ax ls dj fn;k gSA ns[kuk ;gh gS fd ikfdLrku dks iVjh ij ykus esa Hkkjr vesfjdk dk fdruk bLrseky dj ikrk gSA ;fn vesfjdh ncko ugha gksrk rks D;k ikfdLrkuh vnkyrsa eqacbZ ds nksf"k;ksa dks idM+rh\ MkW- flag us vksckek dks ;g lgh lykg nh gS fd os vQxkfuLrku dks vèkchp esa NksM+dj u Hkkxsa ysfdu vxj os mUgsa vQxku&pØO;wg ls fudyus dk jkLrk crk ikrs rks mudh gSfl;r fo'o&usrk dh cu tkrhA vksckek us Hkkjr vkSj vesfjdh lacaèkksa dks fujarj ?kfu"Vrj cukus dh odkyr dh gSA nksuksa i{kksa us f'k{kk] d`f"k] lqj{kk] i;kZoj.k] O;kikj vkfn {ks=ksa esa lg;ksx c<+kus ds fy, NksVs&eksVs dbZ le>kSrs fd, gSa ysfdu vHkh Hkh dbZ ,slh rduhdsa gSa] ftUgsa vesfjdk Hkkjr dks nsus esa ladksp djrk gSA vHkh rd vesfjdk us Hkkjr dks lqj{kk ifj"kn dk LFkk;h lnL; cukus ds ckjs esa dksbZ Li"V jk; çxV ugha dh gSA ;g Bhd gS fd vHkh Hkkjr vkSj vesfjdk ds fj'rs ml eqdke ij ugha igqaps gSa] ftl ij fczVsu vkSj vesfjdk ds gSa ysfdu Hkkjrh; çèkkuea=h dh bl okf'kaxVu&;k=k us ml eqdke rd igqapus dk jkLrk t:j iDdk fd;k gSA

MkW- osnizrki oSfnd ys[kd Hkkjrh; fons'k uhfr ifj"kn~ ds v/;{k gSa dr.vaidik@gmail.com

115 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 7:35 PM

A ifjn` ' ;A

fuos'k ds fy,

ekufldrk cnysa

Hkk

jrokfl;ksa] izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa vkSj Hkkjroaf'k;ksa dh ,drk ds miØe dk izrhd ,d vkSj izoklh Hkkjrh; fnol lekjksgA o"kZ 2003] tc bl egRoiw.kZ ioZ ds Hkkjr esa vk;kstu dk izkjEHk gqvk Fkk] mlh o"kZ fnYyh esa vDVwcj esa gq, ,d lsfeukj esa cksyus ds fy, eq>s vUrjjk"Vªh; lg;ksx ifj"kn us fueaf=r fd;k FkkA fo"k; Fkk ^Hkkjr esa izoklh Hkkjrh; lgHkkfxrk* & ^bafM;k&Mk;liksjk baVj,D'ku*A mlesa rRdkyhu fons'kea=h tloar flagk mifLFkr FksA eq[; fo"k; fo'ys"k.k esjk gh Fkk] blfy, foLrkj ls dqN egRoiw.kZ eqn~nksa dks mBkus dh ps"Vk eSaus dh FkhA eq>ls vaxzsth esa cksyus dk vkxzg Fkk D;ksafd fo'ofo|ky; ds vusd Nk= mifLFkr Fks ftuds fy, 'kk;n blh Hkk"kk esa ckr dks le>uk vf/kd

..................................................................................

^Hkkjr esa ;s lc pyrk gS* bl rjg dh ?kqVus Vsd lksp tc rd nwj djus ds mik; ugha gksrs rc rd u rks ^Mk;Liksjk* ;kuh izoklh Hkkjrh; leqnk; }kjk ns'k esa cM+s fuos'k dh laHkkouk cyorh gksxh vkSj u gh Hkkjr ls vR;Ur dq'ky cqf)lEiUu ;qokoxZ ds fons'k xeu dj] viuh ;ksX;rk dk ykHk vU;= nsus ds :[k dks gh jksdk tk ldsxkA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Naresh Bhartiya.pmd

116

vklku cu x;k gSA viuh tUeHkwfe ls yEch nwjh fons'koklh Hkkjrh;ksa vkSj Hkkjroaf'k;ksa dks fny ls nwj ugha djrhA blhfy, og ckj&ckj ykSVrk gS vkSj rjg&rjg ds lius latksrk jgrk gSA cgqr dqN HkkjrHkwfe ds fy, djuk pkgrk gSA blfy, tc bl lsfeukj esa eq>s vius euksHkkoksa dks vfHkO;fDr nsus dk volj feyk rks eSaus dgk] ^^ge lc vius jktuhfrd er vkSj dkuwuh n`f"V ls ukxfjdrk dh fHkUurk dh fpUrk fd, fcuk Hkkjr ds izfr viuh lkaLd`frd fu"Bk ds ,d lw= esa vkc¼ gSaA cs'kd] fons'koklh Hkkjrh; cgq/kk dbZ rjg ds nckoksa vkSj ca/kuksa ds ,d yEcs nkSj ls Hkh xqtjs gSa] bl ij Hkh Hkkjr ds lkFk mudk ukrk vVwV jgk gS vkSj gesa csgn izlUurk gS fd cnys vkfFkZd vkSj jktuhfrd ifjos'k esa Hkkjr ljdkj vkSj Hkkjroa'kh lekt ds vuojr iz;klksa ds QyLo:i ;g ukrk vkSj etcwr gks jgk gSA** vkt ls lkr o"kZ iwoZ dgs bu 'kCnksa dh izfr/ofu mu Hkkoukvksa ds iqu% vkdyu dk Hkh vkg~oku djrh gS ftuls vfHkHkwr esjs tSls gtkjksa Hkkjrh;ksa ds eu esa dHkh u dHkh ns'k ykSV dj dqN mi;ksxh dj ldus dh vfHkyk"kk,a latksbZ FkhaA ysfdu os D;ksa dj iwjh ugha gqb±\ rc izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ij mPpLrjh; lfefr dk lanHkZ nsrs gq, eSaus mlds }kjk izLrqr fu"d"kks± ds lkFk lgefr izdV djrs gq, ;g Hkh dgk Fkk fd ;|fi ^^'ks"k fo'o dks vc ;g lqLi"V gks jgk gS fd ygj dk :[k Hkkjr dh vksj eqM+ jgk gS ysfdu tks

116 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 6:56 PM

A ifjn` ' ;A

............................................................................................................................... ..........................

izoklh Hkkjrh; Hkkjr esa fuos'k djuk pkgrs gSa ;k dqN vkSj miØe djuk pkgrs gSa muds jkLrs esa dbZ vM+pusa vkrh gSA blds izfr os dkQh fpafrr gSaA** D;k vc rd mudh fparkvksa dk dksbZ iq"V lek/kku gqvk gS\ ns'k esa loZ= O;kIr Hkz"Vkpkj ftls lkekU; thou O;ogkj ds :i esa Lohdkj fd;k tk pqdk gS D;k mldk dksbZ lek/kku djus dh lekt dks] le; dh vko';drk Hkh izrhr ugha gksrh\ fo'ks"kdj ml pje ij igqap dj Hkh] tc vkt 'ks"k fo'o ;g Lohdkjus yxk gS fd Hkkjr vkSj phu mHkjrh vkfFkZd 'kfDr;ka gSaA fuLlansg izoklh Hkkjrh; ek= ml vglkl dk xkSjo gh ugha] vfirq Hkkjr esa viuh O;kogkfjd lgHkkfxrk izLrqr djus esa lps"V jgk gSA ysfdu tSlk fd vusd cqf¼thfo;ksa us psrk;k gS eSa Hkh ;gh nksgjkuk pkgwaxk fd bl o"kZ ds izoklh Hkkjrh; fnol esa ljdkj iz'kkldh; vM+puksa dks nwj fd, tkus dh ?kks"k.kk djs tks izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds izk;% vkM+s vkrh gSA lkQ Hkk"kk esa ;s vM+pusa gSa izfrca/kkRed ,sls fu;eksa&vf/ kfu;eksa dh ftudh fodflr jk"Vªksa esa Hkh dksbZ vko';drk ugha le>h tkrhA ;fn lqj{kk dkj.kksa ls tkap vkSj nLrkostksa dh vko';drk gks Hkh rks mudh iw.kZrk rd [kSjkr ;k fj'orksa dh tks ijaijk cu xbZ gS ml ij pksV dh vko';drk gSA ^Hkkjr esa ;s lc pyrk gS* bl rjg dh ?kqVus Vsd lksp tc rd nwj djus ds mik; ugha gksrs rc rd u rks ^Mk;Liksjk* ;kuh izoklh Hkkjrh; leqnk; }kjk ns'k esa cM+s fuos'k dh laHkkouk cyorh gksxh vkSj u gh Hkkjr ls vR;Ur dq'ky cqf¼lEiUu ;qokoxZ ds fons'k xeu dj] viuh ;ksX;rk dk ykHk vU;= nsus ds :[k dks gh jksdk tk ldsxkA if'pe] Hkys gh ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd 'kh"kZ fcUnq ij igqap dj vc uhps dh vksj tk jgk gSA xr vusd eghuksa esa oSf'od eanh dh cgqr vf/kd ekj vejhdk] ;wjksi vkSj fczVsu tSls fodflr jk"Vªksa dks lguh iM+h gSA mudh rqyuk esa Hkkjr vkSj phu dh vFkZO;oLFkkvksa ij cgqr vf/kd foijhr vlj ugha gqvk gSA vc if'pe eanh ds nkSj ls mHkj jgk gS vkSj fu'p; gh iqu% fLFkfr;ksa dks fu;a=.k esa ykus dh ps"Vk esa gSA ysfdu] Hkkjr ds fy, ;g vko';d gS fd og viuh vFkZO;oLFkk dh etcwrh dks ,d lEiUu jk"Vª dh ifjHkk"kk ifjf/k esa ykus vkSj ml visf{kr Lrj dks cuk, j[kus ds fy, fuos'k lqfo/kk <kaps esa ,sls lq/kkj yk,] tks Hkz"V nkoisapksa dk nqHkkZX;iw.kZ jk"Vªfgr fojks/kh [ksy [ksyus okyksa dh jksdFkke djsA ^Hkkjr esa ;s lc pyrk gS* dh ctk, ;fn ;g lquus dks feyus yxs fd ^Hkkjr esa ;s lc (;kfu Hkz"Vkpkj) ugha pyrk* rks izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa vkSj Hkkjrh;ksa dk cgqr cM+k liuk lkdkj gksxk] Hkkjr ds izfr fo'o dk Hkjkslk c<+sxk vkSj Hkkjr prqfnZd izxfr dk ,d iq"V vk/kkj izkIr dj ldsxkA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Naresh Bhartiya.pmd

117

izoklh Hkkjrh; fnol bus&fxus dqN ekuuh; yksxksa dks lEekfur dj nsus vkSj lekpkj ekè;e esa mldh ppkZ ek= dk lekjksg cu x;k izrhr gksrk gSA gka] dbZ egRoiw.kZ ?kks"k.kk,a Hkh gqb± gSaA mu ?kks"k.kkvksa ds vuq:i tc dne mBk, tkrs gSa vkSj izoklh Hkkjrh; lekt dks bldk ykHk izkekf.kd :i ls eglwl gksrk gS] rks LoxhZ; Jh y{eheYy fla?koh dh bl lksp dks vFkZ feyrk gS fd Hkkjroklh] Hkkjrh; vkSj Hkkjroa'kh lc feydj Hkkjr dks ,d egku jk"Vª ds :i esa iqu% izfrf"Br dj ldrs gSaA rc MkW- fla?koh dh vè;{krk esa cuh mPp lfefr dk Li"V fu"d"kZ Fkk fd (1) Hkkjrh; izoklh leqnk; (Mk;liksjk) Hkkjr ds cgqi{kh; fodkl dks l{ke gSaA (2) izoklh leqnk; Hkkjr dks ,d ,slh egk'kfDr cukus esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkk ldrk gS tks Kku dk cgqy HkaMkj gksA (3) ftu ns'kksa esa Hkkjrh; cls gq, gSa mudh lksp esa os cnyko ykus okys ,oa fu.kkZ;d fl¼ gks ldrs gSaA blds fy, ,d larqfyr lefUor uhfr vkSj ,d izHkkoh lexz laidZ dsUnz dh vko';drk gSA fuLlansg Hkkjr ljdkj bl mPp lfefr dh fjiksVZ ij vusd dne mBk pqdh gS vkSj blls Hkh Hkyh Hkkafr voxr gS fd izoklh Hkkjrh; lekt fdruh mRlqdrk ds lkFk vkSj rRijrk ls pkgrk gS fd og vius ns'kokfl;kssa ds vax lax [kM+k gksdj muds lq[k nq%[k esa cjkcjh dk Hkkxhnkj gksA izoklh Hkkjrh; lekt fu'p; gh vius p;fur ns'kksa esa] tgka tgka Hkh og vPNh la[;k esa gSa] egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkus dh fLFkfr izkIr dj pqdk gSA izoklh Hkkjrh; lekt vius ewy ns'k dks iqujkfi fo'oxq# in ij igqapkus esa lgk;d fl¼ gks jgk gSA mldh izfrHkk ,oa {kerk dh Nki fodflr if'peh jk"Vªksa dks Hkkjr ds fojkV Lo:i ds n'kZu djok pqdh gSA vc izoklh Hkkjrh; lekt vius ml ns'k ds vanj] ftlds lkFk mldk vVwV ukrk gS] ,d ,slk etcwr vk/kkj ek= ns[kuk pkgrk gS tgka og Lo;a dks ;=] r=] loZ= mi;ksxh fl¼ dj ldrs gq, viuk ewy jk"Vª ½.k pqdk ldsA mldh Hkkjr Hkkoukvksa dk ;gh ;ksX; lEeku gS ftldk og gdnkj gSA bl o"kZ ds izoklh Hkkjrh; fnol lekjksg eas Hkkx ys jgs vius led{k izoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks viuh f'kdk;rsa dgus vkSj mUgsa nwj fd, tkus ds fy, fu.kZ;ksa dks lquus dk vkSj vius&vius <ax ls Hkkjr ds izfr viuk drZO; fuHkkus ds fy, vkSj lqfo/kkvksa dh ?kks"k.kkvksa vkSj vkf/kdkfjd vk'okluksa dk ykHk Hkh feysA

ujs'k Hkkjrh;

117 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:33 PM

A ifjn` ' ;A

vQxkfuLrku cuke if'peh txr MkW- lR;sUnz JhokLro

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Satyendra Srivastava.pmd

118

ns'kksa esas e`rdksa dh yk'kksa dh la[;kvksa dks i<+rs rks ,d egku ys[kd dh Hkh Hkfo";ok.kh ij dqN 'kd gksus yxrk gSA vQxkfuLrku esa fiNys eghuksa esa tks pquko gq, vkSj ftl izdkj Hkz"Vkpkj mtkxj gq, rks yxk fd ;q¼ ls dqN yksx rks ykHk Hkz"V rjhdksa ls dj ldrs gSa vkSj in vkSj iSlksa dh c<+kSrh rks dj ldrs gSa vkSj dj jgs gSa&ij bl ;q¼ ds jDrikrksa [kwu [kjkfc;ksa ls fdlh vk'kk Hkjs txr dk fuekZ.k dfBu gh yxrk gSA dksuksa esa xwats ckj&ckj iqjkuh ?kks"k.kkvksa dh xwat xawtus yxrh gSa fd vQxkfuLrku esa dHkh fdlh fons'kh jk"Vª dh rkdrksa dks LFkk;h lQyrk ugha feyhA tks Hkh ;gka vk;k ekr [kkdj gh ykSVk gSA pkgs os fczfV'k gksa] :lh gksa ;k vU;---A rks vktdy os jk"Vª tks vQxkfuLrku esa lSfud dkjokbZ esa O;Lr gSa os Hkh iz'u djus yxs gSa fd vQxkfuLrku vkSj ikfdLrku tgka ls rkfycku yM+kbZ yM+ jgs gSa] y{; D;k gSA bu jk"Vªksa esa fHkUu&fHkUu :iksa esa vkSj Lrjksa ij iz'u fd;k tk jgk gS ;g ;q¼ dc rd py ldrk gS vkSj vUrr% lQyrk fey ik,xh ;k ugha vkSj ;g Hkh fd ns'k dk lgh fodkl fdl rjg fd;k tk,xkA dqN yksxkssa ds fy, ikfdLrku tgka gj jkst foLQksV gks jgs gSa vkSj yksx ekjs tk jgs gSa vf/kd leL;kvksa okyk ns'k yxrk gSA vkSj ogka dh fLFkfr fpUrktud gSA vejhdk esa xaHkhj :i ls bl ckr ij fopkj gks jgk gS fd fdl izdkj vkSj ns'kksa ds lkFk feydj tSls ukVks (ukFkZ ,VykafVd VªhVh) ls tqM+s ns'k tks bl ;q¼ esa Hkkx ys jgs gSaA vc vQxkfuLrku ls ckgj vkus fudkl ikus dh ckrsa lksp jgs gSa ;g ekurs gq, fd vUrr% vQxkfuLrku ikfdLrku dk 'kklu ,d fu/kkZfjr le; esa xkao vkSj ftyksa rd mu ns'kksa ds yksx gh djsa&ubZ O;oLFkk dk laxBu cukdj fcuk ifjp; dh enn ds vUrr% ;gh vQxkfuLrku dk lgh :i esa fodkl gks ldrk gSA

................................................................

t

eZuh ds fo'o izfl¼ dfo vkSj ukVddkj LoxhZ; cVksZYV czs[r us egk;q¼ksa dk nnZukd fp=.k djrs gq, vius ftls chloha lnh dk ,d egku ukVd ekuk tkrk gS ^enj djst ,.M gj fpYMªsu* esa ,d eka dh la?k"kZ xkFkk dk cgqr gh ekfeZd fp= [khaprs gq, fn[kk;k gS fd fdl izdkj ;g ukjh ;q¼ ds LFkyksa&eSnkuksa esa viuh BsykxkM+h [khaprs gq, ;q¼ esa O;olkf;d ykHk mBkrh gSA ml fLFkfr esa Hkh tcfd mlds cPps ;q¼ esa ,d&,d dj ejrs tkrs gSaA tc eSaus bl ukVd dh uohure izLrqfr ns[kh rc nks ckrsa Li"V eu essa cSB xbZ fd ;q¼ esa tgka ,d vksj la?k"kZ'khy ekuo vius lekt dks vkSj Lo;a dks cuk,&cpk, j[kus ds fy, fdruk dqN dj cSBrk gS vkSj ;g Hkh fd ;q¼ vkf[kjh fudkl ugha gS] cfYd ;q¼ksa ds ekgkSy ls ckgj fudyus vkSj ,d u, txr ds fuekZ.k dk vkg~oku Hkh gSA tc vktdy lqcg 'kke vQxkfuLrku ds ;q¼ ls lacaf/kr lekpkj lqurk gwa rks czs[r dk lans'k fd ;q¼ ds ckn ^u;k fuekZ.k* laHko gS] rc fujUrj fxjrh vkSj e`r lSfudksa dks vius

........................

fczVsu ds bl pqukoh o"kZ esa jktuhfr dh Hkn~nh 'kDysa fn[kus yxh gSa ;|fi vke pquko esa vHkh dbZ eghus ckdh gSaA bldk ,d mnkgj.k vHkh lkeus vk;k ,d gr lSfud dh eka dks jkgr nsus ds fy, izèkkuea=h xksMZu czkmu us tc 'kksd i= fy[kk rks gkFk ls fy[ks bl i= esa ,d nks v'kqf);ka dks ysdj gaxkek epkus dh dksf'k'k dh xbZA

118 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:34 PM

A ifjn` ' ;A

............................................................................................

D;k dsoy ikih ;k vU; u'khyh phtksa ds mRiknu {ks=ksa ls tgka ls jktuhfrKksa vkSj okjykMksZ dk Hkz"Vkpkj 'kq: gksrk gS ml O;oLFkk dks u"V dj bl jk"Vª dks lHkh rjg ls O;ofLFkr dj ns'k dh izxfr esa gkFk caVk;k tk;sA nwljs 'kCnksa esa viuh dsoy lSfud dkjokbZ dh uhfr ds vykok vU; fodklksa dh fn'kk esa dke djus dh ;kstukvksa dks Hkh cukuk 'kq: dj fn;k gSA f'k{kk] LokLF; laca/kh fo"k;ksa ij xaHkhjrk ls lkspk tk jgk gSA ekaxks ij ekaxs mB jgh gSa fd fczVsu dks fudkl dk jkLrk fudkyuk gh gksxkA ,d rjQ ;gka rd dgk tk jgk gS fd mu ns'kksa dh Hkz"V jktuhfr ds lSfudksa dks rkfycku ds yksxksa dks lksuk vkSj iSlksa ls Hkh [kjhnuk vuqfpr u gksxkA ukVks ds dqN yksx lksprs gSa fd blls rkfycku ds yM+kdqvksa dks eqag rksM+ tokc nsuk tSls gksxk D;ksafd rkfycku vius yM+kdqvksa dks dksbZ ,slh Mhy izfrfnu nsrs gSaA pwafd fczVsu vejhdk ds vykok ml {ks= esa lSfud dkjokbZ;ksa esa nwljk egRoiw.kZ jk"Vª gS] ogka Hkh bu fo"k;ksa ij iqufoZpkj fd;k tkus yxk gSA dqN yksx rks ;gka rd dgus yxs gSa fd ftl rjg bZjku ds ;q¼ us Vksuh Cys;j dks dkQh gn rd nqfu;k dh utjksa esa fxjk fn;k] mlh izdkj vQxkfuLrku dk ;q¼ orZeku iz/kkuea=h xksMZu czkmu dks Hkh fxjk nsxkA xksMZu czkmu ds rdZ dks fd fczVsu dk vQxkuh ;q¼ blfy, Hkh egRoiw.kZ gS fd fczVsu esa vQxkfuLrku ikfdLrku dh gkj thr dk vlj bl ns'k dh vkUrfjd lqj{kk ls tqM+k gqvk gSA ;fn vQxkfuLrku&ikfdLrku esa fczVsu u thr ik;k vkSj gkyr ugha lq/kjh rks fczVsu esa cls mu ns'kksa ds yksxksa ds dqN vkradokfn;ksa ls tks ;gka cls gq, gSa [krjk mRiUu gks ldrk gS

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Satyendra Srivastava.pmd

119

blhfy, dfBu vkfFkZd raxh eanh ds okrkoj.k esa Hkh fczVsu vkSj vf/kd lSfud Hkstus dh fn'kk esa dne mBkus ds fy, rRij gSa& ;g Bhd rjg ls tkurs gq, fd tc vQxkfuLrku ls e`r fczfV'k lSfudksa dh yk'kksa dks >aMksa esa yisV dj mrkjk tkrk gS rks yksxksa ds eu esa ?kksj nq[k ds lkFk jks"k Hkh mBrk gSA bl ;q¼ esa lQyrk ikus ds fy, vPNs gsfydkIVjksa dks Hkstus dh ekax dh tk jgh gSA ;g tkurs gq, fd e`r lSfudksa esa mudh la[;k esa deh ugha ftUgsa vkradokfn;ksa us gr fd;k tks iSny igjk nsus dk dke dj jgs Fks vkSj ftUgssa tehu esa xM+s xksys ck:nksa us fxjk fn;kA fQj Hkh ogka vkSj vf/kd gsfydkIVj Hksts tk jgs gSa vc ns[kuk gS fd D;k blls dqN vUrj vk,xkA fczVsu ds bl pqukoh o"kZ esa jktuhfr dh Hkn~nh 'kDysa fn[kus yxh gSa ;|fi vke pquko esa vHkh dbZ eghus ckdh gSaA bldk ,d mnkgj.k vHkh lkeus vk;k ,d gr lSfud dh eka dks jkgr nsus ds fy, iz/kkuea=h xksMZu czkmu us tc 'kksd i= fy[kk rks gkFk ls fy[ks bl i= esa ,d nks v'kqf¼;ka dks ysdj gaxkek epkus dh dksf'k'k dh xbZA Li"Vr;k ehfM;k bu uktqd fLFkfr;ksa ls Qk;nk mBkus esa gj rjg ls lfØ; gSA dqN jktuhfrKksa dks vkSj ehfM;k ds yksxksa dks yxrk gS tks dVq gS tks cqjk gS mlh dks turk rd igqapk dj {kksHke; okrkoj.k esa Hk; vkSj xqLlk gh igqapkuk yxrk gSA bu lc ds ihNs yxrk gS O;olkf;d ykHk mBkuk gh lcdks pkfyr dj jgk gSA ukVddkj czs[r dk ltho fp=.k vQxkfuLrku&ikfdLrku ds ;q¼ksa ds lanHkZ esa ml O;olkf;d eka tks ;q¼ {ks=ksa esa Bsys ij lc ykn dj O;olk; esa Qk;nk mBk jgh gS ;|fi mlds cPps ,d&,d dj ej jgs gSa lVhd fQV gksrk fn[k jgk gSA !

119 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:34 PM

A lkfgR; fpa r uA

izsepan & xksnku ds gksjh dh

fo'o lkfgR; esa lekukUrjrk

eukst dqekj JhokLro izsepan dk fdlku Lisfu'k ys[kd tqvku #YQks ds miU;kl ^isMªks&ikjkeks* ds blh uke ds uk;d dh rjg dk fdlku ugha gS tks Ny] fgalk vkSj /kwrZrk dk lgkjk ysrk gks] izsepan dk fdlku iyZ ,lcd ds miU;kl ^n xqM vFkZ* ds fdlku uk;d oku yqax dh rjg Hkh ugha gS tks 'kgj esa tkdj fjD'kk pyk ysrk gks vkSj fdlh /kuh 'kgjh vkneh ls FkksM+h lh izoapuk dj dqN Lo.kZ eqnzk,a ysdj vehj cu tkrk gksA ;g ,d esgurh vkSj

............................................................................................................................... .......

gksjh dh e`R;q eq>s fdlkuksa ij pkj ftYnksa dk egkdkO;kRed ukscy iqjLdkj fotsrk miU;kl ^Dyksih* ¼fdlku½ fy[kus okys iksfy'k miU;kldkj OykfMLyk jseksaV dh e`R;q&iwoZ vius nksLr eksjkOLdh dks fy[kh xbZ iafDr dh ;kn fnykrh gSA ^^ekSr Hk;kog ugha gS] Hk;kog gS thou vkSj ;a=.kkA**

viuh vkLFkkvksa esa fdlh gn rd c¼ewy fdlku gS] ysfdu ,slk fdlku tks viuh lgt rdZizo.krk dk Hkh mi;ksx djrk gksA izsepan ^xksnku* esa xk; ds xzkeh.k eksfVQ dk bLrseky djrs gSa] yxHkx oSls gh tSls iksfy'k miU;kldkj cksYLyk izql xzkE; thou dh nqjkoLFkk ij fy[ks vius miU;kl n vkmViksLV esa tehu ds eksfVQ dk bLrseky djrs gSaA tSls muds miU;kl ds uk;d ^fLyeSd* dh dqy tek dksf'k'k ;gh gS fd mldh tehu fcd u tk, vkSj viuh e`R;q'k¸;k ij mldh iRuh Hkh mls ;gh dle fnykrh gS fd og viuh tehu ugha cspsxkA izsepan dk fdlku Hkh le>rk gS fd tehu dk VqdM+k vius ikl gksuk ^egrks* gksuk gSA ;gh ^xqM vFkZ* fdlku vius ikl j[kuk pkgrk gSA izql rks vius miU;kl dk lq[kn var dj viuh dqN fo'oluh;rk [kks Hkh nsrs gSa] ysfdu izsepan ds xksnku dk vUr gesa fgyk nsrk gSA fo/kqj fLyeSd dk [ksr rks fdlh rjg mldk ;gwnh nksLr cpk nsrk gS ysfdu ej.kklUu gksjh rks {kh.k Loj esa ;gh dg ikrk gS fd ^xk; dh ykylk eu esa gh jg xbZA* /kfu;k miU;kl ds BsB vUr esa iNkM+ [kkdj fxjus ls igys lqryh cspdj feys chl vkus ifr ds BaMs gkFk esa j[krs gq, ;gh rks dgrh gS_ ^^?kj esa xk; gS u cfN;k u iSlk] ;gh iSls gSa] ;gh budk xksnku gSA** fLyeSd vkSj gksjh nksuksa gh foiUurkvksa ds Hk;kog nkSjksa ls xqtjrs gSa vkSj vk/kqfudrk dh vkØked 'kfDr;ka nksuksa dks gh m[kkM+us esa yxh gSaA gksjh dh e`R;q eq>s fdlkuksa ij pkj ftYnksa dk egkdkO;kRed ukscy iqjLdkj fotsrk miU;kl ^Dyksih* (fdlku) fy[kus okys iksfy'k miU;kldkj OykfMLyk jseksaV dh e`R;q&iwoZ vius nksLr eksjkOLdh dks fy[kh xbZ iafDr dh ;kn fnykrh gSA ^^ekSr Hk;kog ugha gS] Hk;kog gS thou vkSj ;a=.kkA** gksjh dh thou&xkFkk Hkh vius vki esa ,d ^,fid* gSA QdZ flQZ ;g gS fd ^Dyksih* dk dsUnzh; fdlku ifjokj&cks;Zuk&le`¼ ifjokj gS tcfd gksjh&/kfu;k&xkscj&ghjk vfLrRo ds cqfu;knh la?k"kZ esa tw> jgs gSaA jseksUV le`¼ fdlku dh xkFkk Dykfldy iksfy'k esa ugha fy[krs cfYd ^js.kq* tSlh vkapfydrk ds lkFk LFkkuh; cksyh ds izpqjre fu;ksx ds lkFk fy[krs gSa tcfd izsepan xjhc fdlku dh thou&xkFkk fgUnh esa fy[krs gSa] cksyh esa ugha vkSj vuqHko dh izkekf.kdrk dks tjk Hkh ugha [kksrsA nksuksa gh miU;kldkj bl cgkus fdlkuh dh izkekf.kdrk dks tjk Hkh ugha [kksrsA nksuksa gh miU;kldkj bl cgkus fdlkuh dh nq'okfj;ksa dks vkSj mlds xgjs eksgHkax dks crkrs pyrs gSaA eq>s ;kn gS fd fueZy oekZ us izsepan ij fy[ks vius fuca/k esa dgha ;g f'kdk;r dh Fkh fd rkYlrks; us :lh ^eftd* (xjhc fdlku) dh vfHk'kIr vkRek dks vius ys[ku esa ftruh lEiw.kZrk vkSj laosnuk ds lkFk n'kkZ;k FkkA izsepan oSlk ugha dj ldsA os ;g Hkh dgrs gSa fd ;g dgk tkrk gS fd igyh ckj muds miU;klksa esa :lh fdlku ds n'kZu gksrs gSaA fueZy oekZ ds O;kid vkSj lh/ks vè;;u ds izfr iwjh J¼k ds ckotwn eSa ;g dguk pkgrk gwa fd rkYLrk; :lh uksfcfyVh ds fp=.k ds fy, T;knk tkus tkrs gSa tcfd :lh fdlku ds izfrfuf/kd n'kZu rks igys igy bZoku rqxZuso ds miU;klksa esa gksrs gSaA mUgsa rks miU;kldkj gksus ij Hkh :lh fdlku&thou dk dfo dgk tkrk gSA fdlkuksa ds izfr viuh fnyh gennhZ ds dkj.k fny ls dh tkus okyh ,slh gh lgkuqHkwfr izsepan dh dgkfu;ksa vkSj miU;klksa esa feyrh gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Manoj Srivastava.pmd

120

120 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:39 PM

AA dS dSllhh dgh dgh AA

& pkSa js pEiw! pdjf?kUuh vkSj ?kqesj esa dk Qjd ,s\ & rqe Hkh ppk irk ugha dgka&dgka ls loky <wa< dj ykrs gksA pdjf?kUuh [kk tkrk gwaA [kksiM+h esa ?kqesj vkus yxrk gSA & okD; ç;ksx djdS erh uk fn[kk] Qjd crkA & ns[kks ppk] dksbZ u dksbZ tokc rks ns gh nwaxkA lkspus rks nksA igyk varj rks ;s gS fd pdjf?kUuh p oxZ ds çFke o.kZ ls çkjaHk gksrk gS vkSj ?kqesj d oxZ ds pkSFks o.kZ lsA ,d igys LFkku ij cSBk gS vkSj nwljk pkSFks LFkku ij cSBk gSA pdjf?kUuh ds ^p* esa dksbZ ek=k ugha yxh] ysfdu ?kqesj ds esa NksVs m dh ek=k yxh gSA & csdkj dh ckr erh dj] uka; irkS rkS euSa díSA & lquks] ?kqesj vkrh gS vkSj pdjf?kUuh [kkbZ tkrh gSA nwljh ckr ;s fd ?kqesj dk laca/k flQZ flj ?kweus ls gS] tcfd pdjf?kUuh esa iwjk vfLrRo ?kwe tkrk gSA & gka] rsjh nwljh ckr esa ne grSA & mnkgj.k nsdj le>krk gwa] vxj vki igkM+h ;k=k esa cl ds vanj cSBs gksa rks vkidks ?kqesj vk ldrh gSA ysfdu vxj vki ckgj gksa vkSj igkM+ tSlh cl vkids lkeus èkw&èkw djds ty tk, rks vki pdjf?kUuh [kk tk,axsA u dksbZ naxk gqvk uk Qlkn] vPNh [kklh cl esa vkx dSls yxhA ubZ&fudksj cl vpkud dSls ty mBh\ fQj vki lkspsaxs fd ftlesa dEiuh us fnYyh dh ;s yky] gjh clsa pykbZ gksaxh mlus vkx dh laHkkouk ij tjk Hkh fopkj ugha fd;kA yk[kksa #i, dh cl vkrh gS] mlds fy, nl&chl gtkj [kpZ djds lqj{kk ds mik; ugha fd, tk ldrs D;k\ gjs jax dh cl yky jax dh Tokykvksa esa f?kj dj dkys jax dh jk[k esa cny xbZA ,d ds ckn ,d tyrh tk jgh gSa] ppkA ?kqesj Bhd gks tkrh gS] pdjf?kUuh c<+rh tkrh gSA & ckr le> esa vkbZ! ts rkS ekewyh lh pdjf?kUuh ,s] tk esa dk ,s\ & deky gS] vkidks ekewyh utj vkrh gSA fdrus yksxksa dh ftUnxh nkao ij yx tkrh gSA oks rks Hkyk gqvk fd Mªkboj us vkWWVkseSfVd njokts [kksy fn, ojuk vanj ds lkjs ;k=h fgUnw fof/k ls eks{k çkIr dj ysrsA vktdy lM+dksa ij pyrs&pyrs xkfM+;ksa esa vpkud vkx yx tkrh gSA D;k vkidh psruk pdjf?kUuh ugha [kkrh gS\ & vkSj dNw crk! & dyekMh us jk"Vªdqy [ksyksa dh ehfVax cqykbZ] ml ij fot; xks;y us dksbZ vkifÙk mBkbZ rks dyekMh dks ?kqesj vk x;kA xks;y dks /kedh nh rks xks;y pdjf?kUuh [kk x;kA vkSj mnkgj.k yks] fyczkgu fjiksVZ vkbZ] lkjs HkktikbZ ?kqesj dh pisV esa vk x,] ysfdu vVy th pdjf?kUuh [kk x,A vkSj yks] jkgqy xka/kh us vyhx<+ fo'ofo|ky; esa dg fn;k fd ;ksX;rk gks rks vxyk ç/kkuea=h dksbZ eqfLye Hkh gks ldrk gSA vf/kdka'k dkaxzsfl;ksa dks ?kqesj vkbZ gksxh] Hkktik pdjf?kUuh [kk jgh gksxhA usDLV] fQYe ^ik* fjyht gks xbZ gS] Hkkjh esdvi dh ;kn dj&dj ds vferkHk cPpu dks rks gYdh lh ?kqesj vkrh gksxh] ysfdu rhuksa ds rhuksa [kku] ;kuh 'kkg#[k+] vkfej vkSj lyeku] pdjf?kUuh [kk jgs gksaxsA & Bhd tk j;kS ,s] vkSj crkA PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Ashok Chakradhar.pmd

121

............................................................................................................................... .........

pdjf?kUuh vkSj ?kqesj

oks rks Hkyk gqvk fd Mªkboj us vkWWVkseSfVd njokts [kksy fn, ojuk vanj ds lkjs ;k=h fgUnw fof/k ls eks{k çkIr dj ysrsA vktdy lM+dksa ij pyrs&pyrs xkfM+;ksa esa vpkud vkx yx tkrh gSA D;k vkidh psruk pdjf?kUuh ugha [kkrh gS\

v'kksd pÿËkj

& vkSj crkÅa] ;s tks :l ds lkFk ijek.kq le>kSrk gqvk gS] ftlus vejhdk ds ,d nks&rhu le>kSrs dks ihNs NksM+ fn;k gS] bl le>kSrs dh lQyrk dks ns[k dj çdk'k djkr dks rks ?kqesj vk jgh gksxh ysfdu vksckek dh dsfcusV pdjf?kUuh [kk jgh gksxhA & vPNk! py ,d vkSj crk; nS cLl! & gVkvks pyks ,d vkSj crk, nsrk gwaA mlds ckn er iwNuk] D;ksafd mlls cf<+;k dksbZ mnkgj.k esjs ikl ugha gksxkA tes rks Bhd ugha rks ughaA nsf[k,] ?kwej esa ?ksjnkj ?kk?kjk ?kqekus okyh dks ?kqesj vk ldrh gS ysfdu ns[kus okyk rks pdjf?kUuh [kk tkrk gS ukA D;ksa ppk\ & okg iV~Bs okg! ts gqbZ u ckrA !

121 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:40 PM

A lkfgR;A

ekWjh'kl ds vfHkeU;q vur vkSj uhnjySaM dh iqf"irk voLFkh

^'ke'ksj lEeku* ls lEekfur Hkkjro"kZ dk ;g lkSHkkX; jgk gS fd mls ,sls ukxfjdksa ds :i esa viuh lUrfr;ka izkIr gksrh jgh gSa fd vusdkusd fo"ke ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds ckotwn os lkfgR;&l`tu vkSj vk;kstu esa lrr lfØ; jgs gSaA izks- iqf"irk voLFkh ....................................................................................................

17

oka vf[ky Hkkjrh; fgUnh lkfgR; lekjksg] xkft;kckn ds yksfg;k uxj fLFkr fgUnh Hkou esa 24 vkSj 25 vDVwcj dks lEiUu gqvkA ftlesa ns'kHkj ds fgUnh lsfo;ksa vkSj dk;ZdrkZvksa us fgLlk fy;kA us'kuy cqd VªLV ds lkStU; ls 25 vDVwcj dks ^Hkk"kk laLdkjksa dh tuuh gS* fo"k; dh laxks"Bh esa uhnjySaM fLFkr fgUnh ;wfuolZ QkmaMs'ku dh funs'kd izksiqf"irk voLFkh us vè;{krk djrs gq, mifLFkr fo}r&eaMy dks

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Pushpita Awasthi.pmd

122

cèkkbZ nsrs gq, dgk fd ,d rjQ ;fn Hkk"kk laLdkjksa dh tuuh gS rks nwljh vksj laLdkj Hkk"kk ds tud gSaA laLdkjksa ls Hkk"kk dk iks"k.k gksrk gS vkSj Hkk"kk ls blh volj ij iwoZ lkaln vkSj f'k{kkfon~ loZ Jh MkW- jRukdj ikaMs;] Hkkjr esa ekWjh'kl ds mPpk;qDr egkefge Jh eqds'oj pqUuh] m-iz- Hkk"kk laLFkku ds vè;{k Jh xksiky prqosZnh MkW- eghi flag vkSj MkW- ujsUnz eksgu dh fof'k"V mifLFkfr esa uoizdkf'kr iqLrdksa dk yksdkiZ.k gqvk vkSj fgUnh dk;ZdrkZvksa dks jk"VªLrjh; ukfer lEeku vyadj.k iznku fd;s x;sA ftlesa izks- iqf"irk voLFkh dks ^izoklh Hkkjrh; fgUnh jRu* ds lEeku ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA 6 uoEcj dks eè; izns'k dh lkfgfR;d laLFkk ^vuojr* }kjk xr o"kks± dh rjg dfork dk fof'k"V ^'ke'ksj lEeku* izksiqf"irk voLFkh dks vkSj x| ds fy, ekjh'kl ds Jh vfHkeU;q vur dks iznku fd;k x;kA fiNys rsjg o"kks± ls ;g laLFkk lkfgR; dh nks foèkkvksa ds fy, pqfuank lkfgR;dkjksa dks lEekfur djrh vk jgh gSA vkdk'kok.kh egkfuns'kd vkSj dfo Jh yhykèkj eaMyksbZ us iqf"irk dh dkO;&;k=k dk laf{kIr ifjp; nsrs gq, dgk fd iqf"irk vyf{kr thou] le; vkSj lekt dks viuh dfork esa fo'ks"k :i ls vcsjus dk dk;Z djrh gSA vius oru ls foLFkkfir Hkkjrh;ksa dh d#.kk vkSj O;Fkk dFkk ds xgjs ladsr mudh dforkvksa esa foU;Lr gSaA lkFk gh budh dforkvksa esa ,d ,slh L=h dh lrr~ mifLFkfr gS tks vius le; vkSj lekt dks izse vkSj d#.kk esa ns[krh gSA izd`fr buds ;gka ewrZ vkSj thoar gSA lkfgR;dkj Jh vfHkeU;q vur ds lkfgfR;d d`frRo vkSj O;fDrRo ij dfo dsnkjukFk flag us viuk oDrO; izLrqr fd;k vkSj nksuksa lkfgR;dkjksa dks viuh cèkkbZ vkSj 'kqHkdkeuk,a lkSaihA vU; dk;ZØe dh vè;{krk djrs gq, izks- ukeoj flag us nksuksa lkfgR;dkjksa dks

122 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:42 PM

A lkfgR;A

............................................................................................................................... ..........................

vius vè;{kh; Hkk"k.k esa vyx ls fo'ks"k cèkkbZ nhA lkfgR; vdkneh fnYyh us vius vusdkusd uo vk;kstuksa ds Øe esa 27 uoEcj dks fnYyh fLFkr vius lkfgR; vdkneh ds ,sfrgkfld Hkou esa ,d u;s eap dh LFkkiuk dhA ftlds rgr vdkneh lfpo Jh vxzgkj d`.kewfrZ th us izoklh lkfgR;dkj] uhnjySaM fLFkr ^fgUnh ;wfuolZ QkmaMs'ku* dh funs'kd izks- iqf"irk voLFkh ds Hkkjr vkxeu ij mudk lEHkk"k.k ^lwjhuke dk l`tukRed lkfgR;* j[krs gq, ^izoklh eap* dh izFke la?kks"k.kk dhA ftlds rgr ^izoklh eap* dk ,sfrgkfld 'kqHkkjEHk gqvkA bl volj ij lfpo }kjk iqf"irk ds u;s dkO;&laxzg esa dforkvksa dk vaxzsth vuqokn Hkh izdkf'kr gSA mYys[kuh; gS fd Lo;a Jh d`".kewfrZ vaxzsth vkSj dUuM+ ds iz[;kr fo}ku gSa ckotwn blds os fgUnh Hkk"kh fo}ku vkSj O;fDrRo gSaA Hkksiky fLFkr Hkkjr&Hkou ds Hkkjrh; dfork dsUnz ^okxFkZ* dh J`a[kyk&ikB ds vUrxZr 4 uoacj 2009 dks iqf"irk voLFkh dk ljl vkSj fopkjksÙkstd dkO;&ikB dfo Hkxor jkor dh vè;{krk esa lEiUu gqvkA vius vè;{kh; Hkk"k.k esa Hkxor th us iqf"irk dh chl o"kks± dh dkO;&;k=k dk mYys[k djrs gq, dgk fd ;g dfo fpÙk dh lgt&LQwrZ dfork,a gSaA ;g dfork fy[kus dh ftn esa fy[kh x;h dfork,a u gksdj ;g viuh vUrizsj.kk ls fy[kh x;h dfork,a gSa D;ksafd yxkrkj iUnzg o"kks± ls izse vkSj izd`fr ij bl rjg dh laosnu'khy dfork,a fy[kuk uxSj vUrlzksr ds lgt ugha gSA blh volj ij esèkk cqDl ls l|%izdkf'kr iqf"irk voLFkh ds dkO;&laxzg ^vUrèoZfu* dk iz[;kr vkykspd Jh jes'kpUnz 'kkg ds gkFkksa yksdkiZ.k gqvkA bl volj ij ^iwokZxzg* ds laiknu Jh enu&lksuh Hkh eap ij mifLFkr FksA Jh jes'kpUnz 'kkg us dkO; laxzg dh dforkvksa dh laosnu'khy rFkk fopkj lEiUu ckjhfd;ksa dks mn~?kkfVr vkSj fo'ysf"kr djrs gq, dforkvksa dh jpukRedrk dh iz'kalk dh vkSj dgk fd & iqf"irk dh dforkvksa esa l`f"V dh izd`fr vkSj ekuo&izd`fr dk l?ku vkSj laosnu'khy fo'ys"k.k gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,& izd`fr dks izd`fr dh rjg Li'kZ djks rqeesa mrj tk;sxh izse&lq[k dh rjg ;k nsg Hkksx ugha ;ksx dh lkèkuk LFkyh gSA vkeaf=r vfrfFk;ksa dk Lokxr iq"i xqPN iznku dj Hkkjr&Hkou ds U;klh lfpo Jh eukst JhokLro us fd;kA bl volj ij Hkkjr Hkou esa Hkksiky ds egRoiw.kZ lkfgR;dkj] vkykspd] lEiknd] dfo vkSj f'k{kkfon~ vius vusdksa erHksnksa

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Pushpita Awasthi.pmd

123

dks Hkqykdj iqf"irk voLFkh dk dkO;&ikB lquus ds fy, mifLFkr Fks ftl volj ij iqf"irk us iSarkfyl feuV rd viuh dforkvksa dk ikB fd;k vkSj Jksrk ea=eqXèk gksdj lqurs jgsA fnYyh ds nhokupan VªLV ds lHkkxkj esa fnYyh ds dqN izfl¼ lkfgR;dkjksa dh mifLFkfr esa ^js ekèko* vkVZ }kjk izdkf'kr iqf"irk voLFkh ds dfork laxzg ^nsoo`{k* dk yksdkiZ.k gqvkA ;g iqf"irk ds rhu dkO;& ^ladyuksa v{kr] bZ'ojk'kh"k vkSj ân; dh gFksyh* ls p;fur dforkvksa dk vaxzsth vuqokn gSA iqLrd yksdkiZ.k ds ckn dfo] lekykspd Jh c`tsUnz f=ikBh us dfo iqf"irk dh dforkvksa ds jpukRed foosd dh xaHkhjrk ls ppkZ dh vkSj budh dfork dh jlKrk dk Hkh xaHkhjrk ls mYys[k fd;kA ukjk;.k dqekj us iqf"irk ds tq>k: lkfgfR;d ;k=k dk ftØ djrs gq, lkarosa fo'o fgUnh lEesyu esa budh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dh vkSj muds ifr Hkkjroa'kh Jh Hkxoku [kqu[kqu dk Lokxr djrs gq, Hkkoqd gksdj dgk fd ge lcus iqf"irk dks vfiZr djds Hkxoku dks ik;k gSA dforkvksa dh vuqokfndk Jherh eèkq ch- tks'kh us iqf"irk dh dforkvksa ds vuqokn ds {k.kksa ds vius xgjs vuqHkoksa ds izlaxksa dks mn~?kkfVr fd;k vkSj dgk fd ;g izxk<+ vkSj l?ku vuqHkwfr;ksa dh eeZLi'khZ dfork,a gSaA bu dforkvksa ds vuqokn ds le; eq>s Fkdku dh txg vkuUn dh vuqHkwfr gqbZ vkSj ;gh gekjh miyfCèk gSA vU; lqèkhtuksa ds oDrO;ksijkUr Lej.kh; dkO;&xks"Bh gqbZA Jh ujs'k 'kkafMY; us iqf"irk dh dforkvksa ij viuk laf{kIr vkys[k i<+k vkSj vfuy tks'kh us vius vusdkusd lkfgfR;d laLej.kksa ds lkFk dk;ZØe dk vkReh; lapkyu fd;kA !

123 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:42 PM

A thou 'kS y hA

vkt dh c<+rh gqbZ rukoiw.kZ lkekftd ikfjokfjd thou Hkh O;fDr dks 'kkWfiax ekWy dh vksj ys tk jgh gS] 'kkafr rFkk lqdwu dh ryk'k esaA gesa ;g le>us dh t:jr gS fd 'kkWfiax ekWy esa lkeku rks fey ldrk gS ijUrq lqdwu] 'kkafr rFkk larqf"V rks gekjh vkRek esa gS tks u [kjhnh tk ldrh gS vkSj u gh csph tk ldrh gSA

[kpZ djus dk

euksfoKku

iS

lk ,d ,slh pht gS ftls dekuk Hkh yksx ilan djrs gSa vkSj [kpZ djuk Hkh ilan djrs gSa ijUrq mlds ckjs esa O;fDrxr :i ls ckrssa djuk ilan ugha djrs gSaA iSlk gh vkt ds lekt] O;fDr rFkk nqfu;k dh èkqjh cu xbZ gS fQj Hkh iSls ds izfr izR;sd O;fDr dh viuh vyx&vyx ?kVuk,a gksrh gSaA dqN yksxksa ds fy, iSlk cl iSlk gS dqN ds fy, iSlk eku&lEeku] ikoj] izfr"Bk lc dqN gSA iSlk dekuk dqN yksxksa ds fy, t:jr gS rks dqN ds fy, tquwuA bl fn'kk esa gq, 'kksèk ds vuqlkj iSlk dekus dh izo`fÙk iq#"k esa vfèkd gksrh gS tcfd [kphZyh efgyk,a vfèkd gksrh gSaA thou dh vfuf'prrk vkSj nwljs ij fuHkZjrk ds dkj.k efgyk,a HkkX;oknh vkSj [kphZyh nksuksa T;knk gksrh gSaA vfèkd [kpZ djds efgyk,a ctV vkSj ifr ij viuk iksts'ku lqfuf'pr djrh gSaA dS'k isesaV djus okyksa ds eqdkcys ØsfMV dkMZ ls [kjhnkjh djus okys T;knk [kphZys gksrs gSaA [kphZyk O;ogkj O;fDr esa vyx&vyx dkj.kksa ls gksrk gS tSls dqN yksx fuos'k esa gq, gkfu ls vge~ ij yxus okys pksV dh HkjikbZ djus ds fy, [kpZ djrs gSa ftlls T;knk gkfu Hkh gks ldrh gSA O;fDr ykHk ds pDdj esa fuos'k esa iSls yxkrk tkrk gSA ;gh euksfoKku tqvk vkSj ykWVjh esa dke djrk gSA blfy, fuos'k djus dh t:jr vkSj ykWVjh&tqvk ds euksfoKku esa vUrj djuk t:jh gSA efgykvksa esa vfèkdka'kr% [kjhnkjh ij iSlk [kpZ djrs ik;k tkrk gSA dqN yksxksa esa ;g u'ks lh vknr gksrh gSA ijUrq vko';drk ls vfèkd [kjhnkjh djus okys O;fDr T;knkrj iSEiMZ vkSj vVsa'ku flfdax yksx gksrs gSa tks vius vUnj ds vdsysiu rFkk [kkyhiu dks Hkjus ds fy, ,slk djrs gSaA nqdkunkj ,sls yksxksa dh T;knk ls T;knk rkjhQ djrs gSa rFkk è;ku nsrs gSa tks O;fDr dks vPNk yxrk gS vkSj og [kjhnkjh djrk tkrk gSA bl rjg dh izo`fÙk yxHkx cpiu ls pkWdysV VkWQh f[kykSuksa tSlh phtksa ls c<+rs&c<+rs cM+h [kjhnkjh rd igqaprh gSA dqN yksx vius vanj dh vlQyrkvksa ds nnZ dks nckus ds fy, T;knk ls T;knk [kpZ djrk gS ftlls vius dks vkfFkZd :i ls lQy fn[kk ldsA vius vklikl ds izfr;ksfxrkoknh O;fDrRo ls Åij fn[kus ds fy, T;knk iSlk [kpZ djrs gSaA vkt dh c<+rh gqbZ rukoiw.kZ lkekftd ikfjokfjd thou Hkh O;fDr dks 'kkWfiax ekWy dh vksj ys tk jgh gS] 'kkafr rFkk lqdwu dh ryk'k esaA gesa ;g le>us dh t:jr gS fd 'kkWfiax ekWy esa lkeku rks fey ldrk gS ijUrq lqdwu] 'kkafr rFkk larqf"V rks gekjh vkRek esa gS tks u [kjhnh tk ldrh gS vkSj u gh csph tk ldrh gSA

vatq flUgk PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Jivan sutra.pmd

124

124 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:43 PM

A iq L rd ppkZ A

flaxkiqj fLFkr izfl¼ eSustesaV dalYVsalh rFkk fctusl Vsªfuax vkWxsZukbts'ku ^,fpolZ tksu* ds eqacbZ fLFkr bafM;k pSIVj us Lo;a vius izdk'ku esa fgUnh esa eSustesasV vkSj lsYQ eksfVos'ku laca/kh dqN Js"B iqLrdksa dk izdk'ku fd;k gSA 'kadj ealkuh dh Vkbe@ykbQ eSustesaV Vkbe eSustesaV dh fdrkcksa dh HkhM+ esa fcYdqy vyx ls [kM+h iqLrd dgh tk,xhA is'ks ls flfoy bathfu;j 'kadj ealkuh cgqeq[kh izfrHkk ds /kuh gSaA ,dkadh] ukVd] dgkuh] dforkvksa ds vfrfjDr fofo/k fo"k;ksa ij buds ys[k i=&if=dkvksa esa izdkf'kr gksrs jgs gSaA [ksy&dwn esa fØdsV] gkWdh] nkSM+] rSjkdh] 'krjat vkSj fczt tSls [ksyksa dh izfr;ksfxrkvksa esa bUgksaus vPNk izn'kZu fd;k gSA eSustesaV dh nqfu;k ls budk xgjk ifjp; buds usVodZ ekdsZfVax dh nqfu;k esa vkus ls gqvkA eSustesaV dk bUgsa dksbZ vkSipkfjd v/;;u ugha gSA ij] eSustesaV lkfgR; dk bUgksaus tks O;kid v/;;u fd;k mlesa Hkkjrh; xhrk&n'kZu vkSj ifjpe ds csLV lsyj LVhQsu vkjdksos dks ;s viuk eq[; izsjd ekurs gSaA izLrqr leh{kk esa ys[kd ds ckjs esa brus foLrkj ls crkus dk mn~ns'; ;g gS fd leh{kk/khu iqLrd esa vkn~;ar ys[kd dk O;fDrRo cksyrk gS] tks O;fDrRo ys[kd us cgqeq[kh izfrHkk vkSj lefiZr v/;;u ls izkIr fd;k gSA bl iqLrd dh lcls cM+h fo'ks"krk gS ;g ,d iw.kZ ekSfyd iqLrd gSA iqLrd vR;Ur ljy] fo"k; izfriknu vkSj vfHkO;fDr esa fcYdqy lVhd gSA xhrk vkSj LVhQu vkj- dksos ls ewyHkwr thou n'kZu izkIr djrs gq, Vkbe eSustesaV ds fy, tks n'kZu vkSj j.kuhfr ys[kd us izfrikfnr dh gS] ,slk yxrk gS VkbZe eSustesaV ds iwjs lkfgR; esa 'kk;n mls uohu fl¼kUr ds :i esa LFkkfir gksuk pkfg,A orZeku le; esa cnykoksa dh jrkj bruh rst gS fd lHkh cnykoksa rd ge igqap ugha ikrsA cl ;gha ls le; dh pqukSrh ds lkFk gekjk lkeuk gqvkA VkbZe eSustesaV ds ikjEifjd midj.kksa Vkbe&Vscy] vikWbaVesaV Mk;jh] dSysaMj] IykulZ vkSj daI;wVj izksxzke vkfn dh Hkwfedk lhfer gS vkSj gekjk VkbZe eSustesaV Hkh bl ckr ij fuHkZj djrk gS fd gesa vius liuksa dh fdruh le> gS] liuksa ij ls lansg vkSj vKku ds ckny NaVdj gekjk fe'ku fdruk Li"V gS] vkSj fe'ku dh fn'kk esa NksVh] e/;e vkSj nh?kZ vof/k;ksa dh j.kuhfr;ka vFkkZr~ y{; fu/kkZfjr djus esa ge fdrus dq'ky gSaA ^^ge thou ds fdlh ,d fgLls esa lgh dke dj gh ugha ldrs] tcfd ge nwljs fgLls esa xyr dke dj jgs gksaA D;ksafd thou ,d laiw.kZ vfoHkkftr bdkbZ gSA** vafre v/;k; esa fn, x, Vkbe eSustesaV ds 21 rjhds vkjaHk ds v/;k;ksa esa ^csfld izksxzkfeax* Bhd djus ds ckn Lo;a dks fn, fo'ks"k dekaM gSaA

jkds'k JhokLro PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Book Review HINDI.pmd

125

............................................................................................................................... .........

le; dk yqRQ mBk,a

125 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

xhrk vkSj LVhQu vkjdksos ls ewyHkwr thou n'kZu izkIr djrs gq, Vkbe eSustesaV ds fy, tks n'kZu vkSj j.kuhfr ys[kd us izfrikfnr dh gS] ,slk yxrk gS VkbZe eSustesaV ds iwjs lkfgR; esa 'kk;n mls uohu fl)kUr ds :i esa LFkkfir gksuk pkfg,A

iqLrd% Vkbe@ykbQ eSustesaV ys[kd% 'kadj ea'kkuh i`"B% 128 ewY;% 125 #i;s izdk'ku% ,fpolZ tksu bafM;k izk-fy-] ,Q&5] usojgqM 'kkWfiax dkWEiysDl] lsDVj&4] us#y (osLV)

2010

1/2/2010, 6:57 PM

| okLrq |

'k

gjksa esa ftl rsth ls edku cu jgs gSa vkSj fjgk;'kh bykds ftrus ?kus cl jgs gSa mlesa IykWV vkSj edku [kjhnus vkSj cukus esa okLrq ds lHkh fu;eksa dk ikyu laHko ugha gks ikrk gSA ,slh fLFkfr esa okLrq nks"k fuokj.k dk cgqr egRo gSA okLrq nks"k fuokj.k esa vkUrfjd lTtk esa NksVs&eksVs ifjorZu vkSj jsxqysVjksa vkSj ÅtkZ;qDr oLrqvkas dk iz;ksx djuk 'kkfey gSA ,sls dqN fuokj.k bl izdkj gSa & • vxj vkids ?kj ds ikl dksbZ ukyk ;k dksbZ unh bl izdkj cgrh gks fd mlds cgko dh fn'kk mÙkj&iwoZ dks NksM+dj dksbZ vkSj fn'kk esa gS] ;k mldk ?kqeko ,aVh&DykWdokbZt gS] rks ;g okLrq nks"k gSA bldk fuokj.k ;g gS fd ?kj ds mÙkj&iwoZ dksus esa if'pe dh vksj eq[k fd, gq, u`R; djrs gq, x.ks'k dh ewfrZ j[ksaA vxj ?kj dh cksfjax xyr fn'kk esa gks rks mldk lek/kku ;g gS fd ?kj esa nf{k.k&if'pe dh vksj eq[k fd, gq, iapeq[kh guqekuth dh rLohj yxk,aA • vxj ?kj ds Åij ls gkbZ&oksYVst rkj xqtjrh gks rks bl ÅtkZ dk ?kj ls fudyus okyh ÅtkZ ls xyr baVjÝsal gks ldrk gSA bldk lek/kku ;g gS fd uhacqvksas ls Hkjh IykfLVd ikbZi dks Q'kZ ls lVs ;k FkksM+k tehu esa xkM+ dj Q'kZ ds bl ikj ls ml ikj fcNk nsa fd ikbZi nksuksa vksj de&ls&de rhu fQV ckgj fudyh jgsA • vxj ?kj esa izos'k djrs gh lkeus [kkyh nhokj iM+s rks ml ij HkkoHkafxekiw.kZ x.ks'kth dh rLohj yxk,aA • LokfLrd ;a= dk iz;ksx djds ?kj ds ÅtkZ o`Ùkksa dks c<+k;k tk ldrk gSA ij] dq'ky okLrq dkjhxj ds }kjk gh djokuk pkfg,A

okLrq nks"k fuokj.k okLrq nks"k fuokj.k esa vkUrfjd lTtk esa NksVs&eksVs ifjorZu vkSj jsxqysVjksa vkSj ÅtkZ;qDr oLrqvkas dk iz;ksx djuk 'kkfey gSA • vxj VkW;ysV ?kj ds iwohZ dksus esa gS rks ;g ,d nks"k gSA fuokj.k ;g gS fd VkW;ysV 'khV bl izdkj yxk,a fd ml ij mÙkj dh vksj eq[k djds cSB ldsa ;k if'pe dh vksjA • Bhd ls fijkfeM LFkkfir djokuk cgqr&lkjs okLrq nks"kksa dk fuokj.k djrk gSA ?kj esa fdl txg fijkfeM LFkkfir fd;k tk,] ;g okLrq fo'ks"kK dh lykg ls gh djsaA fijkfeM ekuoh; izHkko ds fo|qr pqEcdh; {ks= dks larqfyr djrs gSaA • nhokj ij jksrh gqbZ yM+dh] ;q¼ n`';] Øq¼ O;fDr] mYyw ;k ckt ds fp= u yxk,aA

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Vastu.pmd

126

vatq flUgk 126 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:53 PM

|C O O K E R Y |

osthVscy LVkd lkexzh% dVk I;kt& vk/kk di] dVh gjh Qfy;ka& vk/kk di] dVs xktj& vk/kk di] vkyw ds VqdM+s& vk/kk di] dVh iÙkk xksHkh& vk/kk di] yglqu ihlk gqvk& ,d Vh Liwu] vnjd ihlh gqbZ& ,d Vh Liwu] dkyh fepZ& vkèkk pEep] eD[ku& 50 xzke] ued& Loknkuqlkj] thjk Hkquk gqvk& vk/kk pEep] pkV elkyk& vk/kk pEepA ltkoV ds fy,% dVk gqvk gjk /kfu;kA fdrus yksxksa ds fy,% 2

ozr R;ks g kj Qjojh & 2010

fof/k% lkjh lfCt;ksa dks elkys lfgr ikuh Mky dj dqdj esa Mky nsaA en~ne vkap ij nks&rhu lhVh yxk nsa rkfd lfCt;ka vPNs ls xy tk,aA vc bls Nyuh esa Mky dj ikuh dks fuFkkj ysaA vc bl fuFkkjs gq, ikuh esa Hkqus gq, thjs dks ihldj Åij ls cqjd nsa vkSj eD[ku Mkydj loZ djsaA vc yhft, vius 'kkunkj vkSj tk;dsnkj osthVscy LVkd dk etkA

vkeaM ,aM e'k:e lwi

1 Qjojh xq# gjjk; t;arh] dYikfn % rht

6 Qjojh lhrk"Veh] pSgYye 'kghn djcyk

12 Qjojh egk f'kojkf=

13 Qjojh vekoL;k] laØkfUr iq.;] [kIij iwtk

14 Qjojh oSysaVkbZu Ms

lkexzh%

16 Qjojh

50 xzke Hkhxs vkSj fNys gq, cknke] 1@2 di nwèk] 50 xzke ckjhd dVs gq, e'k:e] 2 Vs- Liwu eD[ku] 1 Vs- Liwu rsy] 4 Vs- Liwu eSnk] 4 di ikuh] Loknkuqlkj ued] 1@4 Vh Liwu lQsn dkyh fepZ] 4 Vs-Liwu ØheA fdrus yksxksa ds fy,% 4

QwySfj;k nwt] jked`".k ijegal t;arh

22 Qjojh gksyk"Vd izk-

fof/k%

26 tuojh

cknke dks Nhy ysa vkSj nks Vscy Liwu cknke dkV ysa vkSj vyx j[k nsaA cps gq, cknkeksa dks nwèk ds lkFk CysaM dj ysaA vc rsy vkSj eD[ku xeZ djsa vkSj dVs gq, cknke vkSj e'k:e Mkydj gYdk xeZ djsaA eSnk feyk,a vkSj èkheh vkap ij gydk jax cnyus rd vyVrh&iyVrh jgsaA fQj èkhjs&èkhjs ikuh Mkysa vkSj yxkrkj pykrs gq, vPNh rjg feyk,a rkfd xqBfy;ka u iM+us ik,A vc feJ.k dks ,d mcky ij ykdj vkap èkheh djds nwèk vkSj cknke feJ.k] ued o dkyh fepZ Mkysa pkj&ikap feuV rd yxkrkj pykrs gq, mcky ysaA Øhe ls ltkdj xeZ&xeZ loZ djsaA PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Vrat Tyohar & Cookery.pmd

127

esyk ';ke ckck [kkVw

27 Qjojh ckjkoQkr] bZn&feyknqUuch

28 Qjojh gksfydk ngu] pSrU; egkizHkw t;arh

127 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 6:57 PM

A fgUnh la l kj A

fgUnh vdkneh }kjk ukVd

^feV~Vh dh xkM+h* dk eapu dy fgUnh vdkneh] fnYyh us fejkaMk gkml dh fgUnh ukV~; lfefr ^vuqd`fr* ds lkFk ukVd ^feV~Vh dh xkM+h* dk eapu fd;kA 'kwnzd }kjk fy[ks laLd`r ukVd ^e`PídfVd* dk izfl¼ ukV~;dkj vkSj ys[kd eksgu jkds'k }kjk fd, x, bl fgUnh vuqokn dk funsZ'ku ;qok funsZ'kd jke th ckyh us fd;kA jk"Vªh; ukV~; fo|ky; ds [kpk[kp Hkjs vfHkeap lHkkxkj esa izLrqr bl ukVd esa iq#"k ik=ksa dh Hkwfedkvksa dks Hkh Nk=kvksa us gh c[kwch fuHkk;kA Jh ds'ko pUnzk] fo'ks"k lfpo] eq[;ea=h] fnYyh ,oa vfrfjDr lfpo] dyk] laLd`fRk ,oa Hkk"kk foHkkx] fnYyh ljdkj vkSj fgUnh vdkneh ds mik/;{k izks0 v'kksd pØ/kj ds lkfUu/; esa gq, bl eapu ds igys vdkneh ds lfpo Mk0 jfoUnz ukFk JhokLro ^ifjp; nkl* us 5oha 'krkCnh ds bl ukVd dks ^igys lkekftd ukVd* dh laKk nsrs gq, dgk fd bl ukVd esa ,d ,slk ^ledky* ekStwn gS ftls vkt Hkh eglwl fd;k tk ldrk gSA izks0 v'kksd pØ/kj us iwjs ukVd dks Nk=kvksa }kjk rS;kj djus vkSj iq#"k Hkwfedk,a Lo;a fuHkkus dks vuwBk vkSj ljkguh; iz;kl crk;kA eq[; vfrfFk Jh ds'ko pUnzk us dgk fd RkRdkyhu lkekftd vkSj jktuhfrd ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds l'kDr fp=.k ds dkj.k bl ukVd esa izR;sd le; esa lelkef;d cus jgus dh vn~Hkqr {kerk gSA ukV~; izLrqfr ds nkSjku fejkaMk gkml dh fizafliy izfrHkk tkSyh] fgUnh foHkkx dh v/;{k Mk0 vpZuk oekZ ds lkFk egRoiw.kZ lkfgR;dkj Jh f'koewfrZ] Jh uhykHk] Jh latho rFkk fgUnh vdkneh dh dk;Zdkfj.kh ds lnL; Jh foHkkl pUnz oekZ Hkh ekStwn FksA

.................................................................................................................

cPpksa ds lh[kus dh izfØ;k dk

Hkk"kk ls xgjk laca/k

,ulhbZvkjVh ds Hkk"kk foHkkx us ^le> dk ek/;e* J`a[kyk ds rgr 16 fnlEcj 2009 dks ubZ fnYyh esa ,d fnolh; xks"Bh dk vk;kstu fd;kA cPpksa dh le> ds ek/;e dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, bl xks"Bh esa f'k{kd dh rS;kjh] vdknfed vkSj iz'kklfud rS;kjh rFkk lkekftd rS;kjh vkSj ehfM;k dh Hkwfedk laca/kh eqn~nksa vkSj pqukSfr;ksa ij ppkZ gqbZA xks"Bh dh 'kq:vkr djrs gq, izks- d`".k dqekj] funs'kd ,ulhbZvkjVh us dgk fd Ik<uk fy[kuk lh[kus dh iwjh izfØ;k ds dsUnz esa Hkk"kk gSA Hkk"kk dk foLrkj vU; fo"k;ksa ds lkFk tqM+us ls gksrk gSA blfy, lh[kus fl[kkus dh izfØ;k esa cPps dh le> dSls vkSj fdl Hkk"kk esa curh gS bl ij /;ku nsuk gksxkA vdknfed rS;kjh dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, Jh jksfgr /kudj us dgk fd gesa Hkk"kk lh[kus ls lacaf/kr fgUnh esa dbZ rjg ds 'kks/k djus dh t+:jr gksxhA ;s 'kks/k LFkkuh; lnZHkksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, fd;s tkus pkfg,A f'k{kd dh rS;kjh ij cy nsrs gq, izks- vuhrk jkeiky us dgk fd lsokiwoZ vkSj lsokjr f'k{kd izf'k{k.k dk;ZØeksa es fgUnh Hkk"kk ls lacaf/kr HkzkfUr;ksa dk Hkh fujkdj.k djuk gksxkA izks- v:.k dey us lkekftd rS;kjh vkSj ehfM;k dh Hkwfedk ij cy nsrs gq, dgk fd vaxzsth gh lQyrk dk ,dek= lkèku ugha gS] ;g ckr gesa vfHkHkkodksa vkSj leqnk;ksa rd igqapkuh gh gksxhA lekiu l= esa bl ckr ij fo'ks"k ppkZ gqbZ fd mPp f'k{kk dh csgrjh ds fy, le> dk ek/;e laca/kh vo/kkj.kk dks fo'o fo|ky;ksa rd igq¡pkuk gksxkA blds fy, Ik<uk fy[kuk lh[kus ds lkFk&lkFk ijh{kk ds ek/;e ds :Ik esa Hkh fgUnh vkSj vU; Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa dks 'kkfey djuk gksxkA bl ppkZ@ifjppkZ esa fofHkUu fo'o fo|ky;ksa vkSj lLaFkkvksa ls vk, f'k{kkfon & ,lj?kqukFku] ,p- ds- nhoku] 'kqHkk jko] viwokZuUn] euhUnz ukFk Bkdqj] dhfrZ t;jke] izseiky 'kekZ] jkts'k Hkw"k.k] 'kkjnk dqekjh] Kkunso f=ikBh rFkk ,ulhbZvkjVh ds jketUe 'kekZ] la/;k flag] dhfrZ diwj rFkk ,- ds feJk bR;kfn 'kkfey gq,A blls igys ,ulhbZvkjVh bl J`a[kyk dks iVuk] okjk.klh vkSj mn;iqj esa vk;ksftr dj pqdh gSA fnYyh esa vk;ksftr ;g xks"Bh mudh leh{kk FkhA PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Hindi Sansar.pmd

128

128 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 7:02 PM

A fgUnh la l kj A

lp dh ryk'k gh lkfgR; fy[kuk gS

^^tc rd lp dh ryk'k tkjh jgsxh rc rd lkfgR; fy[kk tkrk jgsxk** mDr fopkj iz[;kr vkykspd vkSj fpard Jh nsosUnz bLlj us fgUnh vdkneh] fnYyh }kjk vk;ksftr laxks"Bh ^^lkfgR; D;ksa \** ij vius v/;{kh; Hkk"k.k esa dgsA vkxs mUgksaus dgk fd lp ikjs dh rjg gksrk gS tks yxrk rks gS idM+ esa vk jgk gS ysfdu idM+ esa vkrk ugha gSA mUgksaus vius le; dks ;kn djrs gq, dgk fd ge lkfgR; ls nqfu;k cnyus dk liuk ns[krs Fks --- ysfdu ge cny x,] nqfu;k ugha cnyhA lkfgR; vdkneh ds lfpo vkSj izfl¼ dUuM+ ys[kd Jh vxzgkj d`".kewfrZ us ckjgoha 'krkCnh ds dfo dqekjO;kl dh mu iafDr;ksa dk gokyk fn;k ftUgsa vkikrdky ds nkSjku iz;ksx esa yk;k x;kA mUgksaus Li"V fd;k fd vPNk lkfgR; ogh gS tks fofHkUu dky[k.Mksa esa Hkh viuh ckr mlh lPpkbZ ls dg ldsaA iatkch vdkneh ds lfpo MkW0 josy flag us lkfgR; dks ,slk midj.k crk;k ftlds tfj, og ,d ,slh vuns[kh nqfu;k dh lSj dj ldrs gS ftldk ys[kk&tks[kk lkfgR;dkj us dkQh Je ls rS;kj fd;k gksrk gSA mnwZ vdkneh ds lfpo Jh ejx+wc gSnj vkfcnh us dgk fd tax vkSj uQjr dks jksdus dk dke lkfgR; gh dj ldrk gSA fla/kh vdkneh dh lfpo Jherh fla/kq Hkkfx;k feJk us lHkh dykvksa dk vk/kkj lkfgR; dks crkrs gq, dgk fd lkfgR; ls blesa vuqHkwfr iSnk gksrh gSA balk gksuk lkfgR; ls gh laHko gSA laLd`r vdkneh ds lfpo MkW0 lqjs'k pUnz 'kekZ us lkfgR; dh 'kkL=h; ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq, dgk fd lkfgR; dy Hkh Fkk] vkt Hkh gS vkSj Hkfo"; esa Hkh jgsxkA blls igys fgUnh vdkneh ds mik/;{k izks0 v'kksd pØ/kj us dgk fd fy[kus ds ckn lkfgR; ys[kd dk ugha jgrk cfYd og ,d rkdr ds #i esa ikBd ds ikl pyk tkrk gSA tc rd balku ls tqM+k lkfgR; fy[kk tkrk jgsxk og ftank Hkh jgsxk vkSj yksdfiz; Hkh gksxkA

.................................................................................................................

lkekik iqjLdkj 2009 dh ?kks"k.kk

laLFkk lkekik (lksiksjh ,dsMeh vkWQ E;wftd ,aM ijQkWfe±x vkVZ) us lkekik laxhr lEesyu 2009 esa lkekik iqjLdkjksa dh ?kks"k.kk,a lEesyu ds igys fnu dhA ;g lEesyu 14&15 uoEcj 2009 dks ubZ fnYyh esa dkekuh vkWfMVksfj;e esa vk;ksftr fd;k x;k ftlesa iaHktu lksiksjh] MkW- ,y- lqcze.;e] ia- fo'o eksgu HkV~V] ia- dqekj cksl vkfn 50 dykdkjksa us viuh dyk dk izn'kZu fd;kA lEesyu esa tEew vkSj d'ehj ds dykdkjksa dh ,d fp= izn'kZuh Hkh vk;ksftr dh x;hA izfl¼ ok;fyu oknd MkW- ,y- lqczã.;e dks Hkkjrh; 'kkL=h; okn~; laxhr esa ;ksxnku ds fy, forLrk ykbZQ Vkbe vokMZ vkSj egar (izks-) ohj Hknz feJ dks Hkkjrh; laxhr vkSj laLd`fr esa ;ksxnku ds fy, forLrk ykbZQ VkbZe vokMZ fn;k x;kA ^lkekik 'ksj&,&dk'ehj 'ks[k eksgEen vCnqYyk vokMZ 2009* izfl¼ dk'ehjh yksd xkf;dk Jherh jkt osxe dks fn;k x;kA bl o"kZ ls gh ^lkekik vkpk;Z vfHkuoxqIr lEeku* 'kq: fd;k x;k tks fd dyk] laLd`fr vkSj Hkk"kk ds {ks= ls tqM+s laxhr leh{kd] fo}ku vkSj i=dkj dks fn;k tk,xkA bl o"kZ ;g iqjLdkj rhu laxhr leh{kdksa& Jh jfoUnz feJ] iafot; 'kadj feJ vkSj Jherh eatjh flagk dks fn;k x;kA iqjLdkjksa dh ?kks"k.kk vUrjjk"Vªh; izflf¼ izkIr larwj oknd vHk; :Lre lksiksjh }kjk dh x;hA PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Hindi Sansar.pmd

129

129 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/2/2010, 7:02 PM

|C O N F E S S I O N R O O M |

Decoding the Decade ill it be fine to equate the bygone decade with a speck of dust, which howsoever one tried to wave aside remained stuck in one's memory? Or will it be better if we consider it as a handful of sand, which slipped off our hands, howsoever tight we kept it? Whatever be the way one contrived the "Noughties", it was nevertheless an eventful one. A dazing decade. A dazzling decade. A delirious decade. A decadent decade. There were crests and troughs throughout the "0h-0hs"; certainly in disproportionate ratio for the natives of the 195 nations. There were events which left its mark across the world; there were those which had its centre of gravity at a certain part of the globe, but let its tremors felt in some other areas too. The decade knocked on the doorsteps with notsuch-a-good note when the whole world was bugged with the bite of Y2K, which showed that the cyberspace is an assailable domain. It further went towards the nadir when Al-Qaeda and various other "terrorist" acronyms became a part of our daily lexicon. Dates henceforth etched in our minds like 9/11, 7/7, 26/11 et al. In between, India was awestricken with the riots in Gujarat, cataclysmic

W

tsumani, the flooding of the Maximum City among others. While these heinous acts and nature's fury sunk the hope of the six-billion-populated world, innumerable moments were also tucked aside to savour with. If the past decade (Nineties) was engaged in moulding and ushering economic reforms, then the Noughties embraced it with open arms and in equity. If the Indian catchphrase during the Nineties was liberalization, then the gone decade was that of globalization. BPOs, silicon chips, robust 7+ growth, information technology, incessant consumption ruled the roost. During these ten years, India has leapfrogged from a nation which should be kept in the loop of mentation to a nation which sewed the fabric of development. The world was abuzz with major game changing and power shifting moments in Chindia and the BRIC (Brazil, Russia and Chindia) nations. Amidst the cacophony of these celebratory occasions, Uncle Sam got a nightmare of finding WMDs in Afghanistan and Iraq; finding nothing but in turn leaving them in rumbles. The "New Hope of America (and the world)" came with some lollypop hopes, but has to get them fructified as yet. India had its own pie of problems during these maddening postliberalisation periods in the form of Red Alert and The Killing fields in its boondocks. Eavesdropping on a conversation let me conclude that the 2Ks was that corpuscle of dust which sneaked from our hands and had a contentious and cynosural image in our eyes.

.................................................................................................

Was it the age of ascendancy or a decade of decadence, wonders Amit Guin

THIS IS THE 3,160TH AND THE FINAL STRIP OF THE FAMOUS CARTOON STRIP, “CALVIN AND HOBBES” PUBLISHED ON DECEMBER 31, 1995.

PRAVASI TODAY | JANUARY 2010

Age of ascendancy.pmd

130

130 çoklh VqMs | tuojh

2010

1/1/2010, 7:00 PM

Advt - MP ADVT2.pmd

2

1/1/2010, 6:09 PM

RNI No.: DELBIL/2006/18344 POSTAL LICENCE: DL(C) - 14/1155/10 -12

Bask under the pristine land of Jharkhandâ&#x20AC;Śthis winter A new eexperience xperience DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM Government of Jharkhand, FFP Bhawan, 2nd Floor, Dhurwa, Ranchi-1, Jharkhand. Ph: +91-651-2400981, Tel Fax: +91-651-2400982

For more information, please log on to:www.jharkhandtourism.in, Seek tourism info. SMS JT to 56006, For Tourism related assistance dial + 91-651-2400501/502.

If undelivered please return to: Pravasi Today: 51, 2nd Floor, Rani Jhansi Road, Jhandewalan, New Delhi-55. Jharkhand Advt.pmd

132

1/1/2010, 6:14 PM


January 2010