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Volume 4, No. 12, December 2009

A Magazine for NRIs

£ 2.00 (UK), $ 4.00 (USA), Rs. 30.00 (India)

MAURITIUS Truly the Indian Diaspora Capital

‘Mauritius Has the Potential to be India’s Gateway to Africa'

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Cultural Adapdation of NRIs in Mauritius

H E Mookhesswur Choonee

Bhuvaneshwari Das Iyer

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Cinematic Diaspora Desires Pankaj Dubey

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|E D I T O R I A L | PRAVASI TODAY VOLUME 4 No. 12 DECEMBER 2009. Rs. 30.00 Patrons: Dr. Satyendra Srivastava, Dr. Ashok Chakradhar, Santosh Taneja. Advisors: Anil Joshi, Dr. Rajesh Kumar, Sudershan Bhatia. Editor: Dr. Padmesh Gupta. Resident Editors: Pankaj Dubey, India, Ved Mitra Mohla, MBE. Editorial Board: Naresh Bharatiya, Dr. Ramesh Gupta, Titiksha, Dr. Nikhil Kaushik. Assistant Editor: Jaganniwas. Sub Editor: Amit Guin. Managing Editors: Divya Mathur, Neerav Pradhan, R.C. Agarwal. Creative Support: Naresh Shandilya. Literature & Research: Rakesh Srivastava. Layout Designer: Manishankar. Business Development Manager: Prashant Kumar. Representatives: Jai Verma, Shail Agarwal. Contact Overseas: UK - Ved Mitra Mohla, 356, Vale Road, Ash Vale, GU125LW, Surrey. CANADA - Shyam Tripathi, 6 Larksmere Court, Markham, ON L3R 3RI. USA - Dr. Sudha Om Dhingra, 101, Cuymon Court, Morrisville NC-27560. HOLLAND - Dr. Pushpita Awasthi, P.O. Box 1080, 1810 KB. Delhi Office: 51, 2nd Floor, Rani Jhansi Road, Jhandewalan, New Delhi-55. Phone: 011-24504648, Fax: 011-43520752, Mobile: 9899552099. E-mail: pravasitoday@gmail.com Website: www.pravasitoday.com. Proprietor, Publisher and Printer: Saroj Sharma, 51, IInd floor, Rani Jhansi Road, Jhandewalan, New Delhi-110055. Printed at: Delhi Press, E-3, Jhandewalan Estate, New Delhi 110055. DISCLAIMER: The articles published in Pravasi Today carry the personal views of writers. The publisher and the editor is not responsible incase of any debate. Matters related to the magazine can be brought in courts within the jurisdiction of Delhi.

Dr. PADMESH Gupta

Mauritius is a True Gem of

Indian Diaspora From being a humble labourer in the sugarcane fields to the whiz kid of Silicon Valley, from the small trader around the corner shop to the richest business magnate; the Indian Diaspora has even been successful in the political arena and its members have become Presidents and Prime Ministers. Among the countries in the world where the Diaspora is located, Mauritius is certainly not only unique and distinctive but is also regarded as an Indian Diaspora capital for various reasons. Historically, Mauritius enjoys a strategic location in the SouthWestern Indian Ocean; having more than 10,000 Indian immigrants in 1900 when there were only few other countries which had Indian immigrants over 5,000 like Fiji, Trinidad and British Guiana. It is the only country which has 70% of its population of Indian origin and proudly likes to be called as Mini India. In Mauritius, ancestral links with India are looked upon with delight and constant efforts have been made over centuries to preserve the rich cultural heritage brought from different parts of India, often at the cost of great sacrifice. This Indian cultural ethos to-date pervades in everyday life in Mauritius through dress, fashion, food, religion and festivals. The country has been inspirational in turning itself from a poor, mono-crop developing country, to a mature republic. It's worth taking a leaf out of their book to see how they have turned the country into a tourist paradise with the right infrastructure put in place for the most demanding globe-trotters. Indian programmes on radio and television are highly in demand. Indian cinema is loved even by the young Mauritians. Indian cinema has expressed its love for the timeless beauty the country enjoys time and time again. Sanjay Khan's "Chandi Sona" in the 1970's introduced the magnificence of Mauritius to India. Sawan Kumar's 'Soutan', a big hit, was also picturised there. Since then, there has been an avalanche of film makers trooping in. Shah Rukh Khan proudly proclaimed to the world that he turned into a superstar with "Baazigar," which was partly shot there. A huge hit for Akshay Kumar and John Abraham, "Garam Masala," was mostly shot there. Mauritius is a country that has kindly consented to becoming a partner country of the First Pravasi Film Festival, to be held from 3 to 6 January 2010. Politically, culturally, socially or literary; Mauritius is truly a gem of the Indian Diaspora, encompassing all.

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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CONTENTS Health threatens economic future of Indian Diaspora Mauritius: Truly the Indian Diaspora Capital Bhuvaneshwari Das Iyer

NRIs in the Legal Web Subrata Biswas

Cricket - A Game or Show Business? K. K. Srivastava

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“Big Brother's” Grand Wedding Amit Guin

Film Report

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74 REGULAR FEATURES LETTERS TO THE EDITOR ............

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NEWS DIARY .................................

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BUSINESS NEWS .......................... PG 12 ROUND UP ..................................... PG 30 NRI ACHIEVERS ............................ PG 38 TOURISM ........................................ PG 42 BOOK REVIEW ............................... PG 44 COOKERY / ozr Vividha

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Letters to the Editor It feels great to know when a fellow Indian

The Tricoloured Globe (November, 2009) by

receives an international recognition as was in case

Amit Guin made an interesting reading especially

of V Ramakrishnan who won the Nobel Prize for

for NRIs like us who are far from India yet try to

Chemistry recently (Nobel to V

keep in touch with the happenings back home. It

Ramakrishnan: A Feather in the Indian

gave an inner view on the matters relating to

community's cap). But it also brings to the fore

development on NRI issues taking place in India.

a question as to why most of the scientists migrate

The story not only presented the idea of the plans

to a country alien to their homeland?

and initiatives taken by the India Government but

Roy, Holland

also about the contributions made by the NRI community.

AR Rahman is definitely the Mozart of India; his

Shankar Sen, East London, U.K.

music is heart warming as well as relieving. He deserves every bit of respect and award he has received till date. His Oscar laurel was one of the greatest moments in the music industry all over the world and a testimonial of his musical magic. Ayesha, Paris

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I was deeply moved by Shailja

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Chaturvedi's piece on the resilience shown by the residents of Mumbai (Salaam Bombay). It made me nostalgic of a friend who died in the 26/11 tragic attacks in Mumbai. I salute the Mumbaities who didn't lose their spirit and went on with their lives. Sanjay, Washington PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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|N E W S D I A R Y |

HAPPENINGS

VOTING RIGHTS UNDER REVIEW Several times in the past, the non-resident Indian communities in various parts of the world have been voicing their concern about their right to vote way back in their homeland. Recently, the Union Law Ministry has been examining a proposal to accord voting rights to the non-resident Indians. Under the purview of the Ministry is also the community's proposal of fighting for different constitutional posts including President and Vice-President of India. Speaking to the media persons, Eduardo Faleiro, Commissioner for NRI Affairs, Government of Goa said that the Union Law Minister Verappa Moily had ascertained him of "finding a solution soon to the issue raised by the Parliamentary Standing Committee of Law and Justice Department." The Committee had asked the Central Government to examine the issue of whether an NRI could be entitled to contest elections once he / she becomes a registered voter; which may further lead to an extreme situation of their contesting in the elections. It might be recalled that the Centre had introduced a bill in Parliament amending the Representation of the People's Act in 2006, which was later referred to the Standing Committee to examine various aspects of the implications of the bill.

HELP US BUILD A GREAT AND DYNAMIC NATION: PRESIDENT PATIL Citing the strength of the Indian community across the world and particularly in Britain, Indian President Pratibha Patil urged the Indian Diaspora around the world to help overcome the challenges presented by a resurgent India and help build a "great and dynamic" nation. Addressing an audience of 400 Indian origin guests at a reception hosted in her honour, Patil said: "We seek to interact directly and substantially with them." "We must work in our individual ways to contribute to the objective of building a great and dynamic India which will be one of the mainstays of the emerging global order", she said. She also lauded the contribution made by the Indians staying in Britain towards the development of the post-War Britain. "When we hear the Prime Minister of Great Britain‌ mention the excellent treatment he personally received from an Indian origin doctor in the National Health Service, we feel proud of all of you," she said. She also highlighted the four-five per cent contribution made by the two per cent Indian population towards Britain's GDP.

NO OFFENCE AT THE PRINCE'S PATEL CRACK Placing the solecism made by Prince Philip at a Buckingham Palace reception on the Patels tactfully under the carpet, Indian origin business leader Atul Patel said that he took "no offence" at the gaffe. "I took no offence whatsoever to the comment made by Prince Philip at the Buckingham Palace reception. I do not consider it a gaffe and took it in the light-hearted spirit in which it was intended," Patel was quoted by the Inside Housing magazine as saying. It was during a reception for the 400 influential British-Indians at Buckingham Palace that the 88-year old Royal glanced at a Patel's name badge and reportedly said: "There's a lot of your family in tonight." Later on, the 47-year-old Chief Executive of LHA-ASRA, said: "Britain and India have developed a 'closer relationship' over the last 20 years." "Much of this is very clearly down to the tireless work undertaken by the Queen and Prince Philip across all the countries of the Commonwealth. As a British Indian who has lived in this country for 43 years, I am proud to call it my home," he further elaborated. The country is home to an estimated 670,000 Patels PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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HAPPENINGS

|N E W S D I A R Y |

FINANCE, NOT RACE: REASON OF ASSAULTS

ANDHRA PRADESH TO SET UP FUND FOR NRIS

As the number of incidents with the Indian community members bearing the brunt increasing day in and day out in Australia, many members are of the opinion that the root cause of such assaults is not the race factor but their financial conditions, which force them to be in late-night-out conditions. "It is not the race that is the problem but it is their hard financial conditions," Ravi Bhatia, CEO, Primus said. He appealed to the community members to take basic safety precautions while working at night. With most of the students financially weak, they are left with no other option than working as a security person, cleaner, petrol stations-chap or a cab driver. As if it was not the end of their woes, they stay in cheap and crime prone areas which make them vulnerable. "We have many Indian students who work odd hours and do not sleep properly for days as they work odd hours," said Elizabeth Drozd, Victorian multiculturalism commissioner and a university teacher. "They attend their classes in the morning and work late nights to meet out their living." But Srinivas Vasan of Federation of Indian Association of Victoria says: "We have been urging students on some do's and don'ts like to organise their late night travels, not to carry cash and be careful and alert. If you are working late nights and travelling odd hours in public transport you are expected to be alert and careful."

The Andhra Pradesh government is planning to set up funds for the welfare purposes of the non-residents Indians from the state. Minister for Higher Education and NRI Affairs D Sridhar Babu said that apart from the state and the central governments contributing to the fund, individuals and associations of Telugu NRIs from different parts of the world too will add up to the fund. It has been conceived to be provided to workers in despair, especially those residing in the Gulf. He further revealed that the government was trying to rope in prominent insurance companies to provide the insurance blanket to the workers going abroad for at least one year. The companies will provide medical insurance, return flight ticket or bring back the dead bodies of the workers, "if some misfortune happens", he said. The minister also assured that since a number of cases of fake recruiting agents have cropped up in the recent times, the state government has launched an awareness campaign in villages using the form of folk arts. "Using their colloquial sense of understanding we are trying to make them digest the facts. We are telling them the problems they might encounter in going abroad," he said.

PAN-INDIA DEVELOPMENT GETS MORE FIRM The Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs Vayalar Ravi has said that the country is willing to register the US-based India Development Foundation in order to put the agency assigned with rural development on a legal footing in USA. "We look at the Indian community in America as friends, more than friends an important component in the development of India," said Ravi, while addressing a gathering of the Indian community in Washington. He elaborated that this would pave the way for the contributions to the foundation by the people of Indian origin. He also appealed to the Indian community staying in US to join the wagon of India's progress. "I have come here to invite you to associate with India's economic achievements. We need your participation." He appreciated the support and faith shown by the community for the historic Indo-US nuclear deal. He also said that come what may, being a regulated economy, India handled the hard times during he economic recession period in a tactful manner. Ravi invited the fraternity to participate in the eighth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Convention to be held in New Delhi from January 7 to 9, 2010. He said that there would be two special sessions on "Property related issues of overseas Indians" and "Nanotechnology

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|N E W S D I A R Y |

INDIA

DALAI LAMA SURPRISED OVER CHINA'S CLAIM Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama picked apart China for questioning his visit to Arunachal Pradesh. He said that he was "surprised" over Chinese claims on Tawang. "It is quite usual for China to step up campaigning against me wherever I go," said His Holiness while inaugurating a museum at the 400-year-old Tawang Monastery. "The basic issue is not about my going back (to Tibet). It is about the well-being of six million Tibetans." Prior to Dalai Lama's visit to Arunachal Pradesh, China had firmly said that its "stance on the eastern section of the China-India border is consistent, and we firmly oppose the Dalai Lama's visit to the region." The Chinese Foreign Ministry went to the extent of tagging the visit as "anti-China", "separatist", and "sabotaging" the ties with India. Clearing the air over his visit, he clarified that "the Chinese government politicizes too much wherever I go. Where I go is not political." He also said that the PLA had occupied Tawang during the 1962 war, "but then the Chinese government declared a unilateral ceasefire and withdrew." With their views changing on the issue, he said that he is "a little bit surprised."

SC JUDGES DISCLOSE THEIR ASSETS After rounds of hot discussions over the transparency and accountability of the judges, 21 judges of the Supreme Court, including Chief Justice K G Balakrsihnan, have "voluntarily" declared their assets before the public. All the details pertaining to the movable and immovable properties of the judges could be seen on the Court's website, www.supremecourtofindia.nic.in. The declaration has been done keeping in view the May 7, 1997 resolution and has been done purely on a "voluntary basis". The May 7, 1997 resolution says: "Resolved that every Judge should make a declaration of all his / her assets in the form of real estate or investment‌The declaration so made should be to the Chief Justice of the court. The Chief Justice (should) make a similar declaration for the purpose of the record." While Justice B N Agarwal, who retired on October 15, has been allowed to declare his assets as per his "special request", Justice H S Bedi is the only judge whose assets details has not been posted because of some personal reasons. Reacting over the initiative taken by the judicial fraternity, eminent jurist and former Attorney General Soli J Sorabjee said: "It is a good step. I welcome it." But on the other hand, a dissatisfied SC advocate Prashant Bhushan said that "this is not enough" and that "more details of the assets needed to be given such as date, place and price at the time of purchase of the properties." PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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NEWS MAKER

|N E W S D I A R Y |

A KIWI VERSION OF TAJ MAHAL! A monument dedicated for love is going to have its New Zealand version, if all goes well. Planned to be built at the Mahatma Gandhi Centre in New North Road in the Auckland suburb of Eden Tce at a projected cost of $ 20 million is the replica of Taj Mahal. According to the reports in the New Zealand Herald, the Centre’s chairman Kanu Patel said: “What we want is a building that will reflect the grandeur and the rich Indian culture and history, and be the pride of the community here.” “The new building will benefit not only the Indian community but also Auckland City – as a tourist attraction, maybe – so I think there is a good reason for us to be receiving support from local government and charities,” added Patel. But how far is the project getting the thumbs up from the local Indian associations is not a mirage at all. Some members of the Auckland Indian Association have said that the project could see the light of the day as they don’t have confidence in the committee behind the proposed replica. Adding as a hurdle for the project is also a statement from an Auckland City Council official, who said that the Centre did not have a compliance certificate due to a number of problems including a leaky roof and a toilet. But shrugging off all the above stated proposed replica of Taj Mahal was a member of the Association, who said that they had no plans to build a Taj Mahal replica, but rather a cultural centre reflecting India’s culture and history.

CROSS BORDER SNACKS

SIKH IN US ARMY

Now, this is a newsmaker from a different league. And certainly not a person, but a stuff which enlivens his / her mood. Being bordered by India on its east, west and north, every portion of a Bangladeshis' mouth is getting yummy-ed with Indian cuisines these days. Sidelining their previous interest for Western foods, the Bongo-bondhus have, in the recent past, have a knack towards the Indian snacks. Ranging from masala dosas, bhel puri, golgappas to chicken rolls, aloo chaat, aloo tikki and chana bhatura, the Bangladeshis have discovered a new niche for keeping with their food interests. And that sense of love for the Indian snacks could be found in the wordings of Mashhura Chowdhury, who wrote for the lifestyle magazine Trends:

The US Army has done it after 25 years. In a rare exception to its 1986 policy against the army officials wearing conspicuous religious articles of faith, the US Army has inducted Captain Kamaljeet Singh Kalsi, a Sikh doctor, to serve on active duty with his dastaar (turban) and kesh (hair). "Like the many Sikhs who fought before me, I know I will serve America with honor and excellence. It is my hope that the Army will soon allow all Sikhs to serve along with me," said Kamaljeet. "I am overjoyed by the Army's decision to allow me to serve my country." But on the other hand, the Army has delayed the decision regarding 2nd Lieutenant Tejdeep Singh, a Sikh dentist, until he completes his dental education this year. Seconding the positive step taken by the US Army were a number of people from the Sikh fraternity. "It's a step in the right direction. It's an indication that they are open to Sikhs to serve," said Harsimran Kaur, the legal director of Sikh Coalition, a New York based advocacy group that was representing the Captain. However the Coalition is also a bit skeptical. "The Coalition is encouraged, however, that the Army has expressed its willingness to review its general policy of excluding Sikhs from service in the coming months."

"Indian items are fast replacing the European menu as the favoured grab-and-go food of choice, not just because of the taste but its healthier make-up, and has spread around the world". A number of restaurants serving these and many more crispy, spicy, mouthwatering Indian snacks have mushroomed in various parts of the country. The famous 'Dhaba' has on its platter a number of chaat items like bhel puri, golgappa, dahi papri, papri chaat, aloo chaat and aloo tikki. Vying for more food aficionados are 'Chaat Street', which has on its menu chana bhatura, Calcutta chaat, and sixteen types of dosas and uttapam; and, Roll Xpress, which serves chicken paneer rolls, the famous Raj kachori and a lot more. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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|B U S I N E S S N E W S |

INDIA

NOKIA TO REPLACE DEFECTIVE CHARGERS Dominating 38 per cent of the global mobile devices market is a big achievement for a company. But when it has to replace around 14 million mobile phone chargers as it could be dangerous for the users, then it is a huge cause of concern. Nokia, the world's leading mobile manufacturer had to suffer this embarrassment. The company's chargers, bearing Nokia's name and made by Chinese battery maker BYD Company, found to be defective were sold mostly in Europe and North America. "The AC-3E charger models manufactured between June 15-August 9, 2009, are the affected ones. This exchange programme is limited to the models within this stipulated time," Nokia retail director Shankar Subramaniam said in Mumbai. The company said that the charger's plastic covers might work loose and expose wiring, which could result in an electric shock if touched while plugging the charger into a socket. He said that after the consumer SMS-es CHG (space) and the 27 digit code printed on the charger and sends it to 55555, the company will inform them whether that particular charger is a defected one or not, affirmed Subramaniam. Or else, the customers can walk into any Nokia Care Centre or Priority shop and ask for it; or log on to http:// chargerexchange.nokia.com to identify the problem

BANKING M&A'S FOR CONSOLIDATION UNDER PURVIEW The government had called the chairpersons of six major public sector banks of India to initiate the process of mergers and acquisitions for further consolidation of the banking sector. Among those invited for the discussion include Punjab National Bank, Bank of Baroda, Union Bank, Bank of India, Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) and Central Bank of India. "For now, we are inviting six big banks to understand their views. After this, we will invite mid-sized and small-sized banks to hear their apprehensions, if any," said an official known to the step. Being a sensible issue, the government is keeping various factors in mind. Apart from the cultural similarities, a bank's geographical presence will also play a key role during the decision making process. On the other hand, the smaller banks are skeptical of losing their identity after the merger. "We want to know what banks will gain out of consolidation. What should be the model of M&A's? ‌Will the geographical presence be a deciding factor?" said the chief of a public sector bank. In the past, Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee has rooted for the plan and had advocated to look at consolidation as a "serious option" to minimize risks to financial stability.

2009 PROSPERITY INDEX: INDIA TROUNCES CHINA When it is about Gross Domestic Product, China leaves India far behind. But when the barometer measures the Prosperity Index, India is ahead of the Dragon. In the recently released Prosperity Index by London-based Legatum Institute, India is 45th while China is the 75th among the 104 countries surveyed. The 2009 Index was assessed under 79 variables sorted out under nine sub-indices i.e. economic fundamentals, entrepreneurship and innovation, education, democratic institutions, governance, health, personal freedom, security and social capital. It is without questions that India is ranked 36th when it comes to democratic institutions; without doubt too that China is in the 100th position. Similar chasms could also be seen in social capital (India - 5, China - 70); personal freedom (India - 47, China - 91); governance (India - 41, China - 93). It is also to be noticed that in the social capital subindex, India is in the top 10. Legatum Prosperity Index is the world's only global assessment of wealth and well-being. Running for the past two years, the analyzers came up with an expanded data and refined analysis this year. According to the recent report, the purpose of the Prosperity Index is to encourage policymakers, scholars, the media and the interested public to take a holistic view of prosperity

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|B U S I N E S S N E W S |

UPSURGE IN SLUMP Basking under the strong investment made by various Indian companies in London made London Mayor Boris Johnson utter these glittering words: "The strength of the Indian community in London and their commitment to this city never fails to impress me. Indian-owned businesses in the capital generate over 14.4 billion pounds and represent five per cent of London's economy." And if any further proof is needed to second his musings, then here it is: India is already the second largest investor in London and various projects from the country led to the creation of over 4,000 jobs worth 461 million pounds to the London economy, thus making it the second highest source of jobs after the USA. He further elaborated that with the continuous support from the Indian community, London is emerging as one of the favorable destinations for investments. He also said that this is also letting the city to be the most enjoyed and competitive city in the world. Some of the Indian companies which have set up their base in London include Haldiram, ICICI Bank, Kingfisher Airlines, Wipro and IL&FS Global Financial Services. According to Think London, the results from a data collected by them clearly reflect that the Indian companies had a higher degree of bouncing back during the period of economic recession.

RED CARPET FOR INDIAN TRADING HOURS

LESOTHO CALLS FOR INDIAN INVESTMENT Recently, Archibald Lesao Lehohla, the Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of the Kingdom of Lesotho, shared the views of his country seeking Indian investment to boost up their economy. Speaking at the Centre for Indian Diaspora Studies (CIDS) under the School of International Relations, MG University, he asked the Indian companies to set up their industries in the country. Emphasizing the fact that their country is on the cusp of major change and transition, he said that the present government is committed to not repeat the past mistakes and that they will try their best to bolster the democratic process. Underlining the plan, he said that the government has decided to provide free education to one and all by making it a compulsory provision. Unveiling the progress made till date, he said that the country is engaged in various economic activities in cooperation with neighboring countries like South Africa and Botswana. The country is also going in for joint management of water resources, which in a way will pave the route for seamless borders and increased free movement of goods and people. Lesotho is already in talking terms for a free trade agreement among the African nations which would ultimately end the South Africa Customs Union which provides more than 50 per cent of the revenue for the country. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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A move by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has been red-carpeted by the NRI investors and the Indian banks operating in the Gulf country of United Arab Emirates (UAE). And the move might seem a trivial one to novice readers. The extension of the market timings by two-and-a-halfhours from 0900 hours to 1700 hours (Indian timing) has come as a huge sigh of relief for the investors. "Getting one and a half hours more trading time for our NRI clients will be good. This is a very positive step," said Suresh Warrier, CEO of Axis Bank, Dubai International Financial Centre branch. UAE-based NRI investors in the Indian financial markets welcomed this move as they would get more trading time and flexibility due to this new timing. K V Shamsudeen, Director of Barjeel Geojith Securities, said: "The new trading hours of Indian markets will be convenient for our NRI clients who currently trade from 7.30am UAE time to 2pm. With the extended trading hours, they will get time up to 3.30pm in the UAE and be able to make transactions before going to their offices here or while returning." At present, the markets open from 0955 hours to 1530 hours. The new trading hours would let the Indian markets work in tandem with Singapore and other Asian markets in the morning hours, and the European markets in the evening hours.

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|S P E C I A L R E P O R T |

Health threatens economic future of India Diaspora Toronto cardiologist Dr. Vivian Rambihar and University of Toronto medical student Vanessa Rambihar warn that the tremendous economic success of India and the South Asian Diaspora is at risk if we do not address urgent health concerns now. They issued this caution as invited speakers at the 20th Anniversary Convention of Global Organization of People of Indian Origin (GOPIO), held in New York from August 20-23, 2009, responding to the optimism of "India Rising" at the Business part of the Diaspora conference. They showed evidence of high and rising rates of diabetes and premature heart disease in India and across the South Asian Diaspora, related mostly to stress, diet and lifestyle changes, which are preventable. They advance this as a challenge and an opportunity for change, reflecting the theme of the convention. They showed WHO predictions of most of the world's heart disease and diabetes in India by 2015, affecting young people in the prime of their lives. This will cause 237 billion US dollars in lost productivity in India over the next ten years, proportionately similar across the South Asian Diaspora. Risk factors increase on urbanization and migration, causing more illness and deaths at an earlier decade than other communities. Increasing obesity will make this worse, with problems starting younger PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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and at lower blood sugar levels and waist size in people of Indian origin, requiring earlier and more intense screening, prevention and treatment. Economic success has changed people's diet and lifestyle, producing the health problems that threaten further economic success. India and the Diaspora have a double problem, with varying degrees of poverty, deprivation and reduced access causing illness and disability as well. They warn that continued economic growth of India and the Diaspora requires addressing these issues now. Dr Rambihar and Vanessa Rambihar proposed health as the next big challenge for GOPIO and the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs. They suggest that it can become a general not a health discussion. They wish to raise awareness and invite collaborative for change from everyone, especially business and economic sections, with their future at risk. Action plans for individuals and communities, and for policy change across the world should be promoted, with everyone becoming the change they wish to see across the Diaspora. They advocate "Making your best health to make a healthy Diaspora," starting now, marking the 20th Anniversary of GOPIO and the 50th Anniversary of the first report of excess and premature heart disease in Indians ! abroad. 14 รงoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

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11/20/2009, 9:19 PM


|A U S T R A L I A |

Attacks on Indian students Indian legal proceedings and their impact The Indian government has informed the apex court that a task force has been constituted by Australian authorities to address the issue of racial attacks and Indian authorities in Australia are in touch with both the Australian authorities and Indian students The Indian government has informed the apex court that a task force has been constituted by Australian authorities to coordinate with various states in that country to address the issue of racial attacks and Indian authorities in Australia are in touch with both the Australian authorities and Indian students. Though the incidents of attacks on Indian students in Australia are raging unabated, there are no hard feelings. But the Indian government is so hard up for adequate steps being taken to protect the Indian students that a number of anxious parents are still making inquiries about well-being of their children. This is what Advocate D.K. Garg wants to express in his petition. According to the petition, around 97,000 Indian students are at present studying in Australia; and during 2007-08, there were 1,447 Indian victims of robberies, assaults, murder, stabbing and other forms of violence. Responding to a notice issued by the court on the PIL alleging laxity on the part of the government in dealing with the attacks, the Centre said that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh himself had taken up the matter with his Australian counterpart Kevin Rudd. However, the Supreme Court on June 29, 2009 expressed concern over continued attacks on Indian students in Australia and directed the government to file a comprehensive affidavit within two weeks about steps taken by it to ensure their safety. "The safety and security of Indian students in Australia is paramount," a bench comprising Justices PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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Dalveer Bhandari and A.K. Ganguli averred. "We are sure that the government must be taking all steps but our anxiety is that, despite the best of efforts on the part of government, the incidents of attacks are going on," the bench observed. In compliance with the June 29 order of apex court, the Centre informed the court that the authorities there are working in close coordination with the Indian High Commission in confidence building measures. "Australian government has taken concrete steps and announced a series of steps aimed at ensuring the safety and security of Indian students in Australia," the External Affairs Ministry said in the affidavit. "The proposed amendments in Australian law would strengthen the police response to attacks against Indian students. It has also been contemplated to amend the existing legislation to provide for enhanced sentence for racism-related offences," the Ministry accepted the seriousness of the situation. It also said the Indian High Commissioner in Canberra and Consulates General in Sydney and Melbourne are in touch with both the Australian authorities and Indian students' community. The impact of India's legal proceeding lucidly appeared on October 13, 2009, when Australian Foreign Minister Stephen Smith said that it was determined to look into concerns about the safety and security of Indian students and that those found attacking Indian nationals would face the full force of law. RAMESH KUMAR SHARMA

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|S T U D Y |

Deconstructing the Indian Diaspora According to the findings of a new report on the distribution of the Indian Diaspora around the world by the Washington DC based Migration Policy Institute, the Indian government has issued around 4,00,000 Overseas Citizen of India card (OCI) cards; with 43 per cent of them through the Indian consulates in the US and 13 per cent through the consulates in UK. The OCI card was introduced by the government in 2005. The card is limited to those individuals whose parents or grandparents once had or were eligible for Indian citizenship as of January 26, 1950. But while holding an OCI card, one is not allowed to vote, or contest an election or work as a government employee. The report named “Emigration, Immigration, and Diaspora Relations in India”, is written by New Delhi based Daniel Naujoks. It showcases a comprehensive scenario of the history of India’s emigration and immigration, including statistics on remittances, migration and refugee policies, IT trends and other issues. According to the study, “Indian citizens accounted for 5.7 per cent of all persons obtaining lawful permanent resident status in 2008.” The data collected during the study clearly reflects that in the year 2007, the total Indian American population in the US totaled around 2.5 million, which included 1,678,765 individuals born in India. In the same year, the Indian population in the United Kingdom was about 1.3 million. “Between 1995 and 2005, half of the Europe-bound Indian immigrants headed to the United Kingdom. The other half opted for other EU countries, primarily Germany and Italy, which received 18 percent and 12 percent of the flows, respectively,” highlighted the report. On the other hand, H-1B Indian visa holders grew “five fold between 1989 and 1999” in the US, “and peaked in 2001 with 160,000 issuances,” said the report. The report also says that during the year 2007, the country received around 158,000 of all the H-1B visas. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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THE INDIAN DIASPORA

PLACES WITH MORE THAN 100,000 MEMBERS ASIA Myanmar Malaysia Sri Lanka Nepal Singapore

2,902,000 1,665,000 855,025 583,599 307,000

AFRICA South Africa Mauritius Reunion Kenya

1,000,000 715,756 220,055 102,500

OCEANIA Fiji Australia Caribbean Trinidad & Tobago Guyana Suriname

336,829 190,000 500,600 395,350 150,456

NORTHERN AMERICA USA Canada

1,678,765 851,000

EUROPE UK Netherlands

1,200,000 217,000

GULF Saudi Arabia UAE Oman Kuwait Qatar Bahrain Yemen

1,500,000 950,000 312,000 295,000 131,000 130,000 100,900

Note: The numbers are estimates of the diaspora populations including both actual migrants and descendants of migrants. For Nepal, data refer only to persons born in India. Source: High Level Committee on the Indian Diaspora (2002), Sri Lanka and Nepal : 2001 Census. AMIT GUIN

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|P R O F I L E |

President of Republic of Mauritius

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THE LIGHTER LIFE Sir Jugnauth is married to Lady Sarojni Jugnauth. He is the father of two children - Pravind and Shalini. He is an avid reader and has a knack towards football. He was named as the Queen’s Counsel in 1980. He has also been honoured with the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Awards in 2003 in the field of Public Affairs for his incessant support to India’s causes and concerns and for bettering India’s relationship with Mauritius.

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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living conditions by modernizing the country. It also wanted to create a serene environment in the liberalized and globalised globe. He was elected as Prime Minister in 1982, a time when the country was in the grip of unemployment and worse financial conditions. It was under his leadership when rapid industrialization ushered in Mauritius. He also developed a duty-free trade zone which led to the establishment of the country as a leader in textile productions. He also led the path of progress in the country by helping in the creation of the Stock Exchange of Mauritius. He again led the country as its Prime Minister in 1983, and later on from 1991 to 1995. With the idea of “Medpoint Deal” cropping up in his mind, it was agreed that after three years, he would step down as the Prime Minister to become the President of the country. So with the initiation of the deal, he resigned as PM and was sworn in to the post of President on 7 October 2003.

PT BUREAU

THE POLITICAL SKETCH He started shaping his political life by joining the All Mauritius Hindu Congress in 1965. He played a pivotal role when he was accorded with the portfolio of State Minister for Development in the government of Seewoosagur Ramgoolam. Later on, he was assigned the works of the Labour Ministry. He acted as the President and eventually the leader of The Mauritian Militant Movement in the beginning of 1970s. He was the Leader of the Opposition from December 1976 to June 1982. It was under his aegis that the Militant Socialist Movement, a Hindu political party in the country took birth in 1983. MSM wanted to create better

THE EARLY DAYS After having his primary education at the Roman Catholic Aided School in Palma and later his secondary education at the Regent College in Quatre-Bornes, he left Mauritius to study law at the Lincoln’s Inn in the United Kingdom in 1951. It was in the year 1963 when he was first elected to the Parliament as an Independent Forward Block candidate in the Riviere du Rempart constituency.

His Excellency the RT Hon. Sir Anerood Jugnauth GCSK, KCMG, QC is the President of Republic of Mauritius. The 79-year old was unanimously re-elected for a second term by the National Assembly of Mauritius on September 19, 2008. Sir Jugnauth was first elected for the coveted post in 2003. The veteran politician also served as opposition leader between 1976 and 1982 and Prime Minister from 1982 to 1995.

His Excellency the RT Hon. Sir Anerood Jugnauth

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|I N T E R V I E W |

“Mauritius Has the Potential to be India's Gateway to Africa” His Excellency Mookhesswur Choonee, High Commissioner, Mauritius Versatile, Informed, Focused and Energetic. That’s how His Excellency Shri Mookhesswur Choonee, High Commissioner of Mauritius in India, comes across, and his youthful exuberance dispels any stereotyped imagery. Shri Choonee, though representing Mauritius in India, is no straitjacketed career diplomat. Rather, he brings to his responsibility an eclectic blend of political, socio-economic and cultural perspectives, especially given the shared cultural canvas between India and Mauritius and the Indian Diaspora’s overwhelming presence and role in the pristine and yet modern Indian Ocean island nation. Mauritius, indeed, encompasses a lot of exciting possibilities for India and its Diaspora, and talking to Mookhesswur Choonee - who also speaks fluent Hindi - reveals a lot regarding why Mauritius should command our attention. PRAVASI TODAY brings its readers the High Commissioner's perspectives...

Pravasi Today: Your Excellency, how would you rate your tenure in India so far? Mookhesswur Choonee: Very satisfying and productive, I must say. I can say that there are a lot of possibilities in various fields where both India and Mauritius can enhance the mutual relationship in a number of ways. I must say, though, that I'm not a career diplomat. I have been active in diverse fields and have been close to the political, socio-economic, bureaucratic and cultural perspectives and am happy to be part of such a diverse perspective. Pravasi Today: How has Mauritius been shaping up in the era of globalisation? Mookhesswur Choonee: Very finely. After endeavouring throughout most of the last PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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century, Mauritius has managed to emerge as a preferred destination for investors and business, not to forget tourists. Even ecologically, Mauritius has healthy parameters to offer; for instance, we have more than 60 centenarians in our country of 1.2 million people. We have also carried out wide-ranging bureaucratic reforms and have now raised the retirement age for civil servants to 65 and members of the judiciary to 67, because of the improved health profile of our people. Pravasi Today: Your Excellency, Mauritius is located in the Indian Ocean and is a part of the African continent. How do you see your country's role in Indo-African ties? Mookhesswur Choonee: Geopolitically, Mauritius stands to play a pivotal role in the context of relations between India and Africa. I'd say that 18 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

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|I N T E R V I E W |

India can use Mauritius as a gateway to Africa and enhancing its relationship with Africa. India has taken the right step in focusing on the long-term perspective and approach in bringing education, skills and professional knowledge and training to Africa and its people, thus enabling them to acquire the capabilities. India has adopted the right approach and Africans too are slowly realising that it is India that is going to be their true long-term friend. The significant thing here is that India's approach is not that of a big brother, coloniser or gobbler of resources. Mauritius, which blends both cultural values together, is ideally placed to be India's pathway to value-based Indo-African ties. Mauritius is also a member of the African Union, besides being No.1. in governance, democratic rules and traditions, human rights and mutual harmony in Africa. These are values that we draw from our cultural legacy, in which India's contribution is of course, beyond doubt. Pravasi Today: Could Your Excellency tell us about Mauritius' interaction with Africa? Mookhesswur Choonee: Mauritius, apart from being a member of the African Union, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the South African Development Community (SADC), is also part of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), under which we enjoy preferential trade facilities with the US market for over 6,400 items. We have direct links with both the US and the EU, with whom we have the Cotonou Convention. I therefore, am of the view that given this favourable situation and India's close historical cultural links with Mauritius, India should be taking up a more proactive role, especially as it is the leading country in the SAARC region. Pravasi Today: How would you analyse Mauritius' role in promoting Indo-African closeness from a cultural perspective? PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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Mookhesswur Choonee: It is my opinion that culture encompasses everything, in fact, all human endeavour. Mauritius is very nicely posed between India and Africa and can subtly and effectively blend the cultural message across that would enable the people and society of Africa to understand and accept the traditional warmth of Indian culture. This is particularly important, as both societies share the common traits of family and community-based ties and values that have enabled them to withstand the vicissitudes of time. Pravasi Today: Your Excellency, how would you judge the annual Pravasi Bharateeya Diwas (PBD) in promoting ties between India and its Diaspora? Mookhesswur Choonee: I must really congratulate India for having finally decided to accord due recognition to its children residing overseas. The Pravasi Bharateeya Diwas (PBD) is the right step in that direction though considering the potential, many more annual meets in diverse fields like industry, business, entertainment, science and technology, parliamentarians, etc., wherein the Indian Diaspora's global capabilities are being acknowledged, should be organised. These can enable to bring sustained focus on emerging areas, especially of research in futuristic knowledge, which hold the potential to make India the world's leading nation. Pravasi Today: Your Excellency, what are your thoughts on the Pravasi Film Festival that Pravasi Today is organising? Mookhesswur Choonee: I am thrilled at this significant cultural step that Pravasi Today has taken to provide a platform for Diaspora filmmakers to disseminate the message of a developing and vibrant India across the globe. This is a movement that is growing and Mauritius is an ideal locale for filmmakers to visit and produce films. In fact, for Bollywood, it is one of the favourite places to shoot films. ! 19 รงoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

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|C O V E R S T O R Y |

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|C O V E R S T O R Y | The Indian Diaspora today all over the world is deservedly recognized as the most successful and prosperous migrant community and is increasingly drawing respect and admiration for its rich cultural legacy, enterprise and humanizing values. But truly striking is their presence in the Indian Ocean island nation of Mauritius, which truly deserves to be called the Indian Diaspora capital of the world. PRAVASI TODAY finds out the how and the why of it...

Mauritius Truly the Indian Diaspora Capital BHUVANESHWARI DAS IYER

The Indian business community, including SMEs, they [the early migrants] were treated as slaves. They looks at Mauritius as an investment destination as were asked to live in camps by the British colonial well as a gateway to other African nations. The rulers. idyllic country has very close ties with India and not The first Indian reportedly came to Mauritius in just because of Bollywood, which has shot myriad 1835. In the beginning of the 20th century 200,000 to songs in its picturesque locales. The majority of the 300,000 Indians were in Mauritius. Today, there are population in the Indian Ocean island nation is of 800,000 to 900,000 people of Indian origin settled Indian origin. Like India, it fought for independence here. Early Indian labourers were forced to endure a from British colonial rulers. life of poverty and the misery - often the lot of the There would be no exaggeration if one were to then natives too -as people lived in inhuman conditerm Mauritius as the Indian Diaspora capital in the tions. Indians toiled from dusk to dawn in the globe today, notwithstanding the The actual situation of the Diaspora fact that our Diaspora is well spread out over the globe. Stepping Indians, particularly regarding political back into history, many pockets of roles and cultural identity is worth examIndia were faced recession because ining. The cultural adaptation of Diaspora of the Industrial Revolution in Indians is indeed and inspiring history of Britain. Because of the sweeping economical and social effect of the interaction between Indian and nonIndustrial Revolution in Europe, Indian social and cultural systems. many of forefathers were forced to move away to other places as indentured labourers. sugarcane fields, with no hygiene, and no law to Even in those days, there were agents working for protect them. Little wonder that only the joint companies in Mauritius and some were agents of the family system, a staunch traditional construct of British. The brutally sordid fact remained, though, Indian civilization stood the Indians in their times of that although slavery was abolished by that time test. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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|C O V E R S T O R Y |

From the abolition of slavery in 1835 until the end of World War I, millions of Indians were brought to other British colonies, particularly plantation colonies, under the system of indentureship, which has been labelled "a new form of slavery" in Hugh Tinker's (1974) oft-quoted phrase and which, whether a form of slavery proper or not, replaced the abandoned system of the Black slavery. The majority of these indentured laborers hailed from the northeastern provinces of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and were speakers of Bhojpuri; substantial numbers also embarked from Madras, the main port of Tamil Nadu. The majority of the emigrants were Hindus,

speakers of Tamil and Telugu, left India on their own whim, in order to further their careers as traders or artisans abroad. There are also other communities like Sikhs and Buddhists. Interestingly, there is also a small and unspecified number of followers of the Bahai Faith. Hindus who migrated from India and form the majority of the Indian Diaspora in Mauritius follow Indian traditions to a considerably large extent, though over the generations, certain traditions like caste-based social structure have become less complex and in some cases, completely overlooked. There is a Sikh Gurudwara in Port Louis, named Sri Guru Singh Sabha. It is the only major Gurudwara in Mauritius. Most There is no denying the fact that the Sikhs outside Port Louis pray at Indian Diaspora and indeed, people of Several temples and Indian Origin, have had the largest impact home. mosques also exist throughout on Mauritian life dominating the economic the island. Indian-dominated and political faces of the island. churches are mostly based in southern Mauritius. with Muslims and smaller numbers of Christians too Though Creole, Mauritius' language is spoken comprising Indian immigrants. Although the bulk of widely, the Indian Diaspora largely speaks Hindi, Indian immigrants to the colonies were field laborers, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil and Telugu. small proportions were artisans, traders and even Most Mauritians are multilingual, and most Hindu pundits. Some, most of them South Indians, Mauritians speak both Creole and at least one (if not PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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|C O V E R S T O R Y | more) Indian language, plus English and French. There is no denying the fact that the Indian Diaspora and indeed, people of Indian Origin, have had the largest impact on Mauritian life dominating the economic and political faces of the island. The names of Dookhee Gungah (1867-1944), philanthropist, social worker, benevolent entrepreneur, pioneer of free education in Mauritius, Sookdeo Bissoondayal (1908-1977), Anerood Jugnauth (1930 - ), current President of Mauritius, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, (1900-1985), politician and one of the three founding fathers of independent Mauritius, Ariranga Govindasamy Pillai 1945 - ), Chief Justice, Navin Ramgoolam (1973 - ), current Prime Minister of Mauritius, etc., are ample instances of the whole spectrum of Indian Diaspora presence and contribution to Mauritius' life. Most Hindu celebrations are public holidays. Indian food and ingredients are enjoyed by all ethnic groups in Mauritius, with Alouda, Dhol Puri, Carri (curry) being some of the most well-known dishes. The influence of Indian music is also strong and discernible. The island has its own groups of Bhojpuri singers and this style is becoming as popular as the Sega. Bhojpuri as well as Bollywood and Bhangra are some of the most popular genres of music. A fair number of studies dealing with Mauritius reveal the ways in which the descendents of Indian immigrants in this Indian Ocean island nation preserve their culture and reproduce their social institutions. Notably, the actual situation of the Diaspora Indians, particularly regarding political roles and cultural identity is worth examining. The cultural adaptation of Diaspora Indians is indeed and inspiring history of interaction between Indian and nonIndian social and cultural systems, where values, norms and forms of organisation are continuously negotiated and where the cultural differences within a statistically defined "population segment" or an "ethnic group" may be of greater significance. In Mauritius, people of Indian descent have made up more than half the population since the 1870s; today, they comprise approximately 65% of the total population of roughly one million. In other words, by sheer force of numbers, it is not surprising that the Indian Diaspora plays a major part in national politics, more so after the introduction of universal PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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suffrage in 1948. Indian Diaspora citizens comprise the largest group of voters, but it also indicates that the size and diversity of the Indian population enables them to retain and reproduce forms of local and domestic organization advantageous in politics in other words, their foci of social organization have been the family and extended kinship networks, the village and, to a not negligible extent, social organization. Mauritius, thus, is in many ways the Indian Diaspora capital in the globe, even as the Diaspora continues to be the flag-bearer of the process of positive and humane global values in a rapidly changing world. ! 23 รงoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

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|P I L L A R S O F P R O G R E S S |

Bringing India to Mauritius

They are considered to be guiding light of India in this country. PRAVASI TODAY profiles some of the remarkable premier institutes in Mauritius which have a strong Indian leaning, but with an indelible importance globally As the name suggests, the Indira Gandhi Centre for Indian Culture is a host to the cultural programmes reflecting Indian ethos and diversity. The Centre was established in the year 1987. The prime objective of the Centre is to promote bilateral relationship between India and Mauritius through numerous cultural programmes. These activities, in a way, will let the people of Mauritius know about various hues of the diversified cultural heritage of India. Nurturing close links between the two communities, increasing the PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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mutual understanding between them is also one of the main purposes of these cultural exchanges. Among the cultural activities which are held in IGCIA is the well known monthly programme called Priyadarshini which is a platform for amateur local artists, where they can demonstrate their talents in Indian music and dance forms. The programme also leads to the interaction between the students and the teachers, which results in knowledge sharing process to stimulate. Another aspect which 24 รงoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

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|P I L L A R S O F P R O G R E S S |

forms an indelible part of the Centre is the presentation of cultural programmes by eminent cultural troupes from india visiting Mauritius under the Cultural Exchange Programme and also outside its model. Some of the other activities which strengthen the Indo-Mauritian relationship include film festivals in collaboration with the Mauritius Film Development Corporation and other government bodies, conferences, literary sessions, lectures on various issues and Kavi Sammelans. The Centre has been organizing various important Indian occasions which include Independence Day, Republic Day, Gandhi Jayanti, birth anniversary of Smt. Indira Gandhi among others. The Indira Gandhi Centre for Indian Culture had been operating from the premises in Quatre Bornes, till it moved to its own building in the year 2002. The new niche at Phoenix was inaugurated by former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and the then Prime Minister of the country, Navin Chandra Ramgoolam, on March 11, 2000. Its airconditioned auditorium has a sitting capacity of 669 people. The Centre also has a multipurpose hall, a seminar and an exhibition room along with a rich library.

tion of the Rajiv Gandhi Science Centre Trust Fund by an act in 1994, the foundation stone was laid by Sonia Gandhi on April 6, 1995. The Centre has been envisaged as a premier institute in Mauritius for inculcation of awareness among the general public about the various scientific fields. It has, in a way, generated inquisitiveness among the students by tweaking the traditional method of spoon-feeding and sometimes forcefully teaching science. Among the methods which are used to make science popular include science demonstration lectures, science fairs, seminars and many other novel models. Among the exhibits popular in the Centre is the Resources of Mauritius gallery which takes the visitor through a trip of the agriculture, textile, power, fisheries, tourism, and other industries and human resources of the country. In the Fun Science gallery, one can explore the various facets of pendulums, rolling balls, optical gadgets and magnets. The Science Park in the Centre is a perfect destination for the children who want to learn science in a playful mood. The students can get a grasp of the various

Making science a fun subject It is quite obvious of the young chaps suffering from a phobia called science. But there are some institutes which does the opposite act. It lures children of every age group towards a fascination tagged as science. Under the aegis of the Ministry of Industry, Science and Research of the Republic of Mauritius, Rajiv Gandhi Science Centre has been doing the same thing. The Centre doubles up as a non-formal educational institution for the advancement of science and technology among the students. With science getting popular among the mass, the Indian government readily agreed to the project and identified the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) as the nodal agency in India for assisting the country. With the initiaPRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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|P I L L A R S O F P R O G R E S S |

principles of science through the exhibits in the Park. The Centre is also home to a science-specific library where one can look out for journals and books on various science subjects. There is a 200seater air conditioned auditorium in the Centre with fully equipped stage for variety of programmes. Holistic ethnicity It was the promotion of Indian languages, tradition and culture which left a mark on the minds of the doyens of India and Mauritius which led to the formation of the Mahatma Gandhi Institute in 1976 by Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, the then Prime Minister of Mauritius and Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India. The prime objectives behind the creation of the Mahatma Gandhi Institute was to mushroom the ideals and thinking of Mahatma Gandhi and to promote the study of Indian culture and traditions. Keeping this in mind, the Institute has PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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introduced Indian Studies, especially Indian Languages and Performing Arts into the mainstream of Mauritian education. The Mahatma Gandhi Institute engages in educational and cultural activities at different levels, from post-primary education and secondary education to the tertiary and non-formal mode. The Centre has also developed an integrative programme of enhancement of skills, knowledge and attitudes for a newer and richer Mauritius. The MGI consists of the School of Indian Studies comprising of the departments of languages, Indian philosophy and Hindu theology and creative writing; the School of Mauritian, Asian and African studies and the School of Indian music and fine arts. The Institute is also house to a secondary school "with a difference". Formed in 1975, the school teaches Hinduism, Islamic Studies, Indian culture, Oriental languages, and music and dance to its students. The Gandhian Basic School, providing craft-oriented education, incarnates the Gandhian sense of social justice as well his principles of basic education. With cultural activities and events flourishing here, the Institute has paved the way for the promotion of Indian culture in the country. Some of the important cultural programmes held in the Institute include annual art exhibition of the Salon de Mai, Gandhi Jayanti and the memorial lectures and various performances by children. The Mahatma Gandhi Institute is serving as a breeding ground for the promotion of the non-violent and peaceful thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi. The Folk Museum of Indian Immigration, located in the premises, has a collection of historical and cultural heritage of the Indian immigrants. The Folk Museum provides guided tours for various educational institutions and the public. COMPILED BY AMIT GUIN

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|N R I C I N E M A |

In the past two decades of the twentieth century, a new movement began in mass media with the work of South Asian Diaspora filmmakers in the West. Asian films no longer lurk outside in the periphery but have entered the mainstream, with the stupendous success of films like Bend It like Beckham (2002)...

Cinematic Diaspora Desires PANKAJ DUBEY

A ready-to-serve NRI cinema will have all the ingredients to tickle your taste buds. The formula-stuck-fare of NRI cinema is pushing it towards a very predictable path. The most-prevalent recipe of an NRI cinema is the character of a confused youngster, parents with overcooked nostalgia, friends with crooked screw-like relationships, an Indian wedding bash, ounces of racial slur and some watery splash of some Indian patriotic realization. The crossover success of Mira Nair's Monsoon Wedding (2001), whose characters speak English, Hindi, and Punjabi, lies in the skill with which the film acquaints a Western audience with the sights and sounds of the new global India. Set in a burgeoning New Delhi suburb, the film uses a lavish Punjabi wedding as an occasion for staging the reunion of family members who are scattered across the globe. In the past two decades of the twentieth century, a new movement began in mass media with the work of South Asian Diaspora filmmakers in the West. Asian films no longer lurk outside in the periphery but have entered the mainstream, with the stupendous success of films like Bend It like Beckham (2002). British Asian filmmaker Gurinder Chadda turns this British-Asian film about a clash between traditional values and the modern world into a fantastic feel-good movie. Chock-a-bloc full of wonderful characters, the plot features Jess' long-suffering mother, her promiscuous sister, and her fellow teammates .The protagonist Jess, the enthusiast soccer player has to battle so many ethnic and social prejudices. Chadha is the first Asian woman to have made inroads into the mainstream public sphere of the West with her films. Her films give priority to class, race, and gender issues and focus on the position of marginalized outsiders, the working classes of the Western metropolises, much of which is made up by people of colour from Britain's former colonies in Asia and Africa. Now, take a look at Bride and Prejudice. In the novel, the conflict PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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between Darcy and Elizabeth revolved around their social status whereas in this Bollywood version, cross cultures act as negative barriers between Darcy and Lalita. The desi version of the renowned Jane Austen novel opened the eyes of mainstream cinemagoers to the colourful world of Bollywood! On the other hand in The Namesake, a mother's role was sensitively essayed by Tabu. For many first-generation Indian women living abroad; motherhood has its very own distinct set of challenges. Balancing tradition with modernity is an age-old issue for Indian mothers who live and raise their children in foreign lands. Endless reels of film have been dedicated to the trials and tribulations of the Indian Diaspora, whether it was Somnath Sen's evocative film Leela or Mira Nair's critically acclaimed The Namesake. Integral to the theme of both films is the conflict faced by the leading women, depicting the plight of mothers. Deepti Naval, in Leela and Tabu in The Namesake have to deal with their children wanting to live their own lives and merging into an American way of life. The strong emphasis placed on the maternal dilemma is very a much part of today's reality for Asian mothers who have to raise their children abroad. Mainstream celluloid has only recently managed to capture what generations of expatriates have felt for years. The constant pull and push between holding onto the old while surging forward with the new is an age-old issue for Indian mothers who live and raise their children in foreign lands. Like the character, Gogol, in The Namesake, there are instances of young Indians straying from their inherent identity, almost wanting to deny their roots. It is this very fear that haunts many Asian parents. What if they are not interested in their native culture? What if they lose themselves completely in a new way of life? "No one today is purely one thing." When a social scientist said this long back, he was un-mistakenly foreseeing the homogenization and globalization of culture where assimilation of ethnic identity becomes a focus. Identity can be seen as fundamentally a group phenomenon, binding group members together on a basis of exclusive common characteristics. Identity here is understood as denoting a fundamental and consequential sameness among members PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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of a group. Viewed in this context, identity is invoked as something allegedly deep, basic and foundational. Hybridity in the name of cultural dynamism is becoming the issue of expression within the Indian community residing abroad. Construction of immigrant cultures and their identity, and their negotiation of space are widely reflected in the NRI cinema. A dysfunctional family grappling with its identity has become the leitmotif for Indian and NRI directors making films on Indians settled abroad. On the footsteps of Bend it Like Beckham, Bride and Prejudice, American Born Confused Desi, Where's the Party Yaar', American Chai' and One Dollar Curry come two films on similar themes. It Could be You, a comedy by Mumbai-based Taranjeet Singh and American Blend, a dramedy by US-based director Varun Khanna. Well, the politics of location and identity does sell. It is very well reflected in the box office scores of the cinema released by NRI directors. NRI directors have successfully penetrated the mainstream cinema with their hits. Shekhar Kapur's Elizabeth (1998) dared to penetrate the court intrigues of the British monarch to score a bulls-eye after raising some right royal eyebrows about an Indian directing this royal saga. Deepa Mehta's Elements her trilogy of Fire (1996), Earth (1998) and Water (2005) made international waves. Sharad and Raju Patel scored with The Bachelor Party (1986) and a number of children's films. Tarsem's psycho-thriller The Cell (2000), a largely dreamlike film; the fantastical subconscious thoughts of a serial killer, and was a big hit too. Ashok Amritraj has produced action-thriller-adventure hits like Jean Claude Van Damme in Double Impact (1991) and Sylvester Stallone in Get Carter (2000). With this impressive 'hit-list', NRI directors have arrived on the global film circuit. So what if the road they travelled on the same sob and smile formula track! In the intention of overlooking Hollywood, the moot question is: has Diaspora cinema been able to transcend Bollywood? Pankaj Dubey is a Delhi-based Journalist who also spearheads a charity, SPRIHA (www.spriha-india.org). carryonpd@gmail.com 29 รงoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

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|R O U N D U P |

DIRECT INVESTMENT SCHEMES FOR NRIS WITH REPATRIATION BENEFITS NRIs can make investments in new issues of shares / convertible debentures of Indian companies under direct investment schemes such as 24% scheme / 40% scheme / 100% scheme. They can also invest in the schemes of domestic Mutual Funds floated by public / private sector institutions / companies and bonds issued by public sector undertakings. Non-resident investors are not required to apply for permission to invest but the company concerned will have to obtain permission from Reserve Bank of India. 24% Scheme Under the 24% scheme, Indian companies engaged or proposing to engage in any activity including finance, hire purchase, leasing, trading or other services, establishment of schools / colleges. etc. (except agricultural / plantation activities) are allowed by Reserve Bank of India to issue shares / debentures to NRIs with repatriation benefits to the extent of 24% of the new issue. 40% Scheme Under the 40% Scheme, Indian companies engaged or proposing to engage in the following activities are allowed by Reserve Bank of India to issue shares / debentures to NRIs with repatriation benefits to the extent of 40% of the new issue. 1. Industrial and Manufacturing units 2. Hotels with 3, 4 or 5 star category 3. Hospitals and diagnostic centers 4. Shipping companies 5. Development of computer software 6. Oil exploration services There is no ceiling or restriction on the amount of remittable dividend. Remittance of interest / dividend to NRI investors will be allowed by authorized dealers under the posers delegated to them. 100% Scheme Under the 100% Scheme, NRIs are permitted to invest in high priority industries listed in Annexure III to the Statement on Industrial Policy dated 24th July 1991 of the Government of India up to 100% of the new issue. Dividend / interest can be remitted freely except in the case of consumer goods industries, where the outflow on account of dividend is required to be balanced by export earnings of the company either in the year of declaration of dividend or in the years prior to the declaration of dividend. This requirement is enforced for a period of seven years from the commencement of commercial production. The NRI investor need not apply to Reserve Bank of India. Application for necessary permission under the schemes should be made by the Indian company / firm to the Central Office of Reserve Bank in Mumbai in form ISD / ISD(R).

INVESTMENT BY NRIS IN 100% EXPORT ORIENTED UNITS ON REPATRIATION BASIS NRIs are permitted to invest up to hundred per cent in 100% Export Oriented Units subject to obtaining approval from the Government of India, Ministry of Industries (SIA) for setting up the EOU. In the case of units located in Export Processing Zones, approval from the Development Commissioner of the concerned zone is required to be obtained. Thereafter, an application should be made to the concerned regional office of Reserve Bank of India in form ISD along with copy of Government approval for necessary clearance under FERA 1973.

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT SCHEME FOR NRIS Under this scheme, NRIs are permitted to acquire shares / debentures of Indian companies or units of domestic Mutual Funds through the stock exchange/s in India The application is to be submitted to Reserve Bank of India through a designated branch of a bank in India in one of the prescribed forms, i.e. NRC / NRI / RPC / RPI. Reserve Bank of India has authorized a few branches of each bank to conduct the business under Portfolio Investment Scheme on behalf of NRIs. These branches are the main branches of major commercial banks located close to the stock exchange/s. NRIs will have to route their applications through any of the designated bank branches who have authorization from Reserve Bank of India. There is an overall ceiling of five per cent of paid-up equity share capital of the company / paid-up value of each series of convertible debentures for purchase by NRIs / OCBs. The overall ceiling can be raised to 30% if the company concerned passes a special resolution to that effect in its general body meeting and a board resolution. Individually, NRIs / OCBs can make investment up to one per cent of the paid-up equity share capital / each series of convertible debentures. However, there is no ceiling on investment in domestic Mutual Funds.

ACQUISITION OF SHARES DISINVESTED BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA IN PUBLIC SECTOR ENTERPRISES (PSES) BY NRIS The Reserve Bank of India has granted general permission to NRIs to acquire shares of PSEs on their bids being successful provided the holding of a single NRI investor does not exceed one per cent of the paid up capital of the PSE concerned. The purchase consideration / bid money is paid by way of remittance from abroad or by debit to his NRE / FCNR accounts. The concerned company should approach Reserve Bank of India for issue of rights entitlement to NRIs in the prescribed form if on repatriation basis. However, rights entitlement on non-repatriation basis would be covered by the general permission. NRIs can make an application to Reserve Bank of India by a letter detailing therein the folio number of the shares held and the manner in which the rights are being sold. The concerned Indian company should approach the Reserve Bank of India for issue of bonus shares to NRIs if the original investment is on repatriation basis. Issue of bonus shares in respect of investment on non-repatriation basis is covered by general permission. Authorized dealer have been permitted to grant loans / overdrafts abroad to NRIs through their overseas branches and correspondents against collateral of the shares / debentures of Indian companies held by them, provided the concerned shares / debentures were acquired on repatriation basis. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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|L E G A L |

NRIs in the Legal Web NRIs often get mired in various legal tangles while residing abroad. Our legal expert takes a look at some of them

DESERTION BY WIFE Facts of the case: In a very interesting case, our client was residing in Kuwait and was married for the last 9 years. His wife had left him for the last 3 years and had moved to Hyderabad to her parents. Her father, who was a Colonel in the Indian Army, was creating problems by not allowing our client to meet his wife and daughter. Issues involved: o Whether the wife had deserted our client. Decision: The court held that the wife had committed desertion by leaving the matrimonial home and decided the case in favour of our client. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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REVOCATION OF POWER OF ATTORNEY Facts of the case: In another case, our client who was settled in the US wanted to buy a property in India. For this, he appointed his friend as his lawful attorney, who was a lawyer in India. After a while, our client planned to return to India and therefore wanted to revoke the said Power of Attorney. When our client informed the lawyer about his intentions, the lawyer refused to return the Power of Attorney. Issues involved: o Whether the nature of the said Power of Attorney was revocable or irrevocable. Remedy: We advised him to revoke the Power of Attorney 32 รงoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

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|L E G A L |

and drafted a document for revocation of the same. Decision: As it was a revocable Power of Attorney, the court held that our client had a right to revoke the same according to his own will. INCOME STATUS OF NRIs AND THEIR TAX LIABILITY Facts of the case: Our client was an employee in India with a foreign company. He was transferred to the wholly owned subsidiary of the same company in the foreign country. He stayed there for some months and paid tax on the income earned from the foreign company. Issues involved: o Whether our client was liable to pay tax in India. Advice: As he had already been taxed in the foreign country, he was exempted from paying tax in India. MATRIMONIAL CRUELTY Facts of the case: In a very challenging case, our client took off for the US after her marriage with an NRI. The parents of our client conducted a very lavish wedding ceremony in India and handed over a huge sum of money, jewellery, clothes and other articles, as a token of love to the bride and the groom. However, the reality was far from the truth. Our client was continuously subjected to harassment, maltreatment, mental torture, physical abuse and was forced to demand an unreasonable dowry from her parents in India by the husband. Her husband loved another woman in the US and finally deserted her, after which she informed her PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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parents in India about the same. Issues involved: o Whether the acts of the accused amounted to mental cruelty? Remedy: We advised her to file a case under Section 498-A against her husband and his family. Decision: After analyzing Section 498-A, the court held that all the acts of the husband and his family members had caused mental cruelty to our client and the case was decided in favour of our client. BIGAMY Facts of the case: Our client was married 35 years ago and was facing violent treatment from her husband since the time of her marriage. To keep the family intact, our client never disclosed this fact to any authority. However, as her children were settled, she decided to separate from her husband. It also came to the knowledge of our client and her children that the husband was involved with another woman in other state, for the last 1.5 years and was married to her. The children were supporting him financially, as he had lost his job. Our client believed that she would be harmed if she continued to cohabit with him. Issues involved: o Whether the husband was guilty of committing bigamy? Remedy: We advised our client to file a petition in the court of competent jurisdiction seeking relief against the husband. Decision: The court held the husband guilty and imprisoned him along with fine. (To Conclude)

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|T E A M O B A M A |

Indian Levers in Obama’s administration Without any doubt, their clout is on an exponential rise in the White House. AMIT GUIN profiles some of the prominent ones instrumental in America's growth

THE GREENHOUSE

PRACTICAL INNOVATOR

Arun Majumdar has been appointed as the first director of the US Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), a unit which has been armed with the arduous task of reducing America's reliance on foreign energy supplies, diluting greenhouse gas emissions and making the country an amiable place to stay. A mechanical engineer of IITPowai, he came to the US in 1985. A prominent materials scientist, he has been acknowledged with developing a way to use silicon nanowires to capture and use the energy lost as heat during the production of electricity.

Aneesh Chopra has been appointed as the country's first Chief Technology Officer (CTO). He has been assigned with the task of setting the technology policy across the government, and making the judicious use of technology to improve the security system and ensure transparency. It was under Chopra's leadership that Virginia became more accessible in the web world. Chopra also helped in the launch of a highly interactive website that collected more than 9000 suggestions from residents on how the stimulus monies might be spent.

MUSLIM VOICE Farah Pandith has been appointed as the US Special Representative to the Muslim communities. Her office has been given the task of accomplishing Secretary Clinton's vision for a tactful engagement with the Muslim communities around the world on a people-to-people and organizational level. Before this, she was Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs. She had also served as the Director for Middle East Regional Initiatives for the National Security Council. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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THE FAITH HEALER Anju Bhargava has been appointed to the President's Council on faith-based and neighbourhood partnerships. She began her career as a banker at the Bank of America over two decades ago. She is also acclaimed with the development of an executive education programme, Chakravyuhu, for instructing women to make the "step-change" in their careers I the corporate world. She was the only Indian American to serve in the Community Builder Fellowship, an initiative of President Clinton. The Council on faith-based and neighbouring partnership will form taskforces - on economic recovery and fighting poverty, fatherhood and healthy families, inter-religious dialogue and cooperation, environment and climate change in order to study in depth and make recommendations to the President.

THE PATENT ARM Arti Rai has been appointed as an administrator for external affairs to the US Patent and Trademark Office. A former classmate of Obama at Harvard Law School, she has been given the task to advise foreign governments on how to improve their IP laws and work with the Department of State and US Trade Representative on drafting and negotiating the IP sections of the international treaties and trade agreements. She was also a part of the Transition Team of Obama, whereby she handled the Patent and Trademark Office. She has earlier been a member of the Duke Law School faculty, where she taught Patent Law and Innovation and the Biopharmaceutical Industry.

THE PUBLIC ENGAGER You must have previously seen this face on the celluloid frame as Gogol Ganguly in Mira Nair's The Namesake. Kalpen Modi has been given the task to act as the new liaison between the White House and Asian communities. Taking break from the world of acting, he is serving as an associate director in the Office of Public Liaison, with the prime focus of constructing a "meaningful" bridge between President Barack Obama and the Asian-American and Pacific Islander communities, as well as arts groups. He said that arts in entirety are underestimated in the South Asian community. "My hope is that seeing me in a mainstream role will encourage our peers to go into this field. It's depressing that there are so few South Asian faces on TV and screen," he said.

PPP PARTNER A news anchor from 1970 to 1985 in India, Suresh Kumar, known for his publicprivate partnership proficiency, has been nominated by Barack Obama as Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Director General of the United States and Foreign Commercial Service in the US Department of Commerce. He has also previously worked with the Clinton Foundation, whereby he worked with the governments in sub-Saharan Africa and corporate CEOs to establish public-private partnerships in order to boost up the economic development in the region. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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|S P O R T S |

Cricket - A Game or Show Business? PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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|S P O R T S |

The ‘lavish lure’ of commercials are digging graveyards for our cricketers, with their performance inside the field deteriorating day by day, observes our cricket expert

The recently concluded Hero Honda Cup series between India and Australia ended with Australia being the emphatic winners and this was despite the fact that most of their senior and seasoned players were missing from the team as they were suffering from injuries. Their younger and hitherto untried players took over and fought bravely to bring their team a well-deserved victory. Players like Doug Bollinger, Clint McKay and Adam Voges along with Graham Manou made sure that Ricky Ponting did not have to worry about missing Brett Lee, Michael Clarke, Peter Siddle, James Hopes and wicketkeeper Tim Paine. Their application, dedication and concentration on the field was really the main difference between the two sides, even though the Indian team appeared to be stronger on paper, boasting possibly the finest batting line up in the world consisting of Sachin Tendulkar, Virendra Sehwag, Gautam Gambhir, Yuvraj Singh and M S Dhoni; but in effect they appeared fragile and inconsistent. They looked indifferent, confused and at times tired and almost out of sync. Their body language said it all. It was particularly obvious in the matches which started in the morning. What was most conspicuous by its absence was the pride that the players used to show playing for their country. Tendulkar was the only exception in all this. Yuvraj, Harbhajan, Sehwag and Dhoni were the main culprits. How much of this attitude can be attributed to their involvement in show business resulting in late nights is difficult to say, but it must be conceded that it cannot be easy to pursue two equally demanding careers - cricket and Bollywood. In our country, cricketers and film stars both have enjoyed reverence by the public but in different capacities. Film stars played cricket but only for fun and cricketers never indulged in the world of cinema or television, which was very proper. That is how it should be. Pubs don't cash cheques and the banks don't sell beer. But nowadays, every time one switches on the TV, one or the other cricketer is trying to perform something PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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they are not trained to do and looking out of their depth. This must surely encroach on their time and ability for physical training that eventually reflects on their performance or rather, the lack of it on the field. We had some very handsome and suave personalities from the cricket world in the past like Farokh Engineer, M.L Jaisimha, Salim Durrani, Pankaj Roy, Polly Umrigar to name a few, but they always kept their distance from show business because they were devoted cricketers and felt pride in playing for their country and wanted to do their best. This is where we can take a leaf out of Australians' book. They adore their baggy green cap. They fight to the end and never give up no matter what. For them the game is not over until it is over. The semi-final of 1999 World Cup between South Africa and Australia is a glowing example. Ricky Ponting symbolises all those qualities that place a cricketer head and shoulders above others. He is at present undoubtedly the best batsman in the World - I dare say - better than Tendulkar on the basis of his show on the field. He possesses a wide variety of shots and is capable of performing to his potential on any kind of pitch in any country and unlike Tendulkar, does not offer his wicket to the opposition on a plate. As a captain, he gets the best out of his players and leads by example and is proud to play for his country. He was so keen to do well in the Ashes series in England that he turned away from the lure of big money in the Indian Premier League. This is why Australia is the top cricketing nation in the world and even if a country displaces them from their perch, it is only a temporary setback, as they soon fight back to get to the top where they belong. And so long as they have these qualities, no team will be able to challenge them. K. K. SRIVASTAVA

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|N R I A C H I E V E R S |

HAIL CURRY KING Prominent NRI businessman and Curry King, Sir Gulam Noon, has been awarded with the Life Time Achievement Award for the year 2009 at the prestigious World Food Awards. Held in London, the Awards are a unique concept which brings to the fore the best operators in the world food sector in the United Kingdom and Europe. Receiving the awards, Sir Noon said: "It is an honour to receive the Lifetime Achievement Award at the inaugural World Food Awards. Ethnic food has come a long way since Noon Products first launched many years ago and I am very pleased that we have been able to contribute to making the ethnic foods such a major international industry." The Noon Products was founded in the year 1987 and produces ready to eat meals and specialises in the Indian and Thai food categories. He also said that ethnic foods have achieved numerous success stories "since Noon Products first launched many years ago." The Awards is supported by the World Foods Association, which conceives of bringing together the world food market and hence become the most popular face in UK's ethnic food industry.

PHILANTHROPIC DUO "They are successful businessmen, under their leadership, their company IMC Inc. has become a highly respected and award winning technology solutions innovator that provides expert government, commercial and scientific solutions," said Democratic Member Gerald E Connolly, about the Indian American philanthropist brothers Sudhakar V Shenoy and Suresh V Shenoy. The duo was recently awarded with the Northern Virginia Community Foundation's leader awards for 2009. Stating that their "accomplishments were truly impressive", Connolly further averred, "The business successes of Sudhakar and Suresh Shenoy are matched by their philanthropic endeavours and commitments to the improvement of our community." The Indian Institute of Technology alumnae, the brothers have a long history of civic and community involvement for the betterment of the deprived pie. Sudhakar has been involved with various organizations including the American Heart Association, Youth Aids, the American-Indian Foundation and the American Cancer Society among others. In the past, he had been laurelled with Citizen of the Year (1999), the Greater Washington High Technology Entrepreneur (1998). On the other hand, Suresh, in 2000, had been inducted as a Fellow of the Information Management Congress (Europe) and AIIM International (USA). At present, he serves as the Chairman of the National Capital Region American Red Cross. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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REMARKABLE "SUSTAINABLE CITIZENSHIP" Two India-born academics have won a prestigious research grant in New Zealand to help design public policy on the use of new and emerging technologies such as nanotechnology, cloning and transgenics. Dr Priya Kurian and Dr Debashish Munshi of the University of Waikato in Hamilton were recently awarded a $560,000 Marsden research grant by the Royal Society of New Zealand for their path-breaking project on "sustainable citizenship". Explaining the purpose of the project, Dr. Priya said that their "project moves away from treating views on new technologies in oppositional terms." She said that while shifting on the goal post, they are "working on a concept of sustainable citizenship which works towards a deliberated set of shared values among the people." Dr. Munshi, presently the head of the Department of Management Communication at the University of Waikato, has won awards for his research and is also a recipient of the viceChancellor's medal for excellence in teaching. Dr. Kurian is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the University. The two Indian scholars came to New Zealand in 1996 and have been successful in the academic arena of New Zealand for a long time. Both have written highly-acclaimed books and have published extensively in top-level international academic journals.

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|I N T E R V I EW |

Rendezvous with Meera Das In the Indian culture, classical dance has a lot of significance. It is not merely meant for entertaining oneself, but it serves as a fabulous way to express the innate feelings of heart. Carrying this league further, Meera Das is a starlet who carved a niche for herself in the field of Odissi dance. She is an accomplished dancer, whose facial expressions complements her dance and makes her performance simply outstanding. Her choreographic works have not only been well acclaimed in India but are also highly praised overseas. Recently Pravasi Today had a warm dialogue with her and here are some breathtaking words she said… Where do you think is your base? My base is, and will always be my village Anandpur, Keonjhar, which is a small village in Orissa. That place is not only where I was born but the place which gave me my life. You have dedicated your life to dance, what has your dance given you? My dance is my life, my breath. It has given me a new horizon, a new hope every day, a dream with which I can live my whole life. What are your dreams? I don’t believe in dreams but try and fulfill everything I think of. My current aim is to make Odissi reach the world in its original and traditional form. What makes Odissi different? Its style. It is a unique dance form with slow and beautiful movements. Which was the golden period of your life? Everyday I live is a golden day for my life. Though the days when I traveled all over the world were very precious because those days I saw people admiring me for my performances who couldn’t even understand my language. One fact which left me awestruck was that people in Germany can understand and talk in Sanskrit. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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How do you balance between your personal life and your passion for dance? Honestly, I really don’t have a proper balance. I am unable to give my family my 100% due to my schedule but I love them a lot. Sometimes they do get furious, but at the end of the day they support me and that’s because of them I am here. What else do you do in your free time? Read books, romantic poems, romantic novels and talk to my son Siddharth. Some lines which you frequently say and believe in? • Dance is life and life is dance. • Heart never lies. • Do everything from pure heart. • Believe in God, everything will be good. If given an option what time would you like to relive? I would like to go back to the time and learn dancing again from my Guru Ji Shri Padmbhushan Kelucharan Mohapatra. That time I used to think that he only scolded me and beat me and that he doesn’t love me. But now I can feel how much he used to love me. So I want to go back and spend more time with him. PT BUREAU

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11/20/2009, 11:25 PM


|K A L E I D O S C O P E |

CAPTIVATING CROWD WATCHES BIRJU MAHARAJ Prominent Kathak danseur Pandit Birju Maharaj enamored the packed crowd at Queen's Hall, a premier venue for cultural shows in Trinidad and Tobago. "One gets an unique feeling seeing Pandit Birju (Maharaj) on stage. He is inspirational, well-versed in his discipline and a teacher of the world, not only in dance or music, but for life itself," said Congress of the People Leader Winston Dookeran, who was accompanied by his wife Shirley. Maharaj was companioned with his disciples Saswati Sen and Mahu Shankar. The closing curtain was initiated by Maharaj and was given the finishing touch by Sen and Shankar in a climax of foot work and rhythmic interplay. The troupe also gave lecture-demonstrations in music, dance and songs at the University of Trinidad and Tobago. Leader of Opposition Basdeo Panday, former minister Joan YuilleWilliams, Gandhi Institute for Cultural Co-operation director M.M. Sharma and broadcaster Hans Hanoomansingh and his wife Myrna were also present to grace the occasion.

BHARAT RATNA Starting November 14, 2009, the prestigious Museum of Fine Arts in Boston has put on display as many as sixteen paintings by notable modern Indian artist. "Bharat Ratna," (Jewel of India) presents a selection of outstanding works by some of India's most celebrated modern painters. The nine month long exhibition will showcase majestic paintings from the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Rajiv Jahangir Chaudhari, which highlights the works of those painters who emerged in the years following India's independence from the British rule in 1947.

"The Chaudhris have collected some of the most outstanding examples of modernist and contemporary Indian art, which document the evolution of a vibrant and influential artistic period in India," said Malcolm Rogers, Annand Graham Gund Director of the MFA. Applauding the first exhibition of modern Indian art at Boston's MFA, Rajiv said: "Bravo to the MFA for taking the leadership role in this area‌ since Egyptian, Greek, and Chinese art are part of my heritage, it follows that I also believe that Indian art is, or should be, part of the heritage of America, Europe and other regions of the world." The exhibition will conclude on August 22, 2010. PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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EXHIBITION OF JAIN ARTS AT RUBIN MUSEUM OF ART The six month long art exhibition displaying images of the founding figures of Jainism, the Jinas, also known as the "Conquerors" or Tirthankaras is on at the Rubin Museum of Art, New York. Victorious Ones: Jain Images of Perfection will continue from September 18, 2009 to February15, 2010. "We are treating the exhibition galleries as a uniquely Jain sacred space during the exhibition, because, as did their forbearers, present-day Jains pay homage to Jinas, the last of whom is thought to have preceded the historical Buddha," says Martin Brauen, chief curator at the Rubin Museum of Art. The exhibition displays an in-depth study of a marvelous art tradition and a complex faith which has nearly five million followers in India. Lead curator Phyllis Granoff said that the images of the Jinas are supposed to reflect the "invincible strength and infinite knowledge". Some of the pieces which can be glanced include cosmographs, tantric diagrams, and many colourful paintings of medieval pilgrimage sites. Apart from it, on display would be texts illuminated with paintings of scenic importance and stone sculptures. Victorious Ones: Jain Images of Perfection also assembles a number of elaborate bronzes with multiple Jinas and attendant figures.

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11/20/2009, 11:27 PM


|T O U R I S M |

Cash out the Maximum from the Capital The next time you plan for a trip to a place where you can get on the platter a bouquet of fascinating excursions, just sashay towards the “Land of forests, waterfalls, historical and heritage hubs” A few years back, an inquisitive journalist quizzed me about a city in India which has been adorned with the sobriquet of "Manchester of the East". Till then, I did not know that apart from the embellishment of "the land of lakes, forests and waterfalls", Ranchi is also known as the former. Suffice is to state that the capital of Jharkhand is an evergreen landscape with a lot of scenic filled spots haloing around it to attract the attention of the tourists. Before letting the readers pounce over the numerous captivating and enthralling places in Ranchi, it is necessary to know that it has a sub-tropical climate which makes it a proper tourist destination. Geographically speaking, it is located on the southern part of the PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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11/20/2009, 11:29 PM


|T O U R I S M |

Chota Nagpur Plateau, which metamorphoses into the place to be endued with a vast tract of forest. So without circling more, let us explore the Beauty of Ranchi, which comprises of not only lakes, forests and waterfalls, but also religious places, heritage sites, and lots more. Waterfalls One of the major drawing cards for the tourists is the waterfalls-decked Ranchi. The capital is constellated with a number of waterfalls ranging from the Hundru waterfalls to the Dassam, Panch Ghagh, Jonha and Hinri waterfalls. Falling from a height of around 320 meters, the water of the Swarnarekha River forms the enchanting Hundru waterfalls. The place also doubles up as a perfect trekking destination. Along with this, below the fall is a beautiful pool which acts as a suitable bathing place. The varied shape of the rocks which results from the incessant fall of water also magnetizes the tourists towards them. The Dassam falls is located in a village called Taimara (Ranchi-Tata road). The 144 feet fall of the water from the Kahchi River makes the Dassam falls. The time spanning from February to April is considered as an ideal period to visit here. The picturesque grandeur of the Kanchi River is also an ideal location for recreational activities. Comprising a group of five waterfalls is the Panch Ghagh waterfall, whose anatomy formation resulted from the break up of the Banai River. Although the water does not fall from a great height, the tourists turning to this place are enthralled with the ever-gushing velocity of water. Johna is 40 kilometers away from the capital city. It is also known as Gautam Dhara as Lord Buddha is opined to have bathed here. The falls is located near the Rarhu River amidst the dense forests. About 70 kilometer from Ranchi and on the way towards Chakradharpur is the Hirni falls. Tucked among the dense forests, the tourists are enamoured by the scenic beauties around the Hirni falls. Religious Centres Millions of people throng to a number of religious places located in Ranchi. Located at a distance of seven kilometers from the city's railway station is the landmark Pahari Mandir at a height of 300 feet. A temple of the Supreme God, Lord Shiva is situated on the top of the hill. The temple is considered as the PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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best spot to have a bird's eye view of the entire city. Jibing with the architecture of the Puri Temple located in Orrisa, the temple was built around 1691. A Rath Yatra mirroring the one celebrated in Puri is celebrated every year. The chariot festival mesmerizes the imagination of a huge number of devotees. Situated at a distance of 40 kilometers on the RanchiTata road is the Sun Temple. The temple is built in the form of a carriage with 18 wheels drawing seven horses. The city is also adorned with Deori Temple and the Temples of Harradith. In these temples, the devotees offer rituals to Goddess Durga. Heritage Hubs A certain pie of tourists pays a visit to Ranchi because of its historical significance. There are immense locations where the vacationists can get enticed by its past. One will get enchanted by the scenic Saint Paul's cathedral and the war cemetery located in Ranchi. The cathedral is one of the oldest churches in India. Immense and articulated human labour was invested in the construction of the massive pillars, roofs and the arches of the church. On the other hand, situated at the Ranchi-Hazaribagh road is the most noticeable memory land for the 708 soldiers of the undivided India. The war cemetery is also known as the Indian "West Minister Abbey". Deori and Satbarwa are the places where one can always look out for the remains of old temples. The Archeological Survey of India has also placed a number of Asura sites located in Ranchi, which are worth a visit. These include the sites in Hansa, Kathar Toli, Khekpatra, Khunti Tola, Kunjla and Saridkel. Besides these becharming spots and centers in the capital city of Jharkhand, one can ease off around the Gonda Hills and the Rock Gardens, the Machli Ghar, the Tagore Hills and a tribal museum in McCluskigunj. So, the next time you plan for a trip to a place where you can get on the platter a bouquet of fascinating excursions, just sashay towards the land of forests, waterfalls, historical and heritage hubs. In short, Ranchi. AMIT GUIN

DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM Government of Jharkhand, FFP Bhawan, 2nd Floor, Dhurwa, Ranchi-1, Jharkhand. Ph: +91-651-2400981, Tel Fax: +91-651-2400982 43 รงoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

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11/20/2009, 11:29 PM


|B C O O K E RR EY V| I E W |

Working Women: Stories of Strife, Struggle and Survival They no more want to hear the cliche of a women managing the household; rather they love breaking the shackles of the male dominant society

Name of the Book: Working Women: Stories of Strife, Struggle and Survival Publisher: Sage Publications Edited by: Kogi Naidoo and Fay Patel Pages: 245 Price: Rs 495

A commendable effort by Kogi Naidoo and Fay Patel to give a platform to women from diverse fields - from women as cleaners to women in policymaking - to take the 'feminist' debate to corporate houses, academics, the social and political stage.

The book is a collection of stories, recollections and viewpoints that become a single tale of women breaking free, surging ahead, fighting all odds, making themselves heard and rising above their lot. Each chapter comes across as a different experience - be it Heidi Kaminski's courage in making good of her children in adversity; Kay Sexton's desperation combined with cunning mastery; Millicent Daweti working and surpassing in a male dominated world; Jane and Diane Saarinen making it in spite of their disabilities; Lynn Hunt's having to pass at a higher level than a boy for selection to an academically elite grammar school; or, Thenjiwe Magwaza's criticism of the US concept of balancing work and life. Whether these participants were from America, South America, South Africa, India or New Zealand, the plight of women seems to be one. Yet, is Working Women a book on feminism? It does not seem so. Just as a collection of stories about men and their troubles would be any more or less masculine! It is a book that brings to light some genuine and some not so genuine issues faced by an important segment of our civilization - the woman who is today a mother, wife, daughter, professional - all rolled into one and facing the challenges of today's ever-evolving world scenario, just like any other segment of our society. Issues that concern all of us and need to be resolved if the world has to be a fit and harmonious place to live in! In her concluding chapter, Patel eulogises about how women have been successful advocates of change over civilizations; how they have been "mothers of nations imparting knowledge and transmitting cultural norms and values to future generations." The workplace is a sector they still need to make their mark upon. And it is an acknowledged fact that "women are more effective managers, they bring balance." Shelda Debowski, an academician herself, in her chapter on Pencilled in at the Margins, begins wisely with "higher education needs more women in leadership roles." Workplaces too need more women in leadership roles. It is up to these leaders, and men who believe in empowerment and equality of women, to ensure relevant education of these issues at grass root levels and inclusion of policies that will make a difference. Mindsets will follow! Working Women is a must for all corporate houses that claim or do not yet claim to have broken gender biases. The book is a good base for them to take tips on how to be more sensitive to women's roles and to take steps to sensitize their employees to these issues.

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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PT BUREAU

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11/20/2009, 11:31 PM


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11/20/2009, 11:34 PM


|B U Z Z O F T H E M O N T H |

WELCOME TO DESI ADDA

LIFE GOES ON It is for the first time that the mom-daughter duo of Sharmila Tagore and Soha Ali Khan are coming up in the celluloid frame. And the idea of introducing them goes to London-based Sangeeta Datta, who has made her directorial debut with 'Life Goes On', a film on the British Indians that was screened at the recently held 11th Mumbai Film Festival. The film delves with the problem of cultural conflict and various prejudices imbibed in the hearts of Indian immigrants living in London. "The story is the contemporary adaptation of 'King Lear', though the ending is more hopeful. It shows that love can conquer," explained Datta. When asked about the duo's performance while working together, the director said: "They are as good as expected. They gave an amazing performance while shooting an extremely difficult scene." Sharmila Tagore, Girish Karnad, Om Puri, Soha Ali Khan, Rez Kempton, Neerja Naik, Mukulika Banerjee and Aria Gitanjali Banerjee Watts are playing the lead roles in the film. The film was also screened at the Mahindra Indo-American Arts Council (MIAAC) Film Festival in New York.

"I agree doing it in fun is one thing but there should be a limit. People shouldn't cross the line. "

Katrina Kaif on the rumours of her marriage with an Indore-based politician

Avinash, a non-resident Indian businessman, comes to his ancestral village and plays various street games like kabaddi, kite fights, gilli danda, among others. Yes, we are serious, and much more than us is Sony India, which has come up with Desi Adda, its latest ingenious product to attract those geeks who are obsessed with games. And there is a love twist in the game too. While wandering through the villages, he meets a couple who have to bear the brunt of the village head. And all this is sorted out over the various rounds of pachisi (a board game), Aadu Puli Aatam (Goat and the tiger, a hunt game), kite- fight, gilli danda and kabaddi. "It is tricky, fun and addictive at the same time," says Atindriya Bose, the country manager (Playstation) of Sony Computer Entertainment. He also said that there is a certain "coolness quotient" attached with these desi games. Desi Adda has been envisaged as an ideal platform for those who love casual games and put their thumbs down the nose of violent and gory games. The target group of eight to fifteen years has been kept in mind while developing this game. These are available on Playstation Portable as well as Playstation console and are priced at Rs 499. As of now, Sony has no plan to bundle them with gaming devices.

BALLE BALLE BIRMINGHAM It has been one of their major concerns while staying in various parts of United Kingdom. Majority of the Sikhs wearing turbans were seen suspiciously in the streets of Birmingham. Several Sikhs sporting turbans were even attacked after the 9/11 WTC attacks and 7/7 London bombings. Now a film to drive off the pre-conceived notions of certain sections of the society has been agreed to be incorporated in the syllabus for religious education by the Birmingham City Council. The Council's pathbreaking decision to adapt Turbanology as a part of its religious education syllabus has been welcomed by one and all. The film apart from acting as a source for the commoners to know about the hues of the turban also sheds light on how it became connected to terrorism, how it has affected some Muslims who wear it and also why it is represented in the Christian age. Further elaborating, Religious Education Adviser, Simone Whitehouse said: "This is a valuable resource in the current climate to understand misconceptions about faith and to build links with communities. It will be most valuable to show parts of this documentary demonstrating inclusion and identity, symbols of faith under the duty to promote community cohesion and shared understanding." The film has been earlier screened in the USA at the Sikh International Film Festival and in Canada at the Spinning Wheel Film Festival.

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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11/23/2009, 8:40 PM


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11/20/2009, 11:41 PM


|MOVIE OF THE MONTH| AJAB PREM KI GHAZAB KAHANI is a little tardy and the climax is clumsy; some gags seemed to be forced which is irritant, finds our movie critic

Comedy of Errors Raj Kumar Santoshi's Ajab Prem Ki Ghazab Kahani hit the theatres after much ado. The story begins with the 'innocence tipping balance to foolishness' of Prem (Ranbir) and his gang of loser friends who launch the Happy Club (read their hangout place) where they try to solve their love problems or simply pass time. It is when one of Prem's friends needs to rescue his damsel in distress that his chance meeting with Jenny (Katrina) happens and he falls in love with her. To take a note, Ranbir and Katrina's chemistry sizzled the screen. This is where the expectations from the movie draws its line and that is where we remember the tickling Andaaz Apna Apna (Aamir Khan and Salman khan) which was a sheer comedy whereas APKGK is a romantic comedy. Jenny and Prem, who both have a tendency to stammer when they are emotionally wrought, become friends. And Prem, who can't bring himself to tell her that he loves her, finds himself in an uncomfortable position of trying to get Jenny away from her own wedding! So while we're thinking that Prem's world comes crashing down because Jenny is apparently in love with Rahul, her school friend (Upen Patel) who has

returned from Canada; Rahul has his own set of problems. But Prem had promised himself that he'd love Jenny with 'no complaint, no demand.' So the boy sticks with her and helps her get married to Rahul. The best part of the movie is its crackling comedy moments. That is where we bow to director Raj Kumar Santoshi for some of the funniest dialogues in recent times. Although the flick is very funny, the trouble is that the film cannot maintain its tone and energy. So, the humour dips and the gags become forced. The film is a little tardy and the climax is clumsy; some gags seemed to be forced which is irritant. Moreover, the film tends to have a dose of emotional encounters which results in comedy taking a backseat. This is why one wishes if the entire film could have been a laugh fest! Like good old Hindi films, Jenny eventually realizes that she can never be happy with Rahul and that her true love is Prem. And at the end Prem's grammatically incorrect English prayer is answered and he gets her happily ever after. Pritam's scores are good. Ranbir's many avatars are awe-inspiring. He perfectly brings out the rawness of an uneducated person as well as the complexity of a gentleman. Katrina is an eye-candy in every shot. Thanks to them, the faked quirky horniness of Prem's mother Shalini (Smita Jaykar) and Shankar's (Darshan Jariwala) efforts to straighten out his son; and the laughter infusing frustration of the broke Don Sajin (Zakir Hussain) have been nicely brought out. But the Bollywood's most sought after pair could have been used for a better and meatier script. APKGK is engaging enough, so catch it. SHAILY LAMBA

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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11/20/2009, 11:43 PM


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çse eSa ihvkbZvks vkSj ,uvkjvkbZ ds chp ds QdZ ds ckjs esa lkspus yxkA ,uvkjvkbZ os gSa tks dkQh le; fgUnqLrku esa xqtkj dj ;qokoLFkk esa dSfj;j dh ryk'k esa fons'k x, vkSj ihvkbZvks etnwjksa dh rjg ys tk, x,A lc foifÙk;ka vkSj ukjdh; thou lgdj mUgksaus rqylh ds xqVds ds lgkjs vius dks Hkkjr vkSj mldh laLd`fr ls tksM+s j[kkA

vfuy tks'kh

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11/20/2009, 11:44 PM


A v k o j . k d Fk k A

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Hkkjr vthr f}osnh

ekWjh'kl ds lkFk รงoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds laca/kksa dks ns[krs gq, bls รงoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dh jkt/kkuh dg ldrs gSaA ekWjh'kl ds รงoklh fganqLrku ds lkjs R;ksgkj eukrs gSaA iwjs ns'k esa cM+h la[;k esa eafnj vkSj efLtn cus gSaA ,d cM+k xq#}kjk Hkh ekWjh'kl esa gS] tcfd fl[kksa dh la[;k FkksM+h gh gSA รsap fefJr Hkkstiqjh cksyh tkrh gSA PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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11/20/2009, 11:49 PM


A v k o j . k d Fk k A

dksbZ 25 lky igys jkses'k 'kekZ us ^ge* fQYe cukbZ FkhA vferkHk cPpu dh bl fQYe esa laHkor% igyh ckj fganqLrku ds yksxksa us ekWjh'kl dh [kwclwjrh dks ns[kk FkkA gkykafd rc Hkh bfrgkl ds Nk=ksa vkSj baMks&ekWjhf'k;u ifjokjksa dks NksM+ nsa rks ns'k ds T;knkrj yksx ekWjh'kl ds lkFk vius lkaLd`frd vkSj ,sfrgkfld laca/kksa ds ckjs esa vufHkK FksA vk/kqfud lapkj vkSj vkfFkZd Økafr us tc nqfu;k dks ,d xkao esa cnyk rc ekWjh'kl ds lkFk vius laca/kksa dh ijrsa [kqyuh 'kq: gqbZaA fQj bfrgkl ds iUus iyVs x,A mu fnuksa dks ;kn fd;k x;k] tc gekjs iwoZt viuh ljteha NksM+ dj ,d Ýsap daiuh dh dkWyksuh clkus ekWjh'kl igqaps FksA ekWjh'kl esa cls Hkkjrh; ewy ds yksxksa dks viuk bfrgkl] viuh laLd`fr] vius yksx] viuh ljteha lc ;kn Fkh] oks rks ge Fks] tks mUgsa Hkwys gq, FksA tc geus mUgsa ;kn fd;k] mUgksaus Hkh viuh tM+sa ;gka ryk'kuh 'kq: dhaA ,d ckj fQj gesa jkses'k 'kekZ dk 'kqØxqtkj gksuk gksxk fd mUgksaus ^fny tks Hkh dgs* fQYe cukbZA bl fQYe esa mUgksaus ,d baMks ekWjhf'k;u ifjokj dh dgkuh fn[kkbZ gSA bl ifjokj ds tfj, mUgksaus ogka cls Hkkjrh; ewy ds yksxksa dh laLd`fr] mudh ikfjokfjd ijaijkvksa] mudk ekU;rkvksa vkfn ds ckjs esa crk;kA mudh bl fQYe esa Hkh eq[; Hkwfedk vferkHk cPpu us gh dh FkhA ;s nksuksa fQYesa fiNys nks n'kd dh dgkuh gSaA blfy, tkfgj rkSj ij blesa fiNys nks&rhu n'kd dh pdkpkSa/k] XySej vkSj ekWjh'kl ds fodkl dks n'kkZrs fp= T;knk gSaA ij djhc Ms<+ lnh dk csgn ihM+knk;d bfrgkl unkjn gSA ge 'kq#vkr ogha ls djrs gSa] tc mÙkj Hkkjr ds ca/kqvk etnwjksa dk igyk tRFkk ekWjh'kl ds vçoklh ?kkV ij mrjk FkkA vçoklh ?kkV 'kCn vaxzsth ds behxzs'ku fMiks dk fganh vuqokn gSA ekWjh'kl ds xUus ds [ksrksa esa dke djus ds fy, Hkkjrh; ca/kqvk etnwjksa dk igyk tRFkk 1834 esa bl ?kkV ij mrjk FkkA viuh tehu NksM+ dj x, yksxksa us ml vutkuh èkjrh dks ueu fd;k vkSj mls viuh nwljh ekr`Hkwfe eku dj mldk fodkl 'kq: fd;kA

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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ftl le; Hkkjrh; etnwjksa dk ekWjh'kl tkuk 'kq: gqvk] ml le; ekWjh'kl dh 'kqxj baMLVªh [kRe gksus ds dxkj ij FkhA xUus dk mRiknu de gksrk tk jgk Fkk vkSj QSDVfj;ka can gks jgh FkhaA Hkkjrh; etnwjksa us muesa ,d ubZ tku QwadhA Hkkjrh; etnwj] ftUgsa dqyh dgk tkrk Fkk] os ekWjh'kl dh dqy vkcknh esa flQZ nks Qhlnh FksA ysfdu vxys 25 lkyksa esa Hkkjrh;ksa dh vkcknh ogka dh dqy vkcknh dk 65 Qhlnh gks xbZA vkt ekWjh'kl dh vkcknh esa 68 Qhlnh Hkkjrh; gSaA ekWjh'kl x, Hkkjrh; etnwjksa esa T;knkrj mÙkj Hkkjr ds nks jkT;ksa fcgkj vkSj ;wih ds FksA LokHkkfod :i ls ;s yksx ftu dfBu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa vius jkT; esa jgrs Fks] mlls dgha T;knk dfBu Fkh] ekWjh'kl dh ifjfLFkfr;kaA ij viuh esgur vkSj yxu ls Hkkjrh; etnwjksa us ogka dh HkkSxksfyd] jktuhfrd] lkekftd ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks lk/k fy;kA tc ;g dkWyksuh Ýkalhlh yksxksa ds gkFkksa ls vaxzstksa ds gkFk vkbZ] rks etnwjksa ij tqYe T;knk c<+sA mudh eqf'dysa T;knk c<+haA ij blls muds gkSlys iLr ugha gq,A mUgksaus gkM+rksM+ etnwjh vkSj lkjh tqYekrksa ds chp viuh laLd`fr] Hkk"kk] ijaijk dks cuk, j[kkA vkt ekWjh'kl ,d [kq'kgky ns'k gS vkSj bls ekStwnk eqdke rd igqapkus esa mu yk[kksa Hkkjrh;ksa dk [kwu&ilhuk yxk gS] tks vius futh thou dh [kq'kgkyh vkSj ekWjh'kl dk vn~Hkqr fodkl ns[ks cxSj bl nqfu;k ls pys x,A muds oa'kt ekWjh'kl dks vkckn dj jgs gSaA ogka dh vkcknh esa yxHkx 68 Qhlnh Hkkjrh; gSaA buesa ls vk/ks ls T;knk djhc 52 Qhlnh mÙkj Hkkjr ds yksx gSa] ftuds iwoZt Hkkstiqjh cksyrs FksA ekWjh'kl dk bfrgkl bu Hkkstiqjh cksyus okyksa dk bfrgkl gSA vkt tc ;s Hkkstiqjh Hkk"kh vius gh ns'k esa çoklh

51 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

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A v k o j . k d Fk k A

cus gq, gSa vkSj if'pe esa egkjk"Vª ls ysdj iwjc esa xqokgkVh rd vkSj mÙkj esa d'ehj ls ysdj dU;kdqekjh rd vius gh yksxksa dh fgalk dk f'kdkj gks jgs gSa rks ,sls esa ekWjh'kl dk bfrgkl cM+k lacy nsrk gSA ;g vglkl djkrk gS fd ge ftls fny ls viukrs gSa] mls ,d u ,d fnu gesa Hkh viukuk gksxkA ;g mÙkj Hkkjr ds etnwjksa dk thoV Fkk fd os foijhr ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ftank jgs vkSj

dke djrs jgs] ij ;g ekWjh'kl dh lfg".kqrk Hkh Fkh] mlus mu Hkkjrh;ksa dks Qyus&Qwyus vkSj vkxs c<+us dk ekSdk fn;kA dSlk ekSdk fn;k] bldh felky f'kolkxj jkexqyke gSa] tks vaxzstksa dh xqykeh ls ekWjh'kl ds eqDr gksus ds ckn ogka ds igys ç/kkuea=h cus FksA mUgsa ekWjh'kl esa jk"Vªfirk dk ntkZ gkfly gqvkA mÙkj Hkkjrh; fganqvksa dh cM+h vkcknh ds vykok ekWjh'kl esa eqlyeku Hkh gSaA buds iwoZt Hkh 19oha lnh ds 'kq#vkrh fnuksa esa etnwjh djus ekWjh'kl x, Fks vkSj eksVs rkSj ij ;s yksx Hkh mÙkj Hkkjr ds gh gSaA buds vykok FkksM+s ls yksx egkjk"Vª] rfeyukMq vkSj vka/kzçns'k ds Hkh gSaA viuh laLd`fr vkSj ijaijkvksa dks cpk, j[kus ds fy, Hkkjrh; yksx vkt Hkh vius&vius /keZ ds fjoktksa dk ikyu djrs gSa vkSj cgqr ls yksx rks vkt Hkh 'kknh djus vius xkao vkrs gSaA rkfd os viuh tM+ksa ls tqM+s jgsaA viuh tM+ksa ls mudk ;g tqM+ko ml vutkus }hi ij mUgsa lokZbo djus dh 'kfDr nsrk gSA blh 'kfDr ds ne ij muds iwoZtksa us [kqn dks cpk dj j[kk Fkk vkSj ekWjh'kl dks ,d fodflr ns'k cuk;k FkkA ftl le; Hkkjrh; etnwjksa dk ekWjh'kl tkuk 'kq: gqvk] ml le; ekWjh'kl dh 'kqxj baMLVªh [kRe gksus ds dxkj ij FkhA xUus dk mRiknu de gksrk tk jgk Fkk vkSj QSDVfj;ka can gks jgh FkhA Hkkjrh; etnwjksa us muesa ,d ubZ tku QwadhA igys fo'o;q¼ ds le; nqfu;k Hkj esa phuh dh ekax c<+us ls ekWjh'kl dh vFkZO;oLFkk dks [kklk equkQk gqvk FkkA ij ckn esa ,dy Qly ij vk/kkfjr m|ksx okyh vFkZO;oLFkk ds ukrs bldk iru gqvk vkSj fQj /khjs&/khjs ;gka nwljs m|ksx&/ka/kksa dk yxuk 'kq: gqvkA ij vkt Hkh ekWjh'kl dh ,DliksVZ vkenuh esa ,d&frgkbZ fgLlk phuh dk gSA m|ksxksa ds vykok i;ZVu ekWjh'kl dh vFkZO;oLFkk dk ,d cM+k vkèkkj gSA ekWjh'kl ds lkFk Hkkjr ds laca/kksa ds u, nkSj dh 'kq#vkr 1970 ds n'kd esa gqbZ tc ç/kkuea=h bafnjk xkaèkh ekWjh'kl xb±A bafnjk xka/kh [kklrkSj ij vçoklh ?kkV ns[kus xb±] tgka Hkkjr ds ca/kqvk etnwj mrkjs tkrs FksA fQj èkhjs&èkhjs Hkkjr ds lkFk ekWjh'kl dh utnhfd;ka c<+us yxhA eqDr vFkZO;oLFkk vkSj lapkj lk/kuksa us ekWjh'kl dks Hkkjr ds vkSj djhc yk fn;kA vkt nksuksa ns'kksa ds chp csgrj vkfFkZd lacaèk LFkkfir gks jgs gSaA gkykafd fiNys nks n'kd esa ekWjh'kl ds lkFk vkfFkZd laca/kksa esa nksgjs djk/kku dh O;oLFkk dk vusd daifu;ksa us xyr Qk;nk mBk;kA fQj Hkh nksuksa ns'kksa ds vkfFkZd laca/k etcwr gq, gSa vkSj ç/kkuea=h eueksgu flag viuh fiNyh ekWjh'kl ;k=k ds nkSjku ogka ds m|ksxifr;ksa ls vihy dh Fkh fd os fcgkj esa fuos'k djsaA vHkh rd ekWjh'kl ds çoklh lkaLd`frd :i ls Hkkjr ls tqM+s gq, FksA vxj fcgkj vkSj ;wih esa fuos'k 'kq: gksrk gS rks ;g tqM+ko dqN vkSj etcwr gksxkA ekWjh'kl ds lkFk çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds laca/kksa dks ns[krs gq, bls çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dh jkt/kkuh dg ldrs gSaA ekWjh'kl ds çoklh fganqLrku ds lkjs R;ksgkj eukrs gSaA iwjs ns'k esa cM+h la[;k esa eafnj vkSj efLtn cus gSaA ,d cM+k xq#}kjk Hkh ekWjh'kl esa gS] tcfd fl[kksa dh la[;k FkksM+h gh gSA Ýsap fefJr Hkkstiqjh cksyh tkrh gSA ekWjh'kl ds chpksachp ,d cM+k rkykc gS] ftls xaxk ryko ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA ekWjh'kl ds yksx cM+s /kwe/kke ls egkf'kojkf= eukrs gSaA ogka Hkxoku f'ko dh ,d 108 QhV Åaph ewfrZ cuh gS] tgka yksx iwtk djus tkrs gSaA ekWjh'kl ds yksxksa ds jhfr&fjokt] mudh cksyh] [kku&iku vkSj igukok Hkkjr ds lkFk tqM+h mudh igpku dks crkrk gSA ge dg ldrs gSa fd ekWjh'kl çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dk gS vkSj çoklh Hkkjrh; ekWjh'kl ds ! gSaA nksuksa ds laca/k xHkZ uky okys gSa] tks fdlh Hkh ifjfLFkfr esa VwV ugha ldrsA

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52 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/20/2009, 11:49 PM


A us i kyA

ekvksoknh paxqy esa

usiky

;g dgk tk ldrk gS fd ekvksoknh fgalkRed xfrfofèk;ka usiky dk vkarfjd ekeyk gSA ijUrq ekvksoknh fgalk dk fu'kkuk fuf'pr rkSj ij usiky esa clk Hkkjrh; leqnk; gS--vkWLVªsfy;k vkSj fczVsu tSls ns'kksa esa Hkkjrh; viuh izfrHkk&{kerk ds dkj.k fVds gq, gSaA vr% ekuk tk ldrk gS fd ghu Hkkouk dk f'kdkj gksdj ogka dk vijkèkh rÙo uLyoknh fgalk ij mrk: gks tkrk gSA fdUrq usiky vkSj Hkkjr ds chp fpj lkaLd`frd&lkekftd lacaèk jgs gSa vkSj ohlk jfgr vkokxeu HkhA ogka Hkh jktuSfrd izd`fr dh fgalk dh vkx esa Hkkjrh; leqnk; èkw&èkw dj ty jgk gS ftls vuns[kk ugha fd;k tk ldrk ijUrq lekèkku 'kkafriwoZd gh fudkyk tk ldrk gSA lkaLd`frd oSfoè; vkSj mPp thou&ewY;ksa ds fy, igpkus tkus okys usiky dh jktuhfr vfuf'prrk ds nkSj ls xqtj jgh gS vkSj phu&izsfjr ekvksoknh fgalk us usikyh lekt dks fNUu&fHkUu dj j[k fn;k gSA bl fgalk dh vkx esa Hkkjrh; leqnk; Hkh tys fcuk ugha jg ldrkA ekvksoknh fgalk dh rhozrk bl rF; ls gh le>h tk ldrh gS fd dkBekaMw esa flag njckj ds lehiorhZ {ks= esa vkanksyu] èkjuk] izn'kZu izfrcafèkr gksus ij Hkh ogka ekvksokfn;ksa us 1 uoEcj 2009 ds mijkUr dbZ izn'kZu fd;s vkSj varr% xBcaèku ljdkj us foo'k gksdj 11 uoEcj dks dgk fd fu'ksèkkKk okil yh tk jgh gSA ;g dgk tk ldrk gS fd ekvksoknh fgalkRed xfrfofèk;ka usiky dk vkarfjd ekeyk gSA ijUrq ekvksoknh fgalk dk fu'kkuk fuf'pr rkSj ij usiky esa clk Hkkjrh; leqnk; gSA 4 flrEcj 2009 dks jksekapdkjh Øwjre ?kVuk ?kfVr gqbZ vkSj ntZu Hkj ekvksokfn;ksa us i'kqifrukFk efUnj esa èkkok cksydj ogka o"kks± ls lsok] iwtk] èkkfeZd vuq"Bku dj jgs nks Hkkjrh; PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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iqtkfj;ksa dks funZ;rk ls ihVk] muds oL= QkM+ Mkys vkSj ifo= ;Kksiohr dkV fn;sA ekvksokfn;ksa }kjk vizSy 2009 ls gh Hkkjrh; leqnk; ds fo:¼ viizpkj dj usikyh lekt esa ?k`.kk dh Hkkouk HkM+dkbZ tkrh jgh gSA ;g vQokg QSykbZ xbZ fd Hkkjrh; yksx usiky esa izos'k dj usikyh cPpksa dks mBk ys tkrs gSaA gks ldrk gS dfri; laxfBr fHk[kkjh lewgksa us ,slk fd;k gks ijUrq usikyh lekt esa Hkkjrh; leqnk; ds izfr ?k`.kk ds cht cksus esa cM+s iSekus ij QSykbZ xbZ vQokg dkjxj fl¼ gqbZA usikyh lekt Hkkjrh; leqnk; ds fo:¼ vkØksf'kr gks mBkA 22 vizSy dks leLr ekuork dk flj 'keZ ls >qd x;k tc i'kqifrukFk efUnj ds n'kZukFkZ egkjk"Vª ls igqaps n'kjFk lkoar] muds pkj iq= vkSj rhu vU; lacafèk;ksa dks fljkgk ds ykgu cktkj esa HkhM+ us ihV&ihVdj vèkejk dj fn;kA iqfyl ds ;Fkkle; ?kVuk&LFky igqapus ls gh mudh izk.k j{kk laHko gks ldhA vkWLVªsfy;k vkSj baXyS.M esa tgka Hkkjrh; ewy ds Nk=ksa lfgr ,f'k;kbZ uLyoknh fgalk ds f'kdkj gSa ogha jktuSfrd i`"BHkwfe ls mBh usiky dh ekvksoknh fgalk dks dfFkr ifjdfYir 'k=q ds :i esa Hkkjrh; leqnk; fey x;k gSA ijUrq lfn;ksa iqjkuh lkaLd`frd&lkekftd lacaèkksa dh i`"BHkwfe ij [kM+s usikyh vkSj Hkkjrh; lekt phu ds cgqr gLr{ksi ds mijkUr Hkh viuk ,sD; Hkko cuk;s j[ksaxs vkSj bl leL;k dk 'kkafriwoZd lekèkku fudkysaxs] ,slh vk'kk dh tkuh pkfg;sA

jes'k dqekj 'kekZ 53 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/20/2009, 11:55 PM


| ehfM;k okp |

izHkk"k tks'kh%

cgqr dqN dg x;k mudk tkuk Hkh fØdsV ds ihNs buesa [kkl Hkkoqdrk Fkh] mlesa gh budh tku x;hA ,d O;fDr tks vius gksus ds lkFk ft;k og vius gksus ds lkFk gh ej x;kA

izHkk"k tks'kh fgUnh i=dkfjrk ds f'k[kj O;fDrRo FksA og ,d laiw.kZ i=dkj FksA og ,d iw.kZ laokn&iq#"k FksA mudh dksbZ Hkh ckr] fdlh Hkh eqís ij i{k ;k foi{k esa dksbZ Hkh LVSaM] Lohdkj dh FkiFkikgV ;k vLohdkj dh ?kqM+d ekgkSy esa laokn dh lqxcqxkgV iSnk dj tkrh FkhA mudh i=dkjh;&cqf¼thfork ds dsUnz esa lkfgfR;d Hkkoqdrk FkhA og fdlh Hkh eqn~ns ij i{k ;k foi{k esa rqjar ,d LVSaM ys ysrs Fks] blds ihNs mudk Hkkoqd O;fDrRo FkkA fØdsV ds ihNs buesa [kkl Hkkoqdrk Fkh] mlesa gh budh tku x;hA ,d O;fDr tks vius gksus ds lkFk ft;k og vius gksus ds lkFk gh ej x;kA izHkk"k tks'kh dks fØdsV dk ,d cgqr&gh mÙkstd gSnjkckn eSp ns[krs gq, fny dk nkSjk iM+kA izHkk"k tks'kh dh fØdsV laca/kh i=dkfjrk us ges'kk bl ckr dk i{k fy;k Fkk fd fØdsV Vhe ds fy, p;u dk lkekftd&vk/kkj cM+k gksuk pkfg,A p;u dh izfØ;k ftruh bZekunkj vkSj l{ke gksxh] f[kykfM+;ksa esa izfrc¼rk vkSj V~;wfuax mruh vf/kd gksxh] rHkh Hkkjr cgqr ncko esa ugha [ksy ldus dh detksjh ls ckgj fudysxkA izHkk"k tks'kh dk liuk FkksM+k iwjk gqvk gS FkksM+k ughaA ,d ,sls eSp dks ns[krs gq, mudk nsgkar gqvk ftlesa bl gksus vkSj u gksus dk }a} pje ij igqapkA og lfpu rsUnqydj ds cM+s iz'kald FksA cgjgky] fgUnh i=dkfjrk esa izHkk'k tks'kh ds cgqr&lkjs ek;us FksA ledkyhu ofj"B i=dkjksa esa cgqr cM+h la[;k esa i=dkj muls izf'kf{kr gSaA mudh i=dkfjrk fdlh Hkh eqís ij rqjar ,d LVSaM ysrh FkhA ,slk og Lo;a ds izkstsD'ku ds fy, dksbZ ,d jsMhesM eap fey tkus ds ykyp esa ugha djrs Fks] cfYd mudk fetkt ,fDVfoLV fetkt Fkk] vkSj os i=dkfjrk dks ,fDVfoTe ls tksM+us ds i{k/kj FksA i=dkfjrk dk og /kM+k mudk fojks/k djrk Fkk] tks ekurk gS fd i{k ;k foi{k esa rqjUr Nykax yxkus ls O;kid] oSKkfud vkSj eqDr n`f"Vdks.k rd igqapus esa ck/kk vkrh gSA izHkk"k tks'kh iqjkuh ih<+h ds oSls izfrfuf/k i=dkj Fks tks ubZ ih<+h ds le{k Bld ds lkFk [kM+s FksA ubZ ih<+h ds i=dkj Hkh fdlh&u&fdlh :i esa muds NsM+s laokn ds lkFk laokn djus dks etcwj FksA lkB vkSj lÙkj ds n'kd dk fonzksgh rsoj vkSj MkaV&QVdkj yxkus dh rRijrk dSfj;joknh O;ogkjoknh ;qok ih<+h dks cspSu rks dj tkrh Fkh] ij izHkk"k tks'kh fdlh ds izfr oSpkfjd lgefr ;k vlefr dks mlds fy, Lusg ds jkg esa ck/kk ugha cuus nsrs Fks] ;g fo'ks"krk Hkh 'kk;n mUgssa mudh ih<+h ls feyh FkhA fgUnh i=dkfjrk dks n'kk vkSj fn'kk nsus dh n`f"V ls mUgsa ges'kk Lej.k j[kk tk,xkA

jkds'k JhokLro

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Media Watch.pmd

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54 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/23/2009, 8:55 PM


AA dS dSllhh dgh dgh AA

ugha ;g

Bhd Bkdjs! & ,drk dh tk=k iS fudjkS rkS dkSu lkS dne mBkukS pb,s\ & ,slk dne rks fcYdqy ugha mBkuk pkfg, tSlk jke dne us mBk;kA & tkuS vcw vkt+eh iS gkFk mBk;kS vks\ & ppk] lkjh [kcj j[krs gks] fQj Hkh iwNrs gks! fdruk nqHkkZX;iw.kZ gS fd euls ds çoDrk f'kf'kj ikjdj us dgk fd fgUnh gekjh jk"VªHkk"kk ugha gSA ;s yksx gSa ppk] vyxkookn ds elhgkA bUgsa ekr`Hkk"kk] jk"VªHkk"kk] jktHkk"kk] laidZHkk"kk dk QdZ ugha ekyweA ejkBh ekuql ds fy, ejkBh fuf'pr :i ls ekr`Hkk"kk gSA gj Hkkjroklh dks vius ns'k dh lHkh Hkk"kkvksa dk lEeku djuk pkfg,A Hkkjr dh ekVh ij tUek gj ckyd eka dh xksnh esa ftl Hkk"kk dks lh[krk gS] og mldh ekr`Hkk"kk gS vkSj og eka ftl eka dh xksnh esa cSBh gS oks gS Hkkjr ekaA Hkkjr eka dh xksnh esa bl ns'k dh lkjh ekrk,a gSaA gSa fd ugha\ muds cPps tc vf/kdkjiwoZd ns'k esa dgha Hkh tkrs gSa rks laidZ Hkk"kk curh gS fgUnh ;k vaxzsthA ets dh ckr ;s gS fd euls ds fo/kk;dksa us ml le; dksbZ fojks/k ugha fd;k tc 'kiFk vaxzsth esa yh tk jgh FkhA jkt Bkdjs jktuhfr dks viuh ^jkt*uhfr cukuk pkgrs gSaA iwjk ns'k bu fo/kk;dksa ds /kDdksa ls /kDd&lk jg x;k gSA {ks=h;rkoknh yksx gekjs ns'k dh ,drk dh etcwr jLlh dks detksj djuk pkgrs gSaA & rkS dNw lquk; nS dcrk eSaA & ,d dq.Mfy;k lqukrk gwa ppk! dq.Mfy;k Nan dh [kwch ;g gksrh gS fd ftl 'kCn ;k 'kCn /ofu;ksa ls 'kq: gks mlh ls Nan lekIr gksrk gSA & bÙkh tkudkjh eks; grS] tknk gqfl;kjh er NkaV] rw lquk; nSA Bhd&Bkd js'ks xqFksa] jLlh gks etcwr] iRFkj dks Hkh jsr ns] rkdr cus vdwrA rkdr cus vdwr] exj ge yksx vHkkxs] rkj&rkj dj ysrs gSa] Hkk"kk ds /kkxsA dg pEiw] ;g ^jkt*uhfr vyxko uk djs] jLlh gks detksj] ugha ;g Bhd Bkdjs! & okg js pEiw! ^Bhd Bkd js* rs ^Bhd Bkdjs* [kwc fudkjkSA & ppk jes'k oatkys] ftlus ekbØksQksu rksM+ dj foèkku lHkk esa viuk igyk gLrk{kj fd;k] olar xhrs] f'kf'kj f'kans vkSj jkedne us tks dne mBk;k] mlls vius yksxksa ds chp ;s ghjks rks vo'; cu x, gksaxs] vc budks pkfg, fd eqacbZ esa ftrus ghjks&ghjksbu fgUnh cksy jgs gSa mUgsa ck/; djsa fd os lc ejkBh cksyus yxsaA crkb, D;k ,slk eqefdu gS\ vkSj vxj dYiuk djsa fd ,slk gks Hkh tk, rks eqacbZ dh fgUnh fQYe baMLVªh ls jksth&jksVh dekus okyk ejkBh ekuql dgka tk,xk\ vktknh dh yM+kbZ esa fgUnh us çse dk /kkxk cudj iwjs ns'k dks ,d lw= esa fijks;k FkkA vaxzstksa dks fgUnh vkSj fgUnqLrkuh ds cy ij gh ns'k ls [knsM+k x;k FkkA egkjk"Vª ds cgqr cM+s usrk yksdekU; fryd us dgk Fkk- ^ljyrk vkSj 'kh?kz lh[kh tkus ;ksX; Hkk"kkvksa esa fgUnh lokZsifj gSA --jk"Vª ds ,dhdj.k ds fy, loZekU; Hkk"kk ls vf/kd cy'kkyh dksbZ rRo ughaA esjs fopkj PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Ashok Chakradhar.pmd

55

ejkBh ekuql ds fy, ejkBh fuf'pr :i ls ekr`Hkk"kk gSA gj Hkkjroklh dks vius ns'k dh lHkh Hkk"kkvksa dk lEeku djuk pkfg,A Hkkjr dh ekVh ij tUek gj ckyd eka dh xksnh esa ftl Hkk"kk dks lh[krk gS] og mldh ekr`Hkk"kk gS vkSj og eka ftl eka dh xksnh esa cSBh gS oks gS Hkkjr ekaA

v'kksd pÿËkj esa fgUnh gh ,slh Hkk"kk gS*A ds'ko pUæ lsu us dgk Fkk- ^fgUnh dks Hkkjr dh ,d Hkk"kk Lohdkj dj fy;k tk, rks lgt esa gh ,drk lEiUu gks ldrh gS*A ij ;s rks ,drk ds nq'eu gSa ppkA vPNk gqvk fd euls ds bu pkj fo/kk;dksa dks pkj lky ds fy, fuyafcr dj fn;kA vkSj dBksj ls dBksj ltk feyuh pkfg, FkhA ij gksxk mYVk! ns[kuk ;s vyxkooknh ejkBh ekuql dks vkSj vf/kd fo"kkDr djsaxsA

55 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

! 2009

11/21/2009, 12:02 AM


A ppkZ es a A

gkrks;kek fons'k uhfr ds {ks= esa Hkh ubZ igy djus dk nkok dj jgs gSaA fiNys 64 o"kks± esa vesfjdk vkSj tkiku dk laca/k laj{kd vkSj lajf{kr dk jgk gSA bl laca/k ij tkikuh lekt dk ,d cM+k rcdk cgqr gh Øq) jgrk gS---

tkiku esa

lÙkk ifjorZu tkiku dh laln dk tSlk pquko vHkh gqvk] vkèkqfud tkiku ds bfrgkl esa igys dHkh ugha gqvkA Hkwdaiksa ds ns'k esa ;g igyk jktuhfrd Hkwdai gSA ,dkèk lky dk viokn NksM+ nsa rks tks ^fycjy MseksØsfVd ikVhZ* fiNys 55 o"kks± ls yxkrkj lÙkk:<+ Fkh] mldk èkjk'kk;h gks tkuk flQZ tkiku gh ugha] ,f'k;k vkSj fo'o dh jktuhfr ds fy, Hkh egRoiw.kZ ?kVuk gSA lÙkk:<+ ^fyMsik* dks 480 esa ls flQZ 119 lhVsa vkSj 26-7 çfr'kr oksV feys gSa tcfd fojksèkh ^MseksØsfVd ikVhZ vkWWQ tkiku* dks 308 lhVsa vkSj 42-4 çfr'kr oksV feys gSaA ^Msikt* dks fdlh xBcaèku dh t:jr ugha gSA og vius ne ij ljdkj cuk,xhA og nks&frgkbZ cgqer dh [kkfrj ,d&nks NksVh&eksVh ikfVZ;ksa ls gkFk feyk ldrh gS ysfdu tkiku dh ubZ ljdkj ds çèkkuea=h cusaxs&;wfdvks gkrks;kek! gkrks;kek dh ikVhZ ^Msikt* gekjh turk ikVhZ dh rjg dbZ ikfVZ;ksa vkSj usrkvksa ls feydj cuh gSA tkiku dh ^fyMsik* gekjh PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Ved Pratap Vaidik.pmd

56

dkaxzsl dh rjg gSA ^fyMsik* dh gkj 1977 esa dkaxzsl dh gkj tSlh gS ysfdu gkrks;kek eksjkjth ;k pj.kflag dh rjg ugha gSA mudh mez flQZ 62 lky gSA mudh rqyuk gekjs paæ'ks[kj ls dh tk ldrh gSA paæ'ks[kj dh rjg gkrks;kek igys dHkh ea=h Hkh ugha cuss] os lhèks çèkkuea=h in ij igqap x,A ysfdu muds nknk tkiku ds çèkkuea=h vkSj muds firk fons'k ea=h jg pqds gSaA muds HkkbZ fiNys lky rd ^fyMsik* ljdkj esa ea=h FkssA gkrks;kek ds ukuk nqfu;k dh lcls cM+h Vk;j&daiuh ^fcztLVksu* ds ekfyd FkssA Lo;a gkrks;kek ^fyMsik* ds lkaln Fks vkSj muds nknk ^fyMsik* ds laLFkkidksa esa ls FkssA ^fyMsik* ls cxkor djds gkrks;kek us ^Msikt* cukbZ vkSj mls vc mUgksaus lokZsPp eqdke ij igqapk fn;kA gkrks;kek us vius nknk dh txg gkfly t:j dh ysfdu Hkkjr ds ;qojktksa dh rjg ughaA mudh ikVhZ&vè;{k ;k çèkkuea=h dh dqlhZ cki&dekbZ dh ugha] vki&dekbZ dh gSA blhfy, vk'kk dh tkrh gS fd 64 lky ls pys vk jgs <jZs dks os cnyus dh 56 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:04 AM


A ppkZ es a A

Hkjiwj dksf'k'k djsaxsA os tkiku dh ekfeZd NViVkgV dks eq[kj djsaxs vkSj mls ubZ jkg ij pyk,axsA gkrks;kek us vius pquko&vfHk;ku ds nkSjku tkikuh ernkrkvksa ls tks okns fd, gSa] vxj mUgsa iwjs dj fn, rks os tkiku ds fueZe iawthokn dks ekuoh; cukus esa t:j lQy gksaxsaA mUgksaus etnwjksa ds vfèkdre osru ds fuèkkZj.k] cw<+ksa dh ns[kHkky dh leqfpr O;oLFkk] cPpksa dh ijofj'k dk çcaèk vkSj csjkstxkjh ij çgkj djus dk oknk fd;k gSA tkiku esa bl le; 100 esa ls 5&6 yksx csdkj ?kwe jgs gSa vkSj cw<+ksa dh la[;k fujarj c<+rh pyh tk jgh gSA ikjaifjd tkikuh lekt vijkèkxzLr vkSj rukoiw.kZ gks x;k gSA os tkikuh lekt dks vesfjdh vaèkkuqdj.k ls eqDr djuk pkgrs gSaA os Lo;a vesfjdk dh LVsuQksMZ ;qfuoflZVh ls bathfu;fjax i<+s gSa vkSj ,d iawthifr ifjokj ds lnL; gSa] ysfdu mudk :>ku lektoknh gSA os egkiFkksa ij yxusokys dj vkSj vk;dj esa Hkh <hy nsaxs rkfd vke vkneh dk thou t+jk ljy gks ldssA mudk ekuuk gS fd jkT; dh vkenuh dk ,d cM+k fgLlk rks usrk vkSj vQlj Mdkj tkrs gSaA os usrkvksa vkSj vQljksa dh lqnh?kZ feyhHkxr dks èoLr djsaxsA tkiku esa ftrus çèkkuea=h Hkz"Vkpkj ds vkjksi esa gVs gSa] nqfu;k ds fdlh Hkh ns'k esa ugha gVssA pkgs jkt fycjy ikVhZ dk pyrk jgs ysfdu rksD;ks esa çèkkuea=h rk'k ds iÙkksa dh rjg cnyrs jgssA vk'kk dh tkuh pkfg, fd gkrks;kek viuh vofèk iwjh djusokys nqyZHk çèkkuea=h fl¼ gksaxsA laHkkouk ;g gS fd os viuh dsfcusV esa fycjy ikVhZ ds lkalnksa dks Hkh j[ksaxs] D;ksafd mudh ikVhZ esa ;ksX; vkSj vuqHkoh yksxksa dh deh gSA gkrks;kek ds lkeus lcls cM+h pqukSrh gS] tkiku dh fxjrh gqbZ vFkZ&O;oLFkk dks laHkkyuk vkSj csjkstxkjh nwj djuk! iwathokn vkSj lektokn dk u;k ?kksy] os dSls rS;kj djsaxs] ;g os gh tkusasA gkrks;kek fons'k uhfr ds {ks= esa Hkh ubZ igy djus dk nkok dj jgs gSaA fiNys 64 o"kks± esa vesfjdk vkSj tkiku dk lacaèk laj{kd vkSj lajf{kr dk jgk gSA bl lacaèk ij tkikuh lekt dk ,d cM+k rcdk cgqr gh Øq¼ jgrk gSA mldh f'kdk;r ;g Hkh gS fd vesfjdh nknkxhjh ds dkj.k ikjaifjd tkikuh ewY;eku u"V gksrs tk jgs gSaA tkiku dks vesfjdk ftruk Qk;nk igqapk jgk gS] mlls T;knk mldk uqdlku dj jgk gSA blh fo'ks"k lacaèk ds dkj.k tkiku u rks viuh Lora= QkSt j[k PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Ved Pratap Vaidik.pmd

57

ldrk gS] u ijek.kq&ce cuk ldrk gS vkSj u gh vesfjdh QkSth vM~Mksa dks viuh tehu ls gVk ldrk gSA tkiku Lora= rks gS ysfdu laçHkq gS ;k ugha] ;g ç'u Hkh gkrks;kek vius pquko vfHk;ku esa mBkrs jgs gSaA vc ç'u ;g gS fd D;k os 1960 ds tkiku&vesfjdh lSU; le>kSrs vkSj çR;iZ.k lafèk ij iqufoZpkj djsaxs\ mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk gS fd ,jkd+ vkSj vQxkfuLrku us ;g fl¼ dj fn;k gS fd vesfjdk nqfu;k dh ,dek= egÙke 'kfDr ugha gSA fo'o&jktuhfr vc cgqèkzqoh; gks xbZ gSA D;k bldk vFkZ ;g gS fd u;k tkiku vesfjdk ls T;knk phu vkSj vkXus; ,f'k;k dh rjQ eq[kkfrc gksxk\ ,sls ladsr gkrks;kek igys gh ns pqds gSaA vius ladYi ds eqrkfcd vxj gkrks;kek ^ijek.kq eqDr fo'o* dk ukjk nsaxs rks lcls igys mUgsa nqfu;k ds lcls cM+s ijek.kq nknk vesfjdk ij gh maxyh mBkuh iM+sxhA vxj gkrks;kek lpeqp dqN igy dj lds rks os usg: ds lius dks lkdkj djsaxsA os fo'o&usrk cu tk,axsA ;|fi Hkkjr ds ckjs esa mudh ikVhZ ds ?kks"k.kk i= esa fiNyh ckj dh rjg bl ckj fo'ks"k mYys[k ugha gS ysfdu os Hkkjr dh mis{kk ugha dj ldrssA os Hkkjr ds yksdrkaf=d vuqHkoksa dk ykHk rks mBk gh ldrs gSaA os Hkkjr&tkiku O;kikj dks Hkkjr&phu O;kikj ds Lrj ij ys tk ldrs gSaA Hkkjr ds vkS|ksxhdj.k esa tkiku viwoZ Hkwfedk fuHkk ldrk gSA fiNyh tkiku ljdkj dh 90 vjc MkWyj dh fnYyh&eqacbZ vkS|ksfxd cjkens dh ;kstuk dks ijoku p<+kus ds vykok nksuksa ljdkjsa viuk jktuhfrd lgdkj bruk c<+k ldrh gS fd os 'kh?kz gh la;qDrjk"Vª la?k dh lqj{kk ifj"kn esa LFkk;h lhVsa ik tk,aA Hkkjr vkSj tkiku ;fn feydj dke djs rks laiw.kZ vkXus; ,f'k;k dh 'kDy cny ldrs gSaA lcls cM+h ckr rks ;g gS fd tkiku vius fiNyXxwiu dh dSapqyh mrkjdj Hkkjr dh rjg iw.kZ laçHkq jk"Vª dk ckuk èkkj.k dj ldrk gSA

MkW- osnizrki oSfnd ys[kd Hkkjrh; fons'k uhfr ifj"kn~ ds v/;{k gSa dr.vaidik@gmail.com 57 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:04 AM


A ifjn` ' ;A

D;k xqy f[kyk,xk

pkan dk ikuh

ekuo tkfr lkal jksds bl izrh{kk esa gS fd pUnzry ij mldk izR;{k vorj.k dc gksxk vkSj og ogka dc viuh cfLr;ka dk;e djsxkA i`Foh ij tula[;k o`f) dh leL;k dh cjlksa ls nqgkbZ nh tkrh jgh gSA blfy, ekuo pkgrk gS ;=] r=] loZ= vius foLrkj dk vfèkdkjA

dksbZ ,d o"kZ lekIr gksus dks gS vkSj dksbZ ,d o"kZ izkjaHk gksus dks gSA fo'o Hkj esa èkeZ&lEiznk;ksa dh foy{k.krk&fofHkUurk esa le; dh fujarj vkxs c<+rh xfr ij dksbZ vlj ugha iM+k gSA mlds vUr%LFky esa euq"; ds vius fodkl ls ysdj mldh jpukRed ,oa fouk'kkRed leLr miyfCèk;ksa&vuqiyfCèk;ksa dk bfrgkl vafdr gSA bZn euk,a yksx] nhokyh ij nhi tysa vkSj u, fgUnw o"kZ dk Lokxr djsa ;k fQj orZeku dky[kaM esa fØlel dh èkwe epsA u, bZlkbZ o"kZ ds Lokxr dh rS;kfj;ka gksa] le; dh xfr dks dksbZ ugha jksd ik;kA mldh igpku dksbZ fdlh fofèk ls ;k ekU;rk ds vuqlkj djs mls dksbZ QdZ ugha iM+rkA ml ij fdlh ,d èkeZ&lEiznk; ds jax vkSj <ax dk dksbZ vlj ugha iM+rkA og vkxs gh c<+rk gS vkSj dHkh eqM+dj ihNs ugha ns[krkA ij bUlku izxfr iFk ij rst dne vkxs c<+krs gq, Hkh vusd nqfoèkkvksa] dqaBkvksa] I;kj] oSj] ;q¼&la?k"kZ vkSj vusd izdkj ds okn&fooknksa dh my>uksa esa Qal dj le; dh xfr rd ugha igqap ikrkA ,d vkSj o"kZ chr pyk gSA bfrgkl esa dqN iUus vkSj tqM+ x, gSaA fo'o ?kVukpØ fcuk :ds ?kwerk pyk x;k gS] pyk tk jgk gSA Hkkjr us pUnzry ij ty gksus ds izek.k tqVk,A ;g ,d ,slk fLFkfr fodkl gS tks euq"; dks] vkusokys dqN gh o"kks± esa] pUnzek ij jgus clus dh laHkkoukvksa dks etcwr djrk gSA ml Hkkjrh; ;ksxnku ds ckn vejhdk ds uklk varfj{k vuqlaèkku dsUnz us ogka vius la;a=ksa ls vkSj jkWdsV iz{ksi.k djds ty dh [kkst dks O;kid djus ds iz;kl 'kq: fd, gSaA ekuo tkfr lkal jksds bl izrh{kk esa gS fd pUnzry ij mldk izR;{k vorj.k dc gksxk vkSj og ogka dc viuh cfLr;ka dk;e djsxkA i`Foh ij tula[;k o`f¼ dh leL;k dh cjlksa ls nqgkbZ nh tkrh jgh gSA blfy, ekuo pkgrk gS ;=] r=] loZ= vius foLrkj dk vfèkdkjA vfèkdkj 'kCn dk iz;ksx djrs gq, cgqèkk vusd iz'uksa ds mÙkj <wa<uk Hkh vko';d gks tkrk gSA lcls cM+k iz'u gksrk gS] ^fdldk vfèkdkj\* fQj D;ksa vkSj fdlfy,\ bR;kfnA ;s iz'u izk;% lekèkku de vkSj my>uksa dks vfèkd c<+kus okys fl¼ gq, gSaA pUnzry ij ;fn vkSj tc Hkh] i`Foh ls ekuo tkfr ds izfrfufèk vius&vius nkoksa ds vkèkkj ij jguk] cluk vkSj fVduk pkgssaxs rks dc rd ijLij lg;ksx dk orZeku Lo:i vkSj Lrj dk;e jgsxk tSlk varfj{k vuqlaèkku {ks= esa oSf'od vkèkkj ij vkt gS\ ;fn ;g {kh.k gqvk] rks D;k pUnz Hkh caVsxk mlh rjg tSls i`Foh caVh gS\ o"kkZuqo"kZ bl i`Foh ij tgka ijLij tqM+us ds iz;ksx pyrs jgrs gSa] mruh gh xfr ds lkFk foHkkth; 'kfDr;ka Hkh xfreku jgrh gSaA eSa if'pe ds >jks[ks ls fo'o dks ns[kus dk vH;Lr fu;fro'k gqvk gwa] ysfdu ;g vglkl iwoZor dk;e gS fd esjh vka[ksa] dku] eu&efLr"d] cqf¼] lksp vkSj er&fo'ys"k.k ik'pkR; fparu ls fHkUurk fy, gq, gSaA ;g LokHkkfod gSA esjh ekU;rk ;g Hkh gS fd Hkkjrh; n`f"V ls fo'o dk voyksdu dgha vfèkd O;kid egRo dk vkSj mnkjoknh n`f"Vdks.k gSA mlesa lexz ekuork vkSj mlds fgr dk fparu fufgr gSA bl ij Hkh fofoèkrk esa ,drk dk cká Lo:i mlds fofHkUu lektksa esa vHkh rd O;kIr tkrh; foHkkth;rk vkSj vlekurk dh leL;kvksa dk lekèkku ugha dj ik;kA gj lekt viuh varfuZfgr detksfj;ksa dks igpkus vkSj nwj djsA

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Naresh Bhartiya.pmd

58

58 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:06 AM


A ifjn` ' ;A

foxreku o"kZ esa vejhdk vkSj fczVsu tSls ns'kksa ij vkjksi yxk, tkus tkjh jgs fd mUgksaus bjkd vkSj vQxkfuLrku ij tks tksj&tcjnLrh dh lSfud dkjZokb;ka dh gSa muls bu izns'kksa esa dV~VjiaFk dks fo'oO;kih foLrkj feyk gSA vk, fnu nksuksa gh ns'kksa esa vkRe?kkrh ce foLQksVksa esa lSdM+ksa yksx viuh tku xaok pqds gSaA rkfycku ikfdLrku ds lkFk lhekorhZ {ks=ksa esa fo'ks"k :i ls othfjLrku esa ;q¼jr gSaA if'pe dk nkok gS fd rkfycku ij dkcw ik;k tk jgk gSA bl chp ikfdLrku dks vejhdh lgk;rk fujarj tkjh gSA Hkkjr dh fpark dks ;g tryk dj c<+k;k x;k gS fd ;fn mlus ikfdLrku ds lkFk lg;ksx ugha fd;k rks rkfycku dk :[k Hkkjr dh vksj eqM+ ldrk gS vkSj mls vlqjf{kr fLFkfr;ksa esa èkdsy ldrk gSA ikfdLrku dh ;g èk`"Vrk fd rkfycku dks lgk;rk leFkZu nsus dk >wBk vkjksi mlus Hkkjr ij Fkksi fn;kA lg;ksx vkSj lgvfLrRo ds Hkkjrh; vkg~oku dk ;g dSlk izR;qÙkj\ eqacbZ esa ikfdLrku izk;ksftr vkradoknh geyksa dh tkap--- lc lcwrksa ds ckotwn dgha ughaA dV~VjiaFkh rkfycku ds gkFkksa ikfdLrku ds ijek.kq vL=ksa dk gkSvk [kM+k fd;k x;k gSA ;wjksi ds ,dhdj.k dh izfØ;k yxHkx rhu n'kd iwoZ if'peh ;wjksi ds bus&fxus ns'kksa ds }kjk ;wjksih; vkfFkZd leqnk; dk;e djus ds lkFk 'kq: gqbZ FkhA fczVsu Hkh bldk lnL; cukA vkfFkZd n`f"V ls mls ykHk izrhr gqvk FkkA rnFkZ mlls Hkh 'ks"k lnL; ns'kksa }kjk ;g vis{kk dh tkrh jgh gS fd og leqnk; }kjk fu;r fd, tkus okys dk;ns dkuwuksa dk ikyu djsA ysfdu fczVsu us dqN fo'ks"k ekeyksa esa viuh vyx fof'k"Vrk cuk, j[khA mnkgj.kkFkZ ;wjksi dh lka>k eqnzk&;wjks O;oLFkk esa izos'k djus ls bUdkj dj fn;k vkSj viuh ikSaM&LVfy±x eqnzk dks viuh vyx eqnzk ds :i esa dk;e j[kkA vkt ;wjksih; leqnk; ds rhl lnL; ns'k gSaA buesa iwoZ lksfo;r cykWd ds iwoZ ;wjksih; ns'k 'kkfey gks x, gSaA bu lHkh ns'kksa ds ukxfjdksa dks ,d&nwljs ns'k esa fuckZèk izos'k dh vuqefr gSA jgus] clus] dk;e djus vkSj lqfoèkkvksa ds Hkh os gdnkj gSaA ysfdu bl o"kZ ds 'kq: ls ysdj fczVsu esa behxzs'ku ;kuh vkizoklu dk eqn~nk lkoZtfud cgl dk cgqr cM+k eqn~nk cuk gSA fczVsu dh vke turk dh ihM+k ;g gS fd yksx ckgj ls bl ns'k esa ?kqlrs pys vk jgs gSa vkSj muds ns'k dks ywV jgs gSaA ;gka xksjs&dkys jax dk Hksn csgn my>uiw.kZ :[k ys ysrk gSA leL;k xksjs ;wjksih; vkizokfl;ksa ds dkj.k ls vfèkd gS ;k bjkd vkSj vQxku 'kj.kkfFkZ;ksa ls bldk QSlyk dj ikus esa vleFkZrk ;k xSj xksjs jax ds yksxksa ds izfr lfn;ksa ls pyk vk jgk ?k`.kkHkkoA utyk fxjrk gS v'osrksa ijA cgqtkrh;&cgqlkaLÏfrd lektksa dh fo'oO;kih lajpuk dks dSlh dSlh feyrh gSa ;s pqukSfr;ka\ bl lcdk D;k vFkZ gS\ D;k ;wjksi esa fo'ks"k:i esa fczVsu jk"Vªokn ds mHkkj ds n'kZu dj jgk gS\ tc dqN eqfLye dV~VjiaFkh rRo bLykeh 'kfj;k dks LFkkuh; dkuwu ds Åij LFkkfir gksrs ns[kus dk ukjk cqyan djrs gSaA yanu ds laln Hkou ds ckgj ,d izn'kZu esa ;g dgrs gSa fd ^^ge rax vk pqds gSa yksdra= ls** vkSj ge ^^fczVsu dks ,d eqfLye jk"Vª curs ns[kuk pkgrs gSaA** yxrk gS bl fo'o dks ,drk ds lw= esa fijksus ds mís'; ls fodflr gqbZ fopkjn`f"V pkgs og orZeku lanHkZ esa if'peh fopkj n`f"V dh ^oS'ohdj.k* izfØ;k gks ;k Hkkjrh; fopkjn`f"V ^olqèkSo dqVqEcde~* nksuksa gh rax lksp dh rst dSaph ds Qydksa ds chp gSA tc fgVyj ;wjksi ij gkoh gks jgk Fkk vkSj mlus yk[kksa ;gwfn;ksa dks ekSr ds ?kkV mrkj fn;k Fkk rks og blh rax lksp dk ,d izy;adkjh ,oa fouk'kd ;qx FkkA mls jk"Vªokn dk uke nsdj jk"Vªokn dh Hkkjrh; voèkkj.kk dks {kh.k cuk fn;k x;kA ^jk"Vªfgr loksZifj* jk"Vªokn dh lgt Hkkjrh; lksp esa dgha Hkh fgVyjoknh dfFkr jk"Vªokn dk va'kek= Hkh ugha gSA fczVsu esa vaxzst dV~VjiaFkh ikVhZ tks ns'k esa ek= xksjs PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Naresh Bhartiya.pmd

59

vkSj fØf'p;u ewyokfl;ksa dks gh ns[kuk pkgrh gS mldk izHkko{ks= c<+k gSA vkSj bl ikVhZ dk uke ^fczfV'k us'kuy ikVhZ* ftlds usrk fxzfQu dks gky esa chchlh ds ^Dos'pu voj* dk;ZØe esa 'kkfey fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj tks ppkZ dk fo"k; FkkA pUnzry ij D;k dqN djsxk ekuo og rc gksxk tc gksxk vkSj lkspsxk rks ;gh ckSf¼d oxZA ysfdu o"kZ 2009 ds vUr vkSj 2010 ds izkjaHk ds lafèkdky esa la?k"kks± ds LFkku ij mn; gks lg;ksx le>kSrkssa dk u;k o"kZA foHkkth;rk dh gj nhokj dks èoLr dj [kM+k gks fo'okl vkSj fodkl dk ,d u;k ;qxA

59 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

ujs'k Hkkjrh; 2009

11/21/2009, 12:06 AM


A ifjn` ' ;A

iwathokn ls Åck

fczVsu MkW- lR;sUnz JhokLro

ij bl ?kqVuHkjs vkfFkZd ekgkSy esa ftl cSad dk nhokyk ugha fudyrk gqvk yx jgk gS] og 'kCnksa ds cSadksa dkA bl ns'k esa gj izdkj dk ys[kd fodkl ij gSA vkSj gj ys[kd tSls viuh & viuh rjg ls lekt dh fo"kekrkvksa dks vfHkO;Dr dj jgk gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Satyendra Srivastava.pmd

60

fczVsu ds yksxksa ds fy, ;g lekpkj fd vejhdk raxh&eanh ds ekgkSy ls ckgj fudy jgk gS mRlkgo/kZd yxkA ogka ;|fi csdkj yksxksa dh la[;k esa vHkh Hkh deh ugha gks jgh gS fdUrq dqN bykdksas esa c<+rh gh tk jgh gSA fQj Hkh vejhdk teZuh] Ýkal] tkiku vkfn ns'kksa dh lq/kjrh vkfFkZd fLFkfr ls tqM+dj fo'o dh vkfFkZd ?kqVuksa ds okrkoj.k esa ,d ubZ c;kj lk cu x;k gSA rks bl lekpkj ls fczVsu ds yksx bl vFkZ essa {kqC/k Hkh gks x, gSa fd bl ns'k dh vkfFkZd fLFkfr esa dksbZ cM+k lq/kkj ugha vk jgk gS vkSj mUgsa ;g Hkfo";ok.kh dh raxh&eanh dh gkyr bl ns'k dks ;fn dbZ o"kks± rd ugha rks ,d nks o"kks± rd rks fuf'pr cuh jgsxhA fojks/kh ny ljdkj ds f[kykQ vkSj fo'ks"kdj iz/kkuea=h dh dVq vkykspukvksa ds fy, 'kL= vkSj rsth ls Hkkatus yxs gSaA ;g dgrs gq, fd tc fiNys o"kZ vkfFkZd va/kdkjksa dk lk;k leLr lalkj ij Nk;k gqvk FkkA rc xksMZu czkmu us gh vkxs vkdj vkSj fgEer ds lkFk dgk Fkk fd bl gkyr ls fudyus ds fy, vkSj dksbZ jkLrk ugha gS flck blds fd jk"Vªksa dks ns'k dh lsokvksa vkSj dtZ us [kpZ esa dVkSrh ds ctk; vkSj dtZ ysdj tqVdj dfBukb;ksa dk lkeuk djuk pkfg,A mudh bl uhfr dk if'peh ns'kksa us leFkZu fd;kA fo'ks"k dj vejhdk us] vkSj mldk LoLFk vlj vkt vejhdk esa iM+rk gqvk fn[kus yxk gSA ij ftl ns'k ls ;g uhfr mith Fkh ogka dh fLFkfr vHkh Hkh xaHkhj :i ls MkaokMksy gS vkSj FkisM+ksa

60 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:10 AM


A ifjn` ' ;A

esa Qalh gqbZ gSA vkxs ds eghuksa esa tc ;gka pquko ds izpkjksa dk tksj c<+rk tk,xk rks ,sls vkd"kZ.kksa dks vkSj iSuk cuk;k tk;sxkA pquko okys bl vkB&nl eghus okys o"kZ esa ;gka dh jktuhfr cgqr gh Hkn~ns :i esa fodflr gksxh ,slk gj txg fn[kus yxk gSA tc fd cktkjksa esa fcØh c<+ jgh gS vkSj edkuksa ds c<+rs&?kVrs ewY;ksa ds taxyksa esa Hkh dgha&dgha fLFkjrk fn[kus yxh gSA va/kM+ :dk yxrk gSA bl ?kqVu Hkjs okrkoj.k dh fparktud xgjkbZ;ksa esa tkdj dqN ns[kus&le>us dh ftKklk us yanu fLFkr egku ukV~; laLFkk jkW;y us'kuy fFk;sVj us bl ns'k ds 'kCnksa ds /kuh ,d izeq[k ukVd dkj MsfoM gs;j dks bl egr~ fo"k; ij ,d ukVd fy[kus dk fuea=.k fn;kA bl lQy ukVddkj us pqukSrh dks Lohdkjk vkSj vius uohure ukVd ^n ikoj vkWQ ,l* (gadkjus dh 'kfDr) dks fuekZ.k fd;kA vkSj tc ls bl ukVd dk izn'kZu 'kq: gqvk gS bls cgqr cM+h la[;k esa ukVd izseh ns[k jgs gSaA gj jkst us'kuy fFk;sVj ds gkWy [kpk[kp Hkjs gksrs gSaA ;fn ukVd dh f'kYi fo/kk dks ns[kk tk;s rks ;g lp ekus esa ukVd ugha gS ijUrq dksbZ <kbZ ntZu vfHkusrkvksa vkSj vfHkusf=;ksa dk lQy Je vkxs fn[krk gS ftlesa raxh eanh dh fLFkfr;ksa esa xgjs tkdj lpkbZ dks [kkst ykus dh ihM+ke; fLFkfr dk cks/k gksrk gSA gj dgs&O;Dr fd;s gq, 'kCn dks lqudjA bl lkef;d ukVd dk eqn~nk gS fd 15 flrEcj 2008 dks iwathoknh O;oLFkk BIi gks xbZA ,d O;ofLFkr lalkj dh izxfr tSls :d xbZA ukVddkj dk rdZ ;g gS fd iwathoknh O;oLFkk rHkh rd dke;kc gksrh gS tc rd ekuo dh vkfFkZd ykyp vkSj mlls mRizsfjr gkykrkssa dk lgh leUo; dk;Zjr jgrk gSA ij T;ksa gh larqyu fcxM+us yxrk gS rc ifj.kke ;gh PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Satyendra Srivastava.pmd

61

gksrk gS fd ykyp rks c<+rh tkrh gS ij ifj.kkeksa dk Hk; de gksrk tkrk gSA ;g lc ;ksa yxrk gS fd ,d cM+s tyiksr ds izokg ds fy, yksxksa dks rS;kj fd;k tkrk gS fd tgkt ds gj dksus dh lQkbZ Bhd rjg ls gksrh gS vkSj lkjh e'khuksa ij ikfy'k dj iwjh rjg ls pedk fn;k tk;s] ij ,d ckr flQZ ugha crkbZ&le>kbZ tkrh fd tgkt ftl vksj iwjh 'kfDr vkSj xfr ls vkxs c<+ jgk gS blds lkeus ,d fo'kky cQhZyh pV~Vku&,d Bksl vkbZloxZ [kM+k gSA nwljs 'kCnksa esa bl oQhZyh pV~Vku ls Vdjkdj tyiksr ,d u, Vk;Vkfud ds /oal gksus dh fLFkfr iSnk dj nsrk gSA flrEcj ds ckn dbZ eghuksa rd ;gh fp= lkeus vkrk jgkA tks yksx bl ukVd dks ns[kdj ckgj fudyrs gSa muds psgjksa ij xaHkhj fpUrk dh js[kk,a Li"V fn[krh gSaA ukVd esa ,d ukStoku Lisfu'k O;fDr esjs cxy esa cSBk gqvk Fkk mlus eqM+dj eq>ls dgk eSa vkt ds ckn fdlh cSad ij ,rckj ugha d:axkA bu lHkh iwathifr;ksa ij esjk 'kd vkthou cuk jgsxkA cSadksa dh fLFkfr bruh tfVy gks xbZ gS fd bl ns'k dks rhu cgqr cM+s cSadksa dks] ftudk eUnh dks 'kq: gks tkus ij jk"Vªh;dj.k dj fn;k x;k Fkk] vc mUgsa rksM+dj Li/kkZ ds fy, Hkh NksVs&NksVs cSad cukus dh ;kstuk cuus yxh gSA ij bl ?kqVuHkjs vkfFkZd ekgkSy esa ftl cSad dk nhokyk ugha fudyrk gqvk yx jgk gS] og 'kCnksa ds cSadksa dkA bl ns'k esa gj izdkj dk ys[kd fodkl ij gSA vkSj gj ys[kd tSls viuh & viuh rjg ls lekt dh fo"kekrkvksa dks vfHkO;Dr dj jgk gSA vHkh tc lkmFk cSad esa nks izeq[k Hkkjrh; uLy dh efgyk ys[kdksa vuhrk nslkbZ vkSj fdj.k nslkbZ us Hkh ;gh vk'kk O;Dr dhA ! 61 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:10 AM


A lkfgR; fpa r uA

oans ekrje~% vfuok;Zrk ds ikj okys f{kfrt ysfdu dqN phtsa gesa fpUrk esa Mkyrh gSaA lafo/kku esa ukxfjdksa ds tks ewyHkwr drZO; crk, x, gSa] muesa jk"Vª èot vkSj jk"Vªh; ,aFkse ds çfr rks lEeku dh ckr dgh xbZ gS] ysfdu irk ugha D;ksa us'kuy lkax dk mYys[k ugha fd;k x;k gSA

eukst dqekj JhokLro

oans ekrje~ fookn ls lacafèkr ,d egRoiw.kZ ç'u bl xhr dks vfuok;Z cuk, tkus dk gSA vkSnk;Z ds i{kèkj oans ekrje~ rks D;k tu&x.k&eu dks Hkh vfuok;Z cukus ds i{k esa ugha gSA nwljh vksj vfuok;Z cukus ds i{kèkjksa dk dguk gS fd ns'kHkfDr oSdfYid ugha gksrh vkSj ,d fycjy vfuok;Zrk ds dbZ tfVy dkuwuh igyw gSa\ muds lkeus D;k loky ;g [kM+k fd;k x;k fd vfuok;Zrk ds rdZ vui<+ksa ;k vkfnokfl;ksa ij ykxw fd, tk ldrs gSa\ blds lekukUrj rdZ os ;g nsrs gSa fd vKkurk {kE; gS ysfdu nqjkxzg vkSj gB {kE; dSls gks ldrk gS\ vfuok;Z cukus ds dbZ mnkgj.k gSa vxLr] 1999 esa tkiku esa jk"Vªxhr fdfexk;ks dk xk;u dkuwu ds tfj, vfuok;Z cuk fn;k x;kA rksfd;ks esVªksiksfyVu f'k{kk cksMZ us vDVwcj] 2003 esa ifCyd Ldwy lekjksgksa esa mls xkus ds foLr`r çksVksdky cuk,A ogka rks tkikuh bZlkbZ Hkh& rdyhQ ds lkFk gh lgh&lezkV dks bZoj ds Åij ekuus ds fy, ckè; gSaA ;g Hkh lp gS fd ogka f'k{kk ea=ky; ds dM+s #[k ds dkj.k dbZ f'k{kdksa dks bl vkèkkj ij viuh ukSdjh [kksuh iM+h gS fd mUgksaus jk"Vªh; xhr ugha xk;kA 2003 ls 2005 rd 340 f'k{kdksa dks xhr xkus ls euk djus ij nafMr fd;k x;k gS tcfd Qqftrk uked ,d f'k{kd dks ^dfUoDV* Hkh fd;k x;k gSA isaflyosfu;k esa 16 vDVwcj] 2001 dks jkT; foèkkulHkk us ,d dkuwu ikfjr dj ifCyd vkSj çkbosV Ldwyksa ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks çfrfnu jk"Vªxhr xkuk vfuok;Z cuk;k gSA ogka vesfjdh >aMs dks d{kk esa çnf'kZr djus dk Hkh fu;e cuk;k x;k gSA ogka Hkh jk"Vªh; xhr dks èkeZ ls vlEc¼ crk;k x;k vkSj bls viuh MseksØslh ds çfr dfeVesaV dh rjg ns[kk x;kA 17 vDVwcj dks U;w;kdZ flVh esa Ldwy cksMZ us ,der ls bl vk'k; dk çLrko ikfjr fd;kA ogka Hkh U;w;kdZ flfoy fycVhZt ;wfu;u ds Mksuk fycjeSu us bldk fojksèk bl vkèkkj ij fd;k fd Hkkx u ysus okys yksx cfy dk cdjk cusaxsA vesfjdk esa gj cslcky xse ds igys jk"Vªxhr gksrk gSA Ýkal esa vHkh 28 vDVwcj 2009 dks Ldwyksa esa jk"Vªxhr xkuk flQZ blfy, çofrZr fd, tkus dh [kcj Fkh rkfd bLykfed QaMkesaVfyTe ls yM+k tk ldsA vkWLVªsfy;k esa tc jk"Vªxhr dk xkuk vHkh 26 tuojh] 2006 dks U;w lkmFkosYl vkSj rLekfu;k ds Ldwyksa esa vfuok;Z cuk;k x;k rks ogka Hkh vkfnokfl;ksa dh vksj ls bldk fojksèk fd;k x;k] ysfdu ogka ds çhfe;j Jh ekSfjl vkb,sek us bls t:jh ekuk vkSj bls jsflTe] xqaMkxnhZ vkSj Bxh dks tM+ ls m[kkM+ Qsadus dk gfFk;kj crk;kA dksuqyk] czkbVu vkSj eSjkmczk 'kgjksa esa bl ckr ij naxs Hkh gks x,A blds ckotwn ljdkj n`<+ jghA ogka eqfLye leqnk; us bldk Lokxr fd;kA eYVhdYpjy dkSafly vkWQ vkWLVªsfy;k us Hkh bls Lokxrs; dgkA eSfDldks esa jk"Vªxhr xkus esa dqN in[kaMksa ds ckcr xM+cM+ dj tkus ds ekeyksa esa ,d efgyk ij vHkh 40 Mkyj dk tqekZuk fd;k x;k gSA eysf'k;k esa fQYe dh 'kq#vkr esa gh flusek n'kZdksa dks [kM+s gksdj jk"Vªxhr xkuk t:jh cuk;k x;k gSA bls dVjxkMZu] Ldwy] futh mPprj] fo|k laLFkkvksa vkSj ljdkjh dk;ZØeksa esa Hkh t:jh ekuk x;k gSA bls ljdkjh dk;ZØeksa esa

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Manoj Srivastava.pmd

62

62 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:24 AM


A lkfgR; fpa r uA

;k mu çkbosV lsDVj dk;ZØeksa esa Hkh t:jh ekuk x;k gSA ;g ljdkjh dk;ZØeksa esa ;k mu çkbosV lSDVj dk;ZØeksa esa ftuesa ljdkjh vfèkdkjh Hkkx ysrs gksrs gSa] esa Hkh vfuok;Z cuk;k x;k gSA vHkh mM+hlk esa 60 tsyksa esa canh yksx tu&x.k&eu ds lkFk vius fnu dh 'kq#vkr djsa] bl vk'k; dk ç;ksx fd;k x;kA tsy vfèkdkjh crkrs gSa fd jkT; dh tsyksa esa gksus okyh fgalk esa blls Hkkjh deh vk;hA ysfdu dqN phtsa gesa fpUrk esa Mkyrh gSaA lafoèkku esa ukxfjdksa ds tks ewyHkwr drZO; crk, x, gSa] muesa jk"Vª èot vkSj jk"Vªh; ,aFkse ds çfr rks lEeku dh ckr dgh xbZ gS] ysfdu irk ugha D;ksa us'kuy lkax dk mYys[k ugha fd;k x;k gSA tgka rd us'kuy ,aFkse dh ckr gS] ogka Hkh fctks; besuq,y cuke LVsV vkWQ dsjy esa ekuuh; lqçhe dksVZ us cgqr NwV ns nh gSA bl çdj.k esa loky ;g Fkk fd D;k ftgksok*l foVuslsl ds uke ls tkus tkus okys èkkfeZd lewg ls lEc¼ Ldwy ds Nk=ksa dks us'kuy ,aFkse xkus ds fy, ckè; djuk lafoèkku ds vuqPNsn 25 ,oa 26 ds varxZr çnÙk èkkfeZd Lora=rk dk mYya?ku gS\ lqçhe dksVZ dk dguk Fkk fd ^gS*A ekuuh; lqçhe dksVZ dk dguk Fkk fd ^dkuwu dk ,slk dksbZ çkoèkku ugha gS fd us'kuy ,aFkse xkuk vfuok;Z gh gksA* eq>s ;g Hkh ;kn gS fd ^VªsM Qsvj vFkkWfjVh vkWQ bafM;k* ds vè;{k eksgEen ;quwl us lokZsPp U;k;ky; ds tfLVl fpuIik jsM~Mh vkSj tfLVl ,e-,e- nÙk dks bl fu.kZ; ds dkj.k in ls gVkus dh ckr dgh FkhA mUgksaus dgk Fkk fd ,sls bafM;u tt u bafM;u gSa] u tt gSaA muds bl dFku ds vkèkkj ij mu ij lokZsPp U;k;ky; dh voekuuk dk eqdnek Hkh pyk;k x;k Fkk ysfdu 8 ebZ 1987 dks ;g voekuuk ;kfpdk [kkfjt gks xbZA esjk Hkh fdlh rjg dh voekuuk dk dksbZ bjknk ugha gSA ;g lgh gS fd ,slk dksbZ dkuwu ugha gS tks us'kuy ,aFkse ;k us'kuy lkax dk xk;k tkuk vifjgk;Z cukrk gksA ysfdu Lo;a lafoèkku rc D;k gS\ lafoèkku dkuwu ds vèkhu gS ;k dkuwu lafoèkku ds\ ;k lafoèkku vius vki esa dksbZ fu"çk.k 'kjhj gS fd ftlesa dkuwu ;k ,DV ds }kjk gh çk.k&çfr"Bk gksrh gSA lafoèkku fdlh Lora= ns'k dk lqçhe ykW gSA D;k ;gh lafoèkku viuh çLrkouk esa gh ^lsdqyj* 'kCn dk ç;ksx ugha djrk\ D;k jk"Vª xhr dk xkuk vius vki esa ,d ^lsdqyj ,DV* ugha gS\ D;k jk"Vªh;rk èkkfeZd vfrØe.kksa ls vVs&lVs xyh&dwpksa ls fdlh rjg viuh jkg cukrh gqbZ fudysxh\ D;k ;gh lafoèkku] tks ^lqçhe ykW vkWQ n ySaM* gS] viuh çorZukRed vkSj 'kS{kf.kd lafØ;kvksa ds çfr mnklhu jgsxk\ IysVks&vjLrw us cgqr igys vius laokn esa ;g fu.khZr fd;k Fkk: Legislators make citizens good by forming their habits. foèkkf;dk vius ukxfjdksa dh vknrksa dk fuekZ.k dj mUgsa vPNk cukrh gSA blh mís; ls lafoèkku esa ukxfjdksa ds ekSfyd drZO;ksa dk Hkh mYys[k fd;k x;kA bu ekSfyd drZO;ksa esa ls ,d us'kuy ,aFkse ds çfr lEeku fn[kkuk gS vkSj nwljk mu vkn'kks± ds çfr ftUgksaus gekjs Lora=rk laxzke dks çsfjr fd;kA oansekrje~ ls T;knk fdl nwljs vkn'kZ us Lora=rk laxzke dks çsfjr fd;k\ bls rks xkrs gq, yksx Qkalh ds Qans pwers jgsA D;k ge ;g dguk pkgrs gSa fd Hkkjr esa çkIr èkkfeZd vfèkdkj ^laçHkq* gSa vkSj mu ij fdlh rjg dh rkfdZd lhek,a (Reasonable restrictiosèlimitations) ykxw ugha dh tk ldrh\ D;k ge ;g dguk pkgrs gSa fd ekSfyd vfèkdkj ekSfyd drZO;ksa ls loZFkk eqDr gksdj vfLrRo vkSj lkFkZdrk esa cus jg ldrs gSa\ rks og dkSu U;kf;d çfr"Bku Fkk tks bu nksuksa dks (complementary) vkSj PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Manoj Srivastava.pmd

63

D;k jk"Vªh;rk èkkfeZd vfrØe.kksa ls vVs&lVs xyh&dwpksa ls fdlh rjg viuh jkg cukrh gqbZ fudysxh\ D;k ;gh lafoèkku] tks ^lqçhe ykW vkWQ n ySaM* gS] viuh çorZukRed vkSj 'kS{kf.kd lafØ;kvksa ds çfr mnklhu jgsxk\

(supplementary to each other) dg

jgk Fkk\ paæHkku okys çdj.k esa fdl U;kf;d vfèk"Bku us ;g dgk Fkk: It is a fallacy to think that under our constitution there are only rights and no duties.

D;k çR;sd jk"Vªxhr vius vki esa ,d textual icon ugha gS\ ,d rjg dh 'kCn&ewfrZ\ rks tks ewfrZHkatu (iconoclasm) dks gh viuh vfLerkbZ igpku ekurs gSa] os ;g dke çR;sd ml ns'k esa D;ksa ugha djrs tgka jk"Vªxhr uke dh dksbZ pht gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, ukbthfj;kA ogka rks ukbthfj;k jkT; ds çfr ukxfjd ds ^vkfCyxs'kal* esa ls ;s Hkh gS fd os jk"Vªxhr dks xkus esa xoZ djsa vkSj mldh varoZLrq (content) dk vknj djsaA ;gh ckr ogka jk"Vªèot vkSj vU; ^jk"Vªh; çrhdksa* ds ckjs esa gSaA ukbZthfj;k dksbZ fganw ;k bZlkbZ jkT; ! ugha gSA

63 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:24 AM


A flus e k foe'kZ A

L=h vfLerk fgUnh fQYeksa ds vkbZus esa vferkHk cPpu ds le{k js[kk dk pfj= dqN ,slk gS fd ukf;dk dk izse&ik'k bruk ek;koh gS fd uk;d dk fo'kkydk; Øks/k Hkh mlesa Qal dj fojke ikrk gS--rhl] pkyhl] ipkl vkSj lkB ds n'kd ds fgUnh flusek us L=h vfLerk ds lHkh igyqvksa dks xgu HkkokRed Lrj ij mBk;k] L=h e/;oxZ dh Lora=rk dkeuk ds iwjs vkdk'k esa QSyh gSA lÙkj ds n'kd esa ,axzh ;ax eSu ds xqLls dks Fkkeus dk la?k"kZ dj jgh ekr`'kfDr gS] mlds xqLls ds L[kyu dk ek/;e ukf;dk gS ;k Øksf/kr] tkckat] dfj'ekbZ uk;d ds le{k mldk L=h lkSan;Z mlh gn rd dfj'ekbZ gS ;kuh yktZj nSu ykbZQ lkbZt jksekfu;r gSA vLlh ds n'kd esa eq[;/kkjk flusek esa L=h ds izfr eq[; izo`fÙk;ka izfrfØ;koknh fytfytsiu dh vkSj bUrdkeoknh gSaA lekukUrj flusek us ifjiDork ds lkFk lkekftd euksoSKkfud /kjkry ij L=h dks vfHkO;Dr fd;kA uCcs ds n'kd ls 'kq: ledkyhu flusek /kkjk esa fofo/krk gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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vkjafHkd n'kdksa esa fgUnh flusek esa ukf;dk dk jksekuh :i egRoiw.kZ gS vkSj LofIuy jksekfu;r :<+ O;oLFkk ds fo#¼ fNik gqvk fonzksg gh gSA nwljk :i mldh lkekftd Hkwfedkvksa esa ikjEifjd ewY;ksa vkSj ifjorZu dh vis{kkvksa dk }a} gSA ,d rhljk :i tks cgqr egRoiw.kZ gS og gS os';k dk :iA fQYe ^vkneh* (1939) esa ukf;dk os';k gS ij uSfrd 'kfDr dk felky izLrqr djrh gSA mlds thou esa lPpk izse vkrk gS] ij ml izse dks ikus ds fy, og izseh ds eka ds lkFk fo'okl?kkr djuk Lohdkj ugha djrh gSA mlds gkFkksa ,d gR;k gks tkrh gS ij og vkReleiZ.k dj nsrh gSA oSls le; esa ;g fQYe ,d os';k dks ekuoh; n`f"V ls ns[krh gS vkSj mlessa ewY; dh LFkkiuk djrh gS tc lekt esa L=h dks vfuok;Zr% laHkkfor f=;k&pfj= ds :i esa ns[kk tkrk gS vkSj ekuk tkrk

64 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:35 AM


A flus e k foe'kZ A

Fkk fd os';k L=h ds f=;k&pfj= :i dk gh vfu;af=r foLrkj gSA ;kuh gj L=h esa ,d os';k gS] blfy, mls nckus dh t:jr gSA fQYe vkneh us os';k esa ewY; dks LFkkfir dj L=h ds fo"k; esa ledkyhu ewyHkwr lksap ij pksV fd;k FkkA fQYe ^nsonkl* uk;d vkSj nks ukf;dkvksa ds ek/;e ls izse dk fofo/k :i n'kkZrh gS lkFk gh os';k dks ekuoh; utj ls ns[krh gSA enj bafM;k us fn[kk;k fd bafM;k ds vfLrRo ds ftrus Hkh vk;ke gSa lc ds ihNs L=h dk cgqr gh xgu la?k"kZ gSA L=h tks csVh] iRuh] eka ds :i esa Lusge;h&eerke;h gS vkSj bl Hkkoqdrk ds lekukUrj lekt ds ewY;ksa dh Hkh izkFkfed dLVksfM;u ogh gS vkSj Hkkouk vkSj ewY; nksuksa dks latksus dk dher lcls vf/kd ogh nsrh gSA fQYe xkbM esa ofgnk jgeku dk fdjnkj L=h ds Hkhrj fNih l`tu'khy izfrHkk dk fonzksg gS vkSj lekt ds Ýh&fLifjVsM eqDr&psrk uk;d xkbM ljh[ks O;fDr us Hkh L=h ds izfr iwjh rjg ftEesokj gksuk vHkh ugha lh[kk gSA lkgc chch vkSj xqyke esa L=h tehankjh vkfHktkR; ds [kaMgj ij pksV djrh gSA lhek esa ukf;dk (uwru) vkSj lgukf;dk ('kksHkk [kksVs) nksuksa vU;k;ksa ds izfr eq[kj voekuuk djrh gSaA 1975 esa cuh fQYe vka/kh esa L=h dfj;j ds lcls cM+s :i lÙkk ds {ks= esa mrjrh gSA L=h dk dSfj;j L=h&iq#"k ds laca/kksa ds chp vkrk gS bldh otg nksuksa fo'ks"kdj iq#"k ds eu esa teh ijEijk dh ijrsa gSa] vkSj izse vkSj vkilh le> eqf'dyksa dk lek/kku gSA vferkHk cPpu ds le{k js[kk dk pfj= dqN ,slk gS fd ukf;dk dk izse&ik'k bruk ek;koh gS fd uk;d dk fo'kkydk; Øks/k Hkh mlesa Qal dj fojke ikrk gSA lekukUrj flusek esa lqcg] vFkZ eaMh] e`R;qnaM vkfn egRoiw.kZ

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

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gaSA ;s fQYesa L=h ds vfLrRoxr ;k=k ds fofo/k vk;keksa dks n'kkZrh gSaA ledkyhu flusek esa viuh i`"BHkwfe ds vk/kkj ij L=h cktkj ds vkxs oyfujsoy (dqUnu 'kkg dh ^D;k dgus*] cklq pVthZ dh ^vkLFkk* vkSj e/kqj HkaMkjdj dh ^QS'ku*) gS rks cktkj dh efYydk Hkh gSA vc og vkbVe xyZ Hkh fcankl gSA egs'k HkV~V us euksoSKkfud /kjkry ij L=h&iq#"k laca/k ds eghu rarqvksa vkSj fj'rs dh cyfcjsfofyVh dks vius [kkl flusekbZ Hkk"kk esa ,d ds ckn ,d ckWeokMZ djuk 'kq: fd;kA ledkyhu flusek dk egkuk;d 'kkg:[k [kku fo'ks"k bl vk/kkj ij Hkh gS fd mlds pfj= ds vuUrj L=h ds gj :i dh iw.kZ l`tukRed LohdkjksfDr] laosnuk vkSj lEeku gSA

jkds'k JhokLro

65 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:35 AM


| l`tu |

Qslcqd ij iadt ukjk;.k%

l`tu dk u;k vankt iadt dks Qslcqd ij i<+rs gq, yxrk gS tSls dksbZ fueZy >juk cg jgk gksA gok esa eklwfe;r rSj jgh gksA ,slk yxrk tSls dksbZ 'kCnksa dk ckthxj iwjh dykRedrk ds lkFk 'kCnksa dks mNky&idM+ jgk gksA iadt dh pkj ykbZuk pkyhl ?kaVk Hkh vkidk ihNk ugha NksMr + hA tSls dchj dHkh iqjkus ;k cklh ugha yxrs oSls gh iadt ds 'kCn gesa'kk toku jgrs gSaA esjs NksVs HkkbZ vkSj fe= fueZy oSn ds 'kCnksa esa jsfxLrku dk rirk la?k"kZ mUgsa vka[k ugha fn[kk ldrkA mudh ueh ges'kk cjdjkj jgrh gSA vlQyrk dh rst /kwi tc mUgsa lsadrh gS rks muesa gjh&Hkjh Qly mxrh gSA og BaMs fnekx ls gkSalyksa dks xje djrs gSaA

vki Qslcqd dh mudh dqN iafDr;ksa ls xqt+jrs gq, [kqn gh eglwl dj ldrs gSa& gekjs Hkhrj ifg;s dk vfo"dkj tc nksuksa ikao nyny esa gksa rc ,d gkFk mBk dj vkleku dks xq#Rokd"kZ.k dk fu;e ;kn fnykuk pkfg,A èkjrh esa ukd rd /kalus ds ckn Hkh gesa cpk ldrk gS vkleku dk ,d fVefVekrk rkjk] tSls cpk ysrk gS iwjh rjg ls gkj pqds vkneh dks cpiu dk ,d liukA nqfu;k ds vkf[kjh vkneh rd igqapus dh ft+n ls gekjs Hkhrj ifg;s dk vfo"dkj gksrk gSA bZ'oj D;ksa\ rqEgkjh ,d vkokt+ ls dbZ jkLrs fudyrs gSaA ,d jkLrs ls dbZ yksx fudyrs gSaA ,d vkneh ls dbZ nqfu;k fudyrh gSA gs ml ,d nqfu;k ds bZ'oj] rqe [k+keks'k D;ksa gks-vkSj tc [kkeks'k gks rks bZ'oj D;ksa gks\ okg ft+ a n xh ft+anxh fdrkcksa ls igys ft+anxh esa gh vkrh gSA mu lHkh ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks esjk ç.kke] ftUgksaus eq>s esjk gksuk fl[kk;kA mu lHkh f'k{kdksa dks ç.kke ftUgksaus eq>s ugha i<+k;k vkSj eSa vius vui<+ gksus dk bLrseky i<+s&fy[ks dh rjg djuk lh[k x;kA vPNk yxk fdrkcksa ls igys ft+anxh esa vkuk--okg ft+anxhA

t+ehuh nksLrh nksLr eSa Hkh pkgrk gwa fd rqe lkxj ftrus maps vkSj ioZr ftrus xgjs cuks rkfd ry esa mrj dj rqEgkjh mapkbZ vkSj f'k[kj ij p<+ dj rqEgkjh xgjkbZ uki ldwa- ysfdu bu nksuksa ds chp esa tks lery t+ehu gS gesa mlh ij lkFk&lkFk pyuk gksxk] D;ksafd nksLrh eSaus rqels dh gS] lkxj ;k ioZr ls ughaA t+ehu ij ge nksuksa cjkcj gSa] nksLr gSaA u, lQj ds fy, ykSV vkvks fd t:jr gS McMckbZ vka[kksa ds uhps pkj maxfy;ksa dhA ?kj ykSVrs >qaM esa ls vdsyh NwV xbZ fpfM+;k ls iwNuk fd lj j[kus ds fy, fdlh vius da/ks dh ryk'k dk D;k eryc gksrk gSA irk dj ysuk vius lkFk py jgh ehBh Fkifd;ksa ls fd chrh jkrksa esa rqEgsa fdruk ;kn fd;k x;k gSA ykSV vkvks D;ksafd ykSVuk Hkh ,d ekSdk gS fdlh u, lQj ds fy,A ?kjksa dh nsoh og /kjrh D;ksafd fcN tkrh gSA og vkdk'k Hkh gS D;ksafd mBuk tkurh gSA og eka gS D;ksafd mls tUe nsuk vkrk gSA og nsoh gS D;ksafd ?kjksa us mls iRFkj cuk fn;k gSA nks vyx&vyx QSfDVª;ksa esa curs gSa vkSjr vkSj enZA dHkh& dHkh nksuksa QSfDVª;ksa dh nwjh feVrh rks dHkh& dHkh feVkbZ tkrh gSA blhfy, vkSjrsa gksrh Hkh gSa vkSj vkSjr cukbZ Hkh tkrh gSA

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Pankaj Narayan.pmd

66

fVIi.kh% gfj tks'kh 66 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:32 AM


A thou 'kS y hA vkids futh vkSj vkids izksQs'kuy ds chp dk QdZ vkids eu esa Li"V jgs vkSj vius bu nksuksa vk;keksa dk vyx&vyx lEeku djsa] vU;Fkk vkxs LVªsl ds nyny esa Qalrh pyh tk,axh--dkedkth efgykvksa esa iq:"kksa dh rqyuk esa rukoxzLr gks tkus dh laHkkouk vfèkd gksrh gSA vesfjdk essa fd, x, ,d fjlpZ esa 60 izfr'kr dkedkth efgykvksa us viuk uEcj ou izkSCye ukSdjh lacaèkh ruko dks crk;kA ukSdjh lacaèkh ruko D;k gS\ efgykvksa ds fy, ;g fdl izdkj [kkl gSA ukSdjh lacaèkh ruko ;k vkWD;wis'kuy LVªsl og fLFkfr gS ftlesa dke dh ifjfLFkfr;ksa dh otg ls dke djus okys ds euksoSKkfud lek;kstu dh {kerk ij foijhr izHkko iM+rk gS] ftlls mlesa euksoSKkfud] O;ogkjxr ;k 'kkjhfjd izfrfØ;k,a iSnk gksrh gS rFkk dkykUrj esa lkekftd Hkwfedkvksa dks fuHkkus esa Hkh eqf'dysa vkus yxrh gSA ,sls ruko esa yEcs le; rd jgus ls euksoSKkfud o 'kkjhfjd chekfj;ka ?kj dj ldrh gSA vkWD;wis'kuy LVªsl ds lkekU; rkSj ij rhu vk;ke gSaA igyk gS O;fDrxr vFkkZr ruko ij dkcw ikus dh Lo;a dh {kerkA nwljk gS laxBukRed rFkk dk;Zn'kk lacaèkh dkjd] tSls dke djus okyksa esa vkil ds lacaèk] eSausatesaV dk l{ke vFkok ypj gksuk] laxBu esa HksnHkko] ofd±x vkoj] vkWfQl dh ?kj ls nwjh oxSjgA rhljk gS lkekftd] vFkkZr ifjokj vkSj lekt dh vis{kk,a o ewY; dk tkWc ds vuqdwy gksuk ;k Vdjko esa gksukA vkWD;wis'kuy LVªsl ds rhuksa gh Lrjksa ij dkedkth efgykvksa dk ruko fof'k"V gSA efgyk,a HkkokRed :i ls FkksM+h fof'k"V gksrh gaSA laxBuksa esa tks HksnHkko ns[ks tkrs gSa muesa fyax&vkèkkfjr HksnHkko lcls vfèkd gSA lkekftd Lrj ij] efgykvksa dks tkWc dh vis{kkvksa vkSj ?kj vkSj ifjokj dh ftEesokfj;ksa esa Vdjko iq:"kksa dh rqyuk esa dghaa vfèkd >syuk iM+rk gSA ,d O;fDr ds fy, Lo;a ds Lrj ij LVªsl eSausteasV ds rhu vk;ke gSaA Lo;a dh lek;kstu {kerk dks c<+kuk] vius tkWc dh ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks cnyuk vFkok eSust djuk rFkk ?kj&ifjokj vkSj lekt ds lkFk laokn vkSj lek;kstu cukukA efgyk,a vius izksQs'kuy ykbZQ esa iq:"k dk lkFk ;k fe=rk tSlh HkkokRed vko';drkvksa dks vxj iwjk djsa rks

lkoèkku jgsaA vkids futh vkSj vkids izksQs'kuy ds chp dk QdZ vkids eu esa Li"V jgs vkSj vius bu nksuksa vk;keksa dk vyx&vyx lEeku djsa] vU;Fkk vkxs LVªsl ds nyny esa Qalrh pyh tk,axhA laxBu esa fyax&vkèkkfjr HksnHkko Xykl&lhfyax] vFkkZr Hkwfedk ds caVokjs esa HksnHkko vkSj izkseks'ku esa HksnHkko ds :i esa gks ldrk gSA vki ;g fuèkkZfjr djsa fd vkids vkxsZukbts'ku esa vxj ,slk gS rks ;g vkidks dgka rd eatwj gSaA vxj vkidks eatwj ugha gS rks laxBu esa fdl&fdl O;fDr ls vkSj fdl izdkj ls laokn LFkkfir djuk gSA izkseks'ku esa HksnHkko dks rksM+us ds fy, viuh izfrHkk dks foftoy cukus dh vkidh D;k j.kuhfr gS] ;g Li"V djsaA fyax lacaèkh HksnHkko dk gh ,d :i lsDlqvy NsM+NkM+ gSA ;g cgqr xaHkhj gSA blls volkn] nqf'park] Hk;] vijkèk&cksèk&'keZ] gsMsd vkSj vfunzk] tkWc ls yxko [kRe gksuk tSlh leL;k,a iSnk gksrh gSA bl lanHkZZ esa vko';d gS fd Lo;a dk vkRecy etcwr djsa] xszlQqy fMLVsal dk dkS'ky lh[ksa] vkSj eu dks bruk etcwr djsa fd eku ysa fd nwljs ds vijkèk dh ltk Lo;a dks dHkh ugha nsuhA ?kj&ifjokj vkSj lekt dh ftEesokfj;ksa ds lanHkZ esa baVj&ilZuy dE;wfuds'ku vkSj VkbZe eSustesaV dk cgqr egRo gSA vxj vkius ukSdjh djus dk pquko fd;k gS rks blds fy, Lo;a dks nks"kh dHkh u ekusaA ukSdjh ls feyus okys ykHkksa ij è;ku dsfUnzr djsa] vkSj gkfu;ksa dks eSust djsaA ;kn j[ksa] le; vkSj fj'rs esa DokafVfV ls T;knk DokfyVh dk egRo gSA

vatq flUgk

dkedkth

efgyk,a vkSj ruko PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Rakesh Srivastava.pmd

67

67 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:39 AM


|C O O K E R Y |

ozr

R;ksgkj tuojh & 2010 6 tuojh% xq# xksfoUn flag t;arh] Jh jkekuUnkpk;Z t;arh

13 tuojh%

pViVh lsafo;k

yksgM+h

14 tuojh% edj laØkafr

lkexzh%

15 tuojh%

2 di lsfo;ka] 1 I;kt (ckjhd dVk)] 1@4 di eVj ds nkus] 1 VekVj (ckjhd dVk)] 1 Vs- Liwu ckjhd dVk gjk èkfu;k] 1@4 Vh Liwu gYnh ikmMj] 1 Vh Liwu xje elkyk] 1 Vh Liwu uhacw dk jl] 1 Vh Liwu phuh] 1 Vh Liwu yky fepZ ikmMj] 2 Vs- Liwu rsy] 1 Vh Liwu thjk o esFkh ds nkus] ued LoknkuqlkjA

xzLrkLr lw;Z xzg.k] ekSuh vekol] esyk iz;kx jkt

18 tuojh% xksjh rht] xkSarjh

fof/k% lcls igys dM+kgh esa rsy Mkydj mls xeZ gksus nsaA mlds ckn rsy esa thjk o esFkh ds nkus Mky nhft,A gYdk Hkwjk gksus ds ckn mlesa ckjhd dVk I;kt MkysaA I;kt ds xksYMu czkmu gksus ij mlesa ckjhd dVk VekVj Hkh Mky nsaA VekVj ds idus ds ckn mlesa eVj Hkh Mky nhft,A vc ,d&,d dj elkys Hkh Mkfy,A lcls igys gYnh] xje elkyk] ued o yky fepZ ikmMj MkysaA feJ.k dks vPNh rjg idkus ds ckn mlesa ,d fxykl ikuh mcyus ds fy, Mky nsaA ikuh mcyus ds ckn mlesa lsfo;ka Hkh feyk,aA lsfo;ksa dks 5 ls 7 feuV rd idk,aA ikuh vPNh rjg lw[k tkus ij lsfo;ksa dks xSl ij ls mrkj ysaA mlds ckn lsfo;ksa esa uhacw dk jl o phuh feyk,aA loZ djus ls igys xekZxeZ lsfo;ksa dks gjs èkfu;s o uhacw ds vkpkj ds lkFk xkfuZ'k djsaA

20 tuojh% clar iapeh] ljLorh iwtu egksRlo

23 tuojh% Hkh"ek"Veh] usrk th tUe

26 tuojh% 61oka Hkkjrh; x.kra= fnol

30 tuojh% fdrus yksxksa ds fy,% 5

ek?k Luku iw.kZ] lar jfonkl t;arh] HkSjo t;arh PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Vrat Tyohar & Cookery.pmd

68

68 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:42 AM


Advt Sub-Coupon.pmd

69

11/21/2009, 12:44 AM


| okLrq |

lhf<+;ka DykWd okbZt cuh gksuh pkfg,a vkSj izR;sd lewg esa lhf<+;ksa dh la[;k fo"ke gksuh pkfg,A

okLrq% dqN fo'ks"k fVIl • edku ds iwoZ@iwoksZÙkj fn'kk esa NksVs >kM+huqek ikSèks yxk,aA blls edku esa jgus okys ifjokj dks lw;Z ds fofdj.k ds ykHk vfèkdre feyrs gSaA • vksojgsM Vadh nf{k.k&if'pe fn'kk esa cuk;h tkuh pkfg,A • LVMh Vscy ds ikl isaMqye ?kM+h yxkus ls T;knk è;ku yxrk gSA • csM ds Bhd lkeus fejj ugha yxkuh pkfg,A • xHkZorh efgykvksas dks nf{k.k iwoZ ds dejksa esa ugha jguk pkfg,A • flQZ oxkZdkj@vk;rkdkj Hkwfe dk VqdM+k gh [kjhnsaA • lHkh dejksa ds QuhZpj iSVuZ dks le;&le; ij cnyrs Hkh jgsaA • dhpsu esa uhys jax dk iz;ksx u djsaA • csM:e esa iwtk dk LFkku ugha cuk,aA

• ?kj dk Hkhrjh nhokj fcuk doj fd;k gqvk LVksu ugha gksuk pkfg,A • LVMh Vscy ij ikuh dk Hkjk fxykl j[kus ij è;ku vfèkd yxrk gSA • edku ds izos'k }kj ds ikl dksbZ dkaVsnkj ikSèkk u yxk,aA • lM+d ds Vh&IokbaV dks Qsl djrs gq, edku Bhd ugha gksrsA • f[kM+fd;ka vfèkdka'kr% iwoZ@mÙkj ds nhokjksa ij cukuh pkfg,A • eq[; njokts ds [kksyus can djus esa dksbZ vkokt ugha gksuh pkfg,A • dhpsu esa] dqfdax xSl vkSj okf'kax flad ds chp T;knk&ls&T;knk nwjh gksuh pkfg,A • iwtk mÙkj@iwoZ dh vksj eq[k djds djuh pkfg,A • ?kj esa VwVk 'kh'kk @ fejj drbZ u jgus nsaA • ,d ykbZu ls rhu njokts ugha gksus pkfg,A • lhf<+;ka DykWd okbZt cuh gksuh pkfg,a vkSj izR;sd lewg esa lhf<+;ksa dh la[;k fo"ke gksuh pkfg,A • njoktksa dh la[;k le&la[;k esa tSls 2]4]6]8 vkfn gksuh pkfg,A • mÙkj vkSj iwoZ dh vksj NwVk gqvk LFkku nf{k.k vkSj if'pe esa NwVs gq, LFkku ls vfèkd gksuk pkfg,A • mÙkj&iwoZ] iwoZ vkSj mÙkj fn'kk esa cM+s isM+ ugha cfYd >kM+h yxkuh pkfg,A • edku ij fdlh Hkh isM+ dh Nk;k ugha fxjuh pkfg,A • Hkwfe dk Lyksi if'pe ls iwoZ ;k nf{k.k ls mÙkj dh vksj gksuk pkfg,A

iz-Vq- C;wjks

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Vastu.pmd

70

70 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 10:27 AM


A iq L rd ppkZ A

nsg ls eks{k esa mrjrh dfork,a ^ns o o` { k* es a la x z g hr iqf"irk dh lHkh dfork,a ize s dfork,a gSaA bu dforkvksa dks vuUr dh ;k=k djus dks vkrqj jgL;oknh dfork,a ugha dg ldrs] u gh ;g fdafpr Hkh HkkSfrd ;k nsgoknh gSaA iqf"irk us izkDdFku esa bUgsa eu ds jaxksa ds jpko dh ;k=k,a crk;k gSA ;g Hkhrj&gh&Hkhrj ^u, jkx* dh rjg fujUrj ^xwatrh vkSj ctrh* ^izse dh vkoktsa* gSA ;g lkalksa essa clh ^vfopy izse lk/kuk* gSA ;gka lk/kuk ds fy, lk/kuk ugha gSA bu dforkvksa esa ^nsg* gh ^vkdk'k xaxk* gS ftlesa ^rSjdj* dof;=h ek= ^vk[kksa ds ikj* mrjuk pkg jgh gSA mlds fy, izse dk eks{k ek= ^Bgjs gq, le; ls* ikj mrjus esa gSA ;s dfork,a nsg dks rSjdj ,d eks{k esa mrjh dfork,a gSaA bl eks{k esa rSjus ds nkSjku izkIr vkuUn rkjh gSA eks{k rkjh ugha gksrk] ;g fujis{k gksrk gSA ij] iqf"irk dh dforkvksa esa eks{k dk lty gksuk nks"k ugha gS] D;ksafd izse dk Hkksx Hkh funksZ"k gSA iqf"irk ds fy, izse gh ^,dek= dfork* vkSj ^,dek= fo'okl* gS] blfy, muds ikl ^ifo= deZQy* gSA ^^nsg dh vkdk'k xaxk esa rSjdj@vk[ksa ikj mrj tkuk pkgrh gSaA** ^^nsg&fonsg** ds vuUrj gh izd`fr gSA ^^rqEgkjs gksus ls@iwjh i`Foh esjh viuh gS@?kj dh rjg** iqf"irk us bu dforkvksa dks eu dh Mk;jh crk;k gSA mUgksusa fy[kk gS ^^--------og bl vk'kk vkSj fo'okl ds cwrs fy[kh tkrh gS fd dksbZ lty mj fe= bUgsa i<s+xk vkSj blesa vius vuqHko dh izfr/ofu ik,xkA** okLro esa ;g dfork,a fo'ks"k gSa vkSj bl n`f"V ls vuqHko fd, tkus ;ksX; gSa fd ;gka izse fopkj vkSj euksxzfUFk;ksa nksuksa ls eqDr] lansg&eqDr leiZ.k dk izdk'k gSA ;g ,slk ifjiDo izse gS tks vR;Ur lqdksey Hkh gS vkSj ;g la;ksx LokHkkfod] xfHkZr vkSj lqUnj gSA laxzg esa fgUnh dforkvksa ds lkFk gh mudk vaxzsth vuqokn gSA e/kq ch-tks'kh dk vuqokn vkSj ek/ko Hkku dh fMtk;fuax lty mj fe=ksa }kjk vuqHko ls ,dkdkj gksus ljh[ks gSaA vuqokfndk us dbZ dforkvksa esa tks 'kh"kZd fn, gSa] og ewy dfork ds 'kh"kZd dk 'kCnkuqokn ugha gSa] cfYd u, 'kh"kZd gSa] ftldk y{; 'kCnkuqokn dh folaxfr ls cpuk vkSj vuwfnr Hkk"kk dh ekSfydrk esa dfork ds dsfUnz; Hkko dks uke nsus dk iz;kl gSA blls Li"V gS fd muds fy, vuqokn izfdz;k ckSf¼d ugha Hkkouk/kkfjr FkhA fMtk;fuax dfork ds Hkkoksa ls ,dkdkj gSA bUgha taxyh Qwyksa vkSj >kfM+;ksa dh rjg iqf"irk dh dfork,a Hkh l?ku gSaA fMtk;fuax esa Qwy vkSj >kfM+;ka dqN ;wa vglkl nsrh gSa tSls fd ;s taxyh gksrs gq, Hkh vius vfLrRo ds vkuUn esa e;kZfnr gSaA

iqf"irk ds fy, izse gh ^,dek= dfork* vkSj ^,dek= fo'okl* gS---

iqLrd% nsoo`{k fo/kk% dfork laxzg (fgUnh esa ewy vkSj vaxszth esa vuwfnr nksuksa) dof;=h% iqf"irk voLFkh vuqokn vkSj laiknu% e/kq ch- tks'kh ewY;% 350:izdk'ku% jsek/ko

jkds'k JhokLro PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Book Review HINDI.pmd

71

71 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:50 AM


A fgUnh la l kj A

fgUnh vdkneh dk

^dFkk leqPp;* dk;ZØe

^cgqr iqjkus lp dks u, :i esa vkSj uqdhys <ax ls izLrqr dj fopfyr djrh gS ;g dgkuh---uk;d vkSj [kyuk;d dh nwjh dks feVk nsrh gS ;g dgkuhA tks ijkftr gS ogh fotsrk gS* ^ywtj foUl* eqgkojs dks lR; djrh gqbZA^^ mDr fopkj iz[;kr dFkkdkj vkSj vkykspd MkW- fot; eksgu flag us fgUnh vdkneh] fnYyh }kjk vk;ksftr ^dFkk leqPp;* dk;ZØe esa latho }kjk i<+h xbZ dgkuh ^vkWijs'ku tksukdh* ij O;Dr fd,A vius v/;{kh; oDrO; esa vkxs mUgksaus dgk fd ;g vkt dh vkSj vkt ds iy dh dgkuh gS----vius esa dbZ ijrsa fNik,A bl dgkuh esa xgjh ihM+k vkSj vUr}ZU} gSA fgUnh vdkneh] fnYyh }kjk vk;ksftr ^dFkk leqPp;* esa pUnzdkUrk] latho vkSj cyjke dks dgkuh ikB ds fy, vkeaf=r fd;k x;k FkkA O;kl lEeku izkIr panzdkUrk us d'ehj dh i`"BHkwfe ij vk/kkfjr dgkuh ^Qk¡l* dk ikB fd;kA blds ckn latho us viuh dgkuh ^vkWijs'ku tksukdh* i<+hA dkSu ns'kHkDr gS\ vkSj dkSu ns'knzksgh\ ds }U} dks cM+h ckjhdh ls idM+rh ;g dgkuh gekjh dkuwu O;oLFkk vkSj mldh dk;Ziz.kkyh ij loky mBkrh gSA cyjke us ^'kqHk fnu* uked dgkuh dk ikB fd;kA mlesa gS 'kgjh HkkxnkSM+] ;gka dh t:jrksa ls mits ruko esa nSfgd lEcU/kksa dh [kRe gksrh cqfu;knA dk;ZØe ds vkjEHk esa vdkneh ds lfpo MkW- johUnzukFk JhokLro us dgk fd bl Ük`a[kyk ds ek/;e ls ge dFkk dk orZeku ledky <wa<us dh ps"Vk dj jgs gSaA vdkneh ds mik/;{k izks- v'kksd pØ/kj vius laf{kIr mn~cks/ku esa dgk fd dgkuh vius vUnj vU; nwljh fo/kkvksa dfork] ukVd vkfn dks lekfgr djrs gq, vkt vkSj jkt nksuksa dks mn~?kkfVr djrh gSA

deyk lkaÐR;k;u ds fu/ku ij 'kksd lHkk lkfgR; vdkneh vkSj usikyh lEesyu] fnYyh }kjk vdkneh lHkkxkj] ubZ fnYyh esa 28 vDVwcj 2009 dks izfrf"Br usikyh vkSj fgUnh ysf[kdk MkW- deyk lkad`R;k;u ds fu/ku ij ,d 'kksd lHkk dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA vdkneh ds fgUnh laiknd Jh cztsUnz f=ikBh us bl volj ij MkW- lkad`R;k;u dk laf{kIr ifjp; izLrqr djrs gq, crk;k fd mudk fu/ku 25 vDVwcj 2009 dks ân;k?kkr ds dkj.k flyhxqM+h esa gks x;kA mUgksaus egkiafMr jkgqy lkad`R;k;u dh v¼k±fxuh ds :i esa deyk th }kjk dh xbZ mudh lkj&laHkky dk ftØ djrs gq, crk;k fd fdl izdkj jkgqy th dh izsj.kk ls deyk th us viuh mPp f'k{kk iwjh dh vkSj ys[ku dh nqfu;k esa dne j[kdj fgUnh vkSj usikyh dh ,d egRoiw.kZ ysf[kdk cu xb±A deyk th Hkkjr vkSj usiky esa ih-,p-Mh- mikf/k izkIr djusokyh igyh usikyh Fkha vkSj lkfgR; vdkneh ls Hkh mudk yack tqM+ko jgkA bl volj ij usikyh lEesyu ds v/;{k Jh Macjef.k iz/kku us dgk fd deyk th ds fu/ku ls ,d ;qx dk var gks x;k gSA PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Hindi Sansar.pmd

72

72 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 10:38 AM


A fgUnh la l kj A

izks- iqf"irk voLFkh dh

dfork&laxzg dk yksdkiZ.k 7 uoEcj 2009 dks ykyk nhokupan VªLV lHkkxkj esa izoklh dof;=h izks- iqf"irk voLFkh ds dfork&laxzg ^nsoo`{k* dk yksdkiZ.k ledkyhu lkfgR; ds laiknd MkWcztsUnz f=ikBh ds djdeyksa ls v{kje~ ds rRoko/kku esa lEiUu gqvkA dk;ZØe esa dfork&laxzg dh vuqokfndk e/kq ch- tks'kh] fgUnh ds fo}ku MkWfoeys'k dkafr oekZ] vfuy tks'kh] ujs'k 'kkafMY;] ukjk;.k dqekj] MkW- e/kq iar] gjtsUnz pkS/kjh vkfn us laxzg ij vius fopkj O;Dr fd,A dk;ZØe esa e/kq ch- tks'kh us viuh vuqokn izfØ;k ds ckjs esa tkudkjh nh vkSj ewy dfork dof;=h }kjk vkSj vuwfnr dfork vuqokfndk }kjk i<+h x;hA blds i'pkr dkO; xks"Bh dk Hkh vk;kstu fd;k x;kA xks"Bh ds var esa Lo- izHkk"k tks'kh dks J¼katfy nh xbZ vkSj lHkk esa mudh Le`fr esa ,d feuV dk ekSu j[kk x;kA

ckyLo:i jkgh dk

,dy dkO;&ikB

lkfgR; vdkneh ds ,d yksdfiz; dk;ZØe ds varZxr gj ckj fdlh ofj"B o yksdfiz; dfo dks ^^,dy ikB** ds fy, vkeaf=r fd;k tkrk gSA foxr ekg 22 vDVwcj dks lkfgR; vdkneh }kjk bl Üka`[kyk ds varxZr ,dy ikB ds fy, lqizfl¼ dfo&x+t+ydkj o i=dkj ckyLo:i jkgh dks vkeaf=r fd;k x;kA jkgh th gekjs le; ds ofj"B o lokZf/kd yksdfiz; dfo&x+t+ydkjksa esa ls gSaA vusd fo/kkvksa esa lkfgR; l`tu djus okys jkgh th tgka ckSf¼d xksf"B;ksa esa leqfpr vknj o eu ls lqus tkrs gSa ogha dfo lEesyuksa esa mifLFkr tu lkekU; ds chp Hkh vius lgt&ljl dkO; dkS'ky o izLrqfr ls Jksrkvksa dks ea=eqX/k dj nsrs gSaA lkfgR; vdkneh ds [kpk[kp Hkjs lHkkxkj esa dk;ZØe dk vkjaHk djrs gq, loZizFke lkfgR; vdkneh dh if=dk ^ledkyhu lkfgR;* ds laiknd Jh cztsUnz f=ikBh us ckyLo:i jkgh th dk fof/kor ifjp; djok;kA jkgh th us dkO; ikB vkjaHk djus ls igys Jksrkvksa dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, crk;k fd mUgksaus vkt ds bl volj fo'ks"k ij dkO; ikB ds fy, fofo/k dkO; 'kSfy;ksa esa fy[kh xbZ fo'ks"k jpukvksa dk p;u fd;kA mUgksaus dPph mez ds Hkkoqdrkiw.kZ {k.kksa esa fy[kh xb± dforkvksa ls ysdj orZeku esa fy[kh uohure dforkvksa dks Jksrkvksa ds le{k izLrqr fd;kA bl volj ij jkgh th us tgka ^^Hkw[k ds /kku** o ^^e`r f'k'kq ds tUe ij** tSlh Hkkoiw.kZ eqDr Nan dh l'kDr dfork,a lqukb± tks vke rkSj ls muds }kjk lquus dks ugha feyrhA ogha mUgksaus ^^VwV x, lHkh oge~ vkSj x+yrQ+gfe;ka@vPNk gh gqvk pyks thou vc pSu ls xqt+k:axk**] ^^;g eq>dks D;k gqvk fd tc Hkh eSa ysrk gwa uke fdlh Qwy dk fca/kh gqbZ maxyh dk nnZ mHkj vkrk gS** tSlh vkerkSj ij de lquk, x, xhr o x+t+ysa lqukb± rFkk ^^lg tk gj vieku vkSj dqN pkjk Hkh rks ugha**] ^^Mwcus okyksa dh Qsg~fjLr esa Hkh uke u gks@esjs tSlk fdlh rSjkd dk vat+ke u gks**] tSls izfrfuf/k dforkvksa ls Jksrkvksa dks Hkjiwj vkuafnr fd;kA yxHkx Ms<+ ?kaVs rd pys bl ,dy dkO; ikB esa Jksrk dkO; ds vkuan esa vkdaB Mwcs jgs o ckj&ckj djry /ofu;ksa }kjk vius Hkkoksa dks vfHkO;Dr djrs jgsA PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Hindi Sansar.pmd

73

dchj rst vuar dk

Hkkjrh ca/kq dk dchj xk;u fgUnh Hkou ds rRoko/kku esa 'kqØokj] 30 vDVwcj] 2009 dks jk;iqj (NÙkhlx<+) ds Hkkjrh ca/kqvksa us lar dchj ds inksa dk vius vuwBs vankt esa in&xk;u fd;kA mudh igyh izLrqfr Fkh& ^eu yxk esjks ;kj Qdhjh esaA* Hkkjrh ca/kq us tc ^rw gh rw* xk;k rks Jksrkvksa ij tknw&lk Nk x;kA ^tjk /khjs&/khjs xkM+h gkdks esjs jke xkM+h okys*] ^eksjs u;uk esa jke jax Nk, jgk gks*] ^Hktu esa yxs jguk HkkbZ js* vkfn jpukvksa dh izLrqfr dks Hkh Jksrkvksa us csgn ljkgkA [kpk[kp Hkjs fgUnh Hkou lHkkxkj esa mudk in&xk;u lqudj Jksrkvksa us ea=eqX/k gksdj vusd ckj rkfy;ka ctkdj lHkkxkj dks xaqtk;eku fd;kA muds dchj&xk;u esa lwQh laxhr dh >yd Li"V fn[kkbZ nhA KkrO; gS fd Hkkjrh ca/kq ns'k&fons'k esa cM+s&cM+s vk;kstuksa esa dchj&xk;u djds viuk fof'k"V LFkku cuk pqds gSaA ;g dchj&xk;u lân; dof;=h vkSj fgUnh Hkou dh vkthou U;klh Lo- bUnq xqIrk dh Le`fr dks lefiZr FkkA

73 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 10:38 AM


|V I V I D H A |

“Big Brother’s” Grand Wedding Speculations too have a shelf life. When the entire battery of media went ga-ga and created hoopla over the announcement of the date of her marriage, the suppositions died a slow death. It seemed that even she could not resist the

temptation of the proclamation. Yes, by the time you read this piece, Shilpa Shetty would have tied the marital knots with London based non- resident Indian businessman Raj Kundra. They would also be over with the conjectured lavish reception two days after the marriage. But let us present before our readers what Shilpa wrote on her blog, which she confessed was a piece after a long time: " …So here it is - This is it, YES, THE WEDDING DATES ARE FINAL and celebrations begin from the 21st November with the Wedding on the 22nd (November) and the Reception on the 24th (November). PHEW! Okay, I said it." Now, if one is to believe the rumour mills which are at their maximum speed these days, then Raj and Shilpa will get married at Kiran Bawa's farmhouse in Khandala, after which they will hold a grand and lavish reception in Mumbai. According to a source close to Shilpa, "Raj plans fantastic vacations and this is one holiday he wants Shilpa to remember forever. Though Shilpa knows Raj has booked the Regal Suite for them at the Atlantis resort in the Paradise Islands at the Bahamas, everything else is a surprise for Shilpa. Raj is arranging everything." So these were the details and tidbits about the marriage and the honeymoon. She quenched the inquisitiveness of her fans about how she was feeling with days left for the D Day by writing that, "I'm going through a lot of mixed feelings - happiness, excitement, nervousness, just like any bride to be and sadness as well." She further expressed that "it still hasn't sunk in completely, it's a strange emotion, can't describe it. The only consolation is that I'm tying the knot with Raj - a man who lets me be and doesn't want me or my life to change and that erases premarital jitters." There is a silver lining to the entire event with a sad part lingering on one's mind. Shilpa's sister Shamita Shetty took a voluntary exit from Big Boss, a reality show in which she was participating. Even though she could see the hazy pictures of the engagement ring on her blackberry, she was not happy being absent from the occasion. "I am so sad that I could not attend the engagement. Shilpa's wedding is a family function, and I by no means wanted to miss it," said Shamita. Apart from relatives and close friends, and her co-workers in the film industry, she has especially invited Jermaine Jackson, her Big Brother partner. She has good links with Jackson since the days of the reality show and had been in India recently, with Raj and Shilpa playing the role of a perfect host to him. If we believe someone close to Shilpa, then she will wear a wedding outfit being designed by Tarun Tahiliani "that no bride in Bollywood or outside had ever worn before." Rumours have it that the designer will give her an outfit that will look like a sari.

PRAVASI TODAY | DECEMBER 2009

Vividha.pmd

74

AMIT GUIN

74 çoklh VqMs | fnlEcj

2009

11/21/2009, 12:56 AM


Cain Advt.pmd

75

11/21/2009, 1:17 AM


RNI No.: DELBIL/2006/18344 POSTAL LICENCE: DL(C) - 14/1155/07-09

Vacationist's Recipe - Ranchi Ranchi's heart lies in its forests, waterfalls, heritage hubs and historical sites

A new eexperience xperience DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM Government of Jharkhand, FFP Bhawan, 2nd Floor, Dhurwa, Ranchi-1, Jharkhand. Ph: +91-651-2400981, Tel Fax: +91-651-2400982

For more information, please log on to:www.jharkhandtourism.in, Seek tourism info. SMS JT to 56006, For Tourism related assistance dial + 91-651-2400501/502.

If undelivered please return to: Pravasi Today: 51, 2nd Floor, Rani Jhansi Road, Jhandewalan, New Delhi-55. Jharkhand Advt 2A.pmd

76

11/21/2009, 1:13 AM

December 2009  

Pravasi Today

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