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HLL FAMILY


HLL FAMILY

HLL

100


FUntämdnbÂ

BtcmKyt¯msSbncn¡mw,

icnbmb AdnhneqsS... ZoÀLmbptÊmsSbncn¡pI... BtcmKyt¯msSbpw... HcmÄ¡p t\cm³ CXnepw \à BiwkIsf´p≠­v? FÃmhcpw B{Kln¡p¶XmWXv. icochpw a\Êpw kpØnXnbnencn¡p¶, tcmK§Ä Hgnªp\n¡p¶ PohnXw. BtcmKytaJebnse t\«§Ä sIm≠­vZoÀLmbpÊv F¶ BZy e£yw ssIh­ cn¡m³ s]mXpth aebmfn¡p Ignªn«p≠­v. icmicn BbpÀ ssZÀLy¯n hnIknX cmPy§tfmsSm¸amWv \½psS Øm\w. F¶m BtcmKy]qÀ®am tWm B PohnXw F¶XmWv tNmZyw. {]talw apX AÀ_pZw hscbpÅ PohnXssien tcmK§Ä F{X thKamWv aebmfnbpsS ta ]nSnapdp¡p¶Xv. IW¡pIÄ sR«n¡p¶XmWv. BtcmKyw F¶ k¦Â¸¯n\v AXnÀ¯nIfnÃ. BtcmKysa¶m t£aamWv. icochpw a\Êpw kpØnXnbnencn¡p¶ AhØbmWv. AXv Atem¸Xnbnepw tlmantbm¸Xnbnepw BbpÀtÆZ¯nepw A§s\Xs¶. tcmKanÃm¯ B AhØbv¡p th≠­nbmWv [\nI\pw Zcn{Z\papÄs¸sSbpÅ FÃmhcpw AhcpsS hcpam\¯nsâ `qcn`mKhpw sNehnSp¶Xpw. \½psS ImemhØbv ¡p tbmPn¨ ioe§fà ]n´pScp¶sX¦n tcmK§Ä D­≠mhpI Xs¶ sN¿p sa¶pw tcmKw hcpt¼mÄ NnInÕn¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ \ÃXv tcmKw hcmsX kq£n ¡pIbmsW¶pw sshZytemIw HmÀ½s¸Sp¯ns¡m­≠ncn¡p¶p. AXn\mbn \½psS `£WþPohnX coXnsb {Ias¸Sp¯Wsa¶pw DZvt_m[n¸n¡p¶p. PohnXcoXnbn Fs´ms¡tbm {]iv\§fps­≠¶v \mw Xncn¨dnbp¶p. amäw thWsa¶ B{Klw AcaWn¡qÀ \S¯¯ntem sImgp¸v Ipdª `£W ¯ntem a[pcw Ipdª I«³ Nmbbntem HXp§pIbpw sN¿p¶p. AXpt]mcm, amäw ASnapSn thWsa¶v kmlNcy§Ä \t½mSv ]dbp¶p≠­v. BtcmKy ]qÀ®amb, Ah\h\nW§p¶ PohnXssien Hmtcmcp¯cpw Is­≠t¯­≠Xp≠­v. Hcp kaqlw apgph³ kzoIcn¨ A\mtcmKy {]hWXIfn \n¶v Hcp Xncnªp\ S¯w A{X Ffp¸aÃ. ]t£, \St¶ Xocq. F¨vFÂF BtcmKyw F¶ ]Xn¸neqsS R§Ä e£yam¡p¶Xv ta¸dª kpØnXnbnse¯nt¨cm³ hmb\¡msc klmbn¡pIbmWv. F¶pw BtcmKy t¯msSbncn¡m\mhiyamb AdnhpIÄ {]Zm\w sN¿pIbmWv. Poh\¯n\pw AXn­ Poh\¯n\pw klmbn¡p¶ Ht«sd sshZy imkv{X imJIfp≠­v. GsX¦nepw H¶n\v {]mapJyw \ÂImsX Gähpw A\ptbmPyambXv sXcsªSp¡phm\pw kzoIcn¡phm\pw hmb\¡msc {]m]vXcm¡m\mWv R§fpsS {iaw. thdn« Nn´IÄ BhiyamWv, thdn« PohnXcoXnbpw {]hÀ¯\ssienbpw AXy´mt]£nXhpw. BiwkItfmsS No^v FUnäÀ

HLL FAMILY 103


Ip«nIfnse Im³kÀ temI¯v \nch[n BfpIÄ Im³kÀ _m[n¨v acn¡p¶p. Ip«nIÄ¡nSbnepw hnhn[ Xc¯nepÅ Im³kdpIÄ I­≠ph­ cp¶p. NnInÕ ZoÀLImew XpStc­≠Xpw sNethdnbXpamWv F¶Xn\m ]et¸mgpw tcmKnbpw IpSpw_hpw ISp¯ km¼¯nI _m[yXbneIs¸SpIbpw NnInÕ ]mXnhgn bn Dt]£n¡s¸SpIbpw sN¿p¶p. AXv hensbmcfhv hsc acW\nc¡v hÀ[n¸n¡p¶p. AXnep]cnbmbn Ip«nIfnse Im³kÀ amXm]nXm¡sf am\knIambn XfÀ¯p¶p. NnInÕbpw sNehpw X½nepÅ thZ\mP\Iamb Hcp kwLÀjw krãn¡s¸Sp¶p. Cu kmlNcy¯nÂ, Ip«nIÄ¡nSbnse Im³kÀ \nc¡ns\ Ipdn¨pw ]cnNcWs¯ ¡pdn¨pw ap³IcpXepIsf¡pdn¨pw {]i kvX AÀ_pZtcmK hnZKv[³ tUm hn. ]n. KwKm[c\pambn F¨vFÂF BtcmKy¯n \p th­≠n BÂ_n³ Ipcy³ \S¯nb kw`mjW¯n \n¶v... tUm hn. ]n. KwKm[c³ photo courtesy :Nostalgia

Imew t]msIt¸msI imkv{Xw hnIkn¡pIbpw BbpcmtcmKy taJe Ifn h¼n¨ t\«§Ä ssIhcn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p≠­v. acW\nc¡nepw amcItcmK§fpsS \nc¡nepw Imcyamb Ipdhpw {]ISamWv. F¶m C¶pw Im³kÀ \nc¡n ]db¯¡ hyXymkw D­≠mbn«nà F¶mWv ]T\§Ä. Ip«nIÄ¡nSbnse Im³kÀ _m[bpsS C¶s¯ AhØ F´mWv. hÀjw tXmdpw AXnsâ tXmXv IqSnhcp¶pt­≠m ? temI¯mIam\apÅ Im³kÀ _m[bpsS tXmXpambn X«n¨p t\m¡p t¼mÄ Ip«nIfnse Im³kÀ \nc¡n Imcyamb hÀ[\ D≠­vF¶v ] dbm\mhnÃ. dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿s¸Sp¶ Im³kÀ _m[bpsS tIhew A©p iXam\w am{Xta F¡me¯pw Ip«nIfnteXmbpÅp. GsXÃmw Xcw Im³kdpIfmWv Ip«nIfn {][m\ambpw I­≠phcp¶Xv ? {][m\ambpw Ip«nIsf _m[n¡p¶Xv càmÀ_pZamWv. càmÀ_pZ ¯nÂs¸Sp¶ AIyq«v enwt^m»mÌn¡v ep¡oanb BWv CXn {][m\w. asäm¶v s{_bv³ SyqadpIfmWv. Cu SyqadpIfpw apXnÀ¶hcptSXn \n ¶v hyXykvXamWv. Ip«nIfn¯s¶ GXp{]mb¡mcnemWv Cu tcmK§Ä I­≠phcp¶Xv. AXn¯s¶ B¬Ip«nIfnepw s]¬Ip«nIfnepw tcmK_m[ hyXykX v amtWm ? {][m\ambpw c≠­p apX ]¯p hbÊphscbpÅ Ip«nIÄ¡mWv CXv _m[n¡mdpÅXv. F¶mÂ, ]Xn\mep hbÊp hscbpÅ Ip«nIfnepw tcmKw I≠­p]nSn¡s¸«n«p≠­ v. C¯cw tcmK§fpsS Imcy¯n B¬ s]¬t`Z§sfm¶pw ImWmdnsænepw ]Xn\mdvþ]Xnt\gv {]mbamIp­ t¼mÄ s]¬Ip«nIfn AÞmib Im³kÀ I≠­phcmdp≠­v. tcmKw I≠­p]nSn¡s¸Spt¼mÄ sNt¿≠­Imcy§Ä Fs´ms¡bmWv ? Ip«nIfnse NnInÕbv¡v apXnÀ¶hcptSXn \n¶pÅ hyXymk§Ä Fs´ms¡bmWv ? 120 HLL FAMILY

GXv tcmKt¯bpw t]mse¯s¶ XpS¡¯n¯s¶ I≠­p ]nSn¨v NnInÕ e`yam¡emWv Ip«nIfnepw {][m\w. Gsd Bimhlsa ¶v ]dbs«, Ip«nIfn I≠­phcp¶ `qcn`mKw Im³kdpIfpw NnInÕ bneqsS t`Zam¡mhp¶hbmWv. Ip«nIfnse NnInÕbpsS {][m\Imcyw AhÀ Ip«nIfmWv F¶Xp Xs¶bmWv. Ip«nIfnse NnInÕbv¡v Ah cpsS Xq¡hpw Dbchpw ]cnKWn¨v Ipd¨v tUmkv acp¶pIÄ am{Xta Bhiyambn hcmdpÅq. AXn\m¯s¶ apXnÀ¶hcptSXns\ At] £n¨v Ip«nIfpsS NnInÕ¡v sNehpw Ipdhmbncn¡pw. AtXkabw `mhnbn KpcpXcamb {]XymLmX§Ä D≠­m¡ntb¡mhp¶ acp¶pIÄ Hgnhm¡mdp≠­ v. Nne acp¶pIfpsS {]hÀ¯\ ^eambn Ip«nIfn Ipdª _p²niànbpw {i²¡pdhpw D­≠mImdp≠­v. Nne Ahkc§fn  Ip«nIfn acp¶pIÄ Xet¨mdntes¡¯m¯ AhØ D≠­mhmdp≠­.v At¸mÄ, acp¶pIÄ kpjpav\bn Ip¯nsht¡≠­Xmbn hcpw. `mhn bn KpcpXcamb ]mÀiz^e§Ä D≠­m¡p¶ tdUntbj\pIÄ Dt] £n¡pIbmWv sN¿p¶Xv. Ip«nIsf PohnX¯nte¡v Xncn¨psIm­≠p hcnI F¶Xp am{Xaà PohnX¯nsâ \nehmcw Dd¸phcpt¯­≠Xpw BhiyamWv. NnInÕbn DbÀ¶ hnPb km[yX I¸n¡s¸Sp¶ps≠­ ¦nepw tcmKap≠­ m¡p¶ kmaqlnI {]XymLmX§Ä NnÃdbÃ. Ip«n Bip]{Xnbnembncn¡pt¼mÄ amXm]nXm¡Ä ASp¯p­ ≠mImsX XcanÃ.AXphgn IpSpw_¯nsâ hcpam\ t{kmXÊv \ne¨pt]mIp¶ AhØ km[mcWamWv. apXnÀ¶hcnteXns\ At]£n¨v Ip«nIfnse NnInÕbn Fs´¦nepw sa¨§Ä Dt≠­m ? XoÀ¨bmbpw, Ip«nIsf NnInÕn¡pI Ffp¸amWv. AhÀ¡v B tcm Ks¯¡pdn¨v AdnhnÃm¯Xp sIm≠­vam\knI kwLÀj§fp≠­m hm


dnÃ. Ip«nIfpambn kulrZw Øm]n¨p Ignªm Ahsc ssIImcyw sN¿pI Ffp¸amWv. Ffp ¸¯n Xs¶ A\p\bn¸n¨v NnInÕbv¡p hnt[bcm¡m\pw Ignbpw. Nne acp¶pIfpsS ^eambn cà¯nsâ Afhn s]s«¶v {IamXo Xamb Ipdhp≠­mImdp≠­ v. ]t£, Ip«nIfn AXn \n¶pÅ hnSpXn hfsc thK¯nembn cn¡pw. NnInÕm Imebfhnsâ Imcy¯n Fs´¦nepw hyXymk§Ä D­≠mImdpt­m ? CÃ. acp¶nsâ Afhn hyXymk§Ä Ds­ ≠ ¦nepw kab]cn[n GXm≠­v apXnÀ¶hcptSXn\v XpeyamWv. Ip«nIfpsS càmÀ_pZw c­ ≠c hÀjt¯mfsa¦nepw NnInÕnt¡­ ≠Xp≠­v. IqSmsX, Øncambn sN¡¸v sNt¿­≠Xpw AXym­ hiyamWv. Ip«nbmbncn¡pt¼mÄ Hcp XhW h¶v t`Zamb Im³kÀ {]mbamIpt¼mÄ Xncn¨p hcmdpt­≠m ? km[mcWbmbn Hcp XhW h¶ Im³kÀ BhÀ¯n¡mdnÃ. F¶mÂ, NnInÕm kab¯v D]tbmKn¨ Nne acp¶pIfpsS ]mÀiz^eambn sk¡³Uv Im³kÀ D­≠mImdp≠­v. AXv atäsX­ ¦nepw Im³kdmbncn¡pw. A¯cw acp¶pIÄ ]camh[n Hgnhm¡pIbmWv ]Xnhv. Ip«nIfn km[mcWbmbn Im³kdntâXmbn kwibnt¡≠­e£W§Ä Fs´ms¡bmWv ? AImcWambpÅ hnfÀ¨, CShn«pÅ ]\n, £o Ww, tZl¯v Nph¶ ]mSpIÄ, cà{kmhw XpS §nbh km[mcW Im³kdnsâ e£W§fm Wv. F¶ncp¶mepw hnZKv[amb ]cntim[\bv¡p tijta tcmKw Dd¸n¡m\mhq.

]pIhen¡p¶ c£nXm¡fn \n¶pw Ip«nIfn Im³kÀ _m[n¡m\p Å km[yXbpt­≠m ? AXpkw_Ôn¨v Fs´¦nepw ]T\§Ä Dt­≠m ? ]mÊohv kvtam¡n§v hgn Ip«nIfpsS izmktImi¯n t\cn«v Im³ kÀ D≠mhmdnÃ. ]t£, amXm]nXm¡fnse ]pIhen Ip«nIfn P\n XI amä§Ä¡v CSbm¡pIbpw ]n¶oSXv Im³kdn\v ImcWamIpI bpw sN¿mw. KÀ` Ime¯v A½bpsS ]pIhen hfsctbsd A]ISI­ camWv. km£cXbpsS Imcy¯nepw hyàn ipNnXz¯nsâ Imcy¯nepw ap¼nem sW¦nepw aen\oIcW tXmXpw tIcf¯n hfsc IqSpXemWv. C´ybn

]m¡vUv Nn]vkpw ss{^Uv Nn¡\pw t]mepÅ `£Wkm[\§Ä DbÀ¶ sImgp¸pw Itemdnbpw Ipdª ss^_dpw AS§nbhbmbncn¡pw. CXv A\mtcmKyIcamWv. CXnsâ `hnjy¯pIÄ A\p`hs¸Sp¶Xv hÀj§Ä¡p tijamhpw.

tebpw tIcf¯ntebpw Im³kÀ _m[bpsS tXmXns\ F§s\ XmcXayw sN¿mw ? Im³kdnsâ tXmXn Imcyamb IqSpXtem Ipdthm tIcf¯nenÃ. F¶m ]nSns]Sp¶ Im³kdnsâ Xc¯n hyXymkap≠­v. {KmaoW C´ybn AÞmib Im³kÀ Gähpw IqSpX I­≠phcpt¼mÄ hnI knX cmPy§fnepw C´y³ sat{SmIfnepw IqSpXembpÅ kvX\mÀ_p ZamWv tIcf¯n IqSpXÂ. tIcf¯nse PohnXssien Xs¶bmWv CXn\p ImcWw. Ip«nIfpsS ioe§fpw Hcp ]cn[n hsc Im³kdn\p ImcWamIp¶ntÃ? ]m¡vUv Nn]vkpw ss{^Uv Nn¡\pw t]mepÅh Im³kdn\v ImcWamtb ¡ptam ? C¯cw `£W km[\§sfÃmw Xs¶ DbÀ¶ sImgp¸pw DbÀ¶ Itemdn bpw Ipdª ss^_dpw AS§nbhbmbncn¡pw. CXv A\mtcmKyIcam Wv.CXnsâ `hnjy¯pIÄ A\p`hs¸Sp¶Xv hÀj§Ä¡ptijamhpw. ]¨¡dnIfmWv IqSpXembn Ip«nIÄ `£W¯n DÄs¸Spt¯≠­Xv. Noc t]mepÅ ]¨¡dnIfn Bân Im³kÀ LSI§Ä [mcmfambp≠­v. IotamsXdm¸n t]mepÅ NnInÕm amÀK§Ä Ip«nIfpsS BtcmKys¯ atäsX¦nepw Xc¯n _m[n¡m³ km[yXbpt­≠m ? tcmKw amdnbXn\p tijapÅ AhcpsS PohnXs¯ AsX§s\ _m[nt¨¡mw ? C¶pw kaqlw Im³kdnsâ Imcy¯n H«pw t_m[hm∑mcÃ. Im³kÀ tcmKw t`Zs¸« Ip«nIsf amän \nÀ¯p¶ {]hWX C¶pap≠­v. Nne am t\Pvsaâv kv¡qfpIfn AUvanj³ sImSp¡m¯ kmlNcyw t]mepw D≠­mbn«p≠­v. C¯cw Ip«nIfn s]mXpsh sFIyq Ipdhmbncn¡pw. aäp Ip«nItfmsSm¸w aÕcn¨p apt¶dm\pÅ thZn ChÀ¡v Hcpt¡­≠ Xv kaqlhpw Kh¬saâpamWv. Nne kab¯v amXm]nXm¡fpw A[ym] Icpw sImSp¡p¶ AanXamb {i²bpw ]cnNcWhpw Ip«nIsf ]nt¶m «p hen¡pItb DÅq. NnInÕm Imemh[n Ignªm aäp Ip«nItfm sSm¸w Ifn¡m\pw H¯ptNcm\pw A\phZn¡Ww. Ip«nIfpsS imco cnIhpw am\knIhpamb hfÀ¨bv¡v AXv AXymhiyamWv. {i²bpw ]cnNcWhpw BhiyamWv. ]t£, Ip«nbpsS hyàn hnImks¯ XSÊs¸Sp¯p¶ Xc¯nemIcpXv F¶p am{Xw. Cu teJ\w Ahkm\n¡pt¼mÄ Ip«nIfnse Im³kÀ F¶ hn­ jbs¯¡pdn¨v hmb\¡mÀ¡v Xm¦Ä \ÂIp¶ ktµiw F´mWv ? Im³kÀ kpJs¸Sp¯mhp¶ Hcp AkpJw Xs¶bmWv. Im³kÀ t`Z amb Ip«nIfn Nnet¸mÄ _p²niànbpsS Ipdhp­≠mtb¡mw. F¶ncp ¶mepw Hcp AXnPoh\¯nsâ ]mTapÄs¡m≠­AhÀ PohnX¯n {] XnkÔn L«§fnsem¶pw XfÀ¶p t]mImdnÃ. AhÀ ITn\m[zm\¯neq sS PohnX hnPb¯nse¯pIbmWv ]Xnhv. Ahcn tUmÎÀamcmb Ip«nIfpap≠­v. AhÀ aäp Im³kÀ tcmKnItfmSv ImWn¡p¶ kvt\lhpw ]cnNcWhpw hneaXn¡m\mhm¯XmWv. tcmKnIfmb Ip«nIÄ¡p th≠­Xv \n§fpsS kvt\lhpw klIcWhpamWv. Hcp km[mcW Ip­ «nsbt¸mse hfcm\pÅ kmlNcyamWv$ HLL FAMILY 121


slÂ-sa-äv Bhiytam ? h

gn-bn t]m-eo-kv sN-¡n-§p-s≠­-¦n am{Xw slÂsa-äv [-cn-¡p-¶-h-cm-Wv \½Ä aebmfnIÄ. {]XnhÀjw \membnct¯mfw A]IS§Ä \S¡p¶ tIcf¯n CsXmcp ioet¡SmsW¶pw ]dbmw. t]meokn\v \qdp cq] sImSp¯mepw th≠­nÃ, kz´w Xe kwc£n¡nsö hmin aebmfnbpsSb{X aämÀ¡pap­≠mhnÃ. apSn sImgnbpw, ¥maÀ \m«pImÀ ImWnÃ, aäp hml\§fpsS i_vZw tIÄ¡nÃ, Xe hnbÀ¡pw XpS§o D]tbmKn¡mXncn¡m³ \ymboIcW§Ä \nch[nbmWv. tdm-U-]-I-S-§-sf Xp-SÀ¶v {]-Xn-hÀ-jw 1.35 e-£w B-fp-IÄ a-cn-¡p-¶ H-cp cm-Py-¯m-Wv \mw Po-hn-¡p-¶-Xv. AXp-t]m-se e-£-¡-W-¡n-\v B-fp-IÄ-¡v £-X-taÂ-¡p-Ibpw Aw-Kssh-Ieyw kw-`-hn-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p¶p. kwØm\ ss{Iw sdt¡mÀUvkv _yqtdm ]pd¯phn« IW¡pIÄ {]Imcw Ignª aq¶v hÀj¯n\nsS kwØm\s¯ tdmUpIfn s]menªXv 12287 Poh\pIfmWv. CXn¯s¶ Gähpw IqSpX BfpIÄ acn¨Xv CcpN{I hml\m]IS§fnemWv, 4118 t]À. acn¨hcn ]IpXnbne[nIw t]cpw 20 hbÊn XmsgbpÅhcmWv. 2010 P\phcn H¶p apX 2013 amÀ¨v 31 hscbpÅ IW¡mWnXv. C-cpN-{I hm-l-\-§Ä km-[m-c-W-¡m-cp-sS bm-{Xm-amÀ-¤w B-b-Xn-\mepw C-Xn-sâ F-®w Iq-Sp-¶-Xn-\mepw A-]-I-S§Ä Iq-Sn-h-cp¶p. th-K-X IqSn-b hm-l-\-§-fp-sS H-¸w \n-c¯n-eq-sS t]m-tI-­≠n-h-cp-¶Xpw a-äp hm-l-\-§Ä-¡v s]-s«¶v Im-Wm³ ]-äm-sX h-cp-¶Xpw C-Xn-sâ A]-I-S km[y-X Iq-«p¶p. C¯-cw hm-l-\-§-fn-se bm-{X-¡mÀ-¡v im-cocn-I kw-c£-Ww CÃm-¯-Xn-\m ]-cn-t¡Â-¡m-\p-Å km[y-X Iq-Sp¶p. hm-l-\m-]-I-S-§-fn `q-cn-`mK-hpw -kw-`-hn-¡p-¶-Xv hml\w Hm-Sn-¡p-¶-bm-fp-sS A-{i-²tbm kpc-£m amÀ-K§ - Ä ]m-en-¡p-¶-Xn-se A-ew-`m-htam aq-e-amWv. hn-Ikzc þ A-hn-Ikn-X cm-Py-§-fn-emWv hn-Ikn-X cm-Py-§fn-ep-Å-Xn-t\-¡mÄ A-]-I-S-\nc-¡v Iq-Sp-X-se¶v temIm-tcmKy kw-L-S-\-bp-sS dn-t¸mÀ-«-p-IÄ ]-d-bp¶p. C-hn-S-§-fn-se tdm-Uv kpc-£m kw-hn-[m-\-§-fp-sS A-]m-I-X-bm-Wv C-Xn-\v Im-cWw. AXp-sIm≠-­vX-s¶ e-`yam-b kpc-£m amÀ-K-§Ä bm-{X-¡mÀ X-s¶ kzo-I-cn-¡p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv {]-Xn-hn-[n. A-hn-sS-bmWv slÂ-saäpw ko-äv s_Â-äp-apÄ-s¸-sS-bp-Å kpc-£m kw-hn-[m-\-§-fp-sS {]m-[m-\y-hpw.

F´p-sI­­m≠-­v slÂ-saäv C-´y-bn- D-]-tbm-K-¯n-epÅ hm-l\ - § - f - n 69 i-Xa - m-\hpw C-cpN-{I hm-l-\-§-fm-Wv. hm-l-\m-]-I-S-§-fn 27 i-X-am-\ hpw C-cpN-{I hm-l-\-§Ä aq-e-ap-Å-XpamWv. 18\pw 45\pw C-S-bn {]m-b-ap-Å-h-cm-Wv ]-e-t¸mgpw hm-l-\m-]-I-S-§-fn s]-Sp-¶Xv. C-h-cn `q-cn-`m-Khpw slÂsa-äv D-]-tbm-Kn-¡m¯-h-cm-Wv. slÂsa-äv D-]-tbm-K-n-¡p¶Xn-eq-sS C-cpN{I hm-l-\m-]-I-S§-fn \n-¶p-≠ ­ m-Ip¶ a-c-W-\n-c-¡n 39 i-X-am-\-hpw Kp-cpX-c ]-cn-¡p-I-fn 70 i-X-am-\w h-scbpw Ip-d-¡m-\m-Ip-sa-¶v hn-Z-Kv-[À ]-d-bp¶p. H-cp A-]-I-S-ap-≠ ­ m-Ip-t¼mÄ ]-cn-t¡Â122 HLL FAMILY

¡m³ Iq-Sp-X km-[y-X-bpÅ i-co-c-`m-Kw X-e-bmWv. X-ebv¡pw I-gp-¯n\pw D-≠ ­ m-Ip-¶ km-cam-b ]-cn¡v aq-e-am-Wv `q-cn-`m-Kw a-cW - § - fpw Kp-cp-Xc - am-b a-äv ssh-Ie - y-§fpw kw-`hn-¡p-¶Xv. hn-I-kz-cþ A-hn-Ikn-X cm-Py-§-fn C¯-cw tIkp-IÄ 88 i-X-am-\-am-sW¶v temIm-tcm-Ky kw-L-S-\-bpsS I-W-¡p-IÄ kq-Nn-¸n-¡p¶p. kpc-£m am-\-Z-Þ-§Ä Ir-Xyam-bn ]m-en-¨n-«p-Å H-cp slÂsa-äv C¯-cw A-]-I-S-§-fn \n-¶v 70 i-X-am-\w h-sc kw-c£-Ww \Â-Ip¶p. A-]-I-S-ap-≠ ­ m-Ip-t¼mÄ D-≠ ­ m-Ip-¶ B-Lm-X-¯n-sâ AYhm DuÀ-Ö-¯n-sâ i-àn-bm-Wv ap-dn-hv A-sÃ-¦n £Xw D ≠-­m-¡p-¶-Xv. Cu B-Lm-Xs¯ B-Knc-Ww sN-¿m³ I-gnbp-¶ co-Xn-bn-em-Wv slÂ-sa-äp-IÄ cq-]-IÂ-]-\ sN-bv-


Xn-«p-Å-Xv. H-cp B-Iv-knUâ v D-≠ ­ m-Ip-t¼mÄ A-sÃ-¦n Iq-«n-bn-Sn D-≠ ­ m-Ip-t¼mÄ ssd-UÀ AYhm Hm-Sn-¡p-¶-bmÄ hm-l-\-¯n \n-¶v sX-dn-¨p t]m-Ip-Ibpw Xe X-dbn-tem -a-täsX-¦nepw h-kv-Xp-hntem sN-¶n-Sn-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶p. C-{]-Im-cw kw-`-hn-¡p-t¼mÄ X-e-bp-sS ap-t¶m-«p-Å Ne-\w \n-e-bv-¡p-sa-¦nepw X-e-t¨m-dn-sâ Ne-\w \nÂ-¡p-¶nÃ, A-Xv ho­≠pw ap-t¶m-«v N-en-¡p-Ibpw Xe-tbm-«n-bp-sS DÄ-`mK-¯v h-¶n-Sn-¨v Xn-cn-¨v ho­≠pw F-XnÀ-`mK-¯v h-¶n-Sn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. C-¯-c-¯n-ep-Å B-Lm-Xw sNdn-b ap-dn-hp ap-X a-c-W-Im-c-Wam-b hen-b apdnhn\phsc ImcWamtb¡mw.

slÂsa-äv F-§-s\ {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶p

slÂsa-äv D-]t- bm-Kn-¡p-¶X - n-eq-sS \-½p-sS X-eb - ¡ v- v ]pd-sa a-säm-cp I-h-N-am-Wv \mw kr-ãn-¡p-¶-X.v 100 i-X-am-\w kp-c£ Dd-¸p \Â-Ip-¶n-sÃ-¦n-epw a-kv-Xnjv-I BLm-X km[y-X Ip-d-bv-¡p-¶-Xn\pw km-cam-b ]-cn-¡n \n-¶v c-£ t\-Sp-¶-

Xn\pw A-Xph-gn I-gn-bp-¶p. aq-¶v X-c-¯n-em-Wv slÂsa-äv {]-tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. 1. A-]-I-S-¯n \nt¶m Iq-«n-bn-Sn-bn \nt¶m D­≠m-Ip-¶ B-Lm-X-¯nsâ Xo{h-X t\-cn«v X-e-bn-teÂ-¡p¶-Xv X-S-bp-I-bpw X-·q-ew Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨ h-kvXp-hn \n-¶v X-e-tbm-«n-¡p-­≠m-tb-¡m-hp-¶ ]-cn-¡n-sâ Xo{h-X Ip-d-¡pIbpw sN-¿p-¶p. slÂ-sa-än-\p-Ån-ep-Å ar-Zphm-b ]m-fn C-Sn-bp-sS B-LmX-s¯ Ip-d-bv¡p¶p. A-Xph-gn X-e-t¨m-dn-\v km-cam-b ]-cn-¡v GÂ-¡p-¶nÃ. 2. C-Sn-bp-sS B-Lm-Xw k-´p-e-\-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-eqsS X-e-t¨m-dn-sâ Ne-\w a-µ-K-Xn-bn-em-hp-Ibpw A-Xv X-e-tbm-«n-bn-en-Sn-¡p-¶-Xn-s\ X-S-Ê-s¸-Sp-¯pIbpw sN-¿p-¶p. 3. C-Sn-bn \n-¶p-­≠m-Ip-¶ B-Lm-X-¯n-sâ i-àn X-e-tbm-«n-bp-sS H-cp {]-tXy-I `mK-¯v tI-{µo-I-cn-¡m-sX Iq-Sp-X `m-K-t¯-¡v hym-]n-¸n-¡p¶p. C-Xv A-]-I-S-¯n-sâ Xo{h-X Ip-d-¡p¶p.

HLL FAMILY


slÂsaäv F-§-s\-bm-bn-cn¡-Ww tem-I-¯m-I-am-\w 200 an-ey¬ C-cpN-{I hm-l-\-§Ä D-]-tbm-K-¯n-ep≠­v. F-¶m C-{XX-s¶ slÂ-sa-äp-IÄ D-]-tbm-K-¯n-enà F-¶-Xv B-i-¦m-P-\-I-amWv. D-]-tbm-K-¯nen-cn-¡p-¶-h X-s¶ \nÀ-±n-ã Kp-W-ta-· D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯m-¯-XpamWv. t]m-eo-kv sN-¡n-§n \n-¶v c-£-s¸Sp-I F-¶ H-ä e£yw am-{X-ap-Å \-ap-¡v tdmU-cn-In-en-«v hnÂ-¡p-¶ slÂ-a-äp-I-tfmSm-Wv Iq-Sp-X I¼w. Ip-d-ª hn-e-bv-¡p e-`y-am-Ip-¶-XpsIm-­≠pX-s¶ C-h-bpsS Kp-W-ta-· h-f-sc tam-i-am-bn-cn-¡pw. temIm-tcm-Ky kwLS\ A-´m-cm-{ã X-e-¯n \-S¯n-b ] T-\-§Ä-¡-\p-k-cn-¨v F-{]-Im-c-ap-Å slÂsa-äv D-]-tbm-Kn-¡W-sa-¶v \nÀ-t±-in-¡p-¶p≠­v. Ir-Xyam-b co-Xn-bn-eÃm-sX \nÀ½n-¡p¶ slÂ-sa-äp-IÄ A-Xn-sâ [À-½w \nÀ-Æ-ln-¡nÃ. temIm-tcm-Ky kw-L-S-\bpw _yqtdm Hm-^v C-´y³ Ìm³tUÀ-Uvkpw \nÀ-t±-in-¡p-¶ am-\-Z-Þ-§Ä C§-s\. $ Im-emh-Øm hy-Xn-bm-\tam a-äp am-c-Iam-b A-eÀ-Pn-Itfm slÂ-a-än-s\ _m-[n-¡-cp-Xv. F-¶m A-h Im-e-¸-g-¡-¯n-\-\p-k-cn-¨v \-in-¡p-¶-h-bmbn-cn-¡Ww. $ slÂ-saän-sâ ]pdw I-h-Nw sa-äm-en-Iv ]-ZmÀ-°-§Ä D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v \n À-½n-¡m³ ]m-SnÃ. $ I-h-N-¯n-\p-Ån-se sR-§p-¶ `mKw (Crushable Liner) F-Iv-kv-]m ³U-Uv t]m-fn kvsä-ssd³ D-]-tbm-Kn-¨m-bn-cn¡-Ww \nÀ-½n-t¡≠-­Xv. Cu `mKam-Wv C-Sn-bn-ep-­≠m-Ip¶ DuÀÖs¯ B-Knc-Ww sN-bv-Xv B-Lm-X¯n-sâ Xo{h-X Ip-d-bv-¡p-¶Xv. C-Xn-sâ I\w 1.5 sk. ao-ä-dn\pw aq-¶v skân ao-ä-dn-\pw C-S-bn-em-bn-cn-¡-Ww. $ Nn³ kv-{Sm-¸nsâ \ofw 20 anÃn ao-ä-dn Ipd-bm³ ]m-SnÃ. C-Xv hn-bÀ¸n-s\bpw Xz-¡v tcm-K-§-tfbpw {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. $ bm-{X-¡mc-sâ Im-gv-Nsbtbm tIÄ-hnsbtbm _m-[n-¡m-¯- hn-[-¯n-embn-cn¡-Ww \nÀ-½mWw. bm-{X-¡mc\v slÂsa-äv D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-t¼m-gp-Å i-Ð \-ãw 10 sU-kn-s_-en Iq-S-cp-Xv. $ _yq-tdm Hm-^v C-´y³ Ìm³-tUÀ-Uv-kv Aw-Ko-I-cn¨ slÂsa-äp-IÄ D-]tbm-Kn-¡m³ {i-²n-¡pI. slÂ-saän-sâ \n-d¯ - n-\v A-]I - S- § - f - p-am-bn _-Ôa - p≠­v. temIm-tcm-Ky kwL-S\ - kzn-äk v- À-em³-Un \-S¯n-b ]T-\§ - f-\pk-cn-¨v I-dp¸v \n-d¯ - n-ep-Å slÂsa-äv [-cn-¨h - c - m-Wv sh-fp-¯ \n-d¯ - n-ep-Å slÂsa-äv [-cn-¨h - t- c-¡mÄ Iq-Sp-Xe - m-bn A-]I-S§ - f - nÂ-s¸-«X - mbn Im-Ws - ¸-«Xv. shfp¯ \nd¯nepÅ slÂsaäpIÄ [cn¨hcn Idp¯ \nd¯nepÅ slÂsaäv [cn¨htc¡mÄ 24 iXam\w A]IS km[yX IpdhmWv. sh-fp-¯ \n-d¯ - n-ep-ÅX - Ãm-¯ slÂsa-äp-IÄ ap-gp-h³ CÃmXm-¡n-bncps¶¦n 18 iXam\w A-]I - S- § - Ä - H-gn-hm-¡m-\mIp-ambncps¶¶v ]T\w sX-fn-bn-¨p. shfp¯tXm Cfw \n d¯nepÅtXm Bb slÂsaäpIfmWv IqSpX \ÃsX¶v CXn \n¶v a\Ênem¡mw. H-cp slÂsa-äv hm-§p-t¼mÄ 20 apX 30 an-\n-äv h-sc A-Xv X-e-bn sh-¨v t\m-¡n {]-bmk-§-sfm-¶p-an-sÃ-¶v Dd-¸p h-cp-¯n-b ti-jw am-{X-ta hm-§m-hq F-¶pw Iq-Sp-X AbªtXm ap-dp-In-b-tXm B-I-cp-sX¶pw \nÀ-t±-in-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. slÂsa-äv X-e-bn \n-¶v F-Sp-¯v am-äp-t¼mÄ \-½p-sS I-hn-fn-tebpw s\-än-bn-te-bpw Xz-¡v AY-hm sXm-en ap-Ifn124 HLL FAMILY

tem-«v N-en-¡p-¶p-sh-¶v Dd-¸p h-cp-¯p-I. F-¦n A-Xm-Wv \n-§-Ä-¡v B-h-iy-apÅ b-YmÀ-° A-fhv. c≠­v hÀ-j-am-Wv H-cp slÂ-sa-än-sâ B-bpÀ ssZÀ-Lyw. A-Xn-\m c≠-­v aq-¶v hÀ-j-¯n Iq-Sp-X H-cp slÂsa-äv D-]-tbm-Kn-¡-cp-Xv.

slÂsa-äv F-§s\ D-]-tbm-Kn¡Ww slÂsa-äv D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶-Xp t]m-se X-s¶ {]-[m-\-am-Wv A-Xv Ir-Xy-am-bn D-]-tbm-Kn¡p-I F-¶-Xpw. slÂsa-äv \ nÀ -±n-ã co-Xn-bn b-Ym-Øm\-¯v A-Wn-bpI, Nn³ kv-{Sm-¸v Ir-Xy-am-bn ap-dp-¡p-I F¶n-h XoÀ¨-bmbpw {i-²n-¡Ww. Nn³ kv{- Sm-¸v Ir-Xy-am-bn ap-dp-¡m-¯X - v H-cp Ip-äa - mWv. slÂsa-äv sh-¡p-Ibpw F-¶m Nn³ kv{- Sm-¸v ap-dp-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-t¼mÄ slÂsaäv A-Xn-sâ [À-½w \nÀ-Æl - n-¡p-¶nÃ.


slÂ-sa-äp-IÄ ]-eXcw \m-ep X-c-¯n-ep-Å slÂ-sa-äp-I-fm-Wv \n-e-hn-ep-ÅXv. \mw km-[m-c-W-bm-bn D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶ X-e ap-gp-h³ a-d-bv-¡p-¶ slÂsaäp-I-fm-Wv G-ähpw kp-c-£nXw. C-Xv Iq-Sp-X kw-c£-Ww \Â-Ip¶p. ap-Jw a-d-bv-¡m-¯ slÂ-saäp-I-fm-Wv a-säm¶v. C-h-bv-¡v B-Zy-¯-h-tb-¡mÄ A]-I-S km[y-X Iq-Sp-X-emWv. C-Xv temIm-tcm-Ky kw-LS-\tbm _yqtdm Hm-^v C-´y³ Ìm³-tUÀtUm \n-jv-¡À-jn-¡p-¶XÃ. aq-¶m-a-t¯Xv X-e-bp-sS ]-Ip-Xn `m-Kw am{Xw a-d-bv¡p-¶ slÂ-sa-äp-I-fmWv. C-Xn-\m-Wv G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X A]-I-S km-[y-X-bp-ÅXv. DjvW ta-J-e-bn-se B-fp-IÄ-¡m-bn X-¿m-dm¡n-b slÂ-saäp-I-fm-Wv A-h-km-\-t¯Xpw \m-em-a-t¯-Xp-amb-h. A-hn-Sp-s¯ Nq-Sn-\pw Im-em-h-Ø-bv¡pw A\p-tbm-Pyam-b co-Xn-bn X-e-bp-sS ]-Ip-Xn `m-Kw am{Xw a-d-bv-¡p-¶Xpw hmbp I-S-¡-¯-¡ co-Xn-bnepw \nÀ-½n-¨-h-bm-Wv A-h.

slÂsaäv ssd-UÀ¡v am{X-tam ssd-U-dp-sS slÂsa-äv [mcWw \n-b-a-hn-t[-b-am-bn-cp¶n-«p Iq-Sn slÂsaäv [-cn-¡m-¯-Xn-s\ XpSÀ-¶p-Å A-]-I-S- a-c-W-§-fp-sS F-®-¯n ap-¶n \nÂ-¡p-¶ cm-Py-am-Wv \-½p-tSXv. F-¶mÂ, A-]-I-S-¯nÂ-s]-Sp¶Xv Hm-Sn-¡p-¶-bmÄ am-{X-aÃ-tÃm. IqsS bm-{X sN-¿p-¶-bmÄ¡pw (Pillion Rider) A-]I-Sw kw-`-hn-t¨-¡mw. AXp-sIm-≠ ­ pXs¶ kp-c-£ ap³-\nÀ¯n bm-{X sN-¿p-¶ ap-gp-h³ B-fp-Ifpw slÂsa-äv D-]-tbm-Kn-t¡-­-≠­Xp≠-v­. an-¡ hntZ-i cm-Py-§-fnepw C-Xv {]-hr-¯n-bn-ep≠­v. ss_-¡nepw aäpw bm-{X sN-¿p-¶ Ip-«n-IÄ¡pw slÂsa-äv \nÀ_-Ô-am-t¡≠-­-XmWv. Im-cWw, A-]I-Stam a-täm D-≠ ­ m-Ip-t¼mÄ Ip-«n-IÄ-¡v A]-I-S km[y-X Iq-Sp-X-emWv. hn-b-äv-\m-anepw Xm-bv-e³-Unepw am-{X-amWv \n-e-hn Ip-«n-I-fp-sS slÂ-saäp-IÄ cq-]-IÂ-¸-\ sN-bv-Xn-«p-ÅX.v

F-¦nepw slÂsa-äv th­≠ A]-I-S km-[y-X-sb-¡p-dn-¨v F-{XX-s¶ t_m-[-hm-·m-cm-sW¦nepw slÂsa-äv D-]-tbm-Kn-¡m-³ C¶pw B-fp-IÄ a-Sn-ImWn-¡p¶p. slÂsa-äv D-]-tbm-Kn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m³ B-fp-IÄ ]-d-bp-¶ Im-c-W-§Ä \n-c-h-[n-bmWv. I-gp-¯v thZ-\, tIÄhn-¡p-d-hv, h≠­n Hm-Sn-¡p-¶ k-ab-¯v Im-gv-N-bv-¡p t\-cn-Sp-¶ {]-iv-\§Ä, A-§s\ \n-c-h-[n. C-h-bv-s¡m¶pw im-kv-{Xobam-b A-Sn-¯-d-bnÃ. F-¶mÂ, Xp-SÀ-¨bmb A-©p hÀ-jw slÂ-sa-änÃm-sX bm-{X sN-¿p-¶ H-cm-fn A-©p i-X-am-\w h-sc tIÄ-hn-¡pd-hv D-­≠m-Im-\p-Å km[y-X im-kv-{Xo-b-ambn sX-fn-bn-¡-s¸-«n-«p≠-­v.

H-cn-¡Â-¡q-Sn {i-²n-¡q.. 1. tam-t«mÀ hm-l-\ \nb-aw sk-£³ 129 {]-Im-cw C-´y-bn slÂsa-äv D-]tbm-Kw \n-b-a hnt[bam-¡n-bn-«p≠­v. C-Xn³ {]-Im-cw GXp hy-ànbpw C-cpN-{I hm-l-\w Hm-Sn-¡p-¶ k-ab-¯v slÂsa-äv [-cn-t¡-­-≠Xm-Wv. 2. _yqtdm Hm-^v C-´y³ Ìm³-tUÀ-Uv-kv Aw-Ko-I-cn¨ slÂsa-äp-IÄ am-{Xw D-]tbm-Kn-¡p-I. tam-t«mÀ hm-l-\ \n-b-a-¯n C-tX¸-än ]-cm-aÀ-i-ap≠­v. 3. slÂsa-äv [-cn-¡m-¯-Xn-\v Im-c-W-ambn im-cocn-I {]-iv-\-§Ä ]-d-bp-¶-h-cp-sS sse-k³-kv d-±m-¡m³ tam-t«mÀ hm-l-\ h-Ip-¸n-\v A-[n-Im-c-ap≠­v. Imc-Ww ssek³-kv F-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn-\v \mw k-aÀ-¸n-¡p-¶ sa-Un-¡Â ^n-äv\-Êv kÀ-«n-^n-¡-än-\v F-Xn-cm-W-Xv. 4. slÂsa-äv [-cn-¡p-¶X - n-eqsS \n-§Ä - e-£y-am-¡p¶-Xv kp-c£ - b - m-sW-¦n \nÀ-±n-ã DÂ-¸-¶-am-Wv \n-§-fp-sS ]-¡-ep-Å-sX-¶v D-d-¸m-¡pI. 5. slÂsa-äv [-cn-¡m-¯-hÀ-¡v \-½p-sS cm-Pyw 100 cq-] ]n-g GÀ-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-«p≠-­v. \n-§-fp-sS Poh-\v \n-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶ hn-e-bm-Wv B \q-dp cq-]. A-Xv sIm-Sp-t¡-­-≠Xpt­≠m? \nlme \mkÀ HLL FAMILY 125


hfÀ¯mw Hcp

ssk¡nÄ kwkv¡mcw ]mShpw ]d¼pw IS¶v ssk¡nfn kvIqfn t]mbncp¶ Hcp ]gbImew HmÀ½bntÃ. HmPÊpw tXPÊpw hämsX Imänsâ thKXsb tXm¸n¨v apt¶dm³ {ian¨ncps¶mcp Imew. C¶v ImdpItfmSpw ss_¡pI tfmSpsams¡bmWv \ap¡v I¼w. As¶ms¡ \½psS kpØnXn¡pw ØntcmÕml¯n\psams¡ t{]cI­ ambncp¶ ssk¡nfnMpw ssk¡nÄ bm{Xbpsams¡ Xncn¨p sIm≠­phtc­≠Xnsâ BhiyIXsb¸än...

1860Ifn {^m³knemWv ss_kn¡nÄ AYhm ssk ¡nÄ F¶ hm¡v DZbw sN¿p¶Xv. C¶v temI¯mIam\w Hcp _ney¬ (100 tImSn) ssk¡nfpIfps≠­¶mWv IW¡v. ImdpIfpsS F®t¯¡mÄ Cc«nbmWnXv. ]e cmPy§fntebpw {][m\ KXmKX amÀKw IqSnbmWv ssk¡nfpIÄ. sU³amÀ¡n 12,000 Intemaoädne[nIw ssk¡nÄ dq«p≠­v. 7,000 IntemaoäÀ ssk¡nÄ bm{X¡pam{Xambn cq]s¸Sp¯nbXpamWv. s\XÀe³Unse 27 iXam\ hpw AhnSps¯ ]«W§fnse 59 iXam\hpw AhcpsS {][m\ KXmKX amÀKambn ssk¡nÄ D]tbmKn¡p¶p. tIm¸³tlK\n ssk¡nÄ bm{X¡mÀ¡mbn X¿mdm ¡nb 400 IntemaoäÀ tdmUneqsS AhnSps¯ P\kwJybpsS 40 iXam\hpw ssk¡nfn bm{X sN¿p¶p. 126 HLL FAMILY

ssk¡nfnMv C´ybn C´ybnse ssk¡nÄ DSaØcpsS F®w 30 apX 50% hscbmWv. ChnSps¯ ImdpIfpsS F®t¯¡mÄ (3þ13) A[nIamWnXv. henb \Kc§fn 7þ15 iXam\hpw sNdp \Kc§fn 13þ21 iXam\hpamWv ssk¡nÄ D]tbmKn¡p ¶hÀ. XmcXtay\ hcpam\w IpdªhcmWv km[mcWbmbn ssk¡nÄ bm{Xm amÀKambn D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. ap³Ime§fn \Kcmkq{XW¯ntem \b\nÀ½mW§fntem ssk¡nÄ bm{X¡msctbm ssk¡nfpIsftbm ]cnKWn¨ncp¶nà F¶ t]mcmbva D­≠mbncp¶psh¦nepw C¶v Imcy§Ä amdnbn«p≠­v. ]¯mw ]©hÕc ]²Xnbnepw (2003þ2007), tZiob \Kc KXmKX \b (National Urban Transport Policy) ¯nepw tamt«mÀ clnX hml\ bm{X¡mscbpw tdmUv hnIk\ {]hÀ¯\§fn IW¡nse Sp¡Wsa¶v \nÀt±iap≠­v.


ssk¡nfnMv BtcmKy¯n\v

ssk¡nfn§nsâ BtcmKy hi§Ä

kZm BtcmKyt¯msS Ccn¡m³ Gähpw \à ImbnI amÀK§fnsem¶mWv ssk¡nfnMv. Øncambn ssk¡nfnMv sN¿p¶hÀ AÃm¯htc¡mÄ IqSpX Imew Pohn¡psa¶v temImtcmKy kwLS\bpsS ]T\§Ä ] dbp¶p. ssk¡nÄ D]tbmKn¡p¶hcnse ^näv\Êv 10 hÀjw sNdp¸ambncn¡p¶Xn\p Xpeyambncn¡psa¶v bpsI (bpssWäUv InMvUw) ]mÀesaâdn sl¯v I½nänbpsS dnt¸mÀ«pap­≠mbncp¶p. Ct¸mgs¯ ssk¡n fnMv \nc¡v aq¶v aS§v IqSn hÀ[n¸n¨m s]m®¯Sn s¡Xncmb Imw]bn\pIÄ Hgnhm¡msa¶pw I½nän shfns¸Sp¯p¶p.

1. {]Xntcm[ kwhn[m\s¯ iàns¸Sp¯p¶p icocs¯ C³s^£\pIfn \n¶pw aäp tcmK§fn \n ¶pw AIän \nÀ¯p¶ kwhn[m\amWv {]Xntcm[ kwhn [m\w. ssk¡nfnMn\v {]Xntcm[ kwhn[m\s¯ DuÀÖn Xs¸Sp¯m³ km[n¡pw. AÀ_pZ tImi§Äs¡Xnsc {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw A\p_Ô tcmK§sf XSbpIbpw sN¿p¶p.

2. amwkt]inIsf _es¸Sp¯p¶p \½psS icoc¯n \qdp IW¡n\v aknepIÄ AYhm amwkt]inIfp≠­v. HcmgvNs¯ \njv{InbXzw \½psS akn epIfpsS iàn 50 iXam\w hsc Ipd¡p¶p. {]mbapÅhcnÂ, AhcpsS aknepIÄ kt¦mNn¡p¶Xn\m CXv hfsc icnbpamWv. F¶m ssk¡nÄ Nhn«p¶XneqsS HLL FAMILY 127


DZcw, ASnhbdv, ]mZw F¶nh ZrVoIcn¡s¸SpIbpw lm³Un _mdn ]nSn¡p¶XneqsS ssI, tXmÄ F¶nhbv¡v iàn In«pIbpw sN¿p¶p. AXphgn amwkt] inIÄ _eapÅXmIp¶p.

3. AØnhyqls¯ iàns¸Sp¯p¶p Zi\mcv, kÔn_Ôw XpS§o F{Xtbm aknepIfm Npäs¸«XmWv AØnhyql hyhØ (AØnIqSw). FÃpIfpsS km{µXbnepw iànbnepw ssk¡nfnMn\v ]¦v hln¡m\mhpw. ssk¡nÄ Nhn«p¶XneqsS iàns¸Sp¶ amwkt]inIÄ¡v, t]io hyql¯n\v AØnIqSs¯ \¶mbn kwc£n¡m³ Ignbpw.

4. \s«Ãv tcmK§fpw \SpthZ\bpw Ipd¡p¶p apXpsIÃnse sNdnb amwkt]inIsf hsc iàns¸Sp ¯m³ ssk¡nÄ Nhn«p¶XneqsS Ignbpw. aäv ImbnI hymbma§Ä apXpsIÃnsâ BtcmKys¯ kzm[o\n¡m\p Å km[yX IpdhmWv. ssk¡nÄ Nhn«pt¼mgpÅ Imensâ Ne\w ]pdw aknepIsf iàns¸Sp¯p¶ Xc¯nemWv. Cu hn[¯nemWv ]pd¯p \n¶pÅ Bbmk§sf \s«Ãv AIäpIbpw kzbw kwc£n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xv.

7. lrZb kw_Ônbmb tcmK§sf XSbp¶p lrZb kvXw`\t¯bpw lrZb kw_Ônbmb tcmK§tfbpw 50 iXam\w hsc XSbp¶p. Fs´¶mÂ, \njv{InbXzw lrZb¯nsâ A\mtcmKymhØbv¡v ImcWamIp¶p. Imdp Ifnepw aäpw \S¯p¶ {lkzZqc bm{XIfpsS aq¶nsemcp `mKw ssk¡nfpIfnem¡nbm tZiob lrt{ZmK \nc¡v 5 apX 10 iXam\w hsc Ipd¡m\mIpsa¶v ]T\§Ä sXfnbn¡p¶p.

8. s]m®¯Snbpw ssl¸À sImfkvt{Smfpw Ipd¡p¶p Øncambn ssk¡nÄ Nhn«pt¼mÄ, icoc¯neSnbp¶ sImgp¸pw aäpw Fcnªp Xocp¶p. Ac aWn¡qÀ ssk ¡nÄ Nhn«p¶XneqsS IqSpXembpÅ 75þ670 Itemdn CÃmXmIpsa¶mWv ]T\§Ä. AXpsIm≠­vXs¶ s]m ®¯Sn, ssl¸À sImfkvt{SmÄ F¶nhsb \nb{´n¡m \pw Hcp ]cn[n hsc XSbm\pw CXn\v Ignbp¶p. aäp Imbn I hymbma§Ä sN¿m³ {]bmkapÅhÀ¡pw ssk¡nfnMv \ÃXmWv.

9. Im³kdns\ {]Xntcm[n¡p¶p

5. izk\s¯ kpKaam¡p¶p s]m®¯Snbpw hymbmaanÃmbvabpw izk\s¯ tamiambn _m[n¡p¶p. Øncambn ssk¡nÄ Nhn«p¶XneqsS izk\hyql¯nse aknepIÄ _es¸SpIbpw AXphgn izmktImi¯nse hmbpk©mcw kpKaambn HmIvknP³ {]hmlw Ffp¸amIpIbpw sN¿p¶p.

6. am\knImtcmKy¯n\pw \¶v ssk¡nfnMv Hcp GIXm\ {]{InbbmbXpsIm≠­v imcocn Ihpw am\knIhpamb {]hÀ¯\§sf \nb{´n¨v \n À¯m\pw km[n¡p¶p. tlmÀtamWpIfpsS kaXpe\mhØsb \n b{´n¡pIbpw AXphgn D¡WvT, hnjm Zw XpS§nb am\knIamb {]iv\§Äs¡Xnsc {]hÀ¯n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. 128 HLL FAMILY

h³IpSÂ, Btáb{KÙn, izmktImiw, t{]mtÌäv, kvX\w F¶nhsb _m[n¡p¶ Im³kdpIsf Hcp ] cn[n hsc {]Xntcm[n¡p¶Xnepw sNdnb tXmXn cà k½À±s¯ XSbp¶Xnepw ssk¡nfnMn\v ]¦p hln ¡m\mhpw. ssk¡nÄ Nhn«p¶Xv hr¯mIrXnbnepÅ {] {InbbmbXpsIm≠­vicoc¯nse DuÀÖ hl\¯n\pw CXv klmbIamWv. ssk¡nfnMn\v aäp Fbvtdm_nIv hymbma§tf¡mÄ Bbm kw IpdhmsW¶p am{Xaà ssk¡nfnMneqsSbp­≠mIp¶ HmPÊv £oWhpw t¢ihpaIän kpØnXn \ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶p.

ssk¡nfnMv kaql¯n\v

A]IS§Ä kw`hn¡pt¼mgpÅ kpc£bnÃmbva, ZoÀLZqc bm{XIÄ¡v A\ptbmPyaÃ, IqSpX bm{Xm kabw BhiyamWv F¶nh ssk¡nÄ bm{XbpsS ] cnanXnIfmWv F¦n¡qSnbpw {lkzZqc bm{XIÄ¡v Imcy£aamb KXmKX amÀKamWv ssk¡nfpIÄ. tamt«mÀ ss_¡pIsf At]£n¨v icoc¯n\v IqSpX hymbmaw \ÂIp¶p F¶Xn\p ]pdsa, t^mkn CÔ\w D]tbmKn


t¡≠­Xnà F¶Xv henb ta∑ bmWv. ]mÀ¡nMv kuIcy§Ä IqSpX Ffp¸¯n e`yamIpsa¶Xpw hmbpþi_vZ aen \oIcWw D­≠m¡p¶nà F¶Xpw {Sm^nIv Xnc¡pIfpw _lf§fpw krãn¡p¶nà F¶Xpw sk¡n fns\ P\Iobam¡p¶p. tdmUn\pw aäp hgnIÄ¡pw A\ptbmPyamsW¶Xpw km¼¯nI sNehp IÄ IpdhmsW¶Xpw ssk¡n fns\ Hcp s]mXp KXmKX amÀKambn AwKoIcn¡m³ X¡ XmWv. tdmU]IS§fpsS \nc¡n henb Ipdhv hcp¯m\pw CXp hgn km[n¡pw.

Izmfnän Hm^v sse^v BtcmKyhpambpw kpØnXnbpambpw imcocnI {]hÀ¯ \§Ä¡v At`Zyamb _Ôap≠­v. Pohn¯nsâ \nehmc s¯, imcocnIambpw am\knIambpw \à coXnbn _m[n¡p¶ \nch[n KpW§Ä ssk¡nfnMv {]Zm\w sN¿p¶p.

]cnØnXn¡pw KpWIcw (Eco Friendly) 19mw \qäm≠­n I≠­p]nSn¡s¸«, efnXamb KXmKX amÀK§fnsem¶mb, 100 iXam\w ]cnØnXn kulrZhpw, temI¯nsâ GXp tImWnepÅhÀ¡pw hm§m\mhp¶ XpamWv ssk¡nfpIÄ. ]cnØnXn kulrZw F¶Xv A£cmÀ°¯n icnbmWv. ssk¡nfpIfpsS {]hÀ¯ \¯n\v t^mkn CÔ\§Ä BhiyanÃ. i_vZ aen\o IcWtam hmbp aen\oIcWtam D­≠m¡p¶nÃ. h³ kÖoIcW§fpÅ ]mÀ¡nMv kuIcy§Ä BhiyanÃ. FhnsSbpw kuP\yambn ]mÀ¡v sN¿mw.

ssk¡nfnMv sN¿p¶hÀ $ $ $ $

ssk¡nÄ IrXyambn kwc£n¡p¶ps­≠­¶v Dd¸p hcp¯pI sslth tImUpIÄ ]men¡pI AwKoIrX slÂsaäv D]tbmKn¡pI sXfnª \ndapÅ hkv{X§Ä [cn¡pI

hntZi cmPy§fnteXp t]mse ssk¡nÄ bm{X¡v A\pIq eamb tdm UpIÄ C´ybv¡v C\nbpw Hcp]mSv Zqcw AIsebmWv F¶Xn\m  KXmKX amÀKw F¶ \nebn ssk ¡nfns\ D]tbmKn¡m³ ]et¸mgpw \ap¡v \nhr¯nbnÃ. F¶ncp¶mepw ssk¡nfnMn\v A\pIqeamb tdmUpIfpw hgnIfpw e`yamb Øe§fn {lkzZqc bm{XIÄ¡pw aäpw ssk¡nÄ bm{X kzoIcn¨v kaql¯n\pw ]cnØnXn¡pw \³a sN¿phm\pw amXrI Im«phm\pw \ap¡v ap¶n«nd§mw. Znhkhpw AcaWn¡qsd¦nepw ssk¡nfnMv sNbvXv \½psS BtcmKys¯ Im¯pkq£n¡mw. A§s\ hfÀ¯mw Hcp ssk¡nÄ kwkv¡mcw $

ssk¡nÄ kwkv¡mcw tIm¸³tlK\n temI¯nse BZy ss_¡v knän sU³amÀ¡nse tIm¸³tlK³ BWv. temI¯nse Gähpw kPohamb knänbmbpw ssk¡nÄ bm{X¡mÀ¡v A\ptbmPyamb knänbmbpw tIm¸³tlK³ thm«v sN¿s¸«p. ssk¡nÄ bm{X¡mÀ¡mbn X¿mdm¡nb 400 IntemaoäÀ tdmUneqsS AhnSps¯ P\kwJybpsS 40 iXam\hpw ssk¡nfn bm{X sN¿p¶p. cmhnse Ggp aWn apX tIm¸³tlK³ kPohamIpw. \ Kc P\kwJybpsS 37 iXam\hpw tPmen Øet¯¡pÅ bm{Xbv¡v cmhnse ssk¡nÄ sXcsªSp¡p¶p. _nkn\ kv kyq«Wnªhcpw AXym[p\nI coXnbn hkv{X[mcWw

sNbvXn«pÅ ]pcpj³amcpw kv{XoIfpw Ip«nIfpsaÃmw ssk¡nfn bm{X sN¿p¶ ImgvN hfsc ckIcamWv. {Sm^nIv Unssk\nsâ Ahn`mPy `mKamWv ChnsS ssk¡nÄ {Sm¡pIÄ. tIm¸³tlK\nse BfpIÄ Hcp ¢o³ knän¡p th­≠n, Imdn\p ]Icw ssk¡nÄ sXcsªSp¯v thm«v sNbvXXnsâ `mKamWv AhnSps¯ ssk¡nÄ kwkv¡mcw. s\XÀe³Uv, kvs]bn³, ssN\, {^m³kv, sU³amÀ¡v, Hmkvt{Senb, PÀa\n, sImfw_nb, t\mÀth, C´y F¶nhbmWv C¶v temI¯n Gähpw IqSpX ssk¡nÄ bm{X¡mcpÅ cmPy§Ä. cmtPjv Sn ZnhmIc³ HLL FAMILY 129


tcmK\nÀ®b¯nsâ

ImWm¸pd§Ä B[p\nI sshZyimkv{Xw tcmK\nÀ®b¯n\p]tbmKn¡p¶ Øncw kwhn[m\§fnsem¶mb kvIm\n§pIsf¡pdn¨v {]Xn]m Zn¡p¶ ]c¼c. hnhn[ Xcw kvIm\n§pIsf¡pdn¨v Ignª e¡w ]¦psh¨ {]mYanIamb hnhc§Ä¡¸pdw Hmtcm kvIm\n §pItfbpw kw_Ôn¨ hniZamb AdnhpIfnte¡v..

AÄ{Sm ku≠­v kvIm\nMv

G

ähpa[nIw D]tbmKn¡p¶Xpw thZ\bnÃm ¯Xpamb Hcp tcmK\nÀ®b kwhn[m\amWv AÄ{Smku≠­vkvIm³. i_vZhoNnIsf IS¯nhn«v B´cnImhbh§fpsS LS\bpsS {]Xn_nw_w krãn¡p¶ coXnbmWnXv. FIvkvtdbntem aäp kvIm\n§pIfntem DÅXp t]mse CXn \n¶pw tdUntbjt\m aäp A]IS§tfm kw`hn¡nÃ. CXns\ tkmtWm{Kmw F¶pw kvIm³ sN¿p¶bmsf tkmtWmfPnÌv F¶pw Adnbs¸Sp¶p. AÄ{Smku≠­v kvIm\n§nsâ D]tbmKw sshZyimkv{X¯nsâ FÃm taJebnepw kzoIcn¡p¶ps≠ ­¦nepw kv{XoIfptSbpw KÀ`Ø inip¡fptSbpw tcmK\nÀ®b¯n\mWv {][m\ambpw D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. KÀ`Ø inip¡fpsS hfÀ¨, {]mbw, F®w, {]kh km[yXm Zn\w, cà{]hml¯nsâ Gä¡pd¨nepIÄ, P·\m {]Xy£s¸Smhp¶ sshIey§fpsS km[yX F¶nh Adnbm³ AÄ{Smku≠­v kvIm\n§mWv D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. lrZb¯nsâ LS\, hmÂhv XpS§nbhbnep­≠mIp¶ Akm[mcWXzw Is­≠¯m\pw Cu kvIm³ {]tbmP \s¸Sp¯p¶p. lrZb tcmK\nÀ®b¯n\v sN¿p¶ AÄ{Smku≠­vkvIm\ns\bmWv Ft¡m ImÀUntbm {Kmw F¶p ]dbp¶Xv. ssXtdmbvUv {KÙnIfnse apg IÄ, kvX\§fnse apgIÄ, izmk tImimhcW§fn epw lrZbt]inIfpsS BhcW§fnepw \ocph¶v \n dbp¶ AhØ, KÀ`mibwþ AÞmibwþAÞ\m fw F¶nhbnse tcmK§Ä XpS§nbh Ffp¸¯n Xncn¨dnbp¶Xn\pw CXneqsS km[n¡p¶p. IcÄ, ]m³{Inbmkv, ]n¯mibw XpS§nb Ahbh§fptSbpw hr¡þaq{X\mfwþt{]mtÌäv {KÙn F¶nhbpsS tcmK\nÀ®b§Ä¡pw AÄ{Smku≠­v kvIm³ D] tbmKn¨phcp¶p. I®pIfpsS kvIm\n§pw \nehnep ≠­v. {`qWhfÀ¨ KÀ`]m{X¯n\pÅnemtWm F¶v Xncn¨dnbp¶Xn\pw kv{XohÔyX Is≠­¯p¶Xn\pw kvIm\n§v D]tbmKn¡p¶p. hÔyXm NnInÕbv¡v hnt[bcmIp¶ kv{XoIÄ¡pw CSbv¡nsS kvIm\n§v Bhiyambn hcmdp≠­v.

kvIm\n§n\p t]mIpt¼mÄ $ ASnhbdnemWv kvIm\n§v th≠­sX¦nÂ, kvIm\n §n\p Ipd¨v aWn¡qdpIÄ¡p ap¼v apX `£Ww Ign¡cpXv. ss^_À (\mcv) Awiw Ipdª `£Wta AXn\p ap¼pw Ign¡m³ ]mSpÅq. $ Zlt\{µnb¯nse kvIm\n§n B `mKw hr¯nbm¡p¶Xn\mbn F\na sImSp¡mdp≠­v. $ kvIm\n§n\p ap¼v [mcmfw shÅw IpSn¨v aq{Xk©n \ndbv¡m³ KÀ`nWnItfmSv Bhiys¸Smdp≠­v. aq{Xk©n hnIkn¡pt¼mÄ IpSens\ XÅnamäp¶Xn\m i_vZXcwK§Ä IrXyXbmÀ¶ {]Xn_nw_§Ä krãn¡p¶p. 130 HLL FAMILY


$ ]pcpj·mcpsS t{]mtÌäv {KÙnbpsS ]cntim[\bnepw C{]Imcw aq{Xk©n \nd¨psh¡m³ Bhiys¸Smdp≠­v. $ kv{XoP\t\{µnb Ahbh§fpsS tcmKmhØ a\Ên em¡m³ Nnet¸mÄ AÄ{Smku≠­vt{]m_pIÄ tbm\n ¡pÅneqsS IS¯nbpÅ ]cntim[\IÄ A\nhmcyambn ht¶¡mw. icoc¯n GXp coXnbnemWv kvIm³ sN¿p¶Xv F¶Xn s\ ASnØm\am¡n AÄ{Smku≠­v kvIm\n§ns\ aq¶m bn Xncn¨ncn¡p¶p. $ _mly AÄ{Smku≠­v (External Ultra Sound) $ B´cnI AÄ{Smku≠­v (Internal Ultra Sound) $ F³tUmkvtIm]nIv AÄ{Smku≠­v (Endoscopic Ultra Sound)

_mly AÄ{Smku≠­v (External Ultra Sound) -lrZb¯ntâbpw KÀ`mhØbnencn¡p¶ Ipªntâbpw _nw_§Ä ]IÀ¯m\mWv s]mXpsh _mly AÄ{Smku≠­vD]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. sXmen¸pd¯v ]i]i¸pÅ Hcp {ZmhIw ]pc«n AXn\p apIfneqsS {Sm³kvUyqkÀ F¶ D]IcWw Nen¸n¡p¶p. Cu {Sm³kvUyqkÀ Hcp I¼yq«dpw tamWnädpambn LSn¸n¨n«p­≠mhpw. AÄ{Smku≠­vkv]µ\§Ä {Sm³kvUyqkdnse Hcp t{]m_n \n ¶v \½psS Xz¡v hgn icoc¯nte¡v IS¯nhnSpIbpw AXv icoc`mK¯v sN¶v ]Xn¨v XncnsI t{]m_n\pÅn F¯n Hcp Nn{Xambn tamWnädn sXfnbpIbpw sN¿p¶p. sXmen¸pd¯v ]pc«nb {ZmhI¯n\p apIfneqsS t{]m_v Nen¸n¡p¶Xv tcmKnbv¡v A\p`hs¸Sp¶p. KÀ`mib kvIm\mWv sN¿p¶sX¦n \ndªncn¡p¶ aq{Xk©nbp­ ≠m¡p¶ sNdnb AkuIcyap­≠mIpw. asämcphn[ imcocn I {]bmk§fpw D­≠mhnÃ.

k©cn¡m³ IgnbnÃ. AXpsIm≠­vXet¨mdv t]mepÅ Ahbh§fpsS kvIm\n§n\v CXv aXnbmhnÃ. bp²§fn A´Àhmln\nIfpsS Øm\ \nÀ®b¯n\mWv AÄ{Smku≠­vXcwK§sf BZy Ime§fn D]tbmKs¸ Sp¯nbncp¶Xv. ]n¶oSv sshZyimkv{X cwK¯v tcmK\nÀ ®b¯n\pw i_vZXcwK§sf D]tbmKs¸Sp¯msa¶v Is­ ≠¯n. FIvkvtdtb¡mÄ XoÀ¯pw A]ISclnXamWv AÄ{Smku≠­v. am{XaÃ, AXym[p\nI tcmK\nÀ®b amÀ K§fmb knSn kvIm³, FwBÀsF kvIm³, ]nCän kvIm³ XpS§nbhtb¡mÄ kpc£nXhpw sNehp IpdªXpw Ft¸mgpw e`yambXpamWv. tcmK\nÀ®b¯n\mbn D]tbmKn¡p¶ AÄ{Smku≠­v D] IcW§fpsS {^oIz³kn H¶p apX 15 saKmslÀ«vkn\p ÅnemWv. km[mcW {]Xn_nw_§Ä Zznam\ (2D) Nn{X§fmWv. {Xnam\ (3D) Nn{X§fpw km[yamWv. AXym[p\n I AÄ{Smku≠­vD]IcW§fn {Xnam\ Nn{X§fpsS Ne\§Ä shfns¸Sp¯p¶ 4D kvIm\n§pw C¶v e`yamWv$

B´cnI AÄ{Smku≠­v (Internal Ultra Sound) t{]mtÌäv {KÙn, AÞmibw, KÀ`mibw F¶nhbpsS Ipd¨pIqSn kq£vaamb {]Xn_nw_§Ä e`n¡m\mWv CXv D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. aeZzmc¯n\pÅneqsSbpÅ kvIm\n§v Nnet¸mÄ t{]mtÌäv {KÙnIÄ¡v A\nhmcyambn hcp¶p. AÞmibw, KÀ`mibw F¶nhbpsS kvIm\n§n\mbn tbm\n¡pÅneqsS t{]m_ns\ IS¯n hntS­≠Xmbpw ht¶¡mw. Cu AkuIcy§Ä Hgn¨m AXn \n¶v thZ\Isfm¶pw Xs¶ D≠­mIp¶nÃ.

F³tUmkvtIm]nIv AÄ{Smk­­­­­u≠­v (Endoscopic Ultra Sound) Aä¯v t\À¯, I\w Ipdª AÄ{Smku≠­v D]IcWw LSn¸n¨ Syq_v hmbneqsS icoc¯n\It¯¡v IS¯nhn«v hbdntebpw s\©nse tImikaql¯ntâbpw Nn{X§Ä FSp¡p¶ coXnbmWnXv. F³tUmkvtIm]nIv AÄ{Smku≠­v imcocnI AkzmØy§Ä krãn¡m³ km[yX IqSpXep ÅXn\m thZ\kwlmcnItfm aäp acp¶pItfm \ÂImdp≠­.v AÄ{Smku≠­vhoNnIÄ¡v FÃv, hmbp F¶nhbneqsS

X¿mdm¡nbXv cmtPjv tIih³ (skâÀ amt\PÀ, lnµvem_vkv, Be¸pg saUn¡Â tImtfPv) F.PbIpamÀ (amt\PÀ, sl¯vsIbÀ kÀÆokkv)

HLL FAMILY 131


BtcmKy hmÀ¯

]¸mb CebpsS AÛpXw

]

\n¨qSn hnd¨ncn¡p¶ tIcf¯n\v Hcp kt´mj hmÀ¯!!! \½psS apä¯pw ]d¼nepw BÀ¡pw th­ ≠msX \n¡p¶ ]¸mb Cebv¡v h³ Unam³Uv. ]¸mb CebpsS \ocv sU¦n¸\n NnInÕbv¡v hgn¯ncnhmbXmb ]pXnb I≠­p]nSn¯amWv CXn\p ]n¶nÂ. ]co£WmSnØm\¯n ]¸mb CebpsS \ocv \ÂInb A©v sU¦n _m[nXcn 24 aWn¡qdn\Iw cà¯nse t¹äveän (càmWp)sâ F®w hÀ[n¨Xmbn saUn¡Â AtcmamänIv ¹mâ vkv tPWense teJ\¯n ]dbp¶p. CXnsâ \ocv \ÂIp¶Xn\v ap¼pw tijhpw \S¯nb ]cntim[\bn càmWp¡fpsS Afhn KWyamb hÀ[\ hv D≠­mbXmbmWv ]dbp¶Xv. cà¯n 8000 apX 11,000 hscbmWv t¹äveäv(càmWp)Iu≠­vhÀ[n¨Xv. ]¸mb CebpsS \ocv Ign¨v 24 aWn¡qdn\pÅn X§fpsS BtcmKy ¯nepw sa¨ap­≠mbXmbn tcmKnIÄ ]dbp¶p. Znhkw aq¶v {]mhiyw c≠­vtS_nÄ kv]q¬ hoXw CXnsâ \ocv

132 HLL FAMILY

sImSp¡pIbmWv sNbvXXv. CXv ]mIw sN¿mt\m NqSm¡mt\m ]mSnÃ. ]¸mb Ce NqSm¡pItbm atäm sN¿p¶Xv AXnsâ KpWw CÃmXm¡psa¶v hnizkn¡s¸Sp¶p. BtcmKyhm\mb HcmfpsS icoc¯nse t¹äveäpIfpsS F®w Hcp ssat{Im enäÀ cà¯n H¶c e£w apX c­≠c e£w hscbmWv. sU¦n _m[tb¡p¶tXmsS tcmKnbpsS icoc¯nse t¹äveäpIfpsS F®w Ipdbm³ XpS§p¶p. t¹äveänsâ F®w Hcp e£¯n Xmsgbm hp¶Xv A]ISIchpw DS³ Xs¶ NnInÕ e`yamt¡­≠ XpamWv. t¹äveäpIfpsS F®w KWyambn Ipdbp¶tXmsS càw I«]nSn¡p¶Xv XSÊs¸SpIbpw AXphgn cà{kmhw D­≠mIpIbpw sN¿p¶p. AanX cà{kmhw acW¯n\v ImcWamIpw. cà¯n t¹äveäpIÄ D¸mZn¸n¡m\pÅ Ignhns\bmWv sU¦n sshdkv {][m\ambpw _m[n¡p¶Xv. A©v apX ]¯p Znhkw hscbmWv km[mcWbmbn a\pjy cà¯nse


t¹äveäpIfpsS BbpÊv. tijw ]p\cp¸mZn¸n¡s¸Sp¶p. F¶m sU¦n sshdkv ]p\cp¸mZ\ {]{Inbsb XSÊs¸Sp ¯pIbpw XÂ^eambn càmWp¡fpsS Afhv IpdbpIbpw tcmK_m[nX\mhpIbpw sN¿p¶p. Cu kmlNcy¯nemWv càmWp¡fpsS D¸mZ\s¯ XzcnXs¸Sp¯p¶ ]¸mb CebpsS \ocv tcmKnbn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv. ISp¯ icoc thZ\bpw kÔnIfnse thZ\bpamWv sU¦n ¸\nbpsS {][m\ {]bmk§Ä. Nne {]Xntcm[ amÀK§Ä \nÀt±in¡p¶ps≠­¦nepw CXn\v IrXyamb acp¶v I≠­p]n Sn¡s¸«n«nÃ. ISp¯ XethZ\, I®n\p ]pdInse thZ\, OÀ±n, aknepIÄ¡pw kÔnIÄ¡papÅ thZ\, {KÙnIÄ hoÀ¯phcnI, sNmdnªps]m«Â, XpS§nbhbmWv sU¦n ¸\nbpsS {][m\ e£W§Ä. ^vfmhn sshdkv ]c¯p¶ sU¦n tcmKw acW¯n\nSbm ¡ntb¡mhp¶ AkpJamWv. Cu tcmKw P\n¸n¡p¶Xpw ]SÀ¯p¶Xpw sImXpIpIfmWv. DjvW þ antXmjvW taJ

eIfnse \KcþAÀ[ \Kc {]tZi§fnemWv Cu tcmKw I­≠phcp¶Xv. temImtcmKy kwLS\bpsS IW¡\pkcn ¨v temI¯mIam\apÅ 100 cmPy§fnembn GItZiw 50 aney¬ BfpIÄ sU¦n _m[nXcmIpIbpw 2.5 _ney¬ BfpIÄ¡v KpcpXcmhØ D­≠mIpIbpw sN¿p¶p≠­v. ssl¸À sS³j³, hr¡bnse IÃv, atednb, ape¸mensâ Ipdhv, kÔnhmXw, apJ¡pcp, t]mjI¡pdhv, BÀ¯h Ime¯pw hbdnf¡ kab¯pap­≠mIp¶ hbdpthZ\ F ¶nhbv¡v ]¸mb CebpsS \ocv \à Huj[amsW¶v Kth jW§Ä ]dbp¶p. IqSmsX, s\s©cn¨nen\pw hni¸nÃm bvabv¡pw hncieyw AIäp¶Xn\pw CXv D]tbmKn¡p¶p. ASp¯nsS bpFkn \S¶ ]T\§Ä ]dbp¶Xv Im³k dns\Xncmb Gähpw iàntbdnb acp¶nt\¡mÄ aney¬ aS§v iànbpÅXmWv ]¸mb Cebn AS§nbncn¡p¶ LSI§Ä F¶mWv$ [\y _nPp HLL FAMILY 133


kv{XoIfpw hnjmZtcmKhpw Un{]j³ AYhm hnjmZtcmKw ]pcmX\ Imew apX Xs¶ Adnbs¸Sp¶ Hcp am\knI tcmKamWv. kaql¯n 15 apX 20 iXam\w hsc BfpIÄ¡v hnjmZ tcmK¯nsâ e£W§Ä ImWs¸Sp¶p F¶mWv ]T\§Ä sXfnbn¡p¶Xv. ]pcpj³amsc At]£n¨v kv{XoIfn hnjmZtcmKw IqSpXembn ImWs¸Sp¶p. HLL FAMILY


F´mWv hnjmZtcmKw hnjmZw AYhm k¦Sw F¶Xv FÃmhÀ¡pap­≠mIp¶ Hcp hnImcamWv. GsX¦nepw hn[¯nepÅ am\knI {] bmk§tfm thZ\tbm D­≠mIpt¼mÄ FÃmhÀ¡pw A\p `hs¸Sp¶ Hcp hnImcamWv k¦Sw. PohnX¯nse B AhØ amdn¡gnbpt¼mÄ hnjmZhpw X\nsb amdpIbmWv ]Xnhv. F¶m hnjmZtcmK¯n kw`hn¡p¶Xv C{]ImcaÃ. \o­≠p\n¡p¶ k¦Sw AYhm hnjmZamWv D≠­mIp¶ Xv. AXn\v {]tXyIn¨v ImcWsam¶pap­≠mhnÃ. C\n Fs´¦nepw ImcWaps≠­¦n Xs¶ D­≠mhp¶ k¦Sw B ImcW¯n\v B\p]mXnIhpamhnÃ. k¦St¯msSm¸w Xs¶ \½psS imcocnI {]hÀ¯\§fnepw amäw D­≠mIp ¶p. Dd¡¡pdhmWv CXn Gähpw {][m\w. InS¶m Dd¡w In«msX hcnI, Dd¡¯n sR«n Fgpt¶Â¡pI, XpS§nbhsbms¡ kw`hn¡mw. Hcpd¡w Ignªv cmhnse 2 aWnt¡m 3 aWnt¡m DWÀ¶n«v ]n¶oSv Dd¡w hcmsX InSt¡≠­n hcp¶ AhØ hnjmZtcmK¯nsâ Hcp {] [m\ e£WamWv. hni¸nÃmbva AYhm `£Ww Ign¡mXncn¡pI, hÃm¯ £oWw, Ft¸mgpw InS¡Wsa¶ tXm¶Â, Imcy§Ä sN¿m³ Dt∑jw tXm¶m¯ AhØ, HmÀ½¡pdhv AYhm H¶nepw {i² tI{µoIcn¡m³ Ignbm¯ AhØ XpS§nbhsbms¡ hnjmZtcmK¯nsâ e£W§fmWv. C¯c¯nepÅ {]bmk§tfmsSm¸w a\Ên ]e Xc¯nepÅ Nn´Ifpw IS¶phcp¶p. Fs¶s¡m≠­v H¶n\pw km[n¡nÃ, Rm³ FÃmhÀ¡pw `mcamWv, Ipät_m[w, BßlXym {]hWXIÄ XpS§nbhbpw D­≠mIp¶p. BßlXy sN¿p¶hcn 70 iXam\t¯mfw BfpIÄ¡v hnjmZtcmK¯nsâ e£W§Ä ImWp¶p F¶v ]T\§Ä ]dbp¶p.

kv{XoIfnse hnjmZtcmKw ]pcpj³amsc At]£n¨v kv{XoIfn hnjmZtcmKw IqSpXembn I­≠phcp¶p. kv{XoIfpsS Pohimkv{X]camb Nne {]tXyIXIfmWv CXn\p ImcWw. BÀ¯ht¯mS\p_Ôn¨pw {]kh¯n\p tijhpw BÀ¯h hncma¯nepsams¡ kv{XoIÄ¡v hnjmZtcmKw D­≠mIm\p Å km[yX IqSpXemWv. {]khm\´c hnjmZw þ GItZiw 10 iXam\t¯mfw kv{XoIfn {] khm\´c hnjmZw ImWs¸Sp¶p. hnjmZtcmK¯nsâ IrXyamb e£ W§fpambn«mhnà ]et¸mgpw CXv {]Xy£s¸SpI. tZjyw, Ipªnsâ Imcy¯n {i²bnÃmbva, Ipªn\v Ft´m Ipg¸aps­≠¶ tXm¶Â XpS§nbhbmhmw Chcn ImWp¶ e£W§Ä. BßlXym Nn´I

fpw ChÀ¡p­≠mImw. ChÀ BßlXym {iaw \S¯pt¼mÄ Ip«ntbbpw IqsS Iq«pw. {]khm\´c hnjmZw hfsc {][m\s¸« H¶mWv. ]t£ ]et¸mgpw AXv Xncn¨dnbmsXbpw NnInÕn¡s¸SmsXbpw A]IS§Ä kw`hn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. BÀ¯h hncmat¯mSv A\p_Ôn¨pw kv{XoIfn hnjmZtcmK e£W§Ä ImWs¸Sp¶p. k¦S¯n\v ]Icw ]ehn[ imcocnI {]bmk §Ä, FÃm¯nt\mSpapÅ tZjyw, shdp¸v XpS§nb e£W§fmbn«pw CXv {]Xy£s¸Smw.

hnjmZtcmKw þ ImcW§Ä \½psS icoc¯nsâ {]hÀ¯\§sf \nb{´n¡p¶Xv Xet¨mdmWv. Xet¨mdnep­≠mIp¶ Nne cmkhyXnbm\§fmWv am\knI tcmK§Ä ¡v ImcWamIp¶Xv. Xet¨mdnse kntdmtSmWn³, t\mÀF¸ns\{^n³ XpS§nb cmkhkvXp¡fpsS hyXnbm\amWv hnjmZtcmK¯n\v ImcWw. P\nXI]camb LSI§fpw kmaqlnIamb ImcW§fpw hyànXz hpsams¡ Xet¨mdn hyXnbm\§Ä hcp¶Xn\v ImcWamImw. C§s\ ]e LSI§Ä IqSnt¨cpt¼mgmWv tcmKw D­≠mIp¶Xv.

NnInÕ NnInÕn¡m³ hfsc Ffp¸apÅXpw NnInÕn¨m amdp¶Xpamb tcmKamWv hnjmZtcmKw. Xncn¨dnbpI F¶pÅXmWv {][m\w. Npcp §nbXv c≠­mgvNsb¦nepw ta¸dª e£W§Ä Ds­≠¦nemWv CXns\ tcmKw F¶v ]dbpI. Ht¶m ct­≠m Znhkw am{Xw {]bmka\p `hs¸Sp¶Xn\v acp¶pIÄ Ignt¡≠­BhiyanÃ. A¯cw AhØbn sskt¡mfPnÌpIfpsStbm atäm tkh\w tXSmw. F¶m tcmKambn A\p`hs¸Spt¼mÄ acp¶v D]tbmKn¨pÅ NnInÕ BhiyamWv. acp¶pIÄ tUmÎdpsS \nÀt±i{]Imcw th≠­Afhn ]dbp¶ Imet¯mfw Ignt¡­≠XmWv. hfsc ^e{]Zhpw ]mÀiz^e§Ä Ipd hpÅXpamb acp¶pIÄ C¶v e`yamWv. tUmÎdpsS \nÀt±i{]Imcw acp¶nsâ Afhv {ItaW Ipd¨v ]qÀ®ambn \nÀ¯m\pw km[n¡pw. tcmKnbpsS sXämb Nn´IÄ amäp¶Xn\v aäpXc¯nepÅ NnInÕm coXnIfpap≠­v (Cognitive therapy).

ho­≠pw hcptam ? hnjmZtcmKw ho­≠pw hcm\pÅ km[yXbp≠­v. AXpsIm­≠p Xs¶ acp¶pIÄ tUmÎdpsS \nÀt±i{]Imcw IrXyambn Ign¡Ww. {]khm \´c hnjmZambn«mWv BZyambn tcmKw hcp¶sX¦n AhÀ¡v ss_t]mfmÀ tcmKw (hnjmZhpw D∑mZhpw amdnamdn hcp¶ AhØ) D≠­mhm\pÅ km[yXbpw IqSpXemWv. AXpsIm­≠p Xs¶ tUmÎdpsS \nÀt±i{]Imcw IrXyamb NnInÕ AXymhiyamWv$ tUm. KwK Pn. ssIaÄ (Akn. s{]m^., Un¸mÀ«vsaâv Hm^v ssk¡ym{Sn, Kh. saUn¡Â tImtfPv, tIm«bw) HLL FAMILY 135


C´p¸v : D¸pIfn \¼À h¬

a

l¯mb `mcX kwkv¡mchpw ]mc¼cyhpw cq]s¸« knÔp \ZoXS {]tZi§fn 500 aney¬ hÀj§fmbn ImWs¸Sp¶Xpw icoc¯n\v Gähpw BtcmKyIcambXpamb D¸mWv C´p¸v AYhm s]m«mkyw t¢mssdUv. C´ybnse Gähpw \à `£W ]ZmÀ°§fnsem¶p IqSnbmWnsX¶v imkv{Xw ]dbp¶p. Hcp [mXpehWamb C´p¸v cmPØm³, ]©m_v, ]m¡nØm³ {]hniyIfnemWv ImWs¸Sp¶Xv. Bbn c¡W¡n\v hÀj§fmbn ChnsS \n¶pw C´p¸v J\\w sNbvXp hcp¶p. kap{Z¯nse ehWmwiw ASnªpIqSn cq]s¸« C´p¸v AYhm sskÔhw \qäm­ ≠pItfmfw ]mcnØnXnI CSs]SepItfm aen\oIcWtam kw`hn¡msX InS¡pIbpw AXn\p aosX ho­ ≠pw ]mdIÄ cq]s¸«v kwc£n¡s¸SpIbpw sNbvXp h¶p. ]md s]m«n¨v ]pds¯Sp¡p¶ Cu D¸v a\pjy³ t\cn«v ssIIÄ sIm≠­vIgpIpIbpw kqcyXm]¯n DW¡n D]tbm Kyamb coXnbn kwkv¡cn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. aäp {] {InbItfm kmt¦XnIhnZyItfm cmk]ZmÀ°§ tfm CXnsâ kwkv¡cW¯n\v D]tbmKn¡p¶nÃ. CXn eS§nbncn¡p¶ Ccp¼nsâ Awi¯n \n¶pÅ ]n¦v \n d¯nemWv ImWs¸Sp¶Xv. s]mXpsh _n]n (càk½À±w) tcmKnIÄ¡v AXyp¯aamb Ds¸¶mWv C´p¸v Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv. càk½À±apÅhÀ Cu D¸v D]tbmKn¡Wsa¶v sshZytemIw \nÀt±in¡p¶p. aäv D¸pIfn \n¶v hyXykvXambn C´p¸n sNdnb Afhn a[pchpw Zl\¯n\v Bhiyamb LSI§fpw AS§nbncn ¡p¶p. C´p¸v tNÀ¯v ]mIw sNbvX Blmc km[\§Ä Idnbp¸v (Sodium Chloride) IeÀ¶ Blmc km[\§tf¡mÄ Ffp¸¯n Zln¡p¶p. CXv icoc¯nsâ B´cnI {] hÀ¯\§fnte¡v s]s«¶pXs¶ {]thin¡pIbpw I®pIÄ¡pw icoc¯n\pw IpfnÀa \ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶p. 100 iXam\w shPntädnb\mb Cu D¸v kpJIcamb Dd¡w {]Zm\w sN¿p¶p. aäv D¸pIÄ I^s¯ D≠­m¡p¶hbmWv. F¶m C´p¸v I^w D­≠m¡p¶nà F¶p am{Xaà I^ kw_Ônbmb tcmK§Ä AIäp¶hbpamWv. AXpsIm­ ≠pXs¶ ssk\sskänkv t]mepÅ tcmK§Ä D≠­m ImXncn¡m³ klmbn¡p¶p. IqSmsX, ]ÃpIÄ¡pw tamWIÄ¡pw Xz¡n\pw iàn \ÂIp¶p. tkmUnbhpw s]m «mkyhpw aXnbmb Afhn AS§nbncn¡p¶Xn\m acWw hsc kw`hnt¨¡mhp¶ Cet{Îmsseäv Cw_me³kv F¶ AkpJs¯ {]Xntcm[n¡p¶p. buÆ\w \ne\nÀ¯p¶Xn

136 HLL FAMILY

\pw lrZbmtcmKy¯n\pw C´p¸v hfsc \ÃXmWv. ISÂPew Ipdp¡nbp­ ≠m¡p¶ Idnbp¸n tkmUnbw am{Xta AS§nbn«pÅq F¶p am{XaÃ, AbssUkvUv sNbvXv kwkv¡cn¨ D¸v bYmÀ°¯n \½psS icoc¯n\v \nÀ_ÔanÃm¯XpamWv. Fs´¶m icnbmb coXnbn `£Ww Ign¡p¶ Hcmfn AbUn³ aXnbmb Afhnep­≠mbncn¡pw. AXpsIm≠­vXs¶ \½psS ssZ\w Zn\ D]tbmK§fn C´p¸v D]tbmKn¡m³ sshZyimkv{Xw \nÀt±in¡p¶p. \ap¡nSbn C´p¸nsâ D]tbmKw aäv D¸pIsf At]£n¨v IpdhmbXn\m hym]Iambn C´p¸v e`yamIp¶ kmlNcyw \nehnenÃ. Nne ]eNc¡p ISIfn \n¶pw BbpÀtÆZ acp¶p imeIfn \n¶pw am{XamWv Ct¸mÄ C´p¸v e`yamIp¶Xv. C´p¸nsâ ta· Xncn¨dnªv C¶v ]mÝmXytemIw AXv D]tbmKs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ {]hÀ¯\§Ä Bcw`n¨ncn ¡pIbmWv$ tUm. tUmW F{_lmw aäw ]n Pn kvtImfÀ, Kh. BbqÀthZ tImtfPv, Xncph\´]pcw


ASp¡fbnse

A]ISImcn t\

ct¯ D­≠m¡nsh¨ `£W ]ZmÀ°§Ä NqSm¡m³ \n§fpsS ho«nepw D]tbmKn¡p¶ntà Hcp ssat{Imthhv Hmh³. F¶m tIt«mfq, \n§fpsS ASp¡fbnse Gähpw A]ISImcnbmb D]IcWamWv Cu ssat{Imthhv. Fs´¶m `£Ww NqSm¡pI am{Xaà Hmh\pIÄ sN¿p¶Xv. NqSm¡p¶ {]{Inbbn `£W¯neS§nbncn¡p¶ LSI§sf hnLSn¸n¡p¶p. AtXmsSm¸w `£W¯n eS§nbncn¡p¶ t]mjI §fpsS 60þ90 iXam\w t] m jI§fpw CÃmXm¡p¶p. `£Ww hnLSn¡pt¼mÄ kw`hn¡p¶ Cu t]mjI \ãw Im³kdn\p hsc Imc WamIp¶p≠­vF¶v hnhn[ ]T\§fnembn sXfnbn¡ s¸«n«p≠­v. hbdn\pw IpS kw_Ôamb Im³kdn\pw am{XaÃ, Zl\ kw_Ônbmb {]iv\§Ä¡pw HmÀ½¡pdhn\pw CXv ImcWamIp¶p. _p²niàn IpdbpI, lrZb kv]µ\ \nc¡v IpdbpI, cà tImi§fntebpw cà LSImwi§fntebpw (Blood Cells and Blood Components) hyXnbm\w F¶nhbv¡pw CSbmIp¶p. `£Ww ]mIw sN¿pt¼mÄ Xs¶ an¡ ]ZmÀ°§fptSbpw t]mjIKpWw ]IpXnbntesd \in¡p¶p≠­v. At¸mÄ ho­ ≠pw ho­≠pw NqSm¡nbmtem. `£Ww Ft¸mgpw Bhiym\pkcWw kabmkab¯v X¿mdm ¡pI F¶XmWv Gähpw D¯aamb amÀKw. KpWIcamb Ub än\v ]g§tfm ]¨¡dnItfm {^jv Bbn¯s¶ Ign¡mhp¶ XmWv. ssat{Imthhnsâ AtX D]tbmKapÅ tSmÌÀ Hmh\p IÄ D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv D¯aamb Hcp _Z amÀKamWv. 1970IfpsS XpS¡¯n djybn \S¶ ]T\§sf¯pSÀ¶v 1976 AhnsS ssat{Imthhv Hmh\pIfpsS D]tbmKw \ntcm [n¨ncp¶p. AhnSps¯ P\§fpsS BtcmKys¯ tamiambn

_m[n¡p¶psh¶v 90 iXam\w ]T\§fpw Is­≠¯nbXns\ XpSÀ¶mbncp¶p CXv. F¶m 90Ifn \S¶ hnhn[ cm{ãob amä§fpsS `mKambn \ntcm[\w ]n³hen¨p. AXn\v Hcp imkv {Xob ASn¯dbpw D≠­mbncp¶nÃ. F¶m temIs¯ hnhn[ BtcmKyþk¶² kwLS\IÄ ssat{ImthhpIsf¡pdn¨v ]T\§Ä \S¯nbXnsâ ASnØm\¯n CXnsâ D]tbmK s¯ FXnÀ¡p¶p≠­.v CXnsâ \ntcm[\hpambn _Ôs¸«v hn tZi tImSXnIfn tIkpIfpw \nehnep≠­.v XoÀ¨bmbpw C¶s¯ BtKmfhÂIrX kaql¯n kabw hfsc {][m\s¸« H¶p Xs¶bmWv. F¶m {]IrXnZ¯aÃm¯ coXnbn sN¿p¶ GXp Imcy¯n\pw AXntâXmb tZmj§Ä D­≠mhpI Xs¶ sN¿psa¶v Hmtcm ]T\§fpw sXfnbn¨p sIm≠­n cn¡p¶ C¶s¯ Ime¯v kabt¯¡mÄ {][m\atà \n§fptSbpw IpSpw_¯ntâbpw BtcmKyw$ ame A¶½ amXyp HLL FAMILY 137


Hcp sImXpIpXncn = 100 knKcäv

100

Xcw tcmK§fp­≠m¡p¶Xpw P´phÀK¯nse Gähpw A]ISImcnbpamb PohnbmWv sImXpIv. temI¯mIam\w 2.5 aney¬ BfpIÄ sImXpIp kw_ Ôamb amcI tcmK§Ä¡v hnt[bcmIpIbpw acn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. sImXpIns\ AIäm\pÅ Ffp¸ hgnbmbn `qcn `mKw t]cpw sXcsªSp¡p¶Xv sImXpIpXncnIsf bmWv. CXp­≠m¡p¶ BtcmKy {]iv\§Ä ]qÀ®ambn a\Ênem¡msXbmWv BfpIÄ CXv D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. Gjy, B{^n¡, sXt¡ Atacn¡ F¶nhnS§fnse BfpIfmWv sImXpIpXncnbpsS D]tbmK¯n ap¶nepÅXv. 75 apX 135 hsc knKcäv hen¡pt¼mgp­≠mIp¶ A{Xbpw IW§fmWv Hcp sImXpIpXncn I¯n¡pt¼mÄ D≠­mIp ¶Xv. atejybn \S¶ ]T\¯nemWv Cu hnhcw Is≠ ØnbXv. AÀ_pZ¯n\v ImcWamIp¶ IW§Ä sImXpIp Xncnbneps­≠¶ Is­≠¯emWv CXn {][m\w. Znhkhpw Hcp knKcäv hen¡p¶Xp t]mepw BfpIÄ¡nSbn lrZb kvXw`\w, Im³kÀ, ]£mLmXw F¶nhsb¯pSÀ¶pÅ acW§Ä¡v ImcWamIpsa¶ncns¡

HLL FAMILY

Znhkhpw Hmtcm sImXpIpXncn I¯n¡p¶Xnse A]I Ss¯¡pdn¨v BtemNn¨p t\m¡q. sImXpIpXncnbn AS§nbncn¡p¶ ss]sdt{XmbnUv F¶ LSIamWv sImXpIpIsf AIän \nÀ¯m³ klmbn ¡p¶Xv. F¶m Hcp iXam\¯n Xmsg am{Xta ss] sdt{XmbnUv sImXpIpXncnIfn D]tbmKn¡p¶pÅq. ss]sdt{XmbnUns\m¸w D]tbmKn¡p¶ ss_³tUgvkv, ^ntÃgvkv, ssUkv F¶nh sImXpIpXncn \odn¡¯m³ klmbn¡p¶hbmWv. C´ybn D]tbmKn¡p¶ Hcp sImXpIpXncnbn Hcp iXam\w ss]sdt{XmbnUns\m ¸w acs¸mSn, Nnc«s¸mSn, Iªn¸i F¶nhbpw tNÀ¡p ¶p≠­v. Fcnªp sIm≠­ncn¡p¶ sImXpIpXncn ]pds¸Sp hn¡p¶ ]pIbneS§nbncn¡p¶ IW§Ä \½psS XeapSntb¡mÄ 1000 aS§v hsc t\À¯XmWv. AÀ_pZap­ ≠m¡m³ km[yXbpÅ cmkhkvXp¡Ä sIm≠­v BhcWw sNbvXn«pÅ Cu IW§Ä¡v izmktImi¯nsâ DÄ`mK§fn ASnbm³ km[n¡psa¶mWv Is­≠¯Â. \nch[n sImXpIpXncnIfn Fkvþ2 F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ HÎ t¢mtdm ssU s{]mss] CuYÀ F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ cmk]


ZmÀ°w AS§nbn«ps­≠¶v bqWnthgvknän Hm^v Iment^mÀWnbbnse KthjIÀ \S¯nb ]T\¯n ]dbp¶p. F¶m Fkvþ2hns\ sImXpIpXncnbn AS§nbn«pÅ LSI§fpsS KW¯nÂs¸Sp¯nbn«nÃ. sImXp IpXncn I¯n¡pt¼mÄ Fkvþ2hn\v AXnsâ LS\bpsS k¦oÀ®X Ipd¨v asämcp cmk]ZmÀ°amb _nkv t¢mtdm aossY CuYÀ (BCME) Bbn amdm³ km[n¡p¶p. A§s\bp­≠mIp¶ _nknFwC hfsc hocyw IqSnbXmWv. _nknFwC izmktImi AÀ_pZ¯n\v ImcWamIp¶ Hcp apJy LSIambmWv Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv. Xmbvhm\n izmktImi AÀ_pZw _m[n¨v acn¨hcn \sÃmcp iXam\hpw sImXpIpXncn D]tbmKn¡p¶hcmbn cp¶psh¶mWv Xmbvhm³ NMv jm³ saUn¡Â bqWnthgv knänbnse C³Ìnäyq«v Hm^v saUnkn³ hn`mKw ]dbp¶Xv. AÀ_pZs¯ IqSmsX \mUo kw_Ôamb {]iv\§Ä, t\ {X tcmK§Ä, BkvXva, izmtkmÑzmk kw_Ôamb {] iv\§Ä F¶nhbv¡pw sImXpIpXncn ImcWamIp¶p. hmbp k©mcw Ipdª apdnIfnepw InS¡bv¡v kao]hpw sImXpIpXncn I¯n¨v shbv¡pIbmWv ]Xnhv. CXmWv Gähpw KpcpXchpw. tIcf¯n FSnFw Iu≠­dpIfnepw ^vfmäpIfn epw aäpw Imh \n¡p¶ skIyqcnän Poh\¡mÀ¡nSbn C¯c¯nepÅ sImXpIpXncn D]tbmKw hfsc IqSpXembn I≠­phcp¶p.

F§s\ {]Xntcm[n¡mw ?

sImXpInsâ ieyanÃm¯ A´co£w krãn¡pIbmWv sImXp Insâ D]{Zh¯n \n¶v c£ t\Sm\pÅ Gähpw ^e{]Zamb amÀKw. AXn\pÅ {ia¯nemWv kÀ¡mcpw k¶² kwLS\ Ifpw. AhÀs¡m¸w ]¦p tNcm\pw sImXpIpP\y tcmK§fn \n ¶pw c£ t\Sm\pw {ian¡pIbmWv \ap¡v sN¿m\pÅXv. hoSpw ]cnkchpw hr¯nbmbn kq£n¨v sImXpIn\v ap«bnSm\pÅ kmlNcyw CÃmXm¡pIbmWv sImXpIns\ AIäm\pÅ {]Yahpw ^e{]Zhpamb hgn. sImXpInsâ ieyw IqSpXepÅ Øe¯mWv \n §Ä Dd§p¶sX¦n sImXpIphe D]tbmKn¡p¶XmWv Gähpw \ÃXv. P\Â, hmXnÂ, FbÀ tlmÄ F¶nhnS§fn teml\nÀ½nXamb sImXpIp heIÄ Øm]n¡p¶Xv sImXpIv DĸsSbpÅ IoS§fpsS k©mcs¯ \n b{´n¡p¶Xn\pw klmbn¡p¶p. sImXpIns\ ZoÀL kabw icoc¯n \n¶pw AIän \nÀ¯p¶Xpw henb BtcmKy {]iv\§fnÃm¯Xqamb sd¸eâpIfpw(icoc¯n ]pc«p¶ cmk ]ZmÀ° §Ä) {Zhy cq]¯nepÅ sImXpIp \ioIcW kwhn[m\§fpamWv sImXpIns\ AIäm\pÅ Hcp amÀKw. F¶m Ch D]tbmKn ¡pt¼mÄ AXneqÅ \nÀt±i§Ä ]men¡Ww. ChbpsS AanXhpw A{i²hpamb D]tbmKw A]IS§Ä ¡nSbm¡ntb¡pw. AXpsIm­≠pXs¶ {] IrXnZ¯ amÀK§Ä kzoIcn¡p¶XmWv BtcmKyIcw$ A\nP C.sP HLL FAMILY


icnbmb BtcmKy¯n\v

icnbmb `£Ww tI

Ä¡pt¼mtg \mhn shÅaqdp¶ am¼g]pfntÈcn­ bpw, Xmfv Idnbpw N¡]mbkhpsams¡ Hcp Ime¯v aebmfn IfpsS `£W ioe¯nsâ `mKambncp¶p. Imew amdnb tXmsS \yqUnÂkpw _ÀKdpsams¡ \mw AdnbmsX Xs¶ Xo³taibn B[n]Xyw Øm]n¨p. ^mÌv ^pUv kwkv¡mcs¯ amän \nÀ¯m³ Ign­ bnsænepw ]gasb sXm«pWÀ¯p¶, BtcmKyZmbIamb Nne IdnIfpsS cpNn ¡q«pIsf ]cnNbs¸Sp¯p¶p

]¨ s\Ãn¡ Idn tNcphIÄ s\Ãn¡, \mfntIcw, sNdnb DÅn, C©n, ]¨apfIv, aÃnbne, aªÄs¸mSn, Idnth¸ne, D¸v

tImh¡ Idn

]mNIcoXn þ s\Ãn¡ Ipcp Hgnhm¡n IjvW§fm¡n Acnªp shbv¡pI. C©n NX¨v s\Ãn¡bn tNÀ¯v aªÄs¸mSnbpw Hcp ¥mkv shÅhpw tNÀ¯v thhn¡pI. \mfntIcw, ]¨apfIv, aÃnbne F¶nh \¶mbn Ac¨v thhn¨v sh¨ncn¡p¶ s\Ãn¡bn tNÀ¡pI. CXntebv ¡v Idnth¸nebpw Bhiy¯n\v D¸pw tNÀ¯v Xnfbv¡pw ap³]v Cd¡n sh¡pI. ]¨s\Ãn¡ Idn X¿mÀ. CtX Idn DW¡s\Ãn¡ sIm≠­pw D≠­m¡mhp¶XmWv. s\Ãn¡ shůn IpXnÀ¡Ww F¶v am{Xw.

tNcphIÄ

140 HLL FAMILY

tImh¡, X¡mfn, ]¨apfIv, Nph¶ DÅn, \mfntIcw, Idnth¸ne, aªÄs¸mSn, D¸v ]mNIcoXn þ tImhbv¡, X¡mfn F¶nh I\w Ipd¨cnbpI. CXn aªÄs¸mSnbpw D¸pw tNÀ¯v thhn¡pI. CXnte¡v \mfntIcw, Nph¶ DÅn, ]¨apfIv F¶nh Ac¨v tNÀ¡pI. Idnth¸nebpw Bhiysa¦n D¸pw tNÀ¯v Xnfbv¡pw ap³]v Cd¡n sh¡pI.


a¯³ Idn tNcphIÄ a¯³, \mfntIcw, Nph¶ DÅn, ]¨apfIv, Idnth¸ne, aªÄ, D¸v ]mNIcoXn þ a¯³ sXmen Ifªv sNdnb IjvW§fm ¡pI. aªÄ Ac¨v D¸pw shÅhpw tNÀ¯v thhn¡pI. IjvW§Ä IpdpIn hcpt¼mÄ \mfntIchpw DÅnbpw Ac¨v tNÀ¡pI. ]¨apfIpw Idnth¸nebpw Bhiy¯n\v tNÀ¯v Cd¡n shbv¡pI.

N¡¡pcpþam§ Idn tNcphIÄ

tN¼v Idn tNcphIÄ tN¼v, Nph¶ DÅn, ]¨apfIv, Idnth¸ne, D¸v ]mNIcoXn þ tN¼v sXmen Ifªv IjvW§fm¡n shÅw tNÀ¯v thhn¡pI. tijw Xhn D]tbmKn¨v DSbv¡pI. ]¨apfIv, Nph¶ DÅn F¶nh NXs¨Sp¯v Idnth¸nebpw D¸pw tNÀ¯v Xnf¸n¡pI. sNdpXmbn Ipdp In hcpt¼mÄ Cd¡n shbv¡pI.

N¡¡pcp, ]¨am§, ]¨apfIv, aªÄs¸mSn, \mfntIcw, Idnth¸ne, D¸v ]mNIcoXn þ N¡¡pcp sNdnb IjvW§fm¡n \pdp¡nbXv shÅw tNÀ¯v thhn¡pI. CXnte¡v ]¨am§ tNÀ¯v ho­≠pw thhn¡pI. \mfntIcw, ]¨apfIv, aªÄs¸mSn F¶nh Ac¨v tNÀ¯v ho­≠pw thhn¡pI. Idnth¸ne , D¸v F¶nhbpw Bhiy¯n\v tNÀ¯v \¶mbn Xnfbv¡pt¼mÄ Cd¡n shbv¡pI. am§¡v ]Icw X¡mfn tNÀ¯pw Cu Idnbp≠­m¡mw. am§bpw X¡mfnbpw tNÀ¯pw CXp­≠m¡mhp¶XmWv. Ahew_w þ \aps¡mcp ]mNI coXn (tUm. cm[mIrjvW³) X¿mdm¡nbXv-þ[\y _nPp

HLL FAMILY 141


\m«dnhv-þ2

s\Ãn¡ \ÃXmWv Nyh\alÀjnbv¡v Pcm\cIÄ _m[n¨t¸mÄ At±lw hn[n{]Imcw ]°ym\pjvTm\t¯mSp IqSn tkhn¨ ckmb\¯nse {][m\ LSIw s\Ãn¡bmbncp¶p F¶pw AtX¯pSÀ¶v At±lw ho≠­pw buh\ bpà\msb¶pw ]pcmW§fn ]dbp¶p. BbpÀthZ¯nse {][m\ {KÙ§fnsem¶mb AãmwK lrZb¯n Nyh\{]miw D≠­m¡p¶Xn s\¡pdn¨v ]dbp¶nS¯pw IY BhÀ¯n¡p¶p. D¸nen«pw tX\ nen«pw ]¨s\Ãn¡ D¸p ap¡nbpsams¡ hfsc BkzZn¨v s\Ãn¡ Ign¡p¶hcmWv \½Ä aebmfnIÄ. \nch[n Huj[ KpW§Ä AS§nb Hcp ^eamWv s\Ãn¡ F¶Xnep]cn AXv {]Zm\w sN¿p¶ BtcmKymhØsb¡pdn¨v... BtcmKykwc£W¯n\pw tcmK{]Xntcm[¯n\papÅ D¯aamb Blmchpw Huj[hpamWv s\Ãn¡. bqt^mÀ _ntbkn F¶ kkyIpSpw_¯nÂs¸Sp¶Xpw Ces]mgn bp¶Xpamb s\Ãn acamWv s\Ãn¡ F¶ ^ew \ÂIp¶Xv. C´y³ Kqkvs_dn F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ s\ÃnbpsS kztZiw C´ybmWv. AarXm, AarX^ew, BaeIn, hbkvX, [m{Xn, [m{XnI F¶o t]cpIfnepw s\Ãn¡ Adnbs¸Sp¶p. s\Ãn ac¯nsâ Imbv, thcv, sXmen F¶nhbpw Huj[ tbmKyamWv. Hmd©v \ocn AS§nbncn¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ 20 aS§v hnäman³ kn s\Ãn¡bneps­≠¶mWv IW¡v. 100 {Kmw s\Ãn¡bn 720 apX 900 anÃn{Kmw hsc PohIw kn

ImWs¸Sp¶p. s\Ãn¡bnepÅ hnäman³ thhn¡p¶Xp sIm≠­v\in¨p t]mIp¶nà Fs¶mcp {]tXyIXbpap≠­v. s\Ãn¡ ]¨bv¡v Nh¨p Ign¡p¶Xv BtcmKy¯n\v hfsc D¯aamWv. Xr^eNqÀ®w, Nyh\{]miw, Achnµmkhw F¶o BbpÀtÆZ acp¶pIfnse {][m\ LSIw s\Ãn¡bmWv. s\Ãn¡bn s]Ivän³, hnäman³ kn, _n tImw¹Ivkv, ImÕyw, Ccp¼nsâ Awiw F¶nh henb tXmXn AS§nbncn¡p¶p. IqSmsX CemPnIv BknUv, KmenIv BknUv, Sm\nIv BknUv, sdkn³, ]©kmc, A¶Pw t{]m«o³, BÂ_pan³, skÃptemkv F¶nhbpw AS§nbn«p≠­v. Ds¸mgnsI A©v ck§fpw (Ijmbw (NhÀ¸v), Xnàw (Ibv]v), ]pfn, a[pcw, Fcnhv) s\Ãn¡bn AS§nbn«p≠­v. hmX, ]n¯, I^ tZmj§sf ({XntZmj§Ä) ian¸n¡p¶ s\Ãn¡ icoc¯n\v XWp¸v \ÂIp¶ ^ew IqSnbmWv. AanX h®w, apSn sImgn¨n XpS§nbh ian¸n¡p¶p. cà ip²oIcW¯n {][m\ ]¦v hln¡p¶p F¶p am{Xaà I®n\v IpfnÀabpw ImgvN iànbpw \ÂIp¶p. \mUnIÄ¡v _ew {]Zm\w sN¿p¶tXmsSm¸w cpNnbpw Zl\ iànbpw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶p. Pcm\cIsf XSbp¶Xn \pw cà{kmhw \nb{´n¡p¶Xn\pw s\Ãn¡ D¯aamWv. IqSmsX _p²niànsb Dt¯Pn¸n¡p¶Xnepw s\ Ãn¡bpsS [À½w hfsc hepXmWv.

s\Ãn¡bpsS Nne Huj[ {]tbmK§Ä $ s\Ãn¡ C«p Xnf¸n¨ shůn ] Xnhmbn Ipfn¨m sXmen¡v iànbpw IpfnÀabpw Dt·jhpw D­≠mIpw. $ ]¨ s\Ãn¡ CSn¨p ]ngnª \ocv \ÃXpt]mse Acns¨Sp¯v I®n­ semgn¡p¶Xv I®nep­≠mIp¶ an¡ AkpJ§Ä¡pw Ipdhv hcp¯p¶p. $ s\Ãn¡m\ocv, AarXnsâ \ocv F¶nh 10 anÃn hoXw FSp¯v AXn Hcp {Kmw ]¨aªfnsâ s]mSnbpw tNÀ¯v Znhtk\ cmhnse ]Xnhmbn Ign¨m {] talw ian¡pw.

142 HLL FAMILY

$ ]¨s\Ãn¡ Ipcp IfªXv ]men Ie¡n Znhtk\ c­≠p t\cw hoXw IpSn¨m AknUnän, AÄkÀ XpS§nb tcmK§Ä¡v Bizmkw e`n¡pw. $ aq{X XSÊw D­≠mIpt¼mÄ s\Ãn¡ Ac¨v ASnhbän ]pc«p¶Xv D¯aamWv. $ DW¡s\Ãn¡ Znhkhpw Nh¨v Xn¶p¶Xv IpSÂ]p®n\pw, Ac¨v ]p c«p¶Xv sNmdn¨nen\pw \ÃXmWv. $ s\Ãn¡ tNÀ¯ F®IÄ Xz¡v tcm­ K§Ä¡v \ÃXmWv.

s\Ãn¡bpsS Huj[KpW§Ä {]Ncn¸n¨v AhbpsS D]tbmKw hÀ[n ¸n¡p¶Xn\mbn tZiob Xe¯n Awe anj³ F¶ kwLS\ {]hÀ ¯n¡p¶p≠­v. F´p ]dbp¶p, C¶p apX Znhkhpw Hmtcm s\Ãn¡ Ign¨mtem ? \nlme \mkÀ

Arogyam